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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002393/00001
 Material Information
Title: Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Knox, Gary W.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1987
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "First published March 1987; reviewed March 2000."
General Note: "ENH 129"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002393:00001


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ENH129 Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 1 Gary W. Knox and Robert J. Black2 1. This document is ENH 129, one of a series of the Department of Environmental Horticulture, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. First published March 1987; reviewed March 2000. Please visit the EDIS Web site at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Gary W. Knox, Associate Professor, and Robert J. Black, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Horticulture, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean. Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Trees, North Florida Table 2. Salt Tolerance of Palms, North Florida Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Shrubs, North Florida Table 4. Salt Tolerance of Ground Covers, North Florida Table 5. Salt Tolerance of Vines, North Florida

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Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 2 Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Trees, North Florida Common Name / Scientific Name Common Name / Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Fig / Ficus carica Aleppo Pine / Pinus halepensis Honey Locust / Gleditsia triacanthos Apricot / Prunus armeniaca Yaupon holly / Ilex vomitoria White Oak / Quercus alba Southern red cedar / Juniperus silicicola Southern red oak / Quercus falcata Wax myrtle / Myrica cerifera Live Oak / Quercus virginiana Sand Pine / Pinus clausa Japanese pagoda-tree / Sophora japonica MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Sweet acacia / Acacia farnesiana Japanese black pine / Pinus thunbergiana Mimosa / Albizia julibrissin Sycamore / Plantanus occidentalis American beech / Fagus grandifolia Cottonwood / Populus deltoides River birch / Betula nigra Chickasaw plum / Prunus angustifolia Loquat / Eriobotrya japonica Cherry laurel / Prunus caroliniana Green ash / Fraxinus pennsylvania Cherry Plum / Prunus cerasifera Dahoon / Hex cassine Laurel oak / Quercus laurifolia Golden rain-tree / Koelreuteria paniculata Water oak / Quercus nigra Japanese privet / Ligustrum japonicum Willow / Salix spp. Glossy privet / Ligustrum lucidum Chinese tallowtree / Sapium sebiferum Sweet Gum / Liquidambar styraciflua Bald cypress / Taxodium distichum Southern magnolia / Magnolia grandifloria Oriental arborvitae / Thuja orientalis Jerusalem thorn / Parkinsonia aculeata Chinese elm / Ulmus parvifolia

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Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 3 Table 1. Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Trees, North Florida Common Name / Scientific Name Common Name / Scientific Name Florida bay / Persea borbonia Siberian elm / Ulmus pumila Slash Pine / Pinus elliottil Chaste tree / Vitex agnus-castus LOW SALT TOLERANCE Red maple / Acer rubrum American holly / Ilex opaca Camphor tree / Cinnamomum camphora Tulip poplar / Liriodendron tulipifera Japanese persimmon / Diospyros kaki Mulberry / Morus spp. Common persimmon / Diospyros virginiana White poplar / Populus alba European beech / Fagus sylvatica Lombardy poplar / Populus nigra 'Italica' Kumquat / Fortunella margarita

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Table 2. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 4 Table 2. Salt Tolerance of Palms, North Florida Common Name / Scientific Name Common Name / Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Canary Island date palm / Phoenix canariensis Washingtonia palm / Washingtonia robusta Cabbage palm / Sabal palmetto MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Pindo palm / Butia capitata Lady palm / Rhapis excelsa European fan palm / Chamaerops humilis Windmill palm / Trachycarpus fortunei

