The 50th Anniversary of Desegregation at UF in Second Life
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/IR00000098/00001
 Material Information
Title: The 50th Anniversary of Desegregation at UF in Second Life
Series Title: Florida Library Association Annual Conference
Physical Description: Conference presentation
Language: English
Creator: Clapp, Melissa ( Author, Primary )
Ewing, Stacey ( Author, Primary )
Publication Date: April 8, 2010
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: UF, desegregation, desegregation anniversary
 Notes
Abstract: The University of Florida Libraries used their space in Second Life to create an interactive cultural experience of a bus ride through the Civil Rights Era. Materials from the library's collections were used to gather the historical data on which the scenario was based. The materials used are on display at the site in Second Life for visitors to peruse. This presentation discusses the inception of the idea, the process of building the scenario, and plans to gather information literacy data from users who visit the scenario.
Acquisition: Collected for University of Florida's Institutional Repository by the UFIR Self-Submittal tool. Submitted by Melissa Clapp.
General Note: This presentation was sponsored by the Academic Libraries Member Group/FACRL and Black Caucus Group.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Permissions granted to the University of Florida Institutional Repository and University of Florida Digital Collections to allow use by the submitter. All rights reserved by the submitter.
System ID: IR00000098:00001

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Full Text
The 50th Anniversary of
Desegregation at UF in Second Life
by Missy Clapp & Stacey Ewing
"kicic
Sponsored by Academic Libraries Member
Group/FACRL and Black Caucus Group
Florida Library Association Annual Conference
Orlando, Florida I April 8, 2010


UF Libraries Virtual Worlds Group...


UF Libraries Virtual Worlds Group
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experimented with creating our own library space


UF Libraries Virtual Worlds Group

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experimented with:
open design | multipurpose space | navigation ease


UF Libraries Virtual Worlds Group
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experimented with holding reference hours


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experimented with promotion of library resources & services


UF Libraries Virtua Worlds Group
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experimented
with hosting lectures

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brainstorming...
wanted to reach broader
audience.

decided to try something
new and different!
incorpórate our collections
into an actual virtual
learning experience.


UC Davis

Virtual
Hallucinations
interaction | simulation
memorable experiences
http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/ais/virtualhallucinations


interaction simulation
Press ESC to leave Mouselook.
1 ((?5)^5pace CoLah Eartli Island
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NASA space/f light simulators


conceiving the idea...
virtual worlds group +
one law professor
met in SL to discuss
possibilities

happened to coincide
with an important
UF milestone: the
50th anniversary of
desegregation
Desegregation Pioneers honored during UF
Constitution Day Program
By Scott Emerson and Katie Blasewitz
I Vir^i HaMldns
Fifty years ago one man changed the course of
history for higher education in the state of
Florida. African-American, academically eligible,
and eager to start his instruction, Virgil Hawkins
was denied admission to the University of Florida
College of Law based solely on his race,

In 1949, Virgil D. Hawkins applied to the UF
Floridaa€^"s law school and was denied entry
based on the color of his skin, With the legal
assistance of future Associate Justice of the
United States Thurgood Marshall, it took nine
years, five Florida Supreme Court and four U.B.
Supreme Court rulings before Hawkins broke the
color barrier for students at UF aC but at great
personal cost. Hawkins abandoned his own
aspirations to attend the College of Law by
agreeing in 1958 to drop his suit against the state
if the state would desegregate university
admissions.
On Sept. 15, 195B, George H. Starke, Jr. enrolled
in the UF College of Law, becoming the first black student to enter the university. In
1962, W. George Alien became the first black student to receive a degree from the UF
College of Law. In 1965, the Honorable 5tephan Mickie, United District Judge in the
Northern District of Florida, became the first black student to earn an undergraduate
iegree from the university.


an idea is born...
Samuel iProctor
'al History Program
esearch
-']
igftal Collections
eachlng
'rojects
> Public Programs
ubllcatlons
Isltlng Scholar Award
iternshlps
ibout SPOHP
upport SPOHP
^
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In Memoriam

