<%BANNER%>
UFIR IFAS
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002825/00001
 Material Information
Title: Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower Crops in Florida
Physical Description: Fact sheet
Creator: Price, James F.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2005
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Published: December 2001. Revised: November 2005."
General Note: "ENY-655"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002825:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:

IN39800 ( PDF )


Full Text

PAGE 1

ENY-655 Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower Crops in Florida1 James F. Price, Curtis Nagle and Elzie McCord, Jr.2 1. This document is ENY-655, one of a series of the Entomology & Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Published: December 2001. Revised: November 2005. For more publications related to horticulture/agriculture, please visit the EDIS Website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. James F. Price, associate professor, Curtis Nagle, biologist, Entomology and Nematology Department, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Cooperative Extension Service, Insititute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Wimauma, FL; and Elzie McCord, Jr., assistant professor of biology, Division of Natural Sciences, New College of Florida, Sarasota, FL. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean Effective management of arthropod pests of commercial floral crops requires that pests be detected in a timely manner through systematic scouting and that appropriate control measures be applied as conditions warrant. Control measures may include economic combinations of cultural controls (such as disposal of crop residue, reducing unnecessary water in the production environment, selection of less affected varieties and species etc.), physical controls (such as screen barriers, hot water treatments of certain planting stock, hand removal of pests etc.), biological controls (such as release of beneficial parasites, predators and pathogens to attack the pests) and chemical controls. This summary presents the chemical control measures that are available to commercial flower producers in Florida and includes microbial insecticides that may be considered also as components of biological control. Pesticide labels sometimes provide for the product's use on any "ornamental" or "flower" crop and sometimes for use only on specifically named flower crops. This document addresses the following major pest groups: Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) Armyworms (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (see also Caterpillars) Other caterpillars (Lepidoptera) (see also: Armyworms, Heliothis & Helicoverpa, Leafrollers & Leaftiers, Loopers) Chrysomelid beetles (Cucumber, Flea, and Leaf Beetles) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Fleahoppers (Hemiptera: Miridae) Fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) Heliothis (Tobacco Budworm, etc.) & Helicoverpa (Corn Earworm, etc.) (see also Caterpillars)

PAGE 2

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 2 Leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) Leafminers, dipterous (Diptera: Agromyzidae) Leafrollers & Leaftiers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (see also Caterpillars) Loopers (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (see also Caterpillars) Mealybugs (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) Mites, Broad & Cyclamen (Acari: Tarsonemidae) Mites, Eriophyid (Acari: Eriophyidae) Mites, Privet (Acari: Tenuipalpidae (False Spider mites)) Mites, Spider (Acari: Tetranychidae) Plant (Lygus) Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) Shore flies (Diptera: Ephydridae) Slugs & Snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Limacidae) Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) There is a table of information for each pest group presented and each table is divided into two parts where applicable. Within each part of a table, appropriate commercial products available are grouped alphabetically by active ingredient. Usually, only one example of any particular formulation is given. Other examples or other formulations may exist that are as effective as those mentioned. The first part lists pesticides whose label provides for the products use on any ornamental or flower crop. The second part lists products whose label provides for the products use only on specifically named flower crops. The reader must consult the label to determine which flower crops may be treated. Producers are permitted by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) to apply a pesticide to control a pest not listed on the label, so long as the product's use is permitted on the target crop and all other provisions of the label are followed. The pesticides listed often are registered for use on additional pests not mentioned in this summary. Precautionary statements, re-entry intervals (REI), restricted use status, and registrants are provided in a separate publication, Insecticides, Miticides & Molluscicides Available to Florida's Floricultural Industry (ENY-679) (http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/IN472), to aid in the selection and safe use of the pesticides. When available, label hyperlinks are provided in the electronic forms of that document. The product label communicates the lawful use of the product and must be read, understood and followed. The label contains important limitations that may not be presented in these tables. When using a pesticide for the first time, it is important to apply the product first to a small portion of the crop and wait to observe possible detrimental effects, such as leaf distortion and plant stunting. Many pesticides decompose in the spray tank when mixed with water above pH 7. Growers should test the pH of their water and when above 7, should add a buffering solution to maintain pH between 6.5 and 7. This summary is only a guide to aid in selection of pesticides. Care has been given to provide accurate and up-to-date information, but it is possible that, through label changes, etc., improper uses may be indicated. In all cases it is the responsibility of the applicator to read, understand, and comply with the label that accompanies each pesticide container. As an additional precaution, keep the telephone number and address of the nearest county poison control center in a convenient location in case of an accidental poisoning. Also, keep clean copies of labels of all pesticides on your premises. In the event of a poisoning, the label of the pesticide involved should accompany the victim to the poison control center or hospital.

PAGE 3

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 3 Table 1. Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Abamectin Avid 0.15EC Suppression; do not use for suppression of aphids on roses, chrysanthemum, and gerbera. Phytotoxicity has been observed on Shasta Daisy. Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Azinphos-Methyl Guthion Solupak Nursery stock Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Beauveria bassiana strain GHA Botanigard 22WP Nursery & shade house Botanigard ES Nursery Mycotrol O Edible flowers only. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Capsaicin & other capsaicinoids Hot Pepper Wax Repels; avoid use on variegated African violets and Dicentra eximia. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Nursery stock in nurseries. Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Nursery Clarified Hydrophobic Extract of Neem Oil Triact 70 Test before applying to carnation and the flowers of: Impatiens, fuchsia, hibiscus, and some roses. Most effective when applied early to mid-morning or late afternoon. Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP

PAGE 4

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 4 Table 1. Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Nursery Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg.# 51036-71) Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dinotefuran Safari 20 SG Nursery; suppression; broadcast (foliar) applications can not exceed a total of 2.7 lbs. of product (0.54 lb. a.i.) per acre per year. Endosulfan Endosulfan 3 EC Endosulfan 50 WP Thionex (Endosulfan) 3 EC Thionex (Endosulfan) 50 WP Do not exceed 3.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per year. On chrysanthemums, best results will be obtained if applied before plants flower. Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Imidacloprid Marathon 1% Granular Nursery; for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds, applications can not exceed a total of 40 lbs. per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon 60 WP Nursery; this product is to be applied as a soil treatment only. For outdoor ornamentals grown in beds applications can not exceed a total of 10.7 oz. (0.4 lbs. Active ingredient) per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon II For outdoor ornamentals do not apply more than 1.6 pt. (0.4 lbs. a.i.) per acre per year. Do not apply thru any type of irrigation system. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year.

PAGE 5

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 5 Table 1. Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Malathion Atrapa 5E Gowan Malathion 8F Malathion 5 EC Malathion 57% Premium Grade Oxydemeton-Methyl Metasystox-R Field grown nursery stock; do not make more than 2 applications per season. Permethrin Perm-Up 3.2 EC Nursery stock; Marginal leaf burn may occur on salvia, dieffenbachia and pteris fern. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% To achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins. Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede For control of aphids must combine with other pesticides. Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pymetrozine Endeavor For outdoor use, do not apply more than 48 oz. per acre per year.

PAGE 6

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 6 Table 1. Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyreth-It Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less. Pyriproxyfen Distance IGR Suppression; for foliar spray application, apply Distance no more than two times per cropping cycle or no more than two times per 6 months. For sprench application, if a second application is needed, allow a minimum of 21 days between applications. For drench application: Do not drench plants more than one time per crop cycle. Phytotoxicity has been observed on salvia (Salvia spp.), ghost plant (Graptopetalum paraguayense), schefflera (Schefflera spp.), gardenia (Gardenia spp.), and coral bells (Heuchera sanguinea). It is therefore recommended that Distance not be used on these plants. Do not apply to poinsettia after bract formation. Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Thiamethoxam Flagship 25WG Shade house, container & nursery grown; do not exceed 8 oz. per acre per crop or year, which ever is shorter. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted):

PAGE 7

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 7 Table 1. Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Acephate Acephate Pro 75 Acephate 97UP Address T/O Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray 97 Pinpoint 15 Granular Container grown nursery stock Precise Acephate Container grown nursery stock; irrigate immediately after application, but avoid excessive irrigation, to position product in the root zone. Do not apply to freshly rooted cuttings. Potted plants: For use on 3 inch to 12 inch diameter pots (see supplemental information sheet for proper rates). Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Endosulfan Thionex 3EC Thionex 50W Nurseries only; do not exceed 3.0 lbs. A.I. per acre per year. Imidacloprid Provado 1.6 Flowable Edible-leaved and garland chrysanthemum; do not apply more than 18.75 fl.oz. per year as foliar sprays, and regardless of formulation or type of application. Do not apply more than 0.5 lbs. a.i. of Admire or Provado per acre per season. For resistance management foliar applications following soil application of Admire in the same crop is not recommended.

PAGE 8

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 8 Table 1. Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Naled Dibrom 8 Emulsive Spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 2. Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Resistance to other chloronicotinyls/neonicotinyls, such as Merit and Marathon, may result in resistance to TriStar. Therefore, to minimize resistance, rotate with other classes of insecticides. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Xentari DF Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Deliver Dipel DF Javelin WG Troy-BT 2WP May be used to control armyworms (1st and 2nd instars) when populations are light and full coverage sprays are applied. If mature worms or heavy populations are present a contact insecticide should be used to enhance control. Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain ABTS-351 Biobit HP May be used to control armyworms (1st and 2nd instars) when populations are light and full coverage sprays are applied. If mature worms or heavy populations are present a contact insecticide should be used to enhance control.

