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Title: Message from the President of the United States, transmitting a report and sundry documents, from the Secretary of State, relative to the proceedings
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Title: Message from the President of the United States, transmitting a report and sundry documents, from the Secretary of State, relative to the proceedings
Series Title: Message from the President of the United States, transmitting a report and sundry documents, from the Secretary of State, relative to the proceedings
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Full Text

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BETWEEN TI Em.,.: :...
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States AND Eafj

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0 e 0l0 o r @

JUNE 12th, 1797,
Ordered to lie on the table.

Published by order of the Houfe ofReprefentatives.

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SGentlemen of the Senate, and
Geritlemen of the Houfe ofRcpref:Cni.Lie',
fjNAVE received information from the Coistnifioner
SapoinOted. on the part of the United States, pur-
ai1 t t the third article of our treaty with Spain, that
be rwncning and marking of the boundary L:cr befrcer n the
colonies ofEafl and Wef-Florida, and the territory of the
Fit'd States, have been delayed by the officers o his Catho-
i~ Mt jefy ; and that they have declared thetr intention
Svnointamt hi jurrfdifion, and tofufpend the withdraw.
Ig fkhis troopsfrem ridi)tary pcef they occupy, within tht
.rritory of the United States, until the two governments
ia1t, by negotiation, have fittled the meaning of thefecond
Iticle r1ifp being the withdrawing.of the- troops, garrifons
rfi'ttlemnts of citlher partyI t':Ie''Trrdory ,j'iH ether;
kat is, whether, when the Spanifk-gsarrfons vd,-vdraw they
're to leave the tworkhR f anding.'br 'b:dni7Jf thtm,;a and
until, by an addit'iiral article to th, i', v. h'teY'l property
f the inhabitants jail be fecu~ed : dand hIhltw~f until the
panfijh officers are ure the Indians will be pacific. The
wofirft queflions, i to be determined by negociation, might
e made ubjels o difcuion for years, and as no limitation
f time can be preferibed to the other, a certainty in the
pinion of the Spanifh ficers that the Indians will be
pacific, it will be impofible to fufer it to remain an obf acle
o thefulfilment of the treaty on the part of Spain.
To remove the ifl difculty, I have determined to leave
t to the discretion of the ofcers of his Catholic Majefly,
uhen they withdraw his troopsfrom the forts, within the
territory of the United States, either to leave the works
landing, or to demolfh them; and to remove the second,
FJhall caufe an affurance to be published, and to be parti-
'ularl communicated to the minifer of his Catholic Ma-




jefty, and to the governor ofLcu.iana, that thefettlers or
occupants of the lands in quefion, /hall not be diflurbed in
their pofeffions by the troops of the United States; but on
the contrary, that they hall be proteaed in all their lawful
claims; and to prevent or remove every doubt on this point,
it merits the consideration of Congrefs, whether it will not
be expedient, immediately, to pafs a law, giving positive
affurances to thofe inhabitants who by fair and regular
grants, or by occupancy, have obtained legal titles or equi-
table claims to lands in that country, prior to the final ra-
ification of the treatybetween the United States and Spain,
on the twenty-fifth of April, one thousand fieen hundred
and ninety-fix.
, This country is rendered peculiarly valuable by its inha,
bitants, who are represented to amount to nearly four thou-
fand, generally well affected and much attached to the
United States, andzealous for the efablifhment ofa govern.
ment under theirauthority.
I therefore recommend to your consideration the expedi-
ency of ereling a, government in the difiridt of the Natchez,
fimilart i that' ldikh ed: ijr the territory north weft of
the river' Oio, 'but, zwih:(,ertain mnodzications, relative to
titles or claiCl injaPf wfuether ofindividuals or companies,
or to claivs.'fjur if. fion ofany individual fate.
... 'i ,: JOHN ADAMS.
12th June, 1797.



REPORT of the Secretary of State, to the Prfideint Jftlhe
United Stalts, ofthe proceedings of Andrew Ellicott,
S Efquire, Commiffioner for run ning the boundary line
S between ilbe United Stales. and EafJ and Weft-Florida.

u DEPARTMENT OF STATE, June 10, 1797.
r j 1 HE Secretary of State refpe&fully reports to the
ai Prefident of the United States, the fubftance of
ir the information received the 8th instant, from Andrew
Ellicott,Efquire, the Commiffioner of the United States
h appointed to run the boundary line between their ter-
h ritry and his Catholic Majefly's colonies of Eaft and
t WeftlFlorida.
er Although Mr. Ellicott left Philadelphia, in Septem.
ber '1796, to proceed, by the Ohio and Miflifippi rivers,
ed to the Natchez, the place appointed by the treaty with
h Spain, at which the Commiffioners ofithe two govern-
ments were to meet, yet: owing to the lownefs of the
Ye waters of the Ohio, he did not reach its mouth until
ie the igth ofDecembei ; two days after which, both the
Ohio and Miffifippi were almost frozen over. On the
a zft of Jafiuary, the ice began to give way, and their
ftore-boat arriving on the 28th, they proceeded on the
3ift for the Natchez. On the aift of February Mr.
Ellicott received a letter, (No. i.) from his Catholic
Majefty's governor, Gayofo de Lemos, dated at the
Natchez the 17th of February, mentioning the infor-
mation he had received of his approaching arrival, at-
tended by a military guard and fome woodfmen, and
defiring that the troops might be left about the mouth
of Bayon Pierre; affigning for his reafon, that thereby
every unforefeen mifunderltanding between the troops
of the two powers would be prevented. With this re-
queft, from views of accommodation, Mr. Ellicott com-
plied. Bayon Pierre is"abovt fixty miles above the


1 On the 24th of February, Mr. Ellicott reached the
SNatchez, and immediately by a letter, acquainted go-
vernor Gayofo, of his arrival. The governor on the
fame day returned an answer, (No. 2.) The day fol-
lowing they had an interview, and fixedonri the i9th of
March to proceed down the river to Clarkefville, near
which it was, fuppofed the line would commence. The
SMondayfollowing, February 27th, Mr. Ellicott wrote
a letter (No.3.) to the Baron de Carondelet, his Catholic
Majefty's Governor-General of Louifiana, and the Com-
miffioner named by the Court of Spain, for afcertaining
the boundary line, to inform him of his arrival at the
Natchez, as; the Commiflioner of the United States.
The Baron's answer, INo. 4.) dated March ift, was re-
4 ceived the 9th, and on the fame day Governor Gayofo
waited on Mr, Ellicott, and informed him that the Ba-
ron, in confequence of interefling concerns below, had
declined to attend, and that the whole bufinefs had de-
volv d on him. Mr. Ellicott expreffed his fatisfadion,
because he expected that he, Governor Gayofo, would
immediately be rqady to proceed. The Governor an*
Sfwered,-4- No time (hall be loft; but I fear I hall
'i not be ready by the 19th; and although the baron
decline acting on account of the bufinefs which de.
mands his conflant attention at Orleans, heis never-
thelefs defirous of having an interview with you
and for that purpofe has ordered a galley to; be fitted
Sup for your ufe and accommodation to New-Or-
leaps."-Mr. Ellicott considered that the third article
of the treaty with Spain, required the Commiflionert
Sfor urlning the boundary line to meet at the Natchez;
and that being.titen at his poft, it was his duty to re*
main there, until the Spanifh Commiffioner should be
ready to proceed with him to the place where the line
should commence; and therefore he declined the Baron's
On the 27th of February, Mr. Ellicott encamped als
the: upper end.of the town .of Natchez, about a quar*
ter of a mile from the fort occupied by the Spanifh

