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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002892/00001
 Material Information
Title: Asian Cockroach
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Koehler, Philip G.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2005
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Revised: June 2005. Reviewed: June 2008."
General Note: "ENY-202"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002892:00001


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ENY202 Asian Cockroach1 P. G. Koehler and C. L. Tucker2 1. This document is ENY-202, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Revised: June 2005. Reviewed: June 2008. Please visit the EDIS Website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. P. G. Koehler, professor, and C. L. Tucker, graduate assistant, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean The Asian cockroach (Figure 1) has been widely publicized and is considered a significant pest by the residents in infested areas. Figure 1. Asian male cockroach (identical in appearance to the German cockroach and is about 5/8 inch long). Credits: Paul M. Choate, University of Florida History The Asian cockroach was identified as a newly introduced species in 1986, when a heavy infestation was found in Lakeland, Florida (Polk County). A second, more heavily infested area was identified in 1987 near Brandon and Tampa (Hillsborough County). Today, the Asian cockroach has spread to infest the southeastern United States. The Asian cockroach is a rural and suburban pest that mainly infests single-family, suburban houses and yards. It is abundant outdoors, where populations of 30,000 to 250,000 per acre have been found. The adults are strong fliers and readily enter the houses. Identification The Asian cockroach is almost identical in appearance to the German cockroach. In fact, entomologists believed it was an outdoor strain of the German cockroach in Asia. The main morphological differences between the Asian and German cockroaches are the shape of a groove in one segment (eighth) of the abdomen and a small gland in the males. The wings of the Asian cockroach are usually longer and narrower than those of the German cockroach. They extend beyond the tip of the abdomen and cover the egg capsule in the females. Asian cockroaches are lighter in color than most German cockroaches. The Asian cockroach can be identified by gas chromotography of the waxes found in the exoskeleton. Any part or any stage of the cockroach can be identified with this procedure. They should not be preserved in alcohol. Dry, dead specimens should be sent for analysis.

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Asian Cockroach 2 Habits The Asian cockroach is a strong flier, and is both a feral (wild) and peridomestic species. Adults take flight even during the day if disturbed; they are readily seen in an infested lawn, because their flight is similar to that of moths and leafhoppers. At dusk there is a frenzy of activity; adults are very active in the grass and mulch. They climb to the tips of grass and leaves and take flight. They are attracted to light-colored surfaces or brightly lit surfaces, where they alight. Numerous adults have been seen at all heights on singleand two-story homes. Asian cockroaches will invade any opening in a house, such as a lighted doorway or window. Once inside, they will crawl on an illuminated television screen and on walls while the lights are on during the evening. Because the peak activity period of Asian roaches coincides with our leisure time, the presence of the cockroach is obvious. Habitat Asian cockroaches are abundant in shaded areas with leaf litter or where there is ground cover. In feral habitats, the Asian cockroach is found in shaded areas of pastures, along shaded road sides in leaf mulch, in shaded areas of thick grass, and in ground cover of abandoned citrus groves. The adults have been found feeding on the honeydew of aphids on citrus trees, and on the flowers of other plants during the night. Biology The female Asian cockroach produces an egg capsule that has about 40 eggs. It is carried by the female until the young are ready to hatch. The nymphs mature to adults in about 6 to 7 weeks. From late May through early August, nymphs predominate and adults are rarely encountered. However, adults are abundant during the early spring months (February through May) and again in mid-August to October. The feeding behavior of the Asian cockroach appears to be similar to other cockroaches, in that they are omnivorous. Thus, they may be capable of carrying the same pathogenic organisms as the other peridomestic and domestic species of cockroaches. Considering their ability to produce large populations and their likelihood of entering homes, pathogens associated with animal droppings and soil microorganisms will be carried by this cockroach when it enters the home. People sensitive to allergens of German cockroaches are also sensitive to allergens of Asian cockroaches. Control The Asian cockroach is very susceptible to all pesticides. However, acceptable control of the Asian cockroach is difficult. Toxic baits applied to infested areas outdoors have provided the most reliable control. Cockroach baits have been registered for use outdoors. Because the Asian cockroach can fly 120 feet or more in a single flight, large areas around a home require treatment. Even so, cockroaches in surrounding untreated areas may result in reinfestation. Residual sprays around the perimeter of structures are usually ineffective because there are numerous infested areas in lawns, mulch, and wooded areas. Adults enter homes through windows and doorways, and immediately fly to walls, avoiding baseboards and typical German cockroach harborages which are normally treated with pesticides.

