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 Title Page
 Introduction
 Needed study
 Table 1: Pupils in school at the...
 Table 2: Membership promoted and...
 Table 3: Membership promoted and...
 Table 4: Membership promoted and...
 Table 5: Membership promoted and...
 Table 6: Percent of regular membership...
 Table 7: Membership not promoted...
 Table 8: Number of pupils taught...


PALMM FAMU



Promotion and non-promotion in Florida public schools
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AM00000227/00002
 Material Information
Title: Promotion and non-promotion in Florida public schools
Series Title: Research report
Alternate title: Promotion & non-promotion in Florida public schools
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- State Dept. of Education. -- Division of Research
Florida -- Division of Elementary and Secondary Education. -- Bureau of Research
Publisher: State Dept. of Education
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: December 1960
Publication Date: -1972
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Promotion (School) -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Students -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Grade repetition -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued in microfilm by SOLINET, Atlanta, Ga.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with 1956/57.
Dates or Sequential Designation: -1970/1971.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vols. for <1965/66-> called also <9th tabulation->
Issuing Body: Issued by: State Department of Education, Division of Research, -1967/68; Division of Elementary and Secondary Education, Bureau of Research, 1968/1969-1970/1971.
General Note: Description based on: 1965/66; title from cover.
Funding: Research report (Florida. State Dept. of Education. Division of Administration and Finance. Research Section)
 Record Information
Source Institution: Florida A&M University (FAMU)
Holding Location: Florida A&M University (FAMU)
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 12589903
lccn - 65064814
System ID: AM00000227:00002
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Analysis of membership at the close of each month of school
Succeeded by: Analysis of membership, promotion and non-promotion, Florida public schools

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Needed study
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Table 1: Pupils in school at the close of the year who were not promoted, by grade, 1959-60
        Page 7
    Table 2: Membership promoted and non-promoted at close 1959-60 school year, grades 1-6, white
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Table 3: Membership promoted and non-promoted at close 1959-60 school year, grades 7-12, white
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Table 4: Membership promoted and non-promoted at close of 1959-60 school year, grades 1-6, negro
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Table 5: Membership promoted and non-promoted at close of 1959-60 school year, grades 7-12, negro
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Table 6: Percent of regular membership promoted at close of 1959-60 school year by race and by grade group
        Page 16
        Page 17
    Table 7: Membership not promoted at the close of the 1959-60 school year and the estimated (theoretical) cost of re-teaching
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Table 8: Number of pupils taught in separate exceptional child classes, by grade group and race, 1959-60
        Page 20
Full Text









PROMOTION AND NON-PROMOTION IN

FLORIDA PUBLIC SCHOOLS

1959-60


Research Report 11
Division of Administration and Finance
Research Section

















Thomas D. Bailey
State Superintendent of Public Instruction
Tallahassee, Florida


December, 1960























Research Report-11 is the eleventh of a series of sta-
tistical studies being prepared by the Research
and Statistics Section of the Division of Administra-
tion and Finance of the Florida State Department of
Education.

The preparation of these reports is one phase in the
implementation of Florida's plan for improving stat-
istical services of the State Department of Education
under the provisions of Title X, National Defense
Education Act.









PROMOTION AND NON-PROMOTION IN FLORIDA
PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 1959-60


This is the third report prepared by the Research and Statistics

Section of the Division of Administration and Finance presenting statistics

on promotion and non-promotion of pupils in Florida public schools. Data

for this study are taken from annual reports submitted by public school

principals covering the 1959-60 school year.

An analysis is made on a grade by grade basis as well as by depart-

mental breakdown. Pupils in separate exceptional child classes and pupils

in special vocational divisions have been considered separately from students

in regular classes. This is a realistic approach since promotion policies

for pupils in special classes vary from policies in regular classes. There-

fore, this report deals primarily with pupils in regular classes who were

in school at the close of the 1959-60 school year.

The data presented in this report should be interpreted very carefully,

especially as it applies to an individual county. In some instances due to

the small number of pupils as a result of detailed breakdowns, one or two

pupils can make a difference of several percentage points. This report,also,

does not take into account pupils who make up deficiencies during the summer

and thus are enabled to go on into the next grade although reported as non-

promoted at the close of the school year. Another situation which may be

misinterpreted is found in those counties having ungraded primary schools.

In such systems a child may be reported as non-promoted but later progress

may permit him to enter the fourth grade after three years of primary school.

Every county should make interpretations in the light of its own situation.







Table I is a State summary of the number and percent of pupils in each

grade at the close of the 1959-60 school year who were not promoted. While

the general state-wide pattern of non-promotion is the same for each race,

there are some differences in degree. For example, 8,63 percent of the white

first graders were not promoted as compared to 16.31 percent of the Negro

first graders. After the first grade, the proportion of non-promotions de-

creases for both races until junior high school. In grades seven, eight, and

nine the proportion of non-promotion again rises markedly.

The proportion of Negro first graders not promoted at the end of the year

merits special attention. If the assumption can be made that most of the

Negro first graders who were spending their second year in the first grade

were promoted, then it follows that the 4,576 Negro first grade pupils who

were not promoted came, in the main, from beginning first graders. If this

assumption is correct, then roughly twenty percent, or almost one out of five,

of the Negro children entering the first grade for the first time can expect

to be held back at the end of the year. Detailed analysis of this and other

points suggested by the table can be made at the local level where more

complete information is available.

Tables 2-5 give the number of promotions and non-promotions by race

for each grade in each county.

Table 6 shows the percent of regular membership promoted by race and

by grade group. Percent of non-promotions may be found by subtracting the

percent promoted from 100 percent.

Table 7 gives the total number of white and Negro pupils in school at

the close of the 1959-60 school year who were not promoted, the average expend-

iture per pupil in each county for 1959-60, and the calculated cost of re-teaching

these pupils who were not promoted, if they remain in school,


-2-









Table 8 gives the number of pupils in each county who were taught in

separate exceptional child classes, under the primary supervision of a

teacher on an exceptional child unit. Altogether, there were 6,568 pupils

in this classification; 76.92 percent of them were classified as elemen-

tary pupils and 23.08 percent as secondary pupils. Pupils receiving supple-

mental services from exceptional child teachers are counted with regular

pupils and are not included in Table 8.

