Aruba Esso news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA03400001/00183
 Material Information
Title: Aruba Esso news
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Publisher: Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Place of Publication: Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Creation Date: May 1983
Frequency: biweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Language: Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1940-
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000307401
oclc - 06371498
notis - ABT4040
System ID: CA03400001:00183

Full Text


Lago Oil & Transport Co., Ltd.
Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

MEW& \

VOL. 44 NO. 4

May/June 1983

In April, process operators start-
ed on a training of the newly
purchased 'process simulator'.
Two to four process operators
have been participating in each
40 hour/one week training. On
the photo, trainees Benjamin
Curiel and Henry Croes are
searching for the cause of a
process upset while instructors
Joe Yarzagaray of the Process
Department and John Slivinsky
of ER&E are looking on.

Simulator assists in

training operators
The application of computers for process control was
introduced at Lago in the late 1960's with the consoli-
dation of multiple field controlhouses into the Refinery
Control Center and Oil Movements Control Center.
With time, a number of other operations type computer
systems were installed in the refinery. At present, major
facilities are being replaced, renovated or introduced.
The Storehouse has installed a new materials system,
the Laboratory has acquired new computers, the new
TDC 2000 has just been installed in the Utilities Control
Center, some parts of the ROC control system will be
replaced and the OMCC facilities will be improved.
To display the role that computing and automation
plays in the refinery operations, we have planned a se-
ries of articles on that subject to be presented in diffe-
rent issues of the Esso News this year. The following ar-
ticle, the first in the series, deals with the "Process Ope-
rator Training Simulator", a recently installed system in
the ROC designed to assist in the training of process
A word of thanks goes to Mr. Glen Lungaro, a Refining
Engineer in the Technical Department, who has contri-
buted this article to the Esso News. Glen was the Project
Leader in charge of the Process Simulator acquisition.
Process Operator Training Simulator
Starting in the early 1940's, and spanning a period of
some 15 years, Lago hired and trained large numbers of
national employees in the Lago Vocational School.
(cont. on page 9)



Simulador ta yuda

entrend operator
E uzo di computer pa control di operation di plant a
wordo introductna Lago nafin di aianan 60 cu e con-
solidacion di various 'controlhouses' den e Refinery Con-
trol Center y e Oil Movements Control Center. Cu tem-
po, various otro sistema di computer di operation a wor-
do instald den refineria. Actualmente, facilidadnan
grand ta wordo reemplazd, renobd of introduce. Store-
house a instald un sistema nobo pa material, Laborato-
rio a hafia computer nobo, e TDC 2000 nobo a wordo
instald recientemente den Utilities Control Center, al-
gun parti di e sistema di control di ROC lo wordo reem-
plazd y efacilidadnan di OMCC lo wordo mehord.
Pa mustra e papel cu computacion y automatizacion ta
hunga den operation di refineria, nos a planea un series
di articulo ariba e topico aki cu lo wordo present den
diferente edicion di Esso News e alia aki. E siguiente ar-
ticulo, e promer di e series, ta tocante e 'Process Opera-
tor Training Simulator', un sistema cu recientemente a
wordo instald den ROC y cu ta disefa pa asisti den e
entrenamiento di operadornan.
Un palabra di danki ta bai pa Sr. Glen Lungaro, un
Refining Engineer den Technical Department kende a
contribui e articulo aki na Esso News. Glen tabata e
Project Leader encargd cu e adquisicion di e 'process
Simulador pa entreni 'process operators'
Cuminzando den afianan 1940 y durante un period di
15 aria, Lago a emplea y entrena un gran cantidad di
(cont. aribapag 11)


Ki 721fi

May/Tune 1983

Reef islets harbor important tern colonies

For an island that does not enjoy much flora or fauna, it
is surprising to learn that the reef islets immediately off
the Lago Refinery have harbored the largest and most
important tern colonies (locally known as "meeuwchi")
of the entire Caribbean area in recent years. According
to ornithologists, the welfare of the nesting area off the
Lago plant is truly essential for the further reproduction
and continued existence of these terns, especially the
Cayenne tern which only has a limited distribution
worldwide. This nesting area has become even more
important as the breeding populations of some species
have drastically declined in size in the past 15 years.
Besides the Cayenne tern, other species known to be
represented in Aruba are the Roseate-, Common-,
Least-, Sooty- and Bridled terns. The Cayenne Tern
(Sterna Sandvicensis Eurygnatha in Latin) is the most
numerous breeding species in Aruba. In good years,
almost 3.000 pairs often nest in various subcolonies on
several islets. The terns generally arrive in Aruba in
mid-April as they did this year. If no serious
disturbances occur, they start laying eggs in May. The
females lay up to 3 eggs. After about four weeks of

