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Title: Confederate Muster Rolls Survey: Introductory chapters from Florida in the war between the states
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Title: Confederate Muster Rolls Survey: Introductory chapters from Florida in the war between the states
Series Title: Confederate Muster Rolls Survey: Introductory chapters from Florida in the war between the states
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Main 33
    Back Cover
        Page 35
        Page 36
Full Text
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PREFACE


Many attempts have been made to compile a perfect or
near perfect record of Florida's Soldiers in the War Between
the States. While this is not a perfect record, it is as
near a perfect one as the records at hand could give. The
records used are held by the War Department at the State
Arsenal in St. Augustine, Florida.

These records have been carefullygone over, names ex-
tracted, and all work verified for spelling and typographical
errors.

The source of information from which these rolls were
made wbri. photostatic copies of the original Muster Rolls of
the Soldiers of Florida. The original rolls were made as the
men were enlisted and contain the most truthful source of in-
formation as yet found.

We have tried to give as complete information on each
man as possible, but the Muster Rolls seldom ran from the date
of enlistment to the date of mustering out. Many of the rolls
were torn or illegible. Some were taped with non-transparent
tape, thus making distinction of names and dates almost im-
possible. Still with various sources of information at hand,
most of these were found.

So it is with pleasure that we give to the people of
Florida a book that we feel will contain most of the inform-
ation they desire. Before each regiment will be found a short
description of its activities. It is to be regretted that there
is not more to be found and given in the limited space. How-
ever enough information is given to show the spirit in which
Florida's Soldiers gallantly did more than their duty.


II -


II









FLORIDA IN THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES


With the causes that led up to the war and the convention
that took Florida out of the Union, this record has nothing to do,
but it may with propriety mention some facts precedent to the
organization of the various companies and regiments that served
during the War Between the States.

In January 1861, the United States occupied, on the Appala-
chioola river the arsenal at Chattachoochee, where a small
quantity of arms and munitions of war were stored; on Pensacola
Bay, the Navy Yard, Fort Barrancas with forty pieces of artillery,
the Fort Barrancas barracks, where there was a battery of field
artillery, Fort McRae with 125 pieces of artillery, Fort Pickens
with 201 heavy guns; on Amelia Island, the uncompleted work, Fort
Clinch; at St. Augustine, Fort Marion with 6 field batteries, and
at the extreme south Fort Taylor and the barracks at Key West
and on Garden Key, one of the Dry Tortugas, the stupendous but
uncompleted work, Fort Jefferson, covering thirteen and one-half
acres, and designed to mount 300 guns, which it had been the
special ambition of Jefferson Davis, as Secretary of War and
Senator, to make the commanding fortress of the Gulf.

On January 5, 1861, Senator Yulee wrote from Washington to
Joseph Finnegan, "The immediate important thing to be done is the
occupation of the forts and arsenals in Florida ..... the "naval
station and forts at Pensacola being first in importance." This
was the policy pursued in all the Southern States on the ground
that the works had been constructed by the public money of the
United States for the defense of each State, so that the State,
when leaving the Union, had a better title to the property than
any one else. Self defense was a further justification. In
every case promises were offered to account for the property taken,
in the final and general settlement with the United States.

Pensacola at once became the point in Florida upon which the
attention of both North and South were most anxiously concentrated.
At the forts near this city was apparently to be decided the
question whether the National Government would or would not submit
peacefully to the secession of Florida. In this uncertain con-
dition the commanding officer, fearing a clash of arms, abandoned
the main and the Navy Yard and took refuge in Fort Pickens.

Lieut. Adam J. Slemmer, in the absence of his captain, John
H. Winder, who afterward became a general in the Confederate army,
had command of the company of United States artillery stationed at
Pensacola Bay.


I I I






Page two--Continued


The Navy Yard and the vessels in the bay, the war steamer Wyandotte
and the store-ship Supply were under the orders of Commodore Arm-
strong, Commander Ebenezer Farrand, afterward an officer in the
Confederate navy, being second in command. The 70 ordinary sailors
and 48 marines at the Navy Yard were under command of Capt. Joseph
Watson. Old Fort Barrancas and Fort McRae, each powerful works as
against attacks from water, were not designed to resist an assault
from the rear, and any attempt to defend them or the Navy Yard from
such an assault would have been futile and inviting the immediate
destruction of the Navy Yard. On January 8, 1861, Lieutenant
Slemmer began the removal of powder from the Spanish fort to Fort
Barrancas; that night a party of Citizens who were reconnoitering
were warned off by a shot from Fort Barranoas. On January 10
Slemmer abandoned the mainland, spiked the guns at Fort Barrancas,
destroyed over 20,000 pounds of powder at Fort McRae and transferred
his men to Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island, where he had a secure
stronghold, though his force was inadequate to properly garrison it.

Military companies from Alabama were already arriving at Pensa-
cola to assist Florida in taking possession of the Navy Yard and
defensive works. The Alabama volunteers were under the command of
Colonel Tennant C. Lomax, a Mexican War veteran. Chief in command
at Pensaoola was the appointee of the Florida State Convention,
Major-General William H. Chase, a native of Massachusetts, and
officer of the United States army from 1819 to 1856, who during his
official connection with the United States army had superintended
the construction of Fort Taylor and the defenses of Pensacola Bay.
After his resignation from the army in 1856 he became a resident of
Pensacola and President of Alabama & Florida Railroad Company.

Among the Florida troops on duty at that time were the
Pensacola Rifle Rangers, commanded by Capt. E. A. Perry, an officer
destined to serve with distinction both in the military and civil
history of Florida, and the Santa Rosa Guards, organized at Milton,
Fla., under command of Capt. William Harrison. The Rifle Rangers
became Company A of the 2nd Florida Infantry, and served in the
Army of Northern Virginia. The Santa Rosa Guards were disbanded
after about three months' service and its members joined other
commands.

On January 12, 1861, Colonel Lomax, with the Florida and
Alabama troops, seven companies, numbering 700 men, marched to the
Navy Yard, and halted at the East Gate. Leaving his men he, with
General Chase's aides, Col. R. L. Campbell, Captain Randolph, late
of the United States army, Captain Farrand, late of the United States
Navy, and two Alabama officers, Marks and Burroughs, proceeded to
the office of Commodore Armstrong, where in the name of Governor
M. S. Perry he demanded the surrender of the Navy Yard and stores.
To this demand Armstrong announced that he would relinquish his
authority to the representative of the sovereighty of Florida.


1 13


"







Page three -- Continued:


The flag of the United States was immediately hauled down
and the flag of the State raised in its place. The marines re-
maining in the barracks were at once paroled and allowed to go
North on the store-ship Supply.

Lieutenant Slemmer determined to hold Fort Pickens and de-
clined to admit that the Governors of Florida and Alabama had any
authority to demand his surrender. General Chase made the second
demand, which was refused; later on a third attempt was made to
induce the Lieutenant to abandon his position, but without success.
On the mainland was assembled a force of volunteers ample to make
the assault, and had not the Florida Senators and other leaders in
Washington, including Senator Jefferson Davis, telegraphed advice
that no blood be shed, the first battle of the war would have been
fought on Santa Rosa Island in January 1861.

While these events were transpiring at Pensacola two companies
of volunteer infantry, one under A. Perry Amaker of Leon County, and
the other under James Patton Anderson of Jefferson county, had
marched from Tallahassee to St. Marks, to take passage for Pensacola
to engage in the proposed attack on Fort Pickens. When that attack
was abandoned these troops returned to their respective stations to
be called within three months to the arsenal at Chattahoochee, where
they became a part of the let Florida Regiment.

At the same time that the Navy Yard was occupied the Florida
militia, under orders of Governor Perry, occupied Fort Clinch on
Amelia Island, and on January 7, 1861, Old Fort Marion and the
arsenal at St. Augustine were seized by the same authority, and
Fort Marion soon put in condition for defense by an artillery com-
pany under Captain Gibbs, another volunteer organization. At the
time these seizures of the United States fortifications and arsenals
were made, it was not known that war would result from the act of
secession. In all the posts surrendered, there was only a nominal
guard and no attempts at resistance were made. On the St. Johns
river defensive works were begun, and batteries erected to command
and protect the bar; this work was done by the Jacksonville Light
Infantry, under command of Capt. Holmes Steele and by the citizens
of the section.