1 3

-a~_.... I

froops; and two days after hoifted the flag of the
United States. Upon this he received a verbal meffage
from Governor Gayofo, by his aid,' Major Minor, de-
firing the flag might be taken down, which Mr. Ellicott
declined doing. The requeft was not repeated. Here
Mr. Ellicott began his astronomical obfervations, and
found the hill on which he was encamped, to be iri
latitude 31 33'. 46'. or about 39 miles north of the
, fouth boundary of the United States.
In this situation, Mr. Ellicott was told alarming fto-
ries about the unfavourable difpofition of the Indians,
under an idea that the United States were meditating
their destruction. The whole settlement was for fome
days farming with them; and they frequently went
about his camp with drawn knives. For his own safety
he frequently ifued provisions to them. Thus criti-
cally cireumftanced, he on the I th of March, wrote
to Governor Gayofo the letter, No. 5, to which he re-
ceived the an'fwer, No. 6. But in the mean time, Mr.
Ellicott had fent an exprefs to the commanding officer
of his efcort (confifting of only 25 afen) which, in
complaifance to the governor's fir4t requ'eft, he had left
fixty miles up the river, to come down directly to the
Natchez.-And being determined not to countermand
this order, he 6n the I3th, wrote to' Governor Gayofo
the letter, No., 7, proposing Bacon's landing, about a
mile below his camp, for the station of his efcort; but
before this letter was fent, he had an interview with the
governor, who undertook to prove the propriety and
neceffity of the whole party from the Uiited States
going down to Clark's place, and closed his reasoning
by obferving, That if the efcort did. land at the Nat-
chez, he should consider it as' an infult offered to the
king his master. Mr. Ellicott then telling the governor,
that he, should fend hiam iinrlediately an anfwer in
writing, obferved, That the defire which was con.
ftantly mainifefted to draw him from that place, (the
Natchets) appeared very singular, as it was designated
in the late treaty between his Catholic Majefty and the




United States,'as the 'place of meeting for the:Commif-
fioners ; and therefore, that he should reje& every prd-
pofition that was intended to draw him from his:pre-
fent situation, until the Commiflioner and Surveyor on
behalf of the crown of Spain were ready to proceed to
bufinefs. To which the governor replied, Sir, you ei-
" their mistake my meaning, :or I have expreffed myfelf
" very badly. I do not want you- to leave this place,
" but on the contrary, I am defirous for you to take
" up your residence in my houfe; you will live there
"much more comfortably than ina tent." Mr. Elli:
cott faid, that his tent was much more agreeable than
a palace; for in his camp he enjoyed an independence
charaaerillic of the nation he had the honor to repre-
fent. The next morning, Mr. Ellicott fent his letter,
No. 7, and the fame day received the governor's answer,
No. 8, expreffing:his entire fatisfacion with Mr. Elli-
cott's fentiments, as uniformly agreeing with his own,
in every thing which could combine the mutual interefis
of the two nations.
The evening, ollowitg, (March i5th) Mr. Ellicott's
effort arrived at the landing, and the next day went
down to the place he had proposed for their f action.
The officer of the efcort having found in the fettle-
ment a number of deferters from the American army,
took them up., This pccafioned fome verbal commu-
nications between Governor Gayofo and Mr. Elli-
cott, the former defiring the deferters might be dif-
miffed. Mr. Ellicott thereupon proposed this arrange-
ment : That fuch deferters from the army of the United
States as came into that country, and took the protec-
tion of the Spanifh government, prior to the time fixed
by the treaty for the evacuation of the pots, should, for
the prefent, remain unmolested; but that fuch as had
come to that country fiance that time liould be liable to
be taken and detained.
SAbout the time Mr. Ellicott's efcort arrived, the
principal part of the;artillery was taken:out of the fort
and carried to the landing, anhdevery appearance made

~b_~8brrr~-?--rrrr*-*~--~ra- ---I

pf a Tptsay evacuation'; but on the -z2d of March,
gre, ipduftry wUai ufkddri:carrying cannon back to the
fort, which were immediately remounted. This gave
great alaim 't the inhabitints'of :the diftrit, wvho ge-
nerall 'manffelted a defire of 'beiig declared .Tuhje&s 6f
the United States, andat once to renounce the Spanifh
jiifdi&iori: In' order to quiet the minds of the inha-
bitants; and to be able to.give them fom'e reafons for
the, governor's condhu, ivhich now began .to be con-
fidlered as hoflile to the United States; Mr. EUicott, on
tih ajd oft March,:wrote. ;he letter Nod 9, which was
-followed by a note, No., o, tb which He received the
governor's answer, No. i'i.. .This ahfwer, cofitaining
information that the important buffnefs-of inning th&
boithdary line should ;fogn be cdimenced,' and an af-
farance thqt nothing could prevent the deigious con-
-pliArice wi h the treaty;' Mr. 'Ellicott ei-prefed his fatis-
faifidSi in his letter to the governor, 'No. i .; *':
* It being now reported;.'.that the Anreriean troops
would be down. it a'few ihys, the govern'6r fent by his
'aid, t6 Mr. Ellicort,'ar:open'letter fr9gm he governor
direedl;to Captain Poje, who iti was aidi commanded
rhoretribops, inforning.'him, that for fuikdry reafons it
would be proper, and conducive;to theiharmo.ny of the
tio nationss, for himfllf and. the deticnme'nt under, his
rteinmand to remain at or.neai.the place where the eette;
should meet him, uttil:the pofts should be'evacuated,;
an4 as every preparation wasniakifig for that purpofe,
Ihe delay would be bit of a few days, when he would
be halpy.to fee him t the Natchez., This proposal to
Captain Pope, 'the governor, in his'letter, No. 13, de-
fired.Mr. Ellicott to second. Upon reading the letter,
Mr. Ellicott obferved to Major Minor, that it was im-
poflible for him to join in the governor's requeft'to Cap-
tain Pope, as it was well known to 'him, (Mr. Ellicott)
that. instead of evacuating the pots, they were making
them more defenfible. However, Mr. Ellicott faid, he
would write a letter to the officer commanding the de-
tachment, and requefted Major Minor (as he was td be

