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Title: U.S. Virgin Islands reef check surveys
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA01300931/00002
 Material Information
Title: U.S. Virgin Islands reef check surveys
Series Title: U.S. Virgin Islands reef check surveys
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Division of Fish and Wildlife, Department of Planning and Natural Resources
Publisher: Division of Fish and Wildlife, Department of Planning and Natural Resources
Place of Publication: St. Croix, USVI
Publication Date: 2004
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: CA01300931
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of the Virgin Islands
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Main
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Tables
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Appendix
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
Full Text





















2004 US Virgin Islands Reef Check Surveys


Jennifer Messineo

and

Jason Vasques


Division of Fish and Wildlife
Department of Planning and Natural Resources
U. S. Virgin Islands


October 2004












INTRODUCTION


The Division of Fish and Wildlife operates a grant to assess recreational fisheries habitat in the
US Virgin Islands. As part of that project DFW utilized the Reef Check protocol to survey
habitat, invertebrates, and fish assemblages at three sites around St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.
The Reef Check program is a global volunteer program designed to provide public education and
raise awareness of the status of the world's reefs through the biological monitoring of key reef
species. The Reef Check program provides a broad assessment of reefs which may be repeated
annually for monitoring purposes. For more information on the Reef Check program see
Hodgson, et al. (2003) or the Reef Check website at http://www.reefcheck.org. The data
collected in this study was sent to the Reef Check Foundation for inclusion in their world
database.

METHODS AND SITE SELECTION

Great Bay- On 11 September 2004, two transects were surveyed in Great Bay, St. Thomas. The
Great Bay transects were previously surveyed by Vasques (2003) and Volson (2001). Volson
(2001) however, used a slightly different survey method. This site was selected not only because
it had been surveyed in the past but also because it is a nearshore reef that may be influenced by
anthropogenic impacts. The site lies within the St. James Marine Reserve and therefore, fishing
activities are restricted. The only fishing activities allowed are the capture of bait ad fishing by
the use of hook and line, however, a permit must be obtained to fish. Volson's (2001) transects
19 and 20 ran parallel to a linear reef. The transects were found by using coordinates reported in
Volson (2001) and finding the concrete blocks with PVC pipes left by that study. Transect 19
was at a depth of 6.5 m and transect 20 was at a depth of 8.5 m. Appendix 1 is the site
description and coordinates for transects 19 and 20 (from Volson 2001) as provided for Reef
Check.

Grass Cay- On 25 September 2004, two transects were completed at one site off Grass Cay, to
the northeast of St. Thomas. This is an offshore cay with no human residential population and is
probably little affected by development and industry on St. Thomas. There is however,
commercial fishing and recreational diving around the cay (see Appendix 2 for the site
description and coordinates). The reef at Grass Cay is a linear reef that is protected from north
swells and has limited protection from southeast swells. The deep transect was at a depth of 16.2
m while the shallow transect ran parallel to the deep transect at a depth of 8.2 m. The shallow
transect began at a mooring anchor (coordinates provided in Appendix 2) and followed a heading
of approximately 1200. Both transects followed a contour parallel to the linear reef. The deep
transect was located -2100 from the mooring at a depth of 16.2 m and also followed a heading of
approximately 120.

Coculus Rocks- On 25 September 2004, one transect was completed at Coculus Rocks, a small
rocky outcrop colonized by coral in Benner Bay on the southeast end of St. Thomas. This site
has not been surveyed before under this project, but appears to have been surveyed, due to the
presence of underwater stakes and submerged floats, by another agency. This transect utilized












the already present markers. This transect began on the easternmost submerged point and ran
west along the northern side following the underwater markers. This site lies within the Cas
Cay/ Mangrove Lagoon Marine Reserve and therefore, fishing activities are prohibited except
the capture of bait. The site is exposed to south and southeast swells. The reef at Coculus Rocks
is shallow and only one transect could be completed. It was at a depth of 6.4 m (coordinates and
site description provided in Appendix 3).

