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Title: Tallahassee, Leon County, Florida
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Title: Tallahassee, Leon County, Florida
Series Title: Tallahassee, Leon County, Florida
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Bibliographic ID: FS00000004
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida State University
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Back Cover
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text
TALLAHASSEE
LEON COUNTY
FLORIDA
LIBRARY, F. S. U




Tallahassee, Leon County
1
State Capitol Building, Tallahassee
Historical
Florida became a part of the United States by purchase from Spain in 1819, and a few years later the Capital was located in Leon County, and called "Tallahassee," that being the name of the principal Indian chief in this section.
The first Americans coming to Florida to engage in agriculture, at a time when all lands were open to them at a small cost, selected the best in Middle Florida, this district being considered the best in the State for farming and stock raising. Large plantations were put in a high state of cultivation, and produced bountiful crops of cotton, corn, tobacco, sugar cane, hay, and other commodities.
The Civil War swept negro slavery away, and, after the war, the large plantations were rented to the freed negroes, who usually paid a certain number of pounds of cotton for the yearly rental of about 40 acres of land and a small dwelling. This system still prevails to a large extent, but is being changed more rapidly each year.
All the favorable conditions for bountiful crops are still here, awaiting intelligent farmers to utilize them and reap the benefits, The old plantations are being subdivided into small tracts, and an opportunity is now offered to the man with small means to acquire the best lands in Florida.
location
In Middle Florida, towards the southern edge of the temperate latitudes, arises out of the pine woods a bit of upland, "at once the most fertile, the most picturesque, and the most salubrious south of




Tallahassee, Leon County
3
Truck Farm, near Tallahassee
North Georgia." Maurice Thompson describes the country as "beautiful rolling forest and field alternating; a genuinely Piedmontese landscape, the like of which cannot be found otherwhere in America."
Leon County is largely composed of this rolling land, which is strikingly different from the saijd lands of the greater part of Florida.
Cluster Paper Shell Pecan*


4
Tallahassee, Leon County
On the ridges are most beautiful building sites, with immense live and water oaks, pecan and magnolia trees, and the charming views possess the peculiar softness of the near-by sub-tropics.
Leon County has an area of 730 square miles of land surface, or 467,200 acres. About 100,000 acres are in actual cultivation, leaving in round numbers 300,000 acres available for settlement, of which about 200,000 acres are cleared and improved.
Tallahassee, the capital of Florida and the county seat of the County of Leon, has a population of about 7,000. The southern border of the county is 18 miles from the Gulf of Mexico; the northern border reaches the dividing line which separates Florida from Georgia. From south to north there is a gradual rise in altitude from one to three hundred feet above the waters of the Gulf. The capital is 165 miles west of Jacksonville, the largest city in the State, and is connected with that place by rail, the Seaboard Air Line running through Tallahassee from east to west. A branch of that road connects Tallahassee with St. Marks, an historic old harbor on the Gulf, twenty miles south. The Georgia, Florida and Alabama railroad passes through the city from north to south, connecting it with Atlanta, Georgia, almost due north, and Carrabelle, a deep-water harbor on the Gulf,due south. The Tallahassee and Southeastern railroad extends southeast from the city, and will soon reach the thriving town of Perry, Florida, its southern terminus being Tampa.
Climate
The climate of Leon County surprises the new-comer, for although the midsummer days here are hot, the air is usually stirred by a breeze and the evenings are nearly always cool. The warm season is longer than in the North, but the heat is not- excessive, frequent showers moderating the temperature. The Gulf breeze is the great climatic attraction. It comes from the Mexican Gulf, passing over resinous pines, caressingly fans the farmer in the fields, the merchant at the desk, and the family sitting on the wide porch. The winters are mild. A cold wave strikes down from the North occasionally, but is not of long duration, nor are the changes sudden, as in most localities further North and West. The dweller in Leon County does not need to make any change in the weight of his underwear throughout the year, heavier outer garments, which can be put on and off as the weather demands, being all that is needed. There is no special need for cold-proof dwellings, and the outlay for wood and coal is small. The thermometer rarely goes below 30 degrees and even that much of a drop is only occasional.
The following table show the meteorological records kept by the Weather Bureau station at Tallahassee:


