<%BANNER%>
UFIR IFAS
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00003103/00001
 Material Information
Title: Managing Pesticides for Watermelon Production and Water Quality Protection
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Buttler, T.M.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1998
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "First published May 1991. Last revision January 1998"
General Note: "Circular 1014"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00003103:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:

ss05400 ( PDF )


Full Text

PAGE 1

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f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f$FRS\RIWKHFXUUHQW,)$63HVW0DQDJHPHQW JURZHUVVHOHFWSHVWLFLGHVWKDWZLOOKDYHDPLQLPXP*XLGHVRURWKHUDSSURSULDWHLQIRUPDWLRQVRXUFHVWKDW DGYHUVHLPSDFWRQZDWHUTXDOLW\7KHSURFHGXUHLGHQWLI\SHVWLFLGHVWKDWFRQWUROVSHFLILFSHVWV FRQVLGHUVWKHVRLOSURSHUWLHVRIWKHDSSOLFDWLRQVLWHWKH PRELOLW\DQGSHUVLVWHQFHRISHVWLFLGHVLQWKHVHVRLOVDQGf$FRS\RI\RXUFRXQW\VRLOVXUYH\UHSRUWWRLGHQWLI\ WKHWR[LFLW\RIWKHSHVWLFLGHVLQZDWHUWRKXPDQVDQGWKHVRLOW\SHVIRXQGLQ\RXUILHOGV DTXDWLFVSHFLHV$SURSHUVHOHFWLRQZLOOGHFUHDVH FKDQFHVRIDGYHUVHO\DIIHFWLQJVXUIDFHZDWHUDQGf$FRS\RIWKH6RLO6FLHQFH)DFW6KHHWHQWLWOHG JURXQGZDWHUTXDOLW\&HUWDLQFRPELQDWLRQVRIVRLODQG>1DPHRI\RXUFRXQW\@6RLO5DWLQJVIRU6HOHFWLQJ SHVWLFLGHSURSHUWLHVDORQJZLWKZHDWKHUFRQGLWLRQVfFDQ3HVWLFLGHVIRU\RXUFRXQW\DYDLODEOHIURP\RXU JRDOLVWRLGHQWLI\DQGDYRLGWKHVHFLUFXPVWDQFHV ,QIRUPDWLRQFRQWDLQHGLQWKLVFLUFXODUFDQKHOS ZDWHUPHORQJURZHUVPDNHEHWWHUGHFLVLRQVDERXWWKH SHVWLFLGHVWKDWWKH\XVH7KLVGRFXPHQWLQQRZD\ HQGRUVHVDQ\SDUWLFXODUSHVWFRQWUROSURGXFW$OO SURGXFWVPXVWEHXVHGLQDFFRUGDQFHZLWKWKHODEHO0$7(5,$/61(('('7286(7+,6 352&('85(