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Asian Cockroach 3 Table 1. Insecticides labeled for Homeowner Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manufacturer) Signal Word Bait, Crack and Crevice (see label) Combination Product Fipronil, Hydramethylnon Combat Plus (quick kill formula roach baits and roach killing gel) Caution Bait Station Bait Fipronil Combat Quick Kill Formula, Roach Caution Bait Hydramethylnon Combat Source Kill 1, Roaches Caution Crack and Crevice Aerosol Prallethrin (0.03%), Esfenvalerate (0.05%), MGK-264 synergist (0.3%) Ortho Roach, Ant & Spider Killer Warning Aerosol Pyrethrins, MGK-264, Permethrin Ortho Ant-B-Gon Caution Aerosol Tetramethrin (0.2%), Phenothrin (0.2%) Ortho Flying Insect Killer 1 Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Beta Cyfluthrin Bayer Power force Carpenter Ant & Termite Killer Plus Caution Ready-To-Use Bifenthrin Ortho Home Defense Perimeter & Indoor Insect Killer Caution Ready-To-Use Cyfluthrin Bayer Advanced Home, Home Pest Control Indoor & Outdoor Insect Killer Caution Indoor Space Treatment Ready-To-Use Pyrethrins (0.05%), Permethrin (0.4%) Ortho Indoor Insect Fogger Caution Indoor Surface Treatment Aerosol Prallethrin (0.03%), Esfenvalerate (0.05%), MGK-264 synergist (0.3%) Ortho Roach, Ant & Spider Killer Warning Aerosol Pyrethrins, MGK-264, Permethrin Ortho Ant-B-Gon Caution Ready-To-Use Cyfluthrin Bayer Advanced Home, Home Pest Control Indoor & Outdoor Insect Killer Caution Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) Combination Product Abamectrin B1, Hydroprene Raid Max (Roach Bait plus Egg Stoppers) Caution Outdoor Barrier Aerosol Prallethrin (0.03%). Esfenvalerate (0.05%), MGK-264 synergist (0.3%) Prallethrin (0.03%), Esfenvalerate (0.05%), MGK-264 synergist (0.3%) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Beta-Cyfluthrin Bayer Power Force Carpenter Ant & Termite Killer Plus Caution

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Asian Cockroach 4 Table 1. Insecticides labeled for Homeowner Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manufacturer) Signal Word Emulsifiable Concentrate Bifenthrin Ortho Termite & Carpenter Ant Killer Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Esfenvalerate Ortho Bug-B-Gon Multipurpose Insect Killer Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Malathion Ortho Malathion 50 Plus Insect Spray Warning Granule Cyfluthrin Bayer Advanced Lawn & Garden Multi-Insect Killer Caution Granule Cyfluthrin Bayer Power Force Ant Killer Ready-to-Use Granules Caution Granule Cyfluthrin Bayer Power Force Multi-Insect Killer Ready-to-Spread Granules Caution Ready-To-Use Bifenthrin Ortho Home Defense Perimeter 7 Indoor Insect Killer Caution Ready-To-Use Cyfluthrin Bayer Advanced Home, Home Pest Control Indoor & Outdoor Insect Killer Caution Ready-To-Use Cyfluthrin Bayer Power Force Multi-Insect Killer Ready-to-Spray Caution Ready-To-Use Cyfluthrin Bayer Power Force Multi-Insect Killer Ready-to-Use Caution Ready-To-Use Esfenvalerate Ortho Bug-B-Gon Multipurpose Insect Killer Ready-to-Use Caution Outdoor Broadcast Emulsifiable Concentrate Beta-Cyfluthrin Bayer Power Force Carpenter Ant & Termite Killer Plus Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Esfenvalerate Ortho Bug-B-Gon Multipurpose Insect Killer Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Malathion Ortho Malathion 50 Plus Insect Spray Warning Ready-To-Use Cyfluthrin Bayer Advanced Home, Home Pest Control Indoor & Outdoor Insect Killer Caution Table 2. Insecticides labeled for Commercial Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manfacturer) Signal Word Bait Station Bait Abamectin PT Avert Cockroach Gel Bait Formula 2 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Bait Disodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate Gourmet Ant Bait Caution Bait Disodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate Gourmet Ant Bait Gel Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Dr. Moss's Liquid Bait Systen (JT Eaton) Caution

