Florida 4-H Clothing and Textiles Program
Clothing is fun and an important part of your daily life. Think
about how many places sell clothes. Think of all the different clothes
that tell things about you. T-shirts tell which sports team is your
favorite. Dresses and ties say that you have somewhere important
to go. Warm clothes tell you that the weather is cool.
There are many ways that you can improve your wardrobe
through your own skills and creativity. Through these activities, you
will learn ways to care for your clothing to keep it looking its best,
about fibers and fabrics, skills in being a good consumer, and even
how to sew your own garments!
There are eight different action "scenes" in which you can learn
new information and skills for all your future Clothing Capers!
Explore the activities in each for a well balanced knowledge of
clothing and textiles. There is more to learn than you ever imagined!
Creative Construction...Setting The Stage
Pattern Directing...Reading The Script
How Good A Director Are You?...Act 1: Sew Some Jams
CCMAiUNICATICN or SCLr
The Spotlight's On You...Acting The Part
Portraits Of Myself...Clean and Neat..Head To Feet!
Scene 1: Of Fibers and Fabrlcs...What's Its Name?
Scene 2: The "In's and Oufs" Of Fabrlcs...Fabric Fun Experiments
Be Yourself...Choices Collage
Fashion Fun Count...Color Plays A Leading Role!
Be A Super Shopper...Label Ratings
How Good A Critic Are You?...Shopping Etiquette
It's Important...Laundry Game
Going, Going, Gone...Which One Is Best?
Scene 1: Zoom In On Culture...Tie-Dying Fun!
Focus On Careers...Career Explorations
Career Capers...A Personal Portfolio
What do movie making and sewing have in common?
Creativity and FUN! Creative sewing can be fun. There are many
important things to consider before you sew. It is important to
know the proper tools to use, how to follow instructions, and
recognize pattern symbols and markings.
Making a garment allows you to creatively design your outfit
to be unique. You can also creatively change or repair garments
with patches or make accessories to match your outfits.
Practice makes perfect, so spend time on your project. Each
time you sew, it will be easier and easier!
Set aside one place for
your equipment. Storing
everything in one place
will keep you more
Have a separate pair of
scissors for your clothing
and textile projects. Do
not use these scissors to
cut paper or other objects.
Develop a plan for making
each project. Determine
how long you think the
project will take and what
items you will need for
each step. Finish each
project before beginning
...Setting the STAGE
Just as every movie requires a very skilled cameraman, you must
become a very skilled machine operator. Demonstrate your knowledge at
threading a sewing machine. Starting at the spool of thread, draw the path
that the thread takes to the needle.
.'_ _ '
)id you know.
Not long ago,
like a sewing
A successful movie begins with a
script of all the action scenes. The same
is true for creative construction projects
or making a garment. They both require
some important information. As the
director of your own project, you will
need to learn to read and follow pattern
directions and instructions.
What You Will Need;
A pattern envelope
What You Do:
Using a pattern envelope, answer these
Determine your size and figure
type according to the
measurements on the envelope.
What is your size?
Select a view you would like to
What's the fabric amount required
for your view and size?
Find two suggested fabrics.
What are the required notions?
Briefly summarize the pattern
...Reading the Script
One of the jobs of the director is to
make sure the script is followed.
Understanding all the symbols and markings
is part of the script for successful sewing
projects. Patterns provide you with
meaningful symbols and signs to keep you
going in the right direction!
Do you know your pattern symbols? Beside
each number below, write the name or
purpose of the symbol.
How Good a Director are You?
Pattern layout means knowing what direction the fabric should be
folded and successfully laying out the pattern pieces in the right
There are three mistakes in the jam's layout above. What are they?
Actl: Sew Some JAMS!
Props and Equipment You Will Need: />>.
What You Do:
1. Select a pattern and fabric you like.
2. Take your measurements and purchase the needed materials.
3. Wash fabric and fold for layout.
4. Lay out pattern pieces on fabric, pin, cut, and mark.
5. Place one front to one back with right sides together. Pin inside leg seams.
6. Stitch at % inch. Press seam open.
7. Pin side seam with right sides together. Remove pins as you stitch. Press
8. Repeat steps 5 through 7 for the other leg.
9. Turn one leg wrong side out. Place second leg inside this one with right
10. Pin curved seam (crotch). Stitch at % inch. On every curved area, stitch
again at V2 inch. Trim to V4 inch. Pull inside out.
