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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00002100/00001
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System ID: IR00002100:00001

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SITE INFORMATION User Name and Date kathy gaynor Site Name NAS Pensacola Remedial Alternative Name Air Sparging 1300LF 20D Electric Alternative File Name (will be used in graphics and as file name; avoid invalid characters, e.g. ? : / \ < > | _) Air Sparging 1300LF 20D Electric Choose electricity region SRSO Do you want to reload a previously saved remedial alternative in the SiteWise input sheet? Reset all input values on all worksheets to default SiteWise TM Tool for Green and Sustainable Remediation has been developed jointly by United States (US) Navy, United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Battelle. This tool is made available on an as-is basis without guarantee or warranty of any kind, express or implied. The US Navy, USACE, Battelle, the authors, and the reviewers accept no liability resulting from the use of this tool or its documentation; nor does the above warrant or otherwise represent in any way the accuracy, adequacy, efficacy, or applicability of the contents hereof. Implementation of SiteWise TM tool and interpretation or use of the results provided by the tool are the sole responsibility of the user. The tool is provided free of charge for everyone to use, but is not supported in any way by the US Navy, USACE, or Battelle.

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION COST Entire Site Input total remedial investigation cost ($) 350000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 8 3 6 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 2 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu Gravel HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) 400 Input depth of material (ft) 8 WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 2,000 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Light truck Light truck Heavy Duty Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 30 30 30 30 30 Input number of trips taken 32 32 30 44 44 44 Input number of travelers 1 1 1 1 1 1 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 75 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 100 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 16 22 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 5 5 5 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 20 9 9 20 9 9 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 5 5 5 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 16 to 25 3 to 6 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 32 44 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 250.0 250.0 72.0 72.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 175,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 4000 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION CONSTRUCTION COST Entire Site Input total remedial action construction cost ($) 250,000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 7 6 2 108 7 32 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 20 20 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 1 2 1 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 40 30 Input well diameter (in) 2.0 2.0 2.0 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Typical Cement Typical Cement Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu cubic feet pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 25 25 25 Input number of trips taken 612 12 4 Input number of travelers 1 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 60 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Excavator Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 200 75 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 115 15 7 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 1.5 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1200 to 2000 75 to 100 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 3 5 5 5 0 0 Input total head (ft) 20 20 30 40 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 115 7 6 2 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 6 6 6 6 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Compressor Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 6.5 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 2 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 8 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 75 to 100 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 8 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Operating engineers Scientific and technical services Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 75.0 75.0 75.0 108.0 112.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 75,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION OPERATIONS COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total remedial action operations cost ($) 500,000 Input duration of remedial action operations (unit time) 10.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 5 25 Input number of trips taken 24 12 Input number of travelers 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 7 6 2 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 6.5 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 2 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 182.5 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 96.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 45,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION LONGTERM MONITORING COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total longterm monitoring cost ($) 725,000 Input duration of longterm monitoring (unit time) 20.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 Input number of trips taken 24 Input number of travelers 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 15 9 8 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 6 to 11 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Biodiesel 20 Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 3 to 6 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 160.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 1000.0

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Do you wish to use footprint reduction methods for this remedial alternative? No BASELINE INFORMATION ELECTRICITY RATE Choose state for electricity rate calculation AL Choose region from drop down menu for emission reduction calculations (scroll right to see figure) AKGD Average electricity rate (2007) ($/kWh) 0.08 Input electricity rate to override default ($/kWh) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Final electricity rate to be used ($/kWh) 0.08 REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE COST Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 1,825,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION ELECTRICAL ENERGY LANDFILL GAS MICROTURBINES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Landfill methane emissions from landfill space and emissions (metric tons CH4) 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 3.0E+00 6.0E+00 Method 2: Override the landfill methane emissions entered previously (metric ton CH4) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Choose method of landfill gas calculation Method 1 Enter duration of landfill gas microturbine operation (years) 0.0 Final landfill methane emissions to be used in footprint reduction calculations (scf/year) 0.0E+00 Heat of combustion of methane gas (Btu/scf) 975.9 Fuel flow achieved (Btu/hr) 0.0 Recommended microturbine CR30 Total capacity (kWh/year) 0.0 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 WIND POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.7E-02 1.8E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of wind power operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from wind systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 U.S. region where the site is located (see figure at right) Southeast System desired output (kW) 0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Installation cost ($/kW) 1,912 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the wind turbine system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 SOLAR POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.7E-02 1.8E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of PV system operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from PV systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 Energy available for system operation (hours/year) 1,642.5 Recommended system size (kW) < 2 Installation cost ($/W) 9.20 Capital cost of photovoltaic installation ($) 0 O&M cost of installing PV cells ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.7E-02 1.8E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of REC purchase (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from RECs 0 Desired REC capacity (kWh/year) 0 Choose product name Green Certificates Premium of chosen product, $/kWh 0.012 Certificate maker 3 Phases Renewables Location of renewable resource Nationwide Renewable resource type 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Enter REC premium to override, $/kWh (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Total cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Net electricity replacement Total electricity replacement (MWh) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Reduction due to electricity replacement Total lifecycle energy replacement (mmBtu) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 GHG emissions avoided (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Reduction due to landfill methane capture and use Landfill gas reduction (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Increase due to microturbine operation GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Net footprint reduction (negatives value indicate increase in emissions) GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 COST OF ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION REDUCTION Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 1,825,000 Total cost of electricity consumption reduction methods ($) 0 Cost of landfill gas microturbines ($) 0 Cost of wind power system ($) 0 Cost of solar power system ($) 0 Cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Total electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Total cost of the remedial alternative with electric consumption reduction methods and cost avoidance ($) 1,825,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BIODIESEL 20 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Incremental cost of using Biodiesel 20 ($/gal) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 DIESEL OXIDATION CATALYSTS Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Average cost of DOC installation ($/unit) 540.00 540.00 540.00 540.00 Enter cost of DOC installation to override default ($/unit) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Total cost of DOCs ($) 0 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter cost of variable frequency drives ($) 0 0 0 0 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION WATER RECYCLING WATER RECYCLING Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter amount of water recycled (gal) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Amount of water recycled (gal) 0 0 0 0

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REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE GENERATION MANAGEMENT Currently loaded remedial alternative: RA_Air Sparging 1300LF 20D Electric_NoFR_1

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. 117 1.8 2.1 104 EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 Emissions (grams / mile) Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available)

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average 2 Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) Best Fit Equation c Fuel Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Emissions (grams / scf) a Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b 1

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available) Emissions (grams / mile) Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 1.8 2.1 Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 117 104

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Best Fit Equation c 2 Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) 1 Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b Emissions (grams / scf) a Fuel Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas



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SITE INFORMATION User Name and Date kathy gaynor Site Name NAS Pensacola Remedial Alternative Name Air Sparging 1300LF 20D Solar Alternative File Name (will be used in graphics and as file name; avoid invalid characters, e.g. ? : / \ < > | _) Air Sparging 1300LF 20D Solar Choose electricity region SRSO Do you want to reload a previously saved remedial alternative in the SiteWise input sheet? Reset all input values on all worksheets to default SiteWise TM Tool for Green and Sustainable Remediation has been developed jointly by United States (US) Navy, United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Battelle. This tool is made available on an as-is basis without guarantee or warranty of any kind, express or implied. The US Navy, USACE, Battelle, the authors, and the reviewers accept no liability resulting from the use of this tool or its documentation; nor does the above warrant or otherwise represent in any way the accuracy, adequacy, efficacy, or applicability of the contents hereof. Implementation of SiteWise TM tool and interpretation or use of the results provided by the tool are the sole responsibility of the user. The tool is provided free of charge for everyone to use, but is not supported in any way by the US Navy, USACE, or Battelle.

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION COST Entire Site Input total remedial investigation cost ($) 350000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 8 3 6 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 2 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu Gravel HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) 400 Input depth of material (ft) 8 WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 2,000 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Light truck Light truck Heavy Duty Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 30 30 30 30 30 Input number of trips taken 32 32 30 44 44 44 Input number of travelers 1 1 1 1 1 1 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 75 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 100 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 16 22 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 5 5 5 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 20 9 9 20 9 9 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 5 5 5 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 16 to 25 3 to 6 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 32 44 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 250.0 250.0 72.0 72.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 175,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 4000 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION CONSTRUCTION COST Entire Site Input total remedial action construction cost ($) 250,000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 7 6 2 108 7 32 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 20 20 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 1 2 1 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 40 30 Input well diameter (in) 2.0 2.0 2.0 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Typical Cement Typical Cement Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu cubic feet pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 25 25 25 Input number of trips taken 612 12 4 Input number of travelers 1 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 60 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Excavator Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 200 75 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 115 15 7 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 1.5 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1200 to 2000 75 to 100 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 3 5 5 5 0 0 Input total head (ft) 20 20 30 40 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 115 7 6 2 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 6 6 6 6 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Compressor Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 6.5 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 2 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 8 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 75 to 100 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 8 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Operating engineers Scientific and technical services Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 75.0 75.0 75.0 108.0 112.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 75,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION OPERATIONS COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total remedial action operations cost ($) 500,000 Input duration of remedial action operations (unit time) 10.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 5 25 Input number of trips taken 24 12 Input number of travelers 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 7 6 2 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 6.5 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 2 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 182.5 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 96.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 45,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION LONGTERM MONITORING COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total longterm monitoring cost ($) 725,000 Input duration of longterm monitoring (unit time) 20.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 Input number of trips taken 24 Input number of travelers 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 15 9 8 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 6 to 11 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Biodiesel 20 Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 3 to 6 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 160.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 1000.0

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Do you wish to use footprint reduction methods for this remedial alternative? No BASELINE INFORMATION ELECTRICITY RATE Choose state for electricity rate calculation AL Choose region from drop down menu for emission reduction calculations (scroll right to see figure) AKGD Average electricity rate (2007) ($/kWh) 0.08 Input electricity rate to override default ($/kWh) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Final electricity rate to be used ($/kWh) 0.08 REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE COST Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 1,825,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION ELECTRICAL ENERGY LANDFILL GAS MICROTURBINES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Landfill methane emissions from landfill space and emissions (metric tons CH4) 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 3.0E+00 6.0E+00 Method 2: Override the landfill methane emissions entered previously (metric ton CH4) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Choose method of landfill gas calculation Method 1 Enter duration of landfill gas microturbine operation (years) 0.0 Final landfill methane emissions to be used in footprint reduction calculations (scf/year) 0.0E+00 Heat of combustion of methane gas (Btu/scf) 975.9 Fuel flow achieved (Btu/hr) 0.0 Recommended microturbine CR30 Total capacity (kWh/year) 0.0 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 WIND POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.7E-02 1.8E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of wind power operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from wind systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 U.S. region where the site is located (see figure at right) Southeast System desired output (kW) 0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Installation cost ($/kW) 1,912 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the wind turbine system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 SOLAR POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No Yes Yes No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.7E-02 1.8E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of PV system operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from PV systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 Energy available for system operation (hours/year) 1,642.5 Recommended system size (kW) < 2 Installation cost ($/W) 9.20 Capital cost of photovoltaic installation ($) 0 O&M cost of installing PV cells ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.7E-02 1.8E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of REC purchase (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from RECs 0 Desired REC capacity (kWh/year) 0 Choose product name Green Certificates Premium of chosen product, $/kWh 0.012 Certificate maker 3 Phases Renewables Location of renewable resource Nationwide Renewable resource type 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Enter REC premium to override, $/kWh (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Total cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Net electricity replacement Total electricity replacement (MWh) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Reduction due to electricity replacement Total lifecycle energy replacement (mmBtu) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 GHG emissions avoided (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Reduction due to landfill methane capture and use Landfill gas reduction (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Increase due to microturbine operation GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Net footprint reduction (negatives value indicate increase in emissions) GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 COST OF ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION REDUCTION Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 1,825,000 Total cost of electricity consumption reduction methods ($) 0 Cost of landfill gas microturbines ($) 0 Cost of wind power system ($) 0 Cost of solar power system ($) 0 Cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Total electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Total cost of the remedial alternative with electric consumption reduction methods and cost avoidance ($) 1,825,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BIODIESEL 20 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Incremental cost of using Biodiesel 20 ($/gal) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 DIESEL OXIDATION CATALYSTS Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Average cost of DOC installation ($/unit) 540.00 540.00 540.00 540.00 Enter cost of DOC installation to override default ($/unit) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Total cost of DOCs ($) 0 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter cost of variable frequency drives ($) 0 0 0 0 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION WATER RECYCLING WATER RECYCLING Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter amount of water recycled (gal) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Amount of water recycled (gal) 0 0 0 0

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REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE GENERATION MANAGEMENT Currently loaded remedial alternative: RA_Air Sparging 1300LF 20D Solar_NoFR_1

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. 117 1.8 2.1 104 EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 Emissions (grams / mile) Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available)

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average 2 Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) Best Fit Equation c Fuel Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Emissions (grams / scf) a Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b 1

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available) Emissions (grams / mile) Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 1.8 2.1 Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 117 104

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Best Fit Equation c 2 Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) 1 Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b Emissions (grams / scf) a Fuel Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas



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SITE INFORMATION User Name and Date kathy gaynor Site Name NAS Pensacola Remedial Alternative Name GW PT 1300LF 40D Alternative File Name (will be used in graphics and as file name; avoid invalid characters, e.g. ? : / \ < > | _) GW Pump Treat 1300 LF Choose electricity region SRSO Do you want to reload a previously saved remedial alternative in the SiteWise input sheet? Reset all input values on all worksheets to default SiteWise TM Tool for Green and Sustainable Remediation has been developed jointly by United States (US) Navy, United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Battelle. This tool is made available on an as-is basis without guarantee or warranty of any kind, express or implied. The US Navy, USACE, Battelle, the authors, and the reviewers accept no liability resulting from the use of this tool or its documentation; nor does the above warrant or otherwise represent in any way the accuracy, adequacy, efficacy, or applicability of the contents hereof. Implementation of SiteWise TM tool and interpretation or use of the results provided by the tool are the sole responsibility of the user. The tool is provided free of charge for everyone to use, but is not supported in any way by the US Navy, USACE, or Battelle.