a'o o

Colonia important di me
Pa un isla cu no tin hopi flora ni fauna, ta sorprendente
pa tende cu e islanan di rif situa directamente dilanti di
e refineria di Lago, den ultimo afianan ta habitat e
colonianan di mas grand y important di meeuwchi
den henter e area Caribense. Segun ornit6logonan, e
bienestar di e colonia dilanti di Lago ta verdadera-
mente esencial pa e reproduccion y existencia di e
meeuwchinan aki, especialmente pa e especie Cayenne
di cual tin un cantidad limit mundialmente. E colonial
aki a hasta bira mas important ya cu e cantidad di
cierto especienan a baha drasticamente den e filtimo 15
Fuera di e especie Cayenne, e otro especienan cu ta
conoci di ta na Aruba, ta: Meeuwchi Roseate,
-Common, -Least, -Sooty, y -Bridled. E meeuwchi
Cayenne (Sterna Sandvicensis Eurygnatha na Latin) ta
e especie cu mas ta reproduci na Aruba. Durante
afianan bon, casi 3000 paar ta traha nan neishi den
various subcolonianan ariba diferente islanan di rif. E
meeuwchinan generalmente te jega na Aruba, mescos
cu e afia aki, na mitar di April. Si no tin disturbio serio
nan ta cuminzA pone webo na luna di Mei. E meeuwchi
muher Cayenne ta pone un webo mientras cu e muher
di e otro especienan ta pone un maximo di tres webo.
Despues di mas o menos 4 siman di incubacion y 5

incubation and five weeks of chickfeeding, all the terns
and their young leave the area by early August.

Sometimes, however, the entire breed of the bird colony
is destroyed by egg poachers who arrive on the island to
look for the so-called "booby eggs". These poachers and
other disturbers have caused a rather low breeding
success of the terns in the past. As the eggs have
camouflaging spots and are hidden in shallow nests
scooped from the sand, even walking on those islands
constitutes a danger to the welfare of the terns.
Although a law protecting these birds was established in
Aruba in 1926, 1974 was the first year that law was
advertised and enforced. Now, in cooperation with
STINAPA-Aruba, the police enforce the prohibition of
collection and destruction of the eggs of these birds.
When disturbers or "booby-egg" thieves are discovered,
Lago Security or the government police should be
called. Violators will then be apprehended.
All lovers of nature can cooperate in the conservation of
the Caribbean's most important tern colony, by not
visiting those reef islets during the terns' nesting season.

? Un meeuwchi chiquito saliendo
S ;for di e webo ariba e rif cerca di
Seroe Colorado.

Foto: Renk Ruiter
Cortesia di STINAPA

euwchi na rif di Lago
siman di criamento di e jiunan tur meeuwchi y nan
jiunan ta muda for di e area na cuminzamento di
Tin biaha, sin embargo, henter e generation nobo cu
mester nace ta wordo destrui pa ladronnan di webo cu
ta jega na e islanan pa busca e asina jama "booby-eggs".
Ladronnan y otro perturbadornan den pasado a haci e
process di reproduccion poco exitoso. Como cu e
webonan ta wordo camuflA pa manchanan y ta alavez
scondi den neishi no much hundo den e santo, hasta
canamento ariba e islanan aki ta forma un peliger pa e
bienestar di e meeuwchinan.
Aunque cu un ley cu ta proteha e meeuwchinan aki a
wordo estableci na Aruba na afia 1926, tabata te na
1974 cu pa promer biaha e ley a wordo public y aplica.
Awor en cooperation cu STINAPA-Aruba, polis ta
pone na vigor e prohibicion di colects y destrui
webonan di e paharonan aki. Ora cu perturbadornan y
ladronnan di "booby eggs" wordo descubri, Lago
Security of polis di gobierno mester wordo avisA, pa
asina e violadornan wordo reprende. Tur amante di
naturaleza por cooperA den conservation di e colonia di
meeuwchi aki di mas important den Caribe, door di no
bishita e rifnan mientras cu e meeuwchinan tey ainda.




May/June 1983


1 a/ue 93AUA SONW

On April 27, Logo secretaries were honored with a luncheon at
the Esso Club in celebration of Secretaries Day.


To recognize outstanding performance among its officers and at the same time stimulate improve-
ment, the Industrial Security Department has initiated an "Officer of the Quarter" program.
Patrolman Gregory Falconi was the first officer to be selected as the "Officer of the Quarter". His
name was engraved on a plaque that is now hung in the Industrial Security headquarters. The
criteria used for selecting the "Officer of the Quarter" is among others: initiative and drive,
quantity as well as quality of performance and maintaining a good departmental image
(uniform, posture, attitude, discipline etc.). At the end of the year, the department will select the
"Officer of the Year".

F rTI l



I May/June 1983

4 ARUBA ESSO NEWS May/June 1983

Coal to return as energy source

One objective of the Esso News is to create more under-
standing of the energy related business environment
and the role Exxon plays in such. In conjunction here-
with, the following article has been reprinted from
Exxon News, an Exxon Corporation publication.

Earlier this century, coal was displaced by petroleum
and gas as the industrial world's leading fuel. Now,
however, the abundance of coal, its diversity of supply
and its price advantage over oil and gas, suggests that
this trend will reverse and coal will capture a significant
amount of future energy growth.

