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Title: Lands of Leon
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Title: Lands of Leon
Series Title: Lands of Leon
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Main
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
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        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
    Back Cover
        Page 105
        Page 106
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A. D. 1911. TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA. 25 Cents Per Copy.


THE LANDS OF LEON


BY JOE H. REESE


0-0 N ONEY, according to the phrasemaker, is the ultimate of
all endeavor, No quarrel shall be drawn with him on
this account. Let the point be granted, for primary
purposes precede ultimates.
The publication of this special edition is the off-
Sspring of need No supplementary argument becomes
0 0-Z I necessary to convince when necessity is self assertive.
A glance at the last census report for Leon county is
presentlyasufficient. We are schooled to appraise progress by
counting noses. A comparison with the:census figures of ten years
ago exhibits a smaller number in Leon county now than then-
There is -an explanation; there is always an explanation but not
always a remedy and more rarely does the remedy cure. The fear
that an explanation at the outset might be mistaken for apology
raises the restraining hand but without effect. We are going to be
frank; we are going to tell the truth-there is to be neither
subterfuge of language nor exaggeration of fact. The pledge may be
discounted because of its voluntary assertion, but harkye! The
subject is one in which people are absorbed at this time. What
does all this city-born movement of "Back to the farm" mean? and
what has become of it? The country has been flooded with the
screaming literature of land sellers. Worthless lands have been
pictured in the high colors of chrome and carmine. The desk-
bound man with hope hidden in his breast for a home in the south
has been lured into the purchase of something which devours his
monthly savings and will never in some cases, be of service to
him. There is cause to be careful when you talk of land. As we
would be 'dealt by so shall we deal. It is just to:say that much
good land has been sold on the easy payment plan. The demand
for lands has made it possible also for the operation of many
fraudulent schemes-they have been so numerous, in fact, that the
authorities have been unable to keep up with them and segregate
the good from the bad. Let those who read remember that this is
not the prospectus of a land company, and let them see that no
advertisement of the usual character appears in these pages. Noth-
ing foreign to the title page may be found within; it is a composite
presentation of the "Lands of Leon" backed by the solid good will
and approval of the community from which it is put forth, any or
all standing ready if need be to endorse and verify.
Adverting to the census report:
There is an explanation alike for the decrease:and for the lack
of increase. There has been the usual natural increase in the
resident population beyond question, but this ;has been offset by
the exodus of many negro laborers to more alluring fields. The
tide of travel from other sections to Florida has been directed
toward the peninsula both through the energies of the railroads and
the land speculators. Vast areas have been purchased by specu-
lators in that section at nominal prices. With the opening of the
Everglades through the drainage operations there came a horde of
buyers who sought locations on the peninsula without inspecting
other sections. Tons of advertising matter were spread broadcast
over the country and were well distributed through well organized


agencies. This literature contained nothing of value about Florida
except the immediate sections in which the land companies were
interested. It was a common thing for community organizations in
the north and west to send representatives to inspect the holdings
of the advertisers and upon their reports to invest or reject The
result was that in less than two years twenty thousand farmshad
been sold in the Everglades and thousands of acres had changed
ownership. Such impetuous activity had its influence on the
floating population of Florida not within the advertised area. Al-
ways looking for easier means of living and greater compensation
each newly opened field of activity attracts them. This accounts
briefly for the decrease shown in the population of Leon county
for the past decade, but whatever the cause the comparison is not
one to please those who are interested in this section's prosperity.
It is one of nature's principles instilled in every generous soul
to wish to share good fortune with others, be it in the form of
acquired bounty or fruitful possession, beautiful scenery or de-
lectable entertainment. Such is the primal impulse from which
sprang this enterprise, supplementing the need aforesaid.
The Lands of Leon are so rich in natural beauty, so prophetic
of the fruitage of an undeveloped agriculture, so easily within the
compass of the poor man's purchase, so homelike in the 'envIrons
of its templed woods and nestling valleys that every gurgle of its
streams is a song of peace and good cheer and each banner' leaf
swinging in the breezes from its fortified fields waves a gladsome
welcome.
Possessing all the advantages for successful farming and stock-
raising, to say nothing of those needful for fruit growing and
trucking, it is even to this day something of a wonder that this
county has not been sought out by the colonizers for the exploita-
tion of their plans. Reason sufficient may be found why some of
these itinerant dealers have not explored this region. It has been
by far more profitable to buy land at two dollars an acre and sell it
for twelve and twenty times the sum, and the people of Leon are
glad enough that this has been their preference; yet, there are some
in the business of purveying lands who are not all absorbed n dol-
lar grabbing; there are some who have the germ of development
well planted within. To such as these the opportunity in Leon
is one of great rarity. It may be, haply, that the effect of this
edition will be to start something of a land boom in the locality of
which it treats, but until that comes there is land to be had, good
land, adaptable to the crops as shown and set forth by page and
picture in the matter tnat follows, for less than half the figure de
handed in other sections,
Land of less value is being sold in this and neighboring states
for $150 an acre, which is not now considered too much in view of
the southward trend. The most remarkable values to be had in
farm lands is jn Leon county, Florida.
The fact that Tallahassee was the only southern capital never
invested by Federal troops, considered with the conditions which
prevailed at that time, may offer plausible reason why this country
has never been penetrated in any great numbers by those seeking


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NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


homes from other sections. The land dealer may not be possessed
always of Samaratanic altruism, but the heralds of the great land
companies have many times blazed the trail to development and
prosperity.
The Leon country was settled a century ago, whereas the most
populous portions of the state are of recent opening. When the
war came with its consequent release oif slaves the plantation sys-
tem was well established. Most of the landholders farmed large
areas. When the negroes were freed the owners could no longer
command labor as they had under the slave system. Thecultivated
acreage was cut down to meet the altered conditions but there was
no demand for the surplus land. The farm became unprofitable
'and unattractive to the younger generation and many of the old
homesteads were deserted by their rightful proprietors, beingrented
ofttimes to shiftless and irresponsible tenants. That this was a
great mistake on the part of those who had not the hardihood to
face the reversal of fortune, has been amply proved in the steady
success which has followed the earnest and intelligent industry
of those who remained.
Modest it may be, yet this edition has a purpose. That
purpose is to present pictorially and otherwise the actual results
obtained on the farms of Leon county. To do this thoroughly and
well has been no small undertaking. The county has been can-
vassed with greater care than the candidate for office covers it.
More than half a thousand miles have been traveled with. team and
photographer, getting pictures of crops annd stock and homes; hours
have been spent interviewing planters concerning their methods,
the value of their crops, the character and productivity of their
soils. The result has beenawell balanced and satisfactory average,
inviting enough to tempt any man who has the love of nature in its
manifold forms enshrined beneath his shirt front.
Practical information was the object sought; the kind of infor-'
mation that a man in Iowa or Wisconsin or South Dakota or
Georgia would desire if he were looking for a farm in Florida. The
information obtained from individual farmers will serve to show
what is being done by the best farmers in the county. The general
statistics will show what the county is doing upon the whole, in-
cluding the lackadaisical efforts of the negro tenants and their
ox teams. This factor operates to lower averages, but there is
plenty of room for them as well as the more industrious classes
that may be induced to settle here.
The statistics offered are in every instance official. It is
regretted that they are not more copious, but such as they are they
will faithfully serve to show the comparative value of the crops
and the volume. These silent but impressive testimonials of fact
will demonstrate, for example, that cotton is no longer "king" in
this section. A revolution has been wrought by those sturdy con-
tenders with the soil who stood by their guns through the years of
profitless labor following the war. The last crop year shows a mar-
ket value of a half million, aside from that of the dethroned mon-
arch of southern soils. The farmers have learned and the soil has
given evidence of its approval of diversified crops. Yet those who
have inaugurated and are following this more profitable schedule
are few. These results were produced on less than one-third of
the area of improved lands in the county, and less than half of the
total area in the county is listed as improved.
No argument is needed to convince nor rod of illumination to
point out the chance which awaits the application of energy and
intelligence to produce abundant crops from these lands. The
prospector will read the story of the several farms related in this
issue. He will be surprised, perhaps, to notice that in many cases
no fertilizer of any kind was used and that so little was employed
by those using it. Significant also is the line which records that
there are 644 work oxen in Leon county. In childhood days from
school book precept we learned that the ox was a patient beast. So
he is, and so his owner learns to be..
Patience begets indolence. The ox and his owner with the
help of an antiquated plowstock and point produce a furrow some
four inches deep. If good crops can be grown from such cultiva-
tion without fertilizers on this soil, what might be done if all this
fecund land were turned with modern subsoil implements pnd
tended with the care and skill of scientific husbandry?


Little experimental farming has been attempted. The versatile
adaptability of the soil is exhibited with some amplitude by the
table of products on another page. Urgent attention is directed to
the experience of Rudolph Herold who came to this county several
years ago without capital or experience in farming these lands.
This mild mannered but determined Swiss farmer has succeeded
along lines that were not previously tried here.
An illustrious example of native pluck and success is present
in the story of Miles Johnson, jr.
The greatest success has not yet been achieved, the lands of
Leon have not yet delivered themselves of their most valuable se-
crets. The most comprehensive diversity of crops possible is yet
to be produced and the most roseate prosperity remains to be real-
ized. What this section needs more than anything else to pay div-
idends on its capital of natural advantages is a greater number of
real farmers, stockmen, dairymen, orchardists and nurserymen, and
it combines more favorable elements of climate, soil and community
conditions than any land now open to settlement.
The information which these pages contains was gatheredatfirst
hand from various authoritative sources. The editorof this edition
is indebted to many individuals, for their assistance in making this
a reliable compendium for reference and consultation, besides vari-
ous officials f the state and the county. To all who have si cn-
tributed the most sincere obligations are hereby acknowledged.

WHAT THE LANDS OF LEON OFFER
Aside from the comparatively small proportion of land in Leon
which is covered with timber it is nearly all subject to cultivation.
The United States Department of Agriculture, recently made a
soil survey the results of which may be had upon request This
information alone fills a good sized pamphlet and any attempt at
compression here might result in misunderstanding. It is much
better for the interested prospector to get the desired data in its
fullness from the pens of the men who made the investigations.
We are offering for present information a well considered arti-
cle by Dr. E. H. Sellards, State Geologist.
These will substantiate the assertion that the lands are rich,the
climatic conditions ideal, and the men themselves might testify
that the country is sparsely settled, that its overgrown hillsides and
alluvial valleys are ample and inviting. It is not necessary for the
homeseeker to lay out all that he hath'in the purchase of lands at
from $50 to $150 an acre when he can buy better land for one-tenth
the price. The dairying industry is already well developed here,
but there is room for more. Leon county dairymen cannot supply
the demand for their products. Leon leads all other counties in
Floaida, save one, in dairying. Intelligent farming on the Lands of
Leon means independence to the farmer; it will bring to the settler a
brighter prospect with congenial home among well bred neighborly
people; the lands do not have tobeirrigatedrdrained; they are
productive as they lie, and every hour of improvement spent upon
them will yield its multiples in value; the soil is rich in all the
essentials of plant life. It is adapted to stock and cattleraising,
wool production, pears, peaches, pecans and grapes, besides the
many field and garden crops that have values in the local markets
so stable as to be standard the year round. Nearly every farm is
stocked with thoroughbred hogs and poultry for which there an

increasing and unsatisfied demand. Lands may be purchased in
this favored section today at prices lower than such land so advan-
tageously located will ever be sold for again. Lands that were
purchased in South Florida three years ago for two dollars an acre
are now being sold at prices ranging upward from $50.

TREES AND WATER SUPPLY
An eminent forester and soil expert says: "In the selection of
soils look up and not down." The height of timber is regarded as
an unfailing indication of the soil's depth and fertility. Taking
this as a measure of Leon county soils it would be difficult to find
a richer country. The billowy hills and roadsides are covered
with huge hardwood trees of such height and luxuriance tht
nearly all the roads are shaded by a leafy canopy of overlapped
boughs. A full list of the trees native to this county was prepared
for this edition by A. M. Henry, a practical forester and assistant


0-






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


State Chemist. Mr. Henry is an out-of-doors enthusiast, and has
covered the entire county on foot with note book and camera. His
compilation may be relied upon as reasonably complete. The list
shows more than 100 species, possessing more or less value for
commercial uses. Their presence is valuable first, however, as an
index to the potentialities of the soils.
The water supply is abundant. The county is dotted with
lakes, Besides those appearing on the maps there are numerous
smaller bodies, and the streams are many. Every farm has springs,
which in many instances afford the water supply for the farmhouse
and barnyard through the agency of hydraulic rams. Some of the
larger farms have artesian wells, bored, as a rule to a depth of some
250 feet.
It is quite unnecessary to try to impress the unusual character-
istics of this country upon those who have seen it; they unfold to
the eye of the newcomer to his growing wonderment, but to the
person who has never seen the like it is well to direct attention to
the novel combination of hills and lakes. Employing the words of
a correspondent who interested himself in this edition will briefly
serve the purpose. He asserts that Leon county differs not only
from the rest of Florida but from the rest of the world. Some peo-
ple like to point out resemblances between the country around
Tallahassee and parts of Jackson and Gadsden counties, or places
farther north, but the likeness is only superficial. Red hills are
common enough in all the southern states, and lakes and live oaks
in many parts of Florida; but red hills and lakes together are found
only in the northern half of Leon county and a part of Jefferson
adjoining. Lakes and live oak trees both are conspicuous by their
absence among the red hills of Gadsden and Jefferson.
THE DAIRYING INDUSTRY
Leon county was probably pioneer in Florida dairying. It is
one of the leading industries and one which is capable of extensive
development. The dairies of Leon furnish butter for many South
Florida towns and cities, and the business of shipping milk cows is
one which brings thousands of dollars annually into the hands of
breeders. Yet no particular attention is given to pushing this
branch of the business. An effort has been made to give a repre-
sentative setting in these pages to dairying enterprises. Not all of
the dairy farms were visited but a fair idea of what is being done
and what is possible from what hai been done may be gathered by
a perusalof the succeeding pages. The tabulated listof products
and stock will show the number of thoroughbreds and .the breeds.
The Jersey predominates.
PUBLIC ROAD SYSTEM
There is no one factor in the scheme of affairs about the farmer
which has greater influence upon his fortunes one way or the other
than the public roads. Good roads are essential to the farmer's
success; bad roads may prove his undoing. Generally speaking the
public roads of Leon are good, and they are being improved all the
while through a systematic supervision, inaugurated some four
years ago, that insures a thoroughly good system in the course of
time. The county commissioners levy a road tax of 5 mills, which
is included in the 15 mill levy. This produces an annual revenue
of about $16,000, The fund is supplemented by the hire of the
county convicts at about $4,000 and the allotment of the state con-
vict hire at about $2,000. The figures are approximate for they vary
slightly from year to year. This sum of money is used to maintain
two road gangs under a competent superintendent. These gangs are
supplied with two modern road graders, one requiring six mules
and the other four, besides plows and other smaller tools and im-
plements. Recently work was begun to widen the Tallahassee,
Bradfordville and Thomasville road to a width of twenty feet, and
considerable work has been done on the Bellair road south of Tal-
lahassee to St. Marks. This work is being done as a part of the co-
operative plan for a National highway from the Lakes to the Gulf.
The plan usually followed in working the roads is an even amount
of work annually in each of the yve commissioners' districts. The
material used for surfacing is the native sand and clay.
GAME PRESERVES AND HUNTING
The Lands of Leon as a famous hunting ground were discovered


several years ago by sportsmen from the north. A number of
wealthy gentlemen have winter homes here and in addition to large
estates which they purchased they buy the hunting privileges over
thousands of other acres. Among these absentee landlords are Ten-
nent Ronalds, of Aberlady, Scotland; C. A. Griscom, of Philadel-
phia; John H. Law, of New York, Uno Fleischmann, of New York,
and others. All have handsome homes here which are maintained
all the year round. Some farming is done on these plantations but
the chief object of their owners is to winter here and enjoy the rare
sport which the fields and streams offer. Quail and duck and deer
and smaller gameare plentiful. Black bear is found on the Wacissa
river not far away. An organization of Chicago gentlemen which
owns no land but which leases the hunting privileges over a large
area is the Miccosukee Club. The members make their headquar-
ters during the winter at Magnolia Lodge, Miccosukee village,
18 miles from Tallahassee.

LEON'S LAKE REGION
"Some Florida Lakes and Lake Basins" is the title of a pamph-
let issued by the Florida State Geologist. It treats at length of the
lakes of Leon, The largest of these are Lakes Jackson, lamoniaand
Miccosukee. They are valuable chiefly at this time as ranges for
cattle. They have a very practical value in this regard aside from
the beauty which they bring to the landscapes. Very little water
remains in the lake basins as the result of natural causes which the
geologist explains, but the beds of the lakes are grown up in grasses
which afford the best of grazing. They are broad in extent and
their resources in this particular are well nigh limitless.

TOBACCO AND PECANS
Cigar wrapper tobacco has been grown in Leon county for more
than a generation. The soils in certain sections are peculiarly
adapted to it. In 1906 some land was shaded and the growers real-
ized profitable prices for their Sumatra leaf. This unused l success
led to large investments in "shade" the following year ansa heavy
crop was produced. For some reason the market "slumped" and
the growers were unable to sell their crops for anything approach-
ing a profitable margin. Since that year little tobacco has been
grown in Leon, though from an agricultural standpoint the crops
were excellent and the quality good.
The paper shell pecan is native to the soil of Leon. There are
many aged trees to be found in the county, and recently the devel-
opment of pecan growing as a commercial industry has been under-
taken.
THE POULTRY PROSPECT
Chickens and turkeys are found numerously on nearlyall Leon
county farms, large and small, and good stock, too. The Rhode
Island Red, Black Minorca, Buff Orpington and Plymouth Rock are
the favorite breeds. Brown Leghorns and White Wyandottes are
also to be discovered in a thorough tour of the farm country. Lit-
tle trouble is experienced in raising chickens, and yet the industry
in Leon has not been developed beyond the point of selling a few
eggs and chickens in the local market. Thousands of dollars worth
of eggs and chickens are imported from Tennessee every year.
There is great demand always, particularly on the East Coast dur-
ing the winter season, where eggs frequently run to 50 cents dozen
and chickens from 75c to 90c each, sometimes higher. A recent
bulletin issued by the United States Department of Agriculture
shows that the products of the American hen reach annually total
value of $620,000,000. This figure ranks in dignity with the value
of the largest staple crops, such as wheat, hay, corn and cotton.
With all the conditions favorable to poultry raising on a large scale
the opportunity in Leon is one of rare prospects. It is difficult to
obtain pictures of chickens. Dr. Stacy R. Radford, in Leon, has a
well stocked poultry yard, and one of the photographs shows apart
of it. In every instance where chickens were found in numbers
with any particular care given them they were of good size, healthy
and good producers,
TAXABLE VALUES IN LEON
SThe prospector is interested in the cost of living in any new
territory which he is contemplating as his future place of abode.


_ I___~~






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


Taxes are one of the necessary items of expense. The total valua-
tions for the county, Tallahassee included, amount to $3,416,000.
The realty amounts to $2,220,290; the personal property to $699,201;
railroad and telegraph assessments $496,509. The city realty is ap-
praised at $931,600, leaving the amount of real estate valuations out-
side of the city at $1,288,690. Reported for taxation in the county
are 440,000 acres. It is estimated that 175,000 acres of this is im-
proved land. The assessments in the county vary considerably ac-
cording to the condition and location of the farms. Some of the
best are assessed at $8 an acre; the minimum runs below$2. Asim-
ple problem in division will show that the average is well below
two dollars an acre. The state tax levy is 7% mills; for county
purposes 15 mills; for sub-district schools 3 mills. Thusthecountr
collects 25,4 mills. The city levies 16 mills. The city dweller has
a total of 41s mills to pay.
THE PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM
Leon county has an excellent system of public schools. The
county devotes 7 mills of its total levyto the support of the schools,
and the fund is supplemented by a proportion of the one mill
levied by the state and by the total amount of poll taxes paid in the
county. There are 76 schools, enrolling 6,000 pupilslastyear. The
rural schools run for six months. The city schoolsforeight
months. The difference is due to the establishment of a special tax
school district in the city which collects an additional tax of three
mi'ls. The privilege to establish such school tax districtsand levy
such additional tax is open to the peopleof any district. Special
election may be called upon the petition of one-fourth of the regis-
tered voters of such proposed district, and'the people pass upon it
themselves. The limit of such additional levy is placed at three
mills.
There are four high schools in the county-three for the whites
4nd one for negroes. High schools are located at Chaires. Wood-
Silli asnj Tallahassee for whites, and at Tallahassee for negroes. A
handsome high school building for whites was erected during the
,past year at Tallahassee at a cost of $40,000; Any pupil in the
county is privileged to attend the high school at Tallahassee. The
'igh school for negroes was:erected at a cost of $7,000, and is con-
sidered the best of its kind in the state. The schools areabsolutely
free to pupils, the only cost incident to attendance upon them be-
ing that of buying text books.

FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN
The Florida State College for Women is located at Tallahassee,
occupying a beautiful and healthful location on a commanding
eminence: The college plant is complete with dormitories, gym-
nasium, adJnalstralh a building, auditorium, library, laboratory
and accessories. Supported by the state and under the direction of
the Board of Control, the greatest care is exercised to maintain the
faculty with the best educators in all branches, including the
academic, art, music, domestic science and normal departments.
The state also supports an agricultural, mechanical and normal
school at Tallahassee for negroes.
Both,institutions are well attended and are doing satisfactory
work.
TALLAHASSEE THE BEAUTIFUL.
A government commission selected Tallahassee in 1821 as the seat
of territorial government and it has remained the seat of State gov-
ernment. The commission was ot easy to satisfy in choosing a lo-
cation, and spent two years in the search. The territory lying be-
tween the St. Mary's river on the east and the Perdido on the west
was carefully examined and considered. The selection of the site
now occupied by Tallahassee was the decision,"as the most beautifu-
and fertile section of the territory and best adapted to the desired
purpose." It was formally selected in 1824, and on May 24, 1824,
Congress passed an act providing a grant of land for the purpose.
The origin of the word "Tallahassee" is found in the combination
of t&o Seminole words, "Tallofor" meaning a town, and "Hassee,"
the sun; hence the contraction meaning Sun Town. Thus it is that,
Tallahassee, the State Capital and county site of Leon, is nearly a
hundred years old. It has the eminent respectability of age and the

I


solidity of long standing. Its people comprise the oldest and best
families of the State. Never having been touched by the promiscu-
ous hand of commerce the citizenry has contained within itself
those traits of cordiality and social habit frequently lost in crowd-
ed communities.
The last official census gives the number of people in Tallahas-
see as five thousand and eighteen, but a more recent act of the Leg-
islature extended the town boundaries and the newly acquired terri-
tory has,' upon estimate, some three thousand additional, this
swelling the population to approximately eight thousand. The
commercial activities of the town have been sufficient to meet the
demands of the surrounding country. Reference has previously
been made to the prevalent agricultural system of large plantations
and accompanying small population. The town has kept pace with
the country and the country with the town.
To the awakening of a new agricultural and industrial life how-
ever, Tallahassee will respond. It is well located as a shipping
point. About equi-distant between Jacksonville and Pensacola on
the main line of the Seaboard Air Line railway it has the advantage
of being within a few hours of two large seaport cities. A branih
of the Seaboard operates between Tallahassee and St. Marks, A Guli
port resort 21 miles away. The Georgia, Florida and Alabama rail-
way has lines to Carrabelle and Apalachicola, gulfport towns, and
quick connections to Atlanta, the capital city of Georgia, interven-
ing and points beyond
With all the coniveiences necessary to comlort, possessing
miles of shaded wilks rd drives. an alltlude i Ihree hundred feet,
natural and artificial dracage good schools sad churches. public
library and a communlly of r re heirlineo ol heallb and manner,
no more desirable locai so for a home could be load than Talla-
hassee. A beautiful liue c;ry. sel according to imillte tradition
but nonetheless truly upon seven hills, sentinelled by the forest
outposts of centuries, bathed in a tempered spray of sunshine and
gulf breeze, the capital of Leon encompasses, and relinquishes not
the romance and poesy of a great people, a historic period and pro-
claims its right and title to 'a great future in the foierank of South-
ern capitals.

CROPS AND CONDITIONS
COTTON: Planting begins- in March, bolls begin to open in
July, picking begins in August, ginning the latter part of August.
Average is a bale of 500 pounds to 2% or 3 acres without fertilizer;
highly cultivated will make bale to acre. Ready sale for fleece and
seed at Tallahassee and other railroad stations in the county. Cot-
ton seed oil mill at Tallahassee.
CORN: Planted in February. Fodder gathered in August, crop
harvested in October. Average 12 to 20 bushels to acre, without
fertilizer; 30 to 100 bushels to acre under intelligent culture and
fertilization.
CANE: Planted from cuttings in February, harvested in No-
vember; produces 150 to 250 gallons to acre, according to condi'-
lions. New syrup sells in the local markets for 40 to 601 cents per
gallon.
COW PEAS: May follow oats in June and cut for hay in Sep-
tember; make ton to acre, $20 ton.
RUTABAGAS: Planted in August; 500 bushels to acre; grow to
average of 6 pounds each; sell for lc a pound. Ready market.
Fine for winter feed.
SWEET POTATOES: Slips planted from April to June; crop
easily made; 200 bushels to acre; 60 cents bushel.
SORGHUMCANE: Sown in April for forage; green all summer.
PEANUTS: Planted in April for hog range in fall and winter;
20 to 40 bushels to acre; lands produce naturally crop of crab'grass
hay with this crop, which will produce for two cuttings. Oie Leon
farmer cut 3 tons of hay per acre from land upon which he had a
peanut crop.
RICE: Successfully grown here but has little attention; pro-
duces upwards of 30 bushels to acre; 70 cents a bushel.
OATS: Planted from October to February for spring harvest;
25 bushels to acre; followed with pea crop on same land.
RYE: Sown in November, threshed in May; 8 to 10 bushels to


__~_




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT

I


Acre average; $2 to $2.50 bushel; rye straw has profitable market
value,
HAY: Native grasses flourish and hay making is profitable;
experiences of farmers appearing elsewhere in these pages afford
practice examples of what may be accomplished in this line.

A COUNTRY OF BEAUTIFUL HOMES
/ The Tallahassee country is essentially one of beautiful homes.
The many pictures presented in this issue afford the visible evi-
enace on this point. A great many of the farm houses areequipped
with the modern conveniences, such as running water, bath tubs,
,acetylene gas. These comforts may be. had at comparatively small
'cost, A well and windmill or spring water forced upward bya ram
will make it easy for the homebuilder to suffer no discomfort by
making the transfer from town to country, or from rented farm to
" i,


one of his own purchase. There are sections that offer themselves
to the home-maker with all the pristineattractiveness that prodigal
Nature possesses, while other sections aye as antagonistic to home-
building. The home is the fortress of the nation. Home must be
attractive if its occupants would have the greatest measure of hap-
piness. Leon is the land of attractive homes. '

MERCHANTABLE PRODUCTS
Reference to the statistical pages of this edition will show the
variety of products grown in Leon for markeLi The list is numer-
ous as it is, but it could be immeasurably increased. Without in-
creasing the length of the list the newcoming farmer could devote
himself with profit to the crops that are already marketed success-
fully here. The elasticity of the market is such that there is ready
sale for anything appearing in the list, and the prices are stable.


- 1. a Beautiful Landscape. 2. a Natural Pine Porest. 3. Pretty Lake Scene. 4. Through the
Meadow to The Lake. 5. a Natural Grove of Majestic Oaks.


* -- -------...--..- *- .4.
HOW TO REACH TALLAHASSEE
OVER THE G. F. &db A. R.. R..

- + HE GEORGIA, FLORIDA & Ala-
Sbama Railway connects the capi-
tals of Georgia and Florida by quick
1 -11 schedules. The road extends from
Si Carrabelle, Fla., to Richland, Ga.
It makes connections at Carrabelle
with a steamer line for Apalachicola; at Cuth-


bert, Ga., it connects with the Central of
Georgia Railway for Macon and Atlanta, and
at Richland, Ga., connection is had with the
Seaboard Air Line Railway for Montgomery,
Birmingham and points in the west. At Tal-
lahassae the G. F. & A. connects with the Sea-
board Air Line for the east and west. The
general instructions for reaching Tallahassee
by the Ga., Fla. & Ala. railway are simple but
certain: Purchase tickets by the Seaboard Air
Line to Richland, Ga., or by the Central of


Georgia to Cuthbert, Ga., or by the Atlantic
Coast Line to Bainbridge, Ga. The rest will
be easy sailing.

FOR SALE or RENT
The Whitley place in Wakulla county, 1i4
miles from the prosperous town of Woodville;
200 acres, 160 open; soil, dark sand loam; clay,
1% feet, phosphate rock underneath. Will
grow anything under the sun, as anywhere.
Health good No mosquitoes to hurt.
J. L. WILKINSON.


I.


I~;






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




Some Representative Tallahasseeans


GEORGE TALBOT WHITFIELD
SECRETARY TO THE GOVERNOR

G EORGE Talbot Whitfield was
born in Tallahassee, July 29,
1873. He attended school at Tal-
lahassee, Johns Hopkins Univer-
sity and took law.at the Univer-
sity of Maryland. Returning to
Tallahassee he entered newspa-
per work at the capital, distin-
guishing himself as an accurate
and facile writer. He later be-
came connected with the state
treasurer's office as insurance clerk,
serving in that capacity until he
assumed the duties of his present
pos.tic n uder G ver naor Gilc bhsl,
January 5, Il)t Mr. Whtlf.eld
was married in 1907 to Mrs. Ruby
Wilson Trammell. He is a com-
municanit of the Episcopal church.


CHAS. M. AUSLEY, M. D.
CHARLES Merritt Ausley was
born in Camden, S. C., March
22, 1879. He received his early
schooling at Griffin, Ga., and Knox-
ville, Tenn. He attended the Bal-
timore Medical College, receiving
his diploma in May, 1901, and came
to Tallahassee the following month
and entered practice. He has
served for three years as chair-
man of the Good Roads Commit-
tee of the Chamber of Commerce
and is serving his first term as a
member of the Tallahassee city
council. He is a member of the


JOHN L. NEELEY.
OHN LAWTON NEELEY war
born at UVaukeenab Jefflr,'-
county, Fla, Sepl 17. bail He
attended the public schools of
lJeeron ard Duval countiesand
tooJ law at Georgetow Univer-
,rv,. Wcahjigtola. D. C. In July
1897 he became secretary to the
Railroad Commission, composed
at that time of R. H. M. Davidson,
chairman, H. E. Day and J. M.
Bryan. He filled this position un-
til October 1, 1901, when he en-
tered actively the practice of law.
He had been admitted September
1896, the day he was 21 years of
age. He was appointed a member
of the board of trustees of the
Florida State College by Governor
Jennings, and succeeded Col John
A. Henderson as president of the
board upon the latter's retirement,
and was chairman of the execu-
tive committee of the board until
the passage of the Buckman bill
which abolish:,d ihe oDard Mr
Neeley was a tuo terry oi I1t low.
er branch of the State legislature
of 1900, as representative from
Leon county, serving as chairman
of the committee on privileges
elections. His fight for reforma-
tory amendments to the primary
election law was one of the mem-
orable features of that session.
He was a member of the Judiciary
A. commatte, aiso. Mr. Neeley
was marriedjue 5, 1902, to Miss
Russell Lott of Gadsden county.
They have two Children, bothborn
in Leon county, John, 7 and Clar-
ence, 5. Mr. Neeley is a member
of the Masonic fraternity, the
Knights of Pythias, the Odd Fel-
lows and the Junior Order of Unit-
ed American Mechanics.

Florida and American Medical
Associations, assistant surgeon for
the Seaboard Air Line and Ga.
Fla. & Ala. railways and examiner
for several life insuranclompa.
nies.


WILLIAM J. OVEN.
W ILLIAM JOHN OVEN was
born in Apalachicola Feb.,
24, 1875, and received his school-
ing in the public schools of Frank-
lin county. After being admitted
to the bar he served as county
judge of Franklin county from 1899
to 1902, when he resigned to enter
the race forthe legislature, lower
branch, and served the terms of
1903 and 1905 in that body. He
came to Tallahassee in 1907 to be-
c me associated with the late
Judge George P. Raney id the
practice of law. Heis division
counsel for the Seaboard Air Line
with headquarters at Tallahassee.
He is a memberot the Masonic
nd K. T. fraternities and a member
of the Episcopal church. He was
marrisd October 5, 1910, to Miss
Bershe Archer Meginniss.


W. E. VAN BRUNT, D. D. S.
W ILLIAM Edwin Van Brunt
was born in Tallahassee, No-
vember 2, 1884. He attended the
public schools and Florida State
College and received his profes-
sional training at the University
of Maryland, Baltimore. He grad-
uated fromthat institution in May,
1909, and began practice in Talla-
hassee, where he hasa handsomely
fitted office. He is a member of
the Methodist church and an Elk.


PAUL T NICHOLSON
LEDe'NG, JEWELER
O MAN who wanis a home
N or ono has money to In-
vest in farm lands can do better
than to make an investment in
Leon county," is the expressed
opinion of Paul T. Nicholson, one
of the progressive young business
men of Tallahassce.
Mr. Nicholson came to Talla-
hassee in 1905 and established his
jewelry business. "I've grown
from noatbiag ta something." isthe
cay be puts It. and be thanks that
others can do tbe ume thing per
iiuslarty II they hvea ltle mon.-
ey i invest at the oulsel.
Mr. Nicholson has one of the
best jewelry and watchmaking
shops in he sale, though il is not
one of the largely His stock is
well selected and his workman-
ship is aonec,entonsa and thor.
ough,
He has an attractive assortment
of jewelry, ut glass, silverware
clocks and the innumerable small-
er items that go to make up a stock
of this character.
He also carries diamonds, and
there is no cause to go beyond
Tallahassee to procure a well-cut
stone. Mr. Nicholson believes in
Tallahassee and the possibilities
ol Ibe country snrrondiag. "Give
me money It invest and I would
ry Leon county first," says he,
which is, by the way, not a bad
slogan for Leon county fole: tt
adopt. "Try Leon first." Folleo
that, and there will be no need to
try elsewhere, nor any regret
either.

A. H. WILLIAMS
ALEXANDER Hawkins Williams
Sasbornin Tallahassee March
6, 1876. He attended the public
schools and the West Florida Sem-
inary. He studied law at home
under the direction of the late
George P. Raney, and was admit-
ted to practice in May, 1906. He
was elected clerk and treasurer of
the city of Tallahassee in Febru-
ary, 1900 and has held these posi-
tions continuously since. Ie was
appointed referee in bankruptcy
in October, 1909, but resigned soon
after his appointment on account
of other duties. He is a member
of St. Johns Episcopal church,
Tallahassee, a member of the fra-
ternal orders of.Elks and Knights
of Pythiass






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


G UYTEPierceM:Cord .sborn
Sept 2 1884. in Cairo, Grady
county, Ga. He moved with hi*s REENE Sharpe Johnston, Jr.,
parents to Florda 18 years ago, wa born at Statesboro, Bul-
ahasseen, a3 re-ar He rlead loch county, Ga., Aug. 13, 1887.
academic training at Ihe Florida He attended the public schools,
State College and earned his fiishingal Emorycollege.Oxiord
L.L. degree at Washington & Ga. and receled the degree of
Lee University, Lexington,Va. In LL B
IJue, 1909 be was a lmftied io the L. L B at Merer Univernily. Ma.
bar and lc. mc.nlh laler he was cn, Ga., in 909. :Heentered the
appoiled 1U 5 Commissioner lor practice or law at Richland Ga.,
the Tallabd.eee dtlrison ol Ibe b.t moved to Tallahassee io April,
SNeoTr membc o nh fm of1910. He became member of he
McCord Ind Johntlon. In Octe-, law frmol McCerd & Joboalon in
her lasi be was elected solicitor June, 1911.
__ ___of the county judge's court of
GUYTE P. McCORD Leon. GREENE S JOH
, GREENE S. JOHNSTON


FRANCIS B. WINTHROP
FRANCIS B. Winthrop was torn
In Tallahassee 26 yearsago He
studied law at Yale and was ad-
matted tothe bar at the age of 21.
In 1906 he was elected a member
of the cily council of rallahasee
and the year 'succeeding he was
elected mayor. In 1910 he was
elected a member of the legisla-
ture to represent Leon county in
thal body. He was chairman of
the Commitle on City and Town
Organizations and a member of
the committees on constitutional
amendmeadments, educallon and
judie.ary. Mi Winlhropwasmar-
tied in 1910 to Miss Genrrtde
Chittenden, also of Tallahassee.


















GEORGE WYTHE WALKER
was born at Bellair, Leon
county, Fla.,October 16, 1859 He
attended sch lin Leop county,,
in Forsyth, Ga,, the Columbia
preparatory school in New York


ORION C PARKER
CoheTaciroP AD BbLotLr,
O C. PAKKER came toTalla.
b ha.see n 1902 from Wythe-
ville, Va.. and since thal tLme bha
etabhlihed hmsell as one of Tal-
lahbasee loremost eontraclornrnd
best builders The Goaernor's
Maasionnd d other handDeme dom-
iciles shown in this ed tnon wrae
conslrcled by him. Mr Parker
is a good rtIzn and a conscien-
llons workman He behlves in
Ihe Lands of Leon and haa made
thin bis home for keep'

and stindid Iaw n the office of
James M. Ball, 35, Wall St. New
York He was admitted to pract-
t.ce in the State ourts Jannary 15,
1881. and in the Uniled Slates
courts April 6. 15S He served
one term as mayor of Tallahassee
the year of 1887. In 1889 he was
appointed on hbe Indean War
Claim Comrmisiou The aorkeoi
this lcommi-l-O conslileieS an
imporcanit chpber ,n the fAaactal
history of Florida. September,
17. 1889 h,- ais commiisioned rby
Governor Fleming a- Major oi -he
Eight Regiment of the enrolled
milaci oi ieSile an I151 bhe be-
gan h.s servicee as late Allorney
for the Second Judicial Circuit
and continued inthat positionan-
til he resigned in October 1911.
Mr. Walker comes from distin-
guished ancestry and bears the
name of George Wythe, one of
Virginia's celebrated jurists. He
is a member of the fraternal orders
.f Elks and Knights of Pythiaa.


