<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Title Page
 Advertisment
 Narrative
 Address


DLOC NLJ



A Narrative of Events, since the First August, 1834
CITATION THUMBNAILS PDF VIEWER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/CA01000004/00001
 Material Information
Title: A Narrative of Events, since the First August, 1834
Physical Description: 17x11 cm
Language: English
Creator: Williams, James
Publisher: John Haddon
Publication Date: 1834
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Caribbean
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
 Notes
Funding: Support for the development of the technical infrastructure and partner training provided by the United States Department of Education TICFIA program.
 Record Information
Source Institution: National Library of Jamaica (NLJ) ( SOBEK page | external link )
Holding Location: National Library of Jamaica (NLJ) ( SOBEK page | external link )
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier: MST 321 r
System ID: CA01000004:00001

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Advertisment
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Narrative
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
    Address
        Page 24
Full Text

PAGE 1

ANARRAIVEOFEVENT,I CETHEFIRST OF AUGUST, 1834,ByJAMESWILLIAMS,ArAPPRENTICED LABOURER IJJAIVIAICA.LONDON:PRINTEDBYJOHNHADDON,ICastle St'reet,Finsbu1Y.SOLDBYWILLIAMBAL L,ALDINECHAMBERS,PATERNOSTERRO\Y;A(\DALLOTHERBOOKSELLERS.PTiceOnePenny.

PAGE 3

ADVERTISEMENT.THEfollo,vingnarrativeofJames'Villiamshasbeencarefullytakendown fromhislips.Itwas deemedbettertopreserve his o,vnpeculiarstyle,ratherthanbyanyattemptatrevision,toendangertheself-evidentproofoffidelity, ,vhich his account bears. I have no,v before nle adocument,signed by t"vo free negroesandsix apprentices,allmembersofaChristianchurchinJamaica,in,vhichtheyaffirm,thattheyhaveknownthenarratorfrom his infancy,andthathe" is steady, sober) industrious,ifgood rnoral character,andtltat hiswordmaybereliedupon."Theirnamesandtheestatestowhichtheybelong,shouldbegiven,didInotknowtheconsequenceswhich,vouldprobablyfollovvtothemselves fromthedisclosure.Thenegroapprenticeunhappilyisnotinasituationtogive evidenceagainsthismasterwithimpunity.Hecannottellhistaleofwoe vvithoutsubjectinghimselftothebrutalwrathofhisop pressor.JamesWilliams,however, isinthelandoffreedom,andhisnarrativewillspeakfor itself.Itis a revoltin,gpicture,vhichhedraws-adarl{ assemblageofhumancrimes,unrelievedbya singlevirtue,savetheenduringpatienceofA2

PAGE 4

IVthesufferer.Thatheartmustbecallousandbrutal,thedeep"".estfeelingsofvvhicharenotstirredbyhisnarrative,andthatmanmustpossess a verypartialacquaintancewiththeChristianlavvofduty,who doesnotrise fromitsperusaldeterminedtoexertallhispo,vers fortheextinctionofthesystemunder""hicllourAfricanbrethrengroanandbleed.InthecourseoftheinvestigationsinstitutedonthespotbyIVlr.Sturgeandhisassociate, confirmatory evidenceofsomeofthemostrevoltingof'Villiams'sstatements,vas obtained.Theminutesoftheseexaminationsarebeforeme;andvvereitconsistent,vithadueregardtotheinterestsofthewitnesses,theyshouldbepresentedtothereader.ButIll1ustcontentmyselfwithaffirnlingthattheyleave nodoubtinmymind,andcould leave nodoubtinthemindofanyin1partial man,that)horrible as istheaccount which vVillian1s gives,itisentitledtothefullconfidenceoftheBritishpublic.THOMASPRICE,D.D.,Hackney,London.20, 1837.

PAGE 5

NARRATIV E,&c.IAMabouteighteenyearsold.Iwasa slavebelongingtoMr. eniorandhissister,andwasbroughtupattheplacewheretheylive,calledPel1shurst,inSaintAnn'sparish,inJalnaica.Ihavebeenveryilltreatedby1V1r.SeniorandtheInagistratessincethenewlawcorne in.Apprenticesgetagreatdealn10repunishmentnowthantheydidwhentheywasslaves;themastertakespite,anddoallhecantohurtthembeforethefreeCOlne;IhaveheardlnyInastersay,"ThoseEnglishdevilssayvvetobefree,butif\ve is to free,hewillprettywell"\Jveakenwe,beforethesixandthefouryearsdone;weshallbenousetoourselvesafter'vvards."Apprenticesagreatdealworseoff for provisionthanbcforetilue.;luagistratetakea"vaytheirday,andgivetotheproperty;111aSSagivewenosaltallowance,andnoallowanceatChristll1as;sincethenewla\vbegin,heonlygivethelnt0Inackerel,-that\vasonetillle vvhenthemgoingouttojob.WhenI"vas a slaveIneverflogged,-Isometilneswassvvitched,butnotbadly;butsincethene"vlawbegin,Ihavebeenfloggedseventimes,andputinthehouseofcorrectionfour times.Soonafter1stAugust,luassatriedtogetmeandluauyotherspunished;hebroughtusupbeforeDr.Palmer,butnoneofU.3beendoingnothing\vrong,andInagistrate giveweright.Afterthat,Mr.Seniorsent111evvithlettertoCaptainConnor,togetvunished.,but111agistratesendmewould110tpunishIne, tillhetryme;'vhenIcarryletterbacktomassa,hesurprisetoseemecon1eback,hebeenexpectCaptainConnorwouldputInein,vorkhouse.Capt.ConnordidnotcometoPenshurst;heleft the parish. Massadid'nttell mewhatchargehehaveagainstIne.

PAGE 6

6WhenDr.Tho111pSOncon1eto the parish,hin1calloneThursduJ,andsaid he wouldC0111ebacknextrrhursday,andholdcourtFridaymorning.HecomeThursdayafternoon,andgetdinner.,andsleepatPenshurst,andafter breakfast, allweapprenticescalledup.Massatryeightofwe,andDr. Tholnpson flog everyone;there "vas five lnau,andthreeboys:thell1 flog the boyswithswitches,butthemen flogwiththecat.O-neoftheIllen wastheolddriver,Ed,vardLawrence;Massasayhedidnotll1akethepeopletake inthepimentocropclean;he is quiteold-headquitewhite-hav'ntgoatoneblack hair init,butDr. 'I'hompsonordered11iIntobeflogged;notoneofthe peoplebeendoinganythingwrong;all flog for trifling, foolish thing,justto please the massa"Whenthelntryme, ll1assa said,thatoneFridayI was going allroundthehousewithbigstoneinmyhand,looking for hilnandhis sister, toknocktheln down.Iwas mending stone "vallroundthehousebymassa'sorder;Jwas only a llalf-gro"vnboythattime. I told Inagistrate, I never do such thing,andoffer to bring evidence :lboutit;herefuse tohearIneorIllYwitness;,vouldnotletmespeak;he sentencemetoget39lasl1es; eight policenlen waspresent,butmagistrate nlake constable flogatfirst;thenl flogtheolddriver first,andmenext;mybackallcutupandcoverwithblood,-couldnotputonll1Yshirt-butlnassa say, constablenotflogginghalfhardenough,thatmybacknotcutatall;-thenthelnagistrate lnake one ofthepolicetakethecatto flog theotherthreeInen,andhim flog nlost ulllnerciful.It"vasHenryJames, TholnasBrown,andAdalnBrownthatthe police flog.HenryJanleswasanoldAfrican;hehadbeenputtowatchlargecor11piece-nofenceroundit-sothe cattlegotinandeat someofthecorn-hecouldn'thelp it,butmagistrate floghilnfor it. Aftertheflogging,hegotquite sick,andbegin coughingblood;he"vent tothehot-house,*butgotno attention,themsay hilnnotsick.Hegoto Capt. Dillon to complainaboutit;magistrate give himpapertocarry to massa, to warn him tocourton'rhursday;thatdaythemgo to Brown'sTown,Capt. Dillonandanevvmagistrate, Mr. Ra,vlinson, was there" Capt. Dillonsaythathilndon'tthinkHenryJanleswassick;he told him to goback,andCOInenextThursday,andhewouldhave doctortoexalninehim;theoldmansaidhedidnotknowwhetllcrheshould live till Thursdav.HewalkR"vay,butbeforehegetoutofthe to",rn,hedropdowndead-alltheplacecover with bloodthathepukeup.Hewas quite well before the flogging,andalwayssaiditwastheflogging bring onthesickness. Sanle dayHenryJainesdead,MassacarrymeandAdamBrownbeforemagistrate;hesaid Ididnotturnoutsheep till nine0'clock on vVednesdaymorning;I told magistratethesheep waskeptintobedressed,andI was eatingIllYbreakfast before dressing thenl;butCapt. Dillon sentencemeandAdamBro'vvntolockupinthe=ItHospital..'