The United States alone has about 250 billion tons of
coal that can be economically mined with today's
technology. These reserves represent about one-fourth
of the world's known coal reserves and more than twice
the energy in the proven oil reserves of the Middle East.
Although petroleum will remain the most important
source of energy for many years to come, its growth
through 1990 is projected to be only about 1 percent a
year. By comparison, free world thermal coal demand
during this same period is expected to increase at over 3
percent a year with more than three-quarters burned to
generate electricity.

More than 90 percent coal is currently consumed in the
countries in which it is mined, but this is likely to
change. While the United States is forecast to continue
to be self-sufficient in coal and a net exporter, Europe
and the Pacific Rim countries will be increasingly
dependent upon imported coal. With the demand for
thermal coal projected to double by the year 2000,
international thermal coal trade will grow rapidly.
One of Exxon's principle objectives is to become a sign-
ificant producer of thermal coal, both in the United
States and in selected other countries. Initially, the
company is concentrating on securing a diversified re-
source base and developing economically attractive re-
serves, utilizing large-scale, efficient operations, which
incorporate high productivity, safety and environmen-
tal awareness.

United States

Exxon's most extensive coal activities to date are
centered in the United States, where its recoverable coal
reserves total about nine and a half billion tons.
Exxon began acquiring domestic coal reserves in the
mid-1960s. Today, Exxon has coal holdings in
Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota, Texas, Arkansas,
Illinois, Ohio and West Virginia. Last year, total
production was 18.6 million tons, up about one-third
from 1981. The combined production from Exxon's two
large surface mines near Gillette, Wyoming, totaled
nearly 14 million tons and two underground mines in
Illinois produced almost five million tons of coal. Exxon
is also involved in jointly developing another
underground mine near Wayne, West Virginia.

The Cerrej6n project, which will eventually be among
Exxon's largest coal operations, is located in northeas-
tern Colombia at El Cerrej6n, on the tip of La Guajira
peninsula. An Exxon affiliate is the mine's operator,
holding a 50 percent interest in the project in associa-
tion with a corporation owned by the Colombian
The Cerrej6n deposits, which will be mined by the
open-cut method to a depth of 600 feet, contain over
1.6 billion tons of high-B.T.U., low-ash, low-sulfur
coal. Production is scheduled to begin in 1986 and in-
crease to an annual rate of about 15 million metric tons
by 1989. Most of the Cerrej6n coal will be exported to
Exxon will provide half of the Cerrej6n investment,
which in addition to the mine, will include: an airfield:
a coal loading port on the Caribbean Sea to handle ves-
sels up to 150,000 deadweight tons; and a 100-mile rail-
road to haul the coal to the port.

Exxon's Dutch affiliate is participating in a joint
venture to construct a coal terminal in Rotterdam. The
terminal is designed for use in distributing imported
(cont. on page 8)

The two boilers are currently
being installed at the Power-
house No. 1 construction of the
Utilities Modernization Pro-
ject. This $ 30 million project is
proceeding on schedule and is
planned to be completed by the
end of this year.


May/June 1983 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 5

Mimi Garner di Esso Caribbean
and Central America (Esso
CCA) hunto cu Mark Glanz di
Video at a Gianz, tabata na
Lago pa algun dia pa film tur
fase di operation di Refineria.
Akinan, Nelo Emerencia di
OMS&C Department ta dunan-
do un splicacion di e function di
Oil Movements Control Center.

Carbon ta regresd como fuente di energia

Un di e obhetivonan di Esso News ta pa crea mas com-
prendemento di e ambiente di negoshi relaciond cu
energia y e function di Exxon den tal. En coneccion cu
esaki, e siguiente articulo a wordo reproduce di Exxon
News, un publication di Exxon Corporation.

* * *

Den e afianan anterior di e siglo aki, petroleo y gas a
reemplaza carbon como e combustible di mas impor-
tante den e mundo industrial. Awor, sin embargo, e
abundancia di carbon, su diversidad di provision y su
prijs cu ta dunt ventaha ariba azeta y gas, ta indica cu e
curso aki lo cambia y cu carbon lo capturA un parti im-
portante den aumento di energia.

Estados Unidos so tin alrededor di 250 billion ton di car-
bon cu por wordo explota economicamente cu tecnolo-
gia di awendia. E reservanan aki ta represents mas o
menos un-cuarto di e reservanan conoci na mundo y
mas cu dos biaha e energia den e reservanan proba di
azeta na Medio Oriente.

Aunque cu petroleo lo keda e fuente di energia mas im-
portante pa hopi afia mas, su aumento te afia 1990 ta
project pa ta unicamente 1 porciento pa afia. Pa com-
paracion, e demand di mundo liber pa carbon termal
durante e mesun period ta wordo spera di aumentA cu
mas di 3 porciento pa afia di cual tres-cuarto lo wordo
uza pa produci electricidad.

