Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Communication of self
 Cutting edge
 A "storyboard" of experiences
 Back Cover

Title: Clothes That "Click" Workbook
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00000339/00001
 Material Information
Title: Clothes That "Click" Workbook
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Cantrell, Joy
Publisher: University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Cooperative Extension Services.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: IR00000339
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page i
    Title Page
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Communication of self
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Cutting edge
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    A "storyboard" of experiences
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Back Cover
        Page 45
Full Text
Florida 4-H Clothing and Textiles Program

CIcthes That
Clothing plays an important role in the lives of most
teenagers. It's a time when you want to 'fit in' with your chosen
groups of friends or classmates while expressing your own
sense of self and individuality Right? Yes, we all have
experienced the conflicts of doing this at some point in our lives.
Of course, as you get older the more independent you become
and the conflicts between peers and parents lessen with regard
to what you wear. By then, the clothing choices relate to your
job, career needs and employer expectations.

CIcthes That Click is designed to help you now, and
hopefully throughout life, with making the best choices for you,
your interests and needs. You will be introduced to:
D a variety of fun and creative techniques to express your
D personal assessments to help you make clothing
D how to comparison shop for the best buys,
n how to care for your clothes and appearance to look your
best, and
D appreciate the international and cultural influences around
Special Thanks and Acknowledgements
The authors wish to acknowledge the contributions of 4-H Clothing and
Textile Publications from the states of Alabama, Arizona, Kentucky,
Oklahoma, Kansas, Pennsylvania and Texas to this document.

Table cf Contents
Pages 1-6
Creativity in o Vest
Embellishments & Morel
Create Your Own!
Pages 19-24

Quality Counts
Shopping Savvy
Store Savvy
Zoom In On Shoes

Pages 7-10
Capture the Message
Values & Clothing
What Is Your Favorite Outfit?
Pages 25-32
Focus on Laundry
Laundry Scavenger Hunt
What Did You Find?
Careful Decisions
Stubborn Stains
Cutting Edse
Pages 11-14

Fobulous Finishes
Experinnenting With More Fabric
Pages 33-38
The World Is Around You
A Gallery of Cultural Influences
Batik... An Indonesian Art
Be A PhotoJournalist...and
Travel the World!
Pages 15-18
Figuring Your Assets
Disguise or Emphasize
Get an Angle on What Flatters
Pages 39-42

Snapshots of Career Opportunities
Dress for Success
Choices for the Interview Scene
A Phetc rinish!
Pages 43-44
A Storyboord of Experiences!

Vests are a popular Item and are fun and easy to
make. They can be very simple and plain or they can
be a "designer" versiona "one-of-a-kind" you create
for yourself or someone else. In this project you will
learn to create and "embellish" such a vest.
Embellishments mean any type of decorative additions you wish to add to your
vest. Certain types of embellishments are done in early stages of the
construction process and others can be added after completing the vest. You
are only limited by your creativity and interests.

If you are not part of a group that Is making a vest, you can still choose a simple
ready-made vest to which you can add embellishments making it a very special
one-of-kind vest of your own design!
Pattern Successl

you o\^ "

Ti. ^-'^mfu '9ht

Page 1

in a Vest
A Crinkle
and Wrinkle
Sawtooth Edge
Crazy Patchwork
Cobweb Lace
Page 2


Select a combination of different threads
and washable yams in one or several
colors and textures.

(2) Thread sewing machine with transparent
thread on top and matching thread (to
fabric) in bobbin.

(3) Set sewing machine for wide zigzag and
long stitch length.

(4) Add fusible interfacing to wrong side of
fabric and draw design with soap slivers
or marking pen/pencil.

(5) Tie knot in one end of "threads".

(§) Place at the edge of fabric and machine
"tack" in place. Lower presser foot (use
a cording foot if available), twist yarns
and stitch slowly.

(7) Continue this process following your
design until complete. Machine "tack" at
the end.
CAUTION: Pressing with a hot iron may
meit transparent thread.

(1) Cut very small pieces of fabric (same
color or different colors) % inch by Vi
inch ~ and one piece 2 inches by 2

(2) Using the 2 inches by 2 inches piece,
begin stitching a chain (1 to 2 Inches)
then add a small fabric piece. Continue
until all pieces have been added.

@ Arrange the chain on your fabric in a
creative design.

(4) Cover with tulle and do decorative thread
stitching with different colors of thread or
metallic thread.

(1) Sandwich four layers of firm woven
washable fabrics together.
Draw a stitching pattern ~ parallel lines on
the biaslibout 1 inch apart making a box
design. Pin.

Stitch (matching or contrasting thread) along
these lines, removing pins as you come to
Use your scissors to cut the top three layers
(do not cut the bottom layer).
NOTE: To make the fabric "bloom," machine
wash and dry sample.

Creative: Create different pattems of
cutting the design.

and Mere!

(l) Cut two-inch squares of matching woven

@ Fold in half diagonally and press.

(3) Place over edge of fabric surface lapping over
each one. Pin in place.

(4) Machine stitch 1/4 inch (or wherever you
desire) from edge. You can use regular thread
(matching or contrasting), a decorative thread,
or couching.
Button Ideas
(l) stack buttons and arrange in a design.

(2) Use buttons to hold colorful squares of
fabric in place.

(3) Tear strips of fabric into squares, then
into smaller squares. Attach to garment
with buttons.

Create a pin effect with buttons hanging
down from a larger button.
Crmhie <> Ulnnhle

(X) Wet the fabric and wring out.

(2) Hand gather fabric, then twist as
tightly as you can. It should roll back
on itself.

(3) Fasten with cotton string or fabric
scrap. Let air dry or toss in dryer with
a heavy towel (will take several hours
to dry). It MUST be completely dry!

(4) Untie, carefully unfold to the shape
you desire.

