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PUBLISHED BY THE LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.
Service Flags Presented
At Air Medal Ceremony
Honoring Robert Imler
In an impressive ceremony at Lone
Palm Stadium October 22, Mr. and Mrs.
R. K. Imler received the Air Medal
which was awarded posthumously to
their son, Robert, and at the same time
84 service flags were presented to Colo-
The flags, each displaying from orin
to five stars, honored 13V family merm
bers who are in the United States' arn.-
ed forces. Four families received flags
showing five blue stars. Three families
Mr. and Mrs. Imler, Mrs. H. R. Lyles,
and Mrs. E. M. Richardson, received
gold stars, denoting relatives lost in
action; during the ceremony, however.
a dramatic announcement was made
that the brother of Mrs. Richardson,
previously reported lost, had since beon
heard in a broadcast from Germany tel!-
ing of his safety.
The flags were presented by the Aruta
Esso Post No. 1 of the American Legion.
They were chiefly in honor of brothers
or sons in the services, but no less than
eight sisters and one daughter were also
included on the armed services roster.
After the disposition of U.S. troops
on the field, led by the Legion's Drum
and Bugle Corps, Post Commander For-
rest Hayes opened the program with an
explanation of the service flag's origin
in the last war. With the assistance or
the Boy and Girl Scouts, the flags were
then presented to those who had request-
Following a prayer by Chaplain R. A.
Wiley, the Army then took over the
program for the ceremony honoring v
Colony son lost in action. After Colonel
H. E. Sandusky and other Army, Navy,
and Consular officials entered the re-
viewing stand, Colonel I. Hoene escorted
Mr. and Mrs. Imler to the stand. Colonel
Sandusky presented the medal to Mrs.
"By direction of the President, the
Air Medal has been posthumously award
eed to Tech. 5th Grade Sergeant Roberl
Continued on Page 10
Reverse Lend-Lease Operates
In Aruba-Curaqao Area
The NEWS quotes the following
story fiom a recent issue of "Knicker-
bocker Weekly", a Netherlands magazine
published in New York:
"Under reverse Lend-Lease, the Ne-
therlands Government has decided to
refund to the United States sums the
latter has expended in Netherlands
territory, Governor Pieter A. Kasteel
told the Curaqao Legislative Assembly
in a letter last week. The amount
to be repaid for American ex-
penditures on defense works in the
territory will be 9,000,000 guilders
($4,800,000) plus 130,000 guilders a
month. These amounts will be paid by
the Netherlands Government in London.
Governor Kasteel said that the Minis-
ter of Overseas Territories, Dr. Hiu-
bertus J. van Mook, had requested Cu-
racao to budget for part of this amount.
As this will be a new contribution from
Curaqao's finances, Governor Kasteel
asked the Legislature to continue for
an indefinite period its war fund of
260,000 guilders a year."
Inauguracion Di Tivoli Club
Presencia pa 400 Huesped
Facilidadman Completo Di
Dibertimento Caracteriza Pa
Anjanan di planeamento a bira un rea-
lidad dia 18 di October ora cu e Aruba
Tivoli Club, un organization social i de-
portivo di cual hopi empleado ta miem-
bro, a habri su prome club nobo den
Wilhelmina Straat. Mas di 400 miembro-
nan i huespednan tabata present na e
inauguracion, encluyendo Gezaghebber
Wagemaker i various funcionarionan di
E program dedicatorio a cuminza cu
tur huespednan pafo di e edificio cual
tabata cera na yabi. "Miss Tivoli" (Edith
Eman) a entrega Gezeghebber Wagema-
ker e yabi, kende despues di a habri e
poorta principal a drenta e lugar, sigui
pa e muchedumbre. Den un series di dis-
cursonan, observacionnan a word haci
door di Gezeghebber Wagemaker, Dr. J.
R. Arends, president, i door di Edith
Continue den Pagina 8
Mr. and Mrs. R. K. Imler are shown as they received from Colonel H. E. Sandusky
the Air Medal which was awarded posthumously to their son Robert, who was
lost in action with the United States Army Air Forces.
NOVEMBER 10, 1944
VOL. 5, No. 13
Esso N Erws
NOVEMBER 10 144
Company Resumes Training
Program in the Three J's
After a considerable break in the ten-
hour sessions in Job Instructor and Job
Relations Training, the Company is now
resuming this training at an expanded
and accelerated pace.
With the employment of Frank Scott
as Assistant Training Supervisor to co-
ordinate and conduct institutes to qual-
ify trainers, the Training Division is
departmentalizing this work so it can
speed up the coverage to obtain quicker
and more satisfactory results.
Mr. Scott is conducting institutes in
Job Instructor, Job Relations, and Job
Methods training in which men from ail
sections of the plant will be prepared to
train others in the principles of the three
J's. These trainers will then conduct ten-
hour sessions in their respective depart-
Shown above Is Frank Scott, new Assistant
Training Supervisor, who in recent years has
been connected with the training of war workers
for industry, under the direction of the War
ments until all those who need this
training have received it. The men who
are to be the trainers are being given an
excellent opportunity to be of service to
the Company and their fellow supervi-
sors and to improve themselves.
