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Florida 4-H Horticulture Identification and Judging Study Manual: Flowers and Foliage Plants
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Title: Florida 4-H Horticulture Identification and Judging Study Manual: Flowers and Foliage Plants
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Black, Robert J.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1992
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Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melanie Mercer.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "the 4-H Member’s version of the document published March 11, 1992,"
General Note: "Circular 4HEHL 21"
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Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
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System ID: IR00001408:00001

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Circular4HEHL21 Florida4-HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudy Manual:FlowersandFoliagePlants1 R.J.Black2Flowerandfoliageplantsaresomeofthemost colorfulandattractivehorticulturalplants.Someare usedtodecoratetheroomsinourhomeswhileothersare usedtobeautifytheareasaroundourhomesandpublic buildings.Becausewintertemperaturesseldomreach freezinginsouthFlorida,coldsensitivefoliageplants normallygrownashouseplantsinnorthandcentral Floridacanbegrownaslandscapeplantsinsouth Florida. Thepurposeofthissectionofthestudymanualisto promoteabetterunderstandingofflowersandfoliage plants.Itisprimarilydesignedtoaidinthe identificationofthemorecommonflowersandfoliage plantsgrowninFlorida.Plantsarearranged alphabeticallybycommonnames.Commonnamesare usedfortheconvenienceofpersonsnotaccustomedto usingscientificnames.Scientificnamesarein parenthesesimmediatelyfollowingcommonnames. Scientificnamesarethesamethroughouttheworldwith plantscientistsandseldomchange.Thescientificname isusuallycomposedoftwowords.Thefirstwordis alwayscapitalizedandiscalledthegenus.Thesecond wordisusuallynotcapitalizedandiscalledthespecies. Theremaybemanyspeciesofplantsinonegenuswhich differonlyslightlyinappearance.Whenreferenceis madetoseveralspeciesinonegenus,theabbreviation "spp."isoftenwrittenafterthegenusname. Whenagroupofplantswithinaspeciesdifferin oneormorecharacteristicsfromtheirparentplants,they areclassifiedintoanothercategory.Whenthisoccurs naturally,thenewcategoryiscalledavarietyandwe addittothescientificname,suchas Dianthusplumarius var. albiflorus.Whennewvarietiesappearwhileplants areincultivation,theyarecalled"cultivars"(cultivated varieties).Thecultivarnameisalsoapartofthe scientificnameandmaybelistedsuchas Dianthus chinensis cv. Splendens or Dianthuschinensis `Splendens'.Singlequotemarkswillbeusedinthis publicationtodesignatecultivars. Theplantsinthissectionofthestudymanualare describedusingmanybotanicalterms.Thesetermsare usedtodescribetypesofleaves,leafpositionand arrangement,leafshapes,leafmargins,flowerpartsand flowerarrangement.Itmaybehelpful,whenstudying theseplantdescriptions,torefertotheglossaryofterms locatedintherulesandglossarysectionofthe Florida 4-HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudy Manual.Spaceisprovidedforyoutowritenotesthat helpyouidentifytheplant.Youmayalsowanttocut outphotographsfromoldnurserymagazinesand catalogstoglueortapeinthismanualtofurtherhelp youinidentification. 1.Thisdocument,Circular4HEHL21,isthe4-HMember'sversionofthedocumentpublishedMarch11,1992,FloridaCooperativeExtensionService, InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida. 2.RobertJ.Black,associateprofessor;TravisGreen,Sr.(layoutanddesign),seniorwordprocessor,EnvironmentalHorticultureDepartment,Cooperative ExtensionService,InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences,UniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleFL32611. TheInstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciencesisanequalopportunity/affirmativeactionemployerauthorizedtoprovideresearch,educational informationandotherservicesonlytoindividualsandinstitutionsthatfunctionwithoutregardtorace,color,sex,age,handicap,ornational origin.Forinformationonobtainingotherextensionpublications,contactyourcountyCooperativeExtensionServiceoffice. FloridaCooperativeExtensionService/InstituteofFoodandAgriculturalSciences/UniversityofFlorida/ChristineTaylorStephens,Dean

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage2AfricanViolet(Saintpauliaspp.)Asmallplantwitharosetteform.Leavesandstems areverypubescent.Leavescanbeovaltoheart-shaped withsmoothorrufflededges.Flowersarebornein clusters,canhave5ormorepetalsandcomeindifferent shadesandcombinationsofwhite,blueandred.See Figure1. Figure1. AfricanViolet(Saintpauliaspp.)Aglaonema(Aglaonemacommutatum)Anherbaceousperennialwithattractivefoliage variouslymarkeddependingonthecultivar.Thick stemsaresheathedbyleafpetioleswhichareshorter thantheblades.Theflowersaresmallspadiceswith smallspatheswhichformshowy,brightredoryellow fruitsinclusters.SeeFigure2. Figure2.