Mas cu 90% di tur carbon actualmente ta wordo uzA
den e mesun paisnan den cual e ta wordo mina pero
probablemente esaki lo cambia. Mientras cu Estados
Unidos ta auto-suficiente den carbon y tambe un expor-
tador di e product ey, e dependencia di Europa y e
paisnan di Orilla Pacifico ariba carbon importA lo au-
menta. Cu e demand pa carbon termal projectA pa ta
dobbel na afia 2000, e trafico international di carbon
termal lo crece liher.

Un di e obhetivonan principal di Exxon ta pa bira un
productor significant di carbon termal, tanto na

Estados Unidos como otro paisnan select. Pa cuminza,
compania ta concentrando na sigura un base di recurso-
nan diversifica, utilizando operacionnan eficiente y di
gran escala, cualnan ta incorpora productividad halto,
seguridad y atencion pa ambiente.

Estados Unidos

E actividadnan mas extensive di Exxon ariba tereno di
carbon te na e dia di awe ta concentrate na Estados Uni-
dos, unda e reservanan di carbon explotable ta monta
na un total di nuebe y mei billion ton.

Exxon a cuminzA obtene reservanan domestic di car-
bon na mitar di afianan 60. Awendia Exxon tin tenen-
cianan di carbon na Wyoming, Montana, North Da-
kota, Texas, Arkansas, Illinois, Ohio y West Virginia.
Afia pasa e production total tabata 18.6 million ton, un
aumento di un-tercera parti di e production di 1981. E
production combine di Exxon su dos minanan grand
cu ta na superficie cerca di Gillette, Wyoming a suma
casi 14 million ton y dos mina subterraneo na Illinois a
produci casi 5 million ton di carbon. Exxon tambe ta
envolvi den un desaroyo collective di un otro mina sub-
terraneo cerca di Wayne, West Virginia.


E project Cerrej6n, cual eventualmente lo ta un di
Exxon su operacionnan di carbon mas grand, ta
localize na parti noreste di Colombia na El Cerrej6n, na
e punta di e peninsula La Guajira. Un afiliado di Exxon
cu un tenencia di 50 porciento di interns ta opera e
mina conhuntamente cu un compania cual ta propie-
dad di gobierno Colombiano.

E deposit na Cerrej6n, cual lo wordo explota cu e asina
jama "open-cut method" te na 600 pia di profundidad
ta contend mas cu 1.6 billion ton di carbon cu B.T.U.
halto, poco shinishi y poco azufre. Produccion ta planed
pa cuminzA na 1986 y lo aumenta cu un proporcion
annual di 15 million ton metrico pa afia na 1989. Mayo-
(cont. aribapag. 12)


Safety Spot

Technical Department Manager Ro-
bert Levy, Operations Support Divi-
sion Superintendent Raymond Baileyue nnGr a llc.
and Supply & Commercial Division *
Superintendent George Campbell, ac- .
companies by the project's construc- T -j -'f
tion manager Luis Anjie, were inspec- 1 T ~ |
ting the construction activities at the r 6
der the newly established "Manage-
ment Safety Visit Program", different
members of management are scheduled
to make regular field visits to conduct
safety inspection. Although the work-
sites initially inspected by management
were those with a high level of work
activity, they will eventually cover all b .
areas of the refinery.


On May 5th, the Lago Refinery completed one year, or 2.5 million manhoI
without an on-the-job lost time accident. Congratulations to all emplov"

Lago adopts new safety

policy statement

On March 29, 1983, the Lago Central Safety Commit-
tee adopted a new "Statement of Policy Regarding
Safety" to be enforced and implemented by Lago Oil &
Transport Co., Ltd. Same statement was also adopted
by Esso InterAmerica, Esso Caribbean and Central
America Headquarters and other CCA operating affi-


It is the policy of Lago Oil & Transport Co., Ltd. to
provide its employees with a safe work environment, in
full compliance with legal requirements.
In furtherance of this policy, the Company will:
* Emphasize safety as a management responsibility at
every level of the organization.

* Develop and implement safety programs and safety
training appropriate to its operations, encouraging
employees involvement in this process and commit-
ment to the programs' objectives.
* Design facilities and plan operations to minimize
hazards to safety, and conduct operations in a res-
ponsible manner in the interest of personnel safety
and the protection of physical assets.
* Continue to identify potential hazards to safety in
the workplace, and determine and implement the
appropriate means of remedying these hazards.
* Communicate with employees concerning their res-
ponsibility for working safely to protect themselves
and others from injury and to protect physical as-
sets from damage.



May/June 1983


I May/June 1983


em-mae I


Desde cu e velocidad permit den Refi-
neria di Lago a ser reduce na inicio di
Mei, Industrial Security Department
di Lago a aumentd su control di tra-
fico. Lago Central Safety Committee a
aprobd e reduction den velocidad per-
miti en vista di e percentage halto di
accident di trafico ariba concession di
Lago. Awor e velocidad permit pa tra-
fico regular to 30 km pa ora y pa vehi-
culo di trabao pisd, 20 km pa ora.
Foto: Jose del R. Nava to tumando
contact cu un otro agent pa nan
check e velocidad di un auto.

i i ~~i, Ref neria di Lago a
i ~n ;:capacitante na

complete un anja, of 2.5 ora obreril
trabow. Pabien na tur empleado!

