Title: Endangered species of the U.S. Virgin Islands
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 Material Information
Title: Endangered species of the U.S. Virgin Islands
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: Division of Fish and Wildlife, Department of Planning and Natural Resources
Publisher: Division of Fish and Wildlife, Department of Planning and Natural Resources
Place of Publication: St. Croix, USVI
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: CA01300951
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of the Virgin Islands
Holding Location: University of the Virgin Islands
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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End. Sp. USVI


Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources



Government of the Virgin Islands


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ENDANGERED SPECIES OF THE U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS


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Produced by the Division of Fish and Wildlife, Department of Planning and Natural Resources,
Government of the U.S. Virgin Islands

Illustrated by Teresa "Red" Fisher
Digitized by Christine O'Sullivan, William Coles

This coloring book has been produced to provide you with information on some of the threatened and endangered
plants and animals found in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Each plant or animal in this book is in danger of extinction.
These threats are all related to human activities which alter the natural environment. Threats include overharvest,
habitat destruction and introduction of exotic species which are predators or compete with local species for food
and habitat: By learning about our endangered species you will be better able to make informed decisions and take
proper actions to protect and conserve our valuable natural resources.

The graphics were designed to show you all of the Federal and some of the Territorial threatened and endangered
species of plants and animals found in the Virgin Islands. We hope that you enjoy coloring them and learn about
why they are threatened or endangered at the same time.


Blue highlighted or underlined common names are linked to coloring book pages with pictures and information on
each species.


List of U.S.V.I. Threatened and Endangered Species
Plant Species
Common Name Family


Egger's Agave


Agavacea


Aizoaceae


Central American Oak


Aquifoliaceae


Aquifoliaceae


Genus


Agave


Cypselia


Ilex


Ilex


Species


eggersiana


humifusa


sideroxyloides


Status


List Location


VI STX


VI STT,STJ


VI STJ


urbaniana


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Comments




End. Sp. USVI
Urban's Holly

Pinon

Vahl's Boxwood

Wooly Nipple


Egger's Cockspur

Egger's Galactia









Stinging Bush






Cowage Cherry

Mountain Guava






St. Thomas Lidflower


Christmas Orchid


Aquifoliaceae

Bromeliacea

Buxaceas

Cactaceae

Cactaceae

Celastraceae

Convolvulaceae

Euphorbiaceae

Fabaceae

Fabaceae

Malphighiaceae

Malphighiaceae

Malphighiaceae

Malphighiaceae

Malphighiaceae

Malphighiaceae

Malphighiaceae

Malvaceae

Malvaceae

Malvaceae

Myrtaceae

Myrtaceae

Myrtaceae

Myrtaceae

Olacae

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea


Ilex

Tillandsia

Buxus

Mammilaria

Opuntia

Maytenus

Operculina

Croton

Erythrina

Galactia

Brysonima

Brysonima

Malpighia

Malpighia

Malpighia

Malpighia

Malpighia

Psidium

Psidium

Sida

Calyptranthes

Eugenia

Eugenia

Eugenia

Schoepfia

Brassavola

Epidendrum

Epidendrum


urbanii

lineatispica

vahlii

nivosa

triacantha

cymosa

triquetra

fishlockii

eggersii

eggersii

lucida X spicata

sp.

coccigera

infestissima

linearis

sp.

woodburyana

amplexicaule

sp.

eggersi

thomasiana

earhartii

sp.

xerogphytica

schreberi

cuccullata

bifidum

ciliare


STJ, Tortola

STT,STJ

STX


STX,STT,STJ, offshore cays

Buck Island (STX & STT)

STX, STT

STX, STT, endemic

STJ

STT,STJ, STX

STT, STJ


STJ


Recent STJ sightings


New species?


STX

All VI

STJ

STT, STJ, offshore cays

STJ

STJ

N. offshore cays?

STT, STJ


STJ


Similar to M.Coccigera






New species?


recent sighings.