Louis "Studs" Terkel (1912-2008)
Louis "Studs" Terkel was a Jack of all
trades— historian, author, radio host,
actor and activist. But it was his work
as an oral historian that forever
changed the interviewing process and
helped shape it into a genre of its
own.
LEARN Mi
"I don't have to stay curlous, I am
curious, about ail of it, all the time.
Curioslty never kllled this cat - thafs
what l'd like as my epitaph."
mi'
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let's gather information from our collections to recréate
an experience from the Civil Rights Movement in
Florida


let's attempt to créate
an Interactive ride
on a Civil Rights era
public transit bus
within Second Life
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Morris Thomas defying segregated bus seating : Tallahassee, Florida
httD://www.floridamemorv.com/PhotoaraDhicCollection/disDlavDhoto.cfm?IMGTITLE=RC12424




collaboration...
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Dr. Paul Fishwick
Professor of Computer & Information Science and Engineering


collaboration...
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|Apnl 6, 2010


Project Home
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Understanding how other people think and what their actions iml
rely on shared knowledge to aid in our interpretation of the actio|
culture, this shared knowledge is missing which can lead to mis
disconcerting at a personal level. these problems are greatly m^
potential conflict or regional destabilization.

To acquire cultural knowledge and sensitivity we can use variouj
countnes to directly expenence-and become physically imti-iers
significant challenges remain since most media do not provide ti
understanding of information in situ Physical immersion can bel

We have developed a cost-effective. contextually relevant approach
The Second China project is a virtual three dimensional environment
to literar./ and multimedia knowledge We have built this environmen
http://cero11.cise.ufl.edu/-webnnaster/index.htnnl


collaboration...
Julie and Paul agreed to assist
US with building an 'in-worid'
experience including the bus
simulation and library
exhibition space.

Their Second China
experience has been
invaluable.
Also helped advise us on our scenario & planned
research. (becausetheyVe awesome!)


collaboration...

college of '
liberal
/wr,p^^


II
studies
PROGRAM
Home
Famhy&Staff
CooTses
Program Principies
Minar
Arniooncements
Program History
links

Support UF AASP «VBW*
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m
African American Studies
Search


African American i
103 Walker Hall
PO BOK U8l20
Program History
le .íSfrican American Studies Program began at the Universit\' of Florida in 1969. The histor\' pro\ided below |
is an e.xcerpt from a more extensive report authored by Ms. Vanessa Fabien, (a student assistant) and Dr.
Stephanie Y. Evans (assistant professor).

1. Historical. National, and Local Context

A. Legal Battles for Equal Access to Education

B. The Struggle for Equitable Academic l^presentation in Population and the Curriculum

C. Local Context - African ^Vmericans at the Universitv" of Florida

11. The UniversitN' of Florida Afro-American Studies l^ogram (^\ASP). iq6q -2004

A. Key Figures in Kstablishine the UF .■V'VSP. iq6q

B. FacultN^ Involved in Establishing the UF A.-\SP. iq6q


collaboration..
mm
I ri ístom
I he L^epartment of Jlístory at the (Jníversítu of j lorída
«VV^ UNIVERSITY of
UF FLORIDA

Multicultural and
Diversity Affairs
fHb INSrirUTb ÜF BLACK CULTURfc (IBC)
The Institute of Black Culture (IBC) was
established in the Fall of 1971 after students
advocated for the university to provide a space
that focused on Black culture. Today, the IBC
serves as a resource for all the members of the
university community, providing educational and
social programming that focuses on black culture.
The IBC also serves as a support network for
many black students on campus.

