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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes
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 Material Information
Title: Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Black, Robert J.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2003
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Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Date first printed: September 1985. Dates reviewed/revised: June 1997, October 2003."
General Note: "ENH-25"
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Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001712:00001

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ENH25 Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 1 R. J. Black2 1. This document is ENH-25 (which supersedes OH-25), one of a series of the Department of Environmental Horticulture, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Date first printed: September 1985. Dates reviewed/revised: June 1997, October 2003. Please visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu 2. Robert J. Black, professor emeritus, extension consumer horticulturist, Department of Environmental Horticulture, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, 32611. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A. & M. University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Larry Arrington, Dean Of all the states, Florida has the greatest wealth of native plants for use in the average rural or urban home landscape. Native plants desirable for home use range from the spectacular southern magnolia to the miniature creeping vine of the partridge berry. The state has nearly half of the species of trees available in North America north of Mexico. So many of Florida's native plants are useful that the tables included here list only those with the greatest potential landscape use. Native plants are equally practical and attractive on rural and urban home grounds. You may already know and appreciate some native plants but be unfamiliar with many others that could be used freely. Native plants are adapted to the climate and soil conditions of a given area and usually have fewer pest problems. Therefore their use in landscaping can decrease maintenance. Some plants have specific growth requirements; others thrive under a variety of climatic and soil conditions. You need to consider the native habitat of a plant and plan its use in a similar environment. Remember that Florida's native wild plants are protected under the Plant Protection Law. Under this law both preservation and propagation are encouraged. It is against the law to destroy, injure, harvest, collect, pick or remove any plants covered by the law without prior written permission from the landowner or legal occupant of the land. Another Florida law specifically protects sea oats and sea grapes. It is against the law to dig up or remove these plants whose growth helps prevent beach erosion. Some nurseries stock native plants. In the tables of native Florida plants included here, plants are first grouped by type such as ground cover or small tree. Within a type they are listed alphabetically by common name. Table 1 Ground Covers. Table 2 Vines. Table 3 Shrubs. Table 4 Small Trees. Table 5 Large Trees. Table 6 Palms.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 2 Endnote Note on Plant Protection Law: Section 581.185 of the Florida Statutes is an act to preserve the state's native trees and plants. Section 370.041 prohibits the removal or digging up of sea oats and sea grapes. Copies of the entire law and the plant list are available on request from the Florida Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, P. 0. Box 1269, Gainesville, Florida 32601.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 3 Table 1. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Ground Covers. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Dichondra, penny grass Dichondra carolinensis S 2 inches E Inconspicuous -Sn Moist + Native Habitat: Hammocks over entire state. Landscape Uses: Edging, mass. Gopher apple Licania michauxii NCS 3-12 inches E White, pink Spring, summer Sn Dry + Native Habitat: Pinelands and sand dunes over entire state. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations. Partridge berry Mitchella repens NC 1-2 inches E White Spring S Moist, acid + Native Habitat: Moist, acid sites in north central Florida. Landscape Uses: Edging, mass. Railroad vine Ipomoea pescaprae CS 4 inches E Pinkish lavender Summer Sn Well drained + Native Habitat: Sandy shores. Landscape Uses: Costal locations. Boston fern Nephrolepis exaltata CS 18-36 inches E Inconspicuous -Pt Sh to Sh Moist Native Habitat: Moist hammocks. Landscape Uses: Mass, hanging basket. 