STX, STT, STJ

STT


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End. Sp. USVI


Yellow Dancing Lady Orchid

White Dancing Lady Orchid

















Water Island

Vanilla Orchid

Myrtle-leaved Pepermonia









Yellow Sanders, Satinwood

Prickly Ash

Bulletwood






Richard's Clearwood

Capa Rosa


Lignum Vitae

Turk's cap, Turk's head, Pope's nose


Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Orchidacea

Piperaceae

Polygonaceae

Rubiaceae

Rubiaceae

Rutaceasw

Rutaceasw

Sapotaceae

Solanaceae

Solanaceae

Urticaceae

Verbenaceae

Verbenaceae

Zygophyllaceae

Cactaceae


Epidendrum

Habenaria

Oncidium

Oncidium

Polystachya

Ponthieva

Prescottia

Prescottia

Spiranthes

Tetramicra

Tetramicra

Vanilla

Peperomia

Coccoloba

Catesbaea

Machaonia

Zanthoxyllum

Zanthoxyllum

Manilkara

Solanum

Solanum

Pilea

Callicarpa

Nashia


Guaiacum

Melocactus


cochleatum

alata

prionochilum

variegatum

concrete

racemosa

oligantha

stachyoides

elata

canaliculata

canaliculata alba

barbellata

myrtifolia

rugosa

melanocarpa

woodburyana

flavum

thomasianum

bidentata

conocarpum

mucronatum

richardii

ampla

inaguensis


officinale

intortus


STT, Virgin Gorda

















Endangered Subspecies.




STJ, STX


May be extinct in the VI


STX

STJ


New sightings


STT, STJ

STT, STJ


Last seen 1900

confused taxonomy


STT,STJ

STT


info needs update


STX


VI Water Island


Animal Species

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High Hort. Demand.




End. Sp. USVI

Common Name

St.Croix Ground Lizard

Green turtle

Leatherback

VI Tree Boa

Hawksbill Turtle

Peregrine Falcon

Brown Pelican

Roseate Tern

Slipperyback Skink

VI Screech Owl


West Indian Nighthawk

Antillean Mango
(Hummingbird)

Least Grebe

Least Tern

White-tailed Tropicbird

Great Blue Heron

Great (Common) Egret

Snowy Egret

Black crowned Night Heron

Least Bittern

Bahama Duck

Ruddy Duck

Clapper Rail

Caribbean coot

Snowy Plover


Family

Teiidae

Chelonidae

Dermochelyidae

Boidae

Chelonidae

Falconidae

Pelecanidae

Laridae

Scincidae

Strigidae

Caprimulgidae



Trochilidae

Podicipedidae

Laridae

Phaethontidae

Ardeidae

Ardeidae

Ardeidae

Ardeidae

Ardeidae

Anatidae

Anatidae

Rallidae

Rallidae

Charadriidae


Genus


Ameiva

Chelonia

Dermochelys

Epicrates

Eretmochelys

Falco

Pelecanus


Storna

Mabuya

Otus

Chordeiles



Anthracothorax

Podiceps

Sterna

Phaethon

Ardea

Casmerodius

Egretta

Nycticorax

Ixobrychus

Anas

Oxyura

Rallus

Fulica

Charadrius


Species


polops

mydas

coriacea

monensis grant

imbricata

peregrinus

occidentalis


dougallii

mabouia

nudipes newtoni

gundlachii



dominicus

dominicus

antillarum

lepturus

herodius

albus

thula

nycticorax

exilis

bahamensis

jamaicensis

longirostris

caribea

alexandrinus


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Status

E

T

E

E

E

E

E

T

E

E

E



E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E


Listing

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

F

VI

VI

VI



VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI

VI




End. Sp. USVI
Willet

Audobon Shearwater

Brown-throated Parakeet

White-crowned Pigeon

Bridled Quail Dove

Stolid Flycatcher

Fisherman Bat

Red Fruit Bat

Cave Bat

Jewfish

Black Coral


Scolopacidae

Procellariidae

Psittacidae

Columbidae

Columbidae

Tryannidae

Noctilionidae

Phyllostomidae

Phyllostomidae

Serranidae

Order= Antipatharia


Catoptrophorus

Puffinus

Aratinga

Columba

Geotrygon

Myiarchus

Noctilio

Stenoderma

Brachyphylla

Epinephelus


semipalmatus

iherminieri

pertinax

leucocephala

mystacea

stolidus

leporinus

rufum

cavernarum

itajara


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Page 3

Pg 3Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural a S *
SResources

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Government of the Virgin Islands rI


A. Species Name: Tillandsia lineatispica

Common Name: Pinon

Status: Territorially Endangered

Where I am found: Found growing on rocks and trees in moist valleys of Puerto Rico, St. John and St. Thomas.

