Group Title: Two Women: Interview with Marjory Stoneman Douglas and Marjorie Harris Carr. Videotaped in Islamorada, Published 1985.
Title: Speech by Marjory Stoneman Douglas about use of water in South Florida
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 Material Information
Title: Speech by Marjory Stoneman Douglas about use of water in South Florida
Series Title: Two Women: Interview with Marjory Stoneman Douglas and Marjorie Harris Carr. Videotaped in Islamorada, Published 1985.
Physical Description: Archival
Creator: Marjory Stoneman Douglas and Marjorie Harris Carr
Publication Date: 1985
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- South Florida
Funding: Florida International Univerity Libraries
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: FI07010803
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: Florida International University
Holding Location: Florida International University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: SPC958_3


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(A J ale of iwo Women
Marjon Stonemnan Douglas and larijoric 1 larris Carr

Segment: Speech by Marjory Stoneman Douglas about use of water in South Florida

Source: Interview with Marjory Stoneman Douglas and Marjorie Harris Carr. Videotaped in Islamorada,
Published 1985.

Length of Segment: 00:07:52

Transcript and audio recording are copyright 1983-2009 Florida International University.


Celete: Next I'd like to introduce Marjory Stoneman Douglas, president of The Friends of the Everglades.

MSD: No, I'm gonna stand up.

Celete: Well, speak into the microphone.

MSD: Yes, I'll speak into the mic. Yes, yes, well greetings everybody. It's wonderful to be here. What a
wonderful day we've got; typical, a typical Key day. Couldn't be better with the air and the sun and all
that. I'd rather think, is this thing working by the way? Is it working alright? I rather think that I'm one
of the few people here, or perhaps the only one, who ever went to Key West on the train. When I first
came to Florida, I, of course, promptly, back in 1915, one of things we did, first of all, was come down to
Key West on a train. And I remember trundling down feeling as though it was a completely new world
and seeing it for the first time from Mr. Flagler's train windows. I found Key West to be a completely
different city from anything I had ever know in my life, and I was aware from that time on. And I knew
so many of the people: The Harris,' The Williams,' and all kinds of people, the Otto's, so I had friends in
Key West and came down to visit very often. But I always thought Key West was a city sort of off to
itself. A city that didn't realize that it was part, that it had anything to do with the mainland of Florida.
And in the early days of working in the Everglades with the attempts to prevent the poaching of the
wading birds whose nuptial plumes were still being sold to milliner's in Havana. We had quite a bad
time with the courts of Key West, because we could take the culprits who would be arrested with the
things that they shot, the birds that they shot, and witnesses and all that, and that them down to the
court in Key West, and the court in Key West would dismiss in completely, because they didn't think we
had any business in interfering with the natural business of killing the birds in the Everglades. I find that
spirit has been in the Keys, still, for quite a while, and we've had a good deal of trouble with the Monroe

county commission, frankly, and getting the things and our fighting of the latest menace down here:
Port Bougainvillea, which Michael Chenoweth has represented us so ably. We find that that same spirit
among elected officials has obtained, and that the whole idea is to get more people and get more taxes
and more growth. But at the presence of this conference and of you all, has greatly encouraged me to
believe, as Mrs. Carr said, that this is at least is a turning point, and that you have seen, and the terrible
problems that have been imposed by port Bougainvillea, which we're still fighting by tooth and nail, The
Friends of the Everglades and all the people. They have posed such problems that only a consensus of
the people of the Keys themselves will help to solve. The, of course I always have to talk about the main
problem of this whole South Florida area, which is water. When, I think, Michael Chenoweth and I came
down years, years ago, after the Navy had put in the pipeline from the Homestead Airfield to Key West,
we came down to fight the enlargement of the pipeline, because we said if we get more water you're
going to have more development, because you're not fighting off the development as you should, and
you're going to have more trouble. Well, we lost, and you got the bigger pipeline, and you got more
water, and because you have more water in all the development of the Keys, which is so bothering you
now. Now I don't need to go on about the dangers of all that, you are here to discuss that. But I would
like to say, that I'd like the Keys, which I've always loved and I've known for so many years and I've come
down particularly to Islamorada, which is one of my favorite places in all of Florida. We want you to
particularly realize that you are part of the mainland, and that our problems of water are your problems,
because some time ago, the Florida Water Management board decided that the Homestead Airbase
could not supply enough water for the Keys, and it had to be switched to the Miami Well Fields. Now
the time is coming that we haven't got enough water for the people that we have, and the time may
come when we don't have enough water for the Keys. I can remember when the Keys had entire
cisterns. Maybe you'd better be building more cisterns for the rain that is now raining, because it may
be that we're all gonna be cut down on water. That would be both a bad thing and a good thing for you,
'cause I think you can go back to cisterns, which would be a great help. But our problems, in the
Everglades, in the Kissimmee-Okeechobee-Everglades are so great, that we are fighting for our life, for
all our lives, to have water enough. I am highly of the opinion that too much water in the area is going
to agriculture. Everybody thinks, oh, agriculture is so lovely, you know, and all these beans and
tomatoes and everything are just so fine. But you must realize that the Water Management District
gives the first choice of water to the agricultural people around the lake, and when we get limited in our
rations, the agricultural people do not get cut down. My opinion is that in time, agriculture will have to
go. That we have no place for agriculture in this area, where the land is being used for people and for
buildings. Where it is mush more valuable than for vegetables. Nobody comes down here to Florida to
eat vegetables, or to grow them. Let the vegetables be grown in Mexico where they can be raised more
cheaply and the people need the work, but let's not get into all that. But agriculture must go here in
South Florida. We will see less and less of it as the time goes on. The sugar people are going to have to
leave because they've destroyed the soil, because they don't belong here in Florida, anyway. I
understand there's 10,000 acres of rice coming in around the lake. That may not be so bad; it doesn't
use up so much of the water flow. We've got to consider ways of getting enough water, not only for us
but for you, because Monroe County is completely dependant on Dade-county for its water. So I beg
you to pay attention to the fact that you are closely related to the mainland, and that we need your help
in getting the Kissimmee-Okeechobee-Everglades basin fixed so that we can all have enough water. You
must realize that water, without water, you couldn't live here at all. And you certainly will have to go
back to cisterns if we cannot supply you enough. So please help us, please help us with our fight to get
the area of the Kissimmee-Okeechobee-Everglades fixed up so that we can get enough water, otherwise
it's great to be here, and it's such a perfect day, I can't help keeping on talking about it. Thank you very
much. (Clapping)

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