PAGE 7

dungeonatKnapdalefor ten da.andnights;place waseoldanddaiTIp,andquitedark-alittle bitofa cell, hardly big enough for file to lie full length ; them give llle apintofwaterandt vo little cocoa or plantain aday;-hardlyable tostandup,vhen ,veCOlllout, .we"vassoweak;massaandlllisses said weDOpunishhalfenough;massa order we straight to our work,andrefuse toletwgogetsomething to eat.Theweek after weletoutof dungeon, Mr. Rawlinson come to Penshurst,andtell someofthe peoplehenotdonewithIncyetabout thesheep;we onlyputin dungeon for warning,andhewouldcon1ebacknextThursday,andtrywe again forit;hedidcomeThursdayaboutfour o'clock,andsendcallus;when,,yCOIne,himandll1assaandmisses wasatdinner-wesentinsay ,vecODle-themsaid, Never mind till lnorning.Weknowthis magis trate come to punishyvefor nothing, so we go over to Capt. DillonatSouthampton tocomplain;he writepapernextmorningtopolice-station,andpOliCelTIantake us home.Mr.Rawlinson gone already,andMisses said he left orderthatwe to lockupevery night,andkeepatwork in day-time, tillhecomeback-butpolice say no, Capt. Dillon orderthatwenotto punish tillhetry,vehiln self on Thursday,atBrown'sTown;-'fhemtook us there,butCapt. Dillondidnotcome,butsendpaperfor the other magistrate totryit,andsaid themcouldn'ttryus forthesame tbing again.Mr,)Rawlinson saiditwasnotthesamething;Mr. Senior said,No,,vehadbeen insolent tohilll;vvecall constabletogive evi dence,andhesaid wenotinsolent;Thenlllagistrate saytoMr. Senior, "Yonmean insolencebymannere" Massa ansvver, Yes,thatis whatIluean, insolenceby111anner."Itwas magistratethatputmassaupto say this;-Thenthe magistrate sentence ustogettwentylashes apiece, vvhich was given in frontofcourt house bypolice;the punisll1uent was verysevere-bothofusfainted afterit-welie down on the ground foranhourafter it,notable tomove;A freeUlanin the placesentson1erUInandealnphortobring we round.Wewenthomethatnight,andwentintohospital-theluwould hardly receive us, ,ve stop therethatnightandFriday, lockupalldayandnight,andnofeeding;SaturdayInorning massaturnedbothof usout-weback all sore, quite raw,and,ve not able to stoop.Tendays after the floggingatBrown's Town, Mr. Rawlinson come again toPenshurston the Monday,andslept there.Nextmorning Inassa brought llle up,andsaidthatafter the lastpunishlnent,yvhenwe got home,Ididnotturnoutthe horsesandCO'YSthatnight.Itold lTIagistrateIwaswith the flogging,andwentto the hot-house,but1\1:r.RawlInson order me twenty-five lashes forit;l\1r.Senior said,Letitbedone on the place;-luagistrate said yes,andordered constable, William Dalling, to doit.1begged magistratenotto flog me again, astbeother floggingnotwell yet,butno use,hevvouldn't hear lne,butrodeawayfrOlTIthe!)lace. Massa saidhehave no Cat,buthe ,Yould findSOUle

PAGE 8

8switches to doitwith;I was flogged "vith lancewood switchesuponthe oldflogging-itte.aroffall the old scabs,andInotabletolie down onmybackfortwoor threeweekafter-,vasmadeto,york withIllYbackall sore.Aboutalllonth after the last flogging, massa said to Ine one day,thathewouldsendfor Inagistrate.,andoblige hinl to do hisduty,that.allthegatesinthe pasture was down,andInever told him,and:thatItookuptoo much tilne togetintwo turnoffood forthehorses;IsaidIcouldn't do Inore thanIwas doing,Ihadtoomanythings todo-firstthinginthe morningIhadtoblow shell,thento go to pastureandgetin milking cow,andto milkthen1'-thenhadto look over the sheepandcows,andall the stock,andtodreEs themthathavesores-thentogetthem altogether,andgivetoone littleboyto take thelll topasture;atnine o'clock go to breakfast for halfanhour,thenhave to go lllend gaps inthestone wall, afterthathave to taketwoassesanda bill,tocutbread-nutfruit forthehorses-hadto climb the high trees tocutthebreadnut-thento chopitup,andload thetwoassesandtakeithome,andtoC0111ebackforanotherload:-Thisfinishbetweenfourandfive,andbythattime the littleboybring in all the cattle.Ihavetolook over thenlandtoturnthem into different pastures,thenhave to goandgetabundleof"vood for a watch-fire,andafterthattosupperthe horsesinthe stableatnight;theydon'tallo"v Ine to go tonegro-houses-obligedtokeep,vatch all night, sleepingin thekitchen,andtoanswer allcall;Massa said I was only four years apprentice,anddon'tentitle toanytilne-thatonly onedayinafortnightdueto Ine towotkmygroundandfeed myself. Massa never give Inefood;lie allow me every other Sunday to ,yorkIllYground,andsometimes heletme changeitfor anotherday.l\1:agistratesaythatwas all the time the law allow. As to the gates being down,n1ussago through them everydayhimselfandseeit;buthesay I ough t to have toldhim.,andhe,yill n1ake magistrate punish1l1efor it, him s"vear vengeance against Ine. Mr. Rawlinson corne on aFridayevening,andI "vas to havetakenextdayfor Inyday;butn1assa send Ille wordthat111enottakethe day, ashe"vanlto bring Ine before the ll1agistrate, I "vas frightenedanddidn'tgo "'next Inorning:ThenIheardthatInagis trate said as I take thedayagainst orders, "vhen11iIllandme n1eethewDuld settleit:I was quite frightened 'when I hear this,andI0'0awayto SpanishTownto see thegovernor-butdidn'tseeashewasupin themountain:I gobackto St. Ann's,andhideinthewoods aboutPenshurstandKnapsdale;I stopaboutseven weeks,andthen gobackto SpanishTown;Iwentto Mr. Ramsay,andhegave mepaperto Mr. Eluery,thecaptainofpolice,atSt.Ann's-Imethim on theroad-hetook lneandputme in dungeonatCarlton-waskeptthere frolnWednesdaytillFridaymorning,thenpolicemen cameandtook me to Bro"yn's Town,andputIncin cage tillnextday;then Mr. Rawlinsonhadme handcuffedand