Why I am endangered: Habitat destruction, landclearing for development and over collecting for gardens.

Coloring tips: Leaves are grayish green. Flowers are on tall stalks with red scaly modified leaves.



B. Species Name: Mammilaria nivosa

Common Name: Wooly Nipple Cactus

Status: Territorially Endangered

Where I am found: Found on rocks and cliffs, mostly on offshore small cays of the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Antigua and the Bahamas.

Why I am endangered: Habitat loss due to development and over collecting by plant collectors.

Coloring tips: Surface of cactus is gray green. Spines are yellow brown. Fruit are egg-shaped red berry.






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Pagel


-.I Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural N

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!^= ~Government of the Virgin Islands _


Species Name: Calyptranthes thomasiana

Common Name: St. Thomas Lidflower

Status: Federally Endangered

Where I am found: Approximately 210 plants are found on Bordeaux Mountain, St. John; Monte Pirata, Vieques and Virgin Gorda. It is also grown in several botanical gardens
and private collections.

Why I am endangered: Probably from 18th and 19th century cultivation of sugar cane and cotton. Today, land clearing for roads and development.

Coloring tips: Leaves are shiny green on top and dull green underneath. Flowers are whitish.




Species Name: Buxus vahlii

Common Name: Vahl's Boxwood

Status: Federally Endangered

Where I am found: Western St. Croix and Puerto Rico. Is also grown in several botanical gardens and private collections.

Why I am endangered: Land clearing for sugar cane and cotton cultivation. Today, clearing for development has further reduced the numbers.

Coloring tips: Leaves have a green shiny upper surface and a dull, light green under surface. Flowers are whitish or yellowish.



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Page 4


Pg 4Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural a S *

SResources

00
Government of the Virgin Islands rI


A. Species Name: Tolumnia (Oncidium) prionochila

Common Name: Dancing Lady Orchid (Yellow)

Status: Territorially Endangered. Only endemic orchid in the Virgin Islands.

Where I am found: Found growing on rocks, trees and cactus in dry parts of St. John, St. Thomas and the British Virgin Islands. Has been cultivated in Puerto Rico.

Why I am endangered: Habitat destruction, land clearing for development and over collecting by private and commercial collectors.

Coloring tips: Leaves are green. Yellow flowers are clustered on long stalks.




B. Species Name: Encyclia ciliare

Common Name: Christmas Orchid

Status: Territorially Threatened

Where I am found: Found on shaded rocks and trees in moist and dry areas. Found in Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and Lesser Antilles.

Why I am endangered: Habitat loss due to development and over collecting by private and commercial collectors.

Coloring tips: Leaves are green. Flowers are pale greenish-yellow.


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Page 2


-.I Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural N

L C"I Resources V


!^= ~Government of the Virgin Islands _


Species Name: Zanthoxyllum thomasianum

Common Name: Prickly Ash

Status: Federally Endangered

Where I am found: Southern foothills, St. John, central south coast of St. Thomas and Puerto Rico. Is also grown in several botanical gardens and private collections.

Why I am endangered: Probably from 18th and 19th century cultivation of sugar cane and cotton. Today, land clearing for roads and development.

Coloring tips: Leaves are shiny green. Spines under leaves brown. Flowers are whitish green (none in drawing).



Species Name: Guaiacum officinale

Common Name: Lignum vitae

Status: Territorially Endangered

Where I am found: Found mostly on the drier east and southern sides of our islands.