11. Fold down for casing. Stitch, leaving 1 inch opening to insert elastic. Pull
elastic through. Lap ends of elastic and stitch. Stitch one inch opening.
12. Fold up hem. Pin. Stitch.
13. Press and your jams are ready to wear on your next trip to the movies!
The Spotlight's on You!
The spotlight's on you when in front of the camera. The
same is true each day. How you communicate yourself involves
the total you...
how you look
how you carry and care for your body
how you act
Your clothing tells many things about yourself, but the way
you stand, sit and walk also communicates to others. Good
grooming and your actions and manners toward others also
communicate. This communication of yourself happens whether
you are thinking about it or not. You will get to know yourself better,
inside and out, in the following activities.
Isn't it fun to sit in a public place and watch people going by?
Some folks slouch; others seem as if they are flying by. Some
waddle; others scurry; some trot; others stomp along. Really good
posture means being lined up with smooth body movements. If
you're well lined up, the three heavy sections of your body your
head, chest section, and hips should nicely balance one over the
Elay Posture Charades!
list of descriptive wordspyoa
Icate through your nonverbal body
he list and place in a container.
Into teams and draw for a "charad
OjUt and let others guess.
...Acting The Part
Good posture needs to be a part of your act everyday. Good posture
makes you look and feel better in every way. Good posture doesn't mean a stiff,
"stand-at-attention" position, but is a body that stands, sits or walks in perfect
Try standing with your body, head,
chest and hip sections balanced one
over the other. This will help your
muscles fall in line and work smoothly
as you move. It also helps your
internal organs grow and work most
Practice good posture every day. Your
clothes will look-better on you and
you'll feel better, too.
How Is Your Posture?
Good Needs Improving
Shoulder Blades Flat
^Look at yourself in
the mirror, just as
you are now. What
do you see?
Check yourself on
the grooming chart
Portraits of Myself
Good grooming is necessary
whether on a movie set or in real life!
Good grooming is a habit learned by
practice. Habits are something you do
regularly without even thinking about it.
Going to bed at the same time each
night is a habit. So is biting finger
nails...a bad habit. Hanging up your
clean clothes is a good habit.
List some of your GOOD grooming
habits you want to maintain:
' Record the Dates cff^ How Do You Rate? X
yes/no yes/no yes/no
Neck and ears clean?
Hands and nai s clean?
Bath/shower today or vestftrday?
Shoes clean or polished?
A smile? (^ )
List some of your BAD grooming
habits you want to improve:
Clean and Neat...Head to Feet!
Good grooming means making yourself as neat and clean as can be.
Setting Up A Schedule...for Personal Care
Of Fibers & Fabrics
The "Cutting Edge" of fibers and fabrics can be as exciting
as the latest technology in the movie business! New and stronger
fibers and fabrics are engineered each year. Fabrics are made
from fibers that come from either nature or chemical labs (man-
made fibers). Some fabrics are made from both, these are called
Natural fibers come from either plants or animals. Cotton and
linen are plant fibers, while wool and silk come from animals. Man-
made fibers belong to certain "generic" names or "families". Some
man-made fibers are: nylon; polyester; rayon; acrylic and acetate.
Actors or actresses are chosen if they fit a "part." When
choosing clothing it's important to choose the best fabric for the
"part," too. See if you can find which fibers are used to make
play/sport clothes and which ones are used for dressy clothes.
Read the labels on your clothes (or other family members'
clothes) or use a catalog.
Garment Type of Fiber by Percent (%) Where Do 1 Wear It? or Type of Garment
What did you discover?
What's Its Name?
Just as actors have "stage names." how fabrics are woven or knitted determine their
name. Look at the illustrations of fabric construction. Match it to its name by writing in
1. Plain weave
4. Weft knit
7. Satin weave
2. Pile weave
5. Basket weave
8. Single knit
3. Twill weave
6. Double knit
9. Tricot knit
10. Warp knit
The "Ins" and "Outs"
Some febrics are made by weaving yarns together. Two types of weaves are
the plain weave (one over, one under) and the basket weave (two threads over and
under). Lefs have some fun weaving by making a coaster!