Poliza nobo di seguridad ta ser

adopt na Lago

SDia 29 di Maart, 1983, Lago Central Safety Committee
(Comite Central di Seguridad na Lago) a adopt un
"Declaracion di Poliza Relaciona cu Seguridad" nobo
pa wordo poni na vigor y implement na Lago Oil &
Transport Co., Ltd. E mesun declaracion tambe a wor-
do adopt pa Esso Inter America, Esso Caribbean and
Central America Headquarters y otro afiliadonan ope-
rador di CCA.

Declaracion di Poliza Relaciona cu Seguridad

Ta e poliza di Lago Oil & Transport Co., Ltd., pa su-
s ministry su empleadonan cu un ambiente di trabao
sigur, cumpliendo completamente cu requisitonan
Apoyando e poliza aki Compania lo:

* Enfatiza seguridad como un responsabilidad di ma-
neho na tur nivel di e organization.
* Desaroya y implementA programanan y instruction di
seguridad apropil pa su operacionnan, stimulando en-
volvimiento di empleadonan den e process aki y dedica-
cion na e obhetivonan di e program.
* Disefia facilidadnan y planea operacionnan pa had
peligronan di seguridad menos possible y conduct opera-
cionnan na un manera responsible na interest di seguri-
dad di personal y pa protection di equipo y material.
* Sigi identificA peligronan potential pa seguridad na e
lugar di trabao y determine y implement e medionan
apropia pa remedial e peligronan aki.
* Comunica cu empleadonan tocante nan responsabili-
dad pa traha sigur pa asina proteha nan mes y otronan
di herida y pa proteha equipo contra dafio.

a a



Volunteer fire fighters

complete training in

foam fire fighting
In April, the members of Lago's Volunteer Fire Brigade
for the first time participated in an advanced course in
fighting fires with foam. The training, which was con-
ducted at the Fire Training Center, was also attended
by several officers of the Government Fire Brigade.

The program consisted of a total of 24 hours of lecture
and field practice and was instructed by Messrs. John
Sine and Fred Linde of the National Foam Systems
Inc., of Lionville, Pennsylvania. The fire fighters were
introduced to the background of foam, its uses, limita-
tions, and its application techniques under fire condi-
tions. The type of foam used is a bubbly substance
especially designed to combat Class "B" fires, that is,
fire caused by flammable liquids such as kerosine, gas-
oline, diesel fuel and crude oil. The frothy substance
covers and extinguishes fires by excluding air from the
burning surface. (Class "A" fires involve wood, cloth,
paper, etc. and are extinguished with water or a special
type of high expansion foam).

Although this was the first time the Volunteer fire
fighters were given a training in advanced "foam" fire
fighting, Messrs. Chin Harms and Wim Brinkman of
Lago's Industrial Security Department had attended
that same course a few years back at Texas A&M Uni-
versity. The National Foam School, a subdivision of
National Foam Systems, conducts this course annually
at that University where over 100 individuals attend
from all over the world, especially from the oil

With this additional training, Lago's Volunteer fire
fighters will be better equipped to secure the Refinery
against hazardous fires.

I The Coal come-back ... (cont. from pag. 4) I
coals, including Cerrej6n coal, to Dutch and other
European customers. This investment is supportive of
the Netherlands' efforts to lessen its dependence on oil
and to conserve domestic natural gas supplies for more
productive purposes.

An affiliate of Imperial Oil Limited a Canadian
company in which Exxon has a 70 percent interest -
owns Byron Creek Collieries which operates Coal
Mountain literally a mountain of coal thrusting well
above ground level in southeastern British Columbia.
Plans are currently being developed to double the
mine's production from the present one million metric
tons of coal a year.
In addition to this operating mine, the affiliate has
extensive undeveloped coal holdings in western Canada.

In New South Wales, Exxon has a 49 percent interest in
the Gloucester coal project which has reserves suitable

Above: The Volunteer fire fighters are practicing foam fire
fighting during their three-day training. The foam is hardly
visible here as water is used on both sides of the foam operator to
protect him from the heat.

Above and beside: Fred
Linde and John Sine of
National Foam are check-
ing the pump capacity of
afire truck.

for mining three million metric tons a year. The
company is funding a $ 2 million exploration program
at Gloucester to find additional reserves outside the
known mineable areas.
Exxon also has a 25 percent in the Hail Creek coal
project in Queensland and is conducting an exploration
program in the State of Victoria.