Also excluded from consideration as promoted or non-promoted are 1,146

pupils taking special work in vocational and day-trade school divisions.

Promotion, in such classes, is not on the same basis as in classes of reg-

ularly enrolled pupils. In some cases, complete information is not avail-

able for pupils in special classes due to incomplete reports.

The excluded pupils in both of these excluded groups amounted to less

than one percent of the total number of pupils in school at the close of the

year, so omitting pupils in these special classes has little effect on over-

all percentages.

Analyses of promotion and non-promotion have been made by race because

of some apparent differences in promotional patterns which may or may not

prove significant.

MEMBERSHIP IN SCHOOL AT THE CLOSE OF 1959-60
WHO WERE NOT PROMOTED

Number Not Promoted Percent Not Promoted
White Negro White Negro

Grades 1-6 19,081 12,250 4.64% 9.11%
Grades 7-9 13,771 4,293 7.67 10.48
Grades 10-12 7,062 1,816 6.04 8.12

TOTAL 39,914 18,359 5.64% 9.28%


-3-








The theoretical cost of re-teaching pupils who were not promoted in 1959-60

is estimated at $11,743,812.48 for 39,914 white pupils, and $5,367,747.14 for

the 18,359 Negro pupils for a total of $17,111,559.62 for the 58,273 pupils of

both races. This estimate is reached by multiplying the number of non-promoted

pupils in each county by the 1959-60 current expenditure per pupil in average

daily attendance in each county. The State total is a summation of the estimated

cost of re-teaching non-promoted pupils in each county. This total is under

the $18,057,166.37 estimated as the cost of re-teaching pupils not promoted in

1958-59. The estimate for the 1959-60 year excludes pupils in exceptional child

classes and pupils in special vocational classes who were not promoted. The

1958-59 estimate also excluded these pupils.

Actually, these estimated costs are theoretical, and represent an over-

simplification of the problem. The assumption is made that per pupil costs will

remain constant, and that the non-promoted pupils will remain in school to

graduate. Obviously some of the pupils who are not promoted will withdraw

from school before graduation and per pupil costs are likely to increase.

No consideration is given in this report to drop-outs, although it is known

that the net withdrawals in some counties are substantial during each year.

Principals' Annual Reports indicate a net loss of more than eight thousand pupils

between the close of the eighth month of school and the close of the school

year. (See Research Report-9, Analysis of Membership at the Close of Each Month

of School, 1959-60)

Altogether, 11,076 first graders were not promoted at the close of the

1959-60 school year. If some acceptable remedial action could be taken to cut

in half the failure rate in the first grade alone, a theoretical savings of

$1,660,182 would result. While this theoretical savings would not be realized


-4-








immediately, it is equal to enough to pay for 332 additional teachers or

to construct over a hundred new classrooms. This, from reducing the

failure rate by fifty percent in one grade alone


Needed Study

There is a need for extensive study and research in this area of

promotion and non-promotion. The material presented in this report does

not attempt to answer basic questions, but it does suggest issues on which

inadequate information is available.

1. What is the relationship between non-promotion and irreg-
ular attendance? Is this an important factor? This, of
course, leads into questions involving the causes of ir-
regular attendance.

2. Do pupils who are not promoted tend to drop out of school?
In an effort to establish and maintain "high" standards,
is the principle of providing an opportunity for optimum
growth of each pupil sacrificed?

3. What is the relationship between non-promotion and type of
curriculum? How well does the program of the school meet
the needs of pupils who are not promoted?

4o Does a high rate of non-promotion in lower grades tend to
reduce the rate of non-promotion in higher grades?

5. Are promotion standards and practices consistent from county
to county? From school to school, within the same county?
From section to section within the same grade in the same
school?

6. What are the emotional and psychological effects of non-
promotion? Is there any relationship between non-promo-
tion and disciplinary problems?

7. Does organized remedial work, special homework, or indivi-
dual coaching appear to have any appreciable effect on the
non-promotion rate?

8. What is the effect of stability of residence on non-promo-
tion? Does movement from one school to another during the
year contribute to non-promotion?

9. Is academic achievement higher in school systems with a
high non-promotion rate? Is the higher rate justified?

-5-








10. What part does personal and educational guidance play in
non-promotion?

11. Does the administrative organization of schools, especially
at the junior high level, have any effect on the rate of
non-promotion? Does attaching an eighth or ninth grade to
a senior high school result in higher non-promotion?

12. What are the underlying causes of non-promotion? What can
be done about them at the local level? At the county level?
At the state level?

13. What is the purpose of non-promotion? Is it for the non-
promoted child's benefit? For the benefit of other pupils?
To enhance the reputation of the school? A punitive mea-
sure?

1i. What is non-promotion actually costing in dollars? Are
the results worth the expenditure?

15o What is a reasonable rate of non-promotion? What is an
excessive rate, and under what conditions?

16. What is the relationship between class size and non-pro-
motion? Between teacher experience and non-promotion?
Between length of school day and non-promotion?


These are but a few of the many questions that come to mind. Many of

them are inter-related. None of the answers are easy, and most of the prob-

lems must be worked out at the local level, where detailed data are readily

available, Most counties have skilled personnel on their staff who can

undertake the task of finding the answers to one or more of these questions

if time can be made available to them.

The Research and Statistics Section would like to be supplied the

results of any studies in this area conducted at the local level, and will

be glad to offer any assistance possible in the design of local studies.