Survey methods- At all sites the Reef Check protocol was used (see Hodgson, et al., 2003 for
Reef Check methods). This protocol was slightly modified to better fit the US Virgin Islands
needs. Modifications included a higher species resolution in the substrate surveys and the
addition of key species of fish and invertebrates that are important to the USVI. During substrate
surveys organisms were identified to the lowest taxa possible. In the case of the Montastraea
complex, only two distinctions were made; M. annularis and M. cavernosa. M. annularis may
include M annularis, M. franksi, and M. faveolata. Additional key fishes included; angelfishes,
queen triggerfish, hamlets, and species level identification of all grouper with size estimates for
grouper. Two transects were conducted at each site, except Coculus Rocks, as explained above.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Great Bay- Tables 1 and 2 list the results of the substrate surveys conducted in Great Bay at
Volson's (2001) transects 19 and 20. Sand was most prevalent in transect 19 while most of
transect 20 was rock/dead coral. Hard coral only accounted for 9% of transect 19 and 23% of
transect 20. In each transect, the most prominent corals were Montastraea annularis and Porites
astreoides (Table 2). The last segment of transect 19 contained one coral colony that showed
signs of bleaching. Coral bleaching also occurred in each of the four segments of transect 20.
However, less than 10% of each colony in each segment was bleached. In addition, one coral
colony showed anchor damage in the last segment of transect 20. Great Bay is the site of a large
hotel with numerous water activities; therefore, there is a high potential for coral damage by
tourist activities.

The densities of key indicator species are presented in Table 3 for fish and invertebrates. The
most abundant fish for transects 19 and 20 were hamlets and snapper, respectively. One grouper
was observed in transect 19: a red hind with TL 20 cm. Four grouper were observed in transect
20: two Epinephelus guttatus (25 and 50 cm TL), one Cephalopholisfulva (20 cm TL) and one
C. cruentatus (25 cm TL). Gorgonians dominated most of the invertebrate counts along both
transects. Due to diver error, pencil urchins were misidentified. Thus a conservative estimate of
pencil urchin abundance was used based on previous years (Vasques 2003) and on other divers'
observations.

Grass Cay- The results of the substrate transects at Grass Cay are presented in Tables 4 and 5.
Within the transects there was a considerable amount of live coral cover with Montastraea
annularis being the most prominent (Table 5). Hard coral coverage for both transects was 50%
of the possible 160 point counts. The shallow transect showed limited signs of bleaching with 1-
3% of the corals in three of the four 20 m survey segments exhibited bleaching. All four survey












segments of the deep transect showed minimal bleaching; from less than 1% to 2% of the
colonies in each segment. Black band disease was observed on one colony of Montastraea
annularis in the deep transect. Only one colony was damaged by means other than bleaching;
however, the mode of damage was not obvious. This area has a small mooring field and
experiences moderate use by recreational divers and dive operations. The site has a potential to
be damaged by anchors and/or careless divers.

The results of key indicator species surveys for fish and invertebrates are presented in Table 6.
The most abundant fish across the shallow transect were parrotfish. Snapper were the most
abundant across the deep transect. Two grouper were encountered in the deep transect. Both
were red hind approximately 15 and 20 cm TL. Again, pencil urchins were misidentified due to
diver error and were subsequently removed from the analysis in Table 6.

Coculus Rocks- Tables 7 and 8 summarize the results of the substrate survey at Coculus Rocks.
Hard corals accounted for 40% of the point counts; however, no single coral species was
especially dominant. Nearly 30% of the entire transect was rock. Two colonies displayed signs
of bleaching, one in the each of the last two 20 m transect segments. In both cases,
approximately 25% of each colony was bleached. A small amount of coral damage of unknown
origin was observed in the last segment. Ecotours sometimes use Coculus Rocks as a snorkel
site. This may increase the potential for damage.

Table 9 presents the densities of key indicator species surveys for fish and invertebrates.
Parrotfish were the most abundant fish within the transect. No grouper were observed. The
invertebrate count was dominated by gorgonians.

The substrate codes used throughout the tables can be found in Appendix 4.

LITERATURE CITED

Hodgson, G., Maun, L., and Shuman, C. 2003. Reef Check Survey Manual for Coral Reefs of
the Indo Pacific, Hawaii, Atlantic/Caribbean, Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. Reef Check, Institute
of the Environment, University of California Los Angeles, CA. 33p.