Exxon is determined to carry out its coal activities in a
sound and responsible manner. In addition to miner
safety, the company is committed to safeguarding the
physical environment, to protecting and restoring af-
fected areas and to working with local communities to
help mitigate the social and economic impacts of its

Exxon's worldwide coal profits are modest, but
growing: $ 25 million (estimated) in 1982 up from $ 13
million in 1981. The company believes demand for coal
will continue to grow through the rest of the century.
Thus, coal is viewed as an attractive, growing business
for Exxon.


May/June 1983

3 Mav/Tune 1983 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 9

I Process simulator . (cont frompag 1) I
SWith the first wave of graduates approaching
retirement age. Lago has been hiring more and more
younger workers, resulting in a steadily declining
average experience level.

"The actual
occurs in
Right here,"

Recognizing this trend, Lago Management several years
ago embarked on a program to prepare for the influx of
new personnel. A major part of this program is the in-
creased emphasis placed on all forms of training. The
Process Department, directly affected by this rising
burden of training, searched for more efficient alterna-
tives to the traditional and time-consuming methods of
class room sessions followed by a prolonged period of
The most promising alternative proved to be a process
simulator, which is a system designed to assist in the
training of process operators.

Process Simulator

This process simulator, driven by computer-based
models, attempts to duplicate the operator interface
portion of a real process using authentic instrumenta-

The programmed models in the computer generate
instrument signals that are very similar to those of a real
process unit (e.g. furnace, or a light-ends tower). The
trainee sits before a standard console and reacts to the
signals by making changes (set point adjustments,
pump starts and stops, etc.) and by observing the
results in the form of altered levels, temperatures, flow
rates, and pressures. The effect is much the same as that
of an aircraft pilot sitting in a flight simulator.


An obvious advantage of the simulator is the reduced
training time for operators and new engineers. Other
benefits are increased efficiency and better response to
unit upsets, which in turn provide for safer operations.
In addition the trainee will be exposed to real situations
in a simulated form and thereby develop confidence in
handling similar operating conditions on an operating


A simulator allows the trainee to directly practice and
exercise the skills learned from conventional methods.
It follows that a simulator not only reduces the training
period, but enhances the quality of that training. The
new operators' increased effectiveness allows a closer
approach to targets and constraints.

It is often not clear to the new operator exactly how, for
example, furnace efficiency depends on interactions
among blower pressure, draft pressure, stack damper,
burner configuration, and duty. A simulator-trained
operator benefits from practice on an ideal furnace,
with predictable responses. He directly observes the
results of his manipulations, and more thoroughly
understands how and why real furnaces deviate from
the ideal.

Unit Upsets

The record shows that most unit upsets are caused by
equipment failure and feed contamination. Because it
duplicates the response of a live process, the simulator
provides a practical way to learn through practice how
to deal with and recover from process upsets. The
operator who has experienced many upsets will
recognize the symptoms earlier and take quicker
action to dampen the effects.
Because of common methods and ease of cross-training,
a simulator-trained operator team is more likely to
prevent upsets from seriously affecting downstream
The number of minor upsets resulting in product down-
grades, slop production, or reduced feed rates should
consequently be reduced.


The simulator, while making the teaching process more
effective, does not take the learning process any easier.
It does not eliminate the need for classroom or
on-the-job training. However, it does provide a
teaching process which allows the process operator to
reach the desired level of functional effectiveness in a
much shorter time.

Recently, Lago again conducted a career orientation
program for this graduating class of Colegio Arubano

1111 MENa


ALERT celebrates

fifth anniversary

Last month, the Lago Emergency Rescue Team -ALERT cele-
brated its fifth anniversary with an award presentation to its 11
members. "The rescue team has demonstrated its value during the
past five years by responding to some real life emergencies," said
Bernard Kalis, captain of the team. To keep team members pre-
pared for life saving operations, they yearly receive intensive train-
ing in first aid techniques, fire fighting, light and heavy rescue
operation and the SCBA They also conduct full day training ses-
sions once a month in the refinery where real life emergency situa-
tions are simulated The rescue team uses specialized rescue equip-
ment, including rigging equipment to rescue from high structures,
and a rescue equipment truck to transport victims if an ambulance
is not available ALERT members would also assist fire fighters
during afire emergency if rescue assistance is not required

Aruba Esso News Editor: Mrs. M. Jansen-Feliciano
Photographs by: Joe's Photography Service
Printer: Verenigde Antilliaanse Drukkerijen N.V.

Due to production difficulties, the May and June issues of
the Esso News have been combined into one 12-page issue.


ALERT members from left to right: A. M. Mirjah; J. E. Ruiz;
M. A. Polland; B. A. Kalis (captain); W. A. Cannegieter; P. de
Souza. Missing are: G. W. E. Dirkz (lieutenant); F. F. Croes; H.
W. Peters; C. Kwidama and E. Dowling.

Un regalo di reconocimiento a
ser dund na Jacobo Maduro y
Emilio de Cuba, kendenan a
complete 15 aria como miembro
di e Brigada Voluntario di
Lago. Di robez pa drechi, Ja-
cobo; Bill Crenshaw, Industrial
Security Administrator; Emi-
lio; y Chin Harms, Fire Chief.