PAGE 9

9sent111'eto Penshurst,andput111eindungeontendaysbefore11tryme.OntheeleventhdayMr. Rawlinson caIneandslept therethatnight;nextmorning hehadnle brought out,andaskedIueabouttherunnina' away,andItold himIgoawaybecauseI,yas frightenedwhe;Ihearhowhilnandn1assathreatenIne;thenhe sentencemeto St. Ann'sBayworkhouse, for nine days, togetfifteen lashes in goingin-todancethetreadluill morning3;nclevening,andwork in the penalgang:andafterICOlnebackfro111thepunishment,Imustlockupeverynightin dungeon" till he visittheproperty again,andI have topayfifty daysoutofInyovvntilue forthetiIneIbeen runaway.Thentheyhandcuff111eto a ,vornan belonging to Little-field, tosendto theworkhouse;she have a little child carrying onherbackandbasketonherhead,andvvhen shewantto givepickaninysuck, she obliged to restiton onehandtokeepitto the breast,andkeep ,valkingon;policedon'tstop tomakehersucklethechild.Whenwegetto the ,vorkhouse,thatsaIne eveningtheygive methefifteenlashes;the flogging was quite severe,andcutmybackbadly;Thentheyputcollarandchainuponmyneck,andchain me to another luan.Next1110rningtheyputmeon the treadmill alongwiththeothers:Atfirst,notknovving ho,v to dance it, IcutallIUyshin vvith thesteps;theydidnotflogll1ethen-thedriver sho\vll1ehowto step,andIcatchthestepbynextday;Butthelll flog all the restthatcouldnotstepthe nlillJflogged theluITIOstdreadful.'fhere"vasone old "vornan ,vithgreyhead, belonging to Mr.'VallaceJofFarlll,andshe couldnotdancethen1illatall:shehangbythet"vo ,vrists which ,vasstrappedtothebar,andthedriverkepton floggingher;-shegetI110rethanall the rest,herclothescutoff ,vith theCat-theshoulderstrapcut\vith it,andher shifthangdo,vn oyerthatside-thentheyfloguponthatshoulderandcutitupverybad;butall the floggingcouldn'tmake she dancethell1ill,andwhen sheCOlTIedownallherbackcoveredyvithblood.Theykeeponputtingher011themill for a week,andflogherevery tinle,but\vhentheysee shecouldnotdUllce it,theystopputtingheron;iftheynobeenstop,they,vould have kill her.Therewasaboutthirty people in the ,vorkhousethattinle, lnostlymen;nearlyall have to dancethetread-nlill morningandevening;six or eig'ht on the tread-nlill one tilue,and,vhenthelHdone, another spell go on, till tlIem alldone;everyonestraptobar0\gerhead,bythetvvowrists, quitetight;andifthepeoplenotable to catch the step, thenhangbythet,YO\vrist,andthe loiU-stepskeeponbattertheir legsandknees,andthe driver ,vith thecatkeepon flog thenl allthetiule till themcatchthestep.Thewonlen was obliged to tieuptheir clothes, tokeepthelTIfrolntreadupontheLll,,vlliletheydance the rnill; thelu have to tiethemupso as only to reach do\vn to tlle knee,andhalf exposethelnsclf;andthel1lanhaveto rolluptheirtro"vsers aboye the knee,then

PAGE 10

10tIledrivel'canflogtheirlegstlle cat,ifthemdon" tdancegood;andwhentheyflogthelegstllltheyallcutup,themt.urntothebackandflogaway;butifthepersonnotabletodanceyet,then1stopthemill,andlllakehinldrophisshirtfron1oneshoulder,soastogetathisbarebackwiththecat.Theboatswainflogthepeopleashardashe'canlayiton--rnanand'iV0111Unallalike.Oneday,'iVhileI"vas'in,twoyoungvVOlnanwassentinfronlMoneagueside,todancethemill,andputindungeon,butnotto",Yorkinpenalgang;tllerrldon'tknowhovvtodancethell1ill,anddriverflogthenlveryhard;tl1eydidn'ttieuptIleirclotheshighenough,sotheirfootcatchupontheclothes'ivhenthemtreadthemill,andtearthelll;-andthenbetweentheCa.tandtheMillt11e1'nflog thelllsosevere,-theycutaway1110stoftheirclothes,andleftthelllinaIllannernaked;andthedriver"vasbretggingafterwardsthatheseealltllcirnakedness.Dancingtread-millisveryhardwork,itknockt11cpeopleuptIles,veatrunalldownfromtheIn-thestepsall,vashup"viththes,veatthatdropfrolllthepeople,justthesameasifyoutlll'O\Vwateronthesteps.Oneboatswainhavetoregulatethepole*oftIle mill,and11lakejtgofastorslo\v, ashirnlike;sometimesthelllmakeitgoveryfast,andthenthepeoplecan'tcatchthestepatall-thentheotherboatswainflogging a"vayandcuttingthepeople'slegsandbacks"\!vithoutmercy.Thepeopleba,vlandcrysodreadful,youcouldhearthelTI amileoff;tIlesamegoingoneverytilllethemillisabout;driverkeeptheCatalwaysgoingwhilethepeoplecan'tstep._ vVhentlleycorneofftIlemin,youseealltheirfootcutupbehind'VviththeCat,andalltheskinbruiseofftheshinwiththen1illsteps,andthelllhavetogodowntothesea-sidetowasha"Yaytheblood.Afteralldonedancetl1emin,tllemputchainandcollaron3gain,andchaintwo,three,andsometimefourtogether,andturnweoutto"vorkpenalgang-sendustodifferentestateto"\vork-todigcane-hole,n1ake fence,cleanpasture,anddigupheavyroots,andsometiluestodragcarttobringbjgstonefroullnountainside,aboutt"voorthreeIniles fronlthebay;havetodretgcartupsteephill.Aboutten0'clocktheygivevvebreakfast,t-onequartofcornboiledupwithalittlesalt;sometimetheygivevveashadbet'\tveentwoorthreeofwe.'fheykeepusatworktill betvveenfourandfivethentakeusbacktotIlevvorkhouse-takethechainsoff""veall, Rnd D1akeusgouponthemillagain,samefashionasinthemorning.Afterthatt11en1put.,usintothebar-roolll-putthechainandcollaronagain,andourfoot intheshackle-bar,tosleepsotillmorning.Allthe'V01TIUnputintooneroom,andalltheUlaninanother;thelllthathaveanyofthebreakfastleftfron1 ll10rning,thellleatit" The lever.