Vasques, J. 2003. 2003 U.S. Virgin Islands Reef Check Surveys. Division of Fish and Wildlife,
Department of Planning and Natural Resources, USVI. 7 pp.

Volson, B. 2001. Benthic Habitat Assessment Project. Division of Fish and Wildlife,
Department of Planning and Natural Resources, USVI. Final Report F-7. 115 pp.













Table 1. 2004 substrate composition for Great Bay transects 19 and 20 using Reef Check
categories, mean count of each category over four 20 m segments and mean percent coverage
per 20 m segment.


Transect 19


Transect 20


Mean ". Mean ".
Mealn count cox er'ae Meanl count coverage
Substrate category* + SD + SD + SD + SD

Hard coral 3.75 + 0.50 9.4 + 0.01 9 + 1.83 22.5 + 0.05

Soft coral 0.25 + 0.50 0.60 + 0.01 1.25 + 1.89 3.1 + 0.05

Recently killed coral 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0

Nutrient indicator algae 1.0 + 1.41 2.5 + 0.04 1.25 + 0.96 3.1 + 0.02

Sponges 0+0 0 +0.0 0+ 0.0 0+ 0.0

Rock (dead coral) 11.0+5.94 27.5+0.15 13.75+4.11 34.4+0.10

Rubble 3.75 + 3.86 9.4 + 0.10 8.25 + 1.26 20.6 + 0.03
Sand 20.25+ 7.18 50.6+0.18 6.25+4.27 15.6+0.11

Silt/clay 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0

Other 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
*Substrate categories are according to the Reef Check protocol, see http://www.reefcheck.org
for the survey manual and details. Higher resolution data was also collected (see Table 2).













Table 2. 2004 substrate composition to species level for Great
Bay in transects 19 and 20 (based on four 20 m segments).
Transect I1) Trans'ect 20
Percent of Percent of
Category Count trnnsect Count trnnsect
AC
AP
AGAG 2 1 3 2
AGTE
CN
DCA 42 27 54 35
DC
DIST
DL
DS 1 1 2 1
ERY 1 1 2 1
EF
GV
MILALC 1 1
MA 3 2 8 5
MC 1 1 1 1
MYLA
NIA 4 3 5 3
OT
PA 3 2 6 4
PP 1 1 5 3
PSEUDO
RKC
RC 14 9
RB 15 9 33 21
SD 80 51 25 16
SR 1 1
SS 2 1 3 2
SI
SC 2 1
SP 1 1 7 4
HC
Substrate codes are listed in Appendix IV













Table 3. 2004 mean density per 20 m segment of key species at
Great Bay transects 19 and 20
Transect 19 Transect 20
Fish Mleni no./(20n Meni no./(20in
segment) + SD segment) + SD
Butterfly fish 0 + 0.0 1.75 + 1.71
Grunts and
Gruntsand 0.25 + 0.5 4.25 + 2.22
Margates
Snapper 0.5 + 0.58 7.0 + 5.94
Nassau grouper 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Grouper 0.25 + 0.5T 1 + 8.2*
Hamlets 0.75 + 0.5 3.25 + 2.75
Parrotfish 0.25 + 0.5 2.0 + 2.45
Angelfish 0.25 + 0.5 2.5 + 4.36
Queen triggerfish 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Moray eel 0.25 + 0.5 0 + 0.0
Inl ertebrales
Banded coral
shrimp 0. + 0.0 1 + 0.82
Diadema urchin 0.5 + 0.58 2.25 + 0.96
Pencil urchin 0.5 + 1.0 0.75 + 1.50
Triton shell 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Flamingo tongue 0. +0.0 0 + 0.0
Gorgonian 19.5 +4.51 7.5 + 11.12
Sea egg
Sea egg+ 0.0 0 + 0.0
(Tripneustes)
Lobster 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Grouper were Epinephelus guttatus
* Grouper were Epinephelus guttatus and Cephalopholisfulva













Table 4. 2004 substrate composition for Grass Cay shallow and deep
transects using Reef Check categories mean count of each category over four
20 m segments and mean percent coverage per 20 m segment.