About January 20, Fort Jefferson on Garden Key was re-enforced
by the United States authority. While their troops were dis-
embarking, the steamer Galveston, of New Orleans, approached with
a Confederate force on board, evidently intending to take possession,
but seeing it was too late put about and disappeared.

Forts Taylor, Jefferson and Pickens with the islands commanded
by them, and Fortress Monroe in Virginia, were the only places in
the South that continued under the stars and stripes during the
entire period of the war. From Key West re-enforcements were sent
to Fort Pickens in the later part of January, but through the inter-
position of Senator Mallory, and upon the pledge of General Chase


I I I- -


'"






Page four -- Continued:


that hostilities would be commenced, the artillery-men were not
landed. Mallory yet hoped that amicable adjustment might be made
by which the South would be permitted to leave the Union peace-
fully. A cannon shot would rouse the people to arms from the Lakes
to the Gulf and defeat the efforts to compromise the differences
between the sections.

A state of war actually existed in Florida three months before
the fall of Fort Sumter; the truce of Pensacola Bay was an armed
and watchful one. On March 11, 1861, General Braxton Bragg arrived
in Pensacola and assumed command of alli e Confederate forces; by
his direction the construction of land batteries was immediately
resumed.

It is unfortunate that so little remains in the custody of
the State of the records of the early organization of troops by the
State authority. It is supposed that most of these records were
destroyed by some one at the Capitol before it was occupied by the
Federal in 1865 to prevent any incriminating evidence falling into
their hands that might be used in case of prosecution for "treason",
of which there was much talk; this however is merely supposition.
From what was left it would appear that these records were lost or
destroyed during the re-construction period.

It is known that the militia organization of the State was soon
broken up, the men belonging to it volunteering for Confederate
State service and the message of Governor Milton, after he went into
office in the year 1861, shows that he viewed this proceeding with
sincere regret. It was his ambition to create an army for "the
independent nation of Florida," and while assisting the Confederacy
to the limit of his ability, reserved the right of Florida to main-
tain an army of her own. Said the Governor in his special message
in November 1861, "volunteering has broken up the militia," and
"the service was disorganized by individuals organizing volunteers
under the authority of the Secretary of War, a power inconsistent
with the rights of a free, sovereign and independent State." The
men who enlisted, however, were anxious only about the probability
of receiving orders to go to the front, and whenever this appeared
unlikely they resigned or broke up their companies and enlisted in
those most likely to receive orders to go immediately to the front.

Finally on April 5, 1861, the let Florida Regiment was formed.
In the following pages we will deal with the actions of each
regiment in order.


I I I I I


I -











let Florida Infantry


The first regiment organized was known as the 1st Florida
Infantry. It was composed of two companies from Leon, two
companies from Alachua and one each from Franklin, Jackson, Madison,
Gadsden, Jefferson and Escambia counties. These companies, with
the exception of Company K (Pensacola Guards), which was from
Iscambia county, rendezvoused at Chattahoochee arsenal where they
went into Camp of Instruction. There, on April 5, 1861, the
regiment was mustered into the military service of the Confederate
States for twelve months, and was organized by the election of
Capt. James Patton Anderson, of Jefferson county, Colonel; William
K. Beard, of Leon county, as Lieutenant-Colonel, and Thadeus
MacDonell, of Alachua county, as Major. Upon the completion of
the organization of the regiment it was ordered to Pensacola where
it arrived April 12, 1861, and was there joined by Company 1. Like
all regiments mustered in in the early days of 1861, it enlisted
for twelve months and served almost its entire term in Pensacola
and in that vicinity.

On October 8, 1861, General Bragg planned an attack on the
Federal camps on Santa Rosa Island. The immediate command of this
expedition was entrusted to Gen. Richard Henry Anderson, of South
Carolina, an old army officer. Anderson's subordinate commanders
were: James R. Chalmers with 350 Mississipians and Alabamians;
Col. James Patton Anderson, with 400 men, and John K. Jackson with
250 Georgians. In addition to these there was one independent
company from Georgia and one artillery company. The troops landed
on 3anta Rosa Island at 2 o'clock on the morning of October 9,1861;
surprised the camp of New York Zouaves, who were quickly driven out
at the point of the bayonet and their camp and buildings adjacent
thereto set on fire. Finding it impossible to inflict further
damage on the Federals General Anderson ordered a retreat. Twenty
prisoners were taken by the Confederates, among them was Maj. Israel
Bodges. The Federal loss was 14 killed and 36 wounded. Confederate
loss 28 killed, 39 wounded and 50 captured. Of this number the
slt Regiment lost 6 killed, 8 wounded and 12 captured. Killed,
Capt. Richard Bradford, of Company F; Sergt. W. R. Routh; Privates
Henry A. Tillinghast and John Hale, of Company A; Privates Lewis F.
Thompson and Smith, of Company B; wounded, Corporal Lanier and
Privates James Ecles, of Company B;William McCorckle, Philip L.
Simms and William Denham, of Company A; James Hicks and Amos
Sharitt of Company B; Peter O'Neal, of Company C. Captured Lieuts.
F. M. Farley, of Company E; S. Y. Finley, of Company C. and Parker.


I






Page two -- Continuedi


lst Florida Infantry

In March 1862, the let Regiment was ordered to Corinth, Miss.,
to join General Bragg's army. The regiment got as far as Montgomery
when their term of enlistment expired and they were mustered out
April 6, 1862. But four companies were formed immediately from the
ranks of the let as follows: Company A. Capt. W. G. Poole (Poole
was 2nd Lieutenant in Company D, let Florida); Company D. Capt. A.
Denham (Derham was 1st Lieutenant in Company I); Company E, let
Lieut. John E. Miller, Commanding (formerly a 3rd Lieutenant in
Company 1, let Florida). These four companies were formed into a
battalion, of which Maj. T. A. MacDonnell took command. The
battalion did gallant service at Shiloh, receiving complimentary
mention in general orders and were accorded the right to inscribe
the name of the battle on their flag. An old battle flag of the
Western Army, now preserved at the Capitol at Tallahassee, bears the
inscription, "First and Third Florida, Shiloh and Perryville."
Major MaoDonnell was wounded and disabled in the opening of the
battle. Capt. T. Sumter Means was wounded, captured and later re-
signed. Capt. W. C. Bird was also wounded in this battle, and
Laurie Anderson, Battalion adjutant, was killed. Lieut.-Col. W. K.
Beard, on General Bragg's staff, was wounded in the arm. After
the battle of Shiloh, in which the Floridians lost 2 officers and
14 men killed, 7 officers and 51 men wounded, two companies from
Louisiana, known as B and C, were added to the battalion making a
battalion of six companies and Maj. Franklin H. Clarke assigned to
the command with the following Field and Staff: 2nd Lieut. A.
Robert Pollard, Adjutant; -. -. Frome, Assistant Surgeon; slt Lieut.
Monheimer, Assistant Quartermaster; J. P. Butler, Sergeant Major;
F. M. Rowe, Quartermaster-Sergeant; Louis Hyer, Commissary Sergeant;
-.-. Austin, Ordinance Sergeant, and Daniel R. Monroe, Hospital
Steward. In May 1862, Clarke was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel;
W. G. Poole, promoted Major; Pollard, let Lieutenant and Adjutant;
Forms, Surgeon; Monheimer, Assistant Quartermaster, was dropped
from the roll by order of the War Department; Thomas D. Wolfe,
appointed Sergeant-Major (John P. Butler Sergeant-Major appointed
April 23, 1862, returned to his company (C) May 31, 1862); F. M.
Rowe, Quartermaster-Sergeant; Daniel R. Monroe, Hospital Steward;
Louis M. Brisbin and John Snider, Company C; Felix Segiane and
Samuel MoGill, Company B, and John Callen, Company A, Musicians.
On July 5th Major MacDonnell returned to his command, reported for
duty and by order of General Bragg relieved Lieutenant Clarke. In
July 1862, Major Miller reached Chattanooga with six companies from
Florida, and the Florida and Confederate Guards Response Battalion
was dissolved, the two companies from Louisiana going to the
Crescent Regiment and the 5th Company of Washington Artillery.