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Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 5 Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Shrubs, North Florida Common Name / Scientific Name Common Name / Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Century Plant / Agave americana Oleander / Nerium oleander Groundselbush, Eastern baccharis / Baccharis halimifolia Prickly pear / Opuntia spp. Crimson bottlebrush / Callistemon citrinus Pittosporum / Pittosporum tobira Pampas grass / Cortaderia selloana Indian hawthorn / Raphiolepis indica Silverthorn / Elaeagnus pungens Sandankwa viburnum / Viburnum suspensum Dwarf yaupon holly / Ilex vomitoria cvs. Spanish bayonet / Yucca aloifolia Texas sage / Leucophyllum frutescens Adam's needle / Yucca smalliana Wax myrtle / Myrica cerifera MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Bamboo / Bambusa spp. Chinese juniper / Juniperus chinesis Bottlebrush / Callistemon rigidus Lantana / Lantana camara Hedge cactus / Cereus peruvianus Japanese privet / Ligustrum japonicum Sago palm / Cycas revoluta Glossy privet / Ligustrum lucidum Russian olive / Elaeagnus angustifolia Common privet / Ligustrum vulgare Evergreen euonymus / Euonymus japonica Leatherleaf mahonia / Mahonia bealei Fatsia / Fatsia japonica Broadleaf podocarpus / Podocarpus nagi Pineapple guava / Feijoa sellowiana Firethorn / Pyracantha coccinea Althea / Hibiscus syriacus Formosa firethorn / Pyracantha koidzumii Burford holly / Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii' Rose / Rosa spp. Rotunda holly / Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda' Rattle box / Sesbania punicea

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Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 6 Table 3. Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Shrubs, North Florida Common Name / Scientific Name Common Name / Scientific Name Helleri holly / Ilex crenata 'Helleri' Sweet viburnum / Viburnum odorastissimum Inkberry / Ilex glabra LOW SALT TOLERANCE Glossy abelia / Abelia x grandiflora Thryallis / Galphimia glauca Wintergreen barberry / Berberis julianae Gardenia / Gardenia jasminoides Barberry / Barberis spp. Crape myrtle / Lagerstroemia indica Butterfly bush / Buddleia officinalis Heavenly bamboo / Nandina domestica Boxwood / Buxus spp. Redtop / Photinia x fraseri Camellia / Camellia japonica Yew podocarpus / Podocarpus macrophyllus Sasanqua camellia / Camellia sasanqua Azalea / Rhododendron spp. Glory bower vine / Clerodendrum thomsoniae Spirea / Spiraea spp. Pyrenees cotoneaster / Cotoneaster congestus Rice-paper plant / Tetrapanax papyriferus Poinsettia / Euphorbia pulcherrima Viburnum / Viburnum spp. (others)

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Table 4. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 7 Table 4. Salt Tolerance of Ground Covers, North Florida Common Name / Scientific Name Common Name / Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Dichondra / Dichondra micrantha Shore Juniper / Juniperus conferta Wintercreeper / Euonymus fortunei Lilyturf / Liriope spp. Creeping fig / Ficus pumila Mondo grass / Ophiopogon japonicus Algerian ivy / Hedera canariensis Purslane / Portulaca spp. English ivy / Hedera helix Rosemary / Rosmarinus officinalis Cucumberleaf sunflower / Helianthus debilis Confederate jasmine / Trachelospermum jasminoides Daylily / Hemerocallis spp. Sea oats / Uniola paniculata Beach morning-glory / pomoea pes-caprae Coontie / Zamia integrifolia MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Coleus / Coleus blumei Japanese honeysuckle / Lonicera japonica Common bermudagrass / Cynodon dactylon Partridgeberry / Mitchella repens Blanket flower / Gaillardia pulchella Purple queen / Setcreasea pallida Transvaal daisy / Gerbera jamesonii St. Augustine grass / Stenotaphrum secundatum Japanese garden juniper / Juniperus chinensis Var. procumbens Wandering jew / Zebrina pendula

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Table 5. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for North Florida 8 Table 5. Salt Tolerance of Vines, North Florida Common Name / Scientific Name Common Name / Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Creeping fig / Ficus pumila Matrimony vine / Lycium halimifolium Algerian ivy / Hedera canariensis Virginia creeper / Parthenocissus quinquefolia English ivy / Hedera helix Confederate jasmine / Trachelospermum Flowering jasmine / Jasminum floridum LOW SALT TOLERANCE Painted trumpet / Clytostoma callistegioides