PAGE 9

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 9 Table 2. Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG2348 Condor Bioinsecticide Precautions: Do not use in combination with any chlorothalonil based fungicide (Bravo, Terranil etc.). Mixing with other oil based products or surfactants could increase the risk of phytotoxicity. Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7826 Lepinox WDG Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7841 Crymax Bioinsecticide Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Capsaicin & other capsaicinoids Hot Pepper Wax Repels beet armyworms; avoid use on variegated African violets and Dicentra eximia. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Nursery stock in nurseries. Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Dursban 50W Nursery Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Nursery Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg.# 51036-71) Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur.

PAGE 10

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 10 Table 2. Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Diflubenzuron Adept Shade house; do not make more than four applications per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias, hibiscus, and Rieger begonia. Do not reuse potting media, which has been treated with Adept. Do not apply to plants grown on capillary water mats. Dimilin 25W Beet armyworm; shade house Dimilin SC Shade house Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Beet armyworm; nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Heterorhabditis indica GrubStake 100 Store at 65 F; use within 5 days of receipt. Native to Florida. Do not inject into drip irrigation systems. Do not apply within 21 days of a nematicide application. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Novaluron Pedestal Container grown plants; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than once every 30 days. Do not make more than two applications per crop year. Do not apply more than 52 fl. oz. per acre per year per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias. Resistance management: Do not apply in successive applications, use only one application before rotation with other classes of insecticides with different modes of action. Use at least two alternative products between applications of Pedestal. Do not use more than once within each generation cycle. Permethrin Ambush 25W Beet armyworm; field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Ambush Pounce 25 WP Pounce 3.2 EC Pounce WSB Beet armyworm; field grown nursery stock Perm-Up 3.2 EC Beet armyworm; nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on salvia, dieffenbachia and pteris fern. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyreth-It

PAGE 11

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 11 Table 2. Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins & Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less. Spinosad Conserve SC When used in areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Steinernema carpocapsae Millenium Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diflubenzuron Dimilin 25W Insect Growth Regulator EPA Reg. # 400-465 Early instar armyworms; not for trees or shrubs grown in shade houses. Naled Dibrom 8 Emulsive Spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur. POBs of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of Spodoptera exigua Spod-X LC Beet armyworm; use non-chlorinated water at a pH near 7.0 in the spray tank mix. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc.

PAGE 12

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 12 Table 3. Control measures for other caterpillars (Lepidoptera) available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also tables for these other named caterpillars: Armyworms, Helicoverpa (corn earworm, etc.) and Heliothis (tobacco budworm, etc.) Leafrollers, Leaftiers, and Loopers. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Resistance to other chloronicotinyls/neonicotinyls, such as Merit and Marathon, may result in resistance to TriStar. Therefore, to minimize resistance, rotate with other classes of insecticides. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Lepidoptera moths; do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Xentari DF Azalea caterpillar, bagworm, diamondback moth, ello moth (hornworm), Fall webworm, io moth, Jack pine budworm, oleander moth, saddleback caterpillar, tent caterpillars Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Deliver Bagworm, cutworm, diamondback moth, Fall webworm, gypsy moth, Jack pine budworm, mimosa webworm, orangedog, redhumped caterpillar, saltmarsh caterpillar, sod webworm, tent caterpillar, tobacco hornworm, tomato pinworm Dipel DF Azalea caterpillar, bagworm, diamondback moth, ello moth (hornworm), Fall webworm, io moth, oleander moth, saltmarsh caterpillar, tent caterpillars Javelin WG Bagworm, bollworm, cutworm, diamondback moth, Fall webworm, filbert webworm, hornworms, orangedog, saltmarsh caterpillar, tent caterpillar, tobacco hornworm, tomato pinworm Troy-BT 2WP Azalea caterpillar, diamondback moth, ello moth (hornworm), io moth, oleander moth Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain ABTS-351 Biobit HP Azalea caterpillar, diamondback moth, ello moth (hornworm), io moth, oleander moth, sod webworm Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG2348 Condor Bioinsecticide Azalea moth, bagworm, diamondback moth, ello moth (hornworm), Fall webworm, io moth, oleander moth, saddleback caterpillar, tent caterpillar, tortrix; precautions: Do not use in combination with any chlorothalonil based fungicide (Bravo, Terranil etc.). Mixing with other oil based products or surfactants could increase the risk of phytotoxicity. Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7826 Lepinox WDG Azalea moth, diamondback moth; ello moth (hormworm), Florida fern caterpillar, io moth, oleander moth, bagworm, browntail moth, Fall webworm, gypsy moth, Jack pine budworm, mimosa webworm, redhumped caterpillar, saddleback caterpillar, saddle prominent caterpillar, tent caterpillar Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7841 Crymax Bioinsecticide Azalea moth, bagworm, diamondback moth, ello moth (hornworm), fall webworm, Florida fern caterpillar, io moth, oleander moth, saddleback caterpillar tent caterpillar, tortrix

PAGE 13

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 13 Table 3. Control measures for other caterpillars (Lepidoptera) available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also tables for these other named caterpillars: Armyworms, Helicoverpa (corn earworm, etc.) and Heliothis (tobacco budworm, etc.) Leafrollers, Leaftiers, and Loopers. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Carbaryl AllPro 10% Carbaryl Dust Bagworm, tent caterpillars, sod webworm AllPro Carbaryl 4L Bagworms, cutworms, Jackpine budworms, oleander caterpillar, poinsettia hornworm, puss caterpillar, saddled prominent, sod webworm (lawn moths), tent caterpillars, webworms, trotrix AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP Bagworm, puss caterpillar, tent caterpillars, orange trotrix; to avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S Bagworms, catalpa sphinx, cutworms, oleander caterpillar, poinsettia hornworm, puss caterpillar, tent caterpillars, webworms Cutworm & Cricket Bait Cutworm Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Bagworms, catalpa sphinx, cutworms, oleander caterpillar, poinsettia hornworm, puss caterpillar, tent caterpillars, webworms; application to wet foliage or during periods of high humidity may cause injury to tender foliage. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Bagworms, catalpa sphinx, cutworms, Fall webworms, hornworms, oleander caterpillars, puss caterpillars, tent caterpillars; nursery stock in nurseries Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Bagworms, catalpa sphinx, cutworms, Fall webworms, hornworms, oleander caterpillars, puss caterpillars, tent caterpillars; nursery ; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Duragard ME Cabbage worms, hornworms; nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Bagworms, catalpa sphinx, cutworms, Fall webworms, hornworms, oleander caterpillars, puss caterpillars, tent caterpillars; nursery Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP

PAGE 14

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 14 Table 3. Control measures for other caterpillars (Lepidoptera) available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also tables for these other named caterpillars: Armyworms, Helicoverpa (corn earworm, etc.) and Heliothis (tobacco budworm, etc.) Leafrollers, Leaftiers, and Loopers. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Nursery Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 Bagworms, cutworms, Fall webworms, tent caterpillars; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Heterorhabditis indica GrubStake 100 Webworm, tree borers including banana moth; store at 65 F; use within 5 days of receipt. Native to Florida. Do not inject into drip irrigation systems. Do not apply within 21 days of a nematicide application. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Leaf-Feeding caterpillars & cutworms; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Malathion Atrapa 5E Gowan Malathion 8 F Malathion 5 Malathion 57% Premium Grade Malathion 5 EC Bagworm, tent caterpillar Permethrin Ambush 25W Cutworms; field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Ambush Cutworm; field grown nursery stock Clean Crop Permethrin 3.2 EC Bagworm; field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Avoid spraying chrysanthemum blooms. Perm-Up 3.2 EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Pounce 25 WP Pounce 3.2 EC Pounce WSB Bagworm; field grown nursery stock

PAGE 15

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 15 Table 3. Control measures for other caterpillars (Lepidoptera) available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also tables for these other named caterpillars: Armyworms, Helicoverpa (corn earworm, etc.) and Heliothis (tobacco budworm, etc.) Leafrollers, Leaftiers, and Loopers. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% Cutworms, sod webworm, tent caterpillar; to achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Tent caterpillar; caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins. Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede Cutworms, sod webworm, tent caterpillar; tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyreth-It Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less.

PAGE 16

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 16 Table 3. Control measures for other caterpillars (Lepidoptera) available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also tables for these other named caterpillars: Armyworms, Helicoverpa (corn earworm, etc.) and Heliothis (tobacco budworm, etc.) Leafrollers, Leaftiers, and Loopers. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Webworms; bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Webworms; caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information. Spinosad Conserve SC When used in areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Acephate Acephate Pro 75 Acephate 97UP Address T/O Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray 97 Cutworm, gypsy moth larvae, tent caterpillar, webworms Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application.