1Section of State to Which Adapted: N = north Florida Pensacola to Jacksonville and south Ocala; C = central Florida Leesburg south to Punta Gorda and Fort Pierce; S = south Florida Stuart to Fort Myers and south to Homestead; CS = entire state 2Foliage: E = evergreen; SEV = semi-evergreen; D = deciduous 3Light Requirement: Sn = sun; Sh = shade; Pt Sh = partial shade 4Salt Spray Tolerance: + = tolerant, exact degree of tolerance unknown for most native plants; = not tolerant; ? = tolerance unknown Table 2. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Vines. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Carolina yellow jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens NC 20 feet SEV Yellow Spring Sn to Pt Sh Average Native Habitat: Woodlands south to Osceola county. Landscape Uses: Trellis, fence.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 4 Table 2. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Vines. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Southern honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens NC 20 feet D Red Summer Sn to Pt Sh Any except light sands Native Habitat: Pine flatwoods in northwestern Florida. Landscape Uses: Screen. Trumpet creeper Campsis radicans NC 50 feet D Orange Spring to summer Sn Any except alkaline Native Habitat: Thoughout north and central Florida, except on alkaline soils. Landscape Uses: Screen. Virginia creeper, Partenocissus quinquefolia N 30 feet SEV Inconspicuous -SN Average ? Native Habitat: Pine flatwoods over entire state. Landscape Uses: Fences; on trees. 1Section of State to Which Adapted: N = north Florida Pensacola to Jacksonville and south Ocala; C = central Florida Leesburg south to Punta Gorda and Fort Pierce; S = south Florida Stuart to Fort Myers and south to Homestead; CS = entire state 2Foliage: E = evergreen; SEV = semi-evergreen; D = deciduous 3Light Requirement: Sn = sun; Sh = shade; Pt Sh = partial shade 4Salt Spray Tolerance: + = tolerant, exact degree of tolerance unknown for most native plants; = not tolerant; ? = tolerance unknown Table 3. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Shrubs. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Salt Spray Tol.4 Small shrubs Adam's needle, beargrass Yucca smalliana NCS 4 feet E White Summer Sh Any + Native Habitat: Flatwoods in northwest Florida. Landscape Uses: Rock gardens; background. Coontie Zamia floridana NCS 3 feet E -Orange seed in winter Sn to Sh Any if well drained + Native Habitat: Pinelands and flatwoods of northcentral Florida. Landscape Uses: Border.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 5 Table 3. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Shrubs. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Salt Spray Tol.4 Eastern coralbean Erythrina herbacea NCS 4 feet D Red Spring; red seeds in fall Pt Sh Average Medium shrubs Native Habitat: Hammocks over the entire state. Landscape Uses: In front of large shrubs. American beautybush Callicarpa americana NC 8 feet D Purple Spring; purple fruit in fall Pt Sh Well drained Native Habitat: Hammocks and rich woodlands in northcentral Florida. Landscape Uses: Mass. Fetterbush Lyonia lucida NC 6 feet E White Spring Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: Entire state. Landscape Uses: Screen. Firebush Hamelia patens CS 10 feet E Red Year round; black fruit year round Sn to Pt Sh Average + Native Habitat: Throughout central and south Florida. Landscape Uses: Foundation, base screen. Gallberry Ilex glabra NCS 10 feet E -Black fruit in winter Sn to Pt Sh Acid, wet + Native Habitat: Flatwoods over entire state. Landscape Uses: Trimmed hedges, foundation. Inkberry Scaevola plumieri S 6 feet E White Spring and summer Sn Dry + Native Habitat: Coasts of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations. Oakleaf hydrangea Hydrangea quercifolia N 6 feet D White Summer Pt Sh Acid, well drained Native Habitat: Flatwoods and swamps of northwestern Florida. Landscape Uses: Mass. Sea lavender Tournefortia gnophalodes S 6 feet E White Year round; black fruit year round Sn Sand + Native Habitat: Beaches and sand dunes. Landscape Uses: Coastal conditions. Strawberry bush Euonymus americana N 8 feet D Pink Summer Sn to Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: Rich woodlands in northern Florida. Landscape Uses: Foundation.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 6 Table 3. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Shrubs. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Salt Spray Tol.4 Swamp hibiscus Hibiscus coccineus CS 10 feet E Red Summer Sn to Pt Sh Moist to wet ? Native Habitat: Swamps of central and south Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Sweet pepperbush Clethra alnifolia N 10 feet D White to pink Summer Pt Sh Acid, well drained ? Native Habitat: Hammocks of northwestern Florida. Landscape Uses: Natural areas, small tree. Sweet shrub Calycanthus floridus N 10 feet D Red to brown Spring Sn to Pt Sh Well drained, fertile ? Native Habitat: Rich woodland soils. Landscape Uses: Natural areas. Walter viburnum Viburnum obovatum NC 8 feet SEV White or black Spring, summer Sn to Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: South to Sarasota county. Landscape Uses: Foundation, base. Wild coffee Psychotria nervosa S 8 feet E White Spring; red fruit in summer Pt Sh to Sh Average ? Large shrubs Bay cedar Suriana maritima S 20 feet D Yellow Spring Sn Dry + Native Habitat: Coasts of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations. Blueberry Vaccinium spp. NC 3-15 feet E White Spring; black fruit in fall Pt Sh to Sh Acid, well drained ? Native Habitat: South to Manatee county. Landscape Uses: Informal plantings. Cocoplum Chrysobalanus icaco CS 20 feet E White Spring Sn Average, wet or dry + Native Habitat: Throughout southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Screen, clipped specimens. Devilwood Osmanthus americanus NC 20-45 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Average Native Habitat: South to Marion county. Landscape Uses: Specimen, foundation. Eugenia Eugenia spp. CS 20 feet E White Summer; red fruit in fall Sn Average

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 7 Table 3. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Shrubs. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Salt Spray Tol.4 Native Habitat: Most of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Clipped hedge. Florida anise Illicium floridanum NC 20 feet E Red to purple Spring Pt Sh to Sh Average Native Habitat: Western Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen, mass. Golden dewdrop Duranta repens CS 18 feet E Blue Spring; yellow fruit in summer and fall Sn to Pt Sh Average Native Habitat: Everglades and the Keys. Landscape Uses: Background, screen. Large gallberry Ilex coriacae NCS 10 feet SEV -Black fruit in fall Pt Sh Fertile, well drained ? Native Habitat: Flatwoods of northwestern Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen, informal hedge. Marlberry Ardisia escallonioides S 20 feet E White Year round; Black fruit Pt Sh to Sh Moist + Native Habitat: Coastal hammocks of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Screen, specimen. Mountain laurel Kalmia latifolia N 20 feet E Pink to white Spring Sh to Pt Sh Acid, well drained ? Native Habitat: Western Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen, patio. Native azaleas, wild honeysuckle Rhododendron spp. N 8-20 feet D Pink to white Spring Sh to Pt Sh Moist, acid, well drained Native Habitat: Moist, acidic soils throughout northwestern Florida. Landscape Uses: Mass. Scrub holly Ilex opaca arenicola (I. cumulicola) NC 15 feet E -Red fruit in fall Pt Sh Dry ? Native Habitat: Scrubland of central Florida. Landscape Uses: Informal hedge. Silver bush Sophora tomentosa S 15 feet E Yellow Year round Sn Dry + Native Habitat: Sand dunes and coastal hammocks of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 8 Table 3. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Shrubs. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Salt Spray Tol.4 Southern wax myrtle Myrica cerifera NCS 20-30 feet E -Gray fruit in summer Sn to Pt Sh Wet or dry + Native Habitat: Over entire state. Landscape Uses: Specimen, informal hedge. Spanish bayonet Yucca aloifolia NCS 20-25 feet E White Spring Sn to Sh Any if well drained + Native Habitat: Sandy soils over entire state. Landscape Uses: Barriers, enclosures. Varnish leaf Dodonaea viscosa S 15 feet E Yellow Summer, fall Sn to Pt Sh Dry + Native Habitat: Inland woodlands and hammocks throughout southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Informal plantings, hedges. 1Section of State to Which Adapted: N = north Florida Pensacola to Jacksonville and south Ocala; C = central Florida Leesburg south to Punta Gorda and Fort Pierce; S = south Florida Stuart to Fort Myers and south to Homestead; CS = entire state 2Foliage: E = evergreen; SEV = semi-evergreen; D = deciduous 3Light Requirement: Sn = sun; Sh = shade; Pt Sh = partial shade 4Salt Spray Tolerance: + = tolerant, exact degree of tolerance unknown for most native plants; = not tolerant; ? = tolerance unknown Table 4. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Small Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 American cherry laurel Prunus caroliniana NC 30-40 feet E White Spring; black fruit in summer Pt Sh to Sh Fertile Native Habitat: Hammocks and rich woodlands of northern Florida. Landscape Uses: Clipped hedge, screen. American hornbeam, blue beech Carpinus caroliniana NC 30 feet D Inconspicuous -Sh Average ?