Shallo Transect (Depth = Deep
8.2mn)


Transect (Depth =
16.2n)


Substrate Mean nMen ". Mean Mean 'o;)
ca I egor count co erage countii co erlge
+ SD + SD + SD + SD
Hard coral 20 + 4.16 50 + 0.10 19.75 +3.3 49.4 + 0.08
Soft coral 1.75 + 2.22 4.4 + 0.06 2.25 + 1.26 5.6 + 0.03
Recently
0Recently + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
killed coral
Nutrient
indicator 2 + 0.82 5 + 0.02 0.75 + 0.5 1.9 + 0.01
algae
Sponges 0.5 + 0.58 1.3 + 0.01 0.5 + 0.58 1.3 + 0.01
Rock(dead 8.25+ 1.71 20.6+0.04 7.25+ 1.71 18.1+0.04
coral)
Rubble 0.5 + 0.58 1.3 + 0.01 2.25 +1.71 5.6 + 0.04
Sand 7+ 1.83 17.5 + 0.05 7.25+ 1.89 18.1 + 0.05
Silt/clay 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Other 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
*Substrate categories are according to the Reef Check protocol, see
http://www.reefcheck.org for the survey manual and details. Higher
resolution data was also collected (see Table 5).













Table 5. 2004 substrate composition to species level for Grass Cay
shallow and deep transects (based on four 20 m segments).
ShlIll~ tira-nsect
Percent of Percent of
C'.-IoUI" Count Ii'aii.ect Couni tri1iiScct
AC 7 4 1 1
AP
AGAG 2 1 4 3
AGTE 4 3
CN 1 1
DCA 23 14.4 24 15
DC 1 1 2 1
DIST
DL 1 1
DS 1 1 3 2
ERY 1 1 1 1
EF 1 1
GV 4 3 4 3
MILALC 2 1 1 1
MA 40 25 51 32
MC 4 3
MYLA 1 1
NIA 8 5 3 2
OT
PA 8 5 5 3
PP 8 5 5 3
PSEUDO 1 1 2 1
RKC
RC 3 2 5 3
RB 2 1 9 6
SD 28 18 29 18
SR 1 1 1 1
SS 2 1 1 1
SI
SC 1 1 2 1
SP 2 1 2 1
HC 1 1
Substrate codes are listed in Appendix IV













Table 6. 2004 density of key species at Grass Cay transects
Shallow Deep transect
ltrnsect
Mean no.'(20ni Mean no.'(20 in
Fish segment) + SD segmlenl) + SD
Butterfly fish 0 + 0.0 0.75 + 0.96
Grunts and
Grunts and 0.75 + 0.96 1.25 + 2.50
Margates
Snapper 0.25 + 0.5 5.5 + 10.34
Nassau
Nassau 0+0.0 0+0.0
grouper
Grouper 0 + 0.0 0.5 + 1.0I
Hamlets 0.5 + 0.58 1.75 + 1.26
Parrotfish 1 + 0.82 0.5 + 0.58
Queen + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Triggerfish
Angelfish 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Moray eel 0 +0 0 + 0.0
In\ ertebraltes
Banded coral
0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
shrimp
Diadema
Diadema 0+0.0 0+ 0.0
urchin
Pencil
Penl N/A N/A
urchin*
Triton shell 0 + 0.0 0.25 + 0.5
Flamingo
Flamingo 0.25 + 0.5 0 + 0.0
tongue -
Gorgonian 23.25 + 9.88 39 + 5.23
Sea egg
Sea egg0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
(Tripneustes)
Lobster 0 + 0.0 0 + 0.0
Grouper were Epinephelus guttatus
*Due to diver error pencil urchins were not included at this site














Table 7. 2004 substrate composition for Coculus
Rocks transect using Reef Check categories mean
count of each category over four 20 m segments and
mean percent coverage per 20 m segment.
Shallow (Depth = 6.4m)
Mea;i MNean
Sutbstrate count + co\ erage +_
category SD SD


*Substrate categories are according to the Reef
Check protocol, see http://www.reefcheck.org for
the survey manual and details. Higher resolution
data was also collected (see Table 8).