lir --III

the bearer of the gvernor's letter, to-tbe Waflnstills)
to take 'charge of it; to which he1 had no objeAion.
This letter is Noi 14.;i .:
On the 28th :of -archl~Actgovertn iffued the pro-
clamatibn, No: bi, beating the date of Mareh 29th,
and another, No. 16, bearing the fame date, with the
avowed objed -'of quieting the minds: of the inhabii-
tants; bat they produced a contrary effect. As foon
as the governor discovered this, he requeled two gen.
tlemen of the settlement, to inform Mr. Ellicott that be,
the governor, had received directions from the General
in Chief, the Baron de Carondelet, to have the ariil-
lery and military stores expeditiougy removed from the
forts, which were immediately to be given up to the
troops of the United States upon their'arrival. Great
pains were iakea to incicth e this report; but it did
not remove fufpicions. In order, therefore, to obtain
a dire& explanation, Mr. Ellicott, on the 3 tft of March,
wrote' to the governor the letter, No. 17, inclofing two
paragraphs; No. 18, of an addrefs he had received from
a number oftefpecable inhabitants of the diftri&. The
governor's answer, No.,. firmed every luipicion, as it* contained an explicit de-
Olarition, that his general had given him positive or-
ders to fufiped the evacuations of the polls antil the
two governments should determine, whether the works
were to be left landing, or to be demolished and un-
til, by rt additional article to the treaty, the real pro-
perty of the inhabitants should be fecured; agreeably
to his proclamations, in which the governor thought
proper to tell the inhabitants, that negotiations were on
foot between his Catholic Majefty and the United States,
for the adjustment of that and other matters. It may
not be improper to remark, that no fuch negotiation
has exifted; and that this is the firft time that thefe
objeaions to the evacuation of the pofts have been
heard of. This peremptory declaration of Governor
Gayofo requires no comment.


- -

Mr. Ellicotf fays, tltt with the exception of about
eight perfons, including fome officers, all th4.letiabitantp
of the Natchez diftria (within the limits of the: United
states) are defirous of coming undm their jurirdikion,
*nd to have a government efablithed there, fimilar to
that north-weft of the river Ohio. My inquiries er-
able me to add, that the population amounts to near
four thoufaid fouls.
Mr. Ellicott further, ifotits- that he has not only
eiafon tobelieve, but is ewstain that asti y grants for
lands in that djftri&, :have been given oPt by the offit
cers of the government of Louifianaj fine the ratifi,
cation of the late treaty, and that their furveyors are
now executing the furveys..
On the 14th of April, when Mr. Ellicoft was folding
up his difpatches, he teceivtqd from Governor Gayofo
the letter, No. 20, of that date, complaining of the
inliflment of perfons in that diftria, as an infringement
of the rights of his Catholic Majefty,; and requtefting
-that the perfons inlifted might be discharged To
which Mr. Ellicott immediately returned the answer,
No. 21 ; obferving, that the matter required inveftiga-
tion; but affuring Governor Gayofo, that he would be
careful neither to infringe the rights of the fibje&s of
his Catholic Majefty, nor willingly fuffer thole of ihe
citizens of the United States to be infringed.
The bearer of Mr. Ellicott's dispatches informs me,
that before he left the Natchez they had heard that two
gun-boats were preparing at New-Orleans to bring up
reinforcements; andfince his arrival I have received
information which, connected with this detail of fads,
is entitled to belief, That about the tenth of May, three
large boats, full of troops, besides a party by land, fet
- off from New-Orleans for the Natchez. It was added,
for the purpofe of driving off the continental troops
that had taken poffeffion, agreeably to the late treaty.



:, un I 2, i097. I fiha juft rteeived hoom'iie Secre-
tary of Var, two letters (which'l'hve numbered 22
and:f .3) d th tfle S8tti:of hlernber,: I796, !frim the
officer 4f his'-CAtk6li Ic'Majeft yommanding the pofA
at New-Madrid,-ohe' "addrefled to the late GentraL
Wayne, apg th'e other td IAeinteintt Taylor, whdm thd
general fent thither' with latter to obtain information
relative to the delivery of the pots occupied by his Ca-
tholic Majefly's troops within tiheterridory oftbei United
States; by 'which it appears,:aihatthe le4;auation of
thofe pots Was at that ittne propof'd to be'deferred,
merely becauNwfthe water df the Millifipi was fo low as
to render the trtnfport of artillery, &c. very difficult,
and the navigation dangerous. :,g

? .J :

__ ___


(No. i.)
Manuel Gayofo de Lemos to the Hon. A. Ellicott.
SOME gentlemen that left you at the mouth of the
Qhio, have informed me of your approaching arrival
here, and that to attend you on your conmiflion youi
bring a military guard.and fome woods-nen.
It is with pleafure, that I propofe myfelf the fatisfac-
tion offering you here, and to make your acquaintance.
Tho' I do not conceive that tihe left difficulty will
arife refpeaing the execution of the part of the treaty in
which you are an airig person; yet, as we are not pre-
pared to evacuate the pots immediately, for want of
the veffels that I expe& will arilve f6on, I find it indif-
penfable to request you to l-a\%e the troops about the
mouth of Bayon Pierre, where they may be provided
with all their necefai-ies xvhich you can regulate on
your arrival here. By this means, every unforefeen
miffaidefitanding will be -prevenfed between his Majef-
ty's troops, and thofe of the .United States ;' besides, it
is'neceflaify to make fome arrangements previous to'the
airtlvaiofthe troops, oniwhich fubje&t I hall have the
hoibir 6fenitertainiig you wvheh we meet.
I embrace this opportunity to afure you of the fatis-
fadion I feel in being appointed to a& in concert with
Syboi, tho' your firf interview is to be with the General
ii Chief of this Prbviice.
I have the honor to be, with itb hil, ighef conjderdtion,
Totr mnf lu;i, l, obmedient fervant,
Natchez, February 17th, 1797-
The Honorable A. ELLICOTT.

(No. 2.)
Baron de 'Carondelet to the Hon. A. Ellicott.

Natchez, 24th February, 1797.
BY.your favor of this day, delivered to me by Mr.
Nolan, I learn with pleafure, your arrival at this poft,
in the charader of Commiffioner in behalf of the United
States, to afcertain the boundaries between the territo-
ries of his moft Catholic Majefty and the faid United
I have the honor to be, with the highest refpecR,
Tour mofl humble fervant,
(A true Copy.)
The Honorable A. ELLICOTT.