-6-







TABLE I

PUPILS IN SCHOOL AT THE CLOSE OF THE YEAR WHO

WERE NOT PROMOTED, BY GRADE, 1959-60*


WHITE


GRADE



1

2

3

4

5
6

1-6

7

8

9

7-9

10

11

12

10-12

1-12


Number
in
School

75,356

70,811

68,913

65,174

65,195

66,145

411,594

70,559

59,935

49,006

179,500

45,163

39,801

31,994
116,958

708,052


NEGRO

Not


Not Promoted

Number Percent

6,500 8.63%

3,593 5.07

3,042 4.41

2,375 3.64

2,034 3.12

1,537 2.32

19,081 4.64

5,787 8.20

4,898 8.17

3,086 6.30

13,771 7.67

3,530 7.82

2,493 6.26

1,039 3.25
7,062 6.04

39,914 5.64


Number
in
School

28,065

24,772

23,315

21,342

19,422

17,531

13s,147

16,148

13,584

11,249

40,981

9,164

7,212

5,980

22,356

197,784


classes and 1,16


-7-


Number

4,576

2,480

1,791

1,477

1,170

756

12,250

1,695

1,382

1,216

4,293

1,082

518

216

1,816

18,359


Promoted

Percent

16.31%

10.01

7.68

6.92

6.02

4.31

9.11

10.50

10.17

10.81

10.48

11.81

7.18

3.61

8.12

9.28


* Excludes 6,568 pupils in separate exceptional child
pupils in special vocational classes.


---L,- ___






TABLE 2


MEMBERSHIP PROMOTED AND NON-PROMOTED AT CLOSE
OF 1959-60 SCHOOL YEAR, GRADES 1-6, WHITE


First Grade Second Grade Third Grade Fourth Grade Fifth Grade Sixth Grade
Counties
Pro- Non- Pro- Non- Pro- Non- Pro- Non- Pro- Non- Pro- Non-
moted Pro. moted Pro. moted Pro. moted Pro. moted Pro. moted Pro.
Alachua 937 82 892 52 891 39 796 35 815 36 875 31
Baker 137 38 129 7 113 142 2 131 1 132 2
Bay 1,150 117 1,127 50 1,059 37 990 23 1,037 16 1,005 11
Bradford 204 24 230 14 211 11 232 6 195 229 6
Brevard 2,114 155 1,912 78 1,753 81 1,593 54 1,698 18 1,633 7
Broward 4,198 281 4,193 171 4,192 108 3,978 67 3,998 48 4,064 31
Calhoun 160 11 136 3 138 7 134 8 130 5 161 13
Charlotte 167 20 149 3 143 2 128 3 129 3 148 6
Citrus 128 17 147 8 120 8 114 5 128 8 144 9
CIY 357 55 378 26 337 13 295 8 325 17 341 6
Collier 186 27 226 12 190 12 210 15 186 9 193 16
Columbia 301 42 263 25 265 28 280 31 331 22 287 19
Dade 11,174 1116 11,182 644 11,416 547 10,671 535 10,568 498 10,892 264
De Soto 137 25 151 6 124 5 133 2 146 2 163 17
Dixie 80 17 80 4 91 3 87 15 79 5 93 9
Duval 7,265 654 6,935 386 6,672 372 6,202 266 6,221 186 6,324 180
Escambia 2,822 222 2,716 122 2,670 79 2,466 57 2,588 47 2,684 45
Flagler 56 8 73 1 57 2 46 8 51 8 55 1
Franklin 101 16 103 5 92 11 98 7 95 13 93 10
Gadsden 312 21 279 21 299 10 290 21 289 20 267 17
Gilchrist 44 4 50 4 55 9 56 3 62 4 54 -
Glades 37 5 21 28 1 32 23 5 43 1
Gulf 180 29 183 13 174 1 159 9 178 13 176 2
Hamilton 88 16 94 7 82 6 89 2 103 1 97 -
Hardee 242 51 225 19 208 11 208 11 218 11 235 16
Hendry 113 18 122 9 97 2 120 11 134 4 137 8
Hernando 138 22 169 21 181 19 125 19 155 18 156 18
Highlands 331 30 311 23 292 12 302 4 285 5 317 4
Hillsborough 6,262 331 6,133 226 5,774 334 5,631 178 5,595 135 5,822 107
Holmes 221 24 207 7 220 5 234 16 215 26 246 21









Indian River
Jackson
Jefferson
Lafayette
T1


323
525
67
45
Sl,5


56
42
7
5
$ "7(


332
507
68
53
829


311
526
79
47
798


339
511
82
53
7 (2


298
524
59
57
728


Lee 617 77 772 32 704 36 72d 15 72 12 710
Leon 964 35 904 26 864 22 799 20 804 9 840 9
Levy 147 13 138 7 139 7 143 5 159 5 151 6
Liberty 68 16 62 5 58 4 54 5 60 1 59 4
Madison 159 7 158 8 148 9 148 5 178 3 176 1
Manatee 86 83 5 18t 43 702 39 762 22 766 11 770 7
Marion 657 14 658 9 646 4 609 14 665 3 621 17
Martin 208 10 209 14 203 11 219 10 194 10 170 11
Monroe 701 51 637 as 556 36 542 39 581 21 579 29
Nassau 298 42 275 23 314 9 263 15 262 12 267 9
Okaloosa 1,226 67 1,090 51 1,013 31 944 21 936 29 911 17
Okeechobee 129 19 138 11 134 128 5 141 2 136 5
Orange 4,435 422 4,082 221 3,971 169 3,812 97 3,802 85 3,859 44
Osceola 268 12 286 10 292 15 246 8 261 20 304 13
Palm Beach 2,5ll4 237 29567 132 2,515 95 24U11 94 2,371 90 2,400 5
Pasco 500 74 492 50 506 44 517 24 516 10 567
Pinellas 3,988 289 4,078 140 4,077 96 3,972 75 3,971 57 4,221 36
Polk 3,025 565 2,990 309 3,023 188 2,988 155 2,746 154 2,895 83
Putnam 516 49 521 13 521 21 456 12 490 5 482 11
St. Johns 313 53 339 34 336 22 293 19 348 26 313 17
St. Lucie 459 43 76 30 455 20 435 10 450 12 432 2
Santa Rosa 626 42 568 21 572 15 533 20 556 16 546 14
Sarasota 970 48 980 26 928 21 878 7 880 13 966 12
Seminole 777 105 793 69 680 58 706 51 679 35 672 38
Sumter 168 40 177 13 202 4 187 5 188 5 186 5
Suwannee 254 52 209 14 267 b 235 3 205 4 257 9
Taylor 239 32 239 27 230 13 223 11 261 7 240 2
Union 82 18 64 8 66 7 62 7 65 17 71 15
Volusia 1,483 137 1,370 56 1,397 83 1,368 52 1,449 32 1,485 43
Wakulla 92 18 96 4 86 11 93 4 107 1 78 6
Walton 272 l1 296 26 291 11 76 16 311 14 300 12
Washington 177 31 174 7 169 10 187 8 190 3 212 24
ToTAL 68,856 6,500 67,218 3,593 65,871 3,042 62,799 2,375 63,161 2,034 64,608 1,537