Hard coral
Soft coral
Recently killed
coral
Nutrient indicator
algae
Sponges
Rock (dead coral)
Rubble
Sand
Silt/clay
Other


16+2.58
2.75 + 0.96

0 + 0.0

2.25 + 1.5

1.25 + 0.96
11.75 + 3.3
2.25 + 1.5
3.75 + 1.5
0 + 0.0
0+0.0


40 + 0.06
6.9 + 0.02

0 + 0.0

5.6 + 0.04

3.1 +0.02
29.4 + 0.08
5.6 + 0.04
9.4 + 0.04
0 + 0.0
0+0.0













Table 8. 2004 substrate composition to species
level for Coculus Rocks transect (based on four 20
m segments).
Shallow tIransect
Category.*" Count Percent of transect
AC
AP
AGAG 1 1
AGTE 1 1
CN
DCA 12 8
DC
DIST 3 2
DL
DS 5 3
ERY 6 4
EF
GV 3 2
MILALC 6 4
MA 5 3
MC 12 8
MYLA
NIA 9 6
OT
PA 8 5
PP 9 6
PSEUDO 1 1
RKC
RC 35 22
RB 9 6
SD 15 9
SR 4 3
SS 9 6
SI
SC 1 1
SP 5 3
HC 1 1
Substrate codes are listed in Appendix IV














Table 9. 2004 density of key species at
Coculus Rocks transect
SlIallo tiorinsect
lean no./(20mn


segmienl) + SD
0.25 + 0.5

0+0.0

0.25 + 0.5
0 + 0.0
0 + 0.0
0.5 + 0.58
1.25 + 0.96

0 + 0.0

0 + 0.0
0+0


Fish
Butterfly fish
Grunts and
Margates
Snapper
Nassau grouper
Grouper
Hamlets
Parrotfish
Queen
Triggerfish
Angelfish
Moray eel
In\ ertebrates
Banded coral
shrimp
Diadema urchin
Pencil urchin
Triton shell
Flamingo tongue
Gorgonian
Sea egg
(Tripneustes)
Lobster


0+0.0

0.75 + 0.96
0.75 + 0.96
0 + 0.0
2.25 + 2.63
44.25 + 5.56

0 + 0.0

0 + 0.0


















Ap-MeX I


Reef Check
Site Description Sheet

Frat Tru Traeelt 19 and 20


Ste name:


Coqatry: Unitfl States V tgiIslands SWt/Pvince: St Thom City/town:
WDte: 11.SeD04 Time Startof srvey: 12:30 Endolf unrc 13:45
Latitude (deg min. se): 18d 193529 N Longitude (dog. min. eo): 64d 50.13TW N ced of tranet
From chart or by OPS? (If PS, indicate units) char GS x GPS units: ddd munmmm
Orientation ofmtrnct: N-S F-W __- NE-SW SE-NW
Temperature(indeges C): air. C surftae: C at3n: C at lOmn .
Distance from share (m)Y 300 from nearest river (l0): NA
River mouth width <10 m 11-50 m_ 51-100 m 101500 m
Distance to nearest population cente (km):

Weather
Visibility (m):

Why is this ite selected:


sruny x
15-20


cloudy_


as comprison to previous yeans this best eef in the ara?


raining


Yes: x


Isthis site:
M or coral damaging storms

Overall antlopogenic impact
Is siltation a problem
Blt fishing
Poison fishing
Aquarium fishing
Harvest invts for food
Harvest inveats for curio sales
Tourist divinganorkeling:
Sewge pollution (outfall or boat)
Industrial pollution
Commercial fishing (fish aught to
sell for food)
Live food fish trade
Artainaltrorestional, (personal
consumopton)
How many yachs sar typically
present within lkmofthis site


Always shelter: x
Yes: x


Somotim es
No_____ If yes,


- IIExpoac~__


pWhen was t storm 19
When was Imat on: 1999


None: __ Low_ lMcd: x Hi:h
Never: Occasionally: Ofen: x Always
None x Low:_ Med: Igh:__
Noa. x Low: Md: i_____
None: x Low:_ Md: 15__
None Low x Med: I__h:
None: x Low: Md:__ High
None: Low.__ Md: Hiit x
None: Low: x Mod: I__gh:
None x Low _Mod: __ih:


