• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Copyright
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Section 100: Atmosphere
 Section 200: Lithosphere
 Section 300: Biosphere
 Section 400: Hydrosphere
 Section 500: Ecosystem and...
 Section 600: Chemical and Physical...
 Section 700: Human Environment






Title: Everglades Online Thesaurus: A Standard Vocabulary for the South Florida Ecosystem
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 Material Information
Title: Everglades Online Thesaurus: A Standard Vocabulary for the South Florida Ecosystem
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Clement, Gail
Publisher: Green Library, Florida International University
Place of Publication: Miami, FL
Publication Date: 2005
 Notes
Abstract: The Everglades Online Thesaurus is a structured vocabulary of concepts and terms relating to the south Florida environment. Designed as an information management tool for both researchers and metadata creators, the Thesaurus is intended to improve information retrieval across the many disparate information systems, databases, and web sites that provide Everglades-related information. The vocabulary provided by the Everglades Online Thesaurus expresses each relevant concept using a single ‘preferred term’, whereas in natural language many terms may exist to express that same concept. In this way, the Thesaurus offers the possibility of standardizing the terminology used to describe Everglades-related information — an important factor in predictable and successful resource discovery. Recommended Citation Clement, Gail P., "Everglades Online Thesaurus: A Standard Vocabulary for the South Florida Ecosystem" (2005). Works of the Green Library. Paper 1. http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/glworks/1
Funding: Produced with support from the US Department of Interior's Critical Ecosystems Studies Intiative; the US Geological Survey's Place-Based Science Program; and the Center for Environmental Studies at Florida Atlantic University.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: FI09043001
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida International University: Everglades Digital Library
Holding Location: Florida International University: Everglades Digital Library
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Title Page
        Page 2
    Copyright
        Page 3
    Table of Contents
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Introduction
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Section 100: Atmosphere
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Section 200: Lithosphere
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Section 300: Biosphere
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
    Section 400: Hydrosphere
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
    Section 500: Ecosystem and Landscape
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
    Section 600: Chemical and Physical Aspects
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
    Section 700: Human Environment
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
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        Page 72
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Full Text







FIU Libraries


Works of the Green Library

Florida International University Year 2005



Everglades Online Thesaurus: A
Standard Vocabulary for the South
Florida Ecosystem


Green Library,


Gail P. Clement
Florida International University, dcc@fiu.edu


This paper is posted at Digital Commons U FIU.
http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/glworks/1


















Everglades Online Thesaurus:

A Standard Vocabulary for he

South Florida Ecos st

Compiled and ed y
Gail P. Clement, Florida Intern ionaly

With supp fro
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Everglades Online Thesaurus


TABLE OF CONTENTS


INT RO D U CT IO N ......................................... ......................................... .............................. 5

SECTION 100: ATMOSPHERE ........................................................................................ 11

SECTIO N 200: LITHOSPHERE ............................................................................................ 13

SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE .......................................................................................... 19

SECTION 400: HYDROSPHERE ...................................................................................... 35

SECTION 500: ECOSYSTEM E LANDSCAPE ........................................................... 39

SECTION 600: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS ..................................... ......... 45

SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT ........................................................................ 53

















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Everglades Online Thesaurus


INTRODUCTION

Purpose

The Everglades Online Thesaurus is a structured vocabulary of concepts and terms relating to the
south Florida environment. Designed as an information management tool for both information
searchers and metadata creators, the Thesaurus is intended to improve information retrieval across
the many disparate information systems, databases, and web sites that provide Everglades-related
information. The vocabulary provided by the Everglades Online Thesaurus expresses each relevant
concept using a single 'preferred term', whereas in natural language many terms may exist to
express that same concept. In this way, the Thesaurus offers the possibility of standardizing the
terminology used to describe Everglades-related information an important factor in predictable
and successful resource discovery.

Yet the Everglades Online Thesaurus is more than a controlled list of sanctioned keywords. Its
structure, developed in conformance with the ANSI/NISO Z39.19 Standard, Guidelines for the
Construction, Format, and Management of Monolingual Thesauri, provides a database of interrelated
terms that enable users to navigate among different terms having the same meaning (synonomy), and
among terms used at different levels of detail granularityy). The Thesaurus also points users to
additional terms associated with their preferred search term, offering the opportunity to develop a
broader, more comprehensive search strategy.

For additional discussion on the purpose and benefits of thesaurii in information retrieval, the reader
is encouraged to consult the following sources:

Aitchison, Jean, Gilchrist, Alan and Bawden, David, 2000, Thesaurus construction and use: a
practical manual, 4th edition, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 218 pp.

Milstead, Jessica, 2000, About Thesaurii, Available online at URL: http://www.bayside-
indexing.com/MiLstead/about.htm; last accessed 3-29-05)

Milstead, Jessica, 1998, NISO Z39.19: Standard for Structure and Organization of Information
Retrieval Thesauri, paper presented at the Taxonomic Authority Files Workshop,
Washington, DC, June 23, 1998. Available online at URL: http://www.bayside-
indexing.com/Milstead/z39.htm; last accessed 3-29-05)

Scope

The Everglades Online Thesaurus has a multidisciplinary scope that reflects the diversity of studies
and interests in the south Florida environment -- both the natural system and human impacts to it.
The Thesaurus currently contains approximately 4700 terms 2800 preferred terms recommended for
use and 1700 non-preferred terms not recommended for use. The subject areas included in the
Everglades Online Thesaurus include the natural, physical and social sciences, as well as non-
scientific terms reflecting the long history of human settlement and human impacts on the natural
system. A list of major subject categories are show in Figure 1.






INTRODUCTION


Figure 1: Subject Categories in Everglades Online Thesasurus

Section 100: Atmosphere (air, climate)

Section 200: Lithosphere (soils, sediments, geologic processes)

Section 300: Biosphere (organisms)

Section 400: Hydrosphere (freshwater and marine water; waters; water bodies)

Section 500: Ecosystem and Landscape (ecological communities, natural
environments, landscape)

Section 600: Chemical and Physical Aspects (of naturally occurring materials)

Section 700: Human environment (built environment, human settlements, land
setup, resources)



The Everglades Online Thesaurus is not, however, intended to be a comprehensive source of
vocabulary for the south Florida environment. Rather, it is meant to complement more established
and generic sources of vocabulary already established by government or other authorities, such as:

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), which is the authoritative source for
domestic geographic names. It is developed by the US Geological Survey in cooperation with
the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN)

The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (URL: http://www.itis.usda.gov/), which is an
authoritative source for the biota of North America. It is maintained by the USGS's National
Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) program and numerous other partner agencies

The Florida Geological Survey's stratigraphic nomenclature, as detailed in several of their
publications including:

Scott, T. M., 1992, A Geological Overview of Florida, Florida Geological Survey Open File
Report 50, 78 p.

Florida Geological Survey Map Series 146, Geologic Map of the State of Florida, 2001

Florida Geological Survey Open File Report 80, Text to accompany the Geological Map of the
State of Florida, 2001.


Structure

The structure of a thesaurus can facilitate understanding of a subject area by showing the inter-
relationships between concepts. As in other subject thesauri, the terms in the Everglades Online
Thesaurus are linked together by three types of relationships:






Everglades Online Thesaurus


Hierarchical relationships, which link terms to other terms expressing more general and
more specific concepts i.e. broader terms and narrower terms. Hierarchically related terms
are grouped under general subdivisions, which in turn are grouped into the areas of
knowledge covered by the Thesaurus. Broader terms are indicated by the prefix BT, narrower
terms by the prefix NT.
Associative relationships, which link terms to similar terms (related terms) where the
relationship between the terms is non-hierarchical. Related terms are indicated by the prefix
RT.
Equivalence relationships, which link "non-preferred" terms to synonyms or quasi-synonyms
which act as "preferred" terms. Non-preferred terms are indicated by the prefix UF.

An example of a Thesaurus entry displaying all three types of relationships is shown in Figure 2
below.

Figure 2. Sample Thesaurus entry showing preferred term (acid rain), along with a broader term




I + ~ I iII-I A I


UF: acid precipitation
UF: acidic particles
BT: acid deposition
RT: nitric acid
RT: precipitation
RT: rainwater
RT: sulfuric acid
SN: Precipitation having a pH below 5.6 due to high
concentrations of sulphate, nitrate, ammonium or
other anions [ASFA]
SC: 700 HUMAN ENVIRONMENT (built environment human settlements)


(acid deposition) and associated terms (precipation, etc.) Displayed from MultiTes software.