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 9 Table 4. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Small Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Native Habitat: Low areas south to Lake county. Landscape Uses: Shaded areas. Bontia Bontia daphnoides S 30 feet E Yellow Spring Sn Average or dry + Native Habitat: Florida Keys. Landscape Uses: Foundation, specimen. Chickasaw plum Prunus angustifolia NC 25 feet D White Spring; red to yellow fruit in summer Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: Hammocks and fence rows of northcentral Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Cinnamon bark Canella winterana S 30 feet E Purple Fall; red fruit in spring Pt Sh to Sh Average, well drained ? Native Habitat: Woodlands of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Devil's walking stick Aralia spinosa NC 15 feet D White Summer; black fruit in fall Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: Low areas in northern and central Florida. Landscape Uses: Exotic specimen. Downey serviceberry, shad berry Amelanchier arborea N 25 feet D White Spring Pt Sh Wet ? Native Habitat: Woodlands and swamps of western Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen due to early bloom. Flowering dogwood Cornus florida N 30 feet D Greenish with white bracts Spring Pt Sh Fertile, well drained Native Habitat: Moist woodlands south to Orange county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Fringe tree Chionanthus virginicus NC 25 feet D White Spring Pt Sh Moist ? Native Habitat: Low woodland areas south to Manatee county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Geiger tree Cordia sebestena S 25 feet E Orange Year round Sn Alkaline + Native Habitat: Dade county to the Florida Keys. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Lignum vitae Guaiacum sanctum S 25 feet E Blue Spring; orange fruit in summer Sn Average + Native Habitat: Rare; in Florida Keys. Landscape Uses: Specimen.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 10 Table 4. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Small Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Mahoe Hibiscus tiliaceus S 35 feet E Yellow Year round Sh Sand, well drained + Native Habitat: Sand dunes of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations. Myrtle dahoon holly Ilex cassine myrtifolia NCS 25 feet E -Red to yellow fruit in fall Pt Sh Moist ? Native Habitat: Moist to wet soils over northcentral Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Redbud, Judas tree Cercis canadensis NC 30 feet D Winter Sn to Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: Fertile woodlands south to Marion county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Sand live oak Quercus germinata NC 30 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn Well drained + Native Habitat: Dunes and scrubland south to the Everglades. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations. Satin leaf Chrysophyllum oliviforme S 30 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn Average + Native Habitat: Coastal hammocks from Brevard county southward. Landscape Uses: Specimen, patio. Sea grape Coccoloba uvifera CS 15-25 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn Sand + Native Habitat: Coastal hammocks, dunes and beachs. Landscape Uses: Espalier, screen, hedge. Shining sumac, winged sumac Rhus copallina NCS 25 feet D -Red fruit in summer Sn Well drained to dry ? Native Habitat: Over entire state. Landscape Uses: Screen, specimen. Southern crab apple Malus angustifolia N 25 feet D Pink Spring; green fruit in summer Sn Fertile Native Habitat: Western Florida to Taylor county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Southern red cedar Juniperus silicicola NCS 25 feet E -Blue fruit in winter Sn to Pt Sh Average to alkaline + Native Habitat: Limestone areas south to Sarasota county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Southern wax myrtle Myrica cerifera NCS 20-30 feet E -Gray fruit in summer Sn to Pt Sh Wet or dry +

