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Facts About Thiamin
http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ ( Publisher's URL )
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00000863/00001
 Material Information
Title: Facts About Thiamin
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Turner, R. Elaine
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2012
 Notes
Abstract: A lack of thiamin causes the disease beriberi. People with beriberi have difficulty standing, walking and controlling their muscles. It’s very easy to get enough thiamin in the diet because it’s added to many processed grains. However, people who abuse alcohol or have a very poor diet may suffer from a thiamin deficiency.
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Diana Hagan.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Publication #FCS8667"
General Note: "First published: June 2001. Revised: April 2006, April 2012. "
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00000863:00001

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FCS8667 Facts About Thiamin1R. Elaine Turner and Wendy J. Dahl2 1. This document is FCS8667, one of a series of the Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of F lorida. First published: June 2001. Revised: April 2006, April 2012. Visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.u.edu 2. R. Elaine Turner, PhD, RD, associate dean and professor, College of A gricultural and Life Sciences, and Wendy J. Dahl, assistant professor, Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or aliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A&M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Millie Ferrer-Chancy, Interim DeanWhy do we need thiamin?iamin is one of the B vitamins. It is also called vitamin B1. We need thiamin to use the carbohydrates we eat. iamin helps turn carbohydrates into energy for the body. e body also needs thiamin to use some of the amino acids that make up proteins.What happens if we dont get enough thiamin?A lack of thiamin causes the disease beriberi. People with beriberi have diculty standing, walking and controlling their muscles. is disease was common in the 1800s in Southeast Asian countries when people started eating white polished rice instead of brown rice. Removing the outer husks of rice removes most of the thiamin. Its very easy to get enough thiamin in the diet because its added to many processed grains. However, people who abuse alcohol or have a very poor diet may suer from a thiamin deciency.How much thiamin do we need? lists recommended daily allowances of thiamin. How can we get enough thiamin?e best sources of thiamin are enriched, fortied, or whole-grain breads and cereals. iamin is one of four vitamins added to enriched grain products. Look for the word thiamin in the ingredient list on the label to see if it has been added: Figure 1. Thiamin is also called vitamin B1. Credits: Detail of image b y Tanakawho. CC BY-NC 2.0. http://ic. k Table 1. Recommended daily intakes of thiamin by life stage Life Stage Thiamin (mg/day) Men, ages 19+ 1.2 Women, ages 19+ 1.1 Pregnancy 1.4 Breastfeeding 1.4 mg = milligrams

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2 Other good sources of thiamin are pork, legumes (beans and lentils), orange juice, and sunower seeds. lists some foods and the amount of thiamin they contain. How should foods be prepared to retain thiamin?iamin can be lost or destroyed in foods when they are cooked, especially if they have long cooking times or are cooked in large amounts of water. However, because many thiamin sources dont need to be cooked, this is not a major concern.What about supplements?Most people get plenty of thiamin in their diet, so supplements are usually not needed. iamin is included in most multivitamin supplements. Research has not yet found problems from consuming too much thiamin from food or supplements. However, there is no need to take a supplement with more than 100 to 150% of the Daily Value for thiamin.Where can I get more information?e Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) agent at your county Extension oce may have more written informatio and nutrition classes for you to attend. Also, a registered dietitian (RD) can provide reliable information to you. Reliable nutrition information may be found on the Internet at the following sites: http://fycs.ifas.u.edu http://www.eatright.org http://www.nutrition.gov Table 2. Food examples and milligrams per serving of thiamin in each Food Thiamin (mg per serving) Pork chop, cooked, 3 oz 0.8 Ready-to-eat cereal, 1 cup 0.4 Spaghetti, enriched, cooked, 1 cup 0.4 Orange juice, 1 cup 0.3 Wheat germ, oz 0.3 Rice, Enriched, white, cooked, 1 cup 0.3 Sunower seeds, 2 oz 0.2 Black beans, cooked, cup 0.2 mg = milligrams oz = ounces