I 11111 I II III







Page three -- Continued!


Slet Florida Infantry

The four Florida companies were joined by the six companies
under Major Miller and the let Florida was re-formed under command
of William Miller, who was promoted Colonel; T. A. MacDonnell pro-
moted Lieutenant-Colonel, and G. A. Ball, Major. In August, 1862,
the 3rd Florida Regiment reached Chattanooga and with the let
Florida, 3rd Louisiana, and the 41st Mississippi were formed into
a brigade and placed under command of Brig.-Gen. John 0. Brown,
Maj.-Gen. Patton Anderson's Division. In this brigade the let
took part in the Kentucky campaign. On their return to Chattanooga
on December 13, 1862, the let and 3rd was so decimated that they
were united, and were afterward known as the let and 3rd Regiments
consolidated. The 3rd, forming the right wing, and the 1st, the
left wing of the regiment. The consolidated regiment was under the
command of Col. William Miller, who was shortly promoted to Brigadier-
General and ordered to Florida. The let and 3rd Regiment consoli-
dated participated in all the great battles of the Western Army and
in every engagement won honors for the State whose colors it carried.

It is seriously to be regretted that a more detailed account
of the career of this Regiment cannot be given at this time. In the
revised addition which it is hoped will follow this work an effort
will be made to tell the whole story of the gallant men who fought
under the flags of the let and 3fd Florida Regiments.


I











Second Florida Infantry.


The 2nd Florida Regiment, as it was first organized, was
composed of tn .companies as follows: Alachua Guards, Alachua
county (Co. B), Capt. Lew Williams; Columbia Rifles, Columbia
ccouny (Co. 0), Capt. Walter R. Moore; Leon Rifles, Leon County
(Co. D), Capt. T. W. Brevard, Jr.; Hammock Guards, Marion county
(Co. E), Capt. John D. Hopkins; Gulf State Guards, Jackson county
(Co. F) Capt. James F. McClellan; St. Johns Greys, St. Johns -
county (Co. G), Capt. J. J. Daniels; St. Augustine Rifles, Putnam
county (Co. H), Capt. John W. Starke; Hamilton Blues, Hamilton
county (Co. I), Capt. Henry J. Stewart; Davis Guards, Nassau county
(Co. K), Capt. George W. Call; Madison Rangers, Madison county
(Co. L), Capt. W. P. Pillans. In the early days of July these ten
companies were ordered to rendezvous near the Brick Church, just
west of Jacksonville, now known as LaVilla, and on July 13 the
Regiment was mustered into the Confederate service by Maj. W. T.
Stockton. The Regiment was organized by the election of George T.
Ward, of Leon county, Colonel; S. St. George Rogers, of Mrion county,
Lieutenant-Colonel; and Louis G. Pyles, of Alachua county, Major.
The following Staff appointments were then made: Dr. Thomas Palmer,
Surgeon; Dr. Thomas W. Hendry, Assistant Surgeon; Capt. Edward M. -
L'Engle, Assistant Quartermaster; Capt. W. A. Daniel, Assistant
Commissary; Lieut. R. B. Thomas, Adjutant; Edward Houston, Sergeant
Major; T. W. Givens, Quartermaster Sergeant. On Monday, July 15th,
the Regiment left by rail for Virginia, arriving in Richmond Sunday
afternoon, July 21st. The Regiment was in Camp of Instruction, in
the neighborhood of Richmond, nearly two months. On September 17,
1861, the Regiment left Richmond for Yorktown, where they were join-
ed by the Rifle Rangers of Escambia county (Co. A), Capt. E. A. Perry.
During the fall of 1861 and the winter following the Regiment was
encamped near Yorktown, forming a part of Maj.-Gen. J. B. Magruder's
Command. Early in October Lieutenant Thomas was ordered to report
to Richmond and Lieut. Seaton Fleming was assigned to duty as Adju-
tant. It was at the siege of Yorktown that the Regiment received
its "baptism of fire." On May 5th, 1862, at Williamsburg, the
Regiment again distinguished itself by its gallant resistance to
McClellan's advance. In this battle Col. George T. Ward was killed,
and companies E. D and L each lost one man, making four killed; and
every company in the Regiment had one or more wounded, making thirty
wounded. Among the seriously wounded was Lieut. C. S. Fleming. The
2nd Florida, being twelve months' men, were by Act of Congress re-
quired to remain in the service two years longer; this act was known
as the Conscript Laws and gave them a right to reorganize by a re-
election of officers,. which should have taken place on May 3rd; but
owing to the battle of Williamsburg reorganization did not take place
until the following week or May 10th.


I










Page two -- Continued:


Second Florida Infantry

At the reorganization Capt. E. A. Perry was elected Colonel;
Maj. L. G. Pyles, Lieutenant-Colonel; and Capt. George W. Call,
Major. All the companies in the regiment charged their captains
except B. and G. On May 31st the Regiment was engaged in the
Battle of Seven Pines, where it lost 6 officers, 4 non-commissioned
and 24 privates killed. Wounded, 17 officers, 21 non-commissioned
officers and 106 privates; total casualties, 178. In the battle
of Seven Pines Maj. George W. Call was killed, and Lieut.-Col.
L. G. Pyles was wounded and disabled. Of the eleven captains who
went into the battle, four, J. H. Pooser, C. S. Flagg, A. C. Butler
and T. A. Perry were killed, and six, W. D. Ballantin (Co. A), Lew
Williams (Co. B), W. R. Moore(Co. C), M. G. C. Musgrove (Co. D),
W. E. Caslin (Co. E), and M. J. Dunoan (Co. I) were wounded.
Shortly after the battle of Seven Pines Co. M. was assigned to this
Regiment, making twelve companies in all. After the battle of Seven
Pines followed in quick succession the battles of Cold Harbor,
Gaines' Mill, Savage Station, Frazier's Farm and Malvern Hill. In
the battle of Ellison's Mill and Frazier's Farm, June 26 and 27
the Regiment logt 8 killed and 52 wounded; among the killed was
G. W. Parkhill "aptain of Co. M. At the battle of Frazier's Farm,
June 30, the Regiment lost: Killed, 2 officers, 1 non-commissioned
officer and 11 privates; wounded, 3 officers, 2 non-commissioned
officers and 62 privates. Among the wounded was Col. E. A. Perry.
Following the battle of Frazier's Farm came the Maryland campaign.
On December 13 the battle of Fredericksburg was fought. The Reg-
iment lost: killed, 1 non-commissioned officer and 3 privates
(casualties in Co. K not reported). A partial report of the
casualties at Chancellorsville show 3 officers and 17 privates
wounded, and 3 privates killed. In the battle of Gettysburg:
Killed, 6 officers, 4 non-commissioned officers and 5 privates;
wounded, 6 officers, 6 non-commissioned officers and 54 privates;
total casualties, 81. There is no report accessible of the
casualties during the year 1865, and it was during these years
that some of the most desperate and bloody battles were fought; and
in all of them the 2nd Florida did its full measure of duty. It
was but a skeleton of a splendid regiment that surrendered at
Appomatox Court House; But 7 officers and 59 men.


p.


Eu




I.