I VA |

RICHARD A. SHINE. D. D S.
RICHARD Aleander Shbne was
born at Tallahasee Ocl. 8,
1865. He attended the West Flor-
ida Seminary and Later graduated
irom the dental department of the
University of Maryland, March,
1887. He fbnt pracnced in Tall.
haaee and subsequently in Al.
bany. Ga., ad Iackson.ille. Fla.,
returning a lew yeas ago to open
an obff again mi Tallahal e. He
haa held the office of preudeul of
the lonrda Boad of Denial E.-
aminers, A a member of the State
Denial Asscctalton, a comnaunl.
caut of the Episcopalchbrch, a
member of the (ralernal orders of
Elks and Knights ao PyThiaJ. He
was married to Miss Panline
Brooksor Boston. Ga. Jane 3. 1903.


C'oi. I. J. APPLEYARD
ROPORIETOR Fr rHE CAPITAL CITY
0BMsHaINGICOMPANY.


J. ELMORE M NAIR ..
J ELMORE M NAIR wasbe
Sin Camilla. Milchell county
Georgia. November 28. 1881. :ke
came to Tallahasnec in September
1903, to become connected with
be Balktcm Drag Co Four year
agohe become manager of the
Holmes Drug Co.. and now occ--
pie Ithal position In the lalt
municipal election he was chosen
a member of the City Council
He was married June 8, 1910, to
Miss Henrietta Ame, of Tallaha-
gee. Mr. M'Nasr is one of Talla-
hassee's plaogressive yonng bud-i
ness en. He has frm faith in the
rapid development of tLus ectien
bringing with it a rating pma-
perily and contentment for the
people who engage in makingit.


A. M. HENRY
ASSOCIATE STATE CHEMIST.
We are indebted to this gentle.
man for many of the illustratI N ,
in thlis isse.
"-y






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


HENRY E. PALMER, M. D.
ENRY E. Palmer was born in
Monticello, Fla. Heattended
the Monticello High School and
later entered the University of
Maryland at Baltlmore, from which
institution he graduated in April,
1892; His early professional train-
ing was supplemented by service
in the school hospital for one year
as assistant resident physician. In


the fall of 1892 he located at Tal-
lahassee and entered general prac-
tice. In 1909 he entered the New
York Postgraduate School and
completed a course on stomach
and intestinal diseases He has
served as president of the Florida
Medical Association, president of
the Regular Board of Medical Ex-
aminers for the state of Florida
and vice presidentof the Seaboard
Air Line Railway Surgeons. He
is a member of the American
Medical Association, the Florida
Medical Association; is Medical
Counselor for the Third Congres-
sional district, Medical Director
for Our Home Life Insurance Co.,
of Florida, and local surgeon for
the Seaboard Air Line Railway
Company.

FRED T. MYERS.
FRED T. MYERS was born in
TallahasseeJly 12, 1854. He.
received his education in the


common schools and attended the
West Florida Seminary and the
University of Georgia. Return-
ing to Tallahassee he studied law
in the offices of Mariano D. Papy
and George P. Raney. He was
admitted to the bar in November
1876. He was clerk of the Florida
Supreme Court 2 years and served
12 years in the State Senate con-
tinuously, from 1891 to 1902. He
was president of the Senate dur-
ing the session of 1895, He is a
member of the Florida Bar Asso-
ciationand was president of that
body in 1908-9. Mr. Myers was
married December 28,1876, to Miss
Jessie W. DeCottes, of Jackson-
ville. They have three children,
Selim W., of Batin Rouge, La.,
Mrs. Eugene T. Perkins, of Talla-
hassee, and William Blount, now
in his sophomore year at Prince-
ton. Mr. Myers hasbeen promin-
ent in Florida politics for many
years and has held number of re-


sponsible attorneyships. There
are few men who are held in such
general esteem. He is a member
of the Knights of Pythias and the
K. A. college fraternity.

BENJ. J. BOND, M. D.
ENJAMIN Johason Bond was
born at Lloyd's, Jefferson
county, Fla., Feb 8, 1874. He re-
ceived his academic education at
Keswick High Schl, Albemharle
countyVirginia. His professional
training was acquired at the Uni-
versity of Maryland, the date of
his graduation being May, 1904.
He followed the university course
by a year in the university hos,
pital, where he made the study of
the eye, ear, noe 'and throat a
specialty? Hecameto Tallahassee
in 1905 and entered the practice.
He is a member of the American
Medical Associatibn, the Florida
Medical Associatioi and the fra-
terfal order of Woodmen.


Interior View Store of Randolph L Fenn. .


I I




"


NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


HON. CHARLES B. PARKHILL
Associate Justice of the Florida Supreme Court The Only Native Floridian on the Supreme Bench.
HARLES B. PARKHILL. associate justice of the Supreme Court of Florida i, a nativeof Leon county.
and he is the only native Floridian on the Supreme Bench. He was born on his father's farm in Leon
county June 23. 1859. His father was captain of Company M, Second Florida Regiment, and was killed iri
battle in Virginia when Charles was three years of age.
Justice Parkhill has personal and peculiar claims to distinction in that he is the only native Fl,-ridian onr the
Supreme Court of his native State. and that he represents the line of succession which has been di-r1gii hed in
the same way. Justice Westcott was the first native Floridian to hold a position on the Supreme Court bench..
and was the only native son to hold such a position during the period of his incumbency. He was 'u.-teeded.by
Justice Raney, who held the same unique disunction. Justice Raney was succeeded by Justice Liddon. who was al5o
the only natrie Florid ian okn the beneh at the
time, and he was uc ceed.eBd by Justice Car-
ter of like renown who was iucrede] Iby Jus-
tice Parkhlll, who holds the h,,nlr.
The court is composer ed at present of Chief
Justice James B. Whit field. b.rn in North
Carolina; JusticeSnack leford. I,,rn in Tennes-
see; Justice Cockerell. born in Alabama: .Jus-
tice Taylor. born in South Carolinaar ndJs-
ice Hocker. born in Virginia.
Justice Parkhill was appointed 195 fill
the un-xpired term of Justice Carter. uhohad
resigned. In 1 %(l Justice Parklill was


Surfing his service on the ben,.h ijurice
Parkhill has written some of the ni-n t %ital
decisions rendered by the court. His record
attests that he ha sservedl in the military.
the legislature and the 'udieiary branches of
the State government. u dipped with this
experience, a studious mind, i epndetnet
thought and untfinching energy he has worked
ot such a good p urpoe that there has been
decided demand from th e people from
district that his anme is prominently me
co, si tle i n i onsa u with the congress i
succession. while e lJustice Parki-dll
himself madeno posi tiohe ann itu
is regarded as likely that he wil ve
race for Congress from
trict against the prts
DannitteH. Mays. who
as a candidate for
The demand made upon
past few yeas toeee eee e
a candidate for continue to ugta,
tire c-ies from every a eW the diwrret,
and this is no worker, or tere are few men-
who have given more .ef their t;meand money
to public service. He has spoken iii every.
county of the district, and is knovm from ".0n
end of it to the other. At the conchlusion oft
hostilities between the North and SouthL hi '
mother moved to Jef ferson county where
... 'l_ ;. i, rir. dHe was educateul in the
public: schools of JeiTer son county, at Randolph
Macon (College. Va., and at the University
cof V'irginia. He was aAilitted ti pra tiZe
law in Tallahassee in the summer of 31582
and settled in Pensao la at the oluse -r the
epidemic of yellow feter of that year, and the f,,llowing year was one of the volunteerss t: guard the city against
the possible introductior.of the diseasevagair, into the citL. He represented Escambia county in the itate senate
in the regular and special seasons of 1839. and w%%th the Hon. Frank Clark and Captain Mathi3, of Hillsl rcough
county as sub-committee draughted the State Bourd of Health law.
In 1891 he married in Tampa. Miss Helen Wall. unly daughter of Judg- J. B. Wall. and th-e:, hav-e five chit-
dren living.
The Third District will undoubtedly rally to the Parkhill standard if he becomes a candidate for Congress.
With such ripe experience behind hin he would at since take rank with the the foremost member of Congress
and in all justice would be placed on the Jutdiciary Connmmittee. In any event this ability is an asset which the
State will continue to utilize.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT







Trees Growing in
Orch ets with
Volvek Behm






SNEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


Florida Pecan Endowment



CR Company. F 3


NE of Ibe moat auertic o rgasations
in the development of Florida ia the
Florida PjaRCP ,adflment Company,
whb as central offices Me in the Stnger Build-
iog 149 Broadwret, Wli lra1Cit.y,
r Thins compayjrpcluaed fie Iboumand
area o thbe moat dieSaMo had for pecan
planting in the te of Florida. or for that
miller In this aII- tO l ainated in
Leon county Sl a foar miles of
Tallabhasee. 4lf %httJ a land of this
company's aha F4il as on Lake Jackson,
Thee delos tltof th lands have been
inlrase t tto b rt t 1 Cr. S Z. Ratf engineer
and borlit bapmaphlet recently
issued by tflS InM reference is made
to Mr. Ri nour calty
.'Mr.& : .j musrly of Atlanla. Ga.
will be in Pecan Tree Culture,
regarding wbichb bIhspecial knowledge. at-
tanmed through years oe snidy and practical
ecpersncne,.
Mr. lrat received ha edicalNon at Ihe
oUneesrurly Georgia, lnudyinsg Bolany and
Horilcillo e.wlth his enogieesncn gcOnr and
hbaing beea taled ao a Soathern farm, horli
cnloknt interests baveappealed lo bLm Ibrough
ou Life. He his had direct snprression at
S A'tila over the propagalion and planning of
half a rmUlon trees and hIere developed lour-
teen hundred acres of land.
Mr. Ru has bad lage e peten.ce as a land-
S scape amrcblec as nell. and thii knowledge
aill handily serve lonard the beltermeni and
beanl.uying of Ihese pecan tracts. 11 is ex-
ceedingly lfortiunna thai Mr. Rnt Iis nol only
a turned, practical. as well ailbhorelcal. nur-
serymun botanist and borticalturinst but also
a landscape archlte.t c ril and municipal ea-
gineer. He has planned and developed lead.
tug parks of Alianila Ga
But of cbielesl importance. Mr. Rurt has
made a thorough studv ol the pec.an and the
pacan industry, and ol all tbe bels soils lor
Ibis tree in South Georgia and Florida.
Our horticulturist "knows how," and is
familiar nulh all she minor and malor leaturess
that secret practical and scientific, successful
financial development of pecan growec He
S thoroughly nndersiands te selection, budding,
gralting pruning, spraying. fertilization and
cuntivallon of pecan tries. No csrakes illt
be made in Ihese ali important mailers and we
realsae that in the coanscsenuticus ork ol sup
crvrsing and directing horticuliunst and his
asbbtsanut, success depends. Fur this reason
we have contracted wilb Mr Run lo Iie oKn
the Pecan Plantation. to base all sork under
his constant watchlnl nnsptecl n and direc-
tion,we bold ourselves strictly rerponsbl. and
accountable for the work and will regularly
mane inspection ol the groves and improve-
ments, knowing there is no room lor the care-
leas or indifferent in nut culture.
Ruffi is urder a heavy blood to jCru


I- a -


these grove to maturliy.
This company bas already sold over two
thousand acre in small tacts of five acres
each. which they are planting with unproved
varietls of paper shell pecans Every one of
ithee tracks will hare a thirty foot road built,
so that adequate approaches will be had to
every section of the property
Mr. aiff baa recently purchased 45.000
fna young budded or grafted pecan nnts, and
will immediately plant them on these tracts.
The company has established a Leon Nur-
sery, which now has 6(n0(0 young pecan trees
of standard varieties growing
Nearly all of hbe acreage lias been col-i.
valued and planted with var-r.S crops, and it
is the intention cf the company hereafter to
lerlilize the soil by planlIng soy teans. cow
pesand other valuable nl trogencrop, stre ngth-
enang and enrcbhing the saol and really slim.
nlaling Ite growth of the yonag pecan trees-
The Florida Pecan Endowment company
ha agents in the various saret the North
and West, and they have perhaps done more
Io sdvenrt e rallabasseh and Leon county than
any other single Iorce during the ast year.
One of the most direct and forcible adver.
lsain propaganda whih the company has
adopted is to display lancy paper heUl pecans
and Lheeby advertise Leon county at the
American Land and Irigation Exposllion to
be held on Nonember 3rd to 121h at Madison
Square Garden. New York City.
The Florida Pecan Endowment Company
has purchased a bootlb or Ibis purpose and
will baunifully decorate II and eahibib there-
in $10.000 worth ol silver caps. which are of-
fered by the expoaiLo for the funst cops oi
varions kinds frown in Amenca. Thee s a
prize ol $1,000 for the best short staple colon.
$1.000 for the bet 30 ears ol ;orn shown at the
expojition.'ad prries of similar value for
wheat. barley, hops, apples sugar beets and
olher products 4
Mr Sliaell. president of the exposition.
hab large interest in Texas as well as in Flow.
ida. and has gaven i 1.000 prize for the best
while polatoer shown atl he expoalton. It
will:b nece.ary tor Ibe .onestors to en or
one half basbel ol the best potaltos lo wia bhis
priZe.
Mr Stilwell swell known ganeroaily has
been further illiusraled by his gift of one of
the fven-ire planted pecan groves o this com.
pany, now valued at S1.26, which e glues to
Ibe Expositlon, and iI will be by popularal.
oIlmfet,.Wosoby on of a the vietors at thi Es.
position. Mr. Stilweil gives il away to nsim-
ulate attendance at ite Laposition.
S Lere are similar pieces or land, eitnated in
the iarrots seccnoos of our country. which
will be allowed ih Ine same manner and the
prizes offered at this Eipoifiq are sbe btnd.
someil and mosl Vnalable in the butdJi t
American agrictullare-. "


I


If Florida nt.ni' Ir cre ,'rpoel .id [a
brand wishes no ell her lands, she would
not do belter than lo ehiblbr rl proancti and
send herrepresentalives tolbis Anmer.an Laod
and frtigation E Ismpnon at Madison Square
Garden, lor New York Is tthe ceer of Amer,
can capital for invostmenl purposesa and It .s
the central nmmilgrlton port p a Amer-ca wel
coming 33000 fs=eirs or peasants among Inc
million Immigiants arrivin there.
This ia the psychological moment a.r tx-
plotiing lands In the melropolja of rbis new
world. While here are hundreds oi Florida
land agents In Chicago there ar none -n ihe
Atlantic seaboard. This Elpositlon 1ill -how
lhe land seekena ad farmers of the Allantic
seaboard all about larm cndionllsc lIhe sar,.
ons states, not making sI necessary for ioe land
investor fhrt to make a preliminary rra. s cn
Ilnental mp to leaP aionl bte ordered land.
The Flonda Pecnm Endomcniel Co,.pas,
has interested prominent bonkerrailroaa men
and professional men of wenlyai ce Nortlbhern
and Southern State% an Leon coauly Florlda
Itn planiatlon *ill in the lulare become a set.
element of inensile Ilrmers wirth -e r-ural
deLisety. tlphonoes. phonographs. clr t bouses
nearby schools and ideal comimpndy n a nigL
state of cis lizatioa.
In olden limes the farmer was neessanr-ly
something of a hermit. bh work w&sdrodgers.
and in the Nortb whatl he earned muil be er.
pended for expensive wool clo thing high co
loel and storm proof home. In the Sonib
th:se conditions have change Lge
may feed ol of doors and live Alboul
tar through Ihe entire yCar. We baRef
best all round climale in Ameca..
no malaria scare; in fact on Itus
lion daring the pals year have
from Massachnsells, nunned I
they have never beenaJ er l el bh1alth iJ
Ines than while oa Tallbahi wa
hne haunting incompara ti
boating and bathing n ery *S'
rooms giro np to the ome-'taop.
The Floinda pecan eatbew
has isaued a verT ltranctti
'Income Is a jfull fn i, which
to send teasry antnase wk-
their ,M. at

cars fo o tOM ,.
gualratna to Retine? w




age tram pies I *b* t OSPI rg lan
antn to L o a t lsapitf o t
one t ea ll Ldold.
Twaety do Anatib. M a M st SI .?6
will p ne of thO.Jnnscao oveas "
IJal'ba noe mnutLled pglblicalon the
'P ~rl NIjI and Leon county you will
fiSd 1sit hiatoant and bospteabre people: a
pab ,t-i eqoabll all sbe n jr-eid.
nea ooo"It a cches ofitl
psn wira anrpa-seud fisbiag.-
'spatrior tram pontatpion cla _i
smarets: beaunfuil homean
coatant, pine-ladei, ml
no county witb
Amariea. Mere

- orchad rower. -


I






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



-WOODVILLE --


^" "- 'I *.Qa==3-- JI---1
If'" ... .. m --::: % ...... -n ....%
WOOD VLVLE,


W. 0. W. HALL


ODVILLE was christened Augudl itl. The firm works 30 crops oi bhoes. own-
28, 181. 't s a r.eiclreisque il- ing 2,000 acres ol timber land, about hall of
SIsge 10 miles Irom Tallahlsice on whtch is being worked. A alarm of 120 acres
the 51. Markl branch of Ihe Sea- is rnder cnllitvalin at Ibis plant devoted lo
board Air Line H G Lewis was corn, alt bay. chuats and potatoes all lor
tfhe hrst poalmaeler.and he named home consumpiion. The corn averages 20
Ihe Iowa He served a poitnmas- hbushels to the acre lrtou i fertilizers. Abonu
ter for 16 years. Itb irlt five ol 200 pounds ol fertilizers To the acre is used
bhich paid a lotal molhly reve- nnaer the oat and hay crops respectnely.
"nle ofl 5 cents. Since hal nime G. W. Rhodes. one ol the coanny ;om-
the Idcome has increased coa- missioners, lives lth.r, a mile of Woodville ,
slderao-ly and T. L. Puge no* 9 males from Tallibhasee. He is a orpentine
holds that position. There is one operator and hs a splendid plan. with rail-
.nml 1 d i exch *ia,. Toera are sx general r ad s ing He worms 20 1o 25 crops and
il sore. chiel amonJ lem neorig ibai 1 Rhodes. prodtlces 700 barrels a year. Mr. Rhodes is
Ra. & Bro; :.R LneolJ and SC Witilim the owner of a large timber acreage, some
soa The buildis ocfcupied bT the former h.rm 20,000 acres in al Nearly all of this has
is Iwo slor.e. w"th priead biick iraci. and been worked and he is noa back box.ag. In
is oneo Ibhehend.-omiel eilre bodses in Flor. addition to his naval stort bnetacAs he does
1rda. WoodsCle i. srro.nded by rlrtt ilc aai ame tarmling having some 200 acre under
and ntrpealine aisilelres Oneol ihe Largest ,',cnlaleom. Oals and pea e hay are his
dastillernes i Ibe county oprraled Dy Rni i& tptincipal creps He makes 30 nbshels of oats
Rhoden i o ll Io Ithe soui ol Woodaillc to the arae and a h tn ad a nail o ptavine
The firm ownc I. 25 birren .ill. asa the in. hay on the same land. ibth 300 pouads of fir-
nnal prota:iio a anot iO 100 bhrrel'Ci ,it.r 1iiler to tbe ace The lIad in gray loam


STORE OF RUSS & RHODES


nilh clay suboil. Hisland lies along the
road for distances Ti Irom 6 to 15 miles.
One of the most progre&a.iee men of Ibis
sei-ton is W A Regicler, who owns a fine
[arm and an extensive iaw mill plenl juslcast
or Woodville. ,He haa served ably as one ci
the Leon Coanty Cmmissionees. and his Iriends
say aill represents the county in the neat ses-
lon of [be leg.alaltre
Woodville has a flourishing council of
fraternal order of Woodmen. G.W. Rhodes is
council commander; W. A. Register, clerk; T.
A. Farrell, banker; George Lawhon, advisor
lieutenant; managers, P, D. Lewis, R. L. Rhodes
and W. C. Robison.
Located midway between Tallahassee and
theSalt, .Woodville is a delightful place to
live. It is on the direct ronte of the Lakes
to the Gulf highway. A good hard road
threads the distance for several miles dnt of
Tallahassee, and it is only a matter of time
when the whole lengthof the road to St.Marks
will be clayed.


TURPENTINE STILL OF RUSS & RHODES MEan WOODVIrE E TURPENTINE PLANT OF G. W. RHODES nsE Wooeviti





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


0-0 "AC CAL." the home of
S Col. John H. Law, on
the west side of beau-
tiful Lake Hall, is in-
deed a spot for soul
0o -o enchantment, forhere
is found every envi-
ronment of an ideal home life.
The cottage is on a commanding
elevation, about two hundred
yards from this lake of chrystal-
in.e beauty and purity, which lies
like a great mirror. reflecting all
the tints of ever-changing na-
ture. To the north lies Lake
Overstreet, in which the varied-
hued clouds of setting sun seem
ever chasing each other, and
commingling for the formation
of greater beauties. To the
south lies an unbroken forest of
hundreds of acres, in which birds
nest and hatch and sing, and


squirrels gambol in never ceas-
ing harmony. Inmolested by horn
or shot of huntsman. To the
west lies broad acres of fertile
and undulating fields, some tilled
with consummate skill, while
others grow to bush and briar in
which quail grow and fatten.
Col. Law is an enthusiastic
sportsman, and while he has two
thousand acres of his own upon
which to chase the game, he has
exclusive hunting privileges on
thousands of acres more. He
frequently entertains his inti-
mate friends with hunting par-
ties of several days duration.
An ever green lawn stretches
from residence to the shores of
the lake, encircling cottage, of-
fice, servants' quarters, barns
and other buildings; and the
drives and walks are set to all the


rich contributions of floral life.
The place enjoys a perfect
system of wa'erworks and sew-
age disposal, the water being
pumped from Lake Hsil which is
fed by immense springsof abso-
lute purity.
This place, which Colonel Law
has been beautifying for several
years. is now his permanent
home. After sixty years of un-
interrupted management of the
western department of the Ro.ai
Insurance Company with offices
in Chicago. this genial gentle-
man comes here with his family
to pass in comfort and plenty the
declining years of a most useful
life. But few men of his age
are as hale and hearty as he, and
thousands of friends all over
America are wishing him many
years of quiet peace and un-
alloyed happiness.




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


CQurt RIpQ ;PV d CPPut 9 9M-qflg Of leon.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE bEMUCRAT




- TALLAHASSEE


It is God's Beauty Land.


By Milton A, Smith.


ROM out the frozen north a band of red men came,
STheir guide, The Spirit Greatptheir mission, peace andgame.
JUs jas Ir.e ,ua was sinking, like a great ball of blood
Sheir wise and valiant chieftain, in superb splendor stood;
His hands to his visor flew, and with discerning eye
Gazed long and steadfast, both on green earth and flaming sky,
From limb to limb of majestic oak and towering pine
Birds of gay plumage fly, and chattering squirrels climb.
"My braves," he said, "The Spirit tells, through yon declining san
That our long and patient search for land of peace is won.
The blood upon that distant orb reveals this thought to me:
The Pale Face, in his far 'way land, will now contented be.
On yon broad, fertile valley, and more extended plain,
We can peacefully till the corn, and hap'ly chase the game.
With our Red Brother, and the Pale Face, forever more at rest
We will patiently do our duty as we see it best.
We've traveled long, and terrors great have vexed our little band -
SLet wanderings cease, for this is TAL-LA-HAS-SEE.Beauty land."

But the resistless Pale Face, to this land by Heaven sent,
Roamed every hill and dale on the sleeping continent,
And it is no great wonder that he so early ionnd
'This favored spot, which Red Men had long made hallowed ground.
Through purchase, and through trade, and of limes throughmethods coy,
He obtained this land of plenty, of sunshine, and of joy.
He brought the slave, the axe, the plow, and cunning tools by score;
'The horse, the mule, the cow, the chick the watch dog for the door;
He felled the trees on acres broad, and to the soil applied
Strange seed, which to the watching Red Men, were artf'ly denied;
He built him habitation grand, the school house and the church,
Where the preacher tried to save, and the teacher plied the birch.
From home to home. from church to school, good roads ow came inneed;
Schooled in such arts in France and Spain, they were soon made good
indeed.
To fence these ro.ids from tilled soil the slaves were then employed.


'Twas only a simple order, on fading parchment sent-
But it bore the signature of the conquering President.
"Henceforth your slaves are free," it read, "with all the word implies"
What affliction for the master His soul within him dies!
"The help to till my land is gone, but no peril under Heaven
Can equal the ballot's power, to which this race is given.
Time, money, power, talent, all; even my latest breath
Must be spent to save my people from contagion worse than death "
For years, the masters busy, with far more urgent needs-
Their lovely lands became the prey of briars and of weeds.


S'mn rtched these lndina hihabe.). .ih rmi, ,stme- hnrm."
Sc e have said Iber occupy toens ase she. i, lcnt u But then
Ne co ateon demanded br-a -Ir .ug. ndustloius mei
n dFor only inroups their ,c:unoi did thev pave sac, essll say
T b -ire Ihe beloved sioutnsld Irom blick dte.rusle e s5ai

In cycles swil min a roke i. run A New Era now -e ,e
a tn ael wreeptni soCT this land. slt n mighote e li or
the Ibousnd ere Isrma are &gr, i tt. lame n Ocoltds cruleay
From r.,hb, and -,ul is.r. me aasl d : 1 -eme n .tr .melhod. gooe .
Through short d,.vs.on ine land; tner %e cut till r.ere :, rce rem,,s
"Eno g.' so hi., ha,'e, 4a' Io pa, ih,"tii lor Ibear par l
Dteversot nd Inltea.iiy 'iey ptraciie otoh and feich
In ool thase and ric.elv. until 1! within Ibher reac
Are yearly striving irom th, r ell allented soil, to il
SProd- greater Its, h ay aetglhhr hts eavr goiite yet
The hiela, o1 otteo; ;rn ,:ne and bhr ac e no, r., aa,,, .ar
But eact is be', t, i o, a-y, As i. a oere it Iit
laiecid of nlFror.l'hle herd, Ihai ibrou.p Ihe mirohb raotn'
The Jersev sad Ihe G ernoey, sleek, at eer i*llt t e.'.gr
And nato ieptratr. cle ,rn thr ga1hered richale.. Jr.,
Which at once to creamery goes by fast speeding auto train;
"Were crowing soothe roses wild, and sweetly scented vine." To Duroc and the Berkshire the surplus milk is fed,
And meat unto his bones he adds within his lazy bed;
Miles of great earthbanks stretched along, where once before was void; TArkeys, bt one, with pride do strut, about the open door,
And on those banks, built to shield the crops from browsing kin, And poultry runs are live with fowl of many many sore;
The towering pine, the massive oak, with moss encircled arm ees from these heavIy lde wers the richest sweetness brings
Soon arched these winding highways with most majestic charm. The fmieths un hese folk elontents, thd arihes the steniveng rod,
These roadways ran from placid lake to mighty boistrous sea, Fhe y w orship Him with reverent hes, with r pghtl e, willig hay,
li lnt and respel e sl to b hih ore pl easing cold not be. The windmill spread its wings afar, and catches healthful breeze
Climate and responsive soil to labor brought reward, That is blown trom storm tossed ocean, through ozone laden trees,
Great fields of corn and cotton' provedthe blessings of the Lord. And forces with its busy throb, through outhouse, barn, and home
And for these bounties plenty, the stranger brought his gold Artesia, as pure as from earth's bowels did ever come;
And.paid it to the master-'twos like Egypt of old. Upon the green.and springy lawn tha happy children vie
Pusy master, and toiling slave, in full contentment dwell, In sportive contests, their utmost strength and skill they try.
rlthe 'big house" and "the quarter" with toothsome richness swell. From farm to farm, from lake to lake, from river and from toin
ech thibe cs rl.d oer. tere hard to find a more coteneted band- Lead the fine clay roads of Leon, of national renown;
roFor e d nell Iit Tl.la hai.mee .tch as God s bieaust Land." To the district school they lead, and to the house of God,
N b"He smiles upon these folks content, and spares the chastening rod,
Not by heavly areed hm:l, nor by coulagloas spread, For they worship Him with reverent heart, with open, willing hlus1
as bon'$.rtl to ths Ired o' beuam ihe ilmOaoie ol Ihe dead. B ince he permit tbgir revidenrn i4 His l w; '"]eatlty Lan4."






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





What to Grow in Florida.




.By S. V.. oode, c.. Cn .lTorinida Croa.er.


;U


any kind depends as much, if not more.
upon the man as it does on the soil.
Requirements necessary, it is the absolute
preparation of the soil before planting.
The State of Florida, no doubt, is one of
the most remarkable of all our states when we
consider what can be done in each and every
month of the year. Something can be planted,
matured and gathered each and every month.
Of course, climatic conditions separate the
state in two parts for the successful growing
of certain varieties of products, unless at
great expense for production.
Whether for home garden, or commercial
purposes, it is astonishing what intensive cul-
ture will do. New arrivals in the state, are
very much surprised at the small amount ol
land that is required under intensive culture
to support a family. Even five acres, thor
onghly drained and irrigated, and carefully
tiled can be made to support a good size fam-
ily and provide a surplus for the bank. Ten-
acres are about all a man and his family can
properly attend to if worked to their full ca-
pacity.
It is claimed by a great many that summer
crops cannot be grown successfully. This
may be true as to crops for commercial pur-
poses, but sich crops are not necessary. Let
the northern states utilize such time. The
great advantage claimed for Florida is the cli-
mate that permits the growing of products for
the northern markets for fall, through the
winter, till late in the spring. It is this ad-
vantage that is making the state the garden of
the United States, and which is attracting at-
tention all over the world.
On account of the heat, and rainy season
during the summer, it is difficult to success-
fully grow any products that can be grown fall
and winter. Still there is an exception to
this, if one can go to the expense of using ar-
tificial shade, and draining the land. To sup-
ply the home, this would not require much
extra expense, and it is possible to supply the
table with lettuce, radish, turnips, okra, sweet
potatoes, tomatoes, etc. In fact by careful at-
tention to conditions there is no reason why
from four to six or more fresh vegetables di-
rect from the garden cannot be supplied each
day in the year, and fresh fruit from the tree.
In March we can plant eggplant, okra, pep-
per plants, radish, sweet potatoes, roselle, col-
lard seed, cow peas, peanus, corn, etc., velvet
beans, beggarweed, including the cowpeas for
forage plants.
April-Repeat the same and add rice and
sorghum.
May-Sweet potatoes, okra, collard plants,
cowpeas, sorghum, velvet beans and beggar-
weed.
June-Eggplant, pepper seed, sweet pota-
toes, collard plants, sorghum and cowpeas.


July-Sweet potatoes, eggplant seed, pep-
per seed, tomato seed, cowpeas, okra and sor-
ghum.
September-Pepper plants, eggplant plants,
strawberries, celery seed, Irish potatoes.
October-Irish potatoes, cabbage seed, straw-
berries, radishes, onion seed, beets, cauliflow-
er, lettuce.seed, spinach, turnips, snapbeans,
carrots, dwarf Essex rape, mustard.
November-Onions, spinach, lettuce, cel-
ery, tomato seed (in beds), pepper seed (in
beds), eggplant seed (in beds), cabbage plants,
turnips, carrots, beets, mustard, radish, etc.
December-Irish potatoes, onions, spinach,
celery plants, lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower,
turnips, beets, carrots, English peas. Fruit,
orange trees, grapefruit trees, lime trees, kum-
quat trees, lemon trees, peach trees, fig trees,
palm trees.
January-Irish potatoes, onion sets, lettuce
plants, cauliflower plante, tomato plants, spin-
ach, celery sets, eggplants, pepper plants, okra
seed, cucumbers, cantaloupes, watermelons,
summer squash, snapbeans, radishes, beets,
carrots, corn, mustard, citrus trees, peach and
fig trees, grape vines, palm trees.
February-Onion sets, spinach, tomato
plants, eggplant plants, pepper plants, okra
seed, snapbeans, radish.
The time of maturity for the gathering of
vegetables runs from 90 to 110 days from time
of planting. Sweet potatoes planted in March
are gathered in September. Planted in August
are gathered in December. Tomatoes planted
in Februaryare gathered in May. Planted in
July are gathered in December.
Sugar cane planted in April is gathered in
November, Cassava planted in December is
gathered in December, takes one year.
I have followed out the calendar months
as to what to plant, as I feel it will give the
information desired as to products that can be
relied upon for each month. For home grade
and even to supply localities (if shade pro-
tection is used and drainage conditions reg-
ulated), it is possible to grow a variety of
vegetables, and which show the best summer
crop and early staples for ftll.
It is not a wise plan to depend entirely on
what some one else grows. Take the matter
in your own hands and try what you can do.
I speak now of the hot months of summer. If
you think you would like a certain vegetable
or small fruit, grow it with care and good
judgment and see if you cannot accomplish
what you are after. Very much can be ac-
complished for home use that would be im-
possible for commercial purposes. Try it.
As a general crop throughout the summer
I aould advise utilhzmis the legumes particun-
larly bhe velvet bean. cowpeas and beggar-
weed. In these crops we get valuable com-
mercial products, the best for fodder and a re-
plenisher of the soil that is beyond value.


Give more attention to sweet potatoes and
peanuts, two of the most valuable crops for
Florida. I would advise also the growing of
cassava. From five or six tons of roots can be
produced to the acre. It is in great demand
for the starch and tapioca variety, and for
cows, horses and poultry is of great value. In
fact, there is no reason at all for Florida to
import stock feed. The farmer can grow not
only all he requires himself, but can supply
the market. I would advise diversified farm-
ing instead of special crops.
Bear in mind this, that fall, winter and
early spring are the seasons for Florida's com-
mercial success. To get the full benefit of
these seasons it is absolutely necessary that
the land have few months' rest to replenish
itself to meet the great demand made upon it.
Therefore as soon as the last crop has been
taken off, prepare the land and plant legumi-
nous crops. If this course is strictly followed
there will be ho fault to find as to the out-
come financially.
To the northerner who has gone or intends
to go to Forida to make it his home, remem-
ber that you are going to a different climate
from the one you have been born and brought
up in, and consequently there will be more or
less of a reaction as to your ambition. This
is natural with semi-tropical and tropical ci-
mates. Do not permit this change to take
hold of you too strongly. It may come to the
point when it is a matter of force of will to keep
up your energy. If it proves so, do not fail
to use that will, It will pay you. Always
bear in mind that instead of three to four
months that crops can be grown in the north
that you have been accustomed to, you have
twelve months to grow something if you so
wish, Do not forget that you have much to
learn as a new-comer to get the desired ex-
perience. Florida being a semi-tropical cli-
mate, naturally the soil is inclined to produce
very luxuriously the weed, hence it is wise
to keep the eye on this beneficial nuisance,
and handle it right. Do not permit it to exist
as a crop; do not burn it; but throw it in the
compost heap and let it decompose and turn it
under.
The farmer's garden naturally divides it-
self into two departments-the kitchen garden
in which should be everything needed to
make up a luxurious living tor the family, so
far as fruits and vegetables are concerned, and
the commercial department, in which there
should be only a limited number of varieties.
In growing the commercial product it is nec-
essary to consider what your market is. If
you are located near some village or city
which has only a local market to supply,
the opportunity is reduced to a minimum in
this fine.
On the other hand, if you are located near
some large city the local market will bI very







NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


good, and the facilities for transportation to
the northern markets will be to your advan-
tage and allow you the means of disposing of
large quantities of your produce.
First, find out what your market is, then
use your best judgment as to wstht to grow to
supply the same. But do not forget in grow-
ing commercial crops, whether vegetables or
fruit, that "in union there is strength,,' espe-
dially in handling your products.
The country is being "made over again."
We are, as we might say, at the beginning of a
new era of economic readjustment. The pa-
pers and magazines are full of "back-to-the-
land," the attractions of country life. Work
the soil and find contentment and happiness.
This great move has been started from the
fact of the national problems confronting us
today, and it is not up to the congress and
lawyers, but each individual must work out
his own salvation in cooperation with nature's
laws.
It is not all created wealth in
, our cities, the money simply
changes hands. One of the men
who creates new wealth is the
farmer, or the man who, by his
personal efforts, makes the soil
yield valuable products. This can
be donein backyard gardens Sow
a celery seed or a lettuce seed
worth, say,oane one-hundredth of
one cent; give it proper attention
till it grows to a head and it is
worth 10 cents or more, and you
Shave been the means of creating
money not existing previous .o
your effort.
But the garden is not only its
financial gain; this is only a small
part. Every morh-ing and even-
ing you spend inyourgarden adds
to your stock of health, also gives
you the best opportunity to study
the laws of nature, the thorough knowledge of
which is necessary to success in any line of
work. Gardening is a work that will help us
become more efficient men and women.
In closing will say, by regulating your
spring and summer planting, it is possible to
have food products all through the summer
and early fall. But allow me to dwell upon
this fact: Give more attention to sweet pota-
toes, Irish potatoes, peanuts, corn, etc., for
valuable returns. Two very important crops
are corn and velvet beans.
Florida should supply the largest part of
the United States with Irish potatoes, making
a specialty of the seed potato, which is always
in demand at a good price.

*--c----------------------
EVEN TEMPERATURE
ALL THE YEAR ROUND
*---------*-*--------*-*-
W. B. Powell, secretary of the Tampa
Board of Trade, says: "The Northerner who
believes our rainy season is one continual
round of rain and mist and dampness and
malaria ought to read the weather report, if
he will not come down and see conditions for
himself. Last year when thirteen inches of
rain fell in July, raining on twenty-six days
of the month, the least sunshine of any day
was 33%. The same month in the north the
people had days at a time that the sun was
never visible."