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION COST Entire Site Input total remedial investigation cost ($) 350000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 8 3 6 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 2 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu Gravel HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) 400 Input depth of material (ft) 8 WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 2,000 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Light truck Light truck Heavy Duty Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 25 30 30 25 30 30 Input number of trips taken 32 32 32 44 44 44 Input number of travelers 1 0 1 1 1 1 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 75 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 100 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 16 22 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 5 5 5 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 20 9 9 20 9 9 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 5 5 5 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 16 to 25 3 to 6 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 32 44 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 250.0 250.0 72.0 72.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 4000 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION CONSTRUCTION COST Entire Site Input total remedial action construction cost ($) 1,200,000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 7 6 2 17 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 40 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 40 30 Input well diameter (in) 2.0 2.0 2.0 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Typical Cement Typical Cement Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu cubic feet pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Light truck Cars Heavy Duty Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 25 25 25 Input number of trips taken 325 195 100 Input number of travelers 2 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 100 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Excavator Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 200 75 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 32 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1200 to 2000 75 to 100 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 5 5 5 5 0 0 Input total head (ft) 40 20 30 40 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 17 7 6 2 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 6 6 6 6 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 75 to 100 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 20 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Operating engineers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 372.0 40.0 100.0 50.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 75,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) 23328000 ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 23328000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION OPERATIONS COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total remedial action operations cost ($) 1,000,000 Input duration of remedial action operations (unit time) 10.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 25 25 Input number of trips taken 12 12 Input number of travelers 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 3 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 40 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 17 15 9 8 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 8640 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 120.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 45,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) 40000000 ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 40000000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION LONGTERM MONITORING COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total longterm monitoring cost ($) 725,000 Input duration of longterm monitoring (unit time) 20.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 25 Input number of trips taken 24 Input number of travelers 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 15 9 8 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 6 to 11 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Biodiesel 20 Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 3 to 6 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 160.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 1000.0

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Do you wish to use footprint reduction methods for this remedial alternative? No BASELINE INFORMATION ELECTRICITY RATE Choose state for electricity rate calculation AL Choose region from drop down menu for emission reduction calculations (scroll right to see figure) AKGD Average electricity rate (2007) ($/kWh) 0.08 Input electricity rate to override default ($/kWh) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Final electricity rate to be used ($/kWh) 0.08 REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE COST Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 3,275,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION ELECTRICAL ENERGY LANDFILL GAS MICROTURBINES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Landfill methane emissions from landfill space and emissions (metric tons CH4) 6.0E-01 6.0E-01 3.0E+00 6.0E+00 Method 2: Override the landfill methane emissions entered previously (metric ton CH4) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Choose method of landfill gas calculation Method 1 Enter duration of landfill gas microturbine operation (years) 0.0 Final landfill methane emissions to be used in footprint reduction calculations (scf/year) 0.0E+00 Heat of combustion of methane gas (Btu/scf) 975.9 Fuel flow achieved (Btu/hr) 0.0 Recommended microturbine CR30 Total capacity (kWh/year) 0.0 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 WIND POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 1.2E-02 6.5E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of wind power operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from wind systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 U.S. region where the site is located (see figure at right) Southeast System desired output (kW) 0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Installation cost ($/kW) 1,912 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the wind turbine system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 SOLAR POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 1.2E-02 6.5E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of PV system operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from PV systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 Energy available for system operation (hours/year) 1,642.5 Recommended system size (kW) < 2 Installation cost ($/W) 9.20 Capital cost of photovoltaic installation ($) 0 O&M cost of installing PV cells ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 1.2E-02 6.5E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of REC purchase (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from RECs 0 Desired REC capacity (kWh/year) 0 Choose product name Green Certificates Premium of chosen product, $/kWh 0.012 Certificate maker 3 Phases Renewables Location of renewable resource Nationwide Renewable resource type 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Enter REC premium to override, $/kWh (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Total cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Net electricity replacement Total electricity replacement (MWh) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Reduction due to electricity replacement Total lifecycle energy replacement (mmBtu) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 GHG emissions avoided (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Reduction due to landfill methane capture and use Landfill gas reduction (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Increase due to microturbine operation GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Net footprint reduction (negatives value indicate increase in emissions) GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 COST OF ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION REDUCTION Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 3,275,000 Total cost of electricity consumption reduction methods ($) 0 Cost of landfill gas microturbines ($) 0 Cost of wind power system ($) 0 Cost of solar power system ($) 0 Cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Total electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Total cost of the remedial alternative with electric consumption reduction methods and cost avoidance ($) 3,275,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BIODIESEL 20 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Incremental cost of using Biodiesel 20 ($/gal) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 DIESEL OXIDATION CATALYSTS Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Average cost of DOC installation ($/unit) 540.00 540.00 540.00 540.00 Enter cost of DOC installation to override default ($/unit) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Total cost of DOCs ($) 0 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter cost of variable frequency drives ($) 0 0 0 0 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION WATER RECYCLING WATER RECYCLING Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter amount of water recycled (gal) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Amount of water recycled (gal) 0 0 0 0

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REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE GENERATION MANAGEMENT Currently loaded remedial alternative: RA_GW Pump Treat 1300 LF_NoFR_1

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. 117 1.8 2.1 104 EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 Emissions (grams / mile) Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available)

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average 2 Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) Best Fit Equation c Fuel Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Emissions (grams / scf) a Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b 1

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available) Emissions (grams / mile) Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 1.8 2.1 Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 117 104

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Best Fit Equation c 2 Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) 1 Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b Emissions (grams / scf) a Fuel Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas



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SITE INFORMATION User Name and Date kathy gaynor Site Name NAS Pensacola Remedial Alternative Name Trench 1300LF 40D 3W Active Alternative File Name (will be used in graphics and as file name; avoid invalid characters, e.g. ? : / \ < > | _) Trench 1300LF 40D 3W Active Choose electricity region SRSO Do you want to reload a previously saved remedial alternative in the SiteWise input sheet? Reset all input values on all worksheets to default SiteWise TM Tool for Green and Sustainable Remediation has been developed jointly by United States (US) Navy, United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Battelle. This tool is made available on an as-is basis without guarantee or warranty of any kind, express or implied. The US Navy, USACE, Battelle, the authors, and the reviewers accept no liability resulting from the use of this tool or its documentation; nor does the above warrant or otherwise represent in any way the accuracy, adequacy, efficacy, or applicability of the contents hereof. Implementation of SiteWise TM tool and interpretation or use of the results provided by the tool are the sole responsibility of the user. The tool is provided free of charge for everyone to use, but is not supported in any way by the US Navy, USACE, or Battelle.

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION COST Entire Site Input total remedial investigation cost ($) 350000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 8 3 6 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 2 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu Gravel HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) 400 Input depth of material (ft) 8 WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 2,000 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Light truck Light truck Heavy Duty Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 30 30 30 30 30 Input number of trips taken 32 32 32 44 44 44 Input number of travelers 1 1 1 1 1 1 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 75 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 100 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 16 22 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 5 5 5 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 20 9 9 20 9 9 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 5 5 5 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 6 to 11 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 16 to 25 16 to 25 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 32 44 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 250.0 250.0 72.0 72.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 175,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 4000 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION CONSTRUCTION COST Entire Site Input total remedial action construction cost ($) 1,200,000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 7 6 2 1 1 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 1,500 1,300 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 HDPE Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 1/2 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 40 30 Input well diameter (in) 2.0 2.0 2.0 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Typical Cement Typical Cement Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Lime Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu cubic feet pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 150,150 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Light truck Cars Heavy Duty Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 24 22 21 Input number of trips taken 400 275 140 Input number of travelers 2 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 12,000 60 60 2,100 2,100 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 20.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) 250 Input weight of load (tons) 8342 EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Loader/Backhoe Excavator Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 850 850 850 150 5,562 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 10 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1200 to 2000 75 to 100 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) 70 48 For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 2 2 2 30 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 40 20 40 Input number of pumps operating 5 5 2 2 15 8 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 8 8 8 102 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 75 to 100 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 20 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) 13,000 Input time available (work days) 10 MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 2350.0 36.0 128.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.1 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) 260000 ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 260000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION OPERATIONS COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total remedial action operations cost ($) 750,000 Input duration of remedial action operations (unit time) 10.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 30 Input number of trips taken 36 36 Input number of travelers 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 20 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0 Input total head (ft) 40 20 30 40 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 2 15 9 6 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 8640 1 1 1 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 160.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) 20736000 ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 20736000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION LONGTERM MONITORING COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total longterm monitoring cost ($) 725,000 Input duration of longterm monitoring (unit time) 20.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 Input number of trips taken 24 Input number of travelers 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 15 9 8 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 0 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 6 to 11 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Biodiesel 20 Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 3 to 6 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 160.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 1000.0

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Do you wish to use footprint reduction methods for this remedial alternative? No BASELINE INFORMATION ELECTRICITY RATE Choose state for electricity rate calculation AL Choose region from drop down menu for emission reduction calculations (scroll right to see figure) AKGD Average electricity rate (2007) ($/kWh) 0.08 Input electricity rate to override default ($/kWh) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Final electricity rate to be used ($/kWh) 0.08 REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE COST Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 3,025,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION ELECTRICAL ENERGY LANDFILL GAS MICROTURBINES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Landfill methane emissions from landfill space and emissions (metric tons CH4) 6.0E-01 4.5E-01 3.0E+00 6.0E+00 Method 2: Override the landfill methane emissions entered previously (metric ton CH4) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Choose method of landfill gas calculation Method 1 Enter duration of landfill gas microturbine operation (years) 0.0 Final landfill methane emissions to be used in footprint reduction calculations (scf/year) 0.0E+00 Heat of combustion of methane gas (Btu/scf) 975.9 Fuel flow achieved (Btu/hr) 0.0 Recommended microturbine CR30 Total capacity (kWh/year) 0.0 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 WIND POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.2E-02 5.1E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of wind power operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from wind systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 U.S. region where the site is located (see figure at right) Southeast System desired output (kW) 0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Installation cost ($/kW) 1,912 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the wind turbine system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 SOLAR POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.2E-02 5.1E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of PV system operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from PV systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 Energy available for system operation (hours/year) 1,642.5 Recommended system size (kW) < 2 Installation cost ($/W) 9.20 Capital cost of photovoltaic installation ($) 0 O&M cost of installing PV cells ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 9.2E-02 5.1E+01 6.6E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of REC purchase (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from RECs 0 Desired REC capacity (kWh/year) 0 Choose product name Green Certificates Premium of chosen product, $/kWh 0.012 Certificate maker 3 Phases Renewables Location of renewable resource Nationwide Renewable resource type 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Enter REC premium to override, $/kWh (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Total cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Net electricity replacement Total electricity replacement (MWh) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Reduction due to electricity replacement Total lifecycle energy replacement (mmBtu) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 GHG emissions avoided (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Reduction due to landfill methane capture and use Landfill gas reduction (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Increase due to microturbine operation GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Net footprint reduction (negatives value indicate increase in emissions) GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 COST OF ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION REDUCTION Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 3,025,000 Total cost of electricity consumption reduction methods ($) 0 Cost of landfill gas microturbines ($) 0 Cost of wind power system ($) 0 Cost of solar power system ($) 0 Cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Total electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Total cost of the remedial alternative with electric consumption reduction methods and cost avoidance ($) 3,025,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BIODIESEL 20 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Incremental cost of using Biodiesel 20 ($/gal) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 DIESEL OXIDATION CATALYSTS Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Average cost of DOC installation ($/unit) 540.00 540.00 540.00 540.00 Enter cost of DOC installation to override default ($/unit) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Total cost of DOCs ($) 0 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter cost of variable frequency drives ($) 0 0 0 0 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION WATER RECYCLING WATER RECYCLING Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter amount of water recycled (gal) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Amount of water recycled (gal) 0 0 0 0

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REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE GENERATION MANAGEMENT Currently loaded remedial alternative: RA_Trench 1300LF 40D 3W Active_NoFR_1

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. 117 1.8 2.1 104 EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 Emissions (grams / mile) Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available)

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average 2 Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) Best Fit Equation c Fuel Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Emissions (grams / scf) a Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b 1

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available) Emissions (grams / mile) Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 1.8 2.1 Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 117 104

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Best Fit Equation c 2 Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) 1 Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b Emissions (grams / scf) a Fuel Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas



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SITE INFORMATION User Name and Date kathy gaynor Site Name NAS Pensacola Remedial Alternative Name Trench 1300LF 40D 3W Passive Alternative File Name (will be used in graphics and as file name; avoid invalid characters, e.g. ? : / \ < > | _) Trench 1300LF 40D 3W Passive Choose electricity region SRSO Do you want to reload a previously saved remedial alternative in the SiteWise input sheet? Reset all input values on all worksheets to default SiteWise TM Tool for Green and Sustainable Remediation has been developed jointly by United States (US) Navy, United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Battelle. This tool is made available on an as-is basis without guarantee or warranty of any kind, express or implied. The US Navy, USACE, Battelle, the authors, and the reviewers accept no liability resulting from the use of this tool or its documentation; nor does the above warrant or otherwise represent in any way the accuracy, adequacy, efficacy, or applicability of the contents hereof. Implementation of SiteWise TM tool and interpretation or use of the results provided by the tool are the sole responsibility of the user. The tool is provided free of charge for everyone to use, but is not supported in any way by the US Navy, USACE, or Battelle.

