Aruba Esso news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA03400001/00177
 Material Information
Title: Aruba Esso news
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Publisher: Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Place of Publication: Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Creation Date: November 1982
Frequency: biweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Language: Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1940-
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000307401
oclc - 06371498
notis - ABT4040
System ID: CA03400001:00177

Full Text


ESL program initiated at Lago

Most Lago employees are specialists in one or another "We may all have some knowledge of written English,
technical or professional field, but a language is a skill you constantly have to work at,
That is not all that is needed, however, to be effective in including those people whose first language is English,"
a large complex organization, said Mary Jean Mehoves, an ESL teacher in California
An organization, such as Lago, cannot operate smooth- who is here on a three week visit to help plan and test
ly without adequate communications. So employees the program. Jean has degrees in Linguistics and An-
communicate, often in written reports, notes and thropology.
memos. And no matter what language is spoken at The ESL program was initiated at the end of October
home, English is used to communicate at work. with two courses, each dealing with a different level of
To help improve the clarity and quality of work-related English usage and grammar points which are essential
communication at Lago, an ESL (English as a Second in the writing of reports, presentations and formal
Language) program is being conducted by the Train- memos. The courses are being held at the Training
ing Section of the Employee Relations Department. (cont. on page 3)

MArAA Esso on

Lago Oil &Transport Co., Ltd.

Aruba, Netherlands Antilles w

VOL. 42 NO. 9

Program ESL inicia na Lago

Mayoria di empleado di Lago ta specialist riba un of
otro tereno tecnico of professional. Sinembargo, esey no
ta tur local ta necesario pa ta efectivo den un organi-
zacion grand y complica. Un organization, manera
Lago, no por opera suavemente sin comunicacion ade-
cuado. Pesey empleado ta comunica, hopi biaha door
di scirbi reportahe, nota y memorandum. Y aunque
otro idioma ta wordo papia na cas, Ingles ta wordo uza
pa comunica na trabow.
Pa yuda mehora e claridad y qualidad di comunicacion
relaciona cu trabow na Lago, e program ESL (Ingles
como segundo idioma) ta wordo conduci pa e Training
Section di Employee Relations Department. "Tur hen-
de por tin algun conocimiento di scirbi Ingles, pero un
idioma ta un abilidad cu bo mester traha riba dje con-
stantemente, incluyendo esnan cu tin Ingles como nan
idioma natal," Mary Jean Mehoves a bisa. Jean ta un
instructor di ESL na California kende ta akinan pa tres
siman pa yuda planea y test e program. Jean tin grado
den Linguistica y Antropologia.
ESL a wordo inicia na fin di October cu dos curso. Cada
curso ta trata cu un nivel diferente di uzo di Ingles y in-
formacion di gramatica cu ta esencial den scirbimento
di reportahe, presentation y memorandum formal. E
cursonan ta wordo teni na Training Center cu 12 pa 14
empleado participando den kada un.
Un tercer curso lo cuminza otro anja, enfocando riba
pronunciacion y estructura gramatical.
Tin plan pa eventualmente organize e cursonan di tal
manera cu un hende por complete esun di promer y
continue cu e dos otronan si ta necesario. Kada curso lo
dura seis siman, cu tres ora di instruction semanal.

Mita ora of un ora extra lo wordo pasa den Laboratorio
pa traha riba problemanan especifico di proyectonan
relaciona cu trabow.
Sarah Mills, un graduado den Comunicacion for di
Polytechnic na Central London kende antes a duna les
di ESL na London y Portugal, lo ta e instructor di e
(cont. riba pag. 8)


He sure does not look like he will complete 46 years of service next
March, but he willtJuancho de Cuba was employed at Lago as an
apprentice when he was only 13 years old. Today, he is an Acting
Supervisor in the Materials Division of the Mechanical Department.
Juancho will not be seen at Lago for long, as his accumulated vaca-
tion starts this month and runs into his pension next year in May.
Among his colleagues, Juancho is called 'the Computer'. 'Juancho
has a photographic memory, explained Jerry Francis. "If you need
a phone number, symbol number, payroll number or procedure, the
answer is always: 'Call the Computer' "
Happy Retirement tojuancho de Cuba, the retiring employee with
the most service years at Lago!




