Aruba Esso news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA03400001/00033
 Material Information
Title: Aruba Esso news
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30-44 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Lago Oil and Transport Company, Ltd
Publisher: Lago Oil and Transport Co., Ltd.
Place of Publication: Aruba Netherlands Antilles
Creation Date: August 31, 1945
Frequency: biweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Petroleum industry and trade -- Periodicals -- Aruba   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Language: Text in English and papiamento.
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- 1940-
General Note: Cover title.
 Record Information
Source Institution: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Holding Location: Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000307401
oclc - 06371498
notis - ABT4040
System ID: CA03400001:00033

Full Text

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VOL 6. No. 1 1



AUGUST 31, 1945


Eugene Holman, presi-
dent of S.O. Co. (N.J.)
Is interviewed by repor-
ters at La Guardia Field,
New York, on his return
from Europe after a war-
damage survey. Mr. Hol-
man stated that no ac-
curate estimate could he
made until more detailed
examination Is made.
"Damage to filling sta-
tions, bulk plants, and
warehouses was not
nearly as great as we
had anticipated he r'-
ported, "but refineries
were pretty well dam-
aged In all countries"

.Wa _. bm I 1--,
With concentration stamped on their faces, two aspirants to the Training Division's apprentice
training program labor over their problem in one of the many aptitude tests taken on Aug. 7 for
entrance into the course. This year 140 boys were tested for the 1945 program with approximately
6S per cent being chosen. The lads have been taking medical examinations for the past two weeks
and will be ready to start classes on September 1.

These Interested faces are watching something
unheard-of only a short time ago dousing a
lighted cigar in aviation gasoline. The ash tray
contains a sample of the Company's new safety
fuel. Demonstrating its safety are Margaret
Dorian and H. L. Thwaites, Esso Laboratories
employees. (See page 4 for more about this great
advance in petroleum technology).

Dos dia di Fiesta a introduce
Celebraci6n di Paz

Servicionan na Iglesianan, paradanan
sin preparaci6n, klapchinan y acci6n di
gracias general a introduce paz di mun-
do cu victoria riba Jap6n, ora cu hen-
denan di Lago a celebra, durante dianan
15 y 16 di Agosto.

E pito grand di Powerhouse, cu taba-
ta cla durante various anjanan pa pita
alarm en caso di un ataque di enemigo,
a pita pa anuncia victoria final y na e
nes tempo principio di dos dia di fiesta.
Celebracion tabata nifica alegria vo-
able pa algun y pa otronan acci6n di
gracias reverente. Empleadonan di La-
go cu produci poderosamente pa guerra,
a bolbe dos dia despues pa sigui produ-
Awor, sinembargo, ta pa un mundo
cu por fin despues di 6 anja ta na paz

Peace Ushered In With Two-Day Holiday

Church services, impromptu parades,
firecrackers, and general thanksgiving
here ushered in the world's return to
peace with victory over the Japanese,
as Lagoites celebrated with holidays
August 15 and 16.
The big Powerhouse'whistle, which for
several years had been ready to sound
the alarm in case of an enemy attack,
instead sounded the announcement of
final victory, at the same time signalling
the start of a two-day holiday.
Celebration ranged from lighthearted
joy to reverent thanksgiving that the
conflict was over. Lagoites, who had
produced mightily for war, came back
two days later to go on producing.
Now, however, it was for a world
which, for the first time in nearly six
years, was at peace.

Lago Employing Former Soldiers
As Demobilization Progresses

With the gradual demobilization of
military forces stationed at the Sabane-
ta army camp (now being done at the
rate of approximately 150 per month)
the Company has been offering employ-
ment to discharged soldiers in recent
Over 90 have started work, with
about one-third of that number being
former employees who were on military
leave of absence.
The men are interviewed individually,
and new records are made so that skills
they may have acquired in the army can
be utilized. Every effort is made to cut
red tape and give them work as soon as
possible, and they are being given priori-
ty on available jobs within their abili-
It is expected that several hundred
more of the soldiers will be offered em-
ployment in the next two months.

Heights Elects New Committee

With over 94 per cent of those eligible
casting ballots, Lago Heights elected a
new seven-man Advisory Committee
August 22, to serve for the coming year.
Those selected to consult with Ma-
nagement on Heights problems and to
organize the district's social and sports
functions are:
Householders H. de Vries, F. da Silva,
and J. W. Arrias.
Bachelors (boarders) L. H. Bruce, J. P.
Bachelors (non-boarders) A. Texeira,
C. Hunte.

To Tom Evans, operator at Powerhouse No. 1,
went the privilege of blowing the victory whistle
which here signalled the end of Japan as
fighting force. The date: August 14, 1945; the
time, 7:25 p.m. (Note: Tom isn't in that posi-
tion because he's resting. It takes a hefty
sustained pull at the control to set off the big
blast of steam). Below, the Powerhouse's auxi-
liary whistle, blown by Alfred Bishop, adds its
note to the din.
Tom Evans, operator na Powerhouse No. 1, ta-
bata tin e privilegio di pita e pito di Victoria,
cu a sinjali fin di Japdn come Fuerza di Guerra.
Akl bao. e pito auxilario di Powerhouse. cu Al-
fred Bishop a pita pa yuda sinjala victoria.

V-J Day Marked by All-Time Record in Crude Throughput

Come out from behind that steak The face al-
most hidden In this very-unposed portrait is that
of Roy Stikel, Training Division supervisor,
taken unawares at a recant picnic.

