Front Cover
 Back Cover

Title: Seaboard Air Line Railway
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/FS00000007/00001
 Material Information
Title: Seaboard Air Line Railway
Series Title: Seaboard Air Line Railway
Physical Description: Book
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: FS00000007
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida State University
Holding Location: Florida State University
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Resource Identifier: ltqf - AAA0141
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Table of Contents
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Full Text

he Industrial Department of the Seaboard Air Line Railway is in possession of much valuable information p e rta i n i n g to Florida and its resources and will be pleased to send this descriptive data and other printed matter to anyone desiring to locate in Florida
General Industrial Agent Portsmouth. Va.
Ass't ic u I Industrial Agent Atlanta. Ga.
Ass't Genl Industrial Agent Jacksonville. Ha.

Mercantile and Industrial Review
of Jacksonville, Fla
AN INDUSTRIAL EPITOME of the Vast Resources of the Cities and Territories contiguous to the Seaboard Air Line RailwayShowing the Splendid Opportunities Existing for the Safe and Legitimate Investment of Capital and the advantages offered for the Establishment and Development of all Lines of Industrial, Commercial and Agricultural Endeavor. Photographic Flashes and Vivid Descriptions of Points of Interest.
Gen'l Passenger Agent.
Gen' Freight Agent,
Ass't Gen'l Industrial Agent,
Gen'l Industrial Agent

Views of the splendid public and private buildings of Jacksonville have been published so often that we deem it tautological to reproduce them in this Review which is intended as a matter of utility rather than a specimen of art. Pictures are good when there is little else to be had, but Jacksonville furnishes so many surprises in the matter of statistics and comparisons, that it has forced us to eschew the pictures. To a business man who is seeking a location in which to invest his money, the figures and comparative statements will be of interest and the man who has nothing to invest would be more deeply interested in the pictures.
Jacksonville is located on the St. Johns River, in Duval County, Florida. The city is seventeen miles from the Atlantic Ocean, has an area of seven and one-half miles and is fourteen feet above sea level. It has seven miles of water front with a depth sufficient to accommodate ocean steamers. It is a basing point for making freight rates. It is the metropolis of Florida, and the gateway to Florida and the West Indies and is in direct connection with all the principal points in the United States. It is the logical distributing point for a radius containing two> millions of people. It is within thirty minutes ride of one of the finest ocean beaches in America. The city's transportation facilities are excellent and its annual traffic is enormous. Its citizens are progressive and alert and in up-to-date advantages, Jacksonville is far in advance of any other
city in the South. A careful reading of the following pages will convince anyone that Jacksonville is destined to become one of the greatest cities on this continent.
The Jacksonville Board of Trade bears the distinction of being one of the most progressive municipal organizations in the entire South.
It is composed of the foremost representatives of finance and commerce of the city, is wide-awake, progressive, alert and works with a constant, indomitable energy for the furtherance of the city's interests, that is admirable to behold. Through its activity it is making the name Jacksonville famous throughout the land.
The board believes that no great public enterprise can usually beget sufficient momentum within itself, unaided by independent forces, to properly correlate all of its powers and reach the acme of excellence in the accomplishment of its self-imposed task.
The building of a metropolitan city is accomplished only after the pooling of multifarious interests under such direction, leadership and inspiration as to give the undertaking cast, form, intelligent induction, aggregate strength, velocity and momentum. Such a project contemplates a wiheel within a wheel, a master mind or a directing energy, a strenuous, tireless energy that has profound convictions, supreme confidence in itself and the cause it represents, and abiding faith in the achievement of the end sought.
Under the benign influence and direction of this organization, the hitherto cross-purposes of the public spirited and progressive business men are reconciled, harmonized, assimilated, united and concentrated to render invaluable service for both the city and State.
Whenever the upright, intelligent and progressive men of any community forego petty personal differences and throw their combined strength into ways and means for the general advancement through intelligent cooperative action, success invariably attends their endeavors.
The Jacksonville Board of Trade is an invaluable factor in the development of the city's material interests, it has supported every worthy undertaking to enhance local development and has strengthened the bonds of fellowship, good will and unity of action. It has protected the various interests it represents, upheld the strength and dignity of the city's institutions, entertained the city's guests and built a character for Jacksonville from the reflex of the men who comprise the organization.
The population of Florida in 1890 was 391,423, in 1900 it was 528,542, and at the close of 1906 it is estimated to be 625,000.
In 1890 the population of Jacksonville was 17,000, in 1900 it had reached 28,000, and at the close of 1906 it is 51,865, making an increase of a trifle over 85 per cent. To this there should be added 10,000 suburbanites and 43,000 winter tourists. Jacksonville has more hotels and boarding houses than any city in the South of the same size.
When the location of Jacksonville is taken into consideration there is little wonder the city is making the showing it is in the line of manuj aciures.
The necessary elements entering into a place as a manufacturing center areadvantageous location, abundant transportationboth water and rail, easy access to fuel and the supply of raw materials, an unlimited supply of water, reasonable prices for labor and a lack of friction between labor and capital, and accessibility to the great consuming markets of the nation.
Jacksonville has all of these and more, It has a climate that does not interfere in any part of the year with the operations and enables the workman to attain to his highest ability throughout the entire twelve months.
There is no reason that this city should not be the seat of the cotton manufacturers of the South. It has cheap transportation by water, both coastwise and trans-Atlantic, internal transportation by its rivers, and four lines of railroads that are among the foremost in the nation, to carry the raw cotton to its factories. It possesses very cheap rates, rates that cannot be tampered with on account of tne water competition, and the city is right at the door of the supply of the raw material.
The same may be said of furniture manufacturing, timber of the kind that is required is right at hand and the sites for the plants are abundant, the Seaboard having alone a stretch of more than two miles lying within its yard limits that

can be utilized for factory sites.
The city has already assumed grand proportions in the manufacture of lumber and fertilizers, and is the hub of the naval stores husiiie-s. and there is no reason why it should not go ahead in the numerous other lines which the city is adapted to. The Board of Trade or the Industrial Department of the Seaboard will he glad to enter into further details regarding this phase of Jacksonville's development. JACKSONVILLE'S MANUFACTORIES.
The figures and comparisons for the year 11 KM.) with those m i.)0f> show enormous increase- in the manufactured output of this city, the ligures are taken from the latest census reports which have just been placed in circulation and are very (latter'ng to Jacksonville.
In 1000 there were 74 establishments, capitalized at $1,857,844. employing 1,358 operatives who drew $509,754 per annum, tile miscellaneous expenses were $132,017. the cost of materials used was $805,703 and the value of the product was $1,798,-007.
At the end of 1005 there were 125 establishments, capitalized at $4,837,281, employing 2.024 operatives who drew $1,-375.008 per annum, the miscellaneous ex-penses were $434,018. the cost of material used was $2,780,402 and the value of the product was $5,340.2(54. This comparison allows very large percentages of increase and in a way further demonstrates the solid foundation upon which the commercial fabric of this city rests.
The figures and comparisons for the en-Lire State for the same period shows equally as well and establishes the fact t.iat Florida is growing and developing all over.
In 1000 there were 1.275 establishments, eapitalized at $25.(582,171. employing 37.252 operatives who drew $12,210.-010 in wages, the miscellaneous expenses were $2,177,041. the cost of materials used was $12,847,187. and the value of the output was $34,183,500.
At the end of 1005 there were 1.413 establishments, capitalized at $32,971,082, employing 45.210 operatives, who drew were $5,007.8(52. the cost of materials used $18.43(5.008. the miscellaneous expenses
was slii.532.430. and the value of the prod net was $50,208,200.
Florida has never posed as a manufacturing State, in fact she is just beginning to realize that there is a future for her in this line an 1 that the State is taking advantage of its opportunities along this line is shown by the above figures.
Generally speaking, the business men of this city arc young and ambitious, they are willing at all times to entertain any proposition that has for its purpose the
rapidly and judicious action Is very essential. The city is one of l he best governed municipalities in the nation and is constantly being pointed out as an example of what can be done when selfish polit'eal interests are sacrificed in favor of the general good of the community.
Labor in Jacksonville and Florida at
the end of 100(5 is scarce, as it is in all other parts of the nation. The rate per hour for skilled labor is as follows: Bricklayers 47 cents, hod carriers 17 cents, car-
betterment and upbuilding of the city. Tney extend a hearty welcome to all new comers who are worthy of their consideration. They are progressive and conservative and are careful to do nothing that would in any way reflect upon the fair name of the cil v. This care and dilli-gence is reflected in the substantial and conUnuous increase in the volume of the city's traffic. Jacksonville is growing
penters 30 cents, painters 30 cents, plasterers 4(5 cents, plumbers 50 cents, and laborers 13 cents.
The item of living in Jacksonville is about on the same basis ;i- in other cities of the same size, and is regulated by the quality. Residence property rents for from $10 per month to as high as one
cares to pay. A room can be had from $1.50 per week up and board and room will cost from $4.50 per week and up. Groceries are as reasonable here as anywhere, and a small plot of ground is capable of supplying vegetables throughout the entire year with very little cultivation. House heating is inexpensive, the climate doing the work for at least nine months in the year, many people use gas for cooking and heating, the cost being $1.50 per 1000 feet net. Ice is delivered at your door for 25 cents per 100 pounds. Electric lighting is 75 per cent cheaper in Jacksonville than in most cities. The municipality owns the plant and made a reduction from 28 cents per kilowatt to 7 cents per kilowatt for incandescent lights and have made good profits for the city on that, basis. The water supply is secured from artesian wells, is of a very healthful quality and costs about $G per year for ordinary residence. including bath, toilet, and two or three service taps. Dry goods, clothing, furniture, notions, hardware and household utensils can be had as cheaply in Jacksonville as anywhere. The climate is free but it is far better than could be purchased in some localities for fabulous sums.
Cost of plant including extensions for current year, $457.0(50.70. Cost of maintaining plant per annum $100,710.50. Employment is given (50 men who draw $38,-502.32 per annum. Improvements and extensions made this year $92,237.57. Gross receipts for 1000. $2*20.435.57. Net profits for 100(5 $110,710.01. The gross receipts show an increase of $34,000 over 1005. Light is furnished 2.130 residences and 99(5 business establishments, the cost for residences is seven cents per K. W., and all-night arcs cost $7.50 per month.
The profits to the city from 1899 to the end of 190(5 inclusive, from the light department were $493.(584.00. of this amount $181,925.17 was turned over to the City Treasurer to be used for general expenses of the city and the remainder was invested in new equipment and extensions.
Jacksonville's assets are $2,414,000 inon than its liabilities.

The cost of the plant including extensions for 1906 is $524,048.02, the improvements made during the year amount to $90,710.97, the total operating expense is $38,473.17 per year. There are 40 men employed who receive $21,444.49 per year. The gross receipts from the plant for 1900 were $93,113.78 and the net profit was $54,-040.01, turned over to City Treasurer for other city uses during the year $39,732.50. from 188J} to the end of 1900 the net profits were $388,954.60, and during that period the department turned over to the City Treasurer for other city uses $285,-204J)9. There are 5,376 service taps, 568 hydrants and 60 miles of mains ranging from six to twenty inches. The normal pressure is 62 ]X)unds and the fire pressure 110 pounds. The supply is secured from artesian wells, there l>eing eight of them having an average of 950 feet in depth. The capacity of the plant is 11,-500.000 gallons per day and 2,777,982 gallons arc consumed daily. The cost per annum for residences is from $8.00 to $12.00, the equipment is as good as any city po-sesses and the amount turned over to the City Treasurer shows an increase of $19.-982.50 over 1905.
Artificial gas is used throughout the year for domestic cooking and through the winter months for the slight amount of heating required. The mildness of the winters making other means of heating superfluous. The city has thirty-six miles of gas mains, making gas service available throughout the business, residence sections and in all the suburbs. The Gas Company is public spirited and progressive and is constantly extending its mains to meet the growing demand made by the rapid growth and expansion of the city. In fact all the public utilities such as the lighting plant, gas service, water wbrks and telephone service give the very best satisfaction and in this respect Jacksonville offers inducements that cannot be secured in cities tTiat nave not attained the degree of harmony which, it has.
There is nothing that is more beneficial to a growing city or that contributes more to its development than rapid means ot transit throughout its business, residence and suburban sections. This city is most admirably cared for in this particular by the Jacksonville Electric Company, which owns and operates one of the best developed Street Railway Systems to be found in any city of the same size in the South.
third of the lighting power of the city. Its rates are the same as those of the city plant. Its income from its lighting plant and street car svstem is $305,000 per anum and its capital "is $1,000,000."
The Jacksonville h'lcctric Company also operates two pleasure parks, one being Phoenix Park, at which it maintains a summer theatre exclusively for white patronage and the other being Lincoln Park, which is given over to colored patronage.
Field of Green Curled Kale on Farm of Whispell & Ray. near Jacksonville, Duv?l County, View Taken Nov. 17. 1906. This Company has 23 miles of track at This latter place has a summer theatre, this time and is arranging to construct roller coaster and various other attractive miles more at an early date. Tin's tions. Both resorts are very popular in extension will cost $300,000, with the ad- their season and are handsomely patron-ditional equipment necessary to operate ized.
it. The Company employs 150 men and The local manager of this Company is
its wage expense amounts to $100,000 per Mr. S. K. Williams. The main office is in
annum. It carried five milPon passengers Boston and Stone & Webster are the gen-
during 1905. The fare is five cents per eral managers, ride with universal transfers.
This Company also furnishes about one- Jacksonville has a parochial school.
The real estate and equipment is valued at $103,657.00, there are five stations and an appropriation has been made for another. There are 51 men in the department, drawing $38,372.45 in wages per annum; there were 234 alarms answered during the year and the fire loss was $56,-051.00\ The alarm system is the best in use and the equipment is the finest that could be purchased. There are 9,103 buildings in the city.
Jacksonville has the basis rate for insuring mercantile business and lower rates generally than most southern cities owing to the acknowledged efficiency of its fire protection.
A new twelve-inch main will be laid on Bay street, solely for fire protection purposes, it will be sufficiently strong for a working pressure of 175 pounds to the square inch and will be connected with an electrically driven fire pump at the river independent of the water works.
The value of the real estate and equipment in this department is $64,321.70. There are 77 men on the -force and the wages paid them amounts to $58,805.00 per year. Three thousand eight hundred and eleven arrests were made and 1.646 convictions secured during the year, 534 prisoners were turned over to other authorities. 504 forfeited bonds and 1.127 were discharged, there was $11,551.10 worth of stolen property recovered; the patrol wagons made 3.057 runs during the year.
A great many transient negroes come to this city and figure largely in the number of arrests, thus making a disadvan-' t'ageous showing in the records of criminal matters.
The statements made in this Review are of a most, conservative and reliable nature. The editor believes that pros-neetive investors and homeseekers will find upon investigation that Jacksonville's advantages have been underestimated rather than over stated.
Jacksonville has a bed factory.

