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ENY-679 Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry1 James F. Price, Curtis Nagle and Elzie McCord, Jr.2 1. This document is ENY-679 (IN472), one of a series of the Entomology & Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Published: December 2003. Revised: November 2007. For more publications related to horticulture/agriculture, please visit the EDIS Website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. James F. Price, associate professor, Curtis Nagle, biologist, University of Florida, Entomology and Nematology Department, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Wimauma, FL 33598; and Elzie McCord, Jr. associate professor of biology, Division of Natural Sciences, New College of Florida, Sarasota, FL 34232. 3. Floriculture Crops 2006 Summary, U.S.D.A., National Agricultural Statistics Service, http://www.nass.usda.gov, Sp Cr 6-01(07), July 2007. 4. Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) mode of action codes are from the IRAC Mode of Action Classification version 5.3 available at http://www.irac-online.org/. The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication does not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition. All chemicals should be used in accordance with directions on the manufacturer's label. Use pesticides safely. Read and follow directions on the manufacturer's label. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean Farm sales of floriculture crops in Florida were $800 million in 2006, nationally second only to California3. These products are valued for their aesthetic qualities and consumers do not tolerate detectable insect and mite damage. As a result, growers practice intensive pest management to assure high quality and maximum value. While their management programs utilize biological, physical, regulatory, and cultural control components, growers most often rely on chemical remediation when damaging arthropods are present on floricultural crops. Florida floricultural producers have more than 178 commercial pesticide products available to manage arthropod and gastropod pests (slugs and snails) derived from 86 chemical and biological active ingredients. The Ornamentals and Turf sections of the Florida Insect Management Guiden offers assistance to growers in selecting products to include in pest management programs for various floricultural commodities. This publication adds information not available in the crop-specific guides. Currently available commercial products registered for arthropod and gastropod management in Florida's commercial production sites are presented in Table 1. The list includes active ingredients and their IRAC4 mode of action codes, product trade names, registrants, restricted re-entry periods (REI), precautionary signal words, and an indication of restricted use status for each product to enhance the appropriate selection and safe use of the pesticides. Other products containing the active ingredients presented in Table 1 may also be available. For more detailed information about the products, electronic versions of specimen labels are usually available at the Websites of CDMS (http://www.cdms.net/ manuf/default.asp), C&P Press (http://www. greenbook.net/) or the affiliated manufacturer.
Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry 2 The pesticide's label communicates the lawful use of the product and must be read, understood and followed. The label contains important limitations that are not presented in Table 1, such as dosages and restrictions on the numbers of applications. When using a pesticide for the first time, it is important to test the product first on a small portion of the crop and check for any possible detrimental effects over time, such as leaf distortion and plant stunting. This information is provided in order to increase profitability of floriculture and enhance the safe and environmentally sound use of the pesticides now available. Table 1. Insecticides, Miticides and Moluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry. Active Ingredient (Mode of Action Code)a Trade Nameb Registrant REI (Hrs)c Signal Word RUPd 1,3-dichloropropene (no code) Telone II Dow AgroSciences 5 days Warning X 1,3-dichloropropene (no code) & chloropicrin (8B) Telone C-17 Telone C-35 Dow AgroSciences 5 days Danger X Abamectin (6) Avid 0.15 EC Syngenta Crop Protection 12 Warning Lucid Rotam USA 12 Warning Acephate (1B) 1300 Orthene TR Whitmire Micro-Gen 24 Caution Acephate 97UP United Phosphorus 24 Caution Acephate Pro 75 Micro-Flo 24 Caution Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray 97 Valent USA 24 Caution Precise Pursell Technologies 12 Caution Acephate (1B) & fenpropathrin (3) Tame/Orthene TR Whitmire Micro-Gen 24 Warning Acequinocyl (20B) Shuttle 15 SC Arysta LifeScience 12 Caution Acetamiprid (4A) TriStar 30 SG TriStar 70 WSP Cleary Chemical 12 Caution Azadirachtin (18B) Azatin XL OHP 4 Caution Azatrol EC PBI Gordon 4 Caution Ornazin 3% EC AMVAC Chemical 12 Warning Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai strain ABTS-1857 (11B1) XenTari DF Valent BioSciences 4 Caution Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai strain GC-91 (11B1) Jackpot WP Certis USA 4 Caution
Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry 3 Table 1. Insecticides, Miticides and Moluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry. Active Ingredient (Mode of Action Code)a Trade Nameb Registrant REI (Hrs)c Signal Word RUPd Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis strain 65-52 (11A1) Gnatrol Valent BioSciences 4 Caution Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki (11B2) Deliver Javelin WG Certis USA 4 Caution Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki ABTS-351 (11B2) Biobit HP Dipel Pro DF Foray 76B Valent BioSciences 4 Caution Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki EG2348 (11B2) Condor Certis USA 4 Caution Bacillus thruingiensis kurstaki EG7826 (11B2) Lepinox WDG Certis USA 12 Warning Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki EG7841 (11B2) Crymax Certis USA 4 Caution Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 (no code) Naturalis L Troy Biosciences 4 Caution Beauveria bassiana Strain GHA (no code) Botanigard 22WP Botanigard ES Mycotrol O Emerald Bio Agriculture 4 Caution Bifenazate (25) Floramite Chemtura 4 Caution Floramite SC Chemtura 12 Caution Bifenthrin (3) Attain TR Whitmire Micro-Gen 12 Danger Attain TR Micro Whitmire Micro-Gen 12 Warning BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Golf Course/Nursery Micro-Flo 12 Caution X OnyxPro FMCt 12 Warning X Talstar Flowable EPA Reg. No. 279-3105 FMC 12 Caution Talstar Nursery Flowable FMC 12 Caution X Talstar Nursery Granular FMC 12 Caution TalstarOne Multi-Insecticide FMC 12 Caution Buprofezin (16) Talus Insect Growth Regulator SePRO 12 Caution Talus 40SC SePRO 12 Warning Capsaicin & other capsaicinoids (no code) Hot Pepper Wax Hot Pepper Wax 0 Caution
Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry 4 Table 1. Insecticides, Miticides and Moluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry. Active Ingredient (Mode of Action Code)a Trade Nameb Registrant REI (Hrs)c Signal Word RUPd Carbaryl (1A) AllPro 10% Carbaryl Dust AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP Value Garden Supply 12 Caution Carbaryl 4L Drexel Chemical 12 Caution Carbaryl 80S Drexel Chemical 12 Warning Cutworm & Cricket Bait Southern Agricultural Insecticides 12 Caution Sevin 80 WSP Bayer 12 Warning Sevin SL Bayer 12 Caution Carbofuran (1A) Furadan 4F FMC 48 Danger X Chlorfenapyr (13) Pylon OHP 12 Caution Chlorpyrifos (1B) Chlorpyrifos G-Pro2 Etigra 24 Warning X Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Micro-Flo 24 Warning X Duraguard ME Whitmire Micro-Gen 24 Caution X Dursban 50W Dow AgroSciences 24 Danger X QUALI-PRO Chlorpyrifos 4E FarmSaver 24 Warning X Chlorpyrifos (1B) & Cyfluthrin (3) Duraplex TR Whitmire Micro-Gen 24 Warning X Clofentezine (10A) Ovation SC Scotts-Sierra Crop Protection 12 Caution Clothianidin (4A) Celero 16 WSG Arysta LifeScience 12 Caution Cryolite (9A) Kryocide Cerexagri 12 Caution Prokil Cryolite 96 Gowan 12 Caution Cyfluthrin (3) Decathlon 20WP OHP 12 Caution Cyfluthrin (3) & imidacloprid (4A) Discus OHP 12 Caution Cyromazine (17) Citation Syngenta Crop Protection 12 Caution Deltamethrin (3) Deltagard GC 5 SC Bayer Environmental Science 12 Caution X Diazinon (1B) Diazinon 50W Makhteshim Agan North America 7 or 2 days (see label) Caution X Diazinon AG500 EPA Reg. No. 66222-9 Makhteshim Agan North America 12 Caution X Diazinon AG500 EPA Reg. No. 5905-248 Helena Holding 12 Caution X Diazinon AG600 WBC Loveland Products 7 or 2 days (see label) Caution X Dicofol (unknown) Kelthane 50 WSP Dow ArgoSciences 48 Danger Diflubenzuron (15) Adept Insect Growth Regulator Dimilin SC Flowable Chemtura 12 Caution Dimilin 25W Insect Growth Regulator Chemtura 12 Caution X
Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry 5 Table 1. Insecticides, Miticides and Moluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry. Active Ingredient (Mode of Action Code)a Trade Nameb Registrant REI (Hrs)c Signal Word RUPd Dimethoate (1B) 5 Lb. Dimethoate Helena Holding 48 Danger AllPro Cygon 2E Value Garden Supply 48 Warning Dimate 4E Agriliance 48 Warning Dimethoate 4 E Cheminova 48 Warning Dimethoate 267 Micro-Flo 48 Warning Dimethoate 400 Loveland Products 48 Warning Dinotefuran (4A) Safari 20SG Valent USA 12 Caution Endosulfan (2A) Endosulfan 3 EC Drexel Chemical 24 Danger Thionex 3EC Thionex 50W Makhteshim-Agan North America 24 Danger Ethoprop (1B) Mocap EC Bayer CropScience 48 (See label) Danger X Etoxazole (10B) TetraSan 5 WDG Valent USA 12 Caution Fenbutatin-oxide (12B) ProMite 50WP SePRO 48 Danger X Fenoxycarb (7B) Award Fire Ant Bait Syngenta Crop Protection 12 Caution Preclude TR Whitmire Micro-Gen 12 Caution Fenpropathrin (3) Tame 2.4EC Valent USA 24 Warning X Fenpyroximate (21) Akari 5SC SePRO 12 Warning Flonicamid (9C) Aria FMC 12 Caution Heterorhabditis indica (no code) Symbion-South Integrated BioControl Systems 0 Caution Heterorhabditis megidis (no code) Nemasys H Becker Underwood 0 None Hexythiazox (10A) Hexygon DF Gowan 12 Caution Hydramethylnon (20A) Amdro Pro Fire Ant Bait BASF 12 Caution Imidacloprid (4A) Marathon 1% Granular Marathon 60 WP Marathon II OHP 12 Caution Provado 1.6 Flowable Bayer CropScience 12 Caution Iron phosphate (no code) Monterey Sluggo-Ag Lawn & Garden Products 0 Caution Kaolin (no code) Surround WP Engelhard 4 Caution Lambda-cyhalothrin (3) Lambda-Cy EC United Phosphorous 24 Warning Scimitar GC Syngenta Crop Protection 24 Caution X Malathion (1B) Gowan Malathion 8 F Gowan 12 Caution Malathion 5 Agriliance 12 Warning Malathion 5 EC Micro-Flo 12 Warning
Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry 6 Table 1. Insecticides, Miticides and Moluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry. Active Ingredient (Mode of Action Code)a Trade Nameb Registrant REI (Hrs)c Signal Word RUPd Metaldehyde (no code) Deadline Bullets Deadline M-Ps Mini Pellets Durham Granules 3.5 Durham Granules 7.5 Trails End 3.5 Trails End LG AMVAC Chemical 12 Caution OR-CAL Snail & Slug Bait OR-CAL 12 Caution Slug-Fest All Weather Formula OR-CAL 24 Warning Metam-sodium (no code) Vapam HL AMVAC Chemical 48 Danger Metam CLR 42% UCB Chemicals 48 Danger Methidathion (1B) Supracide 2E Gowan 48 hrs or 14 days (see label) Danger X Supracide 25-W Gowan 48 hrs or 14 days (see label) Warning X Methiocarb (1A) Mesurol 75-W Gowan 24 Danger X Measurol Pro Gowan 24 