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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA03400001/00635
 Material Information
Title: Aruba Esso news
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Publisher: Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Place of Publication: Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Creation Date: October 5, 1963
Frequency: biweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Language: Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1940-
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000307401
oclc - 06371498
notis - ABT4040
System ID: CA03400001:00635

Full Text












Esso


ew,


VOL. 24, No. 20 PUBLISHED BY LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD. October 5, 1963


Management Reiterates

To IOWUA Officers Its

Interest in Negotiating
In a discussion with IOWIUA offi-
ceis Sept 28, management represen-
tatives B. C Clarkson and J E.
Hughey strongly emphasized that the
company shares the union's interest
in an early stait of negotiaung a
new collective working agreement.
The meeting giew out of an ex-
change of letters last week. The
IOWUA advised the company Sept.
23 that it was giving notice of its
wish to terminate the Collective
Working Agreement Dec. 2, and at
the same time proposed that a start
be made on negotiation of a; new
CWA.
The company replied Sept. 25 Its
letter pointed out that since it has
not been legally established that the
Board elected Aug. 26 has full legal
authority to enter into agreements
with the company, it follows that this
Board may not have the authority to
terminate the existing agreement
When the Board's validity has been
established by whatever means, how-
ever, the company will recognize the
fact that the present CWA will be
terminated Dec 2
A feature of the meeting Sept 28
with President F L. Maduro, General
Secretary C Yarzagaray and Treas-
urer P. G. Book was discussion of
various means by which the com-
pany hoped to assist the Board in
clarifying its status and speeding lup
the start of negotiations Later in-
vestigation proved, however, that
there is no substitute possible for the
court action on which a decision is
expected Oct 7.
Meanwhile the company looks for-
ward to as early a start as possible
on negotiations for a new CWA Lago
recognizes the IOWUA as the sole
bargaining agent. It also recognizes
that a large number of members
voted in the election that brought the
present Board into office These
facts do not alter the legal question
of the Board's status, however, and
the company continues to believe that
it cannot actually sign a new CWA
until it has been determined whether
the Board is legally entitled to sign
for the IOWUA.
In an offer to help resolve this si-
tuation, management members told
the union officers in a second meet-
ing Oct. 1 that, if the court decision
Oct. 7 favors the IOWUA Board, ne-
gotiations can begin immediately even
if there is an appeal Bai gaining
could then proceed in the hope that
the legal question would be resolved
in time to sign a CWA by Dec. 2

B. C. Clarkson Accepts

Assignment in Argentina;

Will Leave Mid-October
Assistant General Manager Burton
C. Clarkson will leave Lago about
mid-October preparatory to accepting
an assignment in Buenos Aires with
Esso, Sociedad An6nima Petrolera
Aigentina, effective Nov. 1 Mr.
Clarkson has been a Lago director
since his ai rival April 1, 1962.
An employee of the Standard Oil
Company (New Jersey) for thirteen
years, Mr. Clarkson was transferred
to Lago from the Baltimore (Mary-
land) Refinery, where he had been
general manager. Prior to that he had
been assigned to the Bayway (New
Jersey) Refinery as assistant head of
the chemical products department and
head of the ethylene operation.
Mr. Clarkson's Jersey Standard
career began in 1950 as a student en-
gineer with Esso Research.
Mr. Clarkson was elected to Lago s
Board of Directors to replace M. E.
Fisk, present general manager of An-
tilles Chemical Company.


-FL




A TRANSFER line reactor will be added to the Cat Plant and three new
towers will be placed in LEAR service as parts of a four and one-half
million-guilder project which, when completed near the end of 1964, will
enable Lago to improve product quality.
UN REACTOR lo word agrega na e Cat Plant, y Ires column lo worde
poni den sirbishi di LEAR como parti di un project cu lo costa cater
miljon y mei di florin. E project aki, despues cu e ta complete na fin di
1964, lo haci posibel pa Lago mehori calidad di su productonan.


Carpenter, Electrical and Instrument

Crafts Will Move to Central Location
Craftsmen, offices and equipment are being moved in a project iden-
tified as Mechanical Shops consolidation. Involved are the Carpenter,
Instrument and Electrical Shops and Zone 3, Machine and Metal Trades
offices. Some moves have been made; others are still in the prepara-


tory stages. When all moves are
crafts will be centrally located
The Instrument and Electrical
Crafts, forming a major pai t of the
move, will vacate their present, de-
tached buildings These buildings, lo-
cated east of the LEAR alea, :re old
and eventually will be removed. The
two crafts will move into the car-
pentel area of the Main Shops. The
lower level of the Caipenter Shop, or
that aiea adjacent to the Machine
Shop, will be used by the Electrical
Craft. The uppei area of the Car-
penter Shop, or the loft aea, will
house the Instrument Craft. The
moves of the two crafts are planned
foi the end of December ni the be-
ginning of Janualy.
To make room fol the Instrument
and Electrical Crafts, the Carpenter
Shop, in its entirety, will be moved
to the west end of the Storehouse The
new location is the large wile-en-
closed area formerly used fo hbulk
storage, which is next dool to the
Paint Shop The large sawdust col-
lection and receptacle system has
been removed from the present Car-
penter Shop and set up at the new
location in one of the first big equip-


completed in February, 1964, the

ment moves
The moves will increase efficiency
and better the coordination of pro-
jects It is logical that the Carpenter
Shop be positioned alongside the
Paint Shop To have the Electrical
and Instrument Crafts in the same
building with the Machine and Metal
Trades Crafts will afford immediate
liaison between crafts and crattsmen.
The present Machine Shop office
will soon become the central tool
room for all the crafts in the Main
Shops. The present system allowed
each craft to have its own tool bin
The proposed central tool room will
seive all crafts The assistant zone
supervisors located in the Machine
Shop, Zone 3 and craft offices will
have offices in the main Storehouse
office. In fact, the Zone 3 offices
have been moved. The old Zone 3
building the green, block building
which protrudes from the south side
of the Main Shops -will be removed
Craft trainers, who now have their
offices on the second floor of the
Instrument Shop, will move to the
present Metal Trades offices.


Aimed At Product Improvement

Transfer Line Reactor and Three Towers

Will Be Added to PCAR and LEAR Complex
The Cat Plant, LEAR and Low Octane Plant are currently the sub-
jects of a project that will enable Lago to convert two million barrels
of naphtha a year into heating oil, alkylate and fuel oil. The project,
which will cost approximately four and one-half million guilders, is
being undertaken as one of the continuous series of steps to upgrade
Lago's products.
The project will include the addi- will be replaced by the production of
tion of a reactor to the Cat Plant, more marketable materials through
revamping existing PCAR internal further processing to raise product
equipment, and revamping present quality.
towers and adding new ones to the The reactor will be what is called a
LEAR network. When the project is transfer line reactor. It is a vessel of
completed late in 1964, all thermal moderate proportions, approximately
pressure distillate will be processed at twelve feet long with a fourteen-foot
PCAR and LEAR thereby eliminating diameter, and will be added to exist-
the need for the Low Octane Plant. ing PCAR facilities. Its installation
Economic factors influencing the will permit segregated cracking.
change are forecasts that Lago's mar- Thermal naphthas will be directed
ket for motor gasoline may decline into the PCAR reactor while gas oil
even beyond present low levels. Indi- will be fed into the transfer line re-
cations are that sales outlet for low- actor and then into the PCAR reac-
quality thermal naphtha will be parti- tor. This affords maximum efficiency
cularly difficult to obtain. Thermal of operation by imposing optimum
naphthas produced are low quality cracking severities on each stock.
materials, which are becoming in- Added to the LEAR network will be
creasingly difficult to sell. three towers. Actually, these towers,
Lago has embarked on the project in effect, will replace those of the
of revamping its PCAR and LEAR Low Octane Plant. The site of the
equipment in order to increase pro- proposed towers, all of medium
ductin of materials most sought by height, has not been decided, but it
the international market while reduc- will be adjacent to the LEAR :nstal-
ing costly manufacture of hard to lation. One of the project's consider-
sell, low quality products. The pro- actions is consolidation of cracking
ject will better Lago's position com- operations, as is indicated by the pro-
petitively. The manufacture of low ject's identification CCNP, consoli-
quality products not in great demand nation of cracked naphtha processing.

Reactor y Tres Columna Lo Worde

Agrega na Agrupacion di PCAR y LEAR
Lago su Cat Plant, LEAR y Low Octane Plant e dianan aid ta suhe-
tonan di un project, cual lo haci posibel pa Lago comberti dos miljon
di barri di gasoline pa anja den zeta pa fogon, alkilato y combustible. E
project cu lo costa mas o menos cuater miljon y mei florin, ta parti
di un series continue di pasonan pa mehora productonan di Lago.
E project ta inclui un reactor mas
pa Cat Plant, cambionan di equipo %vorde produce ta product di menos
interno di PCAR, cambionan ui e co- bon calidad y ta birando masha di-
lumnanan present y tambe algun ficil pa hanja cumprador pa nan.
rolumna nobo pa e sistema di LEAR. Lago a decidi di haci e cambionan
Ora e project ta cla na fin di 1964, aki den su PCAR y LEAR pa subi
iur destilacion bao di presion y na production di productonan cu ta mas
tempeiatura haltu lo word haci so- bendibel riba mercado petro!cro In-
lamente na PCAR y LEAR, y nece- ternacional, y a la vez pa reduce pro-
sidad pa tin un low octane plant ta duccion costoso di productoian di
keda elimind. poco calidad cu ta dificil pa bende. E
Factornan economic cual a in- project aki lo mehora Lago su posi-
fluencia e cambionan aki, ta pronos- cion di competencia cu otro refineria.
ticacion cu Lago su mercado pa gaso- Productonan di poco calidad pa cual
lin lo baha mas abao cu e nivelnan no tin much demand, lo worde re-
di awendia cu ta basta abao caba. emplazd pa production di materialnan
Indicacionnan ta cu benta di gasoline cu ta mas facil pa hanja bende pa
di poco calidad lo bira masha dificil. nan, door di haci mas process pa au-
E gasolinnan cu actualmente ta mental calidad di e product.


MEMBERS OF the Aruba Administrative Council were MIEMBRONAN DI Bestuurscollege di Aruba reciente-
recent guests at Lago. Shown with Lago management mente tabata na un bishita na Lago. Huntu cu e geren-
are, left to right, Island Secretary L. C. M. Kerstens, tenan di Lago nos por mira, di robez pa drechi: Secre-
Lieutenant Governor O. S. Henriquez, and Aldermen tario Insular L. C. M. Kerstens, Gezaghebber O. S.
I. S. de Cuba, A. Falconi, F. J. Tromp and G. A. Henriquez, y diputadonan I. S. de Cuba, A. Falconi, F.
Oduber. J. Tromp y G. A. Oduber.


E reactor lo ta loKe nan (a jama
tn transfer line reactor. Ta un apa-
rato di dimension modern, mas of
menos diezdos pia largu y su han-
chura ta diezcuater pia. Lo e bini
cerca di e facihidadnan cu ta parti di
e plant PCAR. Su instalacion lo haci
posibel kraakmentu di zeta separA.
Gasolinnan lo word dirigi pa e re-
actor di PCAR, mientras gas oil lo
pasa pa e tuberia di transfer y des-
pies di esey den e reactor di PCAR
Esaki ta haci cu operation di e plan-
ta ta cu mas eficacia posibel, usando
oportunidad pa kriaal cada t-po di
azeta bao di mehor condition.
E sistema di LEAR lo hanja tres
colunna accrca esunnan cu tVy caba.
En realidad e columnanan aki 1o re-
emplaza esunnan di low octane plant.
Unda e columnanan nobo, cual ta di
haltura median, lo worde poni no ta
decide ainda, pero nan mester bini
den becindario di e plant LEAR. Un
di e consideracionnan di e project ta
consolidation di kraakmentu di zeta,
manera inicialnan di e project ta
bisa : CCNP, esta consolidation di
kraakmentu di gasoline.


I


(OU








ARITBA ESSO NEWS October 5, 1963


Christmas Tree Orders
Will Close Oct. 31
Christmas tree orders from enm-
ployees will be accepted from Oct
1 to Oct. 31. As Christmas tiees
are not considered normal com-
missary stock, payment tuo trees
will be handled as an independent
payroll deduction
Employees desiring to place an
order may do so by signing a pay-
roll deduction foirm which will be
available at the Lago Commissary
though Oct. 31. By signing the
form, the employee agrees to ac-
cept a Christmas tree at the pre-
vatling price


Seis Empleado di Process

Y Mechanical Ta Conclui

Nan Carera na Compania
Seis empleado den Mechanical y
Process ta concluyendo nan carera cu
Lago. John C. Walker, Thomas H.
Johnson y George E. L. Pole di Pro-
cess y Jos6 D Geerman, James N. I
Richardson y Alexander L. H. Hop-
man di Mechanical a jega na edad
di pension
E empleadonan den Process De-
partment tur tres tin mas cu binti
anja di sirbishi Sr. Walker lo bal
banda di 1 november despues di com-
pleta bintiun anja di sirbisii, tur cu
Lago. El a cuminza na januari 1943
como apprentice operator den pres-
sure stills. E mes anja ey el a bira
assistant operator, y na agosto 1947
el a hanja promotion na puesto di
operator. Na september 1955 Sr. Wal-
ker a recibi promocion pa assistant
shift foreman in Catalytic & Light
Ends. Na maart di e anja aki el a
hanja promocion pa shift foreman.
Sr. Johnson lo a complete mas cu
bmtiseis anja di sirbishi ora e bai di
Lago 1 january 1964, haciendo uso di
e plan opcional pa pension tempran.
El a cuminza traha cu Esso Trans-
portation, Stewards & Electrical
Craft promer cu e pasa pa Process
Department, como process helper C
na mei 1937. Recibiendo vailos pro-
mocion di fireman, houseman y level-
man, na juni 1950 el a bira assistant
operator.
E promer trabao di Sr. Pole tabata
den Pipe Craft. Pero toch casi tur su
carera el a pasa cu Acid & Edeleanu.
El a recibi cincu promotion durante
casi bintidos anja di sirbishi, y I oc-
tober el a retira como controlman.
Sr Hopman a start su camera cu
Lago den Dry Dock na december 1938
como un obrero. Pasando pa site
promotion el a bira Dry Dock Me-
chanic A na agosto 1946. Na decem-
ber 1954 nan a pas4 pa Pipe Craft
coma pipefitter B. E anja sigiente el
a hanja promocion como pipefitter A.
Sr Richardson a bai cu pension 1
october. Mayoria di su tempu cu Lago
el a pasa cu departamento di Ste-
wards, reciblendo cuater promocion
den su carera cu Lago. Su ultimo tra-
bao tabata janitor den Yard
Dia Sr. Geerman bai for di Lago 1
december, lo el a complete casi 17
anja di trabao. Sr. Geerman a eligi
pensoen tempran optional. Durante
su empleo cu Lago, el a traha den
storehouse, carpinteria, paint, mason.

