Aruba Esso news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA03400001/00120
 Material Information
Title: Aruba Esso news
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Publisher: Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Place of Publication: Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Creation Date: February 1978
Frequency: biweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Language: Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1940-
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000307401
oclc - 06371498
notis - ABT4040
System ID: CA03400001:00120

Full Text

A&RIR A Esso

Lago Oil & Transport Co.. I td.
Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

VOL 39 No. 2

Curso Supervision Eficaz
Ta Yuda Supervisornan
Cumpli Mehor cu Nan Trabao
Dia 30 di Januari 1978, un curso
"Supervision Eficaz" a cuminza pa un
grupo di 22 supervisor di refineria y
oficina. E participantenan, kendenan
a ser nombra door dR nan respective
departamentonan pa e program di
un siman aki, a atende e curso den
Administration Building, Klas 2. Un
segundo grupo di 21 supervisor, a
participa den un curso similar duran-
te siman di Februari 7. p
Ambos session a ser habri door di
Vice Presidente Roy M. Douglas, ken-
de a bisa participants cu e conteni-
do di e curso ta directamente rela-
clona cu nan responsabilidadnan dia-
rio como supervisor, y si tur super- Eighteen-year-old Vianca Hoek recei
visor adquiri y aplica e habilidadnan Wernet who crowned her Aruba Car
pa haci nan trabao mas eficazmente. Simplicio Hoek of Process-H.D.S., is
Lago como resultado di esey 1977 Carnival Queen, Helene Croes,
(Continua na pag 3) Bac

R. A. Reitz T. R. Clapp

Clapp, Reitz Head New Departments Feb.

To improve the alignment of Lago's
departmental organization with La-
go's affiliate and operating responsi-
bilities, the former Technical Depart-
ment has been organized into two
new departments one handling
technical and engineering matters
and the other handling business plan-
ning, supply coordination and com-
mercial matters. This reorganiza-
tion became effective Feb. 1, 1978.
T. Robert (Bob) Clapp, formerly
Technical Department Manager, has
become Manager of the new Business
Planning and Supply Department. The
Economics and Planning Division and
the Crude and Products Coordination

Division will report to Mr. Clapp. Mr.
R. M. Douglas, Vice President-Staff,
has contact responsibility for the new
Richard (Dick) A. Reitz, formerly
Assistant Technical Department Ma-
nager, has become Manager of the
new Technical Department.
The following divisions report to Mr.
Reitz: Laboratory; Mathematics/ Com-
puters/Systems; Mechanical Enginee-
ring; Process Technical Services, and
Project Development. This depart-
ment is also responsible for the En-
vironmental and Energy Conservation
Group, the Oil Loss Task Force and
(Continued on page 2)

1A <"


February 1978

ves a hearty kiss from acting Lt. Governor Frans
nival Queen 1978. Vianca, who is daughter of Felix
surrounded here by Prince Craps (Maikito Croes),
First Runner-up Evelyn Merryweather and Pancho
:arat (Randy Thiel).

Exxon's Largest ULCC
"Esso Pacific" Moors
At Lago's Reef Berth 2
Early in the morning of Wednesday,
February 8, the "Esso Pacific", world's
fifth largest tanker afloat and one of
Exxon's two largest ULCC's, was suc-
cessfully tied to Lago's Reefberth-2.
The 508,000 DWT vessel is 1400 ft.
long, 233 ft. wide and has a draft of
83 feet.
The docking maneuver was per-
formed by Docking Master Marcel
van Doremalen assisted by three
Lago tugs "Esso San Nicolas", "Esso
Oranjestad" and "Esso Santa Cruz"
commanded by Tug Masters Pedro
Semeleer, Dominico Rasmijn and Ri-
chard Simon, with additional assis-
tance from a chartered tug.
The vessel, which brought about
3.7 million barrels of Persian crude,
was moored by Efrain Maduro, Joa-
quin Lumenier, Antonio Krozendijk,
Henry Cranston, Rudolfo Ridderstap,
Rudolfo Angela and Miguel Fuentes
of Oil Movements and Shipping.
Owned by Esso Tankers, Inc., the
"Esso Pacific" was built in Japan in
1977. This was her maiden trip fol-
lowing a more than six-week voyage
which originated from the Persian


Lago Oil & Transport Co Ltd.
c d

Editor: Mrs. L. I. de Cuba
Senior Editor: A. Werleman


Photographs by : Joe's Photographic Service
Printer: Verenigde Antilliaanse Drukkerijen N.V.