(No. 3.)
'Hon. Andrew Ellicott, to the Baron de Carondelet.
Nachez, February 27th 1797.
IT is with pleasure I embrace this opportunity of in-
forming you of my fafe arrival at this place, as Commif-
fioner in behalf of the United States, for afcertaining
the boundaries between the territories of his moft Catho-
lic Majefty and thofe of the United States.
The polite manner in which I have been received at
the polls on the Miflifippi, now in poffeffion of his moft
Catholic Majefty, demands my thanks and gratitude,
and am in hopes that a similar condu& will be observed
on our part.
I have the honor to be, &c., &c. &c.
The Baron de CARONDELET.


(No. 4.)
(T R A N S L A T ION.)
New-Orleans, March iYf, 1797.
I HAVE received with great fatisfation, your friend-
ly letter of the 27th of February laft; in confequence of
which, I congratulate you on your arrival in this coun-
try in the chara&er of Commiffioner on the part of the
United States, to run the dividing line between the ter-
ritories of his moft Catholic Majefty, and the United
States. You likewise did me the favor to mention with
what kindnefs and attention you were received at the
different pofts, as well as by the whole government
under my direaion; and from the general principles of
your nation, I have no doubt but the fame condua
will be obferved on the part of the United States.
God guard you,
Moft excellent Sir,

(No. 5.)
Hon. A. Ellicott, to Manuel, Gayofo de Len;os.
Natchez, March ith, 1797.-
THE conduct of the Indians yesterday and laft night,
owing principally to their conflant fate of intoxication,
renders it absolutely neceffary, in my opinion, to have
recourfe to my military effort for proteaion. The dif-
cipline of our army is fuch, that you may. reft affured,
none of the inconveniencies "mentioned in your firft
communication to me, are to be apprehended from the
efcort's being stationed at this place on our part. And
as the attendance of the guard forms a part of the treaty
now carrying into effect between his moft Catholic Ma-
jefty and the United States, which I am authorized to
declare will be observed by the nation I have the honor


p. -

to represent, with good faith and pun&uality, I muft
request the favor of you to withdraw your objections
against my efcort's joining me at this place as foon as
I am, &c. &c.
His Excellency

(No. 6.)
Manuel Gaypfo de Lemos to the Hon. A. Elticott.
Natchez, 12th March, 1797.
THIS morning I had the pleasure to receive your
amicable communication, dated'yefterday. I give you my
fincere thanks for having eftablifhed this form of inter-
courfe, as it will make ourbufi efs more eafy, and in-
deed, it is more conformable to the fincere friendship we
have contraded.
In answer to your faid letter, I will remark, that fucli
conduct of the Indians is not customary here; I fore-
faw that it would happen, from the moment you chewed
a defire of having your colours flying, before all the
tranfadions were terminated; knowing the Indians as
well as I do, this \ras the reaibn of the objections I of-
fered the moment I faw it hoifted, for otherwise I know"
it very well, that it is frequently ufed by the repfrefeita-
tives of any nation in a foreign country ; it's even donrie
in Spain by foreign Confuls. I am forry you should"
have experienced any inconvenieney from this particular
citeurtiftance, and that urged.' by fuch effet&s to wi(h to
have by you your efcort. I have not the leaft objeclion
that it i:ould be called from its actual ftatioti; but as it
is my duty, and that I am anfuverable for the tranquility
of the country that's entrurfed to my charge. I mull
propofe to you a method that will ahfiiier every good
and fatisfacrory purpofe. Hid noty)ou heen unlickily
flbpped on your voyage to this- country, youi woiUld

11` ~.


have had immediately the General of the Province here,
to begin the operation of demarking the divifory line be-
- tween the territories of his Catholic Majefty and thole
of the United States of America. He had every necell'iry
preparation to attend to the bufinefs; but fince the time
,he had a.right to expect the Commiffioners of the United
States, the war with England has taken place, and his
cares thereby increased, yet he expected to have had it
Sin his power to come to meet you at Daniel Clarke's,
SEfquire, which place is near the point of the 310, but
he has found it impoffible, as it would oblige him to
make too long an absence from New-Orleans; therefore,
it is myfelfthat will have the honor to accompany you
on that important commiffion, on behalf of his Catho-
lic Majefty. This is the moment when I am in want of
every individual thing, both for my person, and for the
attendants of the commiffion, tho' the Geometer and
other officers that are to be employed, are already on
their way from New-Orleans, and will flop at Clarkes-
ville, where I fall go myfelf as foon as my equipage ar-
rives from the capital; but this will inevitably take fbme
time, therefore the plan that I wished to arrange with
you, will be to make Loftus's Cliffs our point of re-uni-
on. This place is a fort distance from Clarkefville, and
it is a very healthy situation ;-there I will fend every
thing concerning the Spanifh comrmifion; and that will
be the moft convenient place to eftablifh, for a while,
your head-quarters, under your military efcort. By
adopting this meafure, you will have your people toge-
ther, and the moft diftant difagreeable occurrence avoid-
ed, as I am positively confident that fome would happen
by the conjunction here, as you propofe. It is true, that
by the treaty an efcort is fuppofed, and even recom-
mended to each commiffion, but it is to be on the line,
and not at a distance from it where it. would interfere
with other bufinefs; therefore, I feel fenfibly hurt that-
it is out of my power to content in the landing of the
troops in this place, tho' I have not the leaft objecion
on their going direly to Loftus's Cliffs.

I have giveif the moll positive orders to preivat the
Indians getting liquor; and to their interpreter I have
given the ftrieft charge to, be always in fight, ;and to-
morrow I expect that they 'will remove to fopm djflance
from hence. .
I have the honor tobe, with the highest rcfpea and
Tour moft qianiTiate friend,:
And'humble fervant,
(A true Copy.) M. Q-o L os.
D. GILLESPIE, Secretary.