JIo Red Clay Hills

Of North Florida

Leon, Madison, Gadsden, Jefferson and
Jackson Counties

BY R. E. ROSE, STATE CHEMIST
+--- -- ---- ,
-EW PERSONS, tourists or others .h
visit Florida, have an'y accuralre
knowledge of the agricultural possi-
bilities of the state. Their conclusions
and opinions are drawn largely from the im-
pressions obtained in traversing the peninsula
part of the state where the orange grove, truck
garden, early vegetables and strawberries are
mostly in evidence. Farming: staple crops-
corn, cotton, cane, tobacco, potatoes and dai-


Sporting In a Tallahassee Oak
ries in the peninsula are noticeable by their
absence. Not on account of the soil and cli-
mate being unsuitable for these staple crops
but because the intensive cultivation of a few
acres in truck, orange, pines, strawberries,
etc., offers quicker returns and larger ones
per acre. The old settled counties where
agriculture, as distinguished from horticul-
ture, prevails among the "red clay hills" of
the counties named and where "before the
war" immense cotton plantations existed with
thousands of slaves and a highly developed
social life, which is yet to be seen on every
side-have never yet been thoroughly ex-
ploited. They are conservative and not pro-
gressive-as is usually the case in purely
agricultural localities. No finer agricultural
lands, more fertile and productive, can be
found in America where abundant staple crops
of corn, oats, cotton and tobacco can be
grown with as little expenditure for labor
intelligently applied. No finer dairy herds
are found and no better butter is made in
America at less cost than in Leon county.
On a recent trip covering many states
from the "Florida hill section" to Minnesota,
from Wisconsin to the Atlantic coast, thence
south, and west to Tallahasse, careful obser-
vation failed to discover any more fertile
soils or more productive fields than about
Tallahassee, Quincy, Marianna, Monticello;


nor were bellerdarry berds or modern dairies
seen than some of Ihose to hbe lond in North
FloridI.
I Wib the same energy, intelligence and
-pital as expended in the great agricultural
0d dairy states, better results can (and will
et) realized on the fertile hills and valleys of
north Florida when these advantages are
made known. While in time South Florida
will also be a vast agricultural section where
sugar cane, corn and coilon a.ll be the staple
crop-, bhle truels and Irack, early vegetables
and strawberries will become the side issue,
not the principal business of the Florida
farmer.
No state in the Union has more abundant
pastures where all classes of live stock-beef
cattle and dairy herds-hogs, sheep and horses
can be pastured for at least eleven months
where the natural grasses grow more luxu-
riantly, nor where a greater variety of le-
gumes can he grown. The cow pea, velvet
bean, beggar weed and kudzu are
prI uli.rly ioapted totheclimate
and soll. elher of which will pro-
duc,: a, .ch per acreof hay, fully
equal a aillal or clover and at
mich le.I a, st. That Florida,
earsl.cultar North Florida, with
hr lo ra Illo. numerous streams
anu t Iikes. tranishingat all times
b.nd irt par water will become
lme ot lhe most profitable stock
k o,.og aoa. dairy states, is not
dol, FeCd by lose who haveexam-
iand her neaaral resources and
slspt.hai' lf r stock raising.

Leon conrely wants andran well
s,.a 1 i n, e Itnousand industrious,
inol:llge.' larnmers to till small
a.:rences



'0N6 STAND IN THE SHADOWS
STEP OUT INTO [HE LIGHT
BE INDEPENDENT I


THERE is a certain future for any man who
settles in Leon county about Tallahassee
and works with steadiness and intelligence.
Tallahassee is in the center of the best tarm-
ing country in the south; hot unsettled, but
undeveloped. Good roads, good schools and
churches, good neighbors; Seven hours from
Jacksonville, seven hours from Pensacola,
twelve hours from Atlanta, one hour from the
gulf resorts-fine water, health the best.
Tallahassee, at the foot of the Appalachian
Range, offers an opportunity today as great as
that offered in the west 30 years ago. Thetide
is turned this way; the time to seize the tide
is at its flood. Better land for less money than
can be found in any other section of the
United States. Plenty of hardwood growth
for manufacturing purposes, pine for saw
mills and turpentine; broad ranges of natural
grasses for stock, cattle, sheep and hog rais-
ing. Rich slopes and valleys for a great vari-
ety of marketable crops.
Come to Tallahasse; A Century of Stability
Stands Behind It-
The system of large plantations has been
broken for the more progressive small farm,
diversified crops and better market. A sec-
tion of rare fertility it is, also a country of
lakes, hills, majestic trees, cathedraled wood-
lands. For further information address the
TRUE DEMOCRAT, Tallahassee, Fla.






NEW ERA -EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


Soils of Leon County.



E. H. ELLADS.
E. H. SELLARDS.


L EON COUNTY, like the adjoining coun-
ties on the east and the west, includes
two topographically distinct divisions, a
northern upland section and a southern area
of lesser elevation. The dividing line be-
tween these two sections crosses the county
in a zig-zag course from east to west, passing
two and one-half miles south of Tallahassee.
That part of the county north of this line is
prevailingly a rolling, well drained, and more
or less hilly country. South of this line, the
country, although come low sand hills, and
gentle swells, is prevailingly level pine land.
The surface elevation in the northern half of
the county ranges from 100 to 250 or more
feet above the sea. The southeastern part of
the county ranges probably from 50 tr'4O00 eet
above sea. From the last of the hills in the
upland section one mayor look across the south-
ern part of Leon and across Wakulla county
to or nearly to the Gulf of Mexico.
A description of the soils will be better
understood if prefaced by an account of the
materials from which they are derived. The
formation that gives rise to the soils of the
northern part of the county is a deposit of
clayey sands, the sand as a rule predominat-
ing and giving a gritty character to the mate-
rial. On the other hand, clay partings are
found in the formation and local clay lenses
occur. Calcareous and phosphatic nodules
are numerous and contribute to the fertility
of the soils. This formation is universally
distributed over the northern part of Leon
and adjoining counties and is seen in all pub-
lic roads and railroad cuts. The formation is
somewhat indefinitely stratified, and frequent-
ly is cross bedded, giving evidence of having
been accimtulated in conflicting currents. The
clay intermixed with the sand is in a finely
divided condition and acts to some extent as
a cementing substance, giving a feeble coher-
ence to the sand.
This material gives rise to the soils through
the usual processes of decay and disintegra-
tion., Many of the peculiarities of the soils
of the northern part of Leon county can be
appreciated by a study of this parent forma-
tion and the changes through which the ma-
terial passes in its transformation into soils,
together with the conditions under which
the different soils accumulate. Upon betng
affected by the process of decay the formation
undergoes well marked and characteristic
changes; the clay minerals partly disintegrate;
the small constituent of iron becomes oxid-
ized and stains the formation red, giving the
color to the "Red Hills of Leon." Another
early effect of the processes of decay is the
obliteration of the stratification lines giving
the formation the massive appearance seen in
all shallow cuts. The iron-clay pebbles so
abundant in some localities on and near the


surface are also found in the decay of this
formation. Three well marked stages of decay
may often be seen in a single exposure. Near-
est the bottom of the deeper cuts the material
appears mottled and blotched, being iron-
stained in streaks and patches where the sur-
face waters have permeated. This startumt
of least decay is variable in titbiceis, oftenn
amounting to eight or ten feet. Above this,
nearer the surfaces a more completely de-
cayed stratum. This is uniformly colored
red, and is usually more or less loamy in
character. Above this red loam is found a
surface stratum o loose sand. The sand may
be ochre yellow or light yellow. The amount
of clay remaining in the sand in this top
stratum is determined by drainage conditions,
but usually sufficient clay remains to give a
loamy character to the sand.
The loose top sands and the red clay loam
form the soils. However, the character of the
soils is further affected by the conditions un-
der which it has accumulated and several
soil types are evident.
In the more or less hilly or rolling sec-
tions the loose top stratum of sand does not
accumulate to any considerable thickness, be-
ing removed by surface wash as rapidly as
formed. In such areas the soil is red in color
and is loamy in character, and hass s a sub-
soil the red clay loam described above. Soils
of this type cover large areas in Leon county.
In the Government Soil Surveys they are
classed as the Orangeburg series of soils.
While this type of soil is found on the
slopes and on the rolling lands generally, on
the level upland plateaus a different type of
soil accumulates. On the level plateaus there
is practically no surface wash and the sand
resulting from the decay of the clayey sands
accumulates toa considerable depth. These
sands, moreover, are subject to the continued
leaching effect of the rains. The result is that
most of the loose clay particles are removed
from the sand and carried to a greater depth.
Under these conditions the sands loose their
bright red color and become ochre colored or
pale yellow. These pale and more or less
loamy sands occupy the level plateaus of Leon
county. They are classed in the government
reports as Norfolk series. Several types of
Norfolk soils are distinguished depending
upon the texture of the soil and the character
of the subsoil.
These two kinds of soil, the red loams found
on the hillsides and on the tolling lands, and
the light yellow soils found on the level up-
lands, occupy the greater part of the area of
northern Leon county.
In addition to those prevailing types, the
light yellow soils of the plateaus, and the
heavier red soils of the slopes, other soil types
of lesser extent are found in both northern


and southern parts of the county. One of the
characteristic features of northern Leon coun-
ty, and one which accounts much for the
scenic beauty of this region, is thepresence of
numerous small and large basins and valleys
formed by solution of the underlying lime-
stone. In these valleys light colored loamy
sands not like the sands of the plateaus ac-
cumulate. There are likely to be some dis-
tinctions, however, as the sands of the plat-
eaus are purely residual having been formed
in place by the decay of the underlying ma-
terial, while the sands in the valleys are of
atixed origin. In the valleys the sands of
residual origin have been added to by more
or less material washed and blown from the
surrounding slopes. Such basins are numer-
ous and variable in size. Many are perma-
nently occupied by lakes. Some of the small-
er basins which have become so thoroughly
filled with sand and other deterial material as
to no longer contain water during any part of
the year and support a scattered growth of
live oak trees are known as "Live Oak Flats.,'
The largest of these solution basins in the
county are those occupied by lakes lamonia,
Jackson, Lafayette and Miccosukee, the latter
lying adjoining the Jefferson line. These ba-
sins, in seasons of normal rainfall, are occu-
pied during a part of the year by shallow
lakes, but in seasons of reduced rainfall they
become entirely dry. the water having escaped
into the underlying limestone, Lake lamonia
lies near the northern line of the county. It
is a valley or basin from one to one and one-
half miles wide and twelve or thirteen miles
long, including about 6500 acres Lake Jack-
son is irregular in outline but includes about
4500 acres. Lake Lafayette occupies a narrow
valley from one-half to one mile wide and
about five and one-half miles long including
about 2500 acres. These lakes have many in-
teresting features in common. All occupy
basins formed by solution. From all of them
the water escapes through sink holes into the
underlying limestone. The boundaries of all
of them are sharply marked on at least one
side by abrubt bluffs, the basins lying from
50 to 100 teet below the general level of the
surrounding uplands. The soil in these lake
bottoms, is as might be expected, mixed and
variable in character. Those parts of the lakes
which are frequently dry have sandy soils,
the sand having been washed and blownnin.
Other parts of the basins where water stands
during a considerable part of the year, have
an accumulation of more or less muck, the
water having acted as a preservative to the
vegetable matter.
The southern part of the county which dif-
fers from the northern part in its topographic
features likewise includes different types of
soils. In the southwestern part of the connty


--


NEW- ERA-EDITION TRUE-DEMOCRAT






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


iscfound an extensive area,.6 to 7 miles wide
by 14 to 15 miles long, which, although suffi-
ciently elevated, is nevertheless so level as to
be imperfectly drained. Under these condi-
tions a type of soil unlike that of the north-
ern part of the county is developed. Numer-
ous bay galls dot the surface, these being
small densely wooded swamps. The timber
growth is long leaf pine, the undergrowth,
where not too wet, being saw palmetto and
wire grass. Land of this type is practically
always underlaid at a depth of from eighteen
inches to two feet by a stratum of sand more
or less cemented with organic matter giving
it a dark chocolate color. This stratum of
sand becomes very hard during the dry sea-
son and interferes seriously with the free
movement of soil moisture. It is known as
hard pan. Drainage will materially improve
the character of this land, and in fact the
borders of the area where cut across by the
numerous small streams that are cutting their
way back into the upland, exhibits a different
type of soil, the hard pan and palmetto being
largely absent and the soil well drained.
Lying immediately south of Tallahassee is
a section of country from one to three miles
r sandy and is known as the "sand hills". Al-
though well drained by reason of the open
wide and 15 to 16 miles long which is very
character of the soil, it is doubtful if the act-
ual elevation of the sand hills exceeds that of



S Successful Suburban

S . Farm .
-------------*----------*m
W. C. Tully is the proprietor of the College
Park Farm just beyond the Tallahassee city
limits. It is a beautiful place of 53 acres, all
of it in cultivation except some 5 acres of
woodland. During the past year Mr. Tully
has made quite a success in growing German
millet for hay. The experiment was conduct-
ed over something like 2 acres of ground. He
planted it April 6 and cut the crop June 20.
He sold $95 worth of hay from the patch and
retained a portion of it for his own use. The
price was $20 a ton. He followed the millet
crop with sweet potatoes which matured to
fine size in September. On a tract of twelve
acres he has put down European millet for a
permanent hay meadow. On the same land he
has pecan trees. In fact he has 555 pecan
trees of budded stock set over 25 acres ot land,
andabout half of this area he is devoting to
his permanent hay meadow. He calculates
that he will get 2 to 3 cuttings from the meadow,
the first some time in May. The hay crop does
not in the least interfere with the growth and
Maturity of the pecan trees. The first cost of
the pecans and setting them amounted to $1.50
per tree. The first of them were set in 1910,
The College Park Farm, at the edge of the city
limits, cost $50 an acre unimproved. The
clearing paid for itself in fire wood, which
sells at $250 a cord in eight foot lengths. The
land is all bottom, black loam. Mr. Tally
grew 50 bushels of corn to the acre without
fertilizers. He planted 3 acres in cabbage,
making 10,000 heads to the acre, which he sold
in the local market at from 5 cents to 10 cents
a head and shipped at the price of 2 cents a
pound net. Some of the cabbage heads weigh-


the level poorly drained land lying farther
west and referred to above. To the south the
sand hills grade into level pine lands.
Of the several soil types the light yellow
sandy loams are very easily farmed and are
excellent for trucking and other special crops
as well as satisfactory soils for general farm-
ing. The red soils which are found exten-
seyely in the county, are by reason of their
greater clay content heavier soils and well
adapted for general farming. They are found
as already stated on the slopes and rolling
lands and when protected as they easily are
from excessive surface wash, they have great
endurance and are lasting soils. The slow re-
moval of the top sands which constantly
brings the red soils to the surface on the
slopes permits the rapid renewal of the soils
from the parent formation beneath, the new
soil bringing with it new stores of plant food.
In this renewal of the soil made possible by
the removal of the exhausted top soils is
found the explanation of the great end -ance
possibilities of rebuilding characteristic of the
red soils of this and surrounding counties.

L. G. MORPER.
L. G. Morper, the photographer who made
most of the photographs for the True Democrat
that appears in this edition, was born at Arch-
er, Alachua county, Florida. He is scarcely
20 years of age, yet he has exhibited remark-


ed 12 pounds. Oats produced 40 bushels to
the acre. Mr. Tully has 9 head of Jersey cat-
tle and his poultry yard is stocked with Buff
Plymouth Rocks, from which he derives a
goodly revenue. He sells the chickens from
60 cents to 75 cents each and hens at $1.50, for
breeding purposes. This farm is one of the
best in the county. No fertilizer is used. It
is new land and affords an example of what
new ground will produce. More than $5,000
has been spent in improvements on the place.
The proprietor is so well satisfied with the
property that no ordinary figures would in-
duce him to sell.


A gentleman from Tennessee who visited
Mr. Gibson's farm expressed amazement at the
thrift and production he witnessed of this
just ordinary pine land farm. Coming direct
from the snow clad hills of Tennessee where

the cold and where men and women wrapped
in warm clothing and furs were slipping and
sliding on icy streets, to him the green vege-
tation and the lowing herds were a revela-
tion. What' a wonderful country! What a
matchless climate Surely this is elysium,
the fabled dwelling place of happy souls af-
ter death.-Apalachicola Times.
But how much greater would have been
his amazement if he had come over into the
"hill county of Leon" and seen all the undu-
lating beauties of nature and soil as rich as
Egyptian mud.

Our friend R. M. Harper, who is now at
University, Ala., writes the True Democrat
that no section of Florida or of the world is
like unto Leon county, combining beautiful
lakes and rivers, undulating hills and valleys
and a soil as rich as that of Egypt


able ability as an out-door photographer. He
has been making pictures since he was 11 years
of age, and the character of his work speaks
for itself. He accompanied the editor of this


L. G. MORPER.
edition over the county of Leon and shared in
the experiences of delight in the enjoyments
of such a journey. Though he has traveled
extensively through the State he does not hesi
tate to assert that Leon is the best part of Flor-
ida.


Lumber Supply and

Price of Building

= Material. =


HERE are a number of saw mills and
planing mills in Leon county and the
supply is drawn from local resources.
Thyee is.yet a goodly bit of timber in Leon,
and while no one has made estimates as to
how long it will last there is a guarantee that
the supply will not be exhausted for many
years yet to come.
The Tallahassee Lumber Yards conducted
by D. B. Geddie is one of the busiest places
in the city. This concern deals in rough and
dressed lumber, cypress and pine shingles,
flooring, ceiling, siding and interior finish.
The planing mill has a capacity of 10.000
feet a day. The firm bays from the mills in
the county, the greater part of the product be-
ing yellow pine, which sells, according to
grade, at from $10 to $25 per thousand feet;
framing averages $15 per thousand; siding,
flooring and ceiling from $15 to $20 per thou-
sand; shingles $3, $4.50 and $5 per thousand;
interior woods $20 per thousand; brick $9 per
thousand. These prices are f.o. b. Tallahassee.
All orders are delivered within the city fr e
of additional cost. L. C. Yaeger, a local capi-
talist, who has made his money in Tallahassee
is a partner in this enterprise.

Leon county farmers own and ride in
their own automobiles.

Thousands of turkeys are raised in Leon
county annually for market. We could make
it a million or so very profitably.






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






Real Hay Making



By Rudolph Herold

Of Miccosukee, Leon Gounty, Florida.

a 1" ________ _* n1 1 1


HE article which follows was written by
a Leon county farmer for the Southern
Ruralist, published in Atlanta, Ga. The
story of Mr. Herold's success appears in this
edition. He worked out his own problem by
departing from the beaten track. Hay was the
foundation of his success. He says:
Hay and forage crops have been my leading
crops for the last 15 years here in Leon coun-
ty. I say "leading crops" not because I have
given them as much work and attention as
other crops, but I received the biggest returns
and clearest profits for them. Hay has done
the most to enable me to pay for my home and
improving same, and I am rather proud to say
that it is no small matter to start with nothing,
with a family of small, children, pay for 340
acres of land, eight mules, all im-
proved farm machinery, gasoline
engine, thresher, shuck corn shel-
ler, power saw and feed mill, two
grain binders, four mowers and
rake. I have 2 large barns that
will hold 100 tons of baled hay
each, and 4 other new outbuild-
ings. Two years ago I lost my
dwelling house by fire, andwas
compelled to build another. My
new house is just completed. It
is a 2 story building with 10 rooms
and 2 hallways in middle ofhouse,
with basement under entire house;
the walls are made of 10 inch hol-
low cement blocks, the ceiling is
metal, steel shingles. We have our
own waterworks in a steel 60 foot
tower, wind mill with 20 barrel
galvanized tank 30 feet above
ground in tower, which gives force
of water for house and stock. Al-
so complete bathroom in house with hot and
cold water, and sink in kitchen. Our house
is about as near fire proof as can be built.
The inside walls are plastered with cement.
The house as it is has cost me at least $5,000,
and my hay crop in the last 10 or 12 years has
been my standby to enable me to accomplish
all this. I am telling this merely to impress
people of the South with the fact that the ma-
jority of them by looking at the hay business
as next to nothing are mistaken. Thousands
of dollars go to our Northern and Western
brothers every year for hay, which with a lit-
tle more effort on our part could be kept at
home. I have tried most all kinds of haythat
can be grown here, but as for ready sale and
market value peavine hay beats all. I have
never been able to make enough of it to sup-
ply the demand at $20 a ton. I sow from 3
pecks to 1 bushel per acre. When sown here
as early as April or May we can get two good


cuttings, the second cutting being mixed with
grass and beggarweeds, but I prepare most of
my crop in June and July on ground where I
cut oats and ry.. My best crop is always
ready to cut about the last of September and
October; we nearly always have a good spell
of dry weather then. I put my hay from 6 to
10 tons in a stock; peavine hay should be
handled as little as possible with pitchforks.
I build my stacks from 20 to 22 feet high and
can put up from 15 to 20 tons of hay per day.
As soon as I am done stacking I start my baler
on first stacks that have gone through the
sweat, and haul each day's baling to the barns.
There it remains until sold. I can load from
my place, 1 milt to Miccosukie station, with
3 wagons, 2 cars per day. A good supply of


Residence of Rudolph Herold.
shock covers are valuable to have on hand in
case of rain, also stack covers, unless one is an
experienced stacker. Hay cut early before wet
season is best to be hauled into barns, and if
not fully cured should be put in layers from
2 to 3 feet deep. One of my barns has posts
8x8 every 10 feet each way. I have fasteners
every 3 feet and canmake partitions every 3
feet from the ground up 20 feet that will give
air and ventilation to every layer of hay and
will not heat, but cure pretty and green. I use
2x4s and fence.rails for the partitions, about 2
feet apart. The hay is taken down and baled
the same way it was put in, removing each
partition as the hay is taken out. The curing
frame is alright on a small scale, but it is a lot
more work for the amount of hay.
I have cut and shredded 50 acres of my
corn a few years back. It makes good dry
feed for cattle, but as I did not haveany cattle
to feed it to I baled it for the market and sold


it for $10 per ton. It took from 3 to 4 acres of
corn to make one ton of stover. I don't think
it paid me, and should I try again would plant
corn very thick for that purpose. Not having
any ears it could be cut greener, also stalks
would be less coarse. This would make more
and better feed.
Both of my barns are fixed with track and
horse forks and all loose hay can be unloaded
with same from wagons.



How To Reach
TALLAHASSEE.


REGULAR Homeseekers'Excur-
sion fares are quoted by joint
lines connecting with the Seaboard
Air Line for Tallahassee from Cai-
ro, Ill., Cincinnati, Ohio, Evans-
ville, Ind., and from stations in
Kentucky, effective November 7,
21, and December 5 and 19, 1911.
STallahassee is offered convenient
daily service by the Seaboard Air
Line from Washington and other
i v- eastern cities via Savannah and
Jacksonville and from the West
and Northwest via River Junction
and the Louisville and Nashville.
SThe rate from Washington is $24.50
for the round trip limited to 25
days. Application'to the railroads
f for Joint Passenger Tariff. No
S Exc. 4770 will give the desired
information as to rates.


The New Era Edition of the True Demo-
crat does not want to induce any man to come
to Florida if he is indolent, worthless and
pessimistic and expects to reap $1000 per acre
without the expenditure of brains or labor.
here is plenty of money in our soil for the
working man. None other is needed.

The price of sweet potatoes is scarcely'
ever below $1.00 per bushel in this market
and the foreign market is never supplied.
The local yield is from one hundred to five
hundred bushels per acre. They remain in
the row without rotting all winter and can be
dug in the spring and sold at the maximum
price.

Tom Costa, who has just returned from a
tour of several months through California,
says that Leon county possesses all the ad-
vantages of that famed state, and even more.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



1900. 1910. Increase. P. C.

Interesting Statistics Alabama-...---...-..-.. $134,619,000 $287,673,000 $153,054,000 114
Arkansass .135,182,000 308,129,000 172,947,000 128
Florida ..-- ..-----.. 40,800,000 117,623,000 76,823,000 188
Of US Georgia------.--------.0 183,370,000 477,603,000 294,233,000 160
Kentucky.--- 382,004,000 633,782,000 251,778,000 66
Total Value of Farm Louisiana ..........-- -- 141,130,000 238,682,000 97,552,000 69
Maryland ------- 175,178,000 240,774,000 65,596,000 37
Lands and B ildin s Mississippi-.-. --- 152,007,000 330,295,000 178,288,000 117
S Missouri-- .__. __----- 843,979,000 1,710,505,000 866,526,000 103
North Carolina ....----.... 194,656,000 455,715,000 261,059,000 134
of Uhe Oklahoma _------...... 170,805,000 636,473,000 565,668,000 331
South Carolina---.........- 126,762,000 331,833,000 205,071,000 162
Tennessee....- ..--. ..-. ... 265,151,000 479,606,000 214,455,000 81
3 Southern States. t Texas ..........-- .-....... 691,774,000 1,822,713,000 1,130,939,000 163
Virginia --______-. ------ 271,578,000 530,918,000 259,340,000 96
West Virginia.-----.-----.- 168,296,000 262,458,000 94,162,000 56


The Wonderful Kudzu

SN this page is shown a picture of the won-
derful kudzu vine growing on veranda
of Capt. R. E. Rose, State Chemist, which
is more particularly described below:
This remarkable vine gives promise of
being one of the leading sources of agricul-
tural wealth in Leon county in the future. It
is really a pea vine that springs up from the
roots when the first warm days come in the
spring of the year and grows vigorously until
a killing freeze comes in the fall. This gives
a growing season of about nine months in the
year during which several cuttings of hay can
be made (some instances are known where
four cuttings of hay averaging 2' tons per
cutting, making a total of ten tons per acre in
a single season have been made). This hay is
of the highest quality, being equal to cow
pea or alfalfa and greatly superior to timothy.
The analysis made by the state chemist of
Florida shows 17.6070 protein, being a some-
what richer food stuff than wheat bran. This
hay is worth about twenty-five dollars per
ton thus making the product of a single acre
bring two hundred and fifty dollars. Kudzu
is of even greater value for grazing purposes
than for hay, as it requires no cultivation
after the first season and will thrive upon
land that is too poor and rough for any other
crop. The vines that run along the surface
of the ground throw out roots at the joints
which become new plants and bind the soil
firmly together preventing any washing of
hillsides by heavy rains. The kudzu has the
same power that cow peas and other legumes
have of drawing nitrogen from the air through
their leaves and fixing it in the soil by means
of the bacteria in the tubercles on the roots
of the vine. This addition of nitrogen to the
soil and the protection from washing rains
and baking heat of the sun afforded by the
dense growth of vines causes a rapid improve-
ment in the quality of the land planted in
kudzu, even poor, wornont land soon becomes
like the rich soil that has been recently
cleared from the virgin forest. While this
improvement of the soil is taking place the
field is giving fine returns to its owner by the
immense supply of rich'green forage on which
his cattle, hogs, horses and other stock can


graze, thereby keeping fat and in fine health
at a very small cost for nine months of the
year. Kudzu is propagated by means of the
vines that have rooted from the joints and
when these plants are removed to new fields


'6,:


they carry with them on their roots the tu-
bercles that are needed to inoculate the soil
of the new field so as to provide for fixing
the nitrogen from the air into the soil. When
the kudzu becomes well established it re-
quires no further cultivation for it is able
to control all of our native weeds and grasses
without any assistance, its roots live for many
years and do not require replanting after the
first setting. It only requires cultivation
during the first season.
The roots of the kudzu penetrate deeply,
making it proof against any dry weather that
is likely to occur here; this feature and [its
peculiar habit of neither blooming nor bear-


ing seed causes the vines to remain green
and growing during the entire term from
spring to fall.
The hay can accordingly be cut at any
time that is convenient when weather con-
ditions are suitable for curing the hay as the
kudzu does not become injured by waiting
for good weather as other hay crops do.
This feature gives an immense advantage over
any other hay crop.
W. H. Smith and E. B. Eppes, County
Superintendent of Education, have several
acres in this wonderful plant at Magnolia
Heights, which is attracting much attention
from the citizens of Tallahassee.




M money I th Peanut


T HE PEANUT is almost as staple a crop
as corn or cotton and the price at which
They are sold always presents a good
martin of profit. Thousands of bushels are
grown in Leon county but none for market,
as the farmer prefers to turn his hogs into
the field and let them do the harvesting.
out if the commercial varieties were cul-
tivated and a local market established for
them, peanut growing would prove a big reve-
nue producing department of farming.
From 40 to 100 bushels per acre are grown
upon the soil of Leon county and they sell
readily for $1.00 per bushel and frequently
move. The vines will produce a ton of hay
per acre, valued at $8. The cost of produc-
duction should never exceed $25 per acre.

The newcomer is here and more will
come. During the past year the new faces in
Leon county are so many that a man feels
sometimes like he is in a strange place. Our
people, like all Florida, give the glad hand,
and do not turn the "cold shoulder" till a fel-
low proves that he has left home with a bad
record. There is room for all. Leon has not
fairly begun to grow yet. Watch, help, work
and boost.

Leon county wants several thousand more
producers. We can find the "caters" up north
by the millions.




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



P Ghe Oldest Banks in Florida %



San k
"p ^liriii- Ut *.e l I.'n. fink of ditnlflI nRi?

Have an Unbroken Record of More Than Half a Century
NO of Construtive Banking. W



EN GROW decrepit with age, but financial establishments founded upon the rock of
Sound business judgment and conducted with constructive ability and conservative
Foresight gain strength and stability with each added year of their existence.
A strong bank is a rock of refuge and an object of pride in the community cen-
tered about it, and commands the respect of its business allies and competitors alike.
In 1856 Mr. B. C. Lewis founded in Tallahasse the parent organization and later was suc-
ceeded by B. C. Lewis & Son, who were succeeded by B. C. Lewis & Sons and they organized
and transferred their business to The First National Bank of Tallahassee and The State Sav-
ings Bank of Tallahassee.
The National and Savings Banks were chartered in 1889, both charters being renewed
in 1909.
Since that day in 1856 when the Lewis bank was first opened for business there has been
no suspension or lapse in the continuity of their existence. Owned and officered by Lewis' con-
tinuously they have weathered every tide and steered safely through all the breakers of finan-
cial depression, panic sturdy and unshaken. They have grown rather naturally than otherwise,
through sheer permanence of place and confidence of the public into that Gibralter-like regard
of community reliance which any establishment might occupy with pride and satisfaction. Be-
yond the mere locale their most active operations in the broader financial world the standing
of the 'First National and State Savings Banks of Tallahassee is classed with the strongest
and best. If past performance and present security count for anything they would seem to war-
rant this attitude after an unblemished record of more than fifty-five years.
Although domiciled in spacious and comfrotable quarters these banks are soon to have a
new home. 'The lot next adjoining the present building has been purchased and the erection of
a two story banking edifice will begin in the near future. The spot upon which the new structure
is to stand is now covered by the old Saint James hotel, an historic building, but one which has
outlived its usefulness. It is to be torn away for the more modern building.
Statements of the condition September 1, 1911, of 'The Uldest Banks in Florida" are
given. It will be borne in mind that these statements were made up at the time of year when
deposits are at their lowest figure-a time immediately preceding the marketing of the cotton
crop.
OFFICERS IOFF ICEIS
Fir.t a.tion., Bank The First National Bank The State Savings Bank st.t. s.;,,,. B.nk
ofTallahssee. Fla. of Tallaha.sse. Fla. RESOURCES of Tallahassee. Fla. of Tallahassee, Fla
GEORGE LEWIS. $281,110 9 ... ................................ ........... .L ns d D ount .................... ...... ... 33 ,24 4 LEWIS,
Prealdent; e) 0r 6 1, President:
W. C. LEWIS,1 4 t a.. 45.461.27 G. E. LEWIS,
V R'6 .,e 3' r., 1- ,- I',3S000 VIce-Preident,
V -Pr id t ................ .. ....................... Cash a Due fro Bank .........,26 W


G. E. LEWIS --- E. LEWIS.



CORRESPONDENTS-The Chemical National Bank of New York; The Philadelphia National Bank; The
Citizens & Sthern Bk of Savannah, Ga.; The National Bank of Savannah, Ga.; The Barnett National Bank
Eof JackTORSonville, Fla. The i Na00 nk; r t io Ci.00000-P le' NaiO
GEORGE LEWIS l, F 0,306.0 GEGRGE LEWIS.



Citizens & Southern Bank of Savannah, Ga.; The National Bank of Savannah, Ga.; The Barnett National Bank
of Jacksonville, Fla.; The Fiprida Natiolql Dank; Ths 4rqerijqn, fjrn N49O'al Csd Citizqns-Pgople's Natior&Il
8~p Pf Wpss5~cola Y~s





SNEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


ing corn is just after the ears have fully ma-
tured and before the leaves have become dry.
The size of shock varies considerably with
different farmers, running all the way from
150 to 500 stalks to the shock. The latter
number is rather unusual. The great objec-
tion to preserving corn in'this way is that the
fodder molds in the shock. We have, how-
ever, a considerable number of farmers in the
state who have overcome this difficulty. They
do this by tying the top of their shock so
tightly that the rain cannot enter the middle
of the shock. To tie the heads of the shocks
firmly they have a rather unique device. A
stick about five feet long sharpened at one end
has a cross-bar nailed to it about 18 inches
long and ten inches from the large end. This
has attached to it a half-inch rope long
enough to go around the shock. This rope is
thrown around the top of the shock and at-
tached to a device in such a way that by
twisting the stick the rope is wound around it
and the top of the shock squeezed together
very firmly. After this pressure has been
brought on the top of the shock it is held in
place by tying with ordinary binder twine.
The device for tightening the tdp of the shock
is then removed and used on the next one.
As a further precaution against rain getting
into the top of the shock, fertilizer or feed
bags that have been ripped open on one side
are stretched over the shockin such a way as
to form a cover.
Where velvet beans have been planted
among the corn it becomes impracticable to
harvest it until late in December or about the
beginning of January. At first this would ap-
pear to be a very serious drawback. Scores
of farmers, however, have learned from prac-
tical experience that the' con left n he field
under vevoel beans is rarely eie atacked by weeotls,
and such a small amount of corn is lost from
molding or rotting that this is praclicall a
neglible quantity. The weevil and the moth
seem to be unable to find the corn in the
dense velvet bean field, and during December
and January these little pests are hibernating
and consequently the corn gets into the crib
without being infested.
cowcLUSION
By proper preparation of the land, that is,
removing the stumps, deep plowing early in
the year, turning under the vegetable matter
and allowing this to decay to form humus, and
shallow cultivation, we will be able to in-
crease our corn production immediately at
least 50%0 over what it is at present. We have
corn farmers in Florida who have carried out
both these recommendations thoroughly and
who are now producing on the average over
200% more corn per acre than the average for
the whole state. They are the farmers who
can make corn much more cheaply than they
can buy it. But few of these farmers have any
corn for sale. They, however, keep plenty of
live stock and have the finished product from
the farm for sale. They are satisfied and
well-to-do farmers of Florida.

The Bermuda Onion is a crop that can be
most profitably grown in Leon county. From
$1.00 to $1.75 net can be obtained for them
and they can be shipped without refrigera-
tion. From 100 to 500 crates per acre is the
amount of production.


ROOM FOR
FLORIDA PRODUCTS
+----------_---_--.4
Jacksonville Times-Union
HE ABILITY to get her products to
the market in advance of these of other
states is Florida's great resource. It is
this that makes it possible to produce a dol-
lar on an ace of Florida land for every dime
that can be produced to the acre in states fur-
ther north. California is Florida's only rival
but but being so much further from the mar
kets she is at a disadvantage,
But this state ii increasing so rapidly in
population Ing many of those who look to
the lalure lear that our producers will so
overslock the early markets that they will
cease to get profitable returns. This is possi-
sible. Whether this possibility develops into
an unfortunate condition the people of Flor-
ida must settle for themselves. If they take
steps to prevent it they will not glut the mar-
kets. If they act without thought or care the
time will come when they will.
The escape from glutted markets lies in
diversity. We can't think of any product
that grows anywhere in the United States that
will not grow in Florida. Wheat, oats, bar-
ley, rye-these can be raised here but not
profitably. Taking the average there are many
states in which more corn can be produced to
theacre than can be produced here. Upland
cotton does not pay as well here as in some
other states. Florida leads in Sea Island cot-
ton.
These are crops, with the exception of the
last, that Florida produces to a smaller extent
than almost any state and our idea of diver-
sity does not include the cultivation of them
to any real elenlt. There sre other crops
that pa bhandsomely here and cf these there
are so many Ihal .n Ibeir collivation alone
Florida can greallv dlver lti, he, prsdarc
Florida %as oretg.rally a Irul :le there
is room here for a larger acreage in oranges
and grapefruit. Pineapple growing is highly
profitable. Pecan groves would yield large
returns.
Certain parts of Florida beat the world on
Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes grow well
here. If more land were planned .n these
than is planned in all crops in Florda com-
bined Ibe market weald oct be glolld
There is room for expansion in early veg-
etable growing, the danger being that the
greater part of the expansion of the state will
be in this line. The enormous profits that
many make in vegetables tend to encourage
the devotion of too much effort to this line of
work.
Among the larger crops tobacco and cane
are highly profitable. In each there is room
for great expansion-an expansion almost lim-
itless so far as cane is concerned.
If the farmers will produce their own corn
and meat and other foodstuffs that can be
grown as well here as elsewhere-produce
enough for their own tables we mean-there
will be no reason to fear that they will glut
the markets with the products that they raise
to sell. Just now fruit and vegetable growing
pays so well that the farmers find it more pro-
fitable to keep their graineries and smoke


houses out west than at home but they should
keep their eyes open and when the supply of
their products is catching up with the demand
they should restrict their market crops and
produce for their own consumption. By do-
ing this they will reduce the cost of what they
buy and increase the cost of what they sell.
If the farmers of Florida would use the best
judgment in their selection of crops the soil
of this state could easily support fifteen mil-
lion people. This is more than thirty times
as many as make their living out of it now.



HEALTH IN FLORIDA

* ------------------------4
Maine has one death annually in 315 of
population; Massachusetts, one in 254; New
York, one in 473; Pennsylvania, one in 462;
Illinois, one in 579; Virginia, one in 557; Min-
nesota, one in 755 and Florida, one in 1,447.
The records also show that the ratio of deaths
to the number of cases of remittent fever is
much less in Florida than in any other sec-
tion of the United States. In the central sec-
tion of the United States the proportion is
one death to 36 cases; in the northern section,
one to 52; in the southern, one to 54; in Texas,
one to 78; in California, one to every 122; in
New Mexico, one to each 148; while in Flor-
ida it is only one out of every 287. And the
average annual mortality for the whole state
is less than 3%.