What You Need:
Old denim jeans or denim fabric
Fabric glue, glue gun or sewing
Piece of cardboard or foamboard
Pins or tacks
What You Do:
square from denim.
Cut slits in the square,
leaving V2 inch on each
Cut or tear 1 x 6 inch
strips from fabric
Pin or tack denim
square to board.
Weave the fabric
through the denim
using either the plain
weave or basket
After the coaster is
complete, glue or
stitch the edges.
Cut off the excess
ends of fabric strips.
Fabric Fun Experiments
By looking at a variety of fabrics and doing some experimenting with them,
you can learn important facts that will help you make wise choices when you buy
or make your clothes. One of the facts we will explore in this experiment is
"draping". The "drape" of a fabric is how it falls or looks when made into a
garment. Try this test and see if you can predict the best fabrics for different
What You Need:
Empty cardboard roll from paper
towels or toilet tissues
Clean sheet of paper
Fabric scraps or old clothing
What You Do:
If using a paper towel roll, cut it
down to about 5 inches in length.
Cut out a circle at least 6 inches
in diameter from the fabric. (Use
a compass or trace around a
Stand the tube up on a clean
sheet of paper.
Place the circle of fabric over the
tube and let it fall naturally.
Carefully draw around the outline
the fabric makes as it lies
You will have a drawing
something like one of these.
How well did your fabric drape? Circle
which drawing it was closest to.
Draw its shape here.
This drawing will help you imagine
how the fabric will drape or fall when
made into a garment.
Fabric 1 is soft and it hangs close to
the tube. Fabrics like this will be
good for garments with soft, flowing
lines, and those with lots of gathers.
Fabric 2 has gentle curves. It would
be best for garments that are not too
Fabric 3 has lots of support and is
stiffer than the others. This is best
used in garments that stand away
from the body, not soft gathered
After trying this several times, you
can recognize what fabrics are best
for what styles. When buying
garments, you can do tests in the
store by draping fabric over your fist.
Be Yourself I
Your clothes tell others many things about you, such as,
what you do, what you like, or where you are going. You often
choose your clothing to match a "role" (what you do) or a special
occasion. You may have several roles, such as student, 4-H'er,
band member, or sports team member.
Just as actors in movies, you too may dress differently for
roles you have. Have you ever felt uncomfortable when you
weren't dressed "right" for certain activities or roles?
Think about the roles you have and the choices of clothing that
Roles I Have Clothes I Wear
Create a clothing collage. Cut and paste pictures of clothing that tell
what people do.
Fashion Count Fun
Another factor that affects what we choose to wear is the current clothing
styles. One way to tell what styles are in fashion is to observe what people are
wearing. A good way to observe people in everyday clothing is to go to a busy
place such as a department store, a grocery store or the mall.
Go to a crowded place.
For one hour observe what
people are wearing.
You may want to focus on kids
your age, adults or older citizens.
Or go as a team and have
someone observe one group
while you observe another to
Tally the items you see people
wearing to determine the latest
fashion trends in your area!
Be sure to record the number of
people you observed.
Total People Counted
Time: (from) Weather: (to)
1 Shorts: Long Short ------------------------
Total People Cour ted
What were the top three fashion trends
that you saw?
Color Plays A Leading Role
Have you ever noticed that an outfit can really look good on one person
and bad on another? Have you ever been complimented on a particular
outfit? Often the color of the outfit plays a role in your total look. Cool and
warm colors look differently on people based on their skin tone.
Are You Cool or Warm?
Ct}eck to see yvhatyour skin tone is by
looking on the yyaist or midriff area of
Cool skin tones have blue or pink
undertones. Does the skin have a -------
blue/white cast or a blue/black cast? If
so, your skin tones are cool. -------
Warm skin tones have golden or yellow
undertones. If you have golden tones,
then, your skin tone is warm.
What You Will Need:
red.yellow,blue.white,black water color paints
small dish for paint palette
What You Do:
List 3 items of clothing you wear in your color zone!
Mix the three primary colors and paint a "swatch" of each on your paper.
t Add these colors together to get secondary colors of orange, green and violet.