Thesaurus Development

The Everglades Online Thesaurus was developed as a data management standard for information
management with funding from the Department of Interior Critical Ecosystem Studies Initiative and
the US Geological Survey's Place-Based Studies Program.

The scope of the Everglades Online Thesaurus was determined by indexing a corps of approximately
48 documents relating to the greater Everglades ecosystem. These documents include well-
established textbooks or reference books; seminal papers; conference proceedings, and web sites. A
partial list of source documents indexed for the Everglades Online Thesaurus follows:






INTRODUCTION


Davis, Steven M. and John C. Ogden, editors, Everglades : the ecosystem and its restoration,
Delray Beach, Fla. : St. Lucie Press, c1994, 826 p.

Lodge, Thomas E., The Everglades handbook : understanding the ecosystem, Delray Beach,
Fla. : St. Lucie Press, c1994, 228 p.

McCally, David, The Everglades, an environmental history, Gainesville : University Press of
Florida, 1999, 215 p.

Program Management Committee, Florida Bay and Adjacent Marine Systems Science Program,
Florida Bay Program Et Abstracts, Joint Conference on the Science and Restoration of the
Greater Everglades and Florida Bay Ecosystem "From Kissimmee to the Keys", April 13-18,
2003, Palm Harbor, Florida.

South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force and Working Group, Greater Evergldes
Ecosystem Restoration (G.E.E.R.) Science Conference, Defining Success, Naples, Florida,
December 11-15, 2000.

U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District and South Florida Water Management
District, Central and Southern Florida Project Comprehensive Review Study, Final Integrated
Feasibility Report and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, Summary. April 1999,
34 p.

U.S. Geological Survey Program on the South Florida Ecosystem : proceedings of South Florida
Restoration Science Forum, May 17-19, 1999, Boca Raton, Florida I by Sarah Gerould and
Aaron Higer, compilers.

U.S. Geological Survey Program on the South Florida Ecosystem : proceedings of the technical
symposium in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, August 25-27, 1997.


Terms selected from these documents were organized into one or more subject categories, identified
in Figure 1 above. These categories were selected based on a review and concatenation of major
subject headings used in existing thesauri that cover natural sciences and the environment. The
thesauri consulted for this purpose are as follows:

European Environment Information and Observation Network, GEMET Thesaurus, Accessible
online at URL: http://www.eionet.eu.int/gemet; last accessed 3-29-05.

United Nations Environment Programme, INFOTERRA Thesaurus (defunct). Accessible online at
URL: http://www.cedar.at/sitemap.htm?page=/uneplinfoterralindex.html; last accessed 3-
29-05.

California Environmental Resources Evaluation System and the National Biological Information
Infrastructure (NBII), (1996, now defunct) CERESINBII Thesaurus, Accessible online at URL:
http://ceres.ca.gov/thesaurus/help.desk/thesaurus/bs_thes.html; last accessed 3-29-05.

Hill, Linda H., 2001, USGS Gateway to the Earth Project DRAFT Thesaurus, Version 5,
Accessible online at URL:






Everglades Online Thesaurus


http://alexandria.sdc.ucsb.edu/%7Elhill/usgs terms/usgs/html5/index.htm; last accessed 3-
29-05.

U.S. Geological Survey Library, USGS Enterprise Web Thesaurus, Available online at
URL:http://library.usgs.gov/eweb thes.html; last accessed 3-31-05.


Use of the Everglades Online Thesaurus

The Everglades Online Thesaurus can be used in two ways:

(1) The complete database version, available on CD, is accessible using the thesaurus
construction software MultiTes version 8.0. This database version provides all terms (both
preferred and non-preferred) in alphabetical order, and enables the user to generate other
views of the Thesaurus such as a hierarchical view; a classified view; a rotated index; and
more.
(2) The printed version of the Everglades Online Thesaurus, included in this document, is
presented in a Hierarchical view, with all terms organized according to the subject categories
detailed in Figure 1 (e.g, 'ATMOSPHERE', LITHOSPHERE' etc.) The Hierarchical view of the
Thesaurus includes three types of terms:

i. preferred terms, denoted in plainface type, which are the terms recommended for
use by searchers and metadata creators;

ii. classes, which are denoted in boldface type, and serve as the main heading for a
group of terms, such as 'fossils' or 'atmosphere processes'. Classes are
acceptable for use in for information retrieval, but because of their broad nature
they should be avoided if a more specific, narrower term is available.

iii. Nodes, denoted in italic typeface, are non-preferred (that is, non-approved) terms
inserted to distinguish related terms and provide easier navigation of the
Thesaurus. Examples of nodes include: levels of government; soils (by type); and
sediment characteristics.

Future Development

The Everglades Digital Library program at Florida International University's Green Library is the
maintenance organization for the Everglades Online Thesaurus. Maintenance responsibilities include
updates, appropriate version management, recognition of appropriate standards and interoperability
considerations, and openness to work with partners to address issues. Persons or organizations
interesting in using the Thesaurus or in contributing to its future development should contact the
Thesaurus editor, Gail Clement, at FlU (phone: 305/348-6708; e-mail: clementg@fiu.edu).

Acknowledgements

This first edition of Everglades Online Thesaurus was compiled and edited by Gail Clement with input
and editorial assistance from the US Geological Survey's South Florida Information Access (SOFIA)
information management team. FlU PhD student Tina Ugarte developed the community classification
system used in Section 500 of the Thesaurus in consultation with existing authorities.






INTRODUCTION


Funding for thesaurus development was provided through the Department of Interior's Critical
Ecosystem Studies Initiative (CESI), the US Geological Survey's Place-Based Studies Program, and the
Center for Environmental Studies at Florida Atlantic University. The support and encouragement of
program managers from these organizations is gratefully acknowledged.






Everglades Online Thesaurus


SECTION 100: ATMOSPHERE (air, climate)

atmosphere processes
. atmospheric motion
. atmospheric circulation
. wind
. atmospheric radiation
. solar radiation
S.. sunlight
.... incident light
.... rainbows
. .ultraviolet radiation
. climate
.. climate change
. .. desertification
. .. global warming
. .. greenhouse effect
. climate events
. microclimate
. seasons
. autumn
. dry season
. spring
... summer
... wet season
. winter
. weather
. air temperature
. clouds
. cold fronts
... dew
. droughts
. fog and haze
... freezes
. humidity
. .. lightning
. precipitation
.... dew
.... dust
.... frozen precipitation
.... rainfall
S. sea breeze
... smoke
... storms
.... dust storms
.... hurricanes and tropical storms






SECTION 100: ATMOSPHERE


.... thunderstorms
.... tornadoes
S.. visibility
... wet-dry cycles
. evapotranspiration
l. and-atmosphere exchange
. ocean-atmosphere interaction
. ozone depletion and superabundance
. temperature inversions
atmosphere properties
. air quality
. atmospheric gases
.. air
. atmospheric particulates
. atmospheric pressure
. atmospheric structure
. mesosphere
.. troposphere
. ozone layer
. upper atmosphere






Everglades Online Thesaurus


SECTION 200: LITHOSPHERE (soils, sediments, geologic processes)


earth processes
. accretion
. calcification
. compaction
. diagenesis
. earthquakes
. geothermal activity
. heat flow
. hydrothermal processes
. intrusion
. isostasy
. land surface processes
. biogenic processes
. .. bioturbation
S. burial
S. coastal processes
S. compaction
Erosion
Floods
S. fluvial processes
S. karst processes
S. and subsidence
. soil subsidence
Liquefaction
S. mass wasting
. landslides
S. sediment transport
S. sedimentation
S. soil dynamics
Sweathering
S. whiting events
S. wind transport
. lithification
. magmatism
. metamorphism
. mineral cycle
. mineralization
. seismic activity
. stress and strain
. volcanic activity
earth properties
. geologic age
. absolute age
S. relative age






SECTION 200: LITHOSPHERE


. geologic anomalies
. geomagnetism
Spaleomagnetism
Srock magnetism
geophysical properties
Smoisture content
Spore pressure
S. porosity
S. rock magnetism
Stexture
lithology
soil properties
S. soil depth
S. soil fertility
S. soil mechanics
S. soil structure
Stopographic characteristics
S. terrain elevation
S. topographic relief
fossils
fossil indicators
microfossils
nannofossils
trace fossils
geologic structures
. faults
. rifts and sutures
. sedimentary structures
S. bedding structures
S. biogenic structures
. algal mats
. alligator holes
. carbonate banks
. stromatolites
. turbidity current structures
. structural components of the Earth
S. Earth's core
S. Earth's crust
S. Earth's mantle
subsurface openings
landforms
alluvial fans
bars and spits
basins
geologic basins
beaches and shores