Why I am endangered: The wood is extremely dense and oily which makes it useful for carvings, furniture and ornamental woodwork. The trees were harvested extensively for
the wood which led to the low numbers today.

Coloring tips: Leaves are yellowish green. Flowers are blue. Seed pods are orange (not in drawing).









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Page 6


J. Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural S
Resources

00
Government of the Virgin Islands rI



A. Species Name: Mabuya mabouya

Common Name: Slipperyback Skink

Status: Territorially Endangered.

Where I am found: Found in rubble and leaf litter. Very rarely seen. Has been reported from all main islands and some cays of the U.S. and British Virgin Islands.

Why I am endangered: Habitat destruction, land clearing for development and predation by mongooses and cats.

Coloring tips: Upper parts are shiny, metallic bronze with dark brown stripes on head and front of body. Undersides are off-white.




B. Species Name: Ameivapolops

Common Name: St. Croix Ground Lizard

Status: Federally Endangered

Where I am found: Found in leaf litter and rubble on Protestant, Green and Ruth cays, St. Croix. No longer found on the island of St. Croix. The Ruth Cay population was established by the
Division of Fish and Wildlife to increase this lizard's chances for survival.

Why I am endangered: Habitat loss due to development on St. Croix. Predation by mongooses and cats.

Coloring tips: Black belly with wide, light (iridescent) stripe down back.





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Page 5


/ Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural n,

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Resources


y'~jf Government of the Virgin Islands -


A. Species Name: Chelonia mnydasa

Common Name: Green Turtle

Status: Federally Threatened.

Where I am found: Found in coastal waters feeding and resting in seagrass beds. Nests on sandy beaches around the islands. Feeds on seagrasses.

Why I am endangered: Over harvest for meat prior to 1973. Egg collection by humans (poaching continues today). Loss of nesting habitat to coastal development.

Coloring tips: Olive brown shell with darker streaks. Underside pale yellow, creamy white.




B. Species Name: Dermochelys coriacea

Common Name: Leatherback Turtle

Status: Federally Endangered

Where I am found: Found in deep ocean waters throughout the north Atlantic. Nests on sandy beaches (Sandy Point, St. Croix is largest nesting population in U.S.). Feeds on jellyfish.

Why I am endangered: Egg collection by humans (poaching continues today). Nesting beaches are being developed which disturbs the adults. Hatchlings are disoriented by lights which causes
them to die from dessication or predation.

Coloring tips: Black with white spots. Pink spot on top of head.




C. Species Name: Eretmochelys imbricata

Common Name: Hawksbill Turtle

Status: Federally Endangered

Where I am found: Found in coastal waters feeding and resting in coral reefs. Nests on sandy beaches around the islands. Feeds on sponges.

Why I am endangered: Egg collection and meat harvest by humans (poaching continues today). The shell is used for jewelry and ornaments. Nesting beaches are being developed which
disturbs the adults. Hatchlings are disoriented by lights which causes them to die from dessication or predation. Coral reefs are being destroyed.

Coloring tips: The shell is mottled with brown, orange, yellow and red markings. Flippers have brown scales with yellow margins.


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Page 5


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Page 7 Tree Boa


Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural n,

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Resources


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Species Name: Epicrates lnitii '\i' grant

Common Name: Virgin Island Tree Boa

Status: Federally Endangered.

Where I am found: The species is found throughout the Caribbean. However, this subspecies (granti) is found only on the east end of St. Thomas, on Culebra, Puerto Rico and possibly on
Tortola, RV.I. This snake may feed almost exclusively on lizards and mice. It is not poisonous and poses no danger to humans.

Why I am endangered: Habitat destruction, land clearing for development and predation by mongooses, cats and dogs. Many have been killed by people who are afraid of snakes. Many others
have been run over by cars because they will lie on roads at night for the heat that the roads store from the day.

Coloring tips: They are the only snakes in the Virgin Islands with a distinct pattern. The upper body is light grey-brown with dark brown markings. The belly is cream colored with dark
markings. In the sun, the upper scales can be iridescent.