Oficina di Ontvanger
Ta Habri Merdia
Atencion ta wolde yami pa e
oranar di Oficina di Ontvangei
na San Nicolas. E oficina ta ha-
bri di Dialuna te Diabiernes for di
9 a m. te 1 p.m y for di 2 te 3 p m.
Ariba Diasabra e oranan ta di 8:30
te 11 am
Di importancia palticulai pa
empleadonan di Lago ta e hecho
cu e Oficina di Ontvangei ta ha-
bri durante e ora di media for
di 12'or di media te 1 pm. mas
tanto pa convenencia di empleado-
nan di Lago.


J. C. Walker


II -1 WII
T. H. Johnson
r. l~i


J. N. Richardson G. E. L. Pole





:FE






J. D. Geerman A. L. H. Hopman
over twenty-six years when he leaves
Lago Jan 1, 1964 on Optional Early
Retirement. He was employed by Es-
so Transportation, Stewards and
Electrical Craft before joining the
Process Department as a process hel-
per C in May, 1937. He was promoted
through the fireman, houseman and
levelman categories before becoming
assistant operator, his present posi-
tion, in June, 1950.
The original employ of Mi Pole
was in the Pipe Craft. His service.
however, is almost entirely in the
Acid and Edeleanu Plant. He i ceived
five promotions during his nearly
twenty-two years of service, and re-
tired Oct. 1 as a controlman.
Mr. Hopman began his Lago career
in the Diy Dock as a laborer in De-
cember, 1938. He was promoted seven
times and became a Dry Dock mech-
anical A in August, 1946 In Decem-
ber, 1954, he was transferred to the
Pipe Craft as a pipefitter B. The fol-
lowing year, he was promoted to pipe-
fitter A, the position he held when
he left Lago Oct. 1.
Mr. Richardson retired Oct. 1. The
majority of his Lago employ was with
the Stewards, and during his Lago
tenure he received four promotions
His last assignment was janitor in
Mechanical-Yard
Nearly seventeen yeams of employ


Arnu(&h &N EWt

PUBLISHED EVERY OTHER SATURDAY. AT ARUBA, NETHERLANDS
ANTILLES. BY LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO.. LTD.
Printed by the Aruba DrukkerlJ N-V., Noth. Ant.
W. C. HOCHSTUHL, Editor


During his employ, he vo lkod in the
Storehouse, Calpentet, Paint and
Mason Claft, He has iecerved six
promotions, and is piesentlv a mason
helped A


I


I
I


STHIE MECHANICAL Shops consolidation places the Instrument and
, Electrical Crafts in the area occupied h) the Carpenter Craft. The lal-
ter will be moved to the Storehouse area near the Paint Shop and for-
merly used for bulk storage.
CONSOLIDACION DI Mechanical Shops ta pone edificionan di Instru-
ment y Electrical den espacio ocupa door di carpinteria. aripinteria
mes Io muda pa e sector di storehouse, banda di paint shop. cual antes
tabata na uso pa bulk storage.


Carpinteria, Electrical y Instrument

Crafts Lo Muda pa Locacion Central
Artesanonan, oficinanan y equipo ta mudando di un parti pa otro
den "in project identifica como consolidation di mechanical shops. E
project ta toca carpintenan, instrument shop y electricistanan den
Zone 3 y oficinanan di Machine and Metal Trades. Algun di e muda-
mentonan ya a tuma lugar caba: otro ta pendiente den various tase di


Six Employees Three

MechanicalThree Process

Complete Lago Careers
Six men from the Mechanical and
Process Departments are completing
their Lago carecis Reaching lettic-
nient aie John C Walker. Thoma!,
H. Johnson and George E L Pole
of the P;uce:;, Department and Jose
D. (G;ei inin James N. Richardson
and Alexander L H. Hopman of the
Mechanical Department
The Pitocass men are all twenty-
year men Mr Walker will leave a-
bout N w 1 after completing twenty-
one years of service, all at Lago He
sta ted in January, 1943, as an ap-
prentice operator in the Pleessire
Stills That same year he became as-
sistant operator, and in August, 1947,
he was promoted to opli no r. In
September, 1955, Mr Walket was
promoted to assistant shift foreman
in Catalytic and Light Ends He was
promoted to shift foreman in March
of this year
Mr Johnson will have completed








l e


.r









Dec. 17 Ultimo Fecha

Na Aruba pa Aplicacion

Pa Teagle Foundation
Peticion pa un beca di Teagle mes-
ter ta recibi di mas talda diamais, 17
december, pa e petition poi wolde
consideid. Esaki Sr L D. Dittle di
Lag.) sil training division a anuncia
e siman cu a pasa. Peticionnan mes-
ter worde manda pa Sr. Dittle na
Administration Building
A worde anuncia tambe cc pa di
piomer bez Teagle ta office beca pa
bira enfermera, na empleadonan dl
companianan afilia cu Standaid Oil
y nan yiunan.
Aplicacionnan mandA aden awor. Io
ta pa consideration pa e anji escolar
cu 'o cummnza na september 1964
Empltadonan, ylunan di empleadonan
active y ci pension, y tambe viunan
di empleado cu a muri mientias nan
tabata den snbishi di Lago of com-
pananan afilia cu Standard Oil di
New Jersey, ta eligibel pa nit beca
cual e Fondo Teagle ta duna.
Esnan cu ta manda nan ptticion
master manda 'n aplicacion indepen-
diente, y nan master word acepta pa
universidad di Cornell, institute di
tecnologia di estado Massachusetts.
Harvard Grad, ite School of Business
Administration Universidad 11 Rice,
of Universidad di Tulane pa conside-
racion final di nan peticion
Empleadonan cu ta pidi un beca pa
nan mes, mester tin por lo menos dos
anja den sirbishi di company Em-
pleadonan cu tin ylu ta pldi un beca
master tin por lo menos tires anja di
sirbishi cu compania. Sr. Dittle di
Training Division di e depal tamento
di relation industrial ta dispuesto pa
duna tnur nformacion mas.

B. C. Clarkson A Acepta

Puesto na Argentina;

Lo Bai di Aki Pronto
Assistant General Manager Burton
C Clalkson lo laga Lago me'mel di
October proximo Cummnzando 1 di
november el a acepta un puesto cui
Esso, Sociedad An6nmma Petrolera
Argentina, na ciudad di Buenos Aires.
Sr Clarkson tabata un di e gelente-
nan di Lago desde cu el a jega Aluiba
1 di april 1962
Despues cu el a traha dieztres anja
cu Standard Oil Company (N:w Jet-
sey Sr Claikson a pasa pa Lago. E
tempu ey e tabata traha na Balti-
more, estado Maryland, como gerente
di e refineria eynan. Piomer cu esey
e tabata traha na Bayway, estado
New Jersey, como hefe suplente di
departamento di pioductonan quinmi-
co, y hefe di e departamento di pio-
ductonan ethylene
Sr. Clarkson a cumnnza sul catela
cu Standard Oil na anja 1950 como
un ingenero estudiante den strbishi
di Esso Research. investigation c!en-
tifico.
El a worde eligi como gercnte di
Lago, pa reemplaza Si M. E Fisk.
kende actualmente ta gerente di e
compania Antilles Chemical no Ati[-
ba.

wll be completed when MI Geerman
leaves Lago Dec 1 Mi (Geei n:in has
chosen Optional Eally RetiUement


Idi Electrical Craft E paiti aliba di 3 y oficmanan ciaft, In tin den fl.-
'arpinteria, esta e part di zolder, ta tiiwo nan oficina den st'oehouis sii
baI pa Instilument Ciaft E d,'s gilpo, oficina En lealidad ya nan a mnida
di artesanonan aki lo nmuda na fin d I oficina di zone 3 E edifl to lbien di
december of na cinmnzanlntu l di zone 3 tin ediflio beide t ih;a il
janual i. I blloki di cement pa zi d di in:nn
Pa tiaha li;gai pa e glup,'nan di shop lo 1wode kita eyfol
instrument y electlicista, carl.lnteria E aitesanonan na training, kendle
lo bal en tal den e parti pabao di awol tin nan oftemna den segu:,indo pi-
storehouse. E liigar nobo destina pa so di instilument shop, Io mluda pi
carpintella ta e teleno gianldi ceica oficina actual di ineti tI .de-
cu waya, antes usa pa bulk stot age, minor n Economics
y ta keda banda di paint shop E haki Seminar in I Economic
grand, pa colecta poenioe di zaag Announced for Period
actualmente banda di caipinLeria lo
wade kita eyfo> y pasa pa su lugar Of Nov. 18 to Dec. 13
nobo, y esey ta uin nmovementu di .
equipo grandi cu mester tunia lugar ,
E mudamentunan akl]o mehaa pproiessot of et(ononiCs at The Penn-
E mudamentunan aki ]o inehoa y i S
sylvania State Univelsity, will con-
eficacia den tiabao. y facility coordi- duct an economls semnoni ,it Lag.
nac-on di vnaris pojecto Ta logico fio Nov. 18 t, Duo 13 The eight-

Applications for Teagle ess on sermina, w tl eat econumc
svstnis and ,liders as basic essen-
Scholarship Consideration as and will ,deal with spetfi s
Mu B In ty D 17 s as they apply to 'contlites
MUSt Be In by Dec. 17 Contempoialy capitalism n the
Applications foi Teagle Scholaiship, United States is one tupic The pine
consideration must be sllubtil ted by economics of a planned economy 1.
Tuesday, Dec 17, it wiai ai nnouned another and is followed by the ex-
this week by L D Dittle of Lago's pel len e of planned ecoonony in the
Traminng Division Applications should Union of Soviet Socialist Republh s
be sent to Mi Dittle at the Adnln- i Ma ket socialism in Poland and Yu-
istration Building g.islavia will be discussed Also to be
SIt was also announced that ilsing inspected will be the basic econirmic
scholarships ale being offered to af- and political stilctiue of the totali-
I filiates' employees and thell (hildien ta ian capitalism of Gelmiany's Thld
foi the first time Reich
Applications submitted at this tlle Two groups will be enollced fo]
would be foa consider action fot the the senilnal One gl oup wvil meet
school year beginning Septemhel, Monday and Wednesday evenings be-
1964. Employees, children if eil- ginning Nov 18, and the second gloi.p
ployees and annuitants, and children will convene on Ttlesdy and Thlirs-
of employees who died while .n the day evenings beginning Nov 19 Ses-
seivice of Lago i, affiliated compa- siuns will be held in the Administia-
n:-s of Standard Oil Comnpan I New tion Building
Jersey are eligible foi scholarships, Entollment foimns ate avadlible .it
'awarded by the Teagle Foundation the Industrial Relations Depai Lment
Applicants must make lnd, endent Ti aning Division They also tni.y be
Application to and have acceptance found on the bulletin boaidil at the
froin Cnmnell Univesilty Massathu- Genetal Offnie Building. Administi a-
;setti Institute of Technology, Hal- tion Building, Maline Office, Stoe-
, vard G:adlate School of Busiln ss Ad- house and Zone 1 Office
Snmistiation. Rice UnivelsitVy ,I Til- Priol to his present d.signnment a'
lane University fto final co:i:.del a- i The Pennsvivanta State Uni ci-sitty.
tion I) Robinson seliv d as economist foi


Employees applying for scholat-
ships for themselves must have at
least two years of ompanv set vice
Employees \vhose sons oi daightels
apply must have at least thi .e veais
(f ctin: any service Additilnal in-
foimation imay be obtained firom Mi
Dittle. Indust-..l Relation., !ena i t-
nient Ti lning Divi'sion


the Outdoor Reie action Resanllices
Review Commission. Econonu Pio-
jections Study of the National Plan-
ning Associatiton, and (IConftlence on
Economic Pi igiess
The thil ty-five-yeal old economist
also served as an assistant plofessol
of economics at Geolge Washington
U"nivl ilvty


miudamento. Oi a tin e nilldamentonan
keda complete na Febinan 1964, till
artesanonan a keda concentli na tin,
punto central
E il tesanonan di insti client y
electrical, kendenan La tin ptaitt ma-

nan edificionan cu acti;almente ta
sep'irA foi di otro E edlfiCionan aki,
icu ta keda patiba di e sector di
LEAR, ta bieiu caba y nan no wanide
kita fol di e lugar canuinda nan tn
1.-i E dos gliponan di aitesano dki
lo muda pa e part di Main Shops'
can nda carplnteiia ta E paiti abao
di casrpinteria, esta e palti cu -a keda
banda di machine shop, ta bai pit Iiso


- mw


L


I


eln niester pne (cait lntelia ianda di
paint shop Awvor ,i e alrtesanilonan di
electricidad y di insti tlment t den e
nies edificio cu esnan di machine &
metal trades, put tin cuntactL diiecLt
entee c oiganiz.acion di o to tesanonan
y e trahadoinan diiectamentei
Oficina di machine shop I, bhl a
pronto utn central tool ouom, aininda
tur artesanonli di Main Shops poi
hanla nan heime-nt E sJisleliln. actual
tabata pelniti ti-aoid plofesion di tin
sil mes hokki ( helii,-ent E central
tool loolm nobo l, siltb ti ll a plofe-
sionnan E assistant zone suiperviVsoi
actualmente den llmahine shitp, Zone