Producing for victory up to the mo-
tent that victory was clinched, Lago
employees set a new production record
on the day that Japan gave up.
For the 24 hours ending on the morn-
ing of the peace announcement August
14, a total of 359,481 barrels of crude
was processed, an all-time production
record for this refinery and probably
for any refinery in the world. The prev-
ious record had been 351,221 barrels, on
July 24 of this year.
In shipments as well as production,
the end of war saw operations at a peak.
In the six days previous to V-J Day,
Marine and R. & S. forces loaded 26
ships for a total of 2,261,474 barrels of
all products. Of this huge quantity
(94,981,908 gallons), a total of 1,793,000
barrels was fuel oil, all-important to the
marine operations of the Pacific.

The harbor, one of the busiest places
in Aruba through all the years of war,
made more news in the month of July
when 489 ships came in during the 30
days (including 352 lake tankers and
137 ocean tankers and cargo ships). The
gross tonnage of the 489 was 2,184,672,
which if put on a yearly basis would
place Lago shipping approximately fifth
in clearance tonnage as compared with
all the ports in the United States.
A harbor expert with experience in
many of the world's great ports was a
visitor here during the month. After
watching the swift handling of ships for
several days, he said he had never seen
dock utilization time at such a high de-
gree of efficiency (which in laymen's
language means that, while the Allies
needed the oil, Lago's docks were seldom

I. l

I 1

s so N W s,





Peace has come once again to the World. The spontaneous
re.ebration here, starting the evening of August 14, was
indicative of the way everyone felt. The tension was relaxed;
no longer did we feel the urgency of providing oil for the
machines of war, or the apprehension for the safety of our
lear ones in battle. The Armed Fordas of Evil have finally
been subdued. A new era opens before us.
The employees of the Lago Refinery and Fleet can be
proud of their part in the Victory. We had our dark hours,
both figuratively and literally, when it seemed that all our
efforts were being frustrated and we might be doomed to
the fate of the occupied countries of Europe; but we never
gave up, and success finally crowned our work. The vital
oil flowed in ever increasing quantities to the Navies,
Armies, and Air Forces. This accomplishment will be forever
a source of great satisfaction to all Lago men and women.
The new era before us has great opportunities for mankind
but no certainties. God grant that we have learned some-
thing from the terrible experiences of the last 30 years and
especially the last six. The destruction of material things
has been enormous, and they can be replaced only by hard
work and painstaking economic readjustment. However, this
will be of no permanent value if our spiritual, ethical, and
moral standards are not reconstructed on a higher plane.
The restoration and expected elevation of our standard of
living are of far lesser importance than the task of living
together in peace and harmony
We in Aruba are a small part of the world but we will
have the same problems and uncertainties to face as every-
one else. We have proven that we can accomplish great
things under the pressure of war and I am hopeful that the
challenge of the New Era will bring the same response of
courage, hard work, common sense and tolerance for a
lasting peace from Lago men and women that was shown
here in war.


"C.Y.I." FIs. 300 "C.Y.I."

M. D. Peterson of Laboratory No. 3
won an award of Fls. 80 from the Coin
Your Ideas plan in July with an im-
proved hookup of the pumps operating
the 1 to 25-gallon and the 2-barrel
stills. (These are used on crude evalua-
tion tests for the Creole producers in
Venezuela). Mr. Peterson is shown be-
low drawing a sample on one of the

S; / ,

M. D. Peterson

Top award of the month went to Percy
Douglas, for his suggestion to change
the system of supplying steam to the
service water pumps at No. 2 Power-
house. He has recently resigned and his
award of Fls. 100 is being forwarded
to him in Curacao.
Other awards were: Two Fls. 10
awards to H. C. Bentham for suggested
changes to Main office air conditioning
system, also that the area under the
ammonia receiver in the Dining Hall be
concreted; C. E. Allchurch FIs. 15,
review telephone numbers given in tele-
phone boxes; Kelvin Lewis Fls. 15, in-
stall a telephone on the Main Dock; E.
Tjin-Kam-Yet Fls. 10, facilitate handling
of smothering steam valves No. S
Rerun still; Wesley Brown Fls. 15, use
canvas from old army cots to make
waiters' aprons; Jose Lade Fls. 20, im-
proved system to dispose of carbon
skimmed from coolers at the Acid con-
centrators, Miss. A. Paesch Fls. 15,
chicken wire protection for a check-out
bin at the Laundry; Oscar N. Ramotor
Fls. 10, remove telephone at Lago Club

"C.Y.I" Plan Revised To includee
Awards for Supervisory Group

In a letter to department heads and
general foremen August 17, General
Manager L. G. Smith announced an ex-
tension of the Coin Your Ideas Plan
which will enable supervisors previously
excluded from the plan to receive "C.Y.
I." awards under certain conditions.
In introducing the new departure, Mr.
Smith wrote, in part:

"While supervisors are a part of Man-
agement and their responsibilities in-
clude the use of their experience, in-
genuity and skill to improve operations
under their control, we recognize that
the scope of each one's responsibilities
has limitations depending on his posi-
tion in the organization. Many times
supervisors have made good suggestions
for the improvement of operations which
are beyond their jurisdiction and we
have been unable to give them any
tangible recognition. To share such
company savings and to reward super-
visors for their adopted suggestions of
this nature we are extending the Coin
Your Ideas Plan with this in view."

The announcement goes on to give the
detailed procedure to be followed, which
includes the Executive Committee's
taking final action on awards recom-
mended by the "C.Y.I." Committee and
the superintendent of the department
where such an idea is put into use.