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Page 9 P.Falcon




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Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


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Species Name: Falco peregrinus

Common Name: Peregrine Falcon

Status: Federally Endangered.

Where I am found: Peregrines are an uncommon but regular winter migrant in the Virgin Islands. They have been seen here from October to May. They usually stay around offshore cays and
rocks and ponds where they can find seabird, shorebird and waterfowl young to feed on.

Why I am endangered: In the U.S. (where our peregrines come from) peregrines became endangered because of pesticides which caused egg shell thinning and breakage before hatching. The
ban on these pesticides has caused the peregrine to make a considerable comeback and they may be removed from the endangered species list soon.

Coloring tips: The head has a mask-like pattern. The back and tops of wings are a dark slate color. The undersides are cream colored with dark bars.


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Page 8 Pelican


Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


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Species Name:Pelecanus occidentalis


Common Name: Brown Pelican

Status: Federally Endangered.

Where I am found: The species is found throughout the Caribbean. In the Virgin Islands it feeds on schools of small baitfish found near the shoreline and in bays. It nests only on Mary's Point,
St. John, Congo and Whistling cays off St. John, Dutchcap Cay off St. Thomas and Buck Island off St. Croix.

Why I am endangered: In the U.S. pelicans became endangered because of pesticides which caused shell thinning and breakage before hatching. This may have been a slight problem here but
the main reason for endangerment has been poaching of eggs, young and adults, disturbance of nesting colonies by humans and reduction of food resources (baitfish) through over harvest and
destruction of habitats important to the baitfish (mangroves, seagrasses).

Coloring tips: Back and wings gray-brown. Back of head and neck red-brown in adults. Juveniles are an overall gray-brown with a white belly.


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Page 12 SeaBirds




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Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


L .J.- -r t- A .

A. Species Name: Phaethon lepturus

Common Name: White-Tailed Tropicbird

Status: Territorially Endangered.

Where I am found: Feeds on small fish caught at the ocean surface away from land. Nests in rock cavities found in sea cliffs and small cays around the main islands.

Why I am endangered: Primary cause of endangerment is predation on the young by Peregrine Falcons. There is evidence that some nesting groups have been wiped out by this predation.

Coloring tips: An all white bird with a black stripe through the eye and black bars on the upper parts of the wings. The last four or five wing feathers are black with white tips.




B. Species Name: Sterna dougallii

Common Name: Roseate Tern

Status: Federally Threatened

Where I am found: Found in the Virgin Islands from April to September. Feeds in nearshore waters on schools of baitfish. Nests in colonies on some offshore cays. The nest is nothing more
than a shallow scrape in the soil.

Why I am endangered: Primarily endangered due to taking of eggs by humans. Also endangered due to the presence of rats on many of our offshore cays which eat the eggs and young.

Coloring tips: Mostly white with a black cap on the head. The tops of the wings are a very pale brown. The bill is black with some red.


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Page 10 Owl


Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


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Species Name: Otus nudipes newtoni

Common Name: Virgin Islands Screech Owl Status: Territorially Endangered.

Where I am found: This screech owl is only found in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The V.I. subspecies (newtoni) has only been seen a few times. It likes open fields where it can perch
and look for rodents to eat. Nests in wooded areas in large trees with holes.

Why I am endangered: Most likely endangered due to absence of large trees with suitable holes for nesting. Most large trees have been cut down or blown down by hurricanes. Large wooded
areas are also not common in the Virgin Islands anymore.

Coloring tips: The back and tops of wings are gray-brown. The undersides are white with heavy brown streaks.


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Page 11 Hummingbird





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Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


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Species Name: Anthracothorax dominicus


Common Name: Antillean Mango

Status: Territorially Endangered.

Where I am found: This hummingbird once was quite abundant in the Virgin Islands. It may only remain on St. Thomas and some of the British Virgin Islands. It remains common in the
coastal plain of Puerto Rico.

Why I am endangered: In the Virgin Islands and eastern Puerto Rico it is thought that this hummingbird is declining in numbers due to the presence of the Green-Throated Carib hummingbird
which competes with it. The Green-Throated Carib has apparently been expanding its range into areas once used by the Antillean Mango. Also preyed on by cats.