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Asian Cockroach 5 Table 2. Insecticides labeled for Commercial Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manfacturer) Signal Word Crack and Crevice Aerosol Acephate PT Orthene Crack & Crevice Pressurized Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Cyfluthrin PT Cy-Kick CS Pressurized Crack & Crevice Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Cyfluthrin PT Cy-Kick Crack & Crevice Pressurized Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Hydroprene Gentrol Aerosol (Zoecon) Caution Aerosol Lambda Cyhalothrin PT 221L (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins (0.5%), PBO (4.0%) PT P. I. Contact Insecticide (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT 565 Plus XLO (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT Microcare Pressurized Pyrethrum Capsule Suspension (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Bait Abamectin B1 PT Avert Cockroach Gel Bait Formula 2 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Bait Abamectin B1 PT Avert Cockroach Gel Bait Formula 3 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Bait Abamectin B1 PT Avert Dry Flowable Coackroach Bait Formula 1 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Bait Fipronil MaxForce FC Roach Killer Bait Gel (3-Pack) (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Fine Granule Insect Bait (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Granular Insect Bait (25 lb) (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MasForce Granular Insect Bait (6 lb) (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Roach Killer Bait Gel (Triple) (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon Siege Gel Insecticide Caution Bait Hydramethylnon Siege PBS Gel Insecticide Caution Bait Imidacloprid Pre-Empt (Bayer) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Attrax Carbohydrates Roach Bait Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Niban FG Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Niban Granular Bait (Nisus) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Snuffer (Nisus) Caution Dust Boric Acid PT Perma Dust Pressurized Boric Acid Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Dust Deltamethrin DeltaDust Caution Dust Pyrethrins PT Tri-Die Silica & Pyrethrin Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution

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Asian Cockroach 6 Table 2. Insecticides labeled for Commercial Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manfacturer) Signal Word Dust Pyrethrins and Others PT Tri-Die Pressurized Silica & Pyrethrin Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Warning Dust Pyrethrins, PBO, Silica Gel Drione (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Bifenthrin Talstar F Insecticide/Miticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Bifenthrin Talstar Termiticide/Insecticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Chlorfenapyr Phantom (BASF) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cyfluthrin PT Cy-Kick CS Controlled Release Cyfluthrin Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cyfluthrin Tempo SC Ultra (Bayer) Danger Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff EC (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff Power Spray Insecticide (FMC) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff WP (FMC) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff WSB (FMC) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Prevail FT Termiticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Deltamethrin Suspend SC Insecticide (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Hydroprene Gentrol IGR Concentrate (Zoecon) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Permethrin Dragnet SFR Termiticide/Insecticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Prallethrin PT ULD SPy-300 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Propetamphos Catalyst Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins Kicker (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins (0.5%), PBO (5.0%) Pyrenone 50 Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins and Others PT Microcare CS Controlled Release Pyrethrum (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins and Others PT ULD BP-100 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cyfluthrin Tempo 20 WP (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Tralomethrin Saga WP Insecticide Warning Fumigation Fumigant Sulfuryl fluoride Vikane (Dow AgroSciences) Danger

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Asian Cockroach 7 Table 2. Insecticides labeled for Commercial Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manfacturer) Signal Word Indoor Space Treatment Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT 565 Plus XLO (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT Pro-Control (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT Pro-Control Plus (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Hydroprene Gentrol IGR Concentrate Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Prallethrin PT ULD SPy-300 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins Kicker Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins (0.5%), PBO (5.0%) PT ULD BP-50 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins (0.5%), PBO (5.0%) Pyrenone 50 Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins (0.5%), PBO (5.0%) Pyrenone 100 Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins and Others PT ULD BP-100 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Indoor Surface Treatment Aerosol Acephate PT Orthene Crack & Crevice Pressurized Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Cyfluthrin PT Cy-Kick CS Pressurized Crack & Crevice Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Hydroprene Gentrol Aerosol Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT Microcare Pressurized Pyrethrum Capsule Suspension (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Dust Pyrethrins PT Tri-Die Silica & Pyrethrin Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Bifenthrin Talstar F Insecticide/Miticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Bifenthrin Talstar Termiticide/Insecticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cyfluthrin PT Cy-Kick CS Controlled Release Cyfluthrin (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cyfluthrin Tempo SC Ultra (Bayer) Danger Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff EC (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff Power Spray Insecticide (FMC) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff WP (FMC) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Prevail FT Termiticide (FMC) Caution