*-------------' .
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

Leon county is bounded on the north by
Gadsden county and the state of Georgia, on
the east by Jefferson, on the south by Jeffer-
son and Wakulla, and on the west by Gads-
den and Liberty counties.
It has an area of 730 square miles of land
surface, or 467,200 acres.
\ It is situated between 30 and 31 degrees
north latitude and 83 and 84 degrees west lon-
gitude. The entire west side is bounded by
the Ocklocknee river. The southern bound-
ary is about 12 miles, -and the northern
boundary about 50 miles from the Gulf of
Mexico. The surface gradually rises from the
southern to the northern side, reaching in
some places a height of over 280 feet above
the sea level. The surface is uneven and roll-
ing, entirely free from rocks and boulders, in-
terspersed throughout with lakes and forest.



SBroad Arena Awaiting Clltivation

THE last state census shows the number of
farms in active operation in Leon county
as 1840, ranging in area from 10 acres to 2,000
acres, covering a total of 150,000 acres, 97,000
of which were cultivated and improved; 56,000
acres farmed by tenants. More than one-
third of the farm lands already cleared and
ready for cultivation are idle because of the
lack of labor. There is much more land that
can be cleared at comparatively small cost
and be made ready for cultivation at a figure
much lower in the aggregate than such lands
can be purchased for in other states.























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NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


-----------------------..... ....


Corn Culture in Florida.







Director of the Experiment Station and Superintendent Farmers' Institute.
-


HE QUANTITY of corn produced in
Florida is much greater than is realized
even by those who are actively engaged
in farming. According to the Bureau of Sta-
tistics of the U. S. Department of Agriculture,
the Florida crop for 1909 is 8,379,000 bushels;
exceeding the crop of 1908 by nearly two mil-
lion bushels. The average yield for 1909 is
12.6 bushels per acre, while for 1908 it was
10.5 bushels. While this increase is credit-
able, the average yield is still too low, as it
leaves us at the foot of the column of State
yields of corn per acre. For the year 1907-8
the Commissioner of Agriculture reported that
Florida produced (see Statistics for Yield,
S1909), 4,351,000 bushels of corn, valued at
$3,409,000; thus exceeding in value any other
single farm crop The combined cops of Up-
land and Sea Island cotton exceeded the value
of the corn produced in 1907 by only $244,000.
Ordinarily, much more is thought of the cot-
ton crop in Florida than of the corn crop.
Even the orange crop for the year 1907-8 ex-
ceeded the corn crop by only $812,000-less
than 25%.
While the total amount of corn produced
in the State of Florida is very large, the av-
erage yield per acre is only 12.6 bushels.
This yield is altogether too small for profit.
Half a crop of corn leaves little or no profit
for the farmer. It can safely be stated that a
crop of corn that falls below 15 bushels per
acre does not return to the farmer more than
the cost of making it. In contradistinction to
this very low average yield, we have the very
large yields that have been obtained by cer-
tain progressive farmers in recent years in
Florida. Eighty bushels per acre have been
produced repeatedly. Yields approximating,
or even surpassing, the hundred bushel mark
have been produced. These, however, are ex-
ceptional cases. Nor have these extremely
large yields been produced at exorbitant cost.
In one case where the data were kept, it was
found that the corn cost forty-two and a frac-
tion cents per bushel to make. At 42 cents
per bushel, the average crop of corn for Flori-
da should not cost over $5.29 per acre.
During the last few years considerable in-
terest and rivalry have occurred in corn pro-
duction in a number of counties in the state.
The corn exhibited in 1909 at the Tri-county
Fair at Pensacola was judged by an Illinois
corn expert and the exhibit that won first
prize was marked only 60%o of the maximum
by the score-card method. In the same year
the highest award given to any corn exhibited
at the Marion County Fair was only 69%.
This shows to us that the best corn produced
still open to revolutionary improvement.


THE LAND
Choice of Land.-In choosing land for corn
we have considerable latitude as to quality.
Cedinarily, land with a clay subsoil will be
found to be better suited for corn production
than sandy land without a clay subsoil. So
long as cotton was king with our farmers any
sort of land was thought to be all right for
corn. "It didn't amount to much anyhow,"
and consequently any land with any kind of
preparation was sufficient. All that the farm-
er wanted was acres of land in corn. Since
the advent of better work animals, better cat-
tle, better hogs, and the beginning of poultry
raising we have learned, however, that corn is
more profitable than almost any other farm
crop that we can raise, provided we give it
the proper attention. The land chosen should
have an abundance of humus and be suffi-
ciently well drained naturally to prevent it
from becoming waterlogged during the heavy
rains which are likely to occur just at the
time the ears are filling out.
P!reparation.-Before one can raise corn pro-
fitably, and in fact before one can really con-
sider himself a corn farmer, all the stumps
must be removed from the land. It requires
only a small number of stumps per acre to
reduce the area by 10%. Farming stumps
never did pay and never will. It is much
easier to cultivate six or eight hills of cord
than to plow around a single stump, and with
our long winter season, together with an
abundance of idle labor during this time,
th. re is really no good excuse for having
stamps in our fields at all.
'Deep 'Plowing.-To make a maximum crop
of corn it is necessary to make a proper be-
ginning. The only proper beginning is to
plow the land deeply and early in the year.
December is none too early. If one wishes to
get the maximum yield it is absolutely neces-
sary to have all the vegetable matter turned
under before the middle of January. The sec-
tions of Florida which are noted for their
deep plowing are, at the same time, the ban-
ner crop-producing sections. Near Muscogee
a crop of 109 bushels of corn was produced on
land that was plowed ten inches deep and
subsoiled eight inches below the plow furrow,
thus giving a Soil depth of eighteen inches.
In Gadsden county a number of farmers pro-
duced 90 bushels of corn per acre. All of
these farmers are advocates of deep plowing
and practice it regularly.
If one puts off plowing for corn until plant-
ing time and then should break up the land
deeply his chances are about nine out of ten
to make a failure of it. If he also waits until
late planting time to plow at all he has about


one chance out of twenty of making a good
crop. It is, therefore, of the utmost import-
ance that we plow deeply early in the year.
Otherwise the raw soil which is turned on the
top will not have time to become properlyox-
idized or rated so as to make fit plant food.
FERTILIZING
Corn may be considered a quick-growing
crop, that is, it requires the use of the land
for only from 120 to 150 days. Yet it is not
what we would call one of the shortest crops,
such as lettuce or cucumbers. On account of
the length of the season through which corn
grows we can use organic materials to a con-
siderable extent for supplying ammonia. The
potash and phosphoric acid may be derived
from the ordinary sources. There seems to be
little advantage in using one formof fertilizer
rather than another for what corn wants is a
large amount constantly on hand.
Land well filled with humus and deeply
cultivated will produce a good crop with a
much larger amount of fertilizer than is allow-
able on poor land, not deeply prepared, and
lacking humus. On the ordinary poor land
(such as is used for the most part for produc-
ing corn and prepared about three inches
deep).we cannot use successfully more than
400 to 600 pounds of ordinary fertilizer, in
fact, during some years 600 pounds will be
found excessive. Whereas, on well prepared
soil, containing an abundance of humus, three
times this amount will not prove deleterious
to the corn, even during the dryest weather
that we are likely to have.
Veehet beans.-The most profitable crop
that we can plant in a cornfield for the second
crop after corn is a crop of velvet beans.
These are planted in several different ways.
SSome farmers prefer to plant the velvet beans
after the corn has come up, directly in the
row. The velvet bean is a tropical plant and
so makes a rather slow growth until warm
summer weather comes on. It interferes very
little with the corn during the time the latter
makes it root growth and after the corn has
matured, the velvet bean makes a vigorous
growth and produces a heavy crop, using the
corn stalks to climb upon.
Some farmers prefer, however, to plant the
velvet bean later in the year and put it be-
tween the rows of corn. They plant their
corn rows farther apart so as to make it possi-
ble to cultivate between the rows of velvet
beans and the rows of corn. This usually re-
duces the amount of corn produced per acre.
HARVESTING
To get the maximum profit out of a crop of
corn it is necessary to cut the stalks and keep
them for winter forage. The time for shock-




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT














Colonel Cromwell Gibbons.
... 1 ]OLONEL CROMWELL GIBBONS, a candidate for Governor before
C the spring primaries, has given announcement to some of his public
views which no doubt will figure largely in his platform when pub-
lished.
iHe declared in his Live Oak speech for Good Roads and the aboli-
tion of the Convict System; and in his speech at Saint Augustine on Labor Day
for supervision of Corporations and a Land Department and Bureau of Publicity
i that will give the people free of charge enlightenment on the resources of
Florida, and the soil and climatic conditions of the uncultivated lands of the
State.
Colonel Gibbons' candidacy has attracted notice throughout the State, and
he no doubt will be one of the leading candidates when the campaign is on.
He has for twenty years been identified with the popular organization of
the National Guard of Florida, serving in every position from private to colonel
of the First infantry.











1 He has held the position of judge of one of Jacksonville's Courts, and is
a former Speaker of the House of Representatives of Florida, and has on several ]
occasions been Florida's Representative to National Democratic Conventions,
serving on the platform committee of the National Convention of 02 at Kansa











J City, Missouri.
(h, Colonel Cromwell Gibbons. (h











SHe is also Vic-President of the National Conservate for Governor beforess and a
i member of the Ex ecutive Committee of the National Publicity organ his pubion
ilj Il^St- views which no doubt will figure largely in his platform when pub- (i/
(in 'ass lished. (i^

hi. tion of the Convict System; and in his speech at Saint Augustine on Labor Day .t,
i wh for supervision of Corporations and a Land Department and Bureau of Publicity ng
(i c that will give the people free of charge enlightenment on the resources of (i
(i^ Florida, and the soil and climatic conditions of the uncultivated lands of the iHi
(i^ State. (i^
(hi Colonel Gibbons' candidacy has attracted notice throughout the State, and (i<
(Kj he no doubt will be one of the leading candidates when the campaign is on. i
(hi He has for twenty years been identified with the popular organization of (i
(hi the National Guard of Florida, serving in every position from private to colonel (
(hi of the First Infantry, i
(hi He has held the position of judge of one of Jacksonville's Courts, and is (hi
(hi a former Speaker of the House of Representatives of Florida, arid has on several (iw
(iw occasions been Florida's Representative to National Democratic Conventions, (iw
(hi serving on the platform committee of the National Convention of 1902 at Kansas (ir
(hi City, Missouri. (iy
\i He is also Vice-President of the National Conservation Congress and a hi<
(iw member of the Executive Committee of the National Publicity organization (iw
(iw which had charge' of the national bill recently passed by Congress governing (iw
hi, campaign expenses. hi;

()i (hi
(i^ (hi
(hi. .i.




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


COL. CROMWELL GIBBONS.






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


*better. It should not, however, be delayed
longer than the middle of January.
Humus.-Plowing under the vegetable mat-
ter gives the important and necessary element
to the soil which we call humus. Humus is
not vegetable matter, nor is it soil. It is the
intermediate stage between vegetable matter
and soil. All vegetable matter when it de-
cays goes through much the same chemical
process as when the chemist ignites it in the
crucible and reduces it to earthy matter, the
difference being that the sun and air act more
slowly than fire and nature takes her time to
do this work. The burning process, oroxidiz-
ing process as the chemist calls it, goes on,
however, just as certainly as if it were in the
chemist's laboratory. The vegetable matter in
the soil, as mere vegetable matter, is of no value
to us, nor is the vegetable matter of much
concern or value to us after it has reached its
ultimate reduction and has returned again to
soil. It is on its transition from the vegetable
matter towards earthy matter that it is of
greatest importance to us from an agricultural
standpoint. In this transition, that is, after
the vegetable matter has been thoroughly
broken down and no longer has any semblance
to the plants from which it was derived and
before it has taken on the condition of earthy
matter, this once organic material is what we
call humus,
A soil abundantly supplied with humus
has a very largely increased water-holding
power. The humus in the soil might be lik-
ened to myriads of small sponges distributed
through the soil. These small sponges will
soak up the water and hold it and give it up
slowly to the soil. Our chemist in his labora-
tory has found that soil rich in humus has a
capacity for holding at least a 100o more
moisture than soil which is devoid of humus.
When soil is completely made up of humus
and vegetable matter it is usually spoken of as
muck soil. Where the vegetable matter is not
fully disintegrated and is still of a fibrous
character it is usually spoken. of as peat.
Where the muck or peat is pure the water-
holding capacity of the soil is many hundred
per cent greater than that of soil entirely de-
void of humus.
Any condition of the soil which enables it
to hold moisture also increases the fertilizer-
holding power. Sandy soil has so little wa-
ter-holding capacity that we usually speak of
it as leachy soil. When fertilizer is placed in
such a soil the firstlain that comes washes it
below into the sub-soil. In the presence of
humus, however, the fertilizer is retarded or
entirely stopped on the way down and so the
plants are enabled, later in their period of
growth, to absorb this fertilizer from the
humus.
CULTIVATION
Ask a dozen of your neighbors separately
what is the object of plowing and eleven out
of twelve will tell you that it is to kill
weeds. A greater mistake could not well be
made. The killing of weeds is merely an in-
cident along the way. We cultivate the land
to improve the health of the plant we are
growing, to increase its vigor, to enable it to
withstand insect attacks and ravages of dis-
eases so that it will produce a large crop of
cotton.
The direct effect of cultivating the soil is to
rate it and to conserve moisture. We have.


therefore, two points to keep in mind pri-
marily, in plowing the land and cultivating
the crop. First, we must rate the soil so as
to make it a ht place for the habitation of
roots of plants. The roots of these plants
need air just as certainly as do humsm beings.
They do not need the same amount but in the
absence of oxygen the roots will be killed and
the plants will die. The best way to get this
air into the soil is to put it in before the crop
has been planted. This is done by deep plow-
ing. Second,we conserve the moisture by fre-
quent and shallow cultivating. This also
helps to rate the soil when the surface has
been compacted by heavy rains. Where the
soil has been prepared only three or four
inches deep it becomes necessary to cultivate
deeply in order that a certain portion of the
soil at least may be rated. In doing this
work, however, we mutilate and kill thous-
ands and millions of the roots of the cotton
plants. Our best friends are being ruthlessly
destroyed and slaughtered for the sake of get-
ting a small amount of air into our soil. No
wonder that we have to run down one side of
the cotton plant one week and then wait two
weeks before it is possible for us to run down
the other side. If we were to run down both
sides of the cotton plants at one time it would
unquestionably ruin thousands of the plants
outright.
If destroying four-fifths of the roots at one
time would ruin the plant how can it be any-
thing else but an injury to the plant to des-
troy one-half of the roots?
The question as to the frequency of culti.
ovation is often asked. The frequency with
which we should cultivate depends upon the
cost of cultivation. If we have to cultivate
with one mule and a hand it will cost us a
great deal more per acre than when we culti-
vate with two mules and a hand. The more
frequently we can cultivate the greater amount
of moisture we conserve. Consequently the
more frequently we can afford to cultivate the
more likely are we to have a good cotton
crop.
SEED SELECTION

The cotton crop is one of the oldest, if not
the oldest, of the agricultural crops that we
are now producing. Yet in the past compara-
tively little attention has been given to sys-
tematic selection and breeding. Practically
nothing in a systematic way had been done
up to twenty years ago. Everything previous
to that time had been done in a sort of hap-
hazard lucky-go-easy way. Since then, how-
ever, experiments have been carried on with
sufficient exactness to allow us to lay down
some general rules that may be carried out
profitably. First, we know that the seed from
a fine, well bolled, productive cotton plant
has immeasurably greater possibilities of pro-
ducing a good crop than seed from a half bar-
ren or a small and scrawny stalk. Second, we
know that the chance of crossing or cross-
breeding between different cotton plants in a
field is not nearly so great as in the case of the
corn plant. Consequently the work of selec-
tion is much more easily accomplished and
the precautions that we have to throw about
our work are very much reduced.
Knowing these general principles it is a
simple matter for us to deduce methods for
improving our cotton seed. All that is neces-
sary is to select a field of cotton that is being


on a rather poor or medium poor soil, then go
through the field and label or tag the best
plants by the easiest method at hand. A very
simple way is to tie a bit of muslin to the top
of the desirable plants. In looking for desira-
ble plants we should be careful to select those
that are very fruitful. those whose bolls open
well, whose seeds are well covered with cot-
too and whose lint is of the correct length.
Five hundred such plants can easily be se-
lected in a day from a five acre plot.
The seeds of these plants are then saved
separately, the first picking being taken off
before the whole cotton field is picked, the
second picking is taken before the second cot-
ton is picked, and so on. The seed cotton is
then saved separately, ginned separately andc
stored for next year's planting. The selected
seed should be planted by hand to make it go
as far as possible. The second year we should
save seed only from the best plants in the
field of selected cotton.

*--*- ------4
FOWLS IN FLORIDA VALUED
TO BE WORTH $574,000.00
**--------------4.
THE Government census summary on poul-
try shows that the total number of farms
reporting the different kinds in 1910 was
40,658, the total number of fowls being 1,-
326,271 and the total value $674,000.
Of the total number of farms reporting
poultry, nearly all, or 40,637 reported chick-
ens, numbering 1,239,680, valued at $571,000;
reported turkeys numbering 22,871, valued at
$31,300; 883 reported ducks numbering 6,218,
value $3,739: 2,985 reported geese numbering
29,555, valued at 16,400; 3,071 reported guinea
fowls numbering 19,927, valued at $7,570; 274
reported pigeons numbering 7,875, valued at
$4,491; 12 reported peafowls numbering 52,val-
ned at $173, and 4 reported ostriches number-
ing 92, valued at $39,300.



I THE WEATHER FOR A YEAR
AT TALLAHASSEE

Precipitation
Month Temperature Inches
January...--.......53.0 _-.-_7.55
February ..---_.. -52.3.. ---- 2.05
March ..-.--.-....58.2 --. 4.65
April ------ ... .67.8 ----..0.15
May .------... .73.5 ...... 2.92
June ....------.... 80.8._-.-. 5,16
July -----.. -.... 79.8 .... 8.88
August-...--.. 79.6---- 1. 10.12
September ------.. 78.4 ------ 7.31
October --------.4. 65.6- .-4.75
November..........62.0 --.-- 1.30
December .-------- 54.6 2..... 235

Year --.........- 67.1--....- 57,20



LEON SOILS
Best. Adapted to Staple Crops


Cotton, the stiffer clay.
Corn, oats, tobacco, loams.
Supar cane, sweet potatoes, field, garden
and fruit crops, lighter loams.


































-: I I~~*'~*-I1- C
'r "'7 'r.l~~
sS* C





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






Cotton, 5he King of Crops.



By P. H. ROLFS.

Director Experiment Station and Superintendent Farmers' Institute.


HE COTTON CROP of Florida holds
one of the most important places in
the agriculture of the state. It has been
the money crop for the farmer from the
time of the first settlement. The quantity
produced has greatly increased, sometimes
slowly and at other times somewhat rap-
idly. Our earliest statistics go back about
as far as 1830. In 1839 the cotton crop
of the state, measured in bales, was exactly
one-half of what was produced in 1909, sev-
enty years later. The banner year for cotton
production in number of bales was in 1904,
when 89,000 bales of 400 pounds each were
produced, valued at $5,444,000. This cotton
was grown on an area of 267,000 acres.
The cotton crop of 1909 was 62,900 bales,
valued at $5,760,000, reaching the highest fig-
ure in point of value ever produced. This
cotton was grown on 266,000 acres. In 1907
the average production of cotton per acre fell
lower than it has fallen in any other year
within the last decade. In 1904 the highest
average production per acre was reached. It
will be noticed that the average production
per acre fell off in 1909,when it was only 70%
of the amount produced in 1904. The reasons
for this falling off were various. In a large
measure the climatic conditions of 1909 were
responsible for the low average production
per acre. Anthracnose, a disease which at-
tacks both the plant and the bolli, caused a
very large loss. Careless methods of prepara-
tion of the soil and of cultivation also had
their influence on the reduction of the crop.
PREPARATION OF THE SOIL
'Deep 'Plowing.-In preparing the soil for
cotton it should be kept in mind constantly
that the plowing or breaking in the winter or
early spring is the most important operation
of the entire year. Some of the other defects
may be corrected but if this one operation is
neglected we are nearly certain to reap a
small crop, no matter what our later work
may be. The land should be broken early in
the year. December or the first two weeks in
January are the most favorable periods of the
year. It should be broken deeply if a con-
siderable amount of vegetable matter occurs in
the field. Ten to twelve inches will not be
too deep. If, on the other hand, the soil has
been cultivated for many years and contains
only a small amount of vegetable matter it
may be advisable to break the land no more
than two or three inches deeper than it was
broken up the year before.
The deep breaking early in the year pro-
vides ample space for storing up moisture.
The particles of soil are separated by this till-
age, allowing the air and the moisture to cir-
culate freely through that portion of the soil


which is to become a seed-bed later in the
year. If the soil is broken early in the year
it catches the winter rainfall and stores it up
for spring and early summer use. Having
broken uptine soil thoroughly in the spring
and pulverized it well the loose soil forms a
blanket which prevents the escape of moisture
from from the soil. The capillary moisture
rises upward but the surface blanket stops its
rise and so prevents it from evaporating into
the air.
,Jeraiion of Soil.--Another important point
that is usually entirely overlooked is that by
thorough plowing the lower portion of the
soil is brought near the surface and the sur-
face soil is turned down deeper. This brings
a large portion of the soil near the surface
where it can be rated and where the oxygen
of the air can get to the soil particles and put
them in condition to furnish the plant food
for the coming crop. This is forcibly illus-
trated bymanyinstances. We have frequently
noticed that when a well is dug on a farm the
earth thrown out from the bottom of the well
is usually a dead mass on which for the first
six months hardly any weeds will grow. We
may think that this is due to the want of weed
seeds in it. This, however, is not the case for
plenty of weed seeds are blown or otherwise
distributed through it. It is simply too low
in available plant food to allow any of the
weed seedlings to grow. After this earthy
matter has been rated for afew months, how-,
ever, we find the tallest and rankest weeds
springing up in this soil which was formerly
deep down in the earth. The same conditions
occur when we break up our land. If we
break it up deeply and then plant our seed
immediately we will certainly be disappointed
unless the land has also been broken up
deeply and the surface soil rated in previous
years. By breaking up the soil deeply in the
late tall or early winter enough time elapses
before the cotton has to be planted to let this
soil become thoroughly rated and then we
have a fresh, vigorous soil. In a large meas-
ure this soil is like newly broken land.
Soil that has heen deeply broken, espec-
ially if it is twelve to fourteen or eighteen
inches deep, makes an excellent seed-bed in
which rapid growth of plants is greatly pro-
Smoted. Cotton is no exception to this rule.
Anyone doubting this assertion can readily
prove it for himself if he will simply take the
trouble to dig out a dozen of the best cotton
plants from deeply prepared soil and then dig
out a dozen cotton plants from soil that has
been prepared in the ordinary haphazard way.
The roots of the cotton plants that have been
dug from the deep soil will be found to be
much more abundant, much more vigorous
and deeper in the soil than those from the


land that has been prepared only three or four
inches deep.
2eep Soil andFertilizer.-Even if the impor-
tant reasons for deep plowing just gLven were
not considered sufficient there is still another
reason that makes deep plowing a necessity.
Land deeply prepared has a much greater ca-
pacity for holding fertilizer than land that has
been only indifferently prepared. Usually it
is thought that the quantity of cotton pro-
duced on the acre will vary directly in pro-
portion to the amount of fertilizer that one
can afford to apply. Definite tests have been
made by the Experiment Station which show
that this is altogether a mistake. An acre of
land prepared in the ordinary way and of
only ordinary fertility cannot make use of
more than about 600 pounds of fertilizer of
ordinary concentration such as is given in the
formula below. In our experiments we found
that the amount of cotton produced from dif-
ferent applications of 200, 400 and 600 pounds
increased rapidly and gave handsome addi-
tional returns for the larger amounts. In fact,
in many cases it will be found that an appli-
cation of 400 pounds of fertilizer to the acre
will double the amount of cotton produced by
an application of 200 pounds of fertilizer, thus
making as much cotton on one acre as other-
wise would have been made on two. Our ex-
periments showed that 600 pounds of ferti-
lizer was the maximum amount that could be
applied profitably on ordinary land. When
800 pounds was applied there was actually a
decrease in the total amount of seed cotton
produced as compared with 600 pounds of
fertilizer. The land, however, was prepared
in an ordinary indifferent way.
Churning Under &egelable .latter.-For years
past and for generations our forefathers have
made it a practice to wait until about time to
plant cotton and then to turn into the old cot-
ton field and burn off the vegetable matter. A
man who in this day and time will burn off
the vegetable matter in the same manner as
was done by our forefathers is nothing but an
agricultural criminal. He is taking comfort
and pleasure away from his family, requiring
them to live in wretched surroundings and
leaving himself a miserable living. Our crim-
inal laws punish any one who sets fire to any
building; but the farmer who intentionally
and by design sets fire to and burns up his
vegetable matter harms himself and his family
more than he would if he were to set fire to his
stables, for it not only impoverishes the soil
for that year but continues to have its detri-
mental effect for years to come.
M5Sust Plow darly.--Plowing under vegetable
matter must be done early in the year. It
cannot be put off until cotton. planting time.
The earlier in the year this can be done the




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



I Hon. William V. Knott
State Treasurer and Candidatelfor Re-election.
SILLIAM V. KNOTT was born in Terrell:County, Georgia, November 24th, 1868. With
his parents he moved to Sumter County, Florida, in January 1881. On March 28th,
S1895 he was married to Miss Luella Pugh, of Greensboro, N. C.
Between the years 1885 and 1895 Mr. Knott held positions and was occupied with
work that exercised and developed his native capacity.for the routine of office work
generally.
SThorough, systematic and conscientious in every detail of his work. He has been *
Sa success wherever and whatever his work has been. Part of this time he was deputy
Clerk of Sumter County for his brother, Hon. C. M. Knott, present Clerk of Hillsboro
4 County. Although quite a young man, he later served as deputy Clerk under Hon. W. C. Hargrove, of Put- *
S nam County from the time he was em- *
S played until the end of Mr. Hargrove's *
4 term.
S Besides being in terested in various
4 business enterprises with his brother du- 4
o ring these years he was Abstractor of
Land Titles in Ma rion and Hillsboro
# Counties, and was thus occupied in the *
# latter county when in 1895 he was com-
4 missioned by Gov ernor Mithell to do
4 some important spe .,* cial work in inspec-
ting the records and accounts of certain
4 county officers, a against whom char-
4 ges had been pre ferred. Knowing of
* Mr. Knott's particu lar capacity for such .
* service, Governor Bloxham, after his
* inauguration, contain ued him in his same
* work. During the firsteighteenmonths
4 of this service Mr. Knott caused to be 4
# paid over, approxi mately, sixty thou- *
4 sand dollars of pub lic funds which had
4 been diverted from the State and county
" Treasurer, and from then on he continued
4 to save the State many thousands of
4 dollars. While thus employed as special
4 examiner, he prepare ed and caused to be
4 introduced in the different Counties, a 4
new and improved systemofaccounting #
Mr. Knott continued in this work as Spe-
cial Examiner about six years, and the
work he did became the foundation upon
which was created the office of State
Auditor.
When the Honora ble William H. Rey-
nolds died, in July 1901, Governor Jen-
nings tendered to Mr. Knott the ap-
pointment to be Com ptroller of the State
to fill the vacancy. Mr. Knott, however,
was so impressed with the importance
of developing the work he was engag
ed, that he declined the appointment and
continued as special examiner until Feb
28,1903, when he was appointed by Governor Jennings to the office of State Treasurer, succeeding Hon.James
B. Whitfield, who at the same time was appointed Attorney General, and who is the present Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court. At the general election in 1904, Mr. Knott was elected by the people to be State
Treasurer, and was re-elected in 1908. He is a candidate for re-election.






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





SMAXWELTON


-


COUNTRY HOME OF J. W. BUSHNELL



Fortunes in
Asparagus Growing
0" **-'--- '--~----

What celery has done to make
Kalamazoo, in Michigan, and
Sanford, in Florida, famous,
could be more than duplicated
around Tallahassee in the growth
of asparagus. The soil produces
it in the greatest abundance, and
of as fine quality as was ever
grown in California. And it can
be placed on the eastern market
cheaper and earlier than the Cal-
ifornia product, which brings
almost fabulous prices. Aspara-
gus growers who want to make
rapid money would do well to
investigate this section.


SN FRONT of this beautiful home of Capt. J. W. Bushnell
we stood and gazed in awe at the silent grandeur of
nature. On an eminence above the surrounding coun-
try it stands, and stretching away for miles to the
south, east and west is a panorama of beauty rarely
excelled. It is said that on particularly favorable days
can be seen the Gulf of Mexico, twenty miles away.
Many years ago this place was named Maxwelton-
a combination of the names of the two owners from
which it was purchased. It consists of 1200 acres, and
lies only 3% miles southeast of Tallahassee. It is well
watered by a couple of bold springs and several wells, never fail-
ing, and just south of the home is Lake Mary, one of the most en-
chanting little spots in the county.
Mr. T. W. Lester is the resident manager. He is a practical
farmer of many years experience, in this state and in Georgia, and
declares the country cannot show a more naturally productive soil.
About 500 acres are in cultivation, the balance in woods and pas-
turage. Corn, cotton, hay and oats are the chief products. The
land produces an average of thirty bushels of corn and a half bale
of cotton per acre, without a pound of fertilizer. Ten acres of
shaded tobacco land produced an average of 1,742 pounds per
acre, the greatest in the history of tobacco culture in this section.
The place is a natural stock farm, and many cattle are now profit
ably kept,being sustained altogeth
er from the products of the farm.
The Tallahassee Southeastern
Railroad runs through the south-
ern section of the place, on which
there is a siding for carload ship-
ments.
Capt. J.W. Bushnell, the own-
er, lives in the city of Jackson-
ville, where he has a most lucra-
tive business as civil engineer.
On this account he will dispose
of this beautiful and exceedingly
valuable property. It, together
with the adjoining property of
Mr. Ginsburg, should be purchased
by a syndicate and divided up
into smallfarms. In this way
the place or places could be made
one of the most ideal settlements
in Florida.


ONE BALE OF COTTON PER ACRE, BUSHNELL FARM


E FLORIDA ar


If you want to keep
posted about Tallahassee
and Leon county subscribe
for The True Democrat,
Price'$1per year.


HE SUN never shone on a country more fair
IT Than beautiful, peerless Florida.
S There's life in a kiss of her rarified air-
S Florida, prolific Florida.
Our homes are alight with the halo of love-
Florida, contented Florida.
We bask in the smiles of the heavens above-
No clouds ever darken Florida.
When the burdens of life I am called to lay down,
I hope I may die in Florida;
I never would ask for a more glorious crown
Than one of the sod of Florida.
And when the last trump wakes the land and the sea,
And the tombs of the earth set their prisoners free,
You may all go aloft if you choose, but for me-
I think I'll stay in Florida.


Saint Marks Railroad, Second Oldest in United States.






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN

AT TALLAHASSEEI


HE FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE for
Women, now entering upon its
Seventh year's work, has virtually
S become what many of its ardent
supportersafew years ago believed
it should be called, "The University
of Florida for Women," so varied,
diverse and broad are the courses
now offered.
This institution for higher learn-
ing affords the girls and young
women of the state of Florida an exceptionally
fine combination of advantages, whether one's
taste is for the vocational, technical, practical
or for the literary, cultural, liberal, or, in
fact, for a harmoniously adjusted course where
the practical and the liberal are happily
united and lead to graduation with the degree
of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science.
The Florida State College for Women is so
'organized as to furnish instruction in seven
distinct departments, viz: (1) The Graduate
School; (2) The College of Arts and Sciences;
(3) The Normal School, with Model Practice


BY C. E. BorD
School; (4) a Kindergarten Training Depart-
ment; (5, the School of Art; (6) the School of
Elocution; (7) the School of Music.
Emphasis is at all times placed on the
College of Arts and Sciences, to which the
student looks for training in the substantial
or standard coursesof typical collegiate study.
About its work as a center the other divisions
of departmental instruction are grouped.
While special courses in other depart-
ments are offered, upon completion of which
certificates are given, regular enrollment
in the work of the Normal School department
or of the College of Arts and Sciences, is
always strongly urged.
Each year since the founding of the col-
lege there has been a demand on the part of
its A. B. or S. graduates for one additional
year of post-graduate work leading to the
Master's degree-a clear indication of splen-
did inspirational instruction in the several
phases of college teaching.
OFFICERS AND FACULTY
The actual teaching force of the institu-


tion consists of twenty-six professors and in-
structors, of whom eleven are men and fifteen
are women.
BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT
The college takes pardonable pride in the
undisputed fact that nowhere in the state is
there a college building which compares in
beauty of architecture and exterior finish, as
well as in attractiveness and convenience of
interior arrangement and equipment, with the
magnificent and commodious Admistration
building, a photograph of which is here re-
produced.
This building, consisting of three stories
with entranceway topped by two lofty, sym-
metrical towers, is 236 feet long, 85 feet wide
and, besides end wings, has a middle wing ex-
tending to the rear with a depth of 168 feet.
The first floor of this wing provides ample
space for the growing, popular courses in
Domestic Art and Domestic Science. On the
second floor is the immense auditorium, with
an extensive, handsomely curtained stage, and
with a seating capacity of at least 1,000. The






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


6 music studios and the 21 practice rooms
which are distributed through the three sto-
ries of this portion of the building are to the
west end of the chapel. Located on the main
corridors of the three floors are 21 lecture
rooms, 12 laboratories, 10 store rooms, offices
for the President, Dean of the Normal School,
and administrative officials, spacious quarters
for the library, rooms for college publications,
the college bookstore and postoffice, and an
assembly room for sessions of the faculty.
The building is thoroughly equipped with all
modern conveniences and facilities.
East Hall and Bryan Hall are thetwodor-
mitories of the college, containing rooms or
suites of rooms for 70 and 160 students, res-
pectively. The dining room is in East Hall.
Each building is specially designed for the
purpose for which it is being used and con-
tains all needed conveniences of dormitory
life.
Owing to the fact that these two halls
have no available space for additional stu-
dents and as a result, certain homes near the
college campus are being utilized to accommo-
date the demand for rooms, it is exceedingly
fortunate for the college that the legislature
at its recent session appropriated $50,000 for
the erection of a third dormitory. This new
structure will be built during the present year


and will, according to expectations, be ready
for occupancy at the opening of the term,
1912 13.
An appropriation of $7,500 was also made
for a college infirmary, which will likewise be
constructed at an early date. The infirmary
at present is located in Bryan Hall, being in
charge of a very capable and efficient trained
nurse,
Other buildings on the campus are the
large gymnasium, with dressing rooms and
swimming pool, and the somewhat smaller
building in which the work of the Kinder-
garten and Model School departments is con-
ducted.
KINDERGARTEN TRAINING
The department of Kindergarten Training
offers superior advantages. Young women
who desire professional training can secure a
two years' course in all the essentials for a
first class kindergartener. Excellent couses
are offered in child-study, philosophy and
pedagogy. Besides these subjects those courses
especially adapted to child-life are offered.
The Kindergarten training gives a young wo-
man a broad, cultural course for home life, as
well as for professional duties. This depart-
ment is under the direction of Miss Mabel
Wheeler, a woman of superior accomplish-
ments and experience. She has studied in


New York and abroad, and has held responsi-
ble positions in some of the leading places of
this country.
ENROLLMENT RAPIDLY INCREASING
The enrollment for the present scholastic
year will certainly be over 300, probably
reaching at least 325. During the opening
week, the attendance was considerably larger
than at.the corresponding time the previous
year, in fact, as full as was the attendance the
past year after the enrollment of all spring
review normal students, the second semester.
Beginning its work in the fall of 1905, the
Florida State College for Women has shown a
decided increase in patronage each successive
year. During the past year, the enrollment
in all departments was two hundred and
eighty (280), the students in attendance com-
ing from eight states and being distributed as
follows:
Total from 40 Florida counties . 264
Total from Alabama .. .. 3
Total from Arkansas 1
Total from Georgia .. 5
Total from Kentucky 1
Total from North Carolina .. 3
Total from Tennessee 2
Total from Virginia i

Total enrollment .280


On a Paper-shell Pecan Farm
Near Tallahassee

WRITTEN FOR NEW ERA EDITION
BY GEORGE GREENHOW


ftIS ON A FLORIDA FARM 1 loves to be.
SBig melons and taters I's bound to see,
And razor-back hogs, with long sharp snout,
Will get out de pen, if you don't watch out.

e mellons and de taters grows mighty fine,
And eats like caution, when pulled from de vine.
De possum, he eats dem simmons mighty free,
But just let 'em climb my Paper-Shell Tree.

My brother, and another, and me, just three, L
Went down to de meddow, just for to see
Whar de tracks ob de possum and coon had went;
We soon had Jim, our old dog on de scent.

Jim just opened up fine, wid music divine,
And ran by de simmon, de oak and de pine;
We just heights our foots, to get along faster,
We never had run like we did run after.
De possum and de coon, soon ran out of sight,
Ran to da favorite tree, and climbed wid da might.
Da said, "De worst must come and our end must be,
Just let us eat, and die, in a Paper-shell Tree."



I MAGNOLIA GROVE

+ -HIS BEAUTIFUL MAGNOLIA GROVE of .forW acres,
T lying immediately east of Tallahassee, was recently pur-
I chased by Mr. William H. Smith, a wealthy turpentine
r- I( operator, and it is understood that he will soon erect
Sthereon for his own occupancy one of the finest homes
in this county of many beautiful homes. He owns
nearly two thousand acres of land adjoining, which he contemplates
cutting up into forty and tifty acre farms.


THREE LEON COUNTY JEWELS


*.0. ..GROVE


"MAGNOLIA GROVE"




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



Our Home Life Insurance Co.


