Ecological Services Field Office
Edwin Muiiiz, Field Supervisor
Caribbean Field Office,
P.O. Box 491
Boquer6n, PR 00622
Phone: 787/851 7297
Fax: 787/851 7440
Photos (top to bottom)
Coastal mangrove forest.
Endangered hawksbill turtle.
Endangered .1. lII '..i, Il., .. 1
Cabo Rojo salt flats.
* Established: 1974.
* FY 05 budget: $1,459,000.
* Number of staff: 16.
* To protect endangered species
through the administration of
pre-listing, consultation and
recovery activities in cooperation
with other Federal agencies,
Commonwealth and Territorial
agencies and non-governmental
organizations in Puerto Rico and
the U.S. Virgin Islands.
* To conserve and enhance wildlife
and wetland resources by
evaluating and recommending
modifications of projects
proposed for Federal
construction, funding or
* To evaluate impacts of
contaminants on trust resources
and aid in remediation of impacts
and restoration of habitats and
* To develop partnerships with
Federal, Commonwealth and
organizations and citizen groups
to address a wide variety of
issues affecting fish and wildlife
resources and their habitats.
* To work cooperatively with
nations of the greater Caribbean
Basin to address shared resource
Services Provided to
* Private citizens.
* Federal, Commonwealth and
* Non-governmental organizations.
* Public and private schools.
* Protects lands important to
endangered species and
migratory birds through the
acquisition of lands for the
Caribbean Islands National
Wildlife Refuge, in conjunction
with other agencies and non-
* Summarized biological
information on the river
resources of Puerto Rico to
evaluate and modify Corps of
Engineers water development
projects to ensure the protection
of river resources.
* Provides assistance to the
U.S. Attorney's office and the
Army Corps of Engineers for the
prosecution of violations of the
Clean Water Act.
* Provided education and outreach
services to Puerto Rico and the
U.S. Virgin Islands since 1995 to
greatly increase the visibility of
Service programs in the
Caribbean. Outreach activities
and/or products include: talks,
videos, exhibits, posters, fact
sheets, Homepage, etc.
* Establishes working
partnerships to protect coastal
fisheries and coral reefs.
Provides for wetland restoration,
endangered species propagation
and protection of neo-tropical
migratory bird habitat.
* Actively participates with the
Service's Caribbean Ecosystem
team which has assisted in the
restoration of a Service Law
Enforcement presence in the
Caribbean and is working toward
the development of strategies to
address major resource issues
affecting coastal, karst and
* Works towards the development
and implementation of
mechanisms to protect nesting
sea turtles and emerging
hatchlings from artificial light
pollution on beaches in Puerto
Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
* Has administrative responsibility
for the Puerto Rican Parrot
Recovery Project (Rio Grande
Questions and Answers
How i..... .,I : ,, 1 -1.- listed species
are in Puerto Rico and the
U.S. Virgin Islands?
There are a total of 78 listed
threatened or endangered species in
Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin
Islands. There are 29 listed animals
which include three amphibians, 11
reptiles, 10 birds, five mammals and
49 listed plants.
How does the Endangered Species
Act protect a species?
Once a species is listed, the Act
protects species through the
prohibition of take, the
implementation of recovery projects,
cooperation with the states,
provisions for habitat acquisition,
consultation on federally funded and
permitted projects, through the
permitting process, and by education.
W1% -' does the FWS comment on
development ... /; ,?
Other Federal agencies are required,
under the Endangered Species Act of
1973 and the Fish and Wildlife
Coordination Act, to consult with the
FWS on actions they authorize,
conduct, and/or permit. The Service
also coordinates with state agencies
and comments on other projects
W-1, i are species listed?
Five factors are considered when
deciding whether a species needs to
* destruction or modification of
* overutilization for commercial,
recreational, scientific or
* disease or predation;
* inadequacy of existing regulatory
* other natural or manmade factors
affecting its continued existence.
What is the p Itll I for violating the
Endangered Species Act?
The Act states that to kill, damage,
harass, trap, buy, or sell an
endangered species or products
derived from that species is a
violation of the Endangered Species
Act of 1973 and can carry a fine of
$100,000.00 maximum and/or one
year in prison.
Caribbean Ecological Services Field Office