Caution X Methyl Bromide (8A) & Chloropicrin (8B) 98-2 Contains 2% Chloropicrin 67-33 Preplant Soil Fumigant 75-25 Preplant Soil Fumigant Hy Yield-Bromine 48 See label Danger X Naled (1B) Dibrom 8 Emulsive AMVAC Chemical Variable (See label) Danger Neem Oil (no code) Triact 70 OHP 4 Caution Novaluron (15) Pedestal Chemtura 12 Caution Oxydemeton-methyl (1B) MSR Spray Concentrate Gowan 48 or 72 See label Warning X Permethrin (3) Ambush 25W AMVAC Chemical 12 Warning X Astro FMC 12 Caution Perm-Up 25WP United Phosphorus 12 Warning X Perm-Up 3.2EC United Phosphorus 12 Caution X Permethrin 3.2 EC Loveland Products 12 Caution X Permethrin E-Pro Etigra 12 Caution Pounce 25 WP FMC 12 Warning X Pheromone (no code) Stirrup M Troy Biosciences 12 Caution Phosmet (1B) Imidan 70-W Gowan 24 Warning
Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry 7 Table 1. Insecticides, Miticides and Moluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry. Active Ingredient (Mode of Action Code)a Trade Nameb Registrant REI (Hrs)c Signal Word RUPd Polyhedral Occlusion Bodies (POBs) of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of Spodoptera exigua (no code) Spod-X LC Certis USA 4 Caution Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids (no code) AllPro Insecticidal Soap Value Garden Supply 12 Caution M-Pede Dow AgroSciences 12 Warning Propargite (12C) Ornamite Chemtura 7 days (See label) Danger Pymetrozine (9B) Endeavor Syngenta Crop Protection 12 Caution Pyrethrins (3) PyGanic Crop Protection EC 1.4 McLaughlin Gormley King 12 Caution PyGanic EC 5.0 McLaughlin Gormley King 12 Warning Pyrethrins (3) & Piperonyl Butoxide (27A) 1100 Pyrethrum TR Whitmire Micro-Gen 12 Warning EverGreen EC 60-6 McLaughlin Gormley King 12 Caution Pyrenone Crop Spray Bayer Environmental Science 12 Caution Pyreth-It Pyrethrum TR Micro Whitmire Micro-Gen 12 Caution Pyrethrins (3), Piperonyl Butoxide (27A) & Silicon Dioxide (no code) Diatect II Multipurpose Diatect International 12 Caution Pyrethrins (3), Rotenone (21) & associated resins Pyrellin E.C. Webb Wright 12 Caution Pyridaben (21) Sanmite Gowan 12 See label Warning Pyriproxyfen (7C) Distance Fire Ant Bait Distance Insect Growth Regulator Valent USA 12 Caution Refined Petroleum Distillate (no code) JMS Stylet-Oil JMS Flower Farms 4 Caution Saf-T-Side Spray Oil Brandt Consolidated 4 Caution Ultra-Fine Oil Whitmire Micro-Gen 4 Caution S-Kinoprene (7A) Enstar II Wellmark International 4 Warning S-Methoprene (7A) Extinguish Professional Fire Ant Bait Wellmark International 4 Caution Spinosad (5) Conserve SC Entrust GF-120 NF Naturalyte Fruit Fly Bait Justice Fire Ant Bait Dow AgroSciences 4 Caution Spiromesifen (23) Judo OHP 12 Caution Steinernema carpocapsae (no code) Millenium Becker Underwood Not stated Caution
Insecticides, Miticides and Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry 8 Table 1. Insecticides, Miticides and Moluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry. Active Ingredient (Mode of Action Code)a Trade Nameb Registrant REI (Hrs)c Signal Word RUPd Steinernema feltiae (no code) Nemasys Becker Underwood Not stated None Steinernema kraussei (no code) Nemasys L Becker Underwood Not stated None Steinernema riobrave (no code) BioVector Becker Underwood Not stated None Sulfur (no code) Microthiol DISPERSS Micronized Wettable Sulfur Cerexagri 24 Caution Suffa Drexel Chemical 24 Caution Tau-Fluvalinate (3) Mavrik Aquaflow Wellmark International 12 Caution Thiamethoxam (4A) Flagship 25WG Syngenta Crop Protection 12 Caution a Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) mode of action classification codes version 5.3. b Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. c REI = Re-entry Interval or period between application and earliest normal entry into treated area. d RUP indicates Restricted Use Pesticide for which an applicator's license is required.