None:_
None: x

None:_

None


Low: x Med: __ gh:ib
Low___ Md: I1111U.hg


Low. x Mod:


lgh: ___


Few(1-2):- Mod (3-5): Many (>5): x


tAAO- / nyU, A- --


Any protection (egal or other) at
this site?
Is protection enfored
What is the level of poaching in
protected arca?
Check which activities below are
banned:


Yew x
Yes;

None:_


Spearfishing
Commecial fishing
Recreational fishing
Invertebrate or shell collecting
Anchring
Diving
Other (please specify)


No: If ye answer questions below
No: x

Low: x Mcd;


x
x
x hook ad line permitit
x


ining is low in ttis by due to its proximity to hotels but is moderain to high S th d of transcot 18d 19263N 64 W


sques, Jason and Mossine, Jem gional Coordinator:
Team Leader:
Team Scientist
Team Members:




14


au Ja s


Mesim, amik
Vasugms Jaaon

Sjoken, Ran


No:


Other comments


Submitted by


T^-,_l---- 4M.,w**l.ir / lslanM elnner


A., L


Ilr


















Reef eck
Site Description Sheet


Orass Cay


Country: United State Virgin Islads StaProvice: St. Thors City/town:
Date: 25-Sep04 Time: Start of survey: 13:11 End of nrvey: 14:40
Latitude (deg. min. sac): ld 21451' N Lomgitude (dg. min. sec) 64d 49 865' W
From chrtr by GPS? (If PS, indicate units): obart OPS x GPS aunia dd mm mmm
Orientation of transact N-S_ EW x NE-SW SENW_
Temperature (m degrees C): air C face: C a 3fm: __ C at 10m: C
Distance from shore (am); 188 ~aon naret river (km): NA
River mouth width: <10 m_ I1-50 m 51-100 m 101-500 m_
Distance to aresat population center (km): 33 Population size (xl000): 3-5


Weather
Visibility(m):

Why is this site selected:


smny x cloudy_
30

to provide comparison to MPA Is this best reef in the area?


raining


Yes: x


Is this sit:
Major coral damaing storms

Overall anthrpogaic impact
Is siltation a problem
Blst fishing
Paisem fishing
Aquarium fishing
Harvest inverts for food
Harvest inverts for curio sales
Tourist diviangaorkeling:
Sewage pollution (outfall or boat)
Industrial pollution
Commercial fishing (fsh caught to
sl f for food)
Live food fish trade
Artisindlrcreational (personal
consumption)
Ho, many yacht are typically
present within lkm of this site


Always sheltered; x
Yes x

Nmoe:_____


None: x
None: x
Noner.
None: x
None:
Nacme:
None: x


None__

None:______


Sometimes:
No Ifysa,


Low:_
Occasionally: x
Low:_
Low:
Low_

Low:
Low_
law- a
Low:
Low:

Low_:
Low:

Low:_
Low


W Expodham:
When wuas last storm: 1999


Med: x
Oft-: __
Medt:
Mod:
Med:
Med:
Med:
Mod:
Me&
Mod:
Med:

Mad: x
Med: x

Mod:


Few (1-2): Med (3-5):


High:
Always:_
High:
High:
High:
High_:
High:
High: _
High:
High:

High:_

High; x

Many (>5): x


Other impacts: _Developsent from remidenoes on nearby cays


Any protection (legal or other) at this
site?
Is protection enforced
What is the level of poaching in
project ame?
Check which activities below ar
banned:


Other commenia


Submittedby


Yes:
Yes:


No: x
No:

Low:


If ye, answer questions below


Med:


High


Spearfishing
Commercial fishing
Recreationa fishing
Invertebrale or shell collecting
Anchoring
Diving
Other pleasee spcfy)


It is not know what level of rnoffoccurrs from developments on nearby cays or St Thomas and St John


Mesaneo Jannifer Regional Coordinator
Team Leader:
Team Scientist
Tem Members:


Ocsda, Shrmd


PlWhabitm, Lizt
jokcc. Rm
~Whiuansu, Lizz


Appendix II.