Oil and gas:

how much, where?
The first oil well was drilled by E. L. Drake in 1859 in
Pennsylvania. In 120 years oil and gas turned into the
world's main source of energy, and it is widely assumed
that oil and gas will have to continue supplying the
world with half the amount of energy needed until the
year 2000.
As the oil business seems to affect almost all aspects of
life these days, it has become a recurrent topic of con-
How is oil formed? How do you find it? Although there
has recently been a surplus of oil, how long will it last?
Following is some information about these questions
drawn from Exxon and other publications.
One of the first terms a student in petroleum geology
may encounter is "sedimentary basin." That is a basin

i f

1 7

Egidio Thiel di Oil Movements and Shipping Division di Process
Department, a ricibi un reconocimiento pa su di 40 anniversario
den servicio n Lago, for di Don Esch, OMtS Division Super-
intendent. Masha Pabien no Egidiol

Editor: Mrs. M. Jansen-Fellciano
Photographs by: Joe's Photography Service
Printer: Verenigde Antilliaanse Drukkerijen N.V.

where layers of shale, sandstone or limestone were de-
posited by water, wind or glaciers over a period of mil-
lions of years. After a natural geological process, petrol-
eum and gas, which form from the residue of rotting
organic matter, gradually accumulate in the basin and
in the pores and cracks between the layers. To find
these pools, these sedimentary basins have to be studied.
Up to now, 600 sedimentary basins throughout the
world have been discovered by geologists. Of these, 160
are known to be productive of oil.

How Much Oil is There?

The total of all the oil and gas believed to be eventually
recoverable, either by known or expected technologies is
called the "total resource base." Those already found
are "discovered resources," and those expected to be
found in the future are "undiscovered potential re-
Estimates for reserves in already discovered resources
are based on the field's past production, its geological
and geophysical characteristics and comparisons with
similar fields.
According to recent Exxon estimates, the world's total
resource base is believed to be between 3000 and 5000
billion barrels oil equivalent. (Oil equivalent means
crude oil, plus natural gas expressed as its energy equi-
valent in oil, plus liquids removed from the gas). The
total of discovered resource to date are believed to be
between 2000 and 2500 billion barrels, while the undis-
covered potential estimation is between 1000 and 2500
billion barrels. For comparison, the total world pro-
duction since Drake's well in 1859 has been 700 billion.
On the surface it may seem then, that there is "no
(cont on page 8)

Petroleo y gas: cuanto, na unda?

E promer poz di petroleo a wordo bora door di E. L.
Drake na 1859 na Pennsylvania. Den 120 anja, petroleo
y gas a bira e fuente principal di energia den e mundo
aki, y ta word supone pa un gran cantidad di hende cu
petroleo y gas lo mester sigi suministra mundo cu mas di
mitar di e cantidad di energia necesario te cu anja 2000.
Ya cu e industrial petrolera ta parce di ta afecta casi tur
aspect di bida den e temponan aki, ela bira un topico
comun di conversation.
Con petroleo ta wordo forma? Na unda bo ta haye?
Maske cu recientemente tabata tin sobrante di petroleo,
con hopi mas tin?
Sigientemente tin algun information tocante e pregun-
tanan aki, acumula for di publication di Exxon y otro-

Con Petroleo ta Forma y Wordo Descubri

Un di e promer palabranan cu un studiante den geolo-
gia petrolera lo por encontra ta "base sedimentario."
Esaki ta un area grand bao tera na unda laag di piedra
cu ta contene mineral, piedra di santo mezcla cu

cement y piedra forma cu restonan organic, ta wordo
deposit door di awa, biento y ijs den un period di
miyones di anja. Despues di un process geologico natu-
ral, petroleo y gas, cual ta forma di e rest di material
organic putri, poco a poco ta acumula den e base y
den e porio y scheur meimei di e laagnan. Pa descubri
esakinan, e basenan sedimentario aki mester wordo
studia. Te awor aki, 600 base sedimentario rond mundo
a wordo descubri pa geologonan. Cien y sesenta di esa-
kinan ta conoci di por contene petroleo.

Cuanto Petroleo Tin?