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Asian Cockroach 8 Table 2. Insecticides labeled for Commercial Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manfacturer) Signal Word Emulsifiable Concentrate Deltamethrin Suspend SC Insecticide (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Hydroprene Gentrol IGR Concentrate Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Permethrin Dragnet SFR Termiticide/Insecticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Prallethrin PT ULD SPy-300 (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins Kicker (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins (0.5%), PBO (5.0%) Pyrenone 50 Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins (0.5%), PBO (5.0%) Pyrenone 100 Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins and Others PT Microcare CS Controlled Release Pyrethrum (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Wettable/Soluble Powder Cyfluthrin Tempo 20 WP (Bayer) Caution Outdoor Barrier Aerosol Acephate PT Orthene Crack & Crevice Pressurized Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Cyfluthrin PT Cy-Kick CS Pressurized Crack & Crevice Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Cyfluthrin PT-Cy-Kick Crack & Crevice Pressurized Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Lambda Cyhalothrin PT 221L (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT MicrocarePressurized Pyrethrum Capsule Suspension (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Niban FG (Nisus) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Niban Granular Bait (Nisus) Caution Dust Deltamethrin DeltaDust (Bayer) Caution Dust Pyrethrins PT Tri-Die Silica & Pyrethrin Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Dust Pyrethrins and Others PT-Tri-Die Pressurized Silica & Pyrethrin Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Bifenthrin Talstr F Insecticide/Miticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cyfluthrin PT Cy-Kick CS Controlled Release Cyfluthrin (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff EC (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff Power Spray Insecticide (FMC) Warning

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Asian Cockroach 9 Table 2. Insecticides labeled for Commercial Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manfacturer) Signal Word Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff WP (FMC) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Cynoff WSB (FMC) Warning Emulsifiable Concentrate Cypermethrin Prevail FT Termiticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Deltamethrin Suspend SC Insecticide (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Permethrin Astro Insecticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Permethrin Dragnet SFR Termiticide/Insecticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins Kicker (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Pyrethrins and Others PT Microcare CS Controlled Release Pyrethrum (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Granule Deltamethrin DeltaGard G (Bayer) Caution Wettable/Soluble Powder Cyfluthrin Tempo 20 WP (Bayer) Caution Outdoor Broadcast Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Fine Granule Insect Bait (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Granule Insect Bait (25 lb) (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Granule Insect Bait (6 lb) (Bayer) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Niban Granular Bait (Nisus) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Bifenthrin Talstar F Insecticide/Miticide (FMC) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Permethrin Dragnet SFR Termiticide/Insecticide (FMC) Caution Granule Deltamethrin DeltaGard G (Bayer) Caution Wettable/Soluble Powder Cyfluthrin Tempo 20 WP (Bayer) Caution Voids/Attics Aerosol Acephate PT Orthene Crack & Crevice Pressurized Residual (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins (0.5%, PBO (4.0%) PT P.I. Contact Insecticide (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Aerosol Pyrethrins and Others PT 565 Plux XLO (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Fine Granule Insect Bait (Bayer) Caution Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Granular Insect Bait (25 lb) (Bayer) Caution

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Asian Cockroach 10 Table 2. Insecticides labeled for Commercial Use. Formulation Common Name Trade Name (Manfacturer) Signal Word Bait Hydramethylnon MaxForce Granular Insect Bait (6 lb) (Bayer) Caution Bait Imidacloprid Pre-Empt (Bayer) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Niban FL (Nisus) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Nivan Granular Bait (Nisus) Caution Bait Orthoboric Acid Snuffer (Nisus) Caution Dust Boric Acid PT Perma Dust Pressurized Boric Acid Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Dust Deltamethrin DeltaDust (Bayer) Caution Dust Pyrethrins PT Tri-Die Silica & Pyrethrin Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Caution Dust Pyrethrins and Others PT Tri-Die Pressurized Silica & Pyrethrin Dust (Whitmire Micro-gen) Warning Dust Pyrethrins, PBO, Silica Gel Drione (Bayer) Caution Emulsifiable Concentrate Deltamethrin Suspend SC Insecticide (Bayer) Caution