These three programs are widely recogniz-
ed as important phases of training for sil
men who are supervising others or who are
being trained to supervise others:
SIT Improves the supervisor's skill in In-
JRT improves the supervisor's skill in lead-
ing his men.
JMT improves the supervisors skill in Im-
Shown above is the first Institute being conducted by Frank Scott, assistant training supervisor,
to prepare J.trainers. Starting at the front of the room and reading to the left, the men are
Com Evans, Utilities, Abdul Mohid, Colony Service, Frank Roebuck, Process, Mr. Scott, Roy
Stickel of the Training Division, Albert Fuller. M--'-e, Franklin Brown, Electrical, William
Koopman, Instrument, and George Robey, Light Oils.
"Lend-Lease" Na Contramarcha Fifth Anniversary Celebrated
Den Territorio Aruba-Corsow by Four "Survivors" of Special
War-time Plant Guard Unit
Aruba Esso News ta repeti texto di
e siguiente articulo public recientemen-
te den un edicion di "Knickerbocker
Weekly", un revista Holandes edita ra
"Bao di Lend-Lease Na Contramarcha,
Gobierno Holandes a dicidi di paga Mer-
ca e sumanan cu es ultimo aki a gasta
ariba territorio Holandes, Gobernador
Pieter A. Kasteel a bisa Staten pa me-
dio di un carta siman pasA. E suma cu
lo worde restitui pa gastonan America-
no ariba trabaonan di defense den e ter-
ritorio lo ta 9,000,000 florin ($4,800,000)
ademas di un suma di 130,000 florin pa
luna. E suma aki lo woLde paga door di
Gobierno Holandes na Londres.
Gobernador Kasteel a bisa cu e Mi-
nistro di Colonia, Dr. Hubertus J. van
Mook, a pidi Corsouw di pone parti di e
suma aki ariba e begrooting. Como cu
esaki lo ta un contribution nobo fo'i
fondos di Corsouw, Gobernador Kasteel
a pidi Staten pa sigui cu nan fondo di
guera di Fls. 260,000 pa anja, cual pe-
riodo di continuacion lo ta indefinido."
Eugene Paris, former Plant Commis-
sary employee who returned to his home
in Haiti last June, writes to friends
here that he is in the best of health,
is working for the Standard Fruit &
Steamship Co. at Cap-Haitian, and
sends regards to his friends at Lago.
The four remaining members out of a
total of 70 special guards sent to Aruba
in the early months of the war gathered
at the home of Lago Police Chief Gilbert
Brook October 10, to celebrate their
fifth anniversary in Aruba. Other guests
included Karl Hoglund and Jan Oorthuis
The four "survivors" are Charles
MacMahan of Cleanout, James Davis of
the Powerhouse, James Ayers of the
Pressure Stills, and Paul Wallace of the
Over a dinner which the guests said
"would linger long in the memory", the
party recalled the early days of the unit.
It had been preceded by a group of reg-
ular plant employees who were organi-
zed as guards under the direction of 3
S. Harrison and with Coy Cross directly
in charge, and who started guarding the
refinery August 26, 1939, a week before
war broke out in Europe.
On October 7 the first special guards
arrived from New York; by the end of
the month the first 50 had arrived, and
most of the men from the plant went
back to their regular jobs.
At a later date the guard unit was
taken over by the Lago Police Depart-
ment. By October, 1940, only six of the
70 originals were left, and in May or
1942 the last one, a Capt. Smith, re-
turned to the States. Some of the men
had taken jobs in the plant, and of these
only the four celebrators who have
rounded out five years remain.
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
NOVEMBER 10 1944
NOVEMBER 10, 1944 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 3
A RuBAE NEWS
PUBLISHED AT ARUBA, N. W. I., BY THE
LAGO OIL & TRANSPORT CO., LTD.
The next issue of the ARUBA ESSo NEWS will be distributed
Friday, December 1 All copy must reach the editor in
the Personnel building by Friday noon, November 25
Printed by The Curacao Courant, Curacao. N.W.I.
CHEWING GUM may be around the corner:
black market operators are probably beginning lo
wonder about their future; a recent news picture
shows the finishing touches being put on a long line
of shiny electric irons for civilian consumption:
and war workers stream out of the U.S. west coast
warplant area at the rate of several thousand weekly,
hot on the trail of peacetime jobs.
Military leaders, on the other hand, become more
and more wary about predicting any early finish ever
for the European section of the global war, and
estimates of the time required to cut out the infec-
tion in the Orient range up to several years.
Well begun is half done, says the proverb. Hitler
and Hirohito would be the first to admit that oir
jobs both in Europe and the Pacific are well begun.
Any wishful thinking that the jobs are more than halI
done, however, is likely to put the grand finaea
"Coin YOUR Ideas
A total of Fls. 505 went to "C.Y.I." winners in October,
with 32 employees gathering the fruits of straight think-
ing about operating or safety improvements.