TABLE 3
MEMBERSHIP PRMfElED AND NON-PROMOTED AT CLOSE
OF 1959-60 SCHOOL YEAR, GRADES 7-12, WHITE


Eighth Grade


Alaci
Baker
Bay
Bradf
Breva
Brows
Calhc
Char]
Citra

colli
Colin
Dade
De Sc
DiXie

Escaf
Flagl
Frani
Gadsd
Gilch
Glade
Gulf
Haini
Harde
Hendx
Herna
Highly
Hills
Home


ra 831 50 718 33 617 30 599 28 524 17 524 4
133 7 107 7 90 5 92 3 70 1 60 1
1,209 20 1,005 31 796 27 634 79 508 71 442 24
ford 209 9 197 3 170 11 155 :6 111 6 116 3
rd 1,674 82 1,481 70 1,191 68 1,014 90 848 77 636 15
rd 4,1477 298 3,527 247 3,057 .103 -12,69--- 202 2,1412 127 7i -_82
mn 131 19 112 10 112 6 122 3 111 3 7 -
Lotte 161 3 123 15 71 12 70 14 60 16 55 4
as 109 16 101 23 79 16 80 7 68 2 54 -
343 27 255 20 185 17 163 16 95 9 88 2
er 196 3 163 26 123 37 117 18 101 17 90- 11
abia 336 21 260 19 210 25 169 20 175 11 149 3
11,on 4 1,146 9,467 1,076 8,264 347 7,911 516 7,281 384 5,793 143
)to 138 24 112 12 84 15 88 7 84 14 75 4
S86 18 61 8 -72 4 47 2 48 1 46 -
S6,095. 650 5,113 567 4,167 259 3,518 .316.3,315 213 2,727 150
abia 2,606 230 2,243 116 1,818 130 1,626 135 1,369 87 1,107 49
Ler 44 6 42 2 29 1 42 2 21 1 22 -
lin 61 33 57 16 50 8 69 2 43 9 41 1
len 263 26 203 12 203 36 186 9 175 5 171 -
krist 61 8 68 7 .45 2. 25 3 43 34 -
s 30 3 25 6 11 15 5 8 .4 10 -
175 15 159 10 101 9 96 2 87 9 86 -
ton 134 99 85 3 88 1 75 4 81 1
e 195 43 173 27 149 10 131 16 16. 8 124 -
y 115 17 86 13 101 .2. 70 3 61 15 62 3
ndo 127 61 110 31 97 11 95 4 74 3 53 1
handss 298 13 268 1 229 6 195 4 206 4 177 1
borough 5,788 379 4,889 362 3,993 328 3,455 377 3,182 244 2,641 51
s 246 46 197 27 192 18 170 20 141 18 133 2









Indian River
Jackson
Jefferson
Lafayette


323
528
77
49


19
86
5
5


309
481
64
35


6 239
37 379
1 69
3 55


179
339
57
45


11 201
33 340
- 58
2 39


166
301
40
39


Lake 729 159 587 120 491 75 431 78 439 50 371
Lee 757 75 619 42 545 44 492 29 390 19 335
Leon 876 42 707 41 605 14 581 57 471 42 454 13
Levy 177 11 144 6 114 6 100 5 103 7 97 1
Liberty 48 5 62 3 39 40 32 31 1
Madison 150 32 143 9 146 6 129 5 116 2 107 3
Manatee 795 70 734 52 561 32 605 22 537 16 566 10
Marion 653 36 540 31 523 20 472 32 480 20 361 8
Martin 197 8 168 11 106 6 128 4 108 4 104 2
Monroe 516 71 469 117 350 52 261 38 218 22 186 2
Nassau 299 43 224 21 224 19 159 18 150 13 113 3
O okaloosa 1,1i- 69 660 63 724 50 639 59 506 25 366 21
Okeechobee 124 2 109 4 54 15 72 5 48 38 -
Orange 3,751 383 3,128 367 2,486 179 2,164 302 1,978 212 1,627 56
Osceola 283 11 255 11 169 8 149 8 145 8 130 5
Palm Beach 2,408 264 2,021 213 1.750 148 1,614 125 1,488 102 1,206 53
Pasco 510 20 491 2 350 350 299 40 295 23 255 5
Pinellas 4,397 285 3,625 236 2,996 158 2,955 238 2,626 161 2,092 142
Polk 2,801 251 2,569 195 2,149 232 1,835 190 1,609 137 1,354 55
Putnam 443 29 391 25 290 30 252 22 239 15 210 -
St. Johns 338 32 270 17 221 18 194 13 156 22 116 17
St. Lucie 474 19 400 10 336 1 302 13 246 17 232 12
Santa Rosa 489 15 414 88 347 57 276 30 238 21 193 2
Sarasota 1,022 61 926 38 707 35 750 21 699 20 588 14
Seminole 614 131 461 66 447 46 320 61 292 22 226 8
Stmter 187 11 155 17 131 10 127 10 121 5 100 5
Suwannee 233 26 234 1 230 2 189 167 150 1
Taylor 230 35 154 24 121 40 120 6 122 2 92 -
Union 64 7 56 1 58 17 48 2 43 9 36 -
Volusia 1,528 96 1,240 112 1,082 110 900 83 833 43 712 18
Wakulla 76 17 66 15 51 46 7 53 2 57 2
Walton 322 28 290 13 204 7 175 32 145 12 134 1
Washington 205 16 185 27 180 8 155 19 134 6 124 1
TOTAL 64,772 5,787 55,037 4,898 45,920 3,086 41,633 3,530 37,308 2,493 30,955 1,039






