Title: Narrative of a voyage to the Spanish Main, in the ship "Two friends"
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Title: Narrative of a voyage to the Spanish Main, in the ship "Two friends"
Series Title: Narrative of a voyage to the Spanish Main, in the ship "Two friends"
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a Iopage to tFle panisi %Tain,



The occupation of Amelia bland, ,y NI'Gregor, &c.--Sketches of the
Province of East Florida;



Qppent ir,




Nihil est aptius ad delectationem lectoris quam temporum varietates,
fortuneque vicissitudines."





TALL-h ..... L.-;RIDA -


THE following narrative was compiled at the
request of several friends, desirous of pos-
sessing a detailed account of the ill-fated
expedition, in whicl the narrator was en-

The narrator has left untouched, the
merits of the original question, between
Sthe Insurgents of Spanish America, and the
parent slate, fully aware of his incompetence
to determine a subject bf such grave import-
ance, merely animadverting upon the cou-
duct of the cause, and its probable progress,
with the view of explaining his motives, for
dissuading his countrymen from giving im-


plicit credit to the specious promises and
false representations of interested indivi-

The cause of Vehezuela, has been too
much identified in the public mind, with
that of Buenos Ayres. Forgetful of the
vast distance separating those provinces,
the variety of climate, and the marked cha-
racteristic distinctions of their inhabitants,
the British public has considered them as
one people, actuated by a common motive,
and capable of similar exertions..

On the European continent, a space far
more limited, presents nations totally dissi-
milar, in habits, language, and feelings. How
then can we imagine the people of Spanish
America, who are avowvedly less enlightened
from the nature of their government, and
their Colonial restrictions, than the people
of Europe, capable of a simultaneous effort
in support of the cause of freedom, and ap-
preciating the advantages of rational liberty.


S ..' occupation of Amelia Island, is in.
Ierted as a part of the cause of South
America, because it emanated from a scion
of the Venezuelan republic, and -was subse-
quently supported by a pretended agent
**' uof that of Mexico, a republic which never
.had any other than ideal existence.

The account of East Florida, and the
peculiar habits of the Seminole Indians; has
, followed asa matter of course in the progress
of the narration, though not. properly en-
titled to be classed with the avowed object
of this publication, the narrator, however,
hopes that theb novelty and interest of
the suj.ect may plead his apology for the

For the Appendix and observations on the
Seminole war, and the murder of our
unfortunate countrymen, Arbuthnot and
Ambrister, by the fiat of General Jackson,
the narrator feels it unnecessary to offer an
S.iqaplogy. The high and important character

Ii- .. ....'.I ... .. .. A _

of his cormtrymen, their national honor and
personal security, compromised by this bar-
barous act of a iindietive foreigner, will
sufficiently interest their feelings, and relieve
him from the charge of intrusion.

The narrator warns his countrymen from
admitting too credulously, the statements of
the North American Commissioners, who
were sent out. by their government, to
ascertain the progress aird prospects of the
Insurgents; not that he would for one
moment hazard a suspicion of the integrity
of those Gentlemen,towhom the commission
was entrusted, or a doubt that they have
given any other than their impressions, but
on account of the peculiar circumstances
under which they visited the various States
of South America. Their mission was ex-
pected by the Insurgents, %who were fully
advised of the nature and importance of
their visit, avowed by the President of the
United States in his message to Congress,
as a prelude to the recognition of South

American independence, by the North Ame-
rican Union, which would follow their report,
if favourable to the existence of those infant
republics. That the Insurgents would give
the most imposing character to their esta-
blishments, could not be doubted. We find
the American flag received )by them, with all
that glitter and parade, the established usage
of recognised governments. From the In-
surgent Chiefs, every thing relative to their
resources and objects was learnt, and the
prejudices of the commissioners, in favour
of their own federative system of government,
flattered by the assurance, that those infant
republics would copy and adopt their in-

The narrator commits this narrative to the
public, aware of its numerous imperfections,
relying upon their liberal.interpretation of
his motives and expressions.


:- '



P,lc s
Introdnctory matter. -

Anive at Porl ninutll-the geueial feeling in favour of our ob-
jects-delay of the ship in laying in wines. &c.-fabricated
reports to induee our embarkation-consent to proceed to
Madeira fo;r our wine---embark-lfoil wind dr.,ve is about the
chabnuel-rair wind-iantil3 or my comrades- false expecla-
lions of tile genllraliti of lle adventurers--tate of tie ship's
provisions, mui -to avoid g i'ng into that island-arrive off Indeila, and make
the passage of the Descrter Rocks-atlempt to lind in the
boat, fired at-endeaouring to anchor after sun-set, fired at-
land at JlIndeira-iluel-description or Funclal and thle sur-
ronlning lbills-muletee rs-equiestrianisin-tle soi.disant chanm-
berlain of Austria-i isit the monastery of Dominican friars,
and the nunnery-r-Illy and excesses of my comrades-sapient
t. opinions ofi' I'Donald-assumed rank of our lhtrnes-discover
a dangerous cbaracter-enbai k for St. Thomas's 10




Sail from Madeira-quarrel between M'Donal4and the captain-
meet a patriot privateer-enter the tropic of caricer-disgusting
ceremony of sha ing-opposed by some of the passengers-
trade winds-beauty of the clouds in those latitudes-disputes
and quarrels-duel between 0. and the Irish apothecary-its
farcical termination-Christophe and his drinking party, their
ludicrous exhibitions-make the land, the island of Barbuda-
St. Bartholoenit's, Sabra. St. Kilt's, Siminlrero, and Nevis--he
Virgin Gordas, St. Jnbu's. Tortola, and open the icwr of St.
Thomas's-beautifid appearance of the \Vest Indin islands-St.
Thomas's-slate of our provisions. 31


Land at St. Thomas's-silly conduct of M'Donald-our disap-
pointments-reported state of affairs on the Spanih main-
wounded officers fruon the in lurgents-thle Two Friends sails
clandestinely-miserable account of the schooner that prece-
ded us-the death and dispersion of her passengers-fatal
duel-several d(tennine lo proceed to Amelia island, others to
return to England-hire an American schooner fir Florida-
prindlttedo embark, by3orders fiom the go eruor of Santa Cruz
-loyal refifges from the Spanish Main, their misery-descrip-
tion of the island ofSt. Thomas's-the pirate Black Beard, his
story-dignity ball-a death. 40


Departure from St. Thomas's-arrive at Tuik's island-maruer
of making salt-Americans permitted an intercourse--M'Do-
nald's folly-quil Turk's island-attack upon the town at night
-our outrage-visited by the magistrates-M'Donald's propo-
sal to carry the fortress of Port Plate in St. Domingo-his
plans, their absurdity-diing dolphin-a calm-sharks, one
taken near the gulph stream, see a sail, suppose her a spn-
niard-determine to take her-hoists American colours--

&I'Dnnald's disappoienment-he boards her in full costume-
frightens the captain's wife and child-make the coast or East
Florida-supposed off St. Mary's ri er--M'Donald and his sa-
tellites land-discover we had mistaken the entrance of the
St. John's for that of the St. Mary's-npprehensive that M'Do.
nald and. his paity are taken by the Spaniards-arrive at
Amelia island-Commodore Aury in command-M-GMegor
gone to the Bahamas-escape and arrival of M'Donald at
head quarlers-declie employment at Amelia. 65


Account of the expedition of M'Gregor against Amelia Island-
its capture--MGregor forms a depot for privateers-his
financial difficulties-e-pedition of Spanish troops from St.
Augustine against M'Gregor, their defeat-the Spanish com-
mander tried by a court-martial-schisms among M'Gregor's
forces-nrrival of Commodore Aury-Aury agrees to pay the
debts of thie Ameljan treasury, upon being made commander
of the forces-Mr. Hubbard, civil geveruor-M-Gregor assigns
his command to Aury, and relires-Aury's impolitic Eystem
towards the Americans. -


M'Donald's dishlononrable conduct-meditated revolution in
Amelin-proposed coalition of Euglish and Americans against
the French party of Aury-Colonel Irvin refuses to co-upe-
rate-determine to quit Amelia-arrive at St. Mary's in
Georgia-sickness at St. Mary's and the dreadful endemic at
Charlston-requesled to defend a British officer on trial
at Amelia, for high treason-arbitrary proceedings of the court-
martial-prisoner ordered for transportation-sent offto the
Morgiana brig-quarrel and personal contest ithM'Donald-
e.. arrested by the ndjutant-general-garrison in a stateofalarm-
eonfined under a corporal's guard-unpleasant situation of

one of my friends-embarked for St. Mary's and banished
the republic of the Floridas-arrive at St. Mary's-a party of
Americans at St. Mar's waiting an opportunity to revolutionize
Amelia-offered ample encouragement to join them-invited
by lie go-ernor of East Florida to visit St. Augustine-engage
a passage for St. A.--oblige Colonel Irvin to apologize to
my friend IheLieutenant-embark for St. Augustine. 98


Safi for St. Augustine-riiendly reception of the governor and
inhabitants-description of St. Augustine-the fort of St.
Mark's-Catholic the established religion-Protestants ad-
milled to citizenship-climate-former stale of the province of
East Florida-Americans excluded from holding; land-society
ofSt. A.-beauty of the women-attempt jf the Americans
againstSt.A.-their defeat and dispersion-ollaiu a grant of
land-trealment of negiocs sup rior to other sl; e states-ofecr
to retake Amelia Island. 116


Depart for St. Mary's-pass through the Royal road-overtaken
by a storm-sleep at a grazie's-suspicious character of our
host-nrmrder committed by his two sons-arrive at the village
of Cowford-description of that part of the river it. John'i-
party of back-woodmen-they remain vnith us as guardsagainst
the apprehended attack ofAury's gang-illness of one of my
companions-his recovery-kidnapping of negroes-character
of the people on the,back frontier of Georgia-pursue our route
across the St. John's-disappointed of a breakfast-way-laid
ano fired at-one of the assailants wounded-proves to be their
guide-arrive at a grazier's, good fare-proceed on our journey
and arrive on the confines of Okufeuokey-badness of the
roads-arrive at St. Mary's-find my fellow-passengers from



S.England wind bound-death of one of the party-embark for
Charlston. 19


The Americans take possession of Anielia--embark for that
Islaud-fallen fortunesof the patriots-ball given by the officers
of the United States navy-proceed for St. Auguitine-pa~s the
St. John's River to the plantation of a friend-the site of the
town ofSt. John's-account of Rolle's Town-the object of the
founder-proceed to another platlation-luethod ol'rulli\ating
cotton and rice-agreeable life of a planter-set forward for
St. Augustilne-the carnival-the Seminole Indians-their ha-
bits-anecdotes respecting them, illustrative of their manners
and feelings-the barbarous character of the war carried on by
the Americans against them-General Jackson--aneedotes
respecting him-depart for Charlston. 147


Arrival of the Two Fri/nrl, at Marigaretta-tlle reception by
the Commander, General Aresmendeg-the captain of the Two
Friends, proceeds np the Oronoco-the ship quits Margaretta,
and escapes to Aux Ca3es-four ot her passengers ascending
the Oronoco, are taken by the Spaniards-the unemployed pas-
sengers, at largaretta, sent off the Illand--M'Donald proceed-
ing up the Oronoco, is shot by the Indians, with one of his
companion-s-meet in the United Slates, officers, who had
quilted the Insurgent cause-Foreigners omitted in the ac-
counts of their battles, and the jealousy that opposes their
progress-Sir Gregor MPGregor's policy-his present plan to
join Aury-their probable objects-The importance of Vene-
zuela to the Spaniards--the dangeli of the climate. and its in-
fluence upon Europeans-the declining state nf the Insur-
.; gents-titles of nobility, their influence on the Creoles-Morillo
recruits from amoug the Creole population-treatment of
SFrench officers, at Buenos Ayrcs-the general ignorance in

England respecting the state of the contest in Venezuela-
Ihe Morning Chronicle, the sole channel of information-the
independence of South America, desirable to the British--
favourable disposition of the United Stats to South American
independance-their probable motives. 185



The geminole war-execution of Arbuthnot and Ambrister, &c.




Tkin contest between Spain and her South Ame-
rican-possessions had long excited the lively interest
and generous sympathy of the British public, and
thay deemed holy the arduous struggle of the In-
surgents .to. throw off the sovereignty of the parent
State, confidently anticipating that the revolution
would terminate in favour of a people armed against
1 t. the most oppressive tyranny, and the most revolting
Without examination, and indeed without infor-
nation upon this interesting and important subject,
they permitted their characteristic warmth of heart
i p reject the suspicions and doubts that justice de-
Supiaed, and prudent enquirer would have investi-
S gal aind entertained.