E. G. del Valle

Ed del Valle, Rich Davies Accept New Positions

With Esso Inter-America, Inc. in Coral Gables

In March, Eduardo (Ed) G. del Valle
and Richard (Rich) O. Davies will both
transfer to Esso Inter-America, Inc.,
Coral Gables, Florida.
Ed, currently Division Superinten-
dent in Process Utilities, has accept-
ed the position of Senior Adviser in
the Logistics Department. In that func-
tion he will be dealing with pricing
questions and a broader spectrum of
supply analysis work. Ed will report
to his new job during the first week
of March.
A Ph. D. graduate in Chemical En-
gineering from the Louisiana State
University, Ed worked almost three
and a half years with the Exxon MCS
Department in Florham Park, New
Jersey before joining Lago in 1973.
He held several positions in Lago's
Technical Department before trans-
ferring to the Process Department as
Utilities Division Superintendent in
September last year.
Accompanying Ed to his new work
location are his wife Margarita, daugh-
ter Margarita (11) and sons, Eduar-
do (10) and Francisco (5).
Rich Davies will be working as Se-
nior Adviser at EIA's Corporate Plan-
ning and Ecoonmics Department. He

will begin his new assignment about
March 15.
Rich holds a B.S. degree in Mecha-
nical Engineering and an MBA from
the University of Chicago.
At present Crude & Products Coor-
dination Superintendent in the Tech-
nical Department, Rich came to Lago
in July 1972 after working three years
with the Corporate Planning Corpo-
ration in New York City.
Prior to assuming his present res-
ponsibilities in September 1976, Rich
had held a number of positions in the

N ,ag


Clapp, Reitz

(Continued from page 1)

Energy Conservation Project Group.
Mr. J. R. Gibbs, Vice President Ope-
rations has contact responsibility for
the Technical Department.

The stately "Esso Pacific", here moored at Reef Berth-2, is one of Exxon's two largest
ULCC's and the fifth largest in the world. The huge ship arrived in Aruba February 8.
E impresionante "Esso Pacific", mard aki na Reef Berth-2, ta uno di Exxon su dos
ULCCnan mas grand y e di cinco mas grand di mundo. E barco giganteco aki a yega
Aruba 8 di Februari.


February 1978

Exxon su ULCC Mas Grandi
" Esso Pacific" Ta Mara
Na Lago su Reef Berth-2
Mainta tempran ariba Diarazon, 8
di February, e "Esso Pacific", e di cin-
co tankero aflote mas grand di mun-
do y uno di Exxon su dos ULCC-
nan mas grand, cu exito a ser mara
na Lago su Reef Berth-2. E tankero
aki di 508,000 ton tin un largura di
1400 pia, un hanchura di 233 pia y su
calado ta 83 pia.
E maniobra di dokmento a ser ha-
ci door di Docking Master Marcel van
Doremalen, asisti door di tres tug di
Lago "Esso San Nicolas", "Esso
Oranjestad" y "Esso Santa Cruz", bao
comando di Tug Masternan Pedro Se-
meleer, Dominico Rasmijn y Richard
Simon, cu yudanza adicional di un
remolcador gecharter.
E tankero, cual a trece como 3.7
million bari di crudo di Persia, a ser
mara door di Efrain Maduro, Joaquin
Lumenier, Antonio Krozendijk, Henry
Cranston, Rudolfo Ridderstap, Rudol-
fo Angela y Miguel Fuentes di Oil
Movements and Shipping Division.
"Esso Pacific", cu ta propiedad di
Esso Tankers, Inc., a ser construe na
Japon na 1977. Esaki tabata su pro-
me viahe despues di ta ariba lama
seis siman ariba un viahe cu a cumin-
za na Golfo di Persia.

Crude & Products Coordination and
Economicis and Planning Divisions in
Technical Department.
Rich will be accompanied by his
wife Marilee in his new assignment
in Coral Gables.

F urma 1R l

The first group (above and below) attending the course At left, Carlos de Cuba during a session on communication.
included Miss Beatriz Ilias from Venezuela. Vice President Roy M. Douglas during opening remarks.