Paint swatches of each on your paper.
^ Now, experiment with tints and shades by adding white or black to the primary and secon
colors. Paint swatches of a tint and shade of each of the primary colors.
After paints dry, cut and paste your samples on your color wheel!
Mixing and matching clothes to come up with a new look for different scenes
IS the same whether you are at home searching your closet or in the costume room
of a movie set! Test your skill in "Svardrobe" planning with this activity.
Fill (plaids, pattems, etc.) and color the clothing items on the next page to match
clothes in your closet or items you would buy.
Now that you've got your wardrobe
prepared, see how many different
outfits you can make from your
wardrobe. Using the numbers beside
each item, record the combinations in
the boxes to the right.
You can add your own accessories to
your basic wardrobe.
How many different combinations did
What made the task easy or difficult?
How well do you mix and match your
wardrobe each week?
Record your combinations
in each box!
Just like a great magician...you can make your clothes grow before
your eyes with this new skill!!
...Be a Super Shopper
Everyone is a consumer. Every time you go to a movie or
purchase an item, you are a consumer. Consumers have rights
and responsibilities. It is important to know what you should do to
be a good consumer.
As a good consumer of clothing and textiles there are things
you should consider. Fabric quality, care, fit and price are a few
Where do you find most of this information? The label of course
It is your right to know this information.
Practicing good consumerism will help you to be more
satisfied with the items you purchase.
RIOHTS AND RESPONSIBILTIES
Place a star ^ beside your rights and a V beside
responsibilities as a good consumer.
To expect the garment you purchase to be
To be in a safe environment while you shop.
To select your purchases carefully.
To report complaints.
To know the fiber content of an Item.
To carefully follow care instructions.
To carefully handle merchandise In the store.
To know the price of an item.
To be polite.
Every item you wear has a label on it somewhere. Take a look at the
clothes you are wearingcan you find all the labels? Check your shoes, too!
There are two types of clothing labels: those permanently attached and
"hangtags." Hangtags are cardboard tags that hang on strings attached to
garments when you buy them. They are not permanent and not required by
law. They give you some additional information such as price, fabric fini%)3es,
fabric types (i.e.. stretch), guarantees, and brand names.
Rate the Label!
PG 13 Has all the information
PG Pretty good has most of the
information; easy to find
G Good has some of the information;
hard to find
R Really bad Doesn't have the care
X No labels Do NOT Buy!
Visit a local store that sells clothing.
Choose 5 garments of the same
type and rate the labels!
How Good a Critic Are You?
Being a critic of good clothing choices when shopping is a great skill.
There are many factors to take into account: quality of fabric and garment
construction; complete label information; fit; and cost. The store or brand
name does not always guarantee these. Conduct your own investigation and
become a great clothing critic!
Go to 2 different stores.
Choose 1 department store
and 1 discount store.
At each store choose 2
garments that are almost
Read the labels, examine the
garments and try on each.
Record your findings in the
Did high price always equal high quality?
What about low price? Explain what you
Were certain brands more expensive
than others? Which ones?
Which of the four garments is the best
There are certain rules you must follow when you go to the movies: no
talking, be polite to fellow moviegoers; don't bring in outside food or drink; throw
garbage in trash cans; keep ticket stub and be polite to the usher. It is the same
when you go shopping. In order to get good service you must follow certain
Listed below are five things you should do when shopping and five things
you shouldn't do.
Presented a receipt for a return.
Tried on garment for fit.
Asked store policy on returns BEFORE
Read care label before purchasing.
Was careful not to stain garments while
trying them on.
Tried garments on and left them on the
dressing room floor.
Bought a garment without trying it on.
Was rude to the store clerk.
Brought food or drink into the store.
Took too many items into the dressing
Go to a store and see how
many customers do the
things on the list. Try to find
at least one example for
each of the items listed.
There certainly would not be any exciting capers on film to
watch if proper care is not taken in the storage and handling of
film. The same is true for your clothing care. Caring for your
clothing is important and it shows! Washing your clothes
properly can make them last longer and also helps them look
nicer. Caring for your clothing includes correctly mending and
storing them, packing them when traveling, treating stains and
caring for them according to the care Instructions on the label.