Name of Bank.
State Bank of Florida ........
Union Savings Bank .........
Citizens' Bank ...............
People's Bank & Trust Co.____
Commercial Bank ............
Guaranty Trust & Savings Co. National Bank of Jacksonville
Atlantic National Bank .......
Florida National Bank ........
Capital. Surplus. Profits. Deposits.
$ 50,000 $ $ 39,677 $ 697,081
50,000 12,000 85,000
50,000 10,000 250,000
50,000 175,000
100.000 45,782 814,905
100,000 2,000 3,813 169,695
300,000 500,000 33,712 3,570,88')
350,000 150,000 83,141 3,026,281
500,000 25,000 46,984 2,104,730
$1,550,000 $734,782 $217,327 $10,893,581
Jacksonville has 12 per cent of the population of the State and has 31 per cent of the money involved in banking; 33 1-3 per cent of deposits; 21.1 per cent of capital; 36.2 per cent of surplus, and 22.9 of profits.
National Banks, 1906. State Banks, 1906____
No. Capital. 36 $4,350,000 70 2,961,868
Surplus. $1,465,907 562,576
Profits. Deposits. $515,129 $19,200,859 436,062 12,995,522
106 $7,311,868 $2,028,483 $951,191 $32,196,3S1
National Banks, 1902... State Banks, 1902 .....
Capital. $1,485,000 915,300
Slurplus. $ 817,000 266,631
Profits. $312,000 186,441
Total ............ 46 $2,400,300 $1,083,631 $498,441
Four Years' Increase____ 60 $4,911,568 $944,952 $452,750
This showing fills every citizen of the State with pride and if ike increase continues for a few years more it will place Florida in the front rank, in the matter of finance.
The financial statements of the banks, postoffice and city of Jacksonville, Duval County, and the statement of all the banks in the State show that Jacksonville has alert financiers in charge of its fiduciary institutions. The statements have been prepared with much care and cover the year 1906.
Clyde St. Johns River Steamboat, "City of Jacksonville.'
Representative of Industrial Department Seaboard Air Line Explaining to a Multitude of Northern Homeseekers the Advantages to be Derived by Settling in Florida.
CLEARING HOUSE STATEMENT. Located in a land of splendid fertility,
, environed bv the Atlantic Ocean, the
The following table shows more con- ... a, J T ... .,
, n ^ ___. beautiful St. Johns river, with its peren-
elusively than anvtmng else we can pub- . *;
,. 0 41, nial verdure or tropical trees, flowers,
lish the steadv and unfaltering growth . 1 , '
f Wir^nnville"- vlnes and vegetation, an unfailing supply
Year \mount of heaIth giving water, a magnificent elec-
iggg j*12 642 953 ^r' platlt, owned and operated by
jjjQQ ....................... 12'733 048 *ne ^ty, a magnificent commerce, a splen-
jg^j ........................ 10'757'77>? did harbor, a highly developed system of
n (mo ....................... 18'97 504 transportation, splendid street car service,
ofi'll^'lC beautiful streets, magnificent business
jqq^ 43 265 46? blocks, palatial residences, with a Board
,, 'nnn l^Z of Trade composed of leading business and
1905 ...................... bO,000,JX)U 1 j j
jqqq_ professional men, ever ready and willing
, to assist in whatever mav tend to the up-
wearing iiouse building and advancement of the city's
^ 1. ",""'4' best interests, and citizenship metropoli-
Other banks not , c 4. 1 j-j
r,, ,T, e^o fTg -u p5'fi / f? results achieved in the past, and inspired
^or^oJaC 6 nl ^ndles $2- ih entnusiasm and Undent the
oOOOOO per annum. There are four State future Jacksonville stands before the
banks in the city that are not members worM ^ a nly municipality;
ri -Se-Tv, v crowned with her well earned prestige as
The last 10 days in December were ap- cH f thrift enterprise. energy and
proximated. progress. .
RECAPITULATION. Conscious of her many natural advan-To summarize all facts pertaining to tages, pulsating with pluck and virility, general conditions existing in Jackson- her people imbued with confidence in the ville at this time, and the brilliant out- destined greatness of their city, and act-look for the city's future, it can be truth- ing in concert in all matters of civic con-fully stated that realty values are more cern, Jacksonville gives promise of becom-stable, trade conditions in all lines more ing ere long the greatest and most impor-satisfactory and general prosperity more tant city on the South Atlantic Seaboard, strikingly evident than at any time since a city that one has to visit in order to the city's birth. realize its many advantages. >

January 1, 1906.
Cash on hand...............$ 68,379.71
Received from taxes, licenses
court fines, franchises, etc. 385,534.69
From city electric light plant 224,827.13
From water works.......... 92,115.25
Sale of improvement bonds for
extension of waterworks
sewers, paving and parks.. 442,257.76 Total receipts and cash on
hand .....................$1,213,114.54
For police, city officials, etc. .$ 125,930.15 Board of Public Works, parks,
paving, street cleaning, etc. 227,942.80
Sewers and drains .......... 95,723.02
Fire Department ........... 51,082.24
Public Library ............. 7,000.00
Interest on bonds........... 78,400.00
Operation and extension of
waterworks plant........ 106,202.93
Operation and extension of
electric light plant ........ 163,464.06
Total expenditures .......$ 855,745.20
Cash on hand Jan. 1, 1907.. 357,369.34
Profits of electric light plant 75,000.00
Profits of waterworks plant 25,000.00
Assets and Liabilities.
Cash on hand ordinary revenues .....................$ 57,369.34
Cash om hand, unexpended
bond money ............. 300,000.00
Waterworks and electric light plant, grounds and equipment .................... 988,574.84
Fire Department and equipment..................... 100,157.00
Police Department, buildings
and equipment ........... 61,352.00
City Hall, Jail, Crematory
and other eity property.. 283,000.00
Parks and other real estate 350,000.00
Bridges, viaducts, sewers and
street pavements ........ 1,902,221.05
Total assets ..............$4,088,506.90
Liabilities: Bond issue 1894, maturing
1924, 5 per cent ..........$ 970,000.00
Bond issue 1901, maturing
1924, 5 per cent ........... 398,000.00
Bond issue 1906, maturing
1936, 5 per cent ........... 400,000.00
Bond coupons due and not
presented ................. 5,750.00
Total liabilities ..........$1,773,750.00
The government building at Jacksonville is one of the finest in the South and cost $535,000. Repairs have just been ordered made on the building that will entail an expenditure of $12,000.
Postal Receipts For 1906. Sale of stamps, envelopes
cards, etc ................$ 171,956.77
Receipts from newspaper and
periodical postage ........ 6,974.S1
Receipts from box rents .... 3,121.92
Total postal receipts ......$ 182,053.50
International orders issued,
953; value ............... 16,456.75
Fees from above orders...... 1,821.88
Domestic orders paid, 69,522;
value .................... 557,875.31
International orders paid, 128;
value ...........1......... 2,767.28
Deposits from other post-offices .....................1,315,321.28
Total cash handled money
order department for 1906. .$2,116,319.91 Total cash handled money
order department for 1905. .$2,082,106.50
Increase for 1906 over 1905.$ 34,213.41 Pay Rolls. For the year ending September 30, 1906, the pay rolls handled by the Jacksonville office were as follows: Postmaster, assistant postmaster and clerks........$ 31,390.48
Carriers .................... 21,117.88
Special delivery messengers.. 2,170.80
Railway mail clerks........ 102,624.27
Rural carriers, all in State.. 37,881.60
Total in wages paid out
from Jacksonville office ...$ 195,185.03
Prevaricators will figure, but figures will not prevaricate.
Ebccess assets over liabilities, $2,314,756.00 Postal deposits from other of-
These figures were furnished the Indus- fices ......................$ 83,966.08
,.1T-.-, a 1. ja-t- Total postal business .....$ 266,019.58
trial Department of the Seaboard Air Line ^ Qrder Department.
by Mayor W. H. Baker and City Treas- Domestic orders issued, 26,136.
urer A. M. Ives. value ....................$ 222,071.41
Jacksonville Office Employes. Assistant postmaster and clerks.... 33
Regular letter carriers .............. 26
Special delivery messengers.......... 3
Total ............................. 66
The receipts of the office exceed expenditures of the office by $129,196.24.
There are 960 post offices thaitl remit their surplus to the Jacksonville office. These funds, together with the funds of the office proper, make about $2,500,000, passing through the office yearly. Mailing Department.
Pieces received, first-class...... 8,593,521
Pieces received, other classes.... 7,155,150 Pieces received, special deliverv
letters.....................". 25,879
Pieces dispatched, first-class.... 7,513,859 Pieces dispatched, other classes. 9,260,271 Pieces dispatched, special delivery letters .................. 19,557
Total pieces current year ____32,568,237


Trav. Gross
Packing Houses ........ Estab. Men. Employes. Wages. Capital. $675,000 Income.
7 23 218 $207,200 $ 5,545.000
5 20 194 147,000 655.000 1,645,000
6 5 150 90,000 400,000 1,254,000
Wholesale and Retail
Liquors and Beers .... 100 10 484 312,000 1,038,000 3,797,760
Groceries, Fruits and
Produce .............. 41 97 572 532,900 2,876,000 16,005,000
Drugs and Druggist Sun-
5 13 72 64.000 215,000 830,000
Electric Supply Houses.. 4 0 Gl 93,750 115,000 550,000
Machinery and Supplies. 6 10 96 47,920 212,000 897,000
180 190 1,847 $ 1,495,370 $6,186,000 $30,523,760
Fifty-nine Establishments
making Syrup, Brick,
Paint, Chairs, Bags,
Mattresses, Cigars,
Candy, Cotton Oils, Fertilizers, Tannery,
Sash, Doors, Blinds,
Cocoanut Oil, Brooms,
Vinegar, Boxes, Ice, .Artificial Stone, Rosin
Oil, Cooperage, Bottling Works, Saw
Mills, Planing Mills,
Foundries, Dry Kilns,
Beds, Perfumes, Ship
Building, Turpentine
Stills, Copper Works,
Office Fixtures .......
Shoes ......................... 13
Furniture ...................... 23
Pianos ......................... 6
Dry Goods and Millinery ....... 26
Jewelry and Curios ............ 11
Carriages, Wagons and Harness 10
Clothing and Furnishings ....... 14
Stove Fixtures ................. 2
Groceries, Markets and Fruits . 344
Florists ........................ 2
B'cycles....................... 19
Bakeries ....................... 18
Photographers ................. 5
Sewing Machines ............... 2
Seeds and Nursery Stock ....... 4
Tailors........................ 28
Retail Drugs ................... 38
Totals .................. 5G5
Employes. Wages. 45 $ 31,000
310 62
503 48 32
140 18
749 10 44
114 30 16
185 74
242,000 32.720
260,000 33.720 24.960
120,000 18.000
251.000 7,500 18,000 47,424 15,600 9,600 83,500 46,176 98,800
Capital. $152,000 382.000 850,000 815,000 125.000 250,000 200,000 37,500 352,000 65,000 45,000 38.000 10.500 6.000 205,000 17.300 142,000
Gross Income. $ 234.500 1,150,000 710,000 2,085,000 850,000 1,115,000 1,015,000 90,000 1,908,500 90,000 105.000 190,000 71,000 40.000 538.000 155,700 950,000
2,560 $1,342,704 $1,252,800 $11,966,700
41 2,710 $1,215,000 $3,921,000 PUBLIC SERVICE AND OTHERS.
Waterworks, Gas Co., Electric Light Plant, Forwarding and' Towing Co.'s, Tombstones, Safes, Printing, Wall Paper, Typewriters, Abstracts of Title, Architects, Civil Engineers, Attorneys, Dentists, Doctors, Insurance Co.'s, Real Estate .................
Automobiles ...................
Livery and Feed Stables ........
Restaurants ....................
Hotels .........................
Shoemakers -....................
Blacksmiths ........:..........
Beat Yards ....................
Barber Shops ..................
Laundries and Dye Works .....
Scrap Iron and Metals ..........
Contractors ....................
Plumbers ......................
17,700,000 Undertakers ...................
Building Materials .............
Schools Public (7 Private), city
and county ..................
Boarding Houses ...............
Naval Stores (1,021,000 packages)
3.040 Head Horses and Mules____
231,000 Tons Conl and Coke.....
'Lumber, 480.000.000 feet ......
*Cross-ties, 1,500,000 ...........
Estab. Employes. Wages. Capital.
G 55 $38,300 $ 65,000
5 140 34,084 300,000
32 190 52.437 41,000
30 264 103,000 840.000
19 43 20.124 15,050
15 60 37,440 21.200
2 10 3,G00 19,000
48 161 72.000 29,400
20 253 62,024 107.000
2 40 18.720 150,000
16 1.280 140,800 401.000
18 270 262,720 90,000
6 24 21.232 40.500
2 22 26,400 49.900
10 350 31,500 315,400
77 250 98.262 332.000
17 85 12.000 55,700
Income. $ 188,500 310,000 419,000
1,673,500 67,214 151,000 43,000 159,000 169,000 725.000
1,915.000 812.000 221,500 596 500
272.000 195,000 13,192,000 697,000 1,490,000 9,600,000 745,000
$950,456 $6,217,509
Totals ................... 325 3,497 $1,034,043 $2,887,150 $34,901,814
$9,737,949 NoteCapital and employes of Lumber and Naval Stores not enumerated.