PAGE 2

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH-DQXDU\FRXQW\&RRSHUDWLYH([WHQVLRQ2IILFH7KHEDVLVRI WKHVHUDWLQJVDUHJLYHQLQWKH,)$6([WHQVLRQf6ORSHDIIHFWVWKHSRWHQWLDOIRUZDWHUWRUXQRIIWKH &LUFXODUHQWLWOHGRLO5DWLQJVIRU6HOHFWLQJODQGVXUIDFH 3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHU4XDOLW\*RDOVZKLFKLVDOVR DYDLODEOHIURP\RXUFRXQW\&RRSHUDWLYH([WHQVLRQ 2IILFH 1RWH,I\RXUFRXQW\KDVQRW\HWEHHQPDSSHGE\WKHf3HVWLFLGHDSSOLFDWLRQIUHTXHQFLHVDQGUDWHV 1DWXUDO5HVRXUFHV&RQVHUYDWLRQ6HUYLFHIRUPHUO\WKHGHWHUPLQHWKHWRWDODPRXQWDSSOLHG/RZHU 6RLO&RQVHUYDWLRQ6HUYLFHf\RXZLOOQHHGWRFRQWDFWWKHIUHTXHQFLHVDQGUDWHVUHGXFHWKHSRWHQWLDOIRU ORFDO15&6RIILFHIRUDVLWHHYDOXDWLRQDQGFRQWDPLQDWLRQ GHWHUPLQDWLRQRIVRLOW\SHVDQGUDWLQJVIRUOHDFKLQJDQG UXQRIIRISHVWLFLGHVf$SSOLFDWLRQPHWKRGVDIIHFWWKHDPRXQWRISHVWLFLGH DSSOLHGGLUHFWO\WRWKHVRLOWKHUHLVDJUHDWHU,03257$17 )$&72567+$7$))(&7 3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21+RZSHVWLFLGHVEHKDYHLQWKHVRLOLVGHWHUPLQHGE\ PDQ\IDFWRUVLQFOXGLQJSURSHUWLHVRIWKHSHVWLFLGHVDQG RIWKHVRLODWWKHDSSOLFDWLRQVLWH6RPHRIWKHIDFWRUV WKDWVKRXOGEHFRQVLGHUHGZKHQVHOHFWLQJSHVWLFLGHV ZLWKPLQLPDOSRWHQWLDOIRUZDWHUTXDOLW\LPSDFWVDUH 3HVWLFLGH3URSHUWLHV f7KHRUJDQLFFDUERQDGVRUSWLRQFRHIILFLHQW.RFGHVFULEHVWKHUHODWLYHDIILQLW\RUDWWUDFWLRQRIWKH SHVWLFLGHWRVRLOPDWHULDOVDQGWKHUHIRUHLWVPRELOLW\ LQWKHVRLO f7KHELRORJLFDOGHJUDGDWLRQKDOIOLIH7LVDPHDVXUHRISHUVLVWHQFHRIWKHSHVWLFLGHLQVRLO f7KHPD[LPXPFRQWDPLQDQWOHYHO&/fRUWKH OLIHWLPHKHDOWKDGYLVRU\OHYHO+$/fRUHTXLYDOHQW +$/(4fLVDPHDVXUHRIKHDOWKULVNWRKXPDQV RISHVWLFLGHFRQWDPLQDWHGGULQNLQJZDWHU f$TXDWLFWR[LFLW\/&LVDPHDVXUHRIWKHDELOLW\OHDFKLQJSRWHQWLDO/3,fDQGWKHSHVWLFLGHUXQRIIRIWKHSHVWLFLGHWRFDXVHbPRUWDOLW\LQDTXDWLFSRWHQWLDO,f%RWKLQGLFHVDUHUHODWLYH)RUDJLYHQ WHVWVSHFLHVVRLOWKHVHLQGLFHVUDQNWKHSHVWLFLGHVE\WKHLUSRWHQWLDO SDWKZD\OHDFKLQJRUUXQRIIf7KHLQGLFHVDUHEDVHGRQ 6RLO3URSHUWLHV f+\GUDXOLFSHUPHDELOLW\LVDPHDVXUHRIWKHVRLOVKDOIOLIHYDOXHVRIHDFKSHVWLFLGH9DOXHVIRUWKHVH DELOLW\WRDOORZZDWHUWRSHUFRODWHWKURXJKLWSDUDPHWHUVKDYHEHHQWDNHQIURPVFLHQWLILFOLWHUDWXUH f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f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