Fuse lightweight fusible interfacing to
wrong side and cut out desired shape

Crozii pQichuiork

Crazy patchwork will need a variety of
small fabrics in various shapes, which
will be used to cover design.

(2) Pin a fabric scrap at a right angle to
one corner of your fabric square.

(3) Lay the next scrap right sides
together over the first scrap and stitch
a 1/4 inch seam on one side of fabric
scrap. Flip scrap to right side.

Continue to sew scraps to the fabric
scrap, clipping curved seams as

(§) Change direction of sewing as
Page 4

Design 1

Using the various embellishment
ideas on the previous pages or
ideas you have gathered from
other sources, create your own
vest designs. Label the
techniques being proposed.

ycur Cwn!!
Design 2
Page 6

cf Self
Have you thought about how your
clothing and appearance communicate?
What messages are you sending to your
friends, family, teachers or even
strangers? You can communicate your
emotions through color or advertise your
position and attitude by the type of
clothing you wear.
Your clothing can also reveal your
interests and values, such as casual
or being very organized. Clothing
does have a language of its own.
Learning to understand how clothing
"speaks" as you observe others is the
focus of the activities in this section of
your project. Then you can apply
these observations to yourself to
create the image you want others to
have of you.
Write 10 words that best describe your
image to a stranger.
Now, ask your best friend, a parent,
teacher, a neighbor (or others from
different areas of your life) to do the same
for you.
Did they use the same words?
What words were similar?

Capture the Messaae
Clothing messages are nonverbal. They
can send a lot of clues to others. The old adage
" you can't judge a book by its cover" may be
true, but you often select one by its cover! Your
"cover" is how you appear to others through
your clothing and how you present yourself
through your personal grooming, posture and
other forms of body language.

Here are a few views communicated by clothing
choices. Capture the message by cutting out
examples of the clothing clues using magazines,
catalogs, advertisements or your own film and
Clothing may present clues as to the
wearer's approximate age.
The way one dresses may express one's
attitudes and interests.
Clothing may enhance or obscure the
wearer's gender.
Body posture and movement within clothing
communicate strong emotional messages.
Clothing may reflect the individual's
Special kinds of clothing produce special
kinds of behavior.
Clothing may reflect one's economic
The clothing selected and the way it is worn
can be expressions of personality.
Clothing items of dress (in some
groups/cultures) might indicate
marital status.
Certain clothing choices may reinforce
stereotypes held by certain types/groups of
Many people dress In a particular way
at a particular time to show
organizational membership^
Clothing choices is an indication of many
special occasions in a person's life.

Values and CIcthina
"Beauty is in the eye of tiie betioider"
Values are beliefs about what is ,
important. From a very early age you
have values that affect your behavior.
Some values concern attitudes and
behaviors in the area of clothing
There are many different reasons that people
wear certain types of clothing. Here are a
Individuality Physical Comfort





Confonvity/Fitting in
with Peers
Influences of Adverta on Mues?
Circle the ones that influence YOU the most.
Put a box around those you think influence
your friends. Do they differ? What about
adultswhat would influence them?
What values are being appealed to, or discounted, by advertisers?
Choose a popular magazine and evaluate the advertisements in terms of the
values portrayed. What did you discover?
Types of Advertisements
Quantity/No. Times
Type of Values

What is ycur favcrite
What clothes do you wear when you want to....

dress up:
look older:
feel attractive:
^1^ hang out with
1^^ your friends:
What clothes do you wear when you just want to be you?
What do you want your clothing to do for you?
What do you want to communicate to others by what you wear?
Page 10

Cutting Edge
Have you ever bought a new
garment that rubbed off onto another
garment you were wearing or on you?
What about one that turned out to be a lot
lighter after that first wash? This means
the fabric the garment is made of was not
colorfast. Colorfast means that the fabric
retains its color. None of us like surprises
when it comes to clothes we have
Learning about the different properties of
fabrics in choosing your clothes helps
you get the most for your money and the
time it took to find that right outfit.
Nothing is worse than days of shopping
to find the perfect match for an outfit that
"clicks" than to wear it or wash it and it
no longer looks like it did in the store.
Comfort in your clothes, especially in hot
weather, is another plus for summertime
good looks. Here again the fiber content
and fabric finish of the fabric determines
its absorbency This is its ability to attract
and take-up liquids (like perspiration!).
Did you know that almost all fabrics
have some type of finish? Why?
Finishes are used to change the
appearance, hand, or performance of
the fabric.

"Wrinkle Free", "Permanent Press" or
"Water Repellant" are some fabric
finishes on garments you often

., e^p^'^'
One 3x3 fabric swatch with the
following finishes:
flame resistant/retardant
water repellant
soil & stain resistant
permanent/durable press
colorfast fabric
noncolorfast fabric
Four 3x3 fabric swatches of fabrics
without finishes
Candle in holder and match
Aluminum Foil
Eyedropper or 1/2 tsp. measuring
Tweezers White cloth or
Water paper towels
Catsup Detergent
Bowl Timer or stop watch
Page 11

Fabulous Finishes
Before starting, record your expectations! Will it burn?
What d ycu dc?

Place aluminum foil on table and place
candle In middle of the foil.

Unravel four yarns from length of the fabric
with the flame retardant finish.

Do the same for the unfinished fabric.

Grasp one set of yarns at one end with the
tweezers, and move toward the flame from
the side, but not into the flame.

Obsen/e what happens as the fabric
approaches the flame.
Now, move the yarns into the flame and
then out of the flame.

Record what happens.

Extinguish the yarns if still burning and
sniff fumes by immediately waving them
under your nose. DO NOT inhale.