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. blowholes
. borrow pits
. buried channels
. capes
. caves
. cliffs
. coastal landforms
. coastal plains
. coasts
. continents
. deltas
. deserts
. dunes
. foredunes
. escarpments
. floodplains
. hills
. hydrographic banks
. islands
S. barrier islands
Skeys
S. tree islands
. karst
. marshes
. mud flats
. natural rock formations
. piedmont
. plains
. reefs
. coral reefs
. deep coral banks
. patch reefs
. ridges
. coastal ridges
. river beds
. shorelines
. ancient shorelines
. sinkholes
. solution features
. straits
. submarine landforms
S. continental margins
S. continental rise
S. continental shelf
S. continental slope
Shydrothermal vents






SECTION 200: LITHOSPHERE


Sseamounts
Ssubmarine canyons
Ssubmarine springs
terraces
tidal flats
tide pools
valleys
volcanoes
water bodies
S. bays and gulfs
S. channels
S. creeks and sloughs
S. drainage basins
S. estuaries
Lagoons
S. akes and ponds
S. oceans and seas
Reservoirs
Rivers and streams
.. rapids
S. sediment water interface
S. springs
S. wetlands
constructed wetlands
minerals
carbonate minerals
S. aragonite
S. calcite
Sdolomite
cinnabar
corundum
graphite
gypsum
heavy minerals
ilmenite
kyanite
leucoxene
monazite
petroleum
rutile
sillimanite
spinel
staurolite
sulfate minerals
sulfide minerals
.topaz






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. tourmaline
. zircon
physiographic provinces
.Apalachicola Embayment
. Atlantic Coast Strip E Miami Rock Ridge
. Miami Rock Ridge
. Atlantic Coastal Ridge
. Central Lake District
. Central Ridge
. Coastal Barrier Island Chain
. coastal lowlands
. Dougherty Karst
. Eastern Flatlands
. Eastern Flatwoods District
. Everglades-Lake Okeechobee Basin
. Florida Platform
. Florida reef tract
. Floridan Plateau
. Gold Coast District
. Highlands Ridge
. Lake Okeechobee
. Lake Wales Ridge
. Mangrove and Coastal Glades
. Miami Rock Ridge
. Ocala Platform
. Rocky Glades
. Southern Coast and Islands
. Southern Pine Hills District
. Tifton Upland District
rocks
. basement rocks
. bedrock
Signeous rocks
. metamorphic rocks
. sedimentary rocks
. calcareous sandstones
. dolostone
. kaolin
. limestone
. coquina
. oolitic limestone
. phosphate rock
. sandstone
. shale
.siltstone






SECTION 200: LITHOSPHERE


sediments
. sediment characteristics
stratigraphic sequence
S.. stratigraphic units
sediments
Scarbonate sediment
Sclastic sediment
Sclay sediment
Sevaporite
mud
S. sand and gravel
Ssilt
soils
soil horizons
soil profiles
soils
Soam
S. marl
S. mesic soils
S. mineral soil
S. organic matter
.. humus
.. organic litter
S. organic soil
S. peat
S. saline soil
Sxeric soil






Everglades Online Thesaurus


SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE (organisms)

animal life
. activity patterns
S. anorectic activity
S. circadian activity
S. crepuscular activity
S. diurnal activity
S. nocturnal activity
ultradian activity pattern
S. cyclical activity
S. displacement activity
S. flight activity
S. hyperactivity
S. unar rhythm
S. physical activity
S. resting
S. roosting
S. seasonal activity
S. sleep
S. surface activity
S. thermoperiodic behavior
animal anatomy
animal organs and organ systems
S. animal reproductive system
eggs
..... clutches
.... mammae
blood and body fluids
... circulatory system
S.... blood vessels
.... heart
.... lymphatic system
.... sinuses
S.... spleen
... digestive system
... endocrine system
.... hormones
... immune system
integumentary system
S.... baleen
.... dermis
S.... epidermis
.... hair
.... hooves
.... nails







SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


S. muscular system
S. nervous system
.... brain
.... lateral line
. respiratory system
. sinuses
. sense organs
. eyes
. otoliths
. sinuses
. special organs
. urinary system and external excretions
. excretory products
. urine
. animal tissues and cells
. chromosomes
. genes
. marrow
. body regions and structures
. abdomen
. adhesive organs
. appendages
. attachment hooks
. body cavity
. body form
. buoyancy organs
. byssus
. central disc
. cephalothorax
. electric organs
... extremities
. face and neck
... fat body
. glands
. haptor
. head
. idiosoma
. ink gland
... lopophore
. mantle
. milk
. opisthosoma
. orifices, pores and cavities
. pedicle
. polyp
. proglottid






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. prosoma
S. radial arms
. scolex
. silk glands
. siphuncle
. skeletal and supporting structures
. skeleton
. bones
. dentition
..... jaws
. skull
. vertebrae
. stalk
. strobila
. tail
. thorax
. water current system
. water vascular system
. zooid
Animal behavior
S. abnormal behavior
. agonistic behavior
. aggressive behavior
. fighting
. pecking
. predatory behavior
. threat behavior
. defensive behavior
. animal migration
. anadromy
. overwintering behavior
. vertical migration
. animal tracks
. animal signals
S.... display
. ... flashing
. ... scent
. ... scent marking
. ... vocalization
..... calls
S. avoidance behavior
S. basking
S. competitive behavior
S. courtship behavior
S. display behavior
Feeding behavior






SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


... cannibalism
. coprophagy
... deposit feeding
... fall feeding
... feeding rate
... filter feeding
... fluid feeding
. food carrying
. foraging
S. geophagy
. grazing
. .. lactation
. lithophagy
. necrophagy
. plankton feeding
. saprophagy
. scavenging
. winter feeding
. xylophagy
S. flashing
Sgrooming behavior
S. instinctive behavior
... consummatory behavior
... drive
motile response
motivation
reflex behavior
releasing mechanism
ritualized behavior
intraspecies interactions
.. attracting
.. ignoring
.. repelling
S. earning
S. mimicry
Movements
S. nest building
S. nesting
Orientation and homing
.. kinesis
.. animal navigation
.. spatial orientation
parental behavior
.. care of young
.... incubation
play behavior






Everglades Online Thesaurus


S. posture
S. seasonal behavior
. aestivation
. hibernation
. phenology
S. sexual behavior
S. social behavior
. aggregating behavior
. flocking
. herding
. schooling
. swarming
. altruistic behavior
. colony formation
. comfort behavior
. bathing
. grooming
. preening
. communication
.... animal signals
..... display
..... flashing
..... scent
..... scent marking
..... vocalization
...... calls
.... interspecific communication
. intraspecific communication
. .solitary behavior
. .species recognition
Ssocial hierarchy
Territorial behavior
Sterritoriality
Warning behavior
animal growth and development
Gestation
Shatching
life cycle
... life expectancy
... maturation
... mortality
... natality
Metamorphosis
Smelting
Sontogenesis
Sprogenesis







SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


Sregeneration
Szygote
animal habitations
burrows
Scocoons
Sdens
Home range
Shoneycombs
Slac cells
larval cases
S. mounds
S. nests
Srookeries and roosts
S. spawning beds
animal life functions
animal nutrition
appetite
diet
diet deficiencies
.... dietary requirements
.... prey
digestion
... drinking
S. food availability
... forage
... herbage
.... browse
malnutrition
nutrient deficiency
nutrient requirements
nutrients
starvation
animal reproduction
.. asexual reproduction
.. fertility
.. fertilization
.... selling
.. hermaphroditism
.. mating
... sperm
... sterility
S. biological transport
Sexcretion
S. gender
... females
... males






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. homeostasis
... body temperature
. locomotion
... boring
... brachiation
... burrowing
... ciliary locomotion
... climbing
... crawling
. creeping
. diving
. flight
. .. jumping
. looping
. peristaltic locomotion
. running
. swimming
. walking
Metabolism
Regulation
Respiration
. .. aerobiosis
. .. anaerobiosis
. senses
. .. hearing
. .. sight
. animal life history
S. anadromous species
S. biological age
S. biotic potential
S. birth rates
S. catadromous species
S. clutch size
S. ife span
S. nesting success
Reproductive success
S. survival
S. survivorship
Ssyngamy
. animal physiology
. adaptations of animals
. .. acclimation
. .. acclimatization
. .. aestivation
. .. camouflage
... coadaptation






SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


... diapause
.. hibernation
.. specialization
.. torpor
. developmental stages
S adults
. embryos
S fetus
S. juveniles
. larvae
S. nymphs
S. postlarvae
S. pupae
S. senescence
. temperature relations
. heat exchange
. temperature regulation
. thermoregulation
. water relations
S. water availability
S. water regulation
. animal societies
S. cohorts
S. colonies
S. familial societies
S. guilds
Smonogamy
. description and morphology
S. body size
S. organism size
. diseases, disorders and abnormalities
S. biological damage
S. disease vectors
S. fungal diseases
S. infestations
S. injuries
S. parasitic diseases
S. protozoan diseases
Ssymptoms
S. viral diseases
biodiversity
. adaptation
. convergence of species
.. divergence
. biodiversity genetics
. behavioral genetics






Everglades Online Thesaurus


Sgene flow
Genetic abnormalities
Genetic linkage
Genetic variation
.inheritance
Smutations
. biological speciation
S. allopatric speciation
S. allopolyploidy
S. geminate species
S. hydridization speciation
Reproductive isolation
S. sympatric speciation
. evolution and genetics
S. adaptive radiation
S. coadaptation
Scoevolution
S. divergence
S. evolutionary rate
S. genetic isolation
S. genetic strain
S. heredity
S. natural selection
S. evolutionary variation
. dimorphism
. ecotypes
. .. morphological variation
. .. polymorphism
. .. seasonal races
. .. variation with age
. genetic diversity
biological processes and phenomena
. biochemical processes
S. bioaccumulation
S. biological oxygen demand
S. biomagnification
. biological interactions
S. allelopathy
S. competition
. character displacement
. competitor exclusion
. interference competition
. self-thinning
S. defenses
S. interspecies interactions
... competition






SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


.... character displacement
.... competitor exclusion
.... interference competition
.... self-thinning
... dominance
... encystment
... predator-prey interactions
. carnivory
. intraspecies interactions
. attracting
. ignoring
. repelling
S. mycorrhizae
S. social interactions
S. symbiosis
. commensalism
. phoresy
. mutualism
. seed dispersal
. parasites
. parasitism
S. wildlife-habitat relationships
S. wildlife-livestock relationships
. biological production
S. algal blooms
S. primary production
S. secondary production
. biological rhythms
. circadian rhythms
. biosynthesis
S. chemosynthesis
S. photosynthesis
biological properties
. biological resistance
. coloration
S. bioluminescence
S. bleaching
S. color aberrancies
S. color change
S. markings
. albinism
. erythrism
. leucism
. melanism
. xanthism
. pigments






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. eurhalinity
. fecundity
. immunity
. Longevity
. neoteny
. sexual maturity
. tolerance
S. cold tolerance
S. habitat tolerance
S. heat tolerance
S. salinity tolerance
S. shade tolerance
organism groupings (non-taxonomic)
. biomass
. standing crop
. candidate species
. biological consumers
S. carnivores
S. scavengers
. extinct species
. feral species
. geminate species
. genotypes
. hybrids
. indicator species
. invasive species
. keystone species
. macroinvertebrates
. migratory species
. native species
. nonindigenous species
. phenotypes
. pioneer species
. pollinators
. biological producers
. relict species
. threatened and endangered species
. type species
. vegetation
. wading birds
organisms
. algae
. calcareous nanoplankton
. cyanobacteria
. diatoms
. dinoflagellates







SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


. green algae
. animals
. chordates
. vertebrates
. amphibians
. salamanders
. toads and frogs
. .. birds
. cuckoos
. doves and pigeons
. goatsuckers
. kingfishers
.....owls
. parrots
. perching birds
. raptors
. shorebirds and gulls
. swifts and hummingbirds
. turkeys and quail
. waterbirds
. .. cranes and allies
. anhingas
. .. ducks and geese
. .. herons and ibis
. ... loons and grebes
. .. pelicans and allies
. cormorants
. ... woodpeckers
. fishes
. bony fishes
. sharks, skates, and rays
. mammals
. armadillos
. bats
. bovidae
. deer, wild pigs, and domestic stock
. equidae
. felidae
..... foxes
. manatees
. mustelids
. opossum
. primates
. rabbits
. raccoons and allies
. rodents






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. shrews and moles
..... whales, dolphins and porpoises
. reptiles
..... crocodilia
. snakes, lizards, and worm lizards
. turtles
. invertebrates
. annelids
. arthropods
. chelicerates
. crustaceans
. copepods
. decapods
. ostracodes
. insects
. ants, wasps and bees
. aphids, cicadas, and leafhoppers
. beetles
. butterflies and moths
. caddisflies
. cockroaches
. dragonflies and damselflies
. earwigs
... fleas
. grasshoppers and crickets
. lacewings
. mayflies
. praying mantids
. termites
. thrips
. true bugs
. true flies
. spiders
. brachiopods and bryozoans
. cnidarians
. corals
.. echinodermss
. helminths
. aschelminths
. platyhelminths
. mollusks
. bivalves
. cephalopods
. gastropods
. pelecypods
. sponges






SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


protochordates
archaea
bacteria
fungi
plants
S. lichens
S. non-vascular plants
bryophytes
S. pteriodophytes
S. vascular plants
angiosperms
dicots
monocots
orchids
palms
rushes
sedges
... sawgrass
true grasses
gymnosperms
conifers
cycads
protests
foraminiferans
protozoans
flagellates
radiolaria
viruses
plant life
Description and morphology
Sbody size
Sorganism size
Diseases, disorders and abnormalities
Biological damage
Disease vectors
Sfungal diseases
Infestations
Injuries
Sparasitic diseases
Sprotozoan diseases
Symptoms
Sviral diseases
Plant growth and development
Sbud development
Sdormancy
Sflowering






Everglades Online Thesaurus


Sfruiting
Sife cycle
... life expectancy
... maturation
... mortality
... natality
. plant growth habits
. annual plants
. epiphytes
. forbs
. graminoid
. macrophytes
. perennial plants
. shrubs
. trees
. arborvitae
. vines
. sprouting
Plant physiology
. adaptations of plants
. acclimation
. acclimatization
. .. camouflage
. .. fire resistance
S. metabolism
S. photoperiodism
S. photosynthesis
S. plant nutrition
. nutrient deficiency
. nutrient requirements
. nutrient uptake
. nutrients
. respiration
. aerobiosis
. anaerobiosis
S. senescence
. temperature relations
. heat exchange
. temperature regulation
. thermoregulation
S. translocation
S. transpiration
S. tropism
. phototropism
. water relations
. water availability






SECTION 300: BIOSPHERE


S.. water regulation
. plant reproduction
. asexual reproduction
. fertility
. fertilization
. selling
. hermaphroditism
.. pollen
. pollination
. seed germination
. sperm
. sterility
. plant structure and function
. .plant structures
. plant fluids and secretions
. plant organs
. flowers and buds
. fruits
. eaves
. roots
. somatic organs
. stems
. plant respiration
. plant tissues and cells
. cellulose
. xylem
. seeds






Everglades Online Thesaurus


SECTION 400: HYDROSPHERE (freshwater and marine water; waters; water bodies)

hydrologic properties
. flow resistance
. flow velocity
. hydraulic conductivity
. hydraulic gradient
. hydraulic head
. hydrostatic pressure
. specific retention
. specific yield
. storage capacity
hydrosphere processes
. condensation
. discharge
. drainage
overdrainage
drawdown
drydown
evaporation
evapotranspiration
flooding
flash floods
hydrologic alteration
hydrologic cycle
water budget
infiltration
mixing
wind-driven exchanges
ocean processes
S. ocean circulation
S. ocean currents
S. ocean waves
S. ocean-atmosphere interaction
S. temperature inversions
S. tides
.. tidal range
.. tidal rhythm
overturn
overwithdrawal
percolation
recharge
runoff
saltwater intrusion
sea level changes
eustatic changes






SECTION 400: HYDROSPHERE


. sea level rise
. seepage
. stream capture
. water exchange
. water movement
Sadvection
Scapillarity
Seddies
Supwelling
Water circulation
... ocean circulation
... surface circulation
... wind-driven circulation
water currents
.. countercurrents
.. ocean currents
water flow
.. density flow
.. flow direction
... freshwater delivery
.. freshwater flow
.. ground water flow
S.... conduit-type flow
.... laminar flow
.... porous media flow
inflow
... minimum flows
outflows
overland flow
.... runoff
.... sheetflow
S. peak flow
streamflow
turbulent flow
hydrosphere systems
drainage systems
S. dendritic drainage
S. natural drainage systems
ground water systems
S. aquifer boundaries
S. aquifers
S. confined aquifers
.... potentiometric surface
S. named aquifers
.... Biscayne Aquifer
.... Floridan aquifer system