Third Florida Infantry


The 3rd Florida Regiment was organized in July, 1861, and
mustered into the Confederate service August to, 1861, on Amelia
Island and was composed of the following companies: Jacksonville
Light Infantry, Duval county Co. A, Capt. Holmes Steele; St.
Augustine Blues, St. Johns county Co. B, Capt. John Lott Phillips;
Hernando Guards Wild Cats, Hernando county Co. C, Capt. Walter
Terry Sazon; Wakulla Guards, Wakulla county Co. D, Capt. Daniel
L. Frierson; Jefferson county Co. E, Capt. Daniel E. Bird; Cow Boys,
Cavalry, Duval county Co. F, Capt. Lucius A. Hardee; Madison county;
Madison Grey Eagles, Madison county Co. G. Capt. Thomas Langford;
Jefferson Rifles, Jefferson county Co. H. Capt. William 0. Girardeau;
Dixie Stars, Columbia county Co. I, Capt. Jesse B. Wood; Columbia
county Co. I Capt. Jess; Suwanne Guards Co. K, Capt. William Parker.
An election of officers was held July 25, 1861. William S. Dilworth
was elected Colonel; Arthur J. T. Wright, Lieutenant-Colonel;
Lucius A. Church, Major. They were all members of the Regiment.
Colonel Dilworth had enlisted as a private in the Jefferson Beaure-
gards. Lieutenant-Colonel Wright was in command of the Columbia
amd Suwannee Guards, and Major Church was Lieutenant of the Madison
Grey Eagles.

The Regimental Staff was as follows: Capt. Henry R. Teasdale
as Quartermaster; he was afterward promoted Major and made District
Quartermaster for Florida with his station at Lake City; Capt. E.
Yullee, Commissary; Hill, Surgeon* Dr. D. Carnl, Assistant Surgeon;
Lieut. J; E. A. Gerry, Adjutant; David Lewis, Sergeant Major; W. T.
Moseley, Jr., Quartermaster Sergeant; P. E. Lowe, Commissary Sergeant.

The Blues, Captain Philips, and the Jefferson Beauregards,
Captain Bird, were stationed at St. Augustine; the Jacksonville Light
Infantry, Captain Steele, and the Cow Boys, Captain Hardee, were
stationed at the Bluff, near the mouth of the St. Johns; the other
six companies of the Regiment were stationed at Fort Clinch, on
Amelia Island near Fernandina. The Regiment. The Regiment saw
but little active service during the first year of its organisation,
but did a great deal of hard work throwing up sand batteries on
Amelia and Tolbert Islands and the defences in the eastern part of
the State.

Companies E and H, under Captain Bird, were sent during the
winter to New Smyrna to protect the Government stores brought in
from Nassau. In March, 1862, a detachment under Capt. Mathew
H. Strain, who had succeeded Girardeau, engaged a number of launches
from the Federal blockading vessels, which were attempting to land
and destroy the stores; nearly all the occupants of the launches
were killed, wounded or captured.


rl. I -









Page two -- Continued:


Third Florida Infantry

Early in 1862 the Confederate Government determined to short-
en its lines of defense and abandon itw works at the mouth of the
St. Johns River and Amelia Island, and these last were occupied by
the Federals about March 12.

On the night of March 24th Lieut. Thomas E. Strange of Co. K.
and Lieut. Charles H. Ross and Frank Ross of Co. I, 3rd Florida,
with ten volunteers, attacked the Federal picket at the "Brick
Church," which stood where LaVilla Junction now stands,-killing 4
and capturing 3 of the Federals; in this skirmish Lieutenant Strange
was mortally wounded. After the evacuation of Fernandina and St.
Johns Bluff, the companies not engaged in the Smyrna expedition
were stationed at Cedar Keys.

In May the entire Regiment for the first time was brought to-
gether in camp at Midway, Gadsden county, preparatory to taking up
its march for the Western Army, then in northern Mississippi. Many
of the companies had already re-enlisted for the war and under the
laws enacted for the reorganization of the Confederate army the
term of all was extended and it was deemed best to have a re-election
of officers to serve permanently with the company.

The election resulted in the choice of the following field
officers, Staff appointments and Captains: Colonel, W. S. Dilworth;
Lieutenant-Colonel, Lucius A. Church: Major, Edward Mashburn;
Quartermaster, Captain Hickman; Commissary, Capt. D. Lewis; Surgeon,
Doctor Carn; Assistant Surgeon, Dr. M. C. W. Jordan; Adjutant, H.
Steele; Sergeant Major, C. H. Stebbins; Commissary Sergeant, P. E.
Lowe; Ordinance Sergeant, Theodore Bridier; Quartermaster Sergeant,
William P. Moseley; Hospital Steward B. Frank Moseley. Co. A,
Captain, John B. Oliveres; Co. B, John Lotts Philips; Co. C, Walter
Terry Saxon; Co. D, Daniel L. Freirson; Co. E. Daniel B. Bird; Co. F,
Albert Drisdale; Co. G. Thomas L. Langford; Co. H. Mathew H. Strain;
Co. I, Charles H. Ross; Co. K, William G. Parker.

The Regiment remained in camp about three weeks. During this
time a beautiful silk banner with the motto "We Yield but in Death,"
was presented to the Regiment by one of the ladies of Jefferson county.

Shortly after the middle of the month of May the Regiment broke
camp marched to the Chattahoochee River and went by steamers to
Columbus, then by rail to Montgomery; and after a short detention
there was sent to Mobile, where the orders to proceed to Bragg's
army in Mississippi were countermanded and the Regiment put on duty
to guard and patrol the city, where they remained for several months.


Y ... ii







Page three -- Continued:


Third Florida Infantry

Early in August of 1862 the Regiment was ordered to Chattanooga
and went into camp at the foot of Lookout Mountain, near the
Tennessee and was assigned to the brigade of Gen. John 0. Brown of
Tennessee, Gen. Patton Anderson's division. The regiments compos-
ing Brown's Brigade were the let and 3rd Florida and 41st Mississippi.

The army of Tennessee encamped for a few days in the beautiful
,Sequatchee Valley; then it took up its line of March across the
Cumberland Mountains into middle Tennessee and northward toward the
Kentucky line, crossing the Cumberland River above Nashville and
entered Kentucky in Monroe county. Then proceeded directly to Green
River, near which a brigade of 4,000 Federal troops were captured.
After a few days' delay, anticipating the approach of Buell's Army,
the Army of Tennessee of September 20th moved toward Louisville,
Kentucky, and for two weeks were camped at different points; part of
the time a few files from Bardstown. The movements of the Federal
forces caused General Bragg to shift his position and on October 8th
the two armies confronted each other at Perryville, where the 3rd
lost heavily. Capt. D. B. Bird, who commanded the Regiment during
most of the time after it left Chattanooga, fell mortally wounded,
late on the afternoon of the 8th.

From Perryville the army fell back until it again reached
Chattanooga in December, where the decimated ranks of the let and
3rd Regiments were consolidated, the 3rd forming the right wing of
the consolidated regiment and this it continued through all its
subsequent history. The consolidated Regiment shared in all the
subsequent movements of Bragg's Army back to east and forward to
middle Tennessee, where, as a part of Breokinridge's Division it
took part in the battle of Murfreesborough, where, out of its 531
men it last 138 killed, wounded and missing, and the other engage-
ments of that campaign. Early in the summer of 1863 the Regiment,
under Breckenridge, was ordered to Mississippi and was on the Big
Black when Vicksburg was surrendered; afterward was engaged in the
siege at Jackson, Miss. After the close of the Mississippi campaign
the consolidated regiment returned to Northern Georgia in time to
take part in the battle of Chickamauga and Missionary Ridge. The
egiment was in all the subsequent movements with the Army in
Northern Georgia, which opened early in the spring of 1864 and ex-
tended from Chattanooga to Atlanta, thence onward to Middle Tennessee
under Hood, and finally back through Alabama, Georgia, South Uarolina
and under Hood, and finally back through Alabama, Georgia, South
Carolina and North Carolina to Durham Station, near Greensboro,
N. C. April 26, 1865


___









Fourth Florida Infantry


Early in the spring of 1861 then more companies of volunteers
were organized as the 4th Florida Regiment of Infantry and mustered
into service July 1, 1861, with Edward Hopkins of Jacksonville, Fla.,
as Colonel; M. Whitsmith, Lake City, Fla., Lieutenant-Colonel; W. L.
Bowen, as Major; Lieut. Edward Badger, Adjutant; Capt. James McCay,
Quartermaster; Dr. W. S. Weedon, Surgeon; J. M. Kilpatrick, Sergeant-
Major; J. P. McLaughlin Quartermaster-Sergeant; and the following
companies and captains.