The next issue of the ARUBA Esso NEws will be distributed
Friday, September 21. All copy must reach the editor in
the Personnel building by Friday noon, September 14.
Telephone 523
Printed by The Curacao Courant. Curacao. N W.I.

For over half a century August 31 was a national
holiday of general jubilation, the birthday of a well
loved queen. Then for five years it became a day of
national unity and high resolve wherever there was a
Netherlands flag, either at the top of a flagstaff or
only in the hearts of a people under oppression.
In those tragic years the nation's unity had a rallying
point in the House of Orange, as it has had for almost
four centuries. Holland does not celebrate the day in
1579 when the Union of Utrecht was signed, becoming
the charter of the United Netherlands, nor the date in
1581 when another great step was taken towards
independence, nor a date in 1588 when the First battle
was joined in the war of liberation. There are other an-
niversaries, like that of the restoration after the
Napoleonic occupation in 1813.
With such a wealth of historic memories, the nation
still concentrates on the last day of August, when, 65
years ago, a Princess was born to the House of Orange.
Her family has been so close to all of Holland's history
that it is naturally and voluntarily cherished and re-
This year again August 31 becomes a day of cele-
bration. For a long time to come it may not have the
carefree feeling of pre-war years there is too much
personal tragedy in Holland's homes, as in homes
everywhere but it is again truly "The Queen's Birth-
day" that is being observed.





AUGUST 31 1945





A former Lago kindergarten teacher
and a group of her pupils "made"
GLAMOUR magazine last month when
that publication ran a two-page
feature called "Strike Oil", suggest-
Ing opportunities for women In the
oil Industry. The article, which was
prepared by Standard Oil's Public Re-
lations Department, displayed ten pho-
tographs of Esso women at work rang-
ing "from medicine to metallurgy".
Lago's contribution, duplicated right,
was a picture taken last November in
the Community School's kindergarden.
In front of the group are Alice Mae
Eaton and Maurine Daly; Millie Ann
Crippen Is serving "tea" to Tommy
Watkins and Jimmy Morris; in back,
wrestling with building blocks, are
Brad Wease and Billy White. The
teacher is Cornelia Stryker (now Mrs.
Homer Waltes).

Frank Elchhorn, below, was recently employed
as assistant to the editor of the ARUBA ESSO
NEWS. Frank is a former service man, with two
and a half years In the Marines, including a six-
months stretch on Guadalcanal. He was mustered
out with a medical discharge in April. and came
to Aruba August 4.


No one but fighting men
had sailed the seas for
so many years that these
children made a little bit
of history Thursday of
last week as they troop-
ed down the ganEmlank
of the "Esso Bolivar".
Gloria, Willaim, James.
and Merlene Morris. they
were the first Colony
passengers to arrive by
ship since December 7,
1941. (They were follow-
ed closely by their
mother and by the Earl
Carroll family, also
"first passengers".

Organization Changes

J. D. Lykins, formerly of the Techni-
cal Service Department, has become a
division superintendent in the Process
Department supervising the Pressure
Stills, Gas & Poly, and Hydro-Alky De-
Following this transfer, C. R. Greene
has been appointed superintendent of
the Process Division of T.S.D., J. L.
Field replaces Mr. Greene as group head
in the Process Design group, and J. M.
Rosborough replaces Mr. Field as group
head in the Process Control group, while
H. C. Miller takes over Mr. Rosborough's
duties in Laboratory No. 3. During Dr.
J. Reid's absence, T. M. Binnion heads
up the activities of Laboratory No. 3,
with P. Rogers temporarily in charge of
Laboratories No. 1 and 2. J. W. Price
of T.S.D. has been transferred to the
Pressure Stills Department on special
During the furlough absence of C.
Berrisford, his duties as general fore-
man, Carpenter & Paint Department
are being taken by S. Hartwick, with J.
Pakozdi replacing Mr. Hartwick as assi-
stant general foreman.
S. Sery replaces F. K. Perkins (who
leaves Aruba in the near future) as
group head in the Estimating and Co-
ordinating group. During the furlough
absence of W. B. Cundiff, N. B. Stahre
will act as assistant chief engineer, G.
D. Everett will act as group head in
Design Drafting and Field Engineering,
and R,V. Dorward assumes Mr. Everett's
duties in the Structural and Architect-
ural squad. L. D. McBurney and L. R.
Seekins will divide the work of Equip-
ment Inspection group head temporarily.
During the furlough absence of F.
Hayes, B. I. Klock will act as group
head in the Piping squad.
Captain K. A. Hoglund is in charge of
the Lago Police Department during the
furlough of Chief G. B. Brook.

