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Miscellaneous Poultry
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ ( Publisher's URL )
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00001475/00001
 Material Information
Title: Miscellaneous Poultry
Physical Description: Fact sheet
Creator: Douglas, Carroll
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1992
 Notes
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "was published June 1992"
General Note: "PS-4"
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00001475:00001

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MiscellaneousPoultry1 TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanEqualOpportunity/AffirmativeActionEmployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,ornationalorigin. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/JohnT.Woeste,DeanC.R.DouglasandM.D.Ouart2TURKEYS MajorFactorsAssociatedWith TurkeyProductionAtpresenttherearenoturkeyprocessingplants inFlorida.Therefore,nocommercialturkeysare grown.Althoughmoredifficulttoraisethanchickens, homeflocksofturkeyscanberaisedandprocessedat homeifgoodmanagementispracticed.CommonVarieties(1)BroadBreastedBronze (2)BroadBreastedWhite (3)SmallWhiteSourceofPoultsAlimitednumberofhatcheriesinFloridasell turkeys.Contacttheextensionpoultryspecialistfor ahatcherylist.Forthosedesiringtohatchtheirown poults,theperiodofincubationis28days.Follow thesameprocedureasforchickens.See "ManagementofSmallFlocksofChickens."HousingandEquipment(1)Inplanningforlocationofhouse,applyprinciples usedwithchickens. (2)Permanent-24to30feetwide,anylength. (3)Portable-10x12feetforbrooding125-150 poultsto8-10weeksofage. (4)RangeShelters,portable,anysize,tobeused 8-15weeksofage.Afterthisage,growing turkeysonrangerequireslittleornoshelterother thanforshade. (5)FloorSpace-ConfinementHousing.SeeTable1 forrequirements. (6)Equipment (a)Brooder-Useone500capacitybrooderper 250-300poults. (b)Feeders.SeeTable2forrequirements. (c)Waterers.SeeTable3forrequirements. (d)NestsforBreeders:Provideonenestforeach fivehenswitheachnest24incheshighX24 inchesdeepX20incheswide.FeedsandFeeding(1)Useagood,commercialturkeystarterforthe first8weeks. (2)Turkeydeveloperfrom8weekstomarketage. (3)Turkeybreederfromonemonthpriortobreeding season.Management(1)Growturkeysentirelyseparatefromchickens. (2)Broodinlotsofnotmorethan250-300. (3)Removeanyunthriftybirds. 1.ThisdocumentwaspublishedJune1992asFactSheetPS-4,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService.Formoreinformation,contactyourcounty CooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. 2.ExtensionPoultrySpecialist,CooperativeExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida,Gainesville; andAssociateProfessor,PoultrySciences,UniversityofFlorida,Gainesville.

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MiscellaneousPoultry Page2 Table1. FloorSpaceRequirementsbyAgefor Turkeys AGE SPACE 1-6weeks 1-11/2sq.ft./bird 6-12weeks 3-4sq.ft./bird 12weekstomarket 6-8sq.ft./bird Table2. FeederRequirementsforTurkeysbyAge AGE SPACE 1day-2weeks 2.5linearinches/bird 3-10weeks 3-4linearinches/bird 10weekstomarket 4-5linearinches/bird Breeders 6linearinches/bird Table3. WatererRequirementsforTurkeysbyAge AGE SPACE 1day-2weeks 50linearinchesortwo1-gal waterers/100birds 2-10weeks 100linearinchesorthree 1-galwaterers/100birds 10weeksto marketand Breeders 200linearinches/100birdsBOBWHITEQUAIL SelectionofQualityStock(1)Birdsshouldbefreeofdisease. (2)Obtainbirdsfromproducerswithgood reputation. (3)Checkbirdsforuniformityinsize,colorand shape. (4)Newlyhatchedchicksshouldbealert,active, vigorous,andfreefromabnormalities. (5)Hatchingeggsshouldbeuniforminsize. Removeverylargeandverysmalleggs. (6)Alwaysstartmorebirdsthanneededsothat considerablecullingcanbedone.BreederManagementCagesystemEitherapairpercageoracolonycagewith male/femaleratiosfrom1:1to1:4.Useasolid partitionbetweencagestopreventfighting.Use 50-100sq.in.perbird.FloorsystemAllow1to11/2sq.ft.perbird,use1maleper2 females.AgeofmaturityWithlightstimulation,somebreederswilllayat 16weeksofage.Mosthens,however,willbeginto layat24weeksandreachsettableeggsizein2-3 weeks.ArtificiallightToobtainyear-roundorout-of-seasonproduction, provideatotalof17hoursoflightperday.FeedPlacebreedersonagoodqualitycommercial gamebirdabout2weekspriortoonsetofproduction. Theywillconsumeabout41/2poundsoffeedper 100birdsperday.EggProductionandEggCareCullhensthatbegintolayverylateorlayata lowrate.Productionfora6-monthbreedingseason shouldaverage50%.Gathereggs2-3timesperday, storeincoolerat55-65degreesFand70-85%relative humidity.Setwithin7to10daysforbest hatchability.Incubation(1)Followmanufacturer'srecommendation. (2)Periodofincubation--23-24days (3)Incubatortemperature0-20days--100.25 degreesF (4)Hatchertemperature20days-hatch--99.25 degreesF (5)Incubatortemperature(stillair)0-20days-102-103degreesF

