Title: Amphibians and Reptiles of Everglades National Park
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Title: Amphibians and Reptiles of Everglades National Park
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Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- South Florida
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Funding: Florida International Univerity Libraries
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Bibliographic ID: FI06050114
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Eastern Mud Snake (Farancia abacura)
Common in freshwater marshes and pords.
Nocturnal, aquatic.

Eastern Racer (Coluber constrictar)
Most abundant terrestrial snake in the park Found in
all habitats. Diurnal. Frequently seen racing across
roads. Subspecies is C, c. paludicola.

Eastern Coachwhip (Masticophis flagellum)
Rare- Usually associated with pinelands, More
common north of the park in the Big Cypress National
Preserve.

Rough Green Snake (Opheodtys aestivus)
Common snake in pinelands. hardwood hammocks
and bordering freshwater marshes.

Eastern Indigo (Drymarchon conris)
Threatened species, found in all habitats of the park
Largest snake in North America.

Corn Snake (Elaphe guftata)
Common in pirnelands, hardwood hamrnmcks and
developed sites. Nocturnal. seen in bushes and Irees.

Everglades Rat Snake (Etaphe oh.soFea)
Found in freshwater marshes, pinelarids and
hardwood hammocks. Sometimes seen climbing
trees to reach bird nests. Subspecies is E. o.
rossalleni.

Yellow Rat Snake (Efaphe obsoleta)
Recognized subspecies (E. o. quadrivatta) is
uncommon in Ihe park. Intergrades of Yellow Rat and
Everglades Rat Snake are known from the park

Florida Kingsnake (Lamprope/is gewis)
Uncommon in freshwater marshes, hardwo di
hammocks and pinelands.

Scarlet Kingsnake (LampropOris triangulum)
Uncommon In hardwood hammocks, pinelards arnd
coastal prairies. Coral snake (Micrurs fulvius) mimic.

Florida Scarlet Snake (Cemophora coccinea)
Uncommon. Semifossorial, found in hardwood
hammocks and pinelands under leaf litter, logs and
rocks. Coral snake mimic.


Eastern Coral Snake (Micrurus fuvius)
Common in hardwood hiarmocks and
under leaf litter, rocks and logs.
VENOMOUS.


pinela rds
HIGHLY


Florida Cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)
Common in freshwaler marshes, ponds and
mangroves. VENOMOUS.

Dusky Pygmy Rattlesnake (Sistru.is j/iliarius)
Common In freshwater marshes. Sometimes seen in
bushes and trees during high water. Sulbspecies is S.
m. barbouri. VENOMOUS

Eastern Diamondback (Crotalus adamanieus)
Locally common in hardwood hammocks, pinelands
and coastal prairies. VENOMOUS.

AMPHIBIANS

Two-toed Amphlura (Arnphiuma means)
Common but rarely seen. Nocturnal salamander of
freshwater marshes. Commonly associated with water
hyacirnhs on 'he TamniTili Trail

Greater Siren (Sre'n ,c:ertri'..
Common in shallow freshwater marshes ard ponds.
Noclurnal, rarely seen. Associiaed with hydrophytic
plants.

Everglades Dwarf Siren rPstIe d.r:,'i:an;'. s stFiatus)
This subspecies (P. s. bci'.') is known only from the
Everglades. Locally common in freshwater rnershes
among dead vegetation.

Peninsula Newt (Notophrhi'mVns vridescens)
Lo-dally common in freshwater marsties and so~ili':.)r
holes Probably neotenic in Everglades Subspecies
is N. v, p;arouo'cola.

Eastern Spadefoot Toad (Scapbhophus .,oibrook.'ii
Status unknown. Reported from Royal Palnm.
Nocturnal. appearing after heavy rains.

Greenhouse Frog (Eleuthrodactylu.s p;a ros,'tris)
Exotic species from Cuba. Locally common in
hardwood hammocks and pinelands Found under
logs and leaf litter. Nocturnal.

Southern Toad Bauto terresris)
Common in hardwood hanmmocks, pinclands alnd
seasonally inundated freshwater marshes and
mangrove areas

Oak Toad (Blo quercicus)
Common in pinelands, hardwood hammocks and
seasonally inundated freshwater marshes Often
active during the day. Large choruses may be heard
along roads in the summer.


Florida Cricket Frog (Acris gryilus)
Common In all freshwater habitats. Locally common
in temporary ponds and solution holes of pielarnds
and hardwood hammocks. Often calls during the day
after rains.