Major Programs:

o Black Male Development Initiative (BMDI)
o Black Student Assembly




funding...
:PROGRAM!'
^
we knew we'd have to
pay the programmer
recommended by
Dr. Fishwick's team


funding...
Univeisity oj tionda ^^^^^^^^m
George A. Smathers ijaMiies
"k Grants Management Committee
Héufs 1 AskaLibrarian | Online Requests t RemoteU
Library Catalog { DatatiasM | Srte Map | Help
Library > Grants Management Committee > Mini Grants 2009-2010

Home
Grant Datábase
Mini Grants
Committee Members
Documents
Grant Application Calendar
GMC Minutes

l^
2009 - 2010 Mini Grant Program: How to Apply
DEADLINE: Thursday. October 1.2009 bv 5:00 PM
The Library Mini Grant Program is open to all staff from the George Smathers Libranes
Although any staff member can now apply this program was designed to provide a supportive environment for novices who wish to gain experience conceptualizing
writing. and administering grant projects To demónstrate support for those applicants who are new to the grants seeking process, the committee will award additional
points to these applications during the review process Successful grant projects are competitively selected and are funded and administered by the University of
Florida Libraries Grant Management Committee The Mini Grant Program is intended to replícate as much as possible. the process of writing and submitting grant
proposals to outside funding agencies

Click the links below for instructions and to get the Cover Sheet. Proposal Format. and Budget Form:

Instructions:
1 How to apply
2 Proposal Cover sheet
3 Proposal Text Format
4 Budget Form
SO we applied for a small grant through a mini-grant
program offered by our libraries...


C. Briefiy describe the resources needed to complete the project {e.g., personnel, equipment,
supplies, travel, space, other).
c G'"ücuate Stucent, Ryan Tanay, will design cloth i| for tne "hots" ard créate thü gestures or
animations
needed for tne project.
c Dr. Pau Fishwick 'rom the Department of Computer Sciences anc Engineering will provide
gjidarce via monthly meetings oí the progress of the project.
c G'^ücuate Stuiient, ttotogsKñStlt Par<, will write the programming scriats •o'' the itcact'ue
"bots" that will interface with the project's visitors in Secord Life.
c Missy Shoopanc Stacey Ewing will research 'd"" cigital resoL''ces to be "ncluded ir fie project,
facjity insfLction, ard proTotior of aroject,
c LaL'a Jordán (Pl) will oversee the p'^oject, '■esearch 'o'- digital resources to be inciuded in the
project, facL ty irsfuction, and promotion of project.
D. Provide a plan of action for the project. Include a timeline to show that the project can be
completed in 12 months, and specify actlvlties and roles to be performed by the principal
investigator (Pl) and others involved In the project.
TIIVIE PERIOD WHAT BVWHOM
MARCH Collect digital reüourcts for project. Laur; Jordán (U), ^'issy 5hooo(IV15), Si StaccY Ewing ;SE|
Za\ a r"L>et¡ng v/ilh all p'cject slaff tQ miip ü jt j-^c uf digital rEiüurces. U
MARCH-MAY Des |n ciotiiing for "üots" & crtate the gestures or ani^iations needed for the prüjec:. Ryar Tanay(RT)
De;, gn the "bots" that wil interact with the projcc'.'s viitor^ in SL. tíW«!£)KaSílí>Park (MP)
APRIL üall a meeting wi:l" all project i'aff to evalúate progress o' project and rev se olar. U
MAY Cali a r'-eeting v/jth all p'oject i'.aff to evalúate progress o' project and revise plan. U
JUNE Pruject sta'f ".csts site. U, V1S.se, R-. HP, S. Pajl=ishwick(PF)
Iv'akE revisíons based on stat'testing RT&HP
JULY Conduct VD unteer library taculty, staff. ard stucent usabiiity tesis of the project iminiTiur" of 10 particioantsl U, VIS. &SE
Submit poster session on project for ALA '^id-Winter 2t;iC U, VIS. &5E
AUG. Paculty in-class training L., VIS. & SE
OotaiT 'cedback 'rom professors St students via surveys dis'.r bjled at in-class trainings. LJ, VIS, & SE
Cali a r^celing with all project s'.aff to discuss results of sjrvcys l:
fv'a-íc revisíons based on surveys RT&HP
SEPT. Workw :h Baroa'a Hood to créate a mmi-advertsing campaign al no cosí for project, direcled loward UF facully U
OCT. -NOV. Prepare and present brown bag on oroject for library faculty and staff U, VIS. Si SE
NOV.-MAR. Submit to CF?s; promotion througn various conferences L., VIS. & SE
£. If the project Is collection specific: Who owns the collection and where is it located? What copyright
issues, Ifany, isthe applicant anticipating?