PAGE 11

11after lock up,butthelnthateatalltheallovvanceatbreakfast,muststarvetill lllorning.WekeeponsoeverydaytillSunday.SundaythevVOluensenttoMr.Drake'stocleanit-andhalfthemangocutgras'for his borses,andtheotherhalfcarrywaterfortheworkhouse.Afterthattheyhavetogrindallthehoes,andthebills,andtheaxes,readyforMonday.Thenlvyork,veall "vithchains011,011Sunday,buttheydon'tputusontl'eacl-nlillthatday..Whentheninedaysdone,thelnsendfilehonle;IsoweakIhardlyabletoreachhOlTIe;whenIgetthere,1r.Seniorputll1einthedungeon,andkeepnletherefor fourdaysandnights;hegivemefourlittlebananasandapieceofpurnpkinvrithalittldrysalt,andapintofwater.Magistratedidn'torder111etobelockedupintheday,onlyatnight,but111aSSadoitofhisO'Vl1"rill.ThenIbegg'dll1assatoletIneout,andI"voulddovvhateverIcantopleasehiln,andhedoso,andorder11letogetbundleof"voodanikeepwatcheye.rynight,insteadofgoingtothedungeon.Aftercomingoutof,vorkhouseIneverfeelwell,andaboutthreevveeks after,Igotquitesickwithfeverandhead-ache,andpaininthestolnach;ahnostdeadwiththesickness.MassatoldTIleoneday,anotherpunishmentlikethat,andit"'.Yilljustdoforme-itwouldkillInequite.Dr.Tuckerpaygoodattentionto11le.,andatlastIgetoverit.- Afterthis,itwaslongtimebeforetheypunishll1eagain,bpttheylTIakeInepayoffthefiftydays;themgive llleno'(.tall;every\tVednesdaytheygivemehalfadayto,vorkmygrounds,theotherhalfthen1taketopayoffthefiftydays;-ForoneyearandthreelTIonths,thelnkeepontakethehalfdayfronlIlleeveryweek,andnevergive nleanyfeeding.InNovember,about. fiveorsix\veeks before thislastChristu1a;<,oneFriday,ITIaSSablowshellatnineo'clockforthegangtogotobreakfast;itwasthetitnethembegintoget11alfFriday;-'fhell1sayno,theywouldrather,yorkthefourhoursandahalfonntirne,andthengettherestoftheday.JosephLawrence,th, constable)gotoInassa,andsaidthepeople,vouldnotgotobreakfast,theywantedtoworkoutthetimeatonce.IVlassasaidno,hevvouldmakethelllgotobreakfast,andthenworkthelntilloneo'clock.HeorderedLawrencetogoa,vayfl'OITIthegang,andsentheadconstable,WillialnDalling, toorderthepeopetobreakfast;theysaidno,theywouldnot;thenmassa. goandorderthenlllin1 self,buttheyrefusedtogo-thentherewasagreatro,vandnoise,andmassamaketbelntakeupJosephLa\vrencetheconstaIe,and'TholTIaSBro\vn;hesayitInustbethelnadvisethepeoplenottogotobreakfast,andheputtheminthedungeon-andhetakeWillianlMillsandput;in,becausehedon'tgo tobreakfast,analVlissSenior calloutfor the!lltoputinBenjaluinHjggins,theoldluasou,forthesan1Cthing.:Mr. Drake is superyisorofthehomeofcorrecfonatSt.Ann'sBay.

PAGE 12

VhileIVlassa,vasputtingthepeopleinthedungeon"Iwasl)assing fronlthepantrytothekitchen;Miss Senior ,vascursingatme"butIddnotgiveanyhearingto,vhatshe saying. Massawasstandingnearthekitchen-heaskmewhatIgottosayaboutit;Isay., Sir,Ihavenothingtodo,vith it,Idon'tinterfere;hesay,Youdointerfere;Itellhimno-heraisetlphisstickthreetimestolickmedown.Isaid,youcan'tlickmedown,Sir,thela'vdoesnotallow that)andI"villgocOlnplain to magistrateifyoustrikeme.Heanswer,hedon'tcare for nlagistrate,hewilllickthefivepoundsoutofmethatthemagistratewill finehim:-ThenheorderIne tobelockupalongwiththerest.Whiletheywasputtingnle in,Isaid, "Itwasn't a man made this world, andmancan't commandit:theonethatrnaketheworld'loillcomeagainto'receiveit, and that is JesusChrist]"MassacalledtoWilliamDalling,theconstable,tobearwitness "vhatI"vassaying;hesaidheheardit,thentheylockmeup,andkeepusthere fortwenty-fourhours.Thatsametime lnassasentforMr.Rawlinson,heconleMondaylllorning:four'ofuswas tried,butheletoff oneandpunishtheotherthree. Massa tellthemagistratesaboutthe,vordsIusehimtelltheverywords;askmeifIuse then1words?Itellhimyes,butI"vasn'tmeananytlling harnl.himputconstableon his oath,andherepeatthe,vordsIsaid;thenMr.Rawlinson told llleI}ladnobusiness tosayso,andhesentencemetogettwentylashesintheworkhouse,andtodancethetreadmill1110rningandevening,and"vork inpenalgangfor sevendays..AtsaIne tilne hinltryJosephLa"\1vrenceandhis sister AmeliaLawrenee.l\'IassasaidthatontheFridaymorning "vhenheorderedJosephLawrencetogoa,vayfrolnthegang,hedisobeyedhis order,andstoppedatthegate.1\11'.Ra\vlinsonsentencehimtogettwentylashes,andsevendaysintheworkhouse, treadnlill,andpenalgangsaIne asme,andhebrokehim frombeingconItable,thoughheonlyswearhiminfor constabletheWednesdaybefore.'VhenAmeliaLawrencewastried,massasaidthateverythnehegotothefield,hea1ways find sheatthefirst row,andhe""vanttokno\'vwhatletshe al waystakethefirstrow-beingherbrother,vasthedriver, seelnasifshetotakethelead. Alneliasaidrnassaoughttogladto seeapprentice"vorkingatthefirst row,and. doinggoodwork. Thiswasallthe,vordthatmassa have tosayngainst Alnelia La\vrence,andMr. Rawlinsonsentenceberto sevendaysinthe"vorkhouse,penalgang,andtreadnlill.Ameliahave four pickninys,twofreeandt"voapprentice,sheleftthem\vithherfamilytotakecareofwhile sheinthework]lOUSC.Themputusallthreetogetherintodungeonafterthecourtdone,andsendfor policetocarryweto "rorkhouse.Wekept.indungeontillnextlllorning.Themdon'tgivewea Inorseltoeat,:lndnota so sodropof"vater;butoneofourfriends,unknowingto massa,puta little victualsthroughasmallhole.

PAGE 13

13Jnthe1110rningthree policetakeus out,andcarry us down to the,vorkhouse;thelTIhandcuffmeandJosephLa\vrence together,and"vhen wegetthere them take thehandcuffor,andtie"veupone after the other,andgive \vetwentylashesapiece:bothofweyerymuchcutupwith the flogging.Whenthe penalgangCOl1lebackintheevening, themputus all ontreadmill-aftermybackcutupthatfashion, all over blood,ithurtme dreadful todancethemill.Theworkhouse ,vas quite full this time,they11ardly11aveenough collarandchain toputon all the people,theyobliged to take off the collarandchain fromson1eofthe life people,*toputontheapprentice;andatnight there,vasn'tenough shackle to fasten all the people,andhardlyroeHnenough for us all to lie do"vn.Therewas a great111anyWOlnanin the v1orkhouse,andseveral havesuckingchild;andthere was oneW01nanquite big with cllild,andthemmakeherdance the mill too1110rningandevening:shenotable to dance good,andthc1n flogher;she conlplainabout11e1"stonlachhurther,andIseeherseveral tin1e goandbegtheOYCl"seernotto workheronthemill,buthimsay,nothilnsendherthere,andhemustdo his duty. AlltheWOl11anthatnotable to dance ,vas flog1110Stdreadful,inparticular all the "vomanfrOlTIHiattsfield. There "vastwenty-onewoman"1'01nHiattsfield,andoneulan-severalofthem haveyoungchildren;Ithinkthey was in for fourteen days. I found theminvvhen Igotthere,andthey wasletouton Saturdaynight;I ,vaspresent,vhentheyletout,andIhearthe list call,andcountedthepeople,anditwas tvventy-one"VOlllunfron1Hiattsfield.''VhenI go to the "\vorkhouse ontheTuesday,there ,,'as only t.hreeoftheseWOluanabletowork in the field, alltherest "vasinthehospital, from beingcutupwiththemillandtheflogging;themall look quite shocking when themletout,SOlnehardlyableto,valktogo home,thelTIOStlively amongthemwas all ll1ashedup"viththeruill, all the skin bruised off hprshin;shehadayoungchildtoo:shetellluethatshe'Nasputinworkhouse. three ,veeks before,andnowthenlsendherbackagain.There"vasl1101'ethan ahundredpeopleintheworkhouse thistime-Ireckon the life peopleandall;there ,vasaboutseventeen or eighteenofthem,and\vhen penalgangturnout, thenlsendtenortwelveofthe life people along \yith apprentice,andall have toworktogether.Thelife peoplebettertreatedmore thanapprentice;themgetbetterfeeding, thenl lIa vequartofflour everyseconddayinsteadofcorn,andal waysgetshadorsalt fish everyday;theydon'tputlife people on treadmill,andInever seethemputa lick upon oneofthe life people. Almost everyapprenticethatsenttobyInngistrate, have to dance treadmill,exceptthesick inthehospital.ItDliserable to see ,vhen theInillthe people bawlingandcry-4Con1Jic[$forlife.