The care instructions for any garment can be found on
the label, just like the care of film is located on its container. It
is very important to follow these instructions property to
maintain the quality of the items.
Seek out the laundry basket at
home. Examine the clothing to
determine how to launder
Garment Description Fiber Content Care Instructions Stain Qieck
The purpose of this game is to stay on the board as long as possible The
player who reaches the finish LAST is the winner. Players throw a die in turn and
follow the directions on the square where they land. Unless routed on a detour
players should follow the main path. You can cut out small playing pieces that look
Didn't mend hole in
jeans before washing
Now it is even bigger.
Advance to 3
before adding It to
Vteit 2 turns
Hung some clothes
to dry to save
Go back to 3
Left clothes In hot
dryer too long; now
they are wrinkled.
Advance to lal 7
Put t-shirt in hot
dryer and it came out
2 sizes smaller.
Wait 3 tums
Gave it to my little
Go back to 10
Threw It away
Wait 1 turn,
Cut it up and made a
Go back to 14
check pockets of
V\^shed vest that
should have been
Put bath towel in
with lint. yg
Advance to 7 4L
Sorted clothes by
Wait 1 turn
Forgot to pre-spot
chocolate stain; now
it is there forever.
Advance to 7
Used low water
washing a few items.
Go back to 7
Put red shirt in wash
with white clothes;
everything came out
Advance to 14 U
Read care label
before washing new
Wait 2 tums
Going, Going, GONEl
What You Need:
V 2 brands of granular detergent
^ 1 brand of liquid detergent
^ measui'ing spoons
V measuring cups
^ 6 clean, clear jars with tight lids
What You Do:
Prepare labels for each jar with each brand^
and water temperature.
Fill 3 jars with 1 cup of gold water.
Put 2 Tablespoons of each brand in one jar
of cold water.
Fill remaining three jars with hot water.
Put 2 Tablespoons of each brand in one jar
of hot water.
Place lids on and shake each jar five times.
^Record your observations.
Which One Is Best?
Record a "yes" or "no" under expected results, if you think the
detergent will dissolve in that water temperature. Or, rate 1-2-3 the ones
you think will be Best (1) Better (2) Okay (3)!
f, KPS; ."-.; fl--ymiAA'::Ak.'---AmmmiA ImAA^MAMc WSIBSI^mMimmasmm^mK^m^mii
:A- -. ^^^:^^ -SyA. ''A::..-^$
Granular Detergent Hot
Granular Detergent Hot
Liquid Detergent Hot
Which granular detergent was the most soluble (disappeared!)?
Was the granular detergent more soluble in
Was the liquid detergent more soluble in
Which one would you recommend?
v\ \ I
...Zoom in on Culture
Culture can be easily identified by the clothing a person
wears. This identity is displayed by the items worn and the way
they are wom. Fabric designs and decorative treatment of fabric
can often identify cultures.
Fabric designs come from all over the wortd. One of these
is tie-dying. Tie-dying has been common in Africa and India for
years. Experiment with tie-dying and see what designs you can
What You Need:
Fabric dye.salt and bowls
fabric spray dye
What You Do:
Spread newspapers over
table or work area.
Prepare the fabric dye in
bowls of water according to
directions on package. If
using the fabric sprays read
instructions for steps to
Lay T-shirt flat Pull the shirt
from the center up toward
you. Place rubber bands in
2 or 3 places.
Dye each section
If the dye directions say to,
rinse the shirt in salt water
solution to help colors set.
Drape over hanger. Allow
shirt to dry with rubber
bands in place.
Remove rubber bands.
Rinse. Let dry.
Place fabric over index and middle finger.
Gather fabric together at base of finger tying it
with rubber bands as shown.
Gather fabric over fingers as you did for the
circle. Secure at base with rubber band. Using
an additional rubber band to wrap the entire
fabric finger unevenly but tightly.
Using chalk and a ruler, mark a series of
parallel lines where you want your sripes to
be. Fold the fabric back and forth along the
lines forming pleats. Bind the pleats with
rubber bands as shown.
FOCUS On Careers
It's never too eariy to start exploring what you'd like to do
as a future job or career. You may be surprised at the many job
opportunities in the field of Clothing and Textiles.