The high award of the month was to Augustin de Mel,
who received Fls. 50 for his suggestion to install meters
on reactors separators outlet at the Poly Plant. Other
Fls. 30 E. George
J. N. Nicholson
J. N. Faucett
W. L. Curtiss
A. G. Zeppenfeldt
M. E. Fisk
F. M. Miller
A. E. Federle
B. F. Semeleer
F. V. Gouveia (tw
A. M. Brunings
H. L. H. Engelen
T. R. de Palm
G. A. Brown
A. M. Arends
T. G. Gomes
L. A. Stoute
S. G. Faunce
Honor to a Soldier
Den e fotografia aki 'bao nos ta mira hopi cos cu no mester word
haci. Mira cuanto be por haya, scirbi e resultado ariba un pida papel.
anto made na bo mes direction como un advertencda pa no compete
ningun di e actonan dl violation aki.
There are a good many things wrong in the picture below. See ho.
many you can find, write your answer on a piece of paper, then iail
it to yourself as a reminder not to do any of them.
Among the honors accorded to Robert B. Imler, whose
parents here recently received the Air Medal that was
awarded to him posthumously, was this citation from
H. H. Arnold, Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air
"Sergeant Robert B. Imler
Who gave his life in performance of his duty.
April 19, 1944.
He lived to .bear his country's arms. He died to save
its honor. He was a soldier..... and he knew a soldier's
duty. His sacrifice will help keep aglow the flaming torch
that lights our lives, that millions yet unborn may know
the priceless joy of liberty; and we who pay him homage,
and revere his memory in solemn pride, rededicate our-
selves to a complete fulfillment of the task for which he
so gallantly has placed his life upon the altar of Man's
H. H. Arnold
Those who knew him can well be proud of their asso-
Once a famous figure In Aruba, where he had to look
downward to any conversationalist, was Colonel Colin
Barber, 6 feet 0 Inches commander of the Cameron High-
landers who were stationed here. Now a Major-General,
he Is shown at right looking down on the famous figure of
Field Marshall Montgomery, as "Monty" awards another
bar for his D.S.O. (See story on page S).
a 1 A
/ KECE 7/M///w V Mw4 E >cAa
MS. CRESPY/IG CP
The opening of a new sports league is always news, but when It involves the use
of outdoor flood lights In Aruba, It's sensational. Softball, long ago discarded in
the Colony because of the blackout, came back October 18, and it was a question
which drew the most attention, the games or the brilliant lights, turned on for
the first time in over two years. The picture shows Wes Walker crossing the plate
with the first run of the season, batted in with a single by team-mate Jim Davis.
SThe catcher Is Russ Brace, and hiding behind the umpire's mask is Joe Kennerty.
In the inset, L.G. Smith moved so fast in pitching the first ball that
the camera couldn't stop him.
This may not be everything a soldier on furlough
wants, but it includes a few of the essentials,
and especially getting away from the barracks
as far as possible. Enjoying his relaxation here
Is Corporal Gilbert Brook jr., who journeyed
3,500 miles on special furlough orders allowing
him 38 days, to spend his time with his parents
here. He Is stationed at Perrin Field, Sherman,
Texas, as a Link trainer operator. He says he
doesn't plan on making a career In the Army.
Also says he frequently visits with Harry Stiehl,
former Storehouse foreman here who is now a
NOVEMBER 10, 1944
Officers Known Here Decorated
Honors came to two military men who
were formerly well-known here, when
an American Rear-Admiral and a Bri-
tish Major General were decorated last
month by their respective governments.
The Britisher was Major General
Colin Barber, probably the tallest man
ever to set foot on Aruba, who in the
early months of the war was in com-
mand of the Scottish detachment sta-
tioned here. A recent "Time" picture
shows him towering over Field Marshall
Montgomery as he receives another bar
on his D.S.O.
The second was Rear Admiral Arthur
G. Robinson, now president of the Navy's
Board of Inspection and Survey in
Washington, D.C., but formerly station-
ed in Curagao. He received the Legion
of Merit, with a citation reading:
"For meritorious conduct in perfor-
mance of outstanding services as Com-
mander All Forces, Aruba-Curacao area
from June 6, 1942 to April 28, 1943"..
(and subsequently in Trinidad). "In the
Aruba-Curacao area he prevented a po-
tential threat of enemy operations
against the vital and exceedingly vul-
nerable oil industry from materialising,
waging a relentless and devastating war
on hostile submarines..."
Rear Admiral Robinson also has the
Navy Cross and the Grand Officer of
Orange-Nassau, the second of which
was awarded by Queen Wilhelmina.
SCHEDULE OF PAYDAYS
November 1 15 Thursday, Nov. 23
November 1 30 Saturday, December 9
When Joanna John-
son and Eustace
Martin, both of the
Storehouse, w e r e
married last month,
they had with them
plenty of g o o d
wishes plus a gift
check subscribed to
by their fellow em-
ployees. At right, G.
Ernesti, asst. genl.
foreman of the
the check to Miss
Johnson, who be-
came Mrs. Martin a
few days later.
Safety Sweep To Close
With Double Drawing for
The Safety Sweepstakes will wind
up seventeen months of operation at
the end of November, with two final
drawings to be held early the fo!-
Double doors of opportunity will
be thrown open to departments with
good safety records, with a drawing
December 4 for the November wir.-
ners, and a second drawing De-
cember 5 rewarding good records
for the five months from July
Tickets drawn both days will be
for the Bond Fortuna of December
14, and the cash prizes will be avail-
able in time to help fill employees'
Work Safely-For Safety's Sake
And the Sweepstake
Quarter Century -
The airline Lagoites know best, the
Royal Dutch Airlines, celebrated its
twenty-fifth anniversary last month.