Name of Business.
Manufactories ..........
Retail Establishments .. Miscellaneous Lines of
Trav. Wages Capital Gross
Estab. Men. Employes. Paid. Invested. Income.
180 190 1,847 $1,495,370 $6,186,000 $30,523,760
59 41 2,710 1,215,000 3,921,000 17.700,000
565 2,560 1,342,764 1,252,800 11,966,700
326 15 3,497 1,034.643 2,887,150 34,901,814
311 17 1,542 950,456 6,217,509 9,737,949
1,441 263 12,156 $6,038,233 j>20,464,459 $104,830,223
of the Seaboard Air
This statement was compiled for the Industrial Department Railway by Thomas K. Bates.
|AKSOimig? ,$gpXCHES.
Name of Church. Name of
East Jacksonville Presbyterian .......... P. F. Brown ........
First Presbyterian ..................... W. E. Boggs .......
Springfield Bapt:st ..................... W. L. C. Mahon .....
Snyder Memorial M. E................. P. R. Parrish .......
First Baptist .......................... W. A. Hobson ......
Woodlawn Baptist ..................... G. H. Townsend .....
Immaculate Conception, being constructed. Father Maher ......
First Christian ......................... J. T. Boone .........
Grace M. E............................ Rev. Sibley .........
Union Congregational ................... G. L. Hanscom . .
Phillipps Congregational................. H. B. Shaw........
Armstrong Memorial M. E.............. Rev. Sibley .:.......
Edgewood Christian Mission.................................
Second Advent Christian ................ J. T. Johnson .......
North Springfield M. E.................. No pastor ...........
All Saints Church; Episcopal ............ J. H. Da vet .........
Church of Good Shepherd, Episcopal ..... M. C. Stryker ......
St. Andrews Episcopal .::............... W. E. Warren ,.....
St. Johns Episcopal.................. .. V. W. Sh'elds ____..
St. Stephens Episcopal................... C. D. Frankel .
Congregation Bnai Israel ............... H. Hammerman ....
Ahreth Chesed Congregation ............ I. L. Moses .........
St. Johns Evangelical Xuth era n ....... S. S. Rahn ..........
*Eight Methodist Churches, South ...........................
Christian Science ............................................
8,433 $933,000
*Coirid"not secure detailed information on account--of ministers being away at Conference.
IMPROVEMENTS IN PROCESS OF CON- Merchants' and Miners' Docks
STRUCTION AND CONTEMPLATED and warehouses........ 500.000
FOR JACKSONVILLE. Viaduct across Adams Street.. 110.000
New High School ............. $ 50 000 Fifteen Miles Paved Streets.. 300.000
Street Car Extension ____.... 300,000 Seaboard Improvements ...... 1,325.000
Gas Company Extension ..... 30 000 Young Men's Christian Ass'n.. 175.000
Catholic Church............. 150,000 Masonic Temple............... 200,000
New Fire Station ........... 5,000
Cracker Factory ............ 15,000
Improvements on Various
Docks .................... 7,500
Knights of Columbus Home.. 15,000
Buckman's Office Building. 150,000
Water Main Extension ....... 115,000
Electric Light Extension ..... 95,000
Sewer Extension ............ 210,000
Duval Hotel Extension ...... 150,000
Office Building, Hogan and Forsyth ......'................ 375,000
Smith's Flats .............. 17.000
Burbridge Bldg Flats ........ 70,000
Ossinski Tlats ............ 60,000
Simsj3uilding.........------ 16,000
Shirt Factory............... 50,000
Bulkheading St. Johns River
Riverside .................. 200,000
Other items ............... 75 000
Atlantic National Bank Bldg. 150,000
Bachelors' Apartments ....... 75,000
Southern Express Co. Stables. 25,000
Dixieland Park .............. 200.000
Other items ......,........... 150.000
Rebuilding St. James Hotel .. 1,000,000
Brinkley & Baines' New Flats 25,000
Seminole Club Addition ...... 30,000
Bisbec Flats ................ 30,000
New Florida Country Club . 50,000
Florida Yacht Club '......... 25,000
Atlantic Coast Line Water
Terminals, East Jacksonville 1,500,000 Atlantic and Fast Coast Line's
New Brick Warehouses ..750 000
Christian Science Church..... 25,000
Groover Flat Building ....... 100,000
Southern Bailwav Warehouses
and Docks ........... 1,250000
Christopher -Commercial Bldg. 75.000
Aird Building ............... 15 000
Halsema-Woodcock Bldg ..... 50.000
Other Commercil Bldgs...... 750.000
Residences .arid Bats........ 975,000
Total .................... $12,073,000
Elks' Home ................... $ 50.000
Sem'nole Club ..............,.. 65000
Knights of.Columbus Home____ 8.000
Board of Trade ............... 90.000
Duval Theatre.................. 75 000
Dixieland Park Theatre....... 40,000
Skating Rink ................. 25,000
Federal Building and Loo ...... 625,000
City Hall, Jail and Cremator... 283,000
Library ...................... 65,000
Court House................. 175,000
County Jail .................. 52,000
Armory .................... 45,000
County Hospital .............. 30,000
School Buildings .............. 210,000
Private School Building ...... 102,000
Masonic Temple ....."......... 60,000
Baseball Park ................ 20,000
Home for the Age '. ........... 25,000
Orphans' Home .............. 25,000
DeSoto Hospital ............. 50,000
Odd FellowsiHall .........= l*jMi&..
Country Club ............ 30;000
Soldiers' Home ............ 15.000
TWo Keeley Institutes ......... 55,000
Total Value .............. $2,235,000
In May, 1901, a very disastrous Are swept over Jacksonville and in ten hours destroyed 2,600 residential and commercial buildings and their contents, with an approximate value of $15,000,000. Since that time there have been constructed 6,350 buildings, 5.968 frame and 382 brick, stone and concrete, all of them as large and many of them a great deal larger than those destroyed, their combined value being $27,500,000. Remember, that the Are destroyed both buildings and contents. This large increase in structures has not been sufficient to keep pace with the growth of the city and today it is almost impossible to rent a desirable house in Jacksonville. The growth of the city has been so rapid that large apartment houses have been buMt where formerly stood a residence for the accommodation of a single family. .
Jacksonville has f>> wholesale and 34 retail drug stores.
Jacksonville has 5 wholesale and 35 retail dry goods stores.
Jacksonville has seven fertilizer factories and dealers.
Jacksonville has 4 wholesale fruit houses.
Jacksonville has 24 retail furniture stores.



In connection with the building, improving and laying out of land for municipal, railway and other purposes, there is a constant demand for the skillful and expert services of thoroughly competent Civil Engineers and Surveyors, and in Jacksonville this interest is especially well represented by Mr. Roland Woodward, who is engaged in general practice as Civil and Consulting Engineer.
The experience Mr. Woodward has had in his chosen profession covers a. long period of years and during all of this time which is 25 or more years, he has been adding to his store of knowledge everything pertaining to his profession that he could in anyway utilize. This has placed him in a position to render service of a most valuable nature to his clients.
Mr. Woodward was formerly Chief Engineer of the Jacksonville and Southwestern Railroad and was Assistant Chief Engineer of the J., T. & K. W. Ry, both of which are now part of the Atlantic Coast Line System. He was City Engineer of Key West for a number of years and was also in the employ of the United States Government in 1885 on River and Harbor improvements.
In the construction of large undertakings and improvements, Mr. Woodward acts as consulting engineer and superintendent of construetioni. He takes hold of any sort of development work, municipal surveys, sewer and water works, street railway work, steel bridges, docks and warehouses, government work and in fact anything pertaining to the office of Civil and Consulting Engineer.
Plans and specifications of residences and other undertakings will be furnished upon requenst.
There possibly is not another engineer in this section of the country who has made as many city, county and subdivision maps as has Mr, Woodward. He has made maps and plots of every town in the State of Florida and his store of knowledge relative to the State is very large.
Mr. Woodward is also Vice President of the Half Million Club, an organization which has for its purpose the promoting
Map by Courtesy Realty Title & Trust Co.
and development of Duval County by the construction of hard roads, thereby making the lands adjacent to the roads more valuable and accessable, this idea would also have a tendency to hold the tourists in Jacksonville a greater length of time than they now remain, as it would open up long drives for them in their automobiles, and it is estimated that if this line of improvements were made that the tourists would leave enough money in
the county in a couple of seasons to more than pay for constructing the roads.
If you are in need of anything in the line of Consulting Engineer you cannot do better than to procure the services of Mr. Woodward. His office is in the Board of Trade Building.
Jacksonville's wholesale houses cater to a radius in which there are 2,000,000 of people.

Partial View Cummer Lumber Mills, Largest in the South.
A hundred years in tlrs age of eumuJa-tive progress means more than a thousand in the far past. Our national life is changing in every feature more swiftty than any people's ever changed before. We are constantly in n state of evolution and the methods of today are discarded and replaced by a more scientifically poised system tomorrow. It is a distinctive and inherent Amer'can quality that recognizessurely and instantly- the spirit of this progress in new values, new methods, new inventions and new ways of utilizing them.
The Cummer Lumber Company's mills aptly and admirably illu-trate the truth and force of American ideas, inventions, and progressiveness. Here you w:ll see
the huge monarch* of the l"n-l- that have been a hund:ed years or more in growing, ripped to pieces in the twinkle of an eye and made into timbers and lumber and hurried into vessels and sent on their way to the North to fill their des-tniy. Every device known to the lumber trade, for the elimination of waste labor is found here, anil the mill and its equipment is one of the best in the South. It has a capacity of forty million feet per annum, and in the crate and box department 2.000,000 or more boxes are made per year.
This company also produces 4.000 barrels of turpentine, 12.000 barrels of rosin, and 50.000 tons of phosphate rock per year. Employment is given to 1,150 men tnrou?hout the State an 1 tlie'r wages amounts to $1.200 000 rer year. The capital invested is $500,000 and there is a
good sized surplus in addition.
This company owns its own seagoing tugs and has six large barges in the Jack-sonville-Xew York and Eastern points trade. The barges can easily carry u. million and a quarter feet of lumber at a tow. This is equal to 125 carloads or about six full freight trains.
the Cummer Company is also connected with the Southern Ship Building Company, which is located alongside of the mill property. This company has just finished an order for 20 lighters, size 100 by 30 feet, for the East Coast Kailroad, and have 12 more lighters of the same size under construction for the same company. It has under construction a four-mosted schooner for Jacksonville partes.
We make mention of these facts that people who are unacquainted with the nature of Jacksonville's industries may
know something of the manner of business and the magnitude of the concerns operating here.
Jacksonville has many enterprises that would be a credit to any city and the Cummer Company is one of them.
This business had its :nception in 1896 and the officials are W. xv. Cummer, President; A. 0. Cummer, Vice-President; F. A. Diggins. of Cadillac, Michigan, Secretary, and W. E. Cummer, Assistant Secretary. These are men who are adepts in every feature of the lumber trade.
Jacksonville is the home of the Florida
Life Insurance Co.
Jacksonville is growing in population mo-e rapidly than any other city in the South.
Jacksonville has a. place'fftr you, if you are a hustler.

tlie State, is the Florida Trunk Manufacturing Company. '
This business was established in 1902 with the small capital of $1,500, and in four years has grown to audi extent that it now handles a business that will amount to $30,000 per annum.
The I.u- tn as handled consists of the manufacture of all kinds of Trunks, Sample Cases, Leather Goods and Alligator products including Fancy Leather Goods and those made from snake skins. The business is novel and its proprietor is an expert in his line, which accounts for the great success it is achieving. A large line of Trunks, Bags and Fancy Leather Goods are carried in stock and anything you may desire can be made to order on
The magnitude of the wholesale establishments of Jacksonville only become apparent when a thorough disclosure is made of the capabilities and resources ot each individual establishment.
To present to the outside world and to those who may be in quest of a ihrifty locality in which to establish a business we shall depict the important array of wealth and enterprise engaged in developing Jacksonville.
There is no city in the United States today that offers such unexcelled advantages and opportunities as a great distributing center as does Jacksonville, and these opportunities have been grasped by men of capital, rare ability and wide enterprise, who have established many different lines of business here. One to which we wish to especially refer is the Wholesale D~y Goo^ House of the Covington Company.
This business waf established in 1900 and the building I stapled was erected especially for its accommodation. It is of modern construction, fireproof throughout, and has four stories and basement, containing 55.125 square feet of florr space. The line carried consists of a complete assortment of Dry Goods, Gents' Furnishings and Notions. A branch office
is maintained at 250 Church Street, New York, and the company's representatives through this branch do much of the buying for the firm. Having a representative cn hand among the manufacturers enables the Covington Company to make purchases that it could not make if it were less better equipped.
A capital of $200,000 is invested in the bus'ness, the sales amount to $710,000 per annum and employment is given to 37 men, 14 of whom are traveling salesmen, the wages paid per annum amount to $42,-500.
The officers of the company are R. V. Covington* president; H. L. Covington, vice-president; and F. M. Hawkins, secretary and treasurer.
The many and varied interests that go to make up the total of business in progressive Jacksonville ars such as will be found in any enterprising American city, but it :s the character of its business men. their enterprise, push and ability that calls forth special remark n^d will be noted in this collaborated review of Jacksonville's leading commercial interests. One of the nvnt prominent concerns in the city end one ihat is worthy of special notice from the fact that it is the only one of its kind in this section of
short notice. The business is so great that it is with difficulty that enough skilled labor can be secured and the proprietor is always ready to negotiate with anvone skilled in this line.
This store, a view of wlrch we present
herewith, is one of the best arranged and most noticeable in the South, neatness and cleanliness prevails throughout, and this is a fact that is appreciated by the cultured element who patronize this store.
The proprietor, Mr. S. 11. Etter, is a member of the Board of Trade,- prominent and aggressive and always ready to adopt any feature that will give his patrons better values.
The importance of Jacksonville as a
manufacturing center is being recognized more and more every day and the city numbers many concerns within its limits that ore doing much to make Jacksonville famous. Prominently among these is the firm of McMillan Brothers.
This company was established here in 1899 and enjoys the reputation of being the largest concern of its kind in the world. The (inn are manufacturers of Turpentine Stills, of the fort that has made them a reputat:on wherever Turpentine Stills are used. An extensive business is also done in all kinds of General Metal Work and the company's facilities in its lines cannot be excelled. None but the most skilled workmen are employed and nothing but the very best materials are used.
Mr. W. A. McMillan, a member of the firm, is local manager and personally supervises the construction and testing of all jovs sent out.
The ma!n office of this company is at Savannah, Ga., and branches nre maintained in this city, Mobile, and Fayette, ville, N. C. The company furnishes employment for 80 skilled mechanics and has a payroll amounting to $30,000 per annum.
The members of the firm are Ronald McMillan. Thomas H. McMillan and W. A. McMillan. These gentlemen are progressive, are members of the Boards of Trade in all cities in which tney nave tnc-tor'es. and have won a reputation for themselves in their particular line that stands second to none.
Jacksonville has 9 banking houses. Jacksonville has six brick factories and dealers.