October 5, 19i63


Meetings,


Questions


And


ARUBA ESSO NEWS


Answers


Provide


Affiliation


3



Background


Affiliation Elsewhere

Q -- Why was the OCAW voted out at Baytown?
A The main reasons for the independent union vic-
tory at Baytown last June were reported as :
Failure of OCAW to live up to glowing promises it made
in 1959 concerning wage increases, job security and other
matters.
OCAW's continued and growing identification with long
and costly strikes, such as the 354-day strike at Shell's
Houston Refinery.
Harassment of the Baytown local OCAW officials by
international union representatives. Their interference in
local union affairs antagonized union members, including
the Baytown union president, who resigned in protest.
In its campaign literature, the Baytown independent
union said this, and, by implication, why the workers no
longer wanted OCAW to represent them :
"This union is dedicated to the proposition that a strike
is not a good weapon, or at this time even an effective
weapon in the oil refining industry."
"Our negotiations will be done by our fellow employees
and not by an international representative responsible to
Denver ( the headquarters of the OCAW)."
Also, the Baytown workers apparently couldn't see
paying an increase in dues from $2 to $5 a month because
of an expected increased assessment by the international
union.
Q -- Why did employees at Baytown vote for OCAW
in 1959?
A -The independent union lost out in 1959 because:
Baytown workers were seeking additional job security,
and thought an affiliated union might be able to achieve
more restrictions on how the refinery was manned
Officials of the Baytown independent union at that time
were reported to be paying too little attention to the
problems of the members and too much attention to in-
ternal union politics and perquisites.
Baytown management failed to communicate adequately
either to the union or to employees about manpower re-
duction Management "lost touch" and employees felt
management really didn't care what kind of union repre-
sented the employees.
Q - What is Jersey's experience in dealing w'th af-
filiated unions elsewhere?
A Since Jersey affiliates operate world-wide, their
experience involves dealing with all kinds of unions -
independent, national and international. While Jersey's
preference for dealing with independent unions is well
known, affiliates throughout the world deal successfully
with other kinds of unions if they are chosen by employees
to represent them. As with any other employer with a
successful record of employee relations, the Jersey record
is based primarily on a policy of paying good wages and
benefits, and a practice of seeking solution to mutual
problems through mutual consultation.
The experience of Jersey affiliates is that, while any
union can keep the company on its toes concerning main-
tenance of good wages and benefits, the practice of ar-
riving at mutual solutions through mutual consultation
is least likely to work where :
The union is influenced in its relations with the com-
pany by considerations of politics.
The union bargains on an industry-wide or nation-wide
basis and is not free to arrive at agreements based solely
on consideration of the workers it represents.
The union is represented at the bargaining table by
outsiders who don't know local problems and people.
Q - Is it correct that refineries where they have in-
dependent unions generally pay better wage rates than
those with affiliated unions?
A This has been true in the past. It applies equally
to other industries. There is a simple explanation for it.
Where a company pays high wage rates and provides
comparable benefits and working conditions, there is little
reason for a union to seek affiliation and the "power
plays" that are a part of affiliation. Furthermore, the in-
ternational unions generally prefer standardization of
wages and wage increases rather than separately nego-
tiated wage settlements in different plants.
John L. Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers,
was invited to address the membership of the Bayway
independent union to explain the possible advantages of
affiliation to them. He reportedly admitted at this meet-
ing that the international union could not offer much
incentive for the Bayway workers to join UMW in terms
of getting better wages and benefits. The main advantage
in getting the Bayway union to affiliate with UMW would
be that Bayway rates and benefits could be used as stand-
ard for other UMW local unions to shoot for.

Government
Q What is the government's attitude on affiliation?
A Lago has made no inquiry to the government, nor
has any viewpoint been offered by the government to
Lago. Past experience indicates that the government is
officially neutral on the subject and would neither en-
courage nor discourage a union in deciding on affiliation.


Questions Asked By Employees
These are questions about affiliation asked by em-
ployees during the recent management member meet-
ings conducted by General Manager F. C. Donovan and
Industrial Relations Manager J. V. Friel. The material
on these pages is presented objectively and is intended
solely to provide background information. It neither
criticizes nor applauds; it relates facts, understandings
and past experiences.

The government has an obvious interest in the mainten-
ance of labor peace, and would undoubtedly view serious-
ly any development which threatened its effort to attract
new industries.

Job Security
Q Does the company have a manpower objective
which can be announced?
A It is not possible for Lago or any other refinery
to predict its manpower requirements on a long-range
basis. It is impossible to accurately predict possible
changes in the volume and kinds of products Lago will be
called upon to supply; changes in the kind and number
of processing units needed to supply them; competition
from refiners which may introduce new needs for invest-
ment or efficiency; unforeseen technological changes.
For these reasons, reasonably firm predictions of man-
power requirements can only be made for one to two
years in advance. In the management information sessions
last May, President W. A. Murray stated that Lago's
manpower requirements were expected to decline about
7% in 1963 and probably by the same approximate
amount in 1964. Lago started the year with 3667 em-
ployees actively on the payroll. Management's prediction
earlier this year was that we will have approximately
3400 employees at the end of 1963 and approximately
3150 at the end of 1964. Aug. 1, 1963, there were 3459
employees actively on the payroll.
(These figures are based on total separations from the
company for all reasons retirement, resignation, dis-
charge, voluntary and involuntary lay-off. It is impossi-
ble for an individual employee to relate manpower pre-
dictions to his own situation since a surplus of employees
does not exist in many work units.)
Q What are the prospects for new industry coming
to Aruba?
A Although numerous inquiries have reportedly
been made by potential investors, it is not known whether
any sizable new industries are presently planning to com-
mence operations here.
In contacts with such individuals, though, their interest
in investing and providing jobs in Aruba has in all cases
been based on three assumptions reasonable taxes, a
stable government, and peaceful labor relations. If any
of these three factors were not reasonably certain, it
would make the job of attracting new industries here a
lot harder.
Q -- Have affiliated unions been able to achieve a
greater degree of job security?
A - No refinery is known where an affiliated union
has been able to "save" or "make" more jobs than were
needed to operate the refinery. Experience among Jer-
sey's domestic refineries is that manpower reductions
have been necessary and have taken place regardless of
the kind of union they had. For instance :
The Baton Rouge, Louisiana, refinery has an indepen-
dent union. A reduction of 400 jobs was announced in
January.
The Baytown, Texas, refinery eliminated about 500
jobs early this year, when the OCAW still represented
Baytown workers.
The Shell refinery at Pasadena, Texas, has an OCAW
union. 433 jobs have been eliminated during the past year.
Gulf Oil's refinery at Toledo, Ohio, announced a man-
power reduction of 221, early this year. In four years
they have reduced manpower about 40';. The Gulf work-
ers are represented by OCAW.
The Shell refinery at Norco, Louisiana, laid off 242
employees following settlement of a strike by the OCAW
union earlier this year.
It seems pretty obvious that the kind of union that re-
presents a refinery's workers has little or nothing to do
with determining how a refinery is manned. Any refinery
that does not man itself competitively would probably
soon reach the point where there would be no union ---
because there would be no refinery.
Q Is it true people can't be laid off under the Ven-
ezuelan contract?
A In the contract negotiated this year, there is a
provision that the oil companies will not lay off more
than 2% for each year the contract continues. Thus, if a
company had 5000 employees, it could not lay off more
than 100 a year; but this would not limit further reduc-
tion through retirement, resignation, etc.
Several factors should be recognized, though, in con-
sidering whether such a provision could be applied in


Aruba. (a) There is no requirement for any Venezuelan
oil company to retain the same number of men (less 2%)
in any specific operation area. For instance, Creole is
substantially reducing its manpower in Eastern Venezue-
la. They will be given the choice of moving to another
part of Venezuela where Creole operations are not being
reduced, or of accepting a termination settlement. Amuay
refinery is free to reduce manpower as much as it needs
to remain competitive. Again, surplus manpower can be
offered jobs in other parts of Venezuela.
Lago obviously does not have any location except the
Aruba refinery in which to employ people.
(b) The Venezuelan oil industry has many branches
-producing, exploration, refining, marine, marketing. A
reduced need for refinery manpower in Venezuela may be
offset by new producing or exploration activities requir-
ing additional manpower. Except for a small amount of
marketing, Lago has only one business oil refining.
(c) Venezuela has the oil. Losses in one branch of the
business can potentially be made up by profits in other
branches. Lago must make a reasonable return on the
investment in its only operation oil refining if it is
to survive in the competitive refining industry.

Affiliation Here
Q Would Lago's costs go up if the IOWUA affiliat-
ed?
A They would if affiliation caused labor difficulties
which affected our production or required uneconomic
concessions. Insofar as normal collective bargaining is con-
cerned, it is doubtful that affiliation would make any dif-
ference. Lago's rule of thumb has always been to arrive
at settlements with the IOWUA and its predecessors
which would be at least as generous as those we would
be willing to make with any other kind of union. The re-
sults show up in the current CWA which is without a su-
perior in the Netherlands Antilles. Costs per employee
practically always go up as the result of bargaining a
new CWA. Management's problem is to keep overall costs
in line with our ability to remain competitive.
If affiliation resulted in labor difficulties that stopped
our production, Lago would not be the only loser. The
loss to employees, the Aruba community and the govern-
ment would be approximately Fls. 130,000 a day.
Q What would Lago workers lose if they affiliate?
A In day-to-day terms of the CWA, it is doubtful
that they would lose anything. Lago would expect to bar-
gain in as good faith with an affiliated union as with an
independent union. Any worthwhile union wants and tries
to get "more" for its members. Lago workers, it is felt,
will insist on a good CWA, whoever represents them.
From the long-range standpoint, though, we think Lago
workers stand to lose their independence of action if af-
filiation takes place. Situations are almost certain to oc-
cur in which "union solidarity" is expected of an interna-
tionally affiliated union. International union representa-
tives regularly reply to Lago's concern on this point by
stating that "the international union movement may in
no case put aside the autonomy of the local trade union."
They also point out, as did a recent international union
visitor, that non-affiliated unions sometimes join interna-
tional actions out of solidarity considerations.
This is Lago's real concern. The invitation to take part
in international solidarity actions is always there, and
that the strike is the main weapon of the international
unions. Lago's management must be free to decide the
refinery's operation solely in terms of the best course of
action for Lago, its employees and the Aruba community.
Lago believes the union representing its workers must be
free to operate and decide for itself on the same basis.
Lago workers, it is felt, will lose this freedom of decision
if their union affiliates with an international.
Q - Won't the affiliation issue arise later on even if
it doesn't succeed now?
A Probably. The strategy of the international unions
is based on the normal political tactic of selecting a popu-
lar issue, blaming the independent union for whatever is
"wrong" and promising to make everything "right" if
they are elected. Lago's vulnerability to the affiliation
issue is no different than that of other refineries which
have independent unions. For example, at Humble's Bay-
way Refinery, the OCAW has been involved in three elec-
tions versus the independent union, in 1957, 1960 and
1963. Although the independent union has won each time,
it can be assumed the OCAW will try again some time in
the future.
Q Are the employees known who are the "hard core"
working for affiliation?
A A number of employees have openly identified
themselves as leaders in the effort to achieve IOWUA
affiliation with an international union. The company has
made no attempt -and plans none to single out em-
ployees who support affiliation as individuals. Strong as
Lago's preference is for independent unionism, all em-
ployees are protected in the right to their individual view-
points by the company's stated labor policy, that is, "No
discrimination because of membership or non-membership
in any society, church, fraternity or labor organization."








ARUBA ESSO NEWS


October 3, 1963


Q Are outside organizers involved in the current af-
filiation issue?
A Since the international unions have most to gain
if the IOWUA affiliates with them, it can be assumed
they are actively assisting in the current drive. Interna-
tional union representatives visit Aruba and have estab-
lished contacts here. Lago does not know of any organizer
who is being paid specifically for the job of organizing
an affiliated union at Lago as was done in 1955, when the
AFL-CIO assigned one of its organizers iDavid Stern-
back) to Aruba for that purpose,
Q Is the affiliation issue real or is it just a threat
to achieve some other objective ?
A So far as Lago employees are concerned, this
probably won't be known unless and until a referendum on
affiliation takes place. But as far as the international
unions are concerned, there is no question the affiliation
issue is "for real." For example, if there were some simple
solution to the question of job security, this would elimin-
ate job security as an issue related to affiliation.
The international union groups would simply seek some
other popular issue -or even create one to keep the
question of affiliation alive. Particularly since the total
number of workers enrolled in the internationally affilia-
ted unions has tended to level off land even decline in
the U.S.), the international unions themselves are out
"looking for business." This has resulted in fierce union
jurisdictional struggles in the U.S., and CLASC and ORIT
are in active competition against each other in Latin Ame-
rica to sign up new members.
Q Would an affiliated union prevent contracting out
work?
A Lago doesn't know of any unions, affiliated or
otherwise, which have been successful in preventing the
use of contractors in oil refineries. There are some basic
reasons for this. First there is some work that obviously
can only be done by contractors because of their special-
ized experience and equipment. The major part of Lago's
contract work is in this category, such as construction and
modernization jobs. Some service or maintenance work is
also contracted out because of its non-continuous or non-
plannable nature, or simply because the work does not in-
volve skills and training necessary to operate a refinery.
Partly because of Aruba's relatively isolated location,
however, Lago contracts out considerably less work of this
kind than major refineries elsewhere, where it is becoming
increasingly common to contract such jobs as unit turn-
arounds.