O NE of the late Governor
Broward's hobbies was
State Life Insurance, by which
it is meant that he wanted the
State to embark in the business
of insuring the lives of its citi-
zens. He contended that a
State Life Insurance company
would be liberally patronized
because such a company could
be operated at small cost, that
the credit of the state would be
behind each policy, and that a
vast amount of money which
went out of the State to for-
eign companies would be kept
at home, thereby kept in local
circulation. But Broward was
unable to make the legislature
think as he thought about State
Life insurance. However he
organized :an insurance com-
pany-a home Insurance, com-
pany, and it become known to
charter life as Our Home Life
Insurance Company. He was
the first president of the com-


pany, which has now been in
existence for three years. The
company has done a wonderful
business in that time, and the
volume of it is growing day
by day. It has been on a solid
foundation from tie first and
is getting stronger as it grows
older.











H. L. CrETHEL
District Manager.
The activities of the com-
pany in this district are repre-
sented by Major Harry L.
Bethel, of Tallahassee, Florida.
Major Bethel has been in the
insurance business eighteen
years, and has won prizes for
record from each company rep-


resented. He is thirty-six
years old, and was born in Flor-
ida and has lived in Florida all
his life, except that period
spent at the Davis Military
Academy at Winston-Salem,
North Carolina. His educa-
tion otherwise was attained at
the East Florida Seminary, and
then at Gainesville, Florida.
His father is Judge L. W.
Bethel, of Key West Florida,
why was lieutenant governor
under Governor Bloxham and
was recently appointed judge
of the eleventh circuit by Gov-
ernor Gilchrist. Major Bethel
is Military Secretary to Gover-
nor Gilchrist, he is vice presi-
dent of the State Elk's Associa-
tion, and is a Mason, Knight
of Pythias and a Woodmen.
As district manager of Our
Home Life Insurance Company
he has authority over the terri-
tory between Jefferson and es-
cambia counties, inclusive, and
superintends the activities of
fifteen agents.


- -- ---- t





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






The Cpital Tobacco Co.


T HE plantation of The Capi-
tal Tobacco Company,
which on an airline is only
a mile and a half out of the city
of Tallahassee, is one of the most
desirable in the county. It part-
Iy lies in four sections, and con-
sists of seven hundred and three
acres. The soil is exceeding pro-
ductive, yielding large crovs of
hay, corn, cotton, cane and pea-
nuts. The place is under the
management of Mr. A. H. Gins-
burg, a Tallahassee merchant
The residence is new, and there
are but few city homes more per-
fect and elegant in construction
and more desirable in its furnish-
ings. It faces a beautiful groveof
many acres, from which gushes a


bold spring of the purest and mos
healthful of waters, which is one
of the finest in the South. A ram
pumps this water into a large res-
ervoir, which supplies the home
and outbuilding. On the place is
seven tenant houses, and three
large tobacco barns, and a large
and productive pear orchard.
The home is elevated above the
surrounding country, furnishing a
mos delightful view iju all direc-
tions, the city of Tallahassee plain-
ly seen in the distance. Owing to
conditions in the tobacco market
this place is for sale, and would
make a fine purchase for coloni-
zation purposes. The place ad-
joinini it, of more than one thou-
acres, can also be bought.


COUNTRY HOME OF A. H. GINSBURG.


SPRING AND BUTTER HOUSE


HIS OWN WATER WORKS.


I MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM OF

CROPS.
WCUSWWCgWiWWWWgiCWWWWWWWW Sa'
There are splendid lands in Leon county
in the hands of certain people upon which the
owners only manage to eke out a bare exist-
ence. The same kind of soil cultivated


with intelligence and industry, is bringing not
only competence but fortunes to other owners'
It is in Leon county just as it is anywhere in
the world-more in the man than in the soil.
But the conditions here for getting a maximum
of money crops is better than anywhere else
on the American continent. Seeing is believ-
ing. Come and investigate.


A pound of humus will store seven and
one half times as much water as a poundof
sand and retain it three and a half times as
long; it will hold four times as much as a
pound of clay and retain it twice as long.-
Dr. S. A. Knapp.

Florida has a monopoly on the velvet bean
Proposition and it is one the most valuable
plants grown.




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






"a,


: .. .
,





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


ST J.



Appleyard

State Printer

T HE State of Florida has its printing
done by contract, and the contractor
is known as the State Printer. The
contracts are made for terms of
four consecutive years each, and it
has been rather usual for the State Printer
to succeed himself in that position, which
is secured through good bidding and good
work. True it is that changes have been
made from time to time 'in the office of
State Printer, but the odds are generally in
favor of the man who holds the contract
when the time comes for a new contract to
be let. The printing for the State House is
executed in the plant of T. J. Appleyard in
a building near the State House. Of all
functionaries connected with the State House
the State Printer is in greater demand. He
must be in easy and ready touch with the sev-
eral departments, and be prepared to print
and rule and bind upon the briefest notice.
The offices of the Governor, the Secretary of
State, the State Treasurer, the Comptroller,
the Commissioner of Agriculture, the Attor-
ney General, the Supdrntendent of Public












SHOWING FOa LINOTYPES AND PART OF
PaEss RooM.
Instruction, the State Chemist, the Supreme
Court, the Railroad Commission, the Trus-
tees of the Internal Improvement Fund, the
Board of Education, the Board of State In-
stitutions, the State Auditor, the Chief Drain-
age Engineer, and the minor divisions com-
ing under these heads, cannot anticipate all
the supplies that will be needed. It fre-
quently happens that sudden demand will
discover that stock supplies have been ex-
hausted necessitating an immediate replen-
ishment. Then it is that the State Printer
has to jump and keep his forces at work
night and day to meet the exigencies. The
biennial sessions of the Legislature add bur-
dens of responsibility to the shoulders of
the State Printer. The daily calendars and
journals, as well as special bills and calen-
dars must be on the desks of the members at
an early hour every morning. The State
Printer must be a man of thorough training
in his craft; he must be a person of execu-
tive ability and cool judgment; he must be,
also, a firm manager of men.
From his success in the office of State
Printer, It would seem that Thomas Jeffer-
son Appleyard combined all of these neces-
sary qualities. The mental, manual and me-
chanical f.:.r.'r ..f his esibltlh.ment m.-.re
like clockwr.rki RIs Inciumhl-ny f ri.b prol
tion has '-ier, marked by the snr.erl..r isjallry
of the w.rl:mnnshilp and thb r.r.,nor.roess
with whi.h printing and lsrl ionry -.ippliles
have been delivered. A man's early training
must have much to do with his later success.
Mr. Appleyard was born in Richmond, Va.,


Aug. 19, 1850. He attended the public
schools of that city, and at the age of 10


A SECTIOt oF THE PRESS ROOM.
years received the first prize for general ex-
cellence in his studies. This prize was a
Bible, which the recipient carried through
the Civil War. He still has it and naturally
attaches great value to it. Early in his elev-
enth year the present State Printer was ap-
prenticed to George W. Gary, who conducted
the largest printing house in Richmond at
that time, but his service in that capacity
was interrupted by the outbreak of the war.
Young Appleyard entered the Confederate
service early in the year 1862, on the school
ship Patrick Henry, and was later trans-
ferred to the Virginia No. 2. He served
through the war and surrendered with the
naval forces at Greensboro, N. C., command-
ed by Admiral Raphael Semmes, the date of
his parole being May 1, 1865. After the war.
he returned to Richmond and finished his ap-
prenticeship in the office of the Southern
Opinion, edited by Henry Rives Pollard.











A CORNER OF THE STOCK BOOM, WHERE
$3,000 TO $4,000 WoBTH OF PAPEB IS CARRIED.
During this period he the youthful newspaper
man spent more of his spare time in the
office of the editor than he did in the me-
chanical department, and absorbed through
this attrition much that proved of value to
him in his subsequent career. From the
Southern Opinion he took the assistant fore-
manship of a new journalistic venture
launched in Richmond known as The Re-
public. In 1871 he moved to Columbus, Ga.,
and became night editor on the Columbus
Enquirer-bun. In January, 1873, he was
married to Miss Sarah E. Kennedy, of Co-
lumbus. From Columbus the line of destiny
led him to Selma, Ala., where he became as-
sociated with Capt. "Dick' English in the
publication of the Selma Times, and from
there he went to Jacksonville, Fla., as me-
chanical superintendent of The Times, pub-
lished under the editorship of Chas. H. Jones.
He assumed the duties of this position in
October, 1882, and was with the Times when


WHEE THEY MAKE THE BOQQp,


it was consolidated with The Union. In the
office of the Times-Union Mr. Appleyard was
instrumental in establishing in the spring of
'83 the first newspaper postoffice in the South.
Since that time the newspaper postoffice has
From Jacksonville Mr. Appleyard later
moved to Palatka, to take a third inter-
est in the Southern Sun Publishing Co., but
the disastrous freeze which followed soon
thereafter rendered the property unprofita-
ble,, and from there he went to Oakland,
Orange County, Fla., where he established a
paper for the purpose of booming the coun-
try through which the Orange Belt railroad,
built by Capt. P. A. Demans, was being con-
structed. The year 1891 found him in San-
ford, where he established The Chronicle,
and eight years later he went to Key West,
purchased the three daily papers being pub-
lished there and consolidated all in The
Inter-Ocean. In 1901 he bought the Lake
City Index, and remained there until he took
charge as State Printer at Tallahassee in
April, 1909. He filled out the unexpired
contract of a former State Printer, and in
September last was awarded the contract
for the ensuing four years dating from Octo-
ber 1, 1911.
Mr. Appleyard always took an active in-
terest in State politics, and his editorial
opinion grew to be regarded as pertinent
and influential. Some newspaper writers
do several things well, but the greater num-
ber of those who bear the mark of unusual
gift or ability develop as a rule the charac-
teristic of doing one thing extraordinarily
well. The strong feature of Editor Apple-
yard's work was his paragraphs. To give












ANOTHER VIEW OF BINDEBY, RULINt MACHINE,
STrrCHEBa, ETC.
terse and trenchant expression In paragraph
fs' regarded by members of the cult as one
of the most difficult accomplishments. When
he was actively in the work his newspaper
friends and the public generally perused the
columns of Appleyard's paper with interest
and pleasure. He of all other newspaper
workers in the State is probably better
equipped to write a political history of Flor-
Ida,and since this State has been neglectful
of its history it may be that some time he
will undertake to fill the hiatus.
Mr. Appleyard has represented this State
in two Democratic National Conventions--
in 1896, elected at the Ocala Convention,
and in a primary election before the people in
1904. In the first he served on the Commit-
tee on Permanent Organization, and in the
last on the Committee on Credentials-both
these committees being important ones.
Aside from the work turned out by the
State the State Printer Is prepared to do
big and little jobs of printing for firms, cor-
porations and individuals. A specialty is
made of railroad work. A prominent railroad
official stated recently that the beat tariff-
sheet work in the South was executed by
this concern. The plant is equipped with
four linotype machines, half a dozen fast
presses, a 38-Inch power cutter, loose leaf
ledger outfit, ruling, perforating and stitching
machines, and a complete bindery. Elec-
tricity gives the driving power and a gaso-
line engine is held in reserve power. All
work is executed in accordance with the
best standards of excellence and prompt de-
livery is guaranteed.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





SWhere Beauty and Plenty Abound "

LO= ==== ---... -0--- -O-- --o


S-- O FIND A FARMER, who is in-
T stinctively a farmer and pre-emi-
nently a farmer and to discover in
Sthe same personality a professional
man who is temperamentally ar-
tistic and successfully professional
is a matter of interest and worthy of record.
Such a personage however, is Dr. Stacy Rad-
ford who owns a farm on Lake Elizabeth, 8
miles out, slightly off the Meridian road. It
is a dreamful spot. Nature asserted the first
rights, but later patents for improvements
have been filed by Dr. Radford. Not only
does Dr. Radford own the farm on Lake Eliza-
beth, but he owns the lake also, which covers
some 40 acres, and is a pretty sheet of water,
with many fishes beneath the glassy surface,
which Dr. Radford hunts at night with a
searchlight. The doctor doesn't follow the
blazed trail in anything; he blazes one for
himself.
It is unusual to find in this section of the
state a person who is so well versed in prac-
tical horticulture. There is no reason for-
sooth why the horticulturist should not flour-
ish in Leon, for here are the climate, the soil
and the plants, It is for this reason largely
that so much space is here given to the en-


deavors of Dr. Radford. The promoters of
this special edition went out into the country
to find what was being done and what it was
possible to do. The most effective way of
assertaining and presenting the possibilities
of a soil and section is to find and combine
in a single setting those things that have been
successfully done by the pioneer spirits of
that section. Many years before the "big
freeze" which swept away the fortunes of
many Floridians in South Florida as well as
those more northerly located, citrus fruits
grew to great perfection in Leon county. Af-
ter the freeze the groves were never replanted
here, but there remain scions yet in bearing.
It is probably more for the scientific
pleasure that he gets from it than for the hope
or desire or profit from it that Dr. Radford
has budded the choice varieties of grape
fruit, limes and lemons on the trifoliata
stock, a hedge of which surrounds his house.
He has orange trees in his back yard filled
with fruit, and the entire place shows the
tireless work of an eager horticulturist and
florist. Ihe lai.r because Ibe door has prob-
ably the greatest variety of fine -roses in the
county, the most of these were budded on the
Marechal Neil stock. The home inside is


perfectly appointed and there is no conven-
ience lacking. The water is raised by a hy-
draulic ram from a spring 170 feet lower than
the tank, and the tank has a capacity of 3,000
gallons. There is water, hot and cold, in
greatest quantity for the house and garden.
The kitchen is a commodious room withevery
needful'arrangement including the joy of fhe
housewife, a slate sink. There are pictures
and books, magazines, lounges, easy chairs, sun
parlor and airy rooms, luxurious beds, a Vic,
trola to sing you to sleep and a Regina music
box to make your slumbers sweet.
The proprietor of this establishment is
such a versatile character that it would be
hard to settle upon his hobby. He has the
finest chickens in the county, Plymouth Rock
and Rhode Island Reds, and in !hem be de-
lights; he has a herd of goats, which he started
off with the pure Angora, but which e al-
lowed to lapse until the stock is no longer
thoroughbred; he dotes upon his roses; he has
a workshop under the house where he piddles
at mechanics with a well selected lot of tools
and appliances. He cans fruits and vege-
tables that look more tempting than anyone
could purchase in Ibe markets; he has pep.
pers of all kinds, taking especial pride in the








NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


MAN'S WORK IMPERFECT X I Wil

Wn HAD HOPED to print a perfect edi- E A
tion in this the New Era Edition of the T from
TroteL mocrat, but before many forms had road, contain
been turned from the press it was again lion largely 1
realized with great emphasis that perfection of cotton, 20f
isnot inman. We find upon looking over ragns e of a
the printed pages that some new words have b shels to
been -oined in the construction of this paoer, hundred ace
suchlas "rspeoti ability" "itone" and others. whiph cut
Itis quite profitless to attempt any explana- acres in velv
tin or to aafeas l a apology. Such things will 25 acres in
happen n spite of the most careful oversight. money cror
........ ..... .. r10 I0o hogs, B
datil pepper, the kind from which tobacco makes a fin
eaR is made; in foat all plant life attracts gards the Be
sad interests him ieS tn, for the
Yet in his laboratory he is equally di- O and easier to
verLs and asmeasful. He has a remedy for herd of 65
indigestion which has a wide reputation and shipment of
m it is a vegetable compound, koown as O W ipoundsa we
ahylrl" lalord's Kidney Balsam is pro b- and in so s
aI the bet tkown product of his dispen- the c ies s o t onts a
imy,msathere ara number of specsfisn- tos u" localmarkel





asteessedtpgise gas feom caldam caside- thing, but every indication points to its being pounds eac
euis is a phathmt plat ver illuminates the a most profitable one if engaged in on a large yield being
asm lt as their amony and hases aboight ENalY-Every variety of flower is here for the fr thie cropWya
ghted, at small t Thre is no cheer wath- bees to feed on, and many is the bee tree that of acid and
S4ghts, and omany arm home lack lhght. has been cut down in the woodstht ha yild- nure to the
br. tedford was born in Polk county ed from one to four barrels of honey. If this venience of
(Kieomw) Teans. but has l red an Leon county is true, without any care, it appears to us that The water is
for the past twenty years He married Miss big money could be made with proper atten- lifted by wi
atiti Nailer of Newark 74. 1 His mother, tion. of the oldest
ra fialsn a It ordm and sister,
Iimna set I., and brother. Bart.
Ra litoEdg have a home on lake
all on the Thomasvalle road.
irel tsthe t races of cor-
dial hospitality to his oiter roe
atifbatts, and the visitors at hs
homne may depend upon its1 geuu-
tunness; if the visitor be a man he
wIll probably e offered one ol
the doctors cigars made from sun-
eitvdiltotacco, and he will smoke
it with rel'l'pleansre. Dr R ad f rd
is a marvel oi energy and progres-
aitenoms. He was one ol the first,
ifffdit theist, citizen to solicit
the Dpattietiateo Ariculture for
a sill suVty'of is county. He
rises early, keeps busy, ,radiates
goodseitf and cheerfl spirits,
d~dis ftn enaMpl iOf the self con-
tnhed ana seftu cftizen. le Wliam Roberts, Iis ome, His "Ford 20," and Twoof the Kiddies.
raises some peaviae latr and the
rest of his place. ecepting lt.acres of pas- Florida has a natural monopoly of the Our inc
ture, is given to the usual crops Pe has 400 sponge fisheries; contributes two-thirds in is but natu
pecan trees, lome ot them seven years old and value of the mullet product, andwas surpassed States in tI
in tunift. To visit this place is to be con- in the value of its shad product only by Vir- the conditi
vfnced df the productiveness and diversity ginia and North Carolina. It has the longest beller la s.
ofTeIoa's soils under intelligent cultivation. coast line of any State, withnumerous lagoons, hall as m
sounds and bays, often misnamed rivers, on where wint
Ploildti, with a climate and a soil unsor- the Atlantic coast, with shallow waters on the cool breeze
p0slbid tyw here, should dras here a part of Gulf coast, shut in from the open sea by keys The ocean
lIe tR0,00 Americans who have gone ta the and' lowland spits, and all of these waters creation on
thak mand comfortable land of Canada. abound in fish. alike serve


liam Roberts $


cM of William Roberts, 11 miles
rallahassee on the Spring Hill
s 1500 acres, 900 under cultiva-
by renters. There are 180 acres
)acres of corn. The cotton av-
e bale to t a a the acre and the corn 15
he acre without fertilizers, One
es were planted in peavine hay,
Ston to the acre, there are 100
et beans for winter pasture and
ants. Hogs and butter are the
. The farm supports a drove of
crkshire and Tamworth, which
cross, though Mr. Robrts re-
rkshire as the better for this sec-
reasons that he is more hardy
fatten. The Roberts farm has a
Jerseys, 20 in milk; the average
batter is between h and 90
ek. The hogsa arm sad. sn toot
ge, loose and cased, at e a 15 t
und. Hay is dispmoes Pa ithe
for $20 a too. The fampiskaed
us of the Plymofuh Roe and
idotte breeds and theet -- oIme
and tonc ys. Potatoes a a&e
anrm. The Laousia a yaa in
o go to immua Wat, two
Being not unusual wigjit, ihe
4 aboothels tothac c Th sail
was fertilized with Ae pound
kainit and 1S lmads t fr "a-
acre. The farm IinituL m 1Lntm-
running water, bath tree, tc.
i obtained from a good well04d is
ndmill. The Robert Pa is one
t in the county. The ypepisotr
now 46years of ae, was bern in
the hose of his present reai-
dence. He opentes a ginrery
and a supply house. A erberof
interesting facts might be chroni-
cled about this place. For exam-
ple: there's a pecan tree in the
back yrd which the owner set
out 13 years ago; it has boae.12
crops; last year he gathered fhree
bushels of nuts from it, which he
sold at 25 cents a pound, or $10 a
bushel.
A sweet orange tree grows in
the garden and always bears well.
It is laden with fruit, which, to
use the words of the owner, "is
sa sweet as any Indian river fruit
ever was. There are 150 pecan
trees of various ages on the plaoe.
They produce well without any
attention.

ease of 42 per cent in population
'al, when the people of the other
he Union become acquainted with
ons here. No State can boast of
belierscbools, more flowers, oroae-
ucb sanLhise. This is the Sta!e
er fires are unusual and where the
s are ever present in he summer.
furnishes plenty of places for re
I the East Coast,. and the Gull does
ce for those on the West





NEW IRA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


a uff.t =r toinsBlt tln art
By Mrs. Epps.

f'- LORIDA is not only the Land of
S Flowers but is pre-eminently the
S Land of Poultry. Hre the poul-
t tryman needs no expensive houses;
his fowls can run in the open all
the year round and roost in the
trees, if need be, without feeling the absence
of shelter; every day in the month and every
month in the year they can have green feed in
abundance if the poultryman will use a little
forethought, and fdr ten months in 'the year
he may expect dozens and dozens ot eggs to
repay him'for his trouble.
After thirty years experience in poultry
citing it may not seem amiss to tell some of
the things learned in that time. While ex-
passive houses are no necessary it is very
desirable to have strong slatted sheds with
poultry wire put on under the slats and a
good roof, this more as a protection from
thieves and depredators of all kinds than as a
abelter for the fowls, for the poultryman
to Northern Florida surely needs lock and
hey.
S-Plenty of shade, plenty of pure water,
plenty of green feed, a small quantity of good
sound grain and cleanly quarters spells Suc-
mass in the poultry businees-but this means


In POULTRY YARD:OF MRS. EPPES ON MAGNOLIA
HEIGHTS
work and careful attention.
Thirty or forty years ago Brahmas were
considered the aristocrats of chickendom:
large, white and stately, they were an orna-
ment to any lawn and we just had to have
some. So all other chickens were deported
and the Orientals reigned supreme.
The first year from eight hens we raised
one hundred and fifty chicks, setting the eggs
mostly under turkey hens, then the cholera,
came and swept our yards of everything-not
a chicken was left to tell the tale; this you
must admit was discouraging, so for several
Years we let chickens severely alone. It is a
well known fact however that a "chicken
rank" never really recovers and we began
agan with Barred Rocks; they were a success
and we tried also Black Javas, Houdans, Lang-
shaas, Dorkings, White Recks, Wyandottes
"nd Lghers. They had a range of several
hundred acres; we raised all the feed we
used, Each breed had its good points and
all did well, paying handsomely over and
above expenses.
In the spring of 1904 we paid a good price
for fifteen eggs from Cook's strain of Single


Comb BPa Oryfiattns. These we set under a
steady.going old hen and in due time she
hatched ten beautiful little yellow bells, with
*lg so short they seemed hardly to have any
at all: they grew and Bouriahed and by the
next spring they had developed into seven
lrge fluffy haes and three magnificent cocks.
Having moved to a small place in the
suburbs of Taltahassee. we could no longer
keep so uany chickens; the Buff Orpingtons
are far and away the beat of any we had ever
tried; they stand confinement well, they can-
not fly over fences, they are hue winter layers,
good mothers, very gentle and free from dis-
ease and decidedly ornamental So we keep
no other kind, though the question of what
breed to keep rests with the poultryman; the
finest chickens neglected soon deteriorate and
any standard breed well eared for will be a
pleasure and a profit to the owner. Our
northern friends seem to think because our
climate is warm our troubles with mites and
lice must be greater than theirs but this re-
mains to be proved.
Once, on a visit to the farm of a multi-
millionaire in Pennsylvania where every-
thing was strictly fancy. and no expense
spared, the man in charge of the chickens
told us it was constant warfare with the mites
in spite of the tact that they used incubators
almost altogether; now and then, he stld, Ahen
would set and it was almost impossible ever
to get rid of the mites. Now we are troubled
with such pests sometimes but if plenty of
kerosene and siuff are used the mites areson
conquered and if used in time and used freely
they are absolute preventive.
Poultry raising in our country, rightly
managed, is a paying proposition in the win-
ter and spring. Tallahassee is a fine market
and the coast cities furnish a good market at
all seasons.
Just to think of it-you who are obliged
to keep your fowls warm in winter, who must
melt the ice in their drinking water and soak
hay to take the place of green feed-how it
would lessen your labor to be able to turn
your flock out in the morning, scatter grain in


N] W ] ITIONrTrL/E ] I O T


"Harry Wilks," SIX Weeks Blooded Colt, Belonglad to
R. L. Bradford, Jr.

the yard, see to it they have plenty of fresh to their airy apartments without any fear of
water and a box of charcoal and then forget freezing before morning shall dawn.
you have any chickens until time to gather Come to the red bills or 014 Leon g 4
the eggs and give them some supper, after see for yourselves the advantages we have to
which they will leisurely betake themselves offer.


The R. L. Bradford

Place.

HE R. L. BRADFORD PLACE, 12 miles
from Tallalsasae5 1% wasio ate *t Sl.
ridian road to the right, i;s idtioAunah-
ed as one of the oldest dairy farms in the ouata.
ty. The entire farm consists of 2,000 acres.
A goodly portion of it is farmed by repter and
croppers. There are 200 acres in cultivation
at the main plantation; 500 acres in pasture.
Here is a farm where no cotton is grown.
There are 50 acres in peanuts for the hogs, and
there are 100 head of hogs, the meat being sold
in the local market mostly in sausage put up
in sacks, pound and a half to the sack, bring-
ing 35 cents sack, Threars a50scr q l peki
cusling a ton to two sn a ball tean to he
acre; 75 acres in corn. o ertilienr, averaging
12 to 15 bushela to the ace. 10 acres In pq ta
toes, Cuban and Jersey, c nesime m0eetly by
the hogs. The mioneayropa wehbtter an ags.
The heard st composed of m re than 10 he d,
52 in iflk at the time of wrledg; the anr a
shipment for last year was more then 30
pounds a week. The stock t4 all Jereeyd tah
range is on utke temoie a whvem m rd" toae
affords asetellet graisag an oan the hghlaid
the room dtge i the meWt common gres,
though there is soma s Broetsda, The a eat
Brdford wss one ofthbe frst datr t ainala.
He started about 15 yrm agai his eupariaene
biu beo that imported attlle do net suffer
greatly by tsecthange, though Megalosme nmes
tick fever may be allowed for. The plow a
watered by an artesian well 237 feet deep,with
water standing at 100 feet. It is forced to a
tank by a Detroit gasoline pump. Mr. Brad-
ford has two silos, being among the few dairy.
men in the county who have found the value
of ensilage for winter feed. A perfect eeeed
of the product of each cow is kept daity, an4
when there is demand trom some one for
milk cow the sale is made not upon Prospects
but upon past performance. Each cow is nme
and books are kept against her.







NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






Mrs. Arrowsmith I
* 9

G OODWOOD PLANTATION is one mile cious dwelling is set in a grove of live oaks throughcharcoalfiltrationand berating pumps.
from the city limits on the Miccosukee and magnolias and is immediately surrounded The outbuildings are brick, The place con-
road, and is owned by Mrs. E. H. Arrow- by shrubbery and flowers. To the right of the tains 160 acres, including a piece of woodland
smith. The mansion was erected many years veranda is a grapefruit tree of unusual size of about 20 acres; a 30 acre pear orchard in
ago at a cost of $40,000. It was constructed of from which 700 of the fruit were gathered last bearing; several pecan and grapefruit trees.
brick, the walls of unusal thickness and the year. The interior is handsomely furnished. The farm is watered by numerous springs and
exterior covered with cement, which age has There are eleven rooms, including large double the soil is fertile, This place is considered
caused to have the appearance of stone. It is drawing rooms, dining room, library and bath one of the handsomest in Leon county. The
as good today as it was when new. This spa- room. Cistern water supplies the house, owner desires to sell. It is an ideal home.























The Arrowsmith Mansion MammothIGrape'fruitTree In Yard of Arrowsmith Place.
Yielded 700 Fruit Last ear.

S- 1 ffrom registered stock, and sold a hundred corn to the acre with no fertilizer except that


THE VASON FARM

HERE IS possibly no nearer ap-
proach to intensive farming in Leon
County than that manifest at the
S farm of W. I. Vason, 3 miles out
from Tallahassee on the Thomas-
Sville road. Mr. Vason is a dairy-
man, one of the foremost in the business in
this county and one of the most successful.


S'RosA PET," REGISTERED JERSEY ON VASOn FARM
He settled the place he lives on 25 years ago.
It consists of 160 acres. He paid $3 an acre
for it, and has frequently refused $50 an acre
for it since. It is in a high state of fertiliza-
tion and produces well. He sells 40 gallons
of cream a week from a herd of 21 cows, grade
Jerdeys. He_has 20 head of Berkshires hog


head last year for breeding purposes at from
$10 to $30 each. It is not uncommon for his
year old hogs to tip the beam at 400. He cuts
4 tons of peavine hay to the acre, according to
his own statement, and never loses any of it
in curing. He has a process which insures
the hay against unfavorable weather condi-
tions. He gathers the hay in shocks first
and dries it on racks erected in the field, con-
structid so as to admit a tree circulation of
air from the bottom. Half of the Vason farm


"FTAcY," 2 YEAR OLD MARE RAISED BY MISS
EDITH VASON
is pasture. The proprietor affirms broomsedge
to be the best wild grass for pasturage. Tohn-
son grass is a fine domestic grass. Besides
peavine hay he has good crops of sorghum
and cat tail'millet, and grows 30 bushels of


from the barnyard. The barnyard fowl is in
evidence in such splendid breeds as the
Rhode Island Red and Plymouth Rock.
Cipley Vason, his son, who has a place
adjoining, has a prize brood of Rhode Island
Reds which is worth a trip from town any
day to see.

We have a great State, being second in
size to only one State east of the Mississippi.


Preparing Seed Bed for TrOeklag.
We are more national than any otherState, oar
population consisting of the best and most en-
terprising people of all the States. With such
a people, silb t ch so.l. and with such chl
mate, and Wilh the qlrEamr, lakes and arseslan
wateror irrigation purposes whrevett needed
it is difficult even to conceive of what the fu-
ture will bring forth,





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






Hon. William H. Ellis

Former Attorney General who is Candidate for Gongress from the State of Florida.


ILLIAM H. ELLIS State of Florida did not Part with the bene-
was born in Pensa- ficial estate by vesting the legal title'tolthe
cola, Fla., Sept. 17, lands in certain State officers (the Internallm-
1867. He was edu- provement Trustees,) and their successors, nor
cated in the com. did it part with the right to dispose of that
mon schools and estate by charging those officers withthe duties
read law In the of- mentioned in the act, nor did the State divest
ces of Phil B Stock-' itself of aught but the naked legal title to the
ton and Judge HF. lands mentioned. The beneficial interest and
Sharon of Quincy; estate therein was retained by the State as
he was admitted in 1889; was president o.wner." This principle so clearly stated by

21, and subsequently chairman of the board of preme Court in a decision rendered nearly two
County Commissioners; he drafted the law years later.
creating the office of State Auditor and was the During his, administration as Attorney
first incumbent of that office from June 1903 General, Mr. Ellis wascomfronted with the n-
until February 1904, when he was appointed pleasant duty of bringing mandamus proceed-
Attorney General to succeed Judge James B. ings against the Atlantic Coast Line railway
Whitfield, who went to the Supreme Bench; company to force that corporation to do its
he was elected in the fall of 1904 to the fall plain duty as a common carrier in the way of
tecmiand served through it, being succeeded re airing its tracks and providing adequate
by Hon. Park Trammell in 1909. He is a mem- accommodations for the traveling public. The
ber of the Episcopal church, a Mason, an Elk condition of the road at that time was repre-
and a Knight of Pythias; in the last named or- sented by people living alongits line as dang-
der he is a paot grand chancellor and for two erous and its service altogether unsatisfactory.
terms has represented the order as supreme The proceedings instituted by Mr. Ellis re-
representative; he is a member of the supreme Stituted by the railroads, Those were troubl- suited not only in the rapid improvement of
tribunal of the order, being one of five men os times for that administration. In their de- the roadbed, tracks and service, but it also
chosen from a membership of eight hundred termination to save the remaining State lands called forth from the Supreme Court a ringing
thousand. Sincequiting theoffice of Attorney tor the public behoof the Trustees composed opinion as to the duties of a common carrier
General Mr. Ellis has held his offices at Talla- of N. B. Broward, A. C. Croom, B. E. McLin, and what character of service the people had a
hassee. W. V. Knott and W. H. Ellis, vigorously right to demand of it. Thisopinion wasquot-
William H. Ellis, former Attorney General fought, the railroads in their efforts to ed eItensively over the countrV. The radical
of Florida having announced his candidacy acquire the State land There wasa provision magazines, such as Bryan's Commoner andTom
for the office of Congressman atLarge, becomes of the Constitution which stipulates that the Watson's Jeffersonian passed comment upon it
at the same time a candidate for inspection of Common School Fund should have "25 per as one of the most daring and righteous docu-
his public record. It is fortunate for some cent of the sales of public lands which are ments in the support of popular government
men that they have no public record when so- now, or may hereafter be owned by the State." written ,\in a generation. The principle set
limiting support of the voters, for there is a Up to the 22d day of October, 1907, no action forth in the Attorney General's writ that the
wide breach more frequently than otherwise had ever been taken by the trustees to enforce first duty of a public service corporation was
between those things which a candidate ex- this particular provision of the Constitution. to the public and not to the stockholders was
pects and promises to do and thethings which The sale of public lands had been going on both affirmed and emphasized in the court's
he subsequently does as an office holder. In since 1867, yet the public school fund had opinion; that the maximum efficiency of ser-
the case of Mr. Ellis there can be no mistake never benefited by that provision. In 1907, as vice must be rendered whether the property
as to the manner of man he is in office, the am- stated, the State Board of Education, composed paid dividends or not.
ple reason being that he has been the incum- of the Governor, the Attorney General the Sec- To recite in a brief space all of worth that
bent of an important office and gave unmis- retary of State, the State Treasurer and the a conscientious public official has done would
takable evidence of his belief in the doctrine State Superintendent of Public Instruction, be an impossible task. Mention is made of a
that "public office is a public trust." The man adopted resolutions calling on the Trustees of few to indicate the tenor of Mr. Ellis' service.
who attempts to live up to this principle in the Internal Improvement Fund for a settle- When the Board of State Institutions was
office may be very certain to accumulate large ment In November following the trustees re- attacked in 1905 because of certain alleged
and lusty crop ot political enemies. The game quested the Attorney General to render an conditions at the Florida Hospital for the In-
of politics as sometimes played is the reverse opinion covering thedemand. Going into the sane, to Mr. Ellis was ascribed the credit of
of that safe andhonorable enunciation. With. heart of the matter, Attorney General Ellis writing the reply on behalf of theboard, which
out further elaboration of the academic type gave an opinion which was the opening wedge caused the Legislature then in session to re-
it is well that the public took cognizance of to the theretofore locked treasurer house from ject the report of the investigating committee
some of the things which have gone into the which the Common School Fund will derive which had lodged the charges. A secondcom-
public archives of this State which stamp Mr. at least a million dollars. mittee was appointed which repudiated the re-
Ellis as a man who can be trusted in public of- All of Mr. Ellis' opinions as Attorney Gen- port of the first and vindicated the board.
fice to stand firmly by the principles of straight- eral are characterized by rare luncidity, and the In entering the race -for Congressman at
forward dealing and honest government, frequency with which his briefs were sustain- Large Mr,. Ellis pledges his word to guard the
During the early stages of the Broward ad- ed by the Supreme Court is proof that they public interests as faithfully in this office if
ministration the Internal Improvement Fund were of sound legal structure. elected, as he did in the office of Attorney
was in jeopardy on account of litigation in- In this opinion Mr. Ellis held that "The General.