NEW ARRIVALS [ German Oil Indnstry Studied

A son, Pedro, to Mr. and Mrs. Angelico Geer
man, August 1.
A son. Artie, to Mr. and Mrs. Orlando Wesen.
hagen, August 1.
A son. Oswaldo Feliciano, to Mr. and Mrs.
Pedio Van der Linde. August 5.
A son. George Wayne. to Mr. and Mrs. Georne
Nobre.a, August 5.
A son. Rudolfo. to Mr. and Mrs. Damiano
Geerman. August 5.
A daughter. Lila Cameron, to Mr. and Mrs.
Thomas leverock, August 6.
A daughter. Britta Helen, to Mr. and Mrs.
Percy Robles. August 6.
A son, George Edwin, to Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Marshall. August 6.
A son. Rosemond Berrisford. to Mr. and Mrs.
George Thomas. August 7.
A son. Mahiel Johan, to Mr. and Mrs. Aris
Sonneveldt. August 7.
A daughter. Lorenza Margarita, to Mr. and
Mrs. Fiancisco Angela. August 10.
A son. Filomeno. to Mr. and Mrs. Augustin
Van Arneman. August 11.
A son. Roland. to Mr. and Mrs. Willem Van
Aanholt, August 12.
A daughter, Maria Helena. to Mr. and Mrs.
Martinus Smit. August 15.
A daughter. Bernice Viola. to Mr. and Mrs
James Bailey. August 17.
A daughter, Violanda Hyasintha. to Mr. and
Mis. Hypolyto Tromp,. August 17.
A ldatghter, to Mr. and Mrs. James Singer.
August 17.
A son. Harold Kenneth. to Mr. and Mrs. An-
thony Perrotte, August 19.
A son. to Mr. and Mis. Remigio Franken,
August 20.
A son. to Mr. and Mrs. Severinus Fernandes,
August 20.
A son, to Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Murray. August
A daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Duinkerk, August
A daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Wolfe.
August 21.
A son, to Mr. and Mrs. C. 1. Leverock. August
A daughter, to Mr. and Mrs. J. McCauley,
August 22.

According to an announcement in the
Curacao press, the military censorship
of mail and cables that has been in ef-
feet here since 1940 was discontinued
August 18. Letters will no longer be
censored even for foreign exchange con-
The Committee for the Supervision of
Telephonic and Telegraphic Communica-
tion is still operating, but it is anticipat-
ed that it will also be discontinued soon.

The frantic efforts of the German
oil industry to survive Allied bombings
and the inferiority of its wartime pro-
ducts are revealed in a preliminary re-
port by U. S. oil technologists, (includ-
ing three S. O. (N. J.) men), studying
refinery and production methods in Ger-
many under the auspices of the Petro-
leum Administration for War.
Though the Germans used gasoline
of lower octane rating in their ground
transport than the Allied Armies, the
greatest difference was seen in aviation
gasoline. The Luftwaffe was forced to
fly on 90 to 95 octane gasoline, while
100 octane rating was standard for all
Allied aircraft.
The Nazis produced the ingredients
for 100 octane gasoline, but not in suffi-
cient quantity to bring all the gasoline
they needed to that standard. The dif-
ference in quality gave our engines in
combat a margin of performance that
often meant victory instead of defeat.
The investigating group found little
of value in France, since the Germans
had not augmented French plants, and
Nazi staffs retreated with the Wehr-
macht taking records with them. In
Germany, despite badly damaged plants,
- most of which had been bombed out
of production completely for several
weeks before American forces reached
them information of considerable
value was obtained.
Tons of records were recovered
from ruined plants and microfilmed for
removal to the United States for study.
At one plant it was learned that a sum-
mary had been and buried to preserve
the data for the future. This was re-
covered and the summary, neatly tabulat-
ing results of the voluminous records,
was taken for study.
Several underground refineries had
been substantially completed and were

(O -News

Paul Kuhl, who was head of the Tech-
nical Service Department here from
1932 to 1934, was appointed manager of
Standard Oil Company of New Jersey's
Southern East Coast refineries and the
Baltimore Printing Plant this month.
He succeeds Merle Meacham, who died
of a cerebral hemorrhage at Union Me-
morial Hospital, Baltimore, August 3.

The next issue of "The Lamp" maga-
zine, tqbe distributed in the near future,
will feature a series of watercolor paint-
ings by Albert Dehn, depicting industrial
and rural scenes in Venezuela. Mr. Dehn.
a prominent watercolorist, recently made
an extended visit to the country under
the auspices of the Creole Petroleum

about ready to start operation when the
war ended, the group's investigation re-
vealed. Their construction and location
were discovered in enemy documents
captured months before, but various un-
certainties made it difficult for the Al-
lies to determine the productive capacity
of these refineries. Built in caves,
abandoned mines and other natural and
man-made shelters, they were difficult
targets from the air and the orly alter-
native was to destroy the railroads upon
which they were dependent for raw



AUGUST 31, 1945





Jersey Scientists Develop Flash-Resistant High-Octane Fuel

Hailed as what may be one of the most
important technical advances in aviation
- practical development of a high oc-
tane safety fuel for use in aircraft en-
gines was announced in New York
last month with a demonstration of the
new fuel's safety qualities by technicians
of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey)
and Pan American World Airways.
The new safety fuel provides a safety

factor which, aviation engineers say, will
increase utilization of commercial air-
craft by making refueling in air practi-
cal for long range operation. The fuel
packs all the power of 100 octane gas-
oline, but it so resistant to accidental
ignition that a lighted match can be
dropped into it without causing a fire.
Conventional motor and aviation gas-
olines ignite readily and burn rapidly

While regular aviation gasoline vapors blaze above the glass at the left, H. L. Thwaltes of Esseo'
Research Division holds a lighted taper above the safety high octane aviation fuel at the right
and no flames appear. The safety fuel would hav to be heated above 100 F. before it would
form inflammable vapors.
A burst of flaming 100 octane gasoline covers the fuel chute (below) as four cc. of the gasoline
are poured past a burning wick. While the gasoline blazes on the left as the vapors are Ignited,
at the right an equal amount of safety fuel does not burn at aid as it is poured past the flaming
taper. If the small stream of safety gasoline was poured directly upon the blazing wick the fanlo
would be extinguished.

