E.T.- A LOCAL WAY OF LEARNING
WHAT ARE THESE GARBLED WORDS
Eulalie R. Rivera Elementary School
Environmental Education Team
Following a quick review of DCCA Fact Sheet No. 4, students will correctly
identify the seven shoreline and marine associations of the Virgin Islands as
evidenced by the completion of the activity sheet.
1. Distribute the DCCA Environmental Fact Sheet No. 4; allow 5-10 minutes for
review. Or, teacher may discuss the information on the Fact Sheet, with board
illustrations or a transparency.
2. Collect the Fact Sheet, or after discussion, distribute the Activity Sheet;
allow 10-15 minutes for completion.
3. Review, performance, with explanations as necessary.
4. Review importance to Island environment of such as salt ponds, mangroves,
Shoreline and Marine Associations of the Virgin Islands, DCCA Environmental Fact
Sheet No. 4:
WHAT ARE TIIESE CAR BLED WORDS?
HOYSREOKLIRCNEI POLTNDSA ACHBE RONGVEMA SBASEDGR EFRE \'I!I.uI.CAOFRE
1. Look at the shoreline and marine areas included in areas between vertical dash lines for clues.
2. Unscramble the words or terms above and print the correct words or term in the block within the appropriate
____ __ ____.
DCCA ENVIRONMENTAL FACT SHEET NO. 4
SHORELINE AND MARINE ASSOCIATIONS
OF THE VIRGIN ISLANDS
There are seven basic types of shoreline and marine habitats in the
Virgin Islands: rocky shorelines, salt ponds, beaches, mangroves, grass beds,
reefs, and off- shore cays. These natural systems, separately and in
combination, perform countless valuable functions for man at no cost, drawing
energy from the sun. They buffer storm winds and waves, stabilize and protect
the shoreline with its expensive man-made infrastructure and facilities, purify
water and offer an immense variety of diverse vistas and interesting wildlife
and vegetation. These habitats and their associated processes support the
safety, health, and welfare of every Virgin Island rids resident. Appropriate
resource protection and management are imperative to maintain natural
productivity, aesthetic and recreational values, as well as to preserve options
for future generations.
Each of those seven habitats are discussed in separate handouts.
However, they are rarely found in isolation. They are generally associated in
various combinations. Below are three of the most common associations, along a
fourth association which is man-made.
Rocky Shoreline Associations
Shoreline vegetation tolerant
of salt and drying. Soil thin.
Bedrock and boulder
substrate. Corals near
surface. Sea fans, sea
Sea Grass and Algae
Sand layer thin nearshore
deepening offshore grading
to grass or algae bed
Island Resources Foundation, The Virgin Islands Marine Environment, V. I.
Coastal Zone Management Program, Technical Supplement No. 1, 1976 (Editor:
Marsha McLaughlin, Policy and Planning Unit, DCCA. Further info.: Environmental
r ~. .: ...-: - ----: -.ii~
Sand Beach-Grass Beds-Salt Pond-Reef Associations
SALT POND BEACH
Traps runoff, sediment,
Dune Berm Foreshore
Recreational sites. Vegetations
stabilizes shore. Berm and foreshore
constantly changing in "dynamic
equilibrium". Filters water leaving the
SEA GRASS BED
Stabilizes sand. Provides
oxygen Assimilates waste.
Feeds and shelters diverse
ANGROV SEA GRASS
led IQuiet water,
nangroves silty sand
lack and thick sea
vhite grass growth
andwai~rd tea life
Trapped sediments and
mangrove roots. Larger
cays with mangrove
zonation and terrestrial
BACK REEF FLATS
Sea grass, algae,
scattered corals, clean
sand, reef rubble.
L, .. .... wave proueciiin.
f raps Sand production.
Man-made Shoreline and Structures
Heavy use, altered drainage,
high proportion of impervious
surface, vegetation cleared,
high runoff, pollution sources
Heavy use, increased turbidity, silty bottom, reduced
bottom diversity and productivity, possible
phytoplankton blooms, boats disturb bottom,
contribute hydrocarbons, heavy metals, sewage.
Structures may reduce circulation. Often require
from waves and
swells. Sand and
Black and white
Gorgon corals, sea
fans, etc. seaward
Abundant sea life.