PAGE 17

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 17 Table 3. Control measures for other caterpillars (Lepidoptera) available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also tables for these other named caterpillars: Armyworms, Helicoverpa (corn earworm, etc.) and Heliothis (tobacco budworm, etc.) Leafrollers, Leaftiers, and Loopers. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Bagworms, cotoneaster webworms, cutworms, fall webworms, holly bud moths, mimosa webworms, sod webworms (lawn moths), tent caterpillars, juniper webworms, precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only. Bagworms, cotoneaster webworms, cutworms, fall webworms, holly bud moths, mimosa webworms, sod webworms (lawn moths), tent caterpillars, juniper webworms, precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diflubenzuron Dimilin 25W Insect Growth Regulator EPA Reg. # 400-465 Bagworms (early instars in mid to late June), browntail moth (overwintering 2nd instars), gypsy moths (early instar and prior to full leaf expansion, 5-20%), pandora moth (after egg hatch in fall or to early instars in spring), pine shoot moth (early instars), pine tip moths (early 2nd generation instars or when 75% of first generation pupal cases are empty), sawflies (early instars), spanworms (early instars), tent caterpillars (early instars prior to full leaf expansion), tussock moths (early instars), webworms (early instars); not for trees or shrubs grown in shade houses. Naled Dibrom 8 Emulsive Fall webworms, gypsy moths, redhumped caterpillars tent caterpillars juniper webworms; spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 4. Chrysomelid Beetle (Cucumber, Flea, and Leaf Beetles) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop:

PAGE 18

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 18 Table 4. Chrysomelid Beetle (Cucumber, Flea, and Leaf Beetles) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Adults; do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Resistance to other chloronicotinyls/neonicotinyls, such as Merit and Marathon, may result in resistance to TriStar. Therefore, to minimize resistance, rotate with other classes of insecticides. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Cucumber & flea beetles; do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Flea beetles; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Carbaryl AllPro Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S Flea beetle AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Flea beetle; application to wet foliage or during periods of high humidity may cause injury to tender foliage. Sevin Brand SL Flea beetle; do not make more than six foliar and two direct applications per year. To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Nursery stock in nurseries Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Nursery Cryolite Kryocide Flea beetles Prokil Cryolite 96 Fuller rose beetle; should not be used in combination with lime or compounds containing free lime. Applications in spray solutions above pH 7.5, below pH 4, or in combination with calcium foliar nutrients should not be made due to possible crop injury on some crops. Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Flea beetles

PAGE 19

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 19 Table 4. Chrysomelid Beetle (Cucumber, Flea, and Leaf Beetles) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Flea beetles; nursery Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 Flea beetles; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Imidacloprid Marathon II Leaf beetles; for outdoor ornamentals do not apply more than 1.6 pt. (0.4 lbs. a.i.) per acre per year. Do not apply thru any type of irrigation system. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Flea beetles; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyreth-It Flea & cucumber beetles Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Flea beetles Refined Petroleum Distillate Ultra-Fine Oil Leaf beetle larvae; caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information. Spinosad Conserve SC When used in areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Flea & cucumber beetles; repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions.

PAGE 20

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 20 Table 4. Chrysomelid Beetle (Cucumber, Flea, and Leaf Beetles) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Flea beetles; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only. Flea beetles; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Imidacloprid Provado 1.6 Flowable Flea beetles; edible-leaved and garland chrysanthemum; do not apply more than 18.75 fl.oz. per year as foliar sprays, and regardless of formulation or type of application. Do not apply more than 0.5 lbs. a.i. of Admire or Provado per acre per season. For resistance management foliar applications following soil application of Admire in the same crop is not recommended. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 5. Fleahopper (Hemiptera: Miridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc.

PAGE 21

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 21 Table 6. Fungus Gnat (Diptera: Sciaridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Larvae; do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Resistance to other chloronicotinyls/neonicotinyls, such as Merit and Marathon, may result in resistance to TriStar. Therefore, to minimize resistance, rotate with other classes of insecticides. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis Gnatrol In potting soil mixtures only; soil drench for control of larvae. Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Cucumber & flea beetles; do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Adults; nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar Nursery Granular Larvae; containerized and balled nursery stock Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Chlorpyrifos Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Cyromazine Citation Container grown or shade house grown ornamentals; will not control adult stages. Do not make more than six applications to one crop. Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5 SC Nursery Diflubenzuron Adept Shade house; do not make more than four applications per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias, hibiscus, and Rieger begonia. Do not reuse potting media, which has been treated with Adept. Do not apply to plants grown on capillary water mats.

PAGE 22

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 22 Table 6. Fungus Gnat (Diptera: Sciaridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Fenoxycarb Precision Bradysia spp.; Container grown or shade house grown; will not control the adult stages of insect pests. Do not exceed a maximum of 30 applications per year for greenhouse use. Applications should not be made to poinsettia after bract formation. Permethrin Perm-Up 3.2EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyriproxyfen Distance IGR For foliar spray application, apply Distance no more than two times per cropping cycle or no more than two times per 6 months. For sprench application, if a second application is needed, allow a minimum of 21 days between applications. For drench application: Do not drench plants more than one time per crop cycle. Phytotoxicity has been observed on salvia (Salvia spp.), ghost plant (Graptopetalum paraguayense), schefflera (Schefflera spp.), gardenia (Gardenia spp.), and coral bells (Heuchera sanguinea). It is therefore recommended that Distance not be used on these plants. Do not apply to poinsettia after bract formation. Steinernema carpocapsae Millenium For fungus gnats and shore flies: Three applications must be applied at 7 day intervals. Steinernema feltiae Nemasys Nursery; if fungus gnats are established it may take 2-3 weeks before the number of adults is noticeably reduced. Do not use through drip irrigation or mist system. Thiamethoxam Flagship 25WG Shade house, container & nursery grown; do not exceed 8 oz. per acre per crop or year, which ever is shorter. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc.

PAGE 23

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 23 Table 7. Heliothis (Tobacco Budworm, etc.), Helicoverpa (Corn Earworm, etc.) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Azadirachtin Azatin XL Corn earworm, tobacco budworm Ornazin 3% EC Bollworm, corn earworm Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Xentari DF Heliothis, tobacco budworm Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Deliver Dipel DF Troy-BT 2WP Heliothis, tobacco budworm Javelin WG Bollworm, Heliothis, Helicoverpa, tobacco budworm Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain ABTS-351 Biobit HP Heliothis, tobacco budworm Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG2348 Condor Bioinsecticide Tobacco budworm; precautions: Do not use in combination with any chlorothalonil based fungicide (Bravo, Terranil etc.). Mixing with other oil based products or surfactants could increase the risk of phytotoxicity. Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7826 Lepinox WDG Tobacco budworm Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7841 Crymax Bioinsecticide Tobacco budworm Permethrin Ambush Ambush 25W Clean Crop Permethrin 3.2 EC Pounce 3.2 EC Heliothis; field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Perm-Up 3.2 EC Permethrin Pro Heliothis; nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Pounce 25 WP Pounce WSB Heliothis; field grown nursery stock Polyhedral Occlusion Bodies (POBs) of the nuclear polyhedrosis virus of Helicoverpa zea Gemstar LC Corn earworm (Helicoverpa zea); tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens); use non-chlorinated water at a ph near 7.0 in the spray tank mix.

PAGE 24

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 24 Table 7. Heliothis (Tobacco Budworm, etc.), Helicoverpa (Corn Earworm, etc.) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyreth-It Heliothis sp., corn earworm Pyrenone Crop Spray Bollworm, Heliothis, corn earworm 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 8. Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Azinphos-methyl Guthion Solupak Nursery stock Beauveria bassiana strain GHA Mycotrol O Edible flowers only. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications.

PAGE 25

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 25 Table 8. Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Buprofezin Talus Insect Growth Regulator Eastern grape leafhopper; Glassy-winged sharpshooter; Variegated leafhopper; Western grape leafhopper; Cherry leafhopper; Potato leafhopper; Brown planthopper; Make no more than two applications per crop per season. To preserve usefulness of Talus, do not make more than two consecutive applications. Prior to subsequent applications, use an alternative chemistry with a different mode of action. Talus belongs to a class of chemicals not previously used as pesticides and not known to be cross-resistant to other classes of insecticides. In addition to inhibiting chitin biosynthesis on the listed insects, Talus supresses oviposition of adults and reduces viability of eggs. Carbaryl AllPro 10% Carbaryl Dust AllPro Carbaryl 4L AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S Sevin Brand SL Do not make more than six foliar and two direct applications per year. Do not allow public use of treated areas during application or until sprays have dried. To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Application to wet foliage or during periods of high humidity may cause injury to tender foliage. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Nursery stock in nurseries. Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Nursery Clarified Hydrophobic Extract of Neem Oil Triact 70 Test before applying to carnation and the flowers of: Impatiens, fuchsia, hibiscus, and some roses. Most effective when applied early to mid-morning or late afternoon. Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year.