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage3AloeVera(Aloebarbadensis)Asucculentplantwithstiffrosettescomposedof leaveswhichareusuallymottledwithpurpleorwhite; theyhavespikededgesormaybesmooth.Theflowers areshowytubularblossomsborneonspikesintonesof yellow.Thesapisusedforsoothingskinburns.See Figure3. Figure3. AloeVera(AloeBarbadensis)Amaryllis(Hippeastrumspp.)Alowgrowing,stemlessherbwithtunicatebulb. Simpleleavesarebasalandentire,lineartostrap-shaped to2 long.Theyareglabrous,lightgreenandarisewith orafterflowerstalkemerges.Anywherefrom1-10 umbellateflowersmaybeproducedonahollowleafless stalkto2 tall.Flowersarelargeandfunnel-shapedto 10 across.Theprevailingcolorsarered,pink,white andoftenlinedorstriped.Floweringoccursinthe winterandspring.SeeFigure4. Figure4. Amaryllis(Hippeastrumspp.)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage4Begonia(Begoniaspp.)Anerectortrailing,sometimesclimbingherbaceous annualorperennial.Usuallysucculentintexture. Leavesaresimple,alternate,highlyvariableinsizeand shape,characteristicallyasymmetrical,glabrousor pubescent.Maleandfemaleflowersareusuallyborne inaxillarycymes,somequiteshowy.Theycomeina varietyofsizes,shapesandcolors.SeeFigure5. Figure5. Begonia(Begoniaspp.)Caladium(Caladiumxhortulanum)Atuberous,stemlessperennialherbwithcolorful leaves,whicharesimple,basalandentire,ovateto lanceolateshaped;maybeupto14 long.Petiolesare longerthantheleafblades.Caladiumsshowavarietyof variegatedcolors:red,rose,white,green,andpink.The flowerisaninconspicuousspadixandspathe.See Figure6. Figure6. Caladium(Caladiumxhortulanum)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage5Canna(Cannaxgeneralis)Atall,perennial,erectherbwiththickbranching rhizomes.Simpleleavesarealternatetospirally arranged,withentiremarginsandsheathingpetioles. Theyareovatetoelliptic-lanceolateinshape,oftenwith prominentveins.Irregularlyshapedflowersarebornein spikes,andmayormaynotbetubularatthebase.The fruitisarough,three-valvedcapsule.SeeFigure7. Figure7. Canna(Cannaxgeneralis)Celosia(Celosiaspp.)Ashowygardenplantgrownasanannual.Flowers aretinyandcrowdedintoafeather-shapedspikeor flattenedcrest(cockscomb).Flowercolorvariesfrom redtoyellow.Leavesarealternate.SeeFigure8. Figure8. Celosia(Celosiaspp.)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage6ChristmasCactus(Schlumbergerabrigesii)Nofoliageispresentinthisperennialcactus.The stemsareflatandsegmented.Themarginsofeach segmentareroundedandscalloped.Flowersareborne atendsofstemsareveryshowy,inshadesorred,white ororange.SeeFigure9. Figure9. ChristmasCactus(Schlumbergerabrigesii)Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemumxmorifolium)Amuch-branched,erect,herbaceousperennialwith simpleleaveswhicharealternatelyarranged.Theleaves arelobed,entiretocoarselytoothed,lanceolatetoovate, oftenpubescentandthick,withastrongfragrance. Flowersareheadsofvarioussizesandshapes,clustered withdiskandrayflorets.Colorsaremanyshadesof white,yellow,pink,bronze,andredpurple.SeeFigure 10. Figure10. Chrysanthemum(Chrysanthemumxmorifolium)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage7Coleus(Coleusxhybridus)Afreely-branching,densely-foliatedherbaceous perennial.Simpleleavesareoppositewithmargins whichmaybecrenate,serrate,undulate,lobed,etc. Theyaregenerallyovateandsofttextured,Theyexhibit