E total di gas y petroleo cu ta wordo spera di ser reco-
bra, sea door di tecnologia conoci of spera den future,
ta word yama e "base di recurso total." Esnan cu ya a
wordo haya ta "recursonan descubri," y esnan cu ta
wordo spera di ser haya den future ta "recurso di poten-
cial no descubri."
Calculacion di reserve den e recursonan ya descubri ta
basa riba e production di e area den pasado, su carac-
(cont nba pag 7)





Mirna Loefstop

Oslin Boekhoudt

Ronny Mendeszoon

Mercedes Levenston

Miriam Oduber

Miles Mason
Seroe Colorado School



Larry Hoo

Eddy Banfield

Renato Emerencia

Carlos Rasmijn

-wei --B --

Jaime Lacld


Austin van Heyningen

ESL program ... (cont. from page 1)
Center with 12 to 14 employees participating in each.
A third course, will start next year, focusing on pronun-
ciation and English grammar structures.
It is planned to eventually organize the courses so that
one could complete the first one and continue with the
other two if needed.
The duration of the classes are six weeks with three
hours of instruction weekly. An extra half hour or hour
will be spent in a lab to work on specific problem areas
in work-related projects.
Sarah Mills, a graduate in Communications at the Poly-
technic of Central London who formerly taught ESL in
England and Portugal, will be the instructor for the

David Fleming from ER&E
program. Sarah commented that employees are nom-
inated by their departments to participate in ESL
courses. "However, improving language skills takes con-
siderable personal commitment and effort," Sarah
stressed. "No one can be forced to learn. We hope to
provide the opportunity for employees to develop their
That is one of the reasons why Mirna Loefstop, a re-
cently employed female Aruban Engineer, would like to
take advantage of that program. "I followed my course
of study completely in Dutch, while the dominant lang-
uage used at Lago is English," Mirna said. "Although
my basic English is good, the ESL program should
provide me with the opportunity to improve my skills in
English and thus enable me to progress at a faster

Cheryl Godet

George Coats from ER&E


William Snow of the Technical Department
bicycles to and from work every day.
Besides for transportation purposes,
Bill uses the ride as a form of exercise.
Many benefits can indeed be derived from
bicycling at a steady pace.

Sound mind and body with exercise

In the regular daily routine in this age of office jobs,
motorized transportation, computers, video games, te-
levision and other sophisticated machinery, many do
not get sufficient exercise.
In recent years however, people all over the world in-
cluding Aruba, have grown more aware that physical
fitness plays a role in improving their health, appear-
ance and general condition of life.
What are some of the benefits?


There are many physical benefits to regular energetic
exercising: the heart pumps more blood with each beat,
the lungs take in more air, and the blood becomes bet-
ter equipped to dissolve blood clots. Nerves more effi-
ciently activate muscle fibers to increase endurance and
ultimate strength, and muscles perform at their best.
Besides physical fitness, exercising also remedies mental
fatigue. Studies have shown that energetic exercising
relieves depression and reduces anxiety. Any physical
fitness enthusiast would probably agree that they can
accomplish more work without experiencing worry or
fatigue, while also sleeping better at night. Test studies
have also concluded that men and women who do not
exercise regularly age faster than those who do.


The two basic groups of exercises are aerobics and
muscle toners. Muscle toners include calisthenics (sys-
tematic and rhythmic exercises), isometrics (exercises
in which opposing muscles are contracted) and thera-
peutic exercises (those relating to the treatment of dis-
Aerobic exercises are the type that require oxygen to be
delivered throughout the body rapidly to produce
energy and, as such, aerobic exercises may be most ef-
fective for physical fitness. Jogging, bicycling, walking,
swimming and tennis are all forms of aerobic exercises.
For an exercise to be aerobic, the heart and lungs
should be active long enough to produce beneficial
changes in the body. The following formula can be used
in determining whether your exercise is aerobic or not:
Subtract your age from 220. Multiply by 70%. The re-
sult is the optimum rate per minute your heart should
beat for aerobic training.