Record your obsen/ations of odor and the
kind of ash or residue.
Peccrd ycur l^esuits
1 Finish Your Expectations What Hao pened? ]
Near Flame in Flame Odor Ash
Page 12

Experimentina >Vith

Place the water repellant fabric side by side with the fabric
swatch without the repellant finish.

Drop four drops or 1/2 teaspoon of water on each one. Record
what happens.

Wait 5 minutes and record any changes.

Simulate washing a gamrient in the washing machine using
detergent and lots of twisting and wringing with each fabric swatch
(one with the finish and one without).

Record what happens. Wait 5 minutes and record any changes.
I^eccrd ycur l^esults
f Finish Your Expectations What Happened? ]
Immediately Five f\/linutes Later
Water Repellant
Pemianent/Durable Press
Soil and Stain Resistant
Page 13

More Fabric Finishes

Place fabric swatches (one with finish and one without) side by side.
Drop 1/2 teaspoon catsup on each one. Record what takes place.
Wait 5 minutes and record any changes. Wash fabric with detergent
and warm water, if a stain is evident.
Record results.
With a dry white cloth or solid white paper towel, lightly rub
across fabric and record what happens.
Now, repeat by dipping cloth or paper towel in water and rubbing
lightly across fabric.
Record what happens!

What youVe Learned!
How did the connpansons meet with your expectations?

How did the comparisons NOT meet with your expectations?

How dramatic were the results?

What did you learn from doing these experiments?

Which of these finishes are more important to you? Why?

How will you use this information in selecting fabncs/garments in the future?

Page 14

Just as a photographer "composes" a good picture with
elements of design for good composition, choosing flattering
clothing involves a variety of artistic principles. Design
principles include proportion, balance, emphasis and rhythm
(yes, clothes can have a little movement!). When design
principles are used appropriately they will give harmony to an
Have you ever seen an outfit on one person and it looks great but on another it is not
so appealing? This is an example of these principles at work. Each individual has
unique body proportions. Some people look tall while sitting but aren't, others have
long legs compared to the rest of their body.
Learning to direct your eye to look for a
center of emphasis, balance, proportion
and rhythm is one of the secrets to
making good clothing choices to match
your figure shape and size. Of course,
don't forget as we learned in
Communication of Self-what makes you
feel good, what's comfortable to you and
the look you want- are also important
Most people wear 10% of their clothes
90% of the time. What percentage of
your clothes do you wear? Identify the
features of the clothes you wear a lot.
Write a memo to yourself for future
clothing choices!
Page 15

Everyone is unique. Accepting your
distinctive characteristics and developing
positive attitudes about yourself are
important steps toward developing an
attractive self.
Making the most of your appearance
means learning to see both the things
that are attractive and those things
that could be changed for a more
becoming look.
Cody Characteristics:
i)ersenal Ccicrlna:
D Tall D Thin
D Average n Plump
D Short D Stocky
D Angular
List other distinctive body characteristics
which influence the clothing styles you select
(long amns, long legs, muscular arms, etc.)
According to my body characteristics, my
most flattering garment styles are:
Less flattering styles would be:

n Light
D Dark


n Blue-Pink

n Light
n Medium
n Dark
Page 16

n Light
D Medium
D Dark


n Brown
n Black
n Red

D Blue
n Grey
n Green
n Black-Brown
n Hazel.

Disauise cr Fmphasize!

You can look attractive without an ideal figure by making choices in clothing that
enhances your body build. In other words, an Illusion can be created to conceal the
things about your body that you find less appealing. Knowing how to effectively use line
color, texture and design is the secret to accenting or de-emphasizing various bodv
Job Success

James is considered good-looking, but rather small for
his age. Therefore, he doesn't look old enough for his job
as an assistant manager in a sports shop at the mall.
Help htm create the best look for his job.
A Fall Football Game

Tasha is short and has a full bust, large hips and
thick midsection. She is shopping for an outfit to
wear to a school football game in November. What
would you choose for Tasha?
Movie and Pizza Date

Demetrius is a very tall, thin star basketball player for his high
school. He likes to dress casually and wants to look like he
weighs more. What could he choose that would fit his
A Summer Wedding

Nicole has broad shoulders and nan-ow hips, and is nonnal
weight. She needs to buy a dress for a wedding she is to
attend in August. What style of dress, what color, and what
fabric type would you choose?
Create ycur cwn situaticns fcr these
twc sllhcuettes and ask scmecne else
to check their anale en >vhat Hatters!
Page 17

Get an Anale

en What Flatters!

What kind of angle do you have on selecting and matching figure types'?
Mark each "Yes" or "No" if you think the choice is a good one.

CSJ LBJ 1 A bold plaid skirt would be a great addition to a short giri's wardrobe.

d) d) 2. Betty has a "bean-pole" figure. Should she wear a slinky, black knit
dress to the class dance?

(D d) 3. Too many milkshakes have made Jack 10 lbs. ovenveight. Should he
wear straight-legged pants, instead of wide-legged pants?

[YD CSD 4. A medium length jacket with pockets and yokes is a good choice for a
tall figure.

(T] CSD 5- Mary is tall with a great-looking figure. Can she wear a bright red dress
in a soft, drapeable fabric?

nn CE 6. A yoked cowboy shirt would look good on a top-heavy figure.

[Y] CSD 7. Brightly colored print pants flatter a "hippy" figure?

CID CBD 8. Should a tall, skinny guy wear a pin stripe suit with wide lapels?

CSD CBD 9. Are widely spaced tucks a good addition to a garment if you want
horizontal line interest?

m CH] 10. Is satin fabric a good choice for a full figure?

dD CBD 11- Would a mohair suit be a good choice for a slim figure of
average height?

CYD CHD 12. A chubby guy bought a bright orange plaid sports jacket. Was it
a good choice?