Affiliation General
Q How can affiliation be bad if all Jersey companies
are "affiliates" ?
A In looking at affiliation, whether it is a company
or a union, consider two things the purpose of the af-
filiation and what results from it.
The purpose of Lago's affiliation with Standard Oil
Company (N.J.) is pretty obvious. Without the parent
company, there probably wouldn't be a Lago. It is the
parent company that supplied the initial capital to build
Lago, that provided additional capital when needed (Lago
did not start paying dividends to its owners until 1946);
that makes operating knowhow and research available to
us, and that sets standards by which each affiliate oper-
ates. The purpose of Lago affiliation with Jersey provides
a satisfactory means for the parent company to invest in
oil refining in Aruba. Through this affiliation everybody
benefits Lago, Aruba and Lago employees. If Lago ever
became an unsatisfactory investment, certainly the parent
company would have no incentive to continue operating
the refinery. Lago employees have only to consider their
pay, benefits and working conditions to recognize the
benefits of affiliation with a company that encourages this
kind of sharing with its employees.
The purpose of the international unions in seeking to
affiliate the IOWUA with them is to become bigger and
more powerful in order to accomplish their international
objective. Unfortunately, while this objective is good, that
is, to improve the lot of workers everywhere, the means
by which they seek to achieve it tend to be those of con-
flict rather than cooperation with employers. It seems
clear that conflict would have damaging results for Lago,
for Aruba and for Lago employees.
Affiliation is a good thing if its purpose and its results
are good. Affiliation is not a good thing if its purpose
and its results would not be good for all concerned. The
benefits derived from Lago's affiliation with Jersey are
obvious. There has been no evidence that international
union affiliation could be beneficial to Lago or Aruba.
This kind of affiliation, Lago believes, could have dam-
aging results.
Q Why have independent unions elsewhere decided
to affiliate?
A Actually independent unions don't affiliate with
an international organization very often. Independent
unions find they can arrive at agreements as good or bet-
ter than those negotiated by internationally affiliated
unions, and with far fewer strikes in the process. So most
independent unions avoid the potential conflict which af-
filiation can introduce. More frequently, an international-
ly affiliated union "takes over" from an independent or-
ganization, as the OCAW "took over" at Baytown in 1959.


Where either kind of union affiliation takes place, it is
likely to be for one or more of the following reasons:
(a) Existence of a problem which the independent un-
ion leaders have been unable to solve, and which the
members hope may be solved through international affi-
liation. (In this connection, a recent article in the perio-
dical "Labor Trends" is of interest )
"All across the country union members are deeply
bothered by problems, and by the inability of their union
leaders to do much to correct them. This is one cause
for the mistrust of union members for officers a mis-
trust that carries all the way from local to international
levels.
"The fruits of this attitude are ripening on all sides in
all unions. Elections of local officers have largely been
completed for this year. The general outcome has been a
dizzying wave of defeats for incumbents. Newcomers have
flocked into office. This makes bargaining problems. The
newcomers have promised movement, action, results.
"One might well expect, therefore, a darkening labor
landscape ahead. One might expect really intensified de-
mands for worker and job security, pushed by agents in-
tent on making a showing in their first bargaining.")
Ib) Access to financial and technical resources of the
international unions, which are admittedly far greater
than those of independent unions. In the U.S., the Team-
ster union uses this as one of its major organizing ap-
peals to independent union groups -the availability of
the Teamster's "war chest" to finance strikes of its af-
filiated local unions.
(c) The interest of union leadership in the opportuni-
ty international affiliation provides for travel, for parti-
cipation in meetings with other union leaders, and for in-
dividual advancement and recognition in the international
union movement.
(d) The failure of management through voluntary
cooperation with the independent union to provide the
status the union desires in dealing with affairs of mutual
concern. A union and its leadership which feels it is deal-
ing with an autocratic, non-ccc. rative management is
likely to seek international affiliation so management "co-
operation" can be forced through the use of union power.
te) Dissatisfaction with the independent union leader-
ship, when the leadership is not active enough in the
members' interest or appears to be mainly concerned with
its own perquisites and position. Where this occurs, an
opposition leadership is likely to develop which promises
change, and one of the most convenient changes is from
independence to international affiliation. The international
unions are always on the alert for this kind of situation.
Q Can a union break away from affiliation if it
wants to?
A Apparently it can, although it isn't very easy.
More frequently workers simply decide to form a new in-
dependent union to represent them, as was done at Bay-
town this year. International unions try to avoid this at
all costs because of the damage to their prestige as well
as loss of membership. In some cases in the United States,
particularly in the coal and steel industries, refusal to
affiliate or efforts to break away from affiliation have
resulted in physical violence to the persons, families and
property of independent-minded union members.
Q- Where do the international unions get their
money?
A From dues and assessments on the members of
the local unions. Typically, at a recent OCAW convention
the delegates decided to increase the monthly payment to
the international from $2 to $2.55 a member. OCAW in
turn pays a per capital membership fee to the AFL-CIO.
A survey earlier this year among nine refineries in the
Houston, Texas, area showed that the average OCAW
dues are $7.50 per month, apart from special assessments
for strike funds and other purposes.
Such groups as the ICFTU are supported by contribu-
tions from the big national unions. An idea of the scope
of these contributions is indicated by a recent news re-
port that the AFL-CIO has cut its regular contribution
to the ICFTU by 40';, from $1.275,000 to $765,000 a year.

Recognition
Q Will the CWA remain in effect if the IOWUA
affiliates ?
A Yes. Even if the IOWUA were dissolved, the
company would be obligated to observe the terms of the
present CWA until it expires. Article XI of the National
Ordinance of May 12, 1958, Regulating CWA's provides :
"Dissolution of an association which has concluded a
CWA shall have no influence on the rights and obligations
resulting from that agreement."
Q Will Lago continue to recognize the IOWUA as
sole bargaining agent for our workers if it affiliates?
A -Under Articles I of the CWA, the company is
obligated to recognize the IOWUA as sole bargaining a-
gent for our covered employees for the duration of the
agreement. Continued recognition as sole bargaining agent
after the CWA expires would depend on whether the
IOWUA continued to represent the choice of a majority
of covered employees for representation purposes.
Q Would company recognition of IOWUA affiliation
depend on the number of employees who vote for affilia-
tion ?


A -A decision on union affiliation would presumably
be made by the IOWUA membership in accordance with
whatever procedure is established in the union's constitu-
tion and bylaws. The number of employees voting under
such a procedure would have no bearing on the company's
obligation under the CWA to recognize the IOWUA as
sole bargaining agent for our covered employees for the
duration of the agreement. It is a reasonable assumption,
however, that the company's continued willingness to re-
cognize the IOWUA should it affiliate would depend on
whether a majority of our covered employees desired to
be represented by such an affiliated union.

Referendum
Q What are the voting requirements for a referen-
dum on affiliation?
A The draft bylaws of the IOWUA originally pro-
vided that affiliation could only take place as the result
of an affirmative vote of two thirds of the entire mem-
bership. It is understood that the bylaws have been
amended to provide that the question of affiliation can
be decided by a simple majority of union members voting
in a referendum called for that purpose.

Strikes
Q Could the refinery be run if there were a strike?
A This would obviously depend on all kinds of cir-
cumstances, so the answer is not known.
Jack Knight, president of OCAW, recently proposed that
his union and the companies with which it deals try to
find some other way of settling disputes than by striking.
This was undoubtedly the result of OCAW's 1962 exper-
ience, which proved that strikes are not only costly to
union members, but generally do not stop operations. The
record of OCAW refinery strikes in 1962:
One Shell refinery was struck for 354 days, involving
2200 employees. The refinery operated at 100'; capacity
during the strike.
Five Mobil refineries were struck for periods ranging
from 15 days to 205 days. The smallest refinery employed
160 people, the largest employed 470. Mobil reports that
operations continued at "practically full" capacity in four
of the refineries.
One Cities Service refinery employing 200 people was
struck for two days and chut down
One Gulf refinery was struck for 72 days, involving
3800 employees. The refinery operated at 60'; capacity.
All the strikes were on the issue of job security. The
OCAW admits that none of them solved the problem

Relations With IOWUA

Q To what extent does the company finance the
IOWUA ?
A The company does not contribute to or finance
the IOWUA either directly or indirectly. nor has it ever
done so in the past, except by providing time off with pay
for Board members to conduct union business.
In August, 1931, as a gesture of cooperation anl good-
will, and in recognition of the limited finances of the
IOWUA as a new organization, the company offered the
IOWUA Board members time off with pay on the follow-
ing basis :
"Although the Company considers that pay for time
off the job on Union business other than dealings with
Management should be the responsibility of the Union
and not of the Company, it is recognized that at the pre-
sent time the finances of the IOWUA probably do not
permit this.
"Therefore, for a period of one year commencing Au-
gust 3, 1961, the Company is willing to grant time off the
job with full pay to the president and general secretary
of the IOWUA.
"The Company considers that in this way it can make
effective and reasonable contribution to the initial ability
of the IOWUA to organize and function efficiently.
"Other Board members will be relieved of their regular
job duties with full pay each Monday, if they are sche-
duled to work on that day, for purposes of dealing with
Management and such other business as the IOWUA may
wish to transact on that day."
This offer was accepted by the IOWUA Board at that
time. In December, 1961, management agreed to provide
the same time off privileges for the duration of the CWA
executed at that time. (The Board members elected in the
IOWUA election on Aug 15, 1963, receive time off with
pay on exactly the same basis, and are entitled to do so
for the duration of the CWA.
Q Did Lago pay Ritfeld's expenses for his U.S. trip?
A Not a penny. Lago's only involvement and the
only request Ritfeld made to Lago was to grant him
the 10 weeks' vacation he had accrued as of May, 1933.
as well as a 1 weeks' unpaid leave of absence as provided
in Article XVI Section 9 of the CWA Ritfeld's action
in electing to take vacation to cover his absence made it
possible for another IOWUA Board member to be granted
full time off the job with pay as acting president.
It is understood that any expenses for which Ritfeld
was reimbursed were paid by an organization called the
American Institute for Free Labor Development








ARUBA ESSO NEWS


Preguntanan Y Contestanan Ta Duna Informacion Tocante Afiliacion


inder Afiliacion Cu Sindicato Na Otro Parti Di Mundo
tiny's
A as p Pakiko empleadonan a vota pa retire for di re-
* the fineria di Baytown e sindicato di empleadonan petrolero,
tion. quimico y atomic?
Sre- C E motibonan principal pa victoria di e sindicato
l on independiente na e refineria di Baytown na juni di e anja
d to aki a worde report asina :
E sindicato OCAW a fracasa den cumplimento cu su
promesanan resonante haci na 1959 en cuanto na subimen-
to di sueldo, seguridad di tene bo trabao y otro asuntonan.
S OCAW, continuamente y cu mas y mas frecuencia tin
en relacion cu welganan largu y costoso, como por ehempel
welga di 354 dia na refineria di compania Shell na Hous-
sut ton, Merca.
Representantenan di sindicatonan international tabata
molestia masha duru e dirigentenan local di OCAW. Nan
n mishimento den asuntonan puramente local di e sindicato
Lcan a pone cu hopi miembronan di e sindicato local a ciia ra-
bia riba nan, incluyendo e president di e sindicato na Bay-
town cu a tuma su retire como protest contra tal accion
Den su literature di campana e sindicato independiente
na Baytown a bisa esaki, y tambe, pa motibo cu tur hende
ke'' por comprende, pakiko e empleadonan no tabata kier pa
cir- OCAW represents nan mas :
"E sindicato independiente aki ta firmemente combenci
hat cu un welga no ta un ban arma, y awendia ni sikiera un
I to arma efectivo den un refineria di zeta.
;ng "Representacion di nos interesnan cu compania cu ta
ier- duna nos trabao lo worde haci pa nos companjeronan di
to trabao, y no pa un representante international cu ta res-
rhhe ponsabel pa su accionnan na e oficina principal di OCAW
na e stad di Denver"
ing Tambe cu e trahadornan na Baytown no tabata mira
ity paklko nan master paga contribution mensual cu lo worde
hiza for di $2 pa $5 pa luna, pa via di un aumento den e
ing cantidad cu e sindicato international ta exigi pa nan paga.
,ed P - Pakiko e empleadonan na refineria di Baytown a
tat vota na 1959 pa trece OCAW den c plant?
uir C E sindicato independiente a perde election na 1959
pasobra '
,as E trahadornan di Baytown tabata busca mas seguridad
di tene nan trabao, y nan tabata kere cu un sindicato cu
ing afiliacion international por a alcanza mas restriction riba
ty. e manera di compania di duna hende trabao den su refi-
'he neria
E dirigentenan di e sindicato independiente na Baytown
e dianan ey segun nan ta bisa tabata duna much poco
atencion na problemanan di miembronan di nan sindicato.
Nan tabata preocupa nan di mas cu political interno di e
he sindicato y otro detalje sin importancia.
E gerentenan di refineria di Baytown a neglisha na un
Ice manera comprensibel, sea na e sindicato of na empleado-
'er nan, pakiko mester a kita hende for di trabao. Gerencia
ay di e refineria a "perde contact" y empleadonan mes ta-
bata bao di impression cu e gerentenan no tabatin ningun
ed- clase di interest ta cual sindicato ta represent nan emplea-
he donan.
he P Ki experiencia compania Standard Oil di New
w- Jersey tin den su asuntonan cu sindicatonan afiliA cu otro
sindicato na diferente lugar?
ne C Ya cu e cantidad di companianan cu ta asociA cu
th Esso di New Jersey tin plant den tur parti di mundo, nan
on experiencia ta exihi pa nan tin asunto cu tur sorto di sin-
-e- dicato independiente, national y tambe international.
ot Aunque tur hende sabi cu Jersey ta prefer di tin di haber
cu sindicatonan independiente, su companianan asocia den
u- tur parti di mundo ta traha cu exito cu otro tipo di sindi-
he cato si empleadonan scohe nan pa represents nan cerca
ry compania. Y manera ta e caso cu cualkier otro patron cu
tin un reputation di bon exito den su relacionnan cu em-
ke pleadonan, reputation di Jersey ta basa den promer lugar
ty riba un sistema di paga bon sueldo y beneficio, y e prac-
tica di busca solution pa problemanan mutuo door di con-
ar sultacion mutuo.
Ce- Experiencia cu e companianan asocia cu Jersey tin ta,
th cu mientras cualkier sindicato por tene compania bon
ly alert pa mantene bon sueldo y bon beneficionan, e prac-
tica di jega na solution pa problemanan mutuo mediante
at consultation mutuo tin masha poco chens di result bon
de caminda :
'A
he
th Glossary Of Names
so
OCAW Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers
S IFPW International Federation of Petroleum
e Workers
n IOWUA Independent Oil Workers Union of Aruba
3, CWA Collective Working Agreement
ed CLASC Latin American Confederation of Chris-
n tian Unions
it ORIT Inter-American Regional Organization of
ed Workers
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade
Id Unions
he AFL-CIO American Federation of Labor-Congress
of Industrial Organizations