Coloring tips: This large hummingbird has light, yellow-green upperparts. The male has black on the breast and the female is the only hummingbird in the area that is white below. The female
also has white tips on the tail feathers.


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Page 13 Egret


/''fDivision of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural 40 ,

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f ~Government of the Virgin Islands ,.


Species Name: Casmerodius albus

Common Name: Great (Common) Egret

Status: Territorially Threatened.

Where I am found: This egret is fairly common in Puerto Rico. In the Virgin Islands it is uncommon and has only been seen nesting on St. Croix. It nests on a platform of sticks in wooded
swampy areas such as Altona Lagoon on St. Croix.

Why I am endangered: This species may never have occurred in the Virgin Islands in large numbers. However, the numbers have declined due to loss of mangrove habitat and disturbance
from human activities near remaining nesting habitat.

Coloring tips: This large bird has a white body with a yellow bill and black legs.







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Page 14 NightHeron





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Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


- .J. N"- 0.

Species Name: Nycticorax nycticorax

Common Name: Black-Crowned Night Heron

Status: Territorially Threatened.

Where I am found: This heron is very uncommon in the Virgin Islands. A night-time hunter, it is found near freshwater habitats and sometimes near salt ponds and mangrove swamps.

Why I am endangered: This species may never have occurred in the Virgin Islands in large numbers. However, the numbers have probably declined due to loss of freshwater habitats and
disturbance from human activities near remaining habitat.

Coloring tips: This bird has a black crown and back. The face and underparts are white. Immature birds are entirely brown.


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Page 15 Bittern




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Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


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Species Name: Ixobrychus exilis


Common Name: Least Bittern

Status: Territorially Threatened.

Where I am found: This bird has become very uncommon in the Virgin Islands, although it is still fairly common in Puerto Rico. Very well camouflaged, it is usually found near freshwater
habitats and sometimes near salt ponds and mangrove swamps.

Why I am endangered: This species may never have occurred in the Virgin Islands in large numbers. However, the numbers have probably declined due to loss of nesting habitats and
disturbance from human activities near remaining habitat.

Coloring tips: This bird is generally rusty colored with a darker back. There are cream-colored patches on the upper sides of the wings.


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Page 18 Ducks


Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural '*

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands

jy*

A. Species Name: Oxyurajamaicensis

Common Name: Ruddy Duck

Status: Territorially Endangered.

Where I am found: Prefers fresh water ponds but can be found in salt ponds.

Why I am endangered: This species was once much more common in the Virgin Islands but has declined considerably in the last few decades. The main reason is probably hunting.

Coloring tips: The male has an overall ruddy coloration, with a dark head and tail, white cheek patches and a blue bill. Females are mostly brown with a dark brown stripe below the eye.




B. Species Name: Anas bahamensis

Common Name: Bahama Duck or White-Cheeked Pintail

Status: Territorially Endangered

Where I am found: Found in fresh water and salt ponds. Nests in dense grass or under mangrove roots. Can lay up to a dozen eggs in a nest.

Why I am endangered: The primary reason for endangerment of this species is hunting by man. The nests of this species are also preyed upon by cats, rats and mongooses.

Coloring tips: Body gray-brown, white cheeks and throat and light fawn-colored, pointed tail. The bill has a red-orange mark near the face.













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Page 19 Shorebirds


X Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural a S ,

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


A. Species Name: Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Common Name: Willet

Status: Territorially Threatened

Where I am found: Found in salt ponds and other wetlands. Rare in the Virgin Islands. Nests in depression made in the sand near wetlands.

Why I am endangered: May never have been abundant in the Virgin Islands. Eggs and young are prone to predation by mongooses and cats. Disturbance from human activities.

Coloring tips: Light gray body with dark legs. Black and white wing pattern.




B. Species Name: Charadrius alexandrinus

Common Name: Snowy Plover

Status: Territorially Threatened

Where I am found: One sighting from St. John. Used to nest on St. Croix but apparently no longer. Rare in Puerto Rico. Nests on ground.