K.L.M.'s West Indian Section received
a telegram October 7 from Minister Al-
barda on behalf of the Netherlands Gov-
ernment in London: "On the occasion
of the 25th anniversary of the K.L.M.
I wish to pay tribute on behalf of the
Government to all members serving the
company in the West Indies in the air
and on the ground and who are therefore
upholding the honour of the Nether-
Safety Sweepstakes Lo Termina
Cu Dos Sorteo Sacando
Premionan Precedente Na Pascu
Na fin di November Safety Sweeps-
takes lo conclui diezsiete luna di fun-
cionamento, cu dos sorteonan final pa
worde teni na principio di e siguiente
Departamentonan cu bon record di se-
guridad durante e luna di November tin
dos oportunidad pa saca premionan, te-
niendo un sorteo dia 4 di December, i un
segundo sorteo dia 5 di December re-
compensando Departamentonan cu du-
rante e cinco lunanan fo'i Juli te Novem-
ber incluso a mantene nan recordnan di
seguridad perfect, pues sin accidente-
Bijetchinan cu lo worde sack e dos dia-
nan ey lo cai bao e sorteo di Bond For-
tuna cu lo hunga dia 14 di December, i
e premionan na placa lo ta na tempo pa
JOE OYL, WHO KEEPS H1S MACHINE
WELL LUBRICATED THERESV AVOIDING
sralvwsTI.ME-cc*lM IREAKuOWNo A
There's no explaining taste -
One man will ride a wild horse but be
frightened in an automobile in city traf-
fic. Another will enjoy the view from
the top of the Eiffel Tower, but get
shaky on a 20-foot ladder. A third en-
joys putting a garden worm on a fish-
hook but won't touch a harmless water
snake with anything less than a ten-
foot pole. Most people have such quirks
of one sort or another.
One of the strangest cases of "will-
and-won't", though, came to light re-
cently at the United Seamen's Service
club. An elderly man was brought in, a
survivor from a torpedoed ship. He had,
in fact, survived four ship-torpedoings.
But he was miserable because he had
lost his glasses in the latest one, and
he needed them very much.
The U.S.S. official suggested that be
go by airplane to Curacao, where he
could be fitted with new spectacles. The
reaction was prompt and strong: "Trust
his life to one of them danged things?
No sir, he'd rather stay half-blind first".
And the man who had lived through
four sea disasters, and who must have
a charmed life, refused to do what
thousands of people do without a second
thought every day fly. A pair of
glasses was finally secured for him -
but he didn't fly anywhere to get them.
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
ARUBA ESSO NEWS NOVEMBER 10. 1944
The discussion of
"Oil" on these pages is
frankly elementary. It
explains some basic
facts about petroleum.
a highly complicated
subject, in the simplest
To many readers,
technically trained or
with a background of
general science know-
ledge, it will be as
simple as A-B-C. It is
not intended for this
group of readers, but for
the large number in any
refinery who, though
their livelihood depends
on petroleum, know
little or nothing about
the mechanics of getting
it from a deep well into
Sa spoonful of Nujol or
the gas tank of their
WHAT IT IS
WHERE YOU FIND IT
MADE FROM IT
HOW PETROLEUM IS MADE
Millions of years ago there roamed over many parts
of the earth dinosaurs and other huge animals such as we
never see today. Huge, queer looking fish peopled the sea.
Thousands of square miles of tangled jungles were to be
seen in many sections. Now, as time went on, these great
animals died, oceans dried up and many of the jungles
were crushed under earthquakes or by tremendous gla-
ciers those great sheets of ice which came down from
the polar lands.
More centuries passed, and the remains of these pre-
historic marine organisms became buried deeper and
deeper. Tremendous pressures were developed both by
the great depths to which these materials were buried and
by movements taking place in the earth's surface. In the
course of the centuries these high pressures resulted in
the formation of petroleum, in ways not well understood.
WHERE PETROLEUM IS FOUND
This does not mean, of course, that for every little fish
that died a million years ago there is an oil pool some-
where in the ground today. Petroleum has to be held in
some sort of a reservoir or it will seep away just as
water will disappear when you pour a cupful of it on the
ground. If you keep it in a cup, it will stay there.
So, to have an oil pool you must have something to
hold it. First of all, there must be some kind of porous
rock, like sandstone, which will hold the oil the way a
sponge holds water. Then we must have other kinds of
rock above and below our oil-bearing rock to prevent it
from running off. If you shovel a few inches of sand on
top of a glass plate and then pour water on it, the water
will remain in the sand. But if the sand is on top of a
screen, the water will leak through the screen disappear.
Finally, there must be some kind of a curve, or fold,
in the earth which will prevent the oil from running away
in a horizontal direction. Suppose we have a glass-topped
desk. If you pour water on it, the water will eventually
run off the edges. But if you were to curl the edges of
the desk in such a manner that it formed a reservoir,
you could prevent the water from running away. So it is
with oil in the ground.
From this you will probably get the idea that oil is
found in great underground basins. Actually, it is just
the opposite, and this needs a little explanation, for it is
hard to imagine water staying on top of an inverted soup
plate or on the side of an incline. It would tend to run off
the slope, you would think.