PAGE 14

14I.jugnl0stdreadful-sotheycan'tdance,so tIle driverkeeponflogging;thenl hollaout,"massamenoable!my'tolnach,ob!rnedadead,oh!"-butnouse,thedriver neverstop-tIlebawlingll1akeitratherworse,thenlInakethenlillgofaster-thenloreyouIlollathenlorethenlill go,andthedriverkeepon floggingawayatallthemnotable tokeepup; thenl flogthepeopleasiftheln"vnsflogging Co"v.OnedayoneoftIleWOlnanfrom I-liattsfield fainted onthemill ;theybeen floggingather,andtheInill bruise allhershins;\vhenfaint shedropoffthenlill,andlook asjfshedead;allherfellowapprenticesetupcrying,andaskifshegoingtodeadleftthem;shenotabletospeak-twomencarryheroutintotheyard,nndlayheroutupontheground,andthro\v \vateruponhertobringherto;butforalong tilnethemthinkshedeadalready;shedidn'tcome to tillnextmorning.Therewasoneoldwoman,na.me Sally, fromMr.Cohen'satCoolShade,wasin workhousewhenIgothere,andshestopinUlerelongtinle;shewas in shockingcondition-theyha.dbeenputting-heronthemiII,andshedon'table todanceatall,andtheIUbeenfloghermostterrible,butstillshenotable todance,andatlastthern obligedtoleave offputtingherontheluill:buttheInkeeponmakehergooutto "vork inpenalgang,andchain11erto011eofthestrong"VOInan; She wasbadlytreatedmorethananybodyI ever seeintheworkhouse;everydaythelnflogher,shehardlyabletostand.. T"voofthedrivers,JalnesTho111as,andRobertLyne,makeconstantpracticeto flog thisold'VOlllan,andMr.Drakesonletimes beat-her hilnselfwithsupplejack.Onedaywewas-workingatBank'snegro-houses,cuttingPenguintoplantatSpringfield--oldSally waschainedtoayounggirl llameMalOYMurry;it"vasheavyraintime;driver waspushingthepeopleontorunfast-wasflogging theln011,theyounggirl\yastryingtogeton,andwashaulinganddraggingthechainthat,vasonhinlandSallyneck,as Sallydon'tabletokeepup;atlasttheold"VOluanfalldown,rjghtinaplacewhereastreanlof"vater ,vasrunningthroughanegro-housestreet,andshedon'table togetup3gain,thenthe driverstandoverherwiththecat,andflog her,butshenotable togetup"Tiththechainon, sohetakeoff thechainnndmaketheyounggirl tieitroundherbody,andgo alongwiththerest;thenhestandovertheoldwoman,andflogherwiththecattillheInakehergetup,andkeeponfloggingatbel' till shegettotl1ecook'sfireside;theoldcreaturestandtheretrelnbling, all vvetup-fort"vo orthreehours shenotabletomoveaway,shelookquitestupid;alltheotherpeopleintheworkhousequitepitythispooroldWOll1an,it""ould Inakeanybodyheartgrieve to see her.Theunder-drivertellthehead-driveroneday,thatifhirnkeeponbeatherso, SaIneofthesedaysshewilldeadunderit,andthenhe,villgetintotrouble;everydayI "vas inthe"vorkhouse,excepttoSunday,Isee thelnbeatthisoldwoman,andIleftherstill in.Allthedriversandtheboatswainsintheyard)ispeoplethatSCll-

PAGE 15

10tCl1cetothevyorkhouse forlife,"t,vooftheln ,vas very bad) thelndon'tcare ho\y lllueh thelll punishtheThenl'YOlnanthathave young sucking child, have to tiethemon their back)andgo tothefield chaintvvotogether;whenitraineveLsohardtheyhave tokeepon "vork vvith the children tiedontheir backs,but\vhentheweather dry, thelllputdo\vnthechildatthefireside; ,,,hen Mr. Drake there" hedon'tallo\v thelll to suck1thechildatall,ifitcryever solunch;hilnsayt.hechildren free,andthelawdon'tallovv no tinle to take careofthem;itisonlythegood "yillofthedriverthateverlet'V0111ansucklethecllildren. ,Thedriversconstanttrytogetafter theyoung,vornenthatputintothe'ryorkhouse,-eventhtffithatmarried,110matter;beforedayintheInorning, \vhen the driver open the door totakethepeopleoutofthe shackl s,hecall foranyonehewant,toCaInetDhisroom,and111anyoftheln vvorthless ones doit;AlneliaLa\yrenceconlplain toherbrotherandlne)thatnever one morning pass \vithout the driver afterher-shedon't.knowwhattodo, shequitehurtanddisheartedaboutit-butshedidnotgiveway;Iheardhilnmyselfone morning callingherto come. One day,Hilton)whois clerkintheCourt-House,*COlnetothe\yorkhouse soon inthemorning, whilethetreadlnill "vas going.Ibeenon alecady,butanotherspellvvason;andMr. Hiltontakoffoneofthe"veights frolnthepole,andmake the mill gofaster;afterhin1go1"someofthe people tellll1ethatintheafternoonheoftenCOlnehalf-drunk" whilet.hemill is going, then hilntakeoffthe'\veight,andtakeoffthemanfroln the pole,andletthe mill go flyinground:vVhenthepoleletloose so, no person canstepthe111ill-thenl allthrowoff,andhangbythelnt\VO\vrist,thenhilntaketheCatinhisovvnhand,andflogallthepeople\vith all his strength. 'I'heln saythatsometilneshedriveoutwithhisvyifc)andconleroundbythevyorkhouse,andifthenlill going, hevvillleave his"\vifeinthegig,andgo in 0 punishthepeople,andall the call his wife can call to hiln to leave off, no usc.OntheWednesdaynextweek,theyletusout,-,vebeensentfor seven days,buttheydon'treckontheSundayfor oneday;\ve reach homeThursday-Iwas quiteweakwiththefloggingandthetread-mill,andthehard,vorkinthepenalgang;hada terrible pain in Inystomach-hardlyable to walkuphill;anthepeoplethatbeenflogged.alvv"aysconlplainofpain in the stornach.Thedayafter I conleoutoftheworkhouse, lllassa orderll1etogogetbread-nutfood forthehorse. I said I ,vasnotable to clinlbtree;I was sick,andmyshoulders was quite sore,andI couldhardlyuseit,andI tell lnassathatthis nlake six timethattheyflog Ine.I-Ieansvver,he'iVillmakeittentinles too,andifI sick" I111UStdie.Everydayhekeeponfiletogoforthe:1DepItyClerk of thePeace,perhaps.