Why I am endangered: May never have been common in the Virgin Islands. Predation of eggs and young by mongooses and cats. Disturbance from human activities.

Coloring tips: Pale coloration, black bill and dark legs. In the summer a black ear patch is present.




C. Species Name: Puffinus iherminieri

Common Name: Audubon's Shearwater

Status: Territorially Endangered

Where I am found: Nests on several small rocky cays around the V.I. Feeds in open ocean.

Why I am endangered: This species never occurs in great numbers. However, the few in the V.I. suffer from predation by hawks and falcons. Humans are also known to poach the young for
food.

Coloring tips: Dark, brownish-black back and white underparts.


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Page 19 Shorebirds


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Page 16 Parakeet


Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural 40" N

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Resources


y'~jf Government of the Virgin Islands -


Species Name: Aratinga pertinax

Common Name: Brown-Throated Parakeet

Status: Territorially Threatened.

Where I am found: This bird was apparently introduced to St. Thomas from Curacao. It used to occur in large flocks on the east end of St. Thomas where it nests in termite nests and feeds on
fruits and seeds. Some have been released on St. John and are surviving near Caneel Bay.

Why I am endangered: This species has declined greatly in numbers over the last ten years. Many have been caught to be sold or kept as pets. Several hurricanes have also affected these birds.
Also, many people bur termite nests to keep termites out of their homes and this has led to less nesting habitat for this species.

Coloring tips: This bird is generally green with yellow-orange eye patches, a brown throat and blue primary feathers (the large feathers at the ends of the wings).





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Page 17 Doves


X Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural a s*
SResources


Government of the Virgin Islands


A. Species Name: Geotrygon mystacea

Common Name: Bridled Quail Dove

Status: Territorially Endangered.

Where I am found: Usually found searching for seeds on the ground in dense lowland forests at the base of guts. Nests are constructed low to the ground using twigs.

Why I am endangered: Primary cause of endangerment is predation on the eggs and young by mongoose and cats. Much of the dense lowland forests in the Virgin Islands are developed or
heavily disturbed by human activities. Few areas remain where this bird can feed and nest.

Coloring tips: White line under the eye, brown back, throat white, rusty colored patch on wing, underparts buffy-brown.




B. Species Name: Columba leucocephala

Common Name: White-Crowned Pigeon

Status: Territorially Endangered

Where I am found: Once very common, this species is now quite rare. They prefer to nest in mangroves, presumably for protection from predation. The largest nesting colony in the Virgin
Islands is on Ruth Cay, St. Croix, a man-made island.

Why I am endangered: The primary reason for endangerment of this species is hunting by man. Where this species is protected it usually recovers quite well.

Coloring tips: Slate gray body with a white crown.













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Page 20 Bat


/'-'f Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural 4' O

.. ~Resources


f ~Government of the Virgin Islands ,.


Species Name: Noctilio leporinus

Common Name: Fisherman Bat

Status: Territorially Threatened

Where I am found: This bat roosts in caves near the sea and in the roofs of old houses. It catches fish swimming near the surface of the water using sonar and long claws.

Why I am endangered: This species has declined greatly in numbers as old houses are tom down or bat-proofed. Coastal development near sea caves has disturbed the bats.

Coloring tips: This bat has a light brown back and white undersides. Black eyes and pink inside of ears.









1 I




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page 21 Grouper




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Division of Fish and Wildlife Department of Planning and Natural

Resources


Government of the Virgin Islands


- .J. "- A.0

Species Name: Epinephelus itijara

Common Name: Goliath Grouper (Formally called "Jewfish")

Status: Territorially Endangered

Where I am found: This fish used to be fairly abundant around offshore reefs, underwater caves and wrecks. Can reach nearly eight feet in length and weigh nearly 1000 pounds. Eats crabs and
approaches divers out of curiosity.

Why I am endangered: This species has declined greatly in numbers due to over fishing because they are not naturally abundant and are so easily caught.

Coloring tips: This fish can have a dark or pale green-gray body with black spots.


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