manycolorsandcolorcombinations;patternsofpink, white,yellow,red,green,andmaroonarecommon.The stemissquaredincrosssection,greenorbrown, becomingwoodywithage.SeeFigure11. Figure11. Coleus(Coleusxhybridus)Daylily(Hemerocallisspp.)Aclumpingperennialherb,spreadingbyfleshy rootstockswhichmaybeevergreenordeciduous. Leavesaremoreorlesslinear,wideratthebaseand taperinggraduallytothetip.Theflowersare6-petaled, funnelformtocampanulate,andareborninclusterson longscapes.Theycomeinshadesofyellows,orange, redandpurple,andbloominthespringand/orsummer. SeeFigure12. Figure12. Daylily(Hermerocallisspp.)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage8Dianthus(Dianthuschinensis)Therearemanyspeciesofdianthus.Thisspecies, commonlycalledChinapink,grows6to12inchesin heightandproducesanenormousquantityof1-to2inchsingle,semidoubleorfrilledflowersinshadesof pink,rose,scarlet,crimsonandwhite.Thefoliageis gray-greenincolor.SeeFigure13. Figure13. Dianthus(Dianthuschinensis)Dieffenbachia(Dieffenbachiaspp.)Aherbaceousevergreenperennialwiththickstems. Thelargeleavesarealternate,usuallywithwhite markingsorpatternswhichhaveaverystriking appearance.Thepetiolesarelongandcoverthestem. Theflowersareinspadiceswiththickspathes.See Figure14. Figure14. Dieffenbachia(Dieffenbachiaspp.)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage9DracaenaMarginata(Dracaenamarginata)Evergreen,multiple-stemmedplantwithfinetextured appearance.Ithasswordorstrap-shapedleaveswhich arecrowdedintotuftsattheendsofbranches.These leatheryleaveshavearedstripealongtheedgesofthe entiremargins.SeeFigure15. Figure15. DracaenaMarginata(Dracaenamarginata)Episcia(Episciaspp.)Aherbaceous,creepingperennialwithvery pubescentleavesindarktonesofcopper,mostly variegatedwithsilverandgreen.Thesmallflowersare showyred,purplishorwhite.SeeFigure16. Figure16. Episcia(Episciaspp.)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage10Geranium(Pelargoniumxhortorum)Leavesareorbicular,undulateandcoarselycrenate withaspicyscent.Flowersareinroundedumbelsfour tosixinchesacross.Theindividualflowersare five-petaled.Theycanbered,pinkorwhite.See Figure17. Figure17. Geranium(Pelargoniumxhortorum)Gladiolus(Gladiolusxhortulanus)Thisperennialherbgrowsfromacormandhas erect,unbranchedflowerstalks.Simpleleavesare linear,sword-shapedorcylindrical.Theyareoftenrigid withasomewhatpaperytextureandhaveprominent parallelveins.Flowersareborneononesidedspikes; theyareirregularwith6segmentsunitedintoacurved funnelformtube.Theupperthreesegmentsarelarger thatthelowerthree.Flowersrangeincolorfrom yellow,white,orange,red,lavender-purple,tobrown. Thefruitisathree-valved,large,flattenedorwinged capsule.SeeFigure18. Figure18. Gladiolus(Gladiolusxhortulanus)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage11Gloxinia(Sinningiaspeciosa)Thesearetuberousplantswithoblong-ovatedentate leaves,6to8incheslong.Flowersaresolitaryorfew clusters.Theyarebell-shapedto3incheslong,usually violetorpurple,butmaybereddishorwhitespotted. SeeFigure19. Figure19. Gloxinia(Sinningiaspeciosa)GrapeIvy(Cissusrhombifolia)Thisevergreenvinehasshiny,sharplytoothed, three-lobedleaves,4incheslongand3to4incheswide, thatunfoldbronzy,thenturndeepgreen.Newbudsand theundersidesofmatureleavesarecoveredwithsoft