In the city of Jacksonville there are examples of those in special business pursuits, w hose prominence in all matters of public enterprise, whose record for unflinching integrity, undaunted enterprise and untiring energy make them objects of note wherever exalted commercial reputation is recognized. The Barnes & Jes-sup Company, Commission Merchants and dealers in Pure Turpentine and Rosin are such an establishment.
The business originally had its inception in the early part of 1902 and was reestablished in January, 1906, with offices
The unexcelled shipping advantages of Jacksonville, both by water and by rail has attracted many important companies within the last few years and from the impetus the city has now gotten, there is no reason why it should not go ahead and eventually be the greatest port on the southeast Atlantic, and in doing so it can bestow the credit for its greatness upon such firms as the Barnes & Jessup Company.
The officials of this company are C. H. Barnes, President; J. A. Ewing, Vice President, and E. B. Wells, Secretary and Treasurer. These gentlemen are progressive, liberal and contribute most praise-
investing one's savings or capital in Florida Real Estate. There is no doubt but what realty values will increase as the industrial, mercantile, agricultural and po-mological features of the State's commerce is extended and at this time there is no State in the South that is enjoying a greater degree of expansion, growth and development than the State of Florida.
Jacksonville, for instance, is enjoying one of the most Alladin like growths of any city in the nation. A day scarcely passes but what some venture is launched which adds to the sum total of the city's business and the fact that a constant stream of Northern capital is pouring into
unimproved property in all parts of the city and its suburbs, makes deals on terms that will suit anyone, including loans on city and suburban property. The firm also deals in turpensine and saw mill timber and has a list covering any sized tracts that one may be in quest of.
The Hedrick Agency is also sole representative of Riverside and adjoining property which is conceded by every one to be the most desirable in the city.
Recently The Riverside Company was organized by some of the city's foremost citizens, with a capital stock of $50,000 for the purpose of dealing in and developing Riverside property. The Hedrick
Harvesting Peaches in Griffing Bros. Co.'s Orchard.
in the Consolidated Building. This company has a capital fully paid up of $350,-000 and handles a volume of business that will aggregate $1,500,000 per year. Its operations are in Florida, east of the CJiattahooehee River, and its facilities for the prompt handling and proper conduct of its business are as good as can be had anywhere.
The company is a very prominent factor in the commerce of Jacksonville. It is doing much to increase the volume of the city's business and is assisting in every conservative manner to make the city a better and greater place of business.
worthy support and countenance to all legitimate movements and measures designed to extend the commercial influence of the city or in anywise to promote the general welfare and betterment of the community at large.
The advantages of climate, productive soil, magnificent harbor and favorable location, combined with many resources already highly developed and those still offering a profitable field for investment are a few of the really good reasons that can be enumerated for establishing a home or
its confines and assisting in its rapid growth, should be evidence sufficient that no better location exists today than Jacksonville for making profits in any line of endeavor.
Prominently identified with this colossal growth of the most beautiful city in the South is the Hedrick Real Estate Agency. Having been continuously identified with the city's growth since 1892, this firm is in a position to be of service to its patrons in a way that a younger concern could not possibly hope to attain.
The Hedrick Agency will buy, sell and exchange property, deal in improved and
Agency will be the purchasing and selling medium of this latest addition to Jacksonville's corporations. The offices of this agency are at 112 West Forsyth street.
Mr. A. J. Hedrick, manager of this concern, has been a resident of Florida for the past forty years, and from personal knowledge of the State's realty conditions has constructed a business that is a tribute to his judgment and conservative ability. Communications sent to him pertaining to the possibilities of the State and Jacksonville will receive prompt attention.

Jacksonville enjoys the distinction of possessing as fine a cooperage plant as there is in the United States. The plant is that of The Cooperage Company, which was established here three years ago, and is today one of the largest industrial enterprises in the city.
A tour through this concern will reveal methods in applied mechanical inventions that are a revelation to one not vn-.-l in this line of business. Every labor-saving device known to the business is in active use in this plant and the ease with which the finished product is turned out has a tendency to astonish the uninitiated.
The capital invested in this enterprise is $300,000, and the plant is a model of adaptability. Its capacity is 1.000 finished bar-re.s per day, barrels that are as good if not better than can be had anywhere.
The material is brought to the factory in the rough from the company's country mills, of which they have three, and is put through the various stages of finishing so rapidly and so methodically that it does not require but a little time for it to emeree in the finished barrel.
The first step is to run the material in the dry-kiln, which has a capacity of -j cars at one time, when it comes out it is assorted and put through the planers, joiners, headers, then assembled into barrels which are tested with hot glue at a very high steam pressure, the perfect Darrels being sent to the store rooms and those with imperfections are sent to the "hospital" Aesculapius of the cooperage business who looks them over and applies the needed remedy and sends them on their way.
This company has three country mills that prepare the rough materials, five hand shops in Georgia and Florida, io which the finished matterial is shipped and there set up and also has a hand department in connection with its main plant here. Employment is given to 415 men who are paid $298,000 per year in wages.
The line of cooperage manufactured consists of spirits of turpentine, cottonseed oil, syrup, fish and potato barrels. Arrangements are now being made and tne machinery has been ordered for the
establishment of a box and crate department to be run in connection with the main plant.
In the arrangement for fire prr.tection, this plant is fully up to any standard that has ever been set. It has an artesian well of six inch bore, nine hundred feet deep that will throw a stream thirty feet high from rock pressure and it also has a special engine which is kept supplied with a full head of steam at all times that can add 90 pounds steam pres-sure to the inch to the artesian pressure. The place is well equipped with lire plugs] there being some thirty of them and the
urer. These gentlemen are well ac-arquainted in this section of the country, are identified with some of the largest commercial interests in the South and fully realize the value that will accrue to them and their city by giving their business proper publ'eity.
The General Manager. Mr. Mote, has had a long experience in the cooperage I iisiiK-s and is thoroughly versed in its President; E. H. Mote, General Manager, and C. H. Barnes, Secretary and Treas-every detail and personally supervises the entire operations of the conipnnv.
Jacksonville Plant of tb
men are well drilled in fire brigade work.
The Cooperage Company's plant is constructed from the very best materials obtainable, it is two stories and is large and commodious. The company has eleven acres of land around the plant and has 1.100 feet of siding on the Seaboard. Its facilities for handling its business are complete in every detail.
The officers of the company are J. C. Little, President; J. E. Harris, Vice-
e Cooperage Company. W. T. HADLOW COMPANY.
The hustling city, the city built up in a hurry is seldom "the city beautiful." Its earliest days are inevitably associated with rude wooden buildings, put up with little regard for construction, arrangement, or design. They are built for utility and must be had in a hurry. In 1901 Jacksonville was devastated by a great
fire, more than four hundred acres of buildings were destroyed in one afternoon and to the casual observer it appeared that the city had been wiped off the map for good.
But not so with Jacksonville. Her business men reared their heads up from out the charred remains of their former places of business and homes and set about making a city more modern and up to date in every respect than was the burnt Jacksonville, and the result today, that Jacksonville is one of the most modern and progressive cities on the globe, for its size. A factor prominently identified with this rebuilding is the W. T. Had-low Company.
This concern took hold in 1902 and lias erected some of the best buildings in the city since they began operations. Among them being the Herkimer block, Benedict block, Anheuser-Busch block, and many outers.
The firm has just completed one of the finest freight warehouses in the South for the Sealkiard and is laying the foundation for another of twice the dimens:ons of the one just completed. The Hadlow Company also does business in other sections. The University building at Gainesville, Florida, was erected by them, as was the Albany Exchange Bank building and Heyer Bank building at Wilmington, N. C. This latter build:ng is the finest in Wilmington and the company received much praise for the manner in wdiich they constructed it.
The Hadlow Company employ 200 men. pay $100,000 per year in wases and does a business amounting to $400,000 per annum. The members of the firm are W. T. Hadlow. President. G. H. Hadlow, Secretary and Treasurer, and Frank M. Richardson, Vice President.
Jacksonville has 2900 telephones.
Jacksonville has a government building that cost $550,000.

Among the various huge undertakings for which Jacksonville has become famous is the Merrill-Stevens Marine Construction Works. The adm:rable location of this city, its magnificent harbor and its ease of access to the South American countries are all factors, having a tendency to enhance the vLiue of Jacksonville as a location for Shipbuilding and Marine Repair Work. The above company reaPzed this fact as early as 18S7, and at that time established what has grown into the present colossal industry, which every citizen of the city, State, and the whole South for that matter, points to with a degree of pride. Many people are under the impression that no very great industrial venture can make a success as far south as Jacksonville, but today this c:ty is In possession of some of the finest industrial concerns in the United States and it has only begun to assume a dignity along this --ne of endeavor. With its access to raw materials, fine transportation facilities, and a cl:mate that permits of a full year's work, uninterruptedly, there is room to believe that Jacksonville will soon become the seat of magnificent industrial undertakings of every sort.
The Merrill-Stevens Co. began business in 1887. Today its capital is- $r>OO,00O, pays wages to the extent of $125,000 per annum and handles a business amounting to $.150,000 per year.
This company has just completed one of the largest and finest Dry Docks south ot Newport News. It has a capacity of 4,500 tons we:s;ht; its length on steel blocks is 332 feet and draft over block, 20 feet. This Dry Dock will enable the Merrill-Steven Co. to attract marine trade to the South that heretofore could secure no accommodations down this way.
The Company's equipment for making Marine Repairs cannot be excelled, as it has two Marine Railways for vessels of 1.200 tons and a force of men who know how to go about the work.
The last boat launched was the 59th built by the Merrill-Stevens Co.. and they have constructed three this year for Cuba -and South America. The Company also
built during 1906 eleven steel barges for the United States Panama Canal Commls-s.on and delivered them at Colon.
The work on hand at present constitutes several very large contracts and the works are operated at all times at their fullest capacity. The 4500-Ton Dry Dock will be the means of attracting shipping to this port that is entirely new to this part of the coast.
The Company also does all sorts of Boiler Construction and Repa'rs and are selling agents for Moore and Burnnam Pumps and Taylor Water Tube Boilers.
The officials of this Company are A. D.
safe and conservativewhere money may be doubled, tripled and quadrupled while the principal lies secure and intact in the safest of all securitiesgood real estate.
Such an opportunity is here now and the eyes of the thinking world and those who are able to discern between a good and bad proposition are being brought to the realization of the fact that Jacksonville and Florida offers opportunities at this time for making investments in real estate that cannot be equalled by any other state in the South. The glorious climate of the State, its many navigable streams, its 1,200 miles of seacoast, -itn.
Merrill-Stevens Ship Building Works.
Stevens, president; A. R. Merrill, vice- magnificent harbors, the productiveness of
president; F. Seeley, secretary and J. E. its soil and the Aladdin like awakening
Merrill, treasurer. These gentlemen have and the progressiveness of its citizens all
been identified with the various vicissi- go to make a sum total that stands for
tudes through which Jacksonville, unfor- gradually increased value and a stable
tunately, has had to pass and they have field for the operation of conservative in-
always been ready to assist in time of vestors.
need. The method of handling real estate is
PREWITTE & AHERN, REAL ESTATE, gradually undergoing a change. The
Once in a great whileprobably not of- owner of the property no longer acting tener than once in a Life timethere ap- as h:s own sales agent, as he fully real-pears a financial opportunity to make a izes that sales can be made more intelli-great deal of money in a very shcrt time, gently by specialists who make a con-
An opportunity for real enrichment stant study of conditions relative to the
growth and development of a community, far better than he can, and the same may be said of the purchaser, as he fully understands that better satisfaction can be secured from a specialist who consummates hundreds of sales per annum, than can be had from one who probably only makes one sale per year. In this connection we desire to call the attent:on of the reader to the firm of Prewitte & Ahern, whose place of business is on the third floor of the Dyal-Upchurch building, of this city.
This firm is composed of progressive young men-who not only moke sales, but by constantly applying .themselves to the study of conditions as they actually exist here, have become specialists in their fine and are able to intelligently pass on any real estate proposition in the State.
This firm handles city and suburban property, vacant and improved, mill and factory sites, orange groves, turpentine tracts, sawmills, timber tracts, build houses on easy terms, purchase and sell outright and act as sales agents for others, make mortgage loans on their own account and negot:ate loans for others. .ieir facilities are unexcelled and the volume of business which they handle annually demonstrates the fact that they enjoy the confidence of the entire community.
The members of the firm are Julian J. Prewitte and John J. Ahern, young men who are well acquainted in the community, have the respect and esteem of all with whom they have done business and enjoy a reputation for fair dealing and integrity that is a valuable asset of their business.
Jacksonville is the gateway to Florida, tire State with vehicles.
Jacksonville has the largest naval stores business in the South.
Jacksonville has 23 miles of street car tracks, and five miles more are to be built at a cost of $300,000.
Jacksonville has reliable, enterprising real estate dealers.
Jacksonville invites you to come and make your home within its limits.