Project staff is ieveraging existing digital resources f''OT tne UFDC (not print) to be Lseri ir an
experimental way within the c'ass'oom.


the research process
and communication tools


University of Florida
Qigitsl Collections
afrlcan^^american coffcctions
Visual Resource Collections

YESTERDAY'S NEWS FOR TODAY'S READERS

University of Florida Archives Photoeraph Collection
roí
9

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Search Collection:
LLiCTBOINIS
Go
n Include full text?
SHOW COLLECTIONS
The Orat History Digitai Cottections com pri se tlie digital holdings of both the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program at the
University of Florida and the Matheson Museum (Gainesville, Florida). Together, the Oral History Digital Collections document life
in Gainesville, across Florida, the Caribbean and other locales.

The oral histories can be searched using the search box above, browsed by all items, or searched and browsed within the
different topical collections.
Collections

y^_"^ About the Samuel Proctor
{^4^ Oral History Program
Florida Counties Oral
History Collections
Florida Topical Oral
History Collections
3 Matheson Museum Oral
Histories
Miscellaneous Oral History
Collections
Native Americans Oral
History Collections
j^ University of Florida Oral
History Collections


teach the.li English, arvd give them soine £irst year Latin. Ttve ninth
grader, I can help him with his Latin, but they need to be in
Gainesville in the high school." ACter working on him for a half a
year, the next half year he sent them. In the morning, they would
drive to Gainesville and they would conie back in the aftemoon.

Was Gainesville the cxily school for blacks? Did they come to
Gainesville?

I don't know. 1 can't recall. But I do ktKiw that they carne here
because at that time, Hawthome did not have a high school. They
had a school maybe through the sixth, seventh, or eighth grade.
But high school was in Gainesville.

Now how did you get to Grove Park?

Back in those years we had two trains coming from, I believe
Palatka. One was called the Wilcox and the other one was called
thirty-seven. The Wilcox came in about 6:30 in the aftemoon, and
thirty-seven would be going back a little bit later. I didn't
conmute everyday. I lived in Grov© Park and in all the other
little school where I taiíght. I taught in little one-rccm schools
all over the county.

Give me some of the namos o£ those schcx>ls or places.

Ncjw I'm going to give you so«ne of the ñames, but first I would like
to tell you that I lived with families. 1 lived in homes that were
selected for the teachers to live in the different conmunities. T
paid ten dollars a month from try salairy to live in the hc:»nes. I
was the teacher, and for ten ck>llars a month, they gave me room and
board.

My first school was, the first school I taught was at Grove Park.
I was there for four months. My salary was forty dollars a month.
I left that school csn Friday, and on Mcnday I opened school at
Liberty Hill. Liberty Hlll is to the right going to Arrendono.
Its on the voad that you tum up and you go dawn to the right in
there. It used to be a tung oil tree grove. They had a lot of
tung trees from which you would extract tvjng oil. I taught there
for three months.

Now why would you teach at these schools just months?

Because only the city schools had seven months. Lincoln had seven
or eight months of school. There was a time during the 1930s when
things were really bad and there was a soup line at Lincoln. The
teachers had to raise the money to keep Lincoln going because they
were going to closc it early. The teachers did raise the money and
keep the school going a oouple of tnonths longer. I was not
teaching in the city at that time, but that just came to mind. In
talking to some of the teachers, I imagine they can tell you about
it. I was at Liberty Hill three months.

