Jewels of Colombian
SAuiture for Carifesta
it is felt that the .....l
By OLIVER HUNTER Facatativa, the Zipa Indianh ctea ft th 0 ist thela
COLOMBIA, the Emeral4 left a number of still un- Csie notivd Baran-
of the Span'sh Main", with deciphered hieroglyphics Crted
its 22,000,000 people, includ- carved and painted on quilla wic the people Call
ing 400 indigenous tribes- boulders and in caves. Cit ea" e azy
strange Capo Negro, Mest:zo, At the 4an Augusatn iy.
Zambo, ulatto -- will archaeological zone the peo Her the crowds fill the
bring to Carifesta '72 an ple have dug out hundreds city day and night dressed
exciting potpourri of folk- of towering monolithic in exotit costumep and
lore, legend, music and statues (some humermus, Paks. The Baraquillian
dance and touches of its soMe gr~o) dating as far- spectacle of the Feast of
dazzling glory history. back as 555 B. C. and re- San Iouge ~ the bur
It is this cosmopolitan sIeclblUn the giants of Easter of Joe.lito larnaval '
nature of its culture with Island .... suggesting that pe ctlar beynd the wild-
its rhythmic expressions of' race of giant Indians t es t l nation.
Cumbia, Bambacos, Quabi- have walk' the land be- NSE ,
nas, Tiple and Rasta em- fore. DENSE JUNGLE
bodying folk elements of Even the IReuinchaco
Spain, Africa, the Chibchas bridge built by the elet~ic It is however, felt that
and fabulous Incas that Will Incas can be seen today the most unique display on
on the one hand thrill and after thousands of years. the ColoPpbian tural scene
educate, and n_ the, other, All this thought-prbvok- i still that of the 'Battle
forge bridges of understand- g past a tbee woven a the
rin to folk and their folk will yea- O t11 V-1 Of P n"-
iag for the many peoples be present at. Carifesta. wb wh. p*lg.im.
involved in this "cultural Today the people still avel thousands of miles
wonder of our time". tall of happenings at Tuja, ou2r dense and treach-
The beauty of the Coilome capital bf Boyaco, where I ou Amazoni juag CTos-
bian culture comes out in their deeply religious fore- a thousand rivers in
the ritual and pomp of the fathers turned vast amounts Order to erform the sacred
indigenous peoples, some- of gold end emeralds into rite atp the sanctified
times pure, often a rich and sacred idols. And how, when Mount Lo Popa which they
colorful blending, sen in the Conquitagdra under i Qq carrying lighted can-
their revolutionary litera- l -,es in their band.
ture, painting and sculptre. At the ancient fortress of Every country coming to
It spills over ine th"Rendon came to the Blue
It spils over int the :.i ..ntn oh e-le C-argsta, will be portray-
streets of Baranquilla, Boya- Mountains of oaco, they ne ma a ct o it
co and villages in the dense ordered them. to t'ollect all twre i p foom that will
Amazon Jungle in the df f 'their precious idols into .anscened -arrier ofh lan-
gay bacchanal. temple was set on fire and gage a shatter wal .
of a festivals and the sacred temple. Thed
Bt it is the nan the sacred jewelled idols s which
pect of Colonbian He that vanished forever, from the exist in any orm
will weave a web of awe sight of the Indians only to e peplesatin Aof theri
on the Carifesta stage. appear in Europe where the c
It can be said that the ewels were used in adorning rom the hore of Co-
world of the Coloimbian In- the bodies of their Imperial lrnba which is the only
dian lost its purity with the ?4ajesties. _
coamng in 149 of Alonso If one wants to feel the South American country to
de Oeda and his gold llvin throb of Colombian be kissed by both the Ca-
thirty Conquiesadors but culture one must lose one- rbbean Sea and Pacific
bea has remained intact self in the rhythms of their Ocean will emerge one such
Indeed ith the con many festivals which have a I cultural exhibition full of
of slaves from Africa to singularity of their own. exciting contrasts.