Increased by the peculiar circumstances of the
times, this tjde df feeling was at its height. The
tranquil state of the political communities of Europe
had withdraw the public attention from a contem-
platiori which had by turns agitated, agonized, and
delighted ther sensibilities. This feverish state of
existence, nourished by twenty-five years of con-
stant aliment, could.not be subdued by a sudden
revulsion, but required temporary sustenance, and
gradual reduction;, and they eagerly dwelt upon
the struggles of South America, as a fruitful source
from which to minister to their diseased appetites.
Availing themselves of this critical juncture, the
friends and partisans of the Insurgents caught at
the public prepossession in their favour, and an-
nounced, with pompous exultation, battles which
had never been fought, and victories which had
never been gained. The- Spaniards, whom the
inconstant public had lauded with the highest com-
mendation for bravery and patriotic devotion in
their resistance to the invasion of their country by Na-
poleon Buonaparte, were now, in their transatlantic
contest, stigmatised as cowards in every battle, and
dastards in, every flight. The mistaken policy of
Spain induced her to look upon the farrago of lies
and nonsense, with which the columns of some of our



jturnais teemed, with cold indifference; opposing
only that contemptuous silrice which 'may disarm an'
individual of malice, but can neverinfluence a people"
instead of meeting those statements with the refuta-
tion of facts,. That nation has yet to learn, that the.
peris nrote powerful, and its operation more exten-
sive, than the swords of thousands, however jhst the
cause of their espousal,
The reduction of the army and navy, at the con-
clusion of the war, had thrown from employment
numbers of young and ardent spirits; and the fatigue
of indolence which followed the dissipations 6f the
capital, and the exhaustion of their resources, called
for some new object to occupy their time, and in-
terest their feelings.
An' individual, calling himself Don Luis Lopez
~idez, from the Caraccas, and his co-adjutor, a
Mr. i. Walton, a citizen of North ,Anerica, acted
as agent and interpreter to the republic of Venezuela;
/the latter, whose name had been already known to
the public as the author of a work upon St. Domingo,
published to the world a captivating account of the
resources of a continent highly interesting, though
little known to European society, and an expose,
plksented by him, to the Prince Regent, upon the
statd.of,South America, excited the public curiosity,

and induced them to receive with confidence, and to
admit without suspicion, the pompous fictions of his
brain. Their subordinates, acting in the same spirit
of deception, sought with eager anxiety individuals
to, support their system, and aid their resources: and
the road of honour and promotion was offered in
captivating colours to the ambition and cupidity of
the unemployed of both army and navy. Adven-
turers, for in this land of credulity there is no want
of daring enthusiasm and enterprise, flocked to the
standard of those pseudo Patriots, devoting them-
selves with an energy worthy of a better fate, to the
emancipation of the enslaved population of Vene-
zuela and Caraccas.
The loss of a beloved parent, and some circum-
stances of a painful and distressing nature, o% er which
I had neither control nor influence, induced me to
seek relief to my feelings in absence from my country;
and this contest, which my prejudices in favour of
rational liberty had led me to respect, caused me to
listen with attention to proposals at once imposing
and seductive ; hoping in their reality, and consulting
my wishes for absCnce, I joined the party wlo were
to embark at Portsmouth in the ship Two Friends;
determined, notwithstanding the enthusiasm of the
moment, to investigate the cause before I would so


far,,conmit myself as to become identild ( ith if,
.and one of' it supporters. To detail this infatuated
enterprise, to describe the miseries ol' my comrades,
anti our disa1puintments, is the object ol' the present
narrative, hoping, at the anime iimne, that it may deier
others from becoming- the viclimr of credulity, and
the devoted inzltrumenits of O niked and unprincipled
men, who would willingly make thi.' bodies of their
generous allies steps to their ambition and lpov.er.
A publication of this kind has been long- called
for, but absence his %iithihld me fiono acquiiting,
myself of a debt, that, as an individual, I one to
society. To arrest the tide of infatuation which still
flo s, and threaten with det.-tructie C influence more
of the 'enerous and enterprising- of my couniit '-to
lessen its force, if not to controni its current, is as
much as an individual can hope .rom his solitary
S testimony.
Out of ighlity pa,-sengers on board the Two
Friends, many have -unik under their accumllllted
sufleritngs to rise no more others, % hose minds were
not sufficiently strong' to encounter the frowns of
fortune, anti the desolation of their hope,, haIe,
from the despondency of feeling, and pressure of
1if4fortune in the los. of rtason, lost the sense of
calAsWity. Some were duomed- to wander about


the West India Islands in abject misery, exposed
to the destructive influence of climate, and the
horrors of famine, until tIhe generous kindness of
Admiral Harvey induced him to furnish many of
those victims with passages to England. In my
progress through the United States of America, I
have seen those who are perhaps destined by this
calamitous adventure, to eternal separation from
that home dear to every Englishman; scarcely
twenty have joined the cause of South America,
and many of that unfortunate number were of the
least respectable, whose misfortunes, follies, .or
indiscretions had concurred to impel them to self
banishment from their country, and to seek, in the
dangers of distant and destructive climes, relief to
the misery, and refuge from the pains of retro-
With feelings at once ungenerous and unjust,
some of the public journalists have lavished abuse
and falsehood upon the characters and motives of
those, who deemed it more consistent with their
honor to abandon the cause of despotism and de-
ception, than to support that system in the pros-
tituted names of liberty and patriotism; that their
charges and vituperative calumnies have not been
repelled with indignation, and their accusations re-


S*afd ith equal publicity by those nho have
Sfait'ler returned, is to me a matter of equal sur-
rise and regret.
: I may assert, without fear of contradiction, that
there never assembled such a number of y oung- men
as were collected for this unfortunate expedition,
whose appearance was more favourable, and nvhoqe
energies, if properly controlled and directed, would
have redounded higher to their own honour, or
.the credit of the country that gave them birth; but
4f 8 unfortunately for their hopes and anticipations,
:iy:: ta were abandoned to the guidance of a weak
i..d contemptible adventurer, or left to the influence
S of'their own wayward feelings. Can it be a subject
o. rfsnrprise that those ardent young men, unrestrained
,.:.y t p prudence and reflection, w ho had been ac-
S"st tomed to the strict discipline of Lord Wel-
.:, ' ngtohs. rmy, and to the undisputed severity of
the navy, should be guilty of excesses unwarrant-
able, and highly discreditable, and for ihich an
apology'is impossible ? In the relation of facts, I
am well aware there will be found much to con-
dam, e thuch to censure in their conduct ; but I do
mot come before the public as their advocate-I do
I't ask of the severe moralist to relax his system of
.*mO- in favour of those unfortunate, deluded, and

.1 1 f

erring individuals, but their sufferings and dis-
appointments (for they have amply expiated their
offences) demand that charity of opinion, that sym-
pathy enjoined by the doctrines, and recommended q
by the example of the author of christianity.

Juvenile iliium rcgeie non posse impelum.

The agent to the Insurgents of Venezuela had
promised to those who were willing to join the
standard of the republic, on their arrival in Ve-
nezuela, an additional step in rank to that held pre- '
viously by the individual in the British army and
navy; the pay and allowances of the various grades.
were distinctly stipulated, and were no trifling"
baits to those adventurers, the greater part of
whom had solely to depend upon their .pay for
existence; in addition to which, he asserted his
authority to promise each, on arrival at head quar-
ters, or the place of debarkation on the Spanish
main, or Island of IMargaretta, the sum of two
hundred dollars, payable by the republican govern-
ment, to cover the expenses out. His myrmidons
had chartered a ship of 2.50 tons, called the Two
Friends, in which passages were engaged at forty
pounds each person, for which the owners agreed to
provide a sufficiency of live and other stock, and

3, I

I -

to allow one pint of wine, half a pint of spirit,, and
a bottle of porter per daiy. Our first destination
S.as the Island of St. Thomas's, where we were to
S. meet an accredited agent from Venezuela, vihose
Instructions were to direct our future proceedings,
: 'and designate the port of debarkation, to \which an
insuigent vessel of war was to convoy and protect
Us front the ships of the enemy ; to anticipate this
arrangement, Mendez asserted he had dispatched
instructions to the government he represented.
,i. -, After a long and tedious delay in the river, the
:.Fi friends sailed for Gravesend, where several of
Shr passengers embarked, and proceeded in her for
'' Portsmouth; at that port by far the greater number
were waiting to joiu.-From that period my narra-
.:' tive commences.

. -


Arrived at Portsnibuflh-the general feeling in favour of our objects-
delay of tle ship in taking on board wines, &c.-fabricnted reports
to induce our erharkalion-consent to proceed to Madeira for our
i ine-embark-foul winds dri e us about Ihe channel-fair wind-
vanity of hAy eomrades-lle expecalions of the generality of the
ad eunurers-state of Ihe ship's provisions miserable-near Madeira
the Captaiu attempts to avoid going to that Island-arrive off Ma-
deira, and make the passage of the Deserter Rocks-attempt to land
in the boat. fired at-endeavouring to anchor after sln-.set, fired
at-land at MI:tdeira-lduel-description of Funchal and the sur-
roiuding hills-MMleteers-equeslrianism-the soi-disant Cham-
berlain of Austria-vi.it the Monatvry of Dominican Friars and the
Nunnery-folly and excesses of my comrades-sapient opinions of
IM-Donuld-assumed rank of our heroes-discover a dangerous cha.
racier-embark Ifr St. Thomas's.

ON reaching Portsmouth, I found that the ship-
agent and several of my companions had preceded
me, and were anxiously awaiting the arrival of the
ship from the Downs, where she had been several
days detained by adverse winds. The streets of
Portsmouth were crowded by my fellow adventurers,
whose courage and devotion to the interests of op-
pressed human nature were designated as magnani-
mous and generous in the extreme; the extensive
plains of South America were already, in idea, ren-
dered smiling, and their population free and happy,

I "-


by their philanthropic exertions, and the energies of
the Insurgenti armies: to douut their complete suc-
cess was at once deemtdl treanon against liberty,
and infidelity to a sacred ct:ase, peculiarly the care
of heaven.
Many days succeeded the arrival of the shiip at
Portsmouth, with little prospect of departure; the
parties interested in her equipment had en'ag'ed
here to take in their stock of % ines, &c. ; and we
were anxiously and daily waiting our orders to em-
bark ; but the poverty of the parties, and their want
of credit, uniting- with their duplicity, created tnu-
mierous delays and excuses : at one time, bonds could
inot be procured for the exportation of the wine, &c.;
at another, stores were not obtainable ; in the mean-
time, the small resources of my comrades were ex-
hausted,. and several were arrested for debt, while
others; in secresy and retirement, avoided the du-
rance vile which awaited their discovery. Profiting
by their distressed situation, those unfeeling" parties
interested in the vessel circulated reports with in-
dustrious exertion, calculated to alarm their victims,
and to induce them upon any terms to quit their
country. Accounts were daily thbricated in, and
forwarded from London, stating that our govern-
ment had resolved to arrest the progress of the ad-

dlI-U- I


Sventurers, who, in this event, saw the frustration of
their darling hopes, and the total annihilation of
their splendid expectations. Alarmed, as was ex-
pected, the majority were urgent to sail, and im-
portuned the captain to quit the coast of England,
in spite of a prevailing foul wind, rather than en-
counter the danger of delay, upon condition that we
should stop at Madeira for those supplies so important
to our health and comfort. This was the point the
ship owners desired to gain, and they were in con-
sequence liberal of their promises of compliance.
At ten o'clock on the evening of the 31st of July,
1817, the pilot went off to the ship, to carry her from
the coast; all was hurry and confusion, and the ap-
pearance of the cabins presented a second chaos ; the
floors were strewed with beds, bedding, trunks, and
packages of every description ; upon these sat, smok-
ing and drinking, those thoughtless adventurers,
celebrating in noisy mirth their escape. About two
o'clock in the morning a light but favourable breeze
carried us beyond the floating light at St. Helen's.
In the hurry of embarkation, three of our comrades
had been left behind, and we were anxiously ex-
pecting their arrival, and fearful of our ability to
stand off and on for them; when the favoura:ble
breeze subsided, and was succeeded by an adverse


.. ..