Capt. Charles A. Gee, Gadsden county, Co. A; Adam W. Hunter,
Franklin county, Beauregard Rifles, Co. B; Capt. William H. Dial,
Madison County, Co. C; William A. Shefield, Columbia county, Co. D;
Thomas A. MoGhee, Columbia and Lafayette counties, Co. E; James P.
Hunt, New River county (Bradford), Co. F; William Fletcher, Marion
and Levy counties, Co. G; W. F. Lane, Washington and Liberty counties,
Co. H; Joseph B. Barnes, Jackson county, Dixie Boys, Co. I; John T.
Leslie, Hillsborough county, Co. K. Upon the completion of its
organization the Regiment was assigned to duty mainly on the Gulf
coast, Companies D. E and K being stationed at Tampa Bay; F at Cedar
Keys; B, E and I at St. Marks; Companies H and G. at Fernandina
until the evacuation of that place March, 1862, when they were
ordered to Camp Langford near Jacksonville. Details from Companies
F and C, of the 2nd Florida under command of Capt. Walter B. Moore,
on July 4, 1861, took the steamer Madison and captured three
schooners loaded with railroad irons, and Major Bowen in command of
Tampa captured two sloops with their crews.

In May, 1862, the Regiment was reorganized. J. P. Hunt was
elected Colonel; W. F. L. Bowen, Lieutenant-Colonel; and Edward
Badger Major. Colonel Hunt died September 1, 1862, at Chattanooga,
Lieutenant-Colonel Bowen becoming Colonel; Major Edward Badger,
Lieutenant-Colonel; and Cat. John T. Leslie was promoted Major.

The 4th Regiment became a part of Bragg's Army, being assigned
to General Rorrest's command; and in this command were engaged at
Nashville. On its return to Murfreesborough the Regiment went into
camp and remained until late in December, 1862. On the morning of
December 28, 1862, it was ordered to the Lebanon Pike, where it
engaged the enemy. On the afternoon of December 28, the let, 3rd
and 4th Florida were brigaded under Gen. William Preston. This
brigade and Palmer's were the last of General Breckenridgels
command transferred to the west side of Stone River December 31,
and made the final and unsuccessful assault on the Federal center.
The 1st and 3rd Florida, under Col. William Miller, gained the
cedar brake so prominent in that action; and the 4th, under Colonel
Bowen, advanced as far but with much heavier loss.


I


UI~ I '






Page two -- Continued:


Fourth Florida Infantry



In the engagement the 4th lost 55 killed and wounded. It captured
250 rifles from the enemy. Ordered back to the east side of the
river it was again with Breokenridge January 2, 1863, where it did
splendid service; being the last regiment to leave the field and
made a gallant fight to save the brigade battery, sustaining heavy
loss. First Lieut. S. D. Harris, commanding Co. I, was mortally
wounded and left on the field. Sergt. L. N. Miller and Adj. 0. C.
Burke were also wounded. In this battle, Murfreesborough, the 4th,
458 strong, lost 163 killed and wounded, and 31 missing.

In May, 1863, the brigade, under Gen. M. A. Stovall, was
transferred to Mississippi, under General Johnston, to relieve
Vicksburg. On July 1 General Johnston reported that "a party of
skirmishers of the 1st, 3rd and 4th Florida, 47 Georgians and Cobb's
Battery struck the enemy's flank and captured 200 prisoners and the
colors of the 28th, 45th and 53rd Illinois Regiments."

On September 20 the 1st, 3rd and 4th, still with General
Stovall, took part in the battle of Chickamauga and again were dis-
trenched. At the battle of Missionary Ridge the 4th carried in 172
men, and all except 18 were either killed, wounded or captured. At
Dalton, on February 23, 1864, the 4th was consolidated with the 1st
Cavalry, dismounted, which had lost all its field officers, and of
200 men engaged at Missionary Ridge only 33 effective men were left.
The consolidated 1st and 4th took part in all the campaigns until
the final surrender in North Carolina at the close of the war. On
June 9, 1862, the 4th Regiment mustered 926 men and 47 officers;
on April 26 it surrendered 23 men.


II


,.M M Now".











Fifth Florida Infantry




The 5th Florida Regiment was organized in 1862, and mustered
into service with J. C. Hately as Colonel; Thompson B. Lamar as
Lieutenant-Colonel; B. F. Davis as Major; Capt. W. H. Baker as
Quartermaster; and Capt. R. W. Reed as Commissary. The companies
were commanded by Captains A. Z. Bailey (Co.A) Garrant Vanzant
(Co.B), W. D. Bloxham (Co. C), A. J. Lee (Co.D), John W. Hollyman
(Co.E) John Frink (Co. F), W. J. Bailey (Co.G), W. T. Gregory
(Co. H), Sam A. Spener (Co.I), and Richmund N. Gardner (Co.K).
Immediately upon its organization the Regiment was ordered to
Virginia, where it joined the 2nd Florida, being assigned to Pryor's
Brigade; with which it took part in the Second Battle of Manassas
and in the Maryland campaign and won distinction at Sharpsburg.
After the return from Maryland the 5th was brigaded with the other
Florida regiments and became a part of Perry's immortal brigade,
surrendering at Appomatox Court House with but 6 officers and 47
men, the only representatives left for duty at that time of a
magnificent regiment.


I


I III I









Sixth Florida Infantry


Early in the spring of 1862 the 6th Florida Regiment was
organized at Chattahoochee by the election of Jesse J. Finley as
Colonel; Angus McLean, Lieutenant-Colonel; Daniel Kenan, Major.
This Regiment was organized by the State and immediately turned
over to the confederate service and ordered to report to Gen. E.
Kirby Smith at Knoxville, who was then Commander of the Depart-
ment of East Tennessee. There the 6th and 7th Florida Regiments
and the let Florida Cavalry, Dismounted, were placed under the
command of William G. M. Davis as senior Colonel.-

In the early spring of 1862 General Smith, with his command,
was ordered to join General Bragg in his march into Kentucky in
pursuit of General Buel, who was then under retreat. the 6th
Florida Regiment went through the Kentucky campaign when General
Bragg retreated from the State before General Buel, who had been
heavily reinforced and who had again assumed the offensive. Coming
out of Kentucky, Colonel Finley was ordered to occupy and defend
Cumberland Gap against a possible approach by the enemy. The
6th Florida Regiment was afterward relieved by General Gracie's
Brigade, and the 6th was ordered back to Knoxville where it re-
mained in winter quarters during the winter of 1862-63.

The Regiment remained in Knoxville until the following summer,
when General Smith's command was ordered to report to General
Bragg at Chattanooga. In the meanwhile, however, Colonel Davis
was commissioned a Brigadier General and the 54th Virginia was added
to the Brigade, and Colonel Trigg was assigned to the command of
the Brigade as senior Colonel.

The 6th Florida Regiment was in the bloody battle of Chick-
amauga, in the reserve corps of the first day's fight and ordered
to make a charge on a Federal battery of artillery. This charge
was made by the Regiment alone through an old field the battery of
the enemy began on the crest of a ridge about the center of the
field. In making the charge it was enfiladed by the battery of
the enemy to its left, which was near enough to use cannister and
grape-shot. The Regiment carried the position and the battery in
front retreated.

It was not about sun-down, when the Regiment received pre-
emtory orders to retire from the field, which it did bivouacking
just outside of the field. In making the charge the Regiment
bore itself with distinguished firmness and gallantry.

In the next day's battle the 6th Florida Regiment and the
54th Virginia were supporting a battalion of Confederate artillery,
which was not then engaged, when they were ordered to the right
to reinforce Gen. Patton Anderson and General Kelly, whose pickets
only were then engaged, their ammunition being nearly exhausted.


I I II


--- -- -------- 1 _.... ---,







Page two -- Continued:


Sixth Florida Infantry



When the two Regiments came up General Anderson gave them
their proper alignment for moving squarely upon the enemy, which
they did; and about sun-down they cleared the heights of Chick-
amauga and about five hundred (500) of the enemy, who were armed
with Colt's revolving rifles, surrendered-Colonel Trigg, the
Brigade commander, and the 7th Florida Regiment under Colonel
Bullock having first come up. This was about the last fighting
on the second day's battle of Chickamauga. The army under the
command of General Bragg achieved a complete victory over the
enemy, but remained a day on the battle field after the battle.