Bomberos voluntario a sigi curso avanza

Na April, e miembronan di e Brigada di Bomberos Vo-
luntario di Lago pa promer biaha a participa den un
curso avanza den pagamento di candela cu 'foam'. E
entrenamiento, cual a ser teni na e Fire Training Cen-
ter, tambe tabatin participation di varies official di e
Cuerpo di Bomberos di gobierno.
E program a consists di un total di 24 ora di lectura y
practice y a wordo instrui pa Srs. John Sine y Fred
Linde di National Foam Systems Inc., di Lionville,
Pennsylvania, E.U. E bomberonan a hafia information
tocante e historic di 'foam', su uzonan, limitacionnan y
e modonan di aplicacion durante candela. E tipo di
'foam' cu ta ser uzt ta un substancia espumante espe-
cialmente disefia pa combat candelanan di Clase "B",
esta candela causA pa liquidonan cu ta kima, manera
kerosin, gasoline, azeta di diesel y azeta crudo. E sub-
stancia yen di scuma ta tapa y paga candela door di
corta oxygen for di e superficie cu ta kimando. (Can-

delanan di Clase "A" ta envolv6 palo, pafia, papel, etc.
y por wordo pagA cu awa of un tipo especial di 'foam' di
expansion halto).

Aunque cu esaki tabata e promer biaha cu e bombero-
nan voluntario a hafia un entrenamiento avanzA den
pagamento di candela cu 'foam', Srs. Chin Harms y
Wim Brinkman di Industrial Security Department di
Lago a atende e mesun curso un poco ana pasA na
Texas A&M University. E National Foam School, un
subdivision di National Foam Systems, ta conduct e
curso aki tur afia na e universidad ei, unda mas cu 100
hende di tur parti di mundo ta atend6, especialmente di
e industrial petrolero.

Cu e entrenamiento adicional aki, e Brigada di Bom-
beronan Voluntario di Lago lo ta mihor equipa pa si-
gurA e refineria contra candelanan peligroso.

a -


13 operator di diferente division di Process Department a participate den e Process Training
Program recientemente. E program a consist di 3 siman y mei di instruction den klas y algun
siman di entrenamiento den plant. Instruccion a ser duna pa personal di departamentonan
Technical, Process, y Mechanical. Safety Section tambe a duna instruction cu e ayudo di modulo-
nan STIP (Skills Training Improvement Program). Fotonan ariba: Oslin Boekhoudt di Techni-
cal ta dunando information ariba e topico "Temperature and Heat".

SSimulador . ( cont. dipag. 1)
empleadonan local na Lago Vocational School. Cu e
promer olanan di graduadonan jegando e edad di
pension. Lago a emplea mas y mas trahador hoben,
resultando den un declinacion constant di e nivel di
Mirando e tendencia aki, gerencia di Lago various afia
pasa a embarca ariba un program pa prepare pa e
influho di empleadonan nobo. Un parti principal di e
program aki ta e enfasis creciente cu ta ser poni ariba
tur forma di entrenamiento. Process Department, di-
rectamente afectr pa e carga di entrenamiento a busca
alternativanan mas eficiente pa e metodonan tradicio-
nal di ensefianza den klas sigi pa un period prolongA di
E alternative mas prometedor a keda comproba di ta e
process simulator', cual ta un sistema disefiA pa asisti
na e entrenamiento di operadornan.
'Process Simulator'
E 'process simulator', stimuli pa modelonan di compu-
ter, ta intent di duplica e parti cu ta toca e operator
den un process real uzando instrumentonan autentico.
E modelonan programA den e computer ta genera
sefialnan di instrumentonan cu ta casi igual na esunnan
cu ta wordo uzA den e process verdadero (por ehemplo,
e forno of e 'light ends tower'). E practicante ta sinta
dilanti unconsola tipico y ta reaccionA ariba e sefialnan,
haciendo cambionan ('point adjustments', 'pump
starts', y 'pump stops') y observando e resultadonan den
forma di nivelnan alter, temperature, 'flow rates', y
presion. E efecto ta mescos cu esun di un piloto di avion
sintA den un simulador di vuelo.
Un beneficio obvio di e simulador ta cu e ta reduci e
duracion di entrenamiento di operator y ingenieronan
nobo. Otro ventahanan ta e aumento di eficiencia y un
mihor reaction ariba trastornonan di e plant, cual na
su turno ta result den operation cu menos peligro.
Adicionalmente e practicante lo word confront cu e
situation autentico na forma simula y cu esei ta desaro-
yA confianza den trata cu situacionnan similar di ope-
racion ariba plant.