when spilled because of the inflammable
vapors formed. The new fuel must bh
heated to more than 100 degrees Fahren-
heit to produce enough vapors to ignite,
thus eliminating the dangers of flash fire
Irom fast-vaporizing gasoline that mignt
be set off by a spark.
The practicability of the fuel was pro-
ven in tests on high-powered engines si-
milar to those to be used by Pan Ameri-
can in the great postwar global Clipperr.
These tests indicated that on every score
safety fuel delivered the same horse-
power as the best high octane gasoline in
During its development a type of the
Company's new fuel has been used to
test fuel pipeline systems on airplane
carriers. Its safer qualities have made
it ideal for actual circulation tests while
carriers were being built or repaired,
without the danger of flash fires from
the sparks of a welder's torch or static
electricity. Safety fuel that has remain-
ed in the carrier's gasoline pipeline sy-
stems has blended safely with conven-
tional octane gasoline and there has been
no danger of a faulty mixture for tth
plane motors.

Development began 13 years ago -
No matter what type of gasoline you
want to think about, gasoline is still
gasoline. Exposed to the air it forms
highly inflammable vapors at normal
temperatures, and because of this fact
certain precautions must be taken in
handling to minimize the possibility of
its catching fire. There are occasions.
however, when even normal precautions
are not enough and then gasoline be-
comes a destructive, rather than a use-
ful, material.
It was with this in mind that the
Standard Oil Development Company
went to work, as far back as 1932, to try
to make a fuel which would have all
the power characteristics of 100 octane
gasoline but which would be as safe as
kerosene to handle. (In contrast to ke-
rosene's flash point of about 1000, ordi-
nary 100 octane fuel has a flash point
of 400 below Zero F.) The United States
Navy, which at that time was doing
considerable work with dirigibles, was
very much interested in having a fuel
of that type for use in airships.
It was no problem to raise the flash
point of aviation gasoline all that
was required was to lower its volatility
characteristics so it did not evaporate
so readily. However, in doing so Esso
scientists immediately ran into two new
problems: the new fuel would not run
in conventional engines because of its
lowered volatility, and changing the vo-
latility by ordinary refining methods re-
sulted in a serious and apparently un-
avoidable loss in octane quality, with re-
sulting loss of power.
At the time, the first problem appea--
ed difficult to solve, calling for either
an entirely new type of carburetor or a
new type of engine.
The new hydrogenation process, how-
ever, went far in answering the second
problem low octane quality, and they
were able to produce a high octane, high
flash aviation fuel for experimental pur-
poses. It was produced, though, only at
high cost, and the amount produced was
very small.
The new fuel was furnished for test
purposes to the Navy for use in dirigi-
bles in 1932, and in March, 1934, a plane
fueled with it was flown at Roosevelt
Field on Long Island. At that time any
commercial application appeared to be
remote because of the high cost of man-
ufacture and lack of refining equipment
suitable for producing the new fuel. in
large volume.
By 1936 further advances had been
made in manufacturing methods, and
that year for the first time was produc-
ed a high flash gasoline which, so far

A major advantage of Standard's new safety
aviation fuel is that it cannot he ignited by an
open fla.ne unless it is heated above 100I F.
Another is that the rate a which the open flame
spreads even after ignition is very slow. In the
top pictu-e the lighted taper at the end of the
fuel tray burns as the stop watch Is started.
Forty-five seconds later, in the second photo-
graph, the fuel has not started to burn. One
minute and four seconds later the first flame
appears as the vapors start to ignite (third
photograph). It takes 12 more seconds for the
flame to travel the length of the dish. if the
fuel demonst-ated were ordinary aviation gas-
oline it would instantaneou-lv hurt I.*o flame
as the taper was brought near it.

as octane number was concerned, had
the same general characteristics as pre.
sent day 100 octane. The following year
the U. S. Navy selected it for test pur-
poses on aircraft carriers.
Also in 1937 the Army Air Corps
carried out tests of the fuel under com-
bat conditions. More recently these tests
led to new and unexpected complications,
With ordinary high octane gasoline, the
vapors above the fuel inside the
tanks are too rich to burn if the tank is
pierced by an incendiary bullet. Of
course, if the gasoline leaks outside thq
tank, the vapors then become highly in-
flammable, and this is one of the prin-
cipal ways in which enemy planes not
equipped with leak-proof tanks are
brought down.
On the other hand, with the new safe-
ty fuel in the tanks, the vapors above
the fuel are too lean to support com-
bustion if an incendiary bullet hits. It
developed during these and later Army
tests, however, that incendiary hits may
atomize enough gasoline in the vapor
space so that an explosion similar to a
dust explosion could occur. Explosions
did occur during the Army tests, which
discouraged adoption of the fuel for
combat use.
Thus for several reasons the aircraft
industry took a turn away from the ex-
perimental development of safety fuel at
that time (operating requirements in
commercial airline engines, disadvant-
ages in combat operations, etc.). As a
result, work to apply safety fuel com-
mercially came to a halt during the war
period. All Company energies were con-
centrated on turning out increased quan-
tities of regular 100 octane, synthetic
toluene, synthetic rubber, and other es-
sential wartime products.
The war has brought about several
important changes in the situation which
greatly affect ability to make a safe,
high flash, high octane aviation fuel in
large volume for commercial use after
the war. One of these changes has been
in the field of petroleum technology, and
the other involves new developments in
the fuel injection field.
As a result of stepped-up war produc-
tion. Standard and others in the indus-
try have available large quantities of
potential components for this new fuel
which previously were scarce. As for
fuel injection engines, important strides
have been made during the war period.
Safety high octane gasoline is parti-
cularly adapted to the requirements of
the long range aircraft that will be
carrying passengers and freight in new
volume over the oceans and the conti-
nents. It will be a major factor in the
coming great era of aviation.