Tallahassee, Leon County
5
Normal monthly and annual temperature and precipitation.
TALLAHASSEE
Month Tempera- Precipta-
ture tion
F Inches
January.................................... 51.5 3.51
February................................... 54.6 5.73
March........................................ 59.2 5.59
April.......................................... 66.9 1.99
May.......................................... 74.5 3.48
June.......................................... 78.8 6.36
July...................................-........ 80.4 8.23
August...................................... 79.1 7.44
September................................ 76.7 4.64
October...................................... 67.8 3.42
November................................ 58.9 2.58
December.................................. 52.8 4.10

Year.................................. 66.8 57.07
The climate of the county is equable, the mean range between winter and summer being only about 20 and extremes of temperature


6
Tallahassee, Leon County
are rare. The climate of this section is often found extremely beneficial in cases of pulmonary troubles, rheumatism, and other diseases.
Rainfall anb Hater
The rainfall is regular and plentiful. There is usually a rainy season in July and August.
Good, soft, palatable water is found throughout the county at a dept of from 20 to 90 feet. There are few streams, but a number of beautiful lakes are found here and there, which are full of fish and afford excellent watering places for cattle.
&oil
The soil is a clay loam mixed with sand. The country being rolling, it is never under water, and, if properly cultivated, does not suffer greatly during a dry season. It is entirely free from stones and boulders, and does not clod or sunbake. Under the plow the earth is friable, pulverzies thoroughly and scours the plow. The United States Government survey map shows that in Leon County the soil principally consists of Orangeburg sandy loam, Norfolk fine sandy loam, and, in the southern portion of the county, Norfolk fine sand.
The soil is also described as an upland hammock, containing sand, clay and minute particles of plant substance, very productive when properly cultivated. The fertility of the soil is kept up by rotation of crops with leguminous crops between seasons of grain. The velvet bean is the great nitrogen giver. Commercial fertilizer is being used, but is not as good as the natural fertilizer.


Tallahassee, Leon County
7
Crop*
Prolonged period of growth, two crops a year from the same ground, equability of temperature, regularity and copiousness of rainfall, are favorable factors to begin with, added to which is the fact that no country offers a wider range for general farming and stock raising than Leon County. There is no doubt that within the near future fruits and vegetables, grown for the early Northern market, will constitute one of the principal incomes of the farmer of this section.
When a man depends on a single crop for his entire income, no matter where he lives or what the crop is, he takes unusal risks, because he depends upon features such as seasons, markets and prices, which he does not and cannot control; but when he selects one particular product as his leading crop, shaping his farm to that purpose, and raises everything which is generally a success in his surroundings, then h is .bound to succeed. In other words, diversified farming will pay handsomely, while the one-crop farmer will only make a living.
No country offers a larger or better list of leading crops than does the County of Leon. A few of the important farm industries are briefly decsribed below, and either one may be made the leading business of the farmer.
Cotton
Upland and Sea Island cotton are successfully grown. Of the short staple variety, the yield is about one-fourth of a bale per acre, but with proper cultivation and modern methods one-half of a bale per acre is raised, which, with p-oper fertilization, can be increased to a bale.


8
Tallahassee, Leon County
The price varies considerably from year to year, but $50.00 is an average price for the lint and the seed brings in addition about $9.00 per bale.
Com
While at present the average yield of corn per acre for the county is only twelve bushels, yet careful farmers raise from 25 to 50 bushels without fertilizer, and this can be increased to 100 bushels by modern methods and proper fertilization.
Hap anb otfjer Jforage Crop*
Fall oats are sow n for forage and produce about one ton to the acre, worth $18.00'and more; this is then followed by a crop of pea vine, producing another ton from the same acre, and it sells at present for about $25.00. The beggarweed grows spontaneously after corn is made and is an excellent feed for horses and cattle. It is also a great soil renovator and equal to red clover. Cowpeas and velvet beans are prolific and most excellent forage crops.
Satrping anb s>tockraiging
A number of modern dairies are in this county with thirty to seventy Jerseys and Holsteins. The market for butter and cream has never been fully supplied. Cattle need very little shelter and for ten months of the year can have good pasture. Winter rye is sown for them, and orchard grass, timothy and red clover grow well in this section, besides the natural grasses, such as crab grass, crow-foot grass, barn grass and water grass.


