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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002749/00001
 Material Information
Title: Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management
Physical Description: Fact sheet
Creator: Osborne, Lance S.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2006
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "First published: October 1993. Revised: June 2006."
General Note: "ENY-311"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002749:00001


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ENY-311 Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 1 Lance S. Osborne, Eileen A. Buss, Catharine M. Mannion and James F. Price2 1. This document is ENY-311 (IG012), one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First published: October 1993. Revised: June 2006. Visit the EDIS Web Site at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Lance S. Osborne, Professor of Entomology at the Mid-Florida Research and Education Center-Apopka, FL., Eileen A. Buss, assistant professor, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Gainesville, FL, Catharine M. Mannion, assistant professor, Tropical REC-Homestead, FL, and James F. Price, Professor of Entomology-Gulf Coast Research and Education CenterBradenton, FL. Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611. The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. UF/IFAS does not guarantee or warranty the products named, and references to them in this publication does not signify our approval to the exclusion of other products of suitable composition. All chemicals should be used in accordance with directions on the manufacturer's label. Use pesticides safely. Read and follow directions on the manufacturer's label. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean Pest management on foliage and woody ornamentals requires an integrated approach. Integrated pest management (IPM) involves using a combination of management approaches (e.g., biological, cultural, and chemical) to reduce pest problems below levels of economic and ecological damage. No single pest management method will be completely successful. Monitoring is an essential aspect of an IPM strategy. Regular scouting (once or twice a week) for pest activity, abundance, and amount of damage caused, is necessary to determine optimal treatment timing. Yellow sticky cards placed near plants will quickly indicate the presence of pests, such as whiteflies, aphids, or thrips. Without monitoring, poorly timed, or regularly-scheduled, treatments may be ineffective at controlling the target pest or kill natural enemies. The mere presence of a pest seldom justifies a widespread pesticide treatment. Understanding insect and mite biology is important to managing infestations. Immatures (e.g., larvae or nymphs) are often the most damaging stage; however, the adults of some insects may also cause damage. Deciding how to control infestations depends on which insect is causing the damage, its life stage, and where or how it is feeding on or damaging the plant. Chewing insects may be easily controlled by contact insecticides, whereas sucking insects, mites, and thrips may be controlled with either contact or systemic materials. This publication contains pesticide recommendations that may change at any time, as labels and product registrations change. These recommendations are provided only as a guide, and are not endorsements for the products mentioned, nor is criticism meant for products not mentioned. It remains the pesticide applicator's legal responsibility to read and follow all the label instructions on the container of the specific pesticide being used. The

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Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 2 labels that may be accessed through this publication are specimen labels and do not take precedence or supercede the pesticide container in your possession. Federal and Florida Laws state that all pesticides must be handled and applied in strict accordance with the label and worker protection standards (re-entry times, protective clothing, etc.). For complete information pertaining to worker protection standards, visit the EPA website. For more information, please refer to the following publications: Integrated Pest Management in the Commercial Ornamental Industry (ENY-336) Pesticide Information Office (RF-SR012) Insecticide Safety (ENY-416) Applications of Insecticides and Miticides (Commercial Ornamental Plants) (ENY-337) Insect Attractants and Traps (ENY-277) Beneficial Insects and Mites (ENY-276) Natural Enemies and Biological Control (ENY-822) NOTE : The recommended pesticides (Table 1) are available in many different formulations, only a few of the more common are listed. Other formulations may be available. Be sure to read and follow all label directions and precautions closely. By clicking on the highlighted pesticides, the reader will be linked to a site that contains the label for that particular material. Some sites also have MSDS sheets available in a PDF format. Labeled Use Code: (F) non-greenhouse shadehouse and field only. (G) greenhouse use. When multiple products are listed, these letters may refer to one or more of the materials listed, but not necessarily all.

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Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 3 Table 1. Insect and Mite Control Suggestions for Commercial Foliage Plants (Be sure specific crop and site are listed on the label.) Pest Pesticide Common name Trade Name and Formulation Aphids F,G abamectin Avid F,G acephate 1300 Orthene TR, Acephate Pro 75 or WSP, Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray or 97 F,G acetamiprid TriStar F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL, Azatrol EC, Ornazin 3% EC F,G bifenthrin Talstar Flowable, Attain TR, Talstar Nursery Flowable F,G chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50 W, DuraGuard ME F clothianidin Celero 16 WSG F,G cyfluthrin Decathlon 20 WP G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR F cyfluthrin + imidacloprid Discus F,G dinotefuran Safari 20 SG F,G endosulfan Endosulfan 3 EC, 50WP F,G fenpropathrin Tame 2.4 EC G flonicamid Aria F,G fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow F,G horticultural oil Sunspray Ultra Fine, Ultra-Fine Oil F,G imidacloprid Marathon II, 1% G, 60 WP G insecticidal soap M-Pede, Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF F malathion Malathion 57% EC F,G pymetrozine Endeavor 3 EC F,G pyrethrins 1100 Pyrethrum TR G S-kinoprene Enstar II F,G thiamethoxam Flagship 25 WG Bagworms F,G acephate Acephate Pro 75 or WSP, Orthene Turf, Tree and Ornamental Spray or 97 F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL F,G Bacillus thuringiensis Dipel DF F carbaryl Sevin 80 WSP F,G chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50W F,G spinosad Conserve SC F,G tebufenozide Confirm T&O