For each correct answer, give yourself 5 points. If you score 45-60, you have fashion smarts;
30-45, you're on the right track; 0-30, you'd better give this lesson another glance!
ZV'Ol'l'9'Z'V :oN
n 6 8 9 > e :seA :sj9msuv
Page 18

Learning about quality standards before you shop will help
you get the best buy for your money. It also means you
would consider the use of the garment how often do you
plan to wear it, do some comparison shopping and read
clothing labels.
The quality needed in a garment should relate to the use of the garment. Quality
means that the garment you buy is functional for a long period of time. It is well-made
and durable for wear and care.
^ balanced grain.
0 no flaws in fabric construction.

0 matching designs, centered or balanced.
0 evenness of dyes.

0 durable, for intended use.
0 work easily.

0 securely stitched.
0 finished, flat and smooth seams and hems.

0 sturdy construction of seams and hems.

0 concealed zippers.

0 concealed, flat and smooth facings.

0 well-pressed.
0 appropriate for garment design. ^ interfaced facings, cuffs, waistbands.
buttons, buttonholes.
0 well attached.

0 harmonize.
0 gathers, if any, evenly distributed.

0 no loose threads.
Page 19

Cuality teunts...

Will yu knew it when yen see it?
Choose 3 garments you recently purchased. Evaluate them on the
key points below. How do these garments rate?
Page 20

Shcppins Savvy
Shopping for "CICthes That Click" means also looking at cost and care in
addition to the quality of the garment. Becoming a good comparison shopper means
that your clothing purchases will last AND you will make better use of your clothing
dollar. This activity will help you make the best use of your money.

Have you ever thought about how much a garment costs based on the cost-per-
wear? Jack spends $200 on a down ski jacket and lives in South Florida and only
gets to wear it for one week of winter vacation in Colorado. As a comparison,
Jawanda spends $80 on a new swimsuit that she uses almost all year.
Which one made a better decision, based on cost-per-wear?
$.25 estimate per washing: check your local prices for drycleanlng.
^ Formula for Cost -Per-Wear: Cost + Cost of Care
No. ofWearings

Page 21

$tcre $awy

You are headed to the prom and need an outfit. You don't have hundreds of dollars
with which to make this purchase. Which merchandising outlet would you choose
using the information provided?
Which one did you choose?
You and your family are going on vacation at the beach. You have spent your
allowance on a new bathing suit so you only have a few dollars left to buy
sunglasses. Which merchandising outlet would you choose using the information
Which one did you choose?
Page 22

Zccm In n Shces
Almost everyone shops for athletic shoes. They also
can be a major clothing purchase. Do you know how
to comparison shop for them? How do you judge their
quality ...they are certainly different than T-shirts and
A few years ago it was easy to shop for shoes for exercise and active sports because
there weren't that many choices. Today there are literally dozens of different types and
styles. Many of which are designed for special athletic activity since the foot and ankle
go through different motions. Therefore, you must be better prepared for that next trio
to the store for athletic shoes.
0 Sole firmly attached to upper.
0 Toe box size adequate.
0 Striping used.
0 Adequate padding on sides and
0 Innersole soft and resilient.
0 Adequate arch cushions.
0 Heel counter sturdy, resilient and
0 Toe guard used.
0 Ventilation holes present.
0 Stitching neat and even.
0 Double stitching used.
0 Heel slightly raised and cushioned.
0 Flexible outer sole.
0 Smooth seams.
s more flexible
s washable
is less expensive
There are several materials used in uppers
Nylon: Canvas:
0 is lightweight 0 is lightweight
0 breathes well 0 breathes well
0 washable 0
Leather. 0
0 conforms to shape of 0
0 gives good support
0 is more expensive
There are three types of soles.

Waffle Soles: are soft, give better
cushioning, and are good for use on
dirt and hills.

Textured Soles: absorb contact
stress and may pick up small stones.

Crepe Soles: have less traction and
are most durable.
Page 23

Fccus en Fit!
The most important consideration in
purchasing athletic shoes is fit. It is better
to shop at the end of the day when your
feet are slightly swollen or at the same
time of day of the athletic activity.

B to buy by fit and feelnot by size.
E! to wear the socks that you will be wearing
for the activity.
0 to tell the salesperson your activity habits
0 to explain the features you are looking for
in an athletic shoe
0 to try on both shoes
B that feet expand about 1/2 size during
E that usually men's shoes have higher
arches and narrower heels.
B to walk, run, jump on a hard surface in
shoes to check for fit and comfort.
B to never buy shoes that you have to "break
in" or have stretched.

Toe Box
Check for 1/2 inch between the end of your
toes and the end of the shoe when you are
standing, except for soccer shoes. Soccer
shoes should barely touch your longest toe
and there should be room for you to move
your toes independently.

mpomHT: mAR
Toe. tcx-^
should hold the foot securely in place.
should not slip out of the shoe.

t-^Mt -fof toes
wide enough for your foot.

bends with foot, gives sense of support.
7bitft^e.fS/ak. ?kai//iff
has good support.

Page 24

"A place for everything and everything in its place."
^n^nJ^*T^^^ '"^^"f ^' *^^" J''* ^^^ "9^* garments to make a good-
looking outfit. To have great looking clothes you also have to make sure they are
clean, well-pressed and don't have missing buttons or rips that need mending to
look great when you wear them! ^

RFFHRp'y.n^r'^'^^^^^.l^ ^^i' *^^ ^^'^ instructions and options is really important
BEFORE you buy as well as after. In these project activities on clothing care vou
Will earn what to look for when you next shop for a new outfit as well as leam the
nght techniques to care for your clothes.

Proper care of clothes includes several key responsibilities. They are:
Using proper laundry
or care techniques.
Treating and removing^
stains inrinriediately
from clothing.