PAGE 16

16bread-nut,butIwasnotable,andmassathreatennlesorely-hinltelllne,thatifIdon'tlllakeanendofhitn,he,vill Inakeanendofme.OntheThursdaynext\veek,hetoldmehewouldtakenletomagistratenextday,andhe s,vearveryvengeance against Ine. Igetfrightened,andonFridayInol'ning I go a"vaytocOlllplain tothegovernor.WhenIgetto Byndlosslateatnight,theoverseer,1\11'.Allen,meetme,andtakeIneup,andputIne in confinelnent tillnextmorning,thenputmein chargeoft,vo constables,"\yhocarrymeto police station,andthecaptain,Mr. IVlackaw,puthandcuffs on llle,andsentInetothe specialmagistrateatLinstead,andheputIneintheworkhouse, till massashouldsendforme;themchainmetoanotherman,and,nlakeIneworkwiththepenalgang.OnThursday,Willianltheconstable, caIne for me,andthemdeliver nleuptohim.vvesetout,andmostofthenight-gettoWaltonschool,andsleptthere;inthemorningwestartagain,andreachhomeabuttwelveo'clockatnight.OnSaturdaymorning', WillialTI Dallingtakemedownto Inassa,andhesendmeontoBrown"s Tovvn;whenthelllagistrate conle,heshookhisheadatme,andsaid, Areyouhereagain?Thentheyholdcourt.Massa saidheorderedmetocutbread-nut,andIwouldnotdoit:nle disobeyed his order,andonFriday"ventaway,andhedidnotsee Ine again till this morning.Itold111agistratethatIdidnotcntbread-nut,becauseI was quite sick vvithmystomach,andlllnssathreatenmylife sohard,thatll1akemegoawaytocomplain tothegovernor.Thenthenlagistrate calledthesergeantofpolice,andtell him,Layholdofthatfellow,andgivehimfive-and-t\ventygoodlashes-andafterthefloggingI rnuscbesentto workhouse again forsevendays,andafter Icomeoutoftheworkhouse.,Inlight go tothegovernororwhoever I liketocomplain. Itoldhinltheoldflogging isnot"veIlyet,buthe,vouldnotlisten tonle;TheytakemeijItothemarket-place,andtieUleupto a tree,andgive11lCthe twenty-fivelashes;allthepeoplesurprise to see theu1 flogging Ine again,whentheoldonenotwell.Theflogging ,vas verysevere;afteritwasdone, Ilaydownbeforethedoorofthecourt-house, raincameon,andthepolice callleandtoldme to go inside. I "ventinto vvherethecourtwassitting,andI said to Mr. Ra"vlinson, Youdon'tdojusticebet,vixtIandInaster.Hetelln1e,thatconstableswearthatIrunaway"vithout a cause. Iaskthe constable,andhedeclareheneversayanyfurtherthanhetookIneoutofl{,odneyHallworkhouse.f)Then1\11'.RavvlinsonsayIhavebeenbeforehimeightorninetimesalready;I say,ifI havebeentwentytimes before you,yououghttodojustice't\vixtIandmassa.Hesaid,Hedo justice. Itold'11ilD,Youdon'tdojustice.1'henhesaid,Ifyousayanotherword,I "villputyououtintherain;thenhell)ade policetakeandhandcuff111e,tocarryto workhouse.WhileI wasstandingoutsidethedoor, IhearInassasaytoMr.Rawlinson,

PAGE 17

17hehadbetterletInestop in the workhouse for fourteendays;Ina gistrate answer,Thatwill luakeittill afternew-year's-day;andthenhesaid Yes.'".Thepoliceman carry me to St. Ann's Bay,butnightcatchll1ein.thepass,andpolice takeTIleinto Cardiff Hall,andwe sleep therethatnight;nextmorning, Sunday,hetakemeon to workhouse,andIhadto dance tread-millandwork penal gang like before.Theworkhouse "vas nearly full like the last time,butmostofthem"vas differentpeople-soulethatIleftinIfind stillthere;therewasplentyofwoman there,butonly one have young child,that"vas Elizabeth MasoIl, fromMountCampbell, she was in for seveu days to dance thetread-mill;shenotable to dancegood;after she been on little time., she Inissstepanddrop,andhangbyhertwowrists,thenthe boatswain flogher"vith the Cat, ashardashecouldputit,-thenshetryto fetehupandcatchthestep,butfall again,andthelllkeepon flog,andwhentheytireofflogging thentheyletheralone,andletthe mill go on mashingherleg5;allthe skin was bruiseofhershins,andherlegscutupwiththeCat.Therewas oneyoungmulattogirl in forabouttendays;she was name Margaret,andbelong to Mr. Chrystie,thesaddler, on theBay;she conlplainofherstolnach,andnotable to dancetheluillwell;theyfloghersevere,andallherleg bruisewiththeInill ; one eveninghermasterCOlneto the workhouse,whenshe ,vas on theTIlill-hebegthe boatswain toletthe Inill go fast,andflog Margaret well,andlllakeherfeelitsothatshe willkeepawayfromitafter.Therewas another woman froillDraxHall ontheIuill-sbedidn'tdancegood,andtheyflogherverymuch,andwhen she findtheflogging come too hard, she call out,"Massa,me no one flesh, Inetwoflesh;"she was in familyway.1butthe overseer saidhedidn7tcal'e,it"vasn't him giveherbelly,andafterthattheywas hardel'uponher. On Christmasdaythemmakemeandfive other tuen gocutgrass for Mr. Drake's horses,andSOUleofthevVOlnango clean hisyardandcarry water. As magistrate been sentence Ine only for seven day,Iasktheoverseer ontheSundayifIny tinlenoup?Helookatthebookandsayitwasputdownfor fourteen day, so tbelnkeepme in tillTuesdaynight afterNewYear'sday,thatmaketwo,veeksanda half, fortheydon'tcounttheSunday.Therewas one girl,namedMary Murray,inthe workhouse saIue time as llle, froill Seville; she tell lnenotthe nlagistrate writethepaperfor she to come totheworkhouse-thebusha"\tyriteit,andshowitto magistrate,andhim sayitwas allright;she tell we all,thatwhatnlake themsendherto workhouse was,thatbush asaythegangdidn'tturnoutsoon in the lllorning,andwhen the Inagis trate, Major Light, come,hesendforthegangfrom the field,butthem allfrightenandrunandhide-onlysheMaryMurraydidn'tI.

PAGE 18

18run,andthemtakeshe beforethemagistrate,andsendherstraight offtotheworkhouse. Allthepeoplethatspeak to lne,c0111plainverybadaboutMajorLight;themsayhim alwaysdrunk;-1seehhndrunkmyselfmanytimes, goingabouttheproperties,-sometimesIsee his servant obliged to holdhiminthe chaise,hewas sodrunk;him nalne is quite cOlnmon fordrunkardthrough theparish;themtellthatwhere hinl sleep, himputtherOOlnin such conditionthattheywere obliged to clean-italloutnextmorning.Whenhegouponthe estatehecall totheoverseer,HaveyougotanytIling forIDetodo,-anyperson to flog?andiftheytell him yes,thenhimstop,andiftheygivehimrunl to drink,hewilldowhateverthingthemwanthim. OnedaywhenIwas working in penal gang,Isaw six or sevenofthevVindsor apprentices, was going to the "vorkhousetobeflogged-itwas MajorLightsentthem. AnotherdayImeetMajorLightandtheNewGroundbookkeepercOIning do,vn tothebay,andsix men, handcuffed,andtied,vith rope, was follo"ving after, vvithtwoconstableinchargeofthem;theywas carried down to workhouseandflogged,andthensentback.Everybodysay them never see crueller lnanthan1\lajorLight-himin a ll1anner beggingtheoverseer tolethilUpunishthepeople.Mr.Sowley was akingtoMajor Light.Thetread-InillatSt.Ann'sbay, luash the peopleupquitedreadful;IseetwowomanatKnapdale, one nanledNancy,marriedtoJarvisWebb,the other name Bessy, married to Philip Osborne;thembeensentto dance treadmill,andwhen theln come back, all their legs bruiseup,andmakebadsore.Iseethemwithbandageroundtheir legs,andobliged towalkwithstick;buttheoverseerandInaster no care forthework, or the tilue theln lose,ifthemcanonlygetthe people well punish. Massa tell metomyfacethathecould dowithoutIne very well,ifhe couldgetmeintheworkhouse for sixmonths. OnedayMiss Seniorsayto11leandsome other apprentjces,thatMr. Clarke, thebushaatKnapdale, tellherthathimsendtwo\vOlnan to the tread-mill,andthenCOlnebackso well hackled,thatthemnotable todonothing for threeorfour Inonths,andshedon'tknowwhatthedevil in"ve,that\venot"vellmashedup,whenwecomebackfronlthetread-mill.MaryAnnBell, a mulatto girl, oneofMiss Senior's house ser Yants, "vas quite large in the falnilyway;Mr. Rawlinsonsentherto dance the tread-lnill,and"vhen sheCOlnebackshe quite sick,andthen1 strapherhandso tightuponthemillthatshepartlylosttheuseofherrighthandeversince;shecan't_holdnothingheavyinthathand.QuedaywhenIwasathomeinthe pastures, closethepublicroad,Isee policeinan carrying do"vnanoldmananda wonlantogether;themanwas very old,helook nlorethansixtyyearsold-hewas all trembling,andhardlyable to walk.Ibegt;hepoliceto stopandletmegive them someorange;hedoso,.