(Continua di
por bira un mehor organization.
E program aki di desaroyo super-
visorio, antes yama curso "Gerencia
Eficaz", a ser origin na Exxon, U.S.A.
y a ser adaptA segun Lago su necesi-
E curso Supervision Eficaz e biaha
aki a ser duna door di George Huda-
nish di Esso Caribbean, Coral Gables,
y Carlos Z. de Cuba di Lago Emplo-
yee Relations Training Section, ken-
de tambe a coordina e program di
entrenamento. George a trata e to-
piconan: Kiko Gerencia Ta, Tuma-
mento di Decision en Grupo, Revista
di Actividadnan Supervisorio, Habili-
dadnan Supervisorio, Analisis di In-
ventario Supervisorio di Test di Co-
municacion y Inventario Supervisorio
di Relacionnan Humano. Carlos a
present e programacion na e promer
sesionnan, y a cubri e topiconan: Mo-
tivacion, Comunicacion: (Un direc-
cion versus dos direction, Stereotipo
y No-Verbal; Significacionnan ta den
Persona; Scuchamento Eficaz), Dis-
cusionnan Eficaz y Evaluacionnan
Eficaz y Evaluacion di Actuacion,
Guia y Orientacion y Revista di Estilo
Otro instructornan, kendenan a par-
tipica den e curso ariba base di un
solo t6pico, tabata: Hank W. Bryce

pag. 1)
(Operacionnan di Compania) Higini
A. Kelly (Seguridad pa Supervisor
nan), Rey Farro (Mehoramiento di Me
todonan di Trabao), Henry Coffi, Ed
dy Thode y Joaquin Croes (Relacion
nan Laboral) y Rosendo Nicolaas (Be
E program di Supervision Eficaz
anteriormente duna den dos fase,
ser haci compact door di duna su
pervisornan participate preparation
nan pa curso den forma di formula
rionan pa nan yena. E asignacion
nan complete a ser entrega duranti
e promer session di e curso y a se
discuti durante di e siman.
Durante ambos sesionnan di un si
man, cada grupo a ser divide der
tres team pa duna miembronan di
mesun departamento oportunidad pi
discuti y analiza varies t6pico rela
ciona cu nan situation especifico d
trabao. Puntonan principal a ser en
fatiza door di presentation di charts
vugraphs y pelicula.
E curso lo beneficia supervisornar
den hopi manera, pero principalmen
te den yuda nan haya mas confianz
door di un mehor comprendemento d
nan responsabilidadnan di trabao
den e desaroyo di nan habilidadnar
den trata cu nan personal y den e tra
tamento eficaz di nan sittuacionnar
diario di trabao.

Effective Supervision Course

Helps Supervisors Carry Out

Job Responsibilities Better
On January 30, 1978, an "Effec-
tivetive Supervision" course began
for a group of twenty-two refinery and
office supervisors. The participants,
who were nominated by their respec-
tive departments for this one-week
program, attended the course in the
Administration Building, Classroom 2.
A second group of twenty-one super-
visors attended a similar course du-
ring the week of February 7. Both
sessions were opened by Vice Pre-
sident Roy M. Douglas, who told
o course participants that the contents
of this course were directly related
- to theid day-to-day responsibilities as
supervisors, and if all supervisors ac-
quired and applied the skills to per-
- form their job more effectively, Lago
would as a result become a more ef-
S ficient organization.
a This supervisory development pro-
S gram, formerly called Effective Ma-
nagement Course, was originated by
Exxon, U.S.A. and has been adapted

(Continued on page 10)





Instructor George Hudanish discusses one
of the course topics with one of the par-

At right.

Curso Supervision Eficaz


F bruar 1978

-- I

4 ARUBA ESSO NEWS February 1978




r8 February 1978 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 5



Carnival di ucha
San Vlicolas Oranjestad

t6 r



-,- U lb
Vianca Hoek was elected Carnival Queen from
among sixteen candidates
Vianca Hoek a ser eligi Reina di Carnaval for di
entire 16 candidates.

Carnival Queen candidates as they awaited the jury's decision in the Wilhelmina Stadiun
February 2, are (I to r): Maureen Busby (Marines), Rita Werleman (Connie Francis), Made
Jacopucci (Esso Club), Mayra Rojas (Sta. Cruz), first runner-up Evelyn Merryweather (T
voli), Sharisa Fijnje (Caribe), Lucia Boekhoudt (Paradera), Aruba's Carnival Queen Vian
ca Hoek (Oranjestad), Gladys Tromp (Dakota), Myrna Winterdaal (Pos Chiquito), Esthe
Vrolijk (Caiquetio), Yvette Koolman (Savaneta), Esmeralda Wever (Brazil), Mena Fran
(Noord), Gail Rodriguez (San Nicolas) and Yolanda Everon (Amity Organization).

