<%BANNER%>

UFIR IFAS



Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ ( Publisher's URL )
CITATION PDF VIEWER
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00001870/00001
 Material Information
Title: Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Muraro, Ronald P.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2000
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Published November 2000."
General Note: "FE 211"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001870:00001

Downloads

This item is only available as the following downloads:

FE21100 ( PDF )


Full Text

PAGE 1

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys1 Ronald P. Muraro2 1. This is document FE 211, a publication of the Department of Food and Resource Economics, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Published November 2000. Please visit the EDIS website at: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. 2. Ronald P. Muraro, professor and farm management economist, Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean. This year's annual questionnaire surveys were conducted via the U.S. Postal Service from February 2000 through April 2000. Thirty-three citrus caretakers participated in the Ridge area survey, and 22 citrus caretakers participated in the Indian River-South Florida area survey. Cooperatives (and their members) and growers performing their own cultural practices were not surveyed. The author expresses sincere thanks to those caretakers and their staffs who took time from their busy schedules to report their custom charges. Caretakers answering the Ridge area survey reported servicing 73,373 acres planted to citrus, or 2,620 acres per caretaker. This represents approximately 20.2 percent of the total acreage planted in the Ridge area. The Indian River-South Florida area participants serviced 44,252 total acres, or 2,950 acres per caretaker. This represents approximately 11.6 percent of the Indian River-South Florida area's citrus acreage. A majority of the Indian River-South Florida growers conduct their own cultural practices. The itemized custom rates (expressed as the low and high rate reported) and the rate average for the 2000 survey are the most current available. Custom rates for growers who are members of cooperatives and costs for growers who conduct their own cultural practices may differ from the survey's caretaker rate averages. For more detailed information on custom rates and other citrus production cost data for 1999-2000 and previous years, please contact either the author or your local county extension citrus specialist. Note: The mandatory decontamination requirements to help control the spread of citrus canker will likely increase the custom rate charges in the 2000-2001 season. Also, custom rate charges may increase if the current high cost of fuel continues.

PAGE 2

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 2 Table 1. A listing of the year 2000 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT Hand Hoe/Hand Labor Hour$ 9.00-$ 15.00$ 11.37 Plus transportation Tractor/Equipment Operator Labor (Driver)Hour11.00-18.5013.59 Mechanic Labor Hour27.00-40.0032.92 Includes truck Rotovate Hour26.70-38.2531.82 Disc 7 feet Hour22.50-30.0027.45 Disc 7 feet Acre 7.00-10.008.38 One-way discing Disc 9-10 feet Hour26.70-35.0029.87 Disc 9-10 feet Acre 6.25-10.008.82 One-way discing Chop Hour22.50-32.0027.36 Chop Acre 6.00-9.657.70 One-way chopping Mow 5-7 feet Hour25.00-32.4027.61 Mow 9-10 feet Hour25.00-35.0028.87 Mow 5-7 feet Acre 8.50-12.0010.64 Mow 9-10 feet Acre 9.00-12.0010.29 Mow 15-16 feet Acre10.00-12.0011.00 Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Hour24.40-30.0027.32 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Acre11.00-15.0013.40 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/band-double boom)z Acre11.00-14.5012.36 Plus materials Herbicide (piggy back appliance)z Acre12.00-14.3512.97 Plus materials; $31.33/hour average Herbicide (chemical mow)z Acre 4.95-8.006.21 Plus materials Herbicide (chemical mow)z Hour25.00-28.0026.37 Plus materials Temikz Acre12.00-15.0013.72 Plus materials Plow Hour27.50-30.0028.67 $9.25/acre average Deviner Hour25.00-30.0027.38 Bush Hog Hour25.00-40.0032.95 One reporting $11.75/acre Pickup Truck with Driver Hour21.00-30.0025.10 22,767 miles/year/pickup average Pickup Truck without Driver Hour10.00-15.0012.59 Flatbed Transport Truck with Driver Hour25.00-35.0029.49 23,750 /miles/year average Low-Boy Transport Hour50.00-55.0051.25 Tractor with Driver Hour25.00-30.0027.13 Water/Supply Truck Hour25.00-35.0029.39 One reporting $100/day