E sindicato ta sufri bao di influencia di asuntonan pu-
ramente politico den su relacionnan cu compania.
E sindicato ta tratando cu compania riba base di hen-
ter un industrial of di henter un nacion, y e sindicato no
ta liber di sera contract cu ta basa exclusivamente riba
interesnan di e trahadornan cu e ta represent.
E sindicato sinta na mesa cu compania y e ta represent
pa hendenan di afor cu no tin ningun idea di problemanan
y hendenan local.
P -Ta berdad cu e refinerianan ta paga mihor sueldo
generalmente ora nan ta trata cu sindicato independiente
cu ora nan ta trata cu sindicatonan cu afiliacion interna-
cional?
C Esey den pasado tabata berdad. Y esey ta aplica-
bel tambe na otro industrianan. Tin un simpel splicacion
pa esey :
Caminda un compania ta paga sueldonan haltu y bene-
ficionan comparabel y tin bon condition di trabao, tin
masha poco motibo pa un sindicato di bai busca afiliacion
international y tuma parti den e "amenazanan cu iso di
poder" cu ta un parti di afiliacion.
Fuera di esey e sindicatonan international generalmente
ta prefer sueldonan y subimentonan di sueldo standardi-
sA, Nan ta prefer esey riba un areglo tocante sueldo cual
ta negosha separadamente den diferente refineria.
John L. Lewis, president di e United Mine Workers, a
recibi invitacion pa dirigi palabra na e sindicato indepen-
diente di Bayway. Nan a pidi6 pa splica nan ta cual ven-
taha afiliacion international por tin pa nan. Nan ta re-
porta cu na e reunion ey el a admiti cu e sindicato inter-
nacional no por ofrece hopi animacion na e trahadornan
di Bayway pa nan bira miembro di UMW, den e sentido
cu nan lo hanja mihor sueldo y mas beneficio. E ventaha
principal di hanja e sindicato di Bayway su afiliacion cu
UMW por tabata cu e sueldonan cu nan ta paga na Bay-
way por a worde usA anto como un obheto pa otro sindi-
catonan exigi e mes sueldonan cu ta worde paga na Bay-
way.
Gobierno

P Kiko ta opinion di gobierno tocante afiliacion in-
ternacional?
C -Lago no a puntra gobierno pa su opinion, y tam-
poco gobierno no a duna Lago di comprende corn nan ta
pensa riba e punto aki. Experiencia di Lago den nasado
ta cu oficialmente Gobierno ta neutral den e asunto aki.
Nan lo no conseha ni desconseha ningun sindicato riba
afiliacion. Ta claro pa tur hende cu Gobierno ta interesA
den mantencion di paz den trabao, y no tin ningun duda
cu nan lo consider como masha serio cualkier cos cu pasa
cu ta menaza nan esfuerzonan di trece industrial nobo pa
Aruba.

Seguridad Di Tene Bo Trabao

P -Compania tin un cifra di c cantidad di hende cu lo
keda na trabao, y nos por sabi kiko e cifra ta?
C -No ta posibel pa Lago, y tampoco pa ningun otro
refineria pronostica leu den future cuantu hende lo e tin
mester pa trabao den refineria. Ta imposibel pronostica
precies possible cambionan den cantidad y tipo di producto-
nan cu nos clientenan ta desea pa nos entrega na nan; cam-
bio den e tipo y e cantidad di plantanan di refinacion cu
nos tin master pa traha tal productcnan; competencia di
parti di otro donjo di refineria, cual por causa necesidad
pa inverti mas placa of percura pa mas eficiencia den tra-
bao; cambionan den ciencia tecnica, cu nos no sabi corn
nan ta tuma lugar.
Pa e motibonan ey pronosticacion razonablemrente sigur
tocante e cantidad di hende cu Lago mester na trabao por
worde haci solamente un anja of dos anja dclantA. Du-
rante e reunionnan di information na luna di mei di e
anja aki, Presidente W. A. Murray a bisa cu segun nan
por mira awor, e cantidad di hende cu Lago master na
trabao lo baha cu 71; durante anja 1963, y probablemente
cu e mes porcentahe na anja 1934.
Lago a cuminza e anja aki cu 3667 empleado activamen-
te riba su payroll. E pronosticacion duna tempran den e
anja aki ta cu nos lo tin 3400 empleado na fin di 1963. Na
fin di anja 1964 Lago lo tin 3150 empleado. Dia 1 di au-
gustus 1963 tabatin 3459 empleado activamente riba pay-
roll.
( E cifranan aki ta bash riba e cantidad total di empleado
cu a sali for di sirbishi di Lago pa tur motibo, pension,
ontslag tuma pa e empleado mes, empleado kita for di tra-
bao, layoff voluntario of layoff cu compania mes a duna.
No ta posibel pa un empleado individualmente relaciona e
cantidad di empleado necesario cu su mes situation, paso-
bra no tin hopi seccion di nos plant caminda tin hende
di mas na trabao.)
P -- Ki chens tin pa industrianan nobo bini Aruba?
C Aunque segun informacionnan cantidad di perso-
nanan interesA pa haci inversion na Aruba a pidi infor-
macion, no ta conoci si algun industrial grand nobo ac-
tualmente tin plan pa ruminza traha aki na Aruba.
Sinembargo den contactonan cu tal individuonan cu por
bin inverti capital na Aruba, nan interest di inverti capital
y traha oportunidad pa empleo na Aruba den tur casonan


Preguntanan Had Door Di Empleadonan
E preguntanan aki tocante afiliacion international a
worde haci door di empleadonan, durante e reunionnan
di miembronan di gerencia di Lago, cual a worde teni
recientemente pa General Manager F. C. Donovan y
Industrial Relations Manager J. V. Friel. Loke ta parce
den e paginanan aki ta worde present obhetivamente,
y ta destina solamente pa duna information di loke ta
tras di e topico di afiliacion. E no ta critical ni ta aplau-
di e asunto; e ta duna hechonan, comprendementunan
y experiencianan di pasado.


tabata basA riba tres suposicion, y tabata esakinan: be-
lasting razonabel, un gobierno firme, y relacionnan di paz
cu obreronan. Si cualkier di e tres factornan aki no ta
razonablemente sigur anto, e trabao di hanja industrianan
nobo pa Aruba lo bira hopi mas dificil.
P Sindicatonan afilia a logra di hanja mas seguri-
dad di tene bo trabao?
C Ningun refineria ta conoci caminda un sindicato
cu afiliacion international a logra di "salba" of "traha"
mas trabao cu tabatin mester pa haci un refineria fun-
ciona. Experiencia den refinerianan Americano di Jersey
Standard ta mustra cu reduction di cantidad di trahador-
nan tabata necesario y e reduction a tuma lugar, y no
tabata import ta cual tipo di sindicato nan tabatin den e
refineria particular ey. Por ehempel :
E refineria di Baton Rouge den estado Louisiana tin un
sindicato independiente. Na januari nan a kita 400 hende
for di trabao.
Na Baytown, estado Texas, e refineria a cancel 500
trabao na cuminzamentu di e anja aki, mientras ainda
OCAW tabata represents e obreronan di Baytown.
E refineria di Shell na Pasadena, estado Texas, tin un
sindicato afilia cu OCAW. 433 trabao a worde cancelA den
curso di anja pasa.
E refineria di Gulf Oil na Toledo, estado Ohio, a anun-
cia na cuminzamento di e anja aki cu nan lo kita 22% di
trahadornan. Den cuater anja di tempu nan a reduci 40%
di trahadornan. E trahadornan di Gulf tin OCAW pa re-
presenta nan.
E refineria di Shell na Norco, estado Louisiana, a kita
242 empleado for di trabao, na fin di un welga cu e sindi-
cato OCAW a proclama na cuminzamento di e anja aki.
Tur hende por mira sin hopi esfuerzo cu e tipo di sindi-
cato cu ta represents e trahadornan tin masha poco of
nada mes di haci cu decision di cual manera e cantidad
di obreronan cu un refineria mester, ta worde determine.
Cualkier refineria cu no ta percura pa tene cantidad di
obreronan na trabao di tal manera cu e por competi, pron-
to lo yega na e punto cu no tin sindicato mas, pasobra
nan no por tin refineria tampoco.
P -- Ta berdad cu hende no por worde kita for di tra-
bao segun c contrato cu nan tin na Venezuela ?
C Den e contrato riba cual nan a joga na un acuerdo
na cuminzamento di e anja aki tin un provision, cu e com-
panianan di zeta lo no kita mas cu 2% di trahadornan pa
cada anja cu e contrato ta keda na vigor. Asina ta si e
compania tin 5000 trahador, e no por kita mas cu 100
cada anja. Pero e condition aki no ta limit mas reduction
di trahador pa motibo di pension, ora nan mes pidi nan
retire, layoff voluntario etc.
Varios factor mester worde tumi na cuenta ora nos
pensa cu un tal provision por worde poni na practice aki
na Aruba. (a) No tin ningun exigencia pa ningun compa-
nia Venezolano tene e mes cantidad di trahador (menos
2% ) den cualkier operation of teritorio especifico. Por
ehempel, actualmente Creole ta kitando gran cantidad di
trahadornan den e parti oriental di Venezuela. Nan lo re-
cibi e chens pa sea muda pa algun otro parti di Venezuela
caminda Creole tin plant cu no ta kitando hende. of di
recibi un liquidacion financiero. E refineria di Amuay ta
liber pa kita hende for di trabao asina tantu cu ta nece-
sario pa por keda competi. Atrobe, esnan cu ta di mas ta
hanja oferta di trabao na otro parti di Venezuela. Tur
hende sabi cu Lago no tin ningun otro lugar sino e refine-
ria di Aruba caminda e por duna trabao na trahador.
(b) E industrial petrolera di Venezuela tin hopi sucur-
sal den various parti di e pais, por ehempel nan tin pos di
zeta, nan ta buscando pos nobo, nan ta refina, nan tin na-
begacion y trabao maritime, nan tin departamento di
bendementu. Ora ta necesario pa kita hende for di e de-
partamento di refinacion, anto na Venezuela e hendenan
ey por hanja trabao si acaso e sucursalnan caminda tin
pos of cu ta buscando pos nobo master di mas hende. Cu
excepcion di un cantidad chikitu di bendementu di su pro-
ductonan, Lago tin solamente un negoshi -esta refina
azeta.
(c) Venezuela mes tin su zeta. Ta posibel pa balanza
perdidanan sufri den un sucursal di su negoshi cu ganashi-
nan den otro sucursalnan. Lago mester logra un ganashi
razonabel riba su inversion den su unico negoshi -esta
refina zeta si e compania ta desea di keda na bida den
un competencia fuerte cu otro compania cu ta refina
tambe.