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION COST Entire Site Input total remedial investigation cost ($) 350000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 8 3 6 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 2 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu Gravel HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) 400 Input depth of material (ft) 8 WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 2,000 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Light truck Light truck Heavy Duty Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 30 30 30 30 30 Input number of trips taken 32 32 32 44 44 44 Input number of travelers 1 1 1 1 1 1 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 75 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 100 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 16 22 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 5 5 5 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 20 9 9 20 9 9 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 5 5 5 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 16 to 25 16 to 25 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 32 44 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 250.0 250.0 72.0 72.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 175,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 4000 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION CONSTRUCTION COST Entire Site Input total remedial action construction cost ($) 1,200,000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 7 6 2 1 1 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 1,500 1,300 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 HDPE Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 1/2 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 40 30 Input well diameter (in) 2.0 2.0 2.0 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Typical Cement Typical Cement Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Lime Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu cubic feet pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 150,150 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Light truck Cars Heavy Duty Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 24 22 21 Input number of trips taken 400 275 140 Input number of travelers 2 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 12,000 60 60 2,100 2,100 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 40.00 20.00 0.00 20.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) 250 Input weight of load (tons) 8342 EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Loader/Backhoe Excavator Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 850 850 850 150 5,562 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 15 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1200 to 2000 75 to 100 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) 70 48 For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 2 2 2 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 30 20 40 Input number of pumps operating 7 6 2 9 5 7 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 8 8 8 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 75 to 100 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 20 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) 13,000 Input time available (work days) 10 MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Scientific and technical services Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 2350.0 36.0 128.0 80.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.1 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 2000 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) 2000 ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION OPERATIONS COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total remedial action operations cost ($) Input duration of remedial action operations (unit time) MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input total head (ft) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips Input number of miles per trip LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal)

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION LONGTERM MONITORING COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total longterm monitoring cost ($) 725,000 Input duration of longterm monitoring (unit time) 30.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 Input number of trips taken 24 Input number of travelers 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 15 9 8 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 0 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 6 to 11 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Biodiesel 20 Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 3 to 6 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 160.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 52,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 1000.0

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Do you wish to use footprint reduction methods for this remedial alternative? No BASELINE INFORMATION ELECTRICITY RATE Choose state for electricity rate calculation AL Choose region from drop down menu for emission reduction calculations (scroll right to see figure) AKGD Average electricity rate (2007) ($/kWh) 0.08 Input electricity rate to override default ($/kWh) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Final electricity rate to be used ($/kWh) 0.08 REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE COST Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 2,275,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION ELECTRICAL ENERGY LANDFILL GAS MICROTURBINES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Landfill methane emissions from landfill space and emissions (metric tons CH4) 6.0E-01 4.5E-01 0.0E+00 9.0E+00 Method 2: Override the landfill methane emissions entered previously (metric ton CH4) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Choose method of landfill gas calculation Method 1 Enter duration of landfill gas microturbine operation (years) 0.0 Final landfill methane emissions to be used in footprint reduction calculations (scf/year) 0.0E+00 Heat of combustion of methane gas (Btu/scf) 975.9 Fuel flow achieved (Btu/hr) 0.0 Recommended microturbine CR30 Total capacity (kWh/year) 0.0 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 WIND POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 2.4E-03 0.0E+00 9.9E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of wind power operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from wind systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 U.S. region where the site is located (see figure at right) Southeast System desired output (kW) 0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Installation cost ($/kW) 1,912 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the wind turbine system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 SOLAR POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 2.4E-03 0.0E+00 9.9E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of PV system operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from PV systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 Energy available for system operation (hours/year) 1,642.5 Recommended system size (kW) < 2 Installation cost ($/W) 9.20 Capital cost of photovoltaic installation ($) 0 O&M cost of installing PV cells ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 2.4E-03 0.0E+00 9.9E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of REC purchase (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from RECs 0 Desired REC capacity (kWh/year) 0 Choose product name Green Certificates Premium of chosen product, $/kWh 0.012 Certificate maker 3 Phases Renewables Location of renewable resource Nationwide Renewable resource type 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Enter REC premium to override, $/kWh (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Total cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Net electricity replacement Total electricity replacement (MWh) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Reduction due to electricity replacement Total lifecycle energy replacement (mmBtu) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 GHG emissions avoided (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Reduction due to landfill methane capture and use Landfill gas reduction (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Increase due to microturbine operation GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Net footprint reduction (negatives value indicate increase in emissions) GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 COST OF ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION REDUCTION Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 2,275,000 Total cost of electricity consumption reduction methods ($) 0 Cost of landfill gas microturbines ($) 0 Cost of wind power system ($) 0 Cost of solar power system ($) 0 Cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Total electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Total cost of the remedial alternative with electric consumption reduction methods and cost avoidance ($) 2,275,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BIODIESEL 20 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Incremental cost of using Biodiesel 20 ($/gal) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 DIESEL OXIDATION CATALYSTS Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Average cost of DOC installation ($/unit) 540.00 540.00 540.00 540.00 Enter cost of DOC installation to override default ($/unit) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Total cost of DOCs ($) 0 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter cost of variable frequency drives ($) 0 0 0 0 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION WATER RECYCLING WATER RECYCLING Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter amount of water recycled (gal) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Amount of water recycled (gal) 0 0 0 0

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REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE GENERATION MANAGEMENT Currently loaded remedial alternative: RA_Trench 1300LF 40D 3W Passive_NoFR_1

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. 117 1.8 2.1 104 EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 Emissions (grams / mile) Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available)

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average 2 Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) Best Fit Equation c Fuel Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Emissions (grams / scf) a Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b 1

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available) Emissions (grams / mile) Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 1.8 2.1 Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 117 104

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. f Propane energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Values were converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. g Jet fuel energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. h Fuel oil energy value from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Value was converted from mmBtu/1000 gal to Btu/gal. i Propane gas energy value from Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 322. Table 7d: Water treatment impact kg CO 2 e / gal g NOx / gal g SOx / gal g PM 10 / gal Btu / gal Municipal water treatment a,b 2.2E-03 4.3E-03 2.3E-03 6.5E-03 6.5E+01 Wastewater treatment a,c 1.1E-01 2.2E-01 1.0E-01 2.4E-03 1.5E+01 a Emission factor values obtained from European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Environment and Sustainability, Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment, ELCD Database. Values were converted from kg/kg to kg/gal or g/gal. Value for CO2e was calculated by adding the emission factors for CO2, N2O, and CH4 after multiplying the factors by their GWP (see Table 1a). b Energy value for water treatment obtained from Stokes, J.R. and A. Horvath. 2009. Energy and Air Emission Effects of Water Supply. Environmental Science and Technology 43, 2680-2687. Value was converted from MJ/cubic meter to Btu/gal. c Energy value for wastewater treatment obtained from EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7e: Lab analysis impact CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 Energy Laboratory analysis lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ lb/$ MMBTU/$ 1.3 0.0045 0.003 0.000114 0.0088 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 8a: Other constants used in calculation workbook formulas Particulate reduction technology for diesel vehicles a 0.3 fraction of original PM 10 Variables in equation to calculate fuel efficiency (mpg) by weight of load for road transportation b =ax + b a = -0.1024 b = 7.4 x = load (tons) Conversions used to calculate electric pump horsepower Density of water 8.34 lb H2O/gal 33013 ft lbs/min hp Efficiency factor for generation and transmission of electricity c 0.33 fraction of original energy Water used in electricity generation d 510 gal/MWh Determining tractor horsepower e work day 8 hr/day average speed 5 mi/hr conversion factor 375 mi lbf/hr hp efficiency factor for tractor use 0.825 Thermal oxidizer constants used f Variables in best fit equation to calculate heat capacity at inlet, Btu/scf =ax + b a = 0.0000009 b = 0.0179 x = inlet temp (F) 24.055 molar gas volume at 293K 86 454 28.3 18976 1.1 60 min/hr Density of methane gas g 0.6443 kg/m 3 a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Clean Diesel Technologies & Alternative Fuels" fact sheet (March 2008). Value represents the average of the upper end of the ranges of DPF and DOC retrofit devices. b Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Variables were determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot. c U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.energy.gov/energysources/electricpower.htm. Accessed: 28 April, 2011. d Arizona Water Institute (AWI). 2007. The Water Costs of Electricity in Arizona. Available at: http://www.azwaterinstitute.org/media/Pasqualetti%20fact%20sheet. Value for electricity generation from coal was used. e Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. f Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321-323. Variables in best fit equation determined from Figure 35.5. g CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 91st Ed. Table 9a: Electrical power data Residential Commercial Industrial Total Wind Region AL 0.09 0.09 0.05 0.08 Southeast AK 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 U.S. Average AZ 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.09 Mountain AR 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland CA 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 California CO 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Mountain CT 0.19 0.15 0.13 0.16 New England DE 0.13 0.11 0.09 0.11 East FL 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 Southeast GA 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.08 Southeast HI 0.24 0.22 0.18 0.21 U.S. Average Estimated operating speed (mph) Operating Width (source) Best Fit Equation c 2 Emissions (lb / gal) or (lb/scf) natural gas only Census Division State Average Retail Price ($ per kWh) 1 Emissions (grams / gallon) a,b Emissions (grams / scf) a Fuel Emissions (lb / MMBTU) a,b,c,d