Underground, the earth is folded into mountains and
valleys, such as it is on the surface. Suppose, therefore,
we take two mountains and the valley between as an
example of a typical oil structure. Now, with every un-
derground pool of oil you find a certain amount of water
and a certain amount of gas. The water being the heaviest
of the three, would lie at the bottom of the valley, the oil
being lighter than the water would float on top of it, and
you would find this, let us say, about halfway up the
mountain. Our gas is the lightest of all, and this, of
course, would be on top. Seeking oil, therefore, you must
be careful where you drill or you may strike gas, water,
or even a dry hole instead of oil.
HOW WE DRILL FOR OIL
Petroleum, or crude oil, as it is called, was known in
the time of the Bible. Noah used pitch, which is made
from petroleum, to fill the seams of his Ark. But the first
man to drill a well in order to find oil was Colonel Drake
in 1859. He found it in a field near Titusville, in western
Pennsylvania, and drilled a hole only 60 feet in the ground.
Today the oil man sometimes has to go down one or two
miles before he will strike the sand which contains the
oil he is seeking.
Drilling a well is not like digging a hole, of course. You
know that if you, dig a hole in the ground only a few feet
deep the sides soon begin to crumble and cave in. As you
dig deeper, you can see that it becomes harder for you
to throw your shovels of dirt up to the surface. You can
imagine what this would be if a man were a mile deep in
So we do not dig for oil, we drill for it. There are two
kinds of drills. One is called the rotary drill, and bores
its way into the earth the way a carpenter bores a hole
through a wooden plank. The drill is hollow, and a stream
of mud is forced through it continually. The mud comes
back to the surface on the outside of the drill carrying
all the loosened rock and dirt with it. As we go deeper
into the ground, lengths of pipe are added to the drill.
The turning of this pipe plasters mud against the sides
of the hole, thus keeping it from caving in to a certain
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
NOVEMBER 10. 1944
NOVEMBER 10, 1944 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 7
THE MAGIC OF REFINING
extent. However, every few hundred feet or so we lower
a string of pipe known as casing, which makes a tight
lining for the hole. But, you are going to ask,'if we lowe;'
a string of pipe into a hole, say, 500 feet deep and theo,
drill down for another couple of hundred feet, how are
we going to get the second string of pipe inside the first
The answer is that you use a slightly smaller string, so
that when your well is completed the casing looks like a
telescope, with each successive length a little narrower
than the one before.
We said that there were two ways of drilling an oil
well, but so far we have seen only one the rotary. The
other method, which was the way Colonel Drake drilled
his pioneer well in 1859, is by what is known as cable
tool. Cable tools consist of a hard bit and a string of
weights or "jars," as they are called, all strung together.
They are so heavy that when they are jerked up and
down in a hole they crush the rock and earth below them
and literally, pound the hole deeper. There is always a
certain amount of water in the hole, due to underground
streams leaking into it, and this makes it easier for Lhe
drill. Every so often the string of tools is hoisted to the
surface and a long metal pipe known as a bailer lowered
to bring to the surface the loosened rock, earth and water
at the bottom of the well.
BRINGING OIL TO THE SURFACE
So far we have talked only about drilling the well. But
even though you have discovered oil and have drilled a
well down into it, the oil is not going to do you any good
unless you can find a way to bring it to the surface.
The way the oil man really likes to get his oil out of
the ground is to have Nature do it for him. With all
pools of petroleum in the ground there occurs a certain
amount of gas. Now, this gas, being cooped up in the
earth under so much pressure for so many years, tends
to expand suddenly and rush to the surface as soon as it
is given an outlet just as seltzer water spouts out
when you release the pressure. In coming to the surface
in such a hurry, the gas does not come by itself. It carries
a certain amount of the oil with it. That is why we hear
of oil "gushers," those picturesque geysers of crude that
come rocketing out of the ground high above the derrick
which the oil man uses in drilling his well. These gushers
are wonderful to see, but today the oil producer tries to
avoid them for they waste much valuable crude oil and
Frequently the oil man does not find gas with suffi-
cient pressure behind it to bring his crude to the surface.
Also, even where the gas has performed this valuable
service, there is still a considerable amount of oil left in
the ground. To recover this the producer may force gas
or air into the ground, which will bring his oil to the
surface in much the same manner that the natural gas.
did in the first place, or he may pump it out. We all
know how a pump works. It sucks the air out of the well
leaving a partial vacuum behind. Nature does not like a
vacuum, and of course the oil at the bottom of the hole
rushes in to fill it and thus is brought to the surface.
Here is a strange thing. If you bought a little gasoline
and poured it into a pail, added some kerosene from the
oil stove, a bit of motor oil from your car, some heavy
fuel oil, and finally a bit of coke or some tar or asphalt
scraped off the road, you would have most of the princi-
pal products which are taken from crude oil. And yet you
would not have crude petroleum. Petroleum, as it comes
from the well, contains all these products but contains
them in such a manner that they are chemically united
into what appears to be a single substance. So, in order
to obtain gasoline and other oils we need, it is necessary
to put the crude oil through what is known as a refinery.