Site me:


No:


~Clr-- ---


start at W-MR


IJ


1 II


Valowimmaa
)WICIP"00 )conife
T__ r


















Reef Check
Site Descriptio Sheet


te is m.Coculus Rocks


Country: United States Virti Islands StatProvince: St. Thomas City/town:
Date: 25-Sep.04 Time: Start of survey 11:30 End of survey: 12:45
Latitude (deg. min. ec): 18d 18.769' N Longitude (deg. min. sec): 64d 51.627 W
From chat or by OPS? (IfOPS, indicate units): chart OPSx GPS units ddd mm.mmm
Orietation of transit N-S x E-W NE-SW SE-NW
Tenperau (in degrees C): air: C nsrface: C at 3m: C at 10mn: C
Distance from shore (m): 520 from nearest river (kam) 2.2 = s ~ t
River mouth width: <0lm x 11-50m 51-100Om 101-500 m
Distance to nearest population center (kmn) 1.07 Population size (x1000) 3-5


Weather
Visibility (m):

Why is this site selected:


sunny x
20


cloudy


is part of n MPA and other projsl this best reef in the area?


raining ___


Yes: x


Is this sit:
Major coal damasgig storms

Overall anthropogenic impact
Is siltation a problem
Blast fishing
ison fishing
Aquarium fishing
Harvest invets for food
Harvet invebts for ourio sales
Touist diving/snorkeliang
Sewage pollution (utfall or boat)
Industrial pollution
Commercial fishing (fish caught to
sell for food)
Live food fish trade
Artisimal/recrtinal (personal
consumption)
How many yachts ae typically
present within Ikm of this site


Always sheltered:
Yes: x

Nonme___
Never_
None: X


None:

None: __
None:
Noae:x



None:
None: ______





None:_
None:

None:______


Sometimes:o
No If yes,


Low_
Occasionally:
Low_
Low:_
Low:_
Low x
Low_,

Low.__
Low-_

Low: x
Low x

Low: x

Few (1-2)


Mad:
Often:

Me&-
Mad:_
Med:_

Mod:
Mad:x
Med: x
Med:


Exposed; x
When was last storm: 1999

High: x
Always: x
High:
High_
S High:
High:
High:
High _
High:
High: x


Mod:
Med:_

Mcd:


High:
High:

High:


Med (3-5):_ Many (>5) x


MfCW M.nPB.


Any protection (legal or other) at this
site?
Is protetion enforced
What is the level ofpoching in
protected area?
Check which activities below are
banned:


Yes: x
Yes:

None:


Speerfishin
Commercial fishing
Recreational fishing
Invrtebrate or shell collecting
Anchoring
Diving
Other (please specify)


No: If ye, answer questions below
No: x

Low: x Med:


x
x
x hook and line by permit
x


onhy one transect was conducted because the roef is too small to hold trans ts at different deaths


Messineo. Jennifer Rgional Coordinator.
Team Leader.
Team Sciaetist
Team Members:


Appendlx Ill


No:


Other comments


High


Submitted by


VOsqus, iaso
M msineo, Junifer
Vaqul. Jasmon
Gordon, Sbcncll
Platenbet Renata
Sjoklo, Roa


~-~c~c_ II ---- --p~-- ~CL~II~


--F- OPMM n UUI
w"CilC ~ I ----I__1 .-AF-


~I ~r r I r ~5~5LC~


Wher- i


ThaHi a*d w--th lamlill













Appendix IV. Substrate codes as used in tables 2,
5, and 8
Substrate (Category Substrate Code
Acropora cervicornis AC
Acroporapalmata AP
Agaricia agaricites AGAG
Agaricia tenuifolia AGTE
Colpopyllia natans CN
Dead coral and algae DCA
Dendrogyra cylindrus DC
Dichocoenia stokesii DIST
Diploria labyrinthiformis DL
Diploria strigosa DS
Erythropodium caribaeorum ERY
Eusmilia fastigiana EF
Gorgonia ventalina GV
Millepora alcicornis MILALC
Montastraea annularis MA
Montastraea cavernosa MC
Mycetophyllia lamarckiana MYLA
Nutrient indicator algae NIA
Other OT
Porites astreoides PA
Porites porites PP
Pseudopterogorgia spp. PSEUDO
Recently killed coral RKC
Rock RC
Rubble RB
Sand SD
Siderastrea radians SR
Siderastrea siderea SS
Silt/clay SI
Soft coral SC
Sponge SP
Unidentified hard coral HC




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