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ID 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 Northwest IL 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.08 Great Lakes IN 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Great Lakes IA 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KS 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland KY 0.07 0.07 0.04 0.06 East LA 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.08 Southeast ME 0.17 0.13 0.14 0.15 New England MD 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.12 East MA 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.15 New England MI 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.09 Great Lakes MN 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.07 Heartland MS 0.09 0.09 0.06 0.08 Southeast MO 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.07 Heartland MT 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Northwest NE 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.06 Heartland NV 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Mountain NH 0.15 0.14 0.12 0.14 New England NJ 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.13 East NM 0.09 0.08 0.06 0.07 Mountain NY 0.17 0.16 0.09 0.15 East NC 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.08 East ND 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Heartland OH 0.10 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes OK 0.09 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland OR 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Northwest PA 0.11 0.09 0.07 0.09 East RI 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 New England SC 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.07 Southeast SD 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.07 Heartland TN 0.08 0.08 0.05 0.07 East TX 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.10 Texas UT 0.08 0.07 0.05 0.06 Mountain VT 0.14 0.12 0.09 0.12 New England VA 0.09 0.06 0.05 0.07 East WA 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 Northwest WV 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.05 East WI 0.11 0.09 0.06 0.08 Great Lakes WY 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.05 Mountain U.S. Total 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.09 U.S. Average http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epa/epa_sum.html#seven Table 9b: Microturbine cost and performance characteristics Low fuel flow (Btu/hr) High fuel flow (Btu/hr) Capstone MicroTurbines Fuel Flow (Btu/hr) Electric Capacity (kW) Equipment Costs ($) O&M Costs ($/kWh) Net Heat Rate, HHV (Btu/KWh) Electrical Efficiency, HHV (%) 0 433,000 CR30 433,000 30 65,000 0.015 13,100 26 433,000 842,000 CR65&CR65-ICHP 842,000 65 120,000 0.015 11,800 29 842,000 2,280,000 CR200 2,280,000 200 320,000 0.015 10,300 33 2,280,000 6,840,000 CR600 6,840,000 600 900,000 0.015 103,000 33 6,840,000 9,120,000 CR800 9,120,000 800 1,120,000 0.015 10,300 33 9,120,000 12,000,000 CR1000 12,000,000 1000 1,300,000 0.015 10,300 33 Sam Brewer, General Manager, Eastern Region, GEM Energy Management / BHP Energy, 432 Broadway, Suite 10, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866, (518)490-6446 (office), (518)649-6583 (cell), sbrewer@rlcos.com *Installation costs are standard for installation in rural environments in buildings under 5 stories. In metro areas the installation costs would increase by a factor of 2. Table 9c: Microturbine Emissions at Full Load (lb/kWh) CO 2 N2O CH 4 NO X SO 2 TPM 3.45E+00 2.20E-03 8.21E-05 3.70E-02 6.00E-04 Table 9d: Wind cost and performance characteristics Region a Cost and Performance Characteristics Texas Heartland Mountain Great Lakes Northwest New England California East Southeast U.S. Average 2007 Capacity Factor (%) 0.32 0.36 0.33 0.26 0.32 0.22 0.34 0.28 0.35 0.35 Installation Cost (2007 $/kW) 1,600 1,400 1,540 1,540 1,540 2,200 1,540 1,700 1,912 1,912 Wind Power Prices (2007 $/kW) 30 39 44 50 51 58 59 62 49 49 O&M Cost ($/MWh) b 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 a U.S. Department of Engery. Office of Energy Efficiency and Reneable Energy. "Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost and Performace Trends: 2007." May 2008. Table 9e: Solar power data State Horizontal Flat Plate hours/day AL 4.5 AK 2.5 AZ 5.5 AR 4.5 CA 5 CO 4.5 CT 3.5 DE 4.5 FL 4.5 GA 4.5 HI 5 ID 4 IL 4 IN 4 IA 4 KS 4.5 KY 4.5 LA 4.5 ME 3.5 MD 4 MA 3.5 MI 3.5 MN 3.5 MS 4.5 MO 4.5 MT 4 NE 4.5 NV 5 NH 3.5 NJ 3.5 NM 5.5 NY 3.5 NC 4.5 ND 3.5 OH 3.5 OK 4.5 OR 4.5 PA 3.5 RI 3.5 SC 4.5 SD 4.5 TN 4.5 TX 5 UT 4.5 VT 3.5 VA 4.5 WA 3.5 WV 3.5 WI 3.5 WY 4.5 U.S. Total 4.16 National Solar Radiation Data Base. Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-Plat and Concentrating Collectors. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/redbook/atlas/ Table 9f: PV system sizing table Minimum Capacity (kW) Maximum Capacity (kW) System Size Range (kW DC ) Installed Cost ($2008/W DC ) a O&M Cost (% of installed) b 0 2 < 2 9.2 0.400 2 5 8.2 0.400 5 10 8 0.399 10 30 7.9 0.396 30 100 8 0.384 100 250 7.8 0.372 250 500 6.8 0.366 500 750 6.5 0.360 750 1000 > 750 7 0.353 b O&M Costs were calculated by linear interpolation from the values in Table 9g. Values represent the year 2008 to correspond to Installed Cost. Table 9g: PV system annual O&M cost (% of installed cost) Year: 2005 2011 2020 4 kW Residential Reference System 0.5 0.3 0.2 150 kW Commercial Reference System 0.45 0.3 0.2 10 MW Flat Plate Utility System 0.15 0.1 0.1 Table 9h: National Retail REC Products Product Name Certificate Marketer Renewable Resources Location of Renewable Resources Residential Price Premiums* Price Premium, $/kWh Green Certificates 3 Phases Renewables 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Nationwide 1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Renewable Energy Certificates 3 Degrees 100% new wind Nationwide 1.5¢/kWh 0.015 Cool Watts Native Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.8¢/kWh 0.008 Solar Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new solar Nationwide 5.6¢/kWh 0.056 Wind & Solar Green Tags Blend Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new wind, 50% new solar Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Wind Green Tags Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% wind Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 CSG CleanBuild Carbon Solutions Group biomass, biogas, wind, solar, hydro Nationwide 0.9¢/kWh 0.009 My GreenFuture Carbonfund.org 99% new wind, 1% new solar Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 CleanWatts Choose 100% new wind Nationwide 1.7¢/kWh 0.017 NewWind Energy Community Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Good Green RECs Good Energy various Nationwide 0.4¢/kWh1.5¢/kWh 0.015 BeGreen RECs Green Mountain Energy wind, solar, biomass Nationwide 1.4¢/kWh 0.014 Positive Juice-Wind Juice Energy 100% wind Nationwide 1.1¢/kWh 0.011 Premier 100% Wind REC Premier Energy Marketing 100% wind Nationwide 0.95¢/kWh2.0¢/kWh 0.020 American Wind Renewable Choice Energy 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.005 Wind-e Renewable Energy Sky Energy, Inc. 100% new wind Nationwide 2.4¢/kWh 0.024 Sky Blue 40 Sky Blue Electric 100% wind Nationwide 4.2¢/kWh 0.042 Sterling Wind Sterling Planet 100% new wind Nationwide 1.85¢/kWh 0.019 Green-e RECs TerraPass 100% new wind Nationwide 0.5¢/kWh 0.001 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Renewable Energy Credit Program WindStreet Energy wind Nationwide ~1.2¢/kWh 0.012 Remooable Energy Native Energy 100% new biogas Pennsylvania 0.8¢/kWh1.0¢/kWh 0.010 Denali Green Tags (Alaska only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 100% new wind 10% Alaska, 90% Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Zephyr Energy (Kansas only) Bonneville Environmental Foundation 50% new low-impact hydropower Midwest, West 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 PVUSA Solar Green Certificates MMA Renewable Ventures 100% solar California 3.3¢/kWh 0.033 Maine WindWatts Maine Renewable Energy/Maine Interfaith Power & Light 100% new wind Maine 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 New England Wind Fund Mass Energy Consumers Alliance 100% new wind New England ~5.0¢/kWh (donation) 0.050 SC Green Power Santee Cooper landfill gas, solar South Carolina 3.0¢/kWh 0.030 Village Green Power Village Green Energy solar, wind biogas California, Nationwide 2.0¢/kWh2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Iowa Energy Tags Waverly Light & Power 100% wind Iowa 2.0¢/kWh 0.020 Chesapeake Windcurrent WindCurrent 100% new wind Mid-Atlantic States 2.5¢/kWh 0.025 Product prices are updated as of August 2010. Premium may also apply to small commercial customers. Large users may be able to negotiate price premiums. Table 9i: Other footprint reduction items Average cost of Biodiesel 20 3.14 $/gallon Average cost of DOC unit b 540 $/machine b

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Table A: Conversion Factors Factor Units 0.4535924 kg/lb 3.785412 L/gal 0.001055056 MJ/BTU 3.6 MJ/kWh 0.7456999 kW/hp 0.02831685 m 3 /ft 3 5,280 ft/mi 43,560 ft 2 /acre 2,204.6 lb/metric ton CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Ed. Some conversion factors were calculated from other conversions within the source. Table B: Defined selections with range titles Table1b_schedule Table1c_inject Table1c_construct Table1c_decommission Table1c_gac Table1c_units Sch 40 PVC Acetic Acid HDPE Liner Soil Virgin GAC pounds Sch 80 PVC Fertilizer General Concrete Sand Regenerated GAC kilograms Sch 120 PVC Hydrochloric Acid Gravel General Concrete Ion Exchange Resin cubic feet Sch 40 Steel Hydrogen Peroxide Typical Cement Gravel cubic meters Sch 80 Steel Ion Exchange Resin Typical Cement Sch 5S Stainless Steel Lime Sch 10S Stainless Steel Mulch Sch 40S Stainless Steel Phosphate Fertilizer Sch 80S Stainless Steel Soda Ash SDR 9 HDPE Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) SDR 11 HDPE Sodium Hypochlorite SDR 17 HDPE Urea Sch 40 HDPE Vegetable Oil Sch 80 HDPE ZVI Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Table B: Defined selections with range titles (continued) Table2b_fuel Table2b_truck Table3b_list Table3b_fuel Table3d_fuel Table4a_equipment Table6gh_list Table6j_list Table7c_oxidizer Gasoline On-road truck Dozer Diesel Gasoline Blower Roller Diesel Natural gas Diesel Heavy Duty Excavator Biodiesel 20 Diesel Compressor Paver Biodiesel 20 Propane Biodiesel 20 Loader/Backhoe E-Diesel Mixer E-Diesel E-Diesel Scraper Other Gasoline Natural Gas



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SITE INFORMATION User Name and Date kathy gaynor Site Name NAS Pensacola Remedial Alternative Name Trench 675LF 18D 1W Active Alternative File Name (will be used in graphics and as file name; avoid invalid characters, e.g. ? : / \ < > | _) Trench 675LF 18D 1W Active Choose electricity region SRSO Do you want to reload a previously saved remedial alternative in the SiteWise input sheet? Reset all input values on all worksheets to default SiteWise TM Tool for Green and Sustainable Remediation has been developed jointly by United States (US) Navy, United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and Battelle. This tool is made available on an as-is basis without guarantee or warranty of any kind, express or implied. The US Navy, USACE, Battelle, the authors, and the reviewers accept no liability resulting from the use of this tool or its documentation; nor does the above warrant or otherwise represent in any way the accuracy, adequacy, efficacy, or applicability of the contents hereof. Implementation of SiteWise TM tool and interpretation or use of the results provided by the tool are the sole responsibility of the user. The tool is provided free of charge for everyone to use, but is not supported in any way by the US Navy, USACE, or Battelle.

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL INVESTIGATION COST Entire Site Input total remedial investigation cost ($) 350000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 8 3 6 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 2 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu Gravel HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) 400 Input depth of material (ft) 8 WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 2,000 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Light truck Heavy Duty Light truck Light truck Heavy Duty Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 30 30 30 30 30 Input number of trips taken 32 32 32 44 44 44 Input number of travelers 1 1 1 1 1 1 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 75 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 100 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 16 22 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 5 5 5 0.1 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 20 30 40 Input number of pumps operating 20 9 9 20 9 9 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 5 5 5 1 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 16 to 25 16 to 25 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 32 44 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 250.0 250.0 72.0 72.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 175,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 4000 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 2000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION CONSTRUCTION COST Entire Site Input total remedial action construction cost ($) 550,000 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 5 4 2 1 1 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 30 40 1,500 675 Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 HDPE Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 2 2 2 2 2 1/2 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells 13 6 3 Input depth of wells (ft) 20 40 30 Input well diameter (in) 2.0 2.0 2.0 Choose material from drop down menu Typical Cement Typical Cement Typical Cement Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Lime Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu cubic feet pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity 18,225 TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Light truck Cars Heavy Duty Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 24 22 21 Input number of trips taken 325 195 100 Input number of travelers 2 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. 6,000 60 1,080 1,080 60 Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) 40.00 40.00 40.00 0.00 20.00 EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Loader/Backhoe Excavator Loader/Backhoe Loader/Backhoe Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) 425 425 425 75 Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations 9 Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) 2 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 600 to 750 75 to 100 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) 36 24 For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 3 3 30 0.1 0.1 Input total head (ft) 20 30 20 20 30 Input number of pumps operating 5 4 1 3 5 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 5 5 102 1 1 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 75 to 100 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) 10 AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) 3,750 Input time available (work days) 6 MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Construction laborers Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 2350.0 36.0 128.0 80.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 45,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 1 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 1 1 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 0.1 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) 184000 ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 184000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION REMEDIAL ACTION OPERATIONS COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total remedial action operations cost ($) 500,000 Input duration of remedial action operations (unit time) 10.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 30 Input number of trips taken 12 12 Input number of travelers 1 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 20 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0 Input total head (ft) 18 20 30 40 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 1 13 7 6 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 8640 1 1 1 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 120.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 45,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) 10368000 ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 10368000.0

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This worksheet allows the user to define material production, transportation, equipment use, and residual handling variables for the remedial alternative Yellow cells require the user to choose an input from a drop down menu White cells require the user to type in a value BASELINE INFORMATION LONGTERM MONITORING COST AND DURATION Entire Site Input total longterm monitoring cost ($) 650,000 Input duration of longterm monitoring (unit time) 20.0 MATERIAL PRODUCTION WELL MATERIALS Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Choose specific material schedule from drop down menu Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 40 PVC Choose well diameter (in) from drop down menu 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 1/8 TREATMENT CHEMICALS & MATERIALS Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input number of injection points Choose material type from drop down menu Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide Input amount of material injected at each point (pounds dry mass) Input number of injections per injection point TREATMENT MEDIA Treatment 1 Treatment 2 Treatment 3 Treatment 4 Treatment 5 Treatment 6 Input weight of media used (lbs) Choose media type from drop down menu Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC Virgin GAC CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material type from drop down menu HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner HDPE Liner Input area of material (ft2) Input depth of material (ft) WELL DECOMMISSIONING Well Type 1 Well Type 2 Well Type 3 Well Type 4 Well Type 5 Well Type 6 Input number of wells Input depth of wells (ft) Input well diameter (in) Choose material from drop down menu Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil BULK MATERIAL QUANTITIES Material 1 Material 2 Material 3 Material 4 Material 5 Material 6 Choose material from drop down menu Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Acetic Acid Choose units of material quantity from drop down menu pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds pounds Input material quantity TRANSPORTATION PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose vehicle type from drop down menu* Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Cars Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input distance traveled per trip (miles) 30 Input number of trips taken 12 Input number of travelers 2 Input estimated vehicular fuel economy (mi/gal) (Input only if known for the vehicle selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) *For vehicle type 'Other' please enter values in Table 2b in the Look Up Table tab. PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of travelers Input number of flights taken PERSONNEL TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Choose vehicle type from drop down menu Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Intercity rail Input distance traveled (miles) Input number of trips taken Input number of travelers EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION ROAD Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total distance traveled (miles) with a given load. Add return trip(s) with no load in a separate column if applicable. Input weight of equipment transported per truck load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION AIR Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of equipment transported (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION RAIL Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (miles) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION WATER Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4 Trip 5 Trip 6 Input distance traveled (mile) Input weight of load (tons) EQUIPMENT USE EARTHWORK Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose earthwork equipment type from drop down menu Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Dozer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input volume of material to be removed (yd3) Will DIESEL-run equipment be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No