October ,. 1963








I ARUBA ESSO NEWS


Afiliacion Internacional Aki
P Si IOWUA decidi di afilia, anto gastunan di Lago
lo subi?
C Nan lo subi si afiliacion international causa difi-
cultadnan den asunto di obrero, cual ta afecta nos produc-
cion of ta exigi concesionnan cu no ta economic pa nos
refineria. Tocante discusionnan colectivo, ta di duda cu
afiliacion ta haci algun diferencia. Reglanan basic d: Lago
semper tabata di jega na un acuerdo cu IOWUA y e re-
presentantenan anterior, cual ta por lo menos mes gene-
roso cu nos tabata dispuesto di haci cu cualkier otro sorto
di sindicato. Hende por mira e resultadonan di e manera di
obra aki, den e actual combenio colectivo di trabao. No
tin ningun mihor cu esaki den Antilja Hulandes. Gastu-
nan pa cada empleado casi semper ta subi como resultado
di negosha un combenio colectivo di trabao. E problema
pa nos gerencia ta di tene gastunan general asina abao,
cu nos por keda compete cu otro refinadornan.
Si afiliacion international causa dificultadnan den asun-
to di obrero cu lo para nos production, Lago lo no ta e
unico cu lo perde. E perdida na empleadonan, e comunidad
Arubano y gobierno lo ta mas o menos Fls. 130,000 pa dia.
P Ki tempu probablemente IOWUA lo busca afilia-
cion?
C Nos ta comprende cu algun miembro di IOWUA
a papia cu representantenan di sindicato international to-
cante afiliacion antes cu e di promer reunion general di
miembronan di IOWUA cu a worde teni na Jun.
P Kiko trahadornan di Lago por perde si acaso nan
afiliA ?
C Den sentido di e condicionnan cu ta den e com-
benio colectivo di trabao (e contract), ta di duda cu nan
lo perde algo. Lago ta dispuesto sinta na mesa di discus-
sion y trata cu un sindicato afilia cu e mes buena fe cu nos
lo a trata cu un sindicato independiente. Cualkier sindicato
cu tin su valor ta desea y ta trata di hanja "mas" pa su
miembronan. Nos ta kere cu empleadonan di Lago lo in-
sisti pa hanja un bon combenio colectivo di trabao, no ta
import ken ta represent nan.
Sinembargo, pensando mas aleu cu awe so, nos ta kere
cu empleadonan di Lago ta riska di perde nan indepen-
dencia di obra, si acaso nan afilia. Ta casi sigur cu lo tin
situation den cual "solidaridad di sindicatonan" (esta cu
nan mester ta di acuerdo cu otro sindicato) lo ta ser exigi
di un sindicato cu afiliacion international. Representante-
nan di sindicatonan international regularmente ta contest
Lago su preocupacion riba e punto aki bisando "e move-
mento international di sindicatonan nunca mester pusha
un banda autonomia di e sindicato di obreronan local".
Nan ta jama atencion tambe riba e punto aki, manera
poco dia pasa un bishitante di un sindicato international
a bisa tambe, cu sindicatonan cu no ta afilia tin bez ta
afilia nan mes cu sindicatonan international pa motibonan
di solidaridad.
Y net esey ta e preocupacion real di Lago. E invitacion
pa tuma parti den accionnan di solidaridad international
semper ta present, y cu ta welga ta e principal arma di
sindicatonan international. Gerencia di refineria di Lago
mester ta liber pa decidi operation di su refineria sola-
mente den sentido di cual ta e mihor curso di accion pa
Lago, su empleadonan y e comunidad Arubano. Lago ta
kere cu e sindicato cu ta represent su obreronan tambe
mester ta liber pa obra y decidi pa su mes riba e mes base.
Nos ta kere cu e trahadornan di Lago lo perde e libertad
aki di decision, si nan sindicato afilia cu un grupo inter-
nacional.
P Nos lo sigi frenta e asunto di afiliacion aki, aun-
que nan no tin exito awor?
C Probablemente. Estrategia di un sindicato inter-
nacional ta basic riba e tactic political comun di scohe un
asunto cu ta di interest pa un y tur, tira falta riba e sin-
dicato independiente di tur loke "no ta bon", y haci pro-
mesa di "pone tur cos na orde" si nan sali eligi :
E risconan cu Lago ta core den asunto di afiliacion in-
ternacional, no ta diferente di esnan di otro refineria cu
tin sindicato independiente. Por ehempel na e refineria di
Humble na Bayway, e sindicato international OCAW a
competi den tres election contra e sindicato independiente
na 1957, 1960 y 1963. Aunque e sindicato independiente a
gana tur tres bez, nos por kere toch cu OCAW lo haci
esfuerzo pa gana election future.
P Ta conoci cual gruponan di empleado ta forma e
centroo militant" cu ta traha na fabor di afiliacion inter-
nacional ?
C Un cierto cantidad di empleadonan a mustra
abiertamente cu ta nan ta actua como lidernan den e es-
fuerzo pa alcanza cu IOWUA lo afilia cu un sindicato
international. Compania no a haci ningun esfuerzo y
tampoco e no tin intencion di haci ningun pa trata di
un manera diferente e empleadonan cu como individuo ta
na fabor di afiliacion international. Maske corn fuerte La-
go su preferencia ta pa sindicatonan independiente, tur
empleadonan ta goza di protection di nan derecho di por
tin un punto di bista individual bao di Lago su procedi-
miento fiho cu su trahadornan, esta "No tin discrimina-
cion pa motibo cu un empleado ta of no ta miembro di un
sociedad, iglesia, fraternidad of organization obrero".
P Tin organizador di afor di Aruba mezclA den e
asuntu di afiliacion international cu nos ta frenta awen-
dia?
C Puesto cu ta e sindicatonan international ta es-
nan cu ta bai gana mas si IOWUA afilia cu nan, nos por


asumi cu nan ta asistiendo activamente den c esfuerzo
coriente. Representantenan di sindicatonan international
ta bishita Aruba y nan a establece contact cu algun per-
sona biba aki. Lago no sabi di ningun organisadol cu ta
worde paga especificamente pa trabao di organism un
sindicato afilia na Lago, manera nan a haci na anja 1955,
tempu cu AFL-CIO a manda un di su organizadornan
(David Sternback) Aruba especialmente pa haci e trabao
ey.
P -E asunto di afiliacion aki, e ta un cos di berdad of
e ta nada mas cu un amenaza pa alcanza un otro asunto?
C Asina leu cu ta toca empleadonan di Lago, pro-
bablemente nos no lo sabi te dia un referendum riba afi-
liacion tuma lugar, si acaso c tuma lugar. Pero asina leu
cu ta toca sindicatonan international, no tin ningun duda
cu e asunto aki di afiliacion ta realidad sigur. Por ehem-
pel, si tabatin un solution simpel pa e problema di segu-
ridad di tene bo trabao, esaki lo a kita e asunto di seguri-
dad di tene bo trabao for di caminda manera un problema
cu ta relacionA cu afiliacion.
E gruponan di sindicato international simplemente lo
busca un otro pregunta popular y hasta fabric un
pa tene e asunto di afiliacion na bida. Particularmente
awor cu e cantidad di trahadornan cu ta miembro di e
sindicatonan international tin e tendencia di no bira mas
ty hasta bira menos den Estados Unidos), e sindicatonan
international mes ta "buscando negoshi". Resultado di e
esfuerzo aki di hanja mas miembro a result na Merca den
peleanan masha fuerte tocante cual sindicato por traha
na cierto fabric, y tambe CLASC y ORIT ta competi duru
cu otro na America Latina pa hanja miembro nobo pa nan
sindicatonan.
P Un sindicato international por evita cu compania
ta laga contratista haci cierto trabao den plant ?
C -Lago no sabi di ningun sindicato, afilia of no, cu
tabatin exito den prevention di uso di contratistanan den
refineria di zeta. Tin algun motibo fundamental pa esaki.
Pa di promer tin cierto trabao cu ta solamente contratista
por haci pasobra nan tin experiencia y aparatonan espe-
cializa. E mayor parti di e trab.o di contract na Lago ta
cai den e categoria aki, manera e obranan di construction
y modernization. Tambe algun trabao di mantencion y di
servicio ta bai pa contratistanan pasobra e trabaonan ey
no ta obra continue of cu por worde planeA di antemano,
of simplemente e trabao ey no ta exigi e habilidad y en-
trenamento cu ta necesario pa haci un refineria funciona
bon. Y di un parti tambe pasobra Aruba ta keda na un
lugar relativamente isola den mundo, Lago ta duna hopi
menos trabao na contratistanan cu otro refinerianan
grand na otro parti di mundo. Den tal refinerianan ta
birando mas y mas costumber pa contrata hasta un tra-
bao manera turnaround di plantanan.

Afiliacion En General
P Com afiliacion por ta malu, mientras tur compa-
nianan di Standard Oil di Jersey ta "compania afilii"?
C Ora nos mira e palabra afiliacion, sea di un com-
pania of di un sindicato, nos mester pensa dos cos : e mo-
tibu pa afiliacion y consequencianan di afiliacion.
E motibo cu Lago tin di ta afiliA cu Standard Oil Com-
pany di New Jersey hende por mira masha cla. Sin e com-
pania cu ta donjo di Lago probablemente lo no tabatin
Lago. Ta e compania donjo a percura pa e di promer ca-
pital cu Lago tabatin mester pa traha su refineria. Ta e
mes donjo a duna mas capital te dia Lago por a cubri su
mes gastunan (y esey Lago por a haci no mas promer cu
anja 1946), cual compania donjo ta pone conocemento.
experiencia y investigation cientifico na nos disposicion,
y ta pone reglanan corn cada di su companianan master
traha. E motibo di afiliacion di Lago cu Jersey ta duna un
medio satisfactorio pa e compania donjo inverti placa den
refinamentu di zeta na Aruba. Y di e afiliacion aki tur
hende ta hiba beneficio, Lago, Aruba, empleadonan di La-
go. Si algun dia Lago bira un inversion cu no ta satisfac-
torio, anto sigur e compania donjo no tin motibo pakiko
sigi e refineria aki na Aruba. Tur loke empleadonan di
Lago mester haci ta di mira nan sueldo, beneficionan y
condicionnan di trabao pa nan por reconoce e beneficionan
di afiliacion cu un compania cu ta propaga e mantra aki
di traha, esta di parti frutanan di negoshi cu su emplea-
donan.
E motibo pakiko e sindicatonan grand kier pa IOWUA
afilia cu nan ta pa nan mes bira mas grand y mas podero-
so, pa nan por alcanza nan obhetonan international. Des-
afortunadamente, mientras e proposito aki ta bon -esta
di mehora destino di trahadornan tur caminda -e meto-
donan cu nan ta usa pa alcanza loke nan kier tin c ten-
dencia di ta mas parti metodo di conflict y no metodonan
di cooperation cu e donjonan di plant. Ta comprensibel
cu conflict por tin resultado di danjo pa Lago, pa Aruba
y pa empleadonan di Lago. Afiliacion ta un cos bon si su
proposito y su resultadonan ta bon. Afiliacion no ta un cos
bon si su propositonan y su resultadonan no ta bon pa
esnan cu tin di haber cu ne. Tur hende ta mira masha cla
e beneficionan cu ta sali for di Lago su afiliacion cu e
donjonan di Esso Jersey. No tabatin ningun prueba cu
afiliacion cu sindicato international acaso por ta bon pa
Lago of pa Aruba. Lago ta kere cu e tipo di afiliacion aki
por tin resultadonan cu ta causa danjo.
P -Pakiko sindicatonan na otro parti di mundu a di-
cidi di afilia?
C -En realidad sindicatonan independiente no ta afi-


October 5, 1963

lia cu frecuencia na un organization international. Sindi-
catonan independiente ta hanja cu nan por jega cu e donjo-
nan na un combenio cu ta mes bon of mihor cu esnan al-
canza pa sindicatonan cu afiliacion international, cu hopi
menos welga tambe. Pesey mayoria di sindicatonan inde-
pendiente ta evita e conflict posibel cu afiliacion inter-
nacional por trece pa nan. Cu mas frecuencia un sindicato
cu afiliacion international ta "encarga su mes" di un sin-
dicato independiente, manera OCAW a "encarga su mes"
na Baytown anja 1959.
Si acaso cualkier di e tlponan di afiliacion di un sindi-
cato ta tuma lugar, probablemente ta pa un di e motibo-
nan cu ta sigi aki bao: la) Existencia di un problema cual
e lidernan di e sindicato independiente no por a soluciona,
y cual e miembronan ta kere cu lo keda resolve pa medio
di afiliacion international. (Den e conexion aki un articulo
recien cu a parce den "Labor Trends" ta interesante:---
"Den center nos pais miembronan di sindicatonan ta
seriamente preocupa door di problemanan, y pa e incapa-
cidad di lidernan di nan sindicatonan pa haci algu cu ta
soluciona nan. Esaki ta un di e causanan cu miembronan
di sindicato ta desconfia di e dirigentenan di nan sindicato
un desconfianza cu ta sigi move di un nivel local te na
un nivel international.
"Frutanan di e actitud aki ta hechando di tur banda
den tur e sindicatonan. Eleccion di dirigentenan local pa
gran part ya ta complete pa e anja aki. E resultado ge-
neral tabata un ola di derrota pa esnan cu tabata ocupa
puesto den e sindicato. Na gran cantidad cara nobo a
drenta den e sindicatonan. Esaki ta trece dificultad ora
nan sinta na mesa cu e donjonan di compania. Pasobra e
dirigentenan a priminti e miembronan di nan sindicato
movement, accion y resultadonan.
"Pesey nos por bien spera un future masha scur den
asunto di obreronan. Nos por verwacht realmente deman-
danan mas fuerte pa seguridad di e obrero y di su trabao,
cual demandanan ta worde present pa agentenan cu ta
loco pa haci pikete ora nan sinta na mesa pa di promer
bez cu e donjonan di compania."
(b) Acceso na medionan financiero y tecnico cu e sin-
dicatonan international tin, y cual acceso nos mester ad-
miti ta hopi mas grand mes cu e sindicatonan indepen-
diente tin. Na Merca e sindicato di transportation ta usa
e punto aki como un di su atraccionnan mas grand pa
gruponan independiente, esta e sindicato di transportation
tin un "fondo di gera" di cual nan por paga gastunan di
welga di un di e sindicatonan cu ta afilhi cu nan.
(c) E interest cu lidernan di sindicatonan tin ta e opor-
tunidad cu afiliacion international ta duna nan di por
biaha, participa na reunionnan cu otro sindicatonan, y pa
nan hanja adelanto y reconocimentu pa nan persona den e
movement sindical international.
id) Ora gerencia di compania fracasa, pa medio di co-
operacion boluntario cu e sindicato independiente, di duna
na e sindicato e position cu e ta desea ora nan ta trata
huntu riba asuntonan cu ta concern interest di tur dos.
Un sindicato y su dirigentenan cu ta opina cu nan ta tra-
tando cu un compania cu ta sintle rey y kier mandi- so of
cu no ta cooper, lo bai busca afiliacion international y di
e manera ey nan por forza gerencia di compania di co-
opera usando poder di e sindicato grand.
(ej Ora miembronan ta malcontentu cu e mant ra cu
dirigentenan di sindicato ta cumpli cu nan deber como
tal, ora e dirigentenan no ta basta active den interesnan
di e miembronan. of ora e dirigentenan aparentemente ta
preocupa solamente cu nan mes position of cu nan propio
interest so. Ora e cosnan aki tuma lugar, anto ta probable
cu un grupo di dirigentenan ta lamta y ta priminti cam-
bionan; y un di e cambionan mas combemente ta di nmde-
pendencia pa aftliacion international. E sindicatonan in-
ternacional semper ta vigila bon pa nan hanja nP. situa-
cion manera ta bisa aki riba.
P Un sindicato por kibra cu afillacion international
si e ta desea ?
C Aparentemente e por, aunque lo no ta asina facil
Cu mas frecuencia e trahadornan simplemente ta decidi di
forma un sindicato independiente nobo pa represent nan.
Esey a tuma lugar na Baytown e anja aki. E sindicatonan
international ta trata di evita e situation aki na tur costo,
pasobra esey lo causa danjo na nan prestigio como tambe
e ta trece perdida di micmbro y entrada. Den cierto caso-
nan na Estados Unidos, particularmente den e industria-
nan di carbon y di staal, ora nan a nenga di afilia of a
trata di kibra cu e sindicato international, resultado ta-
bata cu nan a maltrata e miembronan mes. nan famianan
y a destrui nan propiedad di e miembronan cu tabata na
fabor di un sindicato independiente.
P Di unda e sindicatonan international ta hanja n:in
placa ?
C - Di e contribucionnan cu miembronan ta paga na
e sindicato, y di e sumanan cu e sindicato ta pone e miem-
bronan paga n6. Por ehempel na un reciente conveni'ion di
OCAW e delegadonan a decidi di subi e contribucion cu
cada miembronan mester paga tur luna na e sindicato di
$2.- te na $2 55, esta pa cada miembro paga e suma mas
haltu. OCAW na su turno nester paga tn cierto suma na
AFL-CIO pa cada un di su miembronan Un investigation
haci na cuminzamentu di e anja aki a proba cu na nuebe
refinerianan den becmndario di Houston, estado Tixas na
Merca, e promedio cu cada miembro master paga tur luna
na OCAW ta $7.50. E suma aki ta fuera di e sumanan cu
fContiniI nI m' payir? n"


'p









SOctober 5, 1963
15)63~


ARURA ESSO NEWS


ndi-
njo-
I al-
lopi
ide-
ter-
:ate
sin-
les"

idi-
ibo-
ual
ina,
dio
ulo
-.


