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2011 Florida Population Growth Is Third Largest in United States ... But Still Not Close to Pre-Recession Levels
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00000851/00001
 Material Information
Title: 2011 Florida Population Growth Is Third Largest in United States ... But Still Not Close to Pre-Recession Levels
Physical Description: Fact Sheet
Creator: Clouser, Rodney L.
Publisher: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences, EDIS
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2012
 Notes
Abstract: Overall, from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 Florida’s population increased by almost 219,000 people, which was the third largest increase in all US states. In this 4-page fact sheet UF/IFAS economist Rodney L. Clouser explores the implications of this trend.
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Diana Hagan.
Publication Status: Published
General Note: "Publication #FE904"
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Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00000851:00001

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FE904 2011 Florida Population Growth Is Third Largest in United States ... But Still Not Close to Pre-Recession Levels1Rodney L. Clouser2 1. This is EDIS document FE904, a publication of the Food and Resource Economics Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Published March 2012. Please visit the EDIS website at http://edis.ifas.u.edu 2. Rodney L. Clouser, professor and associate chair, Food and Resource Economics Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611.The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or aliations. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida A&M University Cooperative Extension Program, and Boards of County Commissioners Cooperating. Millie Ferrer-Chancy, Interim DeanIntroductione US Census Bureau released new population growth estimates for all states in December 2011. ese growth estimates measure the change in population between July 1, 2010 and July 1, 2011 and should not be confused with the 2010 population estimates for the decennial census taken on April 1, 2010. e new population estimates reveal that Floridas population growth is increasing at a more rapid pace again, although not back to the levels of annual growth from the 1990s through the mid-2000s. Overall, from July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 Floridas population increased by almost 219,000 people, which was the third largest increase in all US states. On a percentage basis, Floridas population growth was the eighth largest (1.2%).US Population Growthe US Census Bureau estimated that between July 1, 2010 and July 1, 2011, the US population increased by 2.26 million people (Table 1 ). e fastest growing region was the South, which accounted for about 52 percent of the countrys total growth. e slowest growing region of the country was the Northeast, with a total population growth of just over 155,000 people. Rhode Island and Michigan were the only two states with population declines during this period.Floridas Population GrowthFloridas total population growth of 219,000 during 2010 ranked third behind Texas (421,215, 1st) and California (353,714, 2nd) in the United States. Florida remains the fourth largest state in the country. e data also reveal that if Florida maintains this growth rate and if New York maintains its current growth rate, Florida will surpass New York as the third most populated state in the country sometime in the 2013 timeframe. e top ten states in total population growth are presented in Table 2 On a percentage basis, Floridas population growth rate of 1.2 percent ranked as the eighth fastest in the country. e fastest growth rate was in Washington, D.C. at 2.2 percent, followed by Texas at 1.7 percent and Utah at 1.5 percent. e top ten states in percentage population growth are presented in Table 3 .Implications for Floridae increase in Floridas population growth between 2010 and 2011 is most likely related to continued improvements in the national and state economies, allowing people to relocate who may have been place-bound because it was dicult to sell their homes. However, the increase in population still remains around 60 percent of the typical level prior to 2006. Also, based on census data, the growth

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2 from 2010 to 2011 is smaller than the growth experienced from 2009 to 2010 in the state. at most likely is indicative of the fragile nature of the national and state economic recovery since the recession, which is still expected to take more time (maybe 18 to 24 months) before approaching the pre-2006 levels, particularly in terms of employment/job growth. Still, the growth increase is welcome news, especially for some components of the states economy when compared to growth rates well below 200,000 people per year from 2006 to 2009. While the road to full recovery for the building and housing construction market and the sale of existing homes appears a long way o, population growth improvements over the past couple of years may be benecial to these hard-hit areas of the states economy. e largest component of Floridas growth rate over the period 2010 was due to migration. Over 80 percent of the population growth (176,634) was from migration, with about 61 percent coming from domestic migration (from other states in the United States) and about 39 percent from abroad. In other words, new residents from abroad accounted for nearly four of every ten new residents in the state. Population growth presents challenges as well. Diversication in the state population requires adapting services to meet the needs of people based on culture, work ethics, and family structure. Sustainable population growth also implies the need for increased employment opportunities in the state. Gains were reported in employment in Florida in 2011, but the state unemployment rate still remains about 10 percent, or 1.5 to 2 percent higher than the nation. Of course, growth in state population also brings questions and concerns from some: Will the growth pay for itself in terms of services needed? Where will the growth occur in the state? Will the growth pattern be compact and not spread out (sprawl)? How will resources such as land and water be allocated?ReferencesHarrington, J. 2011. Wells Fargo: Florida economy to grow slowly, but still outperform national average. Tampa Bay Times October 11. http://www.tampabay.com/news/business/realestate/article1196107.ece e Conference Board. 2011. Slow growth next year and into next decade: Chief Economist Bart van Ark discusses e Conference Board Global Economic Outlook 2012. CNBC Europe (November 11). http://www.conferenceboard.org/spotlight/ US Census Bureau, Population Division. 2011. Estimates of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico and Region and State Rankings: July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011. NST-EST2011-03, United States Census Bureau, Washington, D.C. (December). http://www. census.gov/popest/data/state/totals/2011/index.html US Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009. NST-EST2009-01, United States Census Bureau, Washington, D.C. (December). http://www.census.gov/ popest/data/historical/2000s/vintage_2009/index.html