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DRILLING Event 1 Event 2 Event 3 Event 4 Event 5 Event 6 Input number of drilling locations Choose drilling method from drop down menu Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Direct Push Input time spent drilling at each location (hr) Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel TRENCHING Trencher 1 Trencher 2 Trencher 3 Trencher 4 Trencher 5 Trencher 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 Input operating hours (hr) For each pump, select only one of the three methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused pump columns or unused methods PUMP OPERATION Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose method from drop down Method 2 Method 2 Method 2 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input pump electrical usage (KWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Method 2 PUMP HEAD IS KNOWN Input flow rate (gpm) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 Input total head (ft) 20 30 40 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 13 7 6 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 1 1 1 0 0 0 Pump efficiency times motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.51 Input specific gravity (default already present, user override possible) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Method 3 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input pump horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of pumps operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each pump (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input pump load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input pump motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO DIESEL AND GASOLINE PUMPS Pump 1 Pump 2 Pump 3 Pump 4 Pump 5 Pump 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Diesel Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 6 to 11 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 Equipment operating hours (hrs) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the pump selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) For each type of equipment, select only one of the methods to calculate energy and GHG emissions Enter "0" for all user input values for unused equipment columns or unused methods BLOWER, COMPRESSOR, MIXER, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose type of equipment from drop down Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Blower Choose method from drop down Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 Method 1 NAME PLATE SPECIFICATIONS ARE KNOWN Input equipment horsepower (hp) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input number of equipments operating 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input operating time for each equipment (hrs) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Input equipment load (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Input motor efficiency (default already present, user override possible) 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 Method 2 ELECTRICAL USAGE IS KNOWN Input equipment electrical usage, if known (kWh) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Region Electricity Region SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO SRSO GENERATORS Generator 1 Generator 2 Generator 3 Generator 4 Generator 5 Generator 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 0 to 1 Input operating hours (hr) AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT Tillage Tractor 1 Tillage Tractor 2 Tillage Tractor 3 Tillage Tractor 4 Tillage Tractor 5 Tillage Tractor 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area to till (acre) Choose soil condition from drop down menu Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Firm untilled soil Choose soil type from drop down menu Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Clay Soil Input time available (work days) Input depth of tillage (in) CAPPING EQUIPMENT Equipment 1 Equipment 2 Equipment 3 Equipment 4 Equipment 5 Equipment 6 Choose stabilization equipment type from drop down menu Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Roller Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input area (ft2) Input time available (work days) MIXING EQUIPMENT Mixer 1 Mixer 2 Mixer 3 Mixer 4 Mixer 5 Mixer 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Biodiesel 20 Gasoline Choose horsepower range from drop down menu 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 1 to 3 3 to 6 1 to 3 Input volume (yd3) Input production rate (yd3/hr) Input estimated fuel consumption rate (gal/hr) (Input only if known for the mixer selected, otherwise a default will be used by the tool) INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES Engine 1 Engine 2 Engine 3 Engine 4 Engine 5 Engine 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Input fuel consumption rate (gal/hr or scf/hr) Input operating hours (hr) OTHER FUELED EQUIPMENT Fuel 1 Fuel 2 Fuel 3 Fuel 4 Fuel 5 Fuel 6 Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input volume (scf for Natural gas, gallons for all others)

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OPERATOR LABOR Occupation 1 Occupation 2 Occupation 3 Occupation 4 Occupation 5 Occupation 6 Choose occupation from drop-down menu Scientific and technical services Operating engineers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Construction laborers Input total time worked onsite (hours) 160.0 24.0 LABORATORY ANALYSIS Analysis 1 Analysis 2 Analysis 3 Analysis 4 Analysis 5 Analysis 6 Input dollars spent on laboratory analysis ($) 45,000.00 OTHER KNOWN ONSITE ACTIVITIES Entire Site Input energy usage (MMBTU) Water consumption (gallon) Input CO2 emission (metric ton) Input N2O emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input CH4 emission (metric ton CO2 e) Input NOx emission (metric ton) Input SOx emission (metric ton) Input PM10 emission (metric ton) Input fatality risk Input injury risk RESIDUAL HANDLING RESIDUE DISPOSAL/RECYCLING Soil Residue Residual Water Material Residue Other Residuals Other Residuals Other Residuals Will DIESEL-run vehicles be retrofitted with a particulate reduction technology? No No No No No No Input weight of the waste transported to landfill or recycling per trip (tons) 0 Choose fuel used from drop down menu Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Gasoline Input total number of trips 1 Input number of miles per trip 45 LANDFILL OPERATIONS Operation 1 Operation 2 Operation 3 Operation 4 Operation 5 Operation 6 Choose landfill type for waste disposal Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Non-Hazardous Input amount of waste disposed in landfill (tons) 0 Input landfill methane emissions (metric tons CH4) 0.3 THERMAL/CATALYTIC OXIDIZERS* Oxidizer 1 Oxidizer 2 Oxidizer 3 Oxidizer 4 Oxidizer 5 Oxidizer 6 Choose oxidizer type from drop down menu Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Simple Thermal Oxidizer Choose fuel type from drop down menu Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Natural gas Input waste gas flow rate (scfm) Input time running (hours) Input waste gas inlet temperature (F) Input contaminant concentration (ppmV) *(Electric blowers are included in the analysis) RESOURCE CONSUMPTION WATER CONSUMPTION Treatment System 1 Treatment System 2 Treatment System 3 Treatment System 4 Treatment System 5 Treatment System 6 Input total water consumed from potable water treatment facility (gal) 1500 Input total water disposed to wastewater treatment facility (gal) ONSITE LAND AND WATER RESOURCE CONSUMPTION Entire Site 1 Entire Site 2 Entire Site 3 Entire Site 4 Entire Site 5 Entire Site 6 Input volume of topsoil brought to site (cubic yards) Input volume of groundwater or surface water lost (gal) 1000.0

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Do you wish to use footprint reduction methods for this remedial alternative? No BASELINE INFORMATION ELECTRICITY RATE Choose state for electricity rate calculation AL Choose region from drop down menu for emission reduction calculations (scroll right to see figure) AKGD Average electricity rate (2007) ($/kWh) 0.08 Input electricity rate to override default ($/kWh) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Final electricity rate to be used ($/kWh) 0.08 REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE COST Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 2,050,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION ELECTRICAL ENERGY LANDFILL GAS MICROTURBINES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Landfill methane emissions from landfill space and emissions (metric tons CH4) 6.0E-01 4.5E-01 3.0E+00 6.0E+00 Method 2: Override the landfill methane emissions entered previously (metric ton CH4) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Choose method of landfill gas calculation Method 1 Enter duration of landfill gas microturbine operation (years) 0.0 Final landfill methane emissions to be used in footprint reduction calculations (scf/year) 0.0E+00 Heat of combustion of methane gas (Btu/scf) 975.9 Fuel flow achieved (Btu/hr) 0.0 Recommended microturbine CR30 Total capacity (kWh/year) 0.0 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 WIND POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 2.4E-02 1.1E+01 5.2E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of wind power operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from wind systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 U.S. region where the site is located (see figure at right) Southeast System desired output (kW) 0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Installation cost ($/kW) 1,912 Capital cost of the installed system ($) 0 O&M cost of the wind turbine system ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 SOLAR POWER Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 2.4E-02 1.1E+01 5.2E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of PV system operation (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from PV systems (%) 0 Desired installed capacity (kWh/year) 0 Energy available for system operation (hours/year) 1,642.5 Recommended system size (kW) < 2 Installation cost ($/W) 9.20 Capital cost of photovoltaic installation ($) 0 O&M cost of installing PV cells ($) 0 Total cost of the system ($) 0 Electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Simple payback period (years) 0.0 RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Choose "yes" or "no" to indicate if the footprint reduction technology will be implemented for each phase of the remedial alternative No No No No Method 1: Total from electrical equipment use and other known site activities (MWh) 9.5E-03 2.4E-02 1.1E+01 5.2E-04 Method 2: Override the electric consumption entered previously (MWh) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Choose method to calculate electricity use Method 1 Enter duration of REC purchase (years) 0.0 Electricity amount to be used in footprint reduction calculations (MWh) 0.0E+00 Enter percent electric supply desired from RECs 0 Desired REC capacity (kWh/year) 0 Choose product name Green Certificates Premium of chosen product, $/kWh 0.012 Certificate maker 3 Phases Renewables Location of renewable resource Nationwide Renewable resource type 100% biomass, geothermal, hydro, solar, wind Enter REC premium to override, $/kWh (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 Total cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Net electricity replacement Total electricity replacement (MWh) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override Method 1 represents the total from input sheet and method 2 represents the user override

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Reduction due to electricity replacement Total lifecycle energy replacement (mmBtu) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 GHG emissions avoided (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions avoided (metric ton ) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Reduction due to landfill methane capture and use Landfill gas reduction (metric ton CO 2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Increase due to microturbine operation GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 Net footprint reduction (negatives value indicate increase in emissions) GHG emissions (metric ton CO2 e) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 NOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 SOx emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 PM10 emissions (metric ton) 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 0.0E+00 COST OF ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION REDUCTION Total cost of the remedial alternative ($) 2,050,000 Total cost of electricity consumption reduction methods ($) 0 Cost of landfill gas microturbines ($) 0 Cost of wind power system ($) 0 Cost of solar power system ($) 0 Cost of renewable energy certificates ($) 0 Total electricity cost avoidance ($) 0 Total cost of the remedial alternative with electric consumption reduction methods and cost avoidance ($) 2,050,000 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION EMISSION REDUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BIODIESEL 20 Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Incremental cost of using Biodiesel 20 ($/gal) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 DIESEL OXIDATION CATALYSTS Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Average cost of DOC installation ($/unit) 540.00 540.00 540.00 540.00 Enter cost of DOC installation to override default ($/unit) (if known, otherwise enter "0") 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 Total cost of DOCs ($) 0 VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter cost of variable frequency drives ($) 0 0 0 0 FOOTPRINT REDUCTION WATER RECYCLING WATER RECYCLING Remedial Investigation Remedial Action Construction Remedial Action Operations Longterm Monitoring Enter amount of water recycled (gal) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Amount of water recycled (gal) 0 0 0 0

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REMEDIAL ALTERNATIVE GENERATION MANAGEMENT Currently loaded remedial alternative: RA_Trench 675LF 18D 1W Active_NoFR_1