Pressing and
mending items
that need it.
readi Dring garments^V maintain neat, 1 /-to-wear clothes. 1 1
Vs^ ^
Page 25

Fccus cn Laundir!
Doing laundry may be physically easier than in the days of your grandparents but you have
more decisions to make today! Every year there are changes in fibers, fabrics and laundry
products. Knowing how to make the correct decisions becomes an Important process in the
proper care of today's clothes.
/TNFirst thintfs first
^=^ Pead the Lahei:

By law your clothes must identify fiber
content, country of origin and have
permanent care labels. You may discover
in your scavenger hunt on the next pages
that you have lots of clothing with very
different or very similar requirements.
Regardless, following these
recommendations will extend the life of
your clothes.
F^re-wash Prep!

Empty pockets, zip all zippers, turn down
cuffs, unbutton buttons, hook all fasteners,
detach unwashable trims/decorations and
turn garments made of manufactured
(man-made) fibers, like polyester and
rayon, knits and napped (such as
corduroy) garments wrong side out.

Mend It!

Mend all tears and rips or replace those
missing buttons before you wash!
^C^nduct a §tain Checii!

Pre-treat stain and heavy soil. Refer to
your Stubborn Stains Fact Sheet from your
group leader's guide for stain removal tips.
(g) §crt It!
Careful sorting is essential if you want a
clean, lint-free wash. Also, it prevents
more time and energy to correct
problems if you are not careful! And
you've probably have had experiences
where some mistakes are NOT
correctable! Be sure to sort by:



fiaure Type!

Lint "ability"!

(g) Check that >vater!

Water temperature and water
softness/hardness affect your clothes!
Check the care label for the water
temperature. There's a reason a certain
temperature was recommended:
shrinkage, wrinkling, or dye transfer can
Page 26

Laundrr Scavenger liunt
Today's ready-to-wear clothing must have a permanent label indicating how to property
care for it to keep it looking good. How often do you check care labels when sorting the
laundry? Are you aware of the many different instructions that are given? Focus in on
the clothes in your closet with this scavenger hunt for clothing care instructions.
lie>v did you dc?
Lock fcr Items that fit this list; check the boxes for each garment.
3 garments that can be washed in cold water.
3 garments that can be washed in hot water
3 garments that can be washed in any water
2 garments that must be dried flat.
2 garments that can be washed in warm water
2 garments that require dry cleaning.
1 garment that must be washed by hand.
1 garment that requires a delicate wash.
1 garment that should not be placed in the dryer.
1 garment that should be turned wrong side out.
1 garment that is not colorfast.
u u
u u 1
u u 1
u 1
u u
u u
^--- u u
u u u
Page 27

What Did ycu Find?
What were common
characteristics of items that

Hot water wash?
What type of laundry care do you do for
most of your clothes?
Cold water wash?
Placed In the dryer?
Why is it important to pay special attention to
laundry specifications?
Delicate wash?
Hand washing?
When do you need to read the garment care
Dry cleaning?
What kind of care instructions will you look
for the next time you buy clothing?
Page 28


John and Ellen have decided to purchase a blouse for their mother for Mother's Day After
shopping in three stores they found three blouses which they like and which they think she will
like. Now they need to make a decision of which is the best buy
Which cne M^culd ycu buy?
What characteristics Influenced ycur declsicn?
Page 29

Carios and Isabel have decided to purchase a shirt for their father for Father's Day. After
shopping in three stores they have found three shirts they like and which they think he will
like. Now they need to make a decision of which is the best buy.
Which cne wculd ycu buy? _________________

What characteristics influenced ycur decision?
Page 30

Stubbcrn Stains
Accidents happen, right? Stains are a common occurrence in daily life. Removing
stains requires special care, certain techniques and using products carefully. You
need to take care of these stains quickly so you can keep your clothing looking new
and clean. The older a stainthe more difficult to remove!

What ycu Need:

Q Fabric Swatches (2 in. by 2 in): @ Stain Removal Produ'^
100% cotton T-shirt knit ^^ Liquid detergent
50/50 cotton/polyester T-shirt knit Granular detergent
100% cotton woven fabric Dry cleaning solvent
cotton/polyester blend woven fabric Chlorine bleach
Oxygen bleach
Q staining Substances: Pre-wash stain removal
blood lipstick/cosmetics proauct(s)
grease grass Q Other Supplies:
""^ ft H u '^^"P^'"* P" '""^ Jars with tight lids
soft dnnk Measuring spoons
Hair dryer
Paper towels or newspapers
What ycu Dc:

Stain Prep:

O Choose 1-2 stains from the list above that
often happen to your clothes.
O Choose 1-2 fabric types for each stain for
your experiments.
D Choose the Stain Removal Product(s) you
want to test.
O Stain one set of fabric swatches with stains
at least 24 hours prior to your test.
O Stain the others immediately prior to
removal testing.
Setting Up Your Test Area:

n Cover your work area with newspaper or
paper towels.
Organize the Other Supplies needed.
D Read the instructions carefully on the
chosen Stain Removal Products.
D Prepare your recording sheets as directed
on the next page.
Chlorine Bleach
Oxygen Bleach!
Page 31

A Laundiy Experiment
cata CUart
Create a chart like this for each fabric and stain you are testing.
_________________________ Stain:
# f Viied (k Vntfoi

# 2 SUmd Ovmifk

# 4 SttUneti
Test stains that are cne weelc eld and cempare te the cnes aiicve.
is It truethe cider the stainthe less success in remcvintf it?
What did ycu discover?
What stain did you hrp?