T a 11 a h a's s e e Leon County
9


10
Tllahassee, Leon County
Hogs can be raised and fattened at a cost of one and a half cent per pound. You can buy land at thirty dollars per acre in Leon County that will raise, mature and fatten as many hogs per acre as the average Illinois, Iowa and Missouri land. The cheap hog foods are peanuts, sweet potatoes, cowpeas, velvet beans and chufas. After adding most of the meat by means of the cheap foods the hogs are finished on corn to render the meat more firm and up to the northern standard. There is unlimited profit in raising and fattening hogs.
29airp ^robuct*
"In one month recently there were more than thirty car loads of butter brought into Jacksonville. At ten tons to the car, this would be at least 300 tons, or 600,000 pounds of butter. As some may object that, this must have been an exceptional month, we will assume an average of twenty cars a month, 400,000 pounds of butter. Putting the price at 25 cents a pound, this would make an average of $100,000 a month sent to Northern states for an atricle that we could manufacture more cheaply than they can. This would be $1,200,000 a year, 5 per cent, of $24,000,000, 'an amount which would practically be added to the capital of the state.
Leon County, in which Tallahassee is situated, makes enough butter for the use of her own citizens, and has a large surplus to send to nearby parts of Florida."
Editorial ilThe Florida Times-Union" February Wth 1913.


Tallahassee, Leon County
11
Native Colt fifteen months old, on Tallahassee Farm
gorges; anb jftlules
The breeding of standard horses and mules is being carried on with good results. They have a reputation for wind and bottom. Horses have been shipped from Leon County to Kentucky. The live stock of Leon County is superior to the stock usually found in the South.
Cfmfeen* anb tijer ^oultrp
Equable temperature insures a constant supply of insect and plant food, and obviates the necessity of elaborate housing. When fowls are well cared for they will lay all the year round. The chicken industry has a great future.
&ugar Cane
The syrup of Middle Florida is famous. Under our present crude methods from 250 to 400 gallons per acre are produced which sell at about 40 to 60 cents per gallon by the barrel. There is wonderful opportunity along this line. With modern methods and machinery much more can be accomplished.


Poultry


Tallahassee, Leon County
13
Florida Can Grow the Sugar Cane to Sweeten the World
tobacco
Sumatra leaf wrapper tobacco is grown under shade. The yield is from 1,000 to 1,800 pounds per acre. The price has been as high as $1.00 per pound, but at present is about 40 cents. Sun tobacco is grown in the open and produces from 800 to 1,200 pounds, and the price varies from 18 to 30 cents per pound.
potatoes!
Irish potatoes are grown in the spring and a second crop in the fall. About 100 bushels are raised to the acre and sell readily at a dollar per bushel. Sweet potatoes are one of the standard crops, an average crop being about 150 bushels, and with sufficient fertilization, as much as 500 and 600 bushels have been raised. They sell for about 75 cents per bushel.
tiEHfjer Vegetables;
The farmer can have fresh vegetables almost every day in the year. For winter and early market cabbage, onions, lettuce, turnips, tomatoes and mustard are grown, and these vegetables produce well and yield a good profit. In fact, the whole range of vegetables grow well in season. Each vegetable named may be made the leading crop, with great profit to the grower.


The Irish Potato Attains Perfection in Florida and Reaches the Market Without a Rival


Tomato Field
Splendid Profitable Crops in Leon County


16 Tallahassee, Leon County
Onion Patch One of the Money Crops A Winner
A Pecan Orchard is the Keystone in the Arch of Prosperity
Basket of Pecans
This is the best nut of the United States. It has been grown here in every yard for a long time, but is now cultivated systematically. The trees begins bearing when from 5 to 7 years old, and in time grows to the size of an oak tree, and is as durable. The best varieties of nuts are sold at from 25 to 80 cents per pound. About 20 trees are usually planted to the acre, which is worth up to a thou-