Do you have years?
7


A legend in
his own time
'^Mf::.
Library staffer Joel Buchana^
doesn't need books to tell H^M^^
the histoiy of integnation in'^^^^m^
meiirS^lill
from the cover of Orange & Blue Magazine Fall 2003 online edition


George H. Starke Jr.: In his own words

No one will ever know how much it meantto me to particípate in the Constitution Day
Program, and to have the opportunity to tell the story of some of my experiences at
the law school and at UF in the first days... These experiences were unique.

I mentioned to someone earlier that while I would have come to school at UF in any
event once the laws changed, I have long thought it would have been better for me as
an individual just to have had the normal struggles to contend with... . UF had a 105-
year history of segregation when I first came, and I have to think on reflection that
was more difficult to cope with than I anticipated — not because of the few threats,
but because of the intangibles and subtleties.

I tried to conduct myself as simply another student, and tried to block out all thoughts
about the historical implications of my being there. I wanted to be treated just like
everyone else, and... I think in the main I was, although I cannot be 100 percent
certain. Fred Levin and others in my class would know more about that than I, since
they also know whether anything changed in how they were treated following our third
semester.

My plan (upon leaving law school after the third semester) had been to reapply in
about five years or so, but it took longer than that to get the negative experiences out
of my system, and even longer to get to a point where I could even talk about it....
Five years became 10, and 10 became 20, and life intervened. So, I did not reapply
or decide to go elsewhere.

I participated on a panel (during the Constitution Day activities at UF), with one person
from each of the decades from the EOs thru the 90s. It was very interesting to note
how matters emerged and evolved at UF over time, with changes in both culture and
leadership at institutional and community levéis. I think Governor Collins and Dr. Reitz
set a tone for UF and the state — before and after I was there, which contributed for a
long time to the climate and general atmosphere in which minority students (and all
others) were able to grow, to organize and to feel free to express themselves and to
work for what they wanted the University of Florida to become. I was on the Alumni
Board of Directors a few years, and had the opportunity to vote to establish the
Association of Black Alumni. I know there now to I
on the various campuses.
Finally, thank you again for the invitation and the
Levin College of Law Constitution Day Program....
learn more about the life and times of Mr. Hawkin
impressed with his story.

I appreciate his cali now more than ever.
n
á
V
Excerpted from correspondence to Dean Robert 3t
UF College of Law
materials online helped us
narrow down the important
players and events


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Virgil Hawkins
Thelma Jordon
Buddy Davis


...A UNIVERSITY OF
W FLORIDA
Virgil D. Hawkins
Civil Clinic ■
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FrontPage
iast edited by J) lesura Jordán 4 mos ago
i)^ Page Inistory
ADMINISTRATIVE
RELATED
SL PROIECT STUFF
MiniCrant Documents
■ Mini-Crant FINAL
Draft
■ Mini-Crant First Draft

PROIECT timeline

IRB Questions

IRB Questions 2
VOICES
■ 1970S Student: Ross; .wav files located in "Voice Recordings" folder over there on the right.
• Buddy Davis recordings also located in "Voice Recordings" folder (just labeled "line...")

BRAINSTORIVj BUCKET FOR RYAN & DESIGN TEAM
■ ítems to be included in Library Building
• Bus Imaqes
■ Story Board Description
o Whiteboard: Bus
o Whiteboard: Timeline
• Stakeholder questions
o Questions for Rvan

SCRIPT/BQT SEATING MAP FOR RYAN & TEAM
• MAPVIEWH
. MAP VIFW 42
• MAP VIEW 4i

FASHION IDEAS
RESEARCH BUCKET FOR TIMELINE/SCRIPT TEAM

■ LAW LINKS:
o 50th Anniversary Timeline from Levin College of Law Celebration,
o Remembering "Firsts" on the path to UF ¡ntegration By Pedro Malavet, professor of
http://www,law,ufl.edu/news/pdf/UF Qp-ed.pdf

• UF GENERAL LINKS
o UF 50th Anniversary Fast Facts (scroll to bottom of article)
o Machen's letter http://news,ufl,edu/2008/09/15/commemQratlnq-the-SOth-
anniversarv-of-i ntegration/
° Integration Celebration Announeement: http://news.ufl.edu/2003/09/15/celebra!
SO-vears-of-ínteqration-at-the-universitv-of-florida/
o Integration Website (with Wynton Marsalis picture...sigh): http://www.urel.ufl.edu/5(




