Title: Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands : migratory bird conservation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA01300688/00001
 Material Information
Title: Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands : migratory bird conservation
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Publisher: United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Publication Date: 2007
 Subjects
Subject: Caribbean   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States Virgin Islands
Caribbean
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: CA01300688
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

Migratory Bird Conservation


Frank Bowers
Regional Migratory Bird Coordinator
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
1875 Century Blvd., Suite 420
Atlanta, GA 30345
Phone: 404/679 7188
Fax: 404/679 7285
E-mail: frank_bowers @ fws.gov


Inventory and Monitoring
m Colonial waterbird and waterfowl
inventories on national wildlife
refuge system lands.
m Migratory shorebird habitat use
at Cabo Rojo saltflats.
m Pigeon and dove surveys.
m Breeding bird surveys and
Christmas bird counts.
Research
* Factors affecting breeding
success rates of snowy plovers at
Cabo Rojo saltflats, as well as
colonially nesting terns, pelicans,
tropicbirds, boobies, and yellow-
shouldered blackbirds (several of
these species are federally
endangered).
* Migratory and native bird use of
shadegrown coffee plantations
and development of social and
economic incentives to
perpetuate this important
habitat type.
Management
* Development of bird
conservation plan for Puerto Rico
and the Virgin Islands.
m Habitat restoration at Laguna
Cartagena National Wildlife
Refuge.
* Vegetation management and
protection of colonially nesting
bird habitats.
* Hunting regulations
development.
* Issuance of migratory bird
permits.
Partnerships
m Puerto Rico Department of
Natural Resources.
m Virgin Islands Fish and Wildlife
Service.
m University of Puerto Rico.
m U.S.D.A. Natural Resources
Conservation Service.


* U.S.D.A. Forest Service.
* U.S.G.S. Biological Resources
Division.
Outreach
m Migratory Bird Day.
m Educational materials for pigeon
hunters.
Questions and Answers
Why is the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service so involved with migratory
birds?
The Service, as a result of
Congressional action and the
Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918) has
responsibility for this group of
Federal trust species. Because
migratory birds (game and nongame
species) move across state, provincial
and national borders, they are
recognized as an international
resource requiring conservation on a
continental basis. Protection in North
America is provided for by
conventions between the United
States, Canada, Japan and Mexico.
There are migratory bird treaties
with these countries that require the
United States to determine when, to
what extent, and by what means it is
compatible with the terms of treaties/
conventions to allow use of these
birds and their habitats. The
Secretary of the Interior has been
charged with such determinations.

Are there permit requirements to
protect migratory birds, their nests
and eggs, or body parts?
Yes, each Service region has a
migratory bird permit branches)
that decides if permits are needed for
various actions involving migratory
birds. The types of permits that may
be issued or required are:
Eagle Exhibition.
Eagle Indian Religious.
Eagle Scientific.
Eagle Depredation.
Taxidermy.










Waterfowl Sale/Disposal.
Scientific Collecting.
Depredation.
Rehabilitation.
Special Purpose (Possession).
Salvage of Dead Birds.
Miscellaneous Special Purpose.
Falconry.
Raptor Propagation.

How are migratory bird hunting
regulations established?
The Service collects population,
habitat, hunter and harvest data on
an annual basis to gauge the status of
hunted species. This is a cooperative
effort with the states, Canada and
Mexico. Waterfowl hunting
regulations for migratory species use
flyways (broad geographical areas
traveled by groups of migrating
birds) to establish regulation
frameworks for hunting. The states
within a flyway work with Service
biologists to analyze data and propose
regulations to the Service's
Regulation Committee. This
committee judges the proposals and
recommends a broad set of hunting
regulations that include season dates,
bag/species limits, etc. These
framework regulations are approved
by the Service Director, and states
are then allowed the flexibility to
choose specific state regulations
within the flyway frameworks.


Puerto Rico Migratory Bird Conservation~~-lLI1; I I




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