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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002455/00001
 Material Information
Title: Weed Control in Strawberry
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Stall, William M.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2008
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Last revision date: September 2008."
General Note: "HS 196"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002455:00001


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HS196 Weed Control in Strawberry 1 William M. Stall2 1. This document is HS 196, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Last revision date: September 2008. Please visit the EDIS Web site at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. William M. Stall, professor, Horticultural Sciences Department, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611. The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. It is not a guarantee or warranty of the products named, and does not signify that they are approved to the exclusion of others of suitable composition. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean Strawberries are produced in Florida on the annual hill system instead of the matted row system as in the more northern states. Because the production scheme is more closely related to other vegetables in Florida instead of the more perennial fruit crops, the strawberry is handled as a vegetable. Over 5000 acres of strawberries are grown in Florida each year. The production season is spread over 6 to 7 months and as a result, the weed species present in the field change during that time. No herbicide could be expected to suppress weeds for the entire total strawberry production season. A combination of weed control methods is needed. Broad spectrum fumigants at rates that will control weeds, used in combination with plastic mulch greatly enhance weed control as well as control of nematodes and soilborne diseases. Weeds can grow in the plant holes. Hand weeding along with herbicides can assist in alleviating this problem. Weeds growing in the non-mulched row middles may be controlled by cultivation and herbicides. A hay or straw mulch placed between the plastic-covered beds also can assist in weed control as well as help in keeping soil from splashing up onto the bed during rains, irrigation and harvest traffic. One should take care not to bring in more problem weed seeds with the straw mulch. Herbicides must be applied at exactly the correct rate and time to selectively control weed growth (Table 1). Obtain consistent results by reading the herbicide label and other information about the proper application and timing of each herbicide. Herbicides applied to the row middles incorrectly may be absorbed by strawberry roots growing in the row middles, or the herbicide may move laterally under the plant bed with the soil water. Read and follow the label.

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Weed Control in Strawberry 2 Table 1. Chemical weed controls: strawberries. Herbicide Labeled crops Time of application to crop Rate (lbs. AI./Acre) Mineral Muck Aciflurofen (Ultra Blazer) Strawberry Directed-shielded Row middles 0.375 ---Remarks: Ultra Blazer is for selective postemergence control of certain broadleaf weeds. May be applied a 1.5 pts/a as a directed shielded spray between mulched beds. Do not allow contact with strawberry plants. Do not apply more than 3 pts per season. Carfentrazone (Aim) Strawberry Preplant Directed-hooded Row middles 0.031 ---Remarks: Aim may be applied as a preplant burndown treatment and/or as a post-directed hooded burn-down application to row middles for the burndown of emerged broadleaf weeds. May be tank mixed with other registered herbicides. May be applied at up to 2 oz (0.031 lb ai). Use a quality spray adjuvant such as crop oil concentrate (coc) or non-ionic surfactant at recommended rates. Clethodim (Select) (Arrow) (SelectMAX) Strawberry Postemergence 0.09-0.125 ---Remarks: Use Select for the control of annual and perennial grasses. Use a crop-oil concentrate at 1% v/v in the finished spray volume, or a non-ionic surfacant with SelectMAX. Do not apply more than 8 fl. oz. product/A per application. Do not apply within 4 days of harvest. Flumioxazin (Chateau) Strawberry Row middles 0.1 ---Remarks: Chateau may be applied at 3 oz product per acre with shielded or hooded sprayed for the preemergence control of a large number of broadleaf weeds. Apply prior to weed emergence. Do not apply after fruit set. Do not allow spray or spray drift in contact with the foliage. Napropamide (Devrinol 50 DF) (Devrinol) Strawberry Row middles Pretransplant Incorporate 2.0-4.0 ---Remarks: Controls annual grasses and annual broadleaf weeds. Mechanically incorporate or irrigate in to a depth of 2 to 4 inches. Does not control established weeds. Do not apply from bloom to harvest. Oxyfluorfen (Goal 2XL)(Goaltender) Strawberry Fallow bed prior to transplanting Mulch culture 0.25-0.5 ---Remarks: Must have a 30-day treatment to planting interval. Mulch may be put down any time during this period. Apply as a preemergence broadcast or banded treatment to pre-formed beds as a fallow bed application. Paraquat (Gramoxone Inteon) (Firestorm) Strawberry Postemergence directed spray 0.47 ---Remarks: Postemergence directed spray. For control of emerged annual broadleaf weeds and grasses and for top kill and suppression of emerged perennial weeds between the rows after crop emergence or establishment. Apply 1 1/2 pts Gramoxone Inteon per sprayed acre in a minimum of 20 gals. spray mix. Use shields to prevent spray contact with crop plants. Use a non-ionic surfactant. Do not apply more than 3 times per crop season. Do not apply within 21 days of harvest. Paraquat (Gramoxone Inteon) Strawberry Post Harvest Desiccation 0.5 ---Remarks: Special Local Needs (24c) Label for desiccation of strawberry plants following harvest. Add a non-ionic surfactant or crop oil concentrated to the spray mix. Do not apply more than 3 times.

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Weed Control in Strawberry 3 Table 1. Chemical weed controls: strawberries. Herbicide Labeled crops Time of application to crop Rate (lbs. AI./Acre) Mineral Muck Pelargonic Acid (Scythe) Strawberry Preplant Directed-shielded 3-10% v/v ---Remarks: Product is a contact, nonselective, foliar herbicide. It has no residual control. May be tank mixed with soil residual herbicides. Consult label for rates. Pendimethalin (Prowl H2O) Strawberry Post directed Row middles 0.072 ---Remarks: May be applied pre-transplant, but not under mulch. May be applied at 1.5 pts/A to row middles. Do not apply within 35 days of harvest. Terbacil (Sinbar) Strawberry Pretransplant 0.2 ---Remarks: Make a once-per-year application of 4 oz. of Sinbar per acre after bedding but prior to transplanting. Note a 110 day PHI is on label. Check rotational crop limitations.