Here is the way the refinery works. You know that if
you place a pan of cold water on the stove and alongside
it another pan filled with an equal quantity of heavy soup,
and then turn on the gas under each of them, the water
will come to a boil before the soup will. So it is with the
different products of petroleum. If we put our crude oil
into a still, as it is called, and light a fire under it, the
first familiar product to come to a boil and pass into vapor
(the way water becomes steam when it is heated), is
gasoline. Of course we want our gasoline as a liquid and
not as a vapor, so we take these vapors and cool them,
which causes them to condense back into the liquid state
again. You have seen the same thing on the lid of your
kettle at home, where the steam condenses into drops of
water upon striking the cooler metal.
That is the way the refinery works. When the refiner's
gasoline is all boiled off and condensed in this way the
temperature is raised a little higher and he obtains
kerosene, and so on until there is nothing left but tar or
coke or asphalt, depending on the kind of crude he is
using. Refining is a vast, complicated business, and there
are many other wrinkles to it. But we have seen the main
HOW PETROLEUM IS USED
Many years ago, before people knew very much about
refining, they used to drink plain crude oil as a medicine.
If you think castor oil is hard to take, imagine how a nice
bottle of sticky crude oil would taste!
Today we know better. Crude oil does, in fact, possess
valuable medicinal properties but it is necessary to se-
parate this portion of the oil from the other which would
be neither pleasant to take nor good for our stomachs.
Now when we need an internal lubricant our doctor may
tell us to take Nujol.
So you see that gasoline and oil, grease and asphalt,
kerosene and fuel oil for ships are not the only products
of petroleum. There are hundreds of others.
Perhaps you did not know that one of the products of
petroleum is contained in chewing gum! And in perfume.
Many medicines and certain cosmetics contain it too.
Every wheel that turns depends on it for lubrication. Syn-
thetic rubber is made from it, anaesthetics in the hospital,
wax candles, soap, paint, ink, automobile tires and many
other products in daily use contain petroleum in one form
NNOVEMBER 0 1
Tivoli Club Dedication Attended by 200 Guests
Complete Recreation Facilities
Feature Modernistic Building
Years of planning came to completion
October 18 when the Aruba Tivoli Club,
an Oranjestad sports and social organi-
zation of which many employees are
members, dedicated its new clubhouse
on Wilhelminastraat. Including Lt. Gov-
ernor I. Wagemaker and several Com-
pany officials, over 200 members and
guests attended the opening.
The dedication program began witn
all guests outside the locked building.
"Miss Tivoli" (Edith Eman) brought the
key to Lt. Governor Wagemaker, who
opened the main entrance and entered,
followed by the crowd. In a series of
addresses, remarks were made by the
Lt. Governor, Dr. J.E.M. Arends, foun-
der of the club, Dr. J.R. Arends, presi-
dent, and by Edith Eman, Rosa Arends,
and Thomas Peters, members.
Following a short playlet, champagne
was served, after which the guests were
shown through the clubhouse.
The new building, which extends a full
block from Wilhelminastraat to the next
street south, contains two bowling alleys,
game rooms, billiard room, a lounge and
bar, and a large veranda. Provision has
been made for the future addition of a
library and a kitchen. The club's private
tennis courts continue to adjoin the club
The Aruba Tivoli Club was founded
23 years ago, by Dr. J.E.M. Arends and
P. van Leeuwen, as a tennis club. The
old building, which was remodeled and
expanded into the present quarters, had
been in use for the last 15 years, and
the new facilities fill a longtime need for
It was the second Oranjestad sport
club to construct its own building, the
first being Caribe Club two years ago.
TIVOLI Continud di pag. I
Eman, Rosa Arends, i Thomas Peters,
Siguiente na un drama cortico, cham-
pafia a worde sirbi, despues di cual e
huespednan a worde conduci door henter
E edificio nobo, cu ta extended fo'i Wil-
helmina Straat te e caya siguiente pa
zuid, ta contene dos lugarnan pa hunga
kegel, cuartonan di wega, un cuarto di
billar, un cuarto amuebla cu stoelnan i
sofas c6modo i bar, i un veranda grand.
A worde percurd pa un biblioteca i un
cushina worde agregi den cercano fiu-
turo. E terrenonan priva di tennis per-
teneciente na e club a keda na su m-s
lugar, es decir pegi cu e edificio.
Aruba Tivoli Club a worde fund 23
anja pasa door di Dr. J. E. M. Arends i
P. van Leeuwen, como un tennis club. E
edificio bieuw, cu a word reconstrui 1
haci mas grand tumando awor e as.
pecto actual, tabata na uso durante e ul-
timo 15 anja, i c facilidadnan nobo ta
yena un necesidad sinti durante hopi
tempo door di e miembronan.
Esaki ta e di dos club deportivo n;m
Oranjestad pa construi su mes edificio
esun di prome tabata Caribe Club cu .
construi di dje dos anja pasi.
She's two years old but this was her
first birthday party, and that called for
a major celebration, complete with de-
corations and a cake almost as big as
she was. The young lady (she's on the
chair at left) receiving the rendition of
"Happy Birthday" is Ruby van Blarcum,
whose father Ricardo is in Stewards
S NEW ARRIVALS
A daughter, Angelina Alda. to Mr. and Mrs.