(No. 7.)
Hon. A. Ellicott to Manuel Gayofo de Lemos,_,.
Natchez, March'I3th, 1797.
YOUR fair of yesterday was handed to" me in due
time, which would have been answered fooner, had not
the ftorm laft night prevented me from writing in my
tent. Your letter, as well as many circumstances which
have come to my knowledge, contain frefh proofs of
your defire to promote good order and harmony in this
part of the country. But, Sir, I cannot fuppofe that
any inconvenience could poffibly arife, or the peace of
this settlement be disturbed by the arrival and landing
of the efcort which I left at Bayon Pierre : If I did fup.
pofe the contrary, I truft that I Ihould be one of the laft
perfons to propofe the measure. In my opinion, the
efcort which accompanied me, is as much bound to ob-
ferve good order in this country, as the troops of his
Catholic Majefty. This is not an opinion of the day, it
has uniformly been mine ever fince I left the feat of our
government: In confequence of which, immediately
upon my. entering the Millifippi, I ilfued a standing
order, that when any of our party, the military included,


fhoul4 be at any place where tlhe jiuridithiin was exer-
cif 4 by his Catholic Majefty, the laws and ufages:of
that government should be observed and ftinpitted toi
the moll pointed manner. The eccorts by the fpirit o"
the treaty, are intended for our mutual protection again
ftragling hoffile Indians, and the prfervatioh of our
ftores. This appear to be their whole bufinefs.
As I hope that mere punailios may never interrupt
Sour friendship, and the conduct of the Indians having
- become more peaceable fince the night before laft, I am ,
lefs anxious for the efcort's being flationed at my pre-
fent encampment: I would, therefore, to prevent any
disturbance or mifunderftanding, propose that the officer
who commands the efcor-t which accompanied me to
Bayon Pierre, be direaed to proceed down the river to
Bacon Landing, from whence he may come to this
place and procure fuch neceffaries as he may be i. want
of for the enfuing feafon. ,
As this is the place designated by the treaty f6r out
meeting, and making our arrangements for carrying on
the bufinefs, I conceive there would be an impropriety
in my leaving it till your excellency is ready to join met
in fixing the firft point of latitude. -
lam, &c. &c.
D. GILLESPIE, Secretary.
NOTE-The laft two paragraphs were added after
having had a private conversation with the Governor,

(No. 8.)
Manuel Gayofo de Lemos to the Hon. A. Ellicott.
SDEA : Natchez, 14th March, 1797.
I DO myfelf the pleafure to acknowledge' the recep-
-tion of your favor, dated, ofyefterday, and am very hap-
py to find, that our sentiments uniformly agree in every
thing that can combine the mutual interests of our
nations, and I pledge you my honor and frendfhip,


that every Ifep of my conduct hall be guided by this
principle, impreffed in me by my duty and by the very
particular attachment I have for you.
I have the honor to be, with the greatest efteem and
affecion, My dear Sir,
T aur moft humble obedient fervant,
SD-GIL ESPIE, Secretary.
the Honorable ANDREV ELLICOTT,
(No. 9.)
S Hen A. Elliccti to Manuel Gayofo de Lemos.
Natchez, Marcb 23d, 1797.
THE re-mounting of the cannon at this place at the
very moment when our troops are!daily expeaed down
to take poffeflion of it, the infolent treatment which the
citizens of the UnIited States have received at the Wal-
nut-hills, and the delay in the bufinefs upon which I
came, concurin giving ame reafon to f appofe, that the
treaty will not be observed with the fame good faith and
punauality'by the fubjeas of his Catholic lajely, as,it
will by the citizens of the United States. I hope your
excellency will.give fuch an explanation of the above,
as to remove my doubts and apprehensions, which, I
am afraid have been too juftly excited.
lam, &c. &c,
His Excellency
(No. io.)
*Mr. ELLICOTT'S compliments to his friend .over-
nor Gayofo, and wishes to be informed, whether the
.following information which he received this day, that
-all the works at the Chickefaw Bluffs have been either
demolishedd or carried to the opposite fide of the river,
and that every exertion is making at the Walnut-hills, to
,put that poftin a fate of defence," be correct.
March 23d,'1797.

I. 1


*' No..XI.]

From ,affls Excellency Maiiad Glayff de Lemos, to And rek
E, llic,,:, Efquzre,

S NJatchcz, March 2d, I797.
'.: Y DEAR aIR,
I: '.i AVE jft :now received yIur communication of
Sihjs day, by which I amnry to find the confrpElion
Syou put on tle ftoring-of the ammunitions that came fromt
the WVlnut Hills in this Fort; I have no other place
o~put them in, fort would he imprudent to;eave them
expofed in anl unfecure place t a time when the Indian
might take ad\:antage of us, if they found that in the
prefent circu~~tanes we aMdd without the necelTfabi pre-
tautions. At the-time you f.t mre conducing ammuni.
tions to the fort. you *wih likewife fee as man)' go eut of
it fr the Arkcaafa. to reinforce that -pofl, which will now
be tcxpofod to diw incljrfims, of the Ofage Iedins., who in
thela t Iea-on pillaged thp whire:huncers-of hatl country,
-I 4wtme irly aroquai iaed with any ill *trCsrnent rtht
the citizens of.the United States should have received at
the, .W.alnt Iils :. ITyo)u mean 'the. execution of the or-
ders of the General in Chief of this province to demolish
that port, it was in confequence of our treaty with the In-
dians that they might have no jult reafon to complain of
our conduct, but fince I bh. e been informed of their un-
rltled-dilpofitien. I have fent counter orders to fafpend
every thing that might injure the actual eftate of thofe for-
tifiGcaionS, and in fuch circumflances fall not move any
Sthliig elfe until the arrival of the Aineican troops that
ere d4ai4y. pelted.
; The.unavoidable detention that has bea experienced
in beginning the lne, you know the real[ns, but thev
(hall foon be removed, as Lieutenant Col. Guillemard is
far on his way up,.and at his arrival tiis important bulG-
wefs hall be kegun.


I do affureyou that there is nothing that can prevent
the religious compliance of the treaty, though I might ob-
ferve, that the conduf of fome perfons that feem to affect
an immediate interest for the United States is fuch, as to
occupy my attention: I requell that you will be fo kind
as to take fuch measures as to fupprefs untimely expres-
fions that can only tend to difturb the tranquility of the
public, of which 1 am folely anfwereble for the present.
As I was finishing this Mr. Gillefpie brought to me
your note inquiring if the work- at the Bluffs had been
destroyed, or removed to the other fide of the river.
What I have already faid concerning our treaty with
the Indians I fuppofe has guided the General of this
Province to take that itep. I really do not lnow whe-
ther they are destroyed or not. I give you my word that
I did not know what was to be done there, and it is on-
ly by Baron Baffrop that I learn that that poll would
foon be evacuated; but as this is a thing that only regards
the General of the Province, I cannot account for it, nor
can I fay more on the fubjeEt, as all the orders proceed
from him, that poft being entirely out of myjurifdilion,
My dear Sir, your moft humble obedient fervant and
The Honorable Andrew Ellicott.

[No. XII.]
From.Andrew Ellicott, Efquire, to his Excellency Manuel
Gayofo de Lemos.
Natchez, March 24, 1797.
IT is with pleafure I acknowledge the receipt of your
Excellency's very fatisfaaory letter of yefferday. You
may reft affured that I have, and hall continue to dis-
countenance every measure, and the propagation of any
opinion which may have a tendency to diflurb the good
order and harmony of this settlement. I hall clofe this
with requefling that the Commandant of the Walnut


"Hills be dire&ed to treat the citizens of the United States
with polirenef. when they flop at that poft, as a contrary
conduct may be attended with difagreeable confequen-
ces on a river which both nations have an equal right to
I am, with sentiments of real esteem,
Your fincere and affectionate friend,
H 'is Excellency
Manuel Gayofo de Lemos.