Which laundry/stain removal products did you use?
Which was the most effective product to remove
the stain?__________________________________
What happened when the stain had set
for too long? ^_...___^^_
What effect did drying have on the stain?
What was the most important thing you learned from this activity?
Page 32

Look around you....the international and cultural influences of
countries around the world can be found in our homes, the
clothes we wear, the accessories we choose, and the art we
The Wcrid is Areund Tcu!
Conduct a cultural or ethnic scavenger hunt
within your own neighborhood, school or
immediate surrounding home. What items do
you find that have a historical and cultural story
behind them?
List the items you found.
Choose one to share with your group at the
next meeting.
Research the culture or ethnic group the
item/design originates from, the period of
history it represents and any other
interesting findings about the people that
created the design or the use of the item.
Interview friends and
classmates from
different ethnic _
backgrounds to learr/
more about any cultural
influences on clothing.
Record some things you
learned here:
The people of different countries and cultures
from around the worid have provided us with
many wonderful art forms that have
influenced textile and clothing design. Many
of the decorative arts in textile design
originated in China, India or Egypt. Some of
these early methods included wood block
printing, batik and tie dyeing. Hand stenciling
is also another method that has become
quite popular in recent years, especially for
home furnishings.

Two of these early forms of fabric design
featured in the project activities are batik, a
wax resistant dyeing technique, and molas
created by the Cuna Indians of the San Bias
Islands. Molas are a type of appliqu6 using
colorful blocks of geometrical or animal
motife. They are often used on yokes of
shirts and jackets or the backs of vests.

Have fun trying these techniques on the next
3 pages. Create and display your "Art
Gallery" of samples from the following
activities. Research and add other culturally
influenced printing and dyeing methods.

The molas on the next page are an
adaptation using today's quick methods.
Page 33

A ealiery cf Cuitural Influences
Mclas*. frcm [Manama

What ycu Need:

0 100% cotton fabrics, in bright colors
0 paper-backed fusible web
0 100% cotton or rayon coordinating
0 iron-on transfer marking pens
0 suitable design for mola

What rcu Cc:
Select a design and foundation fabric. A dark color should be selected for the design
layer and a lighter color is suitable for the foundation layer

^ Fuse the paper-backed web to the design layer.

Trace your mola design with the iron-on transferable pen, lay design face down on the
fused paper side of the design layer. Transfer design with heat. It is best to hold iron
in place a few seconds then pick up and move to another area of design, hold and
move. Do not slide side-to-side.

Cut design layer according to where you wish to see foundation layer or inlay fabric.
Remove paper backing of the design layer.

Lay desijgn layer over foundation layer, but DO NOT fuse yet! Decide where and what
colors will be the inlay appliqu^.

Place inlay fabric between the design layer and the foundation layer. Cut inlay pieces
so that there will be no foundation uncovered in that area. However, be careful not to
over use the inlay or you will loose the effect of the foundation color.

Authentic molas use several hand stitches that are available on many of the newer
models of machines. The most typical stitches found on molas are the cross stitch,
blanket stitch, chain stitch and embroidery or satin stitch.

Frame the mola design with a solid coordinate that is 1 1/2 inches wide and 3 inches
longeV that the side it will bind. Stitch the binding on with a 1/2 inch seam allowance with
right sides together.

Pin the mola in a,desired placement to a shirt, jacket or use it on your next vest! Using
a straight or decorative stitch, apply your completed design.
Page 34

i^atik... An Indcnesian Art
Batik is a process of creating fabric designs by
applying liquid wax to the fabric which is then dipped
into the dye. The areas covered in the wax "resist"
the dye and retain their previous or original color

The working process is repeated with each new color.
This means you have to think ahead and plan your
design and colors ~ beginning with the lighter colors
and adding darker colors. Yes, each color will affect
the previous color dyed! Do you remember your color
mixing from eariier projects?
/Hateriais Needed:
0 A piece of white 100% cotton fabric with
a smooth finish, like percale.
B Dye, liquid or powder, preferably cold-
water dye
0 Large flat container for the dye
0 Latex gloves
0 Newspapers
0 Canvas stretcher, old picture frame, or
heavy cardboard
0 Iron
0 Assortment of batik design tools
0 Wax(parrafin, beeswax) or old candles
0 Melting container, metal can in pot or
electric skillet
A variety of fabrics can be used for batik,
each providing different results. Here's a

Cotton Percale: 100% cotton is
recommended. An old bedsheet absorbs
dye well!

Batiste: a sheer, lightweight fabric with a
smooth finish. Absorbs dye very well.

Muslin: can be used but must be washed
several times to remove sizing. Muslin is
inexpensive and a good choice for

Others: Broadcloth (100% cotton), linen,
organdy, silk, voille, chiffon, and even
corduroy and velveteen can be used
depending on your desired end product.
There are four types of waxes;
Paraffin: available from grocery or craft
stores. Paraffin is brittle and creates the
crackling effect typical of batik.

Beeswax: can be purchased at craft stores or
from a beekeeper. The unprocessed
beeswax works the same, it just leaves some
residue of pollen that will collect in your
melting container.

Sticky wax: Is an inexpensive substitute for
beeswax, also available from craft stores.

Batik wax: sold at craft stores is a mix of
beeswax and paraffin. You can mix your
beeswax or sticky wax with paraffin. A 2/3 to
1/3 mix of beeswax to paraffin or a 50/50
ratio of sticky wax with paraffin will give the
effect of Batik wax. The mixing limits the
amount of cracking that allows the dye to
seep into your design.
Page 35

Catik Cesian Tccis:
The traditional tool of Indonesian batik is the tjanting
(ion' ting). It Is a wax pen resembling a pipe with a
spout, that is used to apply the wax to the fabric.
The size of the lines depends on the spout size of
the tjanting used.

The bowl of the pen is made of brass or copper for
heat conductivity and has a wooden handle. The
wax is chipped and placed in th^owl then melted
over an alcohol lamp.