PAGE 3

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 3 Table 1. A listing of the year 2000 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments SPRAYINGz Tree-See Air Blast Sprayer (engine driven)$115/hour // Curtec Soraver $17.60/acre @ 22 GPA Engine Driven Airblast Spray (1,000 gallon tank)$120/tank @ 250 GPA PTO High Pressure Sprayer Hour 45.00Tractor and sprayer plus 2 men AIR BLAST SPRAYER Engine Driven PTO Powered Tree See Technology Average 500 GPA Acre30.00-35.7533.9425.00-35.0030.63$35.00/acre 250 GPA Acre27.00-33.0029.2722.50-30.0027.41$30.00/acre 125 GPA Acre22.50-26.5024.6720.00-25.0022.08$25.00/acre 100 GPA Acre18.00-25.0021.9317.60-22.5019.35$23.05/acre Aerial (Bell-47 helicopter) $7.50 @ 5 GPA; $12.50 @ 10 GPA; $15.00 @ 15 GPA; $20.00 @ GPA FERTILIZER AND SOIL AMENDMENTSz Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation SystemHour25.00-35.0028.71 Truck plus labor Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation SystemAcre 2.25-3.502.80 $61.88/irrigation injection hookup average Liquid Boom Application (double boom) Acre11.00-15.0013.53 Dry (bulk) Acre 6.20-10.007.81 $32.56/hour average Lime or Dolomite Acre 7.00-10.508.20 Lime or Dolomite Ton 7.00-9.007.90 Fertilize Young Treesz Hand Spread Hour 9.00-15.0011.37 Plus transportation and materials Fertilizer Spreader Hour25.50-35.0028.77 Plus materials; $6.87/acre average IRRIGATION Microsprinkler $3.00/acre, $25.00/month, $17.40/trip Start/stop and supervision Microsprinkler Hour25.00-35.0030.83 Start/stop and supervison (truck & driver) Freeze Protection with Irrigation $45.00 per night per system $25.00 per night per system to monitor weather and have employees standing-by ATV with Driver Hour15.00-23.5019.61 Check/repair microsprinkler irrigation system plus materials Ring Young Trees Hand Labor Hour 9.00-15.0011.37 Labor plus equipment Mechanical Hour24.20-28.5026.38 Backhoe

PAGE 4

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 4 Table 1. A listing of the year 2000 custom rates as reported by 33 Ridge citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments REMOVING TREES Tree Shearing (cutting tree at ground level)Hour45.00-55.0050.25 10-25 trees/hour average for trees sheared 1,600 trees/day (solid-set) Front End Loader Hour45.00-60.0050.91 5-15 trees/hours average for trees removed Front End Loader with Tree Spade Hour 60.00 PRUNING General Pruning (Rehab) Per Tree3.00-5.003.81 Depends on trees/acre requiring pruning Power Saw with Operator Hour16.60-25.0019.71 Plus transportation Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Timmer (double sided)Hour 190.00 9-18 acres per one pass Hedging Single Side (tractor mounted) Hour75.00-80.0076.67 2-5 acres/hour Double Side (tractor pulled) Hour80.00-82.5081.25 3-5 acres/hour Double Side (tractor mounted) Hour 220.00 Double Side (self propelled) Hour330.00-345.00335.00 0-20 acres/hour Double Side (self propelled) Hour290.00-305.00297.50 4-12 acres/hour Topping Tractor Pulled Hour 100.00 1-3 acres/hour Tractor Mounted Hour 190.00 Self Propelled Hour340.00412.50377.50 5-10 acres/hour (roof top) 5-20 acres/hour (flat top) Double Boom (self propelled) Hour 550.00 2-12 acres/hour (roof top) 15-30 acres/hour (flat top) Removing Brush Haul Brush Out of Grove Hour24.95-31.9528.29 Tractor-trailer/truck (driver plus 1 person) plus 2 people average $48.75/hour Front-End Loader (push brush) Hour45.00-55.0050.24 2-10 acres/hour Chop/Mow Brush Hour25.00-35.0029.18 3-6 acres/hour, $9.88/acre average BANK AND UNBANK TREES Hand Labor Hour 9.00-15.0011.37 Labor plus transportation, $0.50/tree bank/unbank Mechanical Hour 28.25 $0.37/wrap (install wraps) OTHER CUSTOM RATES Plant Tree Resets Tree 2.00-3.002.60 Stake, plant, and first watering Solid Set Planting Tree 1.00-1.251.16 Stake, plant, and first watering Travel/Set-up Charge Hour 27.00 Reporting average