Stttli-xtester. We wcre, in consequofAce of ti4
change, obliged to make long- tacks to clear the Isl1
of Wight: in the meantime the pilot quitted us,
promising, it possible, to bring of' our luckless com-
rades :-The sun had nearly sunk in tile Yest, and
the hopes of seeing our companions were gradually
diminishing, hen the preconcerted signal from the
pilot-boat assured us of their approach; the sails
were immediately tirled, and we hove to, to await
Their arrival. They had been joined by another ad-
-venturer, who had arrived only that morning from
London, .to increase the victims of our ill-fated
Adverse gales continued for several days, and we
were driven about the channel, at the mercy of a
tempestuous sea, alternately threatened with de-
struction under the Bill of .Portland, and upon the
rbcky coasts of Capes Barfleur and La Hogue: to
this succeeded a calm off Falmouth, which was fol-
lowed by a strong North-Wester, carrying us into
the Bay of Biscay, where e were several days tossed
about, exposed to that dangerous navigation. Cape
-Ortugal frowned upon our course, and our anxiety
to escape the high and rocky coast of Spain was
increased by the fear of being obliged to seek shelter
in a harbour of that nation. The object of our


voyage, we doubted not, was already known to the
Spanish government, and that they would attempt
to arrestour progress was readily believed.
The sun had for several days withheld the cheer-
ing influence of his beams; despondency appeared
to settle upon the minds and spirits of our party ; the
fates received their share of malediction, and not a
saint in the calendar escaped the memories, and
alternate prayers, and denunciations, of our good Ca-
tholics; when the exhilarating cry-" she comes up
three points," roused our torpid faculties, and once
more gave tone to our existence.* The gloom at
length dispersed, and the god of day once more
irradiated us with his presence, the animal spirits of
my comrades returned with his beams, a display of
military equipment glittered on the quarter-deck,
and each seemed anxious to court the approbation of
those around him, by splendid dresses, and highly
polished arms. This vanity, the excusable and
harmless folly of youth, was particularly conspicu-
ous in those who formed the officers of a regiment
of lancers, to -be raised and commanded by a Mr.
M'Donald, one of our fellow passengers, who was re-

This nautical expression implies that the vessel will lie three
points of the compass nearer her course.

i~bi iru -- -

16 5

oted to have served under the Spanish General
S Ballasteros, in the Peninsula ar, w ith the rank of
major of brigade. Their dresses were certainly hand-
srome,greeu dragoonj ackets, tri mined with silver lace,
and faced with scarlet; epaulettes, nith the rising
asun of Venezuela.: shackaes mounted with silver
S lace and gold cord, and surmounted with a yellow
and blue plume, their saddles, &c. correspondently
handsome. It was evident they had formed high
aaticipations of the resources of the republic, and
had.pictured to themselves Oiieutal splendour and
enoyiyent. These delusive hopes were not con-
fined to the subaltern officers, but occupied the
vivid imagination of. their commander, who could
ot -be persuaded to moderate his ambition by those
who viewed the euterprize as they were likely to
realise it. One of our steerage passengers, a lowy
Itaazian, who 'had served with some rank in the
r h lion of Ireland, was the most successful in
satirisieg their follies, and dissipating the airy
Piantoms of those brainless adventurers. He ri-
dianied their parade of military appointments,
laughed at their gay equipment, telling them he
should have to show them into the field--" By
Jeasus, give me a pike, or a half pike, and I'll be
a better commander than any of ye! Was'nt I at

a *

Vinegnr-hill, where ye dars'ut show your noses-
'twas too hot for ye."*
In the early part of our association, I was led to
suspect there "were but few induced to enter the
cause of .Spanish America, from motives of at-
tachment to the principles of liberty; that suspicion
was soon confirmed, and I found by far the greater
part were uninfluenced by feelings so honorable.
Driven from their country to avoid the fatigue of in-
action, or the solicitations of their injured and cla-
morous creditors; alike to them whether they were
to fight for or against his Catholic Majesty; whether
they were to loosen or rivet the chains of slavery ;
enough for them, that there was an object of enter-
prize, and that they were to be tar removed from
the dunning of tradesmen, and Lhe precincts of a
The foul weather which succeeded our embarka-
tion had soured their dispositions; betraying their
natural feelings, even the most circumspect could
not escape the general desolation. Disputes and
quarrels followed each other in rapid succession; but
in fact the miseries we endured were enough to de-

SThis man, at St. Thomas's, hired himself as a negro-driver.

II_ I_

p 17

S at;.ytbe little philosophy we posses-sed. Two days
hkd exhausted our fresh beef anld vegetables: the
salt provisions were hard and rancid, a1nd had been
pOrchased at the sales of condemned naval stores;
S out biscuit was worm-eaten and mouldy; and the
S fw pigs provided for or o pasageT, were a; yet too
S transparent, and too nearly resembling carrion to
S eSite our appetite. Without ine, and %it out
spirits; reduced to the necessity f driniiking sour,
S and foul porter; crowded together in a 'hip too
small for our number, and little calculated for Ihe
voyage; without even the most trifling alleviations
to our misery, it is to all surprising that we escaped
contagious disease.
Such was our lamentable situation as we ap-
proached the latitude of Madeira; our proximity to
that Isla'nd gave new energies to our existence, and
the,,tnbvation we expected from our visit, already
gave us (in idea), a foretaste of its advantagee. It
was'now, for the first time, that our captain began
S t.exxpress his doubts of the propriety of proceeding
to the island of Madeira, alleging as an excuse for
hi .fears, that this departure from the course of his
-veyage, would vitiate his insuIrane., and deprive
fiqi*tners of the protection of their policy. This
SDt4LmWever, evidently a pre-concerted pretext to

A K .
5rr ~0

avoid the engagement of his owners, and was doubt-
less a part of his instructions ere we left'Portsmouth.
The prospect of increasing misery, and the de-
struction that would have attended pur progress
through the warmer latitudes, Ihad we pursued our
voyage without wines, &c. determined us to insist
upon his carrying the ship into the island; the fear
of being deprived of her command, alone induced
him to comply with our resolves.
The dawn of that morning, which presented to our
ardent gaze, a view of the island of Madeira, was
hailed with the most heartfelt satisfaction ; the base
of that beautiful island was enveloped in clouds; its
lofty summits alone were seen as if floating upon the
vapour, suspended between heaven and the ocean.
It was, indeed, a spectacle worthy of the pencil of
a painter, and the splendid imagination of a poet.
The Deserter Rocks lay before us, presenting the
dangerous experiment of a passage through the two
southern, to the alternative of continuing at least
one day longer at sea. The day was extremely
auspicious, and the wind sufficiently strong to war-
rant the risk of the attempt. These rugged rocks,
rising abruptly from the bosom of the ocean, on
either side of the narrow channel, which in its
broadest part could not exceed three lengths of the



a .i teeited their barren and craggy precipices
Sjw*r~0ow as if frowning on our temerity. All
n*re in breathless anxiety, not a whisper even dis-
.krebed'the heaving of the lead, and the warning
taie of the man on the forecastle, directing the
stdersmai .passed uninterrupted. We made in
rarety this dangerous passage, which is but seldom
attempted, and three cheers testified our satisfaction,
Towards the close of day we were nearing the an-
ebhoge ground in Funchal Bay; but the wind be-
coming light and adverse, a party of our comrades
atmmed the ship's boat, in order to anticipate the
arrival of their friends. As they came within the
range of the guns, a shot from the battery warned
them to desist, and obliged them to await the arrival
aofthe pratique-boat, which slowly approached from
the shore. TWe.fficer demanded from whence we
eqne, -an.iJ provided with bills of health: this
p' caution had not been taken by our captain,
maarn. of the necessity, as we were direct
isman England; the officer, in consequence of the
Omission, refused permission to land, and stated it
SlVa-too late to visit the ship for examination, but
npolmised'to board her early in the morning. This
-.fianatnnoyed them extremely, and many were for
'i, iIskmiiHpte of the interdiction; the attempt was

I '
made, when another shot from the battery, directed
with better aim, within a few feet of the stern of the
boat, warned those daring spirits once more to de-
sist. The courage of the party began to cool upon
this close application of advice, and they retired
with reluctance, cursing the island and its inhabi-
tants for their disappointments. -M'Donald was one
of the luckless party : in the bitterness of his resent-
ment, he expressed a hope that he should be at no
distant period ordered to reduce the island to the
power oF the independents, when lie resolved to
make the governor, and others in authority, repent
his present annoyance. Out of humour, and impa-
tient for the nprrow, they returned on board, doubly
mortified by the attempt, and its failure; the ship
still stood in, the day had already closed when we
prepared to anchor; two shots from the batteries
that flank the town and protect the bay, now saluted
us; one passed over our bows and the other through
our rigging. These we afterwards found were fired
in consequence of our attempt to anchor after sun-
set, contrary to the regulations of the port. WVe
then stood off for the night, and in the morning
having again reached the anchorage ground, the
pratique officers relieved us from our thraldom.
Arrayed in all the glitter and parade of war, the



reader part of the passengers disembarked. Naval
dld: military uniforms, gaily shone along the narrow
streets of the town of Funchal, exciting the wonder-
ing gaze 6f the inhabitants, and the taverns were
put in requisition to satisfy our craving appetites.
An affair of honour between a tall Irish officer of
tbe 60th regiment, who had rendered himself ex-
tremely disagreeable to us all, and a wild thought-
less master's mate, created a little interest and va-
Aiety to our conversation; they exchanged two shots
without effect, when the seconds interfered, and ter-
minated the affair, without detracting from the
courage of either.
The island of Madeira, composed of a cluster of
high hills, rises abruptly from the sea, forming at
itbbase considerable semi-circular bay. The cul-
tivation of the hilts, from their steep ascent, is in
traces, or ridges, presenting to the water, a bright,
pleasing, and variegated landscape, adorned with
vineyards and flower-gardens, intersected with
:grves of orange and other fruit-trees, at that time
it.full bearing, from which our tables were daily
ippbld, with the finest grapes, peaches, pears,
Mdnges, and figs, of most delicious flavour.
.hlf eto* of Funchal, situated at the base of the
"I-~ stpidhe bay, defended by two strong bat.


teries at the extremities, is of tolerable extent ; the
houses are generally built of stone, of cumbrous
solidity, but like all old towns, and particularly
those of the European continent, the streets are
narrow, crooked, and ill designed, the houses want-
ing that neatness and uniformity so completely our
own in England. Comfort, indeed, has seldom
existence with foreigners, the word, as well as its
meaning, is alike unknown in their language.-
Some, however, of the residences of the merchants,
and persons of condition, situated above the town,
are handsomely constructed, and externally bear
marks of taste.
The salubrity of the air, which has long rendered
this island celebrated for the cure of pulmonary com-
plaints, gives a degree of elasticity to the animal
spirits, of which they are not susceptible in more
northern regions, and of which I was fully sensible.
Many unfortunate invalids were here, endeavouring-
for a time to cheat the tyrant death of his victims,
though pale and emaciated, presenting- merely the
outline of the human form divine;" they entered
into our feeling,, and dwelt upon our objects with
lively interest, and would gladly have exchanged
their inaction and crutches, for the iude assaults
and weapons of war. Much, it is said, depends

Il~i~irP=--- --^---- ~I


apo tme state of the invalid on arrival; if the dis-
eae has reached a certain stage, the air rather ac-
eulerates, than retards the progress of destruction,
rom the constant excitement of the nerves, and the
oensequtnt exhaustion of the system ; but in cases
merely incipient, the atmosphere, by its' stimulating
properties, enables the invalid to throw off those
vicious humours which otherwise destroy the lungs.
This opinion upon the properties of the climate was
given me by a professional friend, of some celebrity,
and I think his hypothesis appears entitled to
The lower orders of the people, retaining the
traces of their Portuguese origin, are swarthy, dark,
qpd dirty, their abodes the receptacles of filth and
vennia.. The women of the higher ranks have some
prteasions to beauty, their black and expressive
eyet bsitiing through their long dark eye-lashes, are
tahre striking than seductive; the men, on the con-
trery as if nature had exhausted her bounty on the
other sex, are spiritless, idle, and demoralized, while
lhe mountaineers, from their laborious habits and
teupations, are active, vigorous, and enterprising.
* We had not been long arrived at our hotel ere we
U~'re offered horses, mules, and asses, for hire, to
- aFd.rp the mountains; the muleteers crowded


about us, urgent in their offers, and were not to be
refused. Some of our aspiring heroes mounted and
displayed a variety of equestrianism, not to be ex-
ceeded in ridiculousness at an Easter hunt; a train
of muleteers followed on foot, urging the speed
of their unfortunate animals, with long Bamboo
canes. Some of those ardent spirits, determined to
evince their prowesss' and to rehearse the dreadful
charges they were to make among the enemies of
liberty in South America, rushed down the steep
streets at full speed, and suddenly checking their
rozinantes, were precipitated from their saddles to
the ground, and rose A ith broken heads and bloody
faces, the objects of derision and contempt, to the
astonished population. Never in my life did I wit-
ness such extravagant follies, such madness, as was
daily, nay, hourly, presented by my comrades, giv-
ing but a sad presegliment of the issue of our enter-
prize. Their credulity, uniting with their igno-
rance of human nature, rendered them the ready
listeners and believers of every tale, however extra.
vagant. One evening, some of our adventurers
mnet at their hotel a person to whom they listened
with grave and gratified attention, who by half sen-
tences, mysterious hints, and significant shrugs, ex,
cited their opinion in favour of his assumed impor-

