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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00001961/00001
 Material Information
Title: Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Muraro, Ronald P.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2003
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Published March 2003"
General Note: "FE 349"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001961:00001

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys1 Ronald P. Muraro2 1. This is EDIS document FE 349, a publication of the Department of Food and Resource Economics, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Published March 2003. Please visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Ronald P. Muraro, Professor and Farm Management Economist, Department of Food and Resource Economics, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean. This year's annual questionnaire surveys were conducted through the mail from February through April 2002. Thirty citrus caretakers participated in the Ridge area survey, while 22 citrus caretakers participated in the Indian RiverSouth Florida area survey. Cooperatives, their members, and growers performing their own cultural practies were not surveyed. The author expresses sincere thanks to those caretakers and their staffs who took time from their busy schedules to report their custom charges. Caretakers answering the Ridge survey reported servicing 60,708 acres planted to citrus, or 2,639 acres per caretaker. The Indian RiverSouth Florida participants serviced 44,602 total acres, or 3,431 acres per caretaker. A majority of the Indian RiverSouth Florida growers conduct their own cultural practices. Also, during the past two years, there has been a consolidation among citrus caretaker firms, along with citrus grove acreage, resulting in fewer citrus caretakers participating in the annual survey. The itemized custom rates, expressed as the low and high rate reported, and the average of the rates for the 2002 surveys are the most current available (Tables 1 and 2). Custom rates for growers who are members of cooperatives and costs for growers who conduct their own cultural practices may differ from these average caretaker rates. For more detailed information on customer rates and other citrus production cost data for 2001-2002 and previous years, contact either the author or your local County Extension Citrus Specialist.

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 2 Table 1. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 30 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT Hand Labor Hour$ 10.00$ 15.00$ 12.13 Plus transportation Mechanic LaborHour25.0040.0030.82 Includes truck Rotovate Hour26.7041.6032.74 Disc 7 feet Hour25.0035.0029.81 Disc 7 feet Acre8.0010.009.09 One-way discing Disc 9-10 feetHour25.0035.6030.47 Disc 9-10 feetAcre7.0010.008.98 One-way discing Chop Hour26.0035.8028.86 Mow 5-7 feet Hour27.9035.6030.76 Mow 9-12 feetHour29.6035.0032.03 Mow 5-7 feet Acre8.5011.2510.19 Mow 9-12 feetAcre10.0012.5010.75 Mow 15-16 feetAcre10.0012.0011.33 Herbicide (strip/ band single boom)z Hour26.4033.0029.73 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/ band single boom)z Acre11.0015.0013.58 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/ band double boom)z Acre12.5015.0013.57 Plus materials; $35.26/hour average Herbicide (piggy-back appliance)z Acre12.5017.5014.82 Plus materials Herbicide (chemical mow)z Acre5.008.507.14 Plus materials Temikz Acre12.0015.0013.90 Plus materials; fumigate @ $7.50/acre Plow Hour29.0035.0030.14 Deviner Hour30.00 Bush Hog Hour27.5040.5033.07 Pickup Truck w/ Driver Hour22.5035.0027.19 24,411 miles/year/pickup average Flatbed Transport Truck w/ Driver Hour29.0040.0034.17 27,917/miles/year average; $87.50/trip average Low-Boy TransportHour50.0065.0056.25 Tractor w/ DriverHour24.2032.0028.10 Water/Supply Truck Hour27.5035.0030.35

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 3 Table 1. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 30 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments SPRAYINGz Engine-Driven Air Blast Sprayer $140/tank @ 250 GPA (1,000 gallon tank) Engine-Driven PTO Air Blast Sprayer$21/acre @ 125 GPA AIR BLAST SPRAYER Engine-Driven PTO-Powered Tree See Technology 500 GPA Acre30.0036.0033.6725.0035.7530.19$30.20/acre 250 GPA Acre24.0033.5028.6825.0030.0027.50$27.50/acre 125 GPA Acre 18.0026.0021.63$25.00/acre 100 GPA Acre 17.5020.0019.17$22.50/acre 50 GPA Acre 15.0020.0018.33$20.00/acre Aerial (Bell-47 helicopter) $10.00 @ 5 GPA; $15.00 @ 10 GPA; $16.00 @ 15 GPA FERTILIZER AND SOIL AMENDMENTSz Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System Hour28.0035.0032.06 Truck plus labor Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation System Acre2.003.502.85 $66.67/irrigation injection hookup Liquid Boom Application (double boom) Acre12.0015.0013.83 $14.25/acre average per single boom Dry (bulk) Acre7.5010.508.27 $30.00/hour Lime or DolomiteAcre7.509.758.38 Lime or DolomiteTon7.509.508.08 Fertilize Treesz Hand spreadHour10.0015.0012.13 Plus transportation and materials Machine spreadHour25.0032.0029.36 Plus materials; $8.83/acre IRRIGATION Microsprinkler$3.42/acre, $37.50/month, $18.00/trip Start/stop & supervision (truck & driver) MicrosprinklerHour25.0035.0028.75 Start/stop & supervison (truck & driver) Freeze Protect w/ Irrigation $45.00/night/system; $25.00/night/system -monitor weather & employee standby ATV w/ DriverHour15.0025.0020.65 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 4 Table 1. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 30 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Ring Young Trees Hand laborHour10.0015.0012.13 Labor plus equipment MechanicalHour24.2028.5026.81 Ditch mowerHour50.00 REMOVING TREES Tree Shearing (cutting trees at ground level) Hour50.0065.0056.00 5-20 trees/hour to shear trees Front-End LoaderHour45.0060.0051.97 5-15 trees/hours to remove trees Bulldozer Hour48.50 Front-End Loader w/ Tree Spade Hour65.00 PRUNING General Pruning (Rehab) Tree3.005.003.81 Depends on trees/acre Power Saw w/ Operator Hour17.0025.0019.20 Plus transportation Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Timmer (double sided) Hour210.00 9-18 acres per one pass Hedging Single side (tractor mounted) Hour75.00100.0086.25 2-5 acres/hour Single side (tractor pulled) Hour80.00 $20/acre Double side (tractor mounted) Hour80.0082.5081.25 3-5 acres/hour Double side (tractor pulled) Hour210.00 Double side (self propelled)x Hour325.00360.00339.00 10-25 acres/hour, depending on wood size Double Side (self propelled)x Hour280.00300.00290.00 4-12 acres/hour, depending on wood size Topping Tractor mountedHour190.00 Tractor pulledHour100.00 1-3 acres/hour Self propelledHour350.00380.00367.50 5-10 acres/hour (roof top) 5-20 acres/hour (flat top) Self propelledHour250.00290.00270.00 Double boom (self propelled) Hour550.00 2-12 acres/hour (roof top) 15-30 acres/hour (flat top)