Careers range from the creative arts of advertising and
design, to the science and technology used in textile chemistry.
That's right, someone designs everything from the clothes you
wear and the label on them, to the fabrics on chairs or the next
Let's focus on a few of the possibilities. See if you can find
all these Clothing and Textile related careers in the Career
A Career Search
Dry Cleaner Interior Decorator
Sales Clerk Pattern Maker
B 1 N T E R I 0 R D E C 0 R A T
U T S 0 A E N D S R Z O F 1 W C
H E P G H 1 B A X Y L U Y S W Q
S E 0 H J E L S R C H E M 1 S T
1 N T R 0 P Q 0. B L H F Y A N L
W G T F V M K E R E N S 0 R T E
0 1 E B J L A Y G A B P Y H A W
J N R P A T T E R N M A K E R G
A E Y L F N W S P E A T L O T R
M E P J L C B X E R 0 T W G 1 Z
S R E S A L E s C L E R K A S L
B U Y E R 0 U B L O N F C 0 T T
Think of all the ads you see on television, magazines, and
catalogs. What about al! the fashion designers, photographers and
illustrators...would you like to expjore these careers? Choose one
of these creative occupations and create a design of your own on
How would you like to produce your
own "interview show" on local career
opportunities in clothing and textiles? To
do this, someone must first research the
Investigate the job or career
possibilities in the clothing and textile
industry in your local area. You can use
the local newspaper or yellow pages in the
See how many different jobs in your
area related to clothing and textiles you
can find. Think about businesses other
than places that sell clothes.
For examples look for:
garment manufacturers, or
Another important step to good career
planning and investigation has to do
with yourself. What kinds of things do
you like to do?
What kind of people do you like
working with or around?
How would you like to dress?
In what kinds of places would you like
Think of answers to these questions as
you explore career possibilities. Next,
think of words that describe your
talents, personality traits and
educational ambitions (creative, self-
motivated, outgoing) and make a list.
A Personal Portfolio
Using the list of words that describe you, create your own
advertisement for yourself.
It's A Rap!
How did you do?
List the items you made:
What did you learn?
Check the new words you learned doing this project.
grainline fiber Registration Number
notch staple tint weave shade consumer label granular detergent presser foot
Write a paragraph describing your favorite activity that you completed:
CI Sew a pair of jams?
Q Learn how to read and use a
Q Check your posture and plot
good grooming moves?
Q Experiment with color tints
Identify different fibers and
Count fashions to determine
fads and trends?
Identify your rights and
responsibilities as a
O Experiment with laundry
Q Tie-dye an item for yourself
or a friend?
d Discover new career
opportunities in clothing and
4-H Club Motto
"To make the best better"
4-H Club Pledge
my head to clearer thinking,
my heart to greater loyalty,
my hands to larger service, and
my health to better living, for
my club, my community,
my country, and my world.
4-H Club Colors
Green and White
/^^ UNIVERSITY OF
Authors: M. Joy Cantrell, Associate Professor and 4-H Youth Development Curriculum Specialist Department of 4-H and Other Youth
Programs, and R. Nadine Hackler, Professor, Clothing and Textiles, Department of Home Economics, University of Florida Institute of Food
and Agricultural Sciences.
Graphic Design/Illustration*: Angela Frampton and Eva Oalces, Department of 4-H and Other Youth Programs, University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Design Team: Shirley Clark, Gadsden County; Mary Williams, Nassau County; Dot Allenbrandt, Citrus County; Judy Butterfield, Clay
County; Susan Nigg, Volunteer, Manatee County; Mary Beth Salisbury, Osceola County; and Becky Conley, Volunteer, Osceola County.
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD MiD AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES. Christine
T Stephens, Director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this information to further the purpose of
the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and Is authorized to provide research, educational infomnation and other services only to
Individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, handicap or national origin. Singte copies of extension
publications (excluding 4-H and youth publications) are available free to Florida residents from county extension offices. Infbmiation on
bulk rates or copies of out-of-state purchasers is available from CM. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS BuiMIng 664, University
of Fkirida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publictzing this publktk)n, editors should contact this address to detemiine availability.