TABLE 4


MEMBERSHIP PROMOTED AND NON-PROMOTED AT CLOSE
OF 1959-60 SCHOOL YEAR, GRADES 1-6, NEGRO


Alachua 582 89 546 43 466 55 444 27 427 19 460 11
Baker 49 14 53 3 40 6 38 2 39 4 33 5
Bay 300 67 239 43 268 18 215 20 209 14 209 3
Bradford 96 35 88 16 74 17 75 3 65 12 62 9
Brevard 337 50 350 10 323 8 284 9 282 14 268 8
Broward 1,725 265 1,604 200 1,468 157 1,259 138 1,201 83 1,058 64
Calhoun 27 7 33 6 31 1 25 7 26 27 1
Charlotte 16 3 20 6 11 2 15 14 8 -
Citrus 43 16 42 12 47 4 44 6 48 2 41 -
Clay 92 14 76 1 81 2 71 1 73 69
Collier 73 9 46 h 58 56 49 2 35 3
Columbia 170 36 163 25 157 14 137 22 165 6 143 8
Dade 3,537 620 3,285 360 3,270 234 2,888 156 2,401 85 2,150 34
De Soto 58 19 59 2 61 1 50 1 55 4 55 3
Dixie 30 3 21 1 11 15 6 8 -
Duval 2,613 378 2,546 219 2,589 136 2,371 117 2,194 140 2,103 98
Escambia 889 235 839 105 949 66 774 72 842 45 708 31
Flagler 57 30 61 4 51 3 30 5 28 7 22 6
Franklin 16 27 6 20 1 21 2 20 1 25 -
Gadsden 697 159 661 145 641 116 560 94 566 88 533 41
Gilchrist 14 1 10 9 8 5 1 10 -
Glades 29 3 16 3 30 1 16 1 8 19 -
Gulf 75 31 72 9 62 14 44 3 54 7 47 1
Hamilton 83 51 99 25 97 28 88 11 80 4 74 2
Hardee 33 11 37 37 1 3 3 36 27 -
Hendry 66 15 56 2 53 1 58 2 48 5 37 5
Hernando 72 23 53 5 57 14 48 5 62 4 35 -
Highlands 155 1 111 117 3 123 97 91 -
Hillsborough 1,466 67 1,354 51 1,222 65 1,158 33 1,073 46 990 14
Holmes 5 3 9 7 6 16 9 -









Indian River
Jackson
Jefferson
Lafayette


160
284
167
10


53
50
26
8


40 175
70 288
25 157
2 6


162
287
159
8


105
267
148
8


7
38
14


91
253
143
2


Lake 300 111 280 49 245 44 269 o4 235 22 185 20
Lee 279 25 221 10 203 4 149 3 171 2 136 3
Leo 588 157 562 104 584 78 543 83 498 37 407 40
lawy 94 32 85 12 87 7 80 2 66 9 94 1
Liberty 17 7 15 5 12 7 7 3 10 8 9 5
Miaon 206 92 206 44 230 35 204 33 169 34 158 17
BEatee 297 71 331 50 308 50 263 34 260 15 230 2
arion 480 90 460 53 436 39 473 20 417 19 394 18
Nrtin 104 37 87 19 79 12 79 9 69 10 46 3
Monos 10 6 87 5 85 2 54 8 73 5 62 9
OaB= 2L5 26 112 24 106 21 134 16 88 19 113 19


124
29
1,015
75
1.280


243
7
35$4


1UUl
15
937
49
1.266


10 Oz
4 19
97 863
2 63
198 1.229


0
2
65
4
122


'(4
17
904
34
1.080


y
3
62
1
130


01
18
800
28
955


63
10
716
42
963


l5.O 99 29 92 13 5 2 9 63 4 74 3 76 9
PiMslan 785 160 773 27 644 26 756 23 666 13 609 6
Polk 955 253 908 93 875 48 803 74 749 43 695 33
Pa 320 37 289 18 262 9 256 13 244 5 223 5
.t, Johns 228 26 185 14 217 22 184 13 203 14 186 13
8. Luciea 312 109 333 42 310 6 311 27 26b 27 230 4
Santa Rosa 44 16 59 8 52 6 53 53 4 42 -
Saraota 177 21 241 7 184 6 148 144 9 136 3
Seminole 388 40 390 27 399 11 373 8 319 23 278 15
Smter ,95 17 100 8 70 5 92 11 79 4 64 7
Somonee 10B 16 94 11 105 5 114 5 116 3 65 3
Taylor 104 20 76 10 74 9 76 7 78 2 77 4
Union 21 14 30 5 31 1 28 4 18 3 13 5
Volnsia 529 92 517 47 501 46 493 30 456 24 435 17
Wakulla 31 7 47 2 32 1 40 2 32 5 37 6
Waltan 66 23 73 10 71 1 64 59 2 53 -
Washington 64 9 69 3 51 56 2 59 3 63 -
TOTAL 23,49 4576 22,292 '2j60o 21,524 1,791 192865 1,477 186252 1,170 16,775 756


CaLoosa
4: IOkebobee
T ra Bnech
Mma Bech







TABLE 5


MEMBERSHIP PROMOTED AND NON-PROMOTED AT CLOSE
OF 1959-60 SCHOOL YEAR, GRADES 7-12, NEGRO


Alachua 348 44 308 32 307 10 239 21 176 4 167 2
Baker 33 4 26 3 16 2 27 1 14 16 -
Bay 195 19 143 1h 122 35 110 21 77 5 73 8
Bradford 64 4 44 5 41 2 44 7 23 2 27 -
Brevard 215 4 194 21 161 6 116 12 84 3 79 1
Broward 861 131 667 71 556 72 366 59 355 38 226 40
Calhoun 22 4 17 18 15 18 14 -
Charlotte 13 9 -
Citrus 39 2 18 25 1 18 27 16 1
Clay 57 56 37 1 37 1 25 2 28 1
Collier 28 3 25 19 6 17 1 17 2 12 1
Columbia 139 7 122 13 107 3 67 12 79 5 55- 6
Dade 2,009 213 1,587 162 1,379 63 1,131 63 953 45 738 20
De Soto 66 6 40 3 26 2 21 3 22 1 14 -
Dixie 13 8 3 11 3 3 5 -
Duval 1,688 219 1,o88 257 1,155 217 874 289 745 85 673 29
Escambia 629 51 546 65 462 59 388 26 352 15 246 13
Flagler 20 1 10. 1 12 8 10 6 7 -
Franklin 15 13 14 1 15 13 14 -
Gadsden 507 66 438 47 309 72 250 67 188 25 147 1
Gilchrist 6 8 7 3 5 1 6 -
Glades 20 15 15 5 6 6 -
Gulf 46 5 31 12 33 19 28 4 19 13 24 -
Hamilton 63 16 61 8 58 2 46 3 44 4 29 2
Hardee 25 18 17 3 17 9 8 -
Hendry 24 5 30 26 1 3 13 1 9 -
Hernando 32 4 33 3 38 1 24 1 16 12 -
Highlands 119 77 75 44 51 1 29 -
Hillsborough 828 82 795 64 598 102 514 64 392 44 367 20
Holmes 17 9 2 8 -