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. surficial aquifer system
. unconfined aquifers
Sconfining beds
Intermediate zone
Recharge area
Ssaturated zone
. capillary fringe
. unsaturated zone
. intermediate zone
. soil zone
. water table
. water reservoirs
S. hydrologic sinks
Sice
Spore water
S. rainwater
S. soil moisture
S. subsurface water
. ground water
. pore water
. surface water
. bottom water
. water vapor
water characteristics
. water
S. brackish water
. freshwater
S. heavy water
S. mesotrophic water
S. oligotrophic water
S. relict water
S. saltwater
. water column
Sdeep layer
S. mixed layer
S. surface layer
. water properties
S. chemical oxygen demand
S. chlorophyll a concentration
S. fetch
S. hydropattern
Slight absorption
Slight attenuation
. light penetration
Slight transmission
Nutrient content






SECTION 400: HYDROSPHERE


. osmotic pressure
. oxygen content
. salinity
. specific heat
. specific volume
. stage
. stream velocity
. surface reflectance
. suspended matter
. suspended inorganic matter
. suspended organic matter
. suspended particulate matter
. thermal stratification
. water color
. water density
. water depth
. water hardness
. water levels
. sea level
. water mass
. water pH
. water temperature
. surface temperature
. water transparency
.water turbidity






Everglades Online Thesaurus


SECTION 500: ECOSYSTEM AND LANDSCAPE (ecological communities, natural
environments, landscape)

ecological characteristics
community characteristics
S. community composition
S. community dynamics
community structure
S. species diversity
.... relative abundance
.... species richness
energy characteristics
.. functional response
S. species composition
S. trophic levels
... decomposers
.. grazers
... omnivores
.. predators
.. primary consumers
.... detritovores
.... herbivores
S. primary producers
S. trophic relationships
S. trophic structure
... food webs
ecological equilibrium
ecological tradeoffs
ecotones
habitat
S. habitat preferences
S. habitat utilization
S. mating grounds
l. landscape characteristics
geographic characteristics
geographic distribution
spatial extent
spatial variations
landscape patterns
.. inundation patterns
temporal characteristics
.. temporal distribution
.. temporal variations
.... annual variations
.... seasonal variations






SECTION 500: ECOSYSTEM AND LANDSCAPE


. levels of organization
S. ecosystems
S. individual organisms
S. populations
S. breeding population
niche
S. fundamental niche
nutrient availability
population characteristics
S. population density
S. population dynamics
S. population number
S. population structure
prey availability
ecological communities
aquatic communities
aquatic plant communities
estuarine plant communities
.... tidal forest
..... mangrove forest
...... black mangrove forest
...... buttonwood mangrove forest
...... mixed mangrove forest
...... red mangrove forest
...... white mangrove forest
wetland plant communities
.... estuarine wetland herbaceous communities
..... salt flat
..... tidal marsh
...... spartina marsh
.... estuarine wetland shrub communities
..... scrub mangrove community
.... freshwater wetland forest communities
..... broadleaf deciduous wetland forest
...... gum pond
...... mixed wetland hardwood community
....... pop-ash swamp
....... titi swamp
..... broadleaf evergreen wetland forest
...... bay swamp
...... hydric hammock
...... pond apple swamp
...... willow and elderberry head
..... dome swamp
..... freshwater coniferous wetland
...... atlantic white cedar






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. ... cypress forest
. ... hydric pine flatwood
. ... hydric pine savannah
.... freshwater wetland herbaceous communities
.. .. emergent freshwater wetland herbaceous communities
...... depression marsh
...... fen
...... freshwater marsh
....... bullrush marsh
....... cattail marsh
....... sawgrass marsh
....... spikerush marsh
...... glade community
...... marl everglades
...... mire
...... wet prairie
..... floating and submerged vegetation
...... subemergent aquatic vegetation
...... submerged aquatic vegetation
....... grass beds
....... seaweed-based community
..... peat bog
.... freshwater wetland shrub communities
..... palmetto savannah
..... peat bog
..... scrub cypress
..... shrub bog
. nekton
. periphyton
. plankton
... phytoplankton
... zooplankton
Climax community
Pioneer community
Terrestrial communities
. terrestrial plant communities
... terrestrial forest communities
.... broadleaf deciduous forest
..... southern mixed forest
.... broadleaf evergreen forest
..... maritime forest
..... temperate hammock
...... mesic hammock
..... tropical hammock
.... longleaf/turkey oak
.... terrestrial coniferous forest






SECTION 500: ECOSYSTEM AND LANDSCAPE


..... clayhill
..... mesic pine flatwood
..... pine barren
..... pine flat
..... pine rockland
..... pine-wiregrass
..... sand pine scrub
..... sandhill
. terrestrial herbaceous communities
.... coastal prairie
.... dry prairie
.... dry sand grass prairie
.... wiregrass and saw palmetto
. terrestrial shrub communities
.... coastal scrub
.... scrubby flatwood
ecological processes
Colonization
Decomposition
Sdispersal
Semigration
Immigration
Ecological succession
Primary succession
Ssecondary succession
Energy flow
Seutrophication
Smass mortalities
Smatter cycling
nutrient cycling
Natural disturbance
Habitat alteration
loss of spatial extent
Nutrient dynamics
nutrient cycling
Srecolonization
Recovery
Species extinction
environmental conditions
Sanoxic conditions
Carrying capacity
Chemical sinks
Seutrophic conditions
Historical conditions
Limiting factors
Natural periodicities






Everglades Online Thesaurus


S. annual cycles
S. fire frequency
S. hydroperiods
. refugia
. substrate
S. bottom characteristics
S. hardbottom
S. mud bottom
S. sandy bottom
natural environments
. aquatic environment
.. freshwater environment
. lentic environment
.... bottom environment
.... limnetic zone
..... euphotic zone
.... littoral zone
..... sublittoral zone
.... profundal zone
. otic environment
.... bottom environment
S.... hyporheic zone
.... riparian zone
. marine environment
. abyssal zone
... aphotic zone
... bottom environment
.. hadalzone
. ittoral zone
.... sublittoral zone
S. neritic province
S. pelagic environment
S. photic zone
. estuarine environment
. subsurface environment
Terrestrial environment






SECTION 500: ECOSYSTEM AND LANDSCAPE


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Everglades Online Thesaurus


SECTION 600: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS (of naturally occurring materials)

chemical and physical phenomena
. absorption
. adhesion
. adsorption
. contamination
. convection
. diffusion
osmosis
dispersion
ionizing radiation
light
S. infrared light
S. ultraviolet light
S. visible light
non-ionizing radiation
stratification
destratification
turbulence
vibration
chemical and physical properties
absorbance
acoustic properties
anisotropy
bulk density
density
relative density
diffusivity
thermal diffusivity
dry weight
electrical properties
conductivity
S. specific conductance
S. thermal conductivity
electrical resistivity
flammability
heat
l. uminescence
S. fluorescence
S. phosphorescence
magnetic properties
S. magnetic field properties
S. magnetic susceptibility
S. magnetism
Sremanent magnetization






SECTION 600: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS


. mass
. mechanical properties
Sbrittleness
Sdeformation
Selasticity
Sstrength
Sviscosity
. odor
. optical properties
S. attendance
Scolor
S. irradiance
S. reflectance
. permeability
. pressure
. vapor pressure
. radioactivity
. specific gravity
. thermal properties
. transmissivity
. volume
. weight
. wet weight
chemical cycles
. biochemical cycles
. geochemical cycle
. biogeochemical cycle
. nutrient cycles
. carbon cycle
. nitrogen cycle
. phosphorus cycle
. oxygen cycle
. sulfur cycle
chemical properties
. acidity
. alkalinity
. chemical composition
. chlorinity
. environmental fate
. half-life
. oxidation reduction potential
SpH
. reactivity
. redox potential
. residence time
Salinity






Everglades Online Thesaurus


.. hypersalinity
. saturation
. solubility
. total organic carbon
. toxicity
chemical reactions
. accumulation
. ion accumulation
. acid-base reactions
. acidification
. biodegradation
. chemical degradation
. chemical fluxes
. chemical fractionation
. chemical speciation
. chemical substitution
. chemical synthesis
. chemical transport
. combustion
. corrosion
. dechlorination
. denitrification
. diffusion
. osmosis
. dilution
. dispersion
. fermentation
. fixation
.. nitrogen fixation
. heat transport
. hydration
. ion exchange
. ionization
l. teaching
. methane production
. methylation
. nitrification
. oxidation
. oxygen depletion
. oxygenation
. photochemical reactions
. radioactive decay
. reduction
.. sulfate reduction
. sublimation
Transport processes