In the meantime Federal General Thomas raillied the fleeing
forces of the enemy and occupied the strong fortifications at
and around Chattanooga; and General Bragg, occupying Missionary
Ridge, laid siege to the beleaguered city.

During the winter the Confe&erate Army was reorganized and
all the Florida Regiments, then in the Army of Tennessee, were
brigaded together, compridng the 6th Florida Regiment,'under the
Command of Colonel McLean; the 7th Florida Regiment, under the
Command of Colonel Bullock; the 1st and 3rd Regiments (consolidated),
under the command of Colonel Dilworth; the 4th Florida Regiment,
under the command of Col. W. L. Bowen; the slt Cavalry, Dis-
mounted, under the command of Col. George Troup Maxwell; and
Colonel Finley was commissioned Brigadier-General and assigned to
the command thereof.

At the battle of Missionary Ridge, in which the Brigade par-
ticipated, the 6th Florida Regiment and the let and 3rd Regiments
were in the main confederate line of battle on the crest of the
Ridge; while the 7th Regiment and the 4th Regiment and the Ist
Florida Cavalry, Dismounted, were on the picket line in the valley
under orders on the advance of the Federal forces to fall back to
the intrenchments at the foot of the Ridge; this they executed
and they were driven out of the intrenchments by the overwhelming
numbers of the enemy and a large portion were captured in ascending
the steep acclivaties of the Ridge.

The 6th Florida Regiment and the let and 3rd Regiments were
posted in the dip of the Ridge near General Bragg's headquarters,
and occupied their position on the fire line until peremptorily
ordered to retire, they being about the last of the Confederate
Troops to leave the Ridge. The Confederate Army then fell back to
Dalton; there it went into winter quarters, and Gen. Joseph E.
Johnston to Atlanta.


u~" 'I







-Page three -- Continued:


Sixth Florida Infantry



The army then fell back to Resaoa and deployed into line
of battle in a strong position and, after a two days' battle
(in which General Finley was wounded)., again took up the line
of retreat. And, not to be tedious the Brigade was in all the
battles from Dalton to Atlanta, bearing itself with its custo-
mary intrepidity and bravery.

It was then that General Johnston was removed from the
command of the Army and was succeeded by General Hood. The
Brigade participated in the battles of Atlanta and Jonesboro, in
which last battle General Finley was again wounded.

The Brigade was with Hood in his unfortunate and disastrous
campaign into Tennessee; and after the retreat of the Confederate
Army from Nashville, it was transferred, with General Hood's
, command, to North Carolina and was in the battle of Bentonville
just before the surrender of General Lee at Appomatox.

Col. Daniel Denam, in the battle of Bentonville, was wounded
in the leg so severely that amputation was necessary; and Col.
Angus McLean was killed in the battle of Dallas on the retreat
from Dalton to Atlanta.-

It may be truly said that the Florida troops, in both the
Tennessee Army and in Virginia, conducted themselves with patriot-
ism and gallantry.


~~LVrr -- s~-- ,, u













Seventh Florida Infantry




The 7th Regiment was mustered into service at Gainesville,
Florida, in April, 1862, with ex-Gov. Madison S. Perry as
Colonel; Robert Bullock as Lieutenant-Colonel, and Tillman Ingram
as Major. The companies were commanded by Captains Roland Thomas
(Roland Thomas resigned immediately and was succeeded by Henry
T. York),, Co. A; James Gettes, Co. B; Philip B. H. Dudley, Co. C;
Simeon vanlandingham, Co. D; Nathan S. Blount, Co. E; William
W. Sloan, Co. FT S. D. McConnell, Co. G; Wade H. Eiohelberger,
Co. H; A. S. Moseley, Co. I; R. B. Smith, Co. K. The companies
forming this Regiment had been on duty at various points in Florida
for several months prior to their consolidation as the 7th Regiment,
notable at Tampa and New Smyrna, where they did excellent service.
Boon after being mustered in they were ordered to Tennessee to
join Bragg's Army, with which it took part in all the campaigns of
the Army of Tennessee and surrendered but a handful of men with
Johnston at the close of the war.


I "-










Eighth Florida Infantry


The 8th Regiment of Infantry was mustered into the Confeder-
ate service in May, 1862, with R. F. Floyd as Colonel; John M. Pone
as Lieutenant-Colonel, and W. I. Turner as Major. With the follow-
ing companies commanded by Captains, Burrel A. Bobo, Co. A; R. A.
Waller, Co. B; David Lang, Co. C; William Baya, Co. D; Thomas E.
Clarke, Co. E; Felix Simmons, Co. F; J. 0. Stewart, Co. G; James
Tucker, Co. H; John M. Pons, Co. I; Frdderick Worth, Co. K. Shortly
after the organization of the Regiment it was ordered to Virginia
where it joined the 2nd and with that Regiment and the 5th, fought
in the Second Battle of Manassas, August 30, 1862, where, as Gen-
eral Prior reported: "The 5th and 8th Florida Regiments, though
never under fire before, exhibited the cool and collected courage
of veterans." Crossing the Potomac near Leesburg, early in September,
the Prigade, which consisted of the 2nd, 5th and 8th Florida, 12th
Virginia and 14th Alabama, marched through Frederick City, over
South Mountain into Pleasant Valley, and participated in the in-
vestment and capture of the Federal forces at Harper's Ferry, thence
they hurried to the field of Sharpsburg, September 17, where they
shared the service of R. H. Anderson's division in that battle. In
this engagement Colonel Hateley and Lieutenant-Colonel Lamar, of
the 5th, were wounded; the former so severely that he retired from
service. On the return of the army to Virginia, the 8th Regiment
was brigaded with the other Florida regiments under command of E.
A. Perry, who had been promoted to Brigadier-General. The Brigade
remained in R. H. Anderson's division, in Longstreet's corps, until
after Chancellorsville, when it became a part of Ambrose P. Hill's
Corps. At Fredericksburg December 11, 1862, the 8th Regiment,
under command of Captain David Lang, went to the support of the two
Mississippi Regiments under Barkedale, ac the river where the Feder-
ale were endeavoring to lay their bridges. In General McClellan's
report he says: "It (the 8th) acted gallantly and did good service."
Toward noon Captain Lang was severely wounded, and Gapl. Thomas R.
Love, of Co. B. took command, and the position although very much
exposed was maintained until they were ordered back at 4 p.m. A
detachment of three companies under Captain Baya were also engaged,
and he and Lieut. H. C. Simmons and 20 men were captured. The
companies under Captain Lang lost 7 killed and 24 wounded. During
the early part of the Chancellorsville campaign Perry was on duty
near trederioksburg; May 2, 1863, the Brigade, after an exhausting
march and skirmishing, rejoined the Division in time to march to
the Furnace at daylight on May 3.

They took part in the gallant fighting of May 3 and 4, and
General Anderson in his report paid a special tribute to "Brigadier-
General Perry and his heroic little band of Floridians who showed
a courage as intrepid as that of any others in their assault upon
the enemy in his entrenchment on the third and in their subsequent
advance on Ohaaoelloreville.'

-- LIBRARY
FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN
TALLAHAS.S FLA.


I









Page two -- Continued:


Eighth Florida Infantry



In General Perry's report he says: "The conduct of both officers
and men of my command through the tiresome marches and continued
watching, as well as while engaging the enemy, was such as to
meet high praise. The firm and steadfast courage exhibited, es-
pecially by the 5th and 2nd Florida Regiments in charge at
Ohancellorsville, attracted by particular attention." The
General especially noted the services of Capt. W. E. McCassland,
SH. F. Riley, Lieut. D. B. Taylor, Lieut. William Scott, Maj. T.
C. Elder and Maj. D. W. Hinkle, Staff officers and volunteer aides.
The 8th lost 11 killed and 35 wounded. Among the latter were Capt.
B. F. Whitner, Lieuts. J. M. Nelson and T. S. Armestead. The 2nd
lost 3 killed, including Adj. Woody F. Butler, and 29 wounded; and
the 5th lost 6 killed and 22 wounded, among the latter Maj. B. F.
Davis.