PAGE 5

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 6 Table 2. A listing of the year 2000 custom rates as reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments CULTIVATION AND EQUIPMENT Hand Labor Hour$ 11.00-$ 15.00$ 12.21 Plus transportation and equipment Tractor/Equipment Operator Labor (Driver)Hour13.75-19.9516.18 Mechanic Labor Hour25.00-40.0033.69 Labor and service truck Rotovate Hour29.00-37.0033.00 Disc 7-8 feet Hour25.00-35.0029.73 Disc 10 feet Hour31.00-35.0033.75 Mow (Off-set or side mower) Hour29.00-35.0032.11 Mow 5-8 feet Hour27.00-33.0029.20 Mow 9-10 feet Hour29.00-35.0031.50 Mow 5-8 feet Acre8.00-10.509.53 Mow 9-10 feet Acre8.00-10.509.12 Mow 15-16 feet Acre33.50-41.0036.06 $9.00/acre average V-Mower Hour30.00-35.0033.40 $9.00/acre average Sickle Mower Hour31.00-35.0032.79 Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Hour31.00-37.5033.50 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/band-single boom)z Acre11.00-12.5012.27 Plus materials Herbicide (strip/band-double boom)z Acre12.00-12.5012.19 Plus materials; $36.69/hour average Herbicide (chemical mow)z Acre3.50-7.005.32 Plus materials Temikz Acre12.50-15.0013.38 Plus materials Plow Hour25.00-35.0031.91 Deviner Hour 30.50 Middle Buster Hour28.50-35.0030.88 With tractor and driver Mound Builder Hour27.00-35.0030.88 With tractor and driver Grader Blade Hour22.00-35.0030.75 With tractor/blade and driver Bush Hog Hour30.00-40.0033.41 Water Truck with Driver Hour25.00-37.0031.48 Pickup Truck with Driver Hour23.50-30.0025.79 28,500 miles/year/pickup average Flatbed Transport Truck with Driver Hour35.00-44.0038.30 19,225 miles/year/transport truck average Tractor with Driver Hour26.00-34.0028.68 ATV with Driver Hour16.00-30.0019.65

PAGE 6

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 7 Table 2. A listing of the year 2000 custom rates as reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments SPRAYINGz Hand Sprayer Hour 42.50 Tractor and handgun sprayer plus 2 men AIR BLAST SPRAYER Engine Driven PTO Powered Tree See Technology Average 500 GPA Acre35.00-36.0035.6732.00-35.0033.67$36.33/acre 250 GPA Acre28.00-36.0030.5024.00-29.0026.90$28.00/acre 125 GPA Acre22.50-25.0024.1719.00-22.5021.08$23.13/acre 100 GPA Acre 18.00-22.0019.00 Curtec (25 GPA) Acre18.00-19.5018.75$20/acre @ 30 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $4.42/acre @ 5 GPA; Bell Helicopter $7.50/acre @ 5 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $6.08/acre @ 10 GPA; Bell Helicopter $12.50/acre @ 10 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $7.24/acre @ 15 GPA; Huie Helicopter $18.00/acre @ 15 GPA Aerial Fixed Wing $8.92/acre @ 20 GPA; Huie Helicopter $20.00/acre @ 20 GPA FERTILIZER AND SOIL AMENDMENTSz Inject Liquid Fertilizer into Irrigation SystemHour30.00-38.5034.50 Truck plus labor; one reporting $30/setting Liquid Boom Application Single Boom Acre 7.00 Double Boom Acre10.00-12.5011.17 Dry (bulk) Acre6.50-8.507.22 $32.50/hour, $19.00/ton average Lime or Dolomite Acre7.00-8.507.54 Lime or Dolomite Ton 7.00-9.007.90 Fertilize Young Treesz Hand Spread Hour11.00-15.0012.21 Plus transportation; one reporting $0.10/tree Fertilizer Spreader Hour26.00-35.0029.63 Plus materials IRRIGATION Ditch Mower Hour35.00-45.0040.17 Water Furrow Disc Hour25.00-36.5032.38 Water Furrow Cleaner Hour27.50-35.0031.55 One reporting $0.02/foot (single bed) Water Furrow Shaper (laser control) Hour65.00-70.0068.50 One reporting $0.05/foot (single bed) Rotary Ditcher or Auger Hour28.00-35.0031.93 Water Slinger Hour 35.00 Micropsprinrkler/Drip Irrigation MaintenanceAcre2.00-6.604.13 Check and repair system; parts extra

