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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002392/00001
 Material Information
Title: Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Knox, Gary W.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2000
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Date first printed: January 1987; date reviewed: March 2000"
General Note: "EHN-145"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00002392:00001


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ENH145 Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 1 Gary W. Knox and Robert J. Black2 1. This document is ENH-145, one of a series of the Department of Environmental Horticulture, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Date first printed: January 1987; date reviewed: March 2000. Please visit the EDIS Web site at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Gary W. Knox, Associate Professor, and Robert J. Black, Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Horticulture, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean. Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Trees. Table 2. Salt Tolerance of Palms. Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Shrubs. Table 4. Salt Tolerance of Ground Covers. Table 5. Salt Tolerance of Vines.

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Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 2 Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Trees Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Norfolk island pine Araucaria heterophylla Mimusops Manilkara roxburghiana Bontia Bontia daphnoides Sapodilla Manilkara zapota Black olive Bucida buceras Cajeput tree, Punk Melaleuca quinquenervia Gumbo limbo Bursera simaruba Wax myrtle Myrica cerifera Crimson bottlebrush Callistemon citrinus Madagascar olive Noronhia emarginata Mastwood Calophyllum oliviforme Ochrosia Ochrosia elliptica Australian pine Casuarina equisetifolia Sand pine Pinus clausa Satin leaf Chrysophyllum oliviforme Aleppo pine Pinus halepensis Pitch apple Clusia rosea Frangipani Plumeria spp. Pigeon plum Coccoloba diversifolia Pongam Pongamia pinnata Buttonwood Conocarpus erectus Live Oak Quercus virginiana Geiger tree Cordia sebestena Mahogany Swietenia mahagoni Sea hibiscus, Mahoe Hibiscus tiliaceus Yellow tabebuia Tabebuia argentea Yaupon holly Ilex vomitoria Tropical almond Terminalia catappa Southern red cedar Juniperus silicoola Seaside mahoe Thespesia populnea MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Sweet acacia Acacia farnesiana Sweet gum Liquidambar styraciflua Toog Bischofia javanica Barbados cherry Malpighia glabra Cecropia Cecropia palmata Mango Mangifera indica Citrus Citrus spp. Jerusalem thorn Parkinsonia aculeata

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Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 3 Table 1. Table 1. Salt Tolerance of Trees Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo Avocado Persea americana Royal poinciana Delonix regia Slash pine Pinus elliottii Loquat Eribotrya japonica Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergiana Silverdollar eucalyptus Eucalyptus cinerea Cherry laurel Prunus caroliniana Pencil tree Euphorbia tirucalli Guava Psidium guajava Weeping fig Ficus benjamina Laurel oak Quercus laurifolia Rubber plant Ficus elastica Willow Salix spp. Silk oak Grevillea robusta Tamarind Tamarindus indica Lignum-vitae Guaiacum sanctum Bald cypress Taxodium distichum Dahoon Ilex cassine Oriental arborvitae Thuja orientalis Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Chaste tree Vitex agnus-castus Glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum LOW SALT TOLERANCE Red maple Acer rubrum Coral tree Erythrina spp. Carambola Averrhoa carambola Kumquat Fortunella margarita Orchid tree Bauhinia purpurea Jacaranda Jacaranda mimosifolia Schefflera Brassaia actinophylla Litchi Litchi chinensis Papaya Carica papaya Macadamia Macadamia spp. Golden-shower Cassia fistula Mulberry Morus spp. Camphor tree Cinnamomum camphora Yellow poinciana Peltophorum pterocarpum Japanese persimmon Diospyros kaki

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Table 2. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 4 Table 2. Salt Tolerance of Palms Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Coconut Cocos nucifera Senegal date palm Phoenix reclinata Silver palm Coccothrinax argentata Cabbage palm Sabal palmetto Hurricane palm Dictyosperma album Saw palmetto Serenoa repens Bottle palm Hyophorbe spp. Brittle thatch palm Thrinex morrisii Latan palm Latania spp. Washingtonia palm Washingtonia robusta Canary Island date palm Phoenix canariensis MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Paurotis Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Gingerbread palm Hyphaene thebaica Queen palm Arecastrum romanzoffianum Chinese fan palm Livistona chinensis Pindo palm Butia capitata Date palm Phoenix dactylifera European fan palm Chamaerops humilis Fiji Island fan palm Pritchardia pacifica Areca palm Chrysalidocarpus lutescens Lady palm Rhapsis excelsa African oil palm Elaeis guineensis Florida royal palm Roystonea elata Acrocomia Gastrococos crispa Christmas palm Veitchia merrillii

