h Dnly Newo. Friday, August 7.1998 21
Jamaica's economical development began with first inhabitants
This third column on Jamaica A leading expot industry in the believed to come from "Manicca" Rose Hall great house built in 1760
focuses on te economical develop. Island is in prment assembly which the Spanish word for bog land. Dur- by J. Palmer. History has it that
Sof tbote island. Jamica' econ- employs some 35,000 people. This OjaoN ing the Spanish rule of Jamaica. Palmer was murdered by his second
omy began from the first nhabi- industry represented about 20 per. Davis Montego Bay was an area where wife Annie who also murdered all
tants of the island. I am sure the cent of the island's Growth Dome- lard wa explored from wild hogs her other husbands. To make a long
diantrad wh other inhabitants tic Product and employed ouhy Our from the forest. After the lrd story sho Annie b rself was killed
of the Caribbea islands before the Ilpescentoftholabourforce. Agri-. Eivonment industry ceased, the fertile lands in by her slaves. It is believed today
Europeans dominated Jamaica's culture also plays a major role in Montego Bay were used for case that the house is haunted by the
early economy. In fac, the Spanish Jamaica's economy. The major production and by the 16th century ghost Annie.
ruled Jamaica for 146 years with agricultural products are citrus, it was a major trading pos.
eousaved Afica working eont Thelre at numerous historical
splta- lecoia- spicstsh o, bwe-.i o. The aquaculture industry in What makes Montego Bay sites in Montego Bay to visit. How.
Sfor them to cqu wea and rot crop Jamaica employs some 3,000 to atracive to visitors are the histoi. ever, the biggest tourist attraction is
Let us never forgthe privac Jamaica has five sgr mills and 4,000 people. This industry mainly cal sites, golfig, tennis, rafting, the annual reggae festival where
who got their share of Jamaican sta-owed sugar and. Sugar produces fish for the export mar, sailg, surfing, the bird sanctuaries, thousands of people flock to Mon.
wealth. And of course, we can for- is the most important crop in kets. By far, tourism is the largest cavesor travel through the lush rain tego Bay. And a recent attraction is
get the British who occupied the Jamaicaintcmsoferportvalue.la industry in Jamaica. There are forest by express train. One histor- in the city'snwest mall a store
island for 300 years. Today, 1965. production of suar peaedat many historical sites, waterfalls cal site in thc asa is the 1774 foe which offers Bob Marley merbas-
Jamaica is the wodd's third largest 501,000 tons. Since then, sugar has hiking tmils, ftc. to see in Jamaica to protect the town. Another poiot disc. It is the fis of its kind in the
producer of bauxite and alumins In declined steadily with an average of beside sand and beach. of historical intls is Sam Shape world.
1980, bauxite reserves were esti- 200,000 tons a yea in the 1980s. Montego Bay where I stayed isa quopping is o another aur-
mated to be 2.5 billion tos. Like bauxite, sugar is also con- tourist mecca with nearly 50 pe. In 1831, the British was deter- ti of the city where merchandiser
Bauxite is the second largest trolledby thewoddnaket. cent of all the hotel rooms in mined to free their slaves, but the ranging from textiles, native craft
industry after tourism in Jamaica Bananas are Jamaica's second Jamaica. This area located on the planters of Jamaica were reluctant Items to exclusive brands of per-
with a foreign exchange eating of largest major agricultural export northwestern pat of the island and those their valuable ssctsftree.Sam fues
a gross in 1995 of $710 million. crop. The Blue Mountlain Jamican the second city of Jamaica ad capi- Sharpe a slave himself advocated
However, this industry fluctuates Coffee is another export crop. The tal of the Parish of St. James. passive resistance to force Jamaican The attraction of Jamaica's his-
depending upon tbe world market 1994/95 harvest produced 17,000 Columbus called the Indian com. planters to comply with England. torical sites and eco-tourism contin-
Jamaica also has a well developed tois of coffee the largest crop munity in thi area in 1494 EIGolfo Sam Sharpe was hung in then uesncxtweek.
manufacturing industry. Production since Hurricane Gilbert in 1988. de Bueno Ticmpor or Fair Weather Charles Square because of his avo- This article reflects the view of
in these industries focuses on met- Other export crops in Jamaica are Gull cation to free the slaves. Today, Olaese Davis, a SL Croix ecologist
als, textiles, food processing, too citrus and papFya. Abo, non-tradi- However, an old map of Mon. Sam Sharpe is a national hero. activist and wie, rwho ha a mar.
co, beverages, chemicals and con- tonal crops such as yams and cut tego Bay called the area Lard Bay, Probably the most captivating Ur ofscience degree in range man-
structlonmaterials. flowers are becoming major which the name Montego is attraction in Montego Bay is the agemaent andforestryecoloy.