PAGE 26

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 26 Table 8. Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Nursery Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg.# 51036-71) Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Imidacloprid Marathon II For outdoor ornamentals do not apply more than 1.6 pt. (0.4 lbs. a.i.) per acre per year. Do not apply thru any type of irrigation system. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Malathion Atrapa 5E Gowan Malathion 8F Malathion 5 EC Malathion 57% Premium Grade Permethrin Ambush 25W Field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Ambush Pounce 25 WP Pounce 3.2 EC Pounce WSB Field grown nursery stock Clean Crop Permethrin 3.2 EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Avoid spraying chrysanthemum blooms. Perm-Up 3.2 EC Nursery; marginal leaf burn may occur on salvia, dieffenbachia and pteris fern. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year.

PAGE 27

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 27 Table 8. Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% To achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins. Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede For control of aphids must combine with other pesticides. Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide Pyrenone Crop Spray EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyreth-It Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less.

PAGE 28

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 28 Table 8. Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Thiamethoxam Flagship 25WG Shade house, container & nursery grown; do not exceed 8 oz. per acre per crop or year, which ever is shorter. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Acephate Acephate Pro 75 Acephate 97UP Address T/O Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray 97 Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only. Flea beetles; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 5 Lb. Dimethoate Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil.

PAGE 29

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 29 Table 8. Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 9. Leafminer, dipterous (Diptera: Agromyzidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Abamectin Avid 0.15EC Liroimyza leafminers; phytotoxicity has been observed on Shasta Daisy. Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Resistance to other chloronicotinyls/neonicotinyls, such as Merit and Marathon, may result in resistance to TriStar. Therefore, to minimize resistance, rotate with other classes of insecticides. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Bifenthrin3 BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Chlorpyrifos3 Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Nursery stock in nurseries. Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Nursery

PAGE 30

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 30 Table 9. Leafminer, dipterous (Diptera: Agromyzidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Cyromazine Citation Container grown or shade house grown ornamentals; will not control adult stages. Leafminers can develop resistance, therefore, do not use as the only control for leafminers, make no more than three applications at 7-day intervals, then switch to Avid as an alternative control for the same period, then Citation may be applied again at 7-day intervals if necessary. Do not make more than six applications to one crop. Deltamethrin3 Deltaguard GC 5SC Nursery Diazinon3 Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dinotefuran Safari 20 SG Serpentine leafminers; nursery; broadcast (foliar) applications can not exceed a total of 2.7 lbs. of product (0.54 lb. a.i.) per acre per year. Fenpropathrin3 Tame 2.4EC Nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Imidacloprid Marathon 1% Granular Nursery; for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds, applications can not exceed a total of 40 lbs. per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon 60 WP Nursery; this product is to be applied as a soil treatment only. For outdoor ornamentals grown in beds applications can not exceed a total of 10.7 oz. (0.4 lbs. Active ingredient) per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon II For outdoor ornamentals do not apply more than 1.6 pt. (0.4 lbs. a.i.) per acre per year. Do not apply thru any type of irrigation system. Lambda-cyhalothrin3 Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year.

PAGE 31

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 31 Table 9. Leafminer, dipterous (Diptera: Agromyzidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Novaluron Pedestal Container grown plants; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than once every 30 days. Do not make more than two applications per crop year. Do not apply more than 52 fl. oz. per acre per year per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias. Resistance management: Do not apply in successive applications, use only one application before rotation with other classes of insecticides with different modes of action. Use at least two alternative products between applications of Pedestal. Do not use more than once within each generation cycle. Oxydemeton-methyl3 Metasystox-R Field grown nursery stock; do not make more than 2 applications per season. Permethrin3 Ambush 25W Field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Ambush Pounce 25 WP Pounce 3.2 EC Pounce WSB Field grown nursery stock Clean Crop Permethrin 3.2 EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Avoid spraying chrysanthemum blooms. Perm-Up 3.2EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year.

PAGE 32

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 32 Table 9. Leafminer, dipterous (Diptera: Agromyzidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% To achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. M-Pede For control of leafminers must combine with other pesticides. Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins & Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less. Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information.

PAGE 33

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 33 Table 9. Leafminer, dipterous (Diptera: Agromyzidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Spinosad Conserve SC When used in areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 5 Lb. Dimethoate Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Naled3 Dibrom 8 Emulsive Spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur. Refined Petroleum Distillate JMS Stylet-Oil Do not spray wet foliage. Do not spray when freezing temperatures are anticipated within 48 hours of an oil application, above 90 F, or when plants are under heat or moisture stress. Do not tank mix with spreader stickers, Nu-Film-P, or Nu-Film-17, highly ionized nutrient spray materials. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. 3 Liriomyza trifolii leafminers have become resistant to organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides. Infrequent use may be effective, but repeated use may be ineffective, depending on the history of the target population.

PAGE 34

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 34 Table 10. Leafrollers & Leaftiers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Xentari DF Omnivorous leafroller Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Deliver Obliquebanded leafroller, omnivorous leafroller, omnivorous leaftier, orange tortrix, orangedog, redbanded leafroller Dipel DF Fruittree leafroller, omnivorous leafroller Javelin WG Fruittree leafroller, obliquebanded leafroller, omnivorous leafroller, omnivorous leaftier, orange tortrix, orangedog, pandemis leafroller, redbanded leafroller Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG2348 Condor Bioinsecticide Fruittree leafroller, omnivorous leafroller, tortrix; precautions: Do not use in combination with any chlorothalonil based fungicide (Bravo, Terranil etc.). Mixing with other oil based products or surfactants could increase the risk of phytotoxicity. Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7826 Lepinox WDG Fruittree leafroller, omnivorous leafroller, tortrix Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7841 Crymax Bioinsecticide Fruittree leafroller, omnivorous leafroller Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Leafrollers; nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Leafrollers; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Carbaryl AllPro Carbaryl 4L Leafrollers AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Leafrollers; to avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S Leafrollers Sevin Brand SL Leafrollers; do not make more than six foliar and two direct applications per year. To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days.

PAGE 35

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 35 Table 10. Leafrollers & Leaftiers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Leafrollers; nursery stock in nurseries Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Leafrollers; nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Dursban 50W Leafrollers; nursery Cryolite Kryocide Leafrollers Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Leafrollers Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Leafrollers; nursery Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 Obliquebanded leafrollers, omnivorous leaftiers; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Leafrollers; nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Leafrollers; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Permethrin Perm-Up 3.2 EC Leafrollers; field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Leafrollers; nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyreth-It Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Leafrollers Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Leafrollers; apply in intervals of 7 days or less.

PAGE 36

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 36 Table 10. Leafrollers & Leaftiers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Leafrollers; caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information. Spinosad Conserve SC Obliquebanded leafroller; when used in areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Acephate Acephate Pro 75 Acephate 97UP Address T/O Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray 97 Leafrollers Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Leafrollers; do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application.

PAGE 37

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 37 Table 10. Leafrollers & Leaftiers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Obliquebanded leafrollers, omnivorous leaftiers; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only; obliquebanded leafrollers, omnivorous leaftiers; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Naled Dibrom 8 Emulsive Leafrollers; spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 11. Looper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Xentari DF Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Deliver Dipel DF Javelin WG Troy-BT 2WP Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain ABTS-351 Biobit HP Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki EG2348 Condor Bioinsecticide Precautions: Do not use in combination with any chlorothalonil based fungicide (Bravo, Terranil etc.). Mixing with other oil based products or surfactants could increase the risk of phytotoxicity.

PAGE 38

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 38 Table 11. Looper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki strain EG7826 Lepinox WDG Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki EG7841 Crymax Bioinsecticide Permethrin Ambush 25W Cabbage looper; field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Ambush Pounce 25 WP Pounce 3.2 EC Pounce WSB Cabbage looper; field grown nursery stock Clean Crop Permethrin 3.2 EC Cabbage looper; field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Avoid spraying chrysanthemum blooms. Perm-Up 3.2 EC Cabbage looper; field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Cabbage looper; nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyreth-It Cabbage looper Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less. Spinosad Conserve SC Cabbage looper; when used in areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted):

PAGE 39

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 39 Table 11. Looper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. See also Caterpillars (Lepidoptera). Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Oak looper; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only; oak looper; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diflubenzuron Dimilin 25W Insect Growth Regulator EPA Reg. # 400-465 Hemlock looper early instars; not for trees or shrubs grown in shade houses. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 12. Mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Beauveria bassiana strain GHA Botanigard 22WP Nursery & shade house Botanigard ES Nursery Mycotrol O Edible flowers only.