The total real estate value of the American farmer is twenty billions of dollars and his income for last year alcne was over five and a half b"llion dollars. The richest nnd most exalted class of people today are the farmers.
There are about six million farms in the United States and the country has a total rural and quasi-rural population of almost fifty-five millions. Over seventy per cent of the total population of the country! This population not only sustains it self but it makes it poss:b!e for the railroads to earn hundreds of millions in profits each year. They make the large cimmei-cial institutions possible and sustain the cities, they are the foundation of all art and culture and if they were to go out of business the balance of the nation would go w'th them. In view of these facts, it must appear conclusive to anyone who has generated the faculty of thinking that about the best thing a persoq can do would be to secure a piece of land of his own and join this prosperous band of nation buildes. In this ernnection we call your attention to the fair state of Florida, where bread acres can be had on easier terms and in a more congen'al climate than exists anywhere else in the United States. Land that is virgin, and can be made to produce four crops per annum, may be had in this state as low as seventy-five cents per acre and there are millions of acres of it.
Mr. E. 11. Tomlinson, a real estate dealer and a resident of the state for twenty-eight years, has a very large list of land of all kinds, and will be pleased to enter into negotiations with prospective pur-cnasers. Mr. Tomlinson was formerly associated with Mr. Ma''ks. who was one of the agents of Hamilton Disston. when that gentleman made n purchase from the state of 4.000,000 acres of land at 25 cents per acre. This land is now being sold at from two to eight dollars per acre.
Cut-over land is land from which the timber has been removed and can be uti-
lized for any kind of agricultural pursuits indigenous to the state. This land may be bad on very reasonable terms, ample time being given anyone to make the land pay for itself. This gentleman also has a very large list of Sawmill Tracts, Cattle Ranches, Turpentine Farms, Orange droves, Pineapple Tracts and Truck Farms, wh'ch he is offering at prices that will te a surprise to those who have been accustomed to paying as high up as $:50 per acre fcr land in the North, which is not near as productive as this. This land may be had in tracts to suit the purchaser up to as high as 200,-000 acres.
Mr. Tomlinson also has a tract of 123
The first impression of a city conveyed to a visitor is largely influenced by the quality and character of the accommodations he finds at the hotel which he patronizes, and it is therefore of the g.eat-est importance that the city should have well managed hostelries, provided with the class of service demanded by the modern requirements.
American travelers, of today are satisfied with only the best that is to be obtained, and our hotels are of necessity constantly advancing the.r standards with excellent results.
liness and good order prevail throughout. No effort is spared to make the hotel as homelike as possible and it is a generally conceded fact that to once become an Everett guest is to be always an Everett guest.
Since the present manager, Mr. G. H. .Mason, has assumed charge of the busi-outside room and the ventilaticn is excellent. It is run on the European plan and the rates are $1.00 and $1.50 per day. The house caters especially to traveling men and from October 25th to December ness the patronage has inc: eased by 155 per cent in three years. Mr. Mason is a thorough hotel man and the ability he has d'splayed in the management of the
ocres ioin'ng Riverside, one of the most desirable of Jacksonville's residence districts. This land fronts on the St. Johns river fn- an eitre block and will be divided into building lots or will be sold in its entirety. This :s one of the most desirable tracts in the city. The street car line has been graded through it and there is a natural fall of twenty-eight feet to the river. I ofs in this locality have sold as h'gh ns $10 000 each.
If you are in quest of reliable informa-tirn pertaining to Jacksonville and Florida, you could not secure it from a more dependable source than through Mr. T'om-lins'"
Bird's'Eye View of Jacksonville. Fla.
Jacksonville is second to no city rf its size in fh mntlrr of hotel accommodations offered to thrse who visit it. and its hotels are cnnnble of suiting the most exact ins demands.
A hrtel that is probably better known to the trun'st and commercial tra'e vis't-ing Jacksonville than any other hotel in the city is the Everett.
This hotel has recentlv been remodeied, ;pf>, nlshed and renovated nt a cost of ?0 000 and is today the cosiest 100 room hotel in the South. Every room is an 11th, 1.722 people were housed.
Coirteous nnd skilled attendants look after t'1" comfort of the guest and clean-
pla"e assures the success of its future and its continued popularity. This hotel is situated on Ray Street, right in the heart of the commercial section of the city, in easy reach of the steamship wharves and rnil-onds, and street cars for all parts of the city pass the door every two or three minutes. When you come to Jacksonville you cannot do better than to stop at the Everett.
Jacksonville has the only Ostrich Farm in the South.
Jacksonville has the most progressive Board of Trade in the South.

Perspective of Jacksonville's Manufacturing District in 1910.
THE METROPOLIS. not refuse orders and its products are be-There are very few elements entering coming more popular each year. The line into the development of a community that made consists of mattresses, springs and are as able to assist in its upbuilding as cots, and its Eagle Brand Mattress bean evening paper. Jacksonville has one comes a favorite wherever it is placed be-of the brightest, cleanest and most up-to- fore the people. This is the only plant of date evening papers published in the whole its kind south of Atlanta. South. It is the "Metropolis." This pa- The materials used are the best obtain-per is doing more for Jacksonville and this able and the latest deivsed machinery is immediate section of Florida than any used in working them up. Mr. J. C. Con-other single element. naly, the president and general manager The paper is loud in its efforts to make of the company, is a practical man in the a still better city of Jacksonville and is making of mattresses and gives his per-at all times ready to espouse any cause sonal supervision to all the various de-that will be of a benefit to Duval County, partments of the plant. The other officers The paper has a staff that is very much of the company are F. H. Elmore, vice-alive and the news items passing them president and J. C. Russell, secretary, unnoticed are too small to be gathered These gentlemen are well known in Jack-with a fine-tooth comb. sonville and are identified with its com-
The Metropolis occupies one of the merce in various ways,
handsomest commercial buildings in the __ A T _._.__
city, it being constructed especially for JERE S. SMITH, REAL ESTATE,
the accommodation of the business. a careful examination of this book will
The circulation of the paper is near the convince anyone that the commercial fab-
10,000 mark daily and is a splendid ad- rjc Gf Jacksonville is a very stable quan-
vertising medium. If you are a resident of tity. Every line of business has been
this locality and do not read this paper, taken up in detaii and the lesu\ta in all
you are decided exception to the general eases nave pr0Ven most flattering, the fl-
rule. nancial, industrial and commercial aspects
FLORIDA SPRING BED MANUFACTUR- f the city were never in a more thrifty
ING CO. state and the assurance of continued de-
A manufacturing concern that is doing velopment in all the various lines should
much to make Jacksonville famous as an convince anyone that there is not another
industrial center is the Florida Spring city on the Atlantic Seaboard presenting
Bed Manufacturing Company. This bus- as favorable opportunities for conserva-
iness bad its inception in 1903 and was tive investment as this city does,
incorporated in 1906 with a capital of $25,- One of the prominent real estate dealers
000. The volume of business will amount of Jacksonville is Mr. Jere S. Smith, whose
to $110,000 per annum and employment place of business is in the Herkimer Block,
is given to 40 men, who are paid $18,700 Mr. Smith has been a resident of Jackson-
per year. ille for the past 28 years and is familiar
The success of this company is phenom- with every foot of ground in its limits, his
enal. Scarely a day passes that it does knowledge of real estate conditions and
his judgments as to the value of a piece of property regardless of what part of the city it is located in, cannot be equaled.
This gentleman carries a very extensive list of improved and unimproved city and suburban property, factory and mill sites and business houses on the main streets of the city. He also has a list of acre, fruit and vegetable property from which very desirable selections can be made.
Any inquiries addressed to him will be promptly answered.
Extract of an address made before the Jacksonville Board of Trade, November 24th, 1900, by Vice President Fairbanks:
"You may well l>e proud of Jacksonville. As I went al>out your city today the evidence of substantial growth was upon every hand. And I remember how it seems as though it had been but a few months ago, the word went forth that Jacksonville was in ruins.
"And then it was the doubtful thought
that that catastrophe presaged the beginning of your end; that your distinguished Senator reassured them. He told us that though the flames had destroyed the buildings and homes and had laid a beautiful city in smoking ashes and ruins, that neither fire nor water nor any natural element could destroy the indomitable pluck, energy and progressiveness of the people. He told us that a new Jacksonville would rise, more glorious because of the baptism of the old Jacksonville in the furnace of fire.
"Events have fully justified this optimistic faith. Every prophecy that he made has been fulfilled, every hope has borne its fruit, every assurance has been wrought out, and progress and advancement are on every hand.
"I was told before I came here that there was a reception committee and I have found every citizen of Jacksonville, yes, every Floridian, so kindly courteous, so generously hospitable, that it seems to me that you are all one great reception committee."
Jacksonville Views.

Interior Myers Real Estate Office.
Dili you ever stop to tlrnk that the population of the I'nited States is increasing at the rate of 4.000 daily, and laat we have doubled in population every forty years of our history? Where will this 1.500.000 annual increase locate? The cities are Pterally overrun with a writhing mass of discontented humanity and there is little room for them there. The price of land in the North ami Middle W'est has become so great that there is little chance for them there, they cannot go to the mills and factories, for, if the
entire population were to devote its time to -'ndustrial enterprises we would soon become so intensely industrified that there would be no market for our output, so it will ap|>ear to one who has the faculty of analyzing a situation that this large influx of population (rust come to the South. Florida has millions of acres of land that can be made as productive as any on the globe, awaiting them, at prices more moderate for location and quaPty than can be had in any other State. he=e new Comers must locate with us
down here in the Sunny South and we will show them bow easy it is to make
.a success and at the same time escape tile rigors of northern winters nnd the dissatisfaction arising from one becoming an appendage to a colossal machine which
will constantly keep one at the point of subsistence.
There is a lot of unimproved land in Florida, millions of acres of it, and it can be purchased cheaper this year than next, and if you desire to learn more aliout the State of Oranges, Pineapples, bruits, Vegetables nnd blowers, write t" llic Myers lieal Kstatc Company, at 521 West Forsyth street. Jacksonville, Fla.
This company has just opened for business and is in a position to satisfy any wants in the line of real estate in Florida. A large list of city and suburban, vacant and improved property is in the company's charge as well as a substantial rental list. Their timber list comprises yellow pine, cypress and hardwood in any sized
tracts, turpentine tracts and sawmill propositions. The firm is closely allied with the turpentine and timber interests of the State and are experts on making conservative appraisements. Mineral lands such as phosphate, kaolin and ochre are listed as is also a large assortment of Orange Groves, Pineapple tracts, Truck farms and Grazing Lands. Charge is taken of property for residents and nonresidents, rents collected, taxes paid and repairs looked after. Loans are made on good security in amounts to suit the borrower and ample funds are at the firm's command to handle any proposition aiong this line that has merit.
The members of the firm are W, 15. Myers, F. L. Watson and C. N. Mimson,
Florida Roses Grown by Griffing Bros. Co.
Interior Myers Real Estate Office.
gentlemen well acquainted in the city and State and have bad such experience in real estate matters as to enable them to pass intelligently upon any phase of the real estate situation.
This is one of the important factors in building materials iu Jacksonville, its resources for the prompt accommodation of its patrons cannot lie excelled and the gentlemen at the head of the business are fully acquainted with every detail of the business.
The business was established in 1904, it has a capital of $25,000. employs 35 men, pays them $30,000 per annum in wages and handles a business that amounts to $300,000 per year.
The line carried covers everything in building materials, such as Brick. Lime, Cement, Plaster, Hair, Roofing and Coal. It is about the largest concern of its kind in the city and is growing at a very rapid rate.
The officials of the company are J. J. Logan, President, and S. A. Marshall, Manager. These gentlemen are well acquainted in and about Jacksonville and command the admiration and esteem of the populace, not only in the conduct of their business, but in the general affairs of the community, where their disinterested efforts for the city's good are untiring and effective.

This Company was organized in January, 1904, for the purpose of carrying on the business of examining and guaranteeing land titles, preparing abstracts of titles and taxes, placing anil collecting mortgage loans and acting as trustees or agent for the purchase and sale of lands.
The Company has been highly successful, and besides rebuilding and adding to the title plant, or abstracts of records ot its predecessors, the Company's net earnings have enabled it to pay an eight per cent dividend, besides carrying a comfortable sum to surplus.
The Company has just completed a most up-to-date modern four-story brick, stone and steel office building, on the northwest corner of Newnan and Forsyth streets. The building has forty-eight offices on its tipper floors, three-fourths of which have south or east exposures, overlooking the beautiful St. Johns River; and two splendid store rooms of over two thousand square feet, besides the Company's fireproof offices and vault and a magnificent main entrance and lobby, leading to the elevators and staircase on the ground floor. The public space throughout the btrildhlg is floored with tile and the interior finish is of quartered oak. The Company's offices are especially protected against fire, being surrounded with extra heavy walls of brick and stone and covered with a concrete ceiling supported by large steel eye-beams encased in concrete. The windows and doors are all metal and glazed with heavy wire plate glass, making the introduction of fire into the room as nearly impracticable as possible. Altogether the construction and architecture are such as to make the Company's offices the best equipped for its business of any of the Southeastern States.
This Company introduced in Florida the business of guaranteeing the title to real estate. Its practice of furnishing, through its legal department, opinions upon land titles and policies guaranteeing the title to real estate has met with the approval of owners and purchasers and all lenders of money on mortgages. Its business in this line is growing rapidly and helping materially in upbuilding the business in-
terests of the city and county by offering to investors absolute protection against losses arising from defects of title. This service is one which appeals especially to non-resident investors, who are not personally acquainted with the land system of the State.
The business is under the management of the following gentlemen: Mr. James E. Johnson, president; Judge W. B. Owen, vice-president; Mr. Carroll D. Judson, sec-
fessional and business men of tile community.
The policy of the Company may be said to be to adopt and introduce the most modern and improved business methods, having1 due regard at ail times to the interests of accuracy and the most complete protection of the interests of its patrons.
The president and executive committee of 1 ho B Ml Ml
Realty Title and Trust Co.'s Building.
retary and title officer; Mr. Chas. A. Clark, prominent part in the material develop-
treasurer and Mr. Robert A. Baker, Mr. ment of the business life of the city and
Chas. Blum and Mr. Arthur J. Lederer as contiguous parts of Florida,
members of the Board of Directors in ad- The abstract and title department is
dition to the above named officers. The under the immediate charge of the Seere-
Company numbers among its stockholders, tary and Title Officer, who is an experi-
in addition to the above named, a consid- enced lawyer, having made a specialty of
eralbe number of the most prominent pro- the law of real property and been for a
long time connected with the District Title Insurance Company, of Washington, D. C, in professional and executive capacities.
The colossal expansion and development of the United States at this time is more rapid and wonderful than it has been at any time in its past history. Demands are being made upon the forests of the Nation such as were never made before and vast territories are being denuded of their timber embellishments. This constant requisition upon the storehouse of nature for building materials and timbers is so great that it will eventually be an impossibility to secure any timber lands in very considerable tracts unless fabulous prices are paid for them.
It is an unwritten law in the world of finance and speculation that the proper time to make investments is on a rising market, and timber land that could be-purchased in Florida for one dollar per acre five years ago is now commanding three and four dollars per acre, and the activity is just getting under way. Mr. H. H. Shackleton, who handles Timber Investments, has a large list of timber tracts to dispose of, and he is in a position to offer you investments that will prove to be money makers.
Mr. Shackleton is a thorough woodsman and has made a scientific study of timber estimates in the stumpage, his reports are reliable and dependable and to those with whom he is acquaintend they are accepted as final. He is local representative of many prominent timber owners in the-Xorth and West and his long experience in this line places him in a position to render valuable service to his clients. He will, be pleased to correspond with anyone who may be interested in the matter. His address is West Building. Jacksonville, Fla.
Jacksonville has one of the most alert Boards of Health to he found anvwhere.