brownfuzz.Flowersarerareandinconspicuous.See Figure20. Figure20. GrapeIvy(Cissusrhombifolia)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage12Heart-leafPhilodendron (Philodendronscandenssubsp.oxycardium)Anevergreenherbaceousvinewithsimpleentire leavesclimbingbyaerialroots.Leavesareglossy-green, cordate(hencethecommonname"heart-leaf philodendron")andarearrangedalternately.The petiolesareroundanddonotclaspthestem.Thedry leafsheathremainsaroundthestem.SeeFigure21. Figure21. Heart-leafPhilodendron(Philodendronscandenssubsp.oxycardium)HollyFern(Cyrtomiumfalcatum)Thisfernhasadensespiralcrownwithanarching growthhabit.Frondsmaybeupto2tfeetlong,are compound,andarearrangedspirally.Leafletsareovate toelliptic-shapedto5 long,andmaybeentire,weakly wavyortoothed;theyareveryglossyandwaxyonthe surfaceandlightercoloredbeneath,withaleathery texture.Sporesontheundersidesareverydistinctand looklikescaleinsects.SeeFigure22. Figure22. HollyFern(Cyrtomiumfacatum)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage13Impatiens(Impatiensspp.)Anerect,spreading,succulentannualwhichisvery brittle.Simpleleavesareglabrous,alternate,sometimes oppositewithserratemargins.Theyaregreenor reddish-green,ovate-lanceolatetoelliptic-oblongin shape.Flowersaresolitaryandborneonaxillaryor terminalracemesandareinmanyforms,doubled,semidoubled,etc.Flowershaveaspurwhichcontainsnectar andtheycomeinmanycolors:purple,variegatedwhites, yellows,reds,andoranges.SeeFigure23. Figure23. Impatiens(Impatiensspp.)JadePlant(Crassulaargentea)Asmallshrubwiththick,succulenttrunkand branches,resemblingasmalltree.Leavesareopposite, obovateandlackingpetioles,attacheddirectlytothe stem.Theyareverythick,succulentandoftenhavered edges.SeeFigure24. Figure24. JadePlant(Crassulaargentea)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage14Marigold(Tagetesspp.)Adensely-foliated,freely-branching,erect, herbaceousannual,withodd-pinnatelycompoundleaves, whichareoppositewithserratemargins,lanceolate. Theyhaveglandulardotsontheundersides,andare stronglyaromatic.Flowersaredenseheadsto5 across, solitary,borneonlongpeduncles.Theyhavefewto manyrayflorets,oftentwo-lippedorquilled,inyellows, oranges,reddish-brownsormulti-colored.SeeFigure 25. Figure25. Marigold(Tagetesspp.)NeantheBellaPalm(Chamaedoreaelegans)Asmall,fine-textured,singletrunkedpalm,usually 4 high.Leavesarepinnatelycompound;leafletsare lanceolate,withshort,unarmedpetioles.Fruitsareblack andglobose,maturingthroughouttheyear.SeeFigure 26. Figure26. NeantheBellaPalm(Chamaedoreaelegans)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage15Nephthytis(Syngoniumpodophyllum)Acreepingherbaceousperennialattachingitselfto surfacesbymeansofaerialroots.Leaveshavelong petioles,arespearshapedandmarbledwithwhitewhile young,becomingverylargeanddeeplylobedwhenold. SeeFigure27. Figure27. Nephthytis(Syngoniumpodophyllum)NorfolkIslandPine(Araucariaheterophylla)Anevergreenconiferoustreewithasingle,upright trunk;thebranchinghabitistieredandcanopyis pyramidalinshape.Leavesaredarkgreen,softand spirallyarranged.Thetrunkisroughandoldbranches falloff,leavingdistinctscars.SeeFigure28. Figure28. NorfolkIslandPine(Araucariaheterophylla)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage16Pansy(Violaxwittrockiana)Thiswinterfloweringperennialisgrownasan