NEW ERA EbMTION TRUE DEMOCRAT


SNorfleet's Saw Mill


N ORLEET'S SAW MILL Irceted o
rlthe Jeolew. BlI.B Road, 7 miles .att
ed T.11,hlasre ad is -daldntsd by I.H
itrtliest 7 booflfrt aod Ins as ... i.- fln
soot 220(l) It timber land, sod o.Iy .
arsln p,,ti.. of f -hz broo -rked. The,
.. Isaonfct'vers If 741'. pi., mbrrbn
.11 at.rof the robgh far. Tb
soill bas I ap-city If X.MW feet
aday ond bee .rk .....gh in us
irreasru 10"U'. for from four to
sts y-as Mr. Nordleet end -i
-por"'son'ndoert the
Tellsba~so. ..d G.If railroad
.bhich ':: t I Seaboed ALir Li..
7 odl wet of T.Hlahaese. ..do.-
:..d. 12 mile. ..Ithwnst.Iy
hro.gh L". --Atr tvrrig
the 2.000 -res of firob", whirh
is .11 i. b tdv. They IoP
f-o 150 to 200 -r.r of.nvlsat
-III, lo.. Zther I-n of I..d.
The~y employ ... hnpdrrd roe. t
the mill..d op-trte I-aomaryy
Mlr. Nril t livore sd th ..... I
-k ..h ad is ..-..dndd by .
,osid-rbl, ..ttlement of ..rk-
... ..d tbei f.,Iily Mr 'j_
Seat is Vikiini.. ..d he. bes.
1. Mlorid bar Id if... bo
be has he d perileno i. the timber
bod- "s ad from the "t."n of bl. rr-tn
hold,'.g foodims the 1,1,,f thst th..e is
yet .:.e timber left I, the state Whih oray
be ..rked torofitshly el..g oon-flvatr, line..
PPsdeffie, Gklmk,,c






T,11,b,- soa the M-s
"N llrl~cnw d


gin ftpltoolo
Of the Game Laws of the State
of Florida and Leon County


,1 00.1,0:t of the LosuslO0l- sloms it
unlawful to fish In these takes with any
device ...p.t book and line and bobs.
Foe hon tbg in Leon m a fato.ite pastime,


0100 2l II ll0et0 M101.
It is "I'wfhl for a 'o'seide't to hunt fox
'Ablerl giri.9 fi- dy" .-ooic to fb. 9..1
-dr. .d th, pym,,t of fi- dollar, a day
for the privileg. of bootleg ioe.
It U.)-f.1 to tlk 4..sport orbei
.... sai- I bsad bett,,m the first day o
April ed the firt dey of Deocrober If -n

y .. it I. -1-f.1 to fih to .,It p..d. ilh.
.o lost o the l-- .1 b.e I

It is 0.fto -1 d- pt d.i..o


0f 10000 0is 0 0.-d by C. E.
Bradley .i 0000., X. Y. Mr.
Booneg do.. ut little indi:,d..l
farod'g' 'ai'g the phoe ilI- P-
U, Iw_ Irnhr far. is filled by
t-001C1. 0 1R. Col, is010, 01100
0,000 N1111 sod 00I~ do the
0001, ..11g 101,0 c Iuo0 1-d
b...Tot qull divided; aseh
I=0,1. lIPdi g 01.1 t001ty 0 0re 11
No fartili-r is ..Pro"&d Mr.
Col. bas -e porroi.. his~k-
of the Rhode I.I..d Red ..d
Ea0l, 00,1001 0took. H 0 .11,0
tho. 00.1000 000. for 001. r0e,
getti,.i 000.030 1t 40 ,1 00-h
for he...ed~i~~u alt
Exterlop View of Nopfleet's Mill.
Also~ allthings do net oy Iad. of sy the rooth. of N ... ber D,...b., sod. J-
kirld at sy prios, ..Y-ho, rdls. o. or _7'r

orrespodeat -it y,. .. oold brry .
b- ifloothfassiingMt whyshouldymbeyy be Intil tihe fi,,td.;'f Msoch. Nopera..
& fedrs 'Ithorn eaesoinlq it. shall kill mor. ths. two rild trrk.,, or roor


W* op"111A 3nillotirteo or Cro
5 Offirtal Ntlowns. Fnna


No, I.-eted

T-pertine stll, 10 231,6M
G! ...rise 7 L"M
BI-ksroiih ..d
g,-1 Repair orks;~rr 7 3050
Grist mill. 1,050
miso'llearIo" 9 195,041

T-1 lfor orrdy 53 $490,690
Total Isilbrr ha-de -pkwed 73il
T-1 ..... I ..g. $ 147000

the, t-tVt q..il, =d =o Party
of t-o or -or- Prre-n shall kill
ro-se the' fie anld tarkaya1
... Iss' If .. nnl..fsd to

pa-dged~ at soy ti.,.
All P- .h rs, wh 'rnnrasal
of Ird as pl o h lr
he thCim-lit Cour soi tspoe th
pl-,.eo t $40 -i- if-.cns
to' ha' kr hcnlwnlill
..Y ito g- i.thiStat.. The
ass P-it I- --t tren-forab~ and x
pi-. I.n the fist day of Msuls
... t folior.idg it. isse..
It I. ..I..f.1 to kill hodig or

-.r p 1o .r.. e .aL.
beIs.
It is 1.111ffl to kill or take or, b in
ssio bird thel s mt garre ird.
A. t ~ln ris roed. to ffii. I. fe,~h
to -Wich ro-y be graftd by the Cceendadorar
It s .1f. .fih ororoa bof
.old b..k tcrro- f .. d to the asdt eatersoll
the state, except 1. fi s aers of
the G.If during tire soonth, If
Mey, J- soad 1.1y.
it isnnawn to killre arleat
.-y wild off,, or bas-era ease
0aIY fro. the loet day of Xor,-
ber to the first day of jrbaary

..y loggil-red or g-.n t.rtlu
dwring the ooth, of May I_,
Jnly end Aug.et.
it is U11-fful to tele. oyaters,
-arptf~rh -..-pu,,p~o freer
May Lst to Ostober let.
A'Y 'o-resid- mgngging in
ftloe ghm is qqdid to p.,
no...ma of $30 to the Sttel.

Fl-d. -roi, be.n irdellirtnfly
.nd cntns fi-ad, I.Md yild
go. tatr --go t o- a-r
,he. :.y fbbr State I. thrunio..
E- ordl.., rosthd.tbod a' mPloyad
tb. ort- .. r ash is far greater tbs. any other
-:i..o of the o ... 07 -rell. Th Y- So.],
of the Urdtd State. Departro..t of Agrirdr
t.= h.-s this to ba felt ..41..t .-IV .






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


TALFAHASSX
IN TABLOID


The mt of the State Government.
T 0 e... I,,t of Irou.
Seat of theFlorida State Collee forWomen.
Population of 8,a0.
Ow. eleclric, gas and watc plants, val-
Fed Ft FF75,fg0f,

artn water from two wells- o 750 ft.
and the other 480 ft. deep.
Shnuipi"' capacity 21?IW gall....
Good water plssue.e.
Paid fire depatment suppleme-ted by
trained vol..teer forIe, makmg one of the
mt efficmant fire departments in the country,
SiFtn miles of sewerage mains
Two ;eptie ta-,s for garbage disposal.
City owns -l0,000 market hose hich
earn net income annually of $2,000.
Nine mile" of paved sidewalks.
Asked valuation of city pmperty, real
and pFrFoF, $1,469,241.
T rote For Fely, 16 mFFF
Will soon begin $75,00 worth of street
improvements.
as si. pnblic peks.
Frre public library of 10,000 olmes
one newsupr.
Three job printing plants.
F." liey stable.. One sale and feed

Ono Chine. Iandry--no steam laundry.
Six blacksmith shops
Two bottling plants.
One ie. f-toy.
One cotton s.d oil mill.
on0 photo gaFler.
Three cigar Factores.
Tobacco packing ho.ses.
Splendid federal building.
Two high schools, white and colored.
fapHst, Methodist, Prsyterlan Episco-
pal, Catholic and Christien Science church-h.
Wholesale grery honsu
One medicine mnufactnrlng plant.
One three story hotel and numerous
boading honsrs

















Ar le 8r -we.t lo to=, We scow.
Three harbor shop,.
TuO re staeats.
o.. &!it rill.
Two planing mills.
one wagon factory.
Irce w-kY.
Maeonic, Eik, Knight, of PythiunOdd
FelUws, Red Me., Woodmen and Moaoeabee


Lodges, The Maons and Els own hand-

A military organition of the Florida

Thee white and one negro drug sto..
Lo.l and long diten m telephone' U.
Telegraph ofe.

One Nattonl Bank. a State Bank and a
State Savings B".k.


Tallahass.e entury Plant In Bloom.


Official Diredorr

-TATE--
Go....o.--Albert W, Gilchrtst.
S4FF.T F OF F ST-- a. CaF c or.

ComPr1oLe-- C,. C oC .
TIIZAsDRR--W. V. Knott.
C IF.I F ... FFF F F F MFIF F 4 .
Snp....... d..of Public Instrctilo--'-
HollowEay.

-COUNTY

R. H. JohsoF, Fharma., G. W. R1 F
SS CrFmpF J ona h Britt, John C, F
ClesmOFCI eUIT CO F-H Hnry A. Frl...
CouF.. JI .--. A. Ogeti.ni..
Te Ass-sso W. O. Ames.
Tx COL.CTO--W. A. DeMilly.
Cou111 T"=-suselEarle Perkins,
SIeatFr--James E. HoZstonn.


--CITY--
MAYoIlDexter M. Lowry
CLEF1 a-D T---S R A. H. William*.
TAT Ass...o.--WW EL Chan.ey.
-T- Collltor-C. IL.Ellis.


SupsaIrnan T o rlar---w. P a tpy.

C I"' o PiRE D.P _' 'a-- J G H "mll"
SUPB..F T .D..T CT1 WATER een L-T
P-.Yn-C. H. Eli-s
IF. SF-F

oo.-, George; Pearinu, O; C. Van
BOAFR OF PoFLFF WOF a--W MF. MFlnt11 h.
ChF ; F FF FD. F. F., -FF GFF W. Sea-
7-- Sly PoLI--R. A. Walt-.
CLEur CITY MA1rKT Robet M.-well


ALFALFA GROWS IN LEON.


Pro"essor romn Mc~eil, of the Chrmical
Department oF thF FloridF CollegF foFF :
.ys the TIlahabae Tru DermOrt, has bared-
antly demonstIted that alfalfe can be po,,t
ably gron on the Orangeberg loam, whih
constitutes nearly hlf the Uil of Leon _-
ty, if liberally fed w-thlim=, Since.the ad
ing of his land lat fall he FeF made F r F-
ha-stir tests-, diidig up hi, patthiFnto,
do..n sqlar o or ure for dif-rdt n eri-
ments. 44FF
I`~ Io d re e nnoated ith bder if th
pand will survOiae olt, intre Yif lim e,
hebe, already around or not h d.ed gi.h
or ths Ietton each cutting ,e an. After
30thpellttitg, ciseh kel at he will doa
seuy,re -11 pro t the plant to S er fro
crop .-xt year.
Ofhi e .athescan.ot.yt detrrfiif Me
III- -ill 1o 1ive our winter to good happ
but bather it ahold not he decid. that
it III, ad, .n of the unat ,I,,abl, coupa
forthi. aced... Alfalfa -1 ia Orlth
F30 per toF and it I F F IFFF that e FFFFF
P-lopodnt equal to$100 M are fica
hia tertbng patch,..
He iY I, Itieficd that the legrare ill
prove asuc1ess here that he will bay a Ino
and seed a good many as to it this 1adL
if the larger tests Innrov* aYpoftibl. rhI
smiler taeots, s1or of farmFi will FF n be
growing alfalfa. nd in Florida irrigation
.ill not be needed. Inture .s."If..l l the
required moisture.


12









'10




RED "Tams"EX21jiow
F F 4 4 4 F F F 4FF F F F F F F FF% F F F

Z-FFFFFFFFFF4FFFFFF4FFF4FF,
F;irl F F FI~ F 4FF 4F4 F FFF F FF4F


[''"! '~li rl i




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT

- ' "I MilesJoh ....Jr.
i :i~~ .. __ .... .

AhtI ii.-
-- - - '~ -;

-b M -:, ,, ., ". ,








.... f 0't.- e" . .









.sTh d_ -do of .. .;-_ t' ,.
17p... .... .d ,d, -d .te l





,ld ..... . .L





.. .. t' p -d-
,, ., .. -.' ..,V.f





.gl. e hu pl.1 thh I. .I.W t $2


do lb . .. .. Ye .h
Foy. .... h, .,1 .- iog -..-,
L ,,I__.I n scr. foralola of h 12 a cre;thesock on
--_: ,.~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~, -. his plc yb prsdcneaIve
.... b~e donein 1e pat for y~s. Y t the
- a somewho ill ay tat f in d :'
,~ i i py.





NEW ERA ED! TION TRUE DEMOCRAT


~~ :ti
V~e Mizell Live Stock Company.

VFRY JiSSENTIAL PART *1 Ih, ronmyisth
_. PPP pp P. Pppt Iti p.--to k-.p thPt good P
It,, t,,k -Ea b. po-h ...d to 37,11,b-- fmru~
cou s~ty fig.,,, = P1.1-9. toEra~in
i, Fl-rid. h- -o yet -hbr that A.go ~rlpm
p = Pp t PPP".......P to go "pp t of hPPPPPP. f-. -
PP ppPpp T-. A.. bPPt- P b,. th. -ppd f,,
.t,.k raiWig th.. Lw, c ...ty, and it P-P-~r~ of
-hseit--- to Itim-l'tr i-tt- I thi- --otat .dd
id.-,boinnsr. U.,il '' i_ __ome it will b. tor~g
go to -ppP.ad Tnp ..... o, mPppp. Tbi. ip h.,t th, M-11lp
Li- &.koc C-mpn d..s. Th. -- p-t oer .e ..k. "'stble t
poll.Ma.P. TPp pitP pt 1p $135,000. Th. -pmPp P_4 P
hot- -dm mul. d ... th. Wal ond ,,hng. Th. --~rgo -umb
of hml hbad i,, f'.- 9 to ""5 Mo.l t of lh ..I,, . me
I~ St. Iooli.; th. furm 7' fr.. T...--~o Th, -ight of
I..m mn~l.. 1~ou 900 t. 11Z p.- ad th, pri,, I, ft,_Ic
PPPPPPPly. PPPm PPll. ..V g..h.d f- $1,5 to $200p
BARNS OP MIZELL LIVE STOem OOMPENY.

'.I 1. -II-- -dloi. A D Sf.drhLU 2.
$40~ .n r; to,, b~ggV$75; -p


ONE OF LEON'S COUNTRY SCHOOLS. PORK IS ONE OF THE STRENGTHS OF LEON,


6uuAi~t UAALB-A lLiUrYLL ILUON UUUINN Y URVII



I




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


An Interior View of the Big Furniture Store of J. W. Corbett.



i-^flC" ^


HOME OF THOMAS H. CROMARTIE, MICCOSUCKEE. LANDSCAPE FROM COLLEGE HILL.





NEW ERADEDITION-TRUE DEMOCRAT


Interior View of The Tallahassee Drug Company.


lew e Jerneyffe.d .ne g In Lake Jaekson.


The Way orn Grows In Leon.






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




A SONG of LEON IN EASTER LAND





nHerb utitl hill, ho- -...r aspired
FTo serape the bluA from heaven's sky;

By water ad over land and se BAt low and fertile anduseful le.
A. .. . ri.. 'i Old LoA is neutral, and A'e. tArtra m
A . EA Apt when she deals with A lAvish hand;
T. : .. .. ....... A "She sAorns the .sand of the lower coasts,
o01 iding strzums n the vale below;
AAnd the stiAky clay of the upper land.
BAA ,LA. -A ,' AAAA ..AL gr. Bnt she boasts a soil that beAL aAd yields
'' '. ,' paseennial b....... and scrubs and trees;
T7. .rs- -whose .. e d Plants; And the green and gold of her fruitf-l helds
Ah. gra A A. hear every Aed.'s A A A A A A A
And ea-h tny bud of the wood .n.hants, The eye and the purse alike loth please.

C, b a--1 ... ..... -. that b,' Heer senses m and golden glow;
T- . .. 1- : ..... He, rolling landsepes' fall and rise
Nor the d -ng wond-s they her and sea, That melt i.te shAdes of the vale below
"Iha ever excels what the bounteous hand Are all most -rthy to be comp-d

On the "crcker" who dwells to the Easter-land, Of things h o a. exeenee is dec.ild
And never has gon. to the far-away By thoi who go to the far-away.
In Lon corner of East-land, A, ye who ~tvel and ye who r.Ia
The valleys am filllad:-wt golden store; And tell of things on foreign strand;
Her rolling and fruitful hills a- grand, Co.. Bull- whils, .d look -4 1-
And plenty aboundeth ever--r, Of the btiea of Le., in Eastar-bod.


"MAXWELTON" COUNTRY HOME OF P. W. WILSON HOME OF COUNTY COMMISSIONER CRUMP


: M AXWELTON"


M AXWLTON is the namo of Phelph
w. Wilson's country place, off the Me-
r dIA road to the left, 12 miles fromTallahas-
e. It located on an emiAnence d the
view from the site is A gnificent, tAling in
a panorama of Ield, la and fo-st that
wold delight the visio n of an artist. Th
hons is new and Mr. Wilson has hardly yet
began the great work before him of establish-
ing a stock farm, which is his intention. Un-


l recently the proprietor has devoted his
time to his mArA nlilA bAaAeA in. TAllA-
hasr.. Th afrm-cnsistf2208 acl.r Itis
fared at present by tenants. ThcA are
some 500 ares o round timber on the place
but this will be ased only fo building on
the placL Mr. Wiln is a onservation-st,
and expects to find rare recreation as well
as profit on the far The place is not for
sale.

V you want to keep pousd about Talla.-
baee and Laon tme subscribe for 1B
True m aRt, Pri 1 pr yr.


L. S. CRUMP

p ny commission. r from the










hi secon. d tem a = ;ont 'ommsioner






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


0 o o- o O =o o o eo


*he LEON HOTEL






STORY OF Talr.ha.... hunting and fishing,- uorite winter resort.,is35,milela~lmat Of
of i e na esrrs anId game pro- 20 mlesto ontiello 18 miles to guincy; 21
elude the Leon Hotel. are not far distant, anda.l ontheGulfisonlyfew ho- diaente, Word-
If-I the S It- the pla e-:oIf the water itg -oN3 y partly by =il and partly by
th h b sports y noyed water bhich mas delightf oting f lr a
Sof the most st itht on or day; Jaconille and Pol are eh seo
ring e-ts in the oitialhistory of Flor- discomfort whileat th same hors ride way, both bing parts o l-
da, Durang nthe ls of it life as pb es tim e fthe LE o try for large e sselo
public htelry, all the disting.hd men in ensy disTance to ad. Th, wlks ad drives and ports field
Florida's public life ed not a few peo n, joining towns and its near "t Tllahasse arr a ne uoiled n the soth
ages of nationa renown hve been its ut, proimty to the gulf s and theaomdations t the ln are ho-
WhI e mention is Ieven -sally made n print TallWa1 seo ie one of thelhic
of the hotel It 1. genmlly designate. as mo-t desirable places for like and comfor-ble The boom has bech
the historic Leo." Thisappel.lae i, not winter-resorting." It orn- remodeld thughout. ad madenew tomeet
ineptly applied. The the growing darend
LI.n.i hiltricith- f- or athoghly rod-
out btiquated erhotgl. Roomsmay



hve eddied add Rate. -Mreon abl e

n Mon e applietdo





fo e. It fall i :th
-.oIi E : iththh beat In "m-
e-d herllrhi lare id, .d h- ac-.

trys" and "it. beall ehei o fo r
rZOms have gathered
of y the maidel and gallants of each hines the advantgesI of city One pesn tree on the fI of Mr. F.lkeL,

... .. I' ' .... ..... There = four mail, day
,~ ,e '-,, .... .... north and south, ea-h Way;
. .. ... ~ . 1 .. .. ..1 1


., to Th......lle, il I I. themret i. good for them.


G






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


SON C C LAR-Y.





NEW ERA EDITIONITRUEDDEMOCRAT



0 2 CAPITOL o



0 0
ME towns grow with remarkable rapidityin Florida, and Capitola is one of them.
Two years ago it had no existence, and today it is a lively, hustling little com-
munity, ranking third in importance among h th owns of Leon county.
Two reasons have conspired toward its growth-an advantageous location and
i a population o industrious, patriotic, determined men. A failure never results
from such a happy combination, and we expect to see quite a little city here
within the next few years.
Capdtola is located at the junction of the Seaboard and Florida Cental railroads, fourteen
miles east of Tallahassee, sixteen miles west of Monticello and thirty-two miles south of Thomas-
ville. The townsit company was organized two years ago, the property purchased, and the Cap
itola Impovement Company organized. B. F. Boyd, local manager; W. C. Black, of Clearwater,
and J. C. Upchurch, of Capitola, constitute the company. The town lots were fixed at a reason-
ble price, and there has been a considerable influx of good people. H. T. Cotton, B. F. Boyd and
J. P. Baum & Son are the enterprising merchants. The extensive saw mill plant of J. C. Upchurch
is locatedhere, as well as the largest stave mill of The Clark Lumber Company, which is a saw and
planing mill combined. A grist mill, the property of Upchurch & Cotten, is also one of the indus-
tries of th- place, and just a short distance out is the Boyd & Brinson turpentine still, which em-
ploysa large force of men. The lumber and turpentine interests surrounding the place is consid-
S erable, and other plants down the Florida Central road contributes to its prosperity. The place
has a union depot, in which are located ticket offices for both railroads, telegraph office, an ice school
building with a radidly increasing school, and splendid prospect of a church within a short while.
fU The place also has water works, supply coming from an artesain well.
But it is the agricultural advantage which should make of Capitola a most important point.
The lands in the immediate neighborhood are capable of producing any crop in the temperate zone
They have a fine subsoil, and are susceptible of the highest kind of development. Being perfectly
evel the most improved agricultural implements can be used, when the lands have been stumped.
There are many small hayfields now, but they should be increased to great hay plantations under
this advantageous plan of planting and harvesting. Hay sells from twenty to thirty dollars per
ton, and from one to four tons per acre are produced, depending on the'nature of the crop. Corn,
0 cotton, cane and peanuts are staple crops, and many hogs and cattle are raised in the immediate
neighborhood. These splendid farming lands can be purchased in any size acreage desired, for
from ten to fifteen dollars per acre, and new settlers are not only desired but warmly welcomed.
We are not positive that the citizens of other states are more progressive than the native
Floridians, but it is true that other states have contributed much to the progressive spirit of this
place. Mr. B. F. Boyd, the leading merchant and large turpentine operator, is a Georgian. J. C.
Upchurch, H. T. Cotten and J. J. DuPree, are from North Carolina; C. T. Clarke and S. W. Brin-
son are from Georgia, while the Messrs. Baum are the only native Floridians. This shows how 0
well people from other states mingle with natives in one harmonious community.
Within a short distance of this place is an inexhaustible supply of the finest hardwood tim-
ber, and here should be located plants for the manufacture of spokes, handles, shuttles, etc.
Plants of this kind will be shown much consideration by the company. The place exports hun-
dreds of cars of stave and box material yearly, and the business could be built up to large propor-
tions.
All kinds of fruits, grapes and berries grow well here, and the pecan is a particular favorite, 0
some of the oldest pecan trees in the country being in the immediate neighborhood. Near Capi-
tola, and contributing much to the business interests of the town are the large landed estates of
G. Noble Jones and Dannitte Mayes.
Those father interested in Capitola should address B. F. Boyd, Capitola, Florida,

o o
0=0-o== oc===oco o==o = oc==o+ .





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






Honorable W. H. Milton
Of Jackson CouuntV
For Governor of Florida.

EN Mr. Milton first commenced his candidacy it was thought by many that he would not receive
tthe undivided support of that faction of Florida democrats popularly known as PROGRESSIVES,
but as the records and campaign utterances of the other candidates arebeing discussed itbecdmes
more and more apparent that Mr. Milton will receive practically the united support of those citizens who
keep abreast of pub lie affairs and believe
in progressive democracy, the kind
thathas sweptrepub lican states into the
democratic column and put an endto the
dominance of react ionary and middle-
of-the-road states men.
It is a practical certainty that Mr.
Milton wili go into the second primary
as the leading candi date, and if recent
political contests in Florida fairly indi-
cate the sentiment of the people, iA is
equally as certain that he will bencm-
Sinated.
Mr. Milton is a man of political con-
victions, and the courage to fight for
them even at a per sonal sacrifice.
Mr. Milton is a man of well-defined
ideasofgovernment, and the ability to
put them in opera tion.
Mr. Milton has been eminently suc-
cessful in the man agement of his own
affairs andheoffers t, the people of
Florida the same efficient service in
the direction oftheir affairs.
S It is Mr. Milton's desire to delay the
active commence mentofthecampaign
at least until Janua ry, but he wishes
now to assure his friends that at the
proper time he will declare his position
,til tt,-. ,ci .... of interest to the
".- [ i.. ,r, i. ,, certain terms and
will prosecute avig or o us-strenuous-
successful campaign Honoable W. H. Milton.

,4 . . 0 .0




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT

i BIG STORE OF WALKER BLACK















Scenes in Two Depa-rtments of Store of Walkei-r Q Black.

7ESTERKN TH :fT IN T,. L.LAia LE























S. anone fto be und which is ter
!. ~~ ~ ~ !-~ t -! |lglodesha. alelall
@aplal ityBan re I.~fc~e ooread lr
.*l c,~ n s Soo ols aooo isnn obefudwic sb~e
W i I i ll





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


-","r


Tallahassee Public School Building
ERECTED IN 1910 AT COST OF 0o0 oam


1"LA9CCASSA ]FARM"I~

1-4ING DICN o n me
h,.,. Ih~l~ f W.s H. S R.-I
T-ii- fzt k.- Tlurcis~." Ih
--t- In~ti f ..I ho.-rd ..dd
I, 11 1k i Io~d .(,,, by h,, -x
i. -, '-g- -thi.S RKldord


Mn~ R~df.Md haa ptt-ty-th-hre
I th. Pill,, d molh I it, bmattT

I h.rnn, md-rt--rit S1,I b-p
III*I --, tr had tt htlr kn d p.sr
I k .il ad bfte i. th, T.11~irr
14" l~ Rdlor. i, ,, of 11,- 1lol
h. h.. oshoe ith ..s
p-omnnr ro t. .- d-, I t

MIILES JqHNSON. J...
-.seo.Yun rnCut F-11r
9 You Mrt. to Xlp posed about.Tafla
h.- W I- -.- b.*n W t- IQ Add,-r tbI CHAMBER Op(GMMERCE
I,. D--t. fl(k: $1 W. I. ..I tray fnf.. ratti. b..t U ...... ty.


RON. W A. REGISTE
IV -,- ,-I
1. 1. F 1 I




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT

State Supreme Court Judges



n'"o














S"h.e Land Men" I
0 TALLAHIASSEE, FLORIDA. 0






o City property, timbered and colonization trads. o
It *l<< D 0
0 0

H It will pay you to see them before lnying. y
o Correspondence Solicited. 0
%:"":0O""0"0":=o'ooo :OE'OE"::0:::oI





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


S0 0 Big Department Store of Wilson 1 Company 0 w


RESIDENCE or HERBERT P. DEISH e -, ,

rhf7 ECE~~' 'U h -5 1-.7 h__b.t.._J_,_nd__._- g
netEECER ECHC If -CCCII CCEE CI H
CSrRCCS rr TCICCC CCCT'' 1~ CCCCCC C'
...... b- lesey rrty h', held -h -I i


HER RESCI TECCCE o-IST C CICRB dL CI n ASCC T.5R ,his ESGCCCCCCC
.1 theus ku- ..d I h inrrr1 t-ni~dro~
1 : -' I, l prwoth Te oe re lnd~tre l en Hsb.I ih.I~iy P"l P
,. wlbt of th -1drd aod. Hit't:" o-1.Q s


C CC S C C C I C C C.~aRO~bR H C-hO. p- ere, .,d his CI Ce CCC ..C hCAE
^^wl 1iohretoao he I Suoth hod~l H m
Th. pl_ _s first a ,thf d tPo t h., i hkl h, ght $to
fIy _. Inh, 1I If h d,,d 14 p, I- he. t t -1. I end plus 15



The -p.C -C -CIRCERI ECCICCI
CC-l C ECCECC, C PC C .i...CC % ..d hs Ind. fC iDRyTheDIf "'eD
-Y' .17 fift- -' Smth hs be--1 01el'he ac s hs rhsn- ghlu I-
re'-l- -ih f id hs -trt ,,t 0-1 M 'e", f-crpsths y~r H
in h-9 l~dult- He p--t 'u un eii.e 7 ll f hibli Thee -. T4E K ND F PO ATO S WEGRO


I ENTS' DEPARTMENT LAD.ES'DEPARTMENr







NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





Native Trees of Leon County.



By A. M. HENRY.



1. Yello pin., or Iron leaf pein. 25, Srubo Q -ercsotesb i.

P avstores pin. Scrub2Pn oak. PPerns Pehb n.l
thrgnbout the .o.nty. Th- t am ..dI, the dp. .. d
SS h pin or s am l pine mos tly in the sn thern half of the
Pinas .1llottii. ...nt7.
Lu~mbe nnd na~al sitholrespin inL hsp.Blaek oak. Qpu-rcs lutin.
d po,,s-.. = ~CP P... .. p.... ..p.. p ..i....
3. M 1.f pi s s old piheld piP. I Pthe PP mp a P P P mmoP s .
Pinus t. da. P PP P 30X, Blpak ja. PPercus mapl .dia..
L-' dp mp ground mostly, and of little The o a o n the red clay hills.
pp pp.31. Wter oak. Q.-rc.p n igr.
SShort leal pine, or old feld pine. Chiefy in the ,amp ,
P pp pp pphi. ppP Ppp'p pPt- ppoak. Qp.- p.. .p.rifoli.
common on the red hills, and of little X Bttly in the rich ummock.
l. s lmbr 3. Wht oak. Q. .11I.s Palb.
5. Black pioe. 3 I, the ham=,-oks of the th -n part
Pina serotina. aId ot the cklo.kn3 riv erand its tribtaries
Ponds .nd s-em. in southwestern part 3M P. PPo oaP. PPt a r minorP
o'I unty. fp d fod along withPthP whit oak.
Spr.p c p.ine. CS.Co oak.. p P PP sP michaoii.
P~insa~br. lIn s.dy wa.mps
I the hammocks along the banks of 31 Li-e a s vok airginiana
streams. .ek, al th This is th eharactristic tm a nd lakes

. ,Ri prlacape. Taxodum dishchum, ad along roads in the northern part of
8. Pond cypre-, Ta.odinm imbricariefmr the county.
Both a_ viable lmber tr..s wth a igili% lI37 aekberry. CeI. oc-idantalia.
lightP du,,ble ood, rmclpa ll y -sed for PP31PP18.P PH by.p CttleI mii.. -ppie. i.
ehln PPeg. HePvily lPing O.g.e Tree. These are not -ey l mmo n baut are widely
9,Cod-r. Junipers barbed-nsis. l nsttered in the eo.nty.
In the -wamps .loa.ae St, M ark river. .I..bl. -.1.1 tro 39. Red mulberr. MorIsIru h.
10. ""b "go plmtto. Sabal palmetto. It In, io oiy Hi-i, q,,tiaa. the hammocks among the red clay hills
Along the baerks of the St, Ma.ks river. 12. -r alb,
13. Hickory. Hicoria glabm.




16. -


-17.






good ;,'_ "

.. E







indo
nt~n Y-014old P-ca e In TallahasSee 24. Red oak. Quems Digitmta. en.-Old p
DM nrl pnliDp, Ith Irralt. Frincipaly Pl the rjd 1ils 1HU tlrof n .tM. .... T- 1. W Th H, ilu







NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


Common in tehammock of th.e county 66 Fd holly. 11 t oytifo
d a ba tiful en tre. Prncipally around ponds n te south,
41. White .hay. Mgnolis gluc western part of the county
Common in the swamps and alon str-ms 67 Christmas b-. ,l.e vomitoril
42 Cu.mbrtr. Ma notam crophpll. In thammoc s.
A 53 rare tree only found in this outy 68 Sug pl. r oridnum.

thsu .the rtem part of the county. Ths 69 Rlm.ple. Aerrubrn
.old n.-e a b.autlul oamen-h I tr-. In the swamps
3. Poplar3 Lod-nro tlipi-

Thronghout the county, and
a al..ble lumbr tree, used




45. S33mp b3 P3er3ed p33 335
In '.-swamps.

Tha ro.a.r. used medicinally.





48. Craappl. Malus an. tiiolil
H.mmock.. The lrt is.us-
f5l for ma35kg jelly.





51 Red h... Cr-.| insviri d-.

52 M-7-w. Crtspu-stxvls. ,' ,
Aro d pod and along
Th.eams, Thefrit isvl-ble

fo jelly altng.
53 Wld sloe. Pru ..am.ria..
1n n-ll hammocks.
Wild plum.. -ann.s.mbenata
On dr" hilis prtneipally,
S Wild cherry. prnus seroP.na.
Along roadsides mostly,



57 Honey -oo0rt. GleditsMa tr-



SS fil-k I.ot. Robi m p.-

In the n-rthpm part oI lb.



Throghout the county.
SSuore Rhus copallhu-
T-hlughout the county on dry

6f poisons m-.' Rhw -ernix.




Alon5 sA th s O.n.y aon h 3 o 3 r3 3 n
prt Of th3 county.





" Holly. Ilex opl. of the con.ty, A beautiful oraamentaltree.
In th, h- throughout the county. 71 Bass wood. TIlla p.b ns-..
65 swap holy Ilexcassia. This t-e:ts too scaro to of vlu.e as
Rather m along tha Bnkso strum. timber.: Intha hammo-lo


72 Prickly ash. Aral pinoa.
Not ry common. Inth hammock
73 Ogec me. Nyssa ogech.
Along the Ockl.o.ck --rr. The o ower
a-* hne for -oney
74 Tupelogum Nyss q-ti-.
Along the Oelockef r l ant d swamps
of t h e y. Thwood is used for fri-
ture under th name of Crcasrn Walnut
and the flowers are for honey.
75 Black gum. Nyss'sylvti- .
O le red lay htlls. Ra-e,
6 Blc.k gum. Nys- bifora.
Common I the sw.mp. thrusgh-
out t-e county
77 Laurel. Kalmlalatiholda.
Oaly along the Oklorkne
fevr in th, southwestern part
of the ernnty,
78 S-nrwood. Olydendrm. r-
borenm.
In the hammock. A striking
mioraental tree.
79 Sparkleberry. Vaccniium-
bornm.
In ::rdy ---oi~s Tho b-r
thbidlb in th. itr
80 Bu athon.. B ..-amltcna .
81 Buc-thorn- B-meia I n..i.
noa.
Th berries of these two are
-sed inmdicine.
82 P....... Diospy-s ir-
giniana.
Commoon, Th persi'mmn
rpens her- from July to Jn-

83 Sweetleaf. Symplocusfincto-
ria.
Ii tie hammocks. Tile roots
-re used medicinally.
Mi4F d. i=, or p.
Mobl-.d-d-l diptt.-m.
In the h"mmock.. Aiaatif.1
ornamental tree.
8E Ash. F -riusc hlad .
Iv the s-amps. Not -ery
common.
86 Z1. manobar-d. Chioa... oo
"lrginlea.
In the hammock. Aine or-
namental.
87 Wild o.v1, Omanthu- mer-

In the h-mock. A good
-..amental "h -ery fragrnt
flowers.
88 Pk b P........... p....
Along sour streams i he
southwestern part of the coun-
ty. Th ..old -1- .stn*
ing and unusuall o-amental.
89 Button bush, or lbo-b .
Cepholanthus o-cidetalis.
-round the edges of shallow
ponds .d along strum.
90 Elder. Sambusus oaden0m.
Common t tha hammocks
,long '--.ms
91 Bll,.k lu Vibn...........
In to h....k....... along the ..... of




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





..*. .. ....... ^ B ^ ^
i ._ --- i .
'1

4
U





^J~~ll~ttd^'^
,,,, -

~lW&- -L -- -i-

c.-,-
A .- .-







g__I
.I




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



Hon. Dexter M. Lowry
Mayor of Tallahassee.
D EXTER M. LOWRY was born at Valley Head, Alabama, January 3, 1876. He attended the public
schools there and finished his education at the Southern University, Greensboro, Alabama. Upon
leaving school he went to Muscogee, Indian Territory, and went into the cotton seed oil business. Af-
ter two years he was sent to Tallahassee to build and direct the operations of the plant of the Florida Cotton Oil
Company. He now holds the position of general manager of that company. Mr. Lowry was elected a mem-










































her of the Tallahasee City Council il I. J ,1 i 1 i I ., i- ... -.. .. 1..-
effective working making the fire I ,,, ,, .. ,. ,., r,-. e .
rating for insurance purposes. TI- 1 r, r . ....... .. i, e
movement of putting down paved si J- ,ii n- -i..-i H i, 11. .. j !i i .,-. .. ....,r. I..
election toCouncil was also without f r. I -. r .-. 5-,r 1, r. I.... ... i!
Mr. Lowry is vice-president of th u. ., ,.,. 1. ,, I .- r r ... ., .. ....-.- ir.l riirrl
circles.
i w -- -- -





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






Hon. B. E. MCLin



J .l L I -rl





II ,*l l I ,-












I 11.












I i I Ii
I~ I. .
, .',- .. ,. \ . 1,,1,,..,




















-, I I F ...






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT

- - --- - - - - - - -1- --*


Hog




University

11 AVERAGE *a1tino the Flori-


d. hog is $4.80; while, for the United
States, the aveng 11vala lonof a Iog is
$9.14, The value of the hogs in Florida p-
ma9tes two ..d a q.rter million. dollars
These facts suggest possibilities for hopmur-
ment in the ra--ng of hogs in Florida. It has
bAen said that hogs have ,n the mortj[ge-
hfetr .on the farms of the Western Uniter,
States, bt it has been only well-bred and
p oprly !ed hogs tht have done this -ork
The native hog grows oo slowly, quires. too
many days to mature, and l9ts too much lo.l
for each pound of pork it produces. he per-
cetag. of dressed meat to live weight is
about 65; whe-as the improved leds, when
ell fed and carefully handled, thi9 percent.
.ge reaches 80, The average htter of native
pigs issall, and the native sow rly, if
ever, produ,-s Iore than one litter in a y".r
The i9ncn d vlue of land, labor, and
feeds demand that the quality of Florida hogs
shall be impro--d, otherwise the future Flol-
da hog will be produced at a vanishing proit,
Florid. -n produce a great rity lf fomge
crops during all seasons I the year, as well
as corn for fattening, and expensive ho, hous-
ls are also nn 'e -"sry, Nely all the im-
proved breeds of hogs .e represented in Za-
rHous sections of Florida; and any of these
when crossed with the alive pigs will make
A9-9 9 f9 99 provel- 9 .9 the 9 fi9 t -'.h. .
9till99999 i the l..,d l.., .-9, the
thild e-e -11 -ereah A point of I.Itillol.
the will lka eit diffic It to di ti ngu. l.r.
th, n reed, p-ouldlng that good feeding
ho. --cmp-lied the boudingap process.
Pu-tbelmo- Flollda bog j n ow hertct
ed against hog cholera.

Aly teleetr he tl,.ept, to hey...e hi
hogs with- .......... Pl...... provi dig
cheap feeds is going to be disappointed. Bet-
ter blood, and better blood alone, will not give
the desired res-lts with-ot good feed. The
hog does well on green fog crops. A va-
riety of crops in each season is d,.irabl. A
single crop y f-l1, a variety of feeds i al-


are avallahle and are recommended:
Winter Crops.--Rape; Jap1ane cane, bar-
ley, velvet beans.
Spring Crops..Mlle sorghum, oats, ba-

Summer Cropr,-Sorghnm, -owpeas, corn,
Mexi~an clover, Beleuda grass.
To promote lepid gl-wth with the bbo.-
nadted feed. ,asri l..It of elel
of co. and middlings is derabl. in addlt-on.
About one pound da.ly for each 100 pounds of
liv weight has proven satisfactory for gm,.
ingholg. Very young p9is, and brood sows


Raising in Florida.




of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station.


th 99ens9o hoape.nut9r9 avalabl. Reg:
ulf~dingtwice day together with b-
l supply of f9eh water, a also important.