Sylvester Geerman., October 2.
A son. Angel Eduardo, to Mr. and Mrs. Mi-
guel Vroolijk. October 2.
A son. Teresito Candido, to Mr. and Mrs. Al-
berto Besaril. October 3.
A son, Reily F. M.. to Mr. and Mrs. Reijy
Jack. October 4.
A daughter. Thea. to Mr. and Mrs. Abraham
Van Woerkom. October 4.
A daughter. Sheila Amanda, to Mr. and Mrs.
Lyle McGrew. October 4.
A daughter. Olivia Lumena, to Mr, and Mrs.
Victor Pellicer. October 7.
A son, David Weller, to Mr. and Mrs. Spencer
Myer, October 8.
A daughter, Brenda Regina. to Mr. and Mrs.
Reginald McLean, October 8.
A son. Jose Efrain. to Mr. and Mrs. Jacobo
Jansen. October 8.
A daughter. Diana Angelina. to Mr. and Mrs.
Angel Dirksz, October 8.
A daughter. Mildred Marlene, to Mr. and Mrs.
Hilario Van der Biest, October 10.
A daughter. Monica Adriana, to Mr. and Mrs.
Michael McFarlane. October 11.
A son. Carlos Bartolomeo, to Mr. and Mrs.
Marco Thiel. October 15.
A son, Michael Gerry. to Mr. and Mrs. Peter
Orr. October 18.
A daughter, Janice Wonnetta, to Mr. and Mrs.
Samual Peters. October 18.
A son. Julius Alfled, to Mr. and Mrs. Edward
Gillard. October 19.
A son, Ralph Anthony, to Mr. and Mrs. Elmer
Hassell, October 21.
A son. Trinidad, to Mr. and Mrs. Francisco
Ras. October 21.
A daughter. Daphie Ruby, to Mr. and Mrs.
Rupert Daniel, October 21.
A son. Stanley Raymond, to Mr. and Mrs. Ju-
lian Illidge. October 22.
A son. James Michael, to Mr. and Mrs. Cla-
rence Hankamer. October 23.
A son, Carrol Athol Verne. to Mr. and Mrs.
Charles Gairaway. October 23.
A daughter, Esther. to Mi. and Mis. Corneliu
Richardson. October 24.
A son, Franklin Hertrin, to Mr. and Mr-.
William Bauei, October 21.
A daughter, Susan lone, to Mr. and MrI.
Hiram Lyles. October 21.
A son. Howard Arlen. to Mi. and Mrs. Laurent
Lai money, October 24.
A daughter, Teresita Eliza. to Mr. and Mr.s.
Dominico Solognier, October 25.
A daughter, Helenita Mar-arita, to Mr. and
Mis. Jlacoho Geerman, Octubel 21.
A son. Chailes Mathias. to Mr. and M!,.
Charles Bailnes. October 29.
A dauoghhte. Coinellie Mildled. to i., and MrA.
Geoi ge Esajau. October :11.
A daughter Maria Simona, to Mi. and Mh,.
Emilio Itlesia. Octonel, .i.
A daughter. to M1. and Mis. Edgai Levyner.
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
NOVEMBER 10 1944
NOVEMBER 10, 1944 ARUBA ESSO NEWS 9
BOOKER CUP CRICKET COMPETITION
(Through Sunm y. October 22)
catches Won Lost Drew Points
4 3* 1 0 8
4 3 0 1 7
4 3 1 0 6
4 3 1 0 6
4 1 2 1 3
4 1 2 1 3
3 1 2 0 2
4 0 3 1 1
3 0 3 0 0
* Won two matches outright
Arrangements are being made by the
Aruba Cricket Board of Control to send
an official Lago cricket XI to Curaqao
next month for two test matches.
The series, which is under the auspi-
ces of the Shell Sports Association, in-
cludes a match December 16 against a
Shell refinery team, and another De-
cember 17 against an All-Curagao aggre-
The Lago team has not yet been
selected. Fuller details will be available
for the next issue.
Groundskeeper Offers Prizes
For Six-Weeks Football Series
A new seven-team knockout competi-
tion starts at the Sport Park this week-
end, sponsored by Mario Croes, grounds-
keeper. The final game is to be played
a week before Christmas.
For prizes Mr. Croes is offering a set
of medals to the winning team, and a
football is the second prize. The teams
entered include Unidos, P.O.V.A., Boli-
var, Guiana, Torpedo, Jong Bonaire,
and the San Nicolas Juniors. All games
are called for 4:30 p.m.
The schedule (weather permitting)
P.O.V.A. vs. San Nicolas Jr.
Unidos vs Bolivar
Guiana vs. Jong Bonaire
Torpedo vs. Winner A
Winner B vs. Winner C
(Week Ending November 4 )
Light Oils Office
WON LOST PCT.
6 0 1000
5 1 833
5 1 833
3 3 500
3 3 500
1 2 333
2 4 333
2 4 333
0 3 000
0 6 000
Light Oils Operators
J. Sharpe is one of Aruba's major
cricket enthusiasts. Captain and star
bowler for the Lago Sport Park team,
which is well up in the running for the
Booker Cup, he also serves as a member
of the Cricket Board of Control. He
was pictured while acting as official
umpire at the recent Grenada-Dominica
Light Oils Finishing
M. & C.
'ON LOST PCT.