Empleado di Humble Ta

Haya $15,000 Como

Premio, Mas Halto di CYI
Un check dt $15,000 iecienterente
present na on empleado di Refnei la
di Bayway (New Jeisey tabata e
premio di mas giandi di Coin-Your-
Idea den histoia di Humble Oil &
Refining Company E empleado, cu ta
tin tecnlo di laboratorio. a mugerl ln
carnbli den procedimento di iabhica-
cion cL ta involvi eliminacion di lun
disolvente caru cu antes tabata agre-
ga y cu tabata reqiuel utn paso espe-
cial di pioduccion pa sakele atlobe.
E idea a resilta den un process
mas barata pa tiaha azetandn lubhi-
cante nobo pa motor di tluck y trein
E idea ta cub i tambe dooi tin pa-
tente di Estados Unidos
E plemio iniciativo di mas grand
cu a wolde pagA den program di
Coin-Youl-Idea di Lago ta Fls 5,000
cu C F. Bond di Departamento Me-
canico a ecibi na 1953. E lirmte di e
premio inicial di plan di Lago ta Fls.
25,000
Tabatin dos piemao grand anja
pasa Un piemio di Fls 1 890, e se-
gundo den Iango mas halt den his-
toila di company, y a wolde gana
dooi di Peter Storey di Departamento
Mecanico na October. Na pincipio di
anja pasd, na Maal t, D W. Marques
di Process-Light Oils Finishing a
gana FIs 1.825 pa un idea accept.
Sr. Stolev y Sr Marques tur dos
a gana placa adicional den Premlo-
nan Capital Pienuo Capital di 1962
tabata Fls 1,795 cu a worde paga na
Sr Maiques. Sr. Stoley a hay-i e se-
gindo Pienuo Capital pa 1963 cu ta-
bata FIs 1.3611

Compania Ta Anuncia un

Curso di Economia

Di Nov. 18 te Dec. 13
Dr Warren C Robinson piofessol
suplente di clencia economic na ni-
versidad di Estado Pennsylvania, luo
duin' insti uccion dii ante un cL'ISO di l
clencia economic na Lago di 18 No-
vember te 13 December. E culso cuL
l, tuma ocho les Io tiata di aistema-
nan di economma y tambe oa len como'
e puintonan basic ca ta esencial
Tambe lo e splica ile to sstrma ma-
neia nan ta aplica na difeiente pais
Capitalismo contempolarlo pa Es-
tadoi Unidos ta tin di e t6piconan
Otro punto lo ta puio economic di un
economic plane den tin pals, sigi pa,
splicacion di expellencia di itn econo-:
nua plane: manera den e Union di
Repiblicanan Soviet Socialista So-:
clalismo liba mercadonan di Polonma
y Yugoslavia lo word discuti tambe
E cmu so o toca tambe e econoimla ha-
sico y estructuia political di capitalis-
mo totality no maneia e tabata du-
i.!nte e telcer impel o di Alemania
Dos gltupo t1 wolde foimar pa e
cuiso aki Un grupo to timna instruc-
cion dialuna y diarazon anochi cu-
minzando 18 di November. E segundo
gIupc lo reuni diamals y Jiahuebs
anochi cuminzando 19 di november.
anochi cuminzando 19 di November.
Intelesadonan poi hanja foirularlo
pa nan inscribi na Training Division
di Industrial Relations department.
Tambe lo tin formulaiio pega na bul-
letin board den Geneial Office Build-
Ing, Administration Building, Marine
Office, Storehouse y Zone 1.
Promer cu su ti abao cu uonversidad
di estado Pennsylvania, Di Robinson
a traha como economist pa e comi-
sion encarga cu levista facilidadnan
pa lecreo den naturaleza, y in estu-
dro di projection economic di e Aso-
ciacion Nacional di Planeamento na
EE UU. y e conferencia riba progress
economic.
E economista aki cu tin 35 anja
di edad, tambe a traha como professor
suplente di clencia economic na uni-
versidad George Washington.

Wright Elected Director

Of Esso Chemical Company
J. F. Wright has been elected di-
rector and vice president, Europe, of
Esso Chemical Company, Inc, recent-
ly formed international chemical af-
filiate of Standard Oil Company (New
Jersey) Mr. Wright and his staff
will establish headquarters in Brus-
sels later this year.


INFORMATION DI AFILIACION
(CoIitilna i pagiaii 6)
e sindicato ta pone su miembronan paga ademas di e contribution, pa
fondo di welga of pa otro destiny.
Gruponan manera por ehempel ICFTU ta worde mantene cu contri-
bucionnan cu nan ta recibi di e sindicatonan grand national. Pa duna
un idea di e contribucionnan aki, poco dia pasa den prensa tabatin no-
ticia cu AFL-CIO a rebaha su contribution na ICFTU cu 40, esta di
$1.275,000 te na $765,000 pa anJa.

Reconocemento
P E CWA lo keda na vigor si IOWUA afilia?
C Sigur. Maske IOWUA keda disolve, anto toch Compania lo keda
bao di obligacion di cumpli cu e present combenio te dia e expira. Ar-
ticulo XI di e ordenanza federal di 12 mei 1958, cual ta goberna com-
benionan colectivo di trabao ta bisa : "Disolucion di un asociacion cual
a haci un combenio colectivo di trabao no tin influencia riba e derecho-
nan y e obligacionnan cu ta resalta di tal combenio."
P Lago lo sigi reconoce IOWUA como e unico agent cu por pa-
pia pa Lago su trahadornan, si acaso e afilia?
C Articulo 1 di e combenio colectivo di trabao ta obliga Lago di
reconoce IOWUA coma e u.iico agent cu por negosha tocante contrato
na number di e empleadonan cu ta cal bao di e combenio colectivo di
trabao Continuacion di reconocemento di IOWUA como e unico agent
di trahadornan despues cu e combenio colectivo expira, ta depend si
IOWUA ta sigi represent mayoria di empleadonan di Lago cu ta cai
bao ai e contrato pa propositonan di representation.
P E reconocemento di parti di Compania di IOWUA su afiliacion
ta depend di e cantidad di empleado cu a vota pa afiliacion ?
C E decision cu IOWUA lo afilia nos ta kere cu lo worde haci pa
miembronan di IOWUA segun e reglanan di procedimento estableci den
constitution y huishoudelijk reglement di e sindicato. E cantidad di
empleadonan cu ta vota segun e procedimento ey no tin influencia riba
Compania su obligation bao di e combenio colectivo di trabao. di sigi
reconoce IOWUA coma e unico agent autorizA pa negosha na number
di nos empleadonan cu ta cal bao di e contrato, durante e terau cu e
combenio colectivo keda na vigor. Sinembargo, por ser asumi lazona-
blemente cu e posibilidad cu Compania ta keda dispuesto pa reconoce
IOIWUA si acaso e sindicato afilia, ta depend di e caso si mayoria di
nos empleadonan cu ta cai bao di e contrato ta desea di keda repre-
senti pa un tal sindicato cu afiliacion international

Referendum
P Kiko ta c exigencia pa votacion riba afiliacion?
C E huishoudelijk reglenent di IOWUA origmalmente propone
tabata bisa cu afiliacion solamente por tuma lugar si dos tercera part
di tur miembronan vota na fabor di afiliacion. Segun nos ta compren-
de. e huishoudelijk reglement a worde cambia di tal manera, cu c ques-
tion di afiliacion por worde decidi pa un simple mayoria di miembronan
di e sindicato cu vota na favor di afiliacion durante un reunion di re-
ferendum jama especialmente pa e proposito ey.
P Refineria por sigi traha sm acaso tin un welga ?
C Ta claro cu esey lo depend di tur sorto di circunstancianan,
asina ta e contest nos no sabi.
Jack Knight, president di OCAW, poco dia pasa a propane pa su sin-
dicato y e companianan cu e sindicato ta traha cune trata di hanja un
otro manera pa regla disputanan cu pa medio di welga. Sin duda esey
ta resultado di e experiencia cu OCAW a hanja na 1962, cual a proba
cu welganan no solamente ta masha costoso pa e miembronan di e
sindicato, pero en general nan no ta logra di stop trabao den un em-
presa. Welganan cu OCAW a tene den refineria na 1962 ta asina : --
Un refineria di Shell tabatin un welga cu a dura 354 dia, afectando
2200 empleado. E refineria a keda traha cu 100'; di capacidad durante
e welga.
Cincu refineria di Mobil tabatin welganan cu a dura di 15 dia te 205
dia. E refineria di mas chikitu tabatin 160 persona den su empleo, e di
mas grand 470 persona. Mobil ta report cu trabao a continue "prac-
ticamente na complete capacidad" den cuater di e refinerianan.
Un refineria di compania Cities Service cu 200 persona den su em-
pleo a sufri welga di dos dia, y e sera.
Un refineria di Gulf Oil a sufri un welga di 72 dia, afectando 3S00
empleado. E refineria a sigi traha na 60', di su capacidad.
Tur e welganan tabatin como motibo seguridad di tene bo trabao.
OCAW ta admiti cu ni un di e welganan a soluciona e problema.


Relacionnan Cu IOWUA togrdph, levity lightened the moment after a service certificate had been
P -Con leu Compania ta yuda IOWUA cu placa? presented to A. Yarzagaray of Mechanical-Transportation. E. Hernandez
SCon o n t yu a IOWUA u a presented a check to N. Kock on behalf of the employees of Mechanical-
C Compania no ta contribui na IOWUA ni ta yuda e sindicato cu Machinist. A wall clock and cups were presented to retiring P. J. Geer-
placa, ni directamente ni indirectamente, tampoco Compania no a haci man of Mechanical-Yard by F. Leerdam. The bottom presentation pictures
esey den pasado. Ta unico fabor cu compania ta haci IOWUA ta di duna C. F. L. Ponson of Mechanical-Yard, who received a gift from his yellow
miembronan di Directiva tempu liber cu retencion di sueldo pa nan workers which was presented by 1. Ras.
atende asuntu di sindicato den ora di trabao.
Na Agosto 1961, como un gestion di cooperation y bon boluntad, y traha e dia ey, pa duna nan oportunidad di trata cu gerencia di Lago y
considerando cu siendo un organization nobo IOWUA no tabatin basta atende tal otro asuntu cu IOWUA ta desea di atende riba e dia ey."
placa den caha, Lago a ofrece e miembronan di directive di IOWUA E tempu ey directive di IOWUA a acepta compania su ofe ta. Na
tempu liber cu retencion di sueldo riba e base aki : december 1961 gerencia di Lago a decidi di duna e mes privilegionan
"Aunque opinion di Compania ta cu pagamentu di tempu cu un em- di tempu liber y toch cu sueldo full, durante e henter curso di e com-
pleado perde pa motibo cu e ta atende cu asuntonan di sindicato, cu ta benio colectivo firm den e tempu ey. (E miembronan di directive di
otro cu combersacion cu directive di Lago, mester ta pa cuenta di e IOWUA cu a keda eligi durante e election di 15 Agosto 1963, ta recib;
sindicato mes, y no di compania, Lago ta reconoce cu na e moment tempu liber y cu pago full riba exactamente e mes base, y nan per haci
aki e cantidad di placa cu IOWUA tin den caha no ta permit nan paga esey pa duracion di e combenio colectivo).
e empleadonan pa tempu cu nan perde. P -Ta Lago a paga gastunan di biahe di Ritfeld pa Merca?
"Ta pesey. pa tempu di un anja cuminzando 3 di Agosto 1961, Lago C Ni un cen Lago a paga. Tur loke Lago tabatin di haber cu e
ta dispuesto pa duna tempu liber lora di trabao) na e president y na biahe aki y esey ta unico cos cu Ritfeld a pidi Lago ta di dune
e secretario-general, mientras nan ta retene nan sueldo full di Lago. 10 siman di vacacion cu e tabatin derecho di hanja na Mei 1963, como
"Ta opinion di Compania cu di e manera aki Lago por haci un con- tambe 4 siman di tempu liber pero sin sueldo, lo cual por word haci
tribucion efectivo y razonable pa IOWUA haci un cuminzamentu cu bao di articulo XVI, seccion 9 di e combenio colectivo Pasobra Ritfeld
organize su mes y funciona cu eficacia. a prefer di tuma su vacation pa cubri su ausencia, esey a haci posibel
"Otro miembronan di directive di IOWUA lo ta liber di nan trabao pa un otro miembro di directive di IOWUA hanja tempu liber for di
regular, mientras nan ta recibi pago full, cada dialuna si nan mester trabao pero cu sueldo full pa e por obra como president interino.


r;










EMPLOYEE GROUPS honored four who retired recently. In the top pho-










ARtIRA ESSI) NEWS October 5. 1963


Kerstboom Ultimo Dia
Pa Pidi Ta Oct. 31
Comisariato ta acepta pedido di
empleado pa kerstboom di dia 1
te 31 di October Como kerstboom
no ta tin articulo regular den stock
di comisariato, cost di e kerst-
bcom lo worde kita for di page di
esnan en firma pa un.
Empleadonan cu ta desea di hact
pedido pa nan kerstboom, master
firm tin formulario pa kita prijs
di e kerstboom for di nan sueldo.
E formulario to ta disponibel na
comisariato di Lago te 31 di
october inclusive. Firmando e for-
mulario, e empleado ta compro-
mete su mes di acepta e kerstboom
na e prijs cu worde pond pe.