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MiscellaneousPoultry Page3 (6)Hatchertemperature(stillair)20days-hatch --100degreesF (7)Incubatorwetbulbtemperature--84-86 degreesF (8)Hatcherwetbulbtemperature--87-90 degreesF (9)Turning--3-24times/day (10)Eggposition--Setsmallenddown.BroodingandRearingSpacerequirementsSeeTable4forrequirements. Table4. SpaceRequirementsforFloor,Feederand WatererbyAgeforBobwhiteQuail Ageof Bird Floor Space Feeder Space Water Space 1-10 Days 4birdsper sq.ft. 0.6 in/bird 0.15 in/bird 11Days6Weeks 3birdsper sq.ft. 0.6 in/bird 0.25 in/bird After6 Weeks 2birdsper sq.ft. 1 in/bird 0.3 in/birdBrooderhousePreparehouseandmanageusingsameprocedure aswithbabychicks.BrooderOperateonsametemperatureaswithchicks.If heatlampsareused,redbulbsarebesttoreduce lightintensitywhichhelpsreducecannibalism.DebeakingDebeakquailchicksathatchingwithelectric debeakerbytouchingbothupperandlowerportion ofthebeaktothehotbladeuntilbeakisremoved1/4 distancetonostrils.Growingperiod(5to16weeks)Ifbirdsaretobegrownforhuntingpreserves, theycanbehousedduringthisperiodinmoreopen housing.Duringthelast4weeks,theyareusually placedinflightpenstoallowthemtodevelopflying ability.FlockHealthQuailaresusceptibletomostdiseasesand parasiteswhichafflictdomesticpoultryandsome additionalones.Someofthemorecommondiseases are: (1)UlcerativeEnteritis-Certaindrugsand antibioticscanbeusedasanaid. (2)Blackhead-Usepreventativedruginfeed. (3)Coccidiosis-Usecoccidiostatinfeed. (4)QuailBronchitis-Nospecifictreatmentor vaccination.Usegoodmanagement. (5)Pox-Vaccinateat6to10weeksofage. Formoreinformationsee"BobwhiteQuail Production"(FloridaExtensionCir.879).DUCKSANDGEESEThesewaterfowlarenotraisedcommerciallyat presentinFlorida.Thefollowingisdirectedtohome flocks.CommonBreeds(1)Ducks-WhitePeking,Muscovy,KhakiCampbell, WhiteRunner,Rowen (2)Geese-Toulouse,Emden,African,Chinese, Canada,BuffIncubationIfartificialincubationisusedfollowsame instructionsasforchickensexceptprovideahigher humidityforgeeseeggs.Sprinklewithwaterduring incubation.See"ManagementofSmallFlocksof Chickens".IncubationPeriodsareasfollows: Ducks28days SmallGeese30days MuscovyDucks33-35days LargeGeese33-34days

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MiscellaneousPoultry Page4BroodingandRearingHousesAnysmallbuildingcanbeusedforbroodingthat canbekeptwarmanddryandwillkeepbirdsinand predatorsout.Allow1/2sq.ft.perbirdfor2weeks thenincreaseto1-2sq.ft.perbird.TemperatureStartwith85-90degreesFforthefirstweek,then reduce5degreesFeachweek.FeedandWaterUsecommercialduckorgoosestarterforthefirst 2-3weeks,thenswitchtogrower.Pelletsare recommendedovermash.Agoodshareofgoosefeed canbepastureaftertheyare5or6weeksold.Clean drinkingwatershouldbeavailableatalltimes.FlockHealthDucksandgeeseraisedinsmallnumbersandin relativeisolationsufferlittlefromdiseases.Usegood managementforgoodflockhealth.