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 5 Table 1. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 30 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Removing Brush Haul brush from grove Hour40.00 $48.75/hour average (2 people with truck/tractor) Front-end loader (push brush) Hour46.4060.0052.40 2-10 acres/hour Chop/mow brushHour26.0037.5030.62 3-6 acres/hour, $9.85/acre average COLD PROTECTION Mechanical Hour23.43 Install Wraps Hour0.250.500.37 OTHER CUSTOM RATES Plant Tree ResetsTree1.752.502.29 Stake, plant, and first watering Solid Set PlantingTree1.101.501.19 Stake, plant, and first watering Travel/Set-Up Charge Hour27.00 Reporting average Grove Management Charge/Month Supervising grove care operations Acre1.505.502.70 In addition to caretaking charges Handling fruit marketing Box0.100.250.15 6% equipment labor charge; $50/acre annually Chemical/fertilizer management10-25% of materials cost Personnel charges $0.05-$0.18/box (harvesting operations/labor compliance records) Consulting $50-$100/hour (cultural management/ horticultural evaluation/ financial analysis prospectus) Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove Service to Acre 350 14,122 2,639 60,708 acres total Source: Ronald P. Muraro, professor, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL. June 2002. z Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor, and sprayer. Supply truck included by most caretakers. y Calculated by dividing total caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges. x Low acres = two years regrowth hedging; high acres = annual maintenance hedging.

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 6 Table 2. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT Hand Labor Hour$ 11.50$ 13.75$ 12.46 Plus transportation and equipment Mechanic LaborHour25.0040.0034.33 Labor and service truck Rotovate Hour30.0040.0033.76 Disc 7-8 feetHour25.0035.0029.33 Disc 10 feet Hour31.0035.0032.33 Mow (Off-set or side mower) Hour29.0035.0032.25 Mow 7-8 feetHour29.5033.0030.29 Mow 7-8 feetAcre8.0010.009.06 Mow 9-10 feetHour30.0035.0031.91 Mow 9-10 feetAcre8.0010.509.17 Mow 15-16 feetHour35.0041.0036.78 $8.25/acre average V-Mower Hour30.0034.0032.22 $8.75/acre average Sickle MowerHour30.0035.0032.40 Herbicide (strip/ band single boom)z Hour32.0038.0035.00 Herbicide (strip/ band single boom)z Acre11.0012.5012.19 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/ band double boom)z Acre12.0012.5012.19 Plus materials; $35.41/hour average Herbicide (chemical mow)z Acre3.007.004.42 Plus materials Temikz Acre11.0013.5012.17 Plus materials Plow Hour30.0035.0031.58 Backhoe Hour41.0060.0046.20 Vine Puller Hour29.0030.0029.50 Middle BusterHour29.5035.0031.92 With tractor and driver; $0.2/foot Mound BuilderHour33.0035.0033.67 With tractor and driver; $0.25/mound Grader BladeHour28.0035.0031.30 With tractor/blade and driver Caterpillar GraderHour55.00 Bush Hog Hour30.0041.0032.13 Water Truck w/ Driver Hour27.0035.0030.88 Pickup Truck w/ Driver Hour21.5032.0027.73 24,970 miles/year/pickup average Flatbed Truck w/Driver Hour28.5040.0035.70 12,115 miles/year/transport truck average Tractor w/ DriverHour27.0035.0029.40 ATV w/ DriverHour17.5030.0022.16