PAGE 3

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH-DQXDU\5HODWLYH/HDFKLQJ3RWHQWLDO,QGH[ H[SHFWHGWRFDXVHDQ\DGYHUVHKHDOWKHIIHFWVRYHUD OLIHWLPHRIH[SRVXUH\HDUVfZLWKDPDUJLQRIVDIHW\ 7KH5HODWLYH/HDFKLQJ3RWHQWLDO,QGH[/3,f GHILQHVWKHUHODWLYHDWWHQXDWLRQUHGXFWLRQLQPDVVDVLW PRYHVWKURXJKWKHVRLOfRIHDFKSHVWLFLGHLQVRLODQG WKHUHIRUHLWVSRWHQWLDOWROHDFKWRJURXQGZDWHU 3HVWLFLGHVWKDWDUHYHU\PRELOHIRUH[DPSOHWKRVHWKDW KDYH.YDOXHVOHVVWKDQLQVDQG\VRLOVRURURFOHVVLQILQHWH[WXUHGVRLOVVKRXOGEHXVHGZLWKFDXWLRQ 7KHUHLVVRPHXQFHUWDLQW\LQWKHGDWDXVHGWRFDOFXODWH WKLVLQGH[+RZHYHUVLQFHWKHYDOXHVDUHUHODWLYHWKH\ FDQVWLOOEHXVHG,WLVLPSRUWDQWWRUHDOL]HWKDWWKH VPDOOHUWKH5/3,YDOXHRIDSHVWLFLGHWKHJUHDWHULVLWV SRWHQWLDOWROHDFK 5HODWLYH5XQRII3RWHQWLDO,QGH[ 7KH5HODWLYH5XQRII3RWHQWLDO,QGH[,f GHILQHVWKHUHODWLYHLPPRELOLW\DQGDYDLODELOLW\RIHDFK SHVWLFLGHLQVRLODQGWKHUHIRUHLWVSRWHQWLDOWRUHPDLQ QHDUWKHVRLOVXUIDFHDQGEHVXEMHFWWRORVVLQWKH DTXHRXVSKDVHRUVHGLPHQWSKDVHRIUXQRII7KHUHLV VRPHXQFHUWDLQW\LQWKHGDWDXVHGWRFDOFXODWHWKLV LQGH[+RZHYHUVLQFHWKHYDOXHVDUHUHODWLYHWKH\FDQ VWLOOEHXVHG7KHVPDOOHUWKH553,YDOXHRID SHVWLFLGHWKHJUHDWHULVLWVSRWHQWLDOWREHORVWLQUXQRII 0D[LPXP&RQWDPLQDQW/HYHO/LIHWLPH+HDOWK FRPPRQQDPHf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fLQWKLV FLUFXODULWZLOOEHH[SUHVVHGDVPLFURJUDPVSHUOLWHU J/RUSSEf7KH/LIHWLPH+HDOWK$GYLVRU\/HYHO +$/SURYLGHVDPHDVXUHRISHVWLFLGHWR[LFLW\WR KXPDQV7KH+$/DVGHILQHGDVWKH86(3$LVWKH FRQFHQWUDWLRQRIDFKHPLFDOLQGULQNLQJZDWHUWKDWLVQRW ,IWKHFKHPLFDOKDVQRWEHHQDVVLJQHGD0&/RU+$/ YDOXHDKHDOWKDGYLVRU\OHYHOHTXLYDOHQW+$/(4 GHQRWHGE\DQDVWHULVNfKDVEHHQFDOFXODWHGXVLQJWKH VDPHIRUPXODDVWKH86(3$+$/(4 5'[tfIZKHUH5'LVWKHUHIHUHQFHGRVHGHWHUPLQHGE\WKHI86(3$)RUQRQFDUFLQRJHQLFSHVWLFLGHVWKHFDOFXODWHG +$/(4VKRXOGQRWGLIIHUE\PRUHWKDQDIDFWRURI IURPWKHYDOXHIRUWKFRPLQJIURPWKH86(3$7KH+DO DQGWKH+$/(4KDYHXQLWVRIPLFURJUDPVSHUOLWHU J/RUSSEf,IDSHVWLFLGHKDVD0&/YDOXHDVVLJQHG ZHXVHWKDWYDOXHUDWKHUWKDQWKH+$/RU+$/(47KH VPDOOHUWKHYDOXHWKHJUHDWHULVWKHWR[LFLW\WRKXPDQV $TXDWLF7R[LFLW\ 7KH$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\SURYLGHVDPHDVXUHRI SHVWLFLGHWR[LFLW\WRDTXDWLFVSHFLHV7KHYDOXHVJLYHQLQ 7DEOHDUHWKHOHWKDOFRQFHQWUDWLRQVDWZKLFKbRIWKH WHVWVSHFLHVGLH/&f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