[No. XIII.]
f-'omn His Excellency Manuel Gayofo de Lemos, to Andrew
Ellicott, Ejquire.
Natchez, March 25, 1797.
BY every report you are acquainted with the confirm.
nation of every thing I have told you concerning our bu-
finefs; you know that LieutenantCol. Guillemard will
be here very foon, and that immediately we hall proceed
to the running of the line, But as nothing but friendly
k arrangements are to guide bur conduct, it is neceffary to
avoid every shadow of compulfion. By the contents of
my letter to Captain Pope, you will fee my reafons;
therefore, I request that you will join a couple of lines to
avoid any more writing.
I am surrounded by many people who have bufinefs,
this being court day, though I have tried to difembarrafs
Snyfelf, but cannot wait uponyou.
I am, with the highest efteem and refpe&t,
My dear Sir,
Your moft humble fervant and friend,,
The Honorable.
Andrew Ellicott.

- .

[No. XIV.]
Fromn Aidrew Ellicott, Efquire, to Lieulrnant Pople.
Narhte:, Marci 25, 1797.
THIS willbe handedJ ou by Major Minor, a friend
of mine, an officer in the service of his Catholic Majefty;
your polite attention to him will be cofidered as a par-
ticular favor conferred upon me. By order of Governor
Gayofo; his letter to you of this day has been fliewn to
me, his requeftfor you, and the troops under your com-
mand, to remain for an indefinite time above this place,
appears to me a very extraordinary one ; sufficient time
has already been given by the United States for the eva-
cuation of all the pobfs on theeaft fide of the fiffiffippi,
above the 31ft degree of north latitude; and from the
troops of his Catholic Maje11y carrying up and remount-
ing the cannot at this place, I 'cannot pretend to fay that
anevacuation is really intended in any reasonable time.
Froom this cirtimftancfeI should conclude that'the bfoner
tou are here the better. However, as I have no contioul
over the destination of the troops of the United States ex-
cept my own efcort, I hall take it for granted that your
inftrudions are sufficiently pointed to direct your con-
duct. Pleafe to accept of my fincere wilies for the fafe
and fpeedy arrival of yourself and troops at this place;
and am, Dear Sir,your friend and humble fervant,
Lieutenant Pope.

ENo. xV.]
Don MaJn,,uf Gayofo te Lemnos, Brigadier in the Aoyal Ar-
mies, Governor Military and Civil of Natchez and its
Depend ncies, &c. &e. &c.
WHERE AS the political fiuation of this Country
offers a large field to bufy and malignant minds to dis-
turb the tranquility of its inhabitants, it is therefore my



ility, and the continuation, of that vigilance which t
hita conflantly exerted not only to promote the happi,
Defs of ever indi, idual of this Government,; but likewifa
rftpporr their interest and'fecure their .tranquility; that
rlfbp forth to warn the public against being led by their
nocent credulity againflt ny measure thatmayibe pro-
tiuclive of ill consequences. and fruflra-te:all tkl advan-
tagesithey have a right to expef~: And by the present
I aflbre to them if they continue as they have always,
done, with ftri& attachment to the welfare of his Catho-
lic Majefty's Government, from which will depend the
following f,.vorable 'events,-viz.-His Majefty has offer-
ed to support the rights of the inhabitants to the real pro-
pertv. and until that is afcertained, I am bound to keep
pflfclIior of this country, as l.iewife until we are ftir the
Indians will be pacific.
Contrary to the generate expeaiation the fame indul.
gtnce that unril now proteaed the inhabitants in diftrefs
will be contirnuedduaingf his Mtijefty's sovereignty in this
Country; ard this beingithe fmin in which the planters
are employed in prepariri-for an enfiAng crop, none
fall be diflurbed from' that important object on account
of their depending debts. The rpifconftrutlion of what
ik the enjoyment' of the liberty of confidence is hereby
pofitively explained to be, th;t no individual of this Go-
vernment hall be molefted on account of religious prin-
d fples, and that they fhall not be hinderedin their private
meetings, but no other public worship will be allowed
but that generally effablifhed in all his Majefly's domini-
on,. which is the Catholic religion.
Thefe important objects, that until now have not been
published, though refolved, I acquaint the public with,
apprehenfive of the dangerous infinuations of federal per-
fois that haVh made it their bufinefs to dazzle the public
with falfe notions tS ferve their own purpose in the fpecu-
lation of l-ads that are lawfully held by all the inhabi-
tanfts of this Government, therefore I firmly rely that o
perfon will deviate from the principles of adhefion to our
Government -tuil the negociauions that are now on foot

between his Majefly and the United States of America,
are concluded, and thereby the real property of the inha-
bitants fecured.
GIVEN under my Hand and the Seal of my Arms,
and counterfigned by-the Secretary of this Govern-
ment, by H. M. at the Government Houfe,
Natchez.-- ;
29th March, 1797.

[No. XVI.]

WHIER EAS the alarming cit-cumfiancesthat prevailed
for a while in this Government, obliged me to circulate
proclamations, wherein I warned the people of their im-
mediate danger. Now, that thefe troubles have fubfided,
I cannot but publish my approbation, and applaud that
upright fenfe of duty that the inhabitants have fhewn to
the laws of our gracious Sovereign, by fecondihg hisre-
prefentative, the right they have fo juftly acquired of be-
ing considered the moft loyal fubjeAs of his Majefty.
In my laft publication I mentioned that until the real
property should be fecured to the inhabitants, this coun-
try should be considered in the fame situation as before,
as likewise while the pacific difpofition of the Indians
was not afcertained. I find it my duty to explain that a
negotiation is now carrying on to fecure the right of the
faid real property. As that right cannot be fecured but,
by an additional article to the late Treaty, and until that
article is officially communicated to me, I am bound to
keep poffeffion of the country, and continue to its inha-
bitants the fame indulgence and the fame anxious pro-
tetion as until now. The negotiations with the Indians
will produce the fame effeas, as it is impoffible for his.
Majefly toleave unproteaed fo many of his faithful fub-
jeas,, and expofe other fettlements to the revengefuLdis-
pofition of difcontented Indians; thefe important objets

_ _n

are of the greatest moment to every perfon in this Govern-
m ent ; their interest and allegiance to his Majefty binds
them to keep ffeady in 'their principles of loyalty, until
by the definitive arrangements of both nations a change
takes place. Being informed that fome perfons are ap-
prehenlfie that violent measures will be taken against
thole that seemed plea ed with the profpeds of becoming
citizens.of the United States, I declare that fuch a notion
is' unfounded, as likewise the fufpicion, that individu-
als would be prevented from moving to any part they
pleafe, either within his Majefty's dominions or elsewhere,
as it is notorious iha to fuc~l obstacle was ever offered to
Sandy bod, ,it being contrary to one of the greatest prero-
gatives that.are enjoyed by his Majefty's fubjedts.
Maich 29th, 1797.