Sand Carnival JParades

K '4)-



urart of the group of nineteen youth queen candidates who
detarnival Queen title on January 25. In the center is Connie
[Ti candidate, who won the title.

competed for the 1978 Youth
Irausquin, the Juliana School

hearti di e grupo di diez-nuebe candidate cu a compete pa e titulo di Reina dl Carnaval
Inlubenil 1978 ariba 25 di Januari. Den centro ta Connie Irausquin candidate di Juliana
School, kende a gana e titulo.


5, 1978



Lago's President John R. Gibbs crowned the
tearful, but happy new youth queen. At left run-
ner-up Arlette Alexander, and at right, 1977
Youth Carnival Queen Maristella Geerman. Be-
low, Modesto Ruiz, President of the Youth Car-
nival Committee, congratulates the radiant
Youth Queen, Connie Irausquin.

- Oranjestad

:~~ate _

,,4it o LI -
SiMC t.






February 1978




^ ..-.. ..




978 February 1978 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 9


It g
W I^ p^ ^ ^ E m ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^



10 ARUBA ESSO NEWS February 1978

New knock testing units, housed in the new air-conditioned testing
area in the Labs, are faster and easier to operate.
E unidadnan nobo di "knock testing" cual ta den un lugar nobo aire-
acondiclona den Laboratorio, ta mas rapido y facil pa opera.

Max Fingal of the Labs with one of the units which determine
knock characteristics of gasoline products.
Max Fingal di Laboratorio cu uno di e unidadnan pa deter-
mina e caracteristica di "knock" di product di gasoline.

New Knock Testing Units Installed in the Laboratories Ensure

Faster Results, Better Control of Gasoline Product Quality

As part of the improvement pro-
gram for the Technical Laboratories,
three new knock testing units have
been installed in the recently con-
structed knock testing area in the
Lab Building. The new testing units
will replace five units which are now
over 35 years old. These units,
which were originally housed in the
old Knock Testing Lab where the
Naphthenic Acid Still is now located,

I Effective Supe
(Continued from page 3)
to Lago's needs. The course was
conducted at Lago in 1972 and 1974.
The Effective Supervision Course
was this time taught by George Huda-
nish of Esso Caribbean, Coral Ga-
bles, and Carlos Z. de Cuba of Lago
Employee Relations Training Sec-
tion, who also coordinated the train-
ing program. George handled the
subjects : What Management Is,
Group Decision Making, Supervisory
Activities Review, Leadership Skills,
Analysis of Supervisory Inventory
Communications Test and Superviso-
ry Inventory of Human Relations.
Carlos presented the Mechanics of
the Program at the first session, and
covered the topic on Mlotivation, Com-
munications: (One-Way versus Two-
Way, Stereotyping and Non-Verbal;
Meanings are in People; Effective
Listening), Effective Discussion end
Performance Appraisal, Coaching and
Orientation and Personal Style Re-
Other instructors, who participated
in the course on a one-subject basis,
were: Hank W. Bryce (Company Ope-
rations), Higinio A. Kelly (Safety for

are outdated and will be dismantled.
Knock engines are used daily at
Lago to determine or measure the an-
ti-knock quality of gasoline products,
a matter of prime importance. If an-
ti-knock is too low, knock occurs.
Knock is a high pitch metallic rap-
ping noise. In addition to being au-
dibly annoying, in severe cases, knock
may result in considerable engine
wear and tear.

revision Course
Supervisors), Ray Farro (Work Me-
thods Improvements), Henry Coffi,
Eddy Thode and Joaquin Croes (La-
bor Relations) and Rosendo Nicolaas
The Effective Supervision Program,
formerly given in two phases, was
compacted by giving participating su-
pervisors pre-course preparation in
the form of questionnaires. The com-
pleted assignments were turned in at
their first course session and discus-
sed during the week.
During both week-long course ses-
sions, each group was split into three
teams to give members of the same
department the opportunity to discuss
and analyze various topics concern-
ing their specific job situation. Main
points of the course were emphasiz-
ed by presenting charts, vu-graphs
and films.
The course will benefit the super-
visors in many ways, but mainly in
helping them gain more confidence
through a better understanding of
their job responsibilities, and in the
development of their skills in dealing
with their people and in the effective
handling of every-day work situations.