PAGE 4

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH-DQXDU\OHDFKLQJfDQG553,UXQRIIfLQGLFHVDQGWR[LFLW\ 3HVWLFLGHVDYDLODEOHIURP\RXUFRXQW\&RRSHUDWLYH YDOXHVJLYHQLQ7DEOH([WHQVLRQ2IILFHfWRGHWHUPLQHWKHOHDFKLQJDQG 7KLVZLOOLQGLFDWHWKHUHODWLYHSRWHQWLDOIRU\RXGHWHUPLQHWKHVRLOOHDFKUDWLQJDQGWKHVRLO SHVWLFLGHVWROHDFKRUUXQRIIIURPDSDUWLFXODUVLWHDQGUXQRIIUDWLQJIRUHDFKVRLOLQHDFKILHOGOLVWWKHVRLO FRQVLGHUWKHWR[LFLW\RIWKHSHVWLFLGHVWRKXPDQVRUQDPHVRLOOHDFKUDWLQJDQGVRLOUXQRIIUDWLQJLQ DTXDWLFOLIHLIWKHSHVWLFLGHVOHDFKLQWRJURXQGZDWHURULIFROXPQVDQGUHVSHFWLYHO\RIWKH UXQRIIHQWHUVVXUIDFHLPSRXQGPHQWVRUVWUHDPV7KH3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21:25.6+((7 ODVWWZRFROXPQVDUHIRUUHFRUGLQJWKHZDWHUPHORQ JURZHUnVFKRLFHVDQGUHDVRQVIRUVHOHFWLQJSDUWLFXODU SURGXFWV 2XULQWHQWLVWRSURYLGHDGHFLVLRQVXSSRUWWRROIRU WKHZDWHUPHORQJURZHU7KHJURZHULVUHVSRQVLEOHIRU PDNLQJWKHILQDOFKRLFH7KHFRPSOHWHGZRUNVKHHWFDQ VHUYHDVDSHUPDQHQWUHFRUGRIWKHVHOHFWLRQSURFHVV XVHGDQGGHFLVLRQPDGHE\WKHJURZHU8VLQJWKH:RUNVKHHWf7DUJHW3HVW &RUUHFWLGHQWLILFDWLRQRIWKHSHVWV WKDWQHHGWREHFRQWUROOHGLVHVVHQWLDO&KHFNZLWK NQRZOHGJHDEOHH[SHUWVDQGXWLOL]HFRPSHWHQW GLDJQRVWLFODERUDWRULHVVRWKDWDSURSHUGLDJQRVLV FDQEHPDGH0LVGLDJQRVLVUHVXOWVLQWKHZDVWHIXO XVHRIXQQHFHVVDU\SHVWLFLGHVDQGQHHGOHVV LQFUHDVHVLQSURGXFWLRQFRVWV/LVWFRQILUPHGSHVWV LQFROXPQRIWKH3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21 :25.6+((7 f5HFRPPHQGHG3HVWLFLGHV 8VHWKHFXUUHQW,)$6 3HVW0DQDJHPHQW*XLGHVRURWKHUDSSURSULDWH LQIRUPDWLRQVRXUFHVWRLGHQWLI\WKHSHVWLFLGHVWKDW FRQWUROWKHSHVWVRIFRQFHUQ/LVWWKHVHSHVWLFLGHV LQFROXPQRIWKH3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21 :25.6+((7 f3HVWLFLGH3URSHUWLHV )RUHDFKSHVWLFLGHOLVWHGLQ FROXPQRQWKH3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21 :25.6+((7FRS\WKHQXPHULFYDOXHIRU.RF5/3,553,0&/+$/+$/(4DQG$TXDWLF 7R[LFLW\IURP7DEOHLQWRFROXPQVDQG RIWKH3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21 :25.6+((7 f6RLO3URSHUWLHV &RQVXOWWKH&RXQW\6RLO6XUYH\ 5HSRUWVRLOPDSVKHHWVWRORFDWH\RXUSURGXFWLRQ ILHOGVDQGWRLGHQWLI\WKHVRLOVWKDWRFFXULQWKHVH ILHOGV8VHWKH6RLO6FLHQFH)DFW6KHHWHQWLWOHG >
PAGE 5