Indian River
Jackson
Jefferson
Lafayette


68
242
129
5


56
218
120


33
161
95
.


35
166
86


2 39
27 120
6 77


39
106 12
57 4


Lake 183 33 180 13 115 9 114 5 88 8 77 -
Lee 126 15 99 9 51 5 79 4 54 3 42 -
Leon 406 46 367 24 312 30 237 42 192 15 170 10
Levy 52 3 49 4 31 7 33 6 20 4 19 -
Liberty 3 5 4 1 3 4 8 7 5 -
Madison 132 30 128 21 100 31 69 15 76 9 78 1
Manatee 179 15 177 22 137 13 112 3 89 2 -- -
Marion 312 18 321 24 282 23 225 12 210 17 186 2
Martin 38 27 32 4 22 5 29 4 25 5 15 -
Monroe 92 4 56 3 43 9 24 11 32 1 35 -
Nassau 94 12 89 5 78 3 75 2 60 1 63 1
Okaloosa 45 14 52 6 34 1 26 1 25 1 23 1


Okeechobee
S Orange
Osceola


16
598
39


3
42


7
488
15


11
392
14


6
311
18


6
33 216
2 10


8
221 6
15 -


Palm Beach 697 138 531 90 502 95 376 89 228 27 244 7
Pasco 68 3 50 3 46 30 4 34 33 -
Pinellas 517 102 363 56 330 30 250 14 205 9 230 6
Polk 647 52 540 35 407 42 324 32 249 11 216 5
Putnam 157 22 176 8 134 7 110 3 109 81 -
St. Johns 163 23 138 23 112 19 120 7 97 2 91
St. Lucie 215 30 134 26 118 14 91 5 91 5 67 -
Santa Rosa 41 2 33 3 40 1 27 1 10 18 -
Sarasota 100 12 70 9 82 7 67 11 66 3 29 9
Seminole 274 19 245 20 181 28 136 43 119 15 103 -
Sumter 66 1 59 2 41 2 49 1 39 45 -
Suwannee 76 6 86 3 65 2 55 2 65 2 55 -
Taylor 54 2 34 6 47 2 39 3 37 1 28 -
Union 20 5 13 5 7 11 2 5 8 -
Volusia 339 29 319 36 222 50 213 26 178 25 147 4
Wakulla 26 7 27 4 26 1 20 5 14 3 19 3
Walton 47 460 5 35 9 23 1 26 4 14 -
Washington 46 10 48 7 42 39 44 40 -
TOTAL 14,453 1,695 12,202 1,382 10,033 1,216 8,082 1,082 6,694 518 5,754 216


1







TABLE 6


PERCENT OF REGULAR MEMBERSHIP PROMOTED AT CLOSE OF 1959-60
SCHOOL YEAR BY RACE AND BY GRADE GROUP*


White Negro
Counties
1-6 7-9 10-12 1-12 1-6 7-9 10-12 1-12

Alachua 94.98 95.04 97.11 95.38 92.30 91.80 95.57 92.60
Baker 94.00 94.56 97.80 94.75 88.11 89.29 98.28 89.72
Bay 96.16 97.47 90.10 95.59 89.72 87.12 88.44 89.00
Bradford 95.52 96.16 96.22 95.80 83.33 93.13 91.26 86.26
Brevard 96.46 95.18 93.21 95.67 94.90 94.84 94.58 94.86
Broward 97.21 94.31 94.58 96.02 90.16 55.38 87.36 89.59
Calhoun 94.81 91.67 98.08 94.63 88.48 93.M4 100.00 91.30
Charlotte 95.89 92.21 84.47 93.29 88.42 100.00 90.60
Citrus 93.42 84.01 95.73 91.45 86.89 96.47 98.39 90.27
Clay 94.21 92.44 92.76 93.61 96.25 99.34 95.74 96.83


uollier
Columbia
Dade
De Soto
Dixie
Duval
Escambia
Flagler
Franklin
Gadsden
Gilchrist
Glades
Gulf
Hamilton
Hardee
Hendry
Hernando
Highlands
Hillsborough
Holmes


91.18
94.81
93.74
90.59
95.09
96.54
92.35
90.37
94.04
93.04
93.88
94.00
94.53
91.82
93.29
88.76
95.93
96.41
93.13


03.25
92.54
91.80
86.75
87.95
91.24
92.95
92.74
74.67
90.0 h
91010
88.00
92.75
99.07
86.60
90.42
76,43
97.55
93.21
87.48


b7.01
93.55
95.27
90.81
97.92
93.56
93.80
96.59
92.73
97.44


97.14
78.57
96,07
97.60
94.33
90.19
96.52
98.47
93.25
91.74


91.92
94.13
91.52
91.00
93.92
95.19
93.08
87.33
93.68


93.14
90.42
94.00
96.45
90.99
92.06
86.65
96.78
95.09
91.33


94.63
89.39
92.17
91.85
95.79
92.98
90.03
81.91
92.81
85.05


96.55
93.65
84.49
81.15
93.15
91.38
86,51
99643
96,34
94.55


94.12
91.91
92.31
91.43
86.21
90.34
80.77
97.67
87.14


100.00
100.00
75.34
87.50
95.24
94.12
92.79
100,00
89.96
90)44


92.00
89.73
95.66
93.4)4
100.00
85.05
94.81
100.00
100.00
86.28
93.33
100.00
80.68
92.97
100.00
90.91
98.11
99.20
90o86
-