SECTION 600: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS


. vaporization
chemical substances
. chemical compounds
. acids
. alumina
. amino acids
. ammonium compounds
... ammonium chloride
... ammonium sulfate
. aromatics
. bases
. biochemical compounds
. .. chlorophyll
. calcium carbonate
. calcium phosphate
. carbon and hydrocarbon compounds
. .. carbon dioxide
. .. carbon monoxide
. .. chlorinated hydrocarbons
... methane
. .. volatile organic compounds
. chlorinated hydrocarbons
. copper sulfate
. defoliants
. dioxins
. dissolved constituents
. .. dissolved gases
. .. dissolved organic carbon
. .. dissolved organic matter
... dissolved oxygen
. .. dissolved solids
. fatty acids
. gases
. dissolved gases
. .. greenhouse gases
... methane
... methyl bromide
. nitrous oxide
... ozone
. perfluorocarbons
. radon
. trace gases
. halons and halogens
. .. chlorofluorocarbons
. .. hydrochlorofluorocarbons
... hydrofluorocarbons






Everglades Online Thesaurus


Shumic acids
Shydrocarbon compounds
Shydrocarbons
Shydrochloric acid
Shydrogen sulfide
Sinorganic compounds
Sinorganic polymers
S. major ions
. bicarbonate
. carbonate
. chloride
. cyanide
. fluoride
. nitrate
. phosphate
. sulfate
S. methylmercury
S. nitrates
S. nitric acid
S. nitrites
S. nitrogen compounds
... ammonia
. nitric acid
. nitric oxide
. nitrogen
. nitrogen dioxide
. nitrogen oxides
. nitrous oxide
S. nitrosamines
S. non-aqueous phase liquids
S. organic compounds
S. organic solvents
S. organohalogen compounds
S. organophosphates
S. organophosphorus compounds
S. organosilicon compounds
S. oxidants
Soxides
S. oxyacids
Oxygen compounds
. oxygen
... ozone
S. phenols
S. photochemical agents
S. polychlorinated biphenyls
Preservatives







SECTION 600: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS


Ssolvents
Ssulfur compounds
... sulfur dioxide
... sulfur hexafluoride
... sulfur oxides
... sulfuric acid
Ssulfur dioxide
Water
Chemical elements
S. aluminum
S. argon
S. arsenic
Sbarium
S. cadmium
S. calcium
S. carbon
S. cesium
S. chlorine
S. chromium
S. cobalt
S. columbium
S. copper
S. helium
S. iron
S. isotopes
.. stable isotopes
S. ead
S. magnesium
S. manganese
Mercury
S. molybdenum
S. nickel
S. nitrogen
Oxygen
S. phosphorus
S. platinum
S. potassium
S. radium
S. selenium
S. silica
S. silver
S. sodium
S. strontium
S. sulfur
S. tantalum
S tin






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. trace elements
. tritium
. uranium
. vanadium
. zinc
. contaminants
. natural contaminants
. industrial chemicals
. metals
.. heavy metals
.. trace metals
. radioactive substances
hazardous substances
. environmental agents
S. biological agents
.. chemical agents
. toxic substances






SECTION 600: CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL ASPECTS


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Everglades Online Thesaurus


SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT (built environment, human settlements, land setup,
resources)

environmental management
conservation and protection
S. biosafety
S. bounties
S. breeding programs
S. forestation
S. habitat preservation
S. and retirement
Recycling and reuse
.. waste use
... wastewater reuse
release and relocation
environmental accounting
S. environmental auditing
S. environmental costs
S. environmental valuation
environmental assessment
S. adaptive assessment
S. decision support analysis
S. environmental impact analysis
S. failure analysis
S. needs assessment
S. risk assessment
environmental economic issues
S. cost-analysis
S. cost-benefit analysis
S. economic development
S. economic impacts
S. environmental subsidies
S. andowner compensation
environmental management
coastal zone management
.. shore protection
S. ecosystem management
S. emergency management
S. growth management
Resource management
.. fire management
.. fisheries management
.... fish culture
..... fish channels
..... hatcheries
forest management






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


. land management
S. ... and acquisition
S. natural areas management
. resource appraisal
... water management
.... seepage management
S. water diversion
S. water storage
..... aquifer storage and recovery
S. wildlife management
S. risk management
River basin management
S. scientific management
.. adaptive management
waste management
.. bioremediation
... waste conversion
.. waste disposal
S.... dumping
..... ocean dumping
.... incineration
.... landfill
... waste treatment
.... electrolytic recovery
.... incineration
.... land disposal
.... salvage
.... sludge treatment
environmental monitoring
S. ecosystem monitoring
environmental planning
S. alternative scenarios
S. contingency planning
S. development planning
S. disaster preparedness
S. environmental treaties
Regional planning
S. restoration goals
S. siting of facilities
S. strategic planning
S. transport planning
S. urban planning
S. urban renewal
environmental policy
decision making
... claims making






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. eminent domain
. environmental quality standards
... air quality standards
. water quality standards
. policy alternatives
. polluter-pays principle
. restoration policy
. environmental regulation
.. oversight
. environmental restoration
.. hydrologic restoration
. environmental security
.. ecoterrorism
.. homeland security
. financial management
.. budgeting
. cost recovery
.. pricing
. mitigation and restoration
. chemical treatment
. decontamination
. detoxification
. disaster relief
. ecosystem restoration
... species recovery
. flood mitigation
. reclamation
. take reclamation
. land reclamation
. .. soil reclamation
. .. water reclamation
. reforestation
. revegetation
. sediment removal
. water treatment
. .. aeration
. .. chlorination
. .. desalination
. disinfection
. population management
. prevention and control
.. animal control
.. back pumping
.. biological control
S. biological pest control
. biosafety






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


channelization
Disaster prevention
Drought control
Sfire control
... firebreaks
Sflood control
Permitting
... tradeable permits
... wetland permitting
Plant control
Pollution control
Population control
... introduction of species
S. product labelling
S. quality control
S. scheduling
S. standardization
.. international standardization
zoning
hazards and disasters
catastrophic phenomena
S. explosions
S. famines
S. fires
environmental accidents
S. accidental release
S. nuclear accidents
S. spills
S. oil spills
hazards of pollutants
human impacts
man-caused disturbance
anchor damage
habitat loss
.. pollution
... atmospheric deposition
S.... dry deposition
S.... wet deposition
S. pollution
.... air pollution
marine pollution
soil contamination
water pollution
groundwater contamination
pollution
.... acid deposition






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. acid rain
. agricultural pollution
. noise pollution
. nonpoint source pollution
. oil pollution
. point source pollution
. radioactive contamination
. thermal pollution
S. weather modification
S. wildlife decline
. resource use
S. deforestation
. land use
S. resource acquisition
. fishing
.... commercial fishing
. .. hunting
. .. illegal harvest
. .. mining and quarrying
. .. well drilling
. resource depletion
. aquifer depletion
. overkill
. resource exploration
. mineral exploration
. oil exploration
S. sustainable use
S. water use
. ground water withdrawals
human settlement and society
. economic characteristics
. business and commerce
. industry
.... agribusiness
.... agriculture
..... agricultural practices
...... afforestation
...... agricultural production
....... agricultural yields
...... artificial regeneration
. ... best management practices
. ... breeding methods
. animal breeding
. artificial fertilization
....... captive breeding
....... hybridization






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


....... plant breeding
....... selective breeding
...... clearcutting
...... controlled fires
...... crop protection
...... crop rotation
...... cutting
....... clearcutting
....... Logging
. ... fertilizer applications
. ... harvesting
. ... irrigation and drainage
. ... pest control
. biological pest control
. crop dusting
. integrated pest management
. planting
...... plowing
. ... propagation
. ... seed production
. ... soil conservation
. ... soil improvement
. ... spraying
. ... stocking/transplanting
. ... tillage
. conservation tillage
. ... waterlogging
. ... agriculture
. ... apiculture
. ... aquaculture
. ... food production
. ... forestry
. ... horticulture
. ... truck farming
. farming systems
. ... contour farming
. ... organic farming
. ... subsistence farming
. fertilizers
. cement industry
. petroleum refining
. rubber industry
. tourism
. ecotourism
. .international trade
. .costs