Green Treefrog (Hyla cinerea)
Common in freshwater marshes Also found in
hardwood hammocks and occasionally in the
pinelands. Breeding choruses, May through October.

Squirrel Treefrog (Hyla squirelfa)
Common in all freshwater habitats. Also found In
hardwood hamrmocks and pinelands. Breeding
choruses. March to August,


Cuban Treefrog fOsleopHus serenterionalis)
Introduced frog native to Cuba and Cayman Islands.
Locally common at developed sites (Main Visitor
Center, Royal Palm, Pine Island). Also has invaded
hammocks arnd pirelar.dl.s surrou dring these sites.
Breeding call, March through October.

Little Grass Frog (PseL.dacrs ocularis)
Smallest frog in North America Corlrmon in
freshwater marshes Clings to grass and sedges a
few feet above the ruuind Mostly nortirnal
Breeding choruses heard throughout the summer.

Florida Chorus Frog (Pseudacris nigrita)
Locally common around solution holes in freshwater
marshes. Most abundant in ecotone between marsh
and pineland. Calling at night from January lTrough
Septentber around Royal Palm, the lype of locally for
the Flori-:da subspecies (P. n. vercucosa).

Eastern Narrow-mouth Toad ,Gastrophyne
caoti,?e..is) Common in all moist habitats were it is
lound under logs and litter layer in hardwuood
Iammnocks Nocturnal. sometimes active during the
day following a rain. Ca'l may be heard around foyal
Palm.

Pig Frog (Rana grylio)
Common in freshwater marshesI Gruint-like call heard
night and day, yearround at Royal Palm and Shark
Valley.

Southern Leopard Frog (Rana ,'rricularia)
Cornrron in all freshwater habitats and in solution
hl:ces in hardwooJd hammocks Also occurs in
brackish water Aburndarit, often seen at Shark Valley
and Anhinga Trail


Amphibians





Reptiles of...


EVE IRGLA)IDES

NAT IONAL

PAIR


Flaorkla d hAtk irfts &
Monumrnts AssOixitn. knr.
C' Recyclyfd Paper


I







REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS
OF EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK

A visit to Everglades Nalional Park would not be
complete without seeing an alligalcr. TI-. kir,; rv.pli'.l
is indeed the symbol of the Everg ades: However. 50
other species of :)eptiies are found i- the park.
including 27 kir/Js of snakes anid '6 s.~C.:e.s of turt i'i";
in terrestrial, freshii.-ater andr marine habitats.

Much less visible are the 15 species of ,nAi.p"iL,..:: : in
the park that ae more often -"eard than seem. T'.-,r-
range Irom the sirr.illet firo in Nirthl Anwer;ira.. the
Little Grass frog ,'Pseudacris ciculfarls) t:: the co irn;nr
Pig frog (Raeia 'y:o.*oJ Many are .ricucti,,.ial .,in
breeding choruses aijcfible froml Mar[;h to Ociobi-'.

This iist represents specitrs r:-wn to occur w th ,n -,e bo ndary og
the p lrk or Ir i,,'c'.iite area. This list was ctarpiled by Tci d .
Seiner and Wi!''iaT, F Loutus. Art&,Ork by .ii',iev -:-: ..
Pu., L.hmEr by Floiida Ndlional Parks and Meinurnme-'s Aso-i;licn
n fcoperalion i th Ihet N L.i nlC P.,l i ;r.L i ..- 8 1

REPTILES

American Crocodile (Crocod'y'us aculis)
Endangered species, rare in marine and estuarine
areas. Occas-cnally seen in marqrove swamps ranl
creeks of F'onda Bay.

American Alligator (Ati/gator miss's s;nensi)
Common in freshwater marshes. Often enters
brackish water. ReguQarfy seen at Anh;nga Tro'l and
Shark Valley. No longer considered a Ihrentenr:e
species in Fo rWa

Caiman (Caiman crocodiius)
Introduced species from tropical America recorded at
Anhinga Trail.

Florida Snapping Turtle (Chelydra sp.rren!'.nr,)
Uncommon in freshwater marshes and dry prairies
Scarcity in sightings may be due to norturrial habits.
Large specimens are rare.