The new electronically-controlled
units, which are essentially test engi-
nes to determine the octane number
of gasolines, are faster and easier to
operate. They are motorized, in com-
parison to the former manually ope-
rated engines, require less mainte-
nance and cut down testing time.
Tests which were previously done in
45 60 minutes, can now be com-
pleted in an average of 30 minutes
The new units also use a so-called
PBON (Push Button Octane Number)
which collects test data and automa-
tically optimizes carburetion and com-
One of the units will be used to de-
termine the knock characteristics of
motor gasolines by the Research Me-
thod. The other unit, which is simi-
lar in design, will determine the cha-
racteristics of motor and aviation ga-
solines by the Motor Method. The
third and largest unit will determine
the knock characteristics of aviation
gasolines by the Supercharge Me-
thod. The knock testing units used
for the Research and Motor Methods
consist each of a single-cylinder en-
gine of continuously variable com-
pression ratio, with suitable sample
loading, accessory equipment and in-
struments, mounted on a stationary
The difference between the Re-
search and Motor Method are the
standard operating conditions requi-
red during testing. Conditions such
as engine speed, intake air tempera-
ture, mixture temperature and spark
advance are different between the
two methods.
(Continued on page 12)


February 1978

Four Fire Training Courses were
given at Lago's Fire Training Fa-
cilities in January. Sixteen Vo-
lunteer Firefighters, five Lago
Police members and two Gov-
ernment Fire Brigade members
attended the 24-hour Refresher
Course given Jan. 11 13. As-
sisting Fire Chief Chin Harms,
were instructors Errol Brown
and Ernie Williams. Certificates
were presented by Technical
Manager Bob Clapp (far right).

The refresher course held on Jan. 18 20 was attended by 23 VFB members, 6 Lago
Police members and 2 Government Fire Brigade members. Co-instructors were VFB
Captains Wim Diaz, Segundo de Kort and VFB Lt. Meleno Pourier. Certificates were
presented by Process Manager Oystein Dahle.


*_ ?

Eleven new Lago VFB members, 4 firefighters of the Bonaire Petroleum Company and 3
firemen of the Government Fire Brigade attended a 40-hour Basic Fire Training course
Jan. 23 27. Certificates were presented by Vice President J. R. Gibbs (far left).
Bonaire Petroleum
Corporation f i r e -
fighters Willem
Werleman, J u a n
Pourier, Elsio Beu-
kenboom and Fred-
dy St. Jago are
flanked here by
VFB Captain Errol
Brown (1) and Fire
Chief Chin Harms,
V F B Capt. Ernie
Williams and Vice
President J. R.

Fire Practices Help Keep

Volunteer Firemen in Shape

For Action in Emergencies
We all know the adage : Practice
Makes Perfect. With practice, skills
and techniques learned become al-
most second nature to a person, caus-
ing expert and spontaneous reaction
to whatever he dedicates himself to.

The Lago Volunteer Fire Brigade,
with the responsibility to save lives
and prevent material losses in the re-
finery, keeps its members in tip-top
shape all the time through a series of
practices at the Fire Training Facili-
ties. Following their 40-hour Basic
Fire Training program, which initiates
them as firemen, they participate
yearly in several fire training practi-
ces, refresher courses and periodic
fire drills to help keep them on their

Besides sharpening their skills in
the use of firefighting equipment and
protective gear, they also have the
chance to practice what is very im-
portant good team work. Good
and frequent training practices gives
them the confidence they need to
keep a "cool" head in fire emergen-
cies where quick thinking and swift
action are essential.

Through these programs Lago's
Fire Brigade members are kept
abreast of the latest equipment and
methods used in combating refinery
fires. Other programs include special
training sessions conducted by fire-
fighting experts of affiliated compa-
nies and the participation of a group
of Lago volunteers in a fire training
course in Texas last year.


February 1978

ARUBA ESSO NEWS February 1978

V i-i

Trying on his 25-
year service watch
here is Everardo
Croes (c) of Mecha-
nical M P & C,
D i s t r. Everardo's
service anniversary
was Jan. 12.
At right, Mariano M.
Gei (2nd left) of
Mechanical Metal
Trades is present-
ed his 30-year ser-
vicie award on his
anniversary Janua-
ry 14.





Ed del Valle, Rich Davies Application Forms for Summer Training Program
Ta Acepta Posicion Nobo
Cu Esso Inter-America, Inc. For College Students Available as of March 1
Cu Esso Inter-Almerica, Inc.