PAGE 40

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 40 Table 12. Mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Talstar Nursery Granular Containerized and balled nursery stock Buprofezin Talus Insect Growth Regulator Grape mealybug; vine mealybug; citrus mealybug; comstock mealybug; longtailed mealybug; Mexican mealybug; Obscure mealybug; Make no more than two applications per crop per season. To preserve usefulness of Talus, do not make more than two consecutive applications. Prior to subsequent applications, use an alternative chemistry with a different mode of action. Talus belongs to a class of chemicals not previously used as pesticides and not known to be cross-resistant to other classes of insecticides. In addition to inhibiting chitin biosynthesis on the listed insects. Talus supresses oviposition of adults and reduces viability of eggs. Carbaryl AllPro Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S Sevin Brand SL Do not make more than six foliar and two direct applications per year. To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Application to wet foliage or during periods of high humidity may cause injury to tender foliage. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Nursery stock in nurseries. Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Nursery Clarified Hydrophobic Extract of Neem Oil Triact 70 Test before applying to carnation and the flowers of: Impatiens, fuchsia, hibiscus, and some roses. Most effective when applied early to mid-morning or late afternoon. Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP

PAGE 41

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 41 Table 12. Mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Nursery Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Imidacloprid Marathon 1% Granular Nursery; for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds, applications can not exceed a total of 40 lbs. per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon 60 WP Nursery; this product is to be applied as a soil treatment only. For outdoor ornamentals grown in beds applications can not exceed a total of 10.7 oz. (0.4 lbs. Active ingredient) per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon II For outdoor ornamentals do not apply more than 1.6 pt. (0.4 lbs. a.i.) per acre per year. Do not apply thru any type of irrigation system. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Malathion Atrapa 5E Gowan Malathion 8F Malathion 5 EC Malathion 57% Premium Grade Methidathion Supracide 25W Nursery stock Permethrin Perm-Up 3.2 EC Nursery stock; Marginal leaf burn may occur on salvia, dieffenbachia and pteris fern. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year.

PAGE 42

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 42 Table 12. Mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% To achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins. Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede For control of aphids must combine with other pesticides. Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less.

PAGE 43

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 43 Table 12. Mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Pyriproxyfen Distance IGR Suppression; for foliar spray application, apply Distance no more than two times per cropping cycle or no more than two times per 6 months. For sprench application, if a second application is needed, allow a minimum of 21 days between applications. For drench application: Do not drench plants more than one time per crop cycle. Phytotoxicity has been observed on salvia (Salvia spp.), ghost plant (Graptopetalum paraguayense), schefflera (Schefflera spp.), gardenia (Gardenia spp.), and coral bells (Heuchera sanguinea). It is therefore recommended that Distance not be used on these plants. Do not apply to poinsettia after bract formation. Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Thiamethoxam Flagship 25WG Shade house, container & nursery grown; do not exceed 8 oz. per acre per crop or year, which ever is shorter. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Acephate Pinpoint 15 Granular Container grown nursery stock Precise Acephate Container grown nursery stock; irrigate immediately after application, but avoid excessive irrigation, to position product in the root zone. Do not apply to freshly rooted cuttings. Potted plants: For use on 3 inch to 12 inch diameter pots (see supplemental information sheet for proper rates). Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application.

PAGE 44

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 44 Table 12. Mealybug (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Dimethoate 5 Lb Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Refined Petroleum Distillate JMS Stylet-Oil Do not spray wet foliage. Do not spray when freezing temperatures are anticipated within 48 hours of an oil application, above 90 F, or when plants are under heat or moisture stress. Do not tank mix with spreader stickers, Nu-Film-P, or Nu-Film-17, highly ionized nutrient spray materials. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 13. Mites, Broad & Cyclamen (Acari: Tarsonemidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Abamectin Avid 0.15EC Phytotoxicity has been observed on Shasta Daisy. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications.

PAGE 45

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 45 Table 13. Mites, Broad & Cyclamen (Acari: Tarsonemidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg. #51036-71) Cyclamen mites; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dicofol Kelthane 50 WSP Nursery; applicators (applicators using this product for agricultural uses only) must be in enclosed cabs or cockpits. Do not make more than two applications per crop or season. Resistance management: As a general rule, the utility of Kelthane 50WSP can be maintained indefinitely by rotating use of Kelthane 50WSP with miticides with different modes of action and by limiting the number of applications of Kelthane 50WSP to an average of one per season. If two applications are made in a single growing season, no application should be made during the following year. Endosulfan Endosulfan 3 EC Endosulfan 50 WP Thionex (Endosulfan) 3 EC Thionex (Endosulfan) 50 WP Cyclamen mite; do not exceed 3.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per year. On chrysanthemums, best results will be obtained if applied before plants flower. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Methiocarb Mesurol 75-W Nursery; do not apply with oil. Oxydemeton-methyl Metasystox-R Field grown nursery stock; do not make more than 2 applications per season. Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids M-Pede Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pyridaben Sanmite Broad mite; maximum seasonal use rate: Do not exceed 21.34 ounces per acre per year.

PAGE 46

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 46 Table 13. Mites, Broad & Cyclamen (Acari: Tarsonemidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Spiromesifen Judo Shade house & nursery; phytotoxicity has been observed on geranuims (Pelargonium spp.) and impatiens (Impatiens spp.), it is recommended that Judo not be used on these. Resistance management: Using Judo in successive miticide applications during the same cropping cycle is not recommended. Do not apply Judo more than four times per season. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Cyclamen mites; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Cyclamen mites; nurseries only Dimethoate 5 Lb. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Refined Petroleum Distillate JMS Stylet-Oil Do not spray wet foliage. Do not spray when freezing temperatures are anticipated within 48 hours of an oil application, above 90 F, or when plants are under heat or moisture stress. Do not tank mix with spreader stickers, Nu-Film-P, or Nu-Film-17, highly ionized nutrient spray materials.

PAGE 47

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 47 Table 13. Mites, Broad & Cyclamen (Acari: Tarsonemidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 14. Mites, Eriophyid (Acari: Eriophyidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Abamectin Avid 0.15EC Bud & rust mites; phytotoxicity has been observed on Shasta Daisy. Carbaryl AllPro Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Mites such as bermudagrass nursery stock in nurseries Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Mites such as bermudagrass nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Dursban 50W Mites; nursery Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg.# 51036-71) Carnation bud mites, carnation shoot mites; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dicofol Kelthane 50 WSP Pear rust mite, plum nursery mite, plum rust mite, tomato russet mite; nursery; applicators (applicators using this product for agricultural uses only) must be in enclosed cabs or cockpits. Do not make more than two applications per crop or season. Resistance management: As a general rule, the utility of Kelthane 50WSP can be maintained indefinitely by rotating use of Kelthane 50WSP with miticides with different modes of action and by limiting the number of applications of Kelthane 50WSP to an average of one per season. If two applications are made in a single growing season, no application should be made during the following year.

PAGE 48

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 48 Table 14. Mites, Eriophyid (Acari: Eriophyidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Endosulfan Endosulfan 3 EC Endosulfan 50 WP Thionex (Endosulfan) 3 EC Thionex (Endosulfan) 50 WP Taxus bud mite; do not exceed 3.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per year. On chrysanthemums, best results will be obtained if applied before plants flower. Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% Mites such as rust mite; to achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. M-Pede Mites such as rust mite; tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil Mites; this insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information.

PAGE 49

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 49 Table 14. Mites, Eriophyid (Acari: Eriophyidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Spiromesifen Judo Rust mite; shade house & nursery; phytotoxicity has been observed on geranuims (Pelargonium spp.) and impatiens (Impatiens spp.), it is recommended that Judo not be used on these. Resistance management: Using Judo in successive miticide applications during the same cropping cycle is not recommended. Do not apply Judo more than four times per season. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Bermudagrass mites, carnation bud mites, carnation shoot mites; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Carnation bud mites, carnation shoot mites; nurseries only Dimethoate 5 Lb. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Mites; nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 267 Mites such as rosette bud mite; nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Mites; do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 Mites; do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Endosulfan Thionex 3EC Thionex 50W Taxus bud mite; nurseries only; do not exceed 3.0 lbs. A.I. per acre per year. Refined Petroleum Distillate JMS Stylet-Oil Mites; do not spray wet foliage. Do not spray when freezing temperatures are anticipated within 48 hours of an oil application, above 90 F, or when plants are under heat or moisture stress. Do not tank mix with spreader stickers, Nu-Film-P, or Nu-Film-17, highly ionized nutrient spray materials. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc.

PAGE 50

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 50 Table 15. Mites, Privet (Acari: Tenuipalpidae (False Spider mites)) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 Privet mites; precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dicofol Kelthane 50 WSP Privet mites; nursery (F); applicators (applicators using this product for agricultural uses only) must be in enclosed cabs or cockpits. Do not make more than two applications per crop or season. Resistance management: As a general rule, the utility of Kelthane 50WSP can be maintained indefinitely by rotating use of Kelthane 50WSP with miticides with different modes of action and by limiting the number of applications of Kelthane 50WSP to an average of one per season. If two applications are made in a single growing season, no application should be made during the following year. Spiromesifen Judo Tenuipalpid mites, including false spider mite; shade house & nursery; phytotoxicity has been observed on geranuims (Pelargonium spp.) and impatiens (Impatiens spp.), it is recommended that Judo not be used on these. Resistance management: Using Judo in successive miticide applications during the same cropping cycle is not recommended. Do not apply Judo more than four times per season. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only Dimethoate 5 Lb. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Mites; nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Mites; do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 Mites; do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil.

