Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands
Migratory Bird Conservation
Regional Migratory Bird Coordinator
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
1875 Century Blvd., Suite 420
Atlanta, GA 30345
Phone: 404/679 7188
Fax: 404/679 7285
E-mail: frank_bowers @ fws.gov
Inventory and Monitoring
m Colonial waterbird and waterfowl
inventories on national wildlife
refuge system lands.
m Migratory shorebird habitat use
at Cabo Rojo saltflats.
m Pigeon and dove surveys.
m Breeding bird surveys and
Christmas bird counts.
* Factors affecting breeding
success rates of snowy plovers at
Cabo Rojo saltflats, as well as
colonially nesting terns, pelicans,
tropicbirds, boobies, and yellow-
shouldered blackbirds (several of
these species are federally
* Migratory and native bird use of
shadegrown coffee plantations
and development of social and
economic incentives to
perpetuate this important
* Development of bird
conservation plan for Puerto Rico
and the Virgin Islands.
m Habitat restoration at Laguna
Cartagena National Wildlife
* Vegetation management and
protection of colonially nesting
* Hunting regulations
* Issuance of migratory bird
m Puerto Rico Department of
m Virgin Islands Fish and Wildlife
m University of Puerto Rico.
m U.S.D.A. Natural Resources
* U.S.D.A. Forest Service.
* U.S.G.S. Biological Resources
m Migratory Bird Day.
m Educational materials for pigeon
Questions and Answers
Why is the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service so involved with migratory
The Service, as a result of
Congressional action and the
Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918) has
responsibility for this group of
Federal trust species. Because
migratory birds (game and nongame
species) move across state, provincial
and national borders, they are
recognized as an international
resource requiring conservation on a
continental basis. Protection in North
America is provided for by
conventions between the United
States, Canada, Japan and Mexico.
There are migratory bird treaties
with these countries that require the
United States to determine when, to
what extent, and by what means it is
compatible with the terms of treaties/
conventions to allow use of these
birds and their habitats. The
Secretary of the Interior has been
charged with such determinations.
Are there permit requirements to
protect migratory birds, their nests
and eggs, or body parts?
Yes, each Service region has a
migratory bird permit branches)
that decides if permits are needed for
various actions involving migratory
birds. The types of permits that may
be issued or required are:
Eagle Indian Religious.
Special Purpose (Possession).
Salvage of Dead Birds.
Miscellaneous Special Purpose.
How are migratory bird hunting
The Service collects population,
habitat, hunter and harvest data on
an annual basis to gauge the status of
hunted species. This is a cooperative
effort with the states, Canada and
Mexico. Waterfowl hunting
regulations for migratory species use
flyways (broad geographical areas
traveled by groups of migrating
birds) to establish regulation
frameworks for hunting. The states
within a flyway work with Service
biologists to analyze data and propose
regulations to the Service's
Regulation Committee. This
committee judges the proposals and
recommends a broad set of hunting
regulations that include season dates,
bag/species limits, etc. These
framework regulations are approved
by the Service Director, and states
are then allowed the flexibility to
choose specific state regulations
within the flyway frameworks.
Puerto Rico Migratory Bird Conservation~~-lLI1; I I