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Table 1a: Global warming potentials for GHG other than CO 2 N 2 O GWP 310 CO 2 e CH 4 GWP 21 CO 2 e Table 1b: Pipe weight per unit length for PVC, Steel, Stainless Steel, and HDPE Nominal Pipe Size Schedule 40 PVC a Schedule 80 PVC a Schedule 120 PVC b Schedule 40 Steel c Schedule 80 Steel d Schedule 5S Stainless Steel e Schedule 10S Stainless Steel e Schedule 40S Stainless Steel e Schedule 80S Stainless Steel e SDR 9 HDPE f SDR 11 HDPE f SDR 17 HDPE f Schedule 40 HDPE f Schedule 80 HDPE f hidden cells for schedule 120 PVC Sch 40 PVC Sch 80 PVC Sch 120 PVC Sch 40 Steel Sch 80 Steel Sch 5S Stainless Steel Sch 10S Stainless Sch 40S Stainless Sch 80S SDR 9 HDPE SDR 11 HDPE SDR 17 HDPE Sch 40 HDPE Sch 80 HDPE (inches) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) (lb/ft) lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft lb/ft 1/8 0.051 0.063 0.24 0.31 0.19 0.25 0.32 0.5 1/4 0.086 0.105 0.42 0.54 0.33 0.42 0.54 0.75 3/8 0.115 0.146 0.57 0.74 0.42 0.57 0.74 1 1/2 0.17 0.213 0.236 0.85 1 0.54 0.67 0.85 1.09 0.10 0.09 1.25 3/4 0.226 0.289 0.311 1.13 1.47 0.69 0.86 1.13 1.48 0.15 0.13 0.09 0.15 0.19 1.5 1 0.333 0.424 0.464 1.68 2.17 0.87 1.40 1.68 2.18 0.24 0.20 0.14 0.22 0.28 2 1 1/4 0.45 0.586 0.649 2.27 3 1.12 1.81 2.28 3.00 0.37 0.31 0.22 0.30 0.38 2.5 1 1/2 0.537 0.711 0.787 2.72 3.65 1.28 2.09 2.73 3.64 0.49 0.41 0.28 0.35 0.47 3 2 0.72 0.984 1.111 3.65 5.02 1.61 2.64 3.66 5.03 0.76 0.64 0.43 0.47 0.64 4 2 1/2 1.136 1.5 1.615 5.79 7.66 2.48 3.53 5.81 7.66 1.12 0.94 0.63 0.74 0.98 6 3 1.488 2.01 2.306 7.58 10.3 3.04 4.34 7.59 10.28 1.66 1.39 0.93 0.97 1.32 8 4 2.118 2.938 3.713 10.79 14.9 3.92 5.62 10.82 14.98 2.74 2.29 1.54 1.65 1.92 5 2.874 4.078 14.61 20.8 6.36 7.79 14.65 20.83 4.18 3.51 2.35 1.90 2.67 6 3.733 5.61 7.132 18.97 28.6 7.59 9.34 19.02 28.63 5.93 4.97 3.34 2.44 3.67 8 5.619 8.522 11.277 28.55 43.4 9.95 13.44 28.56 43.41 10 7.966 12.635 40.48 64.4 15.25 18.68 40.59 54.77 12 10.534 17.384 53.6 88.6 21.03 24.26 49.66 65.45 14 12.462 20.852 63 107 16 16.286 26.81 78 137 18 20.587 33.544 105 171 20 24.183 41.047 123 209 24 33.652 58.233 171 297 a Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch40-80-dim.asp b Values obtained from http://www.harvel.com/pipepvc-sch120-dim.asp c Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_305.html d Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-steel-pipes-d_306.html e Values obtained from http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/ansi-stainless-steel-pipes-d_247.html. Values converted from kg/m to lb/ft f Values obtained from http://www.bdiky.com/images/files/Pipe%20Dimensions%2011-10.pdf Table 1c: Impact per kg of material Material kg CO2 e / kg MJ /kg MWH /kg Density (g /gal) Density (kg /m3) References Acetic Acid 1.36E+00 3.60E+01 1.00E-02 3.98E+03 1.05E+03 NREL LCI Database Bentonite 2.20E-01 3.00E+00 8.33E-04 6.81E+03 1.80E+03 CO2 and energy from Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press.; PM10 from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 11.25 Clay Processing". January 1995. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch11/final/c11 s25.pdf Fertilizer 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database Virgin GAC 2.51E+01 1.21E+02 3.35E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Goldblum, Deborah. Presentation: April 24, 2008. "Carbon Calculus." EPA Region 3, ASTSWMO Mid-Year. General Concrete 1.30E-01 9.50E-01 2.64E-04 8.98E+03 2.37E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Glass 8.50E-01 1.50E+01 4.17E-03 9.08E+03 2.40E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Gravel 1.70E-02 3.00E-01 8.33E-05 6.37E+03 1.68E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. HDPE 2.40E+00 8.44E+01 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 *used the values for "HDPE Pipe" from Hammond and Jones HDPE Liner 3.00E+00 1.04E+02 2.89E-02 3.65E+03 9.65E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Ion Exchange Resin 3.73E+00 8.72E+01 2.42E-02 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 Estimated emissions by Battelle; further research is required Hydrochloric Acid 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.53E+03 1.20E+03 Life Cycle Inventory software GaBi (version 4.3.85.1). Developed by PE International and LCI Process Database (version 4.126). Developed by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Hydrogen Peroxide 1.34E+00 2.30E+01 6.39E-03 4.55E+03 1.20E+03 Boustead, I. and M. Fawer. 1997. "Ecoprofile of Hydrogen Peroxide." Section 5: Ecoprofile Results. (http://www.cefic.be/sector/peroxy/ecohydro/2.h tm). LDPE 1.90E+00 8.93E+01 2.48E-02 3.50E+03 9.25E+02 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Lime 8.48E-01 6.29E+00 1.75E-03 4.92E+03 1.30E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Mulch 2.60E-01 5.84E+00 1.62E-03 2.35E+03 6.20E+02 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 Phosphate Fertilizer 1.76E-01 5.98E+00 1.66E-03 7.99E+03 2.11E+03 NREL LCI Database; EGRID 2002 PVC 3.11E+00 6.75E+01 1.88E-02 5.26E+03 1.39E+03 NREL LCI Database Regenerated GAC 2.00E+00 2.23E+01 6.19E-03 9.09E+02 2.40E+02 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sand 5.00E-03 1.00E-01 2.78E-05 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Soda Ash 2.01E+00 1.80E+01 4.99E-03 9.47E+03 2.50E+03 NREL LCI Database Sodium Hydroxide (dry, bulk) 1.37E+00 1.54E+01 4.26E-03 8.06E+03 2.13E+03 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.cluin.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/fina l_BP_report_111510.pdf. Sodium Hypochlorite 1.48E+00 2.36E+01 6.56E-03 4.32E+03 1.14E+03 NREL LCI Database Soil 2.30E-02 4.50E-01 1.25E-04 7.00E+03 1.85E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Steel 2.72E+00 3.44E+01 9.57E-03 2.98E+04 7.86E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Stainless Steel 6.17E+00 5.67E+01 9.57E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 *used values for "Stainless Steel" from Hammond and Jones Typical Cement 8.30E-01 4.60E+00 1.28E-03 5.70E+03 1.51E+03 Hammond, G.P. and C.I. Jones, 2008, 'Embodied energy and carbon in construction materials', Proc. Instn. Civil. Engrs: Energy, in press. Urea 2.75E+00 3.69E+01 1.03E-02 5.00E+03 1.32E+03 NREL LCI Database Vegetable Oil 3.30E-01 8.50E+00 2.36E-03 4.96E+03 1.31E+03 NREL LCI Database ZVI 1.25E+00 9.05E+00 2.51E-03 2.95E+04 7.80E+03 NREL LCI Database Material A Material B Material C Material D Material E Material F Data for blank spaces not available Table 2a: Emissions and energy impact of fuels Fuel kg CO 2 / gallon g N 2 O / gallon g CH 4 / gallon Btu / gallon Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 139,015 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 135,847 Biodiesel 20 9.311 0.33 10.78 170,745 E-Diesel 10.683 0.42 12.19 144,738 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 2b: Passenger vehicle fuel consumptions and emission factors g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile g CO2 / mile g N2O / mile g CH4 / mile g NOx / mile g SOx / mile g PM10 / mile Cars 29 367 0.016 0.446 0.141 0.005 0.029 378 0.013 0.428 0.141 0.002 0.030 321 0.020 0.373 0.141 0.002 0.030 369 0.023 0.422 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid cars 37 287 0.016 0.345 0.118 0.004 0.029 296 0.013 0.336 0.123 0.002 0.030 254 0.018 0.295 0.123 0.001 0.030 290 0.021 0.331 0.123 0.002 0.030 SUVs 24 443 0.017 0.536 0.141 0.006 0.029 456 0.013 0.516 0.141 0.003 0.030 388 0.022 0.450 0.141 0.002 0.030 446 0.026 0.509 0.141 0.002 0.030 Hybrid SUVs 31 343 0.016 0.411 0.118 0.005 0.029 353 0.013 0.400 0.123 0.002 0.030 303 0.019 0.352 0.123 0.002 0.030 345 0.023 0.395 0.123 0.002 0.030 Light truck 20 532 0.019 0.642 0.229 0.007 0.033 548 0.013 0.619 0.291 0.003 0.034 466 0.024 0.540 0.291 0.003 0.034 535 0.028 0.611 0.291 0.003 0.034 Hybrid trucks 23 462 0.018 0.552 0.192 0.006 0.033 476 0.013 0.539 0.253 0.003 0.034 408 0.022 0.474 0.253 0.002 0.034 465 0.026 0.532 0.253 0.003 0.034 Heavy Duty 7.4 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 Other A Other B a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Department of Energy/EE-0333, pages 4, 8-13, & 17. Averages were calculated from the highway fuel economy of various vehicles in several categories. b Value for Heavy Duty obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, "Evaluation of Fuel Consumption Potential of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles through Modeling and Simulation" (October 23, 2009), page 24, Figure 11. Value was determined from interpretation of the fuel economy plot when payload was equal to zero. c Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, and N2O are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only Default assumptions were used in GREET except for Gasoline Equivalent MPG. The MPG for the desired fuel and engine types was adjusted to match the MPG averages calculated from the "Fuel Economy Guide: Model Year 2011". Table 2c: Air travel impact kg CO 2 / passenger mile a 0.21 g N 2 O / passenger mile b 0.0085 g CH 4 / passenger mile b 0.0104 g NO x / passenger mile c 0.59 g SO 2 / passenger mile c 0.058 g PM 10 / passenger mile c 0.0037 Gallons/mile d 2.65 BTU / passenger mile a 2843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 104, Table 89. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 7, Table 4 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 105, Table 91. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Boeing 737 were used. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. d Value obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources", EPA 430-K-08-004, page 12, Table 4 (May 2008) Table 2d: Air cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 1.358 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0479 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0417 g NOx / ton mile a 4.2642 g SOx / ton mile a 0.3094 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0324 BTU / ton mile c 9,600 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Boeing 747-400 were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) c Values obtained from "Transportation Energy Data Book". U.S. Department of Energy (June 2008) Table 2e: Rail travel impact Rail type kg CO 2 / passenger mile a g N 2 O / passenger mile b g CH 4 / passenger mile b g NOx / passenger mile c g SOx / passenger mile c g PM 10 / passenger mile c BTU/mile a Intercity rail 0.13 0.001 0.002 0.012 0.17 0.0018 1,517 Commuter rail 0.16 0.001 0.002 1.4 0.011 0.038 2,085 Transit rail 0.2 0.002 0.004 0.035 0.48 0.0052 2,843 a Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 80, Table 67. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. CO2 values were converted from g/PMT to kg/PMT, and energy values were converted from MJ/PMT to BTU/PMT. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 5, Table 2 (May 2008) c Values obtained from Chester, Mikhail, and Arpad Horvath. 2008. Environmental Life-cycle Assessment of Passenger Transportation: A Detailed Methodology for Energy, Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Pollutant Inventories of Automobiles, Buses, Light Rail, Heavy Rail and Air v.2. UC Berkeley: UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport: A Volvo Center of Excellence, page 82, Table 69. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5670921q. Operational emission values for Caltrain, Muni, and CAHSR were used for Commuter, Transit, and Intercity, respectively. Values were converted from mg/PMT to g/PMT. Table 2f: Rail cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0400 g N 2 O / ton mile b 0.0006 g CH 4 / ton mile b 0.0020 g NOx / ton mile a 0.7252 g SOx / ton mile a 0.1068 g PM 10 / ton mile a 0.0445 BTU / ton mile c 305 a Values obtained from Facanha, Cristiano and Arpad Horvath. Evaluation of Life-Cycle Air Emission Factors of Freight Transportation. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2007, 41, 7138-7144, Table 2. Emission factor values for Intermodal Rail were used. Values for operational emissions were calculated by multiplying the life-cycle emission factor by the tailpipe share percentage. b Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 7 (May 2008) c Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Conventional Diesel c Biodiesel 20 c E-Diesel c 100-Year Global Warming Potential (GWP) Vehicle MPG a,b Conventional Gasoline c