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3 Table 1. July 1, 2011 US population estimates and percent change Geographic Area Population Estimates (as of July 1) Change, 2010 to 2011 2010 2011 Number Percent United States 309,330,219 311,591,917 2,261,698 0.7 Northeast 55,366,108 55,521,598 155,490 0.3 Midwest 66,976,458 67,158,835 182,377 0.3 South 114,857,529 116,046,736 1,189,207 1.0 West 72,130,124 72,864,748 734,624 1.0 Alabama 4,785,401 4,802,740 17,339 0.4 Alaska 714,146 722,718 8,572 1.2 Arizona 6,413,158 6,482,505 69,347 1.1 Arkansas 2,921,588 2,937,979 16,391 0.6 California 37,338,198 37,691,912 353,714 0.9 Colorado 5,047,692 5,116,796 69,104 1.4 Connecticut 3,575,498 3,580,709 5,211 0.1 Delaware 899,792 907,135 7,343 0.8 District of Columbia 604,912 617,996 13,084 2.2 Florida 18,838,613 19,057,542 218,929 1.2 Georgia 9,712,157 9,815,210 103,053 1.1 Hawaii 1,363,359 1,374,810 11,451 0.8 Idaho 1,571,102 1,584,985 13,883 0.9 Illinois 12,841,980 12,869,257 27,277 0.2 Indiana 6,490,622 6,516,922 26,300 0.4 Iowa 3,050,202 3,062,309 12,107 0.4 Kansas 2,859,143 2,871,238 12,095 0.4 Kentucky 4,347,223 4,369,356 22,133 0.5 Louisiana 4,545,343 4,574,836 29,493 0.6 Maine 1,327,379 1,328,188 809 0.1 Maryland 5,785,681 5,828,289 42,608 0.7 Massachusetts 6,555,466 6,587,536 32,070 0.5 Michigan 9,877,143 9,876,187 -956 N/A Minnesota 5,310,658 5,344,861 34,203 0.6 Mississippi 2,970,072 2,978,512 8,440 0.3 Missouri 5,995,715 6,010,688 14,973 0.2 Montana 990,958 998,199 7,241 0.7 Nebraska 1,830,141 1,842,641 12,500 0.7 Nevada 2,704,283 2,723,322 19,039 0.7 New Hampshire 1,316,807 1,318,194 1,387 0.1 New Jersey 8,799,593 8,821,155 21,562 0.2 New Mexico 2,065,913 2,082,224 16,311 0.8 New York 19,395,206 19,465,197 69,991 0.4 North Carolina 9,560,234 9,656,401 96,167 1.0 North Dakota 674,629 683,932 9,303 1.4 Ohio 11,537,968 11,544,951 6,983 0.1 Oklahoma 3,760,184 3,791,508 31,324 0.8 Oregon 3,838,332 3,871,859 33,527 0.9 Pennsylvania 12,717,722 12,742,886 25,164 0.2

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4 Geographic Area Population Estimates (as of July 1) Change, 2010 to 2011 2010 2011 Number Percent Rhode Island 1,052,528 1,051,302 -1,226 -0.1 South Carolina 4,637,106 4,679,230 42,124 0.9 South Dakota 816,598 824,082 7,484 0.9 Tennessee 6,357,436 6,403,353 45,917 0.7 Texas 25,253,466 25,674,681 421,215 1.7 Utah 2,775,479 2,817,222 41,743 1.5 Vermont 625,909 626,431 522 0.1 Virginia 8,023,953 8,096,604 72,651 0.9 Washington 6,742,950 6,830,038 87,088 1.3 West Virginia 1,854,368 1,855,364 996 0.1 Wisconsin 5,691,659 5,711,767 20,108 0.4 Wyoming 564,554 568,158 3,604 0.6 S our ce: Table 3. Estimates of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico and Region and State Rankings: July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (NST-EST2011-03), US Census Bureau, Population Division. December 2011.Table 2. Top 10 US states in 2010-2011 population growth State July 1, 2010 July 1, 2011 Change Texas 25,253,466 25,674,681 421,215 California 37,338,198 37,691,912 353,714 Florida 18,838,613 19,057,542 218,929 Georgia 9,712,157 9,815,210 103,053 North Carolina 9,560,234 9,656,401 96,167 Washington 6,742,950 6,830,038 87,088 Virginia 8,023,953 8,096,604 72,651 New York 19,395,206 19,465,197 69,991 Arizona 6,413,158 6,482,505 69,347 Colorado 5,047,692 5,116,796 69,104 Source: Table 3. Estimates of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico and Region and State Rankings: July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (NST-EST2011-03), US Census Bureau, Population Division. December 2011.Table 3. Top 10 US states/areas by percent change in 2010-2011 population growth State July 1, 2010 July 1, 2011 Change Percent Change District of Columbia 604,912 617,996 13,084 2.2 Texas 25,253,466 25,674,681 421,215 1.7 Utah 2,775,479 2,817,222 41,743 1.5 North Dakota 674,629 683,932 9,303 1.4 Colorado 5,047,692 5,116,796 69,104 1.4 Washington 6,742,950 6,830,038 87,088 1.3 Alaska 714,146 722,718 8,572 1.2 Florida 18,838,613 19,057,542 218,929 1.2 Arizona 6,413,158 6,482,505 69,347 1.1 Georgia 9,712,157 9,815,210 103,053 1.1 Source: Table 3. Estimates of Resident Population Change for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico and Region and State Rankings: July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (NST-EST2011-03), US Census Bureau, Population Division. December 2011.