HumbleEmployee Receives

$15,000 Coin-Your-Idea

Award, Company's Highest
A $15,000 check presented recently
to a Bayway (New Jersey) Refinery
employee was the greatest Coin-
Your-Idea award in the history of
Humble Oil and Refining Company.
The employee, who is a laboratory
technician, suggested a change in
manufacturing procedure which in-
volved the elimination of an expen-
sive solvent which previously had
been added and which required a
special production step to recover.
The CYI has resulted in a cheaper
process for making new truck and
railroad engine lubricating oils. The
idea is also covered by a United
States patent.
The highest initial award paid by
Lago's Coin-Your-Idea program is
Fls. 5000 which C. F. Bond of the
Mechanical Department received in
1953. The initial award limit in La-
go's suggestion plan is Fls. 25,000.
There were two large awards last
year. A Fls. 1890 award, the second
highest in the company's history, was
earned by Peter Storey of the Mech-
anical Department in October. Ear-
lier last year, in March, D. W. Mar-
ques of Process-Light Oils Finishing
earned Fls. 1825 for an accepted
suggestion.
Both Mr. Storey and Mr. Marques
earned additional money in Capital
Awards. Top Capital Award for 1962
was Fls. 1795 which was awarded to
Mr. Marques. Mr. Storey took down
the second highest 1962 Capital
Award of Fls. 1360.
Mechanical Department
Machinist


C. Geerman
W. C. Hopmans
Storehouse
E. Richardson
Process Department
C&LE


FIl. 45
Fls. 25

Fls. 45


T. McDavid Fls. 70
Proc.-C&LE. Coat inside of LEAR
debut feed pumps bearing brackets
with humble weld or epoxy.
LOF
A. Tackling Fls. 250 (supplemental)
Proc-LOF. Make a tie-in from the
old ND flash blending line to the 10"
gas oil transfer north of tank No. 24.
V. L. 0. van Windt Fls. 35
Rec. & Ship.
R. O. Thiel Fls. 75
Proc.-Rec. & Ship. 16" black snow-
pile line to be connected into 20' loop
line at black oil pumphouse.
M. F. Pantophlet Fls. 45
W. Engelbrecht Fls. 40

SERVICE AWARDS
20-Year Buttons
Rey M. Croes Ind. Relations
Edward M. Marteny
Tech.-Engineering
Andres Croes Storehouse-Commissary
Johan Nogera Mech.-Instrument
Miguel D. L. S. de Palm Mech.-Yard
Carl A. Granger Mech.-Yard
Calisto S. Gonzalez Mech. Stomehouse
William T. Duzon
Mech -Administration


10-Year Buttons
Luis Leasaz Metal Trades
Domenice A. Henriquez Machinist
Fablano H. S. Croes Ele'trcai
Sylven Paul Garage
Luis H. Arends Electi a,
Juan C. Seelner Elec'rical
Robert J. van alen Mchinist
Hyaclntho F. Kock I'.nt
Mario Kelly Yard
Wlllbrordus Werleman Mason
Pedro N. Gomez Yard
Pedro DIrksl Paint
Cornell Yarzagaray Acrounting


PROCESS MANAGER G. L. MacNutt congratulates Technical Depart-
ment employee D. De S. Britten, who was one of twelve employees to
complete the Conference Leading Institute Sept. 21. Training Division
head L. D. Dittle assists.
PROCESS MANAGER G. L. MacNutt ta felicity D. De S. Britten, un em-
pleado di Technical Department, cu ta un di e diezdos empleadonan cu a
complete e Institute pa Presidi Conferencia dia 21 di September. ,. D.
Dittle, hefe di training division ta presta asistencia.

Gerencia di Lago Ta Tanker Tows Disabled

Repiti na IOWUA su Fishing Craft with Crew

Interest den Negociacion Of Seven to Oranjestad
Den un combersacion cu micmbro- The fishing boat, Santa Maria, one
nan di directiva di IOWUA dia 28 di of the fleet of fishing boats engaged
September, representantenan di ge- by Industria de Pesca, left its Cu-
rencia di Lago, esta B. C. Clarkson y mana, Venezuela, home port Sept. 13
J. E. Hughey, a bisa cu masha fir- on a routine fishing assignment. Two
meza cu compania ta concuri cu e in- days later and miles off the South
teres di e sindicato pa cuminza ter- American coast, the 0 lnta Maria's
pran cu negociacion di un combenio motor stopped. The b,,. *.,'as without
colectivo di trabao. power, without sail.
E reunion a worde jama como re- Repairs could not be made. and the
sultado di un intercambio di cartanan forty-foot fishing boat and its seven
siman pasa. Sindicato IOWUA a crew members began drifting. Unable
avisa compania dia 23 di September to send messages, the fishermen faced
cu e ta duna aviso di terminacion di a long wait until another ship hap-
e combemo colectivo di trabao efec- pcned upon them. The walt was three
tivo 2 di December. A la vez nan a days and three nights long
propone pa cuminza negociacion to- The British flagship, Caltex Delhi,
cante un combenio colectivo di trabao came upon the drifting boat about
nobo. 100 miles east of Aruba. The tanker
Compania a duna su contest 25 di was proceeding in ballast from Liver-
September. E carta a bisa cu ya cu pool, England, to Aruba for a cargo
no a worde estableci legalmente ainda of motor gas for West Coast United
cu e directive eligi dia 26 di Agosto States delivery. The Caltex Delhi no-
tin complete autoridad legal pa hai tified Lago Marine Department that
combenio cu compania, consecuencia it had the fishing boat in tow, and
ta cu e directive aki kizas no tin e would take it and its passengers to
autoridad pa termina e combenio ac- Oranjestad Harbor. Early evening,
tualmente na vigor. Ora cu e validez Sept. 19, the seven men, showing little
legal di e directive nobo a word de- if any sign of their misadventure,
termma pa cualkier manera, sinem- were safely and comfortably berthed
bargo, anto compania lo reconoce e in Oranjestad, with a large and wil-
hecho cu e combenio colectivo di tra- ling assist from a member of the
bao actual lo caba dia 2 di December. petroleum industry
E punto saliente di e reunion tent Siete Homber Ta Drief
28 di September cu Presidente F. L. T D R Lamar
Maduro, Secretarlo General C. Yar- Tres ia R a Lamar
zagaray y Tesorero P. G. Brook, ta- E boto di pisca, Santa Maria, cu ta
bata un combersacion rba varies pertenece na un flota di boto di pisca
medio pa cual compania tabata spera cu La traha pa Industria de Pesca, a
di por asisti e directive nobo clarifica sali for di Cumana. Venezuela, e haf
su position y pura cuminzamento di caminda e ta pertenece, pa bai pisca
negociacionnan. Un investigation haci 13 di september manera ta su cos-
mas despues a proba, sinembargo, cu tumber. Dos dia despues. hopi mia
no tin ningun substitute possible pa for di costa di Sur America, motor di
e caso dilanti huez ariba cual un de- Santa Maria a danja E boto tabata
cision ta sperA dia 7 di Octibre. sin forza di motor, sin bela
Mientrastanto compania ta spera Nan no por a drecha e motor Y
cu negociacion tocante un combenio awor e boto di cuarenta pia largu
colectivo di trabao lo por cuminza lo cu su tripulacion di siete homber a
mas pronto posibel. Lago ta reconoce cuminza drief bai Como nan no por
IOWUA como e unco agencia cu per a manda mensahe, e piscadornan no
negocia pa empleadonan. Compania tabatin otro cos cu di spera te ora
ta reconoce tambe cu un gran numero un otro barcu pasa y mira nan. A re-
di miembronan a vota den e election sulta cu nan mester a spera ires dia
pa cual e actual directive a sali eligi. y tires anochl largu.
Pero e hechonan aki no ta cambia e Un barcu bao bandera Ingles, Cal-
pregunta legal di e position di e direc- tex Delhi, casualmente a pasa ca-
tiva, y companma ta kere cu e no por minda e boto tabata drief. mas o
actualmente firma un combenio colec- menos 100 mia oost di Aluba. E tan-
tivo di trabao te era a worde estable- quero tabata nabega cu laster for di
ci cu e directive present tin e au- Liverpool, Inglaterra, y su destina-
toridad di firma pa IOWUA. cion tabata Aruba Aki e master a t;-
Den un esfuerzo pa yuda resolve e ma un carga di gasoline pa motors
situation, miembronan di directive di destina pa costa West di Estados
compania a bisa dirigentenan di c Unidos Caltex Delhi a informra Ma-
Ssindicato durante un di dos reunion rine Department di Lago cu e tabata
dia 1 di October, cu si decision di tow un boto di pisca, y lo e hiba e
Corte di Husticia duna 7 di October boto cu su tripulacion te den haf di
ta na fabor di IOWUA, anto negocia- Oranjestad. Tempran atardi di 19
cion per cuminza mes ora make e september e site hombernan tabata
contrapartida apela na Hof. Negocia- comfortablemente traca den haf di
cionnan por sigi den speranza cu e Oranjestad. Apenas hende por a mira
pregunta legal lo keda resolvi na tem- na nan cara e mal ora cu nan a pasa
pu pa haci posibel firmamento di un aden. Nan a worde salba pa medio di
combenio colectivo di trabao dia 2 di ayudo di un miembro di e famia pe-
December. trolero.


Island Influence on Rainfall Subject

Of Barbados Study by Esso Research
Dr. James F. Black of Esso Research and Engineering Co. told an
international meteorological meeting about a technique for making
rain by coating coastal areas with thin layers of asphalt. The asphalt
boosts the soil temperature and the soil, in turn, heats the air above
the coating. The hot air rises, bringing in moist air from the sea and
lifting it into the sky to be condensed
into clouds and raim concept of heating land surfaces to
Studies so far indicate, he repolt- produce la:n probably was centuries.
ed, that in various regions such as old "Ancient Babylonians reportedly
the Mediterranean coastline or tro- burned their fields after haivesl
plcal islands, rainfall might be signi- time to provide a blackened area
ficantly increased at a cost of only which would produce extra rainfall
a few cents per thousand gallons of for the subsequent season." he ob-
water. served. The problem has been, how-
No actual tests have been con- ever, to develop durable, economical
ducted as yet but a meteorologicali coatings
and geographical search is under Asphalt appeals to be the answer .
way for a remote area where an he concluded, because it developed a
asphalt coating large enough --- sev- surface tempe atie e as mdech as 2
eral square miles can be applied degrees higher than other durable
to provide a sizable demonstration materials such as brik or concrete
Dr. Black also announced that Es- and can be applied economically But
so Research would participate with an important question was, "How
Florida State University and other much rainfall can an asphalt coating
organizations in a study of atmo- produce-" Dr Black, n collabora-
spheric conditions in the Barbados, tion with Dr Barry L. Tarmy of Esso
British West Indies, area. No asphalt Research, answered this by elat in
coatings will be put down there. In- the rainfall which they would expect
stead, the objective is to obtain new to the rainfall obtained over moun-
data on how islands, which act as tains Along the Mediterianean coast
heat sources for the surrounding of North Africa, for example, moun-
seas, influence rainfall. teams only 2,000 feet high average
Portable Mast 20 to 30 inches of rain yearly, con-
paied with only three inches on
The company is helping defray the nearby flat coastal zones.
cost of stationing an oceanographic By these calculations, it was es-
ship upwind of Barbados The vessel, timated that 2 to 3 square acres o:
owned by the Woods Hole (Massa- viable land could be produced in a
rhusettsi Oceanographic Institution, desert region for ea(h square act e
w,ll be used mainly for the launching of asphalt coating
of instrumented balloons to record On the economics side, it was fig-
scientific information about the lred that the cost of the asphalt
clouds and breezes as they approach and application foi a covering lasting
the island, five years could be as low as about
On the island itself, the scientists I three cents for every 1,000 gallons of
plan to obtain data on ground level water. Thi would be considerably
conditions, principally with the use lower than that for desalting set.
of a 100-foot instrumented mast. The water, pipelining ftesh water f om
portable mast is being designed and rivers or constructing watersheds
tested now at the Esso Reseatch r s or c ti w
tested now at the Esso Research, The final estimates of costs and
Center. An airplane will also be used details of the technique will depend,
to collect weather data over Bar- Dr Black indicated, upon the results
hados of the Barbados studies and even-
Dr Black's report was presented tual large-scale demonstrations
before the Third Technical Confer-
ence on Hurricane and Tropical Met- Schedule Of Paydays
eorology sponsored by the American
Meteorological Society, in coopera- Semi-Mont:ily Payroll
tion with the Mexican Geophysical Sept 16 30 Tuesdav Oct 8
Union and American Geophysical Monthly Payroll
Union Dr. Black noted that the basic Sept 1 3o Wednesday, Oct 9


TIE FISHING boat Santa Maria of Cumana, Venezuela, lost its power
while on a fishing cruise, drifted three days and nights until it was picked
up and towed to Oranjestad Harbor by the tanker (altex Dlchi.
E BOTO di pisca "Santa Maria" di Cumana, Venezuela, a sufri danjo na
su motor mientras e tabata piscando. E boto a drief tres dia y tres anochi
te ora cu e tanquero Caltex Delhi a hanje y a lastrt te den haf di
()ranjestad.


ARUBA ESSO NEWS


Octoberr r,. 1963


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