JOGGING is still one of the most popular forms of
exercise in about every corner of the world. About one
third of the people in the Soviet Union and almost 30
million Americans participate in jogging. In Aruba,
dozens of people can be seen jogging on the road to Na-
tural Bridge, at the strip by the Eagle Beach, in the
Seroe Colorado area and in many other spots on the is-
Joggers should do stretching exercises before running to
warm up and after running to cool down. Most joggers
prefer to run three days a week for their regular train-

Carmen Bislip of the Employee Relations Department and
Cynthia Sharpe of the Medical Center along with employees'
wives and annuitants meet almost every day at the Centro di
Bario Lago Heights for exercise.
An appropriate diet, balanced exercising and proper rest can
produce beneficial changes in the body.

WALKING is said to be one of the safest and least
straining exercises. Walking is effective when it is done
energetically and for a longer period of time than jog-
ging. A report states that 40 minutes of brisk walking
four times a week, achieves the same results as jogging
for 30 minutes three times a week.
One effective and the least time-consuming of aerobic
exercises is ROPE SKIPPING. Test results showed that
rope skipping 10 minutes a day achieved almost as
much cardiovascular efficiency as jogging 30 minutes a
day. (cont. on page 6)




Mente y curpa sano cu ehercicio



^ I jjJ

Den e rutina diario den e siglo aki di trabow di oficina,
transportation di motor, computer y weganan di video,
television y otro maquinan sofistica, hopi hende no ta
haya suficiente ehercicio.
Sinembargo, den ultimo anjanan, hendenan den henter
mundo, incluyendo Aruba, a bira mas consiente cu un
bon condition fisico ta hunga un papel important den
mehoracion di nan salud, apariencia y condition gene-
ral di bida.
Cual ta algun di e beneficionan?


Tin hopi beneficio fisico cu por wordo derive di eherci-
cio vigoroso regular: curazon ta pomp mas sanger cu
kada bati, pulmon ta tuma mas aire, y sanger ta bira
mihor equipa pa disolve coagulo di sanger. Nervionan
ta active e fibra di musculonan pa aumenta e resistencia
y forza maximo, y musculonan ta traha de lo mihor.
Fuera di un bon condition fisico, ehercicio ta remedial
cansancio mental. Estudionan a mustra cu ehercicio vi-
goroso ta alivia depression y ta reduci anciedad.
Cualquier fanatico di ehercicio vigoroso probablemente
lo ta di acuerdo cu nan por logra haci mas trabow sin
experienciA preocupacion of cansancio, mientras cu
tambe nan ta drumi mihor anochi.
Testnan a conclui cu hende muher y homber cu no ta
haci ehercicio regularmente ta bira bieuw mas liher cu
esnan cu si ta hacie.


E dos gruponan basico di ehercicio ta ehercicionan
aer6bico y ehercicionan cu ta reforza musculo. E eher-
cicionan pa reforza musculo ta inclui calistenia (eher-
cicio ritmico sistematico), isometria (ehercicio den cual
musculonan di position contrario ta sera hunto) y eher-
cicionan teraptutico (esnan relata na e tratamiento di
Ehercicionan aer6bico ta e clase cu ta requeri pa oxi-
geno word hiba na tur caminda den e curpa pa pro-
duci energia, y como tal, ehercicionan aer6bico por wel
ta e tipo di ehercicio di mas efectivo den logra un bon
condition fisico. Corre, corre bicicleta, cana, landa y
tennis, tur ta forma di ehercicio aer6bico.

Corremento taun di e mihor formanan
di ehercicio y tambe esun di mas popular.
Ademas di hopi beneficionan firico,
Chela Roga y Shirley Boezem
di Controller's Department to sinti tambe
cu nan por trata mihor cu nan
trabownan diario.

Pa un ehercicio qualifica como aer6bico, curazon y pul-
mon mester ta active pa un period suficientemente
largo pa produci cambionan beneficioso den e curpa. E
sigiente formula por wordo uza pa determine si un eher-
cicio ta aer6bico of no: Kita bo edad for di 220. Multi-
plica e resultado ey cu 70%. Locual result di esey ta e
cantidad pa minuut mas favorabel cu e curazon mester
bati pa un ehercicio aer6bico.


CORREMENTO te ainda ta un di e formanan mas
popular di ehercicio. Casi un tercera parti di hendenan
di Rusia y casi 30 miyon Americano ta participa den
Na Aruba, docenas di hende por wordo mira ta corre
riba e caminda pa Natural Bridge, den e hanchi riba
Eagle Beach, den Seroe Colorado y na hopi otro lugar
riba e isla.