A variety of natural bristle brushes can be used to
apply the wax to fabric. Plan on using the brushes
exclusively for batik since it is most.difficult to
remove all the wax. They will stiffen when dry but
will become flexible and useable again when placed
in heated'wax.
Stamping Tools

Anything can be used to stamp shapes and pattems
onto your fabric. The traditional tool of Indonesia is
called a tjap Oap'). It is like a printing block, made of
wood and copper with a wooden handle.

Repetitious stamping is typical of batik designs.
Corks, bamboo, wooden blocks, dowels, cardboard
rolls, nails pressed into corks or wooden blocks are
all interesting possibilities. Look around the house
and gather several different tools!

Stretcher, Frame or Cardboard

When the wax is applied it will penetrate through the
fabric therefore you need to prevent your fabric from
sticking to your work surface. Tacking your fabric to
an art stret(^er, old picture frame or stiff cardboard
will help prevent this. You may still have to lift your
fabric periodically. Wax paper works well under your
What ycu Dc;
Be sure to wash and dry your fabric before starting
your project. All those finishes you learned about in
Cutting Edge must not be present for the fabric to
absorb the dye.

Cover wori< area with newspaper.

Lay fabric out and create your own design or trace
patterns and shape desired.

Prepare wax by melting in metal can in pot of boiling
water, or In an electric skillet where you can regulate
the heat easily.

Tack fabric to art stretcher, frame or cardboard.

Apply wax to design areas. Wax hardens in
seconds. Wax must penetrate fabric, be sure to lift
the fabric every few strokes to prevent sticking, if
using cardboard.

Prepare dye according to package instmctions.
Some dye require additional "fixers" like vinegar or
salt to help the dyes bond to the fibers. Read dye
directions before using.
WARNING: Dye should be cool or cold before
dyeing fabric since wax will melt, if it is hot.

Rinse the waxed fabric in warni water and place it
unfolded in dye bath. The warm water prevents
blotching and uneven dyeing.

Rinse carefully to not break wax.

Remove and gently blot your batik with paper towels
or newspapers to absorb excess.

Hang in shade to dry on a clothesline. Always hang
batiks loosely from line; do not drape over the line.

Let dry completely before rewaxing and continuing
the dyeing process.

Finally, remove wax, press the batik between old
newspapers {no color). Place 5-6 layers on bottom
and 1 layer on top. Gently press.
Page 36

Ce a Phctc Jcunalist and
Summer time is here and you have the opportunity to travel around
the worid as an intern with a photo journalist. Your first stop will be a
safari in South Africa. From there you will go to the heart of the
Middle East Saudi Arabia. Finally your journey will take you to a
bustling Japan. What will you pack to wear on your trip? Why?
Read each of the country descriptions for hints for
cultural influences on clothing. Using the garments on
the "Packing List" select and record which clothes you
would pack for each place.
What else would you
recommend and why?

the Uimil IliiaE IIJEE..
Travel the Information Super
Highway and research other
countries of interest. The
Interment is your vehicle to
make your travel plans for
anywhere in the world!
Page 37

Travel the Hcrld!

The religion and customs of the people of Saudi
Arabia follow the rule of a more conservative look for
both men and women. Many times foreigners are given
some leeway about what they wear in general. But out of
respect, foreigners are required to follow the local
customs in public places.
As a general rule, foreign men should wear long
trousers and shirts that cover the upper torso. Foreign
women should wear clothes that are loose fitting. This
should mainly consist of skirts that are well below the
knee, neckline should be quite modest, and sleeves
should at least be to the elbow.
South Africa is a wonderful country full of sights to see. South Africa's
cultural diversity is one of its most dynamic components. If you were to take a
stroll down the street you would pass uniformed brigade, socialites wearing
French dresses, cloaked Islamic women, beaded and blanketed Zulus and
students in faded jeans.
One of the things that dictates what one should wear is the climate
which is generally sunny and pleasant. Since South Africa lies south of the
equator the seasons are the reverse of those in the northern hemisphere.
Lightweight cottons and linens in sun reflectory colors are recommended.
Warmer clothes are needed for the winter months.
Traditionally people in Japan wear what is called a kimono.
The cut, color, fabric, and decorations of a kimono may vary
according to the sex, age, and marital status of the wearer, the
season of the year, and the occasion for which the kimono is
worn. But nowadays, the kimono is only worn during formal
functions such as a wedding.
Buying clothes in Japan can prove to be quite difficult
First of all, the sizes run small, prices are high, and the fabrics are
not what we are used to. One of the main things to remember
when packing to go to Japan is to bring clothes made from man-
made fibers or durable material. Japanese washing machines
are not very sensitive to delicate fabrics.
For winter time, since most places do not have central
heating but rather a large kerosene stove, warm clothes are
recommended (flannel, turtlenecks, long undenwear...etc). Most
importantly, pack shoes that you can slip on and off easily.
Japanese culture dictates no shoes in the house as a sign of
Page 38

Perhaps you already have an interest in career opportunities in
the clothing and textile field. Now is a time to explore these
interests. There is a wide variety of career options for men and
women in these areas. The diagram illustrates the many
areas or "clusters" of jobs available in the clothing and textile
industries. Knowing your own interests and skills is important
in developing career goals. Project activities in this section will
help you compare your interests with various career
opportunities and make appropriate clothing decisions for job
Exploring the job opportunities available to you is
one of the early stages of career planning. What
possibilities exist for you in clothing and textiles
near you? Can you identify types of jobs in your
geographic area to match the career areas in the
diagram? If you have trouble, pull out the Yellow
Pages of your local phone book for further
reference or contact your local Chamber of
Commerce for business listings.
How does moving to new cities and states
interest you? Will this be something you
need to consider as you explore your
career possibilities? What other
considerations do you need to think about?
Research and Development:
Textile Industry:
Apparel Industry:
Fashion Industry:
Page 39

Snapshcts cf Career
What are some things about your work
that you like best?