PAGE 19

]9'.andtl1ewomantenTIlethatthemsendingherto the workhouseabouthernotherfree child to the overseer toletitwork. Ihearthatnlany people begin to talkthatthe free childnohaveno right tostopon the property,andtheywill turn thelll offiftlle Inothersdon'tconsent toletthem"vork; thisWOlnanconle fronl Orange Valley,butIdon'tknowanythingmoreaboutherstory.Theold nlan tell111ethatMr. Rawlinsonsendhilndownto gaol,buthimdon'tsay'iVhatfor;butabouttvvomon ths after I. see hinl comingbackfrom St. Ann's Bay.Itwas betvveenPenshurstandHintonHill:hinlhardlyable to crawl, his legsandbackhacklemostdreadful,andall his shirtandtrowsers soakupvvithblood;Jlookathis rjght shoulder,anditwas all in one sore, in amannerrottenup, \vith the flogging; Idon'tt.hink hitu could live toreachhonle;hetellmehewastwoweeks cOIning froln St.Ann'sBay(16Illiles), obliged tobegvictualsandshelteranyplacehecometo.It\vasIVIr.Ravvlinsonsendhinl to gaol,andafterbeentherefor a little tinle,thelTItakehimoutandcarry hitn before Mr. Sovvley,andhilUputtheoldluaninthe workhouse.SOlneofthem Inagistratedon'tcarewhatthellldoto apprentice, as long as thelll cangetgoodeatinganddrinkingwiththemassa,andbusha,andsOluetiluesthelTIsetthe11lassaon todoworsethant11emwant.AlltheapprenticesaythatMajorLightmakeitconstantrule to doso"andInyself see Mr. Rawlinson do so onetimeitwas the very morningthemflog Inewiththelancewood svvitches; aftertheconrt over, Mr. Rawlinson order his mulereadytogoaway,andhilnandmassaandMiss Senior "vasstandingatthedoor;Misses ,vas vvanting sOlnething,andshe calledNannyDaU-ing,whenNannyC0111e,herface"tieup"(i.e.lookedsour01dis pleased)-1believe shebeenhave some dispute vvithherfellowservantoutside;Mr. Ra'iVlinsonsayshe looksulkyandinsolent,andhin1layholdofherwithhimownhand,andhaulheralongtothedungeon,andpushherinandlockthedoor;heleftherchild, asuckingbaby, outside. I "vas standingbythegateandseeitall.,and\vhenMr.Rawlinsonmounthis mule to go toHintonHill, Ihearhimsayto Inassa,YouInusttrytogetupsomegoodcharge againstthatWOlnan"andletmesendhertotheworkhouse foraboutafortnight;butrnass-aanswerthatshe haveyoungchild.Themagistrate answer,That's110consequence;butmassel.didn'tlike tosendherthere.Mr.Ra\-v linson call againatPenshurstsame day, as he comingbackfromHintonHill,andhemakethelTIbringNannyDallingoutofthedungeon,andthenhesentenceherto belockedupinthedungeonfor fourteennights;andthelTIdidlockherupeverynightalongwithheryoung pickniny. As I tellaboutotherthings, Iwantto tellaboutone tilne IdosOluethingbadit"vaswhenmassagetupa barrelofporklast year, inApril;JohnLa,vrence tell Ine hekno,iVwheretheporkwaf;put,andhe wouldhelpthelTIwithapartofit;tvvoorthreenightsaftertheyopenthe barrel,JohnLa\Vl'encegeta long stick

PAGE 20

20andtie a forkattheendofit,andthenhego to thestore windo\vandstick the fork intothepork barrel,andget[l..piece of themeatanddrawitto the windo\v,butitcouldn't come through the bars, so he come to the kitchen vvhere I was sleeping,andhe call me to comeandhelp hin1;Igo with him,andIhold the piece ofpork'\vhile hilncutitint"vo,andtakeandboil onehalfandgive me some,andIeat it.1\1issesandInassa foundoutthattheporkgone,andmake noiseaboutit,andaccuse all the house servant aboutit;Ican'tbear to hear them accuse for wrongful,andIknowwhodidit, so I tell Willialn Dalling the constablethatI kno\v all about the pork.Thenhimtell massa,andtheycallineupandItenthe truth,thatJohnLa\'vrence tief theporkandI help hiin tocutit,andIeatsome ofit;them carrywebefore a lllagistrateaboutit,andI tell Mr. Ra\vlinson the same thing,andJohnLawrence confess it,andluagistrate sentenceJohnLawrenceandme topayten shillingsapiece to n1assa for thepork;I borrow the money frolnIllYfatherandanother man)andpayitto misses. This is onebadaction I do, thelndon'tpunish lne for it.It,vas the 'Tuesday evening afterne'\tvyear'sdaytheyletmeoutof the workhouse,andI reach homenextday. Miss Senior saythembeen lookingoutfor me since lastvveek,asIonly sentence for seven days,andshethinksay,thatIrunawayandgobacktoRodney Hall again. She Illake pretence shedon'tknowthatmagistrate alteritto fourteen days,andmassapretendthe same, for himsendWilliam Dalling the constable to the ll1agistrate theweekbefore to sayIdon'tCOllIehome yet,andhimsuppose meruna\vay,butmassaknowvery wellthatIwas in the workhouse allthetime. Mr. Rawlinson selfpretendhimdon'tknowI'JVasin thework house so long, himsayso to Inake William Dalling fool, because hiln was present when Mr. RawlinsontryIne,andhear him sentencemetoIl:0morethanseven days in the workhouse. Themdon'tknoyvthatIhearthelu make the bargaintokeepmeinall Christ mas week.Nexttime Mr. Rawlinson come to Penshurst massatrytogetnle punish again. Him saymedidn'tcome home samedaythelnlet.meoutoftheworkhouse-hewouldhaveitme no come home till Thursday,butitwasWednesday,andI offer to call constable to prove it, and,atlast, magistrateputanending to it,andtold mas sahenlust accuse Ine \vrongfully. This was the last timetheycarry Ine before Mr.Rawlinson,andthatwas last January. OneSaturdayafternoon, abouttheendofFebruary, Philip Os bornofKnapdale came to me,andsaythatJanles Finla.yson'\tvantto see meatBrown's Tovvnthatnight.JamesFinlayson""vasIllYfellow apprentice beforethattinle,butbeenbuyhimself free"andhe""vasa leader in the church.Hesendtell Inethattwogentle-