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 11 Table 4. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Small Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Native Habitat: Entire state. Landscape Uses: Screen, clipped hedge. Yaupon holly Ilex vomitoria NC 25 feet E -Red fruit in winter Pt Sh to Sh Average + Native Habitat: Hammocks and stream beds of northcentral Florida. Landscape Uses: Screen, clipped hedge. 1Section of State to Which Adapted: N = north Florida Pensacola to Jacksonville and south Ocala; C = central Florida Leesburg south to Punta Gorda and Fort Pierce; S = south Florida Stuart to Fort Myers and south to Homestead; CS = entire state 2Foliage: E = evergreen; SEV = semi-evergreen; D = deciduous 3Light Requirement: Sn = sun; Sh = shade; Pt Sh = partial shade 4Salt Spray Tolerance: + = tolerant, exact degree of tolerance unknown for most native plants; = not tolerant; ? = tolerance unknown Table 5. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Large Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 American holly Ilex opaca NC 50-100 feet E -Red fruit in winter Sn or Pt Sh Fertile, well drained + Native Habitat: Fertile woodlands and hammocks south to Orange county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Bald cypress Taxodium distichum NCS 150 feet D Inconspicuous -Sn to Sh Wet, acid + Native Habitat: Swams throughout Florida, except in the Keys. Landscape Uses: Shade, specimen, street. Black olive Bucida buceras S 50 feet E -Black fruit in summer Sn to Pt Sh Alkaline + Native Habitat: Rare, in the Florida Keys. Landscape Uses: Specimen, windbreak. Buttonwood Conocarpus erectus S 50 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Wet or dry + Native Habitat: Coastal areas, south from Brevard and Levy counties. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 12 Table 5. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Large Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Dahoon holly Ilex cassine NCS 40 feet E -Red fruit in winter Pt Sh Wet + Native Habitat: Swamps over the entire state. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Devilwood Osmanthus americanus NC 20-45 feet E White Winter Sn to Pt Sh Fertile Native Habitat: Fertile woodlands south to Marion county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides NC 80 feet D Inconspicuous -Sn Moist ? Native Habitat: Swamps and rivers. Landscape Uses: Windbreak. Florida basswood, linden Tilia caroliniana NCS 60 feet D Inconspicuous -Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: Hammocks south to Orange county. Landscape Uses: Street. Florida boxwood, yellowwood Schaefferia frutescens S 40 feet E -Red fruit in winter Pt Sh Moist ? Native Habitat: Hammocks in Dade and Monroe counties. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Florida torreya, stinking cedar Torreya taxifolia N 50 feet E Inconspicuous -Pt Sh Average ? Native Habitat: Inland on moist sites. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Gumbo limbo Bursera simaruba S 60 feet D -Red fruit in summer Sn Average to alkaline + Native Habitat: Coasts of southern Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Laurel oak Quercus laurifolia NCS 75 feet SEV Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Average Native Habitat: Entire state to Everglades. Landscape Uses: Shade. Live oak Quercus virginiana NCS 70 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Average to alkaline + Native Habitat: Entire state. Landscape Uses: Shade, framing. Loblolly bay Gordonia lasianthus NC 70 feet E White Spring Pt Sh Fertile, moist Native Habitat: Flatwoods, bays and hammocks. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Longleaf pine Pinus palustris NC 120 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn Any +

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 13 Table 5. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Large Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Native Habitat: Flatwoods and sandhills. Landscape Uses: Shade, windbreak. Mahogany Swietenia mahagoni S 50 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Dh Acid or alkaline + Native Habitat: Hammocks in southern Florida and the Keys. Landscape Uses: Street. Pigeon plum Coccoloba diversifolia S 70 feet E -Red fruit in winter Sn Sand + Native Habitat: Brevard county to the Keys. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Red maple Acer rubrum NCS 80 feet D Red Winter; red fruit in winter Sn to Pt Sh Fertile, moist Native Habitat: Moist to wet sites. Landscape Uses: Specimen. River birch, black birch Betula nigra N 60 feet D Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Moist Native Habitat: Stream banks south to Alachua county. Landscape Uses: Specimen. Sand pine Pinus clausa NCS 70 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn Sand + Native Habitat: Dunes and scrublands. Landscape Uses: Coastal locations. Shumard oak Quercus shumardii NC 100 feet D Inconspicuous -Sn Fertile, well drained Native Habitat: Well-drained soils underlain by limestone south through Marion county. Landscape Uses: Specimen, street. Slash pine Pinus elliottii NCS 100 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn Any + Native Habitat: Entire state. Landscape Uses: Shade, windbreak. Southern magnolia Magnolia grandiflora NC 100 feet E White Spring Sn Fertile + Native Habitat: Fertile woodlands south to Desoto county. Landscape Uses: Specimen, street, framing. Spruce pine Pinus glabra NC 100 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn Fertile, moist ? Native Habitat: Fertile, moist soils. Landscape Uses: Shade. Sweet bay Magnolia virginiana NCS 75 feet E White Spring Pt Sh Fertile, wet Native Habitat: Flatwoods, bays and swamps. Landscape Uses: Specimen.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 14 Table 5. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Large Trees. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season and Fruit Color Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Sweet gum Liquidambar styraciflua NCS 100 feet D Inconspicuous -Sn or Pt Sh Average + Native Habitat: South to Brevard county. Landscape Uses: Specimen, shade. Tulip tree, yellow poplar Liriodendron tulipifera NC 100 feet D Orange Spring Sn or Pt Sh Moist Native Habitat: Woodlands and swamps south to Orange county. Landscape Uses: Street. Water oak Quercus nigra NCS 75 feet D Inconspicuous -Sn Average Native Habitat: Entire state. Landscape Uses: Street. Winged elm Ulmus alata NC 50 feet D Inconspicuous -Sn Average Native Habitat: Throughout northern Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen. 1Section of State to Which Adapted: N = north Florida Pensacola to Jacksonville and south Ocala; C = central Florida Leesburg south to Punta Gorda and Fort Pierce; S = south Florida Stuart to Fort Myers and south to Homestead; CS = entire state 2Foliage: E = evergreen; SEV = semi-evergreen; D = deciduous 3Light Requirement: Sn = sun; Sh = shade; Pt Sh = partial shade 4Salt Spray Tolerance: + = tolerant, exact degree of tolerance unknown for most native plants; = not tolerant; ? = tolerance unknown Table 6. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Palms. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Cabbage palm Sabal palmetto NCS 90 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Sh Any + Native Habitat: Entire state. Landscape Uses: Specimen, coastal locations. Florida royal palm Roystonea elata S 100 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Moist, rich + Native Habitat: Southern and southwestern portion of mainland. Landscape Uses: Street, specimen, framing.

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Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes 15 Table 6. Native Florida Plants for Home Landscapes: Palms. Common Name Scientific Name Section of State to Which Adapted1 Height Foliage2 Flower Color Flowering Season Light Req.3 Soil Req. Salt Spray Tol.4 Florida silver palm Coccothrinax argentata S 25 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Sandy, well drained + Native Habitat: Broward county south through the Keys. Landscape Uses: Specimen, tropical effect. Florida thatch palm Thrinax radiata S 36 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Any + Native Habitat: South Florida. Landscape Uses: Street, specimen. Key thatch palm Thrinax morrisii S 30 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Any + Native Habitat: Lower end of mainland and the Keys. Landscape Uses: Street, specimen. Needle palm Rhapidophyllum hystrix NC 6 feet E Inconspicuous -Pt Sh Fertile, moist + Native Habitat: Central and northern Florida. Landscape Uses: Specimen, foundation. Saw cabbage palm Acoelorrhaphe wrightii CS 30 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Variable + Native Habitat: Collier county and Everglades. Landscape Uses: Street, specimen. Saw palmetto Serenoa repens NCS 4 feet E Inconspicuous -Sn to Pt Sh Variable + Native Habitat: Entire state. Landscape Uses: Natural areas. 1Section of State to Which Adapted: N = north Florida Pensacola to Jacksonville and south Ocala; C = central Florida Leesburg south to Punta Gorda and Fort Pierce; S = south Florida Stuart to Fort Myers and south to Homestead; CS = entire state 2Foliage: E = evergreen; SEV = semi-evergreen; D = deciduous 3Light Requirement: Sn = sun; Sh = shade; Pt Sh = partial shade 4Salt Spray Tolerance: + = tolerant, exact degree of tolerance unknown for most native plants; = not tolerant; ? = tolerance unknown