.- ,

Accion constant den
hungamento di tennis
ta trece cune hopi be-
neticio fisico y mental.
Ademas di tennis, Tre-
vor Connor di Techni-
cal Department, ta
corre regularmente pa
mantene un bon con-

Corred6nan mester haci ehercicio pa estira promer cu
corremento, pa keinta curpa, y despues di corre, pa
refresca. Mayoria di corred6 ta prefer di corre tres dia
pa siman como parti di nan entrenamento regular.
(cont. ribapag. 6)


Ehercicio ... (cont. dipag. 5)

Ta ser bisa cu CANAMENTO ta un di e ehercicionan
menos peligroso y vigoroso cu tin. Canamento ta efec-
tivo si e ta wordo haci energicamente y pa un period di
tempo mas largo cu corremento. Un reportahe ta bisa
cu 40 minuut di cana energicamente cuatro biaha pa
siman, tin e mesun resultado cu corre pa 30 minuut tres
biaha pa siman.
Un ehercicio aer6bico hopi efectivo y cu ta tuma menos
tempo ta BULA CABUYA. Resultadonan di test ta
mustra cu bulamento di cabuya pa 10 minuut pa dia ta
duna casi e mesun resultado den eficiencia di curazon y
venanan, cu corremento 30 minuut pa dia.
Un ritmo constant den CORRE BICICLETA, y
LANDAMENTO constant y vigoroso tambe ta efi-
ciente como ehercicio aer6bico. TENNIS y BASKET-
BALL por ta aer6bico si e hungadornan ta keda den
accion continue.


Aruba ta un lugar ideal pa haci ehercicio pafor. E brisa
di laman so kaba por contribul na pulmon mas salu-
dable y esaki ta un contrast enorme cu mayoria di ciu-
dadnan grand af6 na unda tur local corred6nan por
respira ta gas di exhaust di auto.
Promer cu cuminza riba un program di ehercicio, y
especialmente si un persona ta den duda di su condition
di salud, master haci un check-up di salud pa determine
e capacidad di nan curpa. Cautela y moderacion mester
word practice na tur tempo durante e program di
Sinjalnan di aviso cu un hende a haci ehercicio dimas
ta: dolor den pecho, palpitacion di curazon na un ora
cu e persona no ta haci nada, y mariamento sin ningun
motibo. Si algo asina pasa, ehercicio mester wordo des-
continua, y mester bai bishita e dokter di famia.

Ora cu ehercicio ta balanzA cu descanso y dieta apro-
pia, e probechonan lo ta hopi: un mihor forma, un
condition fisico mehora, y un mente mas sano.

IExercise ...

(cont from page 4)

A steady pace in BICYCLING, and SWIMMING
with constant and powerful strokes are also efficient
aerobic exercises.

TENNIS and BASKETBALL can be aerobic if the
players keep in constant action.


Aruba is an ideal place for out-of-doors exercises. The
sea breeze alone can contribute to healthier lungs and
this is quite a contrast with most big cities abroad where
all joggers may inhale are exhaust gases from cars.

Before embarking on an exercise program, and espe-
cially when in doubt of one's health condition, indivi-
duals should undergo a health check-up to determine
the body's capacities. Caution and moderation should
be practiced at all times during the exercise program.

Warning signs of exercising beyond limits are: chest
pains during exercise, heart palpitations when idle and
unexplained dizziness. When such occur, exercising
should be discontinued, and the family doctor should
be seen.

When exercise is balanced with proper rest and an ap-
propriate diet, the rewards will be many: a better
shape, an improved physical condition and a healthier



Petroleo . (cont. dipag. 2)

teristicanan geologico y geofisico y comparacion cu
areanan similar.

Segun calculacion reciente di Exxon, ta ser pensa cu e
base di recurso total di henter mundo ta entire 3000 pa
5000 biyon baril petroleo equivalent. (Petroleo equi-
valente ta nifica, zeta crudo, mas gas natural expresa
como equivalent di energia den petroleo, mas liquido-
nan saca for di e gas). Ta ser pensa cu e total di recurso
descubri te awor ta entire 2000 y 2500 biyon baril, mien-
tras cu e potential no descubri ta wordo calcula di ta
entire 1000 y 2500 biyon baril. En comparacion, e pro-
duccion total di mundo desde e boramento di poz di
Drake na 1959 ta 700 biyon.