PAGE 51

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 51 Table 15. Mites, Privet (Acari: Tenuipalpidae (False Spider mites)) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate JMS Stylet-Oil Mites; do not spray wet foliage. Do not spray when freezing temperatures are anticipated within 48 hours of an oil application, above 90 F, or when plants are under heat or moisture stress. Do not tank mix with spreader stickers, Nu-Film-P, or Nu-Film-17, highly ionized nutrient spray materials. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 16. Mites, Spider (Acari: Tetranychidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Abamectin Avid 0.15EC Carmine spider mite, spruce spider mite, twospotted spider mite; phytotoxicity has been observed on Shasta Daisy. Acequinocyl Shuttle 15 SC Twospotted spider mite, spruce spider mite; shade house & nursery; Do not use Shuttle in successive miticide applications; use in rotation with other treatments having different modes of action. Do not apply more than 0.6 lb a.i. per crop cycle and not more than 0.3 lb. a.i. per crop cycle to roses; Do not use on miniature roses or impatiens. Maximum application rate for roses (except miniture roses) and impatiens is 6.4 fl. oz. (0.06 lb. a.i.) per 100 gallons of water. Do not tank mix with strongly alkaline material and do not combine with Phosethyl (Fosetyl). Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Mites; do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides.

PAGE 52

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 52 Table 16. Mites, Spider (Acari: Tetranychidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Bifenazate Floramite Do not make more than two applications per crop per year. Do not apply more than 16 oz. per acre per year. Apply only one application of Floramite before rotating to products of an alternative chemical class and use at least two alternative products between treatments of Floramite. Floramite SC Twospotted spider mite, European red mite, citrus red mite, southern red mite; do not use in successive applications. Apply only one application before rotating to products of an alternative chemical class. Use at least two alternative products between treatments of Floramite SC. Do not make more than two applications per crop per year. Do not apply more than 32 fl. oz. per acre per year. Bifenthrin3 BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Mites; nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Mites; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Clarified Hydrophobic Extract of Neem Oil Triact 70 Mites; test before applying to carnation and the flowers of: Impatiens, fuchsia, hibiscus, and some roses. Most effective when applied early to mid-morning or late afternoon. Clofentezine Ovation SC Shade house, container, or nursery grown; European red mite, twospotted spider mite; recommended application frequency is once per crop cycle in greenhouse, saran house, and shade house culture, and once per each crop cycle occurring within a year for outdoor ornamentals. Has limited effect on beneficial insects, particularly predatory mites and can be used in ipm programs employing beneficial insects. Highly active on mite eggs and early mite stages. Has shown activity and persistence up to 45 days after application. Dicofol Kelthane 50 WSP European red mite, six-spotted mite, twospotted spider mite; nursery; applicators (applicators using this product for agricultural uses only) must be in enclosed cabs or cockpits. Do not make more than two applications per crop or season. Resistance management: As a general rule, the utility of Kelthane 50WSP can be maintained indefinitely by rotating use of Kelthane 50WSP with miticides with different modes of action and by limiting the number of applications of Kelthane 50WSP to an average of one per season. If two applications are made in a single growing season, no application should be made during the following year.

PAGE 53

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 53 Table 16. Mites, Spider (Acari: Tetranychidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Etoxazole Tetrasan 5 WDG Controls in egg and nymph stages of growth. Do not apply to poinsettia after bract formation. Resistant management: apply no more than two times per cropping cycle (start to finish for one ornamental crop) or no more than two times per 6 months. Apply second application no sooner than 14 days after the first application. If rapid control (less than 7 days) is required, apply in combination with a contact adulticide. Fenbutatin-oxide Vendex 50WP Oligonychus mites, twospotted spider mite; apply to foliage only, on chrysanthemums (pre-bloom) and poinsettias (pre-bract). Minor sensitivity observed on: Celosia argentea (cockscomb), Verbenea hortensis (verbena), Ageratum houstonianum (floss flower), Rosa sp. (common rose some varieties, especially Yellow). When daily temperatures at application averages below 70 performance is reduced. Fenpropathrin3 Tame 2.4EC Southern red mite, twospotted spider mite; nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Hexythiazox Hexygon Nursery; European red mite, southern red mite, twospotted spider mite; for use on orchids follow supplemental labeling. Make only one application per crop cycle or once per year. Hexygon DF Nursery; European red mite, southern red mite, twospotted spider mite; for use on orchids follow supplemental labeling. Do not use Plyac or household detergents in tank mix combinations with Hexygon DF. Apply Hexygon DF only once per crop cycle. Lambda-cyhalothrin3 Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Methiocarb Mesurol 75-W Mites; nursery; do not apply with oil.

PAGE 54

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 54 Table 16. Mites, Spider (Acari: Tetranychidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% Mites such as rust mite; to achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins. Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede Mites such as rust mite; tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Propargite Ornamite Do not use in spray mixes containing oil. Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Mites Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Mites; apply in intervals of 7 days or less. Pyridaben Sanmite European red mite, southern red mite, tumid mite, twospotted spider mite; maximum seasonal use rate: Do not exceed 21.34 ounces per acre per year.

PAGE 55

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 55 Table 16. Mites, Spider (Acari: Tetranychidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil Mites; this insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information. Spinosad Conserve SC For spider mites, label says control is variable and that a non-ionic adjuvant may increase efficacy. When used in greenhouse or areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for greenhouses and structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Spiromesifen Judo Shade house & nursery; phytotoxicity has been observed on geranuims (Pelargonium spp.) and impatiens (Impatiens spp.), it is recommended that Judo not be used on these. Resistance management: Using Judo in successive miticide applications during the same cropping cycle is not recommended. Do not apply Judo more than four times per season. Tau-Fluvalinate3 Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Diazinon3 Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only

PAGE 56

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 56 Table 16. Mites, Spider (Acari: Tetranychidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Dimethoate3 5 LB. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Mites; nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Mites; do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 Mites; do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Naled3 Dibrom 8 Emulsive Suppression twospotted spider mite, red mite; spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur. Propargite Omite 30WS Twospotted spider mite, Pacific spider mite; a total of 3 sprays per year allowed. Do not use in spray mixes containing oil. Refined Petroleum Distillate JMS Stylet-Oil Mites; do not spray wet foliage. Do not spray when freezing temperatures are anticipated within 48 hours of an oil application, above 90 F, or when plants are under heat or moisture stress. Do not tank mix with spreader stickers, Nu-Film-P, or Nu-Film-17, highly ionized nutrient spray materials. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. 3 Some spider mite populations have become resistant to organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides. Infrequent use may be effective but repeated use may be ineffective, depending on the history of the target population.

PAGE 57

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 57 Table 17. Plant (Lygus) Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Resistance to other chloronicotinyls/neonicotinyls, such as Merit and Marathon, may result in resistance to TriStar. Therefore, to minimize resistance, rotate with other classes of insecticides. Azadirachtin Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Ornazin 3% EC Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Beauveria bassiana strain GHA Botanigard ES Nursery Mycotrol O Edible flowers only. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Carbaryl AllPro 10% Carbaryl Dust AllPro Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Application to wet foliage or during periods of high humidity may cause injury to tender foliage. Sevin Brand SL Do not make more than six foliar and two direct applications per year. To avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days.

PAGE 58

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 58 Table 17. Plant (Lygus) Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Duragard ME Tarnished plant bugs; nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Nursery Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Deltamethrin Deltaguard GC 5SC Nursery Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Tarnished plant bug; nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Malathion Atrapa 5E Gowan Malathion 8F Malathion 5 EC Malathion 57% Premium Grade Tarnished plant bug Permethrin Ambush 25W Field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Perm-Up 3.2 EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year.

PAGE 59

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 59 Table 17. Plant (Lygus) Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% To achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins. Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Lygus Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less.

PAGE 60

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 60 Table 17. Plant (Lygus) Bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Honeylocust plant bug; caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Thiamethoxam Flagship 25WG Shade house, container & nursery grown; do not exceed 8 oz. per acre per crop or year, which ever is shorter. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Acephate Acephate Pro 75 Acephate 97UP Address T/O Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray 97 Lygus Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc.

PAGE 61

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 61 Table 18. Shore fly (Diptera: Ephydridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Diptera; do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Chlorpyrifos Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Flies Diazinon Diazinon 50W (EPA Reg.# 100-460-34704) Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg.# 51036-71) Flies (larvae); precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diflubenzuron Adept Shade house; do not make more than four applications per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias, hibiscus, and Rieger begonia. Do not reuse potting media, which has been treated with Adept. Do not apply to plants grown on capillary water mats. Fenoxycarb Precision Scatella spp.; Container grown or shade house grown; will not control the adult stages of insect pests. Do not exceed a maximum of 30 applications per year for greenhouse use. Applications should not be made to poinsettia after bract formation. Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% To achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. M-Pede Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia.

PAGE 62

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 62 Table 18. Shore fly (Diptera: Ephydridae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide Pyrenone Crop Spray Flies Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Flies Pyriproxyfen Distance IGR For foliar spray application, apply Distance no more than two times per cropping cycle or no more than two times per 6 months. For sprench application, if a second application is needed, allow a minimum of 21 days between applications. For drench application: Do not drench plants more than one time per crop cycle. Phytotoxicity has been observed on salvia (Salvia spp.), ghost plant (Graptopetalum paraguayense), schefflera (Schefflera spp.), gardenia (Gardenia spp.), and coral bells (Heuchera sanguinea). It is therefore recommended that Distance not be used on these plants. Do not apply to poinsettia after bract formation. Steinernema carpocapsae Millenium For fungus gnats and shore flies: Three applications must be applied at 7 day intervals. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 19. Slugs & Snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Limacidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Iron phosphate Monterey Sluggo-Ag Deroceras reticulatum (field slug); Deroceras laeve (smooth slug); Arion subfuscus (dusky slug); Arion circumscriptus (gray garden slug); Arion hortensis (black field slug); Arion rufus (large red slug); Arios ater (large black slug); Limax flavus (spotted garden slug); Limax tenellus (slender slug); Ariolimax columbianus (banana slug); Helix spp.; Helicella spp.; Cepaea spp.