tQnco,-jinsinuating that he was an emissary from
Maria Louisa, charged with communications to the
JEx-Emperor at St. Helena. His patois French
,could not conceal the peculiar accent of a Scotch-
man; when charged with being a native of that
country, he parried, but in vain, our enquiries, calling
himself a German; and so convinced was one of my
comrades (less credulous than his companions), of
the fellow's impudent assumption, that he ordered
uhim to quit the room, as an impostor and a black-
guard. This pretended chamberlain to his Impe-
rial8Majesty of Austria (for he claimed that honour
among other distinctions), did not feel his courage
efficientlyy elevated to contradict the charge, by a
public display either of his personal prowess, or of
his official documents; but sneaked off to that insig-
9ifica.nce from which he had but recently emerged.
. We visited the monastery of Dominican Friars, a
bpey ,gothic structure, little indebted to external
.prnament; the fathers were preparing for dinner,
)he refectory wvas plain, and simply furnished; the
tabless were laid with clean, though coarse cloths, each
Cover garnished with a piece of bread, a cucumber,
.and a napkin. The arrangement bore evident
PPrks.of abstemiousness, but I presume their cells
oad the luxury of good wine, and other com-


mensurate advantages, to compensate for those ex-
ternal marks ofselfdenial. They politely shewed us
the curiosities of their monastry, and their holy relics,
and would have described their miraculous effects
and influence, had we understood their language,
and desired their information. In various recesses,
screened from vulgar eyes by silk and other cur-
tains, were misshapen wax figures of our Saviour
and his virgin mother, the latter decked out in
spangled g-auzes and satins, hooped petticoats, and
all the paraphernalia of the birth-day dresses of our
highly dames of the last century. The holy fathers
approached these sanctuaries with slow and mea-
sured step), and in half whispers (denoting their awe
and veneration), informed us that they represented
the immaculate virgin and her holy son. Our reli-
gious feelings were not elevated by those spectacles,
our piety was displaced by pity and contempt, for
the mass of human nature imposed upon by those
absurd symbols of religion. We were not admitted
to the grate of the convent, iihich is situated high
upon the hill; in vain leboil toirnant presented a
collection of beautiful arliticial flowers, pictures, and
works of embroidery, our object was to see the se-
cluded beauties of nature, and we testified our disap-
probation at the exclusion, by refusing to become

plnaeters of their works; the fair originals were
fSemaore interesting to our curiosity.
v But for the folly of my comrades, and the con-
Mbait danger incurred by their mad excesses, I
aduld have passed many days on this interesting
isand, which daily presented yew subjects for in-
pestigation and inquiry. It had thus early become
dangerous to venture out after night-fall, unless
well armed, in consequence of the repeated fracas
in which those foolish young men were engaged
with the inhabitants; to quell those disturbances the
gJuumtd was frequently ummnoned. The British
bnsult, with a zeal extremely considerate, though
ebnvinced of their criminality, actively exerted
himself in palliating their offences, to the ruling au-
thdAtie, and in appeasing the popular indignation
mi6ted by the unrestrained and uncontroulable li-
mantiousneu of those juvenile adventurers, who ap-
.4peared to have but just made their enlrd into life.
-Shbe hope that active service, and strict discipline,
WhTen arrived at our destination, would curb their
too buoyant spirits, alone reconciled the discreet
$art of my companions to a continuance with
ikm. The islanders of Madeira will long remem-
", 'tithe turbulent passengers in the Twvo Friends.*

See note A.
Sec note A.

". i

The agent for Venezuela had, as has been pre-
viously stated, promised a step in rank to those who
engaged in the service of the republic. Many
taking advantage of these expectations, exceeded
even the bounds of his engagements; colonels,
majors, and captains, were in great profusion.
lieutenantcies and ensigncies were beneath the
dianiiy of those aspiring heroes, none of whom
ever held higher rank in the army than captains,
and few in the navy the rank of lieutenants.. The
latter were commodores, while master's mates and
midshipmeii determined to become post captains
and commandersr. Such were the elements to
compose an army and a navy to give liberty, and to
direct the energies of the extensive countries of
South America: their sentiments were as hostile
as their expressions, to purposes so honourable.
MA'Donald, n ho had already assumed the rank of
colonel, talked of laying waste whole provinces
with the sword, in order to give them liberty. The
law.of the strongest was to him the law that ought
to govern, and he calculated upon becoming one of
the executive, as soon as lie should present him-
self at the seat of government. If he ever obtains
the object of his ambition, the people will find their
friends more oppressive than their enemies. He

r ii.._ ..- ~ ~ .. ...


mSa weak anad uneducated man, and his appoint-
nont to command was an example of the indis-
arimiuating character of tile agent of the republic.
TkSnity was a ruling passion, and thle adulation of
olme-of bis sattelites had so far procured his favor,
that.he was lavish of his promises of distinction,
Whqen his rank would enable him to bestow honours
ed gcmmaud : lie had pre-determined that General
Bolivar, the dictator of the republic, would esta-
blIsh a military order of merit, of which he felt
apatred of becoming a grad cro-s! Such were
thie varies of his brain, and such the man
destined to lead. an ariny to the field !
;IO,..the eve of embarkation, an incident of an
unpleasant nature exposed to us a dangerous coim-
pm"i 4lOe person of a young man, a lieut-nant
inthb.eav.y; who, on several-occasions had rendered
lhaielf obnoxious to many of us. On this occasion
hIArintaded himself into the company of a select
paty, who Aesired his absence, and although re-
peatedly requested, refused to withdraw ; fatigued
with his. obstinacy and his insolence, two of our
pr.t were obliged to use coercion in his expulsion.
Encouraged by those, who either were, or pretended
to'e ignorant of his real character, he sent chal-
leagps to those who were active in expelling hinm;


these were about to give him the amende honorable,
when a passenger, whlo had been hitherto re-
strained by motives of delicacy, and feelings of
compassion towards him, perceiving the extremity
to which he was proceeding, charged hini publicly
with crimes of a flagrant nature, by the commission
of which his life was forfeited to the laws of his
country. The charge was minutely examined, and
as clearly substantiated, and the wretched indii idual
consigned to merited ignominy.
The captain having taken on board a small quan-
tity of wine, &c. by no means adequate to our
promised allowance, we were under the necessity
of forming ourselves into messes, and of taking on
board private stocks of wine, spirits, fruit, &c. to
increase our comforts, and to lessen the incon-
veniences inseparable from our situation, for the
crowded state of the ship, menaced us with danger
in the warmer latitudes. W'e were in all 80 pas-
sengers, 30 of whom were in the steerage; but
equality appeared the prevailing sentiment, if
I might be allowed to judge, from the coarseness of
their manners, and the familiarity of their language.

S a I a q e between D ld nd the Captai

pueet a patriot privateer-eutcr the tropic of Cancer-di.usting
1" i. : t.-

t& gM.d*sa--quarrel between M'Donald amd the Captain-
meet a patriot privateer-euter lhe tropic or Cancer-diegadiing
'.erehony of sha1ing-opposed 1I, sonic of tle pa.snengers--rade
:.i.ids--beauty of the elouds in those latitudcs-dilputes anl quar-
reli-duel belneen 0. and lie Irish ApotlIh-ar : its firciial lei-
'i'rination-.Chrittophe and his drinking party, their ludicrous exhi-
.hitians-make the land; the island o' Ba bulda-St. Barlhl.,lonew-
Sabra, St. Kitt's, Sombrero, and Nevis-lbte V',giu Gordas, St.
laJm'~b, Tortol, sad open the view of St. Thomas's-beautiful
vppearaanc of the West Indi islands-St. Thomas's-stato
of our provisions.

Scarcely had we returned on board, and prepared for
i duparture.from the island of Madeira, ere several
.P.a.tcmpanioas, flushed with wine and ardent
g1m^ Were Wlvish in their abusive phraseology to
-iL ~ thetye el6trging their comrades with neglect
ri: ther bfinees, while on shore. Bitter in their
si0r adversions, and loud in their menaces, reason
S- appeared altogether to have deserted us; the captain
:. L a and drunk as his passengers, irritated with
f~de i iuries and insults, stormed and raged about
the quarter-deck, launching his invectives upon all
.b approached him, and had the temerity to
i eto put some of those around him in irons for

B t P" 5 W

mutiny. This threat, the most absurd that could be
offered to a'set of'daring young mer, -heedless of
consequences, impatient Of the least coniroIil, and
whose passions -were not subjected 4o the influence
of reason, recoiled upon hilm with redoubled fury,
and they were about to make him the victim of his
own menaces, when springing on one side of the
quarter-deck, lie attempted to throw the ship's papers
overboard. Aware of the danger of our situation,
a young midshipman caught those important docu-
ments, and preserved us from thc fear of detention.
Overcome by the violence of his pensions., and ex-
hausted by their influence, we coi eyed him below,
and succeeded in procuring comparative tranquility.
The principal cause of this disgraceful scene was
attributable to some altercations between. the cap-
tain and Ml'Donald. Considerable party feeling
had existed from the early part of our vo' age,
owing to the assumed consequence of the latter, who
imagined himself our commanding officer, demand-
ing'our respect for his authority. In this, however,
he by no means succeeded, all were anxious to re-
tain their liberty, until the service to which they
were devoted, should require their obedience. Our
want of wine and spirits, had hitherto kept in a state
of quiescence, those hostile feelings, which nowW

Sieased fury from their long suppress
-'' :ii..tp e influence of intoxication. fb
t A .. erges of the captain were well founded,
Succheaue appeared for his accusing M'Donald
of ingsrj de the latter had been arrested at Ports-
nmouthop t*iFeveofour embarkation for thirty pounds; .
this suan he had not the means of paying, and even
MBdez refused to advance the small amount upon the
Credit of his cotonel's appointment. In this situation
the captain had generously advanced the money,
an4 taken 1hi from a prison and the destruction of
his golden prospective It is unnecessary to comment
up this statement; it is altogether dependent upon
facts, and I am well aware that little confidence is
to .be reposed in the assertions of the captain.
P EE. s after our departure from Madeira, we
feu Uin .h ,a patriot schooner, under French colours,
.:'" ,b raps gun, mounted upon a swivel car-
*, : tm, ip. She ran along-side; but seeing us
''' men, for our curiosity had manned every part
of~e .ship, the captain contented himself with asking
ihlpongitude, and before we could put any questions
ao iu... urn, she hauled her wind and stood from us. Her
.. :opliment of men and her force were evidently
A I"" ed, and the gun midship was partly con-
; l. hy. a tarpaulin; not more than eight men
'" D
E ..":*t.,:" .


were visible on deck ; she was very sharp built, and
went to windward with surprising rapidity, and in
a short time totally disappeared below the horizon.
On entering the tropic of Cancer, the senseless
and disgusting ceremony of shaving, so often de-
scribed and reprobated, was imposed upon many
who had never visited those latitudes. This ce-
remony, on entering the tropics, is an extension of
the same disgusting custom on passing the line. It
generally happens that passengers are too few to
make any serious resistance; from these circum-
stances it has grown into established precedent, and
is constantly resorted to, as the means of levying
contributions of grog in favor of the sailors. Some
of our comrades, however, indignant at the idea
of submission to a degrading operation, resolutely
determined to resist every attempt to subject them
to its endurance, and armed with pistols, placed
themselves at one end of the cabin, threatening
with death those who should endeavour to coerce
them. Neptune and his tritons were at all hazards
inclined to risk the consequences, rather than suffer
an invasion of their rights, but a promise of addi-
tional grog from those who feared the desperate
courage of bbotl parties, appeased the watery
god, and reprieved our indignant companions.