[No; XVII]
From Andrew Ellicott, Eftuiue, to His Excellency Manves
Gayojo de Lemos.
.. Natchez, March 31~J i797.
I WAS laft evening addreffed by a number of refpec-
table inhabitants of the Diftria of Natchez. They are
very much alarmed for their situation, in confequence of
having expreffed their pleasure, fince my arrival at this
Solace, in fpeedily becoming citizens of the United States:
Your proclamation of the 28th infant, they conceived
renders that event doubtful. They have therefore from
Sconfiderations of personal safety, and to avoid the infults
which many of them have experienced from one or more
officers of'a fmall grade in this diftriet, have called upon
ine to ufe my influence with your Excellency to grant
them, and all others who incline to leave this country,
the privilege of difpofing of their properties, and paffports
to enable them to reach the frontiers of fuch fates as they
Smay be inclined to remove to. I kre now flated the



fulbftance of their application, and affure your ExceIllela
cy, from the refpe6tability of the applicants, it is a fub,
jeatin which I.feel myfdefinterefted, and to which I re-
queft your Excellency's attention.
Everfince 4 arrived in this diflri', I have uniformly
recommended to the inhabitAnts arquiet fubmiflion to the
Government low ii force ; at the fame ti e they have
been in the Tnoft explicit niarnnor allure,.thsit the period
would not :be far diflant when thejurifdition of the VU
united States, would be extended to them. But they are
not satisfied; they have their fiifpicions; and it is your
Excellency alone that can quiet -ldm. iJet the cannon
and military flores be again taken out-of the:fort; w ith,
draw your dbjfEtions to the arrival of the American
tioaps; and their appreheofions will fubide. I do not
pretend to fay that their apprchcnfions are wivll founded;
it is poffible they are not-; but your objeaion to my es-
cort's being fiationed with me, your hauling back and re-
mounting the cannon at this ,place, your difpatching
Major Minor to delay the arrival of the troops of the U-
hited States at this polr, added to your Excellenty's pro-
clamation, however .well 'meant, hawe had a contrary
effect, by encreafing their fears.
I have enclofed two paragraphs of the addrefs which
was handed to me laft evening.
I am, &c. &,c.

[No. XVIII .]

MANY whole ideas of allegiance had been prepoiude
rent from the treaty until the t/me of ) our arrival at tais
plzce. thought themselves at full liberty to announcedtheir
lenriments in any way thft might. not affet the operations
of peace and good order in society. But the result is a
melancholy coniraft to the cordnilrtion. Some have been
already torn away from the bofom of agricultural life,

EZr' 1


td conveyed to prifon with every indignant epithet that
malevolence could invent. Scouts are rolling the courn-
tryin various directions, breathing threats of vengeance
gainft thofe who had unguardedly thrown afide the
isafk of duplicity; and a number are waiting with folici-
t de the moment of their fate.
There are many in this country to whofe exertions A-
Sinerica is muchindebted for her political existence. We
call upon you in the name of fuch; we call upon you in
the name of every friend to that emblem of peace and
kiince which has been recently displayed to us; to ftan1
forth with a confidence suitable to the dignity of your
commillion, and demand of the Governor, paffportsg,
i'irtl leave for all fuch as would difpofe of their property
ian4 vail themselves of a change of situation by withdraw-
ig to the United States.

{No. XIX.]
From His Excellency Manuel Gayofo de Lemor, to Andrew
Elhcott, Efqzure.
Natchez, March 31Jf, 1797.
I HAVE juft now received your favor of this day,
in which you informed of the application of several re-
fpeCtable inhabitants of this Government to you, requeft-
ing your interpofition to facilitate to then a privilege that
they never ceafed enjoying, and in which confifts the
pgeatefL liberty of a Spaniard. Thereis nor one single
nftance in our Government of having de opposition
to a perfon's felling his property, and '.ing the coun-
try, whenever they called for ; p4 po d as our fys-
ten is not altered, I fall not refuse OrNfirie privilege
to aay person that may apply for it.
I arn forry to find, that thofe persons who have ad.
dreffed you, have impofed upon your credulity and good.
; '* r '

ners, in making ufe of remonftrances proper to make
fenfation on the feelings of a good citizen of the United
States-but there is not a word of truth in wha t they have
advanced. I have not taken notice of the fatisfadion
that fome perfons have expreffed on' the profpea of be-
coming citizens of the United States-a-nor has any body
been apprehended for it-nor have I iffued any order for
fuch a purpose, but against Mr. Green, fen. /who had
made his efcape, confcious of the criminality of his con-
duE, which is notorious ; and indeed in all the extent of
this Government, there is but one single individual con-
fined, and that is for a criminal proceeding. There is
not a single patrol out in fearch of any one-nor juft in
this moment do I find occasion for it; but if I should, I
would employ every means in my power to fupprefs dis-
order, and to keep the peace of the country, as I have al-
ways done.
I doubt not of the affurances you pleafe to give me of
tl~. .,:,od advice you have uniformly givento the people--
it b bng conformable to the charader of a gentleman,
whole objet is another than that of interfering in the mat-
rtrs of Government.
NIv Proclamation I found absolutely neceffary to calm
the minds of the people-flating to them the true fitua.
riin of the political arrangements between his Majefty
ani- the United States, which does not diffolve the Trea-
ty, but requires an effential explanation, not only with
rei. .rd to the points alluded to in my Proclamation, but
hlkrewife as I am authorized to declare to you, that the
General of this Province finds himfelfunder the neceffity
to confult his MNIjefly concerning the manner in which
the Pofts are ta-be ex acuated ; as it appears by General
Wayne's communication to him, that he expeAs that the
Polis will be delivered with the buildings standing as they
are ; and by the Treaty, we conceive that the Pofts are
to be demolished before we leave them ; and as fuch in-
terpretation of the true meaning of the Treaty either one
way or the other [it] might produce unneceffary minis-
teri.l contefts, my General* has given me positive orders



to fufpend the evacuations of the Polls until the matter
hall be amicibly fettled between the two Courts. Inthe
mean, while, if the troops of- the United States that are
daily expeaed, arrive, they (hall be received at Noalics
in the moft friendly and hospitable manner, as is due, to
a nation with whom we are at perfect peace, and with
whom we wifh to keep the moft perfee harmony.
I flatter myfelf you will do me the j4ftice to acknow-
ledge the propriety of my condud in obeying the superior
order of my General, who is actuated by the principles
cof the ftriEteft honor in supporting the interest of his Ma-
jefty intrufted to him.;.
The uniform good harmony that we have reciprocally
SprQmiifcd to each other will tubfit ; and it will not be
only our duty but our glory to banifh every shadow of
riifunderftanding, which is wrongly interpreted by the
public, without any more foundation than affifted thofe
that tried to perfuade you of wrongs that they never fuf-
I am, with sentiments of the moll fincere efleem, and
true friendship. &C.