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 7 Table 2. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments SPRAYINGz Hand SprayerHour44.00 Tractor and handgun sprayer plus 2 men AIR BLAST SPRAYER Engine-Driven PTO-Powered Tree See Technology 500 GPA Acre 35.5030.0036.0034.40$38.48/acre PTO 250 GPA Acre28.0036.0030.5029.0031.0029.40$29.42/acre PTO 125 GPA Acre23.5026.0025.0520.0025.0023.30$25.38/acre PTO 100 GPA Acre 19.0019.7519.42 Curtec (25 GPA)Acre18.0020.0019.33 Aerial Fixed Wing $4.38/acre @ 5 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $6.08/acre @ 10 GPA; Huey Helicopter $12.25/acre @ 10 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $7.67/acre @ 15 GPA; Huey Helicopter $16.00/acre @ 15 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $10.33/acre @ 20 GPA; Huey Helicopter $21.00/acre @ 20 GPA; Huey (Aquatic) $30.00/acre @ 20 GPA FERTILIZER AND SOIL AMENDMENTSz Liquid Boom Application Single boomAcre 12.50 Double boomAcre 12.25 Dry (bulk) Acre6.008.257.20 Lime or DolomiteAcre7.008.257.47 $33.26/ton (includes materials) Fertilize Treesz Hand spreadHour11.5013.7512.46 Plus transportation and materials Machine spreadHour30.0035.0031.88 Plus materials; $7.54/acre average IRRIGATION Ditch MowerHour35.0045.0039.00 Water Furrow DiscHour29.0040.0033.06 Water Furrow Shaper (non-laser) Hour35.0042.0037.33 Water Furrow Shaper (laser control) Hour71.5080.0074.39 One reporting $0.05/foot (drained & shaped) Water TrencherHour30.0035.0032.33 One reporting $0.02/foot in water furrows Rotary Ditcher or Auger Hour28.0040.0034.00 Water SlingerHour35.00 Micropsprinrkler/ Drip Irrigation Maintenance Acre2.254.503.38 Check and repair system; parts extra

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 8 Table 2. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Microsprinkler$27.50/setting; $32.50/hour (truck & driver) Start/stop and supervison (truck & driver) REMOVING TREES Front-End LoaderHour50.0060.0053.13 3-15 trees/hour average Tree Shearing (cutting trees at ground level) Hour50.0060.0053.33 5-20 trees/hour average PRUNING General Pruning (Rehab/Freeze Damage) Tree 3.50 Power Saw w/ Operator Hour17.5020.7518.36 Hedging Single side (tractor-pulled) Hour55.00 Double side (tractor-pulled) Hour100.00 6-10 acres/hour Double side (tractor mounted) Hour200.00 Double side (self propelled) Hour225.00265.00238.33 8-20 acres/hour, $14.72/acre average Double side rotary boom (self propelled)x Hour300.00 5-15 acres/hour (bed top), add 25% furrows only Double side self propelled fixed boom hedgerx Hour360.00 12-30 acres/hour (bed top) 8-20 acres/hour (bed top and furrow) Topping Tractor pulledHour100.00125.00113.33 2-5 acres/hour Tractor pulledHour365.00 5-12 acres/hour (roof top) 10-20 acres/hour (flat top) Double side topper (self propelled) Hour210.00265.00237.50 8-15 acres/hour, $27/acre Double boom (self propelled) Hour550.00 15-30 acres/hour (flat top) Double side (self propelled) Hour $32.63/acre (gable); $23.13/acre (flat top) Limb Lifter/ Tree Skirt Trimmer Acre 13.50 3-5 acres/hour

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Summary of 2002 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 9 Table 2. A listing of 2002 custom rates reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Limb Lifter/ Tree Skirt Trimmer (single-side rotary) Hour90.00 4-10 acres/hour Limb Lifter/ Tree Skirt Trimmer (double-side rotary) Hour160.00 6-20 acres/hour Removing Brush Remove brush w/ front-end loader Hour45.0060.0052.86 $8.00/acre average Chop/mow brush Hour30.0040.0033.40 OTHER CUSTOM RATES Install Tree Wraps$0.10-$0.25 acres/hour, depending on wrap & trees; $0.30/tree maintenance Plant Trees (solid set) Tree0.901.151.04 Varies as to density Plant Tree (resets)Tree2.003.502.34 Varies as to the number of resets Grove Management Charge/Month Supervising grove care operations Acre3.006.004.50 In addition to caretaking charges Handling fruit marketing $0.05-$0.15/box; $0.05/pound-solids ($5/acre/month supervising/managing) Chemical/fertilizer management10-20% of materials cost Personnel charges $0.10/box (harvesting operations & /labor compliance records) ConsultingHour75.00120.00106.67 Horticulture Evaluation/Financial Analysis Consulting$250/day (cultural management) Total Reported Acreage Provided Grove Service to Acre 1,300 8,000 3,431 44,602 total acres Source: Ronald P. Muraro, professor, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, June 2002. z Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor, and sprayer. Supply truck included by most caretakers. y Calculated by dividing total caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges. x Low acres = two years regrowth hedging; high acres = annual maintenance hedging.