93.35
90.55
92.50
92.13
95.04
90.60
90.69
82.85
95.09
85.65
96.81
95.85
81.93
84.05
94.30
91.82
88.93
99.54
94.29
94.51


_I


---


I


- I


1


- --=-T _~-=I ---


--








Indian River
Jackson
Jefferson
Lafayette
Lake


93.86
93.89
92.07
90.06
90.19


95.61
89.72
96.33
92.05
83.62


95.79
92.63
99.36
97.62
90.32


94.62
92.58
94.49
92.12
88.58


85.70
85.72
87.83
74.11


79.29
85.54
87.09
100.00
89.68


94.17
87.70
94.83
-9 4


85.51
85.96
88.61
76.92
86 51


Lee 96.21 92.27 95.60 95.10 95.56 91.34 96.15 95.02
Leon 97.72 95.75 93.08 96.41 86.44 91.56 89.94 87.96
Levy 95.33 94.98 95.85 95.33 88.93 90.41 87.80 89.08
Liberty 91.16 94.30 99.04 93.30 66.67 50.00 100.00 68.97
Madison 96.70 90.33 97.24 95.13 82.14 81.45 89.91 82.91
Manatee 95.91 93.15 97.10 "95.-44 85.38 90.79 98.31 89.93
Marion 98.44 95.17 95.63 97.07 91.76 93.37 95.25 92.61
Martin 94.80 94.96 97.14 95.22 83.76 71.88 88.46 82.24
Monroe 94.68 84.76 91.47 91.74 93.00 92.27 88.35 92.22
Nassau 93.85 90.00 92.54 92.62 84.81 92.88 98.02 88.59
Okaloosa 96.59 93.67 93.50 95.36 87.50 56.18 96.20 38.10
Okeechobee 95.05 93.18 94.61 94.56 81.82 87.18 100.00 85.26
Orange 95.85 90.98 91.01 93.91 90.27 92.72 92.12 90.93
Osceola 95.50 95.93 95.28 95.58 94.17 98.55 93.48 94.81
Palm Beach 95.66 90.81 93.90 94.02 88.11 84.27 87.33 87.30
Pasco 93.57 93.49 92.61 93.39 88.31 96.47 96.04 90.55
Pinellas 97.23 94.20 93.41 95.74 94.32 86.55 95.94 92.85
Polk 92.40 91.73 92.63 92.26 90.16 92.51 94.27 91.09
Putnam 96.42 93.05 94.99 95.40 94.82 92.66 99.01 94.90
St. Johns 91.91 92.52 89.96 91.78 92.18 86.40 97.16 91.62
St. Lucie 95.86 97.58 94.89 96.13 89.14 86.96 96.14 89.38
Santa Rosa 96.37 88.65 93.03 94.02 89.91 95.00 98.21 92.01
Sarasota 97.78 95.20 97.37 97.02 95.72 90.00 87.57 93.71
Seminole 92.37 86.23 90.20 90.62 94.54 91.26 86.06 92.79
Sumter 93.90 92.56 94.57 93.69 90.58 97.08 99.25 93.23
Suwannee 94.06 96.01 99.0 95.64 93.53 95.38 97.77 9.6
Taylor 93.96 83.61 97.66 91.94 90.32 93.10 96.30 91.65
Union 85.06 87.68 92.03 86.88 81.50 80.00 92.31 82.33
Volusia 95.50 92.37 94.44 94.49 91.97 88.44 90.73 91.08
Wakulla 92.62 85.78 93.41 91.19 90.50 86.81 82.81 88.41
Walton 93.57 94.44 91.04 93.41 91.47 b9.71 92.65 91.21
Washington 93.04 91.79 94.08 92.90 95.51 88.89 100.00 94.81
TOTAL 95.36 92.33 93.96 94.36 90.59 89.52 91.88 90.72
* Excludes pupils in separate exceptional child classes and pupils in special vocational classes.










MEMBERSHIP NOT PROMOTED
AND THE ESTIMATED


TABLE 7

AT THE CLOSE OF THE 1959-60 SCHOOL YEAR
(THEORETICAL) COST OF RE-TEACHING*


Number Not Promoted Average Estimated Cost of Re-teaching
Counties Cost Per
White Negro Total Pupil White Negro Total

Alachua 437 357 794 $288.69 $ 126,157.53 $ 103,062.33 $ 229,219.86
Baker 74 44 118 327,90 24,264.60 14,427.60 38,692.20
Bay 506 267 773 272.46 137,864676 72,746.82 210,611,58
Bradford 99 112 211 307.12 30,404.88 34,397.44 64,802,32
Brevard 795 146 941 321.76 255,799,20 46,976.96 302,776.16
Broward 1,765 1,318 3,Ob3 324o40 572,566.00 427,559,20 1,000,125.20
Calhoun 88 26 114 332.07 29,222.16 8,633.82 37,855.98
Charlotte 101 11 112 344.56 34,800.56 3,790.16 38,590.72
Citrus 119 44 163 332018 39,529.42 14,61592 54,145.34
Clay 216 23 239 277,88 60,022,08 6,391.24 66,413.32


Collier
Columbia
Dade
De Soto
Dixie
DuvaL
Escambia
Flagler
Franklin
Gadsden
Gilchrist
Glades
Gulf
Hamilton
Hardee
Hendry
Hernando
Highlands
Hillsborough
Holmes


342.03
307.21
349,55
278,03
372.48
256,80
265,23
365.62
347.89
255.98
430.95
506.28
332084
332,05
277.56
326.61
296.62
314o29
280,55
326,74


60,175.42
81,717,86
2,522,352.80
36,977.99
32,033.28
1,078,303.20
357,795.27
14,624.80
45,573959
50,684.04
18,961.80
15,188,40
37,278.08
13,614,05
61,895,88
34,294.05
67,629,36
33,629.03
636,494,60
75,150o20