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Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 5 Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Shrubs Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Century plant Agave americana Dwarf yaupon holly Ilex vomitoria cvs. Marlberry Ardisia escallonioides Wax myrtle Myrica cerifera Groundselbush, Eastern baccharis Baccharis halimifolia Oleander Nerium oleander Crimson bottlebrush Callistemon citrinus Prickly pear Opuntia spp. Natal plum Carissa grandiflora Pittosporum Pittosporum tobira Coco plum Chrysobalanus icaco Inkberry Scaevola plumieri Sea grape Coccoloba uvifera Baycedar Suriana maritima Pampas grass Cortaderia selloana African milkbush Synadenium grantii Candelabra cactus Euphorbia lactea Sandankwa viburnum Viburnum suspensum Crown-of-thorns Euphorbia milii Spanish bayonet Yucca aloifolia Fig Ficus carica Adam's needle Yucca smalliana MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Bamboo Bambusa spp. Ixora Ixora coccinea Barbados flower-fence Caesalpinia pulcherrima Lantana Lantana camara Bottlebrush Callistemon rigidus Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Giant milkweed Calotropis gigantea Glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum Hedge cactus Cereus peruvianus Leatherleaf mahonia Mahonia bealei Night cestrum Cestrum nocturnum Holly malpighia Malpighia coccigera Ti plant Cordyline terminalis Devil's backbone Pedilanthus tithymaloides Jade plant Crassula argentea Broadleaf podocarpus Podocarpus nagi

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Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 6 Table 3. Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Shrubs Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name Queen sago palm Cycas circinalis Pseuderanthemum Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum Sago palm Cycas revoluta Formosa firethorn Pyracantha koidzumii Blue sage Eranthemum pulchellum Rose Rosa spp. Fatsia Fatsia japonica Rattle box Sesbania punicea Pineapple guava Feijoa sellowiana Lucky nut Thevetia peruviana Scarlet bush Hamelia patens Sweet viburnum Viburnum odoratissimum Ribbon bush Homalocladium platycladum Vitex Vitex trifolia 'variegata' Inkberry Ilex glabra LOW SALT TOLERANCE Copper leaf Acalypha wilkesiana Crape myrtle Lagerstroemia indica Snowbush Breynia disticha Swiss cheese plant Monstera deliciosa Butterfly bush Buddleia officinalis Orange jessamine Murraya paniculata Powderpuff Calliandra haematocephala Banana Musa x paradisiaca Glory bower vine Clerodendrum thomsoniae Heavenly bamboo Nandina domestica Croton Codiaeum variegatum Redtop Photinia x fraseri Cuphea Cuphea hyssopifolia Plumbago Plumbago auriculata Surinam cherry Eugenia uniflora Yew podocarpus Podocarpus macrophyllus Poinsettia Euphorbia pulcherrima Aralia Polyscias spp. Thryallis Galphimia glauca Sanchezia Sanchezia speciosa

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Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 7 Table 3. Table 3. Salt Tolerance of Shrubs Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name Gardenia Gardenia jasminoides Crape jasmine Tabernaemontana divaricata Hibiscus Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Yellow elder Tecoma stans Chinese hat plant Holmskioldia sanguinea Rice-paper plant Tetrapanax papyriferus Arabian jasmine Jasminum sambac Princess flower Tibouchina urvilleana Coral plant Jatropha spp. Viburnum Viburnum spp.(others)

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Table 4. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 8 Table 4. Salt Tolerance of Ground Covers Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Aloe Aloe spp. Weeping lantana Lantana montevidensis Asparagus fern Asparagus spp. Lilyturf Liriope spp. Hottentot fig Carpobrotus edulis Mondo grass Ophiopogon japonicus Dichondra Dichondra micrantha Pursiane Portulaca spp. Creeping fig Ficus pumila Cape honeysuckle Tecomaria capensis Fig marigold Glottiphylum depressum Sea lavender Tournefortia gnaphalodes Algerian Ivy Hedera canariensis Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides English Ivy Hedera helix Caltrops Tribulus terrestris Cucumberleaf sunflower Helianthus debilis Sea oats Uniola paniculata Daylily Hemerocallis spp. Wedelia Wedelia trilobata Beach morning-glory Ipomoea pes-caprae Coontie Zamia integrifolia Shore juniper Juniperus conferta MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Blood leaf Alternanthera spp. Partridgeberry Mitchella repens Coleus Coleus blumei Oyster plant Rhoeo spathacea Common bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon Snake plant Sansevieria spp. Blanket flower Gaillardia pulchella Purple queen Setcreasea pallida Transvaal daisy Gerbera jamesonii St.Augustine grass Stenotaphrum secundatum Japanese garden juniper Juniperus chinensis Var. procumbens Wandering jew Zebrina pendula

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Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 9 Table 4. Table 4. Salt Tolerance of Ground Covers Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientific Name Kalanchoe Kalanchoe spp.

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Table 5. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida 10 Table 5. Salt Tolerance of Vines Common Name Scientific Name Common Name Scientifc Name GOOD SALT TOLERANCE Bougainvillea Bougainvillea spp. Flowering jasmine Jasminum floridum Rubber vine Cryptostegia grandiflora Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia Creeping fig Ficus pumila Flame vine Pyrostegia venusta Algerian ivy Hedera canariensis Cape honeysuckle Tecomaria capensis English ivy Hedera helix Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides Night blooming cereus Hylocereus undatus MODERATE SALT TOLERANCE Allamanda Allamanda spp. Pink allamanda Mandevilla splendens Woolly congea Congea tomentosa Mexican flame vine Senecio confusus Wax plant Hoya carnosa LOW SALT TOLERANCE Painted trumpet Clytostoma callistegioides Queens wreath Petrea volubilis Downy jasmine Jasminum multiflorum Rangoon creeper Quisqualis indica Star jasmine Jasminum nitidum Chalice vine Solandra guttata