AUGUST 31 1945



AUGUST 31, 1945

Concert at U.N.I.A. Hall Features Baseball Season
Amateur Talent With Thirty Acts Season

Nears End With

Savaneta in Lead

The U. N. I. A. Hall in San Nicolas
was the scene of great applause on
Saturday, August 18. For inside, with
the Silver Rhythm Band providing the
music, was held the first concert of the
United Negro Improvement Association
in this area. Eric Gairy of the Instru-
ment Dept., an instructor in U. N. I. A.'s
Night School Unit, explained that the
show was for the raising of funds to
improve the School's accommodation.
Some impressions of the evening con-
tributed by a spectator: "This concert
was one of the best ever produced in the
vicinity of San Nicolas. The three
Rhumba Queens, Senoritas Ramona, Ida
and Paulina, displayed great flexibility
in their dances, especially with their
rubberlike waists and graceful move-
ments. The girls were appropriately
costumed in expensive outfits especially
made for the purpose. Miss Paulina
held the audience spellbound as she
danced her Indian Dance, she also wa,
very enticing when she danced the Tan-
go with Rochester. These three young
ladies are among the best jive dancers
on the island. G. Sealy of Trinidad sang
"This Is a Lovely Way To Spend An
Evening" and "Two Dreams Met", and
impressed the audience as being a pro-
fessional singer. The tap dancers were
the local Bill Robinson (Fred Reefer of
Trinidad) and Strarke also of Trinidad.
They were really hot. There were in all
30 singing and dancing numbers and
they were all well executed. Among the
high spots during the evening was the
appearance of the local Cab Callow.ay
(Eric Gairy of the Instrument Dept.)
attired in a complete zoot suit. Gairy
was good and it is said he has one of
the best and fastest pairs of feet oil the
From the formation of the 'V' and the
singing of the opening song, "Miscella-
neous Dancing League" to the finale,
the whole set of numbers was well re-

(Through games of August 19)

San Lucas
Dutch Army



August 5

Battery 253*


San Lucas

Battery 814*

August 12

Battery 814*

Battery 253*


Dutch Army

1 i

1 Above Is the volunteer committee that did the work that kept the balls flying in the baseball
league. Left to right are Edney Huckleman of the Dispensary, Raul Montalve of the U.S. Army,
and Leonarls Cooper of Personnel. The pup. which belongs to the soldier, wears regulation Army
f "dog tags" which in this case are really dog tags. They are Inscribed with his name, Terry.

"yf. l "



August 19



Baseball Standings
As Service Teams

Drop out

At the present writing the standings
in the baseball league have been changed
by the withdrawal of both Battery
teams. These outfits had been leading
the league up until the time they drop-
ped out. Biggest gainer in the resulting
mixup of standings was Savaneta. With
a fifth place .500 in he old set-up, they
came up to the lead holding a .714
average in the new.
Another jump in the percentage co-
lumn put the .500 Garage team (tied
with Savaneta) up to three way tie for
second place in the new standings. With
Dutch Army remaining the same and
San Lucas moving up a notch, the .667
second place knot was created.
These changes are only temporary,
however, for the games of August 26
and September 2 have neither been re-
corded nor played for that matter, as
this is written. Possibility of terrific up-
set looms though as the set-up of the
schedule is such that practically any-
thing can happen and might.


August 2
San Nicolas Juniors

August 5
Aruba Juniors
San Nicolas Juniors

August 19

Dutch Army

Not included in standings

A feature game of the week was the
tilt between Venezuela and Esso Garage,
on August 19th.
Venezuela got off to an early lead of
2 0, Garage then came pounding up
from behind and tied it up at 2 2. At
mid-game Garage had moved out into
the lead and it was now 5 2. By the
7th. frame the Garage lads thought they
had the contest pretty well in the bag
the score now being 6 4. In the 9th.,
however Venezuela came back strong in
the midst of a storm of their own hits
and opposition errors and smashed
across 4 runs to regain the lead at
8 6. That was the way it ended, with
Venezuela making the final two outs
with a sizzling double play to win their
first game of the season against a strong
Garage team.

Un juego muy interesante se desar-
y el Esso Garage. El Venezuela anota
roll el 19 de agosto entire el Venezuela
las 2 primeras carreras, pero el Garage
en seguida consigue el empate y tenemos
2-2. En la mitad del juego el Garage se
adelanta con 5-2. En el siptimo "inn-
ing" los del Garage ya consideraban el
juego suyo, siendo el "score" 6-4, en el
noveno, sinembargo, el Venezuela se
lanza con fuerza y en medio de una tem-
pestad de "hits" y errors por par te del
oponente, anota 4 carrras mas, ponien-
dose de nuevo a la cabeza por 8 Asi
termino el juego haciendo el Venezuela
los dos ultimos "outs" con un double play
Esta fu6 la primera vez que el Vene-
zuela, derrotando al fuerte "team" del
Garage, se acredit6 la primer victoria
en esta temporada.

Shown above Is Venezuela, which broke into the win column August It with a surprise victory
ove, the strong Garage team. In the back row are Rene Aparlslo. Carlos Hernandez, Raul Aparlslo
(captain), and Pedro Rodriguez. In front are Uvaldo Prieto, Carlo Chlquito, Lionel Harms, and
Rafael Romero. (The little fellow all the way in front Is Oswaldo Poleo. mascot). Leo Kulperl is
also a member of the team but Is not in the picture.