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Table 2g: Water cargo transportation impact kg CO 2 / ton mile a 0.0480 g N 2 O / ton mile a 0.0014 g CH 4 / ton mile a 0.0041 g NOx /ton mile g SOx /ton mile g PM 10 /ton mile BTU / ton mile b 418 a Values obtained from EPA Climate Leaders "Optional Emissions from Commuting, Business Travel and Product Transport", EPA 430-R-08-006, page 12, Table 8 (May 2008) b Value obtained from U.S. Department of Energy "Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 29". ORNL-6985, page 2-20, Table 2.16 (July 2010). Value from 2008 was used. Table 2h: Fatality and injury rates Item Fatality Injury Units References Lost Hours Reference Construction laborers 9.15E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Operating engineers 5.35E-08 2.30E-05 per hour a,b 10 Waste management services 5.95E-08 2.70E-05 per hour a,b 8 g, used Total Scientific and technical services 4.50E-09 5.50E-06 per hour a,b 3 Other occupation Road Transportation 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 8 g, used Total Road Transportation Equipment 7.80E-09 6.28E-07 per passenger mile c,d 17 Air Transportation 1.00E-10 2.67E-11 per passenger mile c,e 8 g, used Total Rail Transportation 4.00E-10 5.16E-08 per passenger mile c,f 8 g, used Total a Fatality rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, Hours-based fatal injury rates by industry, occupation, and selected demographic characteristics, 2009 data. http://www.bls.gov/iif/oshwc/cfoi/cfoi_rates_2009hb.pdf. Site visited 10/4/2010. Values were converted from fatal occupational injuries per 100,000 FTEs to fatal occupational injuries per hour. b Injury rates from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 10/29/2009, "Workplace Injuries and Illnesses 2008", USDL-09-1302, Table 5. Values were converted from injuries per 100 FTEs to injuries per hour. c Fatality rates from Air Transportation Association presentation, October 4, 2010. http://www.airlines.org/Economics/ReviewOutlook/Documents/ATAIndustryReview.pdf. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were converted from rate/100,000,000 passenger miles to rate/passenger mile. d Injury rate from NHTSA "Traffic Safety Facts: 2008 Data", DOT HS 811 162, page 3, Table 2. Values were calculated from average of 1998-2008 data. Calculation assumes 1.59 passengers per vehicle. This value is from Victoria Transport Policy Institute, TDM Encyclopedia, Table 6. http://www.vtpi.org/tdm/tdm58.htm. Site visited 10/5/2010. e Injury rate from U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovation Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics 2010 Table 2-9. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. Calculation assumes 162 passengers per aircraft. f Injury rate from Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis. http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/query/statsSas.aspx. Site visited 10/5/2010. Values were calculated from average of 1996-2009 data. g Lost hours from Bureau of Labor Statistics, News Release, 11/24/2009, "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days Away from Work, 2008", USDL-09-1454, Tables 9 and 10. Used median days away from work. Table 3a: Efficiency factors for earthwork equipment use Equipment Work time Load Factor Bucket Fill A Blade U Blade Grade Visibility Total of Factors Dozer with A Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.80 0.50 Dozer with U Blade 0.83 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.20 1.00 0.80 0.60 Loader/Backhoe 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Excavator 0.83 0.75 1.10 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.68 Scraper 0.83 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.83 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods, 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, pages 381-387. If no efficiency factor was given or the efficiency factor does not apply, a value of 1.00 has been inserted as a placeholder. Table 3b: Earthwork equipment production rates and impact Diesel Approximate Consumption Rate a Production Rate Low High hp range hp (gal / hr) (CY/hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Dozer, 65 HP (D3) w/A Blade 0 1,001 50 to 75 65.1 5.1 100 29,897 1.1 2.6 166 41 21 Dozer, 80 HP (D4) w/A Blade 1,000 2,001 75 to 100 80.1 5.1 200 40,380 1.1 2.6 252 62 33 Dozer, 105 HP (D5) w/A Blade 2,000 3,501 100 to 175 105 7.9 300 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 140 HP (D6) w/A Blade 3,500 5,001 100 to 175 140 7.9 360 57,823 1.7 4.0 351 87 32 Dozer, 200 HP (D7) w/U Blade 5,000 6,501 175 to 300 200.1 16.5 700 105,375 3.6 8.3 578 151 47 Dozer, 335 HP (D8) w/U Blade 6,500 8,001 300 to 600 335 21.6 960 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 460 HP (D9) w/U Blade 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.1 21.6 1200 174,979 4.8 10.8 1,188 272 83 Dozer, 700 HP (D10) w/U Blade 10,000 1,000,000 600 to 750 700 31.8 1700 283,212 7.0 15.9 1,972 452 145 Loader, 65 HP, 1 CY 0 1,501 50 to 75 65.2 1.3 111 11,500 0.3 0.7 88 18 17 Loader, 80 HP, 1.5 CY 1,500 3,001 75 to 100 80.2 1.8 166 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 100 HP, 2 CY 3,000 4,501 75 to 100 100 1.8 199 16,022 0.4 0.9 124 26 24 Loader, 155 HP, 3 CY 4,500 6,001 100 to 175 155 2.1 299 19,727 0.5 1.1 174 32 21 Loader, 200 HP, 4 CY 6,000 7,501 175 to 300 200.2 2.9 398 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 270 HP, 5.25 CY 7,500 9,001 175 to 300 270.2 2.9 475 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 375 HP, 7 CY 9,000 10,501 175 to 300 375 2.9 601 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Loader, 690 HP, 13.5 CY 10,500 100,000 175 to 300 690 2.9 960 31,612 0.6 1.5 278 53 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.5 CY 0 2,001 100 to 175 150 7.9 249 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hydraulic, 1.25 CY 2,000 4,001 100 to 175 125 7.9 170 58,301 1.7 4.0 340 88 32 Excavator, Hrdraulic, 2 CY 4,000 6,001 175 to 300 270.3 10.8 239 94,004 2.4 5.4 546 149 45 Excavator, Hydraulic, 3.125 CY 6,000 8,001 300 to 600 380 21.4 301 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 4 CY 8,000 10,001 300 to 600 400 21.4 299 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Excavator, Hydraulic, 5.5 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 515 21.4 329 169,974 4.7 10.7 1,082 263 75 Scraper, Standard, 15 CY 0 5,001 300 to 600 330 16 300 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 22 CY 5,000 10,001 300 to 600 460.4 16 500 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 Scraper, Standard, 34 CY 10,000 1,000,000 300 to 600 500 16 690 138,081 3.5 8.0 944 219 66 a Fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 3c: Consumption rates for well drilling Drilling Method Average Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Minimum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Maximum Consumption Rate (gal/hr) Direct Push 0.8 0.6 1.0 Pump Rig 1.6 1.3 1.9 Sonic Drilling 5.7 5.0 6.3 Hollow Stem Auger 7.6 6.3 8.8 Mud Rotary 14.1 12.5 15.6 Air Rotary 25.0 21.9 28.1 Estimates from American Well Technologies (Gigi Marie, 717-919-8515) Table 3d: Well drilling impact Fuel Type kg CO 2 / gal a g N 2 O / gal a g CH 4 / gal a g NOx / gal b g SOx / gal b g PM 10 / gal b Gasoline 10.633 0.23 12.72 46.60 2.10 1.40 Diesel 10.955 0.12 12.35 113.70 14.20 10.60 a Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. b NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors were calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) emission factors (g/operating hour) by a calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) for each horsepower range (See Table 4b, footnote a, for method). Values are the average for Bore/Drill Rigs, horsepower ranges 6 to 750 for diesel and 0 to 175 for gasoline. Table 4a: Electricity use impact by region* Region Name Abbreviation (lbs CO 2 / MWh) a,b,c,d (lbs N 2 O / MWh) a,b (lbs CH 4 / MWh) a,b (lb NOx / MWh) a (lb SO 2 / MWh) a ASCC Alaska Grid AKGD 1328.87 0.00805 3.00472 2.4795 1.2137 ASCC Miscellaneous AKMS 583.17 0.00514 0.84405 6.7906 0.5263 WECC Southwest AZNM 1368.90 0.01887 2.45874 2.1114 1.0806 WECC California CAMX 789.47 0.00906 1.91496 0.6177 0.5310 ERCOT All ERCT 1393.35 0.01626 2.78899 0.8763 3.1959 FRCC All FRCC 1415.28 0.01848 2.60738 2.0728 3.5775 HICC Miscellaneous HIMS 1720.13 0.04981 2.29112 7.3289 5.6921 HICC Oahu HIOA 1999.00 0.02636 2.42949 2.5880 3.5960 MRO East MROE 1890.38 0.03132 2.45743 2.7473 7.1664 MRO West MROW 1864.39 0.03142 2.29163 3.7138 5.6476 NPCC New England NEWE 1005.75 0.01831 2.06842 0.8630 2.3593 WECC Northwest NWPP 941.23 0.01542 1.39774 1.5889 1.2372 NPCC NYC/Westchester NYCW 900.87 0.00679 1.75815 0.7288 0.5973 NPCC Long Island NYLI 1712.97 0.02076 2.72467 1.6385 3.7516 NPCC Upstate NY NYUP 772.35 0.01195 1.37955 0.8319 3.0011 RFC East RFCE 1182.50 0.01944 1.76371 1.6307 7.7918 RFC Michigan RFCM 1614.05 0.02804 2.46296 2.3449 7.4001 RFC West RFCW 1576.66 0.02637 2.21031 2.5807 9.7844 WECC Rockies RMPA 1938.36 0.02965 2.76869 2.8128 2.3207 SPP North SPNO 2007.63 0.03287 2.51264 3.8455 6.6597 SPP South SPSO 1727.09 0.02377 2.96412 2.3695 3.4746 SERC Mississippi Valley SRMV 1088.94 0.01287 2.32812 1.2421 1.8089 SERC Midwest SRMW 1873.92 0.03123 2.53268 2.2458 6.4140 SERC South SRSO 1538.04 0.02631 2.28766 2.0613 8.8746 SERC Tennessee Valley SRTV 1552.23 0.02633 2.09951 2.4819 6.7394 SERC Virginia/Carolina SRVC 1172.18 0.02043 1.69230 1.6053 5.8858 User Customizable CUST *CO2, CH4, and N2O values were calculated from several sources. No calculations were used for NOx and SO2 values. a Values obtained from USEPA, eGRID 2007 Version 1.1 Year 2005 Summary Tables, created December 2008 b Values obtained from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. GREET data for CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions associated with production and delivery of nonrenewable feedstocks to the power plant was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. c Values obtained from Weisser, Daniel. 2007. A guide to life-cycle greenhous gas (GHG) emissions from electric supply technologies. Energy 32, 1543-1559. Values for CO 2 e emissions associated with hydro, wind, and solar was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for each feedstock and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. d Values obtained from Martin, P. 2006. Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 31, 55-71. Values for CO2e emissions associated with geothermal was multiplied by the eGRID 2007 subregion percent resource mix for geothermal and added to the eGRID 2007 subregion emissions. Table 4b: Pump impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 1 to 3 0.1 897 0.0 0.0 9 2 1 2-Stroke: 0 to 1 0.1 860 0.0 0.0 1 0 7 3 to 6 0.1 1,562 0.0 0.1 16 3 2 2-Stroke: 1 to 3 0.2 1,730 0.0 0.1 2 0 11 6 to 11 0.2 2,531 0.0 0.1 26 4 3 2-Stroke: 25 to 40 2.8 29,882 0.7 1.6 19 5 226 11 to 16 0.3 4,107 0.1 0.2 37 7 4 2-Stroke: 50 to 75 4.0 42,856 1.0 2.3 21 7 322 16 to 25 0.5 6,496 0.1 0.3 58 11 7 4-Stroke: 3 to 6 0.4 4,243 0.1 0.2 7 1 1 25 to 40 0.9 10,273 0.2 0.4 82 18 10 4-Stroke: 6 to 11 0.7 7,256 0.2 0.4 16 1 1 40 to 50 1.1 13,405 0.2 0.6 107 23 13 4-Stroke: 11 to 16 1.2 12,890 0.3 0.7 28 2 1 50 to 75 1.6 18,683 0.3 0.8 165 32 20 4-Stroke: 16 to 25 1.5 16,130 0.4 0.9 37 3 1 75 to 100 2.1 25,850 0.5 1.1 226 44 28 4-Stroke: 25 to 40 1.9 20,677 0.5 1.1 107 4 2 100 to 175 3.0 35,693 0.7 1.5 358 61 30 4-Stroke: 40 to 50 2.8 29,770 0.7 1.6 154 5 2 175 to 300 5.5 65,575 1.2 2.7 634 112 51 4-Stroke: 50 to 75 3.8 40,897 1.0 2.2 264 7 3 300 to 600 8.9 107,248 2.0 4.5 1,035 183 74 4-Stroke: 75 to 100 5.2 54,832 1.3 3.0 354 9 4 4-Stroke: 100 to 175 7.3 77,811 1.9 4.2 503 13 5 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 5a: Generator set impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption e grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.8 2,849 0.2 0.4 17 3 2 0 to 1 0.1 692 0.0 0.0 1 0.0 5.0 6 to 11 1.0 4,015 0.2 0.5 27 4 3 1 to 3 0.1 1,437 0.0 0.1 2 0.0 9.0 11 to 16 1.3 5,802 0.3 0.6 38 7 4 3 to 6 0.4 4,226 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 1.6 8,437 0.4 0.8 59 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,659 0.2 0.4 18 1.0 1.0 25 to 40 2.3 12,683 0.5 1.1 82 17 10 11 to 16 1.2 12,457 0.3 0.7 28 2.0 1.0 40 to 50 2.9 16,872 0.6 1.5 111 23 14 16 to 25 1.8 18,713 0.5 1.0 139 3.0 2.0 50 to 75 3.8 22,332 0.8 1.9 159 31 19 75 to 100 5.1 31,467 1.1 2.6 229 44 27 100 to 175 7.7 45,389 1.7 3.9 366 62 30 175 to 300 13.0 78,461 2.9 6.5 620 110 49 300 to 600 24.1 140,548 5.3 12.0 1,090 193 76 a Diesel fuel consumption rates were estimated from the Fuel Consumption Chart at www.dieselserviceandsupply.com/Diesel_Fuel_Consumption.aspx b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. e Gasoline fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). Table 6a: Fuel well to pump impact Fuel CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 Gasoline 15,787 1.14 109 47.30 25.03 7.53 Diesel 16,314 0.24 107 45.30 23.64 6.79 Biodiesel 20 1,830 2.02 94 46.86 26.34 8.69 E-Diesel 14,352 2.86 106 48.61 26.22 8.78 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6b: Heavy duty truck impact Fuel Fuel Economy Energy (mile / gal) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 (Btu / mile) Gasoline 8 1,329 0.028 1.590 0.442 0.018 0.036 17,377 Diesel 8 1,369 0.015 1.544 0.442 0.008 0.039 16,981 Biodiesel 20 8 1,164 0.041 1.347 0.442 0.006 0.039 21,343 E-Diesel 8 1,335 0.053 1.523 0.442 0.007 0.039 18,092 U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Values for CO2, CH4, N2O, and Btu are the total of GREET Feedstock, Fuel, and Vehicle Operation values. Values for NOx, SOx, and PM10 are GREET Vehicle Operation values only. The gasoline equivalent MPG was changed to 8 to represent a heavy duty truck. Table 6c: Power take-off horsepower multiplication factors by soil condition for primary tillage Soil Condition Firm untilled soil Previously tilled soil Soft or sandy soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 1. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6d: Draft for offset disk harrow primary tillage by soil condition Soil Condition Clay Soil Loamy Soil Sandy Soil Sumner, P.E. and E.J. Williams. What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need? University of Georgia. Table 2. http://www.tifton.uga.edu/eng/Publications/farm%20tractor.pdf. Accessed: 15 January, 2010. Table 6e: Tillage tractor impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 16 1.1 4,339 0.2 0.6 20 5 4 16 0.9 7,009 0.2 0.5 14 1 1 25 1.7 6,478 0.4 0.8 30 7 6 25 2.1 13,431 0.6 1.2 25 2 1 40 2.7 9,753 0.6 1.3 39 10 8 40 3.4 16,283 0.9 2.0 28 2 1 50 3.7 13,686 0.8 1.9 56 14 11 50 6.5 34,008 1.7 3.8 128 5 2 75 5.2 18,747 1.1 2.6 88 18 17 75 9.1 45,643 2.4 5.3 168 6 3 100 7.2 26,205 1.6 3.6 124 26 24 175 11.4 37,094 2.5 5.7 174 32 21 300 19.6 62,974 4.3 9.8 278 53 32 a Consumption rates are based on Agricultural Machinery Management Data, D497.4 (ASAE Standards, 2002b) for typical farm tractors above 20% load with equivalent actual and rated PTO (rated values were averaged for HP ranges). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. 117 1.8 2.1 104 EARTHWORK EQUIPMENT Volume Range, CY grams / operating hour, Conventional Diesel b,c,d Draft (lb force/ ft / in depth) 134 Multiply Drawbar HP by 1.5 Emissions (grams / mile) Emissions (grams / mmBTU of fuel available)