I .:..rng down the trade winds our progress was
SIVUiB *, and little variety occurred to chequer our
l' se;. The appearance of the clouds in those la-
'd"" es is extremely beautiful and extraordinary;
i -l a picture the generality of people would ascribe
'to the'imagination of the painter their various shapes
a tfptismatic colouring, like detached masses of
seks they floated in the blue ;tther, presenting the
t. t sdet shades'and outlines. The air was highly
and our spirits experienced an expansion
.. Mtiown to us before.
S Win'thle monotony of our course, and the want
f objects to excite and claim attention, impelled
ti into frequent disputes and quarrels. Scarcely a
daStaAspd undisturbed; many were the affairs of
Sh i ting adjustment, on our arrival at St.
: l ; .Oie" af a ridiculous character occurred,
mit to mention: a young Irishman,
S;:0 preceding. lis name, doubtless, of true
SI",.. dan descent, tenacious of his fancied honour,
Siftiboldened by the influence of the Tuscan
.jpti ;e, challenged upon some frivolous pretence, an
S: E e-iian apothecary to meet'him as a gentleman ;
t-, .O:thoselwho were present at the fracas, desirous of
.* ..eanring a little relief to the- tedium of our. ex-
ne:;.,:.:i De," proposed an immediate settlement of the

' . .
; :[. .' . : . 1

dispute in the usual way, under the lee of the long
boat. The decks were accordingly cleared, and
the combatants assigned their allotted stations. The
heroic 0, to evince the superiority of his cou-
rage, and his high sentiments of honor, stripped to
the buff, above the waist, awaiting tie fire of his
adversary, no less than six shots were exchanged
without effect, when the spectators, fatigued with
this mock heroic scene, burst into a loud laugh, and
assured the combatants that they had merely been
exchanging corks ; poor 0, the only one not in the
secret, sobered by the farce, sneaked off to his
birth, to escape the general mirth; poor fellow he
was really harmless, and his eccentricities were of
the amusing kind. He had purchased in London a
set of Irish bag pipes, and we had designated him
with the title of Bolivar's piper general : his blun-
ders, the proverbial errors of his country, made him
the constant subject of mirth, and amused many of
our otherwise weary hours.*
Scenes both laughable and deplorable, daily oc-
curred to us. A party of six, principally naval of-
ficers, had purchased at Madeira (for their private
stock), one hundred and eighty gallons of spirits;

Sec note B.


jMp iantity for their number was enormous, but in
o.. to reduce it, they were daily, nay, hourly
dakihng. One of them who acted as their chief,
and to whom they had given the appellation of
4 stophe, presided at their orgies, and though
adsuk as his companions, preserved over them ex-
tirdiinary influence: some of their performances
pre extremely ludicrous. The chief had swung
Sii+rsbi.hammock between the shrouds and the mizen
;::;. :i elevated at least seven feet above the
i :.:.--..athis.feet, suspended in the netting, hung a
cask of -Of spirits; in his hand he held a speaking
I tr npet, the ensign of command, and the channel
Sof his orders; his subjects were seated round a
tabI below him, while one echoed his orders by
f .. a t bugle. On the other side of the
:. :te:rF e&, in a less elevated,. though similar
faha.S s:wung- his second in authority, whose re-
d itdant humour heightened the absurdity of their
Christophe, from his airy throne, com-
;' .i" +" 4 all those who approached the limits of his
ir ; i to partake of his bounty, and lie never
h: W .i'i pledge them with equal quantities. It is
matter of surprise that he escaped destruction
tbii course of dissipation ; he was a fine yoqng
his excesses were much to be lamented;

he had served as a lieutenant in the navy in the
American war, and was wounded in the Chesa-
peake in the ill conducted attack upon Craney
Island, near the entrance of James's River.
On the 24th of September, early in the morning-,
the welcome sound of land on the lee bow"
roused us from our beds, and we crowded the deck,
anxious to view the long desired islands of the WVest
Indies: from the flat appearance of the land, we
imagined it to be the Island of Barbuda. In the
course of the day we made those of St. Bartholo-
mew, Sabra, St. Kilts, Sombrero, and Ne\is, and
the following day sailed along the coasts of the
islands of the Virgin Gordas, St. John's, Tortola,
and opened the entrance of the Danish Island of St.
Thomas, the desired port of destination. The pas-
sage through the Caribbee Islands is extremely
beautiful and pictnuesque, in the distance they rise
like black clouds on the surface of the water, and on
a near approach, their variegated shape and bright
green delights the eye, and enlivens the prospect.
About sun-set we entered the harbour of St.
Thomas, and cast anchor, our hearts beatino-
anxiously with various hopes, and agitated by nu-
merous conjectures respecting our ultimate destina-
tion, happy in having thus far arrived towards the

.. of action. On every account this arrival was
S fognate, had we continued at sea many days longer,
we must have suffered still more severely. Our pri-
vate stocks were consumed, the ship)', salt provisiions
. were mouldy, decayed, and nearly exhausted, and
Aeie few miserable pigs, with which the poverty of
Ste owners compelled them to supply tie iship, were
:ag since devoted to appease our craving ap-
etites. Such was our deplorable situation on
ard, when we prepared for disembarkation

1 4




Land at St. Thomas's-silly conduct of M-Douald-our disappoint-
Snmtuts-reported state or' affairs on the Spanish main-wounded
officers from the insurents---the Two Friendq sail clandestinely-
mnise able accountt of the schooner that preceded us-the death and
dispersion of her passenpgers-i'aal duel--eseial determine to pro-
ceed to Amelia Island, oth rsreuln to England-hire an American
schooner for Florida-peritted to embark, by orders. fioin the go-
vernor of Santa Cruz-loynl refugees from the Spanish main,
their misery-description of the Island of S. Thoma&'s-the plate
Blaok-leard. his story-dignity ball-a death.

IT had been generally agreed to proceed on shore
with the utmost circumspection, aware that our ob-
jects ought not to be avowed to the government of
an island friendly to Spain. But determined to sport
his newly acquired rank, and to strut in his gay
uniform, the silly M'Donald resolved to brave
our opinions and to adopt his proceedings to his own
sentiments, senseless vanity which had nearly cost
us our liberty, as it did our comfort, and rendered
us the objects of suspicion and distrust during our
stay upon the island. Landing with a few of his
satellites, he paraded his name before the corn-
mandant with his assumed rank and consequence,
telling that gentleman, that he was commissioned by
the Prince Regent to precede some British regi-

F 41

ents on the eve of embarkation for South Ame-
rica, at our departure from England, and to assure
. e patriots of the li\elyv interest felt by his Royal
Highness and the British nation, in their ardent
struggle for independence. Astonished at this in-
Sielligence, so irreconcilenble n ith the usual policy of
one friendly nation to the revolted subjects of ano-
ther, and doubting the extent of British interference,
a nd of M'Donald's powers and information, the
commandant expressed his surprise at the state-
ment, and requested perusal of his papers ; these
M'Donald is said to have promised, but prudently
avoided the detection and exposure, by withdrawing
S from observation and enquiry.
SThe commandant, indignant at this proceeding,
estimating us by the standard of this weak man,
who called himself our leader, dispatched a schooner
for instructions to the governor of Santa Cruz, upon
which the command of this island is dependent.
Ashamed of the conduct of M'Donald, who had
thus compromised our characters and feelings, and
,k. -disgusted with an association so little flattering to
our discernment, many withheld from paying their
respects to the commandant, and in private lodgings
avoided the individual by whom we had been dis-
r ired ; he, in the mean time, was occupied in
"I. : [.". '

writing to General Bolivar, a tirade of nonsense,
describing the misery- of our voyage and the dis-
respeci ful conduct of the captain, praying his ex-
cellency to refuse him and his ship employment in
the republican; service. These dispatches were
afterwards forwarded to Angostura ; of their in-
fluence I have yet to learn.
We had waited at our hotel with some impa-
tience, the appearqgce of the accredited agent of
Venezuela, when a gentleman who had prei iously
arrived upon the same unfortunate enterprise, and
under similar instructions, came to inform us that
no such agent was to be found on the island, nor had
there been one from the republic. The object of
our enterprise soon circulated through the town, and
many of the merchants and other respectable rcsi-
dents hastened to relieve our minds from the pains
of fruitless expectation, sympathising in our dis-
tressed situation, and lamenting the deception that
had decoyed us from our country, to embark in a
cause both despicable and dishonourable. This in-
telligence came upon us like a clap of thunder, in-
volving in darkness and destruction our golden day
dreams, and prostrating in the dust all our brilliant
anticipations. This splendid republic, which the
tri id imaginations of its agents had displayed in


ltlta seductive colouring of pomp and glory, wa'
now reduced to a few bands of itinerant free booters,
Iio in g themselves patriots and champions of their
i country, a distinction to which they \cre as much
Sntitled .as the roving marauding Arabs of the
2r:,':" de rt *' '-
.BoJivar, whose devotion and amolr plria we had
been taught to admire as a splendid imitation of the
heroic and noble Romans of t\e best ages of that
commonwealth, was described as a mere bravo,
coarke cruel, arbitrary, and vindictive, devoting to
I bdeMaeuction all who opposed his power, or questioned
: te policy of his measures. Alike insatiable in
ambition and vanity, sacrificing the advantages of
victory and the pursuit of successes, to the parade of
cAlebrating a triumph. Disgusted with the system
of one less formidable to his enemies, than dan-
'gepuas to his friends, whose darling passions me-
naced with destruction their legitimate hopes, and
the objects of their co-operation, the respectable
leading characters of Venezuela had retired from
the contest, leaving to the worst part of the insur-
gents the issue of a revolution, which had dawned
with.the brightest promise, but now foreboded the
S 1t distressing" results. Fortress after fortress
r SIwtted again to the power of Spain, while pro-

illces followed each other in rapid succession, se-
ceeding fromnthe cause, abandoning the wild, track-
less, and extensive deserts of the interior, to the
irregular bauds of insurgents.
A variety of circumstances, perhaps unequalled
hi the annals of popular insurrections, had led to the
revolutionary movements in Venezuela and Ca-
raccas, and at one time gave promise of consistence
and stability ; but the restless turbulencies of Bo-
livar, and the schismatic divisions of the army, had
brought discredit upon their objects, and had disor-
ganised their arrangements; Generals Pinr and
Morales were already in open defiance to the au-
thority of their chieftain. The former, a mulattoe,
had collected to his standard those people of colour
whom the royalist and insurgent chiefs, had at via-
rious times, in the madness of exasperation and re-
venge, manumitted and armed: with these it was
feared he meditated repeating Ihe horrid scenes
which had swept away the white population of St.
Dormingo, and given birth to a black empire in the
The mass of the population of the Spanish Main,
though well endowed by nature, were described as
yet unprepared both by habits and feelings, for the
enjoyment of rational liberty and independence;

: b bigotted, and infatuated, they were rendered
S:" A&t ready victims of the priesthood, and the instru-
a:,4ents of. designing wen. The native clergy, dis-
i'iected to their government by their exclusion from
-.tiAigher offices of the hierarchy, panting for ah op-
S poitnf i to. throw off.the yoke of Spain, had, early
in tfie'revIlution, exerted the influence of their
Sghostl direction, to withdraw the people from their
S allegiance, and to become the supporters of their
p':" pstacy.,.
SBb thie timely overtures of the court of Madrid,
w. .mmxr ounsellors well knew the tempers and iu-
". ince of .he priesthood, uniting with the calami-
Stonis earthquake of the Caraccas, which nearly de-
stroyed that important city, and engulphed thirty
S".. 't rnd of its inhabitants in the bowels of the earth,
; recil .a the ditaffected by thousands back to the
t ti. vefla4rd, terrified with the belief that this ca-
.'- ..aiity was an evidence of the anger of offended
S heaven. .
Not a single fortress on the sea coast remained
n' the possession of the Insurgents, except the
i &' of Margaretta, whose few miserable inha-
itants had experienced the horrors of war, in-
S ,I!d qually.by friends and enemies, six times had
'. ^ d island changed masters. The revolting

cruelties that disgraced both sides of t ie contest,
and the vacillating character of the people, pre-
sented formidable and insurmountable difficulties to
the progress of independence.
The town of Ahgoslura, situated two hundred
miles above the mouths of the river Oronoco, was
designated as the seat of the Insurgent government;
the approach to which, was both dirlicult and dan-
gerous. This solitary possession in the interior, was
the point of concentration for their arinile during the
inclement seasons: and the misery of those shut up
in a place so limited may be readily conceived ; beef
was almost thie only article of sustenance. The po-
verty of their resources, and the cupidity of the
North American traders, had deprived them of the
power of pui easing flour and other essential articles
of support. The most formidable part of their troops
were irregular bodiie of cavalry, wrapt in blankets
by day, which served them for covering at night;
their services, like those of the Cossacks, better cal-
culated for the destruction of a dispersed enemy,
than to procure a victory. Their equipment were
in every way wretched : shoes were known only as
luxuries to the superior officers of the army, while
the inferiors were reduced to the necessity of swath-
ing their feet in the reeking skins of their slaughtered

El__ __ _

:4 "7-

gie. tiLiberty rws the delusive war cry, while e
Hii" eftains exercised the authority of despot, over
B .: eir retched dlependants, characterising the war-
tire rather that of partisans, than of patriots.
A Such was the cause, and such n ere its supporters,
for whom Britons were about to fight and sacrifice
; cdEisteeie, without the ties of kindred or of country,
t. far a people jealous of our interference, enemies of
our religion, and incapable of apprecitini tle ge-
SiiM~dlosity f our motives: going forward, to become
t 1dfied wiith them, appeared, I confess, a species
o ftg'fI tn.wdrthy of us; yet, to recede, was
: .iranrvex ie, ely difficult.
W -" e iW at first willinti to ascribe to exagg--era-
&A,::- .^' -' .. victimsis of that ill-fated contest, who
..: .e, w ainmed in the service of the insurgent,,
..'a ~ acobaed by them, wIithout succour and nith-
::e." : uppQrt, because they had ceased to be useful,
SA too strongly the facts wve had collected.
S %-~ 6ttaendcurrent testimony of those merchants in-
ted in the opening of the trade of the Spanih
.; 4t" ~ *i"ts enough to dissipate the doubt., and su-pi-
A. '.;. : ^ of the most sceptioal.
S.. : .What must we now do?" was the important
F. "."Aswered query of my comrades as they met

