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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002405/00001
 Material Information
Title: Glossary Of Water Regulation Terms
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Olexa, Micheal T.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1993
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "published January 1993"
General Note: "FRE 137"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002405:00001


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GlossaryofWaterRegulationTerms1 TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanEqualOpportunity/AffirmativeActionEmployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,ornationalorigin. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/JohnT.Woeste,DeanM.T.Olexa2Thefollowinglistoftermsistobeusedin conjunctionwithallofthedocumentspertainingto FloridaWaterRegulation.Itshouldfacilitatethe comprehensionoffederal,stateandlocalwater regulationlaws. AdValoremTax :taximposedonthevalueof property. Appurtenant:anyartificialimprovementstoadam whichmighteffectthesafetyofsuchdam,orwhen employedmightaffecttheholdingcapacityofsuch damorofthereservoirorimpoundmentcreatedby suchdam. Aquifer:hugeundergroundsupplyofwater,inFlorida storedincavitiesofporouslimestone. BasinBoards:watermanagementboardwith authoritytodevelopwateruseplans. BestManagementPractices(BMP) :managementand culturalpracticesdesignedtoefficientlyuseand conservetheland. Blackwater:residentialwastewaterfromtoiletsor kitchens. Carcinogen:anagentthathasbeenscientifically proventocausecancer. ClosedSystem:systemthatexchangesneithermatter norenergywithitssurroundings. CommonLaw:lawdeterminedbycourtsorcustom, incontrastwithstatutorylaworlegislativelymade law. Contaminant:measurableamountofaforeign substance. Effluent:liquiddischargefrompointsource, sometimesreferstoliquidthatcomesoutof treatmentplantaftercompletionoftreatmentprocess. Felony/Misdemeanor :feloniesareusuallypunished withhighfinesand/orprisonsentences,while misdemeanorsareoffenseslowerthanfeloniesand punishablebylesserfinesorshorterimprisonment. Graywater:residentialwastewaterfromshowersor washingmachines. HazardousWaste :wasteconsideredathreatto humanhealthortheenvironmentbyEPA(doesnot includepetroleum,althoughsomepetroleumproducts arehazardouswastes). InjectionWell :sourceofwaterorotherliquids enteringgroundwater;canbeverydeepwellor severaltypesofrunoff. InjunctiveRelief:courtordertoprohibitsomeone fromdoingsomespecifiedactortocommand someonetoundosomewrongorinjury;exampleisa restrainingorder. JointandSeveralLiability :whenawrongedparty maysueoneormoreoftheoffendingpartieseither 1.ThisdocumentwaspublishedJanuary1993asFRE137,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService.Formoreinformation,contactyourcounty CooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. 2.AssociateProfessor,FoodandResourceEconomics,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,University ofFlorida,Gainesville.

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GlossaryofWaterRegulationTerms Page2 separatelyortogether(responsibletogetherand individually). Lien:aclaimorchargeonpropertyforpaymentof somedebt,obligationorduty. Liability:thestateofbeingboundorobligedinlaw todo,payormakegoodonsomething. Leaching:processbywhichnutrientchemicalsor contaminantsaredissolvedandcarriedawaybywater oraremovedintoalowerlayerofsoil. Mitigation:tomakelesssevere,toreduceapenalty orpunishmentimposedbylaw. MinimumWaterLevels :levelofwaterbelowwhich withdrawalswouldbeharmfultotheecosystemor waterresources;setbywatermanagementdistricts. Negligence:failuretousesuchcareasareasonably prudentandcarefulpersonwoulduseundersimilar circumstances. NegligencePerSe :aformofnegligencethatresults fromviolationofastatute.Runningaredlightis negligenceperse. NonpointSource:nondiscernablesourceofpollution, i.e.agriculturalrunoff,urbanrunoff. PCB:PolycholorinatedBiphenyls,commonhumanproducedcarcinogen. Pesticide:anysubstanceusedtoregulate,prevent, repelordestroyanypestorplant. PointSource :discerniblechannelthroughwhich wastesaredischarged,i.e.pipes,sewers,channels. Pollutant:presenceofcontaminantsinwater,soil,or airtosuchadegreethattheuseoftheresourceis impaired,includesgasolineoroil,anypesticide,or anyammoniaorchlorinecompoundorderivative. Reclamation:processofincreasingminedlandor otherusedresourcetoahighervaluebyphysically changingtheland,i.e.wetlandreclamation. SolidWaste :trash,sludge,someliquidandgaseous wastes;doesnotincludedomesticsewage,irrigation returnflow,orpollutantsincludedinNPDESpermits. StrictLiability:liabilitywithoutfault,whenoneis responsibleforallconsequencesofactionsor employeesregardlessofone'sfault. Threatened/EndangeredSpecies :speciesofplantsor animalswhicharethreatenedwithextinctionorarein dangerofextinction. ToxicSubstances :substancescarryingariskto producebirthdefects,heartdisease,emphysemaor otherhealtheffectsinhumansorcarryingariskto injuretheenvironment. Wetlands:landssupportingvegetationsuitedtoa wetlandenvironmentand/orcoveredperiodicallywith water. ZoneofDischarge:predefinedthreedimensionalarea undergroundaroundasourceofwatergoingintothe ground,usuallyhasmorerelaxedwaterquality standardsbeforethewaterreachesgroundwater supply.