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UF African American Studies Program Tlmellne/Dates of
Interest: (huge list of facts, dates, timeline)
smaller summarv .ro^ r^e Mncn Am.r,cn «ud^ ^c*-
,BC Site (historv and m.ss.oo,s^ort,



Bus Departs
BUS DRtVER gets back onto the bus and announces the first stop, pointing at the
destination counter at the front of the bus: 1949.

BUS DRIVER; "Our first stop is 1949. Over the next decade, 85 black students applied to
the University of Florida and were denied adnnission.'^

1949

Bi/j begms to travel, bíurry outside ofthe windows.

HAWKINS addresses the people in the back of the bus.

HAWKINS: "That's right! In 'A9, both Wiliiarr Lewis and I weren't allowed to go to the
UF Law School.'

JORDON and DAVIS shake their heads,

JORDON: "In '52, when I wanted to get my Masters degree to earn more money as a
schooiteacher, nny only university options were Florida A&M, Bethune Cookman, and
Tuskegee, UF wouldn't accept me because they were still segregated. I had to go all the
way to New York to earn my Masters degree!"
HAWKINS and Davis shake their heads.




scenario...

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File Edit View World Tools Help Advanced .¿J .1) De^esrejation 1.36. 1.32. ^^ IMatureí D.ísesregati
V\ .
12009-10-25 14:11:18 note card
I Welcome to the University of Honda George A. Smathers Libraries' project on
I desegregation.

Here you will have the opportunity to experience an Interactive scenario, which deplcts a
19S0's bus traveling the historical timeline of major desegregation events at the
University of Florida as well as throughout the nation. You will encounter significant
historical figures who will respond to the happenings as the bus travels through time.

Throughout the experience, you virill be introduced to the extensive digital resources
offered by the George A Smathers Libraries on this subject. The experience condudes
inside the library building you will see upon exiting the bus.
Eommunicaté''
"^^S^^T"
6:07 AM PDT «I
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technology:
the good and the bad




hosting the project...
after a valiant struggle,
we gave in..


hosting the project...
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audio...
< recording & editing
< sound effects
http://www.freesound.org


lllusion of movement...
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other limitations
unable to change the skin color of a visitor's avatar.



scripting limitations - avoiding lag
distinguishing who is speaking




Testing and IRB approval
Empathy
(Strongly Disagree-->Strongly Agree)
This Interactive experience made me question the
progress of race relations in the U.S.
I empathized with the characters at the back of the bus.
Riding on this bus made me feel more connected with
the African American experience during this time.
Did you find this experience memorable?
(Free Response)
If yes, what was the most memorable?


Library Resources
(YES/NO)
Were you aware that the library had a digital collection
prior to this experience?
Strongly Disagree-->Strongly Agree
• This experience was effective at showcasing digital
library collections. OR This experience made me
aware of digital library collections.
• I feel that this experience has educational valué.
• I feel that this experience helped me retain more
information than traditional educational methods (such
as lectures, websites, etc.).


Technical knowledge
(YES/NO)
Did you know about of Second Life before this
experience?
Is this your first time using Second Life?
Is this your first time using Second Life in class?
(Faculty)
(Check all that apply)
What is your gaming knowledge? (WoW, xBox
Live, Cali of Duty, Diablo, MMO)
(Little->Very Experienced)
What do you feel is your experience level with
technology?
-with virtual worlds?
-with searching for information?



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soooo.... when can we visit??!


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please don't make us beg


very, very soon!
If you're interested in checking out our project in
Second Life, please sign up at the back ofthe room
before you leave and we'll send you a personal
invite to come check out the scenario and exhibition
once everything is live! :D


THANKS FOR JOINING US!
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Missy Clapp- sJioop@ufl.edu
Stacey Ewing- srewinR(5)uf .edu


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