10,621,53
48,231.97
718,325,25
12,511.35
2,607,36
560,851,20
207,675.09
23,765.30
3,826.79
235,757.58
1,292.85
4,050.24
39,275.12
51,799.80
4,996.08
12,737.79
17,797.20
1,571.45
135,974,60
1,633.70


90,796.95
129,949.83
3,240,678,05
49,489,34
34,640.64
1,639,154.40
565,470.36
38,390.10
49,400.38
286,441.62
20,254.65
19,238.64
76,553.20
65,413.85
66,891.96
47,031.84
85,426.56
35,200.48
772,469.20
76,783.90


234
266
7,216
133
86
4,199
1,349
4o
131
198

30
112
41
223
105
228
107
3,052
230


31
157
2,055
45
7
2,184
783
65
11
921
3
8
118
156
18
39
60
5
652
5


265
423
9,271
178
93
6,383
2,132
105
142
1 119
47
38
230
197
241
144
288
112
3,704
235


s_


_1_1


~


~


1_


_I


__ I_


~P


IPc~


II-


---








Indian River
Jackson
Jefferson
Lafayette
Lake


191
O40
47
48
992


190
439
193
15
354


381
879
240
63
1.346


293.20
276.81
301.02
423.00
288.64


56,001.20
121,796.40
11,147.94
20,304.00
286.330.88


55,708.00
121,519.59
58,096.86
6,345.00
102 178.56


111,709.20
243,315.99
72,244.80
26,649.00
388.'o09.hi


Lee 391 86 477 293.o0 1U;,586.16 25,203.16 139,789.62
Leon 330 666 996 283.23 93,465.90 188,631.18 282,097.08
Levy 79 87 166 363.15 28,688.85 31,594.05 60,282.90
Liberty 44 45 89 405.59 17,845.96 18,251.55 36,097.51
Madison 90 362 452 280.70 25,263.00 101,613.40 126,876.40
Manatee 407 277 684 279.20 113,634.40 77,338.40 190,972.80
Marion 208 335 543 297.90 61,963.20 99,796.50 161,759.70
Martin 101 135 236 323.74 32,697.74 43,704.90 76,402.64
Monroe 504 63 567 369.29 186,122.16 23,265.27 209,387.43
Nassau 227 149 376 302.74 68,721.98 45.108.26 113,830.24
Okaloosa 503 96 599 257.35 129,947.05 24,705.60 154,152.65
Okeechobee 72 28 100 305.44 21,991.68 8,552.32 30,544.00
Orange 2,537 744 3,281 260.32 660,431.84 193,678.08 854,109.92
Osceola 129 22 151 290.03 37,413.87 6,380.66 43,794.53
Palm Beach 1.608 1,360 2,968 313.17 503.577.36 425.911.20 929,488.56
Pasco 375 77 452 258.74 97,027.50 19,922.98 116,950.U8
Pinellas 1,913 472 2,385 316.54 605,541.02 149,406.88 754,947.90
Polk 2,514 721 3,235 269.92 678,578.88 194,612.32 873,191.20
Putnam 232 127 359 306.98 71,219.36 38,986.46 110,205.82
St. Johns 290 176 466 275.14 79,790.60 48,424.64 128,215.24
St. Lucie 169 295 464 260.19 49,175.91 76,756.05 125,931.96
Santa Rosa 341 41 382 294.50 100,424.50 12,074.50 112,499.00
Sarasota 316 97 413 323.68 102,282.88 31,396.96 133,679.84
Seminole 690 249 939 233.34 161,004.60 58,101.66 219,106.26
Sumter 130 58 188 299.35 38.91 .50 17,362.30 56,277.80
Suwannee 120 58 178 317.40 38,097.60 168,h3.84 56,511.4
Taylor 199 66 265 298.35 59,371.65 19,691.10 79,062.75
Union 108 44 152 336.55 36,347.40 14,808.20 51,155.60
Volusia 865 426 1,291 319.49 276,358.85 136,102.74 412,461.59
Iakulla 87 46 133 408.72 35,558.64 18,801.12 514359.76
Walton 213 55 268 311.11 66,266.43 17,111.05 83,377.48
ashington 160 34 194 302.59 48,414.40 10,288.06 58,702.46
TOTAL 39,914 18,359 58,273 4299.78 111,743,812.68 $5,367,747.14 417,1 1559.62
Excludes 6,568 pupils in separate exceptional child classes and 1,146 pupils in special vocational classes.







TABLE 8

NUMBER OF PUPILS TAUGHT IN SEPARATE EXCEPTIONAL
CHILD CLASSES, BY GRADE GROUP AND RACE, 1959-60


White Negro Total
Counties Both
1-6 7-12 1-12 1-6 7-12 1-12 Races

Alachua 96 58 154 48 50 98 252
Baker 14 14 14
Bay 66 25 91 53 32 85 176'
Bradford 53 14 67 52 3 55 122
Brevard 125 13 138 41 12 53 191
Broward 208 12 220 94 7 101 321
Calhoun 14 14 14
Collier 38 16 54 54
Columbia 13 13 13
Dade 990 345 1,335 275 60 335 1i,70


De Soto
Dixie
Duval
Escambia
Hamilton
Hardee
Hernando
Highlands
Hillsborough
Indian River
Jackson
Lake
Lee
Leon
Manatee
Martin
Okaloosa
Orange
Palm Beach
Pasco
Pinellas
Polk
St. Lucie
Sarasota
Suwannee
Volusia
Walton
Washington
TOTAL


14
24
292
149
32
12
13
12
393
12
28
43
79
81
45
9
24
214
167
24
153
167
15
h54
14
135
16

3T80I


3
191
22




188


10
14

18


91
79

79
36

35


6
2
1,257


14
27
483
171
32
12
13
12
581
12
28
53
93
81
63
9
24
305
226
24
232
203
15
89
14
135
22
15
5,061


-
149
8




137




84
33


47
36

14
85

12

53

1 724


12
3



22





11


15
8




11

12


259 3
12


161
11
ii




159



84
-1


62
44
15
85

23
65


.,507


14
27
644
182
32
12
13
12
740
12
289
53
93
165
107
9
24
367
270
24
247
288
15
112
14
200
22
15
6.568


-20-


3.


I