The native hogs crss well with the Bl-r
9h1re, Poland C-.na, Duro~ Jrsey, or other
imported breeds. Several hog raiser, In Flor-
id9a a alnay n sng pure-bred males on there
native sows and getting god, thrifty, stng
9tte th90 t mat9'9 early. 9 general, it Is


obtined by writing to the Director of E.-

to use for grdng p is largely matter of
personal choe, although the Iavege hog
9i99 trI 9h. state w .l profit 9st by s99 ng
those l breds that have proven satisfactory in
h1s loelit .or.count.. Wth good are prop-
er feedhg, and improved blood, there .s no
r son why the a-erage hogs of Flor ld
not wesh at least 125 po--ds t 6 1r 8 months

CHOOSING AND RBE.ING PICI.
HE FOLLOWING is the record of the

periment Station Farm during the
pa.t year:


N.... .. FIrsng Pgs


Mlnto' Model illy 17" I910 7

Medl' Frido July 20: 1910 8

d Farrow ding



9990 nt9-9 reid 999 1t9,r 1 O9 99 h




thirty-one farowed durn-g gebr-ry and
March, 1911, twenty-seven were saved. Dur-
ing the year fot sows farrowed slxty-onI
pgs, and saed fifty-three, or 87 per cent. of
all pigs flowed.
These four sows were narrowed in May,
1908, and had there first -htter of pig, during
99 9be9, 1909, The .9-99- the9 ,9999991
9.999.99d d9999 9-.9 999999. Good
breeding st-k s often lured by being bled
when too young and immature To obtain
the best results with bxeedlng sto.k, the yonng
animals should be well fed and cared for, and
be well matured blfoir heCng bred. Young


-mmature sows are hkely to farrow pigs la-k-
ing in v~t-hty. Sno' P',s -ever grow and de-
velop as they should, and hence are more e-
pensive to oose.

In hoo.-ng o-r breding -tok the fl-to
of prolificn.s. should receive eonside-able at-
tetion. Selet the breeding stock fom large
litters. Never select ao e..-.1 fIr breeding
purposes, no matter how good t. individual
it may be, if t comes from A hater n=mbering
only to or three. It will b. -ore profitbl
to tel-c A. ..im.1 ..,,hat infelior I. -,r
tei. ill-sld-I poiitt, ht hich k.111w to
be fo- polifisran The -ol -11h
does not only mean a large number of pigs it
a lit"r, but it also rfers to tI. re ]arltl of
blding. A l eay h... I- -o t-l-v
ppg. to htter, bot Iloly bmeed .- ,
year. Another sow ma..have sere. or -ght
pig,,nA htteraNd breedItw ke .year. With
o-e Iow we would ra-se e ..... twele pigs
during the year- -htle with the other we
wouldrafourteen orI sxte. It is easy to
tll -whih would be the more profitable.
When properly handled and cared for, sows
should produ-I two haters each year. A sow
that will produce only one htter each year
will not be fon.d profitable. Snch an animal
should be discarded from the --g lnh h-l
nOd replaced by one that will do brtt-r.
In the corn-belt section of the United States
thle hog has hewn given the namep "mortgae-
lifter:" When properyhsadled, and under
mo-t .o.dhtlons, the hog as perhaps the Iot
-fittabl. I-~ .. It-l F'-d.d f-le. n-l
a-l:ge -.nn.l profit tha mdy be obtait-d
ftm. -ah so durng a p-riod of vlars d..
pends on severl factors, such as the cost of
feed, trket rate, Ioss from disease, bl t per-
1-ps one oi the most port ut Ps prohfisupss
Prolhlness applies equally to the male and
ft..I.. it d- PplysssrlyaP l to n

we ind that certain strains are moI pelifi.
than certain other stlal-s w-th-n the same
bled. These prolhe straMns may be chosen
out, and kept up by pmper selection


i What It Costs to Raise Vegelabl. i



,,~ ,' ,' 7 ," "


Hem ~, of e. :: :::. :::........ .. ..:.. .25
Haprof p .s .. ............................. .. .40

'7' ,, '"'






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


Cooper Dairy Farm .. ...-. ........ I z' g......ke

LONG ESTABLISHED, reliable and
A prable dahy f.-m i. that op-ted by C martle hometead, which is shown in
J. J. Cavanaugh, It is -nown as the Cooper THB PRACTICAL FARMER 1sthe best j~dge picture The farm i. located 2j
Dairy F.-, located on the llt sde of II, Iar-lands This i, _el eidoet. In i ". ,.' '
Banbridge road five lls from. ..
town, Thrfarm was founded by cotton, placing 400poInd1of co m
W. LI, Cooper, 25 y.ars ago, 4ho crnial f-rtlizr to th acoe njder
came from Cou"T Denegal, Ir". it; 70 acs in corn, hichha-ta.
land. Sm.ce the d ath of the .rg- ed 2W bushels to the acre without
feel P___it thI- .. be,. gf rtlh-r; he cut 1,000 pond, ot
conducted by J. X. C-vaugh, who, peavine hay to the acre, planted
r-ched Tallal.ssee frm C uBty .om e sugar cane for
~'It~* filc. I.





K ... f903 nsptmbr, 19. P.Int- ffc the hog,. Cottoa i
M. Cooper, who still resides at the money e3p o3 the farm a

the tarsi, i -s ster of Mr. Car- goodly portion of which he let to
anaugh, and another M-g 3per3. Threasom333r
Jesie ir..... wt3h dthed- bhard timber This is anx.-I.
reetlon of the dairy work, thus lent place for stock raising, or for
3a3 nrg th3ity management an.d 33nera 3ing. Mr_, Crmr3iis
cleanliness in alldepartmens. Mr. ott ... i-to di.,, f the W.,
Cooper started in the busis ihcintl
common stock but soon began in-;ocd. It 1. -11 1 ...ted and
breeding with t hersey and.soon watoed. Any communications
hed h.ne d _b b --ccdncd aiud -1,c Mc, Cocenatiat Mi-
between 20M and 300 pounds. If c -.k. p o.nf .t
hatter weekly. Btarsoidatthat -
tim fo, 25 ...ets a pound and vxa-TLe -RD OFJ J eaV in S C
.ince that time ha. rscr i. p _sr a cent hi ditin.....................ed th ......
apo..d h,.ch -ay bc off-red -ubstaotiaj to W.s die et feeLeon, the
evidence that good butter is staple product e.I ,;n ... , ,, rainfallisfrom to 60 inches annually well
.nd will alw-eays command aar price. The real estate dealera.d the -arer hho has ditribu-ed. He observed that tI-c fate-
I-l-- .t conductedon an' tense a plan come hither from otherstions. mr.R.A. ing i o engaged in to the ,te t furnih-
it .wasr byr the first propetor. The Radle of h rl stte firm of Rdle & Co. ing over 50 of the lol demand. He sees
cd to sixty ead an at the comes under the a't -med class.. He had an opportunity for dvlopm t n this bnch
-c. h-o too l00oond. e-k isthe octp-t Iity '.." I'l-en c in farming, thicty-f-cr of --lill 19,1111t,11~r : he do" b hg
from25cow, n. ilk. The entire farm con- in Illinois and sixteen. Mi...,,ri bef- dntsck~i F-age ops
. became to live in ,Tllahass.., ThI practicl -srly, especially the legumes which furnish
7, tuition in the school of agricultural expe- paturage the ntire yr, together with sweet
= "! ... ... potatoeses and oeauots, theso suvvrlrmentod with


..ca be matured in the corn belt. He Wl-
. ..In the 'I'll on..., the -no, ce be- d 90 of the ....... t .......
in Leon Is whipped into the county. "The
acres .rE under cultivation. 30 acres rented t-me is pust ,pe," ys Mr. RFcle, "to estab-
The acreage i. divided ftollo-s: velvet b-ans lish improved hog breed-g to supply the
......... __ the -- 11 witt; c... 40 da...d in, I... dti,, took."
f.. -co orh Ia muh e 410 b-hof anH-. d. pic .In
9.r h e -1e gthr, -ithcot forfill-~, ..g -n tmwleld ooltaid-rbly M,. Radlc ... e
a t bln of thle ccrcagg hd-tctd 1. oppecillitil. h.n that the -eid It gi-s n
..asnd 9- ill ray, poatoi t thought to. HE regards onditio, in Leon
Spanish yam variety, and r-naagas.. Ca- ac almost ideal for hee cnltu.. "Thare is
h:a:gh is 'prize grower of the rut. bag. and no ahad ason," he -ays, "why culture
has produced some immense specimens. He _
may oat be made .s pmfitable h1re ,. i.
Is an example of the prosperous, contented Tm CaVmd hHerd Before His Home. Uvalda county, Texaswhereseveral b. farms
but alert and energetic farmer, ai netting fm MO00 to $10,000 ea.h yee.
-- -- r~~nnce qualifies his opinion as valuable. Mr, h
f.. h. wh he- engaged I. A he- h.-e
Raddl lh m d. cl... -tdy of I- 1..dd been -cry .... cesfol.'
and conditions in Leon county He gives it
Every Page Has a Story of Its 0wn.. as h ...diet that 70% of t'e Und I. good i" "... .....'.
arm-andtthatnot more than 35: of It As :? ..... '.
rud :11 edt-ofin. a.dn that n, t be. 5 o coeoo rac the fact that large land I.. .
EY ageofth edttoncntanssome hied by .te Th fact.1,= I In too wll satisfied .with prse ul-3
interstmb and valuable fact, or facts, make it apparent that the opportunity hl t-l onditonn,
r for intellgnt and indusfrions farmers i, Mr. Radle nc-p-es the fortunate posi-
1 unusual. Mr Radle laysitdown a primal h.0n of being qualified and willing to give
... ... ......and acceptable proposition ththe Irt thmg adce to intending settle-s. He has a real
?. ".' .... to be sure of is a good sol wits-bstlta estateo.ffi- 1. Tallahssee and has an at-
.. that will retain mixture and fertility and tracvehst of lands for sale at figanas that
S"" ". netto this is the di.tribut3on of ra lL. ace stPri-3ngly 3.I3f 3 9 3 30e v 3sp3nl
edition wtth ae = Fertile oilag of the kind uc r acnoriding RoE,





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






Hon. John W. Watson.

AVING served sixteen years in the Florida Legislature where I have often investi-
gated and studied the State's Convict System, the various methods of working
the County roads, the State's educational institutions, the Hospital for the Insane,
the State's Lands and the method of disposing of them, and other State affairs, I believe
that I am well and truly qualified to fairly, impartially and successfully preside as Gov- O
ernor of our State; therefore I earnestly ask your support for the same. f
I particularly ask the people of Leon County to investigate my record, both in the
Legislature and out of it; they will find that I have always favored Tallahassee as the
seat of government for our State, and I refer
them to every Senator and Representative that
Leon County has had in the Legislature in the
last sixteen years.
Not for any reward or hope thereof have I
O taken this position in regard to Capital remov- O
O al, but because I love Tallahassee and her peo- O
ple; and because, with the Capital at Tallahas-
see, which has been the seat of:Governmentever
since the State was admitted tothe Union;
wherethe traditions elfectingthegovernment
of our State should and will ever cling to her.
I believethatthememory of the heroic soldiersand
able statesmen Florida has produced, whose
names and acts are indelibly associated with
0 Tallahassee and the HON. JOHN W. WATSON. State Government, and
who in some instances, gave their lives, and in
many instances their time, influence and
money to the upbuilding of the State, will be better preserved.
In soliciting your votes I shall promise nothing sensational, but if elected, I will
endeavor to do my duty as is prescribed by the laws of the State, which I shall enforce
to the letter, and all of which shall be done in a business-like way and in an open, public
manner.

0 0
IL ^ ---- ^^ ______ r. _____ ___ ---, .J






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




6he Recrudesence of Rudolph


1. l."'. an, gdod f.1- i Florid. bu
bi neitlcr ili,-o Florid, am Iall ficenen
- ... fJ l. Theme ame plicatems liviig in Fl,,--
idd h. h-- biad the ..Periir dd-.lag..
,stiend by this Ilil and this clionst, to, long
men ., nu hwh h... m,,, be.-ale in
get thii, heads she the bill... f igcent
deancod, I k r aylo about as and
di...,.r ce't-i I ss wh h .. ... nuided
npgai- the .Ist 1111;:t oonditi... and yet
foged accesss no, ha socied i-eitable,
imeahitible Wllum. So h I... is that If
Rudolph H-rld, whh I!-' on the Micc.-
..ln. -od, 11 on,", in.o T.Ilah ... se, ..
.11. in.m the vrillge 1AI If Micensukee.,
Xc H..old I._. ith his parmota fmmm
Swit ... lnd he, helas 12 cae, ofage. II


mot.red Rudolph saw that he wouldn't be
.ble to pay out. It so happened that he had
0 bottom co. 22e w HitHh Hb gr0s. Theg0s
looked good to hisnor thwestern eye. I he
only had some Iny to cat it and m.ke lay be
oalculated that he could do so2met2ng it2h
it. He inquired of his landlord and o .nd
tbat the gentleman had I dsmintled mowing
machine in his backyard, which had been
there in the nst some seven aecs or mon .
Rudolph was to d that he might have the
m.hiR e if he could do anyth.. ith ..
Impelled by that great mother of expedients,
Nacsaity, he hauled the old machine home and
thikend on it until he got it in ort of wor-
lug -nditio.. Th.. he putit to ..e. Re.
suit was be =de hay enough to pay oct.
Happy nua! He felt his w.ngs like an eagle
newly released from captivity From that


1
70 acres In cotton, upon which he used 250
pounds of commercial fetilizer to the ae
(two phosphates and one aImnit) which will
average half hall to the acre He sold 117
hogs last yes, and mised over 200 head. Fc
the middlings he sansfi-d 14 ,at,; in, ths,
b-Is 15 caus; should- U 11) cents,
I Mr. Hald has made quite an item from
gmring steelcdat, and ye. He had 60 -as
of oats ..m which he harvested 1,01t bushels.
He sells the seed madily at 90 cents bushel.
On 40 acres of Uye he r-lized 3W bushels.
He gets $2.W0 for and rye ,d sells the rye
straw to the northern visitors at Thomasville
for.$10 a tIn to bed their horses on. He all.
an average of ten ton of rye stmw each

Th.e Ht-ad oo- is oIll stnted, both as
t .1- Ouckl and t-1.s of the business. Th.


I".' s U'L'e .a. -L -uzm o citi eo d s. L
was brought up and settled In Pocahontas day he 20t 0 for haJy, and he has bet
oty, Ia. He arrived in Lon county, growing0hay0et rsin0 e. By0 2dby2h0bought
F22., 15 yea ago ith a sic wife and little farmon dit. e first bought 20 acns at
money. He spent ll of his little pile in 5 n, crIn; not he bought an additional 100
0findi2lng I o222, and began to 2 2 after the _rst $, 2. H no 02 f.a this plac],0
custom here, which is to say that he ma-e which is all paid for, cents some additional
wltton fl his money crop and not much of land, and own a half interest in 0 t2ct of
anything else. Cotton wasn' worth as much 600 c'so, whih he is holding for le., He
2it20 years ago as It is today, and the new has bot r2 ntly er02 ed a home on his place
irreval -aliced after a few years of trying to which is accounted by some to be the finest
keep ahead of the p- .isioner that he must fa- residence in the -onty. It is .on-
do something else or he would eventually sleeted of concrete blocks, molded in forms
take his -, y "002, the hill, to the poo, and 20 dbyIs-0laioc. Th, h022 is s0p-
0n Bu there wasnno o .r ropthat ad plied with hot and cold water, has bathroom
any c dit value. He didn't know what to and sewage and other up-to-date comforts.
do, After he had tried it tor or five years The house cost him 0 5,010 but the same house
and failed to improve his condition, having built in ton.. o ld cost easily $7,0W. The
to ortgag his t2sm for supplies and to pay woodwork is y0l02 02d white pi0 ; the cil-
the bills in cotton, he quietly determined to fag metal. He made about 15 tons of hay this
. d.,-.- 2200it02 o Ikp 0g0i0e 20 year, cutting more than two-thirds of a to, to
onfiinginnyuon, It was pti 2 the acre .00on 22 cs. It sHll at $2 0 ton, d-
heard of to grow anything but cotton for livered in Thomasvills, 18 miles distant on
money. The year which witnessed the be- the Florida Central road. H hdn 150ares
ZooHOogooy-. 2 H o. in, m.,e which 2 a2r e w beta, 20o and 0 2
too 01 20, '. 0, .0 -j -0 b0 200 to0 00 020 H2th0lit fpo00Joo,; In h00


oullock f- m he Herold iido s -Ilon of







Th. I, aII. h

.In l a :Q .: :.





; -O 2a '2 0 2 0
)2ooo0 20220000000,





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




SCin invitation to MSfe Xomeseefter an #4wDestor



HE counties of West Florida centering about Leon are on the verge of a wonderful development.
The cheap and sometimes inferior lands of other sections having been brought to the public atten-
tion through much advertising by land speculators the volume of land seeking travel has passed
r j,, . 1.,-I l , ,,, ,,,I. I,. Id r. ,. ,,,' ac .,+ ,,res

Only within the past few years has the section been traversed by competitive railway lines, increas-
ing the transportation facilities and lending the advantage of cheap rates and placing other markets within
the reach ant range of producers. The moving spirit and developing purpose behind the Georgia, Florida
& Alabama railroad is also at the head of the
J. P. WTILLIAMS LAND COMPANY.
Broad tracts were secured by the land company in the counties of Leon, Franklin, Wakulla, Washing-
ton, Waltonand Jefferson with the ultimate object of peopling the land and bringingthe potentialities of the
i .-, . .... ... .. . Leon county. Practically all kinds of
. rr . .. r. r . .-... . the company's property. The timber
comprises pme for milling and turpentine, hickory and white oak for wagons, handles, crates, and other
manufactries for which there s an unceasing demand at profitable prices if the supply can be obtained at a
cost sufficiently low. The supply of raw materials is limitless and with shipping facilities nearat hand there
awaits development in this line-a departure well nigh untouched in this part of the country.
A quarter of a million acres would scarcely cover the entire acreage held by the J. P. TWIIL-
LIAlIM S LAND COMPANY, and all of it is for sale at reasonable prices, ranging from
$7.50 an acre upwards. Especial inducements are held out to the homeseeker. The company invites corres-
pondence. The first thing to be made known is the kind of business that the intending purchaser wishes to
follow. Does desire a small farm for growing staple crops; does he wish a turpentine or saw mill location;
does he prefer to secure a site for a stock or dairy farm; would he like to take a hand in bringing settlers
hither by buying a large tract and selling it off in small farms? Time and correspondence may be saved if
the preference of the purchaser is stated in the first letter. Then the officials of the company will know
better how to recommend lands and locations and can better tell what the first cost to the purchaser willbe.
The company has a number of forty-acre farms which will be sold to settlers at $10 an acre on easy terms.
Such lands in such a section will not be very long on the market.
The always increasing demand for early vegetables offers an extensive field for the truck farmer. The
company has a number of small farms of very rich soils conveniently located for this industry. The soils
.JA, I ~. ,.. .e . !,r, u- 1,, lettuce, and other vegetables, supe-
S,,, i . .I y ,. : Some fabulous crops have been


r r r .,-,,t,,0 .i I.e. .- ,- r., it. .lde proof of what
i0.-,... i0 0i, ,0 0.,. i i . .0,-,.-.0 nit,-.1 00 0.t. i. , I l,.0 Florida farmers
would buy Florida raised stock if it could be had. Florida farmers would use Florida hay if it could be pur-
chased in ample quantities. A Georgia farmer estimated recently that each farm in the State used an average

i 1I .... rr rrrq -,r .i - II II L .1,
I. 1.0 00 .. IH -I F ..,h . L, .. ..0.. 0 ... I 0 I .' 0'rl l0 -.. 0 1. 1',

TIlE J. P. WILLIAMS LAND COMPANY
Has hundreds of acres that could be readily converted into hay meadows. An oat crop can easily be made on
the same land, which alone would be profitable if no other crops were grona o n the farm.
The J. P. WILLIAMS LAND COMPANY extends a hearty invitation to settlers and investors to
come and look over the ground. Upon notice some member of the official staff will meet prospectors at the
train. Offices are located in Tallahassee, Florida.
J. A. McLsautjq, yice-yregident U, J, Williams, Secretary and Treasurer; Greene S. Johnston, Land
Agent.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




Hon. Albert W. Gilchrist
Governor ot Florida,

LBERT WALLER GILCHRIST was born in South Carolina. He was educated inthe public
schools and received an appointment as cadet atWest Point Military Academy, which he t
to attended from 1878 to 1881.He has always taken an active interest in State military affairs, b
S and has held various commissions from private to brigadier general. He enlisted in the Spanish- '
American war and saw service in Cuba. Santiago Province. He was inspector general with the rank l

branh, representing DeSoto County in 189-6 1903, 190. At the session o 1 he wa eke-


















UI ted Speaker of the House. He was nominated in June, 108 or the oce of venor, and t Ik
I the ath of oce Januay 19. He is a member of the Improved Order oI Red Men, Elks and
Gtb ot


II G d t f o t s lt


it,









-. S*9*






U.r 'P
U. ff0
sea 'P~siI~
USr 9 0I
U. 1B 'P1
U.1 'P
Ilb fctelo h tf fOroor ooodlroo.tooe rrhro hrgeerrlrr
USl horb rorertr DeooCrt r17. 21 00 e h reo f00 o'o o-






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


?tlrlrrrrrr~~rr~ ~ ~lr~ ~ ~ ~ -- -~ Mnyof the.. tI". ...... Ily yneldi.9
Charles Munro Pecan Possibilities in Leon f, -w.5 55,
Be XIITON A, SMITH We 11P-t ill. -11 -lti-toed, U,,tilired od
GOWING PECAN GROVE I, a pmtty I-- -d -, ,. -r ar t-.,t t. in. T.
A Gght. It -ry a inm-i .Armp. C1.il -t-Atte 9 o 1-y e
solidd lodg...t tility, ,5,2is5,55 2es. -ti-- IL, thep-,5s the ,5t they 5,5, ld ,fly yIld $2S -h. Wtt5
55. 5, Behold5,5,5, go, f5 th .I5, bl, -5, k._s to ffe 5, 55 55 5tter h5 5it,, 5,.,ld .15 1.... to 5if. 5
to -w If he Teep, the yee, h. h.. to iat, but it -a be ooitlllly -iodd thIt Leon, hlld?
- gi,5,t the b5, ho pl-te a5 pecan l,5,5,5,5 =d 5, d .. ... it,5,, 1,, F d,5 Let I- .5,5,5, 5,5. 5,-e5, lb5 po-,
gr- h planted fo, I life tiesblifi-s of pe- 1--g I.i Le..
of fmitio, Ind het~gfo ihgo f mtt The inhrini cdiootios amth.
.he III- bi- te-I I bnye-rtherr ill beffty


ii-,l.555g. H i5,hief,5,Tk 5 ,5 5
I.- I he S~e to T- --t.,I I 'I L

_I I b te Stato H.- U yg
4, d.,ing th ... fltuti ... I
-fi- 985ls~. Hphh b-tl-I' 1ZILI.
,or lcead the. .,Ie i. L-"L"L.~I-
blo- bse ut t-- men I ,P~ IF d -eth of -tL.outy
have t loner reord fr sonl Y~eit i. net p-Itl.Pf
h.11 a .gI1 --d f It i iL

he. S'ryi. 'e-go h trnI onrt~rnnm
P.- rlad orEha sDer-ngeter th'.ou
I-d. N- h hnilnth ll
,'Pl.' i-th' Qfrm T i 7 T.' de-ad f., the pro.. ill
..d. 3. -1- f-rc. T.11-. -bUI I~l~ idly tb..the
a r 20 to the 45 ff~tl -eII .1 1
-b wa- The -m-,is r I
St.... ehr~trlt. l P e 0. YEAGER.
Ste, I.~ll P-pr rll .-s. I - g e, ... I.T~~h.'
.- 6y - Is ld; hve 66-t. _fm m etlrt cm
y-, rold ", re 4 yr- g. -- -- 3 1t lleaspowth- P-Ial
I- .%- y-e ~ar The ol...I -L II Dnlto., Whitfield, ... ty, G.,
If he ti ... ..dII - i. alohS~hET. in
he 1- 1 'lh- r L -I o ~ -IIL .re f t-me elteb-bodd
gatheted fi_ 1, -1-r po..d If -i- hl -1r usnsswih 9- to1
-et. C,.,. .1 o .- n I II ,,lg-et b-- J-k-.-lso
I,- h... bee. pl& fed suc -11 -.d P.-.1d~cnrcol. Hedilp ...
,i-ely hot,,,. the --t I I I ye -1 -9-.t~, ~ar~
.1.- 1, p ... d If bi ...... t. 1 pI,,,,t p-id- ofo the
led eay.that To I'd --ry W .- -.r. IllWrr the
...ld tempt hi. 1. 1; 1. FI I: Hiiklt y WWffo W-1 ntt
I ..i, hih ..ke p,.
Iaton i not ."ded I,.Iof Wurpenfile --g---
-ts. Th. h.Idbood timber
..-lcuny f r -dinay I- I. b-d-Iat i. U- outy
In 1-ct. Th.' 'i n'll ` It I ,.sd, the plee paid i. $25
d..t ..d -fb,- jurt right. II .dtth..ilt-. X.Yrl1gy
tTosking irigho- i. d.si.i -I II I boi-r of the boatd It
.11al the -el -t ntd y-,~~~ ;;omiroo or6gas
.btainod f-ro atsn rl. FROTCHER PECAN TREE, ON PLAC E OF CHAS. MUNRO.,S eme Odd --, Klightl Ifl
h- itoi, cli-tte --4 weeth- -condti- F ythi, Elk -d I :-bor of the spz
"' -I' -"I' r .i ..I..more If-mble to itrgg-thtb-ysnw h-~ Utd.. of A-Ti-s hm do,, ,good -k*
'-:'1'1 - i'--,. ~l~ I. Other oontinet. Pjdjig oth, -oditi..s by huildiogg h-11 ill ,g. -- -aad It
fondd l till -.1 i-fttvatd ttt. What q,,al if Iot f- mid., Id. S. Z, RuB, het, to be Iidff,, th. i..t.IIMC't PI---
, mighty m -e of Mlalm :t bill h he. it Illh il "yagi," the Be, thmusnd emr prop-
l .ilytile. inno o the Floride P- E d--trmen
It.5 5 ,, , ,5
ma5,. 55 5 55


Option Field5,5,5,5,5,5, a,,5 B-$ d Volton an5 5r,5,5
5,5,5,5,. ~ ~ ~ Il 55555555555555555 5,5,5,5,55,55,5,5,,5,5,5,5





5,5,5,55,5,5,5,5,5, 555,5,5, 5555,5,5,5,I
5,5,,55,,2555,5,,5,,5,55,5,,5,55,5 5,5,5,5,5,5,5,,5, 55,5,5,5,5
5,5,5,5,. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ l..rl 5,,55,,55 5,5,5,5, 5,5,55,5,5 5,I 5,,,555 5,,,,,55 ,,555
55,5,5, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1I 5,,,, ,,,5 55,,,,5 ,, ,,,5 ,,5,,,5555, 5,,555,55
5,5,5,5,5, 5,5,55,5,5,5, 5,5,55,5,5,5,5,5,5,5, .5,5,5, 5,5,5,5,5,5,5, 5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5, 5,5, 5,5,5,O~m






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


NIKlH HII0Hb\




WILL -nderii
fxof thercab
ofiar-dogin%
The. o. -ma
d.,Irk. to 9~
-.1lrd oue-t.
probably tire
F-rt ..darm~ w a
p-Pd cli-tt, alotthe ide.l
ioieemll pl- mroi it
I, he 1:d the p.- ..ad the
,ppoet,.ity to do -o Theme
I, -b ont i. the -ea that
I-oor, -nloot have P-fit-


bec, ad h,,,,,t."
_-A __d on ire'.._tl
ad ...teg' f 'hi' "eti.- ie it.
di-IrsifieI I. -L We rlv
Ing 1. .. Irr of di-'%`,'d

the -atch-ad of .11 g dd

able to the pro-r-o rof 31
_.It, ., -, krow.r to a
ro, I ... d hed gfmrltlir, I
.,d be, .Our -it hli-i
orch frmvr --fealy cloo

prilIS It their III =CCI-
If '.. wit go_ Ir t bee
il,,,-d-.lrl Wi-- Ilc fe the

read., -se the mruen
I, th I ..... V predueti-n of
t of 9-1 e..lcrop A
to. yII back 25 b..hvl. of
:n nto the aerc -lld h-. ..dd
achtpl..d. vii~ the other rWe
acolboys i. the,, Cor, Clab,
fr'. 50 to 75 b-rhel. ...yn
f.-es re I' d-i a I well -n
The -.I .1 I p ......
other crepe. Fivehudrdg
h- the -cr, -Id it -11.9n It 40 1
tvo v. f-u h..d-Adbucll 11
at 5 -t, ,a b,.hbl, IsYtor
..I very hod la-mig.


acAo Th-r three great for,.a work t
71,1 1. ,7 ,, st ar.t ..7 d .... 7 of the7 ... ..b7 nd7
efforts phenomen.l happening 7in L. NAEGELY'S ORPINGTONS.
b-ought to pue.
7-77 7 There 7 the Farmers Ed..uca.tional and..77.7-7-7 7 -.-.7 -
77 .1 i 1- .;. i I.I;. li- "Bair ft igt...- for Sale" isI .ig. which
C'. attracts the eye of the tmvelr along the
..g them the .1,npocta. of cooperation i, Th- .....ille .d .... ten miles from Ialla-
ake to give a the advancement of their -winaerrts. They h....r. K.E. Negrly, a Sw-Is, is the pr-
y advantages are lgrn"1 a-ri.eul-l economy in prodn- pretor of the poultry yard. The pIace is the
north Florida, ing and mar.etign their crops, including the property of A. Levy, of Tallahassee. It is I,-
y and to un- porch-se and appliotio. of commereeal fer- ..sdon Lake MKcBride, rA-n onof the=,ym
Sintodetal th-ers, desirable fs min this section, Poaltreis.
I space and Then the- i. o.u Ep.eriment Station i.- only a side line with Mr. Naegely. for histime
reader.v.-1t1 .ag- informing us o the enemie is t~ken up w th a herd o| Jers.y cattle, ae-
Sanunsr- of our crop n the way of plant disease and longig to Conty Commissioner Di John-.
1. I do not insct, and in addt-on to that gl-ing II In. Htendsthe-gows Innsthedairyon
sharing bIat. The cutprl
of f dairy 1s from 100 to 140
,'-- ,,H .,, i ;...













"Royal~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~.,, Denmark $,00 Stlin Prpryo..W tce.pI~

the ..live. L ...... ... e p. cb,
Tcd, the y.d te age ,,,t ....... ra =d ,.,.-., ,.y
,,..,,k,., 't ,, b,..












eve.~~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ,,le' Tho h -nc roiv h epeo ..... ceteath

].I f p It.T re ..t o-t- th loo i he -ri. f... .. ...ti
.., '. ` ,. ~'- : '














,It, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ : a gaier tec th._.-th ~ fbetr-o_

p... II.t,de i. .,p~ the ..i o .. _.
.d-o-
de77th 7nati 7es -. 77777777. 7,777_77....77 ,7. 7 I7 on7 co77 ty777n7 show77 ere7 peo7 le7b7 -
.7 To ay77777777.777.77.7. ... .777777777777777777777777777777 7 ,77 7 7th f three 7 7ore 7 7 .7 y.
















.......7 ,n,rk ., 300 Stal,, : roperty.,, ...3. W, tc. r 7777
7s77 7e77et7 77o777a7777777 i et d pr ai th s l d lt 77.77 7777 7 77777
7777777777 77 7 777777777777777777777777777777777777 777777777
777777 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 77777777 77 777 77777 77777 7 777777777777777777777777
77777 777777 7777 777777 777 77777777 77777777777 777 777777 77 7.77777777777777777 777
7777. 77777777777777777 777777777777777777777777 7777777777777 7777777777777777777777777 777777777
777777777777 7777 7777777777777777 777 7777777 77777777 77777777

777777777777 7777777777777777p77777777 77777777


Tallahassee 7 7 7 7 7 .






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





Hon. ParK Trammell
Attorney General

ARK TRAMMELL was born in Polk County, Florida, in 1876. He was reared in the country and attended
the schools of the district, but was forced to make his own way from the time he was 16 years of age.
He secured a position as clerk in a Tampa mercantile establishment, where he was employeduntilhe was


sity, Lebanon, Tenn., and returning to Flor-
ida began the practice at Lakeland. He was
married inl899ttoMiss Virginia Darby, of
OrangeCounty,Florida In 1000 he was elected
mayorof Lakelandand servt two terms; in
1905herepresented _- ..,,.
er branch of the Legis ,..... .
senator from that dis trict and was chosen
president of the State Senate in 1905; in 1908
he was elected Atter ncy General over W.H.
Ellis, who at that time h(ld the office and was
a candidate for re-elec tion. As a hgislator
Mr. Trammell was an advocate of Everglades
drainage, the perfe- tion of the primary sys-
temtothatpointwhere the expenditure of
money for wrongful purposes in elections
would be impossible. tirce he entered the
office of Attorney Gen eral he has twice ric-
ommended the passage of such a law a.d while
a member of the Legis lature of 1907 Le intro-
ducedabillofthesame character. Hehas al-
ways arvoeted the
icchoolsandwasth ,r .'.
seeking this ent. As oa mnbhr of the Inter-
na Improvement Board he ntnoduted thereso-
lution ma king it obliga tory upon the trustees,
to advertise the saleof State lands before such
sales were made. The result of th:s publicity
has been to obtain much better prices for
the lands than was for nmerly the case. Mr.
Trammell believes that the teaching ,f agricul-
ture in the public schools will increase
theinterestinfainfanng. He introduced bills in
1905 and 1907establish ing agriculture as a
part of the regular course of study in the
schools and was the authorofthe bill passed
by Senator Sloan in 1909 which makes this
valuableadditiontothe common school curric-
ulum. He is an advo cate of good roads and
believes that the best paetical way to build
and maintain such a system is to work the
onvicts on the public highways. He does
not favor a complete and radical change of
the convict system all at once, but thinks that the change should be made gradually so that the financial interests
of the State would not suffer by the process. Mr. Trammell is a member of the Baptistlchurch and takes an
active interest in church work.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





Moiccosuhee




..It tr olth.. thst
and its hds a s ar. pleasing to . :' .

the eye. Its hills havebCen tilled
for meny yemrs but there is yet so.
imperial domain in the section ... N
still I,,i. It i.n ofthe Oldest ,,. _
immunitiess in the state ,aving st, ce
.-u. -Ittld bef.r the _a b, the il I cbpl ~ l

S H..EI..N..d GeGEEgi., STO. hadN N N ,
r'y negre that they bad to I a I
s. k new lands to engsgethem n," .. -.' : ,".t,,
upon- The spi-ed blood of these 7 i
pi one. is still to be foNdNge-N . .. dN ,
mtion or.so rem. edat lccos-t I L V ir E
kee, it i, good stock upr pwIch _LL _
to build a li-e tow .1 _._ Its_ to itafuture -d 1h 1s.-
HERRING'S GENERAL STORE. redy tod h g hd to
r'.' t ud the trip is ...... ....h less time Sid it. d.. ... .. .. t. H.... s ......ll..dft. .
quiet post village of an age a-o is kingg up 1 .1 '20 -- mut I, prepmetl to Ili-
to its ,utentialities; the coming of the rilro.d ms .. ...j.,o 2 a rm.es Ism!avalues..d t rope Hip






.. ...* 'NN .. .NN... A"". : E N N





H oe W. H. A-1mlt. oue of the =tural wnd~rs of Me county i, .AQNLIA L-8 .
", subI. e .su i t., miles ...y und affords saiisfiory home is mo~dern, Irl comfortableli No bs I
to gh-g, sIxty foot .ell f plendid .wter whleh sp-
h. ... The o Club d noes of....y ud pt.. the hous tho gh the age.1y of e-d-
prportions of a on. The reroa nmober f but I~s ..s the h..t-g prvlgsnyo oemill. Th. supply is in...hamotible ..d i.
p~tty homes, with vine clad er. fee eted b, d~uebt
dulu sod lrout ros0 gardens,.
.hits body -nd gr I bld., that ,.rt ,-.. ] ..
establish the age eI the stlmn
od the1...sd s heres, lety! .. :

and the rsliean Th cut lr peeil.ty - 7 -.. . . I...
oftlmIlyingaIdjac f. to h -1. ltili, 1 1 1

ti,, ;f th e p ..n r;lti,,' to the .... .. . ..
,t . .. it. f- ,,,
desisuility in -oih 1. h-e. The
Florid. G'entml rasilroad offers ,flt,
iesdir tnadacnect iot~ to .....1. (3. lit .. .
Ipo s on t m a i n l i e o f t h e I t
!3a 1rd Air L e, 10 miles di,-
i -an ti cello I s 15 miles sod
Tullaha'see 18 mils. ThePrei i The t. i. l i.. |, i-
uo ilod from coukee I. ......
Tallaha tes ut the bst dirt rdss"
SN tN NNY t1.%d. tq N N oR N I9O9WE OF T, J, HUTTO, .-





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


h e Moore BLothe. 1 h Lake Jackson .... ,, ,,.... ,

JOHN C, MOOR,8oneof theboardof o- ~Tobacco Growing T FIGURSs r th price.
ty co....loe ...-. d I.es oa& Company TH
L' T8llh 8.8se 8. The .homea, 88 ..