"C ".

one another in the streets of St. Thomas's, the vic-
tims of despair. Insensible to the dangerous fervid
beams of the mid-day sun,.they were seen traversing
with hurried and irresolute steps the neighboring
hills, unconscious of their imprudence: to return to
England was to encounter mortification, to go on to
the Main was madness;. but it was necessary to re-
solve upon something, as our resources were rapidly
The owners of the Two Friends had engaged to
convey us to the island of Margaretta, or to Ango-
stura. The deceptions practised by them, and the
state of the ship's provisions, have already been
noticed. Our arrival in the warm latitudes had re-
duced the few remaining casks of beef and pork
to decay; the salt fish had become putrid. The
poverty of the captain, and his want of credit on
the island, forbade his purchasing supplies, so im-
peratively necessary for the remainder of the voy-
age. .In order to pay his current expences, he had
sold a quantity of the ship's stores of rigging, water-
casks, &e. Such was the situation of the ship,
while we wavered in opinion respecting the future;
when one morning we were informed that the Tvwo
Friends, taking advantage of the night, had slipped
from her anchorage, and had clandestinely sailed

o'r dues, carrying off thp
;- .i.i. luipments of several of our comrades,
|. -a --bad not had the- prudence to anticipate this.
g ..hi t; few of our original number were on board,
i iM.thposerfre impelled by circumstances, to submit
Wth.irnk:umtqward destiny.
schoonerer, full of passengers, on the same dis-
idrous enterprise, had preceded us from England
i.fw. weeks: she was still at St. Thomas's on our
S inilibb..- te to be sold to defray her port charges.
S 'tilMt 4ted viq~ims she had brought were dispersed
i"asle~1;4fIeion,'and many had fallen sacrficqs to
16."lmtte:.anrd their desponding feelings; their
?Sagge-had-in niny respects exceeded the misery of
Qa 'N t'.d. their privations had been greater. In.
dWi qpti- ,ngland bj similar artifices, and upon
a ig:-ri *s thosee ed with us, they sailed
A-.pa -.A,;Madeira;. By falsev ekonings and
jmKfioQs,: the captain contrived to pass to lee-
ri%*l&othitt island, but the naval officers on board
iioJa ted the deception. Indignant at this dis-
i~ ibable treatment, they took the command of the
$ .lfrtkSeatowing on the wretch the punishment of
Aiue fc*the treaeherv of his conduct. Being
: .LM to. the south to reach Madeira, they bore
4 ....: ae Canary Islands, where they arrived in

S..: ^ hi:


A most destitute condition, reduced to half rations,
and obliged to drink the water i-n a state of putri-
ilify. At these islands ireir limited resources con-
ined then to absolute necessaries for the remainder
fof their voyage to St. Thomas's. Their accumulated
sufferings both of body and mind, were here in-
creased by the new calamity which awaited them.
Driven almost to desperation, without money and
without friends, they wandered about the streets of
St. Thomas's, unmindful of the pernicious influence
of the night air, and without protection from the
burning heats of lie day ; their clothes, their equip-
ments, in fact every thing of value, was devoted to
the purchase of food, and to obtain ardent spirits,
in the indulgence of which they sought alleviation
to their miseries. These resources were soon ex-
pended, their debts accumulating', and their situ-
ationi, without hope. To relieve their present wants
the Danish commandant assigned them lodgings in
the tort, on condition of remaining within its walls,
a measure rendered necessary by their imprudent
exposure to the climate, until opportunities should
occur to send them down to the Spanish main.
Some of those unfortunates who could not bear
the idea of confinement, wandered about the country,
depentant upon the casual humanity of the planters

r., 1 '" 0 cl e through the day, and exposed unr
*". .tR to the fatal atmosphere by night.
o &,.y yoaug man, a surgeon, who had been attached
jpothbe army of Lord Wellington, of good abilities,
a~~Be'w known. to me id England, condemned to
*is: wret.ked state of existence, was found one
iaqoing, by the side of the road, in a burning and
SAdlirous fever; by the evening his struggles and his
Jifowere terminated, and his unfortunate body con-
aigednpitied to the earth. Let it be remembered,
iam;: .atibisland taere are many English and other
MSawntpb; faitis ;: that rhey wpe insensible wit-
M- n si t* the sifetings of thore fortunate young
Pn1t irermiiting.them to linger and to die, unpitied
Saind a tAied, Whatever theirr sentiments of the
IUSWHL wJiiitelheky Vere embarked, whether they
*l~Wired. ~awive.maed its t.e duties of humanity
-irlitljhdmiwhnag ity demanded frow them, in those
Sa imatefeoealation to their hopes,,assistance and
ai.q Abs to the dish nour of our national cha-
Ctini altlftd our countrymen have none of that
YFpaSuay .o distinguishable in the people of other
~agtEB *we ace in fact denationpalized.
*i "nla annti4f a-melancholy character occurred the
N:._ .liumeding that on which we landed at St.
SwhiLh .di.rQsed .us even more than our
I *2

-, # -S

own disappointments. A fine young man, a naval
officer, of highly respectable family and connections,
who had been many years detained a prisoner at
Verdun, of an excellent disposition, and much hu-
nour, celebrated as un bon raconteur, thourrh un-
I fortunately addicted to infidelity in matters of re-
ligion, fell a victim to his misplaced attachment to
IM'Donald. Impelled by him to offer a gross in-
sult to a young man, whose susceptibility was
equalled by his courage, a challenge was the con-
sequence of the outrage, and with his life he atoned
for his offence. He went out with two adversaries
under similar circumstances, and produced by the
same influence; on the first fire the ball of his an-
tagonist penetrated his right side, lacerated the in-
testines, and lodged near the left groin; lie lingered
until the evening, and died in great pain. Before
he went to the field, he felt a presentiment of his
approaching fate, and so expressed himself to his
second; he met'his adversary's fire with perfect
coolness, and it is only to be lamented that his
courage was tested in an affair so little flattering to
his memory. He certainly deserved-though I
sincerely deplored the severity of his fate, poor
fellow to his mistaken confidence and friendship,
may be ascribed this fatal conclusion. With diffi-

eI*alee manner of his death was screened from the
iJle; tthe laws respecting duelling are there very
*ivere, and rigidly enforced. To his remains we
j-id the last melancholy duties: borne to the grave
i. his comrades under the union jack; he was con-
igAld to-our common parent, lamented and pitied;
*1ilie.b, for whose caprice he had sacrified exist-
'Se, avoided this last tribute of respect to his me-
.nW.y, as he did his repeated requests to see him
ehlahe: yet lingered in the arms of death, pleading
*aLOisuse for. his absence the influence of feeling!
FMttightened in our resources, and reduced to the
S eeiity of selling some of our equipment, we saw
&thing but misery in the attempt through another
channel, to proceed to the Spanish main, from which
.dimiBItI i,,eaily.. retire.
:4l" waosit was.knbwn, had made a descent
t i~ tii tanes' of East Florida, and had esta-
AlM"d& hiliself at Amelia Island, where he invited
lfjtanu dard recruits, for the purpose of reducing
..^ panilh garrison of St. Augustine, the only sup-
: : d'obstacle to his subjection of the whole pro-
..;... .iC jTThe American consul, acting in the spirit
.. government, whose ambitious views had long
~ B?"l"tBe.pssession of that important boundary,
.o:. i~~~W mining the forces of M'Gregor.
4 .,
:;' !i L',," .S ..,

and readily assisted our wishes to do so. Sick of
the Scenes at St. Thomas's, and of the prospects
on the Spanish main, I adopted the resolution of
several of my companions, and consented to pro-
ceed to Amelia Island, where we anticipated meet-
ing- under the banners- of a countryman; a cause
and a service more worthy of our co-operation. Its
proximity to the United States was to me an addi-
tional motive, as I could easily quit the association,
if their views and actions were not accordant with
my feeling's. In consequence of this determination
we hired the American schooner, .Jary,, Captain
Lane, of 170 tons burthen, destined for Turk's
Island to load salt, and from thence engaged to
convey us to Amelia Island.
Some of our fellow passengers now resolved to
return home, and engaged passages direct to Eng-
land, while others returned by the route of Phila-
del phiia and New York; those whove clothes had
been carried off by the Two -Fiends, were reduced
to the sad necessity of following her to the Spanish
main, to obtain their Irestitution.
By this time the schooner dispatehel Iby the com-
mandant of St. Thomas's to Santa Cruz, bad re .
turned with instructions from the Governor of that
island, respecting us; his directions were, that we

ViEbtipermittl d to embark : a sofotned expves-
S Si gs for dismissal.
-,bThe motives of the Danish governor were ap-
S rent, and his conduct perfectly justifialle; he by
;o lMeans committed a breach of hospitality by de-
si'prg eor absence but adopted a just measure of
PIlf.preservation. The Island of St. Thomas's
i~ principally dependent upon the Spanish Island
Porto Rico, a (few lhour0 sail distanlt, for p'ro\i-
#jpns; civility to us, a, the avowed partisans of the
I .gppgts,.woutld undoubtedly have given umbrage
t ,io., uling authorities of that island, and they
jpighthave been induced to withhold supplies of the
*-tL inrpartance to the existence of their neighbour.
q.the folly of M'D.onald must be ascribed the dis-
gegap~ e yps of our situation ; had lie acted as we
l~d~.!~g l \ 9j4Fvisd, pq police could have been
.akeP of r .: objects bhut we should have experienced
hCpurtesy due to strangers.
b.., Island of St. Thomas's furnished an asylum
J ruperous families, refugees from the Spanish
,piL;. apart of the town was exclusively occupied
.;1t.e. unfortunates, who had in many instances
iK aped w;ithl mere existence; their misery was in-
.ed:,eitrnCe. The appearance of the island from
v W W ^p certainly beautiful; its high green hills
ll"' ,.

.4 "?,

and savannas, variegated with fields of Indian corn
and sugar canes, interspersed with the cocoa and
broad leaf plantain tree. At its base stands the
town upon three gentle eminences, the harbour in
the form of a horse shoe; its extremities defended
by a battery. The houses, like those of other tro-
pical regions, are spacious and airy, calculated to
relieve the severe heats of the climate. The pro-
ducts of this island are inferior to most others of the
Carribbee Isles, and by no means numerous; its
principal importance is ascribable to its being a free
port, from whence the North Americans, the most
enterprising of commercial adventurers, carry on a
valuable trade with the Spanish main and their
own States. I found the temperature of the night
air excessively relaxing, my sleep disturbed by the
noisy flight of the mosquitoes ; but the heat of the
day was relieved by the regular sea breezes.
The white inhabitants, either from the effects
of climate, or from their habitual indolence, or per-
haps the combination of those enemies to health
and vigour, have sallow complexions, lank, and un-
interesting in appearance. The negroes and niu-
lattoes, on the contrary, are well formed, light, and
agile, n ith an elasticity in their step and action, not
to be found in the more favoured colour, and far


"edriebrto the African slaves in the United States
\ tNorth America.
r. Upon a small hill, commanding the town, are the
I ruijs of a castle, once the residence and defence of
-celebrated pirate Black Beard, the scourge and
terror of those seas: little now remains but the le-
gead, to remind us of its once terrific owner, whose
-.ploits are yet remembered in the neighboring
lands, particularly in the Bahamas, where his esta-
M ishment was of more important character. Of
Si~ daring' pirate, M'Kinnon, in his tour through the
'Br ish-West Indies, and Bahama Islands, relates
therfollowing :-
-.M;r.TThis extraordinary man had united in his for-
bM es a r desperate axl formidable gang of pirates,
Seistheir commrodore, and assuming the
l--fa ~legitmhnlte-;chief. Under a wild fig-
wotlLj ..lt9twhof which still remains, and was shewn
*itA in tht eastern part of the town, he used to sit
iL"t edit'il aaiong ois banditti, concerting or pro-
lli"gting, bis plans; and exercising the authority of
"ttegistrate. His piracies were often carried on
.i the]iuglish settlements on the coast of North
.America, where lie met with extraordinary success.
.. ..i..p iu the history of human depra ity, it would
OF uit to select actions more brutal and extra-
^ ."SL .

vacant than Black Beard's biographer has recorded
of him. As the narrative to which I allude is ge-
nerally credited, and bears strong internal evidence
of truth, it may be amusing to mention a few parti-
culars of a muan who was for some time considered
as sovereign of this island.*I
In person, as well as disposition, this desperado
John Teach, who was a native of England, seems
to have been qualified for the chief of a gang of
thieves. The effect of his beard, which gave a
natural ferocity to his countenance, he was always
solicitous to heighten, by suffering it to grow to an
immoderate, length, and twisting it about in small
tails, like a families wig; whence he derived the name
of Black Beard. His portrait in time of action, is
described as that of a complete fury; with three
brace of pistols in holsters, slung over his shoulder,
like bandoliers, and lighted matches under his hat,
sticking out over each of his ears. All authority
as well as admiration, amongst the pirates, was
conferred on those, who, committing every outrage
on humanity, displayed the greatest audacity and-
extravagance. Black Beard's pretensions to an

SNew Pro\irdence, the Chief or the Bahama Illands, and the seat
or Ilteir government.