PAGE 63

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 63 Table 19. Slugs & Snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Limacidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Metaldehyde Deadline Bullets Deadline M-Ps Nursery; for best results apply in evening. Prozap Snail & Slug AG Use only as a baiting treatment ... [Product] should never be applied to dry soil. Applications should be made following irrigation for best results. Apply any time of the day but evening applications are preferred. Do not re-water for 48 hours after application. Some slight tip burning has been noticed on extremely tender orchids. For heavily infested greenhouses a second application is recommended 7-10 days following the first application. Slug-Fest All Weather Formula Do not apply directly to plants unless prior experience has shown the plant to be tolerant, however some slight tip burning has been noticed on extremely tender orchids. Thoroughly water areas to be treated before application. For best results apply in the evening. Methiocarb Mesurol 75-W Mesurol Pro Nursery; do not apply with oil. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 20. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Abamectin Avid 0.15EC Suppression; do not use for suppression of aphids on roses, chrysanthemum, and gerbera. Phytotoxicity has been observed on Shasta Daisy. Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Citrus thrips; do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Azinphos-methyl Guthion Solupak Nursery stock

PAGE 64

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 64 Table 20. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Beauveria bassiana strain GHA Botanigard 22WP Nursery & shade house Botanigard ES Nursery Mycotrol O Edible flowers only. Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications. Carbaryl AllPro Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 4L Carbaryl 80S Exposed thrips AllPro Carbaryl 50 WP Exposed thrips; to avoid possible injury to tender foliage, do not apply to wet foliage or when rain or high humidity is expected during the next two days. Sevin 80 WSP Sevin SL Exposed thrips; application to wet foliage or during periods of high humidity may cause injury to tender foliage. Chlorpyrifos Duragard ME Nursery; bedding plants, potted and cut flowers. Direct spray to some open blooms may cause petal drop. Do not spray on kalanchoes. Dursban 50W Exposed thrips; nursery Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Cyfluthrin & Imidacloprid Discus Suppression; nursery; application can not exceed a total of 244 oz. per acre per year for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds. On plants with a production cycle of less than one year, application frequency can not exceed more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than one year, application may not exceed once a year. Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg.# 51036-71) Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dinotefuran Safari 20 SG Nursery; suppression; broadcast (foliar) applications can not exceed a total of 2.7 lbs. of product (0.54 lb. a.i.) per acre per year.

PAGE 65

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 65 Table 20. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Fenoxycarb Precision Container grown or shade house grown; will not control the adult stages of insect pests. Do not exceed a maximum of 30 applications per year for greenhouse use. Applications should not be made to poinsettia after bract formation. Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Imidacloprid Marathon 1% Granular Suppression; nursery; for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds, applications can not exceed a total of 40 lbs. per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon 60 WP Suppression; nursery; this product is to be applied as a soil treatment only. For outdoor ornamentals grown in beds applications can not exceed a total of 10.7 oz. (0.4 lbs. Active ingredient) per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon II Thrips are suppressed on foliage only, not in buds or flowers. For outdoor ornamentals do not apply more than 1.6 pt. (0.4 lbs. a.i.) per acre per year. Do not apply thru any type of irrigation system. Lambda-cyhalothrin Scimitar GC Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.36 lbs. a.i. (52.4 fl. oz. of concentrate) per acre per year. Malathion Atrapa 5E Gowan Malathion 8 F Malathion 5 EC Malathion 57% Premium Grade Methiocarb Mesurol 75-W Western flower thrips; nursery; do not apply with oil. Novaluron Pedestal Container grown plants; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than once every 30 days. Do not make more than two applications per crop year. Do not apply more than 52 fl. oz. per acre per year per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias. Resistance management: Do not apply in successive applications, use only one application before rotation with other classes of insecticides with different modes of action. Use at least two alternative products between applications of Pedestal. Do not use more than once within each generation cycle.

PAGE 66

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 66 Table 20. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Permethrin Ambush 25W Citrus thrips; field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Ambush Pounce 25 WP Pounce 3.2 EC Pounce WSB Citrus thrips; field grown nursery stock Clean Crop Permethrin 3.2 EC Citrus thrips; field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Avoid spraying chrysanthemum blooms. Perm-Up 3.2 EC Citrus thrips; field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Citrus thrips; nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year.

PAGE 67

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 67 Table 20. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% Exposed thrips; to achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins. Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede Blossom & exposed thrips; tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyreth-It Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less.

PAGE 68

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 68 Table 20. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Spinosad Conserve SC Exposed thrips; when used in areas of commercial production of herbaceous (non-woody) ornamentals in nurseries (including plant propagation beds): Do not apply more than 10 times in a 12-month period per crop regardless of the pest being treated. Because generations of a specific pest may overlap, rotate control products and never apply more than three consecutive applications of Conserve SC or products containing the same a.i. or products with the same mode of action. Except for structures that can be altered to be closed or open, do not reapply within less than 7 days. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Acephate Acephate Pro 75 Acephate 97UP Address T/O Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray Orthene Turf Tree & Ornamental Spray 97 Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only. Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 5 Lb. Dimethoate Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil.

PAGE 69

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 69 Table 20. Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Naled Dibrom 8 Emulsive Spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc. Table 21. Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Products labeled for use on any flower crop: Abamectin Avid 0.15EC Suppression; do not use for suppression of aphids on roses, chrysanthemum, and gerbera. Phytotoxicity has been observed on Shasta Daisy. Acetamiprid TriStar 70 WSP Citrus thrips; do not make more than five applications per year. Do not reapply more than once every 7 days. Do not apply more than 22 water soluble packs per acre (0.55 lb. a.i./acre) per year. Azadirachtin Azatin XL Ornazin 3% EC Azatrol EC Do not exceed 20 grams a.i., 57 oz., of Azatrol per acre. Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 Naturalis L Do not tank mix with fungicides. Wait a minimum of 48 hours after application before applying fungicides. Beauveria bassiana strain GHA Botanigard 22WP Nursery & shade house Botanigard ES Nursery Bifenthrin BifenthrinPro Multi-Insecticide Nursery & shade house; do not apply if rain is expected whithin 12 hours (or whatever time is necessary for the spray to dry). Maximum rates: Do not apply more than 0.2 lb. a.i. per acre (40 fl. oz.) in a single application or per year for outdoor applications. Talstar N Talstar Nursery Flowable Nursery & shade house; do not apply more than 0.2 lbs. a.i. per acre per year for outdoor applications.

PAGE 70

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 70 Table 21. Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Buprofezin Talus Insect Growth Regulator Silverleaf whitefly, sweet potato whitefly, greenhouse whitefly, ash whitefly; make no more than two applications per crop per season. To preserve usefulness of Talus, do not make more than two consecutive applications. Prior to subsequent applications, use an alternative chemistry with a different mode of action. Talus belongs to a class of chemicals not previously used as pesticides and not known to be cross-resistant to other classes of insecticides. In addition to inhibiting chitin biosynthesis on the listed insects, Talus supresses oviposition of adults and reduces viability of eggs. Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 Nursery stock in nurseries. Chlorpyrifos Pro 4 Nursery; some varieties of azaleas, camellias, poinsettias, rose bushes, or variegated ivy show varying degrees of phytotoxicity. Dursban 50W Nursery Clarified Hydrophobic Extract of Neem Oil Triact 70 Test before applying to carnation and the flowers of: Impatiens, fuchsia, hibiscus, and some roses. Most effective when applied early to mid-morning or late afternoon. Cyfluthrin Decathlon 20WP Diazinon Diazinon 50W Diazinon AG 500 (EPA Reg.# 51036-71) Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diflubenzuron Adept Suppression; shade house; do not make more than four applications per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias, hibiscus, and Rieger begonia. Do not reuse potting media, which has been treated with Adept. Do not apply to plants grown on capillary water mats. Dimilin 25W Suppression; shade house Dimilin SC Suppression; shade house Dinotefuran Safari 20 SG Greenhouse, giant, and silverleaf whitefly; nursery; broadcast (foliar) applications can not exceed a total of 2.7 lbs. of product (0.54 lb. a.i.) per acre per year. Endosulfan Endosulfan 3 EC Endosulfan 50 WP Thionex (Endosulfan) 3 EC Thionex (Endosulfan) 50 WP Do not exceed 3.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per year. On chrysanthemums, best results will be obtained if applied before plants flower. Fenoxycarb Precision Silverleaf whitefly, sweet potato whitefly, greenhouse whitefly; container grown or shade house grown; will not control the adult stages of insect pests. Do not exceed a maximum of 30 applications per year for greenhouse use. Applications should not be made to poinsettia after bract formation.

