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UFIR IFAS



Species in Danger of Extinction
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ ( Publisher's URL )
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00001671/00001
 Material Information
Title: Species in Danger of Extinction
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Peterson, Nancy
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2003
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "First published: September 2000. Minor revision: March 2003."
General Note: "CNR 6"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001671:00001

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CNR-6 Species in Danger of Extinction1 Center for Natural Resources2 1. This publication was produced by the Center for Natural Resources at the University of Florida. CNR 6 is part of a Program Summary Series. First published: September 2000. Minor revision: March 2003. 1051 McCarty Hall D. Post Office Box 110230. Tel: (352) 392-7622 Fax: (352) 846-2856 Email: cnr_mail@mail.ifas.ufl.edu Web: http://cnr.ifas.ufl.edu/ 2. This fact sheet was written by The Center for Natural Resources (CNR). Established in 1973, CNR, at the University of Florida, plays a major role in the conservation, preservation and restoration of our nation's natural resources by facilitating interdisciplinary collaborations between UF faculty and external stakeholders. Nancy Peterson, Program Coordinator The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/Christine Taylor Waddill, Dean. Countless species have gone extinct from natural processes. Unfortunately we can no longer attribute the accelerating extinction of plants and animals to natural causes. Today most species of plants and animals become extinct because of habitat destruction (loss of living space to development or pollution) introduction of non-native organisms, and direct killing (overharvesting, poisoning). Since the widespread settlement of Florida in the mid-1800s, at least 19 species of animals and 12 plants are believed to have become extinct. The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWCC) maintains the state list of 117 animals that are endangered, threatened, or species of special concern in Rules 39-27.003, 39-27.004 and 39-27.005, respectively, Florida Administrative Code (F.A.C.) The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) maintains the state list of 413 plants that are endangered, threatened and commercially exploited via chapter 5B-40, F.A.C. The federal lists of animals and plants are administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and categorized into endangered and threatened, and are published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). 50 CFR, part 17, deals with animals and 50 CFR, part 23, deals with plants. According to the USFWS listings, Florida trails only California and Hawaii, in numbers of listed endangered species. About 4 dozen other species are in as much jeopardy of extinction as those species already listed, and nearly half (44%) of all Florida vertebrates are known or suspected to be declining in number of distribution (Figure 1). Figure 1. There are about 50 70 adult Florida panthers (Panthera floridanus) in the State (FWC, 2003). Extinction occurs gradually. When an essential habitat component is diminished to a level insufficient for a species survival, that species

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Species in Danger of Extinction 2 becomes extinct in that area. From an individual site, extinction can then spread to township, county, state, national and global levels. University of Florida Units Botany Department 352-392-1175 http://web.botany.ufl.edu/ Entomology and Nematology Department 352-392-1901 http://entnemdept.ifas.ufl.edu/ Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences Department 352-392-9617 http://fishweb.ifas.ufl.edu/ Florida Biological Diversity Project 352-846-0630 http://www.wec.ufl.edu/coop/gap/ Florida Coop. Fish & Wildlife Research Unit 352-846-0626 http://www.wec.ufl.edu/coop/ Florida Museum of Natural History 352-846-2000 http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/ School of Forest Resources & Conservation 352-846-0850 http://aris.sfrc.ufl.edu/welcome.html Governmental Responsibility Center Levin College of Law 352-392-2237 http://www.law.ufl.edu/college/CGR/ Pathobiology Department Veterinary Medicine College 352-392-4700 http://www.vetmed.ufl.edu/path/path.htm Florida Sea Grant College 352-392-5870 http://www.flseagrant.org/ Wildlife Ecology & Conservation Department 352-846-0643 http://www.wec.ufl.edu Zoology Department 352-392-1107 http://www.zoo.ufl.edu Other Contacts Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services http://doacs.state.fl.us/ Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission http://southeast.fws.gov/maps/fl.html Florida Biological Diversity Project 941-947-3567 http://www.wec.ufl.edu/coop/GAP/Default.htm Florida Internet Center for Understanding http://www.ficus.usf.edu/ Florida Natural Areas Inventory http://www.fnai.org/ National Audubon Society http://www.audubon.org/campaign/esa The Nature Conservancy FL Chapter http://nature.org/wherewework/northamerica/ states/florida/ U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service http://www.fws.gov/