At the battle of Gettysburg the Brigade was commanded by
David Lang, of the 8th, the heroic fighter of Fredericksburg, who
had been promoted to Colonel (promoted September 18, 1862),
General Perry being disabled by typhoid fever.

General Lang in his report of the battle of Gettysburg said:
"Since the battle I have had no staff at all except David Wilson.
The Adjutant of the 8th had been acting for me. There are now but
22 line officers and 233 enlisted men for duty in the Brigade.
Our loss has been 455, aggregate killed, wounded and missing. I
think that a large number of missing are men who have been
captured unhurt, as there were a large number of men who were ex-
Shausted by the rapidity with which the first charge was made, who
were unable to keep up on the retreat."

In the battle of Fredericksburg the 8th lost their colors;
the color-bearer and the entire color guard of the 8th were killed
or wounded and their colors left on the field. Owing to the fact
that several colors of other Brigades fell back with the Florida
Brigade, the 8th did not miss their colors until after it was too
late to secure them. During the night a Federal Lieutenant of
artillery, whose command had been moved up to the position, was
examining the ground in front of them, discovered two pieces of
artillery belonging to a Federal battery. In moving these pieces,
which owing to the proximity of the Confederate line had to be
done by hand, Sergeant Horen, of the 72nd New York Volunteers,
picked up the flag of the 8th from where it lay on the ground by
the dead Color-bearer.


__ _I_~_ _I~








Page three -- Continued:


Eighth Florida Infantry


Colonel Lang in this report mentions the fact that the 2nd
Regiment also lost its colors and the greater part of its men. The
flag of the 2nd was a silk one presented by the ladies; it was the
Confederate battle flag with this exception the intersection of the
cross in the center of the flag was surrounded by a golden sun-burst:

In the Gettysburg fight the 5th Florida lost 17 killed and
76 wounded; among the killed were Capt. John Fink, and Lieuts. J. A.
Jenkins and J. C. Blake; among the wounded, Capts. William Bailey and
R. N. Gardner, Lieuts. G. L. Odum, J. C. Shaw and George Walker.
The 2nd lost 11 killed and 70 wounded. The 8th 5 killed and 65
wounded. Among the wounded were Capts. T. R. Love, J. Mizell and
T. B. Livingston; Lieuts. Heoter Bruce, W. W. Wilson, E. J. Dismukee,
John Malone, ,F. M. Bryan and T. W. Givens.

At the battle of Bristow Station, October 14, 1863, the Bri-
gade was conspiioously engaged, loosing a considerable number killed
and wounded; among the latter Lieutenat-Colonel William Baya, command-
ing Regiment, &hd Sergeant Major Arnow of the 8th Regiment.

In the campaign of the Wilderness MVy, 1864, the Florida
Brigade lost 250 men. Among the wounded, was General Perry, who was
compelled on that account to retire from service. In the campaign of
1864, which followed that of the Wilderness, the old Brigade continued
to add to its laurels. After General erry retired Colonel Lang again
became the Brigade commander and remained such until the remnant of
Perry's Brigade was consolidated with Finnegan's Brigade about June 1,
1864; from that time until the surrender the Florida Brigade was known
as Finnegan's Brigade. The story of the service of the 2nd, 5th and
8th, Perry's Brigade, is so closely interwoven that the story of one
is practically the story of them all; they differ in details only.
For this reason the sotry of the 8th has been made fuller that it
might take in its gallant compatriots, who wrote the name of Florida
high up on a scroll of fame and in characters that can only fade when
time shall cease to.be. At Appomattox the 2nd Florida surrendered
9 officers and 59 men; the 5th Florida 6 officers and 47 men; the 8th
4 officers and 28 men. This record needs nothing added to tell the
world the gallantry of the men who marched under Florida's standard.


- -









Ninth Florida Infantry


Early in May, 1864, Gen. Patton Anderson, Commanding the
District of Florida, received from the War Department an order to
send a good brigade to Richmond with all possible expedition. Gen.
Joseph Finnegan was ordered to immediately proceed to Virginia with
his brigade, consisting of let Battalion, Lieut.-Col. Charles Hopkins;
2nd Battalion, Liut.-Col. Theodore Brevard; 4th Battalion, Lieut-
enant-Colonel McClellan; and 6th Battalion, Lieut.-Col. John M.
Martin. The order was obeyed immediately and the Brigade arrived at
Richmond May 25, 1864, and joined Anderson's Division, of which
Holmes was then commander, and Hill's Gorps at Hanover Junction a 828,
1864. On June 8, the troops were organized into two regiments as
follows: The let Florida Battalion, six companies, and the companies
of Captains'Mays, Stewart, Clark and Powers of the 2nd Battalion,
formed the 10th Regiment, Colonel Hopkins commanding. The 4th Florida
Battalion, seven companies, the companies of Captains Ochus and
Robinson, of the 2nd Battalion, and Captain Cullens' unattached com-
pany formed the llth Regiment, Col. Theodore Brevard commanding. The
6th Florida Battalion seven companies, and the three independent com-
panies, Capts. J. C. Eichelberger, John McNeil, and B. L. neynolds,
formed the 9th Regiment, Colonel Martin commanding. The seven
companies that formed the 6th Battalion before organizing as such, had
served as independent volunteer companies in different parts of the
State; they.were commanded by Captains John C. Ch bers, John W. Pear-
son, Samuel Hope, James Tucker, A. A. Stewart, J. C. DuPree, S.M.G.
Gary. At the battle of Olustee these companies were formed into a
battalion commanded by Maj. Pickens Bird. In concentrating the troops
between Waldo and Jacksonville, after the battle of Olustee, Lieutenant-
Colonel Martin was placed in command of the Battalion, and upon the
arrival of the Battalion in Virginia the Regiment was formed and the
companies named, became A, B, C, D, E, F and G, under their respective
captains. To these companies were added the company of B. L. Reynolds,
which became Co. H; John McNeil Co. I; Jocob Eiohelberger, Co. K;
John M. Martin was promoted to colonel, John We Pearson to Lieutenant-
Colonel, and Pickens B. Bird became Major. Major Bird was killed at
Cold Harbor June 3, 1864, as was Captain Reynolds of Co. H and Lieut.
Ben B. Land of Co. I. Regimental Adjutant Owens, Captain Tucker, of
Co. D, and Lieut. R. D. Harrison, commanding Co. B, were seriously
wounded. After the battle of Cold Harbor Finnegan's Brigade, which
now consisted of the 2nd, 5th, 8th, 9th, 10th and llth Regiments,
took up the line of march for Petersburg. On June 23 they moved from
the breastworks, under a heavy fire of shells and canister, and march-
ed down the Weldon Road, six miles below, and drove back the enemy,
who were tearing up the road. On June 30 the battle of Ream's Station
was fought. A Florida Brigade marched, reached the battle field at
day-break and attacked the enemy, driving him back in a running fight
four miles, capturing seven pieces of artillery, many horses, a few
prisoners, and 1300 negroes.


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Page two -- Continued:


Ninth Florida Infantry


On the morning of the 21st August the Florida brigade advanced with-
in one hundred yards of the Federal breast-works on the Weldon Rail-
road, where the enemy were strongly entrenched. Repeated charges were
made to dislodge them, but failed. The loss in killed and wounded
was very severe. Lieut.-Col. John W. Pearson, of the 9th Regiment,
was so severely wounded that he died in Apgauta, Ga., while on his
way home.

