Federal/ Aid in Sport Fish & Wildlife Restoration
Division of Federal Aid
Where the money comes from:
* Federal excise taxes paid by
hunters, anglers and boaters on
hunting and fishing equipment.
* A portion of the Federal fuel tax.
* Import duties on fishing tackle
and pleasure boats.
What the money can be used for:
* Fish and wildlife research.
* Habitat enhancement.
* Technical assistance to private
* Environmental review of public
* Land acquisition.
* Operation and maintenance of
areas and facilities.
* Boating and angler access
* Comprehensive planning for fish
and wildlife resources.
* Hunter and aquatic education.
Amount Puerto Rico received in 2002:
* Sport Fish Restoration:
* Wildlife Restoration: $819,525
* Endangered Species: $214,307
* State Wildlife Conservation
Questions and Answers
Where does the money come from
that supports the Federal A id
The money does not come from the
income tax base. Instead, funds are
generated by sports people who
utilize the resources managed by
various programs. For instance, a
hunter pays a tax when he or she
purchases a firearm, ammunition or
archery equipment. A boater pays a
tax when the person buys motorboat
fuel. A fisherman pays a tax when
they purchase fishing equipment.
These dollars go to trust funds.
Questions and Answers
Where does the money go?
The trust fund money is transferred
to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
from the Treasury. The Service then
distributes the money to state fish
and wildlife agencies or the
appropriate agency in state
government to address the resource
Why doesn't the U.S Fish and
Wildlife Service spend the money?
Some of the funds are spent by the
Service to administer the program
and provide needed administrative
support to the states. However, the
mission of the Service's Federal Aid
Program is to strengthen the ability
of state and territorial fish and
wildlife agencies to restore and
manage fish and wildlife to effectively
meet the public's consumptive and
non-consumptive needs for fish and
wildlife resources. The states have
the authority to manage resident
species of wildlife unless otherwise
defined by Federal law.
How successful have the programs
The restoration of numerous wildlife
species, many fish management
programs, boat ramps and fishing
piers for sport fishing, the acquisition
of coastal wetlands, the creation of
several education and outreach
projects, and the construction of
pumpouts for boat sewage are
examples of some of the benefits the
outdoor user receives from these
programs. Whitetail deer, wild turkey,
black bear, striped bass, and
numerous sport fish populations were
restored by these programs. Boat
ramps and handicap accessible
fishing piers improved access to
fisheries resources. The acquisition of
lands for wildlife management areas
enabled states to greatly increase
wildlife populations for both game
and non-game species. In turn, taxes
from dollars spent by hunters on
hunting equipment and ammunition
enabled states to buy more land. The
*uerto]Ri(e o Fee[al Ai So Fish & I Restoration
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Federal Aid Program to the states is
known to be one of the most efficient
and effective Federal programs in
What management formula lead to
These programs operate as true
partnerships. Program funding and
administration take place at the
Federal level. Project planning and
development take placejointly.
Resource management decisions are
made at the state level. Funds are
distributed between states and
territories using formulas based on
land area and numbers of users. Most
of the funds are permanent indefinite
appropriations which allows the
states to plan projects and be assured
that funding will be there in
How can someone apply for Federal
They can't. These funds are
specifically appropriated by Congress
to the states. State agencies apply to
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for
funds to accomplish specific projects.
Service Federal Aid employees
review the projects for substantiality
in character and design and approve
funding. Partners, such as
conservation groups and local
governments, participate in some of
the programs with state agencies.