annualinFlorida.Pansiesgrowtoaheightof8inches. Theleavesaredarkgreen,drooping,withwavyedges. Theyhavedelicatelyfragrant2-to3-inchflowersoffive overlappingpetalslookinglikegiganticviolets,except thatthecolorsarepurple,white,blue,darkred,roseor yellowcombinedinalmostendlessvariationsofstripes andblotches.SeeFigure29. Figure29. Pansy(Violaxwittrockiana)Peperomia(Peperomiaspp.)Anherbaceousperennialwithaclumpinggrowth habit.Thesucculentleavesarequitevariableinsize, shapeandcolor.Leavesarefrequentlyshinyandovate. Flowerspikesaresmallandinconspicuous.SeeFigure 30. Figure30. Peperomia(Peperomiaspp.)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage17Petunia(Petuniaxhybrida)Adensely-foliated,trailing,low-growingherbaceous annual.Simpleleavesarealternatewithupperleaves sometimesopposite;marginsareentire,andshape variesfromlinear-oblongtospatulate;textureissoftand pubescent.Flowersareaxillaryandsolitaryto5 across, withfunnelformcorollaswhichareoftendeeplyfringed orfulldouble.Theycomeinmanycolorsand combinationsofwhites,yellows,redsandblues.See Figure31. Figure31. Petunia(Petuniaxhybrida)Poinsettia(Euphorbiapulcherrima)Large,uprightgrowingshrubwhichcanreacha heightof12feet.Leavesarelarge,alternate,ovateand lightgreenincolor.Theshowyportionoftheplant, popularlyreferredtoastheflower,consistsofmodified leaves,whicharecalledbracts.Bractsmaybered,pink, yelloworwhite.Onecultivarhasredbractswithpale pinkspotsandblotches.Thetrueflowersaresmall, greenandyellownubsclusteredinthecentersofthe bracts.SeeFigure32. Figure32. Poinsettia(Euphorbiapulcherrima)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage18Pothos(Epipremnumaureum)Avigorous,evergreenherbaceousvinewithsimple, alternateleaveswhichareovatetocordate.Juvenile leavesareentire,butmatureleavesareperforatedand canreachalenghtof30inches.Thepetioleis channeledatthebaseandclaspingthestem.Theyare glossy,brightgreenorirregularlyvariegatedwithlighter greenshadesorwhite.Thejuvenileformisthemost commonlyseen.SeeFigure33. Figure33. Pothos(Epipremnumaureum)PrayerPlant(Marantaleuconeura)Alow-growingperennialplantwithcolorfulleaves, notedforthebeautifulpatternsoflines,blotchesand spotsonleaves.Theyvaryincolorfromsoft,light greentodarkgreenontheuppersurfaceandlightgreen ontheundersides.Theyarecalled"PrayerPlants" becauseoftheirhabitoffoldingtheirleavesatnight. SeeFigure34. Figure34. PrayerPlant(Marantaleuconeura)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage19Salvia(Salviaspp.)Herbaceousannual,usuallywithsquarestems. Simpleleavesareopposite,ovalorlanceolate.Margins aretoothedorsegmented.Flowersareborneinclusters, growingfromtheaxilsofsmallbractswhichvaryin colorfromscarlet,purple,bluetowhiteandpaleyellow. SeeFigure35. Figure35. Salvia(Salviaspp.)Sansevieria(Sansevieriaspp.)Astiff,erect,herbaceousperennialwithshortand thickrhizomes.Leavesareelongate,verythick,erect, flatorcylindricalandareusuallybornebasally.They areoftenmottledorvariegated.Flowersthoughrarely producedandthenonlyonolderplants,arearrangedin racemesandareoftenfragrant.SeeFigure36. Figure36. Sansevieria(Sansevieriaspp.)