E simulador ta permit e estudiante pa prActicA direc-
tamente y eherce su abilidadnan cual ela sifia pa
metodonan conventional. Ta resultA cu e simulador no
solamente ta reduce e duracion di entrenamiento, pero
tambe ta mehorA e calidad di dje. E aumento den
eficiencia di e operadornan nobo ta permit un mihor
acercamiento di e meta y restriccionnan.
Hopi biaha no ta comprendible pa e operator nobo ta
exactamente con, por ehemplo, e eficiencia di un forno
ta depended ariba e interaccionnan entire 'blower pres-
sure', 'draft pressure', 'stack damper', 'burner configu-
ration' y 'duty'.
Un operator entrena pa e simulador ta beneficial di e
practice ariba un forno perfect cu respuestanan pro-
nosticA. E ta observA di biaha e resultadonan di su
manipulacionnan y ta compronde mihor con y pakiko
un forno real ta desvia di un forno ideal.
Fayonan di Unidad
Record ta mustra cu e fayonan di majoria di unidad ta
wordo causa pa fayo di equipo y contamination. Como
cu e ta duplica e respuesta di un process real e simula-
dor ta ofrec6 un manera practice pa sifia door di prac-
tica ta con ta maneha y recuperA di un fayo di unidad.
E operator cu a experience hopi fayo 1o reconoce e
simptomanan mas tempran y lo por actua mas liher pa
reduci e efectonan. Pa motibo di metodonan comun y e
facilidad di 'cross training', un team di operator en-
trenA pa e simulador lo ta mas capable di prevent un
fayo di afectA e otro unidadnan 'downstream' seria-
E cantidad di fayonan chiquito cu ta resultA den pro-
ducto di menos calidad, production cu dramamento, of
reduction di e 'feed rate' consecuentemente mester
wordo reduce.
Mientras cu e simulador ta haci e process di entrena-
miento mas efectivo e no ta haci e process di sifiamento
mas facil: E no ta elimina e necesidad pa entrenamiento
den klas of na trabao. Sin embargo e ta ofrece un pro-
ceso di entrenamiento cu ta permit e operadornan di
yega na e nivel di eficiencia funcional desea, den un
tempo mas corto.

SMay/June 1983


r _,fl! .

Na Mei, e Torneo di Softball Interdepartamental di Logo a ser
inicid cu un wega entire Mechanical Tractors y Mechanical
Manitowoc na Lone Palm Stadium. Ariba fotonan por wak algun
di e teamnan cu to participando den e torneo.

Foto abao: Den e torneo di futbol entire teamnan di Lago y Go-
bierno, e team di OM&S aki a sali subcampeon. POVA a sali
campeon di e torneo.

I Regreso di carbon . .
ria part di e carbon di Cerrej6n lo

(cont. dipag. 5) I
wordo exportA pa

Exxon lo suministrA mitar di e inversion den Cerrej6n,
cu fuera di e mina tambe lo inclul: un pista di aterriza-
he pa avion; un waf pa carga carbon, situA na laman di
Caribe, cu mester por trata barco di peso ta cu 150.000
ton; y un trein cu lo hiba e carbon pa e waf.


Exxon su afiliado Hulandes ta participando den un
empresa conhunto pa construi un terminal pa carbon
na Rotterdam. E terminal ta disefiA pa distribui carbon
importA, incluyendo carbon di Cerrej6n, pa clientenan
Hulandes y otro clientenan Europeo. E inversion aki ta
un apoyo pa e esfuerzonan di Hulanda pa reduce nan
dependencia ariba petroleo y pa conservA e reservanan
di gas natural pa obhetivonan mas productive.


Un afiliado di Imperial Oil Limited un compania
Canades den cual Exxon tin un interest di 70% ta dofio
di Byron Creek Collieries kende ta maneha Coal Moun-
tain literalmente un montaila di carbon cu ta sali
ariba tera den parti sureste di British Columbia. Plan ta
wordo desaroyA pa dobbel e production di 1 million ton
metrico di carbon pa afia.

Fuera di e mina aki, e afiliado ta dofio di tenencianan
grand di carbon no-explota den parti oeste di Canada.


Na New South Wales Exxon tin 49% di interest den un
project di carbon na Gloucester, cual project tin
reservanan cu lo por produci 3 million ton metrico pa
afia. E compania ta subsidiA un program pa
exploracion di 2 million dollar na Gloucester pa asina
busca reservanan adicional pafor di e area conteniendo
Exxon tambe tin 25% di interest den e project di
carbon na Hail Greek, Queensland y ta conduciendo un
program di exploracion den e estado Victoria.

Exxon ta determinA pa ehecutA su actividadnan ariba
tereno di carbon na un manera sano y responsible.
Fuera di seguridad den explotacion di minanan,
compania ta determine pa cuida e ambiente fisico,
proteha y restorA areanan afectA y trahA cu comunidad-
nan local pa juda alivid e impact social y economic di
su actividadnan.

Exxon su ganashi mundialmente riba tereno di carbon
ta modesto, pero creciendo: 25 million dollar na 1982,
mientras cu e tabata 13 million dollar na 1981. E
compania ta kere cu e demand pa carbon lo sigi
aumenta pa resto di siglo. Pesei carbon ta wordo mirA
como un negoshi atractivo y creciente pa Exxon.


May/June 1983