Siriped Mud Turtle (K.-uosternon baiuri,'
Common in freshwater marshes, sloughs, ponds and
solution holes. Occasionally seen in hardwOox
hammocks. Common at Royal Palm, the '"ype
locally" for a nominal suhspncies

Florida Mud Turtle (Kinosternon subrubrum)
Rare in the park, this subspecies (K. s. sseindach.,eri)
is also found in the Florida Keys and in the Bir
Cypress.


Stinkpot r~S'r;--.;rherus ordor, Caz;,
LUncomonn O:-.curs in freshwater marshes arnd
solution holes. Rarely ventures from the water.

Florida Box Turtle (Terrape.r.e. caroi'orJa)
Co rno'rori in p nr:l"nds aiirf h r~i-,'l.: i. ;n :ks
Oc.r.:.isioriilly .-r :i..- rs in fre-sh.-,ater inarslis Fire-
s.c-:arrtxJ and threeP.-lPeggr l spe.cirens are rn
Ul. orTlr ilorr1.

Diamondback Terrapin (i...'.-'i:i'.'ry: ,t.:.rr;.:r)
Common in .turirie areas of mrlanrlro '- Can be
seen has ir'y in Ten Tnousain;J Islands and Cai'e:
Sable. Ccrrrcn on scinmer F r.,ida Bay Keys

Peninsula Cooter (Pcjder.., .s .5oridr."
Fuu-'vJ in same habitat as the Fl;.lda F., .il.! ly,
althlouu']-h less corT1mon Often seep at Shtark '.. lley
StbsFt_::- e sC is P. f. r e s,~a r'..:I

Florida Redbeliy Turtle .:;: .*: n('. *.r: **,:
Cornrno.i in Ireshwater rn,('. .h F.-,n '- ark] solution
h .e ,corTe nimes h hbridize s .', ih Pern -, .1.-i Ci r:-i -
(P. fh'OnirKd.-jl

Florida Chicken Turtle (DFe,,.',.ie'ys 'c 'c.u'.'a;r.:i
Unco.r-nmon in fresIh',.ater rn6r-:I )r" ;jriLds
Infrequently seen at Arnh.riqy Trail and Shirk V.l t',.

Gopher Tortoise 'Gopherus po.p-.ms'r .)
Local y conirnirin on Middle and East Caij-e Sabljl
Specimens occasionally four. on L.cr:0 Pine Key

Atlantic Leatherback (Dcrmrcl, '.h .s :ori.-r .:ea)
Endangered species. Largept marine turtle has beer
recLr-Jed once in par; waterr'

Green Turtle (Chelrlid r.,.'a'.sj
Endangered species present in niarirte areas of the
park No known riL-sliny records in the park.

Atlantic Hawksbill (Er'tmoc.-e.'ys i. r:L'brudi r
Endangered species urncorrTrrn in marine areas of
the park. Ni kiinown resting records for the park
Nesting record frorT Biscayne Bay in iu:.

Loggerhead 'Ca rrat ne rettaI
Threatened species c,..rnnorn in marine arras oi the
park. NocI.urnal i,.:~Ising occurs cdurinq the s:;pn'n, on
Cape Sable anr! Keys in Florida Bay,

Atlantic Ridley (Lep.dochoply r ke-mp
Endangered species. R.,ae in marine area.,
Described as common in the 1940s, wilh it optimum
habitat beIl r Florda Bay.


Florida Softshell (Apalone ferox)
Common in freshwater marshes a un pnd--s.
Occasionally enters brackish waters. Ofptn s.er at
An'inga Trail and Shark Valley.


Indopacilic Gecko !H'md.ar.,,.'*.. ga Iir ..
Exotic species native to s.cutlhern Asia.
co'r:n :' in (f ev-rpe-. sits A 'ound F'a lln"' .
F'o'n Cape S.ible. Nocturnal.


Ri.:c.: ti;


Florida Reef Gecko (Sr'haerrx/i).,L.tj 1.';i.Ls;
Only eck-j) native to Florida. L, c-a ly common in
hanmir -,ks ::i;:.1 pin '. 'iJs Fi .ur i: l.,-af liir-r and
under .s-i. il rc.r ,s Srr l s' ,.' nrl in Ni:rlhi Ar.,m rica.

Green Anole (A'i3is cari,'..oos.'.)
L..;caliy common in hardwhr:,: ha n:riuock., fr.;sht,,er
mars.'e,. pH..ijli.:is and (IFr.,r\l:Iied: sides Appe[-t s to
h.i: l.!,,. replaced by tthi.e t.:t:c Brown Anole (A.
.'irj. i) in some areas.