PAGE 71

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 71 Table 21. Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Fenpropathrin Tame 2.4EC Silverleaf/sweetpotato whitefly (includes all instars and transitional stages [pupae]), greenhouse whitefly; nursery & shade house; do not use less than a 7 day re-treatment interval. Imidacloprid Marathon 1% Granular Nursery; for outdoor ornamentals grown in beds, applications can not exceed a total of 40 lbs. per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon 60 WP Nursery; this product is to be applied as a soil treatment only. For outdoor ornamentals grown in beds applications can not exceed a total of 10.7 oz. (0.4 lbs. Active ingredient) per acre per year. On plants with a production cycle of less than 1 year, application is not to exceed a frequency of more than once each 16 weeks for a particular plant. On stock plants and woody crops with a production cycle of greater than 1 year, application may not exceed once a year. Marathon II For outdoor ornamentals do not apply more than 1.6 pt. (0.4 lbs. a.i.) per acre per year. Do not apply thru any type of irrigation system. Malathion Atrapa 5E Gowan Malathion 8F Malathion 5 EC Malathion 57% Premium Grade Novaluron Pedestal Container grown plants; nursery & shade house; do not apply more than once every 30 days. Do not make more than two applications per crop year. Do not apply more than 52 fl. oz. per acre per year per crop. Do not apply to poinsettias. Resistance management: Do not apply in successive applications, use only one application before rotation with other classes of insecticides with different modes of action. Use at least two alternative products between applications of Pedestal. Do not use more than once within each generation cycle.

PAGE 72

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 72 Table 21. Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Permethrin Ambush 25W Field grown nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lbs. a.i. per acre per season. Marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Ambush Pounce 25 WP Pounce 3.2 EC Pounce WSB Field grown nursery stock Clean Crop Permethrin 3.2 EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Application to blooming plants may cause browning of petals. Avoid spraying chrysanthemum blooms. Perm-Up 3.2 EC Field grown nursery stock; marginal leaf burn may occur on: Salvia, dieffenbachia. Permethrin Pro Nursery stock; do not apply more than 2.0 lb. a.i. per acre per year. Potassium Salts of Fatty Acids AllPro Insecticidal Soap 40% To achieve enhanced and residual control, use a 1-2% v/v solution of product in combination with recommended products. Tank mixes with products containing chlorothalonil should be avoided as they can cause severe phytotoxicity. If wilting occurs a few hours after application rinse with a clean water spray. Since applications may cause injury to flowers of some plant cultivars, test product on a few flowering plants. Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF Caution: Do not use on new transplants, newly rooted cuttings, plants stressed by drought, or when tender new foliage is present. Avoid application when leaf temperature exceeds 85F. Note: Do not use on crown of thorns and test on other euphorbias for phytotoxicity. Do not use on bleeding heart, lantana, lilies or sweetpeas. Some varieties of azaleas, begonias, camellias, fuschias, gardenias, orchids, and impatiens have shown sensitivity. Do not apply to poinsettias after bract coloration begins.Test on chrysanthemums for varietal sensitivity and do not apply to open blooms. Do not apply to ornamentals stressed by drought. Test on eugenia and euonymus for varietal and drought sensitivity. M-Pede Tank mixes with chlorothalonil should be avoided. Potential for injury increases on plants stressed by heat, humidity, drought, or insect, mite or disease pressure. Do not apply to very sensitive plants such as: Cherimoya, bleeding heart, or sweetpeas. The following may be sensitive: Crown of thorns and other euphorbia, fuchsia, gardenia, impatiens, Asiatic and oriental lily varieties, lantana, ornamental ivy, poinsettia, redbud, schefflera, zebra plant and some succulents. Flowers of the following may be injured when sprayed: African violet, ageratum, azalea, begonia, camellia, chrysanthemum, dahlia, geranium, gloxinia, impatiens, lily, marigold, orchid, pansy, petunia, poinsettia bracts, rose, salvia, snapdragon, vinca, and zinnia.

PAGE 73

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 73 Table 21. Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Pymetrozine Endeavor For outdoor use, do not apply more than 48 oz. per acre per year. Pyrethrins & Piperonyl Butoxide EverGreen EC 60-6 Pyrenone Crop Spray Pyreth-It Pyrethrins, Piperonyl Butoxide & Silicon Dioxide Diatect Multipurpose Insecticide II Pyrethrins, Rotenone & other Cube Resins Pyrellin E.C. Apply in intervals of 7 days or less. Pyridaben Sanmite Maximum seasonal use rate: Do not exceed 21.34 ounces per acre per year. Pyriproxyfen Distance IGR Silverleaf whitefly, sweet potato whitefly, greenhouse whitefly; for foliar spray application, apply Distance no more than two times per cropping cycle or no more than two times per 6 months. For sprench application, if a second application is needed, allow a minimum of 21 days between applications. For drench application: Do not drench plants more than one time per crop cycle. Phytotoxicity has been observed on salvia (Salvia spp.), ghost plant (Graptopetalum paraguayense), schefflera (Schefflera spp.), gardenia (Gardenia spp.), and coral bells (Heuchera sanguinea). It is therefore recommended that Distance not be used on these plants. Do not apply to poinsettia after bract formation. Refined Petroleum Distillate Saf-T-Side Spray Oil This insecticide's mode of action is through suffocation of eggs, larvae and nymphs of insects and adults of soft bodied insects. This mode of action necessitates total spray coverage. Bedding plants; do not use in combination with or immediately before or after spraying with fungicides such as captan, oxythioquinox or any product containing sulfur. Also do not use with carbaryl (Sevin) or dimethoate. Do not use with any product whose label recommends the use of no oils. Do not use in combination with NPK foliar fertilizer applications. Ultra-Fine Oil Caution: Spray no more than 4 consecutive sprays. The frequency of consecutive sprays should not exceed once every 2 weeks. Early morning applications are recommended. Do not tank mix with insecticide or miticide whose label indicates that it should not be used with oil. Do not use with captan, chlorothalonil, dimethoate, methiocarb, oxythioquinox, propargite, or any product containing sulfur. This list is not exhaustive; therefore for products not included in this list consult label for compatibility information.

PAGE 74

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 74 Table 21. Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Spiromesifen Judo Nymphs & pupal stages; shade house & nursery; phytotoxicity has been observed on geranuims (Pelargonium spp.) and impatiens (Impatiens spp.), it is recommended that Judo not be used on these. Resistance management: Using Judo in successive miticide applications during the same cropping cycle is not recommended. Do not apply Judo more than four times per season. Tau-Fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow Repeat applications not more than four times per month at 5-7 day intervals unless otherwise noted in use directions. Thiamethoxam Flagship 25WG Shade house, container & nursery grown; do not exceed 8 oz. per acre per crop or year, which ever is shorter. Products labeled for use on specifically named flower crops (see product label for which crops are permitted): Azadirachtin Aza-Direct Do not exceed 57 oz. of Aza-Direct per acre per application. Diazinon Diazinon 5WB Diazinon Insecticide Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Diazinon AG500 (EPA Reg.# 5905-248) Nurseries only. Precaution: Do not use on ferns, poinsettias, hibiscus, pilea, and gardenia since injury to the plants may occur. Dimethoate AllPro Cygon 2E Dimethoate 267 Nurseries; do not use on ornamental plants not listed or on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material such as cuttings, layers, root stocks or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 4 EC Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Dimethoate 400 5 LB. Dimethoate Do not use on ornamental plants not listed on this label unless personal experience has shown to be safe. Do not use on any ornamental stock plants grown as a source of propagation material, such as cuttings, layers, root stocks, or scions for grafting or budding. Do not use in mixtures containing oil. Imidacloprid Provado 1.6 Flowable Edible-leaved and garland chrysanthemum; do not apply more than 18.75 fl.oz. per year as foliar sprays, and regardless of formulation or type of application. Do not apply more than 0.5 lbs. a.i. of Admire or Provado per acre per season. For resistance management foliar applications following soil application of Admire in the same crop is not recommended. Naled Dibrom 8 Emulsive Adults; spotting, bronzing or localized burning can occur under certain climatic conditions such as slow drying and high humidity or stress caused by drought or high temperature. Do not spray on ornamental cherries, liquid amber, chrysanthemums or ornamental kale as injury may occur.

PAGE 75

Insect and Mite Management Suggestions on Commercial Field and Shade House-Grown Flower.... 75 Table 21. Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) control measures available to commercial flower producers in Florida. Common/Chemical Name Trade Name/ Formulation1 Notes from Label2 Refined Petroleum Distillate JMS Stylet-Oil Do not spray wet foliage. Do not spray when freezing temperatures are anticipated within 48 hours of an oil application, above 90 F, or when plants are under heat or moisture stress. Do not tank mix with spreader stickers, Nu-Film-P, or Nu-Film-17, highly ionized nutrient spray materials. 1 Usually only one example of each formulation is given. There may be other products available that are as effective as those listed. 2 Notes are taken from product labels and restrict use to the condition indicated (suppression, beet armyworm, exposed thrips, etc.), limit number or patterns of applications, provide phytotoxicity precautions, etc.