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Average Packing Charges for Florida Fresh Citrus, 2002-2003
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ ( Publisher's URL )
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00001984/00001
 Material Information
Title: Average Packing Charges for Florida Fresh Citrus, 2002-2003
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Muraro, Ronald P.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2004
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Published October 2004."
General Note: "FE431"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001984:00001

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FE431 Average Packing Charges for Florida Fresh Citrus, 2002-20031 Ronald P. Muraro2 1. This is EDIS document FE431, a publication of the Department of Food and Resource Economics, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, UF/IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Published October 2004. Please visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Ronald P. Muraro, Professor, Department of Food and Resource Economics, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, UF/IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean. A survey was sent to Florida fresh citrus packers to collect data on the average packing charges for the 2003 season. A total of nine packinghouses from both the Indian River and Interior production regions provided data for the survey. This is not a statistically chosen sample; therefore, the costs may not be representative of Florida's total citrus packinghouse industry. The participants were chosen because of their willingness to participate in the survey. The information reported were packing charges, not actual packing costs. The average packing charges are presented in 4/5-bushel carton equivalents. The total average packing charges include: 1. Materials Costs: mesh/plastic bags and labels/price lookup codes. 2. Labor Costs: supervisor/foreman labor, grading, palletizing, shipping, and general labor (e.g., payroll taxes, workers' compensation, and ground insurance). 3. Other Direct Packing Costs: fruit treating, power, lights, water, repairs, maintenance, and miscellaneous supplies. 4. Indirect Packing Costs: fire and casualty insurance, taxes, licenses, depreciation, and rent. 5. General and Administrative Costs: office personnel (payroll taxes and workers' compensation), packinghouse and general manager fees, and office equipment and supplies. 6. Selling Expenses: sales salaries, travel, telephones, telegraph, and brokerage fees. 7. Special Assessments: advertising taxes, inspection fees, Florida Citrus Packers, and Citrus Administrative Committee. Total packing charges per 4/5-carton equivalent were collected for five variety categories: domestic grapefruit, export grapefruit, oranges, temples and tangelos, and tangerines. Along with the total packing charges, information was collected on Florida field-box bases for fruit drenching charges, packinghouse elimination charges, and hauling charges for fruit elimination to the juice processors. A summary of the estimated average packing charges is presented in Table 1. The 2002-2003

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Average Packing Charges for Florida Fresh Citrus, 2002-2003 2 average packing charges for the five variety categories were: domestic grapefruit ($3.544 per carton), export grapefruit ($3.992 per carton), oranges ($3.731 per carton), temples and tangelos ($4.214 per carton), and tangerines ($4.733 per carton). Fruit drenching charges ranged from $0.169 per box for grapefruit to $0.178 per box for the other three variety categories. Average packinghouse elimination charges were: $0.575 per box for grapefruit; $0.60 per box for oranges, temples, and tangelos; and $0.404 per box for tangerines. Hauling charges for eliminations averaged $0.378/box for grapefruit, $0.404 per box for oranges, and $0.434 per box for temples, tangelos, and tangerines. Additional information on citrus budgeting and cost analysis and harvesting charges (picking, roadsiding, and hauling) can be obtained by contacting your County Extension Citrus Agent or by visiting the UF/IFAS EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.

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Average Packing Charges for Florida Fresh Citrus, 2002-2003 3 Table 1. Estimated average packing charges for Florida citrus, 2002-2003. Charges Domestic Grapefruit Export Grapefruit Oranges Temples & Tangelos Tangerines dollar per carton Total Packing Charges* 3.544 3.992 3.731 4.214 4.733 dollar per box Drenching Charge 0.169 0.169 0.178 0.178 0.178 Packinghouse Elimination Charge 0.575 0.575 0.600 0.600 0.633 Hauling Charges for Eliminations 0.378 0.378 0.404 0.434 0.434 Total Packing Charges include: 1. Materials Costs: mesh/plastic bags and labels/price lookup codes. 2. Labor Costs: supervisor/foreman labor, grading, palletizing, shipping, and general labor (e.g., payroll taxes, workers' compensation, and ground insurance). 3. Other Direct Packing Costs: fruit treating, power, lights, water, repairs, maintenance, and miscellaneous supplies. 4. Indirect Packing Costs: fire and casualty insurance, taxes, licenses, depreciation, and rent. 5. General and Administrative Costs: office personnel (payroll taxes and workers' compensation), packinghouse and general manager fees, and office equipment and supplies. 6. Selling Expenses: sales salaries, travel, telephones, telegraph, and brokerage fees. 7. Special Assessments: advertising taxes, inspection fees, Florida Citrus Packers, and Citrus Administrative Committee. Note: Packing charges represent a total of 13 citrus packinghouses from both the Indian River and Interior Production regions. Source: Ronald P. Muraro, UF/IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, 2003.