Everglades Online Thesaurus


S. cost of work
. cost variance
S. development patterns
. housing density
. .. land booms
S. sustainable development
S. urban development
. ... urban decay
. economic incentives
. goods and services
. agricultural chemicals
. ... chemical fertilizers
. ... growth regulators
. ... pesticides
S. commodities
. ... agricultural products
..... composts
..... food products
...... dairy products
...... food crops
....... citrus products
. .. rice
. sugarcane
. forest products
. wood products
. ivestock products
..... non-food crops
.... pollutants
..... effluents
...... cooling waters
...... waste heat
..... emissions
...... exhaust emissions
...... gas emissions
...... heat emissions
...... odor emissions
...... particulate emissions
..... wastes
...... agricultural wastes
...... hazardous wastes
...... industrial wastes
...... municipal waste
...... sewage
S. dangerous goods
. industrial products
.. .power sources






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


S. real property
S. recycled materials
S. telecommunications
.... broadcasting
.... computer conferencing
.... data transmission
.... electronic discussion groups
.... electronic mail
.... mobile communications
.... satellite communications
.... teleconferencing
.... video communications
S. and values
S. giving conditions
.. homelessness
.. overcrowding
... poverty
ownership
land ownership
... private ownership
.. public ownership
taxes
government and administration
S. federal-state aid
S. government agencies
S. inspection
.. vehicle inspection
S. aw enforcement
S. aws and legislation
.. agreements and treaties
.... contracts
.... cooperative agreements
.... global conventions
.... permits
.. court decisions
... executive orders
levels of government
... federal government
local/regional government
... state government
human activities
activities of daily living
S. commuting
S. computer use
S. disposal of the dead
... frontier life






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. travel
. working
. scientific careers
. communications
. disclosure
. explanation
. feedback
. interviews
. meetings and workshops
. negotiation
. computer operations
. computer applications
. computer programming
. computer security
. data processing
. data distribution
.... database conversion
.... digitization
. .. documentation
. .. software reuse
. construction
. road maintenance
. trail laying
. well construction
. well drilling
. human events
. .. conferences and meetings
. .. expeditions
.... exploratory expeditions
.... scientific expedition
. .. fishing season
. .. historical occurrences
. .. hunting season
. military activity
. recreation
. .. alligator wrestling
. .. outdoor recreation
.... backpacking
.... boating
..... canoeing
.... camping
S.... off-road driving
. human health and safety
. human diseases and disorders
. disease outbreaks
. .disease treatment






SECTION 700: HUMAN


S. drugs
..... antibiotics
..... antidotes
..... tranquilizers
. fungal diseases
. human allergies
. parasitic diseases
. poisoning
. protozoan diseases
. viral diseases
. human nutrition
. medical treatment
. nuclear safety
. occupational health and safety
. public health and safety
. road safety
. traumas
Human knowledge
S. disciplines of knowledge
. agricultural science
. aquatic science
.... limnology
. oceanography
. atmospheric science
... biological science
.... biochemistry
S.... botany
.... ecology
.... genetics
S.... microbiology
.... systematics and taxonomy
.... zoology
... chemistry
... earth science
.... geology
..... geophysics
..... hydrology
..... paleontology
..... soil science
.... oceanography
. engineering and applied sciences
.... civil engineering
.... genetic engineering
. hydraulic engineering
. .information science
. computer science


ENVIRONMENT






Everglades Online Thesaurus


.. geographic information science
. informatics
. mathematics and statistics
. medical science
. veterinary medicine
. social sciences
. anthropology
. economics
. geography
. cartography
. ... hydrography
. demography
. history
.. pedagogy
. political science
S. psychology
.... religious studies
. education and culture
. .. cultural resources
. .. environmental education
. primary education
. public education
. secondary education
S. knowledge management
. .. classification of organisms
.... taxa
..... new taxa
.... taxonomic classification
... collection management
... data management
... document management
S. information organization
.... cataloging and indexing
.... database design
... information preservation
S. information processing
.... image processing
. information resources
. information resources
. abstract
. annual report
..... archival register
..... audiovisual resource
..... bibliography
..... biography
..... book






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


..... book review
..... catalog
..... checklist
..... classification scheme
..... curriculum material
..... data report
..... database
...... data
....... digital elevation model
....... digital line graph
....... digital orthophoto quadrangle
....... digital raster graphics
....... empirical data
....... georeferenced data
....... historical data
....... multimedia
....... real-time data
....... statistical data
....... well log
..... digital collection
..... directory
..... electronic mail message
..... environmental impact statement
..... ephemera
..... exhibit
..... factsheet
..... FAQ document
..... faunal work
..... final report
..... glossary
..... graphics
...... cross-sections
...... flow nets
..... guidebook
..... historical account
..... identification key
..... images
...... orthophotographs
...... remote sensing images
...... satellite imagery
...... stereo pair photographs
..... implementation report
. interim report
. ... legal document
. manual
..... map






Everglades Online Thesaurus


...... thematic maps
....... geologic maps
....... hydrologic maps
....... land use maps
....... vegetation maps
...... topographic and base maps
...... weather maps
..... memorandum
..... metadata
..... model
...... conceptual models
...... database models
...... mathematical models
...... scale models
..... museum collection
..... natural history account
..... news release
..... newsgroup posting
..... newsletters
..... nomenclator
..... non-scholarly article
..... opinion document
..... oral history
..... performance
..... periodical
..... photograph
..... planning report
..... preliminary report
..... presentation
...... oral presentations
...... poster presentations
...... slide presentation
..... procurement documents
..... professional paper
...... conference proceedings
..... project plan
..... records
..... report card
..... scholarly article
..... scientific specimen
...... geologic cores
..... software
..... sound recording
..... species account
..... specification
..... technical report






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


..... terminology
..... thesis
..... transcript
..... video recording
...... animation
..... web page
..... web site
..... workshop report
. information retrieval
. information security
. information storage
.... information preservation
.... storage media
..... magnetic media
..... optical media
..... photographic films
...... microforms
. information systems and services
.... decision support systems
.... digital libraries
.... document delivery
.... expert systems
.... geographic information systems
.... information clearinghouses
.... information networks
..... Internet
..... World Wide Web
.... real-time data access
.... reference services
.... relational databases
.... statistical information systems
. knowledge dissemination
.... information exchange
.... public information
.... publishing
.... scientific communication
. records management
. references
... altitude
. classes and codes
.... hydrologic unit codes
.... land cover classes
. contours
. geologic time periods
. map coordinate systems
.... geographic coordinate systems






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. grid coordinate systems
. horizontal datums
. vertical datums
. nomenclature
. biological nomenclature
. homonymy
. synonomy
. type description
. type genus
. type locality
..... type material
.... geographic names
..... historic place names
.... geologic names
. scales
.... geographic scale
.... macroscale
.... mesoscale
.... microscale
.... time scale
. standards and indexes
.... emission standards
.... environmental indicators
..... baseline conditions
..... biological indicators
..... climate indicators
..... performance indicators
..... restoration targets
..... social indicators
.... lethal limits
.... management recommendations
.... minimum water levels
.... monitoring criteria
.... National Priorities List
.... performance measures
.... pollution index
.... precursor success indices
.... reference systems
. safety standards
. stratumss
. .trends
. ong-term trends
.research
... investigation
.... CEtSF Project
.... cooperative research project






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


S. feasibility study
S. historical reconstruction
S. .. inventory and monitoring
..... long term ecological monitoring
S. pilot project
S. prediction and forecasting
..... long-term forecasting
..... weather forecasting
.... Restudy
S. scientific expedition
S. status and trends
. research equipment
.... attractants
.... instrument design and development
. .. observation equipment
. .. recording equipment
. research methods
. .. breeding methods
..... animal breeding
..... artificial fertilization
..... captive breeding
..... hybridization
..... plant breeding
..... selective breeding
.... computational methods
..... image processing
..... mathematical modeling
..... predictive tools
..... relative abundance analysis
..... spatial analysis
...... geospatial analysis
..... statistical analysis
. text processing
. topological analysis
. visualization methods
. field methods
. field experiments
...... dosing experiments
...... flume experiments
...... mesocosm experiments
...... microcosm experiments
...... tracer experiments
..... field identification
...... photoidentification
...... scene identification
..... field sampling






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. ... biological inventory and monitoring
....... animal capturing
........ fishing methods
........ immobilization
....... animal tracking
....... physical examination in the field
....... sexing
....... specimen collecting
........ overcollection
....... tagging and marking
...... borehole logging
....... gamma-ray logging
...... core sampling
...... drilling and coring
...... field spectroscopy
...... geophysical methods
....... acoustical methods
....... seismic methods
...... plot sampling
...... sediment sampling
...... transect sampling
...... trenching
...... water sampling
..... geolocation measurement
...... aerial surveying
...... altimetry measurement
...... bathymetry measurement
...... GPS measurement
...... land surveying
..... geophysical surveys
...... gravity measurement
..... in-situ monitoring
...... sediment trapping
...... streamflow monitoring
...... video monitoring
...... weather monitoring
.... inventory and monitoring methods
..... acoustic methods
...... sonar methods
..... aquifer tests
..... CTD measurement
..... electromagnetic surveying
..... social surveys
..... telemetry
..... tiltmeter measurement