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage20Schefflera(Brassaiaactinophylla)Anuprightevergreentree,oftenwithmultiple trunks.Itislow-branchingwithpalmatelycompound spirallyarrangedleavesof7-15leafletswhichare oblong.Theleafletsradiatefromtheapexofan elongatedpetiole.Leavesareentireorsparselydentate onthejuvenileplantandareglossygreen.SeeFigure 37. Figure37. Schefflera(Brassaiaactinophylla)Snapdragon(Antirrhinummajus)Anerectherbaceousannualorperennialwithstiff stems.Theleavesaresimpleandalternate,withentire margins.Theyarelanceolatetooblong-lanceolate.The stemsareusuallycoveredwithshort,stickyhairs. Flowersareborneonterminalrecemes,growingfrom theaxilsofsmallleafybracts.Thecorollaistubularto 2 longandpouched,formingamouth.Colorsarered, pink,yellow,orange,andpurplewithallshadesand combinationsofthese.SeeFigure38. Figure38. Snapdragon(Antirrhinummajus)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage21Spathiphyllum(Spathiphyllumspp.)Clumpingherbaceousperennialwithlargedarkgreen,plantain-likeleaveswhicharethin,lanceolatein shape.Leafpetiolesareaslongorlongerthanthe blade.Flowersarelongspadiceswithwhiteorgreenish spathes.Thefruitsarefleshyandberry-like.SeeFigure 39. Figure39. Spathiphyllum(Spathiphyllumspp.)SpiderPlant(Chlorophytumcomosum)Anherbaceousperennialwithlinearleaveswhich arebright,smooth,andoftenlinedwithwhitebands. Theyarearrangedinrosettes,andbunchesofsmall plantletsareproducedattheendoflongstolons.The flowersaresmall,white,to across,borneinracemes, andprecedetheplantlets.SeeFigure40. Figure40. SpiderPlant(Chlorophytumcomosum)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage22SwedishIvy(Plectranthusaustralis)Alow-growingherbaceousperennialwithbroadly ovate,simple,fleshyleaveswhicharearranged oppositelyonsquarestems.Themarginsare pronouncedlycrenate.Flowersarearrangedinracemes, andaresmallandpalepurple.SeeFigure41. Figure41. SwedishIvy(Plectranthusaustralis)Verbena(Verbenaxhybrida)Evergreenherbaceousperennialwithacreeping growthhabit.Leavesaresimple,opposite,ovateto ovate-oblongandmarginsaretoothed.Itsfragrant flowersareborneinflattenedumbelsonquadrangular stems.Flowercolorsarepink,red,white,yellow,blue andpurple.SeeFigure42. Figure42. Verbena(Verbenaxhybrida)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage23WeepingFig(Ficusbenjamina)Thisevergreentreehasdrooping,spreadingbranches whichareheavilyfoliated.Theleaves,whichexudea milkysap,aresimpleandentire.Theyarealternate,and ovate-ellipticinshapeandleathery-texturedwitha glossy-greencolor.Thestemisgrey,andbrownaerial rootseventuallyappear.SeeFigure43. Figure43. WeepingFig(Ficusbenjamina)ZebraPlant(Aphelandrasquarosa)Shiny,darkgreenoppositeleavesononetotwofoot stemswithconspicuouswhitestrippingalongtheveins. White,2-lippedflowersemergefromyellowbractsin clustersatopthemainstem.SeeFigure44. Figure44. ZebraPlant(Aphelandrasquarosa)

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Florida4HHorticultureIdentificationandJudgingStudyManualFlowersandFoliagePlantsPage24Zinnia(Zinniaelegans)Anerect,stiff-stemmedherbaceousannual.Simple leavesareoppositelyarrangedwithentiremargins, usuallysessileorclaspingthestem.Theyarelanceolate, ovate,oroblonginshape,darkgreen,pubescentwith prominentveins.Flowersaresolitaryheads,borne terminally.Discandrayfloretsareoftenelongated, twistedandtubular.Theycomeineverycolorbutblue, somearemulti-colored.SeeFigure45. Figure45. Zinnia(Zinniaelegans)