Group Title: CARIFESTA Newspaper Clippings
Title: Development process : CARIFESTA and the Cultural Revolution
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 Material Information
Title: Development process : CARIFESTA and the Cultural Revolution
Series Title: CARIFESTA Newspaper Clippings
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Daly, P. H.
Publisher: Guyana Graphic
Publication Date: 8/28/1972
Subject: Carifesta (1st : 1972 : Guyana), Festivals - Caribbean Area
Caribbean   ( lcsh )
Spatial Coverage: South America -- Guyana -- Georgetown
Funding: Support for the development of the technical infrastructure and partner training provided by the United States Department of Education TICFIA program.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: CA00199851
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat
Holding Location: Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: CARIFESTA I 1972

Full Text

the first explicitly to conceive
of the economic order in ana-
logy with a natural organ-
j.i. Tphe doinant analogy tly tCaib~ omed4
wjiich presented itself was ish indutrdl, r
tliat economic society was a Carifesta g the et
system ,9 the circuoatin of e and slave owners who sent their
What was the physiology nu L s waoorein. The profits "home".
Sthisa rcess? The p ecoo- l t dif taiavs It isthe failure of t
of this process ? The econo- ain the tu evloy ein owners of regional i-
mnc system, the Physiocrats ..t. with Fdutttrir to commit some ol
said, was to human society unle t was te dustries to oomit e
what th body wa to human socie th fiction of the privacy of their Drofits to cultural de-
whatn the body was to tehu- niltural t* Stgw. velopment that has driven;
mai De.sonality. It was the h u u the Br Caribbean artists out of the
physical basis for the growth We pe noit4n the dweel. region to seek their fortunes
ut the higher functions, and hr opment process and its faure in foreign lands. The outlow
the coji)tion of social pro- eVOlutln to contribute to uual of regions artits. following
gress was that the economic growth. W~ have also to note the outflow of profits, haa af-
.ystem should be capable ofi We have the premise for that. 1.i the aoloaftl ocltety fected the Caribbean since the
yielding to the State the larg- studdying the effect of the de- industries. b Aoth icuurl revalttoi4 ry Jamaican poet,
est possible surplus on which velooment process in the and YiBing und r foreign Claude MacKay, went to the
the development of the State Catibbean on cultural growth. co.tro]L did not contribute Un~td States. C. L. R. James
and culture could thrive. Growth can be either aided positively to cultua.t devel. left Trinidad for Britain.
I have begun this. nhe&i~er or ineded by the develop- opment in e terrt~, tbe Edgar Mittelholzer left Guy-
on the. peevelapmtet Poee s ment process. The effect, raw materials of which the ana, first for Trinidad then
by quoting from an ~paisne either way, depends on the expl.t. The point I a for Britan. Jan Carew
scholar and an authority whoi nature of the economy and .a.ig l that forWtgn~rcon Denia Williams Wilson
understood the whether it is agricultural, in. trolled industries in the Col. Harria. Roger Maio (who
between the development of dustril or pastoral.. An agri- onial Caribbean did not offer Wroete. "iT e hasWt ew joy-
the na.ti4pal economy and te cultural economy needs pro- incentives to the artist to de- ful together", "Broter n",
develO9ment of the REtioal tessional and technical work- velop hi talents and to work 44a tiekglig ) "w"~
culture. ers who, apart from having n the Caribbean Novel, C.r- u obad a~,nrpig a a
The authority Is M e a basic education for premni.- ibbean Poetry. Caribbean His, i etpaed,lsaec
Dobb, a former Lecttrer i ing technical skls, are usual- story a4 Caribbean' Paintin i is~y logiealy ,
Econoaris in the Unmver~sy ly exposed to contact with and Sculpture. The profits their "gion. The devqo
of Cambridge. the arts. from tge exploitation of the met u In the Indepe,.
The qSuotatioe is from the Inevitably the skiled region's natural resources by d&nt ribbeen is hallelged
standard work: "An Itroduc- .worker with the basic educa- fore.i industrialsts wer .to eae the fegin's eagles bael
tion to Economics" in which tion essential to operating sent back "twrne" to foreign hom.
the distinguished scholar modern industrial inma.chbter countrie The Vgri estanaeg enter
went back to show that the hAs a higher artistic IDtea- The hytsocrati concept of regioal eo en has ami ed
concept of an economic order tial than the worker in, say, of th. economy, and te an- trl with what Nanaul cils
t"ruled by natital law" dates the sugar industry which. in.- 1Qgy With t hia hwa b9dy "heiae Ta what ex-
to te Physicrat aend the m~caniseed up to two decades with the objective of total de- tent has plm s mad