PAGE 21

21tl1ell wastherethat,vunttoaskho,vapprenticetreated,andhhnknowmebeentreatedverybadly,sohimsendforme.AtnightIgotothechapel,andsee Mr.SturgeanMr.Harvey,andItell thelllallaboutmybadliving;Mr.Sturgetellme,me111ustn't discourage,thatitonlytolastseventeenmonths;Itellhim,Idon'tknowifIcanlive to seetheseventeenmonthsout;Iwasquitemaugreandhungrythattime,quitedifferent towhatIstandno\v,Ihardlyable togetanythingtoeatthen,111ygroundallgonetopieces,thetilDe themputinworkhouse,andifmyfatherandotherpeoplenobeengive Inesomething,Iwouldhavestarve.Mr.Sturgegive Ine a shilling,andthenIgobackhome.OnMondaynight,Finlaysonsendformeagain,IgoTuesdaynight,andhesendmeto Mr. Clarke;thell1inister. HilD askmeif111e\vould liketobefree,Itellhim,Yes,andhinlask111eifI,vouldpayhilllbackwhenmefree?Isaid, Yes,I,voulc1dou:llinmypovver,andtrymybestendeavourtoworkhardandpayIBmback.'fhenMr.ClarketellmeImustgotomagistrate,to give "varningtohave filevalued:Iwasquitehappyandjoyful,vvhellIheal'this;andonSaturday,IgotoMr. Rawlinson,atBrown's'fown,andaskllillltovalueme,buthilTIsaymassaentitleto fourteendays'warning;hegivemepaperto serve massa,aboutit,andsaidhewouldverygladifIcouldbuymyself, ashehaven10re trouble\vith111eandmassathananybodyelse. I givethepapertoInisses,asl11assawasinSpanishTown,andsecondSaturdayafter,IgotoBro\vn'srrO\vn,tobevalued;butwhenIg-etthere,Mr.Rawlinsontellme, as massadon'tcome,hecouldn't'valueme,andallIcansaynouse,hekeeponrefusetovalueme;thenIgoto Mr. Clarke,theminister,andhecometotIleCourtHouse,andspeaktoMr.Ra,vlinson,andatlastheagreetogoonwiththevaluation.HimandMr.AbrahamIsaacsandMr.FairweathervalueIne;1\11'.JosephIsaacs,thatke.ep astoreatBrown'sTown,give evidence.He.sayhewantaboylikeme,tomindhis horse,andfollowhimtotown,andwhenmefree,hewouldbewillingtogive11let\VOdollarsa,veek, a.nd feedingandclothesbesides;sothelnfixthepriceuponmeforeightdoubloons,tendollarsanda half"andtwobitts.*Afteritdone,Mr.Clarketakemetohishouse,andgive luetheluoney,andIcarryitstraitto Mr. Ha\vlinson,andthenhegive IneITIyfreepaper,and,vhen IcomeoutoftheConrtHouse,I calloutquiteloud,"BlessGodAilllighty-thanktheLord,Igetoutofdevil's hands."l\1r..Clarke,theBushaatKnapdale,\vaspr.esenthelookquiteblttckatme,buthinldon'tspeak.>II
PAGE 22

ThenI go straightJosephstore, and I tellhin1,'Igo ing toCaIneto hiln on Monday, as he sayhilTI"Youldgive Inetwodollars avvek,andfeeding,andclothes;hetell me hegetaboyalready,buthedon'tgetany-heonly take swear he viould givethat,to make themputhigh value upon me.ThenMr. Clarke, the minister, told111e,itwas Mr. Sturgethatpaythe money for me,andI must go to himatSpanish Town, ashewantto carry me to England. I feel so ha.ppy,Idon'tknowwhatto do""vithmyself hardly-; I bless theLord;andI bless Mr. Sturge for him goodness.Ifhe nobeentake me away, I couldn't have live long. On Tuesday I startoff;andgetto Spanish Townnextday, afterthatwe go toKingston;andt\VOweeks after, Mr. Sturge take me vvith him on board the ship,andwe go toNewYork,andthen sail to Liverpool,andso here Iamin England...;TIrEtaleofJames Williams is the taleofvast numbersofour fellow-subjects,manyof them professors of the Christian faith,andheirs of eternal life.Hespeaksbutthe languageofhis class,anddetails atrocities which would be multiplied a thousand fold,ifhis brethren were in like circumstances with himself. Brit ish. ChristiansI-fortoyouwe make theappeal-itis with your connivance,andwill henceforthbewith your sanction,thatthese outrages are perpetrated. Shalltheybecontinued, or shallth-eyfor ever?Wewait in confidence,butwith thrilling interest foryourreply.Byyour love of freedom,byyour sympathywithsufferinganddying humanity,byyour fidelity to God,byyoureatnestlonging for the salvationofInen,bya1!,in a word, which can move to the discharge ofdutyor to the mitigation of suffering,webeseechyouto be faithful to your high vocation.Thefriendsofthe negro race are about to muster on their behalf.Letthembeborne on ward in their righteous course,byyourheartyco-operation and. fervent prayers. The blessingofthem who are ready to perish will then come upon you,andyourname shall behadin everlast ing remembrance.L_etitnotbeforgotten, that the peopleofEngland havepaidtwentymillions for the abolition of slavery,andthata large aUl0unt is still being annuallydrawnfrom the public revenue, for thesupportofmore than onehundredstipendiary magistrates!Yet,notwithstanding thiscostly-thismonstrous sacrificeof

PAGE 23

British treasure, the object for which that sacrifice was made4hasnever beenattained-slavery has notbeenabolished-itexists with unlnitigated rigour, in its most ferocious, revolting,andloathsome aspect. Cruelties unheardof-unthoughtof in the worst days of shIvery,are nowbeing"heaped like burning coals" on the headsofthe long suffering and patiently enduring sonsanddaughters of Africa.Andwill the peopleofEngland look tamely on,andaccede to this as the fruition of their benevolent desires?Willthey calmly brook the glaring insultoffered-thetreacherous fraud practised,bythe openandflagitious violation of a solelnn cOlnpact?And",villthe people of England permit the deeply injured,helpless, the unoffending negro, still to reluain the victimofsuch accumulatedmiseryandbrutal outrage?No!It must notbe-thevoice of justice, humanity,andreli gion, sternly demandsthateffectual steps be taken to secure fullandimlnediate retribution;-weask not the disgorgementofthe Inisapplied twenty millions,but"redeluand the fulfilmentofthebond-theransom has been paid,butthe captive is still retaIned in his galling fetters! There isbutoneremedy-halfmeasures are worse thanu-se1ess-itrequiresbuta single, brief, sin1ultaneous,andenergetic move ment,andthe struggle is over.Letour Anti-Slavery Societies be immediatelyre-organized-Ietthe country bearoused-letthe peo ple, with one voice, instruct their representatives peremptorily to demand the instant, the unconditional,andthe everlasting annihi lation of the accursed system.June20, 1837.

PAGE 24

ADDRESAsthispublicationisintendedtodiffuse a knowledg-eoftheactualconditionofthenegroapprenticesinourcolonies, "vith avie,vtothenlitigationorremovaloftheirsufferings,itisurgentlyentreatedofthereadeptoturnthefeelingofhorroranddisgustwithwhichhen1ustrisefromthe'di5Closul'esofthisNarrative,intoS0111epracticalfortheattainmentofsodesirableanobject.AUXILIARYSOCIETIES,MINISTERSOFTHEGOSPEL,orphilantll1'opicindividuals,mayprocurethistract"vholesale,atthecostofpaperandprintbyapplyingtothePrinter.,J.HADDON,efastleStreet,Finsbu1'ySquare.Price6s.per100,or50s.per1000.IALSO,Just publi.sked, in 8vo,price6d., and aCheapEdition, in12m-tJ.pric 2d.ASTA TEMEl.TOFFACTS,IllustratingtheAdministrationoftheAbolitionLaw,andtheSufferingsoftheNegroAppren-'tice"',intheIslandofJan1uica.AuxiliarySocieties, &c.Inayalsobesupplied,vith the12nl0.Editionof thisTract,byapplyingasabove.Price10..."pel'100,or4Lper1000.J.Haddon,CastleStreet,Ji'insbnryo