The press of the State of Florida is -constantly filled with reports pertaining to the establishing of industries of all hinds, the extension and building of new lines of railroads, arrangements for the improving and deepening of its harbors -and the placing in cultivation of large tracts of lands for fruit, truck and farming purposes. In fact Florida lias just Berlin to realize her importance among the animated states of the Union.
For a considerable period of time the people of the North and East and West of Florida have been laboring under the delusion that the State had no very Important asset other than its climate. The word had gone out that Florida was only a medium IT fit place for superanuated -and decrepit northern people to come to
tracts and otliers may he looking for phosphate and tobacco lands, and to those who are to come in the future we call their attention to the fact that Mr. Arthur T. Williams, a prominent Jacksonville lteal K'state Broker, has one of the most comprehensive lists of acre property scattered over the State of any dealer in the business.
The Timber Lands are Yellow Pine, Cypress and Hardwood tracts and ,tne acres can be divided up in lots to suit the purchaser and sold to him on terms of easy payment. The Mineral Lands consist of Phosphate, Kaolin. Ochre and Dal-omitic Marble tracts and they will also lie sold on terms to suit the purchaser. All lands in Florida are enhancing in value every day and the wise ones will get in and make their selections before the lands
The unparalleled growth of Jacksonville during the past few years and the ceaseless activity in all lines of industry is making a reputation for the city as a supply center that would be a credit to any community. As the metropolis of the State, Jacksonville is in a position to render service to Floridians and the citizens of the adjoining States of a nature that cannot be obtained elsewhere in this locality. This fact with the central location of the city has attracted a trade to the city that has necessitated the establishment of concerns here in every line of business. Prominent among the more important ones is the Atlantic Supply Company.
Tlus company is headquarters for general Mill and Mining Supplies. A large
pany will he pleased to make quotations The Atlantic Supply Company was Incorporated in 1903 with a capital of $25,-000. They soon discovered that this amount would not take care of the business and the capital was increased to $100,000. It is now doing a business of $300,000 per year and its trade is cor stantly increasing.
Employment is furnished 17 men and two traveling salesmen, its pay rolls amount to $21,000 per year and its trade extends over Florida and the joining states.
The officers of the company are D. T. Gerow, President, who is also Post Master of Jacksonville; A. M. Ives, Vice President; W. E. Gerow Secretary, and J. K. McFall. Treasurer. These gentlemen are well known to the commerce of this see-
to die, but this idea is Heine; rapidly dis-phiced. Florida has a future. Any country would have, which could furnish land that will produce three and four crops to the acre per year, and Florida has millions of acres of such land that at this time can be purchased cheaper than anywhere else in the United States. People up in the cold country are being made cognizant of this fact and now they are headed this way in train loads. Just a few days ago 16 cars filled with emigrants and home seekers passed through Jacksonville on its way down in the State.
Of course these people must have land, homes, ranches and other real estate. Some of them may be in epiest of timber
View of Pecan Orchard of Griffing Bros.
get out of their reach. In Gadsden County, the county that raises sucti wondei -fully fine tobacco, the lands have advanced 150 per cent in the last year and even now they are selling at about one twentieth of their value.
In the ten years that Mr. Wilb'ams has been in the Timber Land business, his sales have amounted to millions of dollars. He is an expert on appraising tim-ber property and when he ha- passed upon a tract and made his report, it is a waste of time to investigate any further. His office is at 106 Main street. Write him.
Jacksonville has an Industrial Record published in the interest of the State.
;o. in Baker County, Florida.
and comprehensive stock is carried and the wants of its patrons are filled on short notice.
The Company also acts as Selling Agents for Voorhees Rubber Manufacturing Company's Criterion Belt. Fire and Mining ll">e. 1 trail t. nil Leather Pelt. American Steel Split Pullevs, Gandy Belt, Bowel's Wlrfte Star Valves and Steam Specialties, Fairbanks-Morse Steam Pumps and Gasoline Fmgines, and Fair-hanks Valves. Orders for any of the alxwe mentioned articles can be filled with promptness and dispatch. A full line of Saw Mill and Mining Supplies are carried such as Heavy Machinery. Boilers, Engines, Pumps, etc., on which the com-
tion of the country. They are all influential, public spirited, progressive business men and take a deep interest in any movement that will give Jacksonville further publicity.
Jacksonville has 135 miles of streets, 37 miles of them are paved.
Jacksonville has let contracts for paving 15% miles of streets.
Jacksonville has 00 miles of sewers, costing $412,000.
Jacksonville has 77 men on its police

In this epitome of progress and development of Jacksonville it is our intention to, as far as we can, hold up to the public view the representative business concerns engaged in the various departments of mercantile, commercial and industrial endeavor in order that business men at a distance and those seeking a remunerative and growing field for the investment of capital and the establishment of industries, may know what manner of merchants, mercantile establishments and industrial concerns have been chiefly instrumental in creating the constantly growing commercial fabric of Jacksonville and what resources the city holds in readiness for those who would make requisition upon them. To do this it is obvious that we should exhibit to view every factor that has identified itself with the growth of the city.
Notably among the enterprises entering largely in the commerc:aI aggregate of the city's business is The Groover-Stewart Company. This business waa established in 1900 as the Christie-Groover Drug Co., and was succeeded by the present company during the current year. The premises occupied by the company, a view of which is herewith shown, are large and commodious and admirably adapted to the bus'ness.
The line handled constitutes everything known to the Drug trade and the volume of business handled each year is such that it does not permit old stock to accumulate. The purchasing department is most excellently organized and the patrons of the company are in turn admirably and economically served. The company furnishes employment to 33 men, five of whom are traveling salesmen.
The officers of the company are F. C. Groover, President; M. W. Stewart, Vice-President, and H. K. Stewart, Secretary-Treasurer.
Jacksonville's postoffiee receipts are $129,000 more than its expenses.
Jacksonville has one of the most efficient fire departments in the South.
Groover-Stewart Drug Company's Building
Within a section of wide extent and with present development and future prospects which are more than merely promising, Jacksonville is the acknowledged metropolis of the State in the important lines of wholesale business. An establishment that has done probably as-much as any outer single house in the city to place Jacksonville in the front rank ot wholesale centers is Benedict, Pollak & U), This business was est ablished in 1891. when few people thought the city would assume the place it has in the commerce of the nation and the development of the city shows that the judgment of the inceptors of the business was good.
This company carries a most comprehensive line of Dry Goods and Notions and has four traveling salesmen in Florida and Georgia. The volume of business is large and its patrons are among the best merchants in its territory. A purchasing office is maintained in New York City, which enables its representative to take-advantage of the cheap offerings of overstocked manufacturers, thereby enabling it to more successfully serve its patrons^
The members of the firm are Charles Renedict and M. S. Pollak. Mr. Benedict is a member of the Board of County Commissioners and will in all probability be-made chairman of the Board at its next reorganization. He is now Dean of the Board.
This firm are members of the Board of Trnde, and with its large and varied re sources, complete facilities and able man agement, holds a prominent and influen tial place among the leading representa tives of the jobbing interests of this sec tion of the country.
Jacksonville has two splendid daily newspapers.
Jacksonville has a splendM waterworks system and can furnish 11.500.000 gallons per day, if needed.
Jacksonville has the cheapest electric light rates of any city in the South. The-city owns the plant.

Jacksonville is fully equipped with all that goes to make up the sum total of a prosperous enlightened city. its educational advantages are of an excellent nature and in add t ion to the well equipped city schools there is a private school that ofiers advantages and perfection in a line of studies which is not covered by the public school courses.
An institution of learning of more than passing mention is Miss Jacobi's School wh'ch was instituted live years ago and has attained a popularity second to none, primarily on account of the thorough methods in vogue in all its departments. The Principal is Miss Gertrude F. Jacobi, who has taken her degrees in a half-dozen or more colleges, which has splendidly qualified her to fill the important position she now occupies. The school is the direct result of her own effort and the support il lias relied- ;-nMt credit upon Miss Jacobi's managerial ability.
The various courses taught comprise Elocution and Physical Culture, by Miss .lacobi. French, by Prof. Vernaelde; Sculpture, by Charles A. Pillars; Academic Department, by Miss Mable W. Rindell; Piano and Harmony, by YVilhelm Meyer; Violin, Cello and Cornet, by Ewald G. Abel; Intermediate Department, by Miss Charlotte Hawkins; Primary Department, by Miss llinli Walker: Kindergarten, b\ Miss Adele P. Jacobi. and Miss Rindell also teaches Pottery, Sloyd, Home Economics. Draughting and has a private cla-s in Manual Training. There are 24 pupils taking French. 34 pupils in the Art Department, 70 pupils taking Piano instruction, 23 pupils taking Violin. Cello and Cornet instructions. 30 pupils taking Painting, and 20 taking Dancing lessons. There are 107 pupils in the main school, some of them having come from a distance to avail themselves of its advantages.
The rates of tuition are very reasonable and may be had upon application to the Principal.
Miss Jaoobi is arranging to establish a boarding department in connection with her school and hopes to have it in readiness to accommodate her many applicants
from a distance by the beg'nning of the next term.
How much of Jacksonville's substantial growth and commercial development is due to natural resources and advantages and what percentage is due to the remarkable enterprise of its citizens is, of course, impossible to determine. Certain it is, however, that Jacksonville is greatly blessed by both and the combined results are in the highest degree flattering to all those who have their interests here.
The splendid shipping facilities and excellent climate have been factors of considerable moment and we presume the re-
mainder of the c:edit should go to those who are making ,.ie city famous.
One of the oldest and most influential wholesale and retail establishments in the city and one that has l>een identified with every phase of Jacksonville's growth since 1807 is that of the S. B. Hubbard Company, dealers in hardware. This concern occupies one of the finest buildings in the city and is probably better equipped to care for the wants of its patrons than any other similar concern in Florida. A capital of $240,000 is invested in the business, employment is given 75 men and the wage roll will amount to $00,000 per annum.
The line as carried consists of Builders' Hardware, Blacksmith Supplies. Wagon Material, Belting, Mill Supplies, Cutlery,
Ammunition. Sport ing 11.....1-. Hope. Stoves-,
Tinware, and Small Shelf Hardware.
This house is scrupulously honorable, and straight forward in its representations of quality and values, and has required and commanded the general confidence anil esteem of the trade, wherever its business operations have extended.
The officers of the company are Frank S. Gray, President; S. B. Hubbard, Jr., First Vice-President and Treasurer; John Finig, Second Vice-President, and W. T. Secretary.
Interior Art Department, Miss Jacobi's Private School.

Procrastination is often made to masquerade under the genteel name of deliberation, but to deliberate unduly while golden opportunities slip by is the kind of procrastination that is doubly a thiet: of time and opportunity as well. There are conajtions and developments that are brought to one's notice from time to time, which if taken advantage of will prove most productive of profitable results and in this connection we desire to call the reader's attention to the fact that the State of Florida and the city of Jacksonville, its mercantile metropolis, presents to the conservative investor and the man of limited means, opportunities that will gradually pass beyond his reach, if he fails to avail himself of the various openings which are within his reach at this time.
Real estate in Jacksonville has advanced four hundred per cent within the last nve years and the chance for remunerative investment at this time is just as good as it was then.
If you desire specific information relative to Florida and Jacksonville, we refer you to Mr. C. Buckman, a native of Florida, who has been actively engaged in the realty business for the past ten years in Jacksonville, and who from his personal knowledge of the actual conditions, is in a position to pass intelligently upon any phase of Florida investments.
Mr. Buckman handles City and Suburban Property, vacant and improved, Timber Lands, Turpentine Tracts, Orange Groves, Pineapple Tracts, Truck Farms and Grazing Lands in parcels of the size to suit the purchaser. He has been connected for a number of years with the Land Department of the East Coast Railway and Ids knowledge along this line is broad and comprehensive. Mr. Buckman also negotiates mortgage loans, has a large list of rental property and does a general fire insurance business.
As an active factor in the development of Jacksonville, Mr. Buckman has played no small part. He has recently completed arrangements for the construction of a modem five-story office building at the corner of Hogan and Forsyth streets, to
be built of brick and stone. The building will occupy a ground space of 32% feet by 85 feet and will contain 30 offices nnd three handsome rooms on the ground floor.
.e building will be erected by local contractors and will be a splendid addition to the city's already extensive improvements.
Mr. Buckman is a member of the Jacksonville Board of Trade, is well known throughout the state and will be pleased to confer with anyone relative to conditions and investments in the State.
age comfortable. There is a lot of land that nobody wants and some land that a great many people want. If you own land that other people want or will want you are fortunate, and from present Indications there will always be a well developed demand for Jacksonville real estate, as the location of this city, its salubrious climate, its splendid harbor, its unusually good railroad facilities, its magnificent wholesale houses and its progressive citizenship, will literally force the town to always remain the metropolis of
View by Courtesy Florida Ostrich Farm. J. N. C. STOCKTON, REAL ESTATE. Florida and the southeast portion of the
Real Estate always has been and al- United States, ways will be the safest, surest and best In making a review of the factors which investment for anyone, whether rich or have played an active part in placing poor. The advice of the late Russell Sage, Jacksonville in the list of important cities to young men, was to buy real estate in of this country, we desire to call your at-the suburbs of any growing city, then tention to Mr. J. N. C. Stockton, whose work hard at your usual business and your place of business is located at 108 West real estate purchases will make your old Forsyth street, up-stairs just opposite the
National Bank of Jacksonville. Mr. Stockton has been a resident of this city for M years, is a member of the Board of Trade, and was its president in 1889. He was also a member of the Board of Public Works of Jacksonville for three different terms and was chairman of the lioard for a period of five years; he was engaged in the banking business in this city for 25 years and was president of the .National State Bank of Florida when that institution was sold to the Atlantic National Bank in 1893. Two years ago Mr-Stockton entered the real estate business and that he is making a most splendid success along this line is shown by the volume of business which he transacts-per annum, it will run from $750,000 to-$1,000,000.
Mr. Stockton purchases and sells real estate on his own account and acts as selling agent and advisor of those who may be in the market to either purchase or dispose of property.
The line of realty handled consists of city and suburban property, both vacant and improved, mill and factory sites, timber lands and turpentine tracts. His lists-along these lines are replete with substantial propositions and if you should be in> quest of anything he has listed or need reliable information regarding any phase of Jacksonville's or Florida's commercial life you cannot do better than to confer with Mr. Stockton.
The reason so many men succeed where others fail is because the man who succeeds has positive knowledge, while the man who fails lacks positive knowledge. His knowdedge is hazy and indefinite. Modern business methods are based on certain fundamental laws, and unless one is familiar with those laws, one never knows exactly how to proceed, and the man who hesitates in these times of rapid developments and colossal deals is lost in the great rush of modern times. The-fact that Mr. Stockton has been a resident of Florida for the past 36 years and the further fact that during that period he has been actively identified with Jacksonville's expansion and development,, places him in a position to pass intelligently upon any business proposition connected in anyway with this locality.