Brown Anole iAnv.u!i S' ssqre
Exotic nartie o1 Cuba. One o-f i ; :-u:.,.t successful
reptiles in South Florida- C.imnro in du.l.-l ..,;.i d sites.
Locally Io;rrnj:no in some hnrd.,r..,i,.xl harrinrocks and
pI;n l3 anrs.

Knight Anole (AnoFs e;uestr:.s)
LIrge arboreal lizard 'n:rLIJduced from Cuba and
fepl.ri.o.( around developed arr-;-. in Flamingo.

Common Iguana (i-.iana '"ua. i)
Exotic species from Central and South A'imric.a. Not
know.,n to be e.statl:i .'d or b.'fe ldir in the. pal Il


Southeaslerr Five-Lined Skink
(E.ec's inexpectatus) Cior1n:;nr.:, iiLard
'rlab;al:,, wellands and devel'oNped sites
a'onn] park tafils


in wecxs.el
Often seen


Ground Skink (Scincefta lateralis)
Locally common in hardwouod hammonic.ks nr.:.l
oine'rans Found under leaf lihler, rrmks and 'oi'.

Eastern Glass Lizard (Ophsf.itus ve'trr.";)
Uncommu rin Occasionally 'ujnd in freshwater
marshe-s l irle! and a ha .r:lw.: xt iK f rllha iocks

Island Glass Lizard (V4;:.":s%'..'us compress,.)
C.:iri':-n '- in seaso';-:lly inundaled freshwater ma:,rsh-es
ard pinelands Seen along roads hnardi-'r these
habitatss during high wate-r ,r."d following fires.


Boa Constrictor (Constrictor constrictor)
lntrrxJiuc' d snake from Iropical America has been
taten in :lie ;)ark ;-e*.*e.rl times. Not known to be
eslablished

Florida Green Water Snake WNpri.x4 t. firicdanra)
Common in freshw-alter mrarsheis and ponds Mo.-"
frequently Jre.:r I along -inortlhern border of parl-: afvd
Tamiami Trail

Brown Water Snake (,'erihdia ai;s.,i'olaJ
Cc.mnmon in fres!hwater n.ars.i.hr, and pon.:l-s Me.i
Frequently seen snake along I'- .hi.tthnga Trail

Florida Water Snake :'tre~,', fasciata)
Tlis subspecies 'N f. p.;ct'verl'5;s) is coon 'mr in
freshwater marshes and ponds. Abundant in -,irals
at Shark Val:ey, especia ly during low water,

Mangrove Salt Marsh Snake (Nerwci/ clarkti)
This subLis;Yjcis (N1 c. conprtt.''CLH,'ida) is lrca!ly
Ciomnrrlrl, in iriTan (,TH SwaIni. di ;. salt marshes.
N.:x:liurrnal Occr.:asonally ir:,rt'rb -eds with i-lorida
*,AI'ater Snake.

South Florida Swamp Snake (Som;narrzx pyqnea)
Locally common in freshwater m:narnshes Associat.-dl
Airth hydrn)opyt:ic: egelaci'-.-, Cormmonly found alorny
the Tarni-rnii Trail on rainy n ghts.

FlOrida Brown Snake (Storer,. dudaj',')
L:nr.onvion in pinelanis, IharLdwu-o-:d i"r.anmlocks axnd
frc9 shwatvr n' iishis.

Eastern Garter Snake (ThRaiericJris sirfats;
Common in pinelands, hardwood hamrnmcks andr dry
prairies.


Peninsula Ribbon Snake
Co'nmrn irin freshwater
habitats. Commonly s?.-e:n


(Th,"tmnnphis saur'W.s)
marshes and bordering
in low bushes over water.


Striped Crayfish Snake (RPeqina aflen')
Locally cormmnn in freshwater marshes. Asocilod:
with aquatic plants along tre Tamriarni Trail.
Considcred-i ti!'e most aqJ .li:: srlnak-e in Flrrida.

Eastern Hognose Snake (Hr' r-.r I--n r,'a.*rhinos)
Rarn'e O're p specimen known from Cape SC&ile-t
Sjc.:in:ee' known from Homestead ajnd Big Cj'ij::s':

Southern Ringneck Snake (DiOdophis pu i 'ats
Commonly found in pinelands arKJ hardwood
hammocks under logs




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