Superficialmente anto ta parce cu no tin problema.
Pero e dificultadnan no ta sinta den conta e cantidad di
baril so, sino di hopi importancia ta e lugar na unda
reservanan ta situa y e aumento den gastonan envolvi
den descubri y produci future reserve.

Reserva Probs di Petroleo

Di hopi importancia a corto plazo ta e reservanan proba
di petroleo. Tin hopi seguridad den e existencia di pe-
troleo den e reservanan aki y ta ser keri cu nan ta pro-
ducibel comercialmente na prijsnan actual of pronos-

Actualmente (e total por varia cu tempo) Saudi Arabia
ta hiba delantera den reserve proba di petroleo cu un
total di 167.9 biyon baril. Kuweit ta sigi cu 67.7. Esta-
dos Unidos ta number seis, despues di Iran, Iraq y
Union Sovietica, cu 29.8 biyon baril di reserve proba di

Ora pone e paisnan productor di petroleo hunto den
grupo, ta result cu dos tercera parti di e reservanan
proba di petroleo ta pertenece na paisnan miembro di
OPEC. Mas o menos 13% ta di Economia Planea Cen-
tral (CPE), cual ta consisti di Union Sovietica, Repu-
blica Popular di China, y algun pais den Europa Orien-
tal y Sur/Occidental di Asia.

To acquaint employees with the recently arrived Cavallaro family,
from left to right, Marina, Marco (7th grade), Pietro (3rd),
Lorenzo (5th), and Vice President Cavallaro (Tony).
Mr. and Mrs. Cavallaro have been very active since they arrived in
Aruba They already watershied, played tennis, windsurfed, and
went on an island tour with the kids. Besides participating in sports
activities, the boys have been riding bicycles and making friends.
Now they are studying hard to catch up with English at school. Mrs.
Cavallaro is particularly fond of playing guitar and piano, and Mr.
Cavallaro loves to cook (he already bought a pasta machine).
He said he used to (snow-) ski in the Alps, but now enjoys (water-)
skiing in the Caribbean Sea.

E Organizacion pa Desaroyo y Co-Operacion Econo-
mico (OECD) cual ta consist di 24 nacion industrial,
incluyendo E.U., ta posee solamente 10% di e total di
reserve proba di petroleo. Sinembargo, nan ta e consu-
midornan principal di energia. E 12% sobrante ta ser
haya den e resto di mundo.
Calculacion di reserve proba di gas natural tambe ta
mustra cu paisnan miembro di OPEC ta hiba delantera
cu 35% di e reserve total di center mundo. E diferencia
entire e lugar na unda e reservanan ta situa y e lugarnan
principal di uzo di energia, a crea local awor ta ser
yama e "Politica di Petroleo."

Futuro di Petroleo y Gas como Fuente di Energia

Ya cu ta ser spera cu mundo lo uza entire 30 pa 40 biyon
baril petroleo equivalent pa anja pa e sigiente 20 anja-
nan, e 1000 pa 1200 biyon baril di reserve probi di
petroleo por ta suficiente actualmente. Sinembargo, pa
fin di e siglo aki, e recursonan descubri lo bira menos y e
recursonan no descubri lo bira mas dificil y caro pa
haya y produci. Cu otro palabra, si cantidadnan impor-
tante di petroleo y gas no word encontra pa e tempo
ey, mundo lo mester depend mas hopi riba otro fuen-
tenan di energia.
Algun dia, e "Politica di Petroleo" lo por wordo substi-
tui pa e political di otro fuentenan di energia.

15 empleado di Lago a participa den un "Refinery Economics
Course" instruipa Ernand De L'Isle y Glenn Geerman di e Departa-
mento di Lago Planning & Supply na Coral Gables.



fW.l- C /M
Sukhdev Amarnani and Bill Smith from Exxon's Medical
Department, Douglas Nieto of Esso San Salvador and Simon
Geerman of Lago's Industrial Hygiene Section, conducted a
Company-wide industrial hygiene survey last month.