Tallahassee, Leon County
17
sand dollars when the trees are of the improved variety and of bearing age. For information on pecan culture address the Florida Agricultural Department, Tallahassee, Florida.
Paper Shell Pecan Orchard, Tallahassee
Jfrutts;
Oranges grow well, but need protection in severe winters, this county not being in the orange "belt." Figs are prolific and never fail. There are many pear orchards in the county. Strawberries grow well and blackberries are abundant. Melons and cantaloupes mature early in the spring, and are of a fine flavor. They are a profitable crop. There is no better county for pecans, plums, grapea and Japanese persimmons.
Hanb Values*
The value of lands depends largely upon the quality of soil, locations, improvements, and transportation facilities. The lands are nearly all cleared and ready for cultivation, and are therefore much cheaper than uncleared lands at half the cost.
Tallahassee has four cigar factories, an ice factory, two well-equipped saw and planing mills, a cotton-seed oil mill, a cotton compress, cotton and tobacco warehouses, wagon and carriage works, spoke and handle factory, iron foundry, numerous machine and repair shops, show case and store fixtures factory, and many other industries of various kinds.


18 Tallahassee, Leon County
Grape Vineyard, Leon County
Truck Farming Under Shade, I.eon County


Tallahassee, Leon County 19
One of the Hard Roads leading into Tallahassee
Cttrilfemg influences;
Hard clay roads lead from the Capital in every direction. Most ol the roads are rural free delivery routes.
Tallahassee has splendid educational facilities. The Florida State College for Women is located here, and has a large campus, on which are situated a new and magnificent administration building, three fine dormitories, and building for the normal departments, gymnasium and kindergarten. The domestic art and domestic science departments of the College are exceptionally well equipped.
Leon High School has a commodious and imposing brick building. Also a grammar school in another building. There are also several excellent private schools in the city, and good country schools located at convenient distances throughout the county.
Almost every religious denomination is represented here.


20j|| T a 11 a h a s see, Leo n C o u n t y
Pine Forest, Free from Palmetto Undergrowth
The Woman's Club has a strong membership and is doing good work. The Elk's Home is a magnificent edifice, elegantly furnished. There is also a Public Library, one of the best of its size in the State.
Tallahassee is equipped with all the modern necessities, such as electric lights, gas, artesian water, telegraph and telephone connection, with lines extending to various sections of the county, and well established banks and mercantile establishments.
Snbttatton
You can better yourself by coming to Leon County, Florida and engaging in some line of agriculture. For general farming 40 acres, is a convenient sized farm, and along this line the intelligent grower will make a success. You can grow two crops in one year on the same ground. You can have some varieties of fresh vegetables every month in the year. You will be surrounded by all the comforts, conveniences and civilizing influences the present day demands. The winters are not harsh, nor are the summers enervating, and if you enjoy hunting, fishing, boating and bathing, no country can offer you better facilities. Lands are steadily advancing in price, and you should grasp the opportunity offered you for making your home in this favored section.


Tallahassee, Leon County
21
The preceeding pages have been prepared by the Board of County Commissioners of Leon County, under the auspices of the Tallahassee Board of Trade. The facts contained herein have been set forth as carefully and fairly as possible, and we have guarded zealously against picturing conditions more favorably than they actually are. Knowing that we possess fertile soil, excellent climate, and all other conditions which make for prosperity and happiness, we invite you to read the pages prepared for your consideration, and if you contemplate a change, investigate the merits of Leon County, any of the undersigned will cheerfully furnish further information.
Board of County Commissioners, Leon County, Florida: R. G. Johnson Jonah Britt L. S. Crump G. W. Rhodes John C. Moore
Tallahassee Board of Trade: S. Z. Ruff, President; Alfred Short, Vice-President; H. A. Healy, Secretary and Treasurer; C. B. Gwynn, Director L. C. Yaeger, Director T. B. Byrd, Director.


Pecan Nursery


Tallahassee, Leon County
23
Six-Year Old Rearing Pecan Tree
The state horticulturist of the state of Florida, makes the following statement concerning the increasing demand for nuts as a food:
"The most promising item in the nut field at the present time is the fact that nuts are being consumed in larger quantities than ever before. The demand for fancy dessert nuts is steadily increasing. Growers interested in this field are no better able to supply now than they were formerly, even though their output has increased from a few hundred to many thousand pounds. Prices have at the same time steadily increased." AN OIL FAR SUPERIOR TO OLIVE OIL IS NOW MADE FROM THE PECAN.


Oranges and Grapefruit arc grown here for home consumption






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