"- A '"F .- -r .-

~z ?: 04


The Dodgers, with several Inexperienced players in the lineup, have been gaining experience
rapidly and can expect to do better In the next league. The players In back are Wilmer Hollger,
Golfrey Hollger, Juan Perez, Martin Romney (captain), William Brooks, Rosendo Tyson, and
Gregory Hodge. Down in front are Joseph Patterson. Thomas Lake, Enrique Thomas, James Gibbs,
Wlibet Chlttick, and Albert Baker.

Near the top of the heap and still with a good
chance to take the top honors Is the Esso Garage
team, shown at right. In the back row, left to
righl are Bill Dowers. Kaiser Lasran, Albert
Michols (captain), Tomasito Foy, Jose Ponce;
front row, George Lavelst, Ramon Portes, Jose
Herrera. Miguel Fellpo, Joseph Wllsan



A recent mail brought news to Frank
Scott of the Training Division, news of
the "now it can be told" variety. It was
a letter from his Navy son Jim, and
it reads like yesterday's newsreel:
"Our cargo upon leaving Pearl Harbor
in January consisted of war materials
and Admiral Nimitz's staff. Our desti-
nation was Guam our escort a de-
stroyer, which viewing the importance
of our cargo and the fact that Jap subs
were supposedly active in this area was
disappointing to me. Should have had
another tin-can!
At Guam there were a lot of wrecked
Jap planes. A few sunken ships dotted
the harbor. Nimitz's staff set up their
headquarters on Guam.
Leaving Guam for Ulethi a destroyer-
escort took the place of our destroyer.
The nearer we got to enemy waters the
smaller our escort. The latter part of
February CB's came aboard with their
equipment and we set out for Leyte.
Our escort for this jaunt had now fallen
to a small mine sweeper.
'Twas at Leyte that the first Jap
bombers initiated the Drew to modern
warfare. For the month we were there
general-quarters was sounded every
night, at least once.
About the 15th. of March invasion
troops began to come aboard tons of
depth charges were loaded into No. 1
hatch. I slept in the compartment aft of
the piles of powder and believe me I
had a hard time getting to sleep the
first few nights. After that it became
more or less of a habit and soon ceased
to be bothersome at all.
The convoy left Leyte in time to get
to Okinawa six days ahead of the
scheduled invasion on April 1st. In pre-
paration for our landing on Keramo
Retto (Aka Shima) machine guns were
mounted on the rails at various places
and hand grenades were made available
to combat possible suicide boats and
The objective was reached at 6 a.m.
in the morning I expected to see
ships, planes, swimmers, suicide boats,
the whole works, but nothing hap-
pened for the first 24 hours. The second
day a few things began to happen, dive
bombers attacked positions on the var-
ious islands and gunboats were doing
their stuff. A few wounded soldiers also
came back from the beach. The first
air raid, I think, came on the morning
of the second day.
A few mines were apparently dropped
from some of the planes for a ship in
the lane next to ours took one in the
bow. I was sitting in the radio shack
and could feel the concussion of the ex-
plosion. A Jap suicide plane flew over
our ship and was downed by destroyer
fire about 1/2 mile away. "It was close
enough to touch" became the common
expression the next day. And so it went
for five nights each night a little
worse than the previous one. One night
three ships were sunk and the flagship

AUGUST 31, 1945


August, 1945

took a plane on her bridge killing most
of the ship's officers. The night of the
fifth day our ship had to stay at anchor
to unload the depth charges we werA
up most of the night "sweating it out".
An LST next to our ship received a di-
rect hit and the crew had to abandon
it. It became the usual procedure to
stay up all night and to sleep in the
The day before we pulled out the
raids were particularly heavy and a des-
troyer in our vicinity took two suicide
planes at the same time. Two hours
later she came alongside our ship to re-
ceive help and I had to go aboard to
salvage any workable radio gear. The
ship was really a mess, one plane hit
the communications shack and reduced
it to a shambles the other one hit
the mess-hall and a considerable number
of men were killed while eating break-
fast. The all clear signal had been gi-
ven over the area previous to this at-
tack and whete the two planes came
from is a mystery. I counted 15 dead
on the deck and almost became sick
when we found the only available place
to work on the radio gear was between
two of the dead. Some of the men were
so shocked that they just sat on the
deck apparently not seeing anything
and not hearing anything. I met the
captain before I left and as I was getting
ready to leave he wished me good luck!
Coming from him after all he had just
been through really meant something.
It was the 1st. of April by now and
the big invasion of Okinawa had begun.
We stayed in the area several more
weeks and nightly air raids became the
...So you can see, although we didn't
go through a lot of action, the taste of
it was at least ours. I don't have any
desire to go through it again.
And that, I guess is that".