-? 59

::! n ai k tank in the estimation of his associates,
A be conceived from the character of his jokes.
tt ihog often exhibited himself before them as a
I Bn, he determined once to show them a hell of
ERoWa eteation. For this purpose he collected a
AtiEtite aof sulphur and combustible materials
btdwee the decks of his vessel: when kindling a
Amine; and shutting down the hatches upon his
~S*, he involved himself with them literally in fire
A btvimstone. With oaths and frantic gestures
litoEtiebeict6 d the part of the devil, as little affected
b'.th eistLdlke as if he httd been born iii the infernal
itk: ;r tsll his companions, nearly suffocated, and
&hidri ag, eempelled him to release them. His con-
tWrl:'titmo-w was of'a similar cast. In one of his
ed6t "'iist heated' with liquor, and sitting in
AI SI t,"lie heiok !a pistol in each hand; then
t9e5& tft er the table, blew out the candles,
f-'twoaSng his hands, fired on each side at his
diSlkmtirpi : one of them received a shot, which
F., i1d hirm for life. His gallantry also was of the
d ie 'complexion as this vein of humour. He had
irti' Wives, if they may be so called; but his
a... 4.
.. -the guests, who related Ihis anecdote, perceiving what
.-iittwLa phAn, adroitly totk himself off.
i ;'-,,* : ^* '
: S g'

conduct towards one of them appears to have been
too unfeeling and unmanly, to admit of description.
"The English government, having determined to
clear the sea of these ruffians, directed some ships of
war to effect that purpose in the early part of last
century. Black Beard at that time was lurking in
a small vessel in the creeks and shallows of an inlet
near Cape Hatteras, in North Carolina. But the
chief magistrate of that province haN ing long con-
nived at his robberies, the sufferers gave inlbrma-
tion to the governor of Virginia, and the na'al
force on that station was directed to as;it in the ex-
termination of the pirates. The intrepidity display ed
in this service by a lieutenant of the name of
Maynard, at least equal to that of the rover, and
in a better cause, deserves a circumstantial detail.
From the nature of Black Beard's position, in a
sloop of little draught of water, on a coast abound-
ing, with creeks, and remarkable for the number
and intricacy of its shoals, with which he had made
himself intimately acquainted, it was deemed im-
possible to approach him in vessels of any force.
Two hired sloops were therefore manned from the
Pearl and Lime frigates in the Chesapeake, and
put under the command of the gallant officer before
named, wilih instructions to hunt down and destroy

. ' 61

th ispirate, wherever he should be found. On the
17th of November, in the year 1718, this force,
sailed from Jame's River, and in the evening of the
61st came to an inlet in North Carolina, where
Black Beard was discovered at a distance, lying in
wait for his. prey. The sudden appearance of an
enemy preparing to attack him, occasioned some
surprise; but his sloop mounting several guns, and
being manned with twenty-five of his desperate
Sfillowers, be determined to make a resolute defence;
and-having prepared his vessel over night for action,
-saW' lowh to-his bottle, stimulating his spirits to
that pitch of frenzy, by which only he could rescue
himself in a contest for his life. The navigation of
theinlet* was so difficult, that Maynard's sloops
we trepa aedly grounded in their approach; and
pirate, with his experience of the soundings,
pan'sated considerable advantage in manceuvring
ihich enabled him for some time to maintain a
inning fight. His vessel, however, in her turn,
rg at length grounded, and the close engage-
it at becoming now inevitable, lie reserved her
U6 rtto-pour in a destructive fire on the sloops as

o n. '^r --oho-.--t.a
.i1 ebleroce ,Inlet, a little sonlh of Cape flattkras.
A iW *

they advanced to board him. This he so successfully
executed, that twenty-nine of Maynard's small
number, were either killed or wounded by the first
broadside, and one of the sloops for a time disabled.
But notwithstanding this severe loss, the lieutenant
persevered in his resolution to grapple with the
enemy, or perish in the attempt. Observing that
his own sloop, which was still fit for action, drew
more water than the pirates, he ordered all his
ballast to be thrown out, and, directing his men to
conceal themselves between decks, took the helm in
person, and steered directly on board of his anta-
gonist, who continued inextricably fixed on the
This desperate wretch, previously aware of his
danger, and determined never to expiate his crimes
in the hands of justice, had posted one of his
banditti with a lighted match over his powder
magazine, to blow up his vessel in the last extremity.
Luckily in this design he was disappointed by his
own ardour and want of circumspectiou; for as
Maynard approached, having begun the encounter
at close quarters, by throwing upon his antagonist
a number of hand granadoes of his own composition,
which produced only a thick smoke; and con-
ceiving, that from their destructive agency, the

-- *;

s'!.rdeck had been completely cleared, he leaped
oeriher, bows, followed by twelve of his men, and
d: aced upon the lieutenant, who was the only per-
lu then in view. But the men instantly springing
up to the relief of their commander, who was now
ariimaly beset,.and in imminent danger of his life, a
widaklt contest ensued. Black Beard, after seeing
bhe gmeater part of his men destroyed at his side,
bad receiving himself repeated wounds, st length,
tapping back to cock a pistol, fainted with the loss
f. bl.odi, and expired on the spot Maynard com-
plated si1 .victory, by securing the remainder of
Aese desperate wretches, who were compelled to
iue *for mercy, and a short respite from a less
"Lar-able death at the hands of the executioner."
dlamiosiytled me one evening, with some of our
.rty; to what is called in-the West Indies a dig-
nity. mtll a.term :of derision applied to the assem-
blies of people of colour, of whose inferiority, and
degradation in the scale of humanity, we were not
then sensible. The various shades from the jet
blick to the clear brunette, were whirling in the
g dy :dance, arrayed in silks, satins, spangled
, : gahzes, and all the frippery of European fashions,
S enfrated with a profusion of imitation pearls,
.ai other trinkets; good order and decency pre-

*** *-

failed, in this motley association, and they were
no mean imitators of their white neighbours. They
received us with the utmost courtesy, and appeared
highly gratified with our visit, which they requested
us to repeat.
Having completed our arrangements for departure,
and on the point of embarkation for Amelia island,
another casualty occurred to us, in the death of a
young officer of the 43rd Regiment, who had
served in the ill conducted expedition of our troops
against New Orleans, a fine and promising young
man, a general favorite, from his uniformly good
disposition, fell a sacrifice to the fever of the Island,
produced by imprudently taking off at one draught a
a bottle of claret, while in a state of profuse perspira-
tion.- We had scarcely time to pay to his remains
the last duties of humanity, ere we were hurried
on board to avail ourselves of a favorable wind.


Departure from St. Tholma.'s-artive at Tuik's Island-mianler lo
making. sall-Americans peniilled an iilercourse-ilM'Dfnald's
folly.-qit Turk's bIland-;ittaik up'n the t'inn at nighlit-oir
oufrage--viiited by h Mt i i-ltratre 1--D.nahiil'< [Ip:.-l t,
i.carry the.fhrtress ot Port oF Plate, in St. Duiiin.o-his. plaus. tilt-ir
absurdit(-dyijng ddlphiiu-a calmti-h.irk'. one takei-incar the
'""Gulph stream, see a sail, supine her a .Spani.rd-de.ririiiiie to
,t,"ke her-lioists Anerienn rolours--MnDinald's dii.alnoitilm lit-
Le boards her in full rntumnne-Ifi.hitens tlie captain. %i UP. aild
.'child-make the Coast pf East Florida-supposed oHl St. Nnil-'s
river-M'Donald and his satellitess land-dii:,over we had mis-
taken the entrance of St. JUlul'-, for that of St. Rinai'-~yltr-
.Lebnsive M'Donald and his party are taken by the Spauiards-
agrive at Amelia Island--Commiudore Aunr in command-
M'Gregor gone to the Bahanmas-e-cape anll ai' al 1' Ma.l:
-:iDonald at ;iead quarteri-decline emrpl.3i)ment at Auncila.

AETER-.bidding-a hasty adien to the few of our
unfortunate comrades left at St. Thomas's, by the

tueacheryofthe captain of the Two-Fri, ids, Vho
had carried off their cloatis, and \who had now

-.n other alternative than to follow tie hiip; we

siabrked, in all thirty, for the Island of Amelia,
gt'hdto4scape the scene of our severe disappoint-
aOlus, and. exhilarated by the new hopIe our

i .pinlant prospects created. A brisk and favor-
a le gte; bore us from the West Indies, and in

Ai' al

five days carried us to tile British settlement of
Turk's Island, one of the Eastern of the Bahama
Isles. This Island is little more than a sandbank,
but its importance arises from the quantitY.' o see
salt raked at certain seasons of tle year in the salt
pans. The salt pans are formed on a flat part of the
Island, subject to the influx of the sea, through a
narrow channel. After having deposited a certain
quantity Of water, the further ingress of the sea is
prevented by an embankment. The water in the
pans being exposed to the fervid heat of the sun,
soon granulated, and deposits by evaporation, a
chryotalisation of sea salt. This salt is divided by
certain head rights, among those resident on the
Island, before the tenth day of February, this pri-
vilege induces a number of periodical settlers from
others of the Bahama Islands, who retire with the
conclusion of the season.
The Americans, who are as well as other for,
eigners, excluded by our colonial policy from trad-
ing with our Islands, in vessels not under the Bri.
tish flag, are permitted an interoenrse with this
island, under their own, for the sole .Trpose of car-
rying off this produce; and here our captain had
arrived to load a cargo for Mobile, to which lie
was destined after landing us at Ameia Island.

---*c- .

S,- 6.7

M WMDonald who had become.one of our fellow
pasengers, under the impression that his Scottish
a!g. would fraternize him with his countryman
S$ 'Grargor M'Gregor, mortified by the events
S which had occurred, and dissipated his brilliant
r Iprospe.ts while at St. Thomas's, had, hitherto kept
toWarably quiet, little disposed to assume that con-
sequence, he knew few of us inclined to support
but his vanity getting the better of hisetemporary
S prldence, returned with renewed ardour, as we
approached the shores of Turk's Island, and he
Qone wIre cloathed himself in the garb of war.
4Ioonted on wretched horses, miserably caparisoned,
he and his shadow, a young man we had designated
hiP Aid du Camp, were seen urging their unfortu-
nate anj2ials over the barren sandy hills, the objects
of cfurioity and surprise, to the few miserable in,
S haAitauts. This vanity, though perfectly harmless,
4i. ot fail4to excite in his companions, contempt
for Ith iy ambition of one, selected to conduct
9 fortoaea of war.
,;Afy.- a detention of four days, i, which we com-
p Ite4 -ur loading of salt, we bade adieu to the
9tile~gept of Turk's Island, and were already
4 4tt-.es of day, at a considerable distance from
Nbeqy, wbie our 9eurse was staid, and the

schooner directed again towards the island. The
long-boat was now hoisted out and manned, and
twelve of our comrades completely armed sprang
into her, and pulled off for the shore. This military
equipment was a subject of curiosity to those not
in the secret, and we were anxiously asking
an explanation of such hostile movements,
"when firing- was observed along the eastern extre-
mity of the town, succeeded by the ringing of bells,
beating of drums, and all the bustle attendant upon
surprise and invasion. Lights were now moving in
every direction, and the inhabitants were evidently
in a state of general alarm. It was only then that
our imperative demands produced an explanation
from the captain, who began to feel the danger of
his situation. He stated that one of our comrades,
enjo. ing the supposed hospitality of an inhabitant,
had been defrauded of four doubloons. The cha-
racter of his host was extremely doubtful, and on
application to the Magistracy for redress, he avoided
the inquiry, and absconded into the country. Un-
der the impression that he would return to his house
when aware of our having sailed, this armed party
had gone on shore to claim and enforce restitution;
their detection we imagined had given rise to those
hostile appearances, and we were now anxious to