HOPKINS REALTY COMPANY, REAL Lands, Turpentine Tracts, Orange Groves, ular addition to the city of Key West, ESTATE. Pineapple Farms, Truck Lands and Stock Horida, known as Boca Chica. There are
. , ( .____u _ Handles and will be pleased to confer with 1.000 building lots in this addition and the
The pendulum of prices on nost com- ^ interestea> prices range from $100 to $160 each. These
modifies swings backward ami forward. [t alsQ has a comprehen8ive Ust of lots mav"be lla,| f small cash pay.
In.s is not true in refeience to lan Io- va(,ant and yed (- am, subllrl)n ,MOnt. the remainder to be paid in monthlv day the pendulum is sw.ng.ig out"ad t miI1 rand factoV, siteg, water installments. They also have a tract
,n land prices everywhere and going to- fr(mt &nd , of desjlab]e k TJU) p| l9]and which
ward a higher point each year The ex- ,.psi(len(,e ,ot9 siU]a"ted in Qakdale, one of there are 4.000 acres, which they offer in penence of those fortunate enough to ^ ^ roU9 and reflnp(] resj. m entirctv
purchase land in the last three years veri- J
ties this assertion.
If an individual wants real estate of any kind it should be purchased while he or she has an opportunity to secure it at low prices and on easy terms. Real estate everywhere is becoming dearer each year. Many thought it was too dear five and ten years ago and on that account refused to buy a home or farm, thinking
the pendulum would swing back and the
prices become more reasonable. Now they see their error. It is not too late, however, for there are still a few localities
tnat have not been exploited to their limit and they now offer exceptionally
profitable opportunities as compared with
the more densely populated localities in
the North and Middle West. We, in this
particular, refer to the broad expanse of
sparsely inhabited territory of Florida.
This state offers millions of acres of land
which will produce from two to four
crops per annum at prices that will prove
a revelation to those who live in localities
where land sells at $125 to $250 per acre.
Land that is adapted to all the requirements of the land in the North and is
capable of producing many crops and varieties of vegetation that will not grow in
the North, can be had in this state all the
way from seventy-five cents per acre up
to as high as one may desire to pay. The
price being regulated by the improvements on the land and its location.
If the reader should desire to confer
with anyone in Florida relative to any
phase of the state's realty interests, we
refer them to the Hopkins Realty Com- dence additions. The company buys and The members of this firm are H. G. Hop-pany of Jacksonville. This is a duly in- sells property outright on its own account u.ns, president; George W. Martin, vice-corporated organization with a capital and acts as selling agent for others, it president, and R. Sanford Aikin, secretary stock of $25,000. and handles everything also makes mortgage loans and negotiates and treasurer, all of whom are members known to the real estate business in this loans for its clients. of the Board of Trade. Any information
section. The Hopkins Realty Company has re- it may furnish you, can be depended upon
This firm has a large list of Timber cently placed on the market a very pop- as being reliable.
Citro-Pecan Grove, Baker County, Owned by Griffing Bros. Co.
Industrial development and growth of Real Estate values go hand in hand, and it is a combination that spells fortune for the intelligent investor. A city's growth can best be foreseen by the magnitude, size, variety and number of its commercial and industrial enterprises, its shipping facilities and its geographical location for the proper distribution of its products. Commerce and industry flock almost by natural gravitation to the spot that furnishes them superior advantages for the profitable and economical output of their commodity.
Jacksonville has all of these advantages and many that a personal visit and investigation must reveal and when the investigation has been made it will become obvious to the investor that no better locality can be had for conservative and sound investment than that offered by Jacksonville.
Prominent among those engaged in the Real Estate business in this city is the firm of Sebring & Boyd, whose place of business is on the third floor of the Dyal-Ujicliurch Building. This firm haa been in the Real Estate business for the past three years and in that time has built up a following that is second to none in the city.
The line as handled consists of city and suburban improved and unimproved Residence Property, Business Houses and Sites, Mill and Factory Sites, Yellow Pine, Cypress and Hardwood Tracts, Grazing Lands, and acre property for truck farming and agricultural purposes. The acre land can be had in quantities to suit the purchaser and on terms that are moet equitable.
An extensive business is also done in mortgage loans, stocks and bonds and a very comprehensive rental list is carried.
The members of the firm are W. R. Sebring and G. M. Boyd, both of whom have been residents of the city for the past 20 years, and have a very extensive acquaintance throughout the state and are in close touch with Florida Realty conditions.
Jacksonville has 6 bottling works.

In 1905 the people of Florida sent two million dollars to Eastern Life Insurance Companies, located principally in New York. Seventy-five per cent of this money is lost to Florida for all time to come.
Recognizing the fact that this drain could in a way be counteracted by the establishment of a Home Company, a tew of Jacksonville's progressive young men met early in the Spring of the present year and completed the organization of the above company with a capital stock of $1,000,000. The idea of having a Florida company backed by Florida men with Florida capital for the accommodation of
Floridians was so unique and original that its stock was rapidly* subscribed and its success assured.
The company has 400 stockholders, all Floridians, and 32 of them prominent bank officials. They are from all parts of the state and the 400 stockholders practically constitute 400 local representatives, for it is perfectly logical that one will pull for the concern in which his or her moneyr is invested.
This company now has 40 agents in the state and up to this date it has written $750,000 worth of insurance, and it has only started. The rate of charge is a trifle less than those of the arrogant old line companies and this fact in connection with its local identity is pushing it to the front in a way that has even been a sur-
makc a personal explanation of its plan of doing business.
The officials of the company are M. D. Johnson, president; Randall Pope, 1st vice-president; P. D. Cassidey, 2nd vice-president; H. B. Race, secretary; O. S. Allbritton, treasurer; and John W. Dodge, counsel. There are 30 directors from 15 different cites in the state and care has been taken to select only those officials who have made a reputation and success for themselves in finance and business.
The home office is in Jacksonville, in the Realty Building, and visitors to the city are cordially received at all times.
Jacksonville has a splendid harbor. Jacksonville is growing more rapidly than anv other city in the South.
Cashiers Office.
Secretary's Office.
prise to its officials. BURWELL & HILLYER, CONTRAC-
The company makes a specialty of Or- TORS,
dinary Life, Twenty Payment and En- In connection with the building up and
dowment Policies, and in fact has a policy development of Jacksonville and the ap-
for the man in all walks of life. proach towards the realization of its des-
The company has all the good features tiny as the greatest commercial center
of the Old Line Companies and many that on the South Atlantic Seaboard, much
those companies from their sheer greed importance is attached to the operations
and avarice are unwilling to adopt. Its of Civil Engineers, Contractors and Archi-
methods are plain and simple and those tects.
great bolts of red-tape which enshroud the The firm of Burwell & Hillyer, Consult-operations of the old companies are not ing Engineers and Contractors, has been to be numbered among its assets and at- identified with the growth of Jackson-tributes. If the Florida Life has no rep- ville for the past 12 years, and in that resentative in your locality it will be glad time has erected some of the most sub-to have one of its men call on you and stantial and handsome residences and bus-
Treasurer's Office, iness houses in the city. The firm also takes Railroad Contracts, Dock Construction, Public and County Roads. Warehouses, Street Paving and Sewers.
The men composing this firm are Blair Burwell, Jr.. C. K., and Charles E. Hillyer, Architect, and their offices will be found in the Blum Building on Forsyth street.
Being thoroughly equipped with the technical knowledge, the artistic skill and the practical experience requisite for the highest success in their particular line, qualifies these gentlemen to undertake anything in construction anil general con-ti acting work.
Assistant Jacksonville is th Florida.
b live stock
market of

Jacksonville's future is foreshadowed in a present prosperity which is based upon the thoroughly tried principles ot progress. In many departments of business which by their stability and steadiness of growth indicate the value of the city's claim to its place among the leading cities of the South, the Wholesale Grocery business of the city is a line eminently worthy of consideration ami Is a fair barometer to Jacksonville's advancement. In connection with this line ot trade we call the reader's attention to the establishment conducted by Mr. Lewis K. Riley, at 302. 304, 300 West Bay street. In 1885 this concern had its inception in a small unassuming way with little capital behind it. and like may of the city's other colossal enterprises has gradually grown until it is one of the most potent factors in its line among its contemporaries. Mr. Riley is a detailist. he has studied the various features of his business until he has reduced them to a science and is thereby the better able to intelligently serve his patrons.
The line as handled is very comprehensive and consists of Heavy and Staple Groceries. Grocers' Sundries. Spices, Teas. Coffees. Tobaccoes. Canned (woods, Provisions, Flour, Meal, Grits. Fruits. Vegetables. Nuts. Hay. Grain. Feed nnd a literal host of other items.
The business furnishes employment to 14 men. and the wages paid are $13,000 per annum. A capital of $50,000 is in the business and the gross receipts will amount to $225,000 per year.
Mr. Riley"s long connection w'tli the merchants of Florida and his thorough understanding of his business makes him a most valuable and respected citizen, in the full enjoyment of the esteem of his patron, and the entire community In which he does business.
Jacksonville's manufactured products are sold all over the globe.
Jacksonville has fine office buildings and more of them coming.
The president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, James J. Hill, recently -aid. "that within twenty years we must house and employ in some fashion 50.000.000 ot additional population, nnd by the middle of this century there will be approximately two and one-half times as many people in the United States as there arc today. No nation in history was ever confronted with a sterner question than this certain prospect sets before us. Failing to understand the needs of the hour or to appreciate the moral to which they
of a competency regardless of what may come. In view of these facts, it must appear obvious to the most casual observer, that if he is wise he will purchase laud now and as much of it as possible."
There are many responsible real estate dealers in Jacksonville, and prominently among them is Mr. Joseph R. Dunn, whose place of business is in the West Building. Mr. Dunn handles Timber, Mineral and Farm Lands in all sized tracts and has listed some of the most desirable property in the State. He will be pleased to confer with anyone who may be interested
point, what fortune must await us? along this line. As his residence in the
Within twenty years 125.000.000 people, state (lates back to 1880> wmVh fact
and before the middle of the centurv ... ,
200.000.000 must find room and food and P1"*" l,1m 1,1 l'os,tlon to render ve,y
employment within the United States, valuable Service in making desirable se-
Where are they to live? What are they lections. Unimproved lands in the State
to do? These are questions that require of Florida may lie had at from 75 cents
a solution, ami it is reasonable to say per acre up to $15 per acre, and the prices
that the far sighted who owns land or are gradually Increasing with the expira-
provides it for h:s children will be sure Hon of each year.
Mr. Dunn is also prominently identified with the Real Estate interests of Jacksonville, and has a very comprehensive list of improved and unimproved property, consisting of city and suburban plots, mill and factory sites, water front and dockage property and carries a large list of rental property and also makes a specialty of handling any kind of business that you may have to dis|rose of such as stocks of merchandise, hoteis, mills, rac-tories and other mercantile enterprises.
During Mr. Dunn's residence in the State be has been prominently identified with its commercial expansion antl growth and thoroughly understands that in order to make a success and retain the esteem of his clients and the community it is very essential that both parties to a bargain should be satisfied. He is a member of the Jacksonville Board of Trade and is constantly on the lookout for an opportunity to perform anv act that will be of benefit to the city.
The Real Esta'e business of Jacksonville is growing as rapidly as the commercial and industrial lilies. The great increase in population has made a demand for city property and 't necessarily requires the Services of many Real Estate firms to properly supply the wants of all.
'Phe firm of Aird & Wiggs established themselves in business during the current year anil handle everything tlsat amy other Real Estate concern in the city may have, with the exception of bad propositions. The firm's long residence in Jacksonville and its close identity wnth the developing business interests of the city, makes it possible to cull out the undesirable features of the business. In addition to Real Estate, the firm of Aird & Wiggs also handle a very extensive line of Fire Insurance, representing the Spring Garden Insurance Co.. ot Philadelphia. Shawnee of Topeka. Kan., and the Wil-liamsburgh. of New York City. Their office will be found on the second floor of the Duval Building.
Jacksonville has three wholesale hardware houses.