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Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 4 Table 1. Insect and Mite Control Suggestions for Commercial Foliage Plants (Be sure specific crop and site are listed on the label.) Pest Pesticide Common name Trade Name and Formulation Beetles (including weevils) F,G acephate Acephate Pro 75 or WSP, Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray or 97 F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL, Azatrol EC, Ornazin 3% EC F bifenthrin Talstar Nursery Granular, Talstar Flowable, Onyx... other Talstar labels F carbaryl Sevin 80 WSP F,G chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50 W, DuraGuard ME F,G cyfluthrin Decathlon 20 WP F diazinon Diazinon 50W, 50 WSB F,G fenpropathrin Tame 2.4 EC F,G imidacloprid Marathon II, 1% G, 60 WP F,G permethrin Astro F,G spinosad Conserve SC Beet Armyworm F B. thuringiensis Javelin F,G fenpropathrin Tame 2.4 EC F,G permethrin Pounce 3.2 EC, Astro F,G spinosad Conserve SC Caterpillars, Other F,G acephate 1300 Orthene TR, Acephate Pro 75 or WSP, Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray or 97 F,G B. thuringiensis Dipel DF, XenTari, XenTari DF G bifenthrin Talstar Flowable, Attain TR F carbaryl Sevin 80 WSP F chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50 W, DuraGuard ME F,G cyfluthrin Decathlon 20 WP G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR G diflubenzuron Adept, Dimilin 25W F,G spinosad Conserve SC F,G tebufenozide Confirm T/O Remarks: Apply when larvae are small. They are more difficult to control as they approach maturity. It is especially important to use a spreader-sticker with B. thuringiensis; this material is not suggested for armyworms beyond the second instar. To reduce phytotoxicity, apply bendiocarb only to point of glisten.

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Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 5 Table 1. Insect and Mite Control Suggestions for Commercial Foliage Plants (Be sure specific crop and site are listed on the label.) Pest Pesticide Common name Trade Name and Formulation Fungus Gnat Larvae F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL F,G B. thuringiensis Gnatrol F,G cyfluthrin Decathlon 20 WP G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR G cyromazine Citation 75 WP G diflubenzuron Adept F,G fenoxycarb Precision 25 WP, Preclude TR F,G pyrethrum 1100 Pyrethrum TR F,G pyriproxyfen Distance IGR F,G resmethrin (adult gnats only) SBP-1382 G S-kinoprene Enstar II F,G thiamethoxam Flagship Gall Insects F carbaryl Sevin 80 WSP, Sevin SL F,G chlorpyrifos Dursban 50W F deltamethrin DeltaGard GC 5SC F,G spinosad Conserve SC Grasshoppers F chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50 W, DuraGuard ME F,G cyfluthrin Decathlon 20 WP Lace Bugs F,G acephate 1300 Orthene TR, Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray F,G bifenthrin Talstar Flowable, Attain TR F carbaryl Sevin SL, 80 WSP F cyfluthrin + imidacloprid Discus F,G imidacloprid Marathon II, 1% G, 60 WP, Merit 75 WP, WSP F malathion Malathion 57% EC F,G permethrin Astro F,G thimethoxam Flagship 25 WG Leafminers F,G abamectin Avid 0.15 EC F,G acephate Orthene Turf, Tree and Ornamental Spray F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL, Azatrol EC, Ornazin 3% EC F,G bifenthrin Talstar Flowable, Attain TR F,G chlorpyrifos Dursban 50W F cyfluthrin + imidacloprid Discus F,G dinotefuran Safari 20 SG F,G permethrin Astro F,G spinosad Conserve SC

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Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 6 Table 1. Insect and Mite Control Suggestions for Commercial Foliage Plants (Be sure specific crop and site are listed on the label.) Pest Pesticide Common name Trade Name and Formulation Leafrollers, Leaf Tiers F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL F,G Bacillus thuringiensis Dipel DF, XenTari, XenTari DF F carbaryl Sevin 80 WSP F,G chlorpyrifos Dursban 50W F,G permethrin Astro F,G spinosad Conserve SC Mealybugs F,G acephate 1300 Orthene TR, Acephate Pro 75 or WSP, Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray or 97 F,G acetamiprid TriStar F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL, Ornazin 3% EC F,G bifenthrin Talstar Flowable, Attain TR F,G buprofezin n Talus F chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50 W, DuraGuard ME F clothianidin Celero 16 WSG F,G cyfluthrin Decathlon 20 WP G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR F cyfluthrin + imidacloprid Discus F dimethoate Dimethoate 400 G flonicamid Aria F,G imidacloprid Marathon II, 1% G, 60 WP F,G insecticidal soap M-Pede, Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF F malathion Malathion 5EC F,G neem oil Triact 70 F,G other oils Organocide, Sunspray Ultra Fine, Ultra-Fine Oil F,G pyriproxyfen Distance IGR G S-kinoprene Enstar II F,G thiamethoxam Flagship 25 WG Mites, Spider F,G abamectin Avid 0.15 EC F,G acequinocyl Shuttle 15 SC G bifenthrin Talstar Flowable, Attain TR F,G bifenazate Floramite 50% WP G chlorfenapyr Pylon 2% EC F,G clofentezine Ovation SC G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR F,G etoxazole Tetrasan F,G fenbutatin-oxide Vendex 50WP G fenpyroximate Akari 5% SC