s ld their escape. For tiis purpose we hoisted a lan-
thorn as a signal at tile topmast, to g-uide iiandi inluce
their return. Althuh~lui those coercive m-easures
were by no means justiiable, yet thlir riminality
was palliated by thvir p-culiar and coijited circum-
! stances, and the offence of i!ie indiidial against
whom their predatory expedition % as dir-cted, and
we could not refrain from \isliing thelm successful i
in:their object. In about an hour they re-
turned to the vessel, celebrating their success in noisy
' mirth, and towing" along a boat, the object of their
triumph, which they had cut out, and asserted to be
the property of the individual from whom they sought
Sto obtain indemnity. Scarcely had they secured
their prize, and our course been renewed, when it
fell a, perfect calm, which continued through the
night. Our evil destiny uniting with the.tide, had
'carried .us 'the following morning back n within five
*tiles of the shore, from %whence we had no doubt
'btijOese application would be made, to explain the
s- flitves of our alarming descent the preceding night.
Towards noon we observed a lar.e rowl-boat, dis-
pEayin'g at her stern the British ensign, making to-
fitrds is,'which we rightly conjectured tile bearer
tlit*.i;ivijl authorities of the island, prepared to
"a i lPi sti.tution of our unlav ful capture. Some

of our daring spirits were for resistance, determined
to maintain their acquisition by fiirther violence;
but the superior prudence of the moderate part of
our fellow passengers, restrained, in some measure,
the turbulencies of those thoughtless adventurers.
On a nearer approach of the boat we discovered the
judge and a respectable merchant and magistrate of
the island, unattended by any force capable of co-
ercion. They testified their surprise and regret at
our hostile proceeding's, expressing their hopes that
they were not, for the honour. of British officers, con-
ceived in the spirit of piracy; evidently ignorant that
we had gone so tar as to commit depredation upon
the property of the island. They at length dis-
covered the extent of our triminality, and claimed
restitution of the boat; declaring that it wa. not the
property of the individual against whom our preda-
tory excursion was directed, but the sole means of
sustenance to a poor fisherman, whose family de-
pended upon it for existence. Deaf to the claims of
jtstict and humihnity, and obstinately bent upon re-
tnining their unlawful prize, those buccaneers re-
sohltely refused to listen to the demands of the ma-
gistrates. Though warned of the criminal character
6f their proceedings, and of the consequences that
might result, they pertinaciously resisted the advice

"4 intreaties of the moderate party, who were too
fga to compel their submission. Our visitors re-
Seitantly withdrew from the unavailing discussion,
: declaring they would cause the transaction to be laid
S before the proper authorities in England, where it
S w*as doubtless met by deserved reprobation.
Soon after the departure of our visitors a favour-
able breeze enabled us to renew our course. From
bhat moment the small moderate party were the ob-
jects of suspicion and distrust, and the empty shadow
of aColonel no longer concealed the worst traits of his
character; endeavouring by every means he could
devise to lesson their influence and excite the ani-
Miosity of their comrades; but firm in their principles
and. rsolves they resisted the united efforts of M'D.
Mid his myrmidons. .Their contempt for this silly
preteader was increased by .the knowledge of his
\ 0l,:: haacntaer and former circumstances. One
,f..the party bad long recognized this soi disart
rnjgade-Major, as a private raised in the regiment
o -which he belonged, from the ranks to the comnmis-
Slon :of ,an ensign, and his subsequent removal to a
fsign corps, in which he had not attained higher
. .a than a lieutenancy. I am willing to believe
i4k*isfirmer good conduct had recommended him
W.: e. .l tion, but his elevation had certainly de-


' raged and dissipated his, pretensions. He had
amused us with various feats of his high family, and
of his own prowess, evidently the fabrication of his
distempered brain.
An American captain, than'whom there are none
less celebrated for pertinaceous adherence to truth,
bad at Turlk's Island amused our Quixotic colonel
with a description of the immense treasures con-
tained in the small Spanish fortress of Port of Plale,
in the Island of St. Domingo, and had stimulated
M1'Donald's ambition to undertake its reduction.-
Big it h the importance of the enterprise, and anti-
cipatiing certain success to our efforts, and his conse-
quent elevation to the honours of supreme command,
either in Amelia or Venezuela, this redoubted hero
proposed our attempting its reduction, and for that
purpose summoned a council of uar, compo~eed of
his satellites, who in.,tantly proflered their assistance,
and the ship master, enger to avail himself of every
advantage, the hazard of our persons might procure
him, readily consented to the enterprise. But our
party, though small, n as too important in the scale of
forceto be omitted,and M'Donald was reduced to the
m.ortifying necessity of asking our concurrence.-
Feeli<.,. th, want of authority attending our proceed-
ings against t:.e dominious and properly of Spain,

S* R'we were not yet enrolled in the service of the
I anrgernts, and aware that e should b: Iliable to be
w -ited as pirate, even I o iur n government, if

detected, we determined to oppo,' the project, at
the same time desirous of ascertainini the extent of
M'Donald's powe,-s, and hin i ll;: 'matioin on l the sub-
ject, we proftssed a partial clquiS..:('enIe, and re-
S quested inspection of Ihis cotmission so. H.e lprduced
the appointment of Mi.endekz, wiho h.du< conttitutld
him colonel commandant of a re,'iitlent of lancers,
to be raised in Venezuela, under his inspection and
direction, contending that it wasa :isnlicient autho-
rity for his attempting the reduction of the fortress.
We next desired to know his plans. The A merican
S captain had described the fort of interior streingthI,
and-that- it was the invariable practice of the 'o-
wirPnor and other officers of the garrison to visit all
Svesels.::n their arrival in the port ; these he pro-
pssed to lure.on board by di-guising" tlhe coupli-
vmentiof our crew, to detain them as housiagaes, until
te..Ilndsome. ransom shlonlld e offered fo their li-
hdration. Such was the sumn anid 4uibs.iilnc of his
'"oirntation and plans, to reason \it.h ton cipable
WL ,4brming such projects, and making such pro-
IP iiJ was to encounter the loss both of' time and
i, ge~ ; we consequently declined participation,

p". "

and demanded not to be compromised by his mea-
sures, but to be landed on sonie friendly shore. Our
rejection did not deter those daring spirits from the
attempt, but the reflection that they were without
arms and ammunition, to carry the fort, in the event
of resistance, having only their swords and pistols,
to contend with the enemy's cannon, compelled
those ardent adventurers to abandon the alluring
We again pursued our course to the gulph stream.
As we approached it, the variety and quantity of
fish surprised us. Dolphins were seen in numbers,
sporting across our bows with the velocity of thought,
displaying their lovely and variegated colouring.-
Our boatswain harpooned one, and gave us tle no-
vel, and celebrated spectacle, of a dying dolphin.
The rapid succession of colours, and the strong tints
of each change, conveyed a painful sensation, when
we reflected that our gratification was procured by
the severe sufferings of the animal. We were vi-
sited with a calm which continued two days; those
who have never experienced the misery of a similar
situation, are incapable of furnishing their imagina-
tion with a just idea of the desolation of feeling it
produces: most willingly would I have exchanged
our quiet, for rude gales, and mountain billows.-

S blNis surrounded our vessel regaling themselves
S by rubbing their slimy bodies against the sides.
The mate seizing a favorable opportunity, plunged
Shanrpoon through the body of one of tie most con-
| sidtrable; with difficulty we got him on board,
from bead to tail le measured nine feet three inches.
The 4rnggles of the animal, even when deprive ed of
P his tail, were extremely powerful, menacing with
destruction all who approached him, and exciting
Sur apprehension that he would detroy the bulluorks
Sf ttie schooner. The tail, the only part of this enor-
mous-fish at aHl palatable, was soon served up, well
btriled, upon our table, and to those who were re-
duced to salt provision, this unexpected supply of
fresh fish was by no means unacceptable.
We twre new fast approaching the edge of the
tlpjih strea, when ote evening we described a dis-
tant sail makTng towards us. The sang-nine hopes
ll thy comrades instantly determined her to be a
piarmiti ship, bound from Havanna to Cadiz, laden
rith a valuable cargo of coffee, indigo, sugar, &c.,
1si~ they resolved to capture, and so far did they
etletlete the Certainty of their anticipations as to
i"on the amount of prize money. On her near
*Wt1ch we were directed to conceal our numbers
SwiL*M tteating alarm. Some of us were I ap-

prehend discovered, for she seemed to hover in doubt
as to our real character ; but to the mortification of
those ardent sons of adventure, on closing, she dis-
played tie American ensign. M'Donald, annoyed
at this discovery, yet determined to pay the captain
a visit, and that his aspect might be more impres-
sive, attired himself in his military costume : poor
Jonathan could scarcely believe his visitants were
friends, particularly when Mac, la ing a brace of
pistols on the cabin table, exclaimed in the dis-
cordant ton-s of his country-" Haud ye ben a
Spaniard I haud brought )e change for iour dou-
bloons." With trembling apprehension the poor
Yankee offered him the remnant of a bottle of
brand y, while hii wife, who was I ing in the cabin
with her infant, endeamoured to appease the little
squaller; so much had the terrific appearance of
Mac frightened the urchin.
On the fourteenth day of our departure from
St. Thomas's we made the coast of East Florida,
and imagining we were off the river St. Mary's, on
the confines of that province, aud Georgia, we made
signal for a pilot. Our galant Colonel with some
of hi., party prepared to disembark, anxious to pre-
sent himself to the authorities at Amelia,. to ap-
prise themn of the importance of his character and

pretensions. We saw them land, and were
urgent with our nCaplain to fIjllow them: this
however he refused without the assistance of a
pilot, whose non-arrival at sun-set obliged us to
stand off until the following morning, which not
having brought our comrades or the pilot, we de-
manded why we were delayed making for the river.
Thus pressed, the Captain acknowledged his sus-
picion that he had mistaken the entrance of the
St. John's for that of St. M Iar's river, in con-
sequence of his neglect to take a solar observation
the preceding day. Supposing this to be the case,
we doubted not but that our comrades had been
taken prisoners by the Spaniards, and were conveyed
to the fortress of St. Augustine. Little as M'Donald
deserved our commiseration, we regretted that
fate which had equally involved his compa-
nions, who we knew to be misled by a mistaken
confidence in the man, and an unwillingness to en-
tirtainthe suspicions he merited. At twelve o'clock
for the. St. Mary's river, which we entered about
wn-set, and were visited by a boat from the United
States brig of war Saranac," stationed in the
0amincan waters of the river, to protect their trade,
and is prevent smuggling from Amelia. Captain

Liers, the commander of the 11 orqiana" insur.
gent privateer under the flag of Buenos A% res, soon
after came on board ; with him several of us disem-
barked, and were presented to commodore Aury,
whose receptioLn was eilremely civil, but the ap-
pearance of those around him, by no means fa.
vourably impressed us with the cause, To our
mortification we learnt that M'Gregor had quitted
the island, and had gone to the Bahamas, his views
and future proceedings were alike mal-ters of secrecy
to the remaining authorities, with whom it was evi-
dent he had not maintained the best intelligence.--
Aury having ascertained our number and descrip-
tion, expressed his regret that we had not brought
privates as well as officers to his standard, he was
already overstocked with the latter, who were in
consequence obliged to do duty alternately in the
ranks, and on the guards of the garrison.
Scarcely had we risen from a supper laid for us
in the house of the Commodore, and were preparing
to retire to the quarters assigned us, when M'Donald
and his friend arrived at Fernandina, the town of
Amelia, disappointing our expectations of hearing
that he was encaged in the fortress of St. Augustine.
We learnt that in passing the bar of the St. John's,
the boat had been upset, but the party had contrived


as~p.eBatnhurt to Talbot Island : from the cour-
tjof a planter they obtained refreshment and re-
hge through the night, and the following day,
S MDonald and his aid were provided with horses
and a guide to Fernandina. The residue of the
party remained to bring the boat through the narrow
channels dividing the islands of Talbot, Nassau, and
Amelia, from the main land of East Florida.*
The expression of our countenances soon conveyed
to Mac the little gratification we felt at his escape,
aad wm were m tually indifferentas to the concealment
of onu feelings. Aury, o. discovering the schism
that prevailed, was anxious to ascertain the cause
of its existence. An explanation ensued, followed
by the declaration and determination of the mode-
rate party, not to serve the republic, if M'D. was
permitted to bear the rank he anticipated from his
gappjitment by Mendez. We had not then seen
theesretched party with whom we proposed to con-
gregate, nor were we aware of the debased character
S of those pseudo patriots: but the following morning
convinced us of the little honour to be gained in the
cause, and exhibited the heterogeneous character of
*ie supporters.

SSe Note C.
- f


M'Donald finding that at Amelia lie could not
hope to realize those honours, his ambitious imagina-
tion bad created, applied to Aury for a passage to
Veiieluela, resolved to venture on that desperate
ser ice, since to return to England was far more for-
midable. The Commodore, alarmed by the turbulent
spirits we had manifested since our landing, and con-
scious of the little respect we entertained for his buc-
caneers, seemed eager to promote the wishes of those
of the party who were disposed to withdraw; to
some few however, he offered employment, but as
they were among the most respectable, his propo-
sals were declined.

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