The death of Colonel Pearson left the 9th Regiment with no
Field Officers, except the Colonel. An attempt was made to have out-
siders appointed to these positions, but Colonel Martin objected on
the ground that captains in his regiment had earned promotion and were
entitled to the offices; but for some reason the War Department failed
to make these deserved promotions and the 9th Regiment served to the
close of the war without either Lieutenant-Colonel or Major. On
December 7, 1964, the Florida Brigade, of which the 9th was a part,
made a forced march of 50 miles and struck the enemy at the Bellfield
on the 9th; but the enemy numbering 20,000, who had been on a raid
declined to accept the gage of battle, and retreated, and the Brigade
returned to camp foot-sore, having marched over frozen roads, and
through sleet and snow more than one hundred miles. Early in February,
1865, the 9th was engaged at Hatcher's Run, opposing the Federal
attempt to extend their line of battle. In this engagement 8. W.
Crowson was seriously wounded. The Brigade was now ordered to winter
quarters; but before reaching them received orders to return to re-
inforce General Gordon south of Hatcher's Run. In this engagement the
Brigade numbered but 3,500 effective men. After a charge the enemy
fled in confusion and night ended the battle. On the morning of
April 2 General Lee's lines were broken and the retreat began. The
9th Regiment retreated by way of High Bridge and marched to Farmville;
being crowded it halted and fortified for an attack, which was repulsed
with heavy loss to the enemy. This was the last battle in which the
9th was engaged. The Regiment surrendered at Appomatox, 15 officers
and 109 men.


I I I I


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Tenth Florida Infantry



The 10th Regiment was composed of the let Battalion,
Captains J. C. Hichard, Co. A; C. J. Jenkins, Co. B; William
P. Frink, Co. 0; Thomas E. Buokman, Co. D; William H. Kendrick,
Co. E; Wash W. Scott, Co. F; and four companies from the Sad
Battalion, commanded by Captains Sam W. May, Co. G; John Q.
Stewart, Co. H; John Westoott, 4e. I, and Marion J. Clark, Co. K.
The Regiment was commanded by LAbut.-Col. Charles Hopkins,
promoted Colonel; Capt. Wash W. Scott promoted to Lieutenant-
Colonel, and John Westoott promoted Major. Up to April 2, 1865,
when General Lee's lines were broken, the stories of the 9th,
10th and llth Regiments are almost identical in their general
features. The 10th Florida surrendered at Appomatox 18 officers
and 154 men.


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Eleventh Florida Infantry



The llth Florida Regiment was composed of the 4th Florida
Battalion, seven companies, the companies of Captains Oohue and
Robinson, of the 2nd Battalion, and Cullen's unattached company.
There is some confusion in the records that makes the assignment
of two of the companies in this Regiment uncertain. W. J. Rob-
inson was Captain of Co. A; Adams A. Oohus, of Co. D; Charles
Beggs, of Co. E; John Tanner, of Co. F; G. W. Bassett, of Co. G;
W. E. Anderson, of Co. H; Joe J. Chaires, of Co. f; D. D. KoLean,
of Co. K. Like the 10th the story of the llth follows closely
that of the 9th until the fateful April 6, when this Regiment
with the 5th and 8th, under the command of Colonel Brevard, was
sent by Colonel Lang, then in command of the Brigade, Finnegan
having been transferred to Florida, by order of General Lee to
protect the wagon train. These Regiments were captured by
General Custer's Cavalry. This accounts for the Regiment
surrendering but 4 officers and 19 men on the morning of April
9 at Appematox.


I I Il


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First Florida Cavalry


The let Florida Cavalry was composed of ten companies from
various parts of the State. Co. A, Capt. Arthur Roberts, Columbia
county; Co. B, Capt. John G. Haddock, Nassau county; Co. 0, Capt.
John A. Summerlin, Clay county- Co. E. Capt. Charles F. Cone,
Suwannee county, Co. F, Capt. William M. Footman, Leon county; Co.
G, Capt. Nicholas S. Cobb, Levy county; Co. H, Capt. Noble A. Hull,
Duval county; Co. I, Capt. W. D. Clarke, Alaohua county; and Co. K,
Capt. David Hughes.

The Regiment was assembled at Camp Mary David, six miles south
of Tallahassee, where it went into camp of instruction and was muster-
ed into service in July, 1861. The Regiment was organized by the
election of William G. M. Davis, Colonel; George Troupe Maxwell,
Lieutenant-Colonel; and William T. Stockton, Major. Colonel Davis
was promoted to Brigadier-General November 4, 1862, and Lieut.-Col.
George T. Maxwell became Colonel, and William T. Stockton Lieutenant-
Colonel; and Captain Footman acting Major. The Regiment did service
in Florida until the spring of 1862, when it was ordered to Chattanooga.
Before leaving Florida seven companies, B, C, D, G, H, I and K, Volun-
tarily dismounted and served through the war as infantry being known
as the let Florida Cavalry, dismounted. Cos. A, E, and F remained
mounted until 1864, when they dismounted and rejoined the Regiment.
While mounted these companies did excellent service, under Captain
Footman, as scouts. The mounted Battalion was engaged in the battle
of Richmond, Ky., August 30, 1862, and the seven dismounted companies
took part in the battle of Perryville October 8, 1862. The story of
the let Florida dismounted is so interwoven with that of the lst, 3rd,
4th, 6th and 7th, that to tell the story of one is to tell that of
each of the splendid organizations from Florida that shed luster on
the State in the war of the sixties. At Missionary Ridge the let
Cavalry lost heavily in killed and wounded and captured; among these
last were all the Field Officers of the Regiment. Out of the 200 men
the Regiment went into the battle with, there was 33 officers left,
The gallant band was so reduced that it was consolidated with the 4th
Infantry at Dalton, Ga., February 23 1864, and the little remnant
surrendered with Johnston's at Army 4reeasborough April $, 1868.












The Seoond Florida Cavalry


The Second Florida Cavalry was not officially organized until
after the evacuation of Fernandina. The exact date of organization
is not known but it must have been about the 10 of March, 1862 as
that is the date most of the men were mustered into service.

The Regiment was formed from 10 companies of independent
cavalry. These included Capt. Clinton T. Thigpen's Co. A, Capt.
Winston Stephen's Co. B, Capt. William E. Chambers' Co. 6, Capt.
G. W. Scott's Co. D, Capt. Haley T. Blocker's Co. E, Capt. Samuel
S. Row's Co. F, Capt. William S. Cone's Co. G, Capt. J. J. Diokin-
son's Co. H, Capt. A. Smith's Co. I, Capt. Robert Harrison's Co. K.

The regiment saw considerable service in defense of the
Confederate stores in and around Jacksonville and the north-central
part of the state. They did gallant service in repulsing the attacks
of the Federals although they were out-numbered most of the time.
Truly the Florida regiments were courageous and sincere in their
defense of Florida.






















LiBRARY
FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN
TALLAHASSf. FLA.


II I


err -- ---














Rhe Fifth Florida Cavalry



Very little is known about the Fifth Florida Cavalry. It
probably was organized about March 1864 for most of their act-
ivities date from that time. They were stationed in and about
Marianna, Chattahooohee, Quinoy and Tallahassee, They took part
in the battle of Natural Bridge, 16 miles south of Tallahassee,
on March 4, 1865.

The Regiment was composed of 8 companies of cavalry. George
W. Scott was Colonel in command of the Regiment. J. C. Booth was
Captain of Co. A; A. C. Smith was Captain of Co. B; D. V. Gwynn,
Capt. Co. C; L. G. MoElvy, Capt. Co. D; William A. Jeter, Capt. Co.
E; A. J. Dozier, Capt. Co. F; William H. Milton, Capt. Co. G; and
A. F. Perry, Capt. Co. I.


1111 11


arar I -















The Fifteenth Florida Cavalry



The Fifteenth Confederate Cavalry, as near as we know, was
organized about April 30, 1862. Its activities were centered in
and about West Florida and Southeast Alabama. On July 27, 1864,
Capt. W. B. Amos led a small band of fifteen men and captured three
small boats and the Federal boat "0soeola" on the Yellow River,
near Esat Bay.

It was composed of five companies of Cavalry with Harry Mury
as Colonel; R. H. Partridge, Capt. Co. A; R. L. Smith, Capt. Co. B;
V. B. Amos, Capt. Co. C; J. B. Vaugn, Capt. Co. D; N. R. Leigh,
Capt. Co. E.

Most of these companies were formerly Independent Companies of
Cavalry and many of their activities are listed under the heading
of their Independent Company names. A list of them will be found
further on in this book.


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