PAGE 7

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 8 Table 2. A listing of the year 2000 custom rates as reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Microsprinkler $25.00/setting; $33.33/hour (truck & driver) Start/stop and supervison (truck & driver) REMOVING TREES Tree Shearing (cutting tree at ground level)Hour45.00-55.0051.25 5-15 trees/hour average for trees sheared; one reporting 53 trees Front End Loader Hour45.00-55.0051.38 5-15 trees/hour average for trees removed; 52 trees (solid-set push) PRUNING General Pruning (Rehab/Freeze Damage)Tree 3.50 Power Saw with Operator Hour17.00-25.0019.50 Hedging Double Side (tractor pulled) Hour100.00-137.00118.50 6-10 acres/hour, $15.67/acre average Double Side (tractor mounted) Hour 205.00 Double Side (self propelled) Hour200.00-260.00234.00 8-20 acres/hour, $16.50/acre average Double Side (self propelled fixed boom)Hour 305.00297.50 12-30 acres/hour (bed top only) 8-20 acres/hour (bed top and furrow) Topping Tractor Pulled Hour110.00137.00128.00 2-5 acres/hour $36/acre (gable cut) $26/acre (flat top) Tractor Pulled Hour 350.00 4-10 acres/hour (roof top) 10-20 acres/hour (flat top) Tractor Mounted Hour 175.00 Double Sided Topper Hour250.00260.00253.33 8-15 acres, $28/acre average Double boom (self propelled) Hour 550.00 4-10 acres/hour (roof top) 15-30 acres/hour (flat top) Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer Acre12.00-20.0015.25 3-5 acres/hour Limb Lifter/Tree Skirt Trimmer Hour43.00-70.0057.67 Removing Brush Haul Brush Out of Grove Hour48.00-55.0051.60 Front-end loader Chop/Mow Brush Hour30.00-35.0031.67 $8.50/acre average OTHER CUSTOM RATES Install Tree Wraps $0.10-$0.25 acres/hour, depending on wrap type and number of trees Plant Trees (solid set) Tree0.80-1.150.96 Varies as to density Plant Tree (resets) Tree1.25-3.002.09 Varies as to the number of resets

PAGE 8

Summary of 2000 Ridge and Indian River-South Florida Citrus Caretaker Surveys 9 Table 2. A listing of the year 2000 custom rates as reported by 22 Indian River and South Florida citrus caretakers. Grove Practice Unit Range of Rate Reported Average Ratey Comments Grove Management Charge/Month Supervising Grove Care Operations Acre3.00-6.004.54 In addition to caretaking charges Handling Fruit Marketing $0.15-$0.25/box; $0.05/pound solids One reporting $5/acre/month for supervising and managing Supervising/handling chemicals/fertilizer7-15% of materials cost; 12% average Personnel Charges $0.10-$0.25/box; 12% average (oversee harvesting operations, coordinate harvesting, keep harvesting labor compliance records) Consulting $111.67/hour average for Horticultural Evaluation and/or Financial Analysis Prospectus Consulting $250/day for Cultural Management only Total Reported Acreage-Provided Grove Service to Acre 3408,000 2,950 44,252 total acres reporting Source: Ronald P. Muraro, professor, University of Florida, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred, FL, June 2000. z Plus materials. Caretakers reporting rates include labor, tractor, and sprayer. Supply truck included by most caretakers. y Calculated by dividing the total number of caretakers reporting a grove practice rate into the sum reported. Unless otherwise stated, labor included with all charges.