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Table 6f: Soil and asphalt compactor and paver specifications Type HP (source) Constants in Best Fit Equation Roller a Specified roller width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 8.7904748*exp(0.0000387*(Required Area Compacted/hr)) 8.7904748 0.000387 Paver b One-half specified maximum paving width Gross Power (Maximum Required HP) = 0.0026754*(Required Area Paved/hr) 0.0026794 a Data is from www.cat.com and www.dynapac.com for all single-drum vibratory soil and asphalt compactor models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. b Data is from www.dynapac.com for all wheeled asphalt paver models. Accessed: 3 February, 2010. c Area rates were determined by multiplying the estimated operating speed by operating width; fit equations were developed by plotting Horsepower vs. area rates. Table 6g: Paver impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 25 0.8 9,098 0.2 0.4 59 16 7 6 0.4 4,609 0.1 0.3 7 1 1 40 1.1 13,641 0.2 0.6 90 23 11 11 0.7 7,753 0.2 0.4 17 1 1 50 1.6 18,855 0.3 0.8 124 32 15 16 1.0 10,439 0.3 0.6 23 2 1 75 2.2 26,163 0.5 1.1 183 45 24 25 1.6 17,372 0.4 0.9 38 3 2 100 3.0 36,007 0.7 1.5 253 61 34 40 1.8 18,639 0.5 1.0 72 3 1 175 4.2 50,397 0.9 2.1 361 86 33 75 3.7 39,326 1.0 2.1 238 7 3 300 6.9 82,805 1.5 3.4 564 141 46 600 12.1 144,914 2.7 6.0 1152 247 85 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6h: Roller impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 0.2 2,257 0.0 0.1 15 4 3 11 0.7 6,942 0.2 0.4 15 1 1 11 0.3 3,608 0.1 0.2 25 6 4 16 1.1 11,558 0.3 0.6 25 2 1 16 0.5 5,629 0.1 0.2 37 10 4 25 1.4 14,902 0.4 0.8 33 3 1 25 0.7 8,175 0.1 0.3 53 14 6 40 1.8 19,501 0.5 1.1 48 3 2 40 1.1 13,523 0.2 0.6 89 23 11 75 3.3 34,716 0.8 1.9 173 6 3 50 1.6 19,049 0.3 0.8 126 33 16 100 4.5 47,423 1.2 2.6 237 8 4 75 2.1 25,238 0.5 1.0 179 43 23 100 2.9 35,219 0.6 1.5 251 60 34 175 4.1 49,497 0.9 2.1 363 85 32 300 6.8 81,267 1.5 3.4 568 139 46 600 13.1 157,480 2.9 6.5 1287 269 96 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6i: Cement and mortar mixer impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 3 to 6 0.1 1,788 0.0 0.1 20 3 3 1 to 3 0.2 2,344 0.1 0.1 5 0.0 0.0 6 to 11 0.2 2,415 0.0 0.1 27 4 3 3 to 6 0.4 4,235 0.1 0.2 9 1.0 1.0 11 to 16 0.3 3,908 0.1 0.2 38 7 5 6 to 11 0.6 6,515 0.2 0.4 16 1.0 1.0 16 to 25 0.5 6,298 0.1 0.3 62 11 7 11 to 16 1.0 10,521 0.3 0.6 26 2.0 1.0 25 to 40 0.8 9,799 0.2 0.4 84 17 11 16 to 25 1.4 14,781 0.4 0.8 33 3.0 1.0 50 to 75 1.5 17,840 0.3 0.7 173 30 18 75 to 100 2.1 25,000 0.5 1.0 242 43 25 100 to 175 2.9 34,752 0.6 1.4 381 59 27 175 to 300 5.7 68,251 1.2 2.8 726 117 50 300 to 600 9.0 108,524 2.0 4.5 1153 185 72 600 to 750 15.8 190,114 3.5 7.9 2016 325 128 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6j: Internal combustion engine impact Fuel Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal c Diesel 12,038 0.29 14.29 87.55 1.03 7.95 135,847 Biodiesel 20 10,265 0.50 12.51 87.55 0.84 7.95 170,745 E-Diesel 11,759 0.60 14.10 87.55 0.98 7.95 144,738 Gasoline 10,614 0.41 13.25 55.66 0.14 2.89 139,015 Energy CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf d Natural Gas 68 0.00 0.60 1.18 0.00 0.01 983 a U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010, Stationary Reciprocating Engine. Lifecycle emission factors were calculated for CO2, CH4, and N2O by combining Stationary Reciprocating Engine and Well to Pump emission factors. Factors were converted from grams/mmBtu to grams/gal or grams/scf. b Biodiesel and E-Diesel emission factors were calculated by multiplying the Diesel emission factors by the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions obtained from U.S. DOE, Argonne National Laboratory, GREET 1.8d.1 Fuel-Cycle model (2010). c Diesel, Biodiesel 20, E-Diesel, and Gasoline energy values from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. d Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Table 6k: Trencher impact Diesel Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Gasoline Fuel Consumption a grams / operating hour b,c,d Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 Horsepower (gal / hr) CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SO 2 PM 10 6 to 11 0.3 3,983 0.1 0.2 29 5 5 1 to 3 0.2 2,598 0.1 0.1 4 0.4 0.4 11 to 16 0.5 6,436 0.1 0.3 44 8 5 3 to 6 0.4 4,514 0.1 0.2 7 0.8 0.6 16 to 25 0.7 8,969 0.2 0.4 61 11 7 6 to 11 0.7 7,425 0.2 0.4 16 1.3 0.7 25 to 40 1.2 14,175 0.3 0.6 95 17 12 11 to 16 1.1 11,233 0.3 0.6 25 1.9 1.1 40 to 50 1.6 18,727 0.3 0.8 126 22 15 16 to 25 1.5 16,170 0.4 0.9 36 2.7 1.5 50 to 75 2.1 25,343 0.5 1.1 191 30 26 25 to 40 1.7 17,671 0.4 1.0 67 3.0 1.4 75 to 100 3.0 36,029 0.7 1.5 272 43 37 50 to 75 3.7 39,041 1.0 2.1 233 6.6 2.8 100 to 175 4.2 50,267 0.9 2.1 406 59 34 75 to 100 4.7 50,628 1.2 2.7 303 8.6 3.7 175 to 300 7.8 93,787 1.7 3.9 718 111 55 300 to 600 12.9 155,181 2.8 6.5 1,405 183 110 600 to 750 23.1 277,640 5.1 11.5 2,509 328 201 1200 to 2000 46.7 560,989 10.3 23.3 6,066 663 447 a Fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) was calculated by dividing the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) CO2 emission factor (g CO2/operating hour) by the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) carbon emission factor (kg CO2/gal). b CO2 life cycle emission factors were calculated by multiplying GREET 1.8d.1 Well to Pump emissions (g CO2/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour) and adding this result to the U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model (Version 2005c) operational emission factor. c CH4 and N2O emission factors were calculated by multiplying the U.S. EPA Climate Leaders "Direct Emissions from Mobile Combustion Sources" (EPA 430-K-08-004) emission factor (g/gal) by the calculated fuel consumption rate (gal/hour). d NOx, SOx, and PM10 operational emission factors obtained from U.S. EPA NONROAD Emission Inventory Model, Version 2005c. Table 6l: Ratios of emission factors relative to Conventional Diesel fueled vehicle Fuel a,b CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NO x SO x PM 10 Diesel 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Biodiesel 20 0.85 1.75 0.88 1.02 0.81 0.90 E-Diesel 0.98 2.10 0.99 1.00 0.95 1.00 a Values obtained from, unless otherwise noted, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Ratios were calculated from the average ratio of Biodiesel or E-Diesel emissions to Diesel emissions b Values for Biodiesel 20; NOx and PM10 obtained from EPA, 2002. A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions. EPA420-P-02-001 Table 7a: Landfill waste impact Landfill type Emissions (lb/ton) Energy Electricity CO 2 e NOx SOx PM 10 MMBTU/ton MWh/ton Non-hazardous waste landfill 25 0.14 0.075 0.4 0.16 0.0077 Hazardous waste landfill 27.5 0.154 0.0825 0.44 0.176 0.0085 EPA, 2010. Environmental Footprint Analysis of Three Potential Remedies, BP Wood River, Wood River, Illinois. November. Available at http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/bpwoodriver/docs/final_BP_report_111510.pdf. Table 7b: Thermal oxidizer energy and efficiency factors Combustion temperature ( F) Heat exchanger efficiency Simple Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.00 Recuperative Thermal Oxidizer 1,500 0.50 Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.95 Recuperative Flameless Thermal Oxidizer 1,800 0.65 Fixed Bed Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.00 Recuperative Catalytic Oxidizer 600 0.50 Rast, Richard R. 2003. RSMeans: Environmental Remediation Estimating Methods 2nd edition, Reed Construction Data, page 321. If no efficiency factor was given, a value of 0 has been inserted. Table 7c: External combustion sources energy and emission factors (operational) Energy e,f,g,h CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/gal or scf Natural gas 152 0.004 1.354 2.640 0.001 0.012 983 Liquid Propane 137 0.0098 0.0022 0.1421 0.0011 0.0077 91,500 Jet fuel 204 0.0092 0.0112 0.6381 0.0627 0.0040 124,614 Fuel oil 167 0.0035 0.0019 0.3133 1.0847 0.0827 150,000 Other Energy i CO 2 N 2 O CH 4 NOx SOx PM 10 BTU/scf Natural gas 0.15 3.60E-06 1.33E-03 2.60E-03 5.81E-07 1.20E-05 983 Liquid Propane 12.5 0.0009 0.0002 0.0130 0.0001 0.0007 2,522 Jet fuel 25.4 0.0011 0.0014 0.0795 0.0078 0.0005 Fuel oil 25.0 0.0005 0.0003 0.0470 0.1627 0.0124 Other a Natural gas emission factors from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation Technology R&D Center, GREET 1.8d.1, Fuel-Cycle model, 2010. Factors were converted from g/MMBTU to lb/MMBTU by dividing by 453.6 g/lb and from lb/MMBTU to lb/scf by the following equation: (lb pollutant/MMBTU)*(983 BTU/scf)*(1 MMBTU/1,000,000 BTU)=(lb pollutant/scf) b Propane emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.5 Liquefied Petroleum Gas Combustion". July 2008. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s05.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(91500 or 102000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') c Jet fuel CO2 emission factor from MIT, 2010. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Alternative Jet Fuels. Partnership for Air Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction. Page 17 of 133. Value converted from g/MJ to lb/mmBtu. Emission factors for N2O, CH4, NOx, SOx, and PM10 were calculated from values in Table 2c using the fuel consumption rate to convert g/mile to lb/gal. d Fuel oil emission factors from USEPA "Emission Factor Documentation for AP-42 Section 1.3 Fuel Oil Combustion". May 2010. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch01/final/c01s03.pdf. Factors were converted from lb/1000 gal to lb/MMBTU by the following equation: (lb pollutant/'1000 gal')/(150000 BTU/gal)*(10^6 BTU/MMBTU)/(10^3 gal/'1000 gal') e Natural gas energy value from U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne Nationa