CHARLES W. KINNE, REAL ESTATE. Jacksonville is forging ahead
such as Jacksonville is imbued with, and dle.l can be brought to a very high state J. V. BURKE, REAL ESTATE.
.. various |>nrt of Duval County, of which of productiveness and their close proxim- Among the pioneer representatives of
11 Jacksonville is the county seat, offer most ity to a large local market like that of the rea, e8tate bugineSB in Jacksonville is
lines of commercial endeavor in a way that excellent profits from investments in acre- Jacksonville places the farmer in a posi-
insures its place in the ranks of the fore- age tracts. This land can be made as tion to get immediate action upon all the Mr- J. ,v. Burke, who has been continu-
most Southern cities. Its growth has not productive as any in the State and is products he may have to offer for sale ouafy in the business since 884 I,
! . b /t". now selling at prices all the wav from $2 Mr. Kinne. whose place of business is at urke is a native ot rne otate ami nas
been of the burned mushroom sort that to j.200 r ap,r(1 ,g Wni Forsyth street, also has a nice been an eye-witness to the vast changes
prevails in some localities and is attend- RfrT diaries \\\ Kinne has been a resi- list of business and residence property for and improvements that have taken place
ed with reaction that is more detrimental dent of this city for the last .11 yean, rent, and does
to the locality than though the growth and has been actively identified with the fire insurance, had never taken place. The expansion of
'-- :in>l rr-iuVm-e proper! v t"!' ,
es a good line of busings in m F\ond& during the past 1 e, he represent the Sun of Plac,n? him in a ]t{on to
this city is of a different sort and the stability of its improvements is reflected in the fact that the transporation companies centering here are now making additions to their facilities for the prompt care of business that will entail the expenditure of millions of dollars. On every hand substantial additions are being made to the city's already extensive improvements, and one would have to be very skeptical indeed to doubt but what the continuation of Jacksonville's growth will go on and on for years to come.
In a city that is environed by progress and possessing a citizenship such as this city possesses, there can be found no better locality for prudent and conserrativt investments in improved and unimproved real estate. The values in this line are constantly doubling and land that a few years ago could be purchased for a few dollars per acre is now eagerly sought at hundreds of dollars per a^e. Suburban property and those lands lying just outside of the city limits have advanced equally as much in proportion to their former value as business and residence property in and near the business district.
The magnificent improvements that are mapped out for early construction in the city and the improvements that have been made in the past twelve months, makes it possible to make investments in real Jacksonville property at this time that past
) of the Florida Ostrich Farm.
state interests of the city for the New Orleans and the Providence of Wash
0 years. He has a large and com- ington.
will prove just as remunerative to the prehensive list of city and suburban im- |fr. Kinne was a member of the city wants of an rone can be satisfied,
inrestor as though he had entered the proved and unimproved property which he eotmeU for four rear. Is now an active cialty is made of timber tn
realm of Jacksonrille realty several years is offering at figures that will make prof- member of the Board of Trade and is one (.roves and Pineapple Farms,
years ago, in fact there is always an op- its for the purchasers. He also has a 0f the foremost men in his line in the West Forsrth
portunity to make honest money through splendid assortment of acre property in city.
real estate inrestments in a city that is the county, suitable for tmcking and Jacksonrille
imbued with the progress and expansion grazing. These lands when properly han- Jacksonville has 7 clubs. hardware hous
Ihirty years, give expert
counsel relative to Florida investment* and especially those pertaining to tiint>er and turpentine tracts.
Mr. Burke carries a large list of Timber Lands, Mineral Lands, Farm Lands, Grazing Lands, Orange Groves, Pineapple Farms, Peach Orchards and Truck Farms. His vasl -inn- of knowledge pertaining to Florida places him in a position to render valuable service to his clients, as lie is amply equipped to look after all of the various details of transfers, investigation and perfecting of titles, straightening out erroneous tax sales, making correct returns for assessment and paying taxes and generally supervising the holdings of non-residents. His place of business is at 22 Uogan street, and all communications addressed to him will receive prompt attention.
Jacksonville is the Mecca for the Northern tourist.
The pioneer real estate man in Jacksonville is Mr. J. C. Greeley, the senior member of the above firm. Mr. Greeley came to Florida 64 years ago and has been identified with the real estate interests of the city for 41 consecutive years, the gentleman is now 73 rears of age.
This company purchases and sells property on its own account and acts as selling agents for others and also rents houses. A full list of all kinds of real estate propositions is carried and the A spc-
altr is made of timber tracts.. Orange Office 111
5 wholesale and 7 retail

Jacksonville, by reason of her superior commercial advantages, excellent transportation facilities, magnificent harbor and favorable geographical location has become the distributing point for a radius in which there is a population of two millions of people. This fact has made the eit v the home of a large number of enterprises in the various staple lines of wholesale trade. The fact of the city possessing facilities of an unexcelled nature for the distribution of the necessities of lite is doing much to spread her name through the adjoining States as a supply center, to the extent that her future is commercially assured. Especially noteworthy among the numerous wholesale houses ot the city is the Consolidated Grocery Company, Importers nnd Wholesale Grocers.
This concern originally had its inception in 1872 and has grown so continually and steadily that it is now in the front rank of establishments of its kind in this section of the country. The company has branch houses at Savannah. Tampa and Pensacola, the home office being Jacksonville. The company has $1,000,000 capital and surplus in its business here and its volume of business will aggregate $2,-000.000 annually. Employment is given 54 men. 10 of whom are traveling salesmen and it pays out in wages $05,000 |>er annum to its Jacksonville employees. Wage totals of this character are push:ng this City to the front in commerce and industry as the pay for services is what makes or breaks a town or city.
This company has the most spacious quarters for the proper handling of its business that could be desired. A mag-ficent seven-story fire-proof building is owned by the company, the three first floors are used for the accommodation ot its business and the upper four floors are rented for office purposes, a warehouse in the rear of the main building three stories furnishes the wnter facilities. The three buildings furnishing one and three-quarter acres of floor space, rail connections in height is used nnd a commodious dock in the rear of this latter building
are had at the rear of the main building and a switch extends the entire length ot the dock. These facilities cannot be equalled in this part of the country.
The company handles everything knowu to the grocery line and is a direct importer of its foreign purchases. It also handles grain, hay, flour, grits and meal. Its salesmen cover Georgia, Alabama and Florida.
The personnel of the company are C. B. Rogers. President; W. A. Gallaher, E. A. (hamplain and C. M. Covington, Vice-Presidents; John Ball, Secretary; Elmo Thames and W. D. Gallaher, Assistant Secretary and Treasurer. These gentlemen are well known to the trade in the territory they cover and their experience places them in a position to judge intelligently as to the seasonability of the wares demanded by their patrons.
The members of the firm are men ot superior judgment and ability and as such manifest a most praiseworthy and liberal measure of publiespiritedness in all matter- concerning the advancement and general good of the community with which they are identified.
Prominent among Jacksonville's dealers
in food-stuffs is the firm of P. H. Boyer & Co., who handle Staple and Fancy Groceries.
The house has been a very popular place of trade since it was established and each year has seen it the recipient of a large and influential increase in patronage.
The stock consists of everything in Staple and Fancy Groceries of foreign and domestic production. Bottled and Canned Goods. Table Delicacies, and in fact nothing has been omitted from a full and complete category of Grocers 'Articles and Sundries.
The place of business is at 402 and 404 Main street, corner of Duval, employment is given ten clerks and assistants, four wagons are kept busy attending the wants of the patrons and the volume of business per annum will amount to $55,000.
Jacksonville has four an
nent parks

Thrift and foresight, no less than push and energy, distinguish the business men of Jacksonville, as being alert, able and progressive, and these manifested traits underlie to a very great extent the rapid expansion and commercial supremacy which has fallen to the lot of this popular and progressive city.
The confidence manifested in Jacksonville realty can best l>c depicted by the
possession of thorough and comprehensive information concerning real estate conditions in Jacksonville and are able to render expert and conservative advice to those who may be in quest of comfortable homes or profitable investments. Enterprise, efficiency and reliability have been manifested in every transaction they have made, which fact has given them the favorable commendation of the general public as well as that of a large and growing clientage.
The firm is located on the second floor
One of the most conspicuous factors in the commercial development of Florida is Mr. E. E. West, land owner and lumber manufacturer. Mr. West came to Florida in 1864, and has been a witness to the vast changes that have taken place in the State during that period. Upon his arrival in Florida, the State had a population of 140,000. and Duval County had only 5,000, the State has now a popula-
View by Courtesy of Realty Title and Trust Company.
fact that many of the best buildings in the city are owned by northern capitalists who have lieen brought to a realization of the fact that stable investments can be had in the South as well as in the North.
The firm of Christie & Christie have earned an excellent reputation for making quiek sales and prompt transfers, enterprising methods and fair and courteous treatment of their clients. They are in
of the Dyal-Upchurch Building and occupy one of the most comfortably equipped suites of offices of any firm in the city.
This firm will be pleased to furnish information to those out of the city upon any point concerning Jacksonville investments. All queries will receive prompt attention.
Jacksonville has the largest ship-building plant in the South.
tion of 000,000 and Jacksonville, the county seat of Duval County, has a population of 50,000. At that time the method of travel in the State was principally by ox-cart, but today finds the State in possession of a splendid transporation system with ocean steamers plying to all the principal ports of the nation, and trunk lines of railroads reaching all parts of the country, placing the citizens of
Florida and the State's products within easy reach of the great Northern markets. From a perfect wilderness the State of Florida has evolved in forty-six years into one of the beauty spots of the Union and is the resort of health and business of many influential and wealthy Northern people. The old log cabin has given way to the more pretentious modern structure of comfort, culture and refinement, and the cross roads country store wuli its heterogeneous mass of merchandise has made its exit forever to give place to that wonder of the twentieth century, the modern department store. The old-fashioned school house made of hewn logs and its quaint teacher with his three R's has faded away into the dim nast to be known only to the future as a legend and for the foundation he founded for the most progressive nation on the globe. The express rider and his steaming pony with its big pommel saddle is only a faint remembrance, and in his place we have the long distance telephone and telegraph. Mr. West has seen all these and many other changes and customs assert themselves, and during it all he has been prominently identified with very movement that had for its purpose the betterment of Florida.
Mr. West is engaged in the land and lumber business. He has for sale, 160,-000 acres of land located in the State, principally along the line of the Sealioaid. He owns a railroad twenty-five miles in length known as the Kllaville, West Lake anil Jennings Railway. The land owned by Mr. West is available for farming purines and may be had on reasonable terms. The lumber interests as conducted by this gentleman are very extensive, i.e operates sawmills, planing mills, dry-kilns, manufactures flooring, ceiling, sid-ingi castings, stepping, and dimension materials and the products of yellow pine of all descriptions. The products of his mills are shipped direct to Boston in cargo lots. Mr. West is also a large owner of Jacksonville property and is owner of the West Building, one of the best office buildings in the city.
Jacksonville has progressive retail merchants.

While Jacksonville revels in the beauty of its surroundings, one of the most flourishing and progressive cities in this section of the South, we must consider the great strides that have taken place in the last few years in both its commerce and manufactures. It must be admitted that not only has the city's natural advantages and resources been factors in her acquired greatness, but the unremitting energy and foresight on the part of her business men have formed a solid basis for the city's steady growth and development. One of the oldest and perhaps the best known enterprises of its kind in the country and one that has done and is doing much to thrust afar the fair name of Jacksonville is that of the Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Company.
This business was established in 1894 and was incorporated two years later. Its capital and surplus is $350,000, employment is given to 125 men and three traveling salesmen and its payroll amounts to $78,000 per annum. The business handled will aggregate 28,000 tons per year and its product is distributed throughout Georgia, Florida and Cuba. The business Is constantly increasing and additions are being made yearly to its already extensive plant.
The officers of the company are L. A. Wilson, President: F. I. Wheeler, Vice-President, and W. G. Toomer, Secretary and Treasurer. The company has a high standing in the estimation of the citizens of Jacksonville and throughout the territory it covers, its proprietors are liberal and progressive in their ideas and methods and are fully imbued with a just pride in the development of Jacksonville. They are public spirited in all matters concerning the reputation and fame of the Metropolis of Florida and the extension of its commercial influence and industrial greatness.
Among the great and growing industrial concerns that are exerting their utmost to make this city the foremost manufacturing point in the South, there is none more prominent that the American Fiber Company, which enjoys the enviable distinction of being the largest concern of its kind in the South.
This business waB established in 1890 and on the first of January, 1907. its capital will be made $100,000, the volume of its various products will amount to $115,-
000 per year and 130 hands are employed that draw $25,000 per annum.
The line as manufactured consists of Brush Fiber, Lime Plaster Fiber, Straw, Moss and Cotton, Florida Wool, Palm Leaf Mattress Fiber, Growers and Gathers Medicinal Roots, Seeds, Leaves, Barks, and Bags. Facilities are at hand to promptly fill all orders placed, promptly, with the best grades of materials and at reasonable prices.
January 1st, 1907, the Afco-Chemical Company will be taken in by the Ameri-
can Fiber Company as an auxiliary, but run entirely seperate.
Unique business concerns do more to make a city well known than any other factor and this Filler Company is surely doing its part for Jacksonville.
Mr. W. W. Cleveland, General Manager of this Company, has been a long resident of Jacksonville and has built up the present magnificent business through his individual efforts.
Jacksonville's business men are progressive and will give you the glad nana.

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""THE purpose of the Industrial Department of the Seaboard Air Line Railway is the de-* velopment and utilization of the raw material and natural resources and the settlement of desirable people along its line, and to furnish information and assistance to Manufacturers, Investors, Merchants, Workmen and Settlers who may be seeking a locality in which to establish an industry, open a business, make an investment or secure a home.
This department is in possession of tabulated information descriptive of the possibilities and resources of every mile of territory traversed by its rails. This information has been carefully gathered, is authentic and can be relied upon.
The adaptability of the various localities has been investigated from the standpoint of utility, and every phase of the Agricultural, Horticultural, Industrial and Commercial situation as existing along the line of road has been gone over with such thoroughness and personal inspection that any information secured through this department may be depended upon as to being wholly reliable.
The Seaboard Air Line is one of the greatest commercial arteries in the industrial system of this country> passing as it does through the Atlantic Seaboard States and tapping at its southern extremity the fair State of Florida, which is destined to become the winter garden of the whole north, it offers opportunities for stable investments that will produce handsome profits for those who are farsighted enough to take advantage of them.
The Department will be pleased to confer with responsible parties as to the business possibilities of the cities along its route and the advantages offered in Agriculture and Horticulture. Address inquiries to
h. p. BIGHAM,
Ass't Gen'l Industrial Agen Atlanta, Ga.
J. W. WHITE. General Indxistilal Agent, Portsmouth, Va.
W. F. STEPHENS. Industrial Agent. Portsmouth. Va.
HENRY CUR.TIS. Ass't Gen'l Industrial Agent. Jacksonville. Fla.

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