Reserve Sergeant Ewald P. Van West
who was a fireman on the pressure stills
up until the time he left the Company
to enter the service writes to the Person-
nel department from London.
Ewald, a Sergeant-Observer for four

Ewald van West


Above Is a photograph of Plc. Whlt.y C. Colby
r., wh was killed Is France early tks yer.
Whitey Jr., wre was the s of Liags frmer
Industrial relatlems manager. was first reported
missing Is UtiOI i January, afte being over
ses only two mIeahs. oI It wa sot i MI
slardy beo V-E Dray ht ta d I w-a
coaflimed by oie War Dalrtria

months now and on his way to a corn-
mission, says that his training has been
practically completed with the exception
of a few odds and ends and he is quite
enthusiastic about getting out to the
Pacific and at the Japs.
His training was primarily in Naviga-
tion and Bombing but his course includ-
ed time spent in learning Radio opera-
tion and Air-gunnery which would make
him a valuable member of any air crew.
Ewald's next step was to have been
a transfer from England to the Baha-
mas for eight weeks training with B-24
Liberators. Following this he was to go
to the Pacific for service as a sub-lieute-
nant attached to the Dutch Fleet Air
Arm, a plan that may or may not be
altered by peace in the Pacific.

- 20-Year


Above Is Juan deCuba.
first employed August
25, 1925. After early
service with the Pipe
Department he trans-
ferred to the Storehouse
when that department
took over salvage


Retired S. O. Chairman
Endows Scholarship
Fund for Employees

Employees and their children, and
those of annuitants of the Jersey
Standard family of companies, are eli-
gible for a group of scholarships recent-
ly announced by the Trustees of the
Teagle Foundation, Inc. The scholar-
ships provide funds for study at Cornell.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
and Harvard Business School.
Endowed by Walter C. Teagle, retired
chairman of the board of Standard Oil
Company (New Jersey), the scholar-
ships will be awarded on the basis of
scholastic attainment, character and
other personal qualifications.
They are not restricted to any field
of study but may be used for either un-
dergraduate or graduate work in what-
ever fields the holder may choose.
Each scholarship carries a minimum
value to cover tuition and fees, and,
varying with the needs of the successful
candidates, an additional amount to
cover personal expenses. Employees with
at least one year's service with Jersey
Standard companies, including war ve-
terans, are eligible, as are sons and
daughters of employees with at least
three year's service, and children of re-
tired employees.
Applications, which ordinarily must
be made six months in advance, should
be made immediately by candidates
wishing to commence the 1945 fall
college terms. Application blanks may
be had on request to The Teagle Foun-
dation, Inc., Room 1538, 30 Rockefeller
Plaza, New York 20, N.Y.
In a letter to Eugene Holman an-
nouncing the scholarships, Mr. Teagle
expressed his hope that many Jersey
Standard persons will take advantagL
of this unusual opportunity. Mr. Teagle
"It is our hope that a representative
group of young Standard Oil people will
find in this offer an opportunity to
qualify themselves for broader careers.
There is no obligation upon successful
candidates to pursue these careers either
with the company or in the petroleum
industry. They may have aspirations to
major in law, medicine, or literature.
They may wish to become engineers,
teachers, or ministers. The Foundation
attaches no restriction beyond those
usual to holders of college scholar-



Karl Hoglund (above)
joined the Company as
a seaman July 1i, 1924.
He came ashore here
May 16, 1030. working
first as a truckdrlver.
On December 9 of the
same year he joined the
Watching Department,
and is now Captain In
the recently renamed
Lago Police Department.

Juan Emers (at left) has
been an employee since
working on the lake tan-
kers "Invercorrie" and
"lnverrosa" from Octo-
ber, 1025 to January,
1926, he transferred to
the shore staff as a
boatswain in Marine
Wharves, and his service
since then has been eon.
tinuoous In that dpart-

10-Year Buttons

Rafael Marinez Drydock
Mamerto Albertus Drydock
Thomas Wouters Drydock
Mitchell v. Heyningen Col. Maint.
Bertie Viapree Machinist
Alfred Spanner R. & S.
William Cundiff T.S.D.
Gideon Rathnum T.S.D.

Refineria ta Alcanzb
Record di Produccion

Lago tabata produciendo pa victoria
te ora victoria tabata confirm, y em-
pleadonan di Lago a alcanzA un record
nobo di production net riba e dia cu Ja-
p6n g rendi.
Durante e 24 horanan prome cu e
mainta cu nan a anuncia paz, dia 14 di
Agosto, nan a produci un total di 359,481
baril di azeta (crude) y di es moda nan
a alcanza e record di mas halto pa e re-
fineria aki y probablemente pa cualkier
otro refineria di mundo. E record pro-
me cu esaki tabata 351,221 baril dia 24
di Juli di e anja aki.
Tanto cargamento di vapornan como
production a yega na top ora cu guerra
a yega na su fin. Durante e 6 dianan
prome cu dia di Victoria riba Jap6n,
Departamentonan di Marine y di Re-
ceiving & Shipping a carga 26 vapor,
sumando un total di 2,261,474 baril.

Lago ta Emple- Sold-nan Demobilizi

Awor cu nan ta demobilizando fuerza-
nan military na Sabaneta Kamp (mas o
menos 150 soldA pa luna) Compania ta
ofrcce trabao na e soldanan retirA.
Den e dos ultimo simannan mas di 90
a cuminza traha, y di e 90 mas o menos
un tercer parti ta empleadonan cu a bol-
be despues di leave of absence pa nan
drenta dienst.
Cada un di nan ta worde entrevist&
individualmente y nan ta tuma nota di
toer loque e soldanan a sinja durante e
tempo cu nan tabata den dienst pa por
utilizA nan destreza pa e trabao cu nan
lo hanja. Toer esfuerzo ta worde haci
pa duna nan trabao mas pronto cu ta
posibel, y nan tin prioridad riba otro
aplicantenan pa hanja jobnan cu nan
tin capacidad pa haci.
Algun cien sold mas lo hanja oferta
pa trabao durante e dos lunanan cu ta




r I