[No. XX.]

From His Excellency Manuel Gayofo de Lemos, to Andrew
Ellicott, Efquire.
Natchez, April 14th, 1797.
I AM informed that the Officer commanding your
efcort, has enlisted federal perfons, residents of this Go-
vernment, which being against the laws ofnaiions, I can-
not pafs unnoticed, it being an infringement on the fo-
vereignty of the King my mailer, and a difregard of the
authority refiding in me.
SI cannot persuade myfelf that it was done intentionally,
nor thinking that it could give the moft remote offence ;

I _


but as the matter is of a mofl delicate nature, I requelt
you to give the neceffary orders, that the men fo enlisted
may be discharged, and delivered to Major Minor, whom
I commiffion for this purpose.
The object of the efcort not being to raife men in this
country, while under His Catholic Majefty's dominion,
I requeft of you likewise to give the moft precife and pofi-
five orders to the officer of the troops, or to whom it mtay
appertain, to discontinue fuch proceedings, or any thing
that may injure the immunity of the King's dominions,
or his royal rights.
The molt perfe& harmony and friendfiip fubfiffing
between His Catholic Majefly and the United States of
America, the fame being recommended in the rioft par-
ticular manner to the individuals of both nations, it
would be unaccountable if we,'that have had the honor
to be diftinguifhed by our appointments, did not pro-
mote this friendly reciprocity, which not only confifts in
a hofpitable and polite intercourfe, but guarding and
keeping to one another the prerogatives and privileges
that are due.
Enclofed I have the honor of tranfinitting to you a lift
of the men, that to my knowledge, have been recruited,
or suffered to be recruited, in this Government, by the
Officer commanding your effort.
I have the honor to be,
with the fincereft friendship,
my dear Sir,
your molt humble and obedient fervant,

The Honorable
Andrew Ellicoti.

(co P .)

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tbt as the matter is of a moff delicate nature, I request
you to give the neceffary orders, that the men fo enlisted
may be discharged, and delivered to Major Minor, whom
I commiffion for this purpose.
The object of the effort not being to raife men in this
country, while under His Catholic Majefty's dominion,
I request of you likewife to give the moft precife and pofi-
tive orders to the officer of the troops, or to whom it may
appertain, to difcontinue fueh proceedings, or any thing
that may injure the immunity of the King's dominions,
or his royal rights.
The moft perfea harmony and friendfhip fubfifling
between His Catholic Majefly and the United States of
America, the fame being recommendedin the moft par-
ticular manner to the individuals of both nations, it
would be unaccountable if we,'that have had the honor
to be diflinguifhed by our appointments, did notpro-
mote this friendly reciprocity, which not only confifts in
a hofpitable and polite intercourse, but guarding anti
keeping to one another the prerogatives and privileges
that are due.
Enclofed I have the honor of tranfinitting to you a lift
of the men, that to my knowledge, have been recruited,
or suffered to be recruited, in this Government, by the
Officer commanding your efcort.
I have the honor to be,
with the fincereft friendship,
my dear Sir,
your moft humble and obedient fervant,

The Hinorable
Andrew Ellicott.


I_ I

Irj~~~ __ __ _

r4l of this province, refpefing the Treaty of Friendfhip,
Namiltion and Limits, between the United States of
America, and the King my master. I here enclofe a
copy of my letter to him, wherein I hope you will find
sufficient and fatisfadory information. As Lieut. Taylor
has, according to his inftruEions, determined to return
from here without going any further down, I am about
fending immediately an exprefs to New Orleans with
your Excellency's letter to the Governor-General of
Louifiana; I will think myself happy if I have succeeded
in complying with your intentions.
I have the honor to lie, with great refpe&,
Yonir Excellency's moft obedient humble fervant,
Lieutenant Colonel in His Catholic
-Majefty's service, and Commander
of the poft of New Madrid.
Major General Anthony Wayne,
commanding the army of the
United States of America.

[No. XXIII.]

F1rom Lieutenant Colonel Charles de Hault de Laffus, to
Lieutenant Taylor.

New Madrid, on the Mififfipi,
December i8th, 1796.
S 1 R,
ACCORDING to his Excellency Major General
Wavne's defire. I have the honor to inform you of my
having received from the Governor-General of this Pro-
vince, information refpedinlg the ratification'of-the Trea-
ty of Friendfhip, Navigation and Limits, between the
King my mailer, and the United States of America.
You have feen in his letter which I have read to you, that
I have orders not to prevent in the leaft the going down




the Mififfiippi of the Commiffioners appointed oV the.part
of the United States to fix the limits, and of the troops
| who are to accompany them; but that in the mean time
he orders me to tell them, that the evacuation of the
pofts cannot take place until the time of high waters. I
will beg leave to obferve to you, that although this is the
affirmative anfwer that General Wayne fpeaks of, yet as
he fays that the troops, who are to take poffeffion of the
pots, are now waiting at Fort Maffac, their coming
down the river immediately, that is, before the high wa-
ters, would be somewhat fooner than the Governor-Ge-
neral of this Province feems to expea, and somewhat
contrary to Major-General Wayne's own intentions, fince
he tells the Baron de Carondelet, in his letter, to appoint
the moft convenient time for the evacuation of the pofls.
I hope you will be fo good as to make that obfervation to
fuch officers as are in poffeffion of General Wayne's or-
ders refpeaing the taking of poffeffion of the poffs, and
at the fame time to make them fenfible of the convenience
it will be to-oith the Americans and the Spaniards to wait
for a more proper feafon for the tranfport of artillery,
baggage, provisions, &c. which could not be moved at
this prefent time, without much trouble and rifk on ac-
count of the river being fo remarkably low, as to render
its navigation very dangerous.
I have the honor to be,
Your moft obedient humble fervant,
Lieutenant Colonel in his Catholic
Majefty's service, and Commander
Sof the Poft of New Madrid.

To Lieut. Taylor.


ioth JuN~, 17c7. -
I I HEREBY Certify, That the foregoing Documents
numbered from 1 to 2z, inclufive, are true copies of the
original communication from Andrew Ellicott, Efquire,
the Commiflioner of the United States, appointed to run
the Boundary Line between their territory and His Ca-
tholic Majefty's Colonies of Eaft and Weft Florida, to
the Secretary of State.
Chief Clerk.


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