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Dissertation Appendix B Supplementary Tables

University of Florida Institutional Repository

Material Information

Title:
Dissertation Appendix B Supplementary Tables
Series Title:
Precambrian Crustal Evolution in the Great Falls Tectonic Zone
Physical Description:
Data Tables
Creator:
Gifford, Jennifer
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Data related to thesis / dissertation
Genre:
Spatial Coverage:

Notes

Abstract:
The Great Falls Tectonic Zone (GFTZ) is a zone of northeast trending geological structures in central Montana that parallel structures in the underlying basement. U-Pb zircon and Nd isotopic data from the Little Belt Mountains (LBM) suggest that the GFTZ formed at ~1.86 to 1.80 Ga due to ocean subduction followed by collision between the Archean Wyoming Province (WP) and Medicine Hat Block (MHB). This study characterizes the GFTZ basement by geochronological and geochemical analysis of crustal xenoliths collected from Montana Alkali Province volcanics and exposed basement rock in the Little Rocky Mountains (LRM). Xenoliths collected from the Grassrange and Missouri Breaks diatremes and volcanics in the Bearpaw and Highwood Mountains have igneous crystallization ages from ~1.7 Ga to 1.9 Ga and 2.4 Ga to 2.7 Ga, and metamorphic ages from ~1.65 Ga to 1.84 Ga. Zircon Lu-Hf and whole-rock Sm-Nd data indicate that the xenoliths originated from reworked older continental crust mixed with mantle-derived components in all cases. Trace element patterns show fluid mobile element enrichments and fluid immobile element depletions suggestive of a subduction origin. Igneous ages in the LRM range older, from ~2.4 Ga to 3.2 Ga. Geochemical evidence suggests that the LRM meta-igneous units also formed in a subduction setting. Detrital zircon ages span the early Paleoproterozoic to Mesoarchean, with abundant 2.8 Ga ages. Zircon U-Pb igneous crystallization age data from xenoliths and the LRM are consistent with U-Pb zircon igneous crystallization ages from the MHB, suggesting that this segment of the GFTZ shares an affinity with concealed MHB crust. Published detrital zircon ages from the northern Wyoming Province reveal more abundant >3.0 Ga ages than the MHB or GFTZ samples. These geochronologic and geochemical data from the xenoliths and LRM samples allow for a refined model for crustal evolution in the GFTZ. Subduction under the Neoarchean to Paleoproterozoic crust of the MHB formed an igneous arc followed by metamorphism during the MHB-WP collision. Later Paleoproterozoic tectonothermal activity represents post-orogenic collapse after the terminal collision. Tectonic activity in the Cenozoic led to basement uplift and the formation of xenolith bearing volcanic units sampled for this study.
Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Jennifer Gifford.
Publication Status:
Unpublished

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00002187:00001

Material Information

Title:
Dissertation Appendix B Supplementary Tables
Series Title:
Precambrian Crustal Evolution in the Great Falls Tectonic Zone
Physical Description:
Data Tables
Creator:
Gifford, Jennifer
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Data related to thesis / dissertation
Genre:
Spatial Coverage:

Notes

Abstract:
The Great Falls Tectonic Zone (GFTZ) is a zone of northeast trending geological structures in central Montana that parallel structures in the underlying basement. U-Pb zircon and Nd isotopic data from the Little Belt Mountains (LBM) suggest that the GFTZ formed at ~1.86 to 1.80 Ga due to ocean subduction followed by collision between the Archean Wyoming Province (WP) and Medicine Hat Block (MHB). This study characterizes the GFTZ basement by geochronological and geochemical analysis of crustal xenoliths collected from Montana Alkali Province volcanics and exposed basement rock in the Little Rocky Mountains (LRM). Xenoliths collected from the Grassrange and Missouri Breaks diatremes and volcanics in the Bearpaw and Highwood Mountains have igneous crystallization ages from ~1.7 Ga to 1.9 Ga and 2.4 Ga to 2.7 Ga, and metamorphic ages from ~1.65 Ga to 1.84 Ga. Zircon Lu-Hf and whole-rock Sm-Nd data indicate that the xenoliths originated from reworked older continental crust mixed with mantle-derived components in all cases. Trace element patterns show fluid mobile element enrichments and fluid immobile element depletions suggestive of a subduction origin. Igneous ages in the LRM range older, from ~2.4 Ga to 3.2 Ga. Geochemical evidence suggests that the LRM meta-igneous units also formed in a subduction setting. Detrital zircon ages span the early Paleoproterozoic to Mesoarchean, with abundant 2.8 Ga ages. Zircon U-Pb igneous crystallization age data from xenoliths and the LRM are consistent with U-Pb zircon igneous crystallization ages from the MHB, suggesting that this segment of the GFTZ shares an affinity with concealed MHB crust. Published detrital zircon ages from the northern Wyoming Province reveal more abundant >3.0 Ga ages than the MHB or GFTZ samples. These geochronologic and geochemical data from the xenoliths and LRM samples allow for a refined model for crustal evolution in the GFTZ. Subduction under the Neoarchean to Paleoproterozoic crust of the MHB formed an igneous arc followed by metamorphism during the MHB-WP collision. Later Paleoproterozoic tectonothermal activity represents post-orogenic collapse after the terminal collision. Tectonic activity in the Cenozoic led to basement uplift and the formation of xenolith bearing volcanic units sampled for this study.
Acquisition:
Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Jennifer Gifford.
Publication Status:
Unpublished

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID:
IR00002187:00001


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