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH-DQXDU\ &ULWHULDIRU0DWFKLQJ6RLO5DWLQJVZLWK3HVWLFLGH,QGLFHV 3HVWLFLGHVZLWKOHVVSRWHQWLDOWRDGYHUVHO\DIIHFWZDWHUTXDOLW\FDQEHVHOHFWHGE\PDWFKLQJWKHVRLOUDWLQJVDQGSHVWLFLGHVZLWK WKHIROORZLQJFULWHULD 3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21&5,7(5,$ ,)62,/5$7,1*6$5(7+(1 /($&+5812))6(/(&73(67,&,'(:,7+ +,*+/2:/DUJHU5/3,YDOXH$1' /DUJHU0&/+$/+$/(4YDOXH 0(',80/2:/DUJHU5/3,YDOXH$1' /DUJHU0&/+$/+$/(4YDOXH /2:/2:/DUJHU5/3,DQG553,YDOXHV$1' /DUJHU0&/+$/+$/(4DQG$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\ YDOXHV +,*+0(',80/DUJHU5/3,DQG553,YDOXHV$1' /DUJHU0&/+$/+$/(4DQG$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\ YDOXHV 0(',800(',80/DUJHU5/3,DQG553,YDOXHV$1' /DUJHU0&/+$/+$/(4DQG$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\ YDOXHV /2:0(',80/DUJHU553,YDOXH$1' /DUJHU$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\YDOXH +,*++,*+/DUJHU5/3,DQG553,YDOXHV$1' /DUJHU0&/+$/+$/(4DQG$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\ YDOXHV 0(',80+,*+/DUJHU553,DQG5/3,YDOXHV$1' /DUJHU$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\DQG0&/+$/+$/(4 YDOXHV /2:+,*+/DUJHU553,YDOXH$1' /DUJHU$TXDWLF7R[LFLW\YDOXHf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

PAGE 6

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH-DQXDU\ 7DEOH :DWHUPHORQHVWLFLGHSDUDPHWHUVIRUVHOHFWLQJSHVWLFLGHVWRPLQLPL]HZDWHUTXDOLW\SUREOHPV 7UDGHQDPH&RPPRQQDPH$SSOLFDWLRQ7\SH6RUSWLRQ&RHIILFLHQW5HODWLYH/RVVHV7R[LFLW\ 6RLO)ROLDU.POJf/HDFKLQJ5XQRII0&/+$/RU+$/(4RF5/3,553, SSEf $TXDWLF/&SSPf +HUELFLGHV $ODQDSQDSWDODPVRGLXPVDOW[[(S+r $ODQDSOQDSWDODPVRGLXPVDOW[(S+r &XUELWHWKDOIOXUDOLQ[r 'DFWKDO'&3$[D 'LTXDWGLTXDWGLEURPLGHVDOW[(!r *UDPR[RQH([WUDSDUDTXDWGLFKORULGHVDOW[(! 3RDVWVHWKR[\GLP[(S+r 3UHIDUEHQVXOLGH[(r 5RXQGXSJO\SKRVDWHDPLQHVDOW[(! ,QVHFWLFLGHVLWLFLGHV $JUHH%DFLOOXVWKXULQJLHQVLV[QGQGQGQGE $PEXVKSHUPHWKULQ[!r $VDQD;/HVIHQYDOHUDWH[QGM &\JRQ'LPHWKRDWHGLPHWKRDWH[r &\WKLRQPDODWKLRQ[[! 'LD]LQRQ$*GLD]LQRQ[( 'LEURP1DOHG[!r 'LSHO%DFLOOXVWKXULQJLHQVLV[QGQGQGQGE *XWKLRQD]LQSKRVPHWK\O[r

PAGE 7

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH7DEOH :DWHUPHORQHVWLFLGHSDUDPHWHUVIRUVHOHFWLQJSHVWLFLGHVWRPLQLPL]HZDWHUTXDOLW\SUREOHPV 7UDGHQDPH&RPPRQQDPH$SSOLFDWLRQ7\SH6RUSWLRQ&RHIILFLHQW5HODWLYH/RVVHV7R[LFLW\ 6RLO)ROLDU.POJf/HDFKLQJ5XQRII0&/+$/RU+$/(4RF5/3,553, SSEf $TXDWLF/&SSPf -DQXDU\ -DYHOLQ%DFLOOXVWKXULQJLHQVLV[QGQGQGQGE .HOWKDQHGLFRIRO[(rE .RORVSUD\XOIXUVXOIXU[QGQGQGQGQRQWR[LF .U\RFLGHFU\ROLWH[(QG /DQQDWHPHWKRP\O[ 0HGHLQVHFWLFLGDOVRDS[QGQGQGQG 0DUODWHHWKR[\FKOPHWKR[\FKORU[! RU 0HWDV\VWR[R[\GHPHWRQPHWK\O[r 0RQLWRUPHWKDPLGRSKRV[r 1HHPL[D]DGLUDFKWLQ[QGQG 3KDVHUHQGRVXOIDQ[!rr 3RXQFHSHUPHWKULQ[!r 3\UHOOLQfS\UHWKULQV[H!rD 3\UHOOLQfURWHQRQH[!r 3\UHQRQHfSLSHURQ\OEXWR[LGH[(QGQGr 3\UHQRQHfS\UHWKULQV[H!rD 5RWDFLGHURWHQRQH[!r 6DIHU6RDSLQVHFWLFLGDOVRDS[QGQGQGQG 6HYLQFDUEDU\O[