work on the Colombian Glmipses of these festivals The Colombian participa-
sugar plantations also came Will erupt on the Carifesta tion will add to Carifesta
the new "era o, the mixed scene. beautiful images of their
',,----- ^n-i The Colombian the fierce Motilone Indians
blood --x estizo (Indiaf Castino loves merrymak- of Norte de Santander who
-White), the mulatto (White irg and their festivals touch- are known to have attacked
-Negro) and the Zamnbo ing on religion, folklore, settlers and travellers ...
(Indian-Negro) an era nature and sports in addi- of the shy Ticunas of the
in wh;ch there was unique tion to patriotic themes Amazon and Narina Basin
blending of people and cul-,give ocsioI for much who disappear when strang-
tures and it is out of the merrymaing. er are around; ad of the
womnb of this blending that. Toyranos who hide in the
the Colombian that we know GAY ABANDON high sierras where they an
today has emerged. h
The Colomban is a man, In Novemer, Cartagena see strangers, but are never
who loves his past that has'goes wild for a week and seen.
its roots in many lands. But the week before Ash Wed- They will portray in aoen
it is the Indian aspect of nesdy is occasion for aall the beauty of a golden
this past which dominate one-week bacchanal. It is past. For a much believed
the Coloimbian folk scene the s .'e during July at legend among the indigen-
ad the ats Sant Marta, fte oldest ous indians in Colombia to-
And maybe it is fortunate city in the New World, day is that of the fabled
that they can catch vivid whepe the Fiesta del Mar City of El Dorado.
glirnses of this past that imprisons the po It is believed that the
dominate the scene masses i gay abandon: Chibchas, who once domin-
Bodomgota's Colon Theatre ated the land that is now
situated some 9,000 feet Colombia, had a gilded king
above sea level entertains who every year was an-
smaller festivals of the fine nointed in fragrant oils then
u.rtI taking form In ballet, covered in gold dust after
oper., tol art, drama and i which he took a ceremonial
u c. wash in Lake Guatavita.
Mrany of these Indiahs,
ny oftha these Inqisads tume holds a lighted candle
feel that the Conq4istaders
had cause a cure wch while dancing to the tan-
cpeq in the fprn of talising sounds of tile many-
earthquake sWllwig ofAn stringed triple and rasta
tfh, Q14e Ciy.gourd rattle ... in the "Par-
te Golden ith. t he ros" and "Merecunlbes" in-
Of the events that he corporation rhythms of the
lspire& Colonibian art-tere ; Caipoes and Incas ... in the
is none to parellel the de- sculpture, songs -and dances
cisive battle of Boyaco. of the gentle Putumayo In-
This incident that brought dians who have impressed
about the final defeat of the visitors to Colombia for
Spanish forces in, the New many a centuries.
World is now part of the Colombia at Carifesta
folk and an occasion for will mean a fusion of a pre-
yearly festivals, parades and Colombian past and the New,
gay bacchanal in Colombia. World present.
The leader of this battlee It will be a momentous
Simon Bolivar is now a na-, Eping back to the times of
tiopal hero and much of 55 B. C. and beyond when
Colombian art revolves sombre giants roamed the
around his triumphs. land and to more recent
One catches glimpses of times when the country
the spirit of the Colombian rightly earned the title
when one views the Salt "Emerald of the Spanish
City'.of Zipaquira carved Main".
out of a mountain of salt Colombia at Carifesta can
that was once exploited by i.ply leave indelible images
the Chibchas Indians. 9A the mind... images
O~pe catches glimpses of more beautiful than the
Colo0Wrbian folk in the Zanm- jewels taken from a thou-
-.ho dance "CCumbia"' where sand Colombian temple
*the girl in dazziling cos- "
AN inheritance of excellent craftsmanship.
"BEE Colombian Indian dausels