10 2 833
7 5 583
6 6 500
6 6 500
6 6 500
5 7 417
5 7 417
3 9 250
Wood Pickerettes 9 3 750
Fightin' Irish 9 3 750
Strikers 7 5 583
Marry Makers 6 6 500
Internationals 5 7 417
Omegas 4 8 333
Block Busters 4 8 333
Stragglers 4 8 333
Jong Curagao 0
75 for 9
ARUBA ESSO NEWS ~NO 'EBR1.14
Cont. from page 1
B. Imler, Air Corps. The citation is as
follows: 'For meritorious achievement
while participating in five sorties against
the enemy' ".
Robert Imler was well known and pop-
ular in the Colony. He attended Lago
Community School from September, 1935
until the middle of his senior year, Jan-
uary, 1939, when he went to a high
school in Patterson, New Jersey.
ABRAHAM LEROCK of M. & C., oit
October 5, at the age of 65. He had con-
tinuous service from May 21, 1933. He
was a participant in the Thrift Plan, and
is survived by his wife.
OSWALD PAUL of the Utilities De-
partment, on October 6, at the age of
34. He was first employed from August
2, 1938 to July 19, 1940, and had con-
tinuous service since May 1, 1944. He is
survived by his brother.
Birgitte Gregersen of the Girl Scouts presents a five-starred flag to Frau k
Ciccarelli, who, with his wife, has four brothers in the Army and one in the;
Navy. Other Colony residents with close relatives in the Services await their
flags, which were distributed by the American Legion October 22.
wo W/ f~ _xoAPF WYrr.cME Aw
SZ4r'ss I / STYr 7ZW aTir
>. ATt'fA4Y N/leaffr 6A
I K/OeS 4V LD 0OO s5 ')
John Edward Lejuez
Build. & Maint.
Rec. & Shipping
T. S. D.
Durante un ceremonia cu a causa irr-
presion dia 22 di October, Sr. i Sra. R
K. Imler a ricibi un medalla concede na
nan yiu-homber Robert despues cu e a
perde su bida den accion, tumando parti
den combatenan a6reo ariba Europa.
(Mira fotografia ariba pagina 1, mus-
trando Sra. Imler ricibiendo e medalla
fo'i Coronel Sandusky di e tropanan
Na e mes tempo e "American Legion'
a present banderanan na 84 familianan
cu ta biba den Colonia, honrando 137
miembronan di nan familiar cu ta den
servicio military di Merca. Cuater familiar
a ricibi banderanan dorna cu cinco
strella blauw, indicando cu cinco mien -
bronan di nan familiar tabata den Eher-
cito of Marina di Guera.
wr\A r.'1 --Ma .*'a i
U.N.I.A. Initiates Scouts,
Girl Guides, and Leaders
The U.N.I.A. (United Negro Improve-
ment Association) in San Nicolas held
installation ceremonies October 29 for
the Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, and Rovers
that it sponsors, and for Leaders of the
various groups. The rainy Weather forc-
ed cancellation of part of the program,
including a parade and review by Lt.
Governor Wagemaker, but otherwise
the program went off as scheduled, with
four visiting troops represented.
Jan Beaujon, president of the Aruba
Association of N.P.V. (the Nether-
lands Boy Scout organization) congra-
tulated group leader Irvin Duncan of
Tech. Service on the work he had done
in building up the U.N.I.A. troop to a
membership of 50 boys.
Jacobo Arends, scout leader of N.P.V..
acted as installing officer, with Gordon
Olliviere of the Utilities Department
directing the initiation program. Seven
Boy Scouts and ten Girl Guides were
initiated, and Stella Oliver of the Laun-
dry was installed as leader of the Girl
Guides, and Mitchell James as Rover
leader. The Girl Guides is a new group,
trained by Mrs. Duncan with the assis-
tance of M. Lake and A. Arrindell.
Assisting the group leader are M.
James, M. Thomas of Cold Storage, A.
Arrindell of the Machine Shop, M. Lake
of Instrument, and A. Wilson of the
The Nederlandsche Padvinders Ver-
eeniging, which has chartered the U.N.
I.A. Scouts, now includes nine groups,
with six in Oranjestad, one in Sabane:i.
and two in San Nicolas. These, with
their Scoutmasters, are: Baden Powell
Julio Boniface; Gilwell Gordon Olli-
viere; San Jorge Alberto Falconi;
Torres Duran Apolinar Gonzalez; Al-
mirante Brion Asclepiades Bernie :
Alonso de Ojeda Ciriaco Tromp; St.
Joris Antonio Morales; U.N.I.A. -
Irvin Duncan; Methodist Group L.
The N.P.V.'s Board includes Jan
Beaujon of the Safety Division as presi-
dent, J. E. Irausquin as treasurer, J.
Simoons as secretary, J.K.Z. Lampe,
and M. Noot.
The leaders of the Boy Scouts of
America troop in Lago Colony have
initiated a movement towards closer
cooperation between the various Scout
groups of the island, with the belief
that all the boys would benefit by the
united aims and efforts.
I Seguridad Lo Ta Miho
ARUBA ESSO NEWS
VEMBER 10, 1944
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