PAGE 8

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH7DEOH :DWHUPHORQHVWLFLGHSDUDPHWHUVIRUVHOHFWLQJSHVWLFLGHVWRPLQLPL]HZDWHUTXDOLW\SUREOHPV 7UDGHQDPH&RPPRQQDPH$SSOLFDWLRQ7\SH6RUSWLRQ&RHIILFLHQW5HODWLYH/RVVHV7R[LFLW\ 6RLO)ROLDU.POJf/HDFKLQJ5XQRII0&/+$/RU+$/(4RF5/3,553, SSEf $TXDWLF/&SSPf -DQXDU\ 7HORQH&fGLFKORURSURSHQH,17HORQH&fFKORURSLFULQ,1-QGQG 7HORQH,,GLFKORURSURSHQH,17KLRGDQHQGRVXOIDQ[!rr 7ULJDUGD\URPD]LQH[(r! 9DXOW%DFLOOXVWKXULQJLHQVLV[QGQGQGQGE 9\GDWH/R[DP\O[ ;HQWDUL%DFLOOXVWKXULQJLHQVLV[QGQGQGQGE 1HPDWLFLGHV 9\GDWH/R[DP\O,1& )XQJLFLGHV $720DQHEPDQHE[(r $720DQHE=LQF]LQF[QGQGQGQG $720DQHE=LQFPDQHE[(r f $JURQLOFKORURWKDORQLO[ $OLHWWHIRVHW\ODOXPLQXP[!r %DVLFRSFRSSHUVXOIDWHEDVLF[QGQGQGQGQG %HQODWHEHQRP\O[r %OXH6KLHOGFXSULFK\GUR[LGH[QGQGQGQG

PAGE 9

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH7DEOH :DWHUPHORQHVWLFLGHSDUDPHWHUVIRUVHOHFWLQJSHVWLFLGHVWRPLQLPL]HZDWHUTXDOLW\SUREOHPV 7UDGHQDPH&RPPRQQDPH$SSOLFDWLRQ7\SH6RUSWLRQ&RHIILFLHQW5HODWLYH/RVVHV7R[LFLW\ 6RLO)ROLDU.POJf/HDFKLQJ5XQRII0&/+$/RU+$/(4RF5/3,553, SSEf $TXDWLF/&SSPf -DQXDU\ %UDYRFKORURWKDORQLO[ &3%DVLF&RSSHUFRSSHUVXOIDWH[QGQGQGQG &KDPSFXSULFK\GUR[LGH[QGQGQGQG &KDPSLRQFXSULFK\GUR[LGH[QGQGQGQG &RSSHU&RXQWFRSSHUDPPRQLXPFDUERQDWH[QGQGQG 'LWKDQHPDQFR]HE[(rE +\GUR[FXSULFK\GUR[LGH[QGQGQGQG .RFLGHFXSULFK\GUR[LGH[QGQGQGQG 0DQH[PDQFR]HE[(rE 0DQ]DWHPDQFR]HE[(rE 0LFURVSHUVH&2&FRSSHUR[\FKORULGH[QGQGQGQG 3HQQFR]HEPDQFR]HE[(rE 5LGRPLOPHWDOD[\O[r! 5LGRPLO&RSSHUfPHWDOD[\O[r! 5LGRPLO&RSSHUfFXSULFK\GUR[LGH[QGQGQGQG 5LGRPLO%UDYRfFKORURWKDORQLO[ 5LGRPLO%UDYRfPHWDOD[\O[r! 6XEGXHPHWDOD[\O[r! 7HUUDQLOFKORURWKDORQLO[