SOil and gas .. (cont. from page 2)
But there are difficulties beyond just counting barrels,
the most significant of which are location of reserves
and increasing costs of finding and producing future
Proved Oil Reserves
Of short term importance are the proved oil reserves.
The existence of oil in these reserves is known with a
high degree of confidence and they are believed to be
commercially producible at current or forecast prices.
At present (the total can vary over the years) Saudi
Arabia is the leader in proved oil reserves.with a total of
167.9 billion barrels. Kuwait follows with 67.7. The
United States is number six, after Iran, Iraq, and
U.S.S.R., with 29.8 billion barrels of proven oil re-
When gathered by groups of oil producing countries, it
shows that almost two thirds of the proved oil reserves
belong to OPEC members. About 13% belong to the
Centrally Planned Economies (CPE), which consists of
USSR, People's Republic of China, Eastern European
and some Southeast Asian countries. The Organization
for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD)
which consists of 24 industrial nations, including the
U.S.A., are only in possession of 10% of the total
proved oil reserves. They are however, the principal
consumers of energy. The remaining 12% is found in
the rest of the world.
Estimates of proven natural gas reserves also show
OPEC countries leading with 35% of the world's total
reserves. This difference between the location of re-
serves and the location of consumption has created what
is now called the "Politics of Oil."
Future of Oil and Gas as Energy Sources
As the world is expected to consume between 30 to 40
billion barrels oil equivalent yearly for the next 20
years, the 1000 to 1200 billion barrels of proved oil re-
serves may be sufficient at present. By the end of this
century however, the discovered resources will become
less and the undiscovered resources will be more diffi-
cult and expensive to find and produce.
In other words, unless significant amounts of oil and gas
are found between now and then, the world will have to
depend heavily on other sources of energy.
Someday, the "Politics of Oil" may be replaced by the
politics of other sources of energy.

Teagle Scholarship revisions
As was announced in a previous Esso News, The Teagle
Foundation Scholarship Program had to be revised to con-
form to IRS rules. Under the new program, those who can
qualify for a Teagle Scholarship are children of Exxon em-
ployees with more than three years of service, and children of
annuitants and deceased employees. Exxon employees can no
longer receive a scholarship for themselves.
Deadline to turn in applications for a 1983-'84 scholarship is
December 1, 1982. Application forms are available in
G.O.B. Room 175-D. For more information call Mr. George
Nicholson at 92134.

Revision di beca Teagle
Manera a wordo anuncia den un Esso News anterior, Teagle
Foundation Scholarship Program mester a wordo revisa pa
conforma na reglanan di IRS Bao di e program nobo, es-
nan cu ta qualifica pa un beca Teagle ta jiunan di empleado
di Exxon cu tin mas di tres anja di servicio, jiunan di em-
pleado cu a fayece y jiunan di pensionista. Empleadonan di
Exxon no por haya un beca Teagle pa nan mes mas.
E ultimo dia pa entrega formulario di aplicacion pa un beca
pa anja 1983-'84 ta dia 1 di December, 1982.
Formulario di aplicacion ta disponibel den oficina 175-D di
G.O.B. Pa mas information, yama Sr. George Nicholson na
telefon 92134.

Good Housekeeping has developed into an important item on the
agenda during unit turnarounds: Turnarounds are not con-
sidered finished until the units meet all good housekeeping
standards, as can be admired from above picture.

IPrograma ESL . .

(cont dipag. 1)

program. Sarah a comenta cu empleadonan ta wordo
nomina door di nan departamento pa participa den
ESL. "Sinembargo, hopi esfuerzo y dedicacion personal
ta envolvi den mehora abilidadnan di idioma," Sarah a
enfatisa. "Ningun hende por wordo forza pa sinja. Nos
ta spera di duna empleadonan e oportunidad pa desa-
roya nan abilidadnan."
Esey ta un di e motibonan pakiko Mirna Loefstop, un
Ingeniero Arubiano femenino cu a wordo emplea re-
cientemente, lo kier probecha di e program ey. "Mi a
sigi mi studio completamente na Hulandes, mientras
cu e idioma principal cu ta wordo uza na Lago ta Ing-
les," Mirna a bisa. "Maske cu mi Ingles basic ta bon,
ESL lo por dunami e oportunidad pa mehora mi abili-
dadnan den Ingles y asina facility mi progress na un
paso mas rapido."