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Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 7 Table 1. Insect and Mite Control Suggestions for Commercial Foliage Plants (Be sure specific crop and site are listed on the label.) Pest Pesticide Common name Trade Name and Formulation F hexythiazox Hexygon F,G horticultural oil Sunspray Ultra Fine, Ultra-Fine Oil F,G insecticidal soap M-Pede, Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF F,G neem oil Triact 70 G pyridaben Sanmite 75 WP F,G spinosad Conserve SC F spiramesifen Forbid 4F G sulfotepp Plantfume 103 Mites, Broad & Cyclamen F chlorfenapyr Pylon G endosulfan Endosulfan 3 EC, 50WP Thiodan 3 EC Scales F,G acephate 1300 Orthene TR, Acephate Pro 75 or WSP, Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray or 97 F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL F,G buprofezin Talus F,G chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50 W, DuraGuard ME G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR F cyfluthrin + imidacloprid Discus F,G dinotefuran Safari 20 SG F,G horticultural oil Sunspray Ultra Fine, Ultra-Fine Oil, Organocide F,G imidacloprid Marathon II, 1% G, 60 WP F,G insecticidal soap M-Pede, Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF F malathion Malathion 5EC F,G pyriproxyfen Distance IGR G S-kinoprene Enstar II F,G thiamethoxam Flagship Shoreflies G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR G cyromazine Citation 75 WP G diflubenzuron Adept F,G fenoxycarb Precision 25 WP, ME, Preclude TR F,G pyriproxyfen Distance IGR Slugs and Snails F,G methiocarb Mesurol 75 W F,G metaldehyde Deadline Bullets or M-Ps, Metaldehyde 3.5G or 7.5G Springtails F,G insecticidal soap Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF F,G malathion Malathion 5EC

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Commercial Foliage and Woody Ornamental Arthropod Pest Management 8 Table 1. Insect and Mite Control Suggestions for Commercial Foliage Plants (Be sure specific crop and site are listed on the label.) Pest Pesticide Common name Trade Name and Formulation Thrips F,G acephate 1300 Orthene TR, Acephate Pro 75 or WSP, Orthene Turf, Tree & Ornamental Spray or 97 acetamiprid TriStar F chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos Pro 2 or 4, Dursban 50 W, DuraGuard ME F,G cyfluthrin Decathlon 20 WP G cyfluthrin + chlorpyrifos Duraplex TR F,G fenoxycarb Precision 25 WP, ME, Preclude TR G flonicamid Aria F,G fluvalinate Mavrik Aquaflow F,G imidacloprid Marathon II, 1% G, 60 WP F,G methiocarb Mesurol 75 W F,G spinosad Conserve SC Whiteflies F,G abamectin Avid 0.15 EC F,G acetamiprid TriStar F,G azadirachtin Azatin XL G bifenthrin Talstar Flowable, Attain TR F,G buprofezin Talus F clothianidin Celero 16 WSG F,G endosulfan Endosulfan 3 EC, 50WP Thiodan 3 EC F,G fenpropathrin + acephate Tame 2.4 EC + orthene F,G horticultural oil Sunspray Ultra Fine, Ultra-Fine Oil F,G imidacloprid Marathon II, 1% G, 60 WP F.G insecticidal soap M-Pede, Insecticidal Soap 49.52 CF F,G pymetrozine Endeavor F,G pyriproxyfen Distance IGR G S-kinoprene Enstar II G sulfotepp Plantfume 103 F,G thiamethoxam Flagship Remarks: Unlike other whiteflies, the silverleaf whitefly is very difficult to control. To minimize additional resistance problems, one of the above insecticides should be applied two times per week throughout one life cycle (3 weeks) to control an established infestation. (Does not apply to Marathon granules). Insecticidal soap is also effective; however, phytotoxicity may occur when applied repeatedly. Monitor the population to determine if the particular insecticide being applied is reducing whitefly numbers. Some populations may be resistant to one or more of these insecticides. If the infestation persists, use another compound from the above, following the same schedule. Do not apply tank mixes, (except Tame + orthene) as they may enhance resistance. If low numbers of whiteflies persist, apply one of the above insecticides once per week for 3 weeks, then switch insecticides.Undersides of leaves must be covered thoroughly to achieve satisfactory control. Phytotoxicity of these insecticides has not been extensively evaluated. Plants may be damaged, sometimes severely, with any pesticide. Be sure the pesticide is labeled for your particular crop, and closely follow all label directions.