PAGE 10

0DQDJLQJ3HVWLFLGHVIRU:DWHUPHORQ3URGXFWLRQDQG:DWHU4XDOLW\3URWHFWLRQ 3DJH7DEOH :DWHUPHORQHVWLFLGHSDUDPHWHUVIRUVHOHFWLQJSHVWLFLGHVWRPLQLPL]HZDWHUTXDOLW\SUREOHPV 7UDGHQDPH&RPPRQQDPH$SSOLFDWLRQ7\SH6RUSWLRQ&RHIILFLHQW5HODWLYH/RVVHV7R[LFLW\ 6RLO)ROLDU.POJf/HDFKLQJ5XQRII0&/+$/RU+$/(4RF5/3,553, SSEf $TXDWLF/&SSPf -DQXDU\ 7RS&RS6XOIXUVXOIXU[QGQGQGQGQRQWR[LF f 7RS&RS6XOIXUFRSSHUVXOIDWH[QGQGQGQG f 7RSVLQ0WKLRSKDQDWHPHWK\O[[(rG 7ULEDVLFFRSSHUVXOIDWHEDVLF[QGQGQGQGQG )XPLJDQWV &KORULFFKORURSLFULQ,1-QGQG 'RZIXPH0&PHWK\OEURPLGH,1-r 7HORQH,,GLFKORURSURSHQH,19DSDPPHWDPVRGLXP,1-(QG 7UDGHQDPHfLQGLFDWHVWKDWWKHSURGXFWLVDPL[WXUHRIWZRRUPRUHDFWLYHLQJUHGLHQWV$SSOLFDWLRQ7\SH ,1&LQFRUSRUDWHG,1-LQMHFWHG35(SUHHPHUJHQFH;DSSOLHGWRVRLOVXUIDFHRUIROLDJH6RUSWLRQ&RHIILFLHQW (HVWLPDWHG*HGXFDWHGJXHVV5HODWLYH/HDFKLQJ3RWHQWLDO,QGH[/3,f6PDOOHUQXPEHULQGLFDWHVJUHDWHUOHDFKLQJKD]DUG5HODWLYH5XQRII3RWHQWLDO,QGH[,f 6PDOOHUQXPEHULQGLFDWHVJUHDWHUUXQRIIKD]DUG'ULQNLQJ:DWHU 0D[LPXP&RQWDPLQDQW/HYHO&/f/LIHWLPH+HDOWK$GYLVRU\/HYHO+$/fr/LIHWLPH+HDOWK$GYLVRU\/HYHO(TXLYDOHQW+$/(4f $TXDWLF7R[LFLW\/&YDOXHLVIRUUDLQERZWURXWRUKUH[SRVXUHWLPHXQOHVVRWKHUZLVHVSHFLILHG D FKDQQHOFDWILVKE EOXHJLOOF FDUSM IDWKHDGPLQQRZ QGQRGDWDDYDLODEOH

PAGE 11

3(67,&,'(6(/(&7,21:25.6+((7 /DQGRZQHUSHUDWRU1DPHBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB&RXQW\BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB'DWHBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB &URSBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB)DUP,'BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB)LHOG,'BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB6KHHWBBBBRIBBBBBB 5HODWLYH/RVVHV 7R[LFLW\ 7DUJHW3HVW,)$65HFRPPHQGHG./HDFKLQJ5XQRII 0&/+$/ $TXDWLF6RLO7\SH6RLO/HDFKLQJ6RLO5XQRII6HOHFWHG&RPPHQWV f3HVWLFLGHV9DOXH5/3,553,+$/(47R[LFLW\f5DWLQJ5DWLQJf3HVWLFLGHff fffffffRF,IWKH.YDOXHLVRUOHVVRULIWKH5/3,YDOXHLVRUOHVVDQGWKHVRLOOHDFKUDWLQJLVKLJKWKHQWKHSHVWLFLGHKDVDKLJKSRWHQWLDOIRUOHDFKLQJDQGVKRXOGEHXVHGZLWKH[WUHPHFDXWLRQ$OWHUQDWLYHSHVWLFLGHVDQGRFUHGXFHGUDWHVVKRXOGEHFRQVLGHUHGLISRVVLEOH$SSO\SHVWLFLGHGXULQJSHULRGVZLWKORZSRWHQWLDOIRUUDLQIDOOLISRVVLEOH