@ What skills and education are needed for
your job?
in school helped you the
g) What courses
What experiences helped you the mos^

I more mental work?

(6) Does your job require you to travel? How
^ often and how long are you away from
your family?
(7) What hours does your job require that you
M What kind of education did you gel after
high school?
Cf) What is the starting salary for a job like
Identify at least 3 different people who work in some phase of the textile and clothing
industry. Schedule an interview with them. Prepare your questions in advance. Listed
above are some to gjet you started.

What did ycu leam?
Page 40

Dressing fcr Success!

Throughout eariier activities you've learned that clothing influences your feelings and how
people react to you. Don't you feel good when you know you look good? There is
probably no other place where this is more important than the JOB INTERVIEW Your
personal self-confidence at this time is a major portion of the image you project!

Dress codes are seldom put in writing but management usually sets them by
implication. You might get the job, but how you dress may limit your advancement in the

Eariier you focused in on Values and Clothes. From the view of the working worid
what images could these views project to your employer?
Sicppy Appearance

Neat Appropriate _.^
Appearance ^^
rcu are ttyino tc ttet a summer Icb. ycur mem has helped ycu
a^n interview at thecfflce Mfiere she >vcrks. Cate these chcices as
CAJ Apprcpriate cr (jna) Net Appropriate if ycu M^ere dressina fcr ycur
Jcb intervle>v?
a Dressy outfit O Hair that's unkept or dirty

Flashy fabrics Q Chewing gum

O Simple styles Q Well polished shoes

CD Jangling jewelry Q Well-groomed hands

CD Conservative appearance CD Clothing that reveal under

O Slacks too long or short garments

( ) Hosiery that blends with outfit '^ f'^''^^ ^'*^ *'*^ ^'9^'' ^^^n the
and shoes knee.

CJ Revealing necklines '^ ^''"P' handbag

( 1 Lots of makeup/cologne ^ Garments that are too tight
CD Bright flashing colors
Page 41

Chcices fcr the interview Scene!

Read each of the scenes below and describe what would be an appropriate
choice for each. Identify why you chose the outfit.
Jackie is going to apply for
summer jobs at several of th
women's specialty dress
shops in town. How should
she dress for her trips for
applying for these jobs?
Juan is going to apply for a job at
the local nursery. He plans to
major in landscape design and
wants the experience for the
summer to help in his future
studies. What would be
appropriate for Juan to wear for
applying and interviewing for his
summer job?
Mike is applying for a
summer job at the local
YMCA for a summer
lifeguard. What should he
wear for his interview?
Priya has an opportunity to
work at the local library this
summer. She has been ^
asked to come in for an interview
with the librarian to determine her
interests and abilities. What should
she wear to this interview?
Hhat characteristics cf the jcbs were similar cr different
in these situaticns?
Iic>v dc the Jcb envircnments affect clcthintf chcices and
Page 42

Reflect on the many experiences and significant things
you've learned in this project.
What were the mcst slaniflcant thinas ycu learned
that will help ycu new?
What siiills did ycu leam that will help ycu
in the future?
What chanttes haye ycur made in ycur appearance
cr clcthins chcices as a result cf the prefect?
What ccnsumer skills haye ycu practiced as a
result cf this prelect?
Page 43

f Experiences!
You are encouraged to use your creativity and photography
skills to design and display a true storyboard of your project
activites from "CIcthes That ClicK"
What clcthins care practices have ycu cenducted
resuitina frcm the prelect?
Clieck if ycu cempieted the fcllcwina e^^perlences:
Constructed a yest.
D Embellished a yest cr ether item.
O Cempariscn sbcpped fcr ycur cicthlnfi purchases.
I^ad care labels as youVe shopped.

Treated stains cn your clothes immediately.
[lJ Cesittned and appliaued amola.

Created a batili product*
Q Cenducted 3 Jcb interviews.
Page 44


Club or
4-H Club Motto
"To make the best better"

4-H Club Pledge
I pledge

my head to clearer thinking,
my heart to greater loyalty,
my hands to larger service, and
my health to better living, for
my club, my community,
my country, and my world.

4-H Club Colors
Green and White
Ai^^s: M. Joy Cantnetl. Aauciate Professor and Youth Devetopment Specialist, and R. Nadine Hackler, Professor of Clothing and
Textiles, Department of Family, Youtli and Community Sdtnces, Unlversrty of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Qraphic DestgiW Hkistrations: Spedal thanM to Jeanle Slade and Nancy O'Neil for artwork, and word processing and desnn by Eva
Oakes, Angela Frampton and Trey KMHngsworth, Department of Family. Youtti and Community Sciences, University of Florida Instttute of
Food and Agnculturar Sciences.

DesignjMin: Shirley Clark, Gadsden County; Mary VMIIIams, Nassau County; Dot Welch, Citrus County; Judy ButterfieW Diwal Countv
Susan Nigg, Volunteer, Manatee County; Mary Beth Salisbury, Osceola County; and Becky Cortey, Vfalunteer, Osceola County.

T Stephtna, Director In cooperatton with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this Information to further the purpose of
the Rtay 8 and June 30,1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provWe research, educatwnal information and othw senrices only to
indMduals tnd instttutbns that functton without regard to race, cotor. age. sex, handicap or national origin. Single copies of extension
puUkattons (excluding 4-H and youth publk;ations) are available free to Ftorida residents from county extension offices Informatfon on
bulk rates or copies of out^f-state purchasers is available from CM. Hinton, Publicattons Distributton Center, IFAS Building 664 Universltv
2,1 .IJI^;., '"*''" '''''^' ^^^' ^* puWteizing this publication, editors shouM contact this address to detenDlne avaiiatjilitv
Printed 6/97. ''

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