<%BANNER%>
UFIR IFAS
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002402/00001
 Material Information
Title: State Regulatory Powers
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Olexa, Michael T.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1993
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "published January 1993"
General Note: "FRE 115"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002402:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:

WQ00200 ( PDF )


Full Text

PAGE 1

StateRegulatoryPowers1 TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanEqualOpportunity/AffirmativeActionEmployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,ornationalorigin. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/JohnT.Woeste,DeanM.T.Olexa2Statelawfillsthegapsandsupplementsfederal law.Statelawalsooftenduplicatesfederallaw.In manyinstances,however,statelawstandardsare morestrictthanfederalstandards.Consequently, compliancewithstatelawoftenassurescompliance withfederallawsaswell. Inanutshell,statelawtakestwoforms--statutes andadministrativerules. Statutes arepassedbythestatelegislatureandsetout thebasicgoalsofthelegislatureandtheprocedures itwantsappliedtoaccomplishthesegoals.Although statutesoftenprovidefairlyspecificdirectionsor prohibitions,manydetailsofregulatinganareaof businessoranaspectoftheenvironmentare frequentlytootechnicalandminuteforthelegislature toaddress. AdministrativeRules :Thelegislaturewillgenerally relyonadministrativeagenciestocarryoutthe specificgoalsofthelegislature.Todosothe legislatureempowersadministrativeagenciestoadopt rules(whichhavetheforceoflaw)withinthenarrow boundsoftheirdirectivefromthelegislature. Forexample,ifthelegislaturedecidedtherewas astateinterestinregulatingtheuseofcertain pesticides,itmightpassastatutethatbroadlyoutlines pesticideusesorprohibitions,thenleaveittoan agency,inthisinstancetheDepartmentof Agriculture&ConsumerServices,tomakerules aboutwhen,bywhom,andinwhatquantitiesthe pesticidemustbeapplied.Inmostinstances,agencies alsohavethepowertoenforcetheirrulesthrough bothcriminalandcivilpenaltiesaswellasthrough permitting/licensingregulations.HOWARESTATEGOVERNMENTACTIONS RESTRICTED?Toensurethatagenciesdealfairlywiththosewho aresubjecttotheirregulation,Floridahaspassedthe followinglaws. FloridaAdministrativeProceduresAct,Chapter120, FloridaStatutes .ThisActestablishesmanyprocedural rightssuchas: *therighttobeheardbytheagency, *therighttoreceivenoticeofagencyactions, *andaguaranteedopportunityforthosewhoare mostaffectedtousethoserights.ThisAct providesthechiefmechanismforprivateinput intoagencyactionsandrulemaking. FloridaPublicRecordsLaw,Chapter119,Florida Statutes.Chapter119providesthatallagency records,withafewstatutoryexceptions,areavailable forpublicinspectionandcopying.Exceptionsarise wheretheconfidentialityoftheinformationis necessaryforefficientgovernmentadministrationor wheredisclosurewouldadverselyaffectlaw enforcement. FloridaSunshineLaw,Chapter286,FloridaStatutes declaresthatallmeetingsofanygovernmentalbody whereanyofficialactionistakenmustbeopentothe publicandtheminutesmustberecorded.This 1.ThisdocumentwaspublishedJanuary1993asFRE115,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService.Formoreinformation,contactyourcounty CooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. 2.AssociateProfessor,FoodandResourceEconomics,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,University ofFlorida,Gainesville.

PAGE 2

StateRegulatoryPowers Page2 statute,likeChapter119,isnotanunconditional guaranteeofaccesstogovernment,butgoesalong waytowardkeepingadministrativebodiesaccountable tothepublic.WHATISTHESTRUCTUREOFFLORIDA REGULATORYAGENCIES?Themajorityofstateagencieshavesimilar structures.Mostmaintaintheirheadquartersin Tallahasseeandhaveregionalofficesthroughoutthe state.Withineachagency,theremaybevarious divisions,eachwiththeirownsetofduties,suchas permitting,enforcementorpublicinformation.Many agenciesareheadedbyasecretarywhokeepsinclose touchwiththeGovernor.Otheragenciesareheaded byacabinetofficerorappointedcommissioner.All keepinclosetouchwiththelegislaturetokeep abreastofpolicychangesandtomaintainaccurate, up-to-daterules. Thestructureofcityandcountygovernment variesfromgovernmenttogovernment,buteachhas itsowndivisionsfromminimumsizedruralareasto populousurbanareas.Countiesandcitiesareheaded byanelectedcommission.Somerelyonprofessional managerstorunthedaytodayaspectsof government,whileothersrelyonelectedofficials.