88.. .,h 8 -~an r g ra 8.9,8,, 8,' ,, ...
something le. than a q 1tr of a -le r in THE LAKE JACKSON TOBACCO GROW,
grov of8oak., It is as ideal spot for a ING COMPANY, o which W. L, Cl ,,8.,.
hom and Coisione M-re ehbit h8 is 1genl mnage, han retesie plant ': '8. .
lo a- for tha place in the fact that
he I s I'll, "iwitin d
short ....c.c of the 1. h e was
born. This Important eI ent o*- '.. r .
clrrod May 24, ISA6 and he was
C-1, g- bs ay $18 (4 $20 Wnn.
.-arIed Aprll 15 1890t Mi. An-
label George. He ... .1-trd Irish polefor, 5kc pock.
...nty s from the Swat potatoes 75a 0 $1 bushel.
Chickens, grown 40e id 50c eac]
third district in N.oember, 1910 Chicken., yo.. 40o @ 50 cad
Old is hs .-dCl-k-, y-9 '50 to 30. each.
an snow serping his se~ond
tere, having been commissioner Eggs25.don,
Butter 30, pou.nd.
from 190 -6. lMr. MVoore's ukes hn S
contains 480 acres, 150 of uhichTuk-h.$1
.....re -ra .....ti. He hs 35 Ta "'I.....1. .....$7
.................... ",;. A...... .
15 'res of peas and potatoes. He Cane y~p 3e 6c gllon.
uced 100 pounds of t ommh t ial Country a 15c @ 20c pound.
rtilerr under thecotfon but not Country allard 12X. @ 15ponud.
say under the "orn. He gathers Beef 5c (0 6 net.
from 10to 15 bshes of corn to Ved $1@ $1 25 bahd.
the all, without fertilizer. Mr. lMutton 2 hbd,
MO hftbt lately embarked in Lamb 'lIecd.
the dairying business a.d has RESIDENCE OF COUNTY COMMISSIONER J. C. MOORE Por 8 pound net.
doly a manl: herd--21 il all, Country ..u..ge 15c pound.
milking 8 from which he is selling 20 pound, for going S tra leaf, 8 miles from Tall-
....ut...... Hi................ d -1.. ... ... the Bainbre road, There am
makes a fine appH.... He has splendid 110 ..... dr shade. 0. ......t of .... STAPLE GROCFK]ES
'i., r. ket conditions no tobacco was planted8this
.3 .. 8 ,. 88 8.88.. .... R I N year but CnO rU p of eY cellent quality weR RaC il Prices i8 T3l38 hase
S.. 1.. ,. ;1,. gro.n on this phc. eramggl 900 pounds to
,8 .8 .. 2.. 8 the aca. The farm is planted now incorn, Dry..aIlemts, 8ond, le a 15s
his 9 c it' The anam l is regarded cotton and 8 y, about 400 in corn, 150 in Has, sga cured, pound, 22,
.ith action by the entire family. The cotton and 1 in p8aine hLy. A ton to Flo8r by barre81 $5.50 3 7.50
co.missionerhas made fo..te rop ith 9th re was the cut of pV8inE hay. Th, M3e8l, bushel, 75c A $1 .
her and sold tan colts from her. Z ; ,1 1.
w. meOR a MO otR .. ,,,.
I umdiorrha~i ' I I rs,~~I-
,sting of 280 acres, I '
c 8, potaltoe t H .. 8 8 8 ......888 8 8iltat8an
3ae ofo toba8 e, the I. ..... .8,,,.- .8 3 3 88I 2,8 8 38 , $25,000.
his place isinpatu ... past.-r
hard of35, andi smzlki-s 11 I. j '"'. ..d.. .ddi-
sells 50 pounds of butt .... t h-uses
in thelocalllt. hehd
cHARL C MOOR(.r =,had, -..II. I.co)ti
brother of the commall ,, th is.',.lf d
at h8s m other's,8. fa 3 J.- 8, 88338 8 98 8 8 8
beyond, or 11 mil8 8 83 38 "8,. ... 3 tht n-

He has 50aresin -ottk ......
in corn -b the sm-t1.,, ,', I' ,. the ake
stoc 2 3 8d. H8U9s8 n.3 8 C. h8 roG nas
and es. 0 to 15 l .. h .. .. ... r h F.. Goaedld
.orn to the cr- He.g. i 1 t .... gi he
from ,000 to 6,W0 p.n..l o- r"8'" .tyinSep-
be.O, He has a herd of 50 Jr RESIDENCE OF W. CLARKE tembe81907. Thepopret.lo8ha
88883383808 p8 8.833e Of b888 a 8 G888888N3..8d88 L838. -k-"8r ...888.98 8 confidence -8 th8888tur83888338838
tobacco, and e holding their
waeek x the local market, colrwl average 12 to 15 bushels to the forces together for action when the m..ret
ac without fertilizer. Some ceremonial waanta.
883893388 1.88 88888988 888888t:
There is not month in the year but what fertilizer was put Onder the cotton The
... cantr7p omil, ndo f havetfm Lon seel is sandyTloamnd Proc e The Ohe rdinary hard hell p.ca. i no. on
ounty soil, It is the ideal country for the home occupied by General iarag er Clarkis the market and sells for W00 pe buhl. The
. who want to set baok from the rod in a grove of live paper shell nut h, a market ylpe f frotm
kou within sight of the tobacco ban-, B-4 25 to 50 ormt. per peond.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


Some Beautiful Tallahassee Homes





:sVI


Mrs. R. C. Lo.:


John 3, WinMpop


q


Dr. W. L. moor


Dr. E. M. Brevard


pforg. Lowl*




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



Some Beautiful Tallahassee Homes


Rutledge lIford


Judge J. a. Whltfield


S D. Chlttenden


Harry L. Bethel


John W. Henderson


E. H Alfor




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


SSome Becautiful 4cafCcftissee jdmes
k, ,. **A:.,.,-.-,. I^V^J. .. -.


I. 'c. H. G-Y..


F. C. Gilmore


SEE- 0 Prof. Arthu, Will]~


T.r. Ilo~cs


J. David Cay




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


Some Beautiful Tallahassee Homes


.i A _


IL t,


SEOROE W WAXON





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



Some Beautiful Tallahassee Homes



Ft ."


Dr,. M. AUSLEY


P, T MICKLER


:S


..U.
::4
p~~a~it:

; c.. -I-




r
cn*n~ar.c~v






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




Some Beautiful Tallahassee Homes
-L a 9r. -k -kCC-.f CC C==- ~~~~~ 1~ ~~~ r~-~=-~~j-~j-


V


LONOW GROV0 H- fTHE TALLAHIA88EE GIRL


i. C. YE*OER


I ; :I I-
~. L.. Lrl :~i:*; -1 ~.9(


;i
t~r.; ~
:s

?~L:1`
la:'*~L


W C. LEWIS





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



Hon. William M. Holloway
Ii, ,, b ".,i-l..;,-.J ,:.1 1-,ulll.: I,, l 11.J .ll.,


' r ".' .. ... .... " .... ... .... '" ........ . r ... !...... .


, -6 I -. .. .. '.,


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... ,,,r, ,.r,. ,,,l alY ufPTE l~~llr'r ll: l th n PllJ r,.

""',r"i"d'lI ,""" 1""3R iY sl~l~~ '"il "' ';

Sr m 1 r,: ,,I Ln1 r,,I L ,
''. ." ,," ... "L' ....... 'I~ e

r- --,. _r A I .
......- ....m........... tS- r1h h~i heln a S ..Ilksn in t o! b.5.peopl i pubii~idu caflon

6,',.I i',,' ,J, ~i I ,, ~ ,l,, ll I -. ,' ,, ;I ,h "l,.J t.. I. .jr, tl'. C Ih " a' I .i. ,,;, :
Lo~d ~ o; ,io r r I, .. ",' -i "- I'1 ... ... ; .,- ,, rl-.- ,',',r : i T,,
1. L rul ',1,i i. r;iiL ,,- -, z rI Ii ]i-l.u "l~i,,
.. .. i1.. ,,, i L ,,,r ," f, .. 1 :.l r rl~i ;' ,,II t J- ,IJi ,, 1. r ... .:; .. rr
r',- :! L_' 1 -.L !- l'i' ,, Ir{. i, ,:1 ... l... -r i,. llt.i ,, i. r: f h. I r.' ,.,,n I r,,; I -,; 11 r r

A [,\I l rl [, h r -..r ., I , i --,, . r : ; ,'
'I ., 1 C .-I ,,1 1 r, II ir ,, ,'L L 1 I',, Iliui .,.ii EiL ....... Il- ,,r -, I I it- ,,


',, ,rrh .*lh




NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT

Xon. H. CCay Criawf'ora


i-


___________f. __ __ _ iI





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMO6RAT





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


LIVING EXANPLE, -d I Illy 'ill

Illy be bll.-o the far, ,.d tisk to
le ad Milt be -ce.., hn~
Bitt""' Let -11l him the H ...a
11-1 "Itrrt, I 1- 11 1. Ill I, the
l...'y mlmmiM..-~r. H. I..or
to LeoI co,.t, u 71111 go Iithin hh'e
mile. of the .pt whell h ... oll.. hi:
hom, nth hi, wife ..d fi- .1hld...


USr Tale ~, Jcn~iph




tim, -n the pill,. I.- -w f.11 -t. ror t the H ... blehf Jnlh Blitt,
.ost be -td li this il-omle ihat .11l the Fl, I while tIIs Ye- piiiih old t m.n
b-- that CA A A A A B-t A wA g -a th.. dA l I A a loA aA d if tAAA had kept p
hil ploperty f- he b..le- I. -1om 20 -lc- th. pl-rtoel -11d h.-e bol.., hoeily
fi... of hmnd i. dditi.. to that of hi, I- .-obeld m..ng tho lr-ib oee
11, operlets I -P111111 d,1Willey of 25 ba- that lay be the -pemtim, b..mes Isl n o
let. -p-acty, lmployy = 7 5 b-, -, ,s s the m*.t plofit.b]. to be d--lllerd .nd the
hessr. a 500 .,d,,ude f...e f., p-. b ... d i. l- get.i. At the p-ic of
P-t-g. I ame 11 held If Thtl .ils 50 ..nt. g~ll,. the H,.,.abl. I ...h Blitt
_1 .tre ad i. I-eled ith g-wth of h,. lmd. .. i.-I I f $tDN0 a yell ill.


When hls fathe, dled he left Jonah $9N
in a h and 4 head of scrub cattle. Snce
that time J3ooh has mu.tiphed it many fold
untill today he measures hI- land by the mile
and h, cattle by the hIndred.
The Hono.lble Ional Britt 1s on the
jae.oln Bluff =ad 12 miles from TallaUbsew
He own- 25O rer' of land, 2200 a..s in .in;-
bet, 300in the farm. H. operan-i at the
prloent time 20 c-ps of turpentine. It is
known to the commercial -oId that a crop of
tll*poifi. 1 10,C)GO b ... Some of tb,. h.s
bee. -krld bef- h ot mulh of it j. being
-1,ed for the filt time. There is y.t to be
womiel Exam one year to s.. yes of t-pen-


clover, crab 9-ss and beggarweeld 11on which
the cattle fatten. He sellA 100 head on foot
ey AA A t 6 c.. t net.
On hs farm h- has 35 acres of peav-ne
h.,, ..o of the filelt -v g,,,, .y -.;re
Ao ao..A of AAAA. AhiAh A A A-e-age A A bAAheA
to the acre itho-| ferthzer, 3 -$ of .ne,
..d ...d J....... i= ..hi.h he -11. mL,
-, 25 bl-I, of ylrup; 5 -.e of pol-lt
ill h. 100 h..d If hogg. hilh 11, of the Red
Iere s.. tocli He sl0s 50 hogs each yer in
the 1o-1 mlrlkt, by the wa- mekin them
more than pay for their keep, This Idded to
the 4100 Z-rr1 of spirt$ he ships makes the
income from thil W.m ther comfortable fle


it, and thAis is ay AAng nothn of the sin aAd
the by-produAts for which the is A always
.sdy and steady mrket. The sp-rits are
clear velvet.
Mr Britt -yes on the blnks of the Ock-
locknee river; his land runs 2, miles up and
down the riwr on thi- side -nd measu-s a
'Alle through; cn the Gadsden 1ol11ty side he
hasia mercantile bism-e. HE a on of the
most produ-ti and most profitable f- in
Leen-o n Aty. He h A Aone -el Aith t and
he i willing to sell out and let somebody
e1se t'r- the tr- Hs p tofofcP is Holl.d
r' Il l11;:.V Ll .,o
t.-~l~~ I~






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



nP" Fa r Leon Wecan
tion Whereohe famous LenPecanas


FJ REW0)PLNTA-
by Thom. 'H. H.ll to
hh msglg-N-t pl,,t,.
ti.. of 2000 .-.. ..
th. TI--111 olrod,
to milt. rom TltLha- Ar,
good a-lomobllc road leads 4o
this pla- from town -nd the dis-
.an.. is .asily .o..r.d -n a motor
-ar. it natu-lly follows that
travel b tb. slo.-r m-ans of
co-,eyan-e is attended w-th no
diffi-Iti ..
A-bot two-thirds of the Hall
lntalon t under -u1tivatlon
It is frmed rgely on the tenant
sytm -nd for this reason on-
f-uth -I the -i- --g.~q i.
gi-, to 'ott- c m ..... ....
Ub.- ar b-ig o- Mthis -a


from bored well raised bV a 30
foot windmill; kh, pila- is wa-
ttmd by la~s k- am, ffold-
ng .n.ar lyig pasturage for cat-
tl, -nd 1,,k..
M. H- .ln tho pi-oe p...
orcha.diAt. H h. 2500tr s, and
is th, orginator of tho famons
Leon pecan. A picre- s sho..n
of the pa-at tm, from whch a
thousand tr-es were budded this
y-. Holt of th s f r- in
b-ariag, the oldest b.,ng 14 years
.nd th. others from 6 to 8 years
old. Theyarr s-u 17 frees 'b the
.cn- Tv L............... b.....
ft-i-key p-pg-atd by ...... i,,


f-r th, Enrt ti-r,-d th, p,,pn,.
- ---pcte to galth- --gor
of Wbal to th, -,r o, th,
ie-tili..d p-ti- A, -1. th.
-1 i. -oady I-a wilb -e clay
-b..oil. Th ..... g, yield f-r
-or, 800 .- s f t, w-s f'.. l5
to 20 b..hd. to th -, AIll th,
hay ,,dded f-r th, pl..r i, n

.h-er th .,g--rrd ..d -ba
ft- &-b-d-fdaaly. Thcpl-u
!:h,. ouppli.. 111 th, 'ympP P'
.., .. ad p..ot. -dedd to,
h- .--nmptlo.. Th, H.11
pl.- ls -11 ..pplned -ith t-m
b ...lh of it --ood g-olth
!i...d -m h. -wod, -hc
k b k.-isory Th.


PECAN TREE IN BEARING, G pswoo PLApATp O PARENT TREE poF Tp:Fp pOUS LEONCPECAN, G.~ap ..o P-pAr aPp .P


th. 1111 pl-Wi.. on ..d whichh
.old to th. ...p.mV. Th -m
,-, w- .s th.....d -d m
b.. g-.. --f~ce l ... P.p of d.
g -pp-. o. it ..d is tUll -n
g1pd I. th, idd.Itl. Thepftsi.
d..t of th. ..mp..y, M,. L W.
S-ot, gi-re th. pl.-ttio-adth.


L ... ....ty hkih b",bee
,d ... d by -unatiaff-
-oy ... tt of -krlt -odi.
tio.r, -oti.- sto tb,1- ,d,,r



b: .f
.- -1



















Analysis Mineral Spring No.. Analysis Mineral Spring No. 2.

-Sodium Ch......ide .. . .
Magnesium ChIorid I.
Calcium Chloride ... 3,213 gr Calcium Chloride 0,870 gr
Sodium Sulphate-- 8,407 gr Potassium Chloride 1.452 g
Magnesium Sulphate 3,213 gr SodiumSulphate 2,307 gr
Calcium Carbonate 20,475 gr Magnesium Sulphate 3,770 g
Ferrous Carbonate 0,882 gr Calcium Sulphate- 0,382 gr
Magnesium Carbonate 1.051 gr Iron Carbonate 0,672 gr
Silicie Acid si. 02 0,893 gr Calcium Carbonate 6,656 gr
Alumni. Traces. Alumina....... 0, 197gr
Org. matter, less on ig. 3,210 gr Sili- 0248gr
Total 19.. 1 Toa98,11 -- Total ... 8.398 g,
V. COBLENTZ. A. M., P4,. D., V. COBLENTZ, A. M., Pa. D.,
ee PHAR. M., NEW YORK. PH E M.,. a SNrE








"'F .
= : ---:7




nd~l~rrFview Yllo# ~e B.y .






Resort


Panacea-- he Lovely Gulf

"ANACEA SPRINGS have been known and used by the older
residents of Leon and Wakulla counties for a great many
years,
eMany and wonderful are the cures thpt have been effected
i s .,. i ... i rodl or o c s ...... hes lans:. ill .,be p ian.
one of,- r t e ,, ,,est ..g p re i tr .... ut- sk e wi t ,, c ....

i,,, ,. . ,. .-.. ... ,, ,. ,, ..~.~ ... ~. !,,, , ~. ',, ,
T,, -: ..... .. ....... ...




orders.














age e e otr k y n d = ,ai b e si ;de s l rhse Lann y o t e r sp ci s tof g am e na t v
t. thi thehtion.1 beused olelyby b P
of Panace. Its... s,,, a- ...a. d unditub f.....: ..n, .,..,', a. i
I, ,, ./ I. .. .. 1 .... ... . .. ..... .
:: : + r ,r "=
, ,,, ,, ,. .i, :, r . L r. ,, . .. l -,
',,. ..r...., .;.., ,,-.,,- ,i ..... i.; II ,. .i
,,, ,, ... I ,, I, ... i... ., , t h , ,i, ,

W i t, ', t 1". I I ', 1 L ,: I +. ,, '. ; r.. . .,
II 1,, ,I,- .I .t.', .- r i, ,, ; ; ,, .... , .1 ; I I



s~ur spianaNI~I ell.in a goodly portion of which Is enclosed- These lands will De posted and
protected and the hunting privileges will be used solely by the patrons
of Panacea. Its several lakes and undisturbed fastnesses will make it
one of the finest hunting preserves in the South, stocked with duck,
geese, turkey and quail besides the many other species of game native
to this section.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT


The Man Who Invests In Land Is The Man

Whose Wealth Increases.
The Merchant and Others Engag-a in Commercial Pursuits May Not Grow Richer But the
Land Owner's Holdings Grow More Valuable Each Year.




V--- -- -"-.---.- ,-,
. .f~


Real Eatate Ofie orf sH0RT aad HEALY. Tallaha-aee. Florida.


URING thl 1,,t fift,,n ea-
I'll ..d. -dy I f rO I,-
W, ..ad it lu, bl- .7 bae
tbon tht tbe -Ih h-ri i.-t'd i.


pp.p b H. Haly If th. -1 -t-efimo
Sl,.,t -n H.1y,. T.-h-l' I..la
Thl -b-1 In f IhI hr- h-r had 1-go




,P--
the ,


..d fiddmg p-li,-, I-1nt~ thly h- -lom
If thl -ir d-iirbl. 111,11 i. thi. -stil. ill


11 1-11 I ad 11, I..er th-n i, -v s, ti-n
f11-1-s h-r, -oony f-o h N-btan


It -, N-id. 1--- 1. b -I-dbre~~n
t I.. Ir p-I east thl Pree- -mp




Flllid, tbe pll-l yl., thl, rir b,
it W-climd by thh l f S-1rtan



..g....-
r.4 I f.,t'
j d Ci-,Wt
24)#-4ty *0-P.P.






NEW IERA EDITION TRUEPDEMOCRAT





L Miles Johnson, Sr. a

thSW3;, iSor EftSS-- r UO: 50 S3 02 02wLS iE50o


m, Mill Jonon, senior, hasa CentervilIeroads, hrom own, hr A drov-of16 B-rksh-rehogs1,-esp,,ial
lng. honorable ..d almost mnntoerr-pted 1a- 1 75 head of cattl .on th da-ry U-rn, 45 --os pride ot the Job-.son plantation For the lot-
r rof s"e"ssl p ,uit' iatimtelty as"o t- -....... ll rey .to k, ..d tte l.ege ut- lt emng o thi- I rof thlerer e panted 30
ed wIth the oil. So has Mils, fill, .v9g the pat is 2M pounds Of b ..ter e -c k wee that acres of peanuts, Sp ish and the old ahibion-
c I'k fa lbo iol. A.- rolls round, thep- -r I-e d 3e .entsa dgroodpea, a toin addtion toh thtre

Sf hI ...g J.-O.; tls il -t dow e Ill with bar, rlgm aaar e that wil ave, ag look ft-r te harvs ng of teeMr. J b.n-
to the iloryofthe father, fort is.-ons.g- 25 ibnhel, to thacr .- The -olli.-afdl so.. u- .ofithoseveml fotmrswho went
is&ant awoLofr.libo. t'Its d, the .. -th 0alsU bsoll. A 2 horse.p.ow sdfor tn-fortobafco,a-dlos.d He1grewand. ure
who ib himlf a s...essfl farmer and .h1 breaking the land, double Ihdvels nd weeps Inel-, but he -krlt t ionth, -ll











iJ 'gfr f





)rct~r

C4


-----n U


Ill I~hlod to hi. .1l by i 8rinp 8
il If,, I lolollifhl far-e1 and .--tontd t.
b6,
Mill. H. Johhmm, -imio, uao of till
pi-lrdir ll~ihom o Ll.. H. I till -g.&dd
to that b--ins, b- Ia b-atifol hIM of
=ex~hish toeld thil, foi.- tolib.."t
mnl lto him, th, -.m being ...pntld to
t too .. d. of d.1do. buttoalay gold i.
'ho hio'ke to' "'stblo I t in cnmioin
The d-,y f-88 il 888888,d I, th, Titmo-
-88d f-888"88,888888 T88b8, -88g t th8 l,8.
m- 8 d 8. thi8 888m th88 i8 88 88d 888 t85
m14ithm- of thl h-, ..d tho lldeiJob,-
.11 il If to. Iti- t-r to o-i'll"i~ to
tho -111 ill Iof Ithil P149-at Soft Poa~mbill.
I -- I, -z fth'thmhol phioe tl- iml 55f)


f-clt vilg Th- .,I hoot- mm, om60
888888-8888-8, f8 til!I8d 8ilh 300 8,d. 8f
---ecll f-itlill, ldd thi bll ... Id th
bl-nrdonihet A p-o It Ill, goo-
plialld to ootth- affolded I 6n.. ight -n tho
fi..l -gog of f-il-o beffrm -1-ity, imd .


i-t Iri ll a to f-rbd dliail photo.
graphy. The -t- -crp hu .%rferd fromh..
-id-8 8 of .i,8,m thi8 v...8 t-8 -8ti8
- ffil ."I-.,.,te of pl-l- s t .. lmlie ol-
r~d ilho-hnfd omwht li-ily to-
-ad th, 1.4 If A19.1t III firrt of Sopt-b-er
hoit mit-g th. I-Iloltioh. do,, to mie,
with the dictitters of Rll fortume,the ldwr Jobh.


hm as well as he others to aba8dn be 8 ,s
ne.s orthotime. Hoha. htiiz~dth tobacco
shadeforthe growthofvelvet beans;hehas
10 aZres ia e -cephonally finecrop which
he _as contractedos to I lseed hoIIIs and
.thn to, $ 82.8 0, b888,8 l. TM. i8.88 th8
highest pe pa or veve eans bt ell-
ingon -ontract is somewhat dlerrntfrom
taking cha-ces in open market;they hovebon
kno.n to .,11 for $4 a bo.hel and .3 is not
n.ual price r. Johnson wasat one time
I ...bor of lho l,-rd of .... t,com-io
.r, nd is one of file county's foremost itl-


town, bmt s.nnr.. finda him on hir fam ev-yr
mootomt, tala or Ihi-=.






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





WILLIAM C. HODGES. I








s koner



-I p








-soa t: ,





... .. -- .. : .,- __" _


JOHN HERSO



J .- 28, 873.NN1 Ho tt-dondNN t NNN-m.Nh.,
-n th. W-s F-oid. Semi-yr. Hil f~thl,. Col.
J hn A. H-nd-, N. d to TN NNN NNN i. 1876,
h: g W. NN -- -... ntin ly i-NN H. took
his I.. -- e t tho Uuiur-ity of V-rg-ii Implrting it
..l 1895 ad d-t-tte to P-ill 1h, y- 11 I
19N5 h, --rad =y oof T.- .... e th. f.H.-g~n
y-a h. w- 0 Eofitdt. ---set h di-irit i. th, Stat.
S ... t, -1-1,d..rd 1910, ..d .,, =reoplrting hi,
...-nd t ..s S-t.to. H. m.id to 1897 to .-1
Sa E. Llwi,, of TOllh.-o.~o Th, h,. th- 1 hild-o,,
G ... o Le-l gode 11; Wffli-m D,,gl,., 7; Job. W. Jr, i.
histh,,dy.., M -11-d.... i, -mmb, .d i p,,
id-n of th, Florid, Bar A111,11til., a -m of lho
Elk-~id Knight. of Pytb-, 1 I Oot.bOT 1911 X,. H.-
dN .., N ppln t,,d by GN N N N N iloN t to fill thN
.... pund -erm of St-', A~tt-ry =d, b nN y thN
N igNNNi-N oN GNN. W, WNN NNr.


JOHN W. HNDERSON






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT



=o =o=oz= o== ,o=o=o0 o


n & EL DESTINO &n

O- ::POmo n OyOE: 0 Oyo 0


FE- LDIIO 1. 11, 111, 11 11 1--
-so-e Is~deet est-tef eight the,,.
-nd ..rsi te oth'.st I--n
*1 1,1rnt bloging to M,*
NOW. G. J.... It IIi be.. I.
WO-r~riou If the fwwIly f- I.r
tIIII -e h-sdr ...... though
the p-sset I. or hs. ddei ...-
aidesubly to 1:e .-g'O of the
Pis- M` lon"s I- -w.. twoo
Iho.-ad -.1 s lulable furmitg Isod I,
the -It'-*'r setono the 7-7-ty "'
....ket,~ aud the us .- orf -ce I.
Tayl- -Imh
Ill Dastito I, old Sps-ish I~ ow tn
d~btlaau .. itt it the d-iiatill Iff
'12 people heo w s- aw~g I- -d-.ulu
,.d jothe hswtiffI I, -t- Th, pl... I.
i-Ieed III,~ .-L futtlustte re they who
Bud thei, lusbitsboun thows. Mr, oes. wL
his f-Aily .-ed the wint. hens, sod --m
Owes t their St-usah h-1, st -, Io
the noted -atesss seesors
Ths I- n 1 disidod into ..., m.11
f-,* whdel leased 1. t-nats, .11 Oud.
III, i-tion If Me. 1. F. ftwo, the lprn
towl.-t Cottmn, botny, m-n, potatoes,
peseut. sud -1-t 1w.- I. it. hicf P-o


duets. Ma-y ,ill, sd hogan -amind on
the pla-, ..d thl-la aala I h- of
pee-w! pee ...... d-pps ....g g-,. rnr
-drd, wWieh .. rudml fi-e wi.. sod
Uhl.e grpe A~ Trifoli1h w.. hedge oh-
I, pi aa., is, solme of aa idemba

The pla- Ia aotad Iwatiaj esse, sed
..pl s-ad with wail, q.-a, wild to,
key, does Od bes. MI. C..i- wl.Ithy
Philhdplphi-, -11 .,..ed the p...et iinse
h-r -fl his Nmfly, imr the slwrttwg pl.-s
u the Pit.. aff-d...
Th, be-atiful Ils f swil-tio o-k-,
-mnig u-rth snd south imom the hows sits, Is
Inly III If the ..ny llw-mig bwset.H.-l
it,, of the pl- Jt I. I .. t f the he-
of Mr. B.I.m I. .gi-I oak, p-d..dig it.
bes-Me t., h,.dmed feet -nd ow I -ehc
dimettio,, ,d,, wrhish I-Id, I, lodw.a
ooo-eil fire hess bolued.
0- of the -..t ... st-1 aiti~the
-rit. II, ... ... is The Belot Mill. 1.
the earlyy rtlm of the ,,.tU como
di~o. ill ... endetd hwoe, ..d w-s oppOttW
- w, th.r doubtless Ihisi-ry. A hold
eseek juitg, ,sdd..ly with g-sat flew, ft..
the hillsid., wtd the p.- ...a di-tetd .nto


the whee a f the a ill. The -a asa.o-
Stina at the foot Of the a ill diaa aappa' I.
the -rth seystsri..Ily 1 It esw IN
a a a ia aaaibl, aIa. Tha old will wa a
l-ly b, th.a Idia. a- tha..a half aes
Il hgo l h athe h.-ad tdhbeas oad athea
mam.lt a.a- still WbIl..
A-oth, Iwomot i-erdible IIHIoitT is
-,F -d p-,lf-
assoms .0 P,~~~~ ~ l
.0 its 'wo







"`,i -Iosb. iouwt I, sescd o th
...th-t by he Fli ..tw r U.s It
I. .Iy I. it.. f- t lltint the SeboAstCsi
tool u Ms. ft.. hs. bes. I. ht. of the
to is ral rpryi ~sr h

pl-s fo, t-ceynan ohiesBI
good 't""d'of is iywrd I- oerr-
thing gi-u token of abnd.-ns and pses-
P-ity.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




YHE RIA HME It










Th. g--g f xceed yp.-ty. -
.... 1 .1 125 1. $10.0 I,- I.. .



















A Lo rts-















SAN LIS," RESIDENCE OF JOHN P. ROBER,
ThI -1 -,r -ncof ir Rasb on v-








S l 11: Jff'o-hnHP .R-o-bferts
T Sr .....lIF S A -O-- i. oef
-t, h r n r d 1altahass e. In 1702







thlaag If val-. Later this p-o rty -s platd
tulrd t .d. If 9.1on- of fine in- ft.m
F .... I. l y. T i, i ,d, hi, ,,, ,





:4. 1.-11 "SAN LUI," RESIDENCE OF JOHN P. ROBERTS.





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




The Town of Chaires

S NE of the busiest places visited in getting data for the NEW ERA EDITION of THE TRUE
DEMOCRAT was the little town of Chaires, twelve miles east of Tallahassee, on the
Seaboard Airline Railway. It is not great in population nor in a commercial way, but
what there is of it is throrughly alive. What impressed us was the big gin house and cotton
packing establishment, around which was clustered a dozen or more well filled wagons, wait-
ing to be relieved of their burden of wealth which would soon be going to the uttermost parts

jI .














finement. I I
There are Methodist and Baptist churches in the town of Chaires, and a well patronized
.+ I .... r~ sr........ .. ,n,


























tive homes.
The locationof Chairesis a very advantageous onein the centre of a rich fa inspection,












and far enough away from the city to grow into a large and prosperous community.
There is no real estate office in the place but Mr. Patterson would doubtless take pleasure- I,, i
i.-+ ....~..~.~... ...............





in answering all inquiries,


also an extensive farmer, and alternates his lands with intelligence and success. He aa a
h lme just beside his plac of business, which is the community cntre for plenty, culture a re-


finement.
There are Methodist and Baptist churches in the town of Ch iireo, and a well patronized
school. The circuit parsonage is located here, together with quite a number of cozy and attrac-

The location of Chaires is a very advantageous one, in the centre of a rich farming section,
and far enough away from the city to grow into a large and prosperous community.
S There is no real estate office in the place but Mr. Patterson would doubtless take pleasure
in answering all inquiries.
I 0G







NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT






WhitehalljStocK Farm.


hall 1 tr ,k - ofthe notedplacer
of tha PPntP -irg PPPP th P PP.id..
PA th. tpm.it.ri. go PPP.








of III P tma C ... gi, iP 1111, ad 1,
PP. p..PPPP.. IP pPt of thP ph" P
\erlr of ...Ioeedingly -laa-hl


Al L.I. sa ad fifty of hnlh -I n uti-
bo blaa. i. Ba-dad past- ad
Fifty -.. m.sr i.-m., ~ld iffi,.t
ba parne Drprsee He hs
.h ... gwhh resdd &,iu ftVt
AhIs p" Ram; thirty .-a 1.I pass-~n hay
hish daosa t.. t... pa, III Hbss .


d- h..tres sm of thtse tw-l'lu
y-. old, -ih . llly Brod-r b,,hrl of
smis UsI has f..r h..&.ed gf- pedpsorh.11
ofes o tha fimaat -hritics I, th, oas,".i
14r. Gibb. Imsp. ft-e h..d of J.-ay md
aa lling thbbtt,, pm uct Iths lwlI -r-
ket. 0, , patmos gm,,, htsatifol herd o


rngiterPd AgoP gpat., and oI hndpp d hpad
ofShropPhi p shPp. .he gentlemp n pronopn-
ces the latter the bwtmuttonthatcba~wnl~lw
in y -rkst. The V yowi f goats and
sheep would pro.p one of his most pfptablp
suc of -- erit -t f& th.h..-
drds of worthl P. dog from thP ity whih
pFt, pon the Vyng of tos flok. Reistered
Brfiahldr hogs ye hleogil- mneh attetion.
Mrt Gibb is one of th .most r-Lk 'ab

: .' 4


of.Pme H. has pssd his thrp e plopap d





p a P p a m P p p a P P P p pP p
r .. ', A. ,' s, I.; '.










I CROPS WITHOUT FERTILIZER.

....do... *t..ith. t thawid of
It I. .. of th, m, 11
I-. Co..ty ad imat





t= iq lre op. a podu~ ,d -h =,h m-.
PurriPg =pp withP thp as. of P ay pplip d
f- i t .ll t ..e L Th nr I, n fo this
TP P asPmops Pp P P ad plPiP t that Pf-

pt p th props p P thP d, P p t P .PP P oP

gpspe...P d ar week foPPows. T fos-
nlh th _olid or egetable attas eeded l
Pop p d bsctlP sadP iP P this P y tPp n.ds
P sPllrP y fP r tu tPPp ..sPP PPP.l .





NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT




0 Che Horseshoe Plantation






Po 0
ORSESHOE PLANTATION is the prncely estate On this e .sed stable fer-ltzer and four hundred pounds.
in Lon ou-t o C. A NlEom, o f Phia- of Commial rilir to. the are.
vanlR railroad and .an of other ]r-g .&h.rs els per a-re and followed the oats wbth pea rop from
I ou;I, ""'t .t Ifhid hhh h uta ol o. f a,1. the acr1 I pr.paln
tid by te d e th i i the land he sbsoiled en ad thoroughly
tit--, in, h : hI- rk.I d --w= 2d, ..th e...ll. ..ee.
nThe tet -9 .y be ie sowed ots Novmbr and Iut he atter part




astypmal. Fmoneto o May, sowed peas n
each are f a by p e- n o
... ...1. 1 i o" .2 e... II
h~zer is used, aout _,

t, 12Ppi --) pp the k

Som. twele hndr-.


acres I n cor, twenty ... .
bushels to the are is the

of payme hay, twenty
bushels of oats.
Consid-ble attenhon
is being ki-en to peanbet 1, beg
ltrea.dseent five WINTER HOME OF C, A. GRISCOM. s toward thi Ind




twel-e to the acreI Jct is l ing dbscussed
The plae boats of iI by m7 chmbers of
ne hard of Jry, sPr merhp in hoe tG ld-
mty. r- hd, thirty. . m Stl ..d..ad

ThR cardmhlnsoar, tocheckth ecof oFlori a
is the pepnntnnt. movmt i bnFlidaw sed.


..1i1-u h ..s ..n ... thetilde...h.. bi
aneperimet. Heplant- Pcifi. state ha, bad its
ed sxtPly" acreh . innings. It's Flonda'
-cr f-- he Iturn now, and Flord.
S harst ed 1110 bush- 11 win thousand, s of
els, without fertilizer nIIew and desimbl citi
From th-ee acresol o en, b--aus o |hose who
otto he g.ed SERVANTS QUARTERS, C. A. GRISCOM. he htty
hundred poundsofhn nor.. e f _1ntnton. Hell satisfied.






NEW ERA EDITION TRUE DEMOCRAT





Capt. J. Stuart Lewis


AIN J STUART sition he held un.fl 19,
C ewLi, edidlte for when he accepted positioni-

tent Gr ,f ..lor.............

Mion o Fl,, Florid. He moved to Tal .
Nov. 28 o8r H. baee in 1899 and shortly
m -- -th-reltr w-a seltel amer-
S nr of the city o.no l.
'i. psth so
d-g~lhte If "'I Capt, Lcwis ..tred th. mili-
&"" HrlH ()We- Dtit.of Florid, as privte of
of South C.rolit-, nie- of D,. C `- Comp."C.y ," CltyGruds,"
mes B.Oe was a.o P .tka, Fte t8in 1M888. C pt8
.member, of the e..8sln con- Robt. W. Dit, c8mmn8in.8
beytion of Florida. i G
t f ed R h. w, ser H- nt, od first liea.

1896, when he eig. t. In
lnd srved d-ring the War of .7 the Blohae Rifiow
Sc esioo s s- r geon g nd w as "

the -e with the rano of p- position he held to April, 1911.
He belie- in I l.- rel.-

C apt.L e witt cnd ed ti. p ub- tion ship Wt wen the m= n .nd
lic .h-ls of arMon -coInty offcm of the Stete Garnd and
-d it 18 he enteredi the the rmailltenan by the tet I
King's Me.trin Mililt-, In- armorsat hpos of thf
sitto. n1 1881881 h returned to Ntio G8rd ut.pped som
fhe fa- t in / iron -nnty. J to be plac of -re-tiot fo
w-kinb oi the f.r- untill the mn of the poet. He lso
1887, whe he was appoitld 8adate the 8Yrm8t by the
by Grovr, Cl8 .la.d in the -8 .stot to the N8tion8l G8d fOr
RBilway ,,il Si88 whi8h ,8 8te8 ... IIt drill,.






Uhe Richard Johnson Farm


8T Joh8n88 ,. ch irman f.8
8 the Bard of County

-to between the Mic-

rille rd miles fro. Te lla-
hal d joins the Cri~om
pl..e on the "st. It contains
_k'A on b is r.n:td out end
woredon hur. Cornand ot-

to-a thtprelyipl c",p The
flrm is stocked with i7S head of
holt Pol.d Chin. rnd Berk-
shire, grow for nmrlet They -rr
,tt.,ad on velet b-eu rd pea.
nut Joh o herd of

tordT ^ -5 lk MeBrid.; there
W6 1,t Jerty, O tn M, ilk st
the time of writing., the ge


H:.M8 L .:- F.i,: H [" ,; JtHNfN:.


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r~- ~ i I

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Ibr Ill~.r .r r~ Ill.....i.
hi" r ;I .1 ri
r.J:~ r - ~?
* i ' ii 1(~*; .I
""'"""':Lr- ~~.~~
~1~1-1 ~ : ilr ~ ~. .

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'L"" ' '--~"'~*
`"""Y;n Id:1
Ir'l~ nI ~r~ 1~1--
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r. r.i.iii : r L-IT I
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