Na Maart, Eduardo (Ed) G. del
Valle y Richard (Rich) 0. Davies am-
bos lo traslada pa Esso Inter-Ameri-
ca, Inc., Coral Gables, Florida.
Ed, kende actualmente ta Division
Superintendent di Process Utilities,
a acepta e position di Senior Adviser
den e Logistics Department. Den e
function ey el lo trata cu questionnan
di prijs y un spectro mas amplio di
trabao di analysis di suministro. Ed
lo report na su trabao nobo durante
promer siman di Maart.
Ed, kende tin un grado di doctor
den Ingenieria Qulmica di Louisiana
State University, a traha casi 31, an-
ja cu Exxon su MCS Department na
Florham Park, New Jersey promer cu
el a join Lago na 1973. El a ocupa
various position den Lago su Techni-
cal Department promer cu el a trasla-
da pa Process Department como Uti-
lities Division Superintendent na Sep-
tember anja pasA.
Acompanjando Ed na su lugar no-
bo di trabao ta su casA Margarita,
yiunan Margarita (11), Eduardo (10) y
Francisco (5).

Rich Davies lo traha como Senior
Adviser na EIA su Corporate Planning
and Economics Department. El lo cu-
minza su asignacion nobo aproxima-
damente 15 di Maart.

Rich tin un grado di Bachiller den
Ingenieria Mecanica y un grado di Bu-
siness Administration den Matematica
y Finanzas di Universidad di Chicago.

Actualmente Superintendente di
Crude & Products Coordination Divi-
sion den Technical Department, Rich
a bin na Lago na Juli 1972 despues
di traha tres anja cu Corporate Plan-
ning Corporation na New York City.
Promer cu el a asumi su actual res-
ponsabilidadnan na September 1976,
Rich a ocupa various posicionnan den

Lago will again sponsor a summer
training program for college students.
This eight-week program will start
June 19 and close on August 11, 1978.
The program is intended to provide
an opportunity for students to obtain
experience of value to their future ca-
The program will be open to stu-
dents who have completed at least
one year of university or college-level
studies, and whose parents are resi-
dents of Aruba. Applicants must be
available to participate for at least
four of the eight-week period in order
to qualify. The number of partici-
pants accepted will be limited by the
number of meaningful jobs available
with priority given to participants hav-
ing the best match between educa-
tional background and available job

This year's summer training will
start with a two-day orientation, after
which students will start their assign-
ments in the various departments.
This two-day orientation will include
sessions on the following topics The
Oil Industry, Esso Inter-America and
Exxon Corporation, Lago Operations,
Main Functions of Each Lago Depart-
ment, Process Units and Refinery

No applications will be accepted
after MAY 15, 1978, to permit time for
the Training Section to develop the
best possible match between the par-
ticipants' background and educatio-
nal accomplishments and the jobs
available. Applications for this pro-
gram are available at Lago's Training
Section, Room 173, General Office
Building, as of March 1, 1978

(Continued from page 10)
The unit used for the Supercharge
Method also consists of a single-cylin-
der engine with accessories mounted
on a base. It is equipped with con-
trols for varying manifold pressure
and fuel flow. The operating condi-
tions for this method are totally dif-
ferent from the other methods. The
Research and Motor Methods deter-
mine the octane number of a gaso-
line by comparing its knocking ten-
dency with those of blends of ASTM
reference fuels of known octane num-
ber under standard operating condi-
tions. This is done by varying the
compression ratio for the sample to
obtain standard knock intensity as

Crude & Product Coordination y Eco-
nomics and Planning Divisions den
Technical Department.
Rich su casa Marilee lo acompanje-
le na su asignacion nobo na Coral

measured by an electronic detona-
tion meter.
The Supercharge Method determi-
nes the performance number of avia-
tion gasoline by comparing its knock-
limited power with those of blends of
reference fuels under standard opera-
ting conditions
The units simulates a spark-igni-
tion reciprocating aircraft engine,
while the other simulates spark igni-
tion engines.
Octane number of motor gasolines
and performance number of aviation
gasolines are critical specification re-
quirements and are a measure of the
performance quality of the gasoline.
The higher the octane or performance
number, the better the product will
perform in an engine provided all
other specification requirements are
within specified limits.
These engines, which cost over
$ 100.000, are operated by dedicated
Inspection Section personnel.

Knock Engines in The Labs