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


..... vocalization methods
. .. laboratory methods
..... age dating methods
...... radiometric age determination
....... carbon-14 analysis
....... rubidium-strontium analysis
...... relative-age methods
..... chemical analysis
...... atomic absorption analysis
...... chromatography
....... gas chromatography
....... liquid chromatography
...... mass spectroscopy
...... neutron activation analysis
...... particle-beam spectroscopy
...... x-ray diffraction
..... coral banding analysis
..... core analysis
..... culturing methods
..... faunal and floral census
..... genetic techniques
..... grain size analysis
..... isotopic analysis
...... radiometric age determination
....... carbon-14 analysis
....... rubidium-strontium analysis
...... stable isotope analysis
..... meristics
..... microscopy
...... electronic microscopy
. ... optical microscopy
. paleomagnetic analysis
. plant and animal testing
. ... biometrical techniques
..... sample preparation
..... therapeutic methods
..... tree ring analysis
.... photographic methods
..... color infrared photography
..... underwater photography
.... remote sensing
..... aeromagnetic surveying
..... aeroradiometric surveying
..... airborne imaging
...... LIDAR
...... Side-Looking Airborne Radar






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. hyperspectral imaging
..... multispectral imaging
..... panchromatic imaging
..... photogrammetry
..... satellite imaging
...... infrared imaging
....... AVHRR
...... microwave imaging
....... SMMR
...... radar imaging
..... thermal imaging
Human population
Consumption patterns
Crowding
Human migration
Human population groups
. children
. citizens
. decision makers
. educators
. environmental activists
. farm workers
. fishermen
. hunters
. indigenous people
.... Native Americans
... landowners
... lawmakers
. migrant workers
. minorities
. pioneers
. refugees
. resource managers
. stakeholders
. students
. tourists
. vital statistics
Human services
. community services
... community development
. public services
Infrastructure
. areas and sites
... abandoned sites
. .administrative areas
. agricultural sites






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


S. fisheries
..... coastal fisheries
..... marine fisheries
S. brownfields
. built-up areas
. cadastral areas
. commercial sites
S. industrial sites
. conservation areas
. biosphere reserves
. botanical gardens
. critical habitat
. greenbelts and greenways
.... marine conservation areas
.... natural resource lands
..... wildlife management areas
S. parks and preserves
. botanical gardens
. zoological parks
. public gardens
. wildlife refuges
. disaster areas
. disposal sites
. landfill sites
. fallow sites
. historical sites
. Indian lands
. land parcels
. military sites
. offshore areas
. populated places
. cities
. protected areas
. quarries and pits
. recreation sites
. reference locations
. absolute location
. map regions
. map quadrangle regions
. UTM zones
. .research sites
. archaeological sites
. paleontological sites
. sampling sites
. .residential areas
. .Restudy study areas






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. Biscayne Bay
. Everglades Agricultural Areas
. Everglades National Park
. .. Florida Bay Area
. .. Florida Keys
. Kissimmee River Basin
. Lake Belt Area
. Lower East Coast
. Lower West Coast
.... Upper East Coast
S. rural areas
... water management areas
.... stormwater treatment areas
.... water conservation areas
S.... water preserve areas
. boundaries
. administrative and political boundaries
. built structures
. artificial reefs
. buildings
. pipelines
. storage structures
. transportation structures
S. bridges
. tunnels
. waterways
. inland waterways
. channels
. water control structures
. breakwaters
. built drainage systems
. canals
. culverts
. .. dams and levees
. .. evaporation ponds
. filtration marsh
. harbors and ports
. hydroelectric developments
. .. impoundments
. piers and jetties
. pumping stations
. wells
. artesian wells
. injection wells
. oil wells
. recovery wells






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


S. test well
S. .. water-table wells
. facilities
. cultural facilities
. data centers
. desalination plants
... emergency shelters
S. gaging stations
. harbors and ports
. hospitals
. housing
. chickees
. low-cost housing
. information repositories
. archives
.... gene banks
.... libraries
.... museums and exhibits
..... natural history museums
S.... seed banks
. nuclear reactors
. power plants
. research facilities
. data collection facilities
. meteorological stations
..... remote sensing center
.... experiment stations
.... field stations
.... GIS laboratory
. sports facilities
. boat landings and ramps
. transportation facilities
. airports
. waste treatment plants
. systems
. distribution systems
. electrical power
. .. food storage
. .. food supply
. global positioning system
. managed system
. monitoring systems
. municipal water systems
. natural system
. public utilities
. refuse disposal






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. South Florida ecosystem
. warning systems
. water supply and demand
S. agricultural water supply
S. conveyance capacity
S. urban water supply
.... water conveyance
.... water deliveries
S. water releases
. technology
. clean technologies
S. construction technology
S. dredge and fill activities
S. electronics
S. food technology
S. information technology
. recirculating systems
. technology transfer
. institutions and organizations
S. academic institutions
S. cultural organizations
. biological museums
. government agencies
S. interagency entities
S. international organizations
S. non-governmental organizations
S. societies
. natural history societies
S. tribal organizations
S. water authorities
. social characteristics
. human relations
. conflicts
. conflict resolution
. warfare
. environmental warfare
. Seminole Indian Wars
... environmental crime
. ... harassment
. ... poaching
. ... terrorism
. gender issues
. hunter-landowner relationships
. landowner-government relations
. public relations
. public-private partnership






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


S. race relations
. human values and attitudes
S. aesthic values
S. bioethics
S. conflicting attitudes
S. cultural diversity
... economic value
S. effectiveness
.... cost-effectiveness
.... currentness
.... efficiency
.... obsolescence
.... permanance
.... quality
.... reliability
.... usability
.... utility
. environmental literacy
... green consumerism
. historic heritage
. indigenous knowledge
. liability
. natural character
. public access
. access to the sea
. public involvement
... recreational value
... rights
.... environmental justice
.... human rights
.... legal rights
.... mineral rights
S.... property rights
..... easements
.... rights of way
.... riparian rights
.... water rights
. .. scientific value
. sustainability
. living conditions
. homelessness
. overcrowding
. poverty
Transportation
S. airplanes
Sboats






Everglades Online Thesaurus


S. maritime transport
S. public transit
S. railroads and railways
S. roads
. access roads
. Tamiami Trail
S. space transportation
S. trails
S. vehicles
. motor vehicles
. off-road vehicles
natural resources
. biological resources
. animal resources
. animal products
. feathers
S. pelts
. shells
. animals and man
. animal care
. artificial diets
. care in captivity
. animal housing
. animals as sport
. animals as tools
. animals in medicine
. attacks on man
. communication with man
. damage caused by animals
. fishery resources
.... commercial fish
.... fish stocks
.... forage fish
.... game fish
.... rough fish
. game animals
S.... game birds
.... game fish
. nongame animals
.... nongame birds
. .. nongame birds
. .. wildlife
. food resources
. .. animals as food
. .. eggs as food
... food fish






SECTION 700: HUMAN ENVIRONMENT


.... shellfish
... fruits as food
... grain as food
... insects as food
... milk as food
. plant resources
... carnivorous plants
. .. foliage
. .. forest resources
. indigenous forests
. old growth forests
. overstory
. riparian forests
. second growth forests
. slash
. understory vegetation
. wood
. ground cover
. mast
. medicinal plants
. old fields
. plants as food
. presettlement vegetation
wildlife habitat
energy resources
S. biomass energy
S. coal resources
charcoal
Geothermal energy
S. hydroelectric power
S. nuclear fission
S. oil and gas
S. solar energy
Sthermal sea power
S. tidal energy
S. wind energy
Land resources
flyways
Islands
.. agricultural land
.. barren lands
.. burned lands
.. disturbed lands
.. mined lands
natural resource lands
wildlife management areas






Everglades Online Thesaurus


. posted lands
. rangeland
. waterlogged lands
. soil resources
. peatlands
. surface-litter layer
. topsoil
. vegetation cover
. wilderness
. wildlife corridors
. mineral resources
.. economic minerals
.. mineral deposits
.. mineral fuels
.. oil and gas
.. oil shares
. non-renewable resources
. renewable resources
. water resources
. drainage water
. drinking water
. irrigation water
. offshore water
. reclaimed water
. stormwater
. waste water
. water quality
.water quantity


















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