olassiel economists who ,1gE, required from mia~pwer velopnwet, were wholly ig- ~ur rats- te novelists,
thought of economic develQop the mere qualification of brut noted by foreigners who con- I mea deform character
ment in terms of phbyitolgy hotsepower. trolled the economy's com- 046 eOWrd agnity te hfoltesn
the State being supplied It is elementary to say that mnanding heights. With own- qand 4lies of the Caribbean
with the resources for physi- the economy of the Caribbean ership and control of indus- Patur in order to cature a
cal and cultural growth. Is agricultural. The develop- tries based on the countries' foreign market with a pre.
Otherwise, with cultural de- mar t process in the region raw materials coring into oASutus carcature, wla be
velopmeft neglected fOr in- baa therefore, made little the hands of regional gov- kown .only when publishing
frastruqtur~l, the eoom~ry eotribetina to the devotelo- ernments, the onus is on them houses are set up in Carib-
would not be fuitioieg j ,ritt process of culture, either to show that they uhdetstand bean capitals Then research
accordance with "mabmual ruditety through the to4 to0tl, hysioartic deYelo- workOr will be able to nmke
law", and would not be sup- of *ta(power eMl5lyed, or mniet better than the foreign- a udy of the novels of such
plying the State with the re- directly through C ommiAtBion ers. regional exiles as Mittelbol-
sources it needs for total de- d O *t to artist. If Carifesta is to stride on zer. Lamming, Mais and Naf-
velopMent. What effect had the devel- from the evolutionary to We aul, and o are them with
The _hysiocratic theory in- omen t process in the Suan-, revolutionary stage, cultural the new brood of writers who
dica that tha e economy has ish and Frent islans ? TZh deiveloeimit will have to be will have taken their place.
a duty to the naltowai4 Cul- eoioqy of the- panis co~?r viewed in the same light as and hive had their nlgvels
ture. I shall go op to relate mulun, opiimon wi th iructural develop t. publisled in Iingston, Jasma-
what has been said by Ray- Fre , was pasprl. Euro- ins will require o C~ r_-. Port-oSpaiw. tlbidsd,
mond Smith in his book "Bri- "at y il bean avrmuts the Pridetown. Barbados. and
tish Gulana." He said, "Eco- the ilds. edInX g of6 d from the United Gp0r town, Guyana.
ntomic factors have been of iin ad t'tde r -, / ati~om Conference on Trade The failure of the develop-
great i-nportaice in shaping jgn io O apd Dweeloomelt -UNCTAD ment process drove the Je-
the growth of Guyanese o- t .id l4 ty. T.e sltei;9 -" spificlally for culture, maican La~ureate. Tom Red-
ciety, It was European eapi- o 0 q ai con -' Was 'fr t establlhinag of a cam (whose real name was
tal and the existence of Euro- otvte4 by t t e CarIbebn Publishing House. 'Tponias Henry Mac Dermot
Dean markets for tropical in e homeIand. Cttle for th offering of prizes co-. to Britain. However, the
produce that stimulated the rea g and ea Caft te wffg parable to the Nobel, the PuU. Poetry Lea ue of Jamaica in
creation of a new society on obi. pe 0 ai other and the Gugg.enhei. Octob. 1933 named Redcam
the South American main- wg. necessary n Considering the neglect of ;amaica's Poet Laureate.
land, it was in the plantation whreA t r crntte #aeged cultural development by ex. -' stn to the poignancy ol
cultivIation of sugar and other oyWright. patrtaate industrialists, we Pedeatn and hear tlh lamn,.
crops that Europeans, AfLr- Thaese ooeupatiaoB did ot have to recall that many of tatlons of a placeless exile
cans. Indians, Portugues and n*ake (or th tablteity oesi- the great Country Houses in Visfortunle may site me
Chinese had their first con- sary to cultural growth, e Britain were built fron the T-e stravr me
t;,ft. Of more importance caR* %fB 5tttlerk e"ift with pftrots Of slavery. We have As I toil for my bread
still is the fact that effective bat roninJ g &Ba~J. M.9 control of the economy has bilty was of peo~ai y -BI ;an Ua*ll.aat sirilrity be- T'huh they rob m of all
been. and still is, to a large vpre t or flight and fqr tween the tacties of the ter. T1'ey can never berftv me
extent located outside the rpulgM attpkt whichwe sign ownerI of regional in, Of tihe brown mYountain
country," bu 49 be made dustries in sending tlr pro. village
Though Smith was writing caittol Industiry 6a"nd mne f ie t Oito s nerate *e.* T s-- Pmvwr more.
specifically about the eco06*- tui'ig require stability which nomic and cultural actvty
mic development of Guya i la iwoegpry if the rtit abroad. and the tactics of the
and how It was tyraint I in